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Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988785/anxiety-in-adolescence-can-we-prevent-it
#1
A Llorca, E Malonda, P Samper
BACKGROUND: Emotions are potent modulators and motivators of the behaviour that the individual displays in the different situations they have to live and they can act as a protection factor or vulnerability of the adapted or maladaptive behaviour. This study focuses on anxiety in adolescence. OBJECTIVES: The objective is, through a longitudinal study, to analyse the psychological processes and emotions that facilitate the symptoms of anxiety and those which protect the adolescent from these symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918747/segmental-sandwich-osteotomy-of-the-posterior-mandible-in-pre-implant-surgery-a-systematic-review
#2
G Kamperos, I Zografos, F Tzermpos, I Iatrou
BACKGROUND: The rehabilitation of the atrophic posterior mandible with dental implants often requires bone augmentation procedures. The aim of the present study is the systematic review of the literature concerning the success rate of Segmental Sandwich Osteotomy (SSO) of the posterior mandible in pre-implant surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic review of all clinical cases and clinical studies of SSO of the posterior mandible in pre-implant surgery with a minimum follow-up of 6 months after implant loading was performed, based on specific inclusion and exclusion criteria...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918746/use-of-the-universal-pain-assessment-tool-for-evaluating-pain-associated-with-tmd-in-youngsters-with-an-intellectual-disability
#3
G Dugashvili, L Van den Berghe, G Menabde, M Janelidze, L Marks
BACKGROUND: The Universal Pain Assessment Tool (UPAT) was used to assess the level of pain in people with limited communication skills. The UPAT enables clinicians to consult a specialized pain management team more often and lead to earlier interventions. The purpose of this study was to determine, whether the UPAT could be used as an extra tool to collect data on functional TMJ pain and to assess orofacial pain levels related to temporomandibular disorder(s) (TMD) in people with intellectual disabilities (ID)...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918745/simple-and-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-aspects-of-jaw-pseudocysts-based-on-an-experience-of-brazilian-pathology-service-during-53-years
#4
I-L Flores, M-E Hamilton, EdeF Zanchin-Baldissera, A-C Uchoa-Vasconcelos, S-B Chaves-Tarquinio, A-P Neutzling-Gomes
BACKGROUND: Jaw pseudocysts are benign osseous lesions of unclear etiology. Among these, the simple bone cyst (SBC) and aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) are intriguing bone pathologies still rarely studied together. This retrospective study aimed to present the long-term case series of patients with jaw pseudocysts focusing on the clinical, radiographic, and transoperative aspects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective case series of patients with SBC and ABC was performed...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918744/efficacy-of-naproxen-with-or-without-esomeprazole-for-pain-and-inflammation-in-patients-after-bilateral-third-molar-extractions-a-double-blinded-crossover-study
#5
G-M Weckwerth, L-F Simoneti, P Zupelari-Gonçalves, A-M Calvo, D-T Brozoski, T-J Dionísio, E-A Torres, J-R-P Lauris, F-A-C Faria, C-F Santos
BACKGROUND: Using a double-blinded randomized crossover design, this study aimed to evaluate acute postoperative pain management, swelling and trismus in 46 volunteers undergoing extractions of the two lower third molars, in similar positions, at two different appointments who consumed a tablet of either NE (naproxen 500 mg + esomepraz ole 20 mg) or only naproxen (500 mg) every 12 hours for 4 days. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Parameters were analyzed: self-reported pain intensity using a visual analog scale (VAS) pre- and postoperative mouth opening; incidence, type and severity of adverse reactions; total quantity consumed of rescue medication; and pre- and postoperative swelling...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918743/could-formaldehyde-induce-mutagenic-and-cytotoxic-effects-in-buccal-epithelial-cells-during-anatomy-classes
#6
D-C Lorenzoni, L-P Pinheiro, H-S Nascimento, C-S Menegardo, R-G Silva, W-G Bautz, J-F Henriques, K-L Almeida-Coburn, L-N da Gama-de-Souza
BACKGROUND: Due to increased formaldehyde exposure, carcinogenic to humans, several researches have been studying the potential toxicity and the safe levels for human beings. The aim of this study was to investigate mutagenicity and cytotoxicity in buccal epithelial exfoliated cells (BEC) of students subjected to formaldehyde (FA) during anatomy classes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: BEC were collected periodically from 17 volunteers of undergraduate programs, who had participated in practical anatomy classes, before and after FA exposure...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918742/analysis-of-different-therapeutic-protocols-for-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-associated-with-oral-and-intravenous-bisphosphonates
#7
E-B Bermúdez-Bejarano, M-Á Serrera-Figallo, A Gutiérrez-Corrales, M-M Romero-Ruiz, R Castillo-de-Oyagüe, J-L Gutiérrez-Pérez, G Machuca-Portillo, D Torres-Lagares
INTRODUCTION: Chemotherapy-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw caused by bisphosphonates is an exposure of necrotic bone with more than eight weeks of evolution that is attributable to bisphosphonates and no prior radiation therapy. Its etiopathogenesis remains unknown, although there are two hypotheses that may explain it: the drug's mechanism of action, and the risk factors that can lead to osteonecrosis. There is a wide range of treatment options for managing chemotherapy-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw, from conservative treatments to surgical procedures of varying levels of invasiveness, which are sometimes supplemented with adjuvant therapies...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918741/knowledge-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jawsamong-mexican-dentists
