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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP

Vaishali Korranne, Yash Merchant, Samir Joshi, Rajshekhar Halli
The dentinogenic ghost cell tumor (DGCT) is a relatively uncommon locally invasive neoplasm that mimics several inflammatory/reactive lesions of the gingiva or odontogenic cysts. The confirmatory diagnosis of this rare lesion can only be made with histopathological examination. Routine staining reveals features of a "mixed" tumor as ghost cells with calcification, dysplastic dentin and islands of epithelium in rosette pattern in mature connective tissue are visible. The case report describes an asymptomatic growth in the maxillary gingiva of a young patient that was incidentally diagnosed as a DGCT after biopsy...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Adriana Handra-Luca
Minor salivary gland granuloma is rare in tuberculosis. We present a case of labial minor salivary gland granulomas occurring in the course of tuberculosis along with skin, mediastinal and liver granulomas. The patient (46-year-old man) presented with asthenia, nocturne transpiration, weight loss and compressive thoracic adenopathies. The angiotensin I converting enzyme was elevated as well as calcemia. The QuantiFERON test and culture of a mediastinal specimen were positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis ...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Paul Chalakkal, Ramesh Krishnan, Neil De Souza, Godwin Clovis Da Costa
This article highlights a rare occurrence of nonsyndromic supplemental maxillary lateral incisors in a 11-year-old boy. It also includes a detailed literature review of supernumerary teeth.
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Taneeru Sravya, Guttikonda Venkateswara Rao, Masabattula Geetha Kumari, Yerraguntla Vidya Sagar, Yeluri Sivaranjani, Kondamarri Sudheerkanth
Background: Xylene is synthetic hydrocarbon produced from coal tar known for its wide usage as universal solvent which has many hazardous effects. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of xylene-free hematoxylin and eosin (H and E) sections with conventional H and E sections. Materials and Methods: The study included ninety paraffin-embedded tissue blocks. Of these, sixty blocks were processed with sesame oil (xylene alternative) and thirty blocks with xylene...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Niloufa Z Aziz, K Arathi, B Ganesh Prasad, Dinkar Desai, Sharan J Shetty, Mohammed Shahid
Background: Cancer is Latinized from Greek word 'karkinos' meaning crab, denoting how carcinoma extends its claws like a crab into adjacent tissues. It has been well established by researchers that virtually all oral cancer are preceded by visible clinical changes in the oral mucosa usually in the form of white or red patch (two-step process of cancer development). Mg is an essential mineral that is needed for a broad variety of physiological functions. Imbalances in Mg metabolism are common and are associated with different pathological conditions...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Amir Ala Aghbali, Ayshin Akbarzadeh, Maryam Kouhsoltani
Background: Many studies have reported that macrophages and eosinophils are involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study comparing macrophages and eosinophils in oral reactive lesions. Aims: In this study, we aimed to determine the contribution of macrophages and eosinophils to the pathogenesis of oral reactive lesions and the relationships between these biomarkers and the diverse histopathologic features...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Tapan G Modi, Monali Chalishazar, Malay Kumar
Introduction and Objectives: Odontogenic cysts are the most common cysts of the jaws and are formed from the remnants of the odontogenic apparatus. Among these odontogenic cysts, radicular cysts (RCs) (about 60% of all diagnosed jaw cysts), dentigerous cysts (DCs) (16.6% of all jaw cysts) and odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) (11.2% of all developmental odontogenic cysts) are the most common. The behavior of any lesion is generally reflected by its growth potential. Growth potential is determined by measuring the cell proliferative activity...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Shivani Jain, Rashmi Gs Phulari, Rajendrasinh Rathore, Arpan K Shah, Sankalp Sancheti
Background: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common cancer of oral cavity. Tumor stage, thickness, lymph node metastasis (LNM), extranodal spread, perineural invasion, tumor differentiation, mutations, human papillomavirus infection, and tumor microenvironment are independent prognostic indicators of OSCC. However, clinically, among all factors, LNM is considered an important prognostic factor in OSCC as it not only determines the stage of disease but also the strongest independent factor which predicts recurrence of disease...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
R B Ashuja, D B Nandini, B Vidyasagar, R Ashwini, Mandana Donoghue, G S Madhushankari
Background: Antiasthmatic medications such as β2 agonists and corticosteroids have shown potential side effects such as increased caries risk and oral candidiasis. Studies evaluating microbial changes in adult asthmatics are very scanty in the literature. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of asthma and its medication on cariogenic bacteria and Candida albicans in adult asthmatics. Aim and Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate and compare counts of Streptococcus mutans (SM) and lactobacilli in plaque and C...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Mansi Narendra Tailor, Manjiri Uttam Joshi
Background: Commissural lip pits (CLPs) fall among the rare congenital deformities recorded. CLP usually follows dominant hereditary pattern and may be associated with other congenital defects. CLP can appear as unilateral depression or bilateral depression. Objective: To assess the prevalence, age distribution, site and gender predilection of CLP in a central Gujarat population. Materials and Methods: Outdoor patients over a period of 6 months were examined for clinical evidence of CLPs...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Samatha Chittemsetti, Shilpa Nallamala, Taneeru Sravya, Venkateswara Rao Guttikonda, Praveen Kumar Manchikatla, Sudheerkanth Kondamari
