journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition & Metabolism

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118818/folic-acid-prevents-cardiac-dysfunction-and-reduces-myocardial-fibrosis-in-a-mouse-model-of-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity
#1
Wei Li, Renqiao Tang, Shengrong Ouyang, Feifei Ma, Zhuo Liu, Jianxin Wu
Background: Folic acid (FA) is an antioxidant that can reduce reactive oxygen species generation and can blunt cardiac dysfunction during ischemia. We hypothesized that FA supplementation prevents cardiac fibrosis and cardiac dysfunction induced by obesity. Methods: Six-week-old C57BL6/J mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD), normal diet (ND), or an HFD supplemented with folic acid (FAD) for 14 weeks. Cardiac function was measured using a transthoracic echocardiographic exam...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118817/maternal-high-fat-diet-impairs-glucose-metabolism-%C3%AE-cell-function-and-proliferation-in-the-second-generation-of-offspring-rats
#2
Yan-Hong Huang, Ting-Ting Ye, Chong-Xiao Liu, Lei Wang, Yuan-Wen Chen, Yan Dong
Background: This study aimed to assess the impact of perinatal high-fat (HF) diet in female Sprague-Dawley rats (F0) on glucose metabolism and islet function in their early life of second-generation of offspring (F2). Methods: F0 rats were fed with a standard chow (SC) or HF diet for 8 weeks before mating, up to termination of lactation for their first-generation of offspring (F1-SC and F1-HF). F1 females were mated with normal males at the age of week 11, and producing F2 offspring (F2-SC, F2-HF)...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075307/identification-of-the-principal-transcriptional-regulators-for-low-fat-and-high-fat-meal-responsive-genes-in-small-intestine
#3
Octave Mucunguzi, Aicha Melouane, Abdelaziz Ghanemi, Mayumi Yoshioka, André Boivin, Ezequiel-Luis Calvo, Jonny St-Amand
BACKGROUND: High-fat (HF) diet is a well-known cause of obesity. To identify principle transcriptional regulators that could be therapeutic targets of obesity, we investigated transcriptomic modulation in the duodenal mucosa following low-fat (LF) and HF meal ingestion. METHODS: Whereas one group of mice was sacrificed after fasting, the others were fed ad libitum with LF or HF meal, and sacrificed 30 min, 1 h and 3 h after the beginning of the meal. A transcriptome analysis of the duodenal mucosa of the 7 groups was conducted using both microarray and serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) method followed by an Ingenuity Pathways Analysis (IPA)...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075306/postprandial-low-grade-inflammation-does-not-specifically-require-tlr4-activation-in-the-rat
#4
Dominique Hermier, Véronique Mathé, Annaïg Lan, Clélia Santini, Annie Quignard-Boulangé, Jean-François Huneau, François Mariotti
BACKGROUND: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), an innate immune receptor, is suspected to play a key role in the postprandial inflammation that is induced by a high-fat meal rich in saturated fatty acids (SFA). Our objective was to test this hypothesis by using a specific competitive inhibitor of TLR4 (INH) vs vehicle (VEH) administered immediately before a high-SFA meal in rats. METHODS: First, in a cross-over kinetic study of 12 rats receiving INH and VEH i.v. 10 min before the test meal, we measured plasma inflammatory and vascular markers for 6 h...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051770/serum-alanine-aminotransferase-aspartate-aminotransferase-ratio-is-one-of-the-best-markers-of-insulin-resistance-in-the-chinese-population
#5
Li Zhao, Jing Cheng, Yingchao Chen, Qin Li, Bing Han, Yi Chen, Fangzhen Xia, Chi Chen, Dongping Lin, Xuemei Yu, Ningjian Wang, Yingli Lu
BACKGROUND: The alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ratio is reportedly associated with insulin resistance (IR). However, few studies have explored the relationship between the ALT/AST ratio and IR in the Chinese population. Here, we aimed to explore whether the ALT/AST ratio is associated and, if so, to what extent, with IR in the Chinese population as categorized by waist circumference (WC). METHODS: Our data were obtained from the SPECT-China study, a cross-sectional survey on the prevalence of metabolic diseases and risk factors in East China from 2014 to 2015...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026429/markers-of-neuroprotection-of-combined-epa-and-dha-provided-by-fish-oil-are-higher-than-those-of-epa-nannochloropsis-and-dha-schizochytrium-from-microalgae-oils-in-wistar-rats
#6
