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Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185381/admission-of-people-with-dementia-to-psychiatric-hospitals-in-japan-factors-that-can-shorten-their-hospitalizations
#1
Takako Morikawa, Kiyoshi Maeda, Tohmi Osaki, Hiroyuki Kajita, Kayano Yotsumoto, Toshio Kawamata
AIM: People exhibiting serious behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia are usually voluntarily or involuntarily committed to psychiatric hospitals for treatment. In Japan, the average hospital stay for individuals with dementia is about 2 years. Ideally, individuals should be discharged once their symptoms have subsided. However, we see cases in Japan where individuals remain institutionalized long after behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia are no longer apparent...
February 10, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145052/how-the-uk-describes-functional-memory-symptoms
#2
Cate Bailey, Simon M Bell, Daniel M Blackburn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145025/association-between-high-cumulative-dose-of-benzodiazepine-in-chinese-patients-and-risk-of-dementia-a-preliminary-retrospective-case-control-study
#3
Tsz-Tai Chan, William Chun-Yin Leung, Victor Li, Kin-Yiu Wesley Wong, Wing-Ming Chu, Ka-Chun Leung, Yuey-Zhun Ng, Yuen-Ming Gary Kai, Yat-Fung Shea, Shek-Kwan Richard Chang, Leung-Wing Chu
BACKGROUND: Evidence describing the association between high-dose benzodiazepine use and dementia has been conflicting. Most previous studies involved Caucasian populations, with only limited data on Chinese subjects. Possible differences exist between Chinese and Caucasian populations with regard to metabolism and prescription practice. This study aimed to assess the association between high-dose benzodiazepine use and dementia in a Chinese population. METHOD: A retrospective case-control study was carried out in all public hospitals under the Hong Kong Hospital Authority Hong Kong West Cluster between 2000 and 2015...
February 1, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133849/speaking-one-more-language-in-early-life-has-only-minor-effects-on-cognition-in-taiwanese-with-low-education-level-the-taishan-project
#4
Yi-Chien Liu, Yen-Ying Liu, Ping-Keung Yip, Mitsue Meguro, Kenichi Meguro
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence shows that bilingualism or multilingualism may have beneficial effects on preventing dementia. We performed a cross-sectional, community-based study in Taiwan. Some elders (older than 70 years) in Taiwan can speak Japanese because of the formal Japanese education they received before World War II, when Taiwan was under Japanese rule. After the war, Mandarin Chinese was adopted as the official language of Taiwan. We assessed whether constantly using three languages had an effect on dementia prevalence and cognitive function...
January 30, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130887/neural-correlates-of-apathy-in-late-life-depression-a-pilot-18-f-fddnp-positron-emission-tomography-study
#5
Harris A Eyre, Prabha Siddarth, Kathleen van Dyk, Natalie St Cyr, Bernhard T Baune, Jorge R Barrio, Gary W Small, Helen Lavretsky
BACKGROUND: Neurotoxicity associated with amyloid and tau protein aggregation could represent a pathophysiological cascade that, along with vascular compromise, may predispose individuals to late-life depression (LLD). In LLD, apathy is common, leads to worsening of functioning, and responds poorly to antidepressant treatment. Better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms of apathy in LLD would facilitate development of more effective diagnostic and treatment approaches. In this cross-sectional pilot study, we performed positron emission tomography scans after injection of 2-(1-{6-[(2-[(18) F]fluoroethyl)(methyl)-amino]-2-naphthyl}ethylidene) malononitrile ([(18) F]FDDNP), an in vivo amyloid and tau neuroimaging study, in patients with LLD to explore neural correlates of apathy...
January 28, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130872/evaluation-of-changes-in-oxyhemoglobin-during-shiritori-task-in-elderly-subjects-including-those-with-alzheimer%C3%A2-s-disease
#6
Yusuke Kato, Yoshihisa Shoji, Kiichiro Morita, Masayuki Inoue, Yohei Ishii, Mamoru Sato, Yuuji Yamashita, Junji Okawa, Naohisa Uchimura
BACKGROUND: In recent years, as the prevalence of Alzheimer‧s disease (AD) has increased rapidly, demand has increased for early detection and treatment. Therefore, discovery and treatment intervention at the mild cognitive impairment stage are important. Dysfunction of the working memory is known to be conspicuously present in AD patients or mild cognitive impairment subjects from an early stage. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a method to measure hemoglobin concentration changes during an activation task...
