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Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745443/discrimination-between-patients-with-mild-alzheimer-s-disease-and-healthy-subjects-based-on-cerebral-blood-flow-images-of-the-lateral-views-in-xenon-enhanced-computed-tomography
#1
Shigeru Sase, Homaro Yamamoto, Ena Kawashima, Xin Tan, Yutaka Sawa
BACKGROUND: Quantitative cerebral blood flow (CBF) measurement is expected to help early detection of functional abnormalities caused by Alzheimer's disease (AD) and enable AD treatment to begin in its early stages. Recently, a technique of layer analysis was reported that allowed CBF to be analyzed from the outer to inner layers of the brain. The aim of this work was to develop methods for discriminating between patients with mild AD and healthy subjects based on CBF images of the lateral views created with the layer analysis technique in xenon-enhanced computed tomography...
July 26, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745423/effects-of-early-life-factors-on-the-health-and-quality-of-life-of-older-adults
#2
Fikriye Yilmaz, Rukiye N Tekin
BACKGROUND: Few studies on the effects of early life factors on the health and quality of life of adults have been conducted in Turkey. We aimed to investigate the effects of early life factors on the health and quality of life of older adults. METHODS: We administered a questionnaire to 350 adults, aged 50-89 years, living in Cankaya, Ankara. The questionnaire covered sociodemographic characteristics, early life characteristics, health status, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Ageing scale...
July 26, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745420/reasons-for-not-discontinuing-antipsychotics-in-dementia
#3
Sarah I M Janus, Jeannette G van Manen, Sytse U Zuidema, Carina Snijder, Constance H C Drossaert, Maarten J Ijzerman
BACKGROUND: The gap between high antipsychotic prescription rates for patients with dementia and the guidelines' advice to prescribe cautiously indicates that barriers to discontinuation exist. This exploratory study used the theory of planned behaviour to give a first overview of the factors that influence physicians to discontinue antipsychotics in nursing home patients with dementia. METHODS: Forty-one physicians in the Netherlands completed an online survey based on the theory of planned behaviour...
July 26, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745415/self-reported-psychiatric-symptoms-associated-with-anticipated-close-psychiatry-follow-up-and-or-hospitalization-status-in-geriatric-psychiatry-patients-a-preliminary-study
#4
Salam El-Majzoub, Arian Behzadi, Eric Lis, Ghizlane Moussaoui, Ching Yu, Marilyn Segal, Karl J Looper, Eduardo Chachamovich, Soham Rej
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745408/a-case-of-frontotemporal-dementia-with-sexual-disinhibition-controlled-by-aripiprazole
#5
Hiroshi Nomoto, Yoichiro Matsubara, Yosuke Ichimiya, Heii Arai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681993/changes-over-12%C3%A2-years-in-the-distribution-of-age-sex-and-diagnosis-of-patients-undergoing-electroconvulsive-therapy-at-shinshu-university-hospital
#6
Kazuhiro Suzuki, Tohru Takahashi, Kazuhito Takahashi, Masahiro Uzawa, Dai Ohya, Mifumi Iizawa, Yuka Takahashi, Takehiko Yasaki, Nobuhiro Sugiyama, Shinsuke Washizuka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664643/a-sporadic-case-of-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-showing-unilateral-hemispheric-involvement-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Kentaro Hirao, Daisuke Hirose, Raita Fukasawa, Yusuke Takata, Soichiro Shimizu, Hidekazu Kanetaka, Takahiko Umahara, Hirofumi Sakurai, Haruo Hanyu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664625/a-comparison-between-the-mini-mental-state-examination-and-montreal-cognitive-assessment-in-assessing-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-diabetes-related-dementia
#8
Hiroko Yamakawa, Misa Okita, Raita Fukasawa, Hirokuni Hatanaka, Nayuta Namioka, Haruo Hanyu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589705/functional-capacity-and-obesity-reflect-the-cognitive-performance-of-older-adults-living-in-long-term-care-facilities
#9
Karine Gonçalves Damascena, Cristiane Batisti Ferreira, Pâmela Dos Santos Teixeira, Bibiano Madrid, Alexandre Gonçalves, Cláudio Córdova, Otávio de Toledo Nóbrega, Aparecido Pimentel Ferreira
BACKGROUND: With the increase in life expectancy, the elderly Brazilian population has grown considerably. However, longevity is usually accompanied by problems such as the loss of functional capacity, cognitive decline, and deterioration in anthropometric parameters, particularly among those living in long-term care facilities. We analyzed the relationship among cognitive performance, anthropometry, and functional capacity in institutionalized elderly individuals. METHODS: In a sample of 38 older adults (20 men, 18 women) aged 73...
June 6, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589702/choto-san-versus-placebo-for-patients-with-dementia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Hissei Imai, Nozomi Takeshima, Haruhiko Oda, Peiyao Chen, Etsuko Sawada, Toshiaki A Furukawa
BACKGROUND: Choto-san is a traditional medicine used for hypertension and headaches in Japan and China. Some studies have shown its effectiveness in the treatment of dementia. The present review aimed to assess the effectiveness and acceptability of Choto-san in the treatment of adults with cognitive impairment. METHODS: We included randomized controlled trials comparing Choto-san with placebo for patients with dementia or mild cognitive impairment. RESULTS: Three randomized controlled trials evaluating 219 participants were included...
