journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PLoS Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095468/evaluating-hospital-based-surveillance-for-outbreak-detection-in-bangladesh-analysis-of-healthcare-utilization-data
#1
Birgit Nikolay, Henrik Salje, Katharine Sturm-Ramirez, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Nusrat Homaira, Makhdum Ahmed, A Danielle Iuliano, Repon C Paul, Mahmudur Rahman, M Jahangir Hossain, Stephen P Luby, Simon Cauchemez, Emily S Gurley
BACKGROUND: The International Health Regulations outline core requirements to ensure the detection of public health threats of international concern. Assessing the capacity of surveillance systems to detect these threats is crucial for evaluating a country's ability to meet these requirements. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We propose a framework to evaluate the sensitivity and representativeness of hospital-based surveillance and apply it to severe neurological infectious diseases and fatal respiratory infectious diseases in Bangladesh...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095459/association-of-body-mass-index-with-dna-methylation-and-gene-expression-in-blood-cells-and-relations-to-cardiometabolic-disease-a-mendelian-randomization-approach
#2
Michael M Mendelson, Riccardo E Marioni, Roby Joehanes, Chunyu Liu, Åsa K Hedman, Stella Aslibekyan, Ellen W Demerath, Weihua Guan, Degui Zhi, Chen Yao, Tianxiao Huan, Christine Willinger, Brian Chen, Paul Courchesne, Michael Multhaup, Marguerite R Irvin, Ariella Cohain, Eric E Schadt, Megan L Grove, Jan Bressler, Kari North, Johan Sundström, Stefan Gustafsson, Sonia Shah, Allan F McRae, Sarah E Harris, Jude Gibson, Paul Redmond, Janie Corley, Lee Murphy, John M Starr, Erica Kleinbrink, Leonard Lipovich, Peter M Visscher, Naomi R Wray, Ronald M Krauss, Daniele Fallin, Andrew Feinberg, Devin M Absher, Myriam Fornage, James S Pankow, Lars Lind, Caroline Fox, Erik Ingelsson, Donna K Arnett, Eric Boerwinkle, Liming Liang, Daniel Levy, Ian J Deary
BACKGROUND: The link between DNA methylation, obesity, and adiposity-related diseases in the general population remains uncertain. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted an association study of body mass index (BMI) and differential methylation for over 400,000 CpGs assayed by microarray in whole-blood-derived DNA from 3,743 participants in the Framingham Heart Study and the Lothian Birth Cohorts, with independent replication in three external cohorts of 4,055 participants...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095418/novel-vector-control-approaches-the-future-for-prevention-of-zika-virus-transmission
#3
Lorenz von Seidlein, Alexander S Kekulé, Daniel Strickman
In a Perspective accompanying Abad-Franch and colleagues, Lorenz von Seidlein, Alexander Kekulé, and Daniel Strickman discuss the importance of developing effective strategies to minimize mosquito-borne transmission of human diseases.
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095414/mosquito-disseminated-insecticide-for-citywide-vector-control-and-its-potential-to-block-arbovirus-epidemics-entomological-observations-and-modeling-results-from-amazonian-brazil
#4
Fernando Abad-Franch, Elvira Zamora-Perea, Sérgio L B Luz
BACKGROUND: Mosquito-borne viruses threaten public health worldwide. When the ratio of competent vectors to susceptible humans is low enough, the virus's basic reproductive number (R0) falls below 1.0 (each case generating, on average, <1.0 additional case) and the infection fades out from the population. Conventional mosquito control tactics, however, seldom yield R0 < 1.0. A promising alternative uses mosquitoes to disseminate a potent growth-regulator larvicide, pyriproxyfen (PPF), to aquatic larval habitats; this kills most mosquito juveniles and substantially reduces adult mosquito emergence...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095409/sick-children-crying-for-help-fostering-adverse-event-reports
#5
Gordon D Schiff
In a Perspective, Gordon Schiff discusses the importance of appropriately analyzing adverse event reports.
