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International Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089798/a-meta-analysis-of-external-fixation-versus-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-complex-tibial-plateau-fractures
#1
REVIEW
Xing-Wen Zhao, Jian-Xiong Ma, Xin-Long Ma, Xuan Jiang, Yin Wang, Fei Li, Bin Lu
PURPOSE: Both external fixation(ExFx) and open reduction and internal fixation(ORIF) were used to treat complex tibial plateau fractures, but it was not sure which one was better. So we did this meta-analysis to evaluate the outcomes of ExFx and ORIF in managing complex tibial plateau fractures. METHODS: Articles published before August 5, 2016 were selected from PubMed, Cochrane library, and some other electronic database. Relevant journals were also searched manually with no language limited...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087370/laparoscopic-versus-open-surgery-for-rectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-classic-randomized-controlled-trials-and-high-quality-nonrandomized-studies-in-the-last-5-years
#2
REVIEW
Ke Chen, Guodong Cao, Bo Chen, Mingqing Wang, Xingyu Xu, Wenwen Cai, Yicheng Xu, Maoming Xiong
OBJECTIVE: To present a meta-analysis of high-quality published reports comparing laparoscopic rectal resection (LRR) and open rectal resection (ORR) for rectal cancer. METHODS: Studies that compared LRR and ORR and were published within the last 5 years were identified. All eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomized comparative trials (NRCTs) were evaluated based on the Jadad score, the Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool and modified Methodological Indices for Nonrandomized Studies (MINORS)...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089941/laparoscopic-peritoneal-lavage-or-surgical-resection-for-acute-perforated-sigmoid-diverticulitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Faisal M Shaikh, Peter M Stewart, Stewart R Walsh, R Justin Davies
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic peritoneal lavage (LPL) has been proposed as an alternative, less invasive technique in the treatment of acute perforated sigmoid diverticulitis (APSD). The aim of this meta-analysis is to compare the effectiveness of LPL versus surgical resection (SR) in terms of morbidity and mortality in the management of APSD. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing LPL versus SR in the treatment of APSD...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069518/fast-track-for-elderly-patients-critical-observations-on-two-trials
#4
LETTER
Mihai Paduraru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063975/surveying-opinions-of-149-registrants-to-the-research-registry-awareness-of-and-attitudes-towards-research-registration
#5
Riaz A Agha, Daniyal J Jafree, Martinique Vella-Baldacchino, Chris Limb, Ter-Er Kusu-Orkar, Mirabel C Millip, Alexander J Fowler
BACKGROUND: Research registration is an important ethical principle in the Declaration of Helsinki, however, progress to increase registration has been slow. Understanding the attitudes of users towards registries may provide insights into increase research registration. In this survey-based study, we sought to gain insight from users of a single global research registry, the Research Registry® (www.researchregistry.com). METHODS: A Google Forms survey was created and emailed to all users of the Research Registry® (n = 1432)...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043929/using-the-hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic-clamp-to-assess-insulin-sensitivity-at-3%C3%A2-months-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-bmi-35%C3%A2-kg-m-2-in-china
#6
Lei Zhao, Liyong Zhu, Zhihong Su, Yong Liu, Pengzhou Li, Xiangwu Yang, Weizheng Li, Lingjie Tan, Xulong Sun, Shaihong Zhu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe short-time effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on insulin sensitivity (IS) of Chinese diabetes patients with body mass index (BMI) <35 kg/m(2) by hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 15 type 2 diabete mellitus (T2DM) patients with BMI <35 kg/m(2), who underwent laparoscopical Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). Hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp were performed at baseline and at 3 months after LRYGB...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043928/outcome-of-children-with-blunt-liver-or-spleen-injuries-experience-from-a-single-institution-in-korea
#7
Ki Hoon Kim, Jin Soo Kim, Woon-Won Kim
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the demographics, injury pattern, and treatment outcomes among children hospitalized for the management of blunt liver and spleen injury at a single institution in Korea, and to document trends in treatment strategies of children with blunt torso trauma. METHODS: Children (<20 years) with blunt liver and spleen injuries, hospitalized at our center between May 2010 and February 2016, were included in the present study...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043927/risk-factors-for-dislocation-after-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Lele Guo, Yanjiang Yang, Biao An, Yantao Yang, Linyuan Shi, Xiangzhen Han, Shijun Gao
