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Annals of African Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063906/dual-energy-computed-tomographic-visualization-of-urate-crystals-in-a-case-of-familial-gout-in-western-india
#1
LETTER
Sonal Saran, Pushpinder Singh Khera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063905/a-rare-case-of-bleeding-disorder-glanzmann-s-thrombasthenia
#2
Jami Swathi, A Gowrishankar, S A Jayakumar, Karun Jain
BACKGROUND: Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare bleeding disorder, which is characterized by a lack of platelet aggregation. It is characterized by qualitative or quantitative abnormalities of the platelet membrane glycoprotein IIb/IIIa. Physiologically, this platelet receptor normally binds several adhesive plasma proteins, and this facilitates attachment and aggregation of platelets to ensure thrombus formation at sites of vascular injury. The lack of resultant platelet aggregation in GT leads to mucocutaneous bleeding whose manifestation may be clinically variable, ranging from easy bruising to severe and potentially life-threatening hemorrhages...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063904/study-of-carotid-intimal-medial-thickness-in-essential-hypertension-with-or-without-left-ventricular-hypertrophy
#3
Himanshu Khutan, Simmi Aggarwal, K S Kajal, Ravinder Garg, Rupinderjeet Kaur, Amanpreet Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension and atherosclerosis though separate entities, are interrelated as hypertension plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This study was undertaken to study the association of carotid intimal medial thickness with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hundred hypertensives (JNC-7, Stage 1 and 2) between 30 and 55 years were enrolled in this prospective observational study conducted at a tertiary care teaching institute of Punjab, India...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063903/iron-and-vitamin-d-levels-among-autism-spectrum-disorders-children
#4
Abdulbari Bener, Azhar O Khattab, Dinesh Bhugra, Georg F Hoffmann
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate iron deficiency anemia and Vitamin D deficiency among autism children and to assess the importance of risk factors (determinants). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study conducted among children suffering from autism at the Hamad Medical Corporation in Qatar. A total of 308 cases and equal number of controls were enrolled. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic was the instrument used for diagnosis of Autism...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063902/tumor-associated-macrophages-angiogenesis-and-tumor-cell-migration-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Samuel E Udeabor, Akinyele O Adisa, Anna Orlowska, Robert A Sader, Shahram Ghanaati
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), neovascularization, and tumor cell migration in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) of an African subpopulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty OSCC paraffin blocks underwent immunohistochemistry to TAM1 (CCR7), TAM2 (CD206), Twist, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and CD34. The relative percentage of CCR7 + and CD206 + cells to overall immune cell population was calculated for three high power fields and an average was taken...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063901/eclampsia-in-rural-nigeria-the-unmitigating-catastrophe
#6
Chidi Ochu Uzoma Esike, Ukaegbe Ikechi Chukwuemeka, Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Justus Ndulue Eze, Obioma Christian Aluka, Deirdre Eilleen Twomey
INTRODUCTION: Eclampsia is one of the most dreaded causes of adverse outcomes of pregnancy worldwide. It is one of the greatest causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality world over. We do not know the prevalence, management outcome, and the devastation caused by this dreaded disease in our center hence the need for this work. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a 7-year retrospective review of all cases of eclampsia managed in Mater Misericordiae Hospital Afikpo, a rural secondary cum referral Catholic Mission Hospital in Afikpo, Ebonyi State in Southeastern Nigeria...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063900/demographic-characteristics-and-visual-status-of-patients-undergoing-cataract-surgery-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-kano-nigeria
#7
Musbahu Sani Kurawa, Lawan Abdu
Objective/Purpose: To describe the demographic and baseline ocular characteristics, prevalence of blindness and visual impairment among patients undergoing extracapsular cataract extraction for age related cataract at the study hospital over a one year period. Materials/Patients: All consecutive patients aged 40 years and above identified with age related cataract in one or both eyes who voluntarily agree to participate were included. METHODS: The study adhered to the tenets of the Helsinki declaration...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063899/clinicians-related-determinants-of-anticoagulation-therapy-and-prophylaxis-in-nigeria