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095408/patient-safety-incidents-involving-sick-children-in-primary-care-in-england-and-wales-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#6
Philippa Rees, Adrian Edwards, Colin Powell, Peter Hibbert, Huw Williams, Meredith Makeham, Ben Carter, Donna Luff, Gareth Parry, Anthony Avery, Aziz Sheikh, Liam Donaldson, Andrew Carson-Stevens
BACKGROUND: The UK performs poorly relative to other economically developed countries on numerous indicators of care quality for children. The contribution of iatrogenic harm to these outcomes is unclear. As primary care is the first point of healthcare contact for most children, we sought to investigate the safety of care provided to children in this setting. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We undertook a mixed methods investigation of reports of primary care patient safety incidents involving sick children from England and Wales' National Reporting and Learning System between 1 January 2005 and 1 December 2013...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072872/population-pharmacokinetic-properties-of-piperaquine-in-falciparum-malaria-an-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#7
Richard M Hoglund, Lesley Workman, Michael D Edstein, Nguyen Xuan Thanh, Nguyen Ngoc Quang, Issaka Zongo, Jean Bosco Ouedraogo, Steffen Borrmann, Leah Mwai, Christian Nsanzabana, Ric N Price, Prabin Dahal, Nancy C Sambol, Sunil Parikh, Francois Nosten, Elizabeth A Ashley, Aung Pyae Phyo, Khin Maung Lwin, Rose McGready, Nicholas P J Day, Philippe J Guerin, Nicholas J White, Karen I Barnes, Joel Tarning
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are the mainstay of the current treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria, but ACT resistance is spreading across Southeast Asia. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine is one of the five ACTs currently recommended by the World Health Organization. Previous studies suggest that young children (<5 y) with malaria are under-dosed. This study utilised a population-based pharmacokinetic approach to optimise the antimalarial treatment regimen for piperaquine...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072856/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-body-mass-index-across-adulthood-coordinated-analyses-of-individual-participant-data-from-three-british-birth-cohort-studies-initiated-in-1946-1958-and-1970
#8
David Bann, William Johnson, Leah Li, Diana Kuh, Rebecca Hardy
BACKGROUND: High body mass index (BMI) is an important contributor to the global burden of ill-health and health inequality. Lower socioeconomic position (SEP) in both childhood and adulthood is associated with higher adult BMI, but how these associations have changed across time is poorly understood. We used longitudinal data to examine how childhood and adult SEP relates to BMI across adulthood in three national British birth cohorts. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The sample comprised up to 22,810 participants with 77,115 BMI observations in the 1946 MRC National Survey of Health and Development (ages 20 to 60-64), the 1958 National Child Development Study (ages 23 to 50), and the 1970 British Cohort Study (ages 26 to 42)...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072838/reporting-items-for-updated-clinical-guidelines-checklist-for-the-reporting-of-updated-guidelines-checkup
#9
Robin W M Vernooij, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Melissa Brouwers, Laura Martínez García
BACKGROUND: Scientific knowledge is in constant development. Consequently, regular review to assure the trustworthiness of clinical guidelines is required. However, there is still a lack of preferred reporting items of the updating process in updated clinical guidelines. The present article describes the development process of the Checklist for the Reporting of Updated Guidelines (CheckUp). METHODS AND FINDINGS: We developed an initial list of items based on an overview of research evidence on clinical guideline updating, the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II Instrument, and the advice of the CheckUp panel (n = 33 professionals)...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068332/correction-tumor-evolution-in-two-patients-with-basal-like-breast-cancer-a-retrospective-genomics-study-of-multiple-metastases
#10
Katherine A Hoadley, Marni B Siegel, Krishna L Kanchi, Christopher A Miller, Li Ding, Wei Zhao, Xiaping He, Joel S Parker, Michael C Wendl, Robert S Fulton, Ryan T Demeter, Richard K Wilson, Lisa A Carey, Charles M Perou, Elaine R Mardis
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002174.].
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045970/biomarker-defined-subsets-of-common-diseases-policy-and-economic-implications-of-orphan-drug-act-coverage
#11
Aaron S Kesselheim, Carolyn L Treasure, Steven Joffe
Aaron Kesselheim and colleagues examine orphan-designated drugs approved between 2009 and 2015 in the United States.
