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Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338614/association-between-changes-in-the-use-of-psychotropic-drugs-and-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-over-1-year-among-long-term-care-facility-residents
#1
Takashi Ozaki, Yuriko Katsumata, Asuna Arai
AIM: Pharmacological treatments are often used in treating the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in nursing homes, despite the fact that non-pharmacological treatments are recommended as a first-line treatment and can provide a suitable alternative. Because the course of BPSD is known to fluctuate depending on individual symptoms over time, the frequencies of drug use and BPSD, as well as their association, should be observed over a longer period. We investigated the association between the changes in psychotropic drug (PD) use and BPSD, focusing on the number of symptoms, severity, and care burden over 1 year among long-term care facility residents...
October 18, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338609/attitudes-to-ageing-and-their-relationship-with-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-in-turkey
#2
Gülbahar Korkmaz Aslan, Hülya Kulakçı AltıntaŞ, İlgün Özen Çınar, Funda Veren
AIM: With the increase in life expectancy, it has become necessary to expand our knowledge of how older individuals perceive their own ageing and how ageing affects their quality of life. The aim of the study was to determine older adults' attitudes towards ageing and the relationship between attitudes and quality of life among community-dwelling older adults in Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional and correlational study was conducted in Zonguldak, Turkey. The sample included 999 community-dwelling older adults, who were selected from five family health centres...
October 18, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302855/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-elderly-with-disabilities
#3
Ana Janjusevic, Ivana Cirkovic, Iva Lukic, Vesna Janjusevic, Ksenija Jevtic, Anita Grgurevic
AIM: There have been no previous studies of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adults aged 65 years and older with disabilities in Serbia. The aim of study was to identify predictors of HRQOL in the context of sociodemographic characteristics, disability aetiology, comorbid diseases, indices of comorbidities, realization of social rights, and domestic violence. METHODS: The cross-sectional study involved 275 consecutive elderly outpatients with disabilities...
October 9, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294951/socially-isolated-older-people-with-mental-illness-in-tokyo-homeless-shelters
#4
Yuki Matoba, Tsuyoshi Okamura, Yurie Funaki, Tomotoshi Ishigami, Shuichi Awata, Tadashi Takeshima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294939/obesity-and-loneliness-findings-from-a-longitudinal-population-based-study-in-the-second-half-of-life-in-germany
#5
André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
AIM: Little is known about whether changes to obesity are associated with changes in loneliness scores. Therefore, using a longitudinal approach, we aimed to determine whether the onset of obesity (explanatory variable) is associated with changes in loneliness (outcome measure) among older adults. METHODS: For the present study, data from wave 2 (2002) to wave 5 (2014) of the German Ageing Survey were analyzed. This is a representative sample of community-dwelling individuals in Germany (≥40 years)...
October 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294822/factors-influencing-nursing-home-placement-of-patients-with-dementia-a-retrospective-single-centre-study-in-japan
#6
Kazumi Ota, Masatoshi Arikawa, Shizuko Ohashi, Takaharu Azekawa, Toshihiko Matsumoto
AIM: This was an exploratory study to examine the factors influencing nursing home placement (NHP) in Japan. METHODS: For this analysis, 633 patients were selected. The data were collected from the clinical records of each patient. A log-rank test was performed. The time from the patient's first visit to the clinic until the nursing home placement was the independent variable. Age (<80 or ≥80 years), biological sex (male or female), Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR) score (overall index 0...
October 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294865/sexual-activity-and-life-satisfaction-in-older-adults
#7
Katarzyna Skałacka, Rafał Gerymski
AIM: Based on the concept of successful ageing and research reports on the benefits of maintaining sexual activity in mid- to late life, the purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between global life satisfaction and sexual satisfaction in adults older than 60 years. The study also analyzed the relationship between various forms of sexual activity (genital and non-genital) and both types of satisfaction. METHODS: Thirty-three men and 50 women (N =83) were interviewed by using two structuralized questionnaires...
