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Annals of African Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853038/primary-polydipsia-in-a-15-month-old-male-at-paediatric-endocrinology-clinic-university-of-nigeria-teaching-hospital
#1
LETTER
Ugo Nnenna Chikani, Beckie Nnenna Tagbo, Maryann Ugochi Ibekwe, Gilbert Nwadiakanma Adimorah, Herbert Obu, Christopher Bismarck Eke, Modupe Omoshalewa Ugege, Adaobi Ijeoma Bisi Onyemaechi, Ikechukwu Frank Ogbonna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853037/acute-methemoglobinemia-due-to-ingestion-of-mahia-wine-brandy
#2
LETTER
Mohamed Adnane Beradai, Smael Labib, Saïd Boujraf, Mustapha Harandou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853036/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-misdiagnosed-as-sputum-negative-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#3
Muhammad Danasabe Isah, Aminu Abbas, Abdullahi A Abba, Mohammed Umar
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), also known as cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis, is one of a spectrum of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. IPF is an increasingly common condition which poses many diagnostic and therapeutic challenges leading to misdiagnosis and mismanagement. We presented a 55-year-old male textile trader who was initially managed as sputum-negative pulmonary tuberculosis before histology report. He presented to our clinic with Breathlessness and cough of 3 years and 2.5 years, respectively...
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853035/dystonia-myoclonus-and-encephalopathy-in-a-single-patient-a-rare-association-of-moyamoya
#4
Ujjawal Roy, Urmila Das, Ajay Panwar, Prabhat Kumar Lal
Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare neurovascular disorder which pathologically, is a chronic cerebrovasculopathy. It is characterized by stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and the main branches within the circle of Willis with consecutive development of collateral vessels. There are a few cases in the literature which have described movement disorders as a manifestation of MMD; however these have been uncommonly reported in cases of moyamoya syndrome (MMS). We present a 10-year-old boy with dystonia, myoclonus and encephalopathy like features...
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853034/evaluation-of-dyslipidemia-lipid-ratios-and-atherogenic-index-as-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-semi-urban-dwellers-in-nigeria
#5
Michael Adeyemi Olamoyegun, Rotimi Oluyombo, Stephen Olabode Asaolu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing frequency of cardiovascular disease (CVD) rests on the presence of major cardiovascular risk factors including dyslipidemia. This dyslipidemia is also a target for the prevention and treatment of many cardiovascular diseases. Hence, identification of individuals at risk of CVD is needed for early identification and prevention. The study was carried out to evaluate dyslipidemia using the lipid ratios and indices instead of just the conventional lipid profile...
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853033/performance-of-waist-circumference-and-proposed-cutoff-levels-for-defining-overweight-and-obesity-in-nigerians
#6
Christian I Okafor, Taiwo H Raimi, Ibrahim D Gezawa, Anas A Sabir, Ofem Enang, Fabian Puepet, Olufemi A Fasanmade, Esther N Ofoegbu, Olatunde Odusan
BACKGROUND: Waist circumference (WC) is a simple tool for measuring central obesity in routine clinic settings. Gender- and ethnic-specific optimal cutoff points for WC are encouraged for populations lacking such data. OBJECTIVES: To derive WC cutoff values, predictive of overweight and obesity in Nigerians and to evaluate the performance of currently recommended values. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Apparently, healthy urban dwellers from six cities spread across Nigeria were selected for this cross-sectional study...
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853032/depression-in-patients-with-epilepsy-in-northwestern-nigeria-prevalence-and-clinical-correlates
#7
Shakirah Desola Owolabi, Lukman Femi Owolabi, Owoidoho Udofia, Shehu Sale
BACKGROUND: The impact of seizure disorder on people living with epilepsy (PWE) is worsened by the occurrence of comorbid psychiatric disorders, such as depression, which have been found commonly in PWE. Despite the dire consequences comorbid depression has on PWE, it still remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of depression and associated clinical factors in PWE in Northwestern Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 255 consecutive patients with epilepsy aged 18 years and above, from two health facilities, were recruited in this cross-sectional study...