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045934/priority-setting-for-novel-drug-regimens-to-treat-tuberculosis-an-epidemiologic-model
#12
Emily A Kendall, Sourya Shrestha, Ted Cohen, Eric Nuermberger, Kelly E Dooley, Lice Gonzalez-Angulo, Gavin J Churchyard, Payam Nahid, Michael L Rich, Cathy Bansbach, Thomas Forissier, Christian Lienhardt, David W Dowdy
BACKGROUND: Novel drug regimens are needed for tuberculosis (TB) treatment. New regimens aim to improve on characteristics such as duration, efficacy, and safety profile, but no single regimen is likely to be ideal in all respects. By linking these regimen characteristics to a novel regimen's ability to reduce TB incidence and mortality, we sought to prioritize regimen characteristics from a population-level perspective. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We developed a dynamic transmission model of multi-strain TB epidemics in hypothetical populations reflective of the epidemiological situations in India (primary analysis), South Africa, the Philippines, and Brazil...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045913/artificially-sweetened-beverages-and-the-response-to-the-global-obesity-crisis
#13
Maria Carolina Borges, Maria Laura Louzada, Thiago Hérick de Sá, Anthony A Laverty, Diana C Parra, Josefa Maria Fellegger Garzillo, Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Christopher Millett
Christopher Millett and colleagues argue that artificially sweetened beverages should not be promoted as part of a healthy diet.
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045908/what-is-the-purpose-of-the-orphan-drug-act
#14
Matthew Herder
Matthew Herder suggests it may be time to re-examine the purpose of the U.S. Orphan Drug Act.
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045901/zika-virus-infection-as-a-cause-of-congenital-brain-abnormalities-and-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-systematic-review
#15
Fabienne Krauer, Maurane Riesen, Ludovic Reveiz, Olufemi T Oladapo, Ruth Martínez-Vega, Teegwendé V Porgo, Anina Haefliger, Nathalie J Broutet, Nicola Low
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) stated in March 2016 that there was scientific consensus that the mosquito-borne Zika virus was a cause of the neurological disorder Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and of microcephaly and other congenital brain abnormalities based on rapid evidence assessments. Decisions about causality require systematic assessment to guide public health actions. The objectives of this study were to update and reassess the evidence for causality through a rapid and systematic review about links between Zika virus infection and (a) congenital brain abnormalities, including microcephaly, in the foetuses and offspring of pregnant women and (b) GBS in any population, and to describe the process and outcomes of an expert assessment of the evidence about causality...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045890/effect-of-a-primary-care-walking-intervention-with-and-without-nurse-support-on-physical-activity-levels-in-45-to-75-year-olds-the-pedometer-and-consultation-evaluation-pace-up-cluster-randomised-clinical-trial
#16
Tess Harris, Sally M Kerry, Elizabeth S Limb, Christina R Victor, Steve Iliffe, Michael Ussher, Peter H Whincup, Ulf Ekelund, Julia Fox-Rushby, Cheryl Furness, Nana Anokye, Judith Ibison, Steve DeWilde, Lee David, Emma Howard, Rebecca Dale, Jaime Smith, Derek G Cook
BACKGROUND: Pedometers can increase walking and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels, but their effectiveness with or without support has not been rigorously evaluated. We assessed the effectiveness of a pedometer-based walking intervention in predominantly inactive adults, delivered by post or through primary care nurse-supported physical activity (PA) consultations. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A parallel three-arm cluster randomised trial was randomised by household, with 12-mo follow-up, in seven London, United Kingdom, primary care practices...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027327/mutational-profile-of-metastatic-breast-cancers-a-retrospective-analysis
#17
Celine Lefebvre, Thomas Bachelot, Thomas Filleron, Marion Pedrero, Mario Campone, Jean-Charles Soria, Christophe Massard, Christelle Lévy, Monica Arnedos, Magali Lacroix-Triki, Julie Garrabey, Yannick Boursin, Marc Deloger, Yu Fu, Frédéric Commo, Véronique Scott, Ludovic Lacroix, Maria Vittoria Dieci, Maud Kamal, Véronique Diéras, Anthony Gonçalves, Jean-Marc Ferrerro, Gilles Romieu, Laurence Vanlemmens, Marie-Ange Mouret Reynier, Jean-Christophe Théry, Fanny Le Du, Séverine Guiu, Florence Dalenc, Gilles Clapisson, Hervé Bonnefoi, Marta Jimenez, Christophe Le Tourneau, Fabrice André
BACKGROUND: Major advances have been achieved in the characterization of early breast cancer (eBC) genomic profiles. Metastatic breast cancer (mBC) is associated with poor outcomes, yet limited information is available on the genomic profile of this disease. This study aims to decipher mutational profiles of mBC using next-generation sequencing. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Whole-exome sequencing was performed on 216 tumor-blood pairs from mBC patients who underwent a biopsy in the context of the SAFIR01, SAFIR02, SHIVA, or Molecular Screening for Cancer Treatment Optimization (MOSCATO) prospective trials...
