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Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430791/feasibility-of-applying-the-psychosocial-intervention-strategies-for-relatives-to-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-dementia-a-case-report
#1
Masami Kashimura, Toshiaki Nomura, Akiko Ishiwata, Shin Kitamura
As the number of people with dementia in Japan continues to rise, family caregivers are experiencing an increasing care burden. Previous research has shown that this care burden can affect family caregivers' physical and mental health. Therefore, providing support for caregivers of family members with dementia has become an urgent issue in the country. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of applying STrAtegies for RelaTives (START), a psychosocial intervention programme developed in the UK to improve caregivers' moods and quality of life, to Japanese family caregivers...
February 11, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424113/effect-of-a-matter-of-balance-programme-on-avoidance-behaviour-due-to-fear-of-falling-in-older-adults
#2
Cecelia Sartor-Glittenberg, Elton Bordenave, Curt Bay, Lori Bordenave, Jeffrey L Alexander
BACKGROUND: Fear of falling (FOF) is associated with restricted activities, increased risk of falling, and decreased quality of life. A Matter of Balance (AMOB) is an evidence-based programme designed to decrease FOF. The current study investigated the influence of the AMOB on activity avoidance caused by FOF in older adults using the Fear of Falling Avoidance Behavior Questionnaire (FFABQ), health-related quality of life, and a question regarding concerns about falling. METHODS: Participants of this quasi-experimental, one-group, pretest-post-test study design were older adults from community sites in the Phoenix, Arizona, metropolitan area...
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424096/low-education-and-lack-of-spousal-relationship-are-associated-with-dementia-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-nigeria
#3
Abdulkareem J Yusuf, Olusegun Baiyewu, Adamu G Bakari, Sani B Garko, Mohammed E-B Jibril, Aishatu M Suleiman, Haruna M Muktar, Micheal A Amedu
BACKGROUND: The relationship between dementia and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in older adults is well established in the literature. However, there have been few studies on this relationship in older adults living in low- and middle-income countries, and most demographic projections predict that older adult population will increase substantially in these regions by 2050. METHODS: In this study, older adults with T2DM attending a tertiary health facility were examined and compared with community-dwelling older adults without T2DM...
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424040/alpha-event-related-synchronization-after-eye-closing-differs-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-a-magnetoencephalography-study
#4
Masahiro Hata, Ryu Kurimoto, Hiroaki Kazui, Ryouhei Ishii, Leonides Canuet, Yasunori Aoki, Shunichiro Ikeda, Shingo Azuma, Takashi Suehiro, Shunsuke Sato, Yukiko Suzuki, Hideki Kanemoto, Kenji Yoshiyama, Masao Iwase, Manabu Ikeda
BACKGROUND: The electroencephalography (EEG) abnormalities found in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are conflicting. In this study, we used magnetoencephalography, which has higher spatial resolution than electroencephalography, to explore neurophysiological features of DLB that may aid in the differential diagnosis. METHODS: Six patients with DLB, 11 patients with Alzheimer's disease, and 11 age-matched normal subjects were recruited. We investigated alterations in the ratio of event-related synchronization (ERS) in the alpha band after eye-closing...
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423967/suvorexant-is-associated-with-a-low-incidence-of-delirium-in-critically-ill-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Tomoyuki Masuyama, Masamitsu Sanui, Naoto Yoshida, Yusuke Iizuka, Kunio Ogi, Satoko Yagihashi, Kanae Nagatomo, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Alan K Lefor
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepine use is a risk factor for the development of delirium in adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Suvorexant is an alternative to benzodiazepines to induce sleep, but the incidence of delirium in critically ill patients is unknown. We undertook this retrospective study to investigate the incidence of delirium in patients who receive suvorexant in the ICU. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in a closed 12-bed ICU at a tertiary teaching hospital...
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423959/low-resilience-to-stress-is-associated-with-candidate-gene-expression-alterations-in-the-dopaminergic-signalling-pathway
#6
Esfandiar Azadmarzabadi, Arvin Haghighatfard, Alireza Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: In stressful situations, a person's ability to appropriately complete tasks with minimal anxiety is known as stress resilience. Genetic variants in neuropeptide Y, Corticotropin releasing hormone receptor 1 (CRHR1), and serotonin transporter have been previously reported to be associated with low resilience, but the relationship between low resilience and the dopaminergic signalling pathway is not well understood. Here, we aimed to describe the association between comprehensive psychological characteristics and messenger RNA levels of dopamine receptor D1 (DRD1), dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2), dopamine receptor D3 (DRD3), dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4), dopamine receptor D5 (DRD5), COMT, Dopamine Beta-Hydroxylase (DBH), Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), monoamine oxidase A (MAOM), dopa decarboxylase (DDC), dopamine transporter (DAT), serotonin transporter (5-HTT), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) genes based on peripheral blood samples from 400 subjects who react differently to major life event stressors...