BACKGROUND: No formal systematic review or meta-analysis was performed up to now to summarize the risk factors of dislocation after revision total hip arthroplasty(THA). AIMS: The present study aimed to quantitatively and comprehensively conclude the risk factors of dislocation after revision total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: A search was applied to CNKI, Embase, Medline, and Cochrane central database (all up to October 2016). All studies assessing the risk factors of dislocation after revision THA without language restriction were reviewed, and qualities of included studies were assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043926/laparoscopic-versus-robotic-adrenalectomy-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Konstantinos P Economopoulos, Konstantinos S Mylonas, Aliki A Stamou, Vasileios Theocharidis, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Melanie L Richards
BACKGROUND: The benefit of robotic adrenalectomy (RA) compared to laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) is still debatable. The purpose of this paper was to systematically review and synthesize all available evidence comparing RA to LA so as to evaluate which procedure provides superior clinical outcomes. METHODS: A systematic literature search of PubMed and Scopus databases was performed with respect to the PRISMA statement (end-of-search date: January 31, 2016). Data on perioperative variables were extracted by three independent reviewers...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040501/10-year-trend-in-crystalloid-resuscitation-reduced-volume-and-lower-mortality
#10
Megan Y Harada, Ara Ko, Galinos Barmparas, Eric J T Smith, Bansuri K Patel, Navpreet K Dhillon, Gretchen M Thomsen, Eric J Ley
BACKGROUND: Liberal emergency department (ED) resuscitation after trauma may lead to uncontrolled hemorrhage, reduced organ perfusion, and compartment syndrome. Recent guidelines reduced the standard starting point for crystalloid resuscitation from 2 L to 1 L and emphasized "balanced" resuscitation. The purpose of this study was to characterize how an urban, Level 1 trauma center has responded to changes in crystalloid resuscitation practices over time and to describe associated patient outcomes...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040500/a-modification-of-nissen-fundoplication-improves-patients-outcome-and-may-reduce-procedure-related-failure-rate
#11
Romeo Bardini, Sabrina Rampado, Renato Salvador, Lisa Zanatta, Imerio Angriman, Silvia Degasperi, Angelica Ganss, Edoardo Savarino
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery has a failure rate of 10-20%. We aimed to investigate whether a modification of Nissen fundoplication (MNF) may improve patients' outcome and reduce failure rate. MATERIALS & METHODS: We prospectively compared 40 consecutive patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease who underwent anti-reflux surgery: 20 Nissen fundoplication (NF) and 20 the MNF approach. Eight cases in the MNF group needed redo surgery. The MNF consisted in suturing the esophagus to the diaphragmatic crura on each side by means of 4 non-absorbable stitches and in fixing the upper stitch of the valve to diaphragm...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039060/prophylactic-oral-calcium-supplementation-therapy-to-prevent-early-post-thyroidectomy-hypocalcemia-and-evaluation-of-postoperative-parathyroid-hormone-levels-to-detect-hypocalcemia-a-prospective-randomized-study
#12
Ilker Murat Arer, Murat Kus, Nezih Akkapulu, Huseyin Ozgur Aytac, Hakan Yabanoglu, Kenan Caliskan, Mehmet Akin Tarim
BACKGROUND: Postoperative hypocalcemia is the most common complication after total thyroidectomy. Postoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) measurement is one of the methods to detect or prevent postoperative hypocalcemia. Prophylactic oral calcium supplementation is another method to prevent early postoperative hypocalcemia. The aim of this study is to detect the accurate timing of PTH and evaluate efficacy of routine oral calcium supplementation for postoperative hypocalcemia. METHODS: A total of 106 patients were performed total thyroidectomy...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034775/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-intra-operative-neuro-monitoring-in-high-risk-thyroidectomy
#13
REVIEW
Kai Pun Wong, Ka Lun Mak, Carlos King Ho Wong, Brian Hung Hin Lang
INTRODUCTION: Use of intra-operative neuro-monitoring (IONM) during high-risk thyroidectomy has been suggested to decrease the rate of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy. However, current evidences were mixed and there was no large-scale study concluding its benefit. We evaluated the role of IONM in reducing RLN palsy during high-risk thyroidectomy and identified which high-risk subgroup would be most benefited. METHODS: A systemic review was performed to identify studies comparing the use of IONM and visual identification of RLN alone (VA) during high-risk thyroidectomy, namely re-operation, thyroidectomy for malignancy, thyrotoxicosis or retrosternal goitre...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034774/the-use-of-the-risk-assessment-and-prediction-tool-in-surgical-patients-in-a-bundled-payment-program
