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Annals of African Medicine

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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_50_17].
July 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Frank Aiwansoba Imarhiagbe, O A Abidakun
Emotionalism is the abnormal expression of emotions like crying and laughing and could follow stroke, traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Emotionalism has been known to respond therapeutically to different classes of drugs including tricyclic antidepressants like imipramine, Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) like sertraline and citalopram, anticonvulsants like lamotrigine, dopamine precursors like levodopa and NMDA receptor antagonists like dextromethorphan...
July 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Usman Mijinyawa Abubakar, Abdu Lawan, Isyaku Muhammad
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine predisposing factors, common bacterial causes, and antibiotic sensitivity of corneal ulcers in Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital. Materials and Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional, observational study was carried out on patients with corneal ulcers. Information on relevant clinical, sociodemographic profile was obtained. Examination includes visual acuity test and slit-lamp biomicroscopy, especially fluorescein staining...
July 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Rana Kiwan, Nourah Al Qahtani
Objective: The purpose of this study is to compare the success rate of vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) in spontaneous and induced labor. Design: This is an 8-year retrospective comparative study. Setting: University hospital. Population: Five hundred and ninety-four women who had one previous lower segment cesarean delivery. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study of all women, who had lower segment cesarean section, admitted for trial of labor between April 2010 and November 2016...
July 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Gani O Salaudeen, Oludolapo O Afuwape, Olayinka R Eyelade, Emiola O Olapade-Olaopa
Background: Surgery is the most common source of acute pain. Aim: To determine the intensity of acute pain following day case surgery and evaluate the effectiveness of the prescribed analgesics. Methods: A descriptive observational study carried out at the main operating and the Urology Outpatient theatre suites of the University College Hospital, Ibadan. Seventy consecutive adult patients presenting for day case surgeries between July and September 2013 were recruited...
July 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Adegbenro Omotuyi John Fakoya, David Adeiza Otohinoyi, Adekunle Ebenezer Omole, Charles Oladele, Ayoola Kalejaiye, Angel Onuegbu, Esther Nwalie, Debjyoti Talukdar, Omowaninuola Erinkitola
Background: The aortic root is an aggregate of various components that connects the left ventricle to the aorta. The most predominant pathologies have been associated with the dilation of the aortic root leading to aneurysms. Aim: This study is designed to measure the role of systemic morbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, and body mass index (BMI) on the dimension of the aortic root. Materials and Methods: Participants were volunteers of African descent who were recruited during and after an organized health fair by the medical students' body from All Saints University, School of Medicine...
July 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Oche Mansur Oche, Umar Abubakar Sadiq, Remi Abiola Oladigbolu, Karuthan Chinna
Background: In resource-scarce settings like Nigeria, access to conventional drugs and antiretroviral therapy (ART) is highly limited, hence the resort to use of traditional herbal medicine by a significant number of people living with human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) (PLWHAs). Traditional medicine (TM) continues to provide health coverage for most of the people in developing countries, and it is equally becoming increasingly popular in western countries...
July 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Kamini Gupta, Parambir Sandhu, Srishti Arora, Gaganpreet Bedi
Background: Breast carcinoma is a major cause of mortality among women worldwide. Early detection and cure is the key to reduce the mortality of the disease. This article studied the role of high resolution ultrasound in detection and characterization of lesions to complement mammographic diagnosis and improve patient management. Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the role of complementary high resolution ultrasound, BIRADS scoring and to correlate it with histological diagnosis...
July 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Eguono Erhinyaye Omoyibo, Ayodeji Olarewaju Oladele, Muhammad Habib Ibrahim, Oluwakayode Temitope Adekunle
Background: Wounds are commonly encountered in the clinical practice. Microbacterial colonization and infection negatively affect wound outcomes. With increasing emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains, it is essential to determine local patterns of wound microbiological profile and antibiotic susceptibility to guide rational empirical antibiotic use. Materials and Methods: Consecutive patients who presented to the plastic surgery unit were recruited to the study over a 6-month period...
July 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Udugh Iortyom Isaac, F U Idigo, J Y Chinda
Background: Urolithiasis may result in many complications including renal failure. There is a paucity of documented scientific study on the prevalence of urolithiasis in the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital within the Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of urolithiasis in patients undergoing ultrasound at University of Abuja Teaching Hospital. Materials and Methods: This study which adopted a survey approach was conducted at the Department of Radiology, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital between June 2014 and May 2015...