June 6, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589693/antipsychotic-prescription-and-mortality-in-hospitalized-older-persons
#11
Deborah Chiesa, Alessandra Marengoni, Alessandro Nobili, Mauro Tettamanti, Luca Pasina, Carlotta Franchi, Codjo D Djade, Salvatore Corrao, Francesco Salerno, Maura Marcucci, Giuseppe Romanelli, Pier Mannuccio Mannucci
BACKGROUND: Recent scientific reports have shown that older persons treated with antipsychotics for dementia-related behavioural symptoms have increased mortality. However, the impact of these drugs prescribed during hospitalization has rarely been assessed. We aimed to investigate whether antipsychotics are associated with an increased risk of mortality during hospitalization and at 3-month follow-up in elderly inpatients. METHODS: We analyzed data gathered during two waves (2010 and 2012) by the REPOSI (Registro Politerapie Società Italiana Medicina Interna)...
June 6, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589659/validity-and-reliability-of-abbreviated-mental-test-score-amts-among-older-iranian
#12
Mahshid Foroughan, Lars-Olof Wahlund, Zahra Jafari, Mehdi Rahgozar, Ida G Farahani, Vahid Rashedi
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is common among older people and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the Persian version of the Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS) as a screening tool for dementia. METHODS: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study. One hundred and one older adults who were members of Iranian Alzheimer Association and 101 of their siblings were entered into this study by convenient sampling...
June 6, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589565/detailed-analysis-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-rapid-dementia-screening-test-revised-version
#13
Yasushi Moriyama, Aihide Yoshino, Taro Muramatsu, Masaru Mimura
AIM: The number-transcoding task on the Japanese version of the Rapid Dementia Screening Test (RDST-J) requires mutual conversion between Arabic and Chinese numerals (209 to , 4054 to , to 681, to 2027). In this task, question and answer styles of Chinese numerals are written horizontally. We investigated the impact of changing the task so that Chinese numerals are written vertically. METHODS: Subjects were 211 patients with very mild to severe Alzheimer's disease and 42 normal controls...
June 6, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589552/urinary-incontinence-and-quality-of-life-of-women-living-in-nursing-homes-in-the-mediterranean-region-of-turkey
#14
Sinem Göral Türkcü, Kamile Kukulu
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the effect of urinary incontinence (UI) on the quality of life of women living in nursing homes in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. METHODS: The study was conducted on 95 women living in nursing homes in the Mediterranean region. Data were collected from a questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics, the Urinary Incontinence Quality of Life Scale, the Index of Activities of Daily Living, and the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form...
June 6, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580705/the-relationship-among-unawareness-of-memory-impairment-depression-and-dementia-in-older-adults-with-memory-impairment-in-singapore
#15
Jianlin Liu, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Saleha B Shafie, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Shazana Shahwan, Harish Magadi, Li Ling Ng, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Previous research has studied the relationships among unawareness of memory impairment, depression, and dementia in older adults with severe dementia, but it has not considered the associations and clinical implications at earlier stages of memory impairment. This study therefore sought to examine the relationship among unawareness of memory impairment, depression, and dementia in older adults with memory impairment in Singapore. METHODS: The participants were 751 older adults with memory impairment in Singapore...
June 4, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130887/neural-correlates-of-apathy-in-late-life-depression-a-pilot-18-f-fddnp-positron-emission-tomography-study
#16
Harris A Eyre, Prabha Siddarth, Kathleen van Dyk, Natalie St Cyr, Bernhard T Baune, Jorge R Barrio, Gary W Small, Helen Lavretsky
BACKGROUND: Neurotoxicity associated with amyloid and tau protein aggregation could represent a pathophysiological cascade that, along with vascular compromise, may predispose individuals to late-life depression (LLD). In LLD, apathy is common, leads to worsening of functioning, and responds poorly to antidepressant treatment. Better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms of apathy in LLD would facilitate development of more effective diagnostic and treatment approaches. In this cross-sectional pilot study, we performed positron emission tomography scans after injection of 2-(1-{6-[(2-[(18) F]fluoroethyl)(methyl)-amino]-2-naphthyl}ethylidene) malononitrile ([(18) F]FDDNP), an in vivo amyloid and tau neuroimaging study, in patients with LLD to explore neural correlates of apathy...
May 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093879/valproate-induced-encephalopathy-in-a-comorbid-elderly-woman
#17
Federica Gandolfo, Maria N Parodi, Giovanni P Corsini, Patrizio Odetti, Gianluca Serafini, Fiammetta Monacelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093847/quality-of-life-and-clinical-correlates-in-older-adults-living-in-the-community-and-in-nursing-homes-in-macao
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kenny C F Kuok, Lu Li, Yu-Tao Xiang, Bernice O C Lam Nogueira, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Linda Tran, Li-Rong Meng
AIM: There have been no previous studies of quality of life (QOL) in older adults in Macao. This study aimed to examine QOL in relation to the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of adults aged ≥50 years in Macao. METHODS: A sample of 451 subjects (203 living in the community, 248 living in nursing homes) was interviewed using standardized instruments. Basic sociodemographic and clinical data including QOL were collected. RESULT: There were no significant differences between the community and nursing home groups in any of the QOL domains...
May 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619548/reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-caregiver-self-efficacy-scale-around-driving-cessation-of-family-members-suffering-from-dementia
#19
Yumiko Arai, Naoto Kamimura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612310/comparison-between-group-and-personal-rehabilitation-for-dementia-in-a-geriatric-health-service-facility-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shigeya Tanaka, Shin Honda, Hajime Nakano, Yuko Sato, Kazufumi Araya, Haruyasu Yamaguchi
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of rehabilitation involving group and personal sessions on demented participants. METHODS: This single-blinded randomized controlled trial included 60 elderly participants with dementia in a geriatric health service facility, or R oken. Staff members, who did not participate in the intervention, examined cognitive function, mood, communication ability, severity of dementia, objective quality of life, vitality, and daily behaviour...
May 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
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