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Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663934/fructose-enhanced-antimicrobial-activity-of-silver-nanoparticle-embedded-polymersome-nanocarriers
#1
Ilia Gelfat, Benjamin M Geilich, Thomas J Webster
In recent years, an increasing body of research has indicated that the antimicrobial activity of certain antibiotic drugs can be enhanced by the addition of specific metabolites. This study aimed to incorporate these findings into polymersomes (novel polymer-based nanoscale drug delivery vehicles) which can be loaded with various therapeutic molecules and nanoparticles. Polymersome technology has shown promising results in treating antibiotic-resistant infections by co-encapsulating the antibiotic methicillin with silver nanoparticles...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663933/small-heterodimer-partner-negatively-regulates-tlr4-signaling-pathway-of-titanium-particles-induced-osteolysis-in-mice
#2
Chi Zhang, Changchuan Li, Shixun Li, Ling Qin, Manli Luo, Guangtao Fu, Junxiong Qiu, Peng Peng, Weibin Cai, Yue Ding
Arthroplasty has been widely performed worldwide. However, peri-prosthetic osteolysis and aseptic loosening induced by macrophages activated by wear particles still remain a predominant cause of long term prosthetic failure. Our study aimed to identify the role of small heterodimer partner (SHP) in secretion of proinflammatory cytokines by macrophages through Toll-like Recepters (TLR)s signaling pathway activated by wear particles both in vivo and in vitro. The effect of SHP on activation of TLR4 pathway and secretion of cytokines was observed in RAW264...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663932/studies-on-the-antibacterial-activity-and-mechanism-of-antimicrobial-peptides-against-drug-resistant-bacteria
#3
Xiaofang Luo, Yanjun Liu, Zuodong Qin, Zhiyuan Jin, Liting Xu, Yang Liu, Linyan Cao, Fulin He, Xiaohong Gu, Xiaoping Ouyang
Antibiotic resistance is a growing threat to human health. More than anything else, multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria pose the biggest challenge to healthcare, which is predominantly due to the lack of effective therapeutic options. In the present study, we investigated the activities of peptides HX-12A, HX-12B and HX-12C against MDRAB and MDRKP isolates in vitro. Those three peptides displayed high antibacterial activities and rapid bactericidal effects against MDRAB and MDRKP isolates. Additionally, the peptides retained their activity even being present in pH 6...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663931/cd36-upregulation-in-ht-29-tumor-cells-cultured-on-3d-multicellular-spheroids-culturing-platform-based-on-anisotropic-magnetic-hydrogel
#4
Yi Zhang, Yi Cheng, Cong Chen, Qi Liu, Xinyu Bi, Lei Duan, Jiamin Liu, Mengqi Wan, Lanye Huang, Ke Hu
Tumor metastasis and invasiveness are research hotspots in tumor therapy. Previous research demonstrated that cells expressing high level of CD36 might initiate metastasis in certain human oral carcinomas cell lines. Multicellular spheroids (MCS) culture technique has been extensively studied both in fundamental and applied research. In our previous research, we invented novel 3D anisotropic magnetic hydrogels (AMHs) which were composed of magnetic nanoparticle assemblies and biocompatible hydrogels. We further applied them as cell culture substrate in vitro...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663930/diffusion-tensor-imaging-evaluation-of-axonal-white-matter-remodeling-in-a-mouse-model-of-diabetic-stroke-treated-with-novel-p38-mapk-inhibitor-vcp979
#5
Yu Cai, Chunqiang Lu, Tingting Xu, Yuanyuan Ma, Shudan Min, Peter Scammells, Binghui Wang, Shenghong Ju
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with severe axonal/white matter (WM) injury and poor functional outcomes following ischemic stroke. T2DM induces activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), which may be linked to the axonal/WM damage. In the present study, adult male C57BL/6J mice with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced T2DM mice were subjected to photothrombotic ischemic stroke and treatment with p38 MAPK inhibitors. The novel p38 MAPK inhibitor, VCP979, significantly promoted axonal/WM remodeling, neural progenitor cell migration, and improved functional recovery in T2DM mice...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663929/generation-of-a-graft-versus-anticancer-immune-response-through-skin-allograft-with-tumor
#6
