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Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624841/the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-marker-of-recovery-status-in-patients-with-severe-dental-infection
#1
F Dogruel, Z-B Gonen, D Gunay-Canpolat, G Zararsiz, A Alkan
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the value of pretreatment neutrophil/lymphocyte (N/L) ratio and mean platelet volume (MPV) and the correlation between these markers with progression in patients with severe odontogenic infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cohort of 100 patients with severe odontogenic infection were divided into 2 groups according to their length of hospital stay. The N/L ratio and MPV was measured in all patients. The correlation in all patients between preoperative fever, preoperative antibiotic doses, postoperative antibiotic doses, total antibiotic doses and hospital stay with N/L ratio and MPV were analyzed...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624840/do-topical-applications-of-bisphosphonates-improve-bone-formation-in-oral-implantology-a-systematic-review
#2
N Lozano-Carrascal, O Salomó-Coll, F Hernández-Alfaro, S-A Gehrke, J Gargallo-Albiol, J-L Calvo-Guirado
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic literature review was to evaluate the feasibility of topical bisphosphonate application for preserving/enhancing alveolar bone in oral implantology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search was conducted in the PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of knowledge, and Google-Scholar databases for articles dated from January 2000 to December 2016. Two reviewers assessed the quality of the studies independently. RESULTS: A total of 154 abstracts were identified, of which 18 potentially relevant articles were selected; a final total of nine papers were included for analysis...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624839/the-effects-of-irrigation-volume-to-the-heat-generation-during-implant-surgery
#3
A Sindel, Ö Dereci, M Hatipoğlu, A Altay, Ö Özalp, A Öztürk
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of the amount of irrigation on heat generated during implant site preparation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten freshly dissected sheep mandibles were sectioned into 30 equal bone blocks and transferred into a heat-controlled water tank. Implant socket preparations were performed with four consecutive drills. Temperature measurements were performed with a thermocouple inserted into the bone immediately before the preparation and after the drilling using three different physiologic saline irrigation set-ups: 1- No irrigation, 2- 12 ml/min and 3- 30 ml/min irrigation volume...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624838/dental-management-of-pediatric-patients-affected-by-pulmonary-atresia-with-ventricular-septal-defect-a-scoping-review
#4
A Garrocho-Rangel, A-C Echavarría-García, M-A Rosales-Bérber, J Flores-Velázquez, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Congenital Heart Diseases (CHD) involves a wide range of pathological conditions, such as Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricle Septal Defect (PA/VSD). This disorder leads to the systemic circulation of oxygen-poor blood (cyanosis), with associated features and consequences in the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for screening and article selection, the primary objectives of this paper were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies in order to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles on the dental management of children affected with PA/VSD...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624837/clinical-response-to-non-surgical-periodontal-treatment-in-patients-with-interleukin-6-and-interleukin-10-polymorphisms
#5
G-S Chatzopoulos, A-E Doufexi, A Kouvatsi
BACKGROUND: Genetic polymorphisms are commonly associated with altered transcriptional activity and possibly make individuals more susceptible to periodontal disease development, increased disease severity and poor treatment outcome. The study aimed to determine the effect of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) -572 G/C (rs1800796) and IL-10 -592 C/A (rs1800872) polymorphisms on the outcomes of non-surgical periodontal therapy in a Caucasian population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with chronic periodontal disease were grouped according to their genotype: IL-6, IL-10, IL-6 and IL-10 susceptible (SCP) and non-susceptible (NSCP)...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624836/evaluation-of-scientific-output-in-dentistry-in-spanish-universities
#6
M De la Flor-Martínez, P Galindo-Moreno, E Sánchez-Fernández, E Abadal, M-J Cobo, E Herrera-Viedma
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the scientific output of Spanish universities that offer a bachelor's degree in dentistry through the use of various bibliometric indicators. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 21 universities offered a bachelor's degree in dentistry in academic year 2016-2017. The search for papers published by authors associated with these institutions was carried out using the selection of journals listed in the Journal Citation Reports (JCR) and the Web of Knowledge database for the period 1986-2017...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624835/cbct-location-of-the-fusion-between-the-buccal-and-lingual-cortical-in-the-mandibular-ramus-importance-to-sagittal-split-osteotomy
#7
L Scomparin, M-Q-S Soares, C-M-F Rubira, R-Y-F Yaedú, T-S-N Imada, B-S Centurion, E-S Tolentino, J-R-P Lauris, I-R-F Rubira-Bullen
BACKGROUND: Mandibular Sagittal Split Osteotomy (MSSO) is a popular technique in orthognathic surgery used both to advance and to retreat the mandible. However, MSSO may incur in important complications, such as bad splits and sensorineural injuries. Knowing the location of the fusion between the buccal and lingual cortical (FBLC) in the mandibular ramus and the bone thickness in the region where osteotomies will be performed is determinant in MSSO planning to avoid complications. The aim of this study was to document and evaluate possible differences between sexes regarding the location of the FBLC in relation to the superior cortical of mandibular foramen (MF) and bone thickness in the region of interest for MSSO in a Brazilian population...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578376/letter-to-editor-support-to-the-spanish-language-from-oral-medicine
#8
E Chimenos-Küstner
In the form of a letter to the director, the author provides linguistic comments related to Spanish. He draws attention to some often misused words and suggests some expressions that may improve the use of the Spanish language in scientific texts.
