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International Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778751/cortical-erosion-after-elastic-stable-intramedullary-nail-fixation-for-pediatric-long-bone-fractures-case-series-according-to-the-site
#1
Kun-Bo Park, Je-Hyun Yoo, Seok-Woo Kim, Yoon Hae Kwak
BACKGROUND: Elastic stable intramedullary nail (ESIN) is widely used for treatment of long bone fractures in children. However, migration of the nail or cortical bone erosion in children has been reported. This study was conducted to investigate the incidence of cortical erosion according to the site and cortical erosion type. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 221 normally developing children (223 fractures) who were treated with ESIN for fractures of the long bones without cortical breakage at immediate postoperative radiography and with the ESIN in position for more than 6 months were included...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778750/our-modified-technique-of-combined-antegrade-vein-graft-cardioplegia-infusion-versus-conventional-antegrade-method-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Mehrzad Sharifi, Seyed Reza Mousavi, Mohammad Rafiei
BACKGROUND: To determine the efficacy of antegrade cardioplegia supplemented with venous graft perfusion in patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: 223 consecutive patients scheduled for isolated CABG were randomized to receive either continuous crystalloid cardioplegia via vein grafts on completion of each distal anastomosis plus intermittent blood cardioplegia through aortic root (group 1, n = 110) or antegrade blood cardioplegia alone (group 2, n = 113)...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777882/factors-predicting-hypocalcemia-after-total-thyroidectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#3
Claudius Falch, Jan Hornig, Moritz Senne, Manuel Braun, Alfred Konigsrainer, Andreas Kirschniak, Sven Muller
BACKGROUND: Hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy is the most frequent complication resulting in prolongation of hospitalisation. Therefore we aimed to analyse clinical risk factors predictive for hypocalcemia and its long term persistence after total thyroidectomy. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing total thyroidectomy from 2005 until 2013. Outcome measures were initial postoperative hypocalcemia defined as serum calcium below 2.0 mmol/l after total thyroidectomy within 48 h and persistent hypocalcemia defined as serum calcium below 2...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777881/single-incision-laparoscopic-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-right-colectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Boye Dong, Zuyang Luo, Jiabao Lu, Yang Yang, Yixian Song, Jie Cao, Wanglin Li
BACKGROUND: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery has gained widespread attention because of its potential benefits such as less skin incision and faster recovery. Up to now, only one meta-analysis (performed in 2013; including 9 studies, a total of 585 cases) compared single-incision laparoscopic right colectomy (SILRC) with conventional laparoscopic right colectomy (CLRC). An updated meta-analysis was undertaken to explore more convinced comparative findings between SILRC and CLRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search for studies that compared SILRC with CLRC was done on PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777880/the-optimal-choice-for-pancreatic-anastomosis-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#5
REVIEW
Weidong Wang, Zhaohui Zhang, Chichang Gu, Qingbo Liu, Zhiqiang Liang, Wei He, Jianping Chen, Jiaming Lai
BACKGROUND: A number of pancreatic anastomosis methods for pancreaticoduodenectomy including pancreaticogastrostomy(PG), duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy(duct-to-mucosa PJ), invagination pancreaticojejunostomy(invagination PJ) and binding pancreaticojejunostomy(BPJ), but the optimal choice remains unclear. We performed a network meta-analysis to synthesize direct and indirect evidence to identify the optimal choice for pancreatic anastomosis after pancreaticoduodenectomy METHODS: We searched the Embase, PubMed and Cochrane library databases for randomized control trials...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775736/surgical-consent-practice-in-the-uk-following-the-montgomery-ruling-a-national-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#6
Chris McKinnon, Dafydd Loughran, Roísín Finn, Madeline Coxwell-Matthewman, Deva Sanjeeva Jeyaretna, Adam P Williams
BACKGROUND: The Supreme Court case of Montgomery vs Lanarkshire Health Board in 2015 was a landmark case for consent practice in the UK which shifted focus from a traditional paternalistic model of consent towards a more patient-centered approach. Widely recognised as the most significant legal judgment on informed consent in the last 30 years, the case was predicted to have a major impact on the everyday practice of surgeons working in the UK National Health Service (NHS). Two years after the legal definition of informed consent was redefined, we carried out an audit of surgical consent practice across the UK to establish the impact of the Montgomery ruling on clinical practice...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775735/robotic-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Hong-Bin Liu, Wen-Jie Wang, Hong-Tao Li, Xiao-Peng Han, Lin Su, Deng-Wen Wei, Ting-Bao Cao, Jian-Ping Yu, Zuo-Yi Jiao
