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Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30467924/prevalence-and-correlates-of-depression-among-older-urban-community-dwelling-adults-in-sri-lanka
#1
Onali B W Rajapakshe, Sivagurunadan Sivayogan, Prasadi M Kulatunga
AIM: As the population ages, mental health issues among the elderly are becoming a major concern worldwide, including in Sri Lanka. With rapid globalization, the coping and adapting skills of elderly individuals are tested, potentially revealing predisposition to psychological disturbances. Previous studies have indicated a higher risk of depression among the elderly. The current study attempts to quantify the prevalence and associated factors of depression in a highly urbanized setting within Sri Lanka...
November 23, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30430708/right-hippocampus-atrophy-is-independently-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease-with-psychosis
#2
Kangyoon Lee, Young Min Lee, Je-Min Park, Byung-Dae Lee, Eunsoo Moon, Hee-Jeong Jeong, Soo Yeon Kim, Young-In Chung, Ji-Hoon Kim
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine whether regionally distributed medial temporal cortex thickness (or hippocampal volume) and frontal lobe volume are independently associated with the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD) with psychosis. METHODS: We identified 26 AD patients with psychosis (AD+P) and 48 AD patients without psychosis (AD-P) from the Memory Impairment Clinic at Pusan National University Hospital in South Korea. They were matched for age, gender, duration of AD, and Clinical Dementia Rating sum of box score...
November 14, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30394003/prevalence-of-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-cognitively-impaired-elderly-residents-of-long-term-care-facilities-in-east-asia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Kiyoko Makimoto, Younhee Kang, Sayuri Kobayashi, Xiao-Yan Liao, Sirirat Panuthai, Huei-Chuan Sung, Mizue Suzuki, Saya Terada, Miyae Yamakawa
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in cognitively impaired elderly residents of long-term care facilities in East Asia and to explore the factors associated with these patterns. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of BPSD in cognitively impaired elderly residents of long-term care facilities in Japan, South Korea, China, Taiwan, and Thailand. The Mini-Mental State Examination, Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR), and Neuropsychiatric Inventory, Nursing Home version (NPI-NH), were used to assess cognitive status, dementia severity, and BPSD, respectively...
November 4, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30393989/effects-of-an-animal-assisted-intervention-on-social-behaviour-emotions-and-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#4
Sandra Wesenberg, Christoph Mueller, Frank Nestmann, Vjera Holthoff-Detto
AIM: The positive effects of animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) in people with dementia have been frequently reported in the literature. However, it remains unclear if the positive effects are directly due to the presence of the animal. The aim of this study was to investigate if the inclusion of an animal adds value to psychosocial interventions for people with dementia. METHODS: The study followed a within-subject design with two studied conditions (AAI and control intervention) and several measurement points (baseline (i...
November 4, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30393946/remarkable-behavioural-signs-and-progressive-non-fluent-aphasia-in-a-patient-with-adult-onset-leucoencephalopathy-with-axonal-spheroids-and-pigmented-glia
#5
Michitaka Funayama, Masako Sugihara, Taketo Takata, Masaru Mimura, Takeshi Ikeuchi
Adult-onset leucoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids and pigmented glia (ALSP), also known as hereditary diffuse leucoencephalopathy with spheroids (HDLS), is a progressive neurocognitive disorder that predominantly affects the cerebral white matter, mainly the frontal subcortical areas and the corpus callosum. Patients with ALSP are clinically characterized by a gradual onset of cognitive and behavioural dysfunction and personality changes, followed by motor impairments such as gait disturbance and bradykinesia...
November 4, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378205/influence-of-functional-psychological-and-environmental-factors-on-falls-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-hong-kong
#6
Daniel D M Leung
AIM: The growth of the ageing population has been rapid. However, this ageing population is not homogeneous; individuals have different levels of functionality and psychosocial status, and some are members of at-risk or high-risk groups. As such, studies on the functional, psychological, and environmental factors of falls among community-dwelling older adults are imperative. By investigating the effect of life satisfaction, as well as environmental and functional factors, on falls among community-dwelling older adults in Hong Kong, this study aims to address this concern...
October 30, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362220/serum-ischaemia-modified-albumin-might-be-a-potential-biomarker-for-oxidative-stress-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#7
Lei Du, Jianhua Ma, Dan He, Xiaoning Zhang
BACKGROUND: Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is considered to be a prodromal stage of Alzheimer's disease. The clinical role of ischaemia-modified albumin (IMA) and the association between IMA and oxidative stress in aMCI have not been investigated. The aim of the study was to explore this relationship and to generate new ideas for controlling Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: This community-based case-control study included 113 patients with aMCI and 832 cognitively normal controls...
