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Annals of African Medicine

Amin Talebi Bezmin Abadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Obehi Aituaje Akoria
BACKGROUND: Unawareness of the peculiar healthcare needs of the elderly and resource constraints may be some reasons why until recently, Nigerian hospitals have not been equipped with the human and infrastructural resources required to meet older adults' special healthcare needs. There is paucity of specialized health services for the elderly in Africa. Nigeria, with a population of over 170 million, did not have any healthcare facility with dedicated services for the elderly until 2012...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Lukman Femi Owolabi, Aliyu Abdu, Aliyu Ibrahim, Desola Shakira Owolabi, Aisha Nalado, Adamu Bappa, Aminu Abdullahi Taura
AIM: The purpose of this comparative study was to evaluate cognitive function in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients in comparison with age, sex, and level of education-matched control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 80 ESRD patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis treatment and recruited conservatively at the nephrology unit of our hospital. Eighty apparently healthy control, that were matched with the patients for age, sex and education, were also recruited...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Zubaida Garba Abdullahi, Mohammmed A Abdul, Sirajo M Aminu, Bolanle O P Musa, Lawal Amadu, El-Bashir M Jibril
CONTEXT: The association between antiphospholipid antibodies (APAs) and pregnancy loss has been established and now considered as a treatable cause of pregnancy loss. Data on the prevalence of APA in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss are scarce in our environment. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of APA in pregnant women with and without recurrent fetal wastage. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Antenatal clinic of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Christopher Bismarck Eke, Enoch Ogbonnaya Uche, Josephat Maduabuchi Chinawa, Ikechukwu Emmanuel Obi, Herbert Anayo Obu, Roland Chidi Ibekwe
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies, including those of the central nervous system (CNS), are among the leading causes of morbidity, mortality, and fetal loss. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and associated factors of CNS congenital anomalies in children. METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective study of children managed with CNS anomalies was undertaken. Relevant clinical data of identified cases based on standard case definitions were retrieved from their case record files...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Nura H Alkali, Sunday A Bwala, Jacob A Dunga, Musa M Watila, Yusuf B Jibrin, Abdulrahman Tahir
BACKGROUND: Stroke can be prevented with treatments targeted at hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and atrial fibrillation, but this is often hampered by under-diagnosis and under-treatment of those risk factors. The magnitude of this problem is not well-studied in sub-Saharan Africa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of stroke patients at a tertiary hospital during January 2010 to July 2013 to determine patient awareness of a pre-existing stroke risk factor and prior use of anti-hypertensive, anti-diabetic, antiplatelet and lipid-lowering agents...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Ibrahim Garba, Abubakar Shehu Muhammed, Zakari Muhammad, Hadiza Shehu Galadanci, Rabiu Ayyuba, Idris Sulaiman Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Induction of labor (IOL) is an artificial initiation of labor before its spontaneous onset for the purpose of delivery of the fetoplacental unit. Many factors are associated with its success in postdatism. OBJECTIVE: To compare the induction delivery intervals using transcervical Foley catheter plus oxytocin and vaginal misoprostol, and to identify the factors associated with successful induction among postdate singleton multiparae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a prospective randomized controlled trial of singleton multiparous pregnant women...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Adegboyega Akere, Temitope Olufemi Oke, Jesse Abiodun Otegbayo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Colonoscopy is considered the gold standard for diagnosing structural colonic diseases. It is safe and effective both for diagnosis and therapeutic interventions. This study was carried out to evaluate the pattern of indications and spectrum of colonic disease at a tertiary healthcare facility in Southwest Nigeria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All consenting patients who were referred for colonoscopy were recruited into the study. A proforma was used to record information such as biodata of the patients, indications for the procedure, and the findings at colonoscopy...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Abubakar Danjuma Salisu, Yasir Nuhu Jibril
INTRODUCTION: Few centers, mainly located in urban settings offer otological surgical services, yet majority of patients requiring these services are rural based and are generally unable to access these centers with resulting disease chronicity and complications. This paper aims to describe the access of otological surgical services by a rural population. METHODOLOGY: This is a retrospective study of patients who accessed otological services at three secondary health institutions and one tertiary referral institution...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Renu Dhasmana, Amrita Prakash, Neeti Gupta, S K Verma
OBJECTIVES: To study the ocular manifestations in patients diagnosed with leukemia or myeloproliferative disorders and to derive an association between the ocular manifestations and hematological parameters of the patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational and descriptive study was conducted in a Tertiary Care Center of Dehradun, North India over a period of 1 year. All the diagnosed cases of leukemia and myeloproliferative diseases attending the Oncology Department were included...
