journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Annals of African Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363637/neglected-type-iii-growing-skull-fracture-in-a-65-year-old-female
#1
LETTER
Sonal Saran, Sameer R Verma, Vineet Tomar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363636/drug-induced-oral-erythema-multiforme-a-diagnostic-challenge
#2
Syed Ahmed Taqi
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (cotrimoxazole or TMP/SMX) is commonly used for the treatment of urinary or lower respiratory tract infections. A comprehensive review is presented of the world literature on adverse reactions to TMP/SMX since its first use in 1968, when concern was expressed about possible hematologic toxicity. The adverse reactions to TMP/SMX occur in approximately 1%-3% of persons in general population. Here, we report a case of oral erythema multiforme (EM) secondary to TMP/SMX that presented with oral and lip ulcerations typical of EM without any skin lesions and highlights the importance of distinguishing them from other ulcerative disorders involving oral cavity...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363635/sparfloxacin-induced-nail-pigmentation-a-case-of-fixed-drug-eruption
#3
Husain Yahya
Sparfloxacin, a synthetic, second generation, broad spectrum aminodifluoroquinolone antibiotic, has excellent penetration into respiratory tissues and has good activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and atypical bacteria. Although it is indicated for the treatment of adult community-acquired pneumonia and acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, its use has been limited by phototoxicity which is more common with it than with other quinolones. We report a case of a 20-year-old Nigerian woman who developed a diffuse blue-black nail pigmentation of thumb and big toe nails, 2 weeks after completing therapy with sparfloxacin, and a recurrence of the pigmentation in the same nails 1 year after taking the drug again...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363634/evaluation-of-the-cognitive-effect-of-newborn-resuscitation-training-on-health-care-workers-in-selected-states-in-northern-nigeria
#4
Lawal Waisu Umar, Hafsat Rufa'I Ahmad, Abdulkadir Isah, Hafsat Wasagu Idris, Laila Hassan, Fatima Laraba Abdullahi, Ishaku Hassan, Abubakar Yakubu, Abubakar Muhammad Zubairu, Jane Alison Jobling
BACKGROUND: Neonatal deaths contribute significantly to slower progress in under-5 mortality reduction. Lack of sufficiently trained birth assistants partly contributes to early neonatal deaths. Resuscitation training equips frontline health-care workers (HCWs) with requisite knowledge and skills to prevent birth asphyxia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the immediate impact of newborn resuscitation training on cognitive ability of HCWs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive observational study using pre- and posttraining scores obtained by HCWs who were participants in 1-day training on emergency newborn resuscitation...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363633/prescribing-pattern-and-antibiotic-use-for-hospitalized-children-in-a-northern-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#5
Lawal Waisu Umar, Abdulmuminu Isah, Shuaibu Musa, Bilkisu Umar
BACKGROUND: Assessment of patterns of drug to detect performance problems and compliance with standards facilitates objective comparisons and impact evaluation. Children are at higher risk of consequences of irrational prescribing and antibiotic misuse. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the prescribing pattern and utilization of antibiotics for children using standard prescribing indicators and indices of rational drug prescribing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of prescriptions for pediatric inpatients at a teaching hospital in Northern Nigeria...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363632/current-indications-for-extremity-amputations-in-maiduguri-north-east-nigeria-a-6-year-retrospective-review
#6
Theophilus Maksha Dabkana, Friday Titus Nyaku, Stanley Tella Bwala
OBJECTIVE: To know the the commonest cause for extremity amputation in UMTH in recent times, following the result of two previous studies citing malignancy and later trauma, at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, a tertiary hospital in North East Nigeria. METHOD: We retrieved folders of all patients who had extremity amputation from January 2010 to December 2016 in our center. There were one hundred and sixty three case notes, accounting for one hundred and sixty five amputations...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363631/human-immunodeficiency-virus-seroprevalence-in-patients-with-invasive-cervical-cancer-in-zaria-north-western-nigeria
#7
Adamu Abdullahi, Muhammad Inuwa Mustapha, Dawotola Ayorinde David, Olasinde Tajudeen Ayodeji
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the commonest gynecological malignancy in our environment and is an Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)-associated malignancy. Documented data on the Human Immune-deficiency Virus (HIV) seroprevalence among patients with cervical cancer in our environment are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of HIV infection in women with cancer of the cervix. STUDY DESIGN: The work is a descriptive survey by design, concentrating in frequency of occurrences of prevalence of the dissease in either cases for a number of years retrospectively carried out at the Radiotherapy and Oncology Centre of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH) Zaria...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363630/assessment-of-some-indicators-of-oxidative-stress-in-nigerian-sickle-cell-anemic-patients
#8
C P Okorie, Theresa Nwagha, Fidelis Ejezie
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress, the imbalance between the productive of reactive species and antioxidant defences notably plays an important role in the pathogenesis of sickle cell disease. Generating the necessary data about oxidative stress in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) would help in developing cost-effective and accessible treatment interventions of SCA in resource-poor countries. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the levels plasma lipid peroxidation product, malondialdehyde (MDA), serum nitric oxide (NO), and total antioxidant activity (TAOA) as indicators of oxidative stress in sickle cell individuals...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363629/the-astigmatic-effect-of-pterygium-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-kano-nigeria
#9
Abdu Lawan, Sadiq Hassan, Ebisike Philips Ifeanyichukwu, Hadi Bala Yahaya, Rabi Yahaya Sani, Saudat Garba Habib, Abdulsalam Shuaib, Okpo Eme
AIM: This study aims to determine the effect of pterygium excision on the degree of corneal induced astigmatism and visual acuity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective interventional study conducted between September 2012 and June 2013. Consecutive patients with pterygium who met the inclusion criteria were recruited into the study. They had a basic eye examination, and those with existing comorbidity were excluded. Selected patients had pterygium excision using the bare sclera technique with intraoperative application of Mitomycin C...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363628/indications-and-outcome-of-tracheostomy-in-ilorin-north-central-nigeria-10-years-review
#10
B S Alabi, O A Afolabi, A D Dunmade, H K Omokanye, I O Ajayi, S O Ayodele, N O Busari
BACKGROUND: The study aims to highlight common indications as well as outcome of treatment among patients with tracheostomy in Ilorin, North-Central Nigeria. METHODS: A review of clinical records of all patients with tracheostomy over a period of ten years (2002-2011), using the Theatre, Ward, ICU and the emergency register after approval from the ethical review committee. Data retrieved included; demographic profile, primary diagnosis, indication for tracheostomy, surgical technique, hospital admission and care outcome of management...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063906/dual-energy-computed-tomographic-visualization-of-urate-crystals-in-a-case-of-familial-gout-in-western-india
#11
LETTER
Sonal Saran, Pushpinder Singh Khera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063905/a-rare-case-of-bleeding-disorder-glanzmann-s-thrombasthenia
#12
Jami Swathi, A Gowrishankar, S A Jayakumar, Karun Jain
BACKGROUND: Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare bleeding disorder, which is characterized by a lack of platelet aggregation. It is characterized by qualitative or quantitative abnormalities of the platelet membrane glycoprotein IIb/IIIa. Physiologically, this platelet receptor normally binds several adhesive plasma proteins, and this facilitates attachment and aggregation of platelets to ensure thrombus formation at sites of vascular injury. The lack of resultant platelet aggregation in GT leads to mucocutaneous bleeding whose manifestation may be clinically variable, ranging from easy bruising to severe and potentially life-threatening hemorrhages...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063904/study-of-carotid-intimal-medial-thickness-in-essential-hypertension-with-or-without-left-ventricular-hypertrophy
#13
Himanshu Khutan, Simmi Aggarwal, K S Kajal, Ravinder Garg, Rupinderjeet Kaur, Amanpreet Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension and atherosclerosis though separate entities, are interrelated as hypertension plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This study was undertaken to study the association of carotid intimal medial thickness with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hundred hypertensives (JNC-7, Stage 1 and 2) between 30 and 55 years were enrolled in this prospective observational study conducted at a tertiary care teaching institute of Punjab, India...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063903/iron-and-vitamin-d-levels-among-autism-spectrum-disorders-children
#14
Abdulbari Bener, Azhar O Khattab, Dinesh Bhugra, Georg F Hoffmann
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate iron deficiency anemia and Vitamin D deficiency among autism children and to assess the importance of risk factors (determinants). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study conducted among children suffering from autism at the Hamad Medical Corporation in Qatar. A total of 308 cases and equal number of controls were enrolled. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-Generic was the instrument used for diagnosis of Autism...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063902/tumor-associated-macrophages-angiogenesis-and-tumor-cell-migration-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Samuel E Udeabor, Akinyele O Adisa, Anna Orlowska, Robert A Sader, Shahram Ghanaati
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), neovascularization, and tumor cell migration in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) of an African subpopulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty OSCC paraffin blocks underwent immunohistochemistry to TAM1 (CCR7), TAM2 (CD206), Twist, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and CD34. The relative percentage of CCR7 + and CD206 + cells to overall immune cell population was calculated for three high power fields and an average was taken...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063901/eclampsia-in-rural-nigeria-the-unmitigating-catastrophe
#16
Chidi Ochu Uzoma Esike, Ukaegbe Ikechi Chukwuemeka, Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Justus Ndulue Eze, Obioma Christian Aluka, Deirdre Eilleen Twomey
INTRODUCTION: Eclampsia is one of the most dreaded causes of adverse outcomes of pregnancy worldwide. It is one of the greatest causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality world over. We do not know the prevalence, management outcome, and the devastation caused by this dreaded disease in our center hence the need for this work. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a 7-year retrospective review of all cases of eclampsia managed in Mater Misericordiae Hospital Afikpo, a rural secondary cum referral Catholic Mission Hospital in Afikpo, Ebonyi State in Southeastern Nigeria...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063900/demographic-characteristics-and-visual-status-of-patients-undergoing-cataract-surgery-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-kano-nigeria
#17
Musbahu Sani Kurawa, Lawan Abdu
Objective/Purpose: To describe the demographic and baseline ocular characteristics, prevalence of blindness and visual impairment among patients undergoing extracapsular cataract extraction for age related cataract at the study hospital over a one year period. Materials/Patients: All consecutive patients aged 40 years and above identified with age related cataract in one or both eyes who voluntarily agree to participate were included. METHODS: The study adhered to the tenets of the Helsinki declaration...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063899/clinicians-related-determinants-of-anticoagulation-therapy-and-prophylaxis-in-nigeria
#18
Raphael Anakwue, Theresa Nwagha, Ogba J Ukpabi, Ndudim Obeka, Emmanuel Onwubuya, Uwa Onwuchekwa, Benjamin Azubuike, Innocent Okoye
BACKGROUND: Thromboembolic and hypercoagulable diseases are common life-threatening but treatable problems in hospital practice. Fortunately, anticoagulation is an efficacious management practice indicated for arterial, venous, and intracardiac thromboembolism. Clinicians in developing countries may have gaps in their knowledge of anticoagulation therapy/prophylaxis which could affect their clinical decision. OBJECTIVES: The study examined the knowledge and attitude of clinicians to anticoagulation therapy/prophylaxis in some tertiary hospitals in Nigeria...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063898/pattern-of-presentation-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-among-patients-with-dyspepsia-in-kano-nigeria
#19
Abubakar Sadiq Maiyaki, Musa Muhammed Borodo, Adamu Alhaji Samaila, Abdulmumini Yakubu
BACKGROUND: Dyspepsia is a symptom complex rather than a specific disease entity. It can be caused by both organic and functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD) though a common digestive disorder worldwide is scarcely reported in Nigeria. The aim of this study is to determine the pattern of presentation of GORD among patients with dyspepsia. METHODS: One hundred and seventy dyspeptic patients were recruited consecutively as they were referred to the Gastroenterology Unit of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital for upper GI endoscopy...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063897/urbanization-cities-and-health-the-challenges-to-nigeria-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Alhaji A Aliyu, Lawal Amadu
The Nigerian society is rapidly becoming urban as a result of a multitude of push and pull factors. This has generated urban health crises among city dwellers notably the urban poor. A systematic search of published literature in English was conducted between 1960 and 2015. Published peer review journals, abstracts, Gray literature (technical reports, government documents, reports, etc.), inaugural lectures, and internet articles were reviewed. Manual search of reference lists of selected articles were checked for further relevant studies...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
journal
journal
40823
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"