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423948/age-related-changes-to-the-effects-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-an-elderly-patient-a-case-report
#7
LETTER
Mifumi Iizawa, Haruka Tanabe, Tohru Takahashi, Dai Ohya, Ryota Osada, Yoshihiko Harada, Tomoko Bando, Tomoki Kaneko, Nobuhiro Sugiyama, Shinsuke Washizuka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417716/gamma-oryzanol-for-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia
#8
Masahiko Fujii, James P Butler, Hidetada Sasaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417704/cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease-alzheimer-s-dementia-and-vascular-dementia-the-role-of-the-clock-drawing-test
#9
Cettina Allone, Viviana Lo Buono, Francesco Corallo, Lilla Bonanno, Rosanna Palmeri, Giuseppe Di Lorenzo, Angela Marra, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino
AIM: Cognitive impairment is present in several neurodegenerative disorders. The clock-drawing test (CDT) represents a useful screening instrument for assessing the evolution of cognitive decline. The aim of this study was to investigate the sensitivity of the CDT in monitoring and differentiating the evolution of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's dementia (AD), vascular dementia (VaD), and Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: This study involved 139 patients, including 39 patients with PD and mild cognitive impairment, 16 demented PD patients, 21 VaD patients with mild cognitive impairment, 17 patients with VaD, 33 patients with mild cognitive impairment due to AD, and 13 patients with probable AD...
February 7, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417692/advantages-of-different-care-services-for-reducing-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-dementia-patients
#10
Yukiko Suzuki, Hiroaki Kazui, Kenji Yoshiyama, Shingo Azuma, Hideki Kanemoto, Shunsuke Sato, Takashi Suehiro, Manabu Ikeda
BACKGROUND: It is assumed that care services effectively reduce behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). However, it is unclear which care services are effective for reducing specific BPSD. The aim of this study was to clarify which care services were recognized by care specialists as being effective for reducing each of 11 BPSD. METHODS: We sent unsigned questionnaires to care specialists in Japan. The questionnaires asked specialists to choose from 12 kinds of care services the most, second-most, and third-most effective service for reducing each of 11 BPSD...
February 7, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415342/the-clock-drawing-test-normative-data-in-adult-and-elderly-israeli-arabs
#11
Doron Merims, Merav Ben Natan, Deep Milawi, Tania Boguslavsky
AIM: Despite the widespread use of the clock-drawing test (CDT), normative data and information regarding the influence of sociodemographic factors on test performance by adult and elderly Israeli Arabs are lacking. The current study aimed to establish normative data for this population group by exploring the impact of sociodemographic factors such as age, education, and gender on CDT performance. In addition, this study examined the association between CDT performance and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores...
February 7, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409166/development-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-quality-of-life-in-late-stage-dementia-scale
#12
Yuma Nagata, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Daiki Ishimaru, Masayasu Uematsu, Yasuo Naito, Takashi Nishikawa
AIM: Until now, there has been no instrument to measure the quality of life (QoL) of patients with severe dementia in Japan. The purpose of this study was to translate the Quality of Life in Late-stage Dementia Scale and to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Japanese version (QUALID-J). METHODS: We translated the Quality of Life in Late-stage Dementia into Japanese with permission from the original authors. We assessed a total of 70 dementia patients (14 men, 56 women; mean age: 87...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409164/reliability-and-structural-validity-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-neuropsychiatric-inventory-nursing-home-version
#13
Suhong Chen, Kai Lin, Hanxiao Wang, Miyae Yamakawa, Kiyoko Makimoto, Xiaoyan Liao
BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of dementia patients in China, there is a pressing need for a reliable and valid Chinese instrument that can measure neuropsychiatric symptoms in institutionalized dementia patients. This study examined the reliability and structural validity of the Chinese version of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, Nursing Home version (NPI-NH), in a sample of institutionalized dementia patients in China. METHODS: A total of 112 residents with dementia (Clinical Dementia Rating = 1: 10...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409163/clinical-characteristics-and-quality-of-life-of-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-in-macao
#14
Bernice O C Lam Nogueira, Lu Li, Li-Rong Meng, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Kenny C F Kuok, Linda Tran, Yu-Tao Xiang
