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Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID

Ruth Northway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 29, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Deirdre Corby, Laurence Taggart, Wendy Cousins
The transformational role education plays in the lives of people with intellectual disabilities has not been fully examined. The purpose of this study was to explore and investigate the meanings people with intellectual disabilities construct of their experiences in post-secondary and higher education. Heideggerian hermeneutic phenomenology was the qualitative methodology adopted for the study. Individual interviews were conducted with 27 people with intellectual disabilities and analysed in stages. These stages included the creation of I-Poems offering a unique opportunity for individual participant voices to be heard...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Laura E Marshak, Emily E Lasinsky, Courtney Williams
The aim of this qualitative study was to contribute to an understanding of how biological fathers ( N = 311) believe having a child with Down syndrome has impacted them personally. Thematic analysis was used to derive meaning from responses to open-ended survey questions. In addition to describing personal impacts, fathers shared how their perspectives shifted over time and possible contributory factors. The results indicated that fathers were often deeply impacted by the experience of parenting a child with Down syndrome...
September 16, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Eric Conrad, Adam P Knowlden
Due to the increased prevalence of obesity and disparity experienced by youth with intellectual disabilities, efforts to synthesize existing knowledge of interventions to attenuate obesity within this marginalized population is imperative. The purpose of this investigation is to systematically analyze interventions targeting anthropometric changes in youth with intellectual disabilities. A search of Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Educational Resources Information Center, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, and Psychological Information Database was conducted for the time frame of January 2006 to October 2016...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Carlos Peña-Salazar, Francesc Arrufat, Josep Manel Santos, Abel Fontanet, Gretel González-Castro, Silvia Más, Pere Roura-Poch, Juan Valdés-Stauber
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the level of mental disorders and challenging behaviour in individuals with intellectual disability (ID) supported by specialized services, but without a prior psychiatric diagnosis, and to compare the levels of different disorders depending on the severity of ID. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study ( N = 142) of population with ID. Inclusion criteria were the following: adult patients with ID and with no previous psychiatric diagnosis prior to this survey...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Michele Glacken, Denise Healy, Ursula Gilrane, Siobhan Healy-Mc Gowan, Seamus Dolan, Dympna Walsh-Gallagher, Carmel Jennings
Parents' experiences of using Lámh, a key word signing approach used in Ireland, were captured through in-depth face-to-face interviews with parents of children with a range of intellectual disabilities. It emerged that Lámh provides child users with one of the rudiments of inclusion, that is, a means of engaging with others. A number of factors can potentially influence the engagement achieved, namely ongoing family commitment to the sustainment of Lámh, available communication partners, accessibility, appropriate Lámh training, speech and language therapy support and the existence of a Lámh signing environment external to the home...
August 19, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Gary Byrne
The impact of sexual abuse among those with an intellectual disability is an area in need of further research. The current article provides an in-depth narrative review of the sexual abuse literature relevant to individuals with an intellectual disability. The 29 articles included in this study focused on (a) the prevalence of sexual abuse, (b) the risk factors associated with this population, and (c) the psychological impact of abuse. The findings confirmed that children and adults with an intellectual disability are at a higher risk of sexual abuse than nondisabled peers...
September 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Jens Ineland, Jan Hjelte
What does it mean to decide, act and behave in a professional manner towards people with intellectual disabilities? This article analyses how professionals from three welfare organizations describe quality in daily encounters with people with intellectual disabilities. Four hundred and twenty-one respondents participated in the study. Our empirical data consisted of written excerpts exclusively. Findings revealed that quality in encounters with people with intellectual disabilities was associated with personal attributes, pertinent knowledge, professional actions and ideological awareness...
September 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Ruth Northway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Daphne Rickson, Penny Warren
We investigated a continuing education course in creative music making, initiated to promote the inclusion of young people with intellectual disability in a university setting. Despite organizers' attempts to foster diversity within the student cohort, enrolments were almost exclusively from students who had intellectual disability. Being in the university environment, and in a place of higher learning, seemed to be valued by some. However, students' main focus was on group musicking in a dedicated music room rather than interacting with the wider university community...
September 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Olena Zyga, Sandra W Russ, Heather Meeker, Jodi Kirk
The presence of an intellectual disability may cause a child to have significant deficits in social skills and emotion regulation abilities across development. A vital next step is to find interventions that can be delivered in the school environment and across disability categories that target socioemotional factors. The current study investigated the feasibility of delivering a school-based musical theater program to students with intellectual disability across a range of school settings. A within-group repeated-measures design was used to analyze pre- and post-video recordings of the intervention program, which were coded for six domains of socioemotional ability across all participants ( n = 47)...