Paula A Lopes, Narcisa M Bandarra, Susana V Martins, Joana Martinho, Cristina M Alfaia, Marta S Madeira, Carlos Cardoso, Cláudia Afonso, Maria C Paulo, Rui M A Pinto, José L Guil-Guerrero, José A M Prates
BACKGROUND: To overcome the current overexploitation of fish rich in n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), microalgae have become a promising marine lipid source. The purpose of this study was to assess eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), isolated or combined from distinct marine origins, on the promotion of neuroprotective effects. METHODS: The experiment lasted for 10 weeks and involved 32 Wistar rats, divided into 4 diets (n = 8): a diet rich in milk fat was taken as control (Milk Fat) and compared to n-3 LCPUFA enriched diets, either in EPA + DHA form through fish oil (Fish Oil), or EPA through Nannochloropsis oil (Nanno), or DHA through Schizochytrium oil (Schyzo), while maintaining Milk Fat incorporation...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021814/sex-specific-association-between-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-and-type-2-diabetes-a-nested-case-control-study-in-singapore-chinese-men-and-women
#7
Yeli Wang, Woon-Puay Koh, Jian-Min Yuan, An Pan
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF-21) is mainly secreted by liver and has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Some prospective studies have shown a positive association between FGF-21 and diabetes risk. However, no study has examined whether the association differed by sex, which has been reported between FGF-21 and atherosclerosis. Therefore, we prospectively evaluated the sex-specific association between FGF-21 and diabetes in a Chinese population...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021813/effect-of-a-short-term-dietary-supplementation-with-phytosterols-red-yeast-rice-or-both-on-lipid-pattern-in-moderately-hypercholesterolemic-subjects-a-three-arm-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Arrigo F G Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Martina Rosticci, Angelo Parini, Marina Giovannini, Maddalena Veronesi, Sergio D'Addato, Claudio Borghi
BACKGROUND: Phytosterols and red yeast rice are largely studied cholesterol-lowering nutraceuticals, respectively inhibiting the bowel absorption and liver synthesis of cholesterol. Our aim was to test the effect on lipid profile of phytosterols, red yeast rice and their association. METHODS: We performed a three parallel arms, double blind, clinical trial randomizing 90 moderately hypercholesterolemic subjects to treatment with phytosterols 800 mg (group 1), red yeast rice standardized to contain 5 mg monacolins from Monascus purpureus (group 2), or both combined nutraceuticals (group 3)...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018489/effects-of-resveratrol-on-glucose-control-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Xiangyun Zhu, Chunhua Wu, Shanhu Qiu, Xuelu Yuan, Ling Li
Although the regular consumption of resveratrol has been known to improve glucose homeostasis and reverse insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the reported results are inconsistent. Thus, we aimed to assess the effects of resveratrol on glycemic control and insulin sensitivity among patients with T2DM. We searched for relevant articles published until June 2017 on PubMed-Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. Randomized controlled trials in T2DM patients administered with resveratrol as intervention were included...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932254/branched-chain-amino-acid-supplementation-restores-reduced-insulinotropic-activity-of-a-low-protein-diet-through-the-vagus-nerve-in-rats
#10
Mami Horiuchi, Tomoya Takeda, Hiroyuki Takanashi, Yori Ozaki-Masuzawa, Yusuke Taguchi, Yuka Toyoshima, Lila Otani, Hisanori Kato, Meri Sone-Yonezawa, Fumihiko Hakuno, Shin-Ichiro Takahashi, Asako Takenaka
BACKGROUND: Previously, we reported that a low-protein diet significantly reduced insulin secretion in response to feeding within 1 h in rats, suggesting that the insulinotropic effect of dietary protein plays an important role in maintaining normal insulin release. The current study aimed to elucidate whether deficiency of certain amino acids could diminish the insulinotropic activity and to investigate whether reduced insulin secretion in response to a low-protein diet is restored by supplementation with certain amino acids...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878811/serum-metabolites-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-development-or-reversion-a-targeted-metabolomic-approach-within-the-predimed-trial
