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International Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803998/high-serum-lactate-as-an-adjunct-in-the-early-prediction-of-anastomotic-leak-following-oesophagectomy
#1
B Ip, K T Ng, S Packer, S Paterson-Brown, G W Couper
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak (AL) following oesophagectomy carries a high mortality and morbidity. Early detection and intervention is required for a successful outcome. We have examined the role of a high postoperative serum lactate in predicting which patients are at risk of developing an anastomotic leak(AL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent transthoracic oesophagectomy over a 3-year period were identified from a prospectively collected database...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803997/the-impact-of-distance-from-transplant-unit-on-outcomes-following-kidney-transplantation
#2
Anna Powell-Chandler, Usman Khalid, Szabolcs Horvath, Mohamed A Ilham, Argiris Asderakis, Michael R Stephens
BACKGROUND: Following transplantation, many patients travel long distances for follow-up care. Many studies have examined the influence of distance from transplant centre on access to transplantation, but few have examined post-transplant outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Distance from transplant centre was calculated for all kidney transplant recipients transplanted over a 5-year period. Outcomes measured were rates of acute rejection, graft and patient survival...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803996/perioperative-hemodynamics-and-outcomes-of-patients-on-metyrosine-undergoing-resection-of-pheochromocytoma-or-paraganglioma
#3
James J Butz, Toby N Weingarten, Alexandre N Cavalcante, Irina Bancos, William F Young, Travis J McKenzie, Darrell R Schroeder, David P Martin, Juraj Sprung
INTRODUCTION: To describe outcomes of patients with metyrosine (MET) pretreatment for abdominal surgical resection of pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma (PCC/PGL) compared with patients who had phenoxybenzamine (PBZ) pretreatment. METHODS: Retrospective review of perioperative outcomes for PCC/PGL patients treated with MET and propensity-matched comparison of MET and PBZ (MET + PBZ) with PBZ alone. RESULTS: MET preparation was given in 63 cases (26 laparoscopic and 37 open, of which 55 also received PBZ)...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801189/comparison-of-femoral-nerve-block-and-fascia-iliaca-block-for-pain-management-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#4
LETTER
Dan Fei, Li-Ping Ma, Hong-Ping Yuan, Dong-Xu Zhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797919/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-using-a-bipolar-sealer-to-prevent-blood-loss-in-spine-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Di Lu, Wei-Guo Ding, Hong-Feng Sheng, Xin-Wei Xu, Ying-Xiao Zhang, Weixing Xu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs was to evaluate the effect of using a bipolar sealer to prevent surgical bleeding in spine surgery. METHODS: In June 2017, the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane controlled trials register, Web of Science, Google, and Chinese Wanfang databases were used to identify RCTs and non-RCTs comparing the effects of intraoperative placement of a bipolar sealer versus standard electrocautery with regard to blood loss and blood transfusion...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797918/oral-tranexamic-acid-can-reduce-blood-loss-after-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Guang-Lei Li, Yong-Mei Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy and safety of oral tranexamic acid (TXA) with controls or intravenous TXA in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We systematically searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science and Google databases. Any studies comparing oral TXA versus a control group or intravenous TXA for patients prepared for TJA were included...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797917/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-keen-osteoarthritis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
LETTER
Xu-Ren Gao, Ye-Shuai Chen, Wei Deng
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a meta-analysis of RCTs to evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplementation in the prevention of symptom and structural progression of keen OA. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched to identify relevant studies. Outcomes included Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) pain, function, stiffness, tibial cartilage volume, and serum vitamin D3 levels, and adverse events. Results were expressed as weight mean difference (WMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI), and risk ratio (RR) with 95%CI...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782662/elderly-patients-have-similar-short-term-outcomes-and-five-year-survival-compared-to-younger-patients-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#8
