journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Virology Journal

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231805/hepatitis-c-virus-in-mainland-china-with-an-emphasis-on-genotype-and-subtype-distribution
#1
REVIEW
Yu Zhang, Li-Min Chen, Miao He
Due to the low fidelity of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, Hepatitis C virus (HCV) mutates quite frequently. There are seven genetically divergent genotypes (GTs) distributed in the world, each of which contains several closely related subtypes. The peer-reviewed literatures reporting the prevalence rate of HCV GTs in Chinese hospitalized patients were identified by systematic searching of three electronic databases, and the prevalence rates were pooled through 137 qualified studies. The significant difference between HCV GT and HCV viral load and severity of hepatitis were analyzed under Chi-squared or Fisher's exact test...
February 23, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222808/detection-and-genome-characterization-of-four-novel-bat-hepadnaviruses-and-a-hepevirus-in-china
#2
Bo Wang, Xing-Lou Yang, Wen Li, Yan Zhu, Xing-Yi Ge, Li-Biao Zhang, Yun-Zhi Zhang, Claus-Thomas Bock, Zheng-Li Shi
BACKGROUND: In recent years, novel hepadnaviruses, hepeviruses, hepatoviruses, and hepaciviruses have been discovered in various species of bat around the world, indicating that bats may act as natural reservoirs for these hepatitis viruses. In order to further assess the distribution of hepatitis viruses in bat populations in China, we tested the presence of these hepatitis viruses in our archived bat liver samples that originated from several bat species and various geographical regions in China...
February 22, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222748/identification-of-host-cellular-proteins-that-interact-with-the-m-protein-of-a-highly-pathogenic-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-vaccine-strain
#3
Qian Wang, Yanwei Li, Hong Dong, Li Wang, Jinmei Peng, Tongqing An, Xufu Yang, Zhijun Tian, Xuehui Cai
BACKGROUND: The highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HP-PRRSV) continues to pose one of the greatest threats to the swine industry. M protein is the most conserved and important structural protein of PRRSV. However, information about the host cellular proteins that interact with M protein remains limited. METHODS: Host cellular proteins that interact with the M protein of HP-PRRSV were immunoprecipitated from MARC-145 cells infected with PRRSV HuN4-F112 using the M monoclonal antibody (mAb)...
February 22, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222765/new-h6-influenza-virus-reassortment-strains-isolated-from-anser-fabalis-in-anhui-province-china
#4
Ye Ge, Hongliang Chai, Zhiqiang Fan, Xianfu Wang, Qiucheng Yao, Jian Ma, Si Chen, Yuping Hua, Guohua Deng, Hualan Chen
BACKGROUND: H6 subtype avian influenza viruses are globally distributed and, in recent years, have been isolated with increasing frequency from both domestic and wild bird species as well as infected humans. Many reports have examined the viruses in the context of poultry or several wild bird species, but there is less information regarding their presence in migratory birds. METHODS: Hemagglutination and hemagglutination inhibition tests were used to measure HA activity for different HA subtypes...
February 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222752/dendritic-cells-macrophages-nk-and-cd8-t-lymphocytes-play-pivotal-roles-in-controlling-hsv-1-in-the-trigeminal-ganglia-by-producing-il1-beta-inos-and-granzyme-b
#5
Natália Lucinda, Maria Marta Figueiredo, Natália Lima Pessoa, Beatriz Senra Álvares da Silva Santos, Graciela Kunrath Lima, Arthur Molinari Freitas, Alexandre Magalhães Vieira Machado, Erna Geessien Kroon, Lis Ribeiro do Valle Antonelli, Marco Antônio Campos
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) cause not only mild symptoms but also blindness and encephalitis. It was previously shown that the immune response against HSV-1 occurs mainly in the trigeminal ganglia (TG) and that Toll-like receptors 2 and 9 (TLR2/9) are important in mediating this response. It was also demonstrated that iNOS (nitric oxide synthase) and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) play an essential role in the defense against HSV-1 infection. Importantly, the present work aimed to identify the primary cells responsible for iNOS and IL-1β production and search for other important molecules and cells that might or might not depend on TLR2/9 receptors to mediate the immune response against HSV-1...
