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Annals of African Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536966/secondary-infection-of-preaxial-polydactyly-following-varicella-infection
#1
LETTER
Ganesh Singh Dharmshaktu, Tanuja Pangtey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536965/coexisting-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-and-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-a-preeclamptic-female
#2
LETTER
Sonal Saran, Pradeep Bansal, Saurabh Singhal, Ankita Malik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536964/acute-ischemic-stroke-thrombolysis-with-tenecteplase-an-institutional-experience-from-south-india
#3
Mohammed Owais, Ajay Panwar, Chandrasekhar Valupadas, Madhavarao Veeramalla
Objective: Outcome assessment of intravenous (IV) thrombolysis with tenecteplase in acute ischemic stroke. Materials and Methods: We consecutively enrolled acute ischemic stroke patients who underwent IV thrombolysis with tenecteplase from October 2016 to May 2017. Primary clinical efficacy outcome was defined as an improvement in the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score of ≥4 points at 24 h (h). Secondary clinical efficacy outcome was the favorable outcome on modified Rankin scale at 90 days defined as a score of 0 or 1...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536963/longitudinally-extensive-transverse-myelitis-following-dengue-virus-infection-a-rare-entity
#4
Sunil Malik, Sonal Saran, Archana Dubey, Ajay Punj
Association of dengue fever with longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis in pediatric age group is a rare entity. We describe a case of 15 year old adolescent male who presented with dengue fever and in whom symptoms of transverse myelitis developed 4 weeks after fever (post-infectious stage). Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis involving dorso-lumbar cord. Patient recovered almost completely with minimal residual neurological deficit after a six weeks course of corticosteroids and supportive management including physiotherapy...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536962/concurrent-giant-tumoral-pseudoangiomatous-stromal-hyperplasia-necessitating-bilateral-mastectomy
#5
Modupeola Omotara Samaila, Halima Oziohu Aliyu, Lazarus Mungu Yusufu, Shehu Abdullahi
Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) is an uncommon benign mesenchymal tumor of the breast. Majority occur as diffuse lesions, and diagnosis is often incidental or in a background of other breast pathologies. Bilaterality with multiple tumoral masses in giant breasts is a rarity. We report a 34-year-old nonlactating female with 2-year history of rapid progressive painless bilateral enlargement of the breasts following surgical excision of ill-defined breast lumps which were not subjected to histopathological evaluation a year earlier...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536961/awareness-and-attitude-to-deceased-kidney-donation-among-health-care-workers-in-sokoto-nigeria
#6
Ngwobia Peter Agwu, Kehinde Joseph Awosan, Solomon Ifeanyi Ukwuani, Emmanuel Ugbede Oyibo, Muhammad Aliyu Makusidi, Rotimi Abiodun Ajala
Background: Access to renal replacement therapy by the increasing population of patients with end-stage kidney disease across Sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria, has become a major public health challenge. Although deceased kidney donation constitutes a viable source, its uptake by patients is contingent on its acceptance by health-care workers. Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the awareness and attitude to deceased kidney donation among health-care workers in Sokoto, Nigeria...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536960/topical-ear-drop-self-medication-practice-among-the-ear-nose-and-throat-patients-in-ido-ekiti-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Toye Gabriel Olajide, Kayode Shuaib Aremu, Olaide T Esan, Adepeju Oluwatona Dosunmu, Mustapha Muhammad Raji
Background: Self-medication is a common habit in our country; Nigeria, especially among patients with otorhinolaryngological disorders. Medication when taken wrongly may bring dire consequences to the individual, such as masking developing diseases and may cause many other undesirable effects. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and to analyze topical ear drop self-medication practices among respondents attending the Ear, Nose, and Throat Clinic of Federal Teaching Hospital Ido Ekiti, Nigeria...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536959/electroencephalography-abnormalities-in-generalized-epilepsy-and-their-predictors-a-multicenter-experience
#8
Lukman Femi Owolabi, Shehu Sale, Shakirah Desola Owolabi, Aisha Nalado, Muhammad Umar, Aminu Abdullahi Taura
