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International Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890654/sublobectomy-versus-lobectomy-for-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-the-elderly
#1
Chen Qiu, Guanghui Wang, Jun Xu, Lixuan Cui, Wei Dong, Yang Ni, Xiao Qu, Jiajun Du
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the operative characteristics and long term survival for elderly patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who underwent sublobectomy versus lobectomy. METHODS: We identified 245 consecutive elderly patients (≥65y) with pathologic stage I NSCLC who underwent lobectomy or sublobectomy at our institution between 2006 and 2012, and assessed the operative characteristics, recurrence, and survival differences between these approaches...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890653/recent-advances-in-lithotripsy-technology-and-treatment-strategies-a-systematic-review-update
#2
H E Elmansy, J E Lingeman
INTRODUCTION: Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) is a well - established treatment option for urolithiasis. The technology of SWL has undergone significant changes in an attempt to better optimize the results while reducing failure rates. There are some important limitations that restrict the use of SWL. In this review, we aim to place these advantages and limitations in perspective, assess the current role of SWL, and discuss recent advances in lithotripsy technology and treatment strategies...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890579/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-small-renal-masses
#3
EDITORIAL
Veeru Kasivisvanathan, Nicholas Raison, Ben Challacombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876677/do-we-really-need-the-full-compliance-with-eras-protocol-in-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#4
Magdalena Pisarska, Michał Pędziwiatr, Piotr Małczak, Piotr Major, Sebastian Ochenduszko, Anna Zub-Pokrowiecka, Jan Kulawik, Andrzej Budzyński
BACKGROUND: Although the relation between adherence to the ERAS protocol and clinical outcomes was extensively studied, there is still ongoing discussion on the need and feasibility of full compliance in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. In this study, we aimed to verify whether a strict adherence to the protocol (>90%) leads to further improvement in clinical outcomes compared to high (70-90%) and low (<70%) compliance groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The analysis included consecutive prospectively registered patients operated laparoscopically for colorectal cancer between January 2012 and December 2015...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867025/comparison-of-short-segment-pedicle-fixation-with-versus-without-inclusion-of-the-fracture-level-in-the-treatment-of-mild-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures
#5
Chao Sun, Guoping Guan, Xinhui Liu, Hailong Zhang, Bin Wang
BACKGROUND: A review of the literature showed that posterior short-segment fixation including the fractured vertebra (PSFFV) has better outcomes in the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures(TBFs) than patients with short-segment pedicle screw fixation(SSPF) alone. However, its efficacy in mild TBFs with load-sharing scores of 3 and 4 points has not been specifically analyzed. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical, functional and radiologic results of PSFFV with SSPF for mild TBFs and to determine whether the screws in the fractured vetebra were necessary for these patients...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867024/bariatric-surgery-in-morbidly-obese-adolescents
#6
LETTER
Talal Alamri, Olivier Tiffet, François Varlet, Rani Kassir, Manuel Lopez, Radwan Kassir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865972/paediatric-urolithiasis-in-emerging-economies
#7
REVIEW
S Adibul Hasan Rizvi, Sajid Sultan, Mirza Naqi Zafar, Sadaf Aba Umar, Bashir Ahmed, S A Anwar Naqvi
BACKGROUND: Paediatric urolithiasis remains endemic in low resource countries. This review highlights the epidemiology, causation and management of urolithiasis in an Asian country in the context of emerging economies. METHODS: A literature review of recent articles with key words paediatric urolithiasis, developing countries, endemic stone disease, stone composition, metabolic risk factors, management of paediatric urolithiasis was undertaken and 51 relevant articles were selected with the main focus on experience of this center in managing stone disease in the last two decades...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851898/erratum-to-the-scare-guidelines-consensus-based-surgical-case-report-guidelines-int-j-surg-34-2016-180-186
#8
Riaz A Agha, Alexander J Fowler, Alexandra Saeta, Ishani Barai, Shivanchan Rajmohan, Dennis P Orgill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871807/editorial
#9
EDITORIAL
Brian H Eisner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871806/does-vertebral-augmentation-lead-to-an-increasing-incidence-of-adjacent-vertebral-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Baoyou Fan, Zhijian Wei, Xianhu Zhou, Wei Lin, Yiming Ren, Ang Li, Guidong Shi, Yan Hao, Shen Liu, Hengxing Zhou, Shiqing Feng
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether vertebral augmentation technology increases the occurrence of adjacent vertebral fractures in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane library, were retrieved via PRISMA covering 1987 to 2015. The number of patients who suffered from adjacent secondary vertebral fractures was calculated. A meta-analysis, using indexes of odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), was conducted with STATA software...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871805/the-survival-rate-and-larynx-preservation-in-elderly-cancer-patients-who-received-surgical-operation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Qin Wang, Yehai Liu, Guoqin Hu, Ruokun Wang, Yi Zhao, Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the efficiency of surgical operation for patients over 70 years with hypopharyngeal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the medical records from 68 patients over 70 years-old with hypopharyngeal cancer who underwent different therapeutic regimen between 2000 and 2009 was conducted. 36 of 68 patients underwent larynx preservation. All patients were treated with surgical operation and adjuvant radiotherapy. A Kaplan-Meier method was employed to calculate the survival rate...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871804/additional-surgical-resection-after-endoscopic-mucosal-dissection-for-early-gastric-cancer-a-medium-sized-hospital-s-experience
#12
