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International Wound Journal

Lin Chen, Jianzhang Wang, Shengxu Li, Zhou Yu, Bei Liu, Baoqiang Song, Yingjun Su
The pathogenesis of hypertrophic scar (HS) is still poorly understood. Macrophages, especially the polarisation of that to M1 or M2, play a pivotal role in control of the degree of scar formation. Profiling of macrophage phenotypes in human specimens during long-term period of wound healing and HS formation may provide valuable clinical evidence for understanding the pathology of human scars. Human wound and HS specimens were collected, the macrophage phenotype was identified by immunofluorescence, and biomarkers and cytokines associated with M1 and M2 macrophages were detected by RT-PCR...
November 15, 2018: International Wound Journal
Chan Woo Kim, Tae Hwan Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2018: International Wound Journal
Muholan Kanapathy, Afshin Mosahebi
Donor site aesthetic outcomes of epidermal graft (EG) vs split-thickness skin graft (SSG) have yet to be objectively compared. Here, we evaluate donor site healing using a validated scar assessment tool and digital colorimetric technique, which compares colour in a consistent and objective manner. Ten patients (SSG (n = 5) and EG (n = 5)) were included. Donor site scarring was evaluated using the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) at Week 6 and Month 3. Colorimetric measurement was performed at Weeks 3 and 6 and Month 3...
November 15, 2018: International Wound Journal
Doris Eglseer, Manuela Hödl, Christa Lohrmann
This cross-sectional, multicentre study was conducted in hospitals to investigate nutritional interventions conducted in patients aged 70 years or older with (risk of) pressure injuries. A total of 1412 patients from 33 hospitals with 208 wards participated in the study. A standardised questionnaire was used to collect demographic data and data on care dependency, malnutrition risk, risk for/prevalence of pressure injuries, and nutritional interventions. Data analyses were conducted by using descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, or independent t-tests...
November 15, 2018: International Wound Journal
Rhiannon L Harries, Abdullah Al-Qallaf, Jared Torkington, Keith G Harding
The ideal treatment for patients who suffer from pilonidal sinus disease should lead to a cure with a rapid recovery period allowing a return to normal daily activities, with a low level of associated morbidity. A variety of different surgical techniques have been described for the primary treatment of pilonidal sinus disease and current practice remains variable and contentious. Whilst some management options have improved outcomes for some patients, the complications of surgery, particularly related to wound healing, often remain worse than the primary disease...
November 15, 2018: International Wound Journal
Yuliya Menchisheva, Ulmeken Mirzakulova, Rudolf Yui
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is widely used nowadays in different fields of medicine, affecting physiological processes including tissue regeneration. The use of PRP in maxillofacial surgical interventions and its efficiency in the improvement of postoperative wound healing were analysed. Patients undergoing plastic and reconstructive surgeries in the maxillofacial region were recruited: 50 patients were enrolled into a control group (received no PPRP injection) and 50 patients were enrolled into a treatment group, where PRP was applied during the surgical procedure...
November 15, 2018: International Wound Journal
Ruth Tulleners, David Brain, Xing Lee, Qinglu Cheng, Nicholas Graves, Rosana E Pacella
Wound management in Australia suffers from a lack of adequate coordination and communication between sectors that impacts patient outcomes and costs. Wound Innovations is a specialist service comprising of a transdisciplinary team that aims to streamline and improve patient care and outcomes. We compared patient experiences and outcomes prior to accessing this specialist service, and the 3 months following their enrolment at the clinic. Information on patient experiences, wound history, and outcomes was collected through interviews and a review of medical records for the 12 months prior to enrolment at the clinic...
November 11, 2018: International Wound Journal
Charlotte Anrys, Hanne Van Tiggelen, Sofie Verhaeghe, Ann Van Hecke, Dimitri Beeckman
The aim of this study was to identify independent risk factors for pressure ulcer (PU) development in a high-risk nursing home population receiving evidence-based PU prevention. This study was part of a randomised controlled trial examining the (cost-)effectiveness of static air support surfaces compared with alternating pressure air mattresses. The sample consisted of 308 residents at a high risk of PU development (presence of non-blanchable erythema, Braden score ≤ 12 or Braden subscale "mobility" ≤ 2)...
November 9, 2018: International Wound Journal
Laura Coffey, Conor Mahon, Pamela Gallagher
Diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) is a common and debilitating complication of diabetes that is preventable through active engagement in appropriate foot-related behaviours, yet many individuals with diabetes do not adhere to foot care recommendations. The aim of this paper was to synthesise the findings of qualitative papers exploring diabetic people's perceptions and experiences of DFU in order to identify how they could be better supported to prevent ulceration or manage its impact. Five databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EMBASE, Web of Science) were searched in May 2016 to identify eligible articles...