Background: In spite of the overwhelming significance of knowledge of basic elements of electroencephalography (EEG) in its application to the diagnostic workup and the management of patients with suspected or already established generalized epilepsy (GE), there is a dearth of data on the pattern and utility of clinical variables that can independently determine EEG abnormalities in GE. Objective: The study was designed to evaluate the frequency and pattern of EEG abnormality as well as assess the utility of clinical variables in predicting the likelihood of an abnormal EEG in GE...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536958/correlation-of-some-predisposing-intrinsic-conditions-with-the-morphological-integrity-of-the-achilles-tendon
#9
Adegbenro Omotuyi John Fakoya, David Adeiza Otohinoyi, Francis Adelade Fakoya
Background: Most studies have focused on ill-tendons with a little insight on how intrinsic factors correlate with the Achilles tendon (AT) morphology. Aim: This study aims at establishing how blood pressure (BP), blood glucose (BG), and body mass index (BMI) correlate with the morphology of the AT with emphasis on width changes. Materials and Methods: Participants were volunteers who were recruited during and after an organized health fair by the Medical Students' body of All Saints University, School of Medicine, Commonwealth of Dominica...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536957/nanotechnology-and-the-future-of-condoms-in-the-prevention-of-sexually-transmitted-infections
#10
REVIEW
Clarence S Yah, Geoffrey S Simate, Percy Hlangothi, Benesh M Somai
Objective: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is among the utmost destructive viruses humankind has ever faced in almost four decades. It carries with it profound socioeconomic and public health implications. Unfortunately, there is, currently, no effective cure for HIV infections. This review discusses the various types of condoms, microbicides, and the potential use of nanoparticle-coated condoms as a means of diminishing the risk of HIV transmission and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) during sexual intercourse...
April 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363637/neglected-type-iii-growing-skull-fracture-in-a-65-year-old-female
#11
LETTER
Sonal Saran, Sameer R Verma, Vineet Tomar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363636/drug-induced-oral-erythema-multiforme-a-diagnostic-challenge
#12
Syed Ahmed Taqi
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (cotrimoxazole or TMP/SMX) is commonly used for the treatment of urinary or lower respiratory tract infections. A comprehensive review is presented of the world literature on adverse reactions to TMP/SMX since its first use in 1968, when concern was expressed about possible hematologic toxicity. The adverse reactions to TMP/SMX occur in approximately 1%-3% of persons in general population. Here, we report a case of oral erythema multiforme (EM) secondary to TMP/SMX that presented with oral and lip ulcerations typical of EM without any skin lesions and highlights the importance of distinguishing them from other ulcerative disorders involving oral cavity...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363635/sparfloxacin-induced-nail-pigmentation-a-case-of-fixed-drug-eruption
#13
Husain Yahya
Sparfloxacin, a synthetic, second generation, broad spectrum aminodifluoroquinolone antibiotic, has excellent penetration into respiratory tissues and has good activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and atypical bacteria. Although it is indicated for the treatment of adult community-acquired pneumonia and acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, its use has been limited by phototoxicity which is more common with it than with other quinolones. We report a case of a 20-year-old Nigerian woman who developed a diffuse blue-black nail pigmentation of thumb and big toe nails, 2 weeks after completing therapy with sparfloxacin, and a recurrence of the pigmentation in the same nails 1 year after taking the drug again...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363634/evaluation-of-the-cognitive-effect-of-newborn-resuscitation-training-on-health-care-workers-in-selected-states-in-northern-nigeria
#14
Lawal Waisu Umar, Hafsat Rufa'I Ahmad, Abdulkadir Isah, Hafsat Wasagu Idris, Laila Hassan, Fatima Laraba Abdullahi, Ishaku Hassan, Abubakar Yakubu, Abubakar Muhammad Zubairu, Jane Alison Jobling
BACKGROUND: Neonatal deaths contribute significantly to slower progress in under-5 mortality reduction. Lack of sufficiently trained birth assistants partly contributes to early neonatal deaths. Resuscitation training equips frontline health-care workers (HCWs) with requisite knowledge and skills to prevent birth asphyxia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the immediate impact of newborn resuscitation training on cognitive ability of HCWs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive observational study using pre- and posttraining scores obtained by HCWs who were participants in 1-day training on emergency newborn resuscitation...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363633/prescribing-pattern-and-antibiotic-use-for-hospitalized-children-in-a-northern-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#15
