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Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal

M Romero-Reyes, D Salvemini
Cancer pain is a devastating condition. Pain in the orofacial region, may be present as the single symptom of cancer or as a symptom of cancer in its later stages. This manuscript revises in a comprehensive manner the content of the conference entitled "Orofacial Pain and Cancer" (Dolor Orofacial y Cancer) given at the VI Simposio International "Advances in Oral Cancer" on the 22 July, 2016 in San Sebastioan-Donostia._Material and Methods: We have reviewed (pubmed-medline) from the most relevant literature including reviews, systematic reviews and clinical cases, the significant and evidence-based mechanisms and mediators of cancer-associated facial pain, the diverse types of cancers that can be present in the craniofacial region locally or from distant sites that can refer to the orofacial region, cancer therapy that may induce pain in the orofacial region as well as discussed some of the new advancements in cancer pain therapy...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
P Varela-Centelles, M Loira-Gago, A Gonzalez-Mosquera, J-M Seoane-Romero, J-M Garcia-Martin, J Seoane
In a variable proportion of maxillary sinuses alveolar antral artery is located close to the residual ridge, increasing the chances for haemorrhagic complications during sinus floor elevation procedures. _Material and Methods: Retrospective observational study of CBCT explorations performed for implant-treatment planning. The upper first molar area was selected for this study. The relative uncertainty (standard deviation of the measurement divided by its mean and expressed as a percentage from 0% to 100%) was chosen for determining the observational errors...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
P Molinero-Mourelle, L Baca-Gonzalez, B Gao, L Saez-Alcaide, A Helm, J Lopez-Quiles
The use of zygomatic implants in the prosthetic rehabilitation of the patient with severe maxillary bone atrophy is another therapeutic alternative, not exempt from complications. The main objective of this review is to analyze and describe the most frequent surgical complications associated with the use of zygomatic implants._Material and Methods: An electronic database search on PubMed, along with a manual search, without taking into account date nor language, was undertaken by two observers, selecting studies that comprised a study period from 6 to 12 months, any type of clinical trial, and series that included a follow-up and/or review period during the aforementioned margin, that mentioned at least two types of complications...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
R Guarnieri, C Cavallini, R Vernucci, M Vichi, R Leonardi, E Barbato
The prevalence of impacted maxillary canine is reported to be between 1% and 3%._The lack of monitoring and the delay in the treatment of the impacted canine can cause different complications such as: displacement of adjacent teeth, loss of vitality of neighbouring teeth, shortening of the dental arch, follicular cysts, canine ankylosis, recurrent infections, recurrent pain, internal resorption of the canine and the adjacent teeth, external resorption of the canine and the adjacent teeth, combination of these factors...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
B Sáez-Prado, M-C Haya-Fernández, M-T Sanz-García
BACKGROUND: The world population is aging considerably. The state of elderly's dentition is poor. Many authors agree that the oral health status influence the elderly's quality of life.The objective of our study was to analyze the relation between the oral health status and the general health status through the quality of life of elderly people aged 65 years or more in Valencia, Spain._Material and Methods: A cross-sectional oral health survey and an oral examination have been designed to study an elderly population...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Y Li, P Zhang, R Li, Y Liu, Q Kan
This study investigated the quality of life of Chinese patients with tongue cancer who had undergone immediate flap reconstruction surgery. In addition, we compared 2 groups of patients: those who had received radial forearm free flap (RFFF) surgery and others who had received pectoralis major myocutaneous flap (PMMF) surgery._Material and Methods: Patients who received RFFF or PMMF reconstruction after primary tongue cancer treated with total and subtotal tongue resection were eligible for the current study...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
J Herranz-Aparicio, J Marques, N Almendros-Marqués, C Gay-Escoda
In order to choose the appropriate implant size and to prevent complications, an oral surgeon must know the size and shape of the mandible. In the posterior mandibular region, a lingual undercut is often found and could represent a difficulty hard to manage if a lingual or buccal perforation occur. _A large series of computed tomography (CT) images of first molar mandible was evaluated and it the bone morphology and the prevalence and the degree of the lingual concavity in the first molar region was studied...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
M de-Pedro-Herráez, J Mesa-Jiménez, C Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, J-L de-la-Hoz-Aizpurua
Myogenic temporomandibular disorders (MTMD) frequently coexist with other clinical conditions in the same individual. In the last decades, several authors have analyzed these comorbidities looking for the origin of this overlapping. _Objetives: The aim of this study was to perform a comparative anaylisis between a group of patients with MTMD and a control group of dental patients without dysfunctional pathology to assess whether there are significant differences in the presence of systemic medical comorbidities between the two groups...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
F Costantinides, M Biasotto, M Maglione, R Di Lenarda
The choice of the anaesthetic modality is one of the primary steps during planning of third molar surgery. The aim of the present study was to compare the risk of developing neurological injures of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and lingual nerve (LN) in patients treated for wisdom teeth removal under general anaesthesia (GA) with a group treated under local anaesthesia (LA). _Material and Methods: This is an observational retrospective, unicentric study; between September 2013 and September 2014, 534 patients underwent third molar surgery, 194 (36,3%) under GA and 340 (63,7%) under LA by the same oral surgeon...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
M Marqués-Mateo, M Puche-Torres, M-E Iglesias-Gimilio
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation can be categorised into three groups: acute, habitual or recurrent and long-standing. The long-standing or protracted lower jaw dislocation refers to a condition that persists for more than one month without reduction. There are a great variety of methods for its treatment, from the manual or non-surgical, to surgical ones like the indirect approach (conservative surgical approach) and direct approach (open joint). Additional procedures in unsuccessful cases may include extra-articular orthognathic techniques to correct a malocclusion until joint replacement...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