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the characteristics of older adults with cognitive impairment in Macao. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of cognitive impairment and the quality of life (QOL) of older adults living in the community and nursing homes. METHODS: A consecutive sample of 413 subjects (199 from the community; 214 from nursing homes) was recruited and interviewed using standardized instruments. Cognition was measured with the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status and QOL with the brief version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409161/triple-test-a-diagnostic-observation-can-detect-cognitive-impairment-in-older-adults
#15
Ahmet T Isik, Pinar Soysal, Derya Kaya, Cansu Usarel
BACKGROUND: A simple, quick, and efficient screening tool for detecting mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) is essential, especially in the primary care setting. In this study, we examined the neuropsychological profiles of elderly patients and aimed to assess the diagnostic value of the triple test, comprised of the attended alone sign (AAS), head-turning sign, and applause sign (AS), for detecting MCI and AD. METHOD: Comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed in 354 elderly outpatients, and the presence or absence of AS, AAS and HTS was investigated...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409159/prevalence-of-hyperphagia-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#16
Yat-Fung Shea, Shui-Ching Lee, Leung-Wing Chu
BACKGROUND: Unlike other behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia, hyperphagia is less recognized among patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The prevalence of hyperphagia varies among studies, but there has been no systematic review or meta-analysis. METHODS: An extensive search on the literature on hyperphagia in AD published between 1 January 1980 and 30 October 2017 was conducted. Data on the prevalence were retrieved. Meta-analysis with a random effect model was performed to determine the pooled estimate of prevalence...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409158/usefulness-of-carer-held-records-to-support-informal-caregivers-of-patients-with-dementia-who-live-at-home
#17
Shunsuke Sato, Hiroaki Kazui, Yoshiro Shimizu, Tetsuhiko Yoshida, Kenji Yoshiyama, Hideki Kanemoto, Yukiko Suzuki, Toshimi Morikami, Hiroshi Fujisue, Toshihisa Tanaka, Manabu Ikeda
AIM: It is unclear whether carer-held records (CHR) are useful for patients with dementia. In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of the CHR for patients with dementia at the municipal level. METHODS: Candidates for CHR use in this study were informal caregivers of patients with dementia who lived at home in Kawanishi, Japan. CHR users were those who are involved in the patient's care and treatment, such as informal caregivers, family physicians, dementia specialists, care professionals, and care service coordinators, known as ‛care managers' in Japan...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409157/sentence-composition-ability-in-two-patients-with-non-fluent-agrammatic-variant-primary-progressive-aphasia
#18
Hiroyuki Watanabe, Minoru Matsuda, Shoko Ota, Toru Baba, Osamu Iizuka, Etsuro Mori
Agrammatism is one of the core clinical features of non-fluent/agrammatic variant primary progressive aphasia, and it has traditionally been considered the hallmark of non-fluent aphasia in Western countries. However, agrammatic speech may remain undetected in Japanese patients because of the agglutinative structure of the language and high flexibility in word order. In the present study, we aimed to analyze agrammatism in the speech production of Japanese patients with aphasia due to neurodegenerative disease using an anagram test generated by our laboratory...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409156/fatigue-in-parkinson-s-disease-concepts-and-clinical-approach
#19
REVIEW
Daniel V Nassif, João S Pereira
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by a large number of motor and non-motor features. Fatigue is one of the most common and most disabling symptoms among patients with PD, and it has a significant impact on their quality of life. Although fatigue has been recognized for a long time, its pathophysiology remains poorly understood, and there is no evidence to support any therapeutic approach in PD patients. Expert consensus on case definition and diagnostic criteria for PD-related fatigue have been recently published, and although they still need to be adequately validated, they provide a great step forward in the study of fatigue...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409155/using-virtual-reality-to-distinguish-subjects-with-multiple-but-not-single-domain-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-from-normal-elderly-subjects
#20
Alireza Mohammadi, Mahmoud Kargar, Ehsan Hesami
AIM: Spatial disorientation is a hallmark of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and Alzheimer's disease. Our aim was to use virtual reality to determine the allocentric and egocentric memory deficits of subjects with single-domain aMCI (aMCIsd) and multiple-domain aMCI (aMCImd). For this purpose, we introduced an advanced virtual reality navigation task (VRNT) to distinguish these deficits in mild Alzheimer's disease (miAD), aMCIsd, and aMCImd. METHODS: The VRNT performance of 110 subjects, including 20 with miAD, 30 with pure aMCIsd, 30 with pure aMCImd, and 30 cognitively normal controls was compared...
February 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
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