December 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027320/genomic-analysis-of-uterine-lavage-fluid-detects-early-endometrial-cancers-and-reveals-a-prevalent-landscape-of-driver-mutations-in-women-without-histopathologic-evidence-of-cancer-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#18
Navya Nair, Olga Camacho-Vanegas, Dmitry Rykunov, Matthew Dashkoff, Sandra Catalina Camacho, Cassie A Schumacher, Jonathan C Irish, Timothy T Harkins, Elijah Freeman, Isaac Garcia, Elena Pereira, Sviatoslav Kendall, Rachel Belfer, Tamara Kalir, Robert Sebra, Boris Reva, Peter Dottino, John A Martignetti
BACKGROUND: Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy, and its incidence and associated mortality are increasing. Despite the immediate need to detect these cancers at an earlier stage, there is no effective screening methodology or protocol for endometrial cancer. The comprehensive, genomics-based analysis of endometrial cancer by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) revealed many of the molecular defects that define this cancer. Based on these cancer genome results, and in a prospective study, we hypothesized that the use of ultra-deep, targeted gene sequencing could detect somatic mutations in uterine lavage fluid obtained from women undergoing hysteroscopy as a means of molecular screening and diagnosis...
December 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027313/base-position-error-rate-analysis-of-next-generation-sequencing-applied-to-circulating-tumor-dna-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-prospective-study
#19
Nicolas Pécuchet, Eleonora Zonta, Audrey Didelot, Pierre Combe, Constance Thibault, Laure Gibault, Camille Lours, Yves Rozenholc, Valérie Taly, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Hélène Blons, Elizabeth Fabre
BACKGROUND: Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is an approved noninvasive biomarker to test for the presence of EGFR mutations at diagnosis or recurrence of lung cancer. However, studies evaluating ctDNA as a noninvasive "real-time" biomarker to provide prognostic and predictive information in treatment monitoring have given inconsistent results, mainly due to methodological differences. We have recently validated a next-generation sequencing (NGS) approach to detect ctDNA. Using this new approach, we evaluated the clinical usefulness of ctDNA monitoring in a prospective observational series of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
December 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027312/the-subclonal-architecture-of-metastatic-breast-cancer-results-from-a-prospective-community-based-rapid-autopsy-program-cascade
#20
Peter Savas, Zhi Ling Teo, Christophe Lefevre, Christoffer Flensburg, Franco Caramia, Kathryn Alsop, Mariam Mansour, Prudence A Francis, Heather A Thorne, Maria Joao Silva, Nnennaya Kanu, Michelle Dietzen, Andrew Rowan, Maik Kschischo, Stephen Fox, David D Bowtell, Sarah-Jane Dawson, Terence P Speed, Charles Swanton, Sherene Loi
BACKGROUND: Understanding the cancer genome is seen as a key step in improving outcomes for cancer patients. Genomic assays are emerging as a possible avenue to personalised medicine in breast cancer. However, evolution of the cancer genome during the natural history of breast cancer is largely unknown, as is the profile of disease at death. We sought to study in detail these aspects of advanced breast cancers that have resulted in lethal disease. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Three patients with oestrogen-receptor (ER)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer and one patient with triple negative breast cancer underwent rapid autopsy as part of an institutional prospective community-based rapid autopsy program (CASCADE)...
December 2016: PLoS Medicine
journal
journal
40821
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"