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Prague Medical Report

Stavros Sfoungaristos, Ioannis Mykoniatis, Evangelos Poulios, Dimitrios Paikos, Dimitrios Hatzichristou
Mainz pouch II is a reliable and viable technique of continent urinary diversion. Patients are at increased risk of long-term complications including urolithiasis of the upper urinary tract and reservoir. We report the case of a 67-year-old male with prior Mainz pouch II due to invasive bladder cancer treated for a large renal calculus. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) was successfully performed. Stone management in these type of patients is of increased interest due to existed "anatomical challenges" concerning the access and safety during the procedure...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Marie Pometlová, Anna Yamamotová, Kateryna Nohejlová, Romana Šlamberová
Methamphetamine (MA) is one of the most addictive psychostimulant drugs with a high potential for abuse. Our previous studies demonstrated that MA administered to pregnant rats increases pain sensitivity and anxiety in their adult offspring and makes them more sensitive to acute administration of the same drug in adulthood. Because individuals can differ considerably in terms of behaviour and physiology, such as rats that do not belong in some characteristics (e.g. anxiety) to average, can be described as low-responders or high-responders, are then more or less sensitive to pain...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Jitka Levorová, Vladimír Machoň, Anasuya Guha, René Foltán
Osteoarthrosis (OA) of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a progressive degenerative disease, gradually affecting cartilage, synovial membrane and bone structures. OA of TMJ clinically manifests with joint noises, pain and restricted mouth opening. In late stages, it results in severe damage of TMJ structures and development of ankylosis. Osteoarthrosis is a multifactorial disease; the occurrence is associated with TMJ overloading. The cohort included 619 patients [538 women (87%) and 81 men (13%), with average age 40...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Pavel Michálek, Will Donaldson, Francis McAleavey, Alexander Abraham, Rachel J Mathers, Claire Telford
Fibreoptic intubation through a supraglottic airway is an alternative plan for airway management in difficult or failed laryngoscopy. The aim of this study was to compare three supraglottic airways as conduits in patients with at least one predictor for difficult laryngoscopy. The i-gel was compared with the single-use intubating laryngeal mask airway (sILMA) and CTrach laryngeal mask in 120 adult patients scheduled for elective surgeries under general anaesthesia using a prospective, randomized and single-blinded design...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Jiří Valenta, Zdeněk Stach, Pavel Michálek
Snakebites by exotic venomous snakes can cause serious or even life-threatening envenoming. In Europe and North America most victims are breeders, with a few snakebites from wild native American rattlesnakes. The envenomed victims may present in organ and/or system failure with muscle paralysis, respiratory failure, circulatory instability, acute kidney injury, severe coagulation disorder, and local disability - compartment syndrome and necrosis. Best managed by close collaboration between clinical toxicology and intensive care, most severe envenomings are managed primarily by intensive care physicians...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Arda Isik, Oguz Idiz, Deniz Firat
Pilonidal sinus is a very common inflammatory disease of the gluteal region. The ideal method of pilonidal sinus treatment should have a low recurrence rate with minimum excision. Moreover, the treatment method should have a short hospitalization time, should let the patient return to his normal life rapidly, should cause minimum loss of labour and should result a small scar only. In the presented review, modalities in pilonidal sinus treatment in the light of current information in the literature are evaluated...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Jaroslav Weissensteiner, Eva Babušíková
Malignant melanoma is a malignancy located predominantly in the skin and the incidence of melanoma increases. We compared the markers of bone metabolism - osteocalcin (OC), beta-carboxyterminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen (β-CrossLaps, β-CTx) and tumour marker - human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) in the serum with finding during the entry examination and the check-up of whole-body bone scintigraphy of the patient with a malignant melanoma. Serum concentrations of OC, β-CTx, HE4 were determined in 1 patient (female, age 64 years) with malignant melanoma and correlated with the presence of equivocal bone metastases detected by whole-body bone scintigraphy (the entry examination and check-up after 6 months)...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Miroslav Průcha, Petr Czinner, Petra Prokopová
Currently, Ormond's disease is classified among IgG4-associated diseases. Its clinical manifestation varies and is characterized by the presence of fibrous retroperitoneal tissue that often affects the ureters or abdominal aorta and iliac arteries. We present a unique case of the polycystic form of Ormond's disease, imitating tumour in the retroperitoneal space. At the time of diagnosis, the disease was not metabolically active and did not require immunosuppressive therapy. The polycystic mass was removed surgically...
2016: Prague Medical Report
David Janák, Karel Novotný, Miloslav Roček, Vilém Rohn
We report on a very rare case of diagnosis and successful surgical treatment of three young family members with a four-fold presentation of thoracic outlet syndrome. In the relevant family case, we are considering and discussing the population incidence, a possible HOX genes disorder, and a significant phenotypic presentation.