#14
James Slover, Kathleen Mullaly, Raj Karia, John Bendo, Patricia Ursomanno, Aubrey Galloway, Richard Iorio, Joseph Bosco
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the Risk Assessment and Predictor Tool (RAPT) and patient discharge disposition in an institution participating in bundled payment program for total joint replacement, spine fusion and cardiac valve surgery patients. METHOD: Between April 2014 and April 2015, RAPT scores of 767 patients (535 primary unilateral total joint arthroplasty; 150 cardiac valve replacement; 82 spinal fusions) were prospectively captured...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034773/randomized-clinical-trial-of-ligasure%C3%A2-versus-conventional-splenectomy-for-injured-spleen-in-blunt-abdominal-trauma
#15
Vejdan Seyyed Amirkazem, Khosravi Malihe
BACKGROUND: Spleen is the most common organ damaged in cases of blunt abdominal trauma and splenectomy and splenorrhaphy are the main surgical procedures that are used in surgical treatment of such cases. In routine open splenectomy cases, after laparotomy, application of sutures in splenic vasculature is the most widely used procedure to cease the bleeding. This clinical trial evaluates the role and benefits of the Ligasure™ system in traumatic splenectomy without using any suture materials and compares the result with conventional method of splenectomy...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034772/incidence-and-outcomes-of-ventral-hernia-repair-after-robotic-retropubic-prostatectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-of-570-consecutive-cases
#16
A Ashfaq, K Ahmadieh, A A Shah, E M Garvey, A B Chapital, D J Johnson, K L Harold
BACKGROUND: Robotic retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) has become one of the most commonly performed robotic procedures in the United States. Ventral hernia (VH) has been increasingly recognized as an important complication after laparoscopic procedures, in general. However, data related to VH after robotic procedures is relatively scarce, especially after RRP. With increasing popularity of RRP, the purpose of this study was to look at the incidence of VH and outcomes of ventral hernia repair (VHR) after RRP...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027998/an-optimized-abnormal-muscle-response-recording-method-for-intraoperative-monitoring-of-hemifacial-spasm-and-its-long-term-prognostic-value
#17
Chuyi Huang, Suhua Miao, Heling Chu, Chuanfu Dai, Jinting Wu, Junhua Wang, Huancong Zuo, Yu Ma
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative electrophysiological monitoring is used to determine whether decompression is sufficient during microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS). However, the real offending vessel is sometimes neglected by the neurosurgeons. Here, we reported our experience in using optimized abnormal muscle response (AMR) monitoring and continuous intraoperative monitoring for MVD. METHODS: This study included 2161 HFS patients who underwent MVD using traditional (1023 patients) and optimized (1138 patients) methods...
December 25, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027999/secondary-cytoreductive-surgery-in-recurrent-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-a-prognostic-analysis-with-103-cases
#18
Xiao-Mei Fan, Jun Zhang, Shu-Huai Niu, Kui-Xiu Li, Cang-Zhu Song
BACKGROUND: Due to satisfactory cytoreductive surgery combined with platinum-based chemotherapy in epithelial ovarian cancer has improved greatly, however, the relapse rate also high. In current study, we analyzed prognostic factors related to secondary cytoreductive surgery in patients with recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: Clinical and follow-up data from 103 patients with recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer who received secondary cytoreductive surgery and were admitted to our hospital between January 2000 and December 2008 were analyzed...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027997/impact-on-the-upper-airway-space-of-different-types-of-orthognathic-surgery-for-the-correction-of-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Jinlong He, Yunji Wang, Hongtao Hu, Qian Liao, Weiyi Zhang, Xuerong Xiang, Xiaoping Fan
OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at assembling, through a systematic review and meta-analysis, scientific evidence related to the effects of mandibular setback (MdS) surgery and bimaxillary surgery for the correction of Class III malocclusion on the cross-sectional area (CSA) and volume of the upper airway as assessed using CT. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted on Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science up to June 20, 2016. The inclusion criteria were prospective or retrospective studies, with the aim of comparing the impact on the upper airway space of orthognathic surgery for the treatment of the skeletal class III malocclusion...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027996/3d-white-light-interferometry-assessment-of-robotic-laser-scalpel-assisted-surgery-to-minimise-scar-tissue-formation
#20
LETTER
Daniel J Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
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