October 7, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276946/decreased-perfusion-of-the-posterior-cingulate-gyri-shown-by-a-cingulate-island-score-is-a-possible-marker-of-vulnerability-to-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#8
Fumihiko Yasuno, Kiwamu Matsuoka, Toshiteru Miyasaka, Masato Takahashi, Soichiro Kitamura, Hiroaki Yoshikawa, Hideyuki Hattori, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Toshifumi Kishimoto
BACKGROUND: The cingulate island score (CIScore), which indicates the Z-score ratio of the posterior cingulate gyri to the medial occipital area, has been shown to be useful for differentiating dementia with Lewy bodies from Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our aim was to investigate associations between the clinical symptoms of AD and the CIScore as an index of the relative decrease in perfusion of the posterior cingulate gyri that occurs in the early stages of AD. METHODS: Seventeen patients with early-stage AD and 13 patients with amnesic mild cognitive impairment were examined...
October 1, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276926/a-comparative-study-visual-rating-scores-and-the-voxel-based-specific-regional-analysis-system-for-alzheimer-s-disease-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-among-subjects-with-alzheimer-s-disease-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-normal-cognition
#9
Fangzhou Li, Hajime Takechi, Ryuji Saito, Takashi Ayaki, Atsuko Kokuryu, Akira Kuzuya, Ryosuke Takahashi
AIM: Hippocampal atrophy shown on magnetic resonance imaging can differentiate Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients from subjects with normal cognition (NC). Simplified automated methods that use volumetric analysis, such as as the voxel-based specific regional analysis system for AD, have become widely used in Japan. However, the diagnostic value of the voxel-based specific regional analysis system compared with visual rating scores for clinical diagnosis is unclear. METHODS: Study participants consisted of 37 AD patients, 29 mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, and 21 NC subjects...
October 1, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259591/altruistic-behaviour-but-not-volunteering-has-been-associated-with-cognitive-performance-in-community-dwelling-older-persons
#10
Jimilly C Corrêa, Maria P W Ávila, Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
AIM: Studies have indicated that altruistic behaviour may be associated with better health. Nevertheless, it has not been determined if volunteering acts as a protective factor against cognitive decline or if a person's altruistic character does so. This study aims to evaluate whether altruistic behaviour and volunteering are associated with better cognitive function in active community-dwelling older persons. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in healthy older persons...
September 26, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30246469/a-prompt-and-practical-on-site-support-programme-for-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-a-preliminary-uncontrolled-interventional-study
#11
Yumiko Arai, Kohei Kajiwara, Kenji Toba, Takashi Sakurai, Douglas Mori, Naoki Ookubo, Akari Fujisaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30246316/relevant-factors-of-depression-in-dementia-modifiable-by-non-pharmacotherapy-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Yuta Kubo, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Saori Kozawa, Shinichi Okada
Depression in dementia patients is associated with complications such as decreased activities of daily living and decreased quality of life. Because pharmacotherapeutic treatments for depression in dementia patients may have a poor risk-benefit ratio, effective non-pharmacotherapeutic interventions are favourable. However, the development of effective treatments requires the identification of depression-associated factors that can be modified by non-pharmacotherapeutic means in dementia patients. This systematic literature review aimed to identify modifiable factors related to depression and confirm that these factors can be improved by non-pharmacotherapeutic interventions...
September 23, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221441/analyzing-the-chance-of-developing-dementia-among-geriatric-people-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study-in-bangladesh
#13
Md Sahab Uddin, Abdullah Al Mamun, Shinya Takeda, Md Shahid Sarwar, Mst Marium Begum
AIM: Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia, representing 60-80% of cases, and ageing is the primary risk factor for the development of Alzheimer's disease. The objective of this study was to examine the chance of developing dementia (i.e. mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer's disease) among geriatric people in Bangladesh. METHODS: This study included 390 adult citizens of Bangladesh (age range: 60-70 years). The Takeda Three Colors Combination (TTCC) test was used to detect the prevalence of MCI and mild dementia among the subjects, and then the Clinical Dementia Rating was used to determine the level of dementia...