Awad Shamali, Henry D De'Ath, Bashar Jaber, Mahmoud Abuawad, Salvatore Barbaro, Zaed Hamaday, Mohammad Abu Hilal
BACKGROUND: Outcomes following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in elderly patients in the United Kingdom (UK) remain uncertain. This study aimed to analyse peri-operative outcomes in the elderly, and investigate the impact of age on five-year survival following PD in a UK tertiary centre. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent PD in a single Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic unit in the UK between January 2007 to December 2015 were analysed from a prospectively collected database...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782661/clinical-impact-of-small-advanced-gastric-cancer-%C3%A2-40%C3%A2-mm-in-elderly-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Yoshitake Ueda, Hajime Fujishima, Teijiro Hirashita, Hidefumi Shiroshita, Tsuyoshi Etoh, Masafumi Inomata, Norio Shiraishi
OBJECTIVES: Recently, the incidence of small advanced gastric cancer has been increasing in elderly patients. To clarify the clinical impact of small advanced gastric cancer (≤40 mm) in elderly patients, short- and long-term outcomes after gastrectomy for this disease were examined and compared with those for large gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Forty-seven patients aged 80 years or older with advanced gastric cancer (deeper than pT2) who underwent curative gastrectomy from 1998 to 2015 were enrolled in this study...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778694/minimally-invasive-aortic-arch-surgery-early-and-late-outcomes
#10
Petar Risteski, Ali El-Sayed Ahmad, Nadejda Monsefi, Nestoras Papadopoulos, Isabel Radacki, Eva Herrmann, Anton Moritz, Andreas Zierer
BACKGROUND: We analyzed our experience with the aortic arch operations performed through a minimally invasive approach, with emphasis on safety and feasibility, early and late outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 71 adult patients with aortic arch aneurysm (58, 82%), dissection (10, 14%) or porcelain aorta (3, 4%) who underwent primary arch surgery through a partial upper sternotomy. RESULTS: The aortic arch was replaced partially in 45 (63%), or totally in 26 (37%) patients...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778696/oncologic-outcomes-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-for-right-colon-cancer-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#11
Chang Woo Kim, Hyuk Hur, Byung Soh Min, Seung Hyuk Baik, Kang Young Lee, Nam Kyu Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate oncologic, perioperative, and pathologic outcomes of single-incision laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (SILRC) compared to conventional laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (CLRC) for right colon cancer using propensity score-matching analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 2009 through September 2014, 260 consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic surgery for right colon cancer. Data on short-term and long-term outcomes were collected and reviewed...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778695/long-term-outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-ivor-lewis-esophagostomy-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-compared-with-open-approach
#12
Zhenghua Zhang, Meiqing Xu, Mingfa Guo, Xuegang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and long-term efficacy of combined thoraco-laparoscopic minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagostomy(MI-ILE) in the treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: The clinical data of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent Ivor Lewis esophagostomy of esophageal cancer from October 2011 to June 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Of which 90 patients received MI-ILE, 95 patients underwent open Ivor Lewis esophagostomy (O-ILE)...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774659/significance-of-a-soft-coagulation-system-with-monopolar-electrode-for-hepatectomy-a-retrospective-two-institution-study-by-propensity-analysis
#13
Takeomi Hamada, Atsushi Nanashima, Koichi Yano, Yorihisa Sumida, Masahide Hiyoshi, Naoya Imamura, Shuichi Tobinaga, Yuki Tsuchimochi, Shinsuke Takeno, Yoshiro Fujii, Takeshi Nagayasu
BACKGROUND: The VIO soft-coagulation system (VIO) with a monopolar electrode is a novel hemostatic device that provides hemostasis by superficial contact at the bleeding site without carbonization. Because heat injury remains a concern, surgical records and postoperative liver dysfunction were retrospectively evaluated in a cohort study. METHODS: Between September 2010 and March 2016, 322 patients underwent hepatectomy in which hemostatic devices were used at two institutions...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760707/does-tumor-size-have-its-prognostic-role-in-colorectal-cancer-re-evaluating-its-value-in-colorectal-adenocarcinoma-with-different-macroscopic-growth-pattern
#14
Weixing Dai, Yaqi Li, Xianke Meng, Sanjun Cai, Qingguo Li, Guoxiang Cai