#11
Christopher Papandreou, Mònica Bullò, Francisco José Tinahones, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Dolores Corella, Georgios A Fragkiadakis, José López-Miranda, Ramon Estruch, Montserrat Fitó, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND: Limited prospective studies have examined changes in non-alcoholic fatty-liver disease (NAFLD) related serum-metabolites and none the effects of NAFLD-reversion. We aimed to evaluate whether perturbations in metabolites indicate predisposition to NAFLD development and to assess the effects of NAFLD reversion on metabolite profiles. METHODS: A targeted liquid-chromatography tandem mass-spectrometry metabolic profiling (n = 453 metabolites) approach was applied, using serum from 45 subjects of the PREDIMED study, at baseline and after a median 3...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824701/phenylketonuria-patients-and-their-parents-knowledge-and-attitudes-to-the-daily-diet-multi-centre-study
#12
Ewa Witalis, Bozena Mikoluc, Radoslaw Motkowski, Jolanta Sawicka-Powierza, Agnieszka Chrobot, Bozena Didycz, Agata Lange, Renata Mozrzymas, Andrzej Milanowski, Maria Nowacka, Mariola Piotrowska-Depta, Hanna Romanowska, Ewa Starostecka, Jolanta Wierzba, Magdalena Skorniewska, Barbara Iwona Wojcicka-Bartlomiejczyk, Maria Gizewska, Halina Car
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess both patients' and their parents' knowledge of phenylketonuria (PKU) treatment and compliance with PKU diet. METHODS: The study included 173 PKU patients aged 10-19 and 110 parents of PKU children who were enrolled in the study on the basis of questionnaire data. The study also included 45 patients aged ≥20. RESULTS: Our study demonstrated that only 45% (n = 74) of PKU patients knew daily Phe intake recommendations, 27% of patients (n = 41) knew the Phe content in a minimum of three out of four researched food products...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824700/recombinant-sfrp5-protein-significantly-alleviated-intrahepatic-inflammation-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#13
Lili Chen, Xiaolong Zhao, Guangjun Liang, Jiuru Sun, Zhifeng Lin, Renming Hu, Peili Chen, Zhaoyun Zhang, Linuo Zhou, Yiming Li
BACKGROUND: Secreted frizzled-related protein 5 (SFRP5) is an anti-inflammatory adipokine modulating metabolism dysfunction. This study aims to observe the effect of recombinant SFRP5 protein on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). METHODS: We set up a prokaryotic expression system and purified the recombinant SFRP5 protein. Recombinant SFRP5 protein was further identified by SDS-PAGE, western blot, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), protein mass spectrometry and in vitro Wnt5a-binding test...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814964/milk-disrupts-p53-and-dnmt1-the-guardians-of-the-genome-implications-for-acne-vulgaris-and-prostate-cancer
#14
Bodo C Melnik
There is accumulating evidence that milk shapes the postnatal metabolic environment of the newborn infant. Based on translational research, this perspective article provides a novel mechanistic link between milk intake and milk miRNA-regulated gene expression of the transcription factor p53 and DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), two guardians of the human genome, that control transcriptional activity, cell survival, and apoptosis. Major miRNAs of milk, especially miRNA-125b, directly target TP53 and complex p53-dependent gene regulatory networks...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814963/effects-of-a-liquid-high-fat-meal-on-postprandial-lipid-metabolism-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-abdominal-obesity
#15
Feng Wang, Huixia Lu, Fukang Liu, Huizhen Cai, Zhixiu Song, Fei Guo, Yulan Xie, Guofang Shu, Guiju Sun
BACKGROUND: Postprandial lipemia and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of accelerated atherosclerosis. This study aimed to evaluate the postprandial lipid metabolism after the ingestion of a liquid high-fat meal in type 2 diabetic patients with abdominal obesity, and determine if the PvuII polymorphisms of LPL influence their postprandial lipid responses. METHODS: Serum glucose, insulin, triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured in fasting and postprandial state at 0...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814962/circulating-zinc-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-levels-are-low-in-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-correlate-with-adiponectin
#16