#8
Raphael Anakwue, Theresa Nwagha, Ogba J Ukpabi, Ndudim Obeka, Emmanuel Onwubuya, Uwa Onwuchekwa, Benjamin Azubuike, Innocent Okoye
BACKGROUND: Thromboembolic and hypercoagulable diseases are common life-threatening but treatable problems in hospital practice. Fortunately, anticoagulation is an efficacious management practice indicated for arterial, venous, and intracardiac thromboembolism. Clinicians in developing countries may have gaps in their knowledge of anticoagulation therapy/prophylaxis which could affect their clinical decision. OBJECTIVES: The study examined the knowledge and attitude of clinicians to anticoagulation therapy/prophylaxis in some tertiary hospitals in Nigeria...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063898/pattern-of-presentation-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-among-patients-with-dyspepsia-in-kano-nigeria
#9
Abubakar Sadiq Maiyaki, Musa Muhammed Borodo, Adamu Alhaji Samaila, Abdulmumini Yakubu
BACKGROUND: Dyspepsia is a symptom complex rather than a specific disease entity. It can be caused by both organic and functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD) though a common digestive disorder worldwide is scarcely reported in Nigeria. The aim of this study is to determine the pattern of presentation of GORD among patients with dyspepsia. METHODS: One hundred and seventy dyspeptic patients were recruited consecutively as they were referred to the Gastroenterology Unit of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital for upper GI endoscopy...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063897/urbanization-cities-and-health-the-challenges-to-nigeria-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Alhaji A Aliyu, Lawal Amadu
The Nigerian society is rapidly becoming urban as a result of a multitude of push and pull factors. This has generated urban health crises among city dwellers notably the urban poor. A systematic search of published literature in English was conducted between 1960 and 2015. Published peer review journals, abstracts, Gray literature (technical reports, government documents, reports, etc.), inaugural lectures, and internet articles were reviewed. Manual search of reference lists of selected articles were checked for further relevant studies...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671158/atherogenic-index-of-plasma-for-the-assessment-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#11
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671157/primary-hyperparathyroidism-in-pregnancy
#12
Meryem Rchachi, Hanan El Ouahabi, Saïd Boujraf, Farida Ajdi
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHT) is a frequent and asymptomatic pathology in 80% of patients, and a parathyroidal adenoma is found in the most case. However, rare cases might occur during pregnancy; and the literature reported up to 200 cases. We report three cases of PHT that occurred during the second and last third trimesters of pregnancy stage in patients aged 26, 42 and 32-year-old. Despite diagnosis limitations, since scintigraphy is prohibited in pregnancy, the patients were managed conservatively with good prognosis for both mothers and babies...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671156/overview-of-extremity-musculoskeletal-neoplasms-at-the-ahmadu-bello-university-teaching-hospital-zaria-nigeria
#13
Maitama Mohammed Inuwa, Lawal Yau Zakariyau, Dahiru I Ismail, Ejagwulu S Friday, Aniko A Ibrahim, Abdulmalik A Mohammed
BACKGROUND: The burden of managing patients with musculoskeletal neoplasms in the West African sub-region is quite significant. This is largely due to late presentation, delay in making diagnosis, and failure of obtaining consent to certain surgical procedures. Improvements in diagnosis and treatment over the years have however increased life and limb survival for many patients. This study was aimed at evaluating the clinicopathologic pattern of neoplasm as it affects the upper and lower limbs with a view to determining the most common types, the most involved sites of the body and the age at presentation of these tumors...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671155/low-back-pain-in-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-the-aminu-kano-teaching-hospital-experience
#14
Mustapha Ibrahim Usman, Muhammad Kabir Abubakar, Shamsuddeen Muhammad, Ayyuba Rabiu, Ibrahim Garba
BACKGROUND: The profound physiologic effects of pregnancy affect the musculoskeletal system. Pregnant women are at increased risks of low back/pelvic girdle pains. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of low back/pelvic girdle pains among pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from May 1 to June 30, 2016, among consenting pregnant women at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital. Ethical approval was obtained from the Hospital Ethics Committee...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671154/cross-sectional-observational-study-of-anterior-segment-parameters-using-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-in-north-indian-population
