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Annals of African Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671158/atherogenic-index-of-plasma-for-the-assessment-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#1
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671157/primary-hyperparathyroidism-in-pregnancy
#2
Meryem Rchachi, Hanan El Ouahabi, Saïd Boujraf, Farida Ajdi
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHT) is a frequent and asymptomatic pathology in 80% of patients, and a parathyroidal adenoma is found in the most case. However, rare cases might occur during pregnancy; and the literature reported up to 200 cases. We report three cases of PHT that occurred during the second and last third trimesters of pregnancy stage in patients aged 26, 42 and 32-year-old. Despite diagnosis limitations, since scintigraphy is prohibited in pregnancy, the patients were managed conservatively with good prognosis for both mothers and babies...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671156/overview-of-extremity-musculoskeletal-neoplasms-at-the-ahmadu-bello-university-teaching-hospital-zaria-nigeria
#3
Maitama Mohammed Inuwa, Lawal Yau Zakariyau, Dahiru I Ismail, Ejagwulu S Friday, Aniko A Ibrahim, Abdulmalik A Mohammed
BACKGROUND: The burden of managing patients with musculoskeletal neoplasms in the West African sub-region is quite significant. This is largely due to late presentation, delay in making diagnosis, and failure of obtaining consent to certain surgical procedures. Improvements in diagnosis and treatment over the years have however increased life and limb survival for many patients. This study was aimed at evaluating the clinicopathologic pattern of neoplasm as it affects the upper and lower limbs with a view to determining the most common types, the most involved sites of the body and the age at presentation of these tumors...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671155/low-back-pain-in-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-the-aminu-kano-teaching-hospital-experience
#4
Mustapha Ibrahim Usman, Muhammad Kabir Abubakar, Shamsuddeen Muhammad, Ayyuba Rabiu, Ibrahim Garba
BACKGROUND: The profound physiologic effects of pregnancy affect the musculoskeletal system. Pregnant women are at increased risks of low back/pelvic girdle pains. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of low back/pelvic girdle pains among pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from May 1 to June 30, 2016, among consenting pregnant women at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital. Ethical approval was obtained from the Hospital Ethics Committee...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671154/cross-sectional-observational-study-of-anterior-segment-parameters-using-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-in-north-indian-population
#5
Latika Khatri Dalal, Renu Dhasmana, Amit Maitreya
PURPOSE: To study the anterior segment (AS) parameters using AS optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in the North Indian population. METHODS: A hospital-based, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of 1 year. It included 251 normal individuals aged 20-70 years. Participants underwent imaging with AS-OCT.Ocular parameters included anterior chamber angle (ACA), iris cross-sectional area (ICSA), iris thickness (IT), and iris curvature (IC)...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671153/evaluation-of-locked-plate-in-the-osteosynthesis-of-fractures-in-osteoporotic-bones
#6
Muhammad Oboirien, Stephen Patrick Agbo, Lukman Olalekan Ajiboye
BACKGROUND: The use of conventional dynamic compression plates (DCPs) in osteoporotic bones is associated with higher chances of implant failure. The advent and use of locking combi-plates have ensured a stable construct during osteosynthesis of fractures in osteoporotic bones. OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess the outcome of use of locking combi-plates in the management of fractures in osteoporotic bones in our environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases of patients with nonunion and localized osteoporosis from January 2014 to December 2014 that were managed with locked combi-plates were reviewed...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671152/effect-of-analgesia-on-the-changes-in-respiratory-parameters-in-blunt-chest-injury-with-multiple-rib-fractures
#7
