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Nutrition & Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410565/lipid-deposition-pattern-and-adaptive-strategy-in-response-to-dietary-fat-in-chinese-perch-siniperca-chuatsi
#1
Jie Wang, Xu-Fang Liang, Shan He, Jiao Li, Kang Huang, Yan-Peng Zhang, Dong Huang
Background: Previous studies in teleost have demonstrated the adaptive strategy to maintain hepatic lipid homeostasis within certain limit. The excess of fat-intake could induce abnormal lipid deposition in liver but not adipose tissue. However, the molecular mechanism between the impaired lipid homeostasis and the aggravated lipid deposition in liver has not been elucidated well in fish. Methods: Four isonitrogenous diets with different fat levels (2, 7, 12 and 17%) were formulated, named L2, L7, L12 and L17 respectively, and fed Chinese perch (44...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386406/bariatric-surgery-reduces-cd36-bearing-microvesicles-of-endothelial-and-monocyte-origin
#2
Jaco Botha, Morten Hjuler Nielsen, Maja Høegh Christensen, Henrik Vestergaard, Aase Handberg
Background: Bariatric surgery is a widely adopted treatment for obesity and its secondary complications. In the past decade, microvesicles (MVs) and CD36 have increasingly been considered as possible biomarkers for obesity, the metabolic syndrome (MetSy), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate how weight loss resulting from bariatric surgery affects levels of specific MV phenotypes and their expression of CD36 scavenger receptor. Additionally, we hypothesised that subjects with MetSy had higher baseline concentrations of investigated MV phenotypes...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30377436/metabolic-inflexibility-in-women-with-pcos-is-similar-to-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Nicholas T Broskey, Charmaine S Tam, Elizabeth F Sutton, Abby D Altazan, Jeffrey H Burton, Eric Ravussin, Leanne M Redman
Background: An ability to switch between primarily oxidizing fat in the fasted state to carbohydrate in the fed state, termed metabolic flexibility, is associated with insulin sensitivity. Metabolic flexibility has been explored previously in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), yet the independent or synergistic contributions of androgen excess and/or insulin resistance is not yet known. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to characterize metabolic flexibility in women with PCOS compared to women of normal BMI, obesity, or type 2 diabetes (T2DM)...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349580/correction-to-micrornas-from-plants-to-animals-do-they-define-a-new-messenger-for-communication
#4
Zhiqing Li, Ruodan Xu, Ning Li
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12986-018-0305-8.].
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337946/-gynura-divaricata-rich-in-3-5-4-5-dicaffeoylquinic-acid-and-chlorogenic-acid-reduces-islet-cell-apoptosis-and-improves-pancreatic-function-in-type-2-diabetic-mice
#5
Xiao-Lu Yin, Bing-Qing Xu, Yu-Qing Zhang
Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases that accompanied by severe complications. Gynura divaricata (GD), a medicinal and edible plant that is usually used for the treatment of diabetes. Therefore, this study investigates the chemical components of GD with hypoglycemic effect and the possible mechanism lowering blood sugar in T2D diabetic mice. Methods: The methanol extract of GD was analysed by HPLC-DAD. And then mice with type 2 diabetes induced by a high-fat diet in combination with streptozotocin feed the diet containing lyophilized GD powder for 4 weeks...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337945/role-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-mobility-and-considerations-in-possible-dietary-and-nutritional-intervention-strategies
#6
REVIEW
Jie-Hua Chen, Xu Lin, Cuihong Bu, Xuguang Zhang
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs), a group of compounds that are formed by non-enzymatic reactions between carbonyl groups of reducing sugars and free amino groups of proteins, lipids or nucleic acids, can be obtained exogenously from diet or formed endogenously within the body. AGEs accumulate intracellularly and extracellularly in all tissues and body fluids and can cross-link with other proteins and thus affect their normal functions. Furthermore, AGEs can interact with specific cell surface receptors and hence alter cell intracellular signaling, gene expression, the production of reactive oxygen species and the activation of several inflammatory pathways...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30323853/serological-biomarkers-associate-ultrasound-characteristics-of-steatohepatitis-in-mice-with-liver-cancer
#7
Guozhen Cui, Robert C Martin, Xingkai Liu, Qianqian Zheng, Harshul Pandit, Ping Zhang, Wei Li, Yan Li
Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) covers a spectrum of lesions ranging from steatosis to a complex pattern, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Ultrasonography provides important information on hepatic architecture for steatosis. NASH patients have an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Early detection of NASH is critical for clinicians to advise on necessary treatments to prevent the onset of HCC. Methods: We established a NASH-HCC mouse model using diethylnitrosamine as a carcinogen to induce HCC and a high-fat diet to induce metabolic disorders...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30323852/-angptl4-variants-and-their-haplotypes-are-associated-with-serum-lipid-levels-the-risk-of-coronary-artery-disease-and-ischemic-stroke-and-atorvastatin-cholesterol-lowering-responses
#8
Qian Yang, Rui-Xing Yin, Xiao-Li Cao, Feng Huang, Yi-Jiang Zhou, Wu-Xian Chen