Yuan Fang, Sufang Zhou, Baoshi Zheng, Wenlin Gong, Yong Huang, Zhenghua Zhang, Chaofan Zhou, Huiling Wang, Zhimei Huang, Liping Zhong, Yongxiang Zhao
Effector memory T cells (TEM) are a subset of memory T cells which play an important role in stimulation of adaptive immunity. Although they are associated with multiple immune responses, the antitumor effect of TEM is not clearly understood. In this research, generation of anti-tumor TEM was induced through skin allografts in C57BL/6 mice with B16 melanoma. We observed that the growth of tumor tissues in C57BL/6 mice treated with allografts was interrupted. Furthermore, the survival time for the treated mice was prolonged along with increased serum levels for CXCL9, CXCL10 and INF-γ...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663928/a-tiered-experimental-approach-for-characterization-and-silver-release-of-silver-containing-wound-dressings
#7
Liming Xu, Ru Bai, Xiang Cheng, Anliang Shao, Liang Chen, Shuxin Qu, Chunying Chen
Silver-containing dressings are widely used for wound care owing to their broad-spectrum microbicidal activity. However, the potential adverse effects on human health emerging from exposure to their active ingredients (silver ions or nanoparticles) have resulted in widespread concerns about their use. The release profiles of various chemical forms of silver (Ag) from silver-containing dressing are closely related to their bioavailability and potential adverse effects on the body. In this research, we demonstrated a tiered experimental approach for systematic characterization and assessment of silver-containing wound dressing, which provides information for risk assessments...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663927/encapsulation-of-5-flurouracil-into-plga-nanofibers-and-enhanced-anticancer-effect-in-combination-with-ajwa-dates-extract-phoenix-dactylifera-l
#8
Fazal Khan, Musab Aldhahri, Mohammad Asif Hussain, Kalamegam Gauthaman, Adnan Memic, Adel Abuzenadah, Taha Kumosani, Elie Barbour, Nazeeh Shuja Alothmany, Rabah Wasil Aldhaheri
Side effects connected with chemotherapeutic agents used in cancer treatment has led to alternative modalities of combinatorial therapies in an attempt to reduce the drug dosage and associated risks. In the current study we evaluated the potential use of Ajwa Dates Extract (ADE), reported to have anti-cancer effects, as an adjuvant therapy in combination with 5-flurouracil (5FU) against the human-breast-adenocarcinoma cell line (MFC-7) in vitro. The effects of ADE alone and in combination with 5-FU were evaluated in terms of cell viability and cytotoxicity...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663926/polyethylenimine-mediated-ccr5-gene-knockout-using-transcription-activator-like-effector-nucleases
#9
Lian Jin, Yan Deng, Nongyue He, Lijun Wang, Mengling Weng
CCR5 acts as one of the key coreceptors for human immunodeficiency virus infection, which leads to acquired immune deficiency syndrome. CCR5 gene knockout comes up as an alternative method for treatment of the disease. Transcription activator-like effector nuclease is a powerful gene editing tool characterized by the ease of design, high rates of cleavage activity, and the accessibility of all ranges of transcription activator-like effector nucleases. In this study, transcription activator-like effector nuclease plasmids specifically targeting to knock out CCR5 gene were designed, constructed and then transfected to Hela and HEK293T cell lines with the assistance of the well-established gene delivery carrier polyethylenimine...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663925/the-investigation-of-zno-poly-vinylidene-fluoride-nanocomposites-with-improved-mechanical-piezoelectric-and-antimicrobial-properties-for-orthopedic-applications
#10
Yuan Li, Linlin Sun, Thomas J Webster
Studies have shown that piezoelectric materials can be used as bioactively charged surfaces to induce tissue regeneration (like bone reconstruction). β-phase poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and zinc oxide (ZnO) are regarded as potential bone tissue engineering materials because of their piezoelectricity and biocompatibility. Additionally, ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) are ideal materials to reduce infection. In this study, PVDF scaffolds doped with ZnO NPs (ZnO/PVDF) were prepared by electrospinning increasing ZnO concentrations and the ratio of the β-phase PVDF resulting in an enhanced the modulus, elongation to failure and load stress...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663924/interaction-between-hydrophobic-au-nanoparticles-and-pulmonary-surfactant-dppc-monolayers