Eyo Effiong Ekpe, Catherine Eyo
BACKGROUND: Blunt chest injury with multiple rib fractures can result in such complications as pneumonia, atelectasis, bronchiectasis, empyema thoracis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and prolonged Intensive Care Unit and hospital stay, with its concomitant mortality. These may be prevented or reduced by good analgesic therapy which is the subject of this study. METHODS: This was a prospective study of effects of analgesia on changes in pulmonary functions of patients with traumatic multiple rib fractures resulting from blunt chest injury...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671151/a-profile-of-adverse-effects-of-antihypertensive-medicines-in-a-tertiary-care-clinic-in-nigeria
#8
Abimbola O Olowofela, Ambrose O Isah
BACKGROUND: There has been a dearth of comprehensive data on the profile of adverse reactions to antihypertensive medicines in the Nigerian setting despite increased use. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to characterize the adverse reactions experienced in the homogenously black African population. METHODS: The study was carried out at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria, in consenting eligible hypertensive patients ≥18 years...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671150/emerging-trends-of-nosocomial-pneumonia-in-intensive-care-unit-of-a-tertiary-care-public-teaching-hospital-in-western-india
#9
Rakesh Bhadade, Minal Harde, Rosemarie deSouza, Ashwini More, Ramesh Bharmal
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial pneumonia poses great challenge to an intensivist. Detailed information about hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-acquired pneumonia (VAP) is crucial for prevention and optimal management, thus improving quality Intensive Care Unit (ICU) care. Hence, we aimed to study the current trend of nosocomial pneumonia in ICU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a prospective observational cohort study, conducted in the ICU of a tertiary care teaching public hospital over a period of 18 months...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671149/evaluation-of-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-and-cystatin-c-as-early-markers-of-diabetic-nephropathy
#10
Zeba Siddiqi, Ritu Karoli, Anupama Kaul, Jalees Fatima, Shishir Varshney, Mohd Sameer Beg
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major cause of concern because of its increasing prevalence rate and related microvascular as well as macrovascular complications, including kidney disease. Microalbuminuria has been accepted as the earliest marker for diabetic nephropathy; however, a large proportion of renal impairment occurs in nonalbuminuric state. We planned to investigate the serum and urinary levels of the tubular damage markers (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin [NGAL] and cystatin C [Cys C]) in patients of type 2 diabetes to detect early kidney injury...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671148/randomized-controlled-trials-ethical-and-scientific-issues-in-the-choice-of-placebo-or-active-control
#11
REVIEW
Joseph Ogirima Ovosi, Muhammed Sani Ibrahim, Beatrice Ohunene Bello-Ovosi
The use of control group in clinical trials has been universally acclaimed by researchers to effectively help discriminate between the actual effects of an intervention and those arising from other factors. However, the choice of the control that provided both scientific and ethical acceptability among researchers has been a source of intense debate. We conducted a literature search on the use of placebo and active controls in clinical trials and X-ray the arguments for and against both choices in randomized control trials and concluded by highlighting the scenarios where the use of placebo is justified...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671147/sonographic-assessment-of-urolithiasis-in-university-of-abuja-teaching-hospital-nigeria
#12
Kasonde Bowa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469124/right-atrial-extension-of-a-giant-retroperitoneal-leiomyosarcoma
#13
Sonal Saran, Pushpinder Singh Khera, Parul Gautam, Poonam Elhence
Leiyomyosarcoma of vascular origin is uncommonly seen but mostly occurring in the inferior vena cava. We report a case of young male who presented with giant retroperitoneal leiyomyosarcoma which extended into the right atrium along Inferior vena cava.
