journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713434/first-insight-into-a-nationwide-genotypic-diversity-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-among-previously-treated-pulmonary-tuberculosis-cases-in-benin-west-africa
#1
Dissou Affolabi, N'Dira Sanoussi, Sergio Codo, Fréderic Sogbo, Prudence Wachinou, Faridath Massou, Aderemi Kehinde, Séverin Anagonou
BACKGROUND: Molecular studies on tuberculosis (TB) are rare in low-resource countries like Benin, where data on molecular study on previously treated TB cases is unavailable. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January to December 2014, all smear- and culture-positive previously treated pulmonary TB patients from all TB clinics were systematically recruited. Drug susceptibility testing and spoligotyping were performed on all isolates. RESULTS: Of the 100 patients recruited, 71 (71...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694832/pathogenicity-of-virulent-species-of-group-c-streptococci-in-human
#2
REVIEW
Marta Kłos, Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach
Group C streptococci (GCS) are livestock pathogens and they often cause zoonotic diseases in humans. They are Gram-positive, in mostly β-hemolytic and facultative anaerobes. Because of their close evolutionary kinship with group A streptococci (GAS), GCS share many common virulence factors with GAS and cause a similar range of diseases. Due to the exchange of genetic material with GAS, GCS belong to bacteria that are difficult to be distinguished from group A streptococci; GCS are often treated in microbiological diagnostics as contamination of the culture...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694831/molecular-identification-of-mycobacterium-species-of-public-health-and-veterinary-importance-from-cattle-in-the-south-state-of-m%C3%A3-xico
#3
Adrian Zaragoza Bastida, Nallely Rivero Pérez, Benjamín Valladares Carranza, Keila Isaac-Olivé, Pablo Moreno Pérez, Horacio Sandoval Trujillo, Ninfa Ramírez Durán
Mycobacterium genus causes a variety of zoonotic diseases. The best known example is the zoonotic tuberculosis due to M. bovis. Much less is known about "nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM)," which are also associated with infections in humans. The Mexican standard NOM-ZOO-031-1995 regulates the presence of M. bovis in cattle; however, no regulation exists for the NTM species. The objective of this study was to isolate and identify nontuberculous mycobacteria species from cattle of local herds in the south region of the State of Mexico through the identification and detection of the 100 bp molecular marker in the 23S rRNA gene with subsequent sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684963/pelvic-actinomycosis
#4
REVIEW
Alejandra García-García, Ninfa Ramírez-Durán, Horacio Sandoval-Trujillo, María Del Socorro Romero-Figueroa
INTRODUCTION: Actinomycosis is a chronic bacterial infection caused by Actinomyces, Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria. Its symptomatology imitates some malignant pelvic tumours, tuberculosis, or nocardiosis, causing abscesses and fistulas. Actinomycoses are opportunistic infections and require normal mucous barriers to be altered. No epidemiological studies have been conducted to determine prevalence or incidence of such infections. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the clinical cases of pelvic actinomycosis reported worldwide, to update the information about the disease...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656051/evaluating-the-timeliness-of-enteric-disease-surveillance-in-british-columbia-canada-2012-13
#5
Eleni Galanis, Marsha Taylor, Kamila Romanowski, Olga Bitzikos, Jennifer Jeyes, Craig Nowakowski, Jason Stone, Michelle Murti, Ana Paccagnella, Sara Forsting, Sophie Li, Linda Hoang
Timely surveillance of enteric diseases is necessary to identify and control cases and outbreaks. Our objective was to evaluate the timeliness of enteric disease surveillance in British Columbia, Canada, compare these results to other settings, and recommend improvements. In 2012 and 2013, information was collected from case report forms and laboratory information systems on 2615 Salmonella, shigatoxin-producing E. coli, Shigella, and Listeria infections. Twelve date variables representing the surveillance process from onset of symptoms to case interview and final laboratory results were collected, and intervals were measured...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638417/development-and-validation-of-a-decision-making-stratification-algorithm-to-optimize-the-use-of-rapid-diagnostic-testing-for-patients-with-staphylococcus-bacteremia
#6
Thamer A Almangour, Abdullah A Alhifany, Deanne E Tabb
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether introducing rapid diagnostic testing in conjunction with implementing a stratification algorithm for testing eligibility would be an appropriate clinical and cost saving approach. METHOD: An internal concurrent 4-month observational study was performed. Positive blood cultures continued to be worked up in accordance with standard of care. An additional call to the infectious disease (ID) pharmacy service occurred for all positive blood cultures with Gram-positive cocci in clusters (GPCC)...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638416/corrigendum-to-detection-of-gastrointestinal-pathogens-from-stool-samples-on-hemoccult-cards-by-multiplex-pcr
#7
Martin Alberer, Nicklas Schlenker, Malkin Bauer, Kerstin Helfrich, Carolin Mengele, Thomas Löscher, Hans Dieter Nothdurft, Gisela Bretzel, Marcus Beissner
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/3472537.].
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484498/evaluating-the-trends-of-bloodstream-infections-among-pediatric-and-adult-patients-at-a-teaching-hospital-of-kathmandu-nepal-role-of-drug-resistant-pathogens
#8
Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Hridaya Parajuli, Roshan Pandit, Jyotsna Shakya, Puspa Raj Khanal
Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are among the significant causes of morbidity and mortality for patients of all age groups. However, very little is known about the trends of bacterial bloodstream infections and antimicrobial susceptibilities among pediatric and adult population from Nepal. In this study, we have investigated the different etiological agents responsible for bloodstream infections among pediatric and adult patients and the role of drug resistant organisms in these infections at a tertiary care teaching hospital of Kathmandu, Nepal...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479922/laboratory-diagnosis-of-malaria-comparison-of-manual-and-automated-diagnostic-tests
#9
Samina Naz Mukry, Madiha Saud, Gul Sufaida, Kashif Shaikh, Arshi Naz, Tahir Sultan Shamsi
Malaria is the second most prevalent disease in Pakistan resulting in ~30,000 annual deaths. In endemic countries like Pakistan precise and timely diagnosis of malaria is imperative to overcome the associated risks of fatal outcomes. Malarial parasite was screened in 128 malaria suspected patients and 150 healthy controls, by species-specific PCR, microscopy of blood smears, hemoanalyzer Sysmex XE-2100, and rapid test devices (First Response Malaria® and ICT Malaria Combo®). The microscopy detected MP in 126 samples (parasite load/µl 386-53712/µl); 71...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408938/bacteraemia-in-intensive-care-unit-clinical-bacteriological-and-prognostic-prospective-study
#10
Zineb Lachhab, Mohammed Frikh, Adil Maleb, Jalal Kasouati, Nouafal Doghmi, Yassine Ben Lahlou, Bouchra Belefquih, Abdelhay Lemnouer, Mostafa Elouennass
Objectives. We conducted a one-year observational study from December 2012 to November 2013 to describe the epidