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Annals of African Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469124/right-atrial-extension-of-a-giant-retroperitoneal-leiomyosarcoma
#1
Sonal Saran, Pushpinder Singh Khera, Parul Gautam, Poonam Elhence
Leiyomyosarcoma of vascular origin is uncommonly seen but mostly occurring in the inferior vena cava. We report a case of young male who presented with giant retroperitoneal leiyomyosarcoma which extended into the right atrium along Inferior vena cava.
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469123/acanthomatous-ameloblastoma-in-anterior-mandibular-region-of-a-young-patient-a-rare-case-report
#2
Sridevi Ugrappa, Ajay Jain, Neeraj Kumar Fuloria, Shivkanya Fuloria
Ameloblastoma is the most known of the epithelial odontogenic benign tumor. It is slow growing and locally aggressive in nature and most commonly seen in the posterior mandible. Various histopathological variants exist, among which acanthomatous type of ameloblastoma is one of the rarest types. Acanthomatous ameloblastoma is usually seen in older aged human population and most commonly reported in canine region of dogs in literature. Here, we report a rare case of acanthomatous ameloblastoma in a young male patient involving mandibular anterior region crossing the midline with recurrence over a period of 2 years of follow-up after surgical resection...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469122/pediatric-otorhinolaryngology-emergencies-at-the-jos-university-teaching-hospital-study-of-frequency-management-and-outcomes
#3
Adeyi A Adoga, Emoche T Okwori, John P Yaro, Andrew A Iduh
BACKGROUND: Studies from Nigeria on pediatric otorhinolaryngology (ORL) emergencies are rare in literature with most focusing on emergencies involving individual systems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of all ORL emergencies among children in our region to provide a baseline data for future health planning. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a 1-year retrospective cross-sectional study of patients aged 16 years and below presenting to the Accident and Emergency Department of the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469121/the-prevalence-and-course-of-preinvasive-cervical-lesions-during-pregnancy-in-a-northern-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#4
Fadimatu Bakari, Muhammad A Abdul, Saad A Ahmed
BACKGROUND: In spite of knowledge of the causes and prevention of cervical cancer, screening programs for cervical cancer have not yet been fully implemented in most developing countries including Nigeria. Documented data on the prevalence of preinvasive cervical lesion in pregnancy are scarce in our environment. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, risk factors, and course of preinvasive cervical lesion in pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH) Zaria, Northern Nigeria Study Design: This was a cross-sectional longitudinal study...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469120/comparing-indications-for-cardiovascular-admissions-into-a-nigerian-and-an-israeli-hospital
#5
Ogba Joseph Ukpabi, Kelechukwu Uwanurochi
BACKGROUND: Changing epidemiologic profile with increase in cardiovascular risk factors is well documented in literature. Our study sought to see how this is reflected in cardiovascular admissions into medical wards of a Nigerian and an Israeli hospital. OBJECTIVE: To compare the range and pattern of cardiovascular admissions encountered in a Nigerian hospital and an Israel hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of admission records of patients admitted into both Federal Medical Centre (FMC), Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria, and Sheba Medical Centre, Israel...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469119/blood-pressure-variation-and-its-correlates-among-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-for-renal-failure-in-benin-city-nigeria
#6
Enajite I Okaka, Chimezie G Okwuonu
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) variation is commonly encountered during hemodialysis (HD) procedure. Both intradialysis hypotension and hypertension have implications for outcome of treatment and overall morbidity and mortality of the patients. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective study was carried out in the dialysis unit of a tertiary health institution in Benin City among patients who had HD for acute kidney injury (AKI) or chronic kidney disease (CKD) over a 3-year period...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469118/risk-perception-of-hepatitis-b-infection-and-uptake-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-among-students-of-tertiary-institution-in-jos
#7
M P Chingle, I A Osagie, H Adams, D Gwomson, N Emeribe, A I Zoakah
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Infection is endemic in Nigeria. Healthcare students are more vulnerable because of direct contact with patients' body fluids and blood. Risk perception of HBV and HB vaccine uptake are also poor. The aim of this study was to assess the level of risk perception of hepatitis B infection, and uptake of the HBV vaccine, between medical and other students of the University of Jos. METHODS: A comparative cross sectional study was conducted among 1,200 students of the departments of Medicine, Nursing sciences and Public Administration, University of Jos (400 from each arm) using a pretested self-administered questionnaire...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469117/neonatal-sepsis-in-a-nigerian-private-tertiary-hospital-bacterial-isolates-risk-factors-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns
#8
Emmanuel Olushola Shobowale, Adaobi U Solarin, Charles John Elikwu, Kenneth Ikenna Onyedibe, Ibironke J Akinola, Abiodun A Faniran
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Neonatal sepsis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric age group in spite of several attempts at mitigating its effects. This article determines the prevalence of neonatal sepsis and the pathogens responsible for sepsis as well as risk factors and outcome at the Babcock University Teaching Hospital. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of laboratory records of consecutive babies delivered within and outside our hospital suspected of having sepsis over a 1-year period...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469116/burden-of-informal-caregivers-of-stroke-survivors-validation-of-the-zarit-burden-interview-in-an-african-population
#9
Frank Aiwansoba Imarhiagbe, A U Asemota, B A Oripelaye, J E Akpekpe, A A Owolabi, A O Abidakun, F M Akemokwe, V O Ogundare, A L Azeez, J O Osakue
