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Experimental Oncology

O V Paliychuk, L Z Polishchuk, Z I Rossokha, V F Chekhun
AIM: To develop a prognostic molecular genetic model for assessing the risk of development of benign and malignant tumors of female reproductive organs (FRO) in patients from cancer-affected families. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The work presents the data on a comprehensive clinical examination of 210 women (90 patients with FRO cancer with aggregation of tumor pathology in families, 65 patients with benign pathology of FRO from cancer-affected families, 55 women - control group of healthy women without family history of cancer)...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
R Kian, S Moradi, S Ghorbian
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a broad class of non-coding RNAs nearly 21 nucleotides length, which play crucial functions in post-transcriptional gene regulation. These molecules are associated with many developmental and cellular processes in eukaryotic organisms. Current investigation has reported major factors contributing to miRNA biogenesis and has constituted basic principles of miRNA function. More recently, it was confirmed that various miRNAs are clearly implicated in human malignancies, such as lung, breast, ovarian, bladder, colon cancer and other kinds of carcinoma...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
K R Patel, B N Vajaria, R D Singh, R Begum, P S Patel
p53 plays a central role in prevention of normal cell from the development of the malignant phenotype. Somatic alterations (mutations, loss of heterozygosity, deletions) in p53 are a hallmark of most human cancers and cause defects in normal p53 function. However, in the tumors harboring wild-type p53, there are alterations in the regulation of the p53. Thus, understanding why p53 is unable to perform its role as a tumor suppressor in these wild-type tumors is very crucial. Germ-line polymorphisms in p53 are also anticipated to cause measurable disturbance in p53 function...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
L G Buchynska, O V Brieieva
BACKGROUND: The development of hormone-dependent cancers, including endometrial carcinomas, in great part may be mediated by the genotoxic effects of estrogen metabolites, among which 4-hydroxyestradiol (4OHE2) is characterized by the most prominent DNA-damaging properties. It is assumed that the individual sensitivity to the 4OHE2 may determine the predisposition to endometrial cancer (EС). AIM: To analyze the sensitivity of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) of EC patients to the 4OHE2 and to evaluate the repair efficiency of 4OHE2-induced DNA damage...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
L Y Lozynska, A Plawski, M R Lozynska, I Vytvytskyi, R Y Lozynskyi, N Prokopchuk, B Tretiak
AIM: To study the relationship between the genotype and the phenotype in the patients with Hermansky - Pudlak syndrome (HPS) associated with granulomatous colitis; to monitor clinical course of the disease for adequate treatment, cancer surveillance and genetic counseling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The diagnosis of HPS is established by physical examination, chest X-ray, computed tomography, endoscopic examination with biopsy, and laboratory tests, including histology, baseline laboratory blood, urine and feces tests, determination of ASCA-C and ANCA antibodies using an ELISA...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
O S Zubenko, D O Semeniuk, I O Starenka, P V Pogribnyy
The aim of the study was to analyze an effect of cytostatic agents of different mechanism of action on expression levels of human beta-defensins-1-4 (hBD-1-4) in cultured human cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression levels of hBD-1-4 mRNA were assessed using qPCR in human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells and human breast adenocarcinoma MCF7 cells treated with cisplatin, methotrexate, doxorubicin or vincristine at the IC20 concentrations. RESULTS: The cytostatic agents with different mechanisms of action affected differently expression of hBDs, dependent on the cell line...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
R Imaniar, E Syahruddin, P Z Soepandi, A C Putra, F Nurwidya
BACKGROUND: As a rare tumor, yolk sac tumor is a type of neoplasm that appears like the yolk sac, extraembryonic mesenchyme, and allantois. The mediastinum is the second most frequent area after the gonadal area. CASE REPORT: We present an extremely rare case of 15 years old boy with mediastinal yolk sac tumor. The boy came with the chief complaint of swelling of the neck and face. Computed tomography scan of the chest revealed bulky mass with a cystic component that infiltrated the heart...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
W Ben Kridis, S Sghaier, N Toumi, Z Boudawara, A Khanfir, J Daoud, M Frikha
Eighty percent of brain metastases (BM) are diagnosed in patients with known primary site of cancer. BM of unknown primary represents a difficult diagnosis. In up to 15% of patients with BM, the site of the primary tumor will not be detected despite investigations. The prognosis of this entity is very poor. We report here a case of a long survival of a patient with brain metastasis of unknown primary. The conclusion that can be drawn is that within BM of unknown primary exist patients with a very good prognosis that must be collected and published in order to base recommendations...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
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March 2018: Experimental Oncology
O Varela-Castillo, P Cordero, G Gutiérrez-Iglesias, I Palma, I Rubio-Gayosso, E Meaney, I Ramirez-Sanchez, F Villarreal, G Ceballos, N Nájera
BACKGROUND: Among malignancies, lung cancer is a leading cause of death. Platinum-based therapeutic compounds used to treat lung cancer have not been able to increase the survival of patients and such compounds have a high incidence of adverse and toxic effects. It has been proposed that flavonoids such as catechins may significantly reduce the risk of developing cancer, alongside with other health benefits. The aim of this work was to determine the effect of (-)-epicatechin, the main flavanol found in cocoa, on the proliferation of the lung non-small cell adenocarcinoma cancer cell line A549, and to determine its effects when added simultaneously with cisplatin...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
K C Chaves, E M Costa, L F Teixeira, M H Bellini