Bunzo Nakata, Masashige Tendo, Masatsugu Okuyama, Kenichi Nakahara, Hirotaka Ishizu, Go Masuda, Tomohiro Lee, Takeshi Hori, Masahiko Ohsawa, Hiroshi Sato, Tetsuro Ishikawa
PURPOSE: In Japan, the majority of early gastric cancers (EGCs) are now treated with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Patients with non-curative lesions treated by ESD are advised to undergo additional surgical resection (ASR) based on guidelines from the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society (JGES) and Japanese Gastric Cancer Association (JGCA). However, many studies have demonstrated that residual cancer and lymph node metastasis are only rarely found in ASR specimens. Here we retrospectively analyzed the conditions that could enable the avoidance of unnecessary ASR...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871803/abdominal-drainage-versus-no-abdominal-drainage-for-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Lv Yong, Bai Guang
The aim is to assess the benefits and harms of routine abdominal drainage in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index Expanded until August 2016. We included all randomised clinical trials comparing drainage versus no drainage after laparoscopic cholecystectomy irrespective of language and publication status. We used standard methodological procedures in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856357/clinical-effectiveness-in-the-diagnosis-and-acute-management-of-pediatric-nephrolithiasis
#14
REVIEW
Jason P Van Batavia, Gregory E Tasian
The incidence of pediatric nephrolithiasis has risen over the past few decades leading to a growing public health burden. Children and adolescents represent a unique patient population secondary to their higher risks from radiation exposure as compared to adults, high risk of recurrence, and longer follow up time given their longer life expectancies. Ultrasound imaging is the first-line modality for diagnosing suspected nephrolithiasis in children. Although data is limited, the best evidence based medicine supports the use of alpha-blockers as first-line MET in children, especially when stones are small and in a more distal ureteral location...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856356/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-pcnl-a-critical-review
#15
REVIEW
Arvind P Ganpule, Mohankumar Vijayakumar, Ankur Malpani, Mahesh R Desai
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the preferred treatment of choice for renal calculi. PCNL has evolved remarkably since the eighties when it was first described. APPROACH: Approach might be by either supine or prone and the access is made with the help of either fluoroscopy or ultrasound. Recently endoscopy and ipad guided puncture have also been described. MINIATURIZATION: The traditional PCNl were sung tracts upto 40 fr initially and the most common used was around 30 fr till recently...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856355/combined-intravenous-and-topical-tranexamic-acid-versus-intravenous-use-alone-in-primary-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Jie Shang, Haibo Wang, Bai Zheng, Min Rui, Yehua Wang
OBJECTIVE: The tranexamic acid (TXA) can reduce surgical perioperative blood loss. However, the optimal regimen of tranexamic acid remains controversial. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and safety of combined intravenous and topical tranexamic acid versus intravenous use alone in primary total knee and hip arthroplasty. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane library and OVID were searched. Eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating combined intravenous and topical TXA versus intravenous alone in primary total knee and hip arthroplasty were included...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856354/robotic-assisted-surgery-and-treatment-of-urolithiasis
#17
REVIEW
Khurram Mutahir Siddiqui, David Mois Albala
Advancement in surgical management of urolithiasis has revolved around improvements in technology. Urologists have been at the forefront on embracing new technology and passing on the benefits to the patients. Da Vinci(®) robotic system has contributed significantly in improving the outcomes of minimally invasive procedures especially those requiring complex resections and reconstruction. Endourological and percutaneous techniques have established superiority in management of urolithiasis and majority of the patients are ideal candidates for such procedures...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856353/urolithiasis-in-renal-transplant-donors-and-recipients-an-update
#18
REVIEW
Ahmed M Harraz, Ahmed I Kamal, Ahmed A Shokeir
Urolithiasis in the context of renal transplant is a quite rare event that requires keeping a higher index of suspicion and vigilance. Donors with incidentally discovered asymptomatic renal stones "donor gifted lithiasis" are potentially considered for donation should they are not recurrent stone formers and in the absence of active biochemical disorders. Stone clearance from the donors can be done before donation using shock wave lithotripsy and/or flexible ureteroscopy. Ex vivo ureteroscopy at time of transplant is equally feasible and safe...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856352/internal-mammary-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-clinical-practice
#19
EDITORIAL
Mehdi Asadi, David Krag
Almost all recent studies confirmed internal mammary sentinel lymph node biopsy (IM-SLNB) as an accurate and valuable technique to determine stage, prognosis, and best treatment option in breast cancer patients. Decision about local treatment of internal mammary lymph nodes (IMLN) is still being made based on Axillary lymph node (ALN) status. According to study results, there will be patients in positive ALN subgroup who just face complications of an unnecessary radiation to IMLNs and there will be patients in negative ALN subgroup who do not receive adjuvant radiation therapy they really need, if we insist to continue planning IMLN treatment based on ALN status...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847294/protean-and-intangible-manifestation-of-renal-stones-in-children
#20
REVIEW
Javaria Qamar, Muhammad Arif Mateen Khan, Zafar Nazir
In the last decade, renal stones are being diagnosed more frequently in children across the globe. Children with renal stone often present with non-specific and subtle symptoms. Diagnosis of urolithiasis in children therefore requires a high index of suspicion especially for those living in endemic regions and with a positive family history. Additionally, management requires judicious use of radiological imaging by treating physicians.
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
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