November 4, 2018: International Wound Journal
David H Truong, Marcus M Riedhammer, Kathya Zinszer
Calciphylaxis is a rare and potentially fatal disease that affects the subcutaneous layer of the skin. It is a calcific vasculopathy induced by a systemic process that causes occlusion of small blood vessels. The mortality rate for individuals diagnosed with calciphylaxis is estimated between 52% and 81% with sepsis being the leading cause of death. Uraemic calciphylaxis and its known effective treatments are well documented in the literature. Unfortunately, there is no known effective treatment for non-uraemic calciphylaxis...
November 4, 2018: International Wound Journal
Corey Heerschap, Andrew Nicholas, Meredith Whitehead
Our aim is to develop a robust socio-geographical transferable theory outlining the basic social process used by members of an interprofessional health care team when making decisions around wound care management. Using a qualitative multigrounded theory approach, three focus groups were held at the Royal Victoria Regional Health Centre in Barrie, Ontario, Canada, comprised of 13 clinicians who participate in wound care decision-making. Data were analysed using an approach developed for multigrounded theory...
November 4, 2018: International Wound Journal
Miriam Berenguer Pérez, Pablo López-Casanova, Raquel Sarabia Lavín, Héctor González de la Torre, José Verdú-Soriano
The aims of the study were to describe and analyse the temporal trend of the prevalence and incidence of venous leg ulcers (VLU) over the years 2010 to 2014, to determine healing times and temporal trends in the study period, and to evaluate related aspects such as the use of the Ankle-Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI) in a primary care health centre. This was a retrospective study based on a time series (years 2010-2014) of the prevalence and incidence of VLUs in people aged over 40 years in a primary care centre in Barcelona City...
November 4, 2018: International Wound Journal
Claudio Marasca, Maria C Annunziata, Mariateresa Cantelli, Dario Marasca, Gabriella Fabbrocini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2018: International Wound Journal
Sultan Ayaz-Alkaya
This literature review was conducted to summarise empirical evidence relating to psychosocial health following ostomy surgery during hospitalisation and after discharge. Both qualitative and quantitative studies were searched from 2000 to 2017 using PubMed, CINAHL, Ebrary, Elsevier, Science Direct, and Scopus. Twenty-seven articles were included that examined the patient's psychosocial health following colostomy or ileostomy surgery. Among the 27 included studies, 11 adopted qualitative research methods and 16 used quantitative designs...
November 4, 2018: International Wound Journal
Osman Kelahmetoglu, Fatma Pelin Cengiz, Pelin Yildiz, Ethem Guneren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2018: International Wound Journal
Yoo S Baek, Jin Y Song, Kyung M Jeong, Jiehyun Jeon
Cellulitis is a microbial infection of the deep dermis and the subcutaneous tissue. Several non-infectious disorders, such as contact dermatitis, insect bites, stasis dermatitis, and lipodermatosclerosis, masquerade as infectious cellulitis. There are no specific criteria for the diagnosis of cellulitis; thus, it is challenging to correctly diagnose true cellulitis. For previously assumed cellulitis cases that were refractory to conventional antimicrobial treatment, thoroughly investigating the circumstances of symptom initiation, recording the medical history, and performing an attentive physical examination of the patient is critical for distinguishing true cellulitis from conditions that mimic cellulitis...
October 31, 2018: International Wound Journal
Michael R Wilson, Yamni Nigam, John Knight, David I Pritchard
The effective use of larvae of the greenbottle fly, Lucilia sericata, in wound debridement requires a working knowledge of how feeding changes over time. Using a laboratory assay and bagged larval dressings, the effect of incubation time on larval feeding rates and body mass was investigated for up to 120 hours at 32°C. The mass of tissue digested increased significantly in incremental 24-hour periods up to 72 hours, with no significant consumption occurring afterwards. Larval mass increased only up to 48 hours...
October 31, 2018: International Wound Journal
Chao Lian, Jun-Zhe Zhang, Yan-Ran Li, Hai-Li Liu, Xiao-Jun Liu, Xue-Lei Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: International Wound Journal
Runjie B Shi, Jimmy Qiu, Vincent Maida
Automated tracking of wound-healing progress using images from smartphones can be useful and convenient for the patient to perform at home. To evaluate the feasibility, 119 images were taken with an iPhone smartphone during the treatment of a chronic wound at one patient's home. An image analysis algorithm was developed to quantitatively classify wound content as an index of wound healing. The core of the algorithm involves transforming the colour image into hue-saturation-value colour space, after which a threshold can be reliably applied to produce segmentation using the Black-Yellow-Red wound model...
October 31, 2018: International Wound Journal
Júlio C D Castro, Pedro S Coltro, João L G Jorge, Jayme A Farina Junior
Scalping is considered a complex wound with difficult treatment, requiring early surgical intervention, reconstructive plastic surgery, and a multidisciplinary team. The reconstruction of the scalp frequently requires a combination of therapies, including temporary coverage, such as negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT). Complications of NPWT, such as bleeding, infection, and pain, have been described. However, there is no report of acute otitis externa (AOE) because of NPWT. In this article, we present an unprecedented clinical case - a female patient who developed AOE after scalping treatment with NPWT applied over the head and ear canal...
October 31, 2018: International Wound Journal
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