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Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal

R Lopez-Martos, L-M Gonzalez-Perez, P Ruiz-Canela-Mendez, F-J Urresti-Lopez, J-L Gutierrez-Perez, P Infante-Cossio
BACKGROUND: To assess whether the techniques of percutaneous needle electrolysis (PNE) and deep dry needling (DDN) used on trigger points (TrP) of lateral pterygoid muscle (LPM) can significantly reduce pain and improve function in patients with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) compared to a control group treated with a sham needling procedure (SNP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients diagnosed with MPS in the LPM were selected and randomly assigned to one of three groups...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
L Barbier, E Ramos, J Mendiola, O Rodriguez, G Santamaria, J Santamaria, I Arteagoitia
BACKGROUND: Since the discovery of adult mesenchymal stem cells extensive research has been conducted to determine their mechanisms of differentiation and effectiveness in cell therapy and regenerative medicine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To assess the efficacy of autologous dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells delivered in a collagen matrix for post-extraction socket healing, a single-centre, double-blind, randomised, split-mouth, controlled clinical trial was performed...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
L-B Moura, J-R Spin, R Spin-Neto, V-A Pereira-Filho
BACKGROUND: Buccal fat pad (BFP) is a singular structure between the facial muscles. Its removal may enhance the zygomatic prominences resulting in an inverted triangle of beauty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of literature about BFP removal for facial aesthetic improvement. In order to answer the following research question: What are the indications, complication types and rates, surgical techniques and outcomes of the technique? MATERIAL AND METHODS: The initial search in Pubmed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases recognized 220 articles...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
A Abukaraky, A-A Hamdan, M-N Ameera, M Nasief, Y Hassona
BACKGROUND: Patients search YouTube for health-care information. PURPOSE: To examine what YouTube offers patients seeking information on dental implants, and to evaluate the quality of provided information. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic search of YouTube for videos containing information on dental implants was performed using the key words "Dental implant" and "Tooth replacement". Videos were examined by two senior Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery residents who were trained and calibrated to perform the search...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
K Danielsson, J Olah, R Zohori-Zangeneh, E Nylander, M Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Lichen Planus, LP, is an inflammatory disease of possible autoimmune origin affecting mainly oral and genital mucosa and skin. According to the WHO oral LP is considered a potentially malignant disorders. The p16 tumour suppressor protein can act as an inhibitor of cyclin dependent kinases 4 and 6 and thus down regulate cell cycle progression. Since the discovery of p16 several studies have evaluated its expression in various forms of human cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the expression of p16 in oral and genital LP and corresponding healthy mucosa...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
P Infante-Cossio, E Gonzalez-Cardero, A Garcia-Perla-Garcia, E Montes-Latorre, J-L Gutierrez-Perez, E Prats-Golczer
BACKGROUND: The significance of complications after superficial parotidectomy remains unclear, since prospective studies are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate facial nerve dysfunction and other postoperative complications after superficial parotidectomy for pleomorphic adenoma of the superficial lobe and to identify the associated risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective and descriptive clinical study on 79 patients undergoing formal superficial parotidectomy with the modified facelift incision, dissection of the facial nerve and reconstruction with the superficial musculoaponeurotic system flap...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
D-D-S Cavalcante, A-R Pinto-Quidute, M-R Alves-Martins, A-S Walter-de-Aguiar, A-M-P Lima-Cid, P-G-B Silva, R-F Cavalcante, F-W-G Costa
BACKGROUND: Sheehan's syndrome (SS) is one of the leading causes of hypopituitarism in developing countries. It occurs after postpartum necrosis of the pituitary gland, and it is considered a significant public health problem. This paper, apparently unpublished, aimed to perform an analysis on oral aspects in patients with SS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 23 women diagnosed with SS at the Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes (Walter Cantídio University Hospital, Fortaleza, Brazil)...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
J-C-A Ferreira, I-S Catunda, B-C-E Vasconcelos, K-A-A da Silva, E-F-C Nogueira, E-E Vidal
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the serum level of the local anesthetic mepivacaine 3% without vasoconstrictor in patients who underwent procedures performed in the anterior and posterior maxilla, through a method of possible extraction to quantify it in human plasma by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a hybrid study consisting of 18 patients (7 females and 11 males) classified as ASA I, adults and with normal body mass index, submitted to procedures in the anterior region (group I) and posterior region of the maxilla (group II)...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Ç Karaca, K-A Dere, N Er, A Aktaş, E Tosun, O-T Köseoğlu, A Usubütün
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic keratocysts have been reported with high recurrence rates in the literature so various treatment modalities from simple enucleation to resection have been performed to achieve the cure. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the recurrence rate of odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) treated by enucleation and peripheral ostectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search of the database of the Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pathology, was undertaken to identify patients histologically diagnosed with OKCs treated at Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery between 2001 and 2015...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
J Núñez-Aguilar, L-G Oliveros-López, A Fernández-Olavarría, D Torres-Lagares, M-A Serrera-Figallo, A Gutiérrez-Corrales, J-L Gutiérrez-Pérez
BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess, in the population of patients with oral cancer treatment, the influence on the quality of life of two protocols of dental treatment: not ruled hospital treatment versus ruled hospital treatment. Matrial and Methods: A quasi-experimental approach justified on ethical grounds was used. A total of 41 patients were included in the control group (not ruled treatment outpatient health center) and 40 in the experimental group (ruled hospital treatment)...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