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted gastrectomy (RAG), as an alternative minimally invasive surgical technique, is gradually being used for the treatment of gastric cancer (GC). This study aimed to assess the feasibility and safety of RAG over conventional Laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) for the treatment of GC. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all procedures (RAG and LAG) performed by one surgeon between 31 January 2017 and 1 December 2017. The short-term of surgical outcomes were compared between two groups and further subgroup analyses were performed...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753953/robotic-vs-laparoscopic-splenectomy-for-splenomegaly-a-retrospective-comparative-cohort-study
#8
Davide Cavaliere, Leonardo Solaini, Daniela Di Pietrantonio, Fabrizio D'Acapito, Francesca Tauceri, Massimo Framarini, Giorgio Ercolani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of robotic total splenectomy for splenomegaly, comparing this approach with the laparoscopic technique. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all patients who underwent minimally invasive splenectomy for splenomegaly (maximum splenic diameter>15 cm) at our institution between 2000 and 2017. RESULTS: A total of 39 patients (27 laparoscopic vs 12 robotic splenectomies) were included in the study...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753955/the-diagnostic-value-of-one-step-nucleic-acid-amplification-osna-in-differentiating-lymph-node-metastasis-of-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Min Zhou, Xuzhen Wang, Liping Jiang, Xu Chen, Xin Bao, Xiang Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was clarify the diagnostic accuracy of one step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) for differentiating metastatic lymph nodes from non-metastatic ones in patients with tumors (not including breast cancer). METHODS: A systematic literature search for original diagnostic studies was performed in PubMed. Findings were pooled by using combined effect models and hierarchic summary receiver operating characteristic curve models. Meta-regression analysis and threshold effect evaluating were performed to explore the sources of heterogeneity affected classification accuracy...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753954/non-absorbable-and-partially-absorbable-mesh-during-pelvic-organ-prolapse-repair-a-comparison-of-clinical-outcomes
#10
Moon Kyoung Cho, Jong Ho Moon, Chul Hong Kim
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of non-absorbable and partially-absorbable mesh intervention in pelvic organ prolapse. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent transvaginal mesh operation for anterior and apical vaginal prolapse at a single tertiary center from January 2007 to December 2013. RESULTS: The group treated with partially-absorbable mesh showed better objective surgical outcomes than those treated with non-absorbable mesh in 1- and 2-year follow-ups...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753952/outcomes-of-mini-vs-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Fu-Gang Wang, Wen-Mao Yan, Ming Yan, Mao-Min Song
BACKGROUND: Mini gastric bypass has been proved to be capable of achieving excellent metabolic results by numerous published studies. Compared to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, mini gastric bypass is a technically simpler and reversible procedure. However, comparative outcomes of the effectiveness between Mini gastric bypass and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass remain unclear. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane library from inception to February 9, 2018...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753001/role-of-medical-students-in-ending-excess-and-stopping-shortage-medaid-for-international-need-edinburgh
#12
LETTER
Edward Christopher, Hui Wei Leow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753000/early-enforced-mobilization-after-liver-resection-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Chun-Yan Ni, Zhi-Hong Wang, Zhi-Ping Huang, Hui Zhou, Li-Juan Fu, Hui Cai, Xuan-Xuan Huang, Yuan Yang, Hui-Fen Li, Wei-Ping Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled study investigated the feasibility of early ambulation after liver resection and the effect of the amount of activity on postoperative recovery. METHODS: A total of 120 patients who underwent liver resection were randomly divided into two groups for the comparative analysis of the following factors: amount of activity, pain control, sleeping state, perioperative gastrointestinal function recovery, incidence of complications and postoperative hospital stay...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751089/effect-of-obesity-on-patterns-and-mechanisms-of-injury-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Tarn Stroud, N M Bagnall, Philip H Pucher