AIM: To evaluate the role of endostatin (ES) gene therapy on myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) in a metastatic model of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Balb/C mice bearing orthotopic Renca tumors were treated with NIH/3T3-LendSN or, as a control, with NIH/3T3-LXSN cells. At the end of in vivo experiment, plasma and tissue lung samples were collected. Plasma ES and granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) levels were measured by ELISA and Milliplex, respectively...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
V V Sarnatskaya, L Sakhno, L M Paziuk, L A Yushko, N K Rodionova, V N Maslenniy, A S Sidorenko, V Nikolaev
AIM: To investigate the effect of enterosorption on the development of paraneoplastic syndrome in mice with Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed on male С57/ВL6 mice with transplanted LLC. As an enterosorbent, highly activated powder fraction of HSGD was administered per os daily at a dose of 0.625 g/kg for two weeks starting from the 7th day after tumor cell transplantation. Analysis of hemo- and myelograms, morphological alterations in vital organs, the activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase, biochemical analysis of blood and quantitative analysis of hydroperoxides, malonic dialdehyde, аdvanced oxidation protein products was carried out by standard methods after completing the course of enterosorption...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
N V Boroday, V F Chekhun
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of drug resistance of cancer have not been yet elucidated in details. Recently, the role of mast cells (MCs) in the development of drug resistance has been brought in the limelight. The aim of the study was to examine the morphological features of doxorubicin (DOX)-resistant Walker 256 carcinosarcoma and to assess the response of MCs and histamine content in these cells in relation to the development of resistance to DOX as well as in DOX-resistant tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The DOX resistance was induced by serial passages of Walker 256 carcinosarcoma in rats in the setting of DOX treatment in vivo...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
O Kurtenkov, M Bubina, K Klaamas
AIM: To determine whether the structural and functional diversities of naturally occurring antibodies to the Thomsen - Friedenreich (TF) antigen may be of diagnostic and prognostic value in colon cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum samples were taken from patients with colon cancer (n = 94) and healthy controls (n = 64). The level of TF-specific antibody isotypes and their sialylation were determined using ELISA and lectin-ELISA with synthetic TF-polyacrylamide conjugate as an antigen and a sialic acid-specific Sambucus nigra agglutinin (SNA)...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
L D Liubich, L Kovalevska, M I Lisyany, V M Semenova, T A Malysheva, L P Stayno, V V Vaslovych
The aim of the work was to study the impact of fetal rat brain cell supernatant (FRBCS) on the expression of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and p53 in C6 cells of rat glioma in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: FRBCS was obtained from suspensions of fetal rat brain cells on the 14th (E14) day of gestation. C6 glioma cells were cultured for 48 h in the presence of FRBCS or FRBCS + anti-TGF-β1 monoclonal antibody. Immunocytochemical staining for TGF-β1 and p53 was performed...
December 2017: Experimental Oncology
I Gordiienko, L Shlapatska, V M Kholodniuk, L Kovalevska, T S Ivanivskaya, S P Sidorenko
BACKGROUND: Sequential stages of B-cell development is stringently coordinated by transcription factors (TFs) network that include B-lineage commitment TFs (Ikaros, Runx1/Cbfb, E2A, and FOXO1), B-lineage maintenance TFs (EBF1 and PAX5) and stage specific set of TFs (IRF4, IRF8, BCL6, BLIMP1). Deregulation of TFs expression and activity is often occurs in malignant B cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate TFs expression in chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells taking into consideration CD150 cell surface expression...
December 2017: Experimental Oncology
O N Pyaskovskaya, D L Kolesnik, A G Fedorchuk, G V Gorbik, G I Solyanik
It is known that metformin is a hypoglycemic drug used to treat type II diabetes mellitus. Recently active studies of its antitumor activity in relation to different types of malignant cells are conducted. AIM: To determine the relationship between cytotoxic activity of metformin in vitro and its antitumor activity in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rat C6 glioma cell line and mouse Lewis lung carcinoma cells (LLC) were used in this work. The number of living cells in the cytotoxic test was evaluated using sulforhodamine B...
December 2017: Experimental Oncology
L G Buchynska, O V Brieieva, N P Iurchenko, V V Protsenko, S V Nespryadko
To date, genome instability is considered to be a common feature not only of tumor cells, but also of non-malignant cells of cancer patients, including peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs). The issue of the association between genome instability in tumor cells and PBLs, as well as of its relationship with tumor progression remains poorly understood. AIM: To evaluate the level DNA damage in tumor cells and PBLs of endometrial cancer (EC) patients with regard to clinical and morphological characteristics of the patients...
December 2017: Experimental Oncology
D Herrera-Covarrubias, G Coria-Avila, M E Hernandez, N Ismail
Puberty can be a critical period for the long-term development of diseases, especially for stress-related disorders that depend on neuroendocrine and immune responses. Some organs like the prostate are prone to diseases that result from neuroendocrine or immune challenges, such as cancer. AIM: In the present study, we assessed the long-term effects of an acute pubertal stressor (immune-challenge) on the development of precancerous lesions in adult rats, and compared them with testosterone-induced prostatic lesions...
December 2017: Experimental Oncology
Y V Dumanskiy, O Y Stoliarova, O V Syniachenko, M F Giulmamedova, Y A Potapov
The aim and objectives of the study were to investigate the state of adsorption-rheological properties of blood (ARPB) in patients with different clinical course of lung cancer (LC), the detection of violations of surface-active, viscoelastic and relaxation properties of blood serum, their association with tumor markers, the evaluation of the prognostic value of initial indexes in the development of complications from radiochemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 115 patients with LC at the age from 24 to 80 years (average age 58 years), among whom there were 78% men and 22% women...
December 2017: Experimental Oncology
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