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578375/knowledge-aptitudes-and-preferences-in-implant-dentistry-teaching-training-among-undergraduate-dental-students-at-the-university-of-barcelona
#9
M-A Sánchez-Garcés, E Berástegui-Jimeno, C Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Oral implant rehabilitation should be considered a treatment option for any edentulous patient and Implant Dentistry is currently a discipline taught in the undergraduate formation. The level of knowledge acquired and how the students perceive the quality of training in Implant Dentistry could assess to know if it is necessary to improve the syllabus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was developed with 11 questions: Basic knowledge (7); Perception of training received (2); Ways in which students would receive training (2)...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578374/in-vitro-comparison-of-primary-stability-of-two-implant-designs-in-d3-bone
#10
J González-Serrano, R Ortega-Aranegui, J López-Quiles
BACKGROUND: Primary stability (PS) is a key factor for implant survival rate and depends on implant design or bone quality. The aim of this study was to compare different thread designs implants, evaluating PS with periotest values (PV) and implant stability quotient (ISQ) values through resonance frequency analysis (RFA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 60 implants (Radhex®, Inmet-Garnick S.A., Guadalajara, Spain) were placed in freshly bovine ribs in vitro. Two designs were used: 30 tapered body with single thread design (PHI) and 30 tapered body with double thread design implants (PHIA)...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578373/assessment-of-time-intervals-in-the-pathway-to-oral-cancer-diagnosis-in-north-westerm-spain-relative-contribution-of-patient-interval
#11
P Varela-Centelles, J-L López-Cedrún, J Fernández-Santromán, P Álvarez-Nóvoa, R Luaces-Rey, M-J Pombo-Castro, M-P López-Jornet, J Seoane
BACKGROUND: Despite continuous advances in diagnosis and therapy, oral cancers are mostly diagnosed at advanced stages with minor survival improvements in the last two decades. Both phenomena have been attributed to delays in the diagnosis. This study aims at quantifying the time elapsed until definitive diagnosis in these patients and the patient interval's contribution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A hospital-based, ambispective, observational study was undertaken on incident cases with a pathological diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma recruited during 2015 at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery services of CHUAC (A Coruña) and POVISA (Vigo) hospitals...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578372/mandibular-advancement-devices-vs-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
G Cammaroto, C Galletti, F Galletti, B Galletti, C Galletti, C Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common disorder that may affect at least 2 to 4% of the adult population. Nasal-Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (N-CPAP) is today considered the gold standard for the treatment of OSA. The development of oral appliances (OAs) represents a new approach for the management of this pathology. The aim of this systematic review is to compare the efficacy of OAs and N-CPAP in the treatment of patients with mild to severe OSA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A PubMed-MEDLINE and Cochrane databases search of articles published between 1982 and 2016 comparing the effect of N-CPAP and OAs in OSA patients was conducted during July 2016...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578371/oral-health-and-systemic-inflammatory-cardiac-and-nitroxid-biomarkers-in-hemodialysis-patients
#13
J Cotič, M Ferran, J Karišik, A Jerin, P-J Pussinen, A Nemec, Z Pavlica, J Buturović-Ponikvar, M Petelin
BACKGROUND: Periodontal diseases have systemic inflammatory effects and have been adversely associated with cardiovascular diseases, which are also the most frequent cause of death in the end-stage renal disease. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the oral health and serum biomarkers among the hemodialysis (HD) patients in Slovenia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 111 HD patients were periodontally examined and their sera were assayed for C reactive protein (CRP), cardiac troponin T (TnT), nitrite/nitrate (NOx) and antibody levels to A...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578370/uncommon-oral-manifestation-of-lichen-sclerosus-critical-analysis-of-cases-reported-from-1957-to-2016
#14
S Tomo, I-S Santos, S-A de Queiroz, D-G Bernabé, L-E Simonato, G-I Miyahara