#8
I Vinitzky-Brener, N-G Ibáñez-Mancera, A-M Aguilar-Rojas, A-P Álvarez-Jardón
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis is an infrequent but potentially serious complication. Its treatment remains complex, and in some cases can be mutilating. Prevention, a correct diagnosis and opportune management are crucial. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was made, interviewing 410 dentists with the aim of assessing their knowledge of the subject. RESULTS: Practically all of the dental professionals (99.7%) were found to lack sufficient knowledge of the prevention, diagnosis and management of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918740/inflammatory-papillary-hyperplasia-a-systematic-review
#9
P Gual-Vaqués, E Jané-Salas, S Egido-Moreno, R Ayuso-Montero, A Marí-Roig, J López-López
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory papillary hyperplasia (IPH) is a benign lesion of the palatal mucosa. It is usually found in denture-wearers but also has been reported in patients without a history of use of a maxillary prosthesis use. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to review the literature to assess the prevalence of denture stomatitis and inflammatory papillary hyperplasia and the etiological factors associated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search was carried out in PubMed (January 2005 to October 2015) with the key words "inflammatory papillary hyperplasia", "denture stomatitis", "granular stomatitis" and "Newton's type III" The inclusion criteria were studies including at least a sample of 50 apparently healthy patients, articles published from 2005 to 2015 written in English...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918739/extra-tongue-oral-granular-cell-tumor-histological-and-immunohistochemical-aspect
#10
P-L Tobouti, F-M Pigatti, M-C Martins-Mussi, B-T Sedassari, S-C Orsini-Machado de Sousa
BACKGROUND: Granular cell tumor (GCT) is an uncommon benign tumor founded in any part of the body but mainly in the tongue. Extra-tongue oral granular cell tumor (ETOGCT) is rare with few cases reported. Here we describe seven cases of oral GCT located in sites other then the tongue and discuss histopathological and immunohistochemical differences between differential diagnoses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrieved all cases diagnosed with oral granular cell tumor, from the Oral Pathology Service at the School of Dentistry/ University of São Paulo, and excluded the ones sited in the tongue...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918738/venous-thromboembolism-after-oral-and-maxillofacial-oncologic-surgery-report-and-analysis-of-14-cases-in-chinese-population
#11
Y Wang, J Liu, X Yin, J Hu, E Kalfarentzos, C Zhang, L Xu
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) is a leading cause of death in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to explore the potential risk factor of VTE in oral and maxillofacial oncological surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data of patients who received operation in our institution were gathered in this retrospective study. A diagnosis of VTE was screened and confirmed by computer tomography angiography (CTA) of pulmonary artery or ultrasonography examination of lower extremity...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918737/influence-of-bethanechol-on-salivary-parameters-in-irradiated-patients
#12
C Cotomacio, L Campos, A Simões, G Jaguar, E-M Crosato, F Abreu-Alves
BACKGROUND: Some studies have shown evidence that the prophylactic use of bethanechol chloride (BC) may be useful in preventing the incidence and/or severity of xerostomia (XT). However, the indication of BC in irradiated patients with XT needs to be better characterized. The study aimed to evaluate the influence of BC on XT, salivary flow rate, and salivary composition in patients previously submitted to head and neck radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty five irradiated patients complaining of XT used 50 mg/day of BC for 3 months, and the salivary parameters were evaluated in 4 Phases (Before BC therapy, after one month of BC, 2 months of BC, and 3 months of BC)...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918736/predictive-factors-of-difficulty-in-lower-third-molar-extraction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
J Alvira-González, R Figueiredo, E Valmaseda-Castellón, C Quesada-Gómez, C Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Several publications have measured the difficulty of third molar removal, trying to establish the main risk factors, however several important preoperative and intraoperative variables are overlooked. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study comprising a total of 130 consecutive lower third molar extractions was performed. The outcome variables used to measure the difficulty of the extraction were operation time and a 100mm visual analogue scale filled by the surgeon at the end of the surgical procedure...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918735/comparative-immunoexpression-of-icam-1-tgf-%C3%AE-1-and-ki-67-in-periapical-and-residual-cysts
#14
R Martins, L Armada, T-C Dos Santos, F-R Pires
BACKGROUND: This study compared the immunohistochemical expression of ki-67, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in inflammatory periapical cysts and residual cysts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample was composed by 25 periapical cysts and 25 residual cysts and immunohistochemical reactions were carried out using antibodies directed against ICAM-1, TGF-β1 and ki-67. Clinical, radiological, gross, histological and immunohistochemical data were tabulated for descriptive and comparative analysis using the SPSS software and differences were considered statistically significant when p<0...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918734/protocols-for-management-of-oral-complications-of-chemotherapy-and-or-radiotherapy-for-oral-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-current
