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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932057/erratum-odontogenic-tumor-indian-scenario
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 2 in vol. 21, PMID: 28479677.].
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932056/erupted-odontome-associated-with-a-primary-molar-a-unique-clinical-presentation-4-year-follow-up
#2
Shaik Hasanuddin, E Rajendra Reddy
Erupted odontomas occur very rarely in both the primary and permanent dentitions. The present case report discusses an unusual erupted odontome associated with a primary first mandibular molar. A 7-year-old female patient with an erupted odontome in the oral cavity was reported. The surgical extraction of odontome was performed under local anesthesia to allow eruption of underlying premolar tooth. After 4 years of follow-up, the first premolar had erupted with an unusual occlusal morphology, similar to that of a primary first molar...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932055/eosinophilic-ulcer-of-the-tongue-masquerading-as-malignant-ulcer-an-unexplored-distinct-pathology
#3
Kunal Sah, Sunira Chandra, Anil Singh, Shweta Singh
Eosinophilic ulcer (EU) is a rare self-limiting chronic benign ulcerative lesion of the oral mucosa often misdiagnosed as oral malignancy. Its etiopathogenesis is ambiguous, but trauma plays an important role in the development. Microscopically, it is characterized by a polymorphic inflammatory infiltrate with a prominent eosinophilic component and large mononuclear cells extending deep into the submucosa, underlying muscle and salivary glands. We discuss a case of EU in a 55-year-old male, which presented with a symptomatic nonhealing ulcer on the right lateral border of the tongue and was further clinically misdiagnosed as malignant ulcer...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932054/darier-disease-a-rare-genodermatosis
#4
Hema Suryawanshi, Akshay Dhobley, Aparna Sharma, Pramod Kumar
Darier disease (DD), also known as keratosis follicularis or dyskeratosis follicularis, is a rare autosomal dominant genodermatosis with high penetrance and variable expressivity. It is caused by mutations of ATP2A2 gene which encodes the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase isoform 2. It is clinically manifested by hyperkeratotic papules primarily affecting seborrheic areas on the head, neck and thorax, with less frequent involvement of the oral mucosa. When oral manifestations are present, they primarily affect the palatal and alveolar mucosa, are usually asymptomatic and are discovered in routine dental examination...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932053/management-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-maxillary-sinus
#5
Kanva Ramasanjeevaiah Jnanadev, H S Sheethal, H S Suraj, K B Rudresh
Surgical management of malignant tumors disfigures and demoralizes individuals. Management of such patients requires concern humane approach, meticulous planning and judicious management of a case. It is the responsibility of a dentist to restore the lost function, speech and esthetics. This clinical case report signifies the role of the dentist starting from diagnosis, presurgical phase, surgical phase and postsurgical phase of a patient diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the right maxilla.
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932052/primary-intraosseous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-rare-odontogenic-malignancy
#6
Arush Thakur, Jagdish V Tupkari, Tabita Joy, Ajas A Gogri
Primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma (PIOSCC) is a rare epithelial odontogenic malignancy affecting the jaws, especially in elderly population. It is a rare lesion, because very few cases of PIOSCC have been reported in the literature with not much of research done on this particular entity. In the present article, we report a case of PIOSCC with detailed discussion of clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features along with review of literature.