Lu Lei, Kejia Li, Ling Li, Xia Fang, Tingting Zhou, Cheng Zhang, Yong Luo, Hua Liu, Xiaoqiang Li, Hongting Zheng, Lin Zhang, Gangyi Yang, Lin Gao
BACKGROUND: Zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) is a novel adipokine that reduces insulin resistance, protecting against type 2 diabetes. However, past studies have been contradictory. This cross-sectional study aims to investigate the association of circulating ZAG with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in middle-aged and older Chinese adults. METHODS: Four hundred eighty nine individuals (234 healthy controls and 255 MetS patients) were examined. All individuals were screened for MetS according to the diagnostic guidelines of the United States National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III criteria...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811832/dha-increases-adiponectin-expression-more-effectively-than-epa-at-relative-low-concentrations-by-regulating-ppar%C3%AE-and-its-phosphorylation-at-ser273-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#17
Jia Song, Cheng Li, Yushan Lv, Yi Zhang, William Kwame Amakye, Limei Mao
BACKGROUND: Enhancing circulating adiponectin is considered as a potential approach for the prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) were reported to increase adiponectin by previous studies using a mixture of them. However, their individual effects on adiponectin and the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. In the present study, we observed and compared the individual effect of DHA and EPA on adiponectin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, and further tested whether DHA or EPA regulated adiponectin by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and its phosphorylation at Ser273 to provide a plausible explanation for their distinct actions...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785295/almonds-ameliorate-glycemic-control-in-chinese-patients-with-better-controlled-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-crossover-controlled-feeding-trial
#18
Chiao-Ming Chen, Jen-Fang Liu, Sing-Chung Li, Chen-Ling Huang, An-Tsz Hsirh, Shuen-Fu Weng, Mei-Ling Chang, Hung-Ta Li, Emily Mohn, C-Y Oliver Chen
BACKGROUND: Almonds can decrease glycemic index of co-consumed foods and are a rich source for oleic acid and α-tocopherol. The aim of the randomized, crossover, controlled feeding trial was to examine whether as compared to NCEP step II diet as control (CON), ~60 g/d almonds (ALM) added to CON would improve glucoregulation and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in 33 Chinese T2DM patients. METHODS: Forty T2DM patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive CON or ALM for 12 wks after a 2-wk...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781602/eif2%C3%AE-phosphorylation-is-required-to-prevent-hepatocyte-death-and-liver-fibrosis-in-mice-challenged-with-a-high-fructose-diet
#19
Woo-Gyun Choi, Jaeseok Han, Ji-Hyeon Kim, Mi-Jeong Kim, Jae-Woo Park, Benbo Song, Hee-Jeong Cha, Hye-Seon Choi, Hun-Taeg Chung, In-Kyu Lee, Tae-Sik Park, Maria Hatzoglou, Hueng-Sik Choi, Hyun Ju Yoo, Randal J Kaufman, Sung Hoon Back
BACKGROUND: Dietary fructose can rapidly cause fatty liver in animals through de novo lipogenesis (DNL) and contribute to the development and severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In response to diverse cellular insults including endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and oxidative stress, phosphorylation of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha subunit (eIF2α) attenuates general translation initiation, allowing cells to conserve resources and initiate adaptive gene expression to restore homeostasis...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769992/salivary-proline-rich-protein-may-reduce-tannin-iron-chelation-a-systematic-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Nicole M Delimont, Sara K Rosenkranz, Mark D Haub, Brian L Lindshield
BACKGROUND: Tannins are often cited for antinutritional effects, including chelation of non-heme iron. Despite this, studies exploring non-heme iron bioavailability inhibition with long-term consumption have reported mixed results. Salivary proline-rich proteins (PRPs) may mediate tannin-antinutritional effects on non-heme iron bioavailability. AIM: To review evidence regarding biochemical binding mechanisms and affinity states between PRPs and tannins, as well as effects of PRPs on non-heme iron bioavailability with tannin consumption in vivo...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
journal
journal
40827
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"