Background: This study aimed to assess the association between the angiopoietin-like protein 4 gene ( ANGPTL4 ) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and serum lipid levels, the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and ischemic stroke (IS), and response to atorvastatin therapy in a Southern Chinese Han population. Methods: Genotypes of the ANGPTL4 rs4076317, rs7255436, rs1044250 and rs2967605 SNPs in 1,654 unrelated subjects (CAD, 568; IS, 537; and controls, 549) were determined by the Snapshot technology...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305835/effect-of-personalized-moderate-exercise-training-on-wistar-rats-fed-with-a-fructose-enriched-water
#9
Julie Dupas, Annie Feray, Anthony Guernec, Morgane Pengam, Manon Inizan, François Guerrero, Jacques Mansourati, Christelle Goanvec
Background: Metabolic Syndrom has become a public health problem. It mainly results from the increased consumption of fat and sugar. In this context, the benefits of personalized moderate exercise training were investigated on a metabolic syndrome male wistar rat model food with fructose drinking water (20-25% w / v ). Different markers including body weight, metabolic measurements, blood biochemistry related to metabolic syndrome complications have been evaluated. Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly allocated to 4 groups: control (sedentary (C, n  = 8) and exercise trained (Ex, n = 8)), fructose fed (sedentary (FF, n = 8) and exercise trained fructose fed rats (ExFF, n  = 10))...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302122/micrornas-from-plants-to-animals-do-they-define-a-new-messenger-for-communication
#10
REVIEW
Zhiqing Li, Ruodan Xu, Ning Li
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of single-stranded non-coding RNA of about 22 nucleotides, are potent regulators of gene expression existing in both plants and animals. Recent studies showed that plant miRNAs could enter mammalian bloodstream via gastrointestinal tract, through which access a variety of tissues and cells of recipients to exert therapeutic effects. This intriguing phenomenon indicates that miRNAs of diet/plant origin may act as a new class of bioactive ingredients communicating with mammalian systems...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302121/effects-of-exenatide-versus-insulin-glargine-on-body-composition-in-overweight-and-obese-t2dm-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Ting-Ting Yin, Yan Bi, Ping Li, Shan-Mei Shen, Wei-Min Wang, Can Jiang, Cai-Xia Gao, Yan Wang, Li-Jun Gao, Da-Long Zhu, Wen-Huan Feng
Background: Weight loss, especially fat mass reduction, helps to improve blood glucose control, insulin sensitivity, and β-cell function. This study aimed to compare the effect of exenatide and glargine on body composition in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) who do not achieve adequate glycemic control with metformin. Methods: We performed a prospective, randomized study of 37 overweight or obese patients with T2DM who had inadequate glycemic control with metformin...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30275871/alpha-lipoic-acid-preserves-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-type-2-diabetic-oletf-rats
#12
Oak-Kee Hong, Jang-Won Son, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Seong-Su Lee, Sung-Rae Kim, Soon Jib Yoo
Background: Increased oxidative stress and impaired antioxidant defense are important mechanisms in the pathogenesis of diabetic myopathy. Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) has been indicated as a weight-loss treatment in rodents and humans, but studies are limited. In the present study, we aimed to determine the influence of ALA, a potent biological antioxidant, on metabolic and growth processes in diabetic rat skeletal muscle. Methods: Male 25-week-old type 2 diabetic rats (OLETF) were randomly divided into two groups, a control group (OLETF-C) and an ALA-treated group (OLETF-ALA) supplemented with 100 mg/kg ALA for 8 weeks...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30275870/dietary-n-3-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-upregulate-energy-dissipating-metabolic-pathways-conveying-anti-obesogenic-effects-in-mice
#13
Stefanie Worsch, Mathias Heikenwalder, Hans Hauner, Bernhard L Bader
Background: We previously reported on the anti-obesogenic and anti-inflammatory effects associated with n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) in our diet-induced obesity (DIO) mouse model. Two isocaloric high-fat diets (HFDs; 48 kJ% fat), HFD (HF) and n-3 LCPUFA-enriched HFD (HF/n-3), and a control diet (C; 13 kJ% fat) were used. The underlying mechanisms however have largely remained unclear. Here, we assessed whether the reduced fat mass reflected n-3 LCPUFA-induced expression changes in lipid metabolism of the intestine, liver, and interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT), as well as increased iBAT thermogenic capacity...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30263039/dietary-normalization-from-a-fat-fructose-and-cholesterol-rich-diet-to-chow-limits-the-amount-of-myocardial-collagen-in-a-g%C3%A3-ttingen-minipig-model-of-obesity
#14
Laura Jul Andreasen, Simone Krog, Trine Pagh Ludvigsen, Ole Lerberg Nielsen, Jacob Eifer Møller, Berit Østergaard Christoffersen, Henrik Duelund Pedersen, Lisbeth Høier Olsen
