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International Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30448318/analysis-of-the-first-2645-registrations-at-the-research-registry%C3%A2-a-global-repository-for-all-study-types-involving-human-participants
#1
Alexander J Fowler, Naeem Dowlut, Richard Limb, Martinique Vella Baldacchino, Vinay Sonagara, Natalie George, Rachel Thavayogan, Buket Gundogan, Christopher Limb, Daniyal J Jafree, Riaz A Agha
BACKGROUND: The Declaration of Helsinki has called for the registration of all research studies involving human participants. Despite this, prior registries did not allow registration certain study types, or retrospective registration. The Research Registry® (www.researchregistry.com) was established in 2015 to provide a venue of registration for any study involving human participants. METHODS: and analysis: This retrospective database analysis describes the first 3000 registrations received by the Research Registry®...
November 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30445197/is-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-superior-to-closing-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-in-treatment-of-unicompartmental-osteoarthritis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
Zhan Wang, Yihua Zeng, Wei She, Xiangli Luo, Liyang Cai
BACKGROUND: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is an effective surgical technique that can stop or inhibit progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and avoid or postpone the need for knee arthroplasty. This meta-analysis determined whether opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) was superior to closing-wedge high tibial osteotomy (CWHTO) in treatment of unicompartmental OA. METHODS: Databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Google) were searched from the time of their establishment to 1st August 2018 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing OWHTO and CWHTO in patients with unicompartmental OA...
November 13, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30445196/title-comparison-of-effects-of-four-treatment-methods-for-unstable-intertrochanteric-fractures-a-network-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Wu-Bin Shu, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Hua-Ya Lu, He-Hui Wang, Guan-Hua Lan
PURPOSE: The optimal internal fixation device for unstable intertrochanteric fracture remains a matter of controversy. By performing network meta-analysis, we developed a ranking of the following four surgical methods: proximal femoral nail antirotation, InterTan nail, gamma nail (GN) and sliding hip screws. We compare the complication rates in patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After an exhaustive search of MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for relevant studies, randomized controlled trials meeting selection criteria were entered into our network meta-analysis...
November 13, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30439537/clinical-utility-of-radioactive-seed-localization-in-nonpalpable-breast-cancer-a-retrospective-single-institutional-cohort-study
#4
Badria Aljohani, Klaudia Jumaa, Anat Kornecki, Muriel Brackstone
BACKGROUND: With advances in mammographic screening techniques, it has become easier to detect nonpalpable breast lesions at an early stage. Pre-surgical localization of lesions by radioactive seed localization (RSL) has several benefits over conventional wire localization (WL) in guiding breast conserving surgery. In this study, we compared WL and RSL, focusing on the relationship between the techniques and in-breast recurrence or margin positivity. METHODS: This study included 1083 patients with nonpalpable breast lesions who underwent breast conserving surgery between 2010 and 2015...
November 12, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30439536/safe-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-systematic-review-of-bile-duct-injury-prevention
#5
REVIEW
Floyd W van de Graaf, Ina Zaïmi, Laurents P S Stassen, Johan F Lange
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), a substantial increase in bile duct injury (BDI) incidence was noted. Multiple methods to prevent this complication have been developed and investigated. The most suitable method however is subject to debate. In this systematic review, the different modalities to aid in the safe performance of LC and prevent BDI are delineated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search for articles describing methods for the prevention of BDI in LC was conducted using EMBASE, Medline, Web of science, Cochrane CENTRAL and Google scholar databases from inception to 11 June 2018...
November 12, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30439535/comparison-of-suture-button-fixation-and-syndesmotic-screw-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-distal-tibiofibular-syndesmosis-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Linzhen Xie, Huanguang Xie, Jinwu Wang, Chunhui Chen, Chuanxu Zhang, Hua Chen, Wenhao Zheng
PURPOSE: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to investigate the outcomes of syndesmotic screw fixation versus suture button fixation in the treatment of distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injury from the current literatures. METHODS: The electronic literature database of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library were searched in August 2018. The data on medial clear space, tibiofibular clear space, tibiofibular overlap, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores and complications (including wound infection, local irritation or discomfort, screw loosening and screw breakage) were extracted...