P Tamiolakis, V-I Theofilou, K-I Tosios, A Sklavounou-Andrikopoulou
BACKGROUND: Oral verruciform xanthoma (OVX) is a rare lesion. The purpose of the present study is to describe the clinical features of 13 OVXs and review all cases reported in the English literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirteen cases of OVX diagnosed during a 47-year period were retrospectively collected. The patients' gender and age, as well as the main clinical features of the lesions were retrieved from the biopsy request forms. Pubmed®, Scopus® and Google ScholarTM electronic databases were searched with the key word "verruciform xanthoma"...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
A Garrocho-Rangel, L Manríquez-Olmos, J Flores-Velázquez, M-A Rosales-Berber, R Martínez-Rider, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Craniosynostosis (CS) is a complex condition consisting of the early fusion of one or more cranial sutures in the intrauterine stage. The affected infant exhibits abnormal head shape at time of birth or shortly thereafter. It can be observed in normal individuals (non-syndromic CS or NSCS) or as a part of a multisystem syndrome. The purposes of the present article were to carry out a scoping review on Non-Syndromic CS and to discuss the most important findings retrieved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The steps of this scoping review were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
P Gandara-Vila, M Pérez-Sayans, J-M Suárez-Peñaranda, M Gallas-Torreira, J Somoza-Martín, M-D Reboiras-López, A Blanco-Carrión, A García-García
BACKGROUND: Oral leukoplakia is the most common potentially malignant disorder (PMD) of the oral cavity. The objectives of this study are to determine the clinicopathologic features in a group of patients with oral leukoplakia of Northern Spain (Galicia), determining the factors associated to clinical risk and analyzing the malignant transformation of these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 85 patients. We recorded sex and age, habits like alcohol and tobacco, size, clinical appearance, site, number of lesions, and presence or absence of dysplasia...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
A Bruzda-Zwiech, J Szczepańska, R Zwiech
BACKGROUND: In hemodialysis (HD) patients, xerostomia and hyposalivation may intensify sensations of thirst, and contribute to the intake of fluids and excessive inter-dialytic weight gain (IWG). Since IWG is regarded to be higher in diabetic patients than in non-diabetics HD enhancing their mortality, it is crucial to define plausible underlying causes. Therefore, the study investigates factors contributing to the increased IWG in diabetic HD patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 97 HD patients (38 diabetics) receiving hemodialysis...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
A-K-G Gonzaga, D-H-I-P de Oliveira, M-L-D-S Lopes, T-J-S Filho, L-M-G Queiroz, É-J-D da Silveira
BACKGROUND: Oral focal mucinosis (OFM) is a rare soft tissue lesion of unknown etiology that exhibits tumor-like growth. It is considered the oral counterpart of cutaneous focal mucinosis or cutaneous myxoid cyst. This is a retrospective study of oral OFM diagnosed over a period of 42 years at an oral pathology service. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical, histopathological and immunohistochemical data were analyzed. Alcian blue staining and S-100 immunohistochemistry were performed...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
J Serrano, R-M López-Pintor, J González-Serrano, M Fernández-Castro, E Casañas, G Hernández
BACKGROUND: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease related to two common symptoms: dry mouth and eyes. Although, xerostomia and hyposialia have been frequently reported in these patients, not many studies have evaluated other oral manifestations. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate prevalence rates of oral lesions (OL) in SS patients and to compare it to a control group (CG), when available. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exhaustive search of the published literature of the Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library databases was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P) for relevant studies that met our eligibility criteria (up to September 1st 2017)...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
M Idrees, M Nassani, O Kujan
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to test the association between the unstimulated whole salivary flow rate (UWSFR) and the oral health status represented by dental and gingival status among healthy adult subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This work was a cross-sectional study of patients attending the undergraduate dental clinics at AlFarabi College for Dentistry and Nursing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The study population consisted of 502 systemically healthy adults aged 18-35 years...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
F-Z Matos, A-M-F Aranha, Á-H Borges, F-L-M Pedro, S-A Raslan, F Hamida, K Veiga, A-N Porto
BACKGROUND: The aim of study was to evaluate the oral health status, salivary flow and halitosis among individuals diagnosed with leprosy as compared with healthy subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample of 160 individuals was allocated into four groups, as follows: (G1) individuals with complete leprosy treatment; (G2) individuals diagnosed with leprosy and under multi-drug therapy; (G3) individuals diagnosed with leprosy not yet under treatment; and (G4) healthy individuals...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
R Lan, M Hadj-Saïd, J-M Foletti, E Massereau, C Chossegros
Ahead of Print article withdrawn by publisher
April 22, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
M-C González-Galván, A Mosqueda-Taylor, R Bologna-Molina, A Setien-Olarra, X Marichalar-Mendia, J-M Aguirre-Urizar
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is a benign intraosseous neoplasm that exhibits local aggressiveness and high recurrence rates. Osteoclastogenesis is an important phenomenon in the tumor growth of maxillary neoplasms. RANK (Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor κappa B) is the signaling receptor of RANK-L (Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand) that activates the osteoclasts. OPG (osteoprotegerin) is a decoy receptor for RANK-L that inhibits pro-osteoclastogenesis. The RANK / RANKL / OPG system participates in the regulation of osteolytic activity under normal conditions, and its alteration has been associated with greater bone destruction, and also with tumor growth...
May 1, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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