July 2016: Annals of African Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Pankaj Kumar Garg, Anjay Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Adewale O Ashimi, Taiwo G Amole, Shittu A Muhammad, Labaran D Aliyu, Nasir A Garba, Zubairu Iliyasu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Nura Hamidu Alkali, Sunday A Bwala, Saeed A Alimi, Shyngle I Oyakhire
Spinocerebellar ataxia type-7 (SCA7) is a cytosine-adenine-guanine (CAG) repeat polyglutamine disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of the cerebellum, brainstem, spinal cord, and retina. Clinical features include progressive ataxia, visual loss, pyramidal weakness, sensory impairment, and dementia. Among the autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias, SCA7 is relatively common in Scandinavia and South Africa but rare worldwide and is not previously reported in Nigeria. In this study, we describe a family in Katsina State, Northwest Nigeria, with nine individuals across three generations affected by the SCA7 phenotype...
April 2016: Annals of African Medicine
A A Akinbodewa, O A Adejumo, A O Ogunsemoyin, S A Osasan, O A Adefolalu
A little over 30 cases on co-existing nephrotic syndrome and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) have been reported from different regions of the world since 1957. We present a case report on co-existence of nephrotic syndrome (secondary to lupus nephritis) with ADPKD in a 24-year-old woman from Nigeria. She was positive for anti-double stranded DNA. Renal histology showed International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society Class II lupus nephritis. The co-existence of nephrotic syndrome and ADPKD may have been overlooked in Africa in the past...
April 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Olayinka Eyelade, Arinola Sanusi, Tinuola Adigun, Olufemi Adejumo
BACKGROUND: Presence of comorbidity in surgical patients may be associated with adverse perioperative events and increased the risk of morbidity and mortality. This audit was conducted to determine the frequencies of comorbidities in elective surgical patients and the outcome of anesthesia in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational study of a cross-section of adult patients scheduled for elective surgery over a 6-month period. A standardized questionnaire was used to document patients' demographics, the presence of comorbidity and type, surgical diagnosis, anesthetic technique, intraoperative adverse events, and outcome of anesthesia...
April 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Nilay N Suthar, Khushali L Patel, Chirag Saparia, Ami P Parikh
BACKGROUND: Incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is twice as high as in Western countries. Prognostic factors for predicting function outcome and mortality play a major role in determining the treatment outcome. METHODS: A prospective study of male and female patients ≥12 years with primary nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage were included. Hemorrhage caused by trauma, anticoagulant or thrombolytic drugs, brain tumor, saccular arterial aneurysm or vascular malformation were excluded...
April 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Chinyere Mmanwanyi Wachukwu, Pedro Chimezie Emem-Chioma, Friday Samuel Wokoma, Richard Ishmael Oko-Jaja
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Renal diseases constitute an enormous health burden globally, more so in developing countries. This report determines the patterns and outcomes of renal diseases in the medical wards of the University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients admitted for renal disease in 4 years. RESULTS: A total of 3841 patients were admitted to the medical wards, of which 590 (15.4%) had renal disease...
April 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Ayyuba Rabiu, Idris Sulaiman Abubakar, Ibrahim Garba, Iman Usman Haruna
BACKGROUND: Grand multiparity is known to be associated with pregnancy complications. Nigeria with a contraceptive prevalence of <15% and culture of early marriage in the northern part of the country, many women get to grand multiparity early in their obstetric carriers. These women contribute significantly to the bad obstetric performance indices in the country. The present study was to explore the contraceptive choices among grand multiparous women. METHODS: This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study among grand multiparous women attending an antenatal clinic...
April 2016: Annals of African Medicine
Rabi Yahaya Sani, Lawal Abdu, Victoria Pam
OBJECTIVE: To assess retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measurements of normal Northern Nigerian adults using optical coherence tomography (OCT). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The OCT procedure was carried out with the Carl Zeiss Stratus OCT Model 3000 software version 4.0 (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG, Jena, Germany). The fast RNFL scan protocol was used to obtain RNFL thickness measurements. Student's t-test was used to compare mean RNFL thickness values. P ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant...
April 2016: Annals of African Medicine
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