Introduction: In routine tissue processing, formalin has been proved as efficient as fixative since inception and hazards associated with it are of major safety and health concern. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of natural fixatives such as jaggery and Khandsari over formalin. Materials and Methods: Ninety normal tissue specimen collected during minor oral surgical procedures were included in this study. Thirty specimen each were fixed in 30% jaggery (Group-A), 30% Khandsari (Group-B) and 10% formalin (Group-C)...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
G Swetha, Kiran Kumar Kattappagari, Chandra Shekar Poosarla, Lalith Prakash Chandra, Sridhar Reddy Gontu, Venkata Ramana Reddy Badam
Aim: This study aims to examine the correlation between age and number of incremental lines in human dental cementum among single-rooted teeth (incisors and canines) and to assess the best tooth to estimate age group by studying cementum under phase-contrast microscope and to assess the use of cementum in age estimation. Materials and Methods: The present study was carried out in the Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology. A sample of eighty single-rooted undecalcified longitudinal ground sections is prepared from freshly collected teeth with age noted separately and observed under phase-contrast microscope, photographed and counted...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
H Zainab, Shaimaa, J Pramod, D Hugar, A Sultana
Introduction: Bite mark evidence is unique to an individual and plays an important role in the legal system. There has always been the need to develop newer materials for bite mark analysis that will have excellent reproducibility as well as reliability. Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of styrofoam sheets and modeling wax with time-dependent changes when compared to the routine dental cast models. Materials and Methods: The present study included thirty volunteers and their bite marks were taken on the styrofoam and wax sheet materials that were traced on the transparent sheet and evaluation of the bite marks on the two materials were carried out at an interval of 1 day for 3 alternate days and grades were given, respectively...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Karpagaselvi Sanjai, Divya Shivalingaiah, Ranjini Sharath, Bhavna Pandey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Thorakkal Shamim
Background: There is a paucity of information about the oral and maxillofacial cytology-related articles published in a cytology journal. Journal of Cytology (JOC) is the official publication of Indian Academy of Cytologists. Objective: This study aimed to audit the oral and maxillofacial cytology-related articles published in JOC from 2007 to 2015 over a 9-year period. Materials and Methods: Bibliometric analysis of issues of JOC from 2007 to 2015 was performed using web-based search...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Susmita Saxena, Sanjeev Kumar, Jitin Kharbanda
A 16-year-old male patient reported with swelling of the right submandibular region for 3 months. The patient was asymptomatic and gave a history of fever lasting for 2 days before observing the swelling. Fine-needle aspiration cytology revealed nonspecific lymphadenitis, and since there was no apparent cause detected in the oral cavity or any systemic condition noted, the enlarged lymph node was surgically excised and submitted for histopathologic examination. The inflammatory condition and large numbers of macrophages appeared nonspecific while granuloma formation was not seen...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Vaneet Kaur, T N Tilakraj
We report a rare and unusual case of a Peripheral Ameloblastic Fibro-Dentinoma (PAFD) occurring in a 3 year old Indian boy. The boy presented to the hospital complaining of swelling in anterior maxillary region with a history of trauma. Periapical radiography of the area did not reveal any bone resorption. The entire mass was excised under local anesthesia, and the histological examination revealed a diagnosis of PAFD. The postoperative course was satisfactory and the excised area has remained free of recurrence for 9 months...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Pooja Aggarwal, Chitrapriya Saxena, Arun Kumar, Vijay Wadhwan
Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma is a rare distinct histologic variant of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck region. Majority of them can be differentiated from squamous cell carcinoma by their aggressive clinical course and their histological features: the usual site of occurrence of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma is the upper areodigestive tract, floor of mouth and base of tongue. We hereby present two cases of a rare but aggressive basaloid squamous cell carcinoma, both affecting mandible.
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Preethi Sharma, Madhuri Gawande, Minal Chaudhary, Rajul Ranka
Lymphomas are heterogeneous malignancies of the lymphatic system characterized by lymphoid cell proliferation. They can broadly be divided into Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) and non-HL (NHL). NHL can originate from B, T or natural killer lymphocytes. Extranodal presentation of T-cell NHL is extremely rare and is often seen in immunocompromised individuals. Here, we report a rare case of T-cell lymphoma of the oral cavity in a 13-year-old patient. The patient was diagnosed to have T-cell lymphoma on the basis of biopsy and immunohistochemistry and was referred to the oral surgery department for definite treatment...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Zaira Gómez-Herrera, Nelly Molina-Frechero, Pablo Damián-Matsumura, Ronell Bologna-Molina
Proteoglycans (PGs) are essential for normal cellular development; however, alterations of their concentrations can promote tumor growth. To date, a limited number of studies report the presence of PGs in odontogenic tumors (OTs); therefore, the main purpose of this work is to gather the information published on the study of PGs. The search reported 26 articles referring to the presence of different PGs in distinct OTs from 1999 to May 2017. PGs seem to play an important role during OTs' development as they are involved in several tumor processes; however, the number of reports on the study of these molecules is low...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
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