July 2018: Annals of African Medicine
K Bowa, C Mulele, J Kachimba, E Manda, V Mapulanga, S Mukosai
Background: Cancer of the bladder is the ninth leading cause of cancer in developed countries. It is the second most common urological malignancy. Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is the most common histological subtype in developed countries. In most of Africa, the most common type is squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Cancer of bladder guidelines produced by the European Urological Association and the American Urological Association, including the tumor, node, and metastasis staging is focused on TCC of the bladder...
July 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu, Tanuja Pangtey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Sonal Saran, Pradeep Bansal, Saurabh Singhal, Ankita Malik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Mohammed Owais, Ajay Panwar, Chandrasekhar Valupadas, Madhavarao Veeramalla
Objective: Outcome assessment of intravenous (IV) thrombolysis with tenecteplase in acute ischemic stroke. Materials and Methods: We consecutively enrolled acute ischemic stroke patients who underwent IV thrombolysis with tenecteplase from October 2016 to May 2017. Primary clinical efficacy outcome was defined as an improvement in the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score of ≥4 points at 24 h (h). Secondary clinical efficacy outcome was the favorable outcome on modified Rankin scale at 90 days defined as a score of 0 or 1...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Sunil Malik, Sonal Saran, Archana Dubey, Ajay Punj
Association of dengue fever with longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis in pediatric age group is a rare entity. We describe a case of 15 year old adolescent male who presented with dengue fever and in whom symptoms of transverse myelitis developed 4 weeks after fever (post-infectious stage). Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis involving dorso-lumbar cord. Patient recovered almost completely with minimal residual neurological deficit after a six weeks course of corticosteroids and supportive management including physiotherapy...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Modupeola Omotara Samaila, Halima Oziohu Aliyu, Lazarus Mungu Yusufu, Shehu Abdullahi
Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) is an uncommon benign mesenchymal tumor of the breast. Majority occur as diffuse lesions, and diagnosis is often incidental or in a background of other breast pathologies. Bilaterality with multiple tumoral masses in giant breasts is a rarity. We report a 34-year-old nonlactating female with 2-year history of rapid progressive painless bilateral enlargement of the breasts following surgical excision of ill-defined breast lumps which were not subjected to histopathological evaluation a year earlier...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Ngwobia Peter Agwu, Kehinde Joseph Awosan, Solomon Ifeanyi Ukwuani, Emmanuel Ugbede Oyibo, Muhammad Aliyu Makusidi, Rotimi Abiodun Ajala
Background: Access to renal replacement therapy by the increasing population of patients with end-stage kidney disease across Sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria, has become a major public health challenge. Although deceased kidney donation constitutes a viable source, its uptake by patients is contingent on its acceptance by health-care workers. Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the awareness and attitude to deceased kidney donation among health-care workers in Sokoto, Nigeria...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Toye Gabriel Olajide, Kayode Shuaib Aremu, Olaide T Esan, Adepeju Oluwatona Dosunmu, Mustapha Muhammad Raji
Background: Self-medication is a common habit in our country; Nigeria, especially among patients with otorhinolaryngological disorders. Medication when taken wrongly may bring dire consequences to the individual, such as masking developing diseases and may cause many other undesirable effects. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and to analyze topical ear drop self-medication practices among respondents attending the Ear, Nose, and Throat Clinic of Federal Teaching Hospital Ido Ekiti, Nigeria...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
Lukman Femi Owolabi, Shehu Sale, Shakirah Desola Owolabi, Aisha Nalado, Muhammad Umar, Aminu Abdullahi Taura
Background: In spite of the overwhelming significance of knowledge of basic elements of electroencephalography (EEG) in its application to the diagnostic workup and the management of patients with suspected or already established generalized epilepsy (GE), there is a dearth of data on the pattern and utility of clinical variables that can independently determine EEG abnormalities in GE. Objective: The study was designed to evaluate the frequency and pattern of EEG abnormality as well as assess the utility of clinical variables in predicting the likelihood of an abnormal EEG in GE...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
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