November 12, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415089/trans-anal-or-trans-abdominal-total-mesorectal-excision-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-recent-comparative-studies-on-perioperative-outcomes-and-pathological-result
#7
REVIEW
PuRun Lei, Ying Ruan, Xiaofeng Yang, Jiafeng Fang, Tufeng Chen
BACKGROUND: Trans-anal total mesorectal resection (TaTME) is a novel approach for rectal cancer. However, the perioperative and pathological outcomes of this procedure remain controversial. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, Embase, Wanfang (China) and the Cochrane Library databases without restriction to regions or languages. We included 17 trials comparing TaTME with Laparoscopic TME (LaTME) for meta-analysis (MA). Fixed and random-effect models were used to measure the pooled estimates...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415090/management-of-distal-radius-fracture-a-comparison-of-actual-and-theoretical-treatments
#8
Linzhen Xie, Chunhui Chen, Xianbin Yu, Wei Hu, Hua Chen, Liaojun Sun
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to explore whether there were any differences between the theoretical operative treatment of distal radius fractures according to AAOS guideline on basis of measurement of radiographs and the treatment they actually received in our institution. METHODS: From April 2015 to February 2018, a total of 693 patients with 697 fresh close adult distal radius fractures were evaluated retrospectively. Fractures were respectively grouped into categories by AAOS criteron and actually treatment...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415088/comparison-of-onabotulinumtoxina-versus-sacral-neuromodulation-for-refractory-urinary-urge-incontinence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Heng-Li Niu, Yun-Hai Ma, Cheng-Jun Zhang
BACKGROUND & AIM: Both intradetrusor OnabotulinumtoxinA (BTX) and Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) as third-line therapies for urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) are increasingly being utilized. However, there are differences in preference between patients and medical personnel in clinical practice. This meta-analysis was designed to compare BTX versus SNM in treatment of UUI. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science from January 1, 1992 to April 22, 2018...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30414471/increasing-the-participation-of-medical-students-in-surgical-research-the-italian-case-and-the-role-of-research-collaboratives
#10
LETTER
A Sgrò, A Simioni, V Farina, S Pasquali, G Pellino, F Pata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408514/evaluation-of-fowler-stephens-orchiopexy-for-high-level-intra-abdominal-cryptorchidism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Chengjun Yu, Chunlan Long, Yi Wei, Xiangliang Tang, Bin Liu, Lianju Shen, Xueyi Dong, Tao Lin, Dawei He, Shengde Wu, Guanghui Wei
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There has been no consensus regarding the best surgical strategy for patients with cryptorchidism involving high-level intra-abdominal testes. This systematic review and meta-analysis compared the outcomes of Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy (FSO) conducted as 1-stage or 2-stage, open or laparoscopic. METHODS: The databases PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science Database, Russian Science Citation Index, SciELO Citation Index, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang Data, and China Biology Medical disc were systematically searched for relevant articles...
November 5, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399450/relationship-between-clavien-dindo-classification-and-long-term-survival-outcomes-after-curative-resection-for-gastric-cancer-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#12
Zhengyan Li, Bin Bai, Gang Ji, Jipeng Li, Qingchuan Zhao
BACKGROUND: The impact of postoperative complications (POCs) on the long-term survival outcomes after curative resection for gastric cancer has seldom been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the severity of POCs and long-term survival outcomes after curative resection for gastric cancer. METHODS: The study analyzed 3091 patients who underwent curative resection for gastric cancer in a single center between June 2009 and June 2015...
November 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30395945/development-of-a-malawi-intensive-care-mortality-risk-evaluation-mime-model-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Meghan Prin, Stephanie Pan, Clement Kadyaudzu, Guohua Li, Anthony Charles
INTRODUCTION: Intensive care medicine can contribute to population health in low-income countries by reducing premature mortality related to surgery, trauma, obstetrical and other medical emergencies. Quality improvement is guided by risk stratification models, which are developed primarily within high-income settings. Models validated for use in low-income countries are needed. METHODS: This prospective cohort study consisted of 261 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Kamuzu Central Hospital in Malawi, from September 2016 to March 2018...