BACKGROUND: Few previous studies have taken the growth pattern into consideration when analyzing the prognostic value of tumor size in colorectal cancer (CRC). OBJECTIVE: We sought to reveal the prognostic role of tumor size in different macroscopic growth patterns of CRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Cancer Center datasets, we identified 4057 cases with colorectal adenocarcinoma treated with curative resection. Macroscopic growth patterns of tumors were classified into three types: infiltrative, ulcerative and expansive types based on tumor gross appearance...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760706/impact-of-the-process-guideline-on-the-reporting-of-surgical-case-series-a-before-and-after-study
#15
R A Agha, M R Borrelli, R Farwana, T Kusu-Orkar, M C Millip, R Thavayogan, J Garner, N Darhouse, D P Orgill
INTRODUCTION: The PROCESS guideline was developed in 2016 through expert Delphi consensus. It aimed to improve the quality of reporting of surgical case series. This study assessed the impact of the introduction of the PROCESS guideline on reporting for surgical case series submitted to three journals. METHODS: 20 case series published in the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports (IJSCR), the International Journal of Surgery (IJS) or the Annals of Medicine and Surgery (AMS) in September to December 2016, prior to the introduction of the PROCESS guideline (the pre-PROCESS period), were randomly identified and scored against the PROCESS criteria...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757396/impact-of-the-scare-guideline-on-the-reporting-of-surgical-case-reports-a-before-and-after-study
#16
R A Agha, R Farwana, M R Borrelli, T Tickunas, T Kusu-Orkar, M C Millip, R Thavayogan, J Garner, D P Orgill
INTRODUCTION: The SCARE guideline was developed in 2016 through an expert Delphi consensus exercise. It aimed to improve the quality of reporting of surgical case reports. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of introducing the SCARE guideline for surgical on reporting of case reports submitted to a single journal. METHODS: A total of 20 case reports published in the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports (IJSCR) and Annals of Medicine and Surgery (AMS) in July and August 2016, prior to the introduction of the SCARE guideline (the pre-SCARE period), were randomly identified and scored against the SCARE criteria...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755885/supraclavicular-block-versus-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-for-shoulder-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-control-trials
#17
REVIEW
C W Guo, J X Ma, X L Ma, B Lu, Y Wang, A X Tian, L Sun, Y Wang, B C Dong, Y B Teng
BACKGROUND: The ultrasound-guided interscalene block (ISB) has been considered a standard technique in managing pain after shoulder surgery. However, this method was associated with the incidence of hemi-diaphragmatic paresis. In contrast to ISB, supraclavicular block (SCB) was suggested to provide effective anaesthesia for shoulder surgery with a low rate of side-effects. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to compare SCB with ISB for evaluating the efficacy and safety...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755884/comparison-of-oral-versus-intravenous-application-of-tranexamic-acid-in-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Lu-Kai Zhang, Jian-Xiong Ma, Ming-Jie Kuang, Jie Zhao, Ying Wang, Bin Lu, Lei Sun, Xin-Long Ma
BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TXA) is regarded as one of the most important drugs in reducing blood loss and hemoglobin (Hb) drop after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). Treatment with tranexamic acid (TXA) by intravenous application has been discussed extensively. Recently, several studies have reported that oral administration has an effect on blood sparing. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy and safety between oral TXA and intravenous TXA (IV-TXA) for blood sparing in total knee and hip arthroplasty...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754615/role-of-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-patients
#19
Mingxia Zhang, Jiannan Wu, Kai Mao, Heran Deng, Yaping Yang, Enxiang Zhou, Jieqiong Liu
BACKGROUND: We aimed to demonstrate the prognostic value of TGF-β1 in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and its association with clinicopathological characteristics of TNBC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 180 women were randomly selected from non-metastatic invasive TNBC patients diagnosed at two hospitals between 2003 and 2012. Lmmunohistochemistry was performed to semi-quantify the expression of TGF-β1. Relationship between TGF-β1 expression and clinicopathological features was performed by Chi-square test...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754614/inspiring-surgeons-of-the-future-a-school-outreach-event-and-possible-solution-to-the-imminent-recruitment-crisis
#20
LETTER
Madeline Leadon, Andreana Panayi, Vinci Naruka, Zaamin Hussain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
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