BACKGROUND: Informal care giving can be burdensome particularly where the option of institutionalized informal care scarcely exist. OBJECTIVE: To look at the burden of informal caregivers of stroke survivors using the Zarit burden interview (ZBI). METHOD: 64 stroke survivors were assessed for demographics of age, gender, duration of follow-up since discharged from in-patient care, modified Rankin score at the time of discharge and at the time of evaluation for this study and the most important informal care giver at home was also assessed for whether care giving was telling on their health or life in any negative way...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469115/the-cell-biology-and-role-of-resorptive-cells-in-diseases-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Prashant Babaji, Raghu Devanna, Kiran Jagtap, Vishwajit Rampratap Chaurasia, Jeethu John Jerry, Basanta Kumar Choudhury, Dinesh Duhan
Resorptive cells are responsible for the resorption of mineralized matrix of hard tissues. Bone-resorbing cells are called osteoclasts; however, they can resorb mineralized dental tissues or calcified cartilage and then they are called odontoclasts and chondroclasts, respectively. Resorptive cells form when mononuclear precursors derived from a monocyte-macrophage cell lineage are attracted to certain mineralized surfaces and subsequently fuse and adhere onto them for exerting their resorbing activity. These cells are responsible for degradation of calcified extracellular matrix composed of organic molecules and hydroxyapatite...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300054/male-breast-cancer
#11
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300053/author-reply
#12
LETTER
Adegboyega Akere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300052/contraceptive-choices-among-grand-multiparous-women
#13
LETTER
Nora Pokee, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300051/comments-on-colonoscopy-at-a-tertiary-health-care-facility-in-southwest-nigeria-spectrum-of-indications-and-colonic-abnormalities
#14
LETTER
Mahir Gachabayov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300050/launois-bensaude-syndrome-a-benign-symmetric-lipomatosis-without-alcohol-association
#15
LETTER
Hanan El Ouahabi, Sana Doubi, Kenza Lahlou, Saïd Boujraf, Farida Ajdi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300049/type-i-monteggia-with-ipsilateral-fracture-of-distal-radius-epiphyseal-injury-a-rare-case-report
#16
Gaurav Mundada, Sohael Mohammed Khan, Shraddha K Singhania, Varun Gupta, Pradeep K Singh, Saherish Khan
Simultaneous Monteggia injuries of the elbow and ipsilateral fracture distal radius with epiphyseal injury both bone are a unique case. A unique case of a Type I Monteggia fracture equivalent with ipsilateral fracture distal radius with epiphyseal injury (Salter-Harris Type II) in a child is reported. We describe the management of this unique fracture and discuss the possible mechanism of injury. We have highlighted a rare combination of injuries. Early recognition and prompt surgical intervention can lead to a satisfactory outcome even in these complex injuries...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300048/cardiovascular-responses-to-millet-pounding-activity-among-women-in-a-rural-community-in-northeastern-nigeria
#17
Adetoyeje Y Oyeyemi, Fati Jajimaji, Adewale L Oyeyemi, Abdul-Hameed A Jabbo
BACKGROUND: Pounding food items in a wooden mortal is a common home chore in many communities in African and Asian countries. However, no empirical data exist on energy expenditure during this activity, and whether the activity can be considered a light, moderate, or vigorous intensity physical activity is unknown. PURPOSE: This study was aimed at gaining insights into energy expenditure during millet pounding through cardiovascular responses to millet pounding activity, and to explore possible differences in response between women who pound millet as their occupation (habitual millet pounders) and those who pound millet only for their own home cooking but not as a job (nonhabitual pounders)...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300047/knowledge-attitude-and-experience-of-cervical-cancer-and-screening-among-sub-saharan-african-female-students-in-a-uk-university
#18
Faith Sopuruchukwu Ogbonna
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the major diseases that affect women of child bearing age. Its main cause is the human papilloma virus; although, other associated factors have been evidenced to increase its risk. Pap-smear screening and vaccination which has been shown to be successful in reducing the incidence and prevalence of the disease in developed countries, has been neglected in developing countries due to lack of knowledge, misconceptions, and cultural beliefs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving only female Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) students in a UK university setting...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300046/final-year-nursing-students-in-nigeria-how-knowledgeable-and-prepared-are-they-to-offer-medical-care-to-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
Chimezie Godswill Okwuonu, Hannah Sylvanus Kanu, Ojeh-Oziegbe Odigie
BACKGROUND: Nurses play an important role in the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients at primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of care. In other to perform their functions, it is pertinent that they have a good understanding of kidney functions and CKD. We do not know if the current educational curriculum prepares them adequately for this role. AIM: To assess the knowledge level of kidney functions and diseases among final year nursing students in Abia State Nigeria...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300045/-nature-cures-an-alternative-herbal-formulation-as-a-denture-cleanser
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
R Sushma, Tanuja Tanaji Sathe, Anand Farias, Pronob Kumar Sanyal, Shashi Kiran
BACKGROUND: Candida albicans is one of the microorganisms which harbor the oral cavity, especially in elderly. However, the incidence of existence of this increases in patients using removable dental prosthesis. There is therefore a need to test the anticandidal efficacy of these cost-effective, easily available products to be used as routine denture cleansers. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate antifungal properties of triphala churna on the heat cure denture base material...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
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