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853031/the-post-ebola-virus-disease-scourge-in-nigeria-individual-levels-of-preparedness-among-physicians-in-the-federal-capital-territory-abuja
#8
Adewale L Alli, Maxwell M Nwegbu, Perpetua U Ibekwe, Titus S Ibekwe
BACKGROUND: Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a viral hemorrhagic illness with great propensity for spread across international borders. The latest outbreak in the West African region, which involved Nigeria, was the worst among previously documented 25 outbreaks since discovery in 1976. The Nigerian response toward attaining Ebola free status was phenomenal and a case study for most nations. However, the persistence of EVD in West Africa is still a risk to recurrence, hence, the need to assess the level of consciousness of Nigerian physicians towards this...
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853030/the-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-subset-among-type-two-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-northern-nigeria
#9
Salisu Babura Muazu, Innocent Okpe, Felicia Anumah
INTRODUCTION: Latent autoimmune diabetes in adult (LADA) is a form of Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) that occurs in adult or with advancing age. It commonly occurs in people aged ≥30 years and is characterized by initial response to oral hypoglycemic agents, lean body mass, and presence of glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibody (GAD-Ab). It exhibits rapid deterioration of the pancreatic β-cells secretory function due to the destructive action of the autoantibodies. The prevalence of LADA among T2DM patients varies among population due to different diagnostic criteria, patients' characteristics, the assay used, and genetic predisposition...
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853029/ultrasound-assessment-of-thyroid-gland-volume-in-diabetic-patients-without-overt-thyroid-disease
#10
Christopher C Nduka, Ademola A Adeyekun
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease are known to mutually influence each other. Thyroid disease can worsen glycaemic control in diabetes, and patients with diabetes mellitus have increased incidence of thyroid disorders such as increase in size, compared to the normal population. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to sonographically assess thyroid gland volume in Nigerian adult diabetic patients and compare with apparently healthy adults (controls)...
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549421/call-for-global-vaccine-instead-of-helicobacter-pylori-blind-antibiotic-therapy
#11
LETTER
Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549420/establishing-in-hospital-geriatrics-services-in-africa-insights-from-the-university-of-benin-teaching-hospital-geriatrics-project
#12
Obehi Aituaje Akoria
BACKGROUND: Unawareness of the peculiar healthcare needs of the elderly and resource constraints may be some reasons why until recently, Nigerian hospitals have not been equipped with the human and infrastructural resources required to meet older adults' special healthcare needs. There is paucity of specialized health services for the elderly in Africa. Nigeria, with a population of over 170 million, did not have any healthcare facility with dedicated services for the elderly until 2012...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549419/cognitive-function-assessment-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-in-nigeria-a-single-center-experience
#13
Lukman Femi Owolabi, Aliyu Abdu, Aliyu Ibrahim, Desola Shakira Owolabi, Aisha Nalado, Adamu Bappa, Aminu Abdullahi Taura
AIM: The purpose of this comparative study was to evaluate cognitive function in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients in comparison with age, sex, and level of education-matched control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 80 ESRD patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis treatment and recruited conservatively at the nephrology unit of our hospital. Eighty apparently healthy control, that were matched with the patients for age, sex and education, were also recruited...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549418/antiphospholipid-antibodies-among-pregnant-women-with-recurrent-fetal-wastage-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-northern-nigeria
#14
Zubaida Garba Abdullahi, Mohammmed A Abdul, Sirajo M Aminu, Bolanle O P Musa, Lawal Amadu, El-Bashir M Jibril
CONTEXT: The association between antiphospholipid antibodies (APAs) and pregnancy loss has been established and now considered as a treatable cause of pregnancy loss. Data on the prevalence of APA in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss are scarce in our environment. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of APA in pregnant women with and without recurrent fetal wastage. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Antenatal clinic of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549417/epidemiology-of-congenital-anomalies-of-the-central-nervous-system-in-children-in-enugu-nigeria-a-retrospective-study