September 16, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221438/randomized-controlled-study-on-the-effectiveness-of-animal-assisted-therapy-on-depression-anxiety-and-illness-perception-in-institutionalized-elderly
#14
Caterina Ambrosi, Charles Zaiontz, Giuseppe Peragine, Simona Sarchi, Francesca Bona
AIM: The aim of this study was to verify dog-assisted therapy's effectiveness on depression and anxiety in institutionalized elderly. Patients' illness perception was examined to identify core beliefs regarding mood, personal control, and illness coherence because they can affect treatment compliance. Subjective perception of pain, social interaction, and setting-bound observable variables were also studied. METHODS: This study involved a randomized sample of institutionalized patients 65 years of age and older; the treatment group had 17 subjects and the control group had 14 subjects...
September 16, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30182505/the-hidden-patient-chronic-physical-morbidity-psychological-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-caregivers-of-older-adults
#15
Rajeswari Sambasivam, Jianlin Liu, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Hui L Ong, Min-En Tan, Restria Fauziana, Louisa Picco, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
AIM: Increasing demands for care provision to older adults require good physical and mental health among caregivers. Few studies have examined the health status and correlates of quality of life among caregivers of older adults. The present study therefore sought to examine the prevalence of chronic physical conditions, psychological distress, and correlates of physical and mental quality of life among caregivers of older adults (≥60 years) in Singapore. METHODS: Participants were 285 informal caregivers who were providing care to an older relative...
September 4, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152601/the-relationship-between-caregiver-burden-and-caregiver-pulse-rate-measured-by-using-a-wristwatch-type-pulsimeter-with-accelerometer-in-home-based-family-caregivers-for-persons-with-dementia-pilot-study
#16
Kohei Kajiwara, Akio Mantani, Hiroko Noto, Mika Miyashita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141277/the-relationship-between-temperament-and-depression-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-under-dopaminergic-treatment
#17
Bilge Dogan, Ali Akyol, Cagdas O Memis, Ahmet Sair, Utku Akyildiz, Levent Sevincok
AIM: The risk factors for depressive symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) under dopaminergic drug treatment are unclear. In this study, we examined whether some temperament traits are related to the presence of comorbid depression in PD patients, independent of the characteristics of illness and drug treatment. METHODS: The participants in this study were 74 patients with idiopathic PD who were already treated with stable doses of levodopa or dopamine agonists...
August 23, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30103290/physical-abuse-of-the-elderly-a-4-year-retrospective-evaluation-in-the-emergency-department
#18
Ismail Altintop, Mehmet Tatli
AIM: Elderly physical abuse (EPA) is defined as injury or assault to or the restriction of an elderly person. Although EPA is an important social problem, its diagnosis is difficult because of tendency to cover up the event. In this study, patients aged 65 years and over who presented at the emergency department (ED) for forensic reasons and in whom physical abuse was suspected were examined. The aim of this study was to raise ED awareness of EPA and thereby to contribute to treatment plans for these patients in the ED...
August 13, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088311/the-impact-of-dementia-caregiving-on-self-care-management-of-caregivers-and-facilitators-a-qualitative-study
#19
Xiao-Rong Wang, Sheng-Xin Liu, Karen M Robinson, Celeste Shawler, Lei Zhou
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of patients with dementia or Alzheimer's disease (AD) face special health challenges due to the progressive nature of the disease. Self-care has crucial importance on individuals' management of life, health, and well-being. However, limited evidence is available on self-care management of dementia and AD caregivers. This study aimed to investigate the influence of caregiving on the self-care management of dementia and AD caregivers based on the caregivers' experience...
August 7, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084177/medial-temporal-lobe-atrophy-is-independently-associated-with-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
José María García-Alberca, Mercedes Florido, Marta Cáceres, Alicia Sánchez-Toro, José Pablo Lara, Natalia García-Casares
AIM: Evidence describing the contribution of cerebral white matter disease and medial temporal atrophy (MTA) to behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) has been conflicting. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) and MTA observed on magnetic resonance imaging with BPSD among patients with Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of a prospective cohort of patients attending a memory clinic, 46 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (mean age: 72...
August 6, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
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