September 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Ciara Glennon, Marilyn A Sher
Ward climate is a key element within psychiatric settings, associated with positive clinical outcomes. The Essen Climate Evaluation Schema (EssenCES) is a ward climate measure, which is validated for use within UK forensic settings. It has been studied within neurodevelopmental psychiatric inpatient settings with mixed findings on its appropriateness, and there is a dearth of EssenCES research which has been conducted within an adolescent psychiatric inpatient setting. The present study piloted the EssenCES within an inpatient psychiatric neurodevelopmental setting for adolescents in the East of England, in order to explore its usefulness within this setting and to provide preliminary normative data for a child and adolescent mental health services inpatient learning disability population...
September 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
James C Collins, Lana Collet-Klingenberg
This article summarizes a review of empirical literature from 2000 to 2015 that involved the use of specific portable technology to support persons with an intellectual disability in completing work-related tasks. Nineteen studies were identified for review, with an emphasis on the identification of (a) the characteristics of participants and settings, (b) the types of portable technology and prompting formats used, (c) the research designs utilized, (d) the independent and dependent variables, (e) the measures of reliability and validity, and (f) the overall effectiveness of the interventions...
September 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Rosemary B Hughes, Susan Robinson-Whelen, Rebecca Goe, Michelle Schwartz, Lisa Cesal, Kimberly B Garner, Katie Arnold, Tina Hunt, Katherine E McDonald
People with intellectual disability experience disproportionately high rates of interpersonal violence (IPV) due, in part, to disability-related risks that often can be minimized through targeted intervention. In this article, we describe using an academic and community participatory research approach to develop and test the feasibility of an accessible IPV prevention program for people with intellectual disability. The Safety Class, which is an interactive, structured, eight-session, weekly face-to-face group program, was found feasible for implementation in an efficacy study...
August 12, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Giulio E Lancioni, Nirbhay N Singh, Mark F O'Reilly, Jeff Sigafoos, Gloria Alberti, Viviana Perilli, Carmen Zimbaro, Adele Boccasini, Carlo Mazzola, Roberto Russo
This study assessed a technology-aided program (monitoring responding, and ensuring preferred stimulation and encouragements) for promoting physical activity with 11 participants with severe/profound intellectual and multiple disabilities. Each participant was provided with an exercise device (e.g. a static bicycle and a stepper) and exposed to the program according to an ABAB design, in which A and B represented baseline and intervention phases, respectively. Data recording concerned (a) the participants' responses with the exercise device (e...
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Ruth Northway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Denise Walsh, Sarahjane Belton, Sarah Meegan, Kirsty Bowers, Deidre Corby, Anthony Staines, Treasa McVeigh, Michael McKeon, Edel Hoey, Dominic Trépel, Peter Griffin, Mary Rose Sweeney
People with an intellectual disability are less physically active, live more sedentary lives, have lower fitness levels and are more likely to be overweight or obese than the general population. No evidence exists on the impact of participation in Special Olympics Ireland (SOI) on physical activity and physical fitness levels. Adults with intellectual disabilities (16-64 years) were recruited from services and SOI clubs. Physical measures included waist circumference, height, weight, blood pressure, heart rate and 6-min walking test...
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Deirdre Corby, Laurence Taggart, Wendy Cousins
Including the inner perspectives of people who have intellectual disability can pose methodological challenges to qualitative researchers. This article explains how the Listening Guide was applied as an additional step in the analysis during a study which used hermeneutic interviews with people with intellectual disability as the sole method of data collection. An argument is made for the systematic application of the guide with a focus on the use of I-Poems. This article advances qualitative methodological approaches and concludes that this method of drawing attention to the participants' own voices provides a unique basis for interpreting interviews and tasks researchers to examine the use of the Listening Guide...
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Neil E Clapton, Jonathan Williams, Gemma M Griffith, Robert Sp Jones
This study utilized a mixed methods approach to examine the feasibility and acceptability of group compassion focused therapy for adults with intellectual disabilities (CFT-ID). Six participants with mild ID participated in six sessions of group CFT, specifically adapted for adults with ID. Session-by-session feasibility and acceptability measures suggested that participants understood the group content and process and experienced group sessions and experiential practices as helpful and enjoyable. Thematic analysis of focus groups identified three themes relating to (1) direct experiences of the group, (2) initial difficulties in being self-compassionate and (3) positive emotional changes...
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Marina Lummertz Magenis, Alessandra Gonçalves Machado, Angela Martinha Bongiolo, Marco Antonio da Silva, Kamila Castro, Ingrid Dalira Schweigert Perry
The aim of this study was to assess dietary intake, breastfeeding history, weight at birth and current weight in children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS). Therefore, a cross-sectional, controlled study with 19 DS participants and 19 controls without DS matched by gender and age was performed. Except for vitamin D, a lower or the same frequency of insufficient intake in other micronutrients was noted in participants compared with controls. The DS group had a reduced exclusive breastfeeding duration and increased carbohydrate and caloric intake...
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
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