February 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222746/c-terminal-region-of-apoptin-affects-chicken-anemia-virus-replication-and-virulence
#6
REVIEW
Yongqiang Wang, Xiuqing Song, Honglei Gao, Xiaoyan Wang, Yonghao Hu, Yulong Gao, Xiaole Qi, Liting Qin, Huan Lin, Li Gao, Shuai Yao, Chunyan Han, Xiaomei Wang, Hualan Chen
BACKGROUND: Chicken anemia virus (CAV) causes anemia and immune suppression, which are important diseases in the poultry industry. CAV VP3, also referred as 'apoptin', has been shown to selectively kill tumor cells, raising great hopes for its utilization as an anticancer therapy. The ability of apoptin to induce apoptosis is closely related to its nuclear localization. The C-terminal region of apoptin contains a bipartite nuclear localization signals (NLS), and a nuclear export signal (NES) is located between the arms of the NLS...
February 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222744/herpes-simplex-virus-1-infection-dampens-the-immediate-early-antiviral-innate-immunity-signaling-from-peroxisomes-by-tegument-protein-vp16
#7
Chunfu Zheng, Chenhe Su
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) is an archetypal member of the alphaherpesvirus subfamily with a large genome encoding over 80 proteins, many of which play a critical role in virus-host interactions and immune modulation. Upon viral infections, the host cells activate innate immune responses to restrict their replications. Peroxisomes, which have long been defined to regulate metabolic activities, are reported to be important signaling platforms for antiviral innate immunity...
February 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219398/interaction-between-hcmv-pul83-and-human-aim2-disrupts-the-activation-of-the-aim2-inflammasome
#8
Yuan Huang, Di Ma, Heyu Huang, Yuanyuan Lu, Yi Liao, Lingling Liu, Xinglou Liu, Feng Fang
BACKGROUND: AIM2, a cytosolic DNA sensor, plays an important role during infection caused by pathogens with double-stranded DNA; however, its role in human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection remains unclear. Previously, we showed an increase in AIM2 protein levels during the early stage of HCMV infection and a decrease 24 h post infection. Because HCMV has developed a variety of strategies to evade host immunity, we speculated that this decline might be attributed to a viral immune escape mechanism...
February 20, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209172/evaluation-of-the-contribution-of-the-transmembrane-region-to-the-ectodomain-conformation-of-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-1-envelope-glycoprotein
#9
Hanh T Nguyen, Navid Madani, Haitao Ding, Emerald Elder, Amy Princiotto, Christopher Gu, Patrice Darby, James Alin, Alon Herschhorn, John C Kappes, Youdong Mao, Joseph G Sodroski
BACKGROUND: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein (Env), a Type 1 transmembrane protein, assembles into a trimeric spike complex that mediates virus entry into host cells. The high potential energy of the metastable, unliganded Env trimer is maintained by multiple non-covalent contacts among the gp120 exterior and gp41 transmembrane Env subunits. Structural studies suggest that the gp41 transmembrane region forms a left-handed coiled coil that contributes to the Env trimer interprotomer contacts...
February 16, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202038/establishment-of-national-reference-for-bunyavirus-nucleic-acid-detection-kits-for-diagnosis-of-sfts-virus
#10
Xu Lu, Ling Wang, Dongting Bai, Yuhua Li
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV) usually have a high fatality. At present no effective therapy or vaccine are available, so early diagnosis of SFTS is crucial to prevent and control SFTSV infection. This study aimed to establish a national reference for these diagnostic kits of SFTSV genome and make the diagnosis of the disease effective. METHODS: Six SFTSV strains isolated from different regions, and five relative viruses with similar clinical manifestations were selected as positive and negative references and assessed using real time quantitative PCR (q-PCR) using specific primers and probe and two commercial kits...