November 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30389537/the-current-optimal-multimodality-treatments-for-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Feng Li, Ningning Ding, Yue Zhao, Ligong Yuan, Yousheng Mao
BACKGROUND: Multimodality treatments including definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) and neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) or chemotherapy (nCT) followed by surgery (S) are frequently used to improve prognosis in locally advanced oesophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (LAESCC), while the optimal multimodality regimen has yet to be defined; therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to find out the current best multimodality regimen for LAESCC. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of PubMed, Embase, Ovid and Cochrane Library databases for studies comparing nCRT + S with nCT + S or dCRT...
October 31, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30389536/laparoscopic-hepatectomy-versus-open-hepatectomy-in-the-management-of-posterosuperior-segments-of-the-liver-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Zi Yin, Haosheng Jin, Tingting Ma, Hongxu Wang, Bowen Huang, Zhixiang Jian
BACKGROUND: Previous guidance and consensus have well-addressed the advantages of laparoscopic procedures in the anterolateral segments of II, III, IVb and V of the liver, as for lesions located in the posterosuperior segments of I, IVa, VII and VIII is challenging but has become more practical recently due to progress in operative techniques. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of LH and OH patients with tumors located in posterosuperior segments...
October 31, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30389535/phenylephrine-vs-ephedrine-in-cesarean-delivery-under-spinal-anesthesia-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Chao Xu, Su Liu, YiZhou Huang, XiaoWei Guo, HanBing Xiao, DunYi Qi
BACKGROUND: In the past 20 years, many studies compared phenylephrine with ephedrine to prevent or treat hypotension in elective or emergency cesarean delivery and parturients with pre-eclampsia. A meta-analysis of the abovementioned trials is needed. METHODS: Several databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library) were searched from inception to April 2018 for trials comparing phenylephrine with ephedrine in cesarean delivery. The primary outcome is the incidence of maternal hypotension...
October 31, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30389533/subplatysmal-or-subfascial-approach-in-totally-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-has-better-postoperative-efficacy-for-voice-sensory-swallowing-symptoms-and-cosmetic-result-cohort-study
#17
Nan Liu, Bo Chen, Luchuan Li, Qingdong Zeng, Bin Lv
BACKGROUND: After totally endoscopic thyroidectomy (TET), patients usually suffer from voice, sensory, swallowing symptoms and they are also concerned with the postoperative cosmetic result. We compared the effects of subfascial dissection method with the subplatysmal method in TET on postoperative symptoms and cervical appearance. METHODS: 143 female patients who underwent totally endoscopic thyroid surgery were assigned to the subplatysmal approach group and subfascial approach group...
October 31, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30389538/prognostic-value-and-clinicopathologic-significance-of-nm23-in-various-cancers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Liu Liang, Li Man, Chengdong Zhang, Junhua Zhang, Guoyi Li, Zhimin Zhang, Xinhong He, Min Fan
OBJECTIVE: Extensive studies have been carried out to investigate the association between nm23 expression and the prognosis and clinicopathologic significance of various tumors. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Eligible studies were searched from Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), PubMed and Web of Science up to May 2017. In this study, we calculated the pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) to determine the association between nm23 expression and the prognosis of various tumors...
October 30, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30389534/prognostic-nomograms-based-on-log-odds-of-positive-lymph-nodes-for-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
WeiWen Zhou, ChuiGuo Huang, NaiJun Yuan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to build prognostic nomograms for patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and compare the predictive performance with the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system. METHODS: A total of 9453 patients were identified (2005-2015) from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. Propensity-score matching (PSM) was conducted to reduce selective bias. The matched cohort was further divided equally into the development and the validation cohort...
October 30, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366096/nomograms-for-estimating-survival-in-patients-with-liver-only-colorectal-metastases-a-retrospective-study
#20
Qiong Wu, Wen-Jie Wang, Yue-Qing Huang, Shi-Ying Fang, Yong-Jun Guan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to develop and validate nomograms for individual risk prediction in patients with liver-only colorectal metastases (CRLM). METHODS: Histologically confirmed CRLM diagnosed between 2010 and 2015 were analysed from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to obtain independent prognostic factors to build nomograms for predicting 1- and 3-year overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS)...
October 24, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
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