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Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274165/epidemiologic-study-of-odontogenic-and-non-odontogenic-cysts-in-children-and-adolescents-of-a-brazilian-population
#1
L-P da Silva, A Gonzaga, M Severo, C-S Barros, A de Medeiros, L de Souza, É da Silveira
BACKGROUND: the objective of this study was to describe the frequency of cystic lesions in a Brazilian population of patients histopathologically diagnosed in the first and second decade of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. Biopsy records were obtained from the archives of a Brazilian referral center between 1980 and 2016. RESULTS: A total of 2.114 biopsy records of pediatric patients were analyzed with oral and maxillofacial lesions...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274164/a-clinical-diagnosis-of-oral-leukoplakia-a-guide-for-dentists
#2
V-C Carrard, I van der Waal
BACKGROUND: In view of the many white or predominantly white lesions of the oral mucosa it is a challenge for dentists to clinically identify a leukoplakia, being a potentially (pre)malignant lesion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on the available literature and experience of the authors the parameters of a clinical diagnosis of oral leukoplakia have been studied. RESULTS: A guide has been presented that should help dentists to establish a clinical diagnosis of leukoplakia as accurate as possible...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274163/masseter-and-temporalis-muscle-electromyography-findings-after-lower-third-molar-extraction
#3
J-M Buesa-Barez, M Martin-Ares, N Martinez-Rodriguez, C Barona-Dorado, J Sanz-Alonso, J Cortes-Breton-Brinkmann, J Martinez-Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: The main clinical application of electromyography is to detect abnormalities in muscle function, to assess muscle activity for purposes of recruitment, and in the biomechanics of movement. OBJECTIVES: To analyze electromyography (EMG) findings for masticatory muscles during chewing following surgical extraction of lower third molars, and to determine any correlation between pain, inflammation, trismus, and the EMG data registered. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study included 31 patients...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274162/low-level-laser-therapy-and-anesthetic-infiltration-for-orofacial-pain-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
R-C-V de Souza, E de Sousa, K-O Scudine, U Meira, E de Oliveira E Silva, A Gomes, F-A Limeira-Junior
BACKGROUND: To compare the analgesic effect of anesthetic infiltration of lidocaine 2% and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) by GaAlAs into tender points of patients with orofacial pain and fibromyalgia (FM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was performed with adults (N=66) that were allocated into two groups (1:1): Group A received LLLT irradiation by Diode Laser GaAlAs (780nm) with expositions twice a week during six weeks and Group B was treated with anesthetic infiltration of lidocaine 2% without vasoconstrictor once a week for four weeks...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274161/lower-lip-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-patients-with-photosensitive-disorders-analysis-of-cases-treated-at-the-brazilian-national-cancer-institute-inca-from-1999-to-2012
#5
J-F-P Borges, N Lanaro, V Bernardo, R Albano, F Dias, P de Faria, L Pinto, S-Q Lourenco
BACKGROUND: Lower lip squamous cell carcinoma (LLSCC) is a common malignancy of the head and neck, being mainly a consequence of a chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light solar radiation. Here, we evaluated the clinicopathological profile of patients with photosensitive disorders (xeroderma pigmentosum, lupus erythematosus and albinism) that developed LLSCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from patients who had a diagnosed LLSCC with a prior xeroderma pigmentosum, lupus erythematosus or albinism diagnosis that were treated at INCA from 1999 to 2012 were collected from patients medical records (n=16)...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274160/correlation-between-the-visibility-of-submandibular-fossa-and-mandibular-canal-cortication-on-panoramic-radiographs-and-submandibular-fossa-depth-on-cbct
#6
S Bayrak, H Demirturk-Kocasarac, E Yaprak, G Ustaoglu, M Noujeim
BACKGROUND: To identify a correlation between the submandibular fossa (SF) visibility and mandibular canal (MC) cortication on panoramic image and the depth of SF measured on CBCT and also correlation between the depth of SF and vertical and horizontal location of MC on CBCT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 500 CBCT scans and panoramic radiographs were evaluated. SF depth types were classified as type I (< 2mm); type II (2-3mm) and type III (> 3mm) on CBCT. Visibility of SF and the cortication of MC on panoramic radiographs were compared with the depth of SF on CBCT...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274158/prospective-study-of-the-532-nm-laser-ktp-versus-diode-laser-980-nm-in-the-resection-of-hyperplastic-lesions-of-the-oral-cavity
#7