February 16, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202068/the-dna-damage-response-promotes-polyomavirus-jc-infection-by-nucleus-to-cytoplasm-nf-kappab-activation
#11
Martyn K White, Anna Bellizzi, Gabriele Ibba, Valeria Pietropaolo, Anna T Palamara, Hassen S Wollebo
BACKGROUND: Infection of glial cells by human neurotropic polyomavirus JC (JCV), the causative agent of the CNS demyelinating disease progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), rapidly inflicts damage to cellular DNA. This activates DNA damage response (DDR) signaling including induction of expression of DNA repair factor Rad51. We previously reported that Rad51 co-operates with the transcription factor NF-κB p65 to activate JCV early transcription. Thus Rad51 induction by JCV infection may provide positive feedback for viral activation early in JCV infection...
February 15, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202040/subcellular-localization-and-interactions-of-infectious-salmon-anemia-virus-isav-m1-and-nep-as-well-as-host-hsc70
#12
Wenting Zhang, Chengzhi Cai, Li Lin, Yizhi Jane Tao, Meilin Jin
BACKGROUND: Infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) is an important fish pathogen that causes high mortality in farmed Atlantic salmon. The ISAV genome consists of eight single-stranded, negative-sense RNA segments. The six largest segments contain one open reading frame (ORF) each, and encode three polymerase proteins, nucleoprotein, fusion protein, and hemagglutinin esterase protein. The two smallest segments contain more than one ORF each. The segment 7 encodes non-structural protein 1 (NS1) and nuclear export protein (NEP), while segment 8 encodes matrix protein 1 and 2 (M1 and M2)...
February 15, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196510/partial-hiv-c2v3-envelope-sequence-analysis-reveals-association-of-coreceptor-tropism-envelope-glycosylation-and-viral-genotypic-variability-among-kenyan-patients-on-haart
#13
Rose C Kitawi, Carol W Hunja, Rashid Aman, Bernhards R Ogutu, Anne W T Muigai, Gilbert O Kokwaro, Washingtone Ochieng
BACKGROUND: HIV-1 is highly variable genetically and at protein level, a property it uses to subvert antiviral immunity and treatment. The aim of this study was to assess if HIV subtype differences were associated with variations in glycosylation patterns and co-receptor tropism among HAART patients experiencing different virologic treatment outcomes. METHODS: A total of 118 HIV env C2V3 sequence isolates generated previously from 59 Kenyan patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) were examined for tropism and glycosylation patterns...
February 14, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193229/involvement-of-fatty-acid-synthase-in-dengue-virus-infection
#14
Natthida Tongluan, Suwipa Ramphan, Phitchayapak Wintachai, Janthima Jaresitthikunchai, Sarawut Khongwichit, Nitwara Wikan, Supoth Rajakam, Sutee Yoksan, Nuttaporn Wongsiriroj, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Duncan R Smith
BACKGROUND: The mosquito transmitted Dengue virus (DENV) remains a significant public health problem in many tropical and subtropical countries. Increasing evidence has suggested that during the infection process cellular lipids play important roles at several stages of the replication cycle. This study sought to characterize the changes in lipid metabolism gene expression and investigated the role of one enzyme, fatty acid synthase, in DENV infection. METHODS: Transcriptional profiles of genes associated with lipid metabolism were evaluated by real-time PCR after infection of different cell lines (HepG2 and HEK293T/17) and with different DENVs (laboratory adapted and low passage)...
February 13, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183327/characteristics-of-sirnas-derived-from-southern-rice-black-streaked-dwarf-virus-in-infected-rice-and-their-potential-role-in-host-gene-regulation
#15
Donglin Xu, Guohui Zhou
BACKGROUND: Virus-derived siRNAs (vsiRNAs)-mediated RNA silencing plays important roles in interaction between plant viruses and their hosts. Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV) is a newly emerged devastating rice reovirus with ten dsRNA genomic segments. The characteristics of SRBSDV-derived siRNAs and their biological implications in SRBSDV-rice interaction remain unexplored. METHODS: VsiRNAs profiling from SRBSDV-infected rice samples was done via small RNA deep sequencing...