January 28, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130822/the-role-of-social-relationships-among-elderly-community-dwelling-and-nursing-home-residents-findings-from-a-quality-of-life-study
#7
Paolo Scocco, Mario Nassuato
AIM: In Western countries, older adults' needs are often managed through institutionalization. Based on the assumption that quality of life, particularly social relationships, may be perceived differently according to residential setting, the aims of this study were to compare World Health Organization Quality of Life brief version (WHOQOL-BREF) scores of elderly community-dwelling residents and nursing home residents. METHODS: A sample of 207 older adults (135 community-dwelling residents, 72 nursing home residents) was evaluated with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), WHOQOL-BREF, and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
January 28, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130814/serum-tumour-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-interleukin-6-levels-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#8
Yo Sup Kim, Kang Joon Lee, Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation has been recognized as a feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is believed to share several pathological features with AD. The aim of the present study was to compare serum cytokine levels between patients with AD, subjects with MCI, and healthy controls, and to assess the correlation between cytokine levels and cognitive performance in these subjects. METHODS: Participants included 35 patients with AD, 29 subjects with MCI, and 28 healthy controls from the Department of Psychiatry of IIlsan Paik Hospital in South Korea...
January 28, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130808/the-usefulness-of-combined-brain-perfusion-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-dopamine-transporter-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-and-123-i-metaiodobenzylguanidine-myocardial-scintigraphy-for-the-diagnosis-of-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#9
Seiju Kobayashi, Kanae Makino, Shigeki Hatakeyama, Takao Ishii, Masaru Tateno, Tomo Iwamoto, Hanako Tsujino, Kazuhito Kawasaki, Kouhei Mikuni, Wataru Ukai, Tomonori Murayama, Eri Hashimoto, Kumiko Utsumi, Chiaki Kawanishi
BACKGROUND: Current diagnostic criteria recommend neuroimaging as a diagnostic support tool for the clinical diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Because DLB causes characteristic impairments and disabilities, such as neuroleptic hypersensitivity, which may significantly increase morbidity and mortality, its prompt and correct diagnosis is very important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent to which diagnostic accuracy can be increased by using different combinations of brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (bp-SPECT), (123) I-metaiodobenzylguanidine myocardial scintigraphy (MIBG scintigraphy), and DAT-SPECT...
January 28, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130807/possible-effectiveness-of-low-dose-pregabalin-in-a-patient-suffering-from-lewy-body-disease-and-chronic-pruritus
#10
Katsuyuki Ukai
Many patients with Lewy body disease (LBD) complain of pain, although the detailed mechanism responsible for LBD-related pain remains to be clarified. Moreover, there does not appear to be any reports about LBD patients suffering from an itching sensation. In this report, the case of an LBD patient who experienced severe itching that persisted for over 6 months, which was treated successfully with low-dose pregabalin therapy, is described. This is the first study to report the effects of low-dose pregabalin, which has been used to treat LBD-related pain, to treat itching in a patient with LBD...
January 28, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130804/frontal-lobe-function-in-elderly-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-caregiver-burden
#11
Akiko Hashimoto, Kiwamu Matsuoka, Fumihiko Yasuno, Masato Takahashi, Junzo Iida, Kiyoko Jikumaru, Toshifumi Kishimoto
AIM: Understanding of the relationship between caregiver burden and the degree of behavioural deficits in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is relatively limited. Therefore, it is worthwhile to examine the correlations between the various relevant factors to improve the efficacy of care for patients with AD. The aim of this study was to investigate the specific contributions of frontal lobe dysfunction in AD patients to caregiver burden, while controlling for other predictor variables...
January 28, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130890/feelings-of-uselessness-and-3-year-mortality-in-an-italian-community-older-people-the-role-of-the-functional-status
#12
Olivia Curzio, Emilia Bernacca, Bruno Bianchi, Giuseppe Rossi
BACKGROUND: Sense of self-worth influences the health status of the elderly and may be associated with mortality. The aim of the study was to investigate whether the association between subjective feelings of uselessness and mortality was confounded or modified by functional limitation in non-institutionalized older people. METHODS: Participants were community-dwelling older people, aged 70 years and older, who lived in neighbourhoods of Massa and Carrara municipalities in northern Tuscany, Italy...