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932051/adenoid-ameloblastoma-with-dentinoid-a-rare-hybrid-variant
#7
Harishchandra K Rai, Shaila M Pai, Anitha Dayakar, H Supriya
Odontogenic tumors comprise an unusual group of lesions of the jaw and present diverse histological patterns. Derived from the primordial tooth-forming tissues, they represent a heterogeneous group of lesions that range from hamartomas to benign and malignant neoplasms of variable aggressiveness. Sporadic case reports and diverse complex histogenetic source also defy categorization of odontogenic tumors. Many can be diagnosed accurately based on the distinctive clinical, radiological and histopathological presentation...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932050/evaluation-of-paxillin-expression-in-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-immunohistochemical-study
#8
Saurabh Shekhar, Punnya V Angadi
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the tenth most common cancer in the world. The diagnosis of OSCC remains problematic, especially in advanced-stage tumors. AIMS: The present study was conducted to understand the pattern of expression of paxillin in varying grades of carcinomas and also to ascertain whether its expression has an association with increasing grades. METHODS: A total of ninety formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues of OSCC were included in the study comprising thirty cases of each of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinomas, moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinomas (MDSCCs) and poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinomas (PDSCCs)...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932049/evaluation-of-two-flap-designs-on-the-mandibular-second-molar-after-third-molar-extractions
#9
Nabeeh A Alqahtani, S Khaleelahmed, Farheen Desai
BACKGROUND: The extraction of third molars is associated with some clinical outcomes and periodontal problems. It is imperative to note that the type of incision used in the surgery for the removal of the impacted third molar is critical. The design of the flap influences the healing of the surgically created defect and damage to the distal periodontal area of the adjacent second molar. However, till date, there have been conflicting reports on the influence of different flap designs used for the surgical removal of impacted third molars...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932048/use-of-jaggery-and-honey-as-adjunctive-cytological-fixatives-to-ethanol-for-oral-smears
#10
Deepak Pandiar, Harakh Chand Baranwal, Sandip Kumar, Vellaichamy Ganesan, Piyush Kumar Sonkar, Kausik Chattopadhyay
BACKGROUND: Ethanol has satisfactorily been used as cyto-fixative. Owing to its limitations, pathologists have always searched for new fixatives. The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of two natural sweeteners as cyto-fixatives. An attempt has also been made to understand the underlying mechanism by which these fixatives fix the oral mucosal cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three smears were collected from 25 healthy volunteers. One smear was fixed in ethanol and the other two in 20% aqueous honey solution and 30% aqueous jaggery solution for 15-30 min followed by Papanicolaou staining...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932047/a-relationship-between-salivary-flow-rates-and-candida-counts-in-patients-with-xerostomia
#11
Suchetha Devendrappa Nadig, Deepak Timmasandra Ashwathappa, Muniraju Manjunath, Sowmya Krishna, Araleri Gopalkrishna Annaji, Praveen Kunigal Shivaprakash
CONTEXT: Most of the adult population is colonized by Candida in their oral cavity. The process of colonization depends on several factors, including the interaction between Candida and salivary proteins. Therefore, salivary gland hypofunction may alter the oral microbiota and increase the risk for opportunistic infections, such as candidiasis. Hence, it is necessary to evaluate the relationship between salivary flow rates (SFRs) and Candida colony counts in the saliva of patients with xerostomia...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932046/analysis-of-lip-print-and-fingerprint-patterns-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus
#12
P Manjusha, S Sudha, P M Shameena, R Chandni, Sujatha Varma, Deepak Pandiar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Globally, the prevalence of diabetes is soaring high in the recent times. There is an ardent search in the scientific community for a reliable and cheap early predictor which can serve the purpose of mass screening of a genetically vulnerable population. Hence, the present study was conducted to assess the predictive role of cheiloscopy on type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Several studies have established the association of dermatoglyphics with diabetes. However, results are still far from satisfaction...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932045/nonmetric-traits-of-permanent-posterior-teeth-in-kerala-population-a-forensic-overview
#13
Tibin K Baby, S Sunil, Sharlene Sara Babu