P Bargiela-Perez, J Gonzalez-Merchan, R Diaz-Sanchez, M-A Serrera-Figallo, G Volland, M Joergens, J-L Gutierrez-Perez, D Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the resection of hyperplastic lesions on the buccal mucosa comparing the 532nm laser (KTP), versus diode 980nm laser, considering pain, scarring, inflammation and drug consumption that occurred postoperatively with each lasers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study of consecutive series of 20 patients in two groups that presents hyperplastic lesions on the buccal mucosa. The choice of the KTP laser or diode 980nm laser for the surgery was made randomly...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274157/nonsyndromic-cleft-lip-and-palate-gastric-cancer-and-tooth-agenesis
#8
E-F Cardoso, D-R-B Martelli, R-A Machado, R-D Coletta, J-D de Souza, F-T Barbosa, M-F-L de Figueiredo, L-G-V Coelho, H Martelli-Junior
BACKGROUND: To determine the frequency of nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NSCL/P) in first-degree relatives and to analyze the prevalence of tooth agenesis in patients with gastric cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional, observational, case-control study included 798 patients attended at hospital Santa Casa in Montes Claros, Minas Gerais and Alfa Institute of Gastroenterology of the Federal University of the Minas Gerais. Information on basic demographic data and tooth agenesis of both groups and their family history of NSCL/P in first-degree relatives were evaluated...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274156/autogenous-teeth-used-for-bone-grafting-a-systematic-review
#9
P Gual-Vaques, C Polis-Yanes, A Estrugo-Devesa, R Ayuso-Montero, A Mari-Roig, J Lopez-Lopez
BACKGROUND: Recently, bone graft materials using permanent teeth have come to light, and clinical and histological outcomes of this material have been confirmed by some studies. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the reliability of the autogenous tooth bone graft material applied to alveolar ridge augmentation procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of literature was conducted analyzing articles published between 2007 and 2017. The following four outcome variables were defined: a) implant stability b) post-operative complication c) evaluation of implant survival and failure rates, and d) histological analysis...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274155/oral-appliance-therapy-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-long-term-adherence-and-patients-experiences
#10
B Saglam-Aydinatay, T Taner
BACKGROUND: Despite the advances in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with mandibular advancement appliances (MAA), their effectiveness is dependent on the patients compliance. Our aims were to evaluate the long-term adherence to MAA therapy and patients experiences of the treatment in OSA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-nine patients (52 males, 17 females; Mean age: 54.4±10.8 years) were included in the study. The subjects were mild (56%) and moderate (44%) OSA patients who had been treated using MAA at least 4 years prior to the study...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274154/panoramic-and-skull-imaging-may-aid-in-the-identification-of-multiple-myeloma-lesions
#11
K-M Faria, T-B Brandao, W-G Silva, J Pereira, F-S Neves, M-C Alves, W-H Shintaku, M-A Lopes, C-P Ribeiro, C-A Migliorati, A-R Santos-Silva
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of punched-out lesions in craniofacial bones using three different radiographic protocols in a large cohort of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred fifty-five MM patients were evaluated using panoramic and skull (frontal and lateral) radiographs, which were performed in all patients at the time of MM diagnosis. The diagnostic potential for detecting punched-out lesions was compared among the radiographic techniques...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274153/oral-cancer-a-multicenter-study
#12
K Dhanuthai, S Rojanawatsirivej, W Thosaporn, S Kintarak, A Subarnbhesaj, M Darling, E Kryshtalskyj, C-P Chiang, H-I Shin, S-Y Choi, S-S Lee, P-A Shakib
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence and clinicopathologic features of the oral cancer patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Biopsy records of the participating institutions were reviewed for oral cancer cases diagnosed from 2005 to 2014. Demographic data and site of the lesions were collected. Sites of the lesion were subdivided into lip, tongue, floor of the mouth, gingiva, alveolar mucosa, palate, buccal/labial mucosa, maxilla and mandible. Oral cancer was subdivided into 7 categories: epithelial tumors, salivary gland tumors, hematologic tumors, bone tumors, mesenchymal tumors, odontogenic tumors, and others...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274152/the-epidemiology-treatment-and-complication-of-ameloblastoma-in-east-indonesia-6-years-retrospective-study
#13
M Ruslin, F-N Hendra, A Vojdani, D Hardjosantoso, M Gazali, A Tajrin, J Wolff, T Forouzanfar
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma is a neoplasm classified as a benign epithelial odontogenic tumor of the jaws, grow slowly and are locally invasive. The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence, treatment, and complication of patients with ameloblastoma in East-Indonesia during six years retrospective study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 84 patients who were diagnosed with ameloblastoma from 2011 to 2016. There were 56 patients with treatment data available...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274151/preliminary-evaluation-of-near-infrared-vein-visualization-technology-in-the-screening-of-palatal-blood-vessels
#14
E Yaprak, S Kayaalti-Yuksek