BACKGROUND: Trauma is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality globally, especially in younger populations. With an increase in obesity globally, it is important to assess the potential differences in injury pattern and management of obese patients presenting with trauma compared to lean patients to try and improve patient care. This study aims to review the available literature comparing injury patterns between obese and non-obese patients. METHODS: A systematic review of articles which assessed the association between obesity and different patterns of trauma and injury were assessed...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738829/challenges-of-centralizing-cancer-care-in-the-us
#15
LETTER
Francisco Schlottmann, Anthony G Charles, Marco G Patti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733996/low-molecular-weight-heparin-for-the-prevention-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Ze-Nan Xia, Qing Zhou, Wei Zhu, Xi-Sheng Weng
BACKGROUND: To systematically evaluate the prophylaxis efficacy of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in the prevention of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHOD: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Wanfang, CNKI, and VIP databases were searched by index words to identify the eligible RCTs; relevant literature sources were also searched. The latest research was conducted in March 2017. Relative risks (RR), mean difference (MD), and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to analyze the main outcomes...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733995/comparison-of-hepatoprotective-effect-from-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-of-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-of-the-liver-vs-local-ischemic-preconditioning-of-the-liver-during-human-liver-resections
#17
Mislav Rakić, Leonardo Patrlj, Fedor Amić, Gorana Aralica, Ivica Grgurević
AIM: To compare and evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) with local ischemic preconditioning (LIPC) of the liver during human liver resections. METHODS: A prospective, single-centre, randomised control trial was conducted in the Clinical Hospital "***" from April 2017 to January 2018. A total of 60 patients, who underwent liver resection due to colorectal cancer liver metastasis, were randomised to one of three study arms: 1)a RIPC group, 2) an LIPC group and 3) a control group (CG) in which no ischemic preconditioning was done before liver resection...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733994/major-hepatectomies-in-liver-cystic-echinococcosis-a-bi-centric-experience-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Jose Manuel Ramia, Alejandro Serrablo, Mario Serradilla, Aylhin Lopez-Marcano, Roberto de la Plaza, Ana Palomares
Surgical treatment of liver cystic echinococcosis (LCE) could be conservative or radical. Radical surgery includes liver resection, but usually are minor hepatectomy in favourable segments. Experience in major hepatectomy (MH) for LCE is limited. METHODS: Retrospective study. PERIOD: January 2007-December 2014. INCLUSION CRITERIA: liver infestation with Echinococcus granulosus causing active or complicated cysts. Epidemiological, clinical, radiological and surgical data were studied...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730078/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-intravenous-glucocorticoids-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Ning An, Kang Liu, Bao-Ying Fan, Dong-Hua Ma
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was to evaluate the effect and safety of intravenous glucocorticoids for reducing pain scores, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and total morphine consumption for patients prepared for total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Electronic databases: PubMed (1950-September 2016), EMBASE(1974-September 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, September 2016 Issue 3) and Web of Science (1950-September 2016) were systematically searched...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730077/ex-vivo-normothermic-porcine-pancreas-a-physiological-model-for-preservation-and-transplant-study
#20
Rohan Kumar, Wen Yuan Chung, Franscois Runau, John David Isherwood, Kean Guan Kuan, Kevin West, Giuseppe Garcea, Ashley Robert Dennison
INTRODUCTION: An ex vivo normothermic porcine pancreas perfusion (ENPPP) model was established to investigate effects of machine perfusion pressures on graft preservation. METHODOLOGY: Nine porcine pancreata were perfused with autologous blood at 50 mmHg (control) pressure. Graft viability was compared against four ex-vivo porcine pancreata perfused at 20 mmHg ('low') pressure. Arterio-venous oxygen gas differentials, biochemistry, and graft insulin responses to glucose stimulation were compared...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
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