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469123/acanthomatous-ameloblastoma-in-anterior-mandibular-region-of-a-young-patient-a-rare-case-report
#14
Sridevi Ugrappa, Ajay Jain, Neeraj Kumar Fuloria, Shivkanya Fuloria
Ameloblastoma is the most known of the epithelial odontogenic benign tumor. It is slow growing and locally aggressive in nature and most commonly seen in the posterior mandible. Various histopathological variants exist, among which acanthomatous type of ameloblastoma is one of the rarest types. Acanthomatous ameloblastoma is usually seen in older aged human population and most commonly reported in canine region of dogs in literature. Here, we report a rare case of acanthomatous ameloblastoma in a young male patient involving mandibular anterior region crossing the midline with recurrence over a period of 2 years of follow-up after surgical resection...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469122/pediatric-otorhinolaryngology-emergencies-at-the-jos-university-teaching-hospital-study-of-frequency-management-and-outcomes
#15
Adeyi A Adoga, Emoche T Okwori, John P Yaro, Andrew A Iduh
BACKGROUND: Studies from Nigeria on pediatric otorhinolaryngology (ORL) emergencies are rare in literature with most focusing on emergencies involving individual systems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of all ORL emergencies among children in our region to provide a baseline data for future health planning. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a 1-year retrospective cross-sectional study of patients aged 16 years and below presenting to the Accident and Emergency Department of the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469121/the-prevalence-and-course-of-preinvasive-cervical-lesions-during-pregnancy-in-a-northern-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#16
Fadimatu Bakari, Muhammad A Abdul, Saad A Ahmed
BACKGROUND: In spite of knowledge of the causes and prevention of cervical cancer, screening programs for cervical cancer have not yet been fully implemented in most developing countries including Nigeria. Documented data on the prevalence of preinvasive cervical lesion in pregnancy are scarce in our environment. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, risk factors, and course of preinvasive cervical lesion in pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH) Zaria, Northern Nigeria Study Design: This was a cross-sectional longitudinal study...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469120/comparing-indications-for-cardiovascular-admissions-into-a-nigerian-and-an-israeli-hospital
#17
Ogba Joseph Ukpabi, Kelechukwu Uwanurochi
BACKGROUND: Changing epidemiologic profile with increase in cardiovascular risk factors is well documented in literature. Our study sought to see how this is reflected in cardiovascular admissions into medical wards of a Nigerian and an Israeli hospital. OBJECTIVE: To compare the range and pattern of cardiovascular admissions encountered in a Nigerian hospital and an Israel hospital. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of admission records of patients admitted into both Federal Medical Centre (FMC), Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria, and Sheba Medical Centre, Israel...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469119/blood-pressure-variation-and-its-correlates-among-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-for-renal-failure-in-benin-city-nigeria
#18
Enajite I Okaka, Chimezie G Okwuonu
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) variation is commonly encountered during hemodialysis (HD) procedure. Both intradialysis hypotension and hypertension have implications for outcome of treatment and overall morbidity and mortality of the patients. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective study was carried out in the dialysis unit of a tertiary health institution in Benin City among patients who had HD for acute kidney injury (AKI) or chronic kidney disease (CKD) over a 3-year period...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469118/risk-perception-of-hepatitis-b-infection-and-uptake-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-among-students-of-tertiary-institution-in-jos
#19
M P Chingle, I A Osagie, H Adams, D Gwomson, N Emeribe, A I Zoakah
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Infection is endemic in Nigeria. Healthcare students are more vulnerable because of direct contact with patients' body fluids and blood. Risk perception of HBV and HB vaccine uptake are also poor. The aim of this study was to assess the level of risk perception of hepatitis B infection, and uptake of the HBV vaccine, between medical and other students of the University of Jos. METHODS: A comparative cross sectional study was conducted among 1,200 students of the departments of Medicine, Nursing sciences and Public Administration, University of Jos (400 from each arm) using a pretested self-administered questionnaire...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469117/neonatal-sepsis-in-a-nigerian-private-tertiary-hospital-bacterial-isolates-risk-factors-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns
#20
Emmanuel Olushola Shobowale, Adaobi U Solarin, Charles John Elikwu, Kenneth Ikenna Onyedibe, Ibironke J Akinola, Abiodun A Faniran
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Neonatal sepsis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric age group in spite of several attempts at mitigating its effects. This article determines the prevalence of neonatal sepsis and the pathogens responsible for sepsis as well as risk factors and outcome at the Babcock University Teaching Hospital. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of laboratory records of consecutive babies delivered within and outside our hospital suspected of having sepsis over a 1-year period...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
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