INTRODUCTION: Dental morphology is a highly heritable characteristic which is stable with time and has a fairly high state of preservation. Nonmetric dental traits have crucial role in ethnic classifications of a population that helps in forensic racial identification purposes. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and variability of possible nonmetric tooth traits using extracted permanent posterior teeth from Kerala population for discerning racial ethnicity...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932044/ultrastructural-changes-in-cell-death
#14
B K Charan Gowda, Ganganna Kokila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932043/gingival-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#15
Deepak Venkatesh, K P Mohan Kumar, Jyoti B Alur
The human gingiva, characterized by its outstanding scarless wound healing properties, is a unique tissue and a pivotal component of the periodontal apparatus, investing and surrounding the teeth in their sockets in the alveolar bone. In the last year's gingival mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells (GMSCs), with promising regenerative and immunomodulatory properties, have been isolated and characterized from the gingival lamina propria. These cells, in contrast to other mesenchymal stem/progenitor cell (MSC) sources, are abundant, readily accessible and easily obtainable through minimally invasive cell isolation techniques...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932042/small-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-paranasal-sinus-with-intraoral-involvement-report-of-a-rare-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Anita Spadigam, Anita Dhupar, Shaheen Syed, Shruti U Nagvekar
The diffuse neuroendocrine system continues to be an enigmatic topic of study in pathology due to its controversial embryologic origins, biology and a variety of tumors engendered. Originally thought to be localized to the classic neuroendocrine organs (pituitary, thyroid, pancreas and adrenal medulla), the neuroendocrine cells are now known to be distributed in every organ system of the body. A number of human diseases have been linked to aberrations in the functioning of the neuroendocrine cells. Neoplasms of the neuroendocrine system can thus occur in myriad primary sites and range in behavior from benign to lethal...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932041/hemangiolymphangioma-of-buccal-mucosa-a-rare-case-report
#17
Selvamani Manickam, Prem Sasikumar, B Nanda Kishore, Sheethal Joy
Vascular anomalies are mainly classified under two headings, i.e. under vascular tumors and vascular malformations. Hemangioma and lymphangioma are examples for such a vascular anomalies. Malformations may be seen in different combinations of vascular elements, and histologically these vessels may be filled with blood and named lymphangiohemangioma or hemangiolymphangioma according to the dominant tissue structure present. It is a rare developmental anomaly. This paper reports a case of lymphangiohemangioma in a 21-year-old female patient...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932040/a-rare-coexistence-of-aspergillosis-with-actinomycosis
#18
B Hari Vinay, Aditya Mohan, P Haritha, K Roja Lakshmi
Aspergillosis is a common systemic mycosis which affects immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts. Aspergillus spp. is wide spread in the environment in most countries, which renders an invasive form of disease. The presence conidial heads are pathognomic to aspergillosis in diagnosis. Actinomycosis is a subacute-to-chronic infection that causes sinus fistula, tract or abscess due to the invasion surrounding the soft tissue. Cervicofacial infection accounts for 50%-60% of all actinomycosis cases. The mandible and nasopharynx are the sites of predilection, but maxillary infection is rare...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932039/oral-focal-mucinosis-of-posterior-maxilla
#19
Kumar Nilesh, Huzaifa S Kothi, Rahul Patil, R C Pramod
Oral focal mucinosis (OFM) is a rare connective tissue disorder characterized by myxoid degeneration of submucosal connective tissue. It usually presents as gingival or mucosal overgrowth. Due to its uncommon occurrence and lack of pathognomonic clinical or radiological features, diagnosis mainly relies on histopathological evaluation. The paper reports a rare case of large OFM in a 58-year-old female patient involving the posterior maxilla and hard palate. Diagnosis of the lesion was established based on histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932038/unicystic-ameloblastoma-in-conjunction-with-peripheral-ameloblastoma-a-unique-case-report-presenting-with-diverse-histological-patterns
#20
Sravani Ghattamaneni, Shilpa Nallamala, Venkateswara Rao Guttikonda
Ameloblastomas are benign epithelial odontogenic neoplasms which are locally aggressive with an insidious growth pattern. Based on the clinical, radiographic, histopathology and behavioral and prognostic aspects, four variants of ameloblastoma are distinguished. They include solid/multicystic ameloblastoma, unicystic ameloblastoma (UA), peripheral ameloblastoma (PA) and desmoplastic ameloblastoma. UA and PA are two variants that have no clinical or radiological resemblance to each other. A case of simultaneous occurrence of these two lesions displaying an array of different histopathological entities together, with a note on pathological insight, has been reported in a 59-year-old adult male patient...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
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