January 27, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130870/analysis-of-inedible-substance-ingestion-at-a-japanese-psychiatric-hospital
#13
So Yayama, Chie Tanimoto, Shunji Suto, Kei Matoba, Tomomi Kajiwara, Masue Inoue, Yoshimi Endo, Miyae Yamakawa, Kiyoko Makimoto
BACKGROUND: Inedible substance ingestion increases the risk of ileus, poisoning, and suffocation. Prevention is especially important in a psychiatric setting. This study aimed to analyze the incidence of inedible substance ingestion in a Japanese psychiatric hospital. METHODS: Inedible substance ingestion incidents were extracted from an incident report database spanning 2000-2012 at a 400-bed psychiatric hospital in Japan. We tabulated the frequencies of incidents in accordance with major diagnosis, ingested materials, incident levels, and time of occurrence...
January 27, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130863/co-occurring-frontal-variant-alzheimer-s-dementia-and-carrier-of-huntington-s-disease-allele-with-reduced-penetrance
#14
Iris Rawtaer, Ashok Krishnamoorthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130862/falls-risk-factors-and-fear-of-falling-among-persons-older-than-65-years-of-age
#15
Tatjana Gazibara, Ilma Kurtagic, Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Teodora Gazibara, Tatjana Pekmezovic
AIM: Falling represents a major public health problem among older persons because it leads to premature mortality, loss of independence, and placement in assisted-living facilities. The purpose of this study was to assess the main features and risks for falls among persons older than 65 years of age as well as to quantify their fear of falling. METHODS: A total of 354 persons older than 65 years of age were recruited at a community health centre. Characteristics of the most recent fall were obtained through detailed interviews with study participants...
January 27, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130857/caregiver-burden-in-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder-relationship-to-functionality-and-neuropsychiatric-symptoms
#16
Glenda D Dos Santos, Orestes V Forlenza, Rodolfo B Ladeira, Ivan Aprahamian, Jouce G Almeida, Beny Lafer, Paula V Nunes
BACKGROUND: There are few studies addressing caregivers of bipolar disorder (BD) patients, especially patients who are older adults with an increased need for care, often given by a relative. The aim of this study was to describe which factors increase caregiver burden among caregivers of elderly BD outpatients. METHODS: Patients were older than 60 years and met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition, criteria for BD. They were evaluated for current mood, cognitive and other neuropsychiatric symptoms, functionality, medical comorbidities, quality of life, years since BD diagnosis, and number of psychiatric admissions...
January 27, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130806/do-spouse-caregivers-of-young-and-older-persons-with-dementia-have-different-needs-a-comparative-study
#17
Emilie Wawrziczny, Florence Pasquier, Francine Ducharme, Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, Pascal Antoine
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the needs of spouse caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) and then to compare them based on the PWD's age at disease onset. This data could be used to adapt support programmes to address differences between the two groups. METHOD: Thirty-eight spouse caregivers of persons with late-onset dementia and 40 spouse caregivers of persons with early-onset dementia (PEOD) agreed to participate in the study. The mean ± SD age of the PEOD was 57...
January 27, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127845/bright-light-therapy-for-sleep-disturbance-in-dementia-is-most-effective-for-mild-to-moderate-alzheimer-s-type-dementia-a-case-series
#18
Hirotaka Sekiguchi, Shuji Iritani, Kiyoshi Fujita
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems in people with dementia are common and place a high burden on caregivers. Although hypnotic agents are often used to treat sleep disturbances, their use is associated with a considerable number of high-risk side-effects such as daytime sleepiness, amnesia, and an increased frequency of falling. The administration of bright light therapy (BLT) in the morning was a non-pharmacological remedy that was expected to treat sleep disorders in patients with dementia by entraining the circadian rhythm to ameliorate disturbances to the normal sleep-wake cycle...
January 27, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127828/psychiatric-symptomatology-after-delirium-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Clare Langan, Deep P Sarode, Tom C Russ, Susan D Shenkin, Alan Carson, Alasdair M J Maclullich
Delirium is an acute and usually transient severe neuropsychiatric syndrome associated with significant long-term physical morbidity. However, its chronic psychiatric sequelae remain poorly characterized. To investigate the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms, namely anxiety, depressive, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms after delirium, a systematic literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases was performed independently by two authors in March 2016. Bibliographies were hand-searched, and a forward- and backward-citation search using Web of Science was performed for all included studies...
January 27, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093879/valproate-induced-encephalopathy-in-a-comorbid-elderly-woman
#20
Federica Gandolfo, Maria N Parodi, Giovanni P Corsini, Patrizio Odetti, Gianluca Serafini, Fiammetta Monacelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
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