2016: Prague Medical Report
Oktay Karaköse, Hüseyin Eken, Ali Naki Ulusoy, Hüseyin Koray Topgül, Mehmet Bilgin, Saim Savaş Yürüker, Mustafa Yavuz Gülbahar
Intestinal anastomosis healing is a complex physiological process in which many local and systemic factors play a role. One of the significant cytokines in this process is TNF-α. Infliximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody which binds to TNF-α with high affinity. Although this agent is used in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, intestinal surgery may be required in these patients. In this study it was aimed to determine whether or not there was any negative effect of preoperative single dose infliximab treatment on intestinal anastomosis healing...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Michaela Dušková, Lucie Kolátorová Sosvorová, Martin Hill, Kateřina Šimůnková, Hana Jandíková, Hana Pospíšilová, Monika Šrámková, Mikuláš Kosák, Michal Kršek, Václav Hána, Luboslav Stárka
Studies on the time course of ACTH- or insulin-induced hypoglycemia stimulating adrenal androgens are usually limited to dehydroepiandrosterone and/or its sulphate. Our data on dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its hydroxylated metabolites clearly show that measurements of DHEA and its sulphate (DHEAS) are valuable markers of the integrity of the HPA (hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal) axis. Assessments of HPA function should rely on measurements of baseline and/or stimulated serum cortisol concentrations, and C19 Δ5-steroids may provide additional information...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Hamid Reza Kouhpayeh, Mohsen Taheri, Mana Baziboroon, Mohammad Naderi, Gholamreza Bahari, Mohammad Hashemi
Cysteine-cysteine chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) with immunoregulatory and inflammatory activities has an important role in granuloma formations that activates and stimulates T-cells and macrophages. Cysteine-cysteine chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is a chemokine receptor, which is important for migration of immune cells to site of infection. In the present study we investigated the possible association between CCL5 -403G/A (rs2107538), CCL5 -28C/G (rs2280788) and CCR5 Δ32 polymorphisms and pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in an Iranian population...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Pavla Peřinová, Eva Feketeová, David Kemlink, Petra Kovalská, Karolína Chlebušová, Jiří Nepožitek, Veronika Ibarburu, Eva Králíková, Soňa Nevšímalová, Karel Šonka
Narcolepsy-cataplexy (NC) is a chronic neurological disease with suggested autoimmune etiopathogenesis. Nicotine stimulates central nervous system and smoking increases the risk of autoimmune diseases. Assessment of smoking habits and its correlation to clinical parameters among 87 adult NC patients (38 male, 49 female) included night polysomnography and multiple sleep latency test. In our sample, 43.7% NC patients were regular smokers, and 19.5% former smokers compared to 22.2%, and 12.6%, respectively, in the general population...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Martin Šíma, Miroslav Pokorný, František Paďour, Ondřej Slanař
Terlipressin is a vasopressin analogue used for its vasoconstrictor effect in the treatment of variceal bleeding. Despite its good safety profile compared to vasopressin, some adverse reactions may occur during its use - e.g. hyponatremia. We describe a case of a cirrhotic patient with active variceal bleeding treated during two separate hospitalizations with terlipressin. In both drug treatment periods, severe laboratory hyponatremia developed. After terlipressin discontinuation, mineral disbalance corrected rapidly...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Jiří Valenta, Zdeněk Stach, Pavel Michálek
A snake breeder, 47-years-old man, was bitten by the saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus sochureki). After admission to Toxinology Centre, within 1.5 h, laboratory evaluation showed clotting times prolonged to non-measurable values, afibrinogenaemia, significantly elevated D-dimers, haemolysis and myoglobin elevation. Currently unavailable antivenom was urgently imported and administered within 10 hours. In 24 hours, oligoanuric acute kidney injury (AKI) and mild acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) developed...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Tomáš Grus, Lukáš Lambert, Vilém Rohn, Tomáš Klika, Gabriela Grusová, Pavel Michálek
We present a case of a female patient with infectious (mycotic) juxtarenal abdominal aneurysm with atypical symptoms beginning as acute exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis. Apart from common antibiotic treatment, the patient successfully underwent resection of the diseased segment and replacement by a fresh allograft in order to reduce the risk of infection of the graft, but with the need of subsequent life-long immunosuppressive therapy. Perioperative monitoring of the spinal cord by near infrared spectroscopy was used to identify possible spinal ischemia...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Somnath Mukherjee, Deepak Sharma, Kailash C Upadhyaya
LINE1 (L1) is an autonomous, non-LTR retrotransposon and the L1 family of retrotransposons constitute around 17%, 20% and 23% in the human, mouse and rat genomes respectively. Under normal physiological conditions, the retroelements remain by and large transcriptionally silent but are activated in response to biotic and abiotic stress conditions and during perturbation in cellular metabolism. They have also been shown to be transiently activated under certain developmental programs. Using RT-PCR, we show that the L1 elements are transcriptionally active in the hippocampus region of the brain of four-month-old rat under normal conditions without any apparent stress...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Miroslav Průcha, Ivan Kolombo, Petr Štádler
We present a retrospective analysis of patients treated in our Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Haematology and Immunology, Na Homolce Hospital, during 1997-2013 for Ormond's disease. We analyse the clinical history, diagnostic approaches, surgical, and immunosuppressive therapies and their subsequent effect on our patients. 28 patients treated for Ormond's disease were included. Patients with established disease activity (26 patients) were given immunosuppressive treatment, using corticosteroids in combination with azathioprine...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Michaela Dušková, Kateřina Šimůnková, Jana Vítků, Lucie Sosvorová, Hana Jandíková, Hana Pospíšilová, Monika Šrámková, Mikuláš Kosák, Michal Kršek, Václav Hána, Magdaléna Žánová, Drahomíra Springer, Luboslav Stárka
Numerous diagnostic tests are used to evaluate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis). The gold standard is still considered the insulin tolerance test (ITT), but this test has many limitations. Current guidelines therefore recommend the Synacthen test first when an HPA axis insufficiency is suspected. However, the dose of Synacthen that is diagnostically most accurate and sensitive is still a matter of debate. We investigated 15 healthy men with mean/median age 27.4/26 (SD±4.8) years, and mean/median BMI (body mass index) 25...
2016: Prague Medical Report
Ivan Raška, Mária Rašková, Vít Zikán, Jan Škrha
The link between vitamin D and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is intensively studied. This study aims to define the serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH D) and to investigate the relationship between 25-OH D status, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and body composition in postmenopausal women with T2DM and in non-diabetic controls. In this cross-sectional study, 75 women with T2DM and 32 control subjects were selected. Serum 25-OH D, intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, fasting glucose and HbA1c, were measured...
2016: Prague Medical Report
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