BACKGROUND: Lichen sclerosus is a mucocutaneous autoimmune disease which might be initiated by infectious pathogens as Borrelia Bugrdorferi and HPV. This disease shows destructive potential and is rarely diagnosed in oral mucosa. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the characteristics of cases described in literature from 1957 to 2016, looking to provide valuable evidence about clinicopathologic features of this disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A MedLine search was performed aiming to find oral lichen sclerosus cases in literature and discuss its demographical and pathological characteristics as well as treatment methods performed for these cases...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578369/what-is-the-frequency-of-anatomical-variations-and-pathological-findings-in-maxillary-sinuses-among-patients-subjected-to-maxillofacial-cone-beam-computed-tomography-a-systematic-review
#15
J Ata-Ali, J-V Diago-Vilalta, M Melo, L Bagán, M-C Soldini, C Di-Nardo, F Ata-Ali, J-F Mañes-Ferrer
BACKGROUND: When considering dental implant rehabilitation in atrophic posterior sectors, the maxillary sinuses must be evaluated in detail. Knowledge of the anatomical variations and of the potential lesions found in these structures conditions the outcome of sinus lift procedures and therefore of the dental implants. A systematic review is made to determine the frequency of anatomical variations and pathological findings in maxillary sinuses among patients subjected to cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578368/effect-of-pre-operatory-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-swelling-and-trismus-associated-with-third-molar-surgery
#16
M Petrini, M Ferrante, P Trentini, G Perfetti, G Spoto
BACKGROUND: The extraction of impacted third molars is commonly associated to pain, edema, trismus, limited jaw opening and movements. The aim of this retrospective study is to verify if pre-surgical low-level laser therapy (LLLT) associated with the extraction of impacted lower third molars could add benefits to the postoperative symptoms respect LLLT performed only after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 45 patients subjected to a surgical extraction of lower third molars were pooled and divided into three groups...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578367/accuracy-of-cotinine-serum-test-to-detect-the-smoking-habit-and-its-association-with-periodontal-disease-in-a-multicenter-study
#17
A Duque, P-J Martínez, A Giraldo, D-F Gualtero, C-M Ardila, A Contreras, S Duarte, G-I Lafaurie
BACKGROUND: The validity of the surveys on self-reported smoking status is often questioned because smokers underestimate cigarette use and deny the habit. It has been suggested that self-report should be accompanied by cotinine test. This report evaluates the usefulness of serum cotinine test to assess the association between smoking and periodontal status in a study with a large sample population to be used in studies with other serum markers in epidemiologic and periodontal medicine researches...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390135/comparative-histological-and-immunohistochemical-study-of-ameloblastomas-and-ameloblastic-carcinomas
#18
M Martínez-Martínez, A Mosqueda-Taylor, R Carlos-Bregni, F-R Pires, W Delgado-Azanero, R Neves-Silva, B Aldape-Barrios, O Paes-de Almeida
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of ameloblastomas (AM) and ameloblastic carcinomas (AC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen cases of AM and 9 AC were submitted to hematoxilin and eosin (H&E) and immunohistochemical analysis with the following antibodies: cytokeratins 5,7,8,14 and 19, Ki-67, p53, p63 and the cellular adhesion molecules CD138 (Syndecan-1), E-cadherin and β-catenin. The mean score of the expression of Ki-67 and p53 labelling index (LIs) were compared between the groups using the t test...
May 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390134/primordial-odontogenic-tumor-an-immunohistochemical-profile
#19
R Bologna-Molina, T Mikami, V Pereira-Prado, F-R Pires, R Carlos-Bregni, A Mosqueda-Taylor
BACKGROUND: Primordial Odontogenic Tumor (POT) is a recently described odontogenic tumor characterized by a variably cellular loose fibrous tissue with areas similar to the dental papilla, covered by cuboidal to columnar epithelium that resembles the internal epithelium of the enamel organ, surrounded at least partly by a delicate fibrous capsule. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible histogenesis and biological behavior of this rare tumor by means of a wide immunohistochemical analysis of its epithelial and mesenchymal components...
May 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390133/histopathological-characterization-of-the-oral-lichenoid-disease-subtypes-and-the-relation-with-the-clinical-data
#20
J Alberdi-Navarro, X Marichalar-Mendia, M-J Lartitegui-Sebastián, M-L Gainza-Cirauqui, M-A Echebarria-Goikouria, J-M Aguirre-Urizar
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to analyze the histopathological characteristics of samples with a diagnosis of oral lichenoid disease (OLD) and their link with the location and the type of clinical lesion, and the clinicopathological subtypes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study on 85 consecutive patients diagnosed with OLD (58 women and 27 men, mean age of 57.7 years). Clinical and histopathological characterization of each case (modified WHO criteria)...
May 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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