#15
Latika Khatri Dalal, Renu Dhasmana, Amit Maitreya
PURPOSE: To study the anterior segment (AS) parameters using AS optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in the North Indian population. METHODS: A hospital-based, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of 1 year. It included 251 normal individuals aged 20-70 years. Participants underwent imaging with AS-OCT.Ocular parameters included anterior chamber angle (ACA), iris cross-sectional area (ICSA), iris thickness (IT), and iris curvature (IC)...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671153/evaluation-of-locked-plate-in-the-osteosynthesis-of-fractures-in-osteoporotic-bones
#16
Muhammad Oboirien, Stephen Patrick Agbo, Lukman Olalekan Ajiboye
BACKGROUND: The use of conventional dynamic compression plates (DCPs) in osteoporotic bones is associated with higher chances of implant failure. The advent and use of locking combi-plates have ensured a stable construct during osteosynthesis of fractures in osteoporotic bones. OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess the outcome of use of locking combi-plates in the management of fractures in osteoporotic bones in our environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases of patients with nonunion and localized osteoporosis from January 2014 to December 2014 that were managed with locked combi-plates were reviewed...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671152/effect-of-analgesia-on-the-changes-in-respiratory-parameters-in-blunt-chest-injury-with-multiple-rib-fractures
#17
Eyo Effiong Ekpe, Catherine Eyo
BACKGROUND: Blunt chest injury with multiple rib fractures can result in such complications as pneumonia, atelectasis, bronchiectasis, empyema thoracis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and prolonged Intensive Care Unit and hospital stay, with its concomitant mortality. These may be prevented or reduced by good analgesic therapy which is the subject of this study. METHODS: This was a prospective study of effects of analgesia on changes in pulmonary functions of patients with traumatic multiple rib fractures resulting from blunt chest injury...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671151/a-profile-of-adverse-effects-of-antihypertensive-medicines-in-a-tertiary-care-clinic-in-nigeria
#18
Abimbola O Olowofela, Ambrose O Isah
BACKGROUND: There has been a dearth of comprehensive data on the profile of adverse reactions to antihypertensive medicines in the Nigerian setting despite increased use. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to characterize the adverse reactions experienced in the homogenously black African population. METHODS: The study was carried out at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria, in consenting eligible hypertensive patients ≥18 years...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671150/emerging-trends-of-nosocomial-pneumonia-in-intensive-care-unit-of-a-tertiary-care-public-teaching-hospital-in-western-india
#19
Rakesh Bhadade, Minal Harde, Rosemarie deSouza, Ashwini More, Ramesh Bharmal
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial pneumonia poses great challenge to an intensivist. Detailed information about hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-acquired pneumonia (VAP) is crucial for prevention and optimal management, thus improving quality Intensive Care Unit (ICU) care. Hence, we aimed to study the current trend of nosocomial pneumonia in ICU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a prospective observational cohort study, conducted in the ICU of a tertiary care teaching public hospital over a period of 18 months...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671149/evaluation-of-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-and-cystatin-c-as-early-markers-of-diabetic-nephropathy
#20
Zeba Siddiqi, Ritu Karoli, Anupama Kaul, Jalees Fatima, Shishir Varshney, Mohd Sameer Beg
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major cause of concern because of its increasing prevalence rate and related microvascular as well as macrovascular complications, including kidney disease. Microalbuminuria has been accepted as the earliest marker for diabetic nephropathy; however, a large proportion of renal impairment occurs in nonalbuminuric state. We planned to investigate the serum and urinary levels of the tubular damage markers (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin [NGAL] and cystatin C [Cys C]) in patients of type 2 diabetes to detect early kidney injury...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
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