October 25, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358015/use-of-best-worst-scaling-to-estimate-the-magnitude-of-stressful-life-events-in-older-adults
#8
Ganchimeg Zorigt, Nomin Enkh-Amgalan, Tsung Yu
AIM: The magnitude of stressful life events can be measured by using rating scales such as the Social Readjustment Rating Scale. This study aimed to estimate the magnitude of stressful life events by using a best-worst scaling approach in a sample of community-dwelling older persons in Taiwan. METHODS: Participants aged 55 years or older were asked to rate the stressfulness of 11 life events on a scale from 0 to 10 and the best-worst scaling. We used the case one (object case) best-worst scaling design: each task on a list of events was presented to participants, and they were asked to indicate the events that they considered most and least stressful...
October 24, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338614/association-between-changes-in-the-use-of-psychotropic-drugs-and-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-over-1-year-among-long-term-care-facility-residents
#9
Takashi Ozaki, Yuriko Katsumata, Asuna Arai
AIM: Pharmacological treatments are often used in treating the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in nursing homes, despite the fact that non-pharmacological treatments are recommended as a first-line treatment and can provide a suitable alternative. Because the course of BPSD is known to fluctuate depending on individual symptoms over time, the frequencies of drug use and BPSD, as well as their association, should be observed over a longer period. We investigated the association between the changes in psychotropic drug (PD) use and BPSD, focusing on the number of symptoms, severity, and care burden over 1 year among long-term care facility residents...
October 18, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338609/attitudes-to-ageing-and-their-relationship-with-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-in-turkey
#10
Gülbahar Korkmaz Aslan, Hülya Kulakçı AltıntaŞ, İlgün Özen Çınar, Funda Veren
AIM: With the increase in life expectancy, it has become necessary to expand our knowledge of how older individuals perceive their own ageing and how ageing affects their quality of life. The aim of the study was to determine older adults' attitudes towards ageing and the relationship between attitudes and quality of life among community-dwelling older adults in Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional and correlational study was conducted in Zonguldak, Turkey. The sample included 999 community-dwelling older adults, who were selected from five family health centres...
October 18, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302855/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-elderly-with-disabilities
#11
Ana Janjusevic, Ivana Cirkovic, Iva Lukic, Vesna Janjusevic, Ksenija Jevtic, Anita Grgurevic
AIM: There have been no previous studies of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adults aged 65 years and older with disabilities in Serbia. The aim of study was to identify predictors of HRQOL in the context of sociodemographic characteristics, disability aetiology, comorbid diseases, indices of comorbidities, realization of social rights, and domestic violence. METHODS: The cross-sectional study involved 275 consecutive elderly outpatients with disabilities...
October 9, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294951/socially-isolated-older-people-with-mental-illness-in-tokyo-homeless-shelters
#12
Yuki Matoba, Tsuyoshi Okamura, Yurie Funaki, Tomotoshi Ishigami, Shuichi Awata, Tadashi Takeshima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294939/obesity-and-loneliness-findings-from-a-longitudinal-population-based-study-in-the-second-half-of-life-in-germany
#13
André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
AIM: Little is known about whether changes to obesity are associated with changes in loneliness scores. Therefore, using a longitudinal approach, we aimed to determine whether the onset of obesity (explanatory variable) is associated with changes in loneliness (outcome measure) among older adults. METHODS: For the present study, data from wave 2 (2002) to wave 5 (2014) of the German Ageing Survey were analyzed. This is a representative sample of community-dwelling individuals in Germany (≥40 years)...
October 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294822/factors-influencing-nursing-home-placement-of-patients-with-dementia-a-retrospective-single-centre-study-in-japan
#14
Kazumi Ota, Masatoshi Arikawa, Shizuko Ohashi, Takaharu Azekawa, Toshihiko Matsumoto
AIM: This was an exploratory study to examine the factors influencing nursing home placement (NHP) in Japan. METHODS: For this analysis, 633 patients were selected. The data were collected from the clinical records of each patient. A log-rank test was performed. The time from the patient's first visit to the clinic until the nursing home placement was the independent variable. Age (<80 or ≥80 years), biological sex (male or female), Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR) score (overall index 0...