#11
Kangzhen Zhang, Lianke Liu, Tingting Bai, Zhirui Guo
Hydrophobic nanoparticles from the air get into the lungs through inhalation and firstly interact with pulmonary surfactant, which is essential for normal lung function. 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) is the major component of pulmonary surfactant. Interaction between Langmuir monolayer of DPPC and hydrophobic Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) were investigated in this study by atomic force microscope. The experimental results indicated that incorporation of hydrophobic Au NPs into the monolayer hindered the phase transition, reduced the compressibility of monolayer and disrupted the large micro-domains in liquid-condensed (LC) phase into smaller ones...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663923/selenium-and-iron-oxide-nanocomposites-for-magnetically-targeted-anti-cancer-applications
#12
Halla Laufey Hauksdóttir, Thomas J Webster
Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONP) are already well-established in the medical field due to their ability to improve contrast in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and for their external magnetic control in the body. Moreover, selenium has been shown to kill numerous cancer cells at lower concentrations that IONP (e.g., 1 μg/ml). Selenium is a trace mineral of growing interest in cancer treatment since it is an essential nutrient in the human body and can interfere with thiolcontaining proteins necessary for cancer cells to function...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663922/hyaluronan-based-tumor-targeting-and-ph-responsive-shell-cross-linkable-nanoparticles-for-the-controlled-release-of-doxorubicin
#13
Jianhong Liao, Haoran Zheng, Rui Hu, Jun Cao, Xuan Wei, Dan Li, Hua Zheng, Yihua Yin
In this study, a series of amphiphilic polymeric prodrugs (Azido-functionalized hyaluronan-triazole-imine-doxorubicin, HAimine-DOX) were designed and synthesized by the "Click" reaction with a remarkable grafting ratio of DOX. Nanoparticles with a core-shell structure can be obtained by self-assembling in aqueous media, which exhibited a particle size of 137-170 nm. Moreover, the HA-imine-DOX nanoparticles exhibited good stability in vitro, and the drug release was obviously mediated by the pH gradient...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663921/multifunctional-hyaluronic-acid-decorated-redox-responsive-magnetic-complex-micelle-for-targeted-drug-delivery-with-enhanced-antitumor-efficiency-and-anti-cell-migration-activity
#14
Mangmang Sang, Zhongtao Zhang, Fulei Liu, Lejian Hu, Lingchao Li, Li Chen, Feng Feng, Wenyuan Liu, Wei Qu
A novel multifunctional hyaluronic acid-decorated redox-responsive magnetic complex micelle (HA/CSO-SS-Hex/Fe3O4/PTX) based on a reducible hexadecanol-modified chitosan oligosaccharide polymer micelle (CSO-SS-Hex) coated with hyaluronic acid (HA) and loaded with paclitaxel (PTX) Fe3O4 nanoparticles is developed. HA is coated onto the surface of micelles via electrostatic absorption and acts as a targeting ligand for CD44 over expression in many tumor cells. A CSO-SS-Hex polymer micelle was used for PTX incorporation and GSH-triggered intracellular release...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663920/advances-in-the-engineering-of-the-gene-editing-enzymes-and-the-genomes-understanding-and-handling-the-off-target-effects-of-crispr-cas9
#15
Yufang Yin, Qian Wang, Li Xiao, Fengjiao Wang, Zhuo Song, Cuilan Zhou, Xuan Liu, Chungen Xing, Nongyue He, Kai Li, Yan Feng, Jia Zhang
In the past decades, significant progresses have been achieved in genetic engineering of nucleases. Among the genetically engineered nucleases, zinc finger nucleases, transcription activator-like (TAL) effector nucleases, and CRIPSPR/Cas9 system form a new field of gene editing. The gene editing efficiency or targeting effect and the off-target effect are the two major determinant factors in evaluating the usefulness of a new enzyme. Engineering strategies in improving these gene editing enzymes, particularly in minimizing their off-target effects, are the focus of this paper...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663919/diagnosis-monitoring-and-control-of-schistosomiasis-an-update
#16
Yanqi Wu, Jiaqing Liu, Yifen Lin, Rennan Weng, Ran Chen, Jian Li, Zhiyue Lv