#15
Christopher Bismarck Eke, Enoch Ogbonnaya Uche, Josephat Maduabuchi Chinawa, Ikechukwu Emmanuel Obi, Herbert Anayo Obu, Roland Chidi Ibekwe
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies, including those of the central nervous system (CNS), are among the leading causes of morbidity, mortality, and fetal loss. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and associated factors of CNS congenital anomalies in children. METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective study of children managed with CNS anomalies was undertaken. Relevant clinical data of identified cases based on standard case definitions were retrieved from their case record files...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549416/prestroke-treatment-of-stroke-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-central-nigeria
#16
Nura H Alkali, Sunday A Bwala, Jacob A Dunga, Musa M Watila, Yusuf B Jibrin, Abdulrahman Tahir
BACKGROUND: Stroke can be prevented with treatments targeted at hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and atrial fibrillation, but this is often hampered by under-diagnosis and under-treatment of those risk factors. The magnitude of this problem is not well-studied in sub-Saharan Africa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of stroke patients at a tertiary hospital during January 2010 to July 2013 to determine patient awareness of a pre-existing stroke risk factor and prior use of anti-hypertensive, anti-diabetic, antiplatelet and lipid-lowering agents...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549415/induction-to-delivery-interval-using-transcervical-foley-catheter-plus-oxytocin-and-vaginal-misoprostol-a-comparative-study-at-aminu-kano-teaching-hospital-kano-nigeria
#17
Ibrahim Garba, Abubakar Shehu Muhammed, Zakari Muhammad, Hadiza Shehu Galadanci, Rabiu Ayyuba, Idris Sulaiman Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Induction of labor (IOL) is an artificial initiation of labor before its spontaneous onset for the purpose of delivery of the fetoplacental unit. Many factors are associated with its success in postdatism. OBJECTIVE: To compare the induction delivery intervals using transcervical Foley catheter plus oxytocin and vaginal misoprostol, and to identify the factors associated with successful induction among postdate singleton multiparae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a prospective randomized controlled trial of singleton multiparous pregnant women...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549414/colonoscopy-at-a-tertiary-healthcare-facility-in-southwest-nigeria-spectrum-of-indications-and-colonic-abnormalities
#18
Adegboyega Akere, Temitope Olufemi Oke, Jesse Abiodun Otegbayo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Colonoscopy is considered the gold standard for diagnosing structural colonic diseases. It is safe and effective both for diagnosis and therapeutic interventions. This study was carried out to evaluate the pattern of indications and spectrum of colonic disease at a tertiary healthcare facility in Southwest Nigeria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All consenting patients who were referred for colonoscopy were recruited into the study. A proforma was used to record information such as biodata of the patients, indications for the procedure, and the findings at colonoscopy...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549413/extending-otology-services-to-rural-settings-value-of-endoscopic-ear-surgery
#19
Abubakar Danjuma Salisu, Yasir Nuhu Jibril
INTRODUCTION: Few centers, mainly located in urban settings offer otological surgical services, yet majority of patients requiring these services are rural based and are generally unable to access these centers with resulting disease chronicity and complications. This paper aims to describe the access of otological surgical services by a rural population. METHODOLOGY: This is a retrospective study of patients who accessed otological services at three secondary health institutions and one tertiary referral institution...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549412/ocular-manifestations-in-leukemia-and-myeloproliferative-disorders-and-their-association-with-hematological-parameters
#20
Renu Dhasmana, Amrita Prakash, Neeti Gupta, S K Verma
OBJECTIVES: To study the ocular manifestations in patients diagnosed with leukemia or myeloproliferative disorders and to derive an association between the ocular manifestations and hematological parameters of the patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational and descriptive study was conducted in a Tertiary Care Center of Dehradun, North India over a period of 1 year. All the diagnosed cases of leukemia and myeloproliferative diseases attending the Oncology Department were included...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
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