February 10, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179010/characterization-and-complete-genome-of-the-virulent-myoviridae-phage-jd007-active-against-a-variety-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-from-different-hospitals-in-shanghai-china
#16
Zelin Cui, Tingting Feng, Feifei Gu, Qingtian Li, Ke Dong, Yan Zhang, Yongzhang Zhu, Lizhong Han, Jinhong Qin, Xiaokui Guo
BACKGROUND: The implementation of phage therapy is re-emerging with the increase in widespread antibiotic-resistant bacteria. METHODS: Staphylococcus phage JD007 was characterized and its complete genome sequence analysed. RESULTS: Staphylococcus phage JD007 was classified as belonging to the Myoviridae family based on its morphology, as observed by transmission electron microscopy. Its lytic activity was stable between pH 5-11 and below 42 °C; moreover, an absorbance curve showed that nearly 90% of the viral particles had adsorbed to its host after a 20 min co-incubation...
February 8, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173871/characterization-and-pathogenesis-of-aerosolized-eastern-equine-encephalitis-in-the-common-marmoset-callithrix-jacchus
#17
Aimee I Porter, Rebecca A Erwin-Cohen, Nancy Twenhafel, Taylor Chance, Steven B Yee, Steven J Kern, David Norwood, Laurie J Hartman, Michael D Parker, Pamela J Glass, Luis DaSilva
BACKGROUND: Licensed antiviral therapeutics and vaccines to protect against eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) in humans currently do not exist. Animal models that faithfully recapitulate the clinical characteristics of human EEEV encephalitic disease, including fever, drowsiness, anorexia, and neurological signs such as seizures, are needed to satisfy requirements of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for clinical product licensing under the Animal Rule. METHODS: In an effort to meet this requirement, we estimated the median lethal dose and described the pathogenesis of aerosolized EEEV in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)...
February 7, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173863/structure-and-transcription-of-the-helicoverpa-armigera-densovirus-hadv2-genome-and-its-expression-strategy-in-ld652-cells
#18
Pengjun Xu, Robert I Graham, Kenneth Wilson, Kongming Wu
BACKGROUND: Densoviruses (DVs) are highly pathogenic to their hosts. However, we previously reported a mutualistic DV (HaDV2). Very little was known about the characteristics of this virus, so herein we undertook a series of experiments to explore the molecular biology of HaDV2 further. RESULTS: Phylogenetic analysis showed that HaDV2 was similar to members of the genus Iteradensovirus. However, compared to current members of the genus Iteradensovirus, the sequence identity of HaDV2 is less than 44% at the nucleotide-level, and lower than 36, 28 and 19% at the amino-acid-level of VP, NS1 and NS2 proteins, respectively...
February 7, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173845/development-of-real-time-and-lateral-flow-strip-reverse-transcription-recombinase-polymerase-amplification-assays-for-rapid-detection-of-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus
#19
Yang Yang, Xiaodong Qin, Yiming Song, Wei Zhang, Gaowei Hu, Yongxi Dou, Yanmin Li, Zhidong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an economically important, Office International des Epizooties (OIE) notifiable, transboundary viral disease of small ruminants such as sheep and goat. PPR virus (PPRV), a negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus, is the causal agent of PPR. Therefore, sensitive, specific and rapid diagnostic assay for the detection of PPRV are necessary to accurately and promptly diagnose suspected case of PPR. METHODS: In this study, reverse transcription recombinase polymerase amplification assays using real-time fluorescent detection (real-time RT-RPA assay) and lateral flow strip detection (LFS RT-RPA assay) were developed targeting the N gene of PPRV...
February 7, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173821/identification-of-influenza-a-nucleoprotein-body-domain-residues-essential-for-viral-rna-expression-expose-antiviral-target
#20
Alicia M Davis, Jose Ramirez, Laura L Newcomb
BACKGROUND: Influenza A virus is controlled with yearly vaccination while emerging global pandemics are kept at bay with antiviral medications. Unfortunately, influenza A viruses have emerged resistance to approved influenza antivirals. Accordingly, there is an urgent need for novel antivirals to combat emerging influenza A viruses resistant to current treatments. Conserved viral proteins are ideal targets because conserved protein domains are present in most, if not all, influenza subtypes, and are presumed less prone to evolve viable resistant versions...
February 7, 2017: Virology Journal
journal
journal
40828
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"