Lawal Waisu Umar, Abdulmuminu Isah, Shuaibu Musa, Bilkisu Umar
BACKGROUND: Assessment of patterns of drug to detect performance problems and compliance with standards facilitates objective comparisons and impact evaluation. Children are at higher risk of consequences of irrational prescribing and antibiotic misuse. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the prescribing pattern and utilization of antibiotics for children using standard prescribing indicators and indices of rational drug prescribing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of prescriptions for pediatric inpatients at a teaching hospital in Northern Nigeria...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363632/current-indications-for-extremity-amputations-in-maiduguri-north-east-nigeria-a-6-year-retrospective-review
#16
Theophilus Maksha Dabkana, Friday Titus Nyaku, Stanley Tella Bwala
OBJECTIVE: To know the the commonest cause for extremity amputation in UMTH in recent times, following the result of two previous studies citing malignancy and later trauma, at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, a tertiary hospital in North East Nigeria. METHOD: We retrieved folders of all patients who had extremity amputation from January 2010 to December 2016 in our center. There were one hundred and sixty three case notes, accounting for one hundred and sixty five amputations...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363631/human-immunodeficiency-virus-seroprevalence-in-patients-with-invasive-cervical-cancer-in-zaria-north-western-nigeria
#17
Adamu Abdullahi, Muhammad Inuwa Mustapha, Dawotola Ayorinde David, Olasinde Tajudeen Ayodeji
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the commonest gynecological malignancy in our environment and is an Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)-associated malignancy. Documented data on the Human Immune-deficiency Virus (HIV) seroprevalence among patients with cervical cancer in our environment are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of HIV infection in women with cancer of the cervix. STUDY DESIGN: The work is a descriptive survey by design, concentrating in frequency of occurrences of prevalence of the dissease in either cases for a number of years retrospectively carried out at the Radiotherapy and Oncology Centre of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH) Zaria...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363630/assessment-of-some-indicators-of-oxidative-stress-in-nigerian-sickle-cell-anemic-patients
#18
C P Okorie, Theresa Nwagha, Fidelis Ejezie
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress, the imbalance between the productive of reactive species and antioxidant defences notably plays an important role in the pathogenesis of sickle cell disease. Generating the necessary data about oxidative stress in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) would help in developing cost-effective and accessible treatment interventions of SCA in resource-poor countries. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the levels plasma lipid peroxidation product, malondialdehyde (MDA), serum nitric oxide (NO), and total antioxidant activity (TAOA) as indicators of oxidative stress in sickle cell individuals...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363629/the-astigmatic-effect-of-pterygium-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-kano-nigeria
#19
Abdu Lawan, Sadiq Hassan, Ebisike Philips Ifeanyichukwu, Hadi Bala Yahaya, Rabi Yahaya Sani, Saudat Garba Habib, Abdulsalam Shuaib, Okpo Eme
AIM: This study aims to determine the effect of pterygium excision on the degree of corneal induced astigmatism and visual acuity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective interventional study conducted between September 2012 and June 2013. Consecutive patients with pterygium who met the inclusion criteria were recruited into the study. They had a basic eye examination, and those with existing comorbidity were excluded. Selected patients had pterygium excision using the bare sclera technique with intraoperative application of Mitomycin C...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363628/indications-and-outcome-of-tracheostomy-in-ilorin-north-central-nigeria-10-years-review
#20
B S Alabi, O A Afolabi, A D Dunmade, H K Omokanye, I O Ajayi, S O Ayodele, N O Busari
BACKGROUND: The study aims to highlight common indications as well as outcome of treatment among patients with tracheostomy in Ilorin, North-Central Nigeria. METHODS: A review of clinical records of all patients with tracheostomy over a period of ten years (2002-2011), using the Theatre, Ward, ICU and the emergency register after approval from the ethical review committee. Data retrieved included; demographic profile, primary diagnosis, indication for tracheostomy, surgical technique, hospital admission and care outcome of management...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
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