Background: Dietary interventions have been shown to attenuate some of the myocardial pathological alterations associated with obesity. This study evaluated the effect of dietary normalization from a fat/fructose/cholesterol-rich diet to chow on left ventricular (LV) myocardial fibrosis, fat infiltration and hypertrophy but also the specific influence of obesity, plasma lipids and glucose metabolism markers on heart morphology in a Göttingen Minipig model of obesity. Methods: Forty castrated male Göttingen Minipigs were assigned to three groups fed either standard minipig chow (SD, n  = 8) for 13 months, fat/fructose/cholesterol-rich diet (FFC, n  = 16) for 13 months or fat/fructose/cholesterol-rich diet for 7 months and then changed to standard minipig chow for the remaining 6 months (FFC/SD, n  = 16)...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30263038/green-cardamom-increases-sirtuin-1-and-reduces-inflammation-in-overweight-or-obese-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Milad Daneshi-Maskooni, Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Mostafa Qorbani, Siavash Mansouri, Seyed Moayed Alavian, Mahtab Badri-Fariman, Seyed Ali Jazayeri-Tehrani, Gity Sotoudeh
Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the hepatic component of metabolic syndrome. Despite the beneficial health effects of cardamom on dyslipidemia, hepatomegaly, and fasting hyperglycemia, no previous human study has been conducted on the efficacy of cardamom in NAFLD. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of green cardamom (GC) on serum Sirtuin-1 (Sirt1), inflammatory factors, and liver enzymes in overweight or obese NAFLD patients. Methods: The recruitment of subjects was conducted at the polyclinic of the central hospital of National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), Tehran...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30258470/whole-body-net-protein-balance-plateaus-in-response-to-increasing-protein-intakes-during-post-exercise-recovery-in-adults-and-adolescents
#16
Michael Mazzulla, Kimberly A Volterman, Jeff E Packer, Denise J Wooding, Jahmal C Brooks, Hiroyuki Kato, Daniel R Moore
Background: Muscle protein synthesis and muscle net balance plateau after moderate protein ingestion in adults. However, it has been suggested that there is no practical limit to the anabolic response of whole-body net balance to dietary protein. Moreover, limited research has addressed the anabolic response to dietary protein in adolescents. The present study determined whether whole-body net balance plateaued in response to increasing protein intakes during post-exercise recovery and whether there were age- and/or sex-related dimorphisms in the anabolic response...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30258469/consumption-of-regular-fat-vs-reduced-fat-cheese-reveals-gender-specific-changes-in-ldl-particle-size-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Farinaz Raziani, Parvaneh Ebrahimi, Søren Balling Engelsen, Arne Astrup, Anne Raben, Tine Tholstrup
Background: Regular-fat cheese does not seem to increase low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations compared to reduced-fat cheese. However, plasma LDL-C concentrations do not reflect levels and size of LDL particles, which might be a better predictor of cardiovascular risk. Methods: The aim was to compare the effects of regular-fat cheese vs reduced-fat cheese and carbohydrate-rich foods on LDL particle size distribution in adults with ≥ 2 metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30202421/protective-effects-of-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-against-h-2-o-2-induced-oxidative-stress-in-rin-m5f-pancreatic-cells
#18
Xue Tang, Renqiang Yu, Qin Zhou, Shanyu Jiang, Guowei Le
Background: γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and reported to maintain the redox homeostasis and insulin secretion function of pancreatic β cells. This study tested the hypothesis that GABA maintains cellular redox status, and modulates glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β and antioxidant-related nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) nuclear mass ratio in the H2 O2 -injured RINm5F cells. Methods: RINm5F cells were treated with/without GABA (50, 100 and 200 μmol/L) for 48 h and then exposed to 100 μmol/L H2 O2 for 30 min...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30181762/ppar%C3%AE-pgc-1%C3%AE-fndc5-pathway-up-regulation-in-gastrocnemius-and-heart-muscle-of-exercised-branched-chain-amino-acid-diet-fed-mice
#19
Navid Abedpoor, Farzaneh Taghian, Kamran Ghaedi, Iman Niktab, Zahra Safaeinejad, Farzaneh Rabiee, Sommayeh Tanhaei, Mohammad Hossein Nasr-Esfahani
Background: Previous studies have revealed the inductive effect of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) catabolism on fatty acid oxidation and metabolism, especially in muscle cells. In the present investigation, we have attempted to address whether a combination of BCAAs supplement consumption with aerobic exercise could elaborate the expression of PPAR γ, Pgc-1α and Fndc5 genes in gastrocnemius muscle and heart tissue of male C57BL/6 mice. Methods: Thirty-six young male mice with an average weight of 18 ± 2 g were selected...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116287/dietary-vitamin-d-3-supplementation-protects-laying-hens-against-lipopolysaccharide-induced-immunological-stress
#20
Yanqiang Geng, Qiugang Ma, Zhong Wang, Yuming Guo
Background: The effects of vitamin D on the immune function of laying hens are not well understood. This study investigated the effects of vitamin D3 (VD3 ) on laying performance and immunological functions in laying hens under Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Methods: In experiment one, 360 Jinghong-1 strain layers (32 weeks) were randomly divided into four groups with six replicates per group and 15 hens per replicate. Hens were fed a basal diet supplemented with different levels of VD3 (0; 500; 1500; or 3000 IU VD3 /kg of diet) for 10 weeks to determine laying performance, egg quality, and other parameters...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
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