October 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294865/sexual-activity-and-life-satisfaction-in-older-adults
#15
Katarzyna Skałacka, Rafał Gerymski
AIM: Based on the concept of successful ageing and research reports on the benefits of maintaining sexual activity in mid- to late life, the purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between global life satisfaction and sexual satisfaction in adults older than 60 years. The study also analyzed the relationship between various forms of sexual activity (genital and non-genital) and both types of satisfaction. METHODS: Thirty-three men and 50 women (N =83) were interviewed by using two structuralized questionnaires...
October 7, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276946/decreased-perfusion-of-the-posterior-cingulate-gyri-shown-by-a-cingulate-island-score-is-a-possible-marker-of-vulnerability-to-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#16
Fumihiko Yasuno, Kiwamu Matsuoka, Toshiteru Miyasaka, Masato Takahashi, Soichiro Kitamura, Hiroaki Yoshikawa, Hideyuki Hattori, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Toshifumi Kishimoto
BACKGROUND: The cingulate island score (CIScore), which indicates the Z-score ratio of the posterior cingulate gyri to the medial occipital area, has been shown to be useful for differentiating dementia with Lewy bodies from Alzheimer's disease (AD). Our aim was to investigate associations between the clinical symptoms of AD and the CIScore as an index of the relative decrease in perfusion of the posterior cingulate gyri that occurs in the early stages of AD. METHODS: Seventeen patients with early-stage AD and 13 patients with amnesic mild cognitive impairment were examined...
October 1, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276926/a-comparative-study-visual-rating-scores-and-the-voxel-based-specific-regional-analysis-system-for-alzheimer-s-disease-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-among-subjects-with-alzheimer-s-disease-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-normal-cognition
#17
Fangzhou Li, Hajime Takechi, Ryuji Saito, Takashi Ayaki, Atsuko Kokuryu, Akira Kuzuya, Ryosuke Takahashi
AIM: Hippocampal atrophy shown on magnetic resonance imaging can differentiate Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients from subjects with normal cognition (NC). Simplified automated methods that use volumetric analysis, such as as the voxel-based specific regional analysis system for AD, have become widely used in Japan. However, the diagnostic value of the voxel-based specific regional analysis system compared with visual rating scores for clinical diagnosis is unclear. METHODS: Study participants consisted of 37 AD patients, 29 mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, and 21 NC subjects...
October 1, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259591/altruistic-behaviour-but-not-volunteering-has-been-associated-with-cognitive-performance-in-community-dwelling-older-persons
#18
Jimilly C Corrêa, Maria P W Ávila, Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
AIM: Studies have indicated that altruistic behaviour may be associated with better health. Nevertheless, it has not been determined if volunteering acts as a protective factor against cognitive decline or if a person's altruistic character does so. This study aims to evaluate whether altruistic behaviour and volunteering are associated with better cognitive function in active community-dwelling older persons. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in healthy older persons...
September 26, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30246316/relevant-factors-of-depression-in-dementia-modifiable-by-non-pharmacotherapy-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Yuta Kubo, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Saori Kozawa, Shinichi Okada
Depression in dementia patients is associated with complications such as decreased activities of daily living and decreased quality of life. Because pharmacotherapeutic treatments for depression in dementia patients may have a poor risk-benefit ratio, effective non-pharmacotherapeutic interventions are favourable. However, the development of effective treatments requires the identification of depression-associated factors that can be modified by non-pharmacotherapeutic means in dementia patients. This systematic literature review aimed to identify modifiable factors related to depression and confirm that these factors can be improved by non-pharmacotherapeutic interventions...
September 23, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221441/analyzing-the-chance-of-developing-dementia-among-geriatric-people-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study-in-bangladesh
#20
Md Sahab Uddin, Abdullah Al Mamun, Shinya Takeda, Md Shahid Sarwar, Mst Marium Begum
AIM: Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia, representing 60-80% of cases, and ageing is the primary risk factor for the development of Alzheimer's disease. The objective of this study was to examine the chance of developing dementia (i.e. mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer's disease) among geriatric people in Bangladesh. METHODS: This study included 390 adult citizens of Bangladesh (age range: 60-70 years). The Takeda Three Colors Combination (TTCC) test was used to detect the prevalence of MCI and mild dementia among the subjects, and then the Clinical Dementia Rating was used to determine the level of dementia...
September 16, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
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