BACKGROUND: Avoidance from palatal blood vessel rupture is a major concern during the palatal soft tissue graft surgery. There is no defined chair-side and case-specific palatal blood vessel detection approach to facilitate the harvesting process. The objective of this pilot study is to assess the feasibility of a near-infrared vein visualization system in the screening process of palatal blood vessels. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An extraoral vein visualization device (AccuVein AV400) was applied to a total of 304 hemi-maxilla of 152 individuals by two blind examiners...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274150/occupational-group-educational-level-marital-status-and-deleterious-habits-among-individuals-with-maxillofacial-fractures-retrospective-study
#15
D-F-S Esses, F-W-G Costa, C-D-L Sa, P-G-B Silva, T-M-M Bezerra, F-S-R Carvalho, J-R de Medeiros, E-C-S Soares
BACKGROUND: To investigate the occupational profile, educational level, marital status and deleterious habits to the health of patients with maxillofacial fractures of a population of northeastern Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of patients records admitted to the Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the Walter Cantidio University Hospital (Fortaleza, Brazil) who sustained maxillofacial fractures was conducted in the period between 2006 and 2015...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274149/evolution-of-oral-neoplasm-in-an-andalusian-population-spain
#16
R Flores-Ruiz, L Castellanos-Cosano, M-A Serrera-Figallo, A Gutierrez-Corrales, R Castillo-Oyague, J-L Gutierrez-Pere, D Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer are one of the most common neoplasm pathologies in humans. The aim of this study was to analyze the type, characteristics, treatment and evolution of oral neoplasm or precancerous lesion in a sample of Andalusian population (Spain) derived from the Oncology Rehabilitation Hospital Unit during a period of 20 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out during the years 1991 and 2011 analyzing the type, characteristics, treatment and follow-up of oral neoplasm in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the Universitary Hospital Virgen del Rocio...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274148/oral-findings-in-williams-beuren-syndrome
#17
S-B-P Ferreira, M-M Viana, N-G-F Maia, L-L Leao, R-A Machado, R-D Coletta, M-J-B de Aguiar, H Martelli-Junior
BACKGROUND: Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS; OMIM #194050) is a developmental disorder characterized by congenital heart disease, intellectual disability, dysmorphic facial features and ophthalmologic abnormalities. Oral abnormalities are also described in clinical manifestations of the disease. This paper describes orofacial features in patients with WBS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventeen patients with a confirmed molecular diagnosis of WBS were examined for oral abnormalities through clinical oral evaluations and panoramic radiography...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274159/effect-of-implant-placement-depth-on-the-peri-implant-bone-defect-configurations-in-ligature-induced-peri-implantitis-an-experimental-study-in-dogs
#18
B Huang, L Zhang, L Xu, W Zhu, L Witek, N Tovar, P-G Coelho, H Meng
BACKGROUND: The subcrestal placement of implant platform has been considered a key factor in the preservation of crestal bone, but the influence of implant placement depth on bone remodeling combined with peri-implantitis is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the crestal or subcrestal placement of implants on peri-implant bone defects of ligature-induced peri-implantitis in dogs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight weeks after tooth extraction in six beagle dogs, two different types of implants (A: OsseoSpeed(TM), Astra, Molndal, Sweden; B: Integra-CP(TM), Bicon, Boston, USA) were placed at either crestal or subcrestal (-1...
January 1, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053661/evaluation-of-kharma-scale-as-a-predictor-of-lower-third-molar-extraction-difficulty
#19
A-A Al-Samman
BACKGROUND: The Evaluation of the degree of lower third molar (L3M) extraction difficulty is extremely important for both clinicians and patients. This study aimed to evaluate the validity of a new index (Kharma scale) as a preoperative predictor index of the difficulty of surgical removal of impacted L3M. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Extraction difficulty of a series of 49-impacted L3M was predicted preoperatively by Kharma scale, and postoperative difficulty was assessed with a modified Parant scale...
November 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053660/the-assessment-of-surgical-and-non-surgical-treatment-of-stage-ii-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#20
T Eguchi, I Kanai, A Basugi, Y Miyata, M Inoue, Y Hamada
BACKGROUND: Non-surgical treatment has generally been recommended for stage II medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) in preference to surgery. However, non-surgical treatment is not empirically effective. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether surgical or non-surgical treatment leads to better outcomes for stage II MRONJ. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, surgery was performed in a total of 28 patients while 24 patients underwent non-surgical treatment...
November 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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