P Singh, D-H Ajmera, S-S Xiao, X-Z Yang, X Liu, B Peng
The purpose of this study was to identify potential concealed variables associated with the difficulty of lower third molar (M3) extractions. _Material and Methods: To address the research purpose, we implemented a prospective study and enrolled a sample of subjects presenting for M3 removal. Predictor variables were categorized into Group-I and Group-II, based on predetermined criteria. The primary outcome variable was the difficulty of extraction, measured as extraction time. Appropriate univariate and multivariate statistics were computed using ordinal logistic regression...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
M Muñoz-Corcuera, L Ramírez-Martínez-Acitores, R-M López-Pintor, E Casañas-Gil, G Hernández-Vallejo
Dabigatran is a newly commercialized drug that is replacing other anticoagulants in the prevention of venous thromboembolism, stroke and systemic arterial valve embolism. It acts directly on thrombin presenting in a dynamic and predictable way, which does not require monitoring these patients. Therefore, we consider the need to assess whether their use increases the risk of bleeding involved before any dental treatment. _Material and Methods: We performed a systematic review with a bibliographic search in PubMed/Medline along with the Cochrane Library...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
A García-Kass, A Herrero-Sánchez, G Esparza-Gómez
The cancer which appears in the mobile portion of the tongue is the most common neoplasm of the oral cavity. The objective of this study was to analyse oral tongue cancer epidemiology in a population of 610 patients diagnosed between 1990 and 2008 and detailed in the Tumour Registry of the Madrid region. _Material and Methods: A retrospective analysis based on the following variables provided in the Tumour Registry was achieved: age, gender, histology, stage, location, treatment. Descriptive and analytic statistics with these variables, using Pearson's Chi-square test to study the relationship between the qualitative variables...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
R Leonardi, R-E Perrotta, L-E Almeida, C Loreto, G Musumeci
To understand the molecular basis of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pathologies, we aimed to investigate the lubricin levels in the TMJ synovial fluid (SF) of patients with mild to severe internal derangements (IDs)._Material and Methods: A total, 34 joints were the study group. Only patients, with a Wilkes stage of III, IV and V were included, in this sample. Control group consisted of SF from eight joints, from patients undergoing to orthognatic surgery. Concentrations of lubricin in the SF from both samples were measured using ELISA system...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
M Madrazo-Jiménez, Á Rodríguez-Caballero, M-Á Serrera-Figallo, R Garrido-Serrano, A Gutiérrez-Corrales, J-L Gutiérrez-Pérez, D Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts to prevent postoperative discomfort, there are still many immediate side effects associated with the surgical extraction of impacted lower third molars. Cicatrization is a physiological process through which the loss of integrity of oral mucosa is recovered and damaged tissues are repaired. Bexident Post (ISDIN, Spain) is a topical gel that contains chitosan, 0.2% chlorhexidine, allantoin and dexpanthenol. While this gel has many clinical indications, there are no published clinical trials evaluating its use in impacted mandibular third molar surgery...
July 31, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Á Díaz-Belenguer, A Sánchez-Torres, C Gay-Escoda
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The keratocystic odontogenic tumor is a benign but aggressive neoplasm. As enucleation alone obtains high recurrence rates, some adjuvant treatments such as Carnoy's solution have been proposed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the reduction of recurrences with the use of Carnoy's solution as adjuvant in the treatment of keratocystic odontogenic tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search in Pubmed (MEDLINE), ScienceDirect and Cochrane databases was conducted with the key words "odontogenic keratocyst", "keratocystic odontogenic tumor", "carnoy's solution", "treatment" and "enucleation"...
July 31, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
L Fernández-Ferrer, J Montiel-Company, E Candel-Martí, J Almerich-Silla, M Peñarrocha-Diago, C Bellot-Arcís
BACKGROUND: One of the main aims of orthodontists is to reduce the treatment time as much as possible, particularly in view of the rise in demand for orthodontic treatment among adult patients. The objective of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of corticotomy as a surgical procedure that accelerates orthodontic tooth movement, together with its possible adverse effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of articles in 4 databases, Pubmed, Cochrane, Scopus and Embase, complemented by a manual search, identified 772 articles...
July 31, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
L-M Gonzalez-Perez, B Gonzalez-Perez-Somarriba, G Centeno, C Vallellano, J-F Montes-Carmona
BACKGROUND: Temporo-Mandibular Joint (TMJ) replacement has been used clinically for years. The objective of this study was to evaluate outcomes achieved in patients with two different categories of TMJ prostheses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients who had a TMJ replacement (TMJR) implanted during the study period from 2006 through 2012 were included in this 3-year prospective study. All procedures were performed using the Biomet Microfixation TMJ Replacement System, and all involved replacing both the skull base component (glenoid fossa) and the mandibular condyle...
July 31, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
A-J Machado-Júnior, E Zancanella, A-N Crespo
BACKGROUND: OSAS during childhood leads to significant physical and neuropsychomotor impairment. Thus, it needs to be recognized and treated early in order to avoid or attenuate the chronic problems associated with OSAS, which are deleterious to a child's development. Adenotonsillectomy and, in select cases, continuous positive airwaypressure (CPAP) have been the preferred treatments for OSAS in children, and yet they are ineffective at fully ameliorating the disease. Minimally invasive treatments have recently been proposed, comprising intra-oral and extra-oral devices as well as speech therapy...
July 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
José-ManuelJ-M Aguirre-Urizar, Adalberto Mosqueda-Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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