Schistosomiasis is a neglected disease of tropics and subtropics, which has been associated with illness and death of millions of people, especially children. Although, excessive use of anthelmintic drugs and improvement of sanitation procedures have been in practice, yet timely detection, and diagnosis of low-intensity infections, are of utmost importance for reducing morbidity and final elimination of the disease. The diagnosis methods, currently being used for schistosomiasis, have several limitations, hence warrant further investigations for development of novel detection methods with higher rapidity, reliability, and convenience...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663918/theranostic-applications-of-antibody-based-systems-in-human-diseases
#17
Fei Ding, Yangguang Gao, Xianran He, Yongmin Zhang
Since antibodies are one of the most successful classes of biopharmaceuticals for cancer treatment, it is very important to discuss the functionality and biological activity of endogenous antibodies in the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases. Antibodies act on tumor cells in diverse ways, including engaging in antibody-dependent effector mechanisms, internalizing to deliver toxins, and displaying direct effects on cells. In this review, we outline three kinds of antibody-based therapeutic systems, namely Antibody-based Drug Conjugates (Ab-DCs), Antibody-based Recruiting Small Molecules (Ab-RSMs) and Carbohydrate Epitopes Recruiting Natural Antibodies (CERNA) for human disease treatment and imaging...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463380/metronidazole-loaded-polyethyleneimine-and-chitosan-based-liquid-crystalline-system-for-treatment-of-staphylococcal-skin-infections
#18
Francesca Damiani Victorelli, Giovana Maria Fioramonti Calixto, Matheus Aparecido Dos Santos Ramos, Taís Maria Bauab, Marlus Chorilli
Staphylococcus aureus is a common gram-positive bacterium of the human skin microbiota. It is also a dangerous pathogen that can cause serious and even lethal skin infections. The topical administration of metronidazole via nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems, such as liquid crystalline systems, can modulate both the drug permeation and activity, decreasing its side effects and increasing the drug potent activity against the gram-positive bacteria. This study aimed at: (1) structurally developing and characterizing a liquid crystalline systems composed of chitosan and polyethyleneimine dispersion as the aqueous phase, oleic acid as the oily phase, and ethoxylated and propoxylated cetyl alcohol as the surfactant (FPC) for metronidazole incorporation (0...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463379/peptidomic-analysis-of-female-reproductive-tract-secretion-to-identify-putative-anti-infection-peptides-in-the-female-genital-system-via-nanotechnologies
#19
Lina Yan, Ting Luan, Quan Hua, Yun Gu, Ziyi Fu, Xia Liu, Minghui Li, Chengxin Liu, Ping Li, Xin Zeng
The female genital system infections have high-incidence among various gynecological diseases. The role of endogenous peptides in female reproductive tract secretion has been rarely investigated regarding gynecological infections. To identify gynecological infections associated endogenous peptides, a comparative peptidomic profiling of vaginal secretion from sexually mature and perimenopause women was conducted in this study using nanoflow liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometer. A total of 3096 peptide fragments originating from 1364 precursor proteins were identified, 102 of which were discrepantly expressed, which included 60 over-expressed peptides and 42 under-expressed peptides in the sexually mature group compared with the perimenopause group...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463378/single-nucleotide-polymorphism-genotyping-of-exos-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-using-dual-color-fluorescence-hybridization-and-magnetic-separation
#20
Yongjun Tang, Zeeshan Ali, Jianguo Dai, Xiaolong Liu, Yanqi Wu, Zhu Chen, Nongyue He, Song Li, Lijun Wang
Pseudomonas aeruginosa exoS gene contains important replacement (non-synonymous) single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci, of which mutations in loci 162 (G162A) and 434 (G434C) in exoS greatly affects virulence. The present study aimed to develop an SNP-based classification method for exoS loci (G162A and G434C), using magnetic enrichment polymerase chain reaction, magnetic separation, and dual-color fluorescence to provide a technical basis for understanding the T3SS genotypic variation. The two SNP loci in 3 P...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
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