#15
J-N Carneiro-Neto, J-D-S de-Menezes, L-B Moura, E-M-S Massucato, C-R de-Andrade
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Considering the high possibility of dentist consult a patient with oral complications of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy for oral cancer because of the advances in this area, this study aims to systematically review the literature to identify and suggest effective and safe protocols for the managements of oral complications in oncology patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The systematic review was designed by PICO and PRISMA including eligibility and exclusion criteria; the source of information and search strategy in PubMed according MeSH: "Mouth Neoplasms and Radiotherapy" and "Mouth Neoplasms and Drug Therapy" the period from 2010 to 2015; selection and data collection of study was carried form blind and independently by two researchers; risk of bias and methodological quality: ensured by the PEDro scale; synthesis of data: of oral complications were evaluated by adapted version of associative direction classification proposed by Costigan and collaborators; and data analysis was performed by the meta-analysis of BioEstat program (5...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918733/how-could-multimedia-information-about-dental-implant-surgery-effects-patients-anxiety-level
#16
H-O Kazancioglu, A-S Dahhan, A-H Acar
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of different patient education techniques on patients' anxiety levels before and after dental implant surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients were randomized into three groups; each contained 20 patients; [group 1, basic information given verbally, with details of operation and recovery; group 2 (study group), basic information given verbally with details of operative procedures and recovery, and by watching a movie on single implant surgery]; and a control group [basic information given verbally "but it was devoid of the details of the operative procedures and recovery"]...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918732/relationship-between-889-c-t-polymorphism-in-interleukin-1a-gene-and-risk-of-chronic-periodontitis-evidence-from-a-meta-analysis-with-new-published-findings
#17
F-R-P da Silva, A-C-C Guimarães-Vasconcelos, L-F de-Carvalho-França, D di-Lenardo, L-S Rodrigues, M-L-L Barreto-do-Nascimento, D-F-P Vasconcelos
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis results from an inflammatory response caused by accumulative microorganisms in periodontal sites. Several factors are involved in pathogenesis of periodontitis, for example the -889 C/T polymorphism in interleukin-1A gene. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between this polymorphism and risk of development of chronic periodontitis by a meta-analysis based in new published findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thereunto a review in literature was performed in the electronic biomedical and education databases (Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, MEDLINE and PubMed) to studies published before August 2, 2015, the abstracts were evaluated and the data extraction performed by two calibrated examiners...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918731/effects-of-passiflora-incarnata-and-midazolam-for-control-of-anxiety-in-patients-undergoing-dental-extraction
#18
L-P Dantas, A de Oliveira-Ribeiro, L-M de Almeida-Souza, F-C Groppo
BACKGROUND: Anxiety symptoms are frequently observed in dental patients, whether they are undergoing simple or more invasive procedures such as surgery. This research aimed to compare the effects of Passiflora incarnata and midazolam for the control of anxiety in patients undergoing mandibular third molar extraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty volunteers underwent bilateral extraction of their mandibular third molars in a randomized, controlled, double-blind, crossover clinical trial...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918730/il-4-induces-the-formation-of-multinucleated-giant-cells-and-expression-of-%C3%AE-5-integrin-in-central-giant-cell-lesion
#19
A Aghbali, S Rafieyan, L Mohamed-Khosroshahi, B Baradaran, D Shanehbandi, M Kouhsoltani
BACKGROUND: It is now well established that IL-4 has a central role in the development of monocytes to multinucleated giant cells (MGCs) by inducing the expression of integrins on the surface of monocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of IL-4 in induction of β5 integrin expression in the peripheral blood samples of patients with giant cell granuloma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Monocytes were isolated from peripheral blood samples of patients with central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) and healthy controls using human Monocyte Isolation Kit II...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694791/cancer-and-orofacial-pain
#20
M Romero-Reyes, D Salvemini
BACKGROUND: Cancer pain is a devastating condition. Pain in the orofacial region, may be present as the single symptom of cancer or as a symptom of cancer in its later stages. This manuscript revises in a comprehensive manner the content of the conference entitled "Orofacial Pain and Cancer" (Dolor Orofacial y Cancer) given at the VI Simposio International "Advances in Oral Cancer" on the 22 July, 2016 in San Sebastioan-Donostia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have reviewed (pubmed-medline) from the most relevant literature including reviews, systematic reviews and clinical cases, the significant and evidence-based mechanisms and mediators of cancer-associated facial pain, the diverse types of cancers that can be present in the craniofacial region locally or from distant sites that can refer to the orofacial region, cancer therapy that may induce pain in the orofacial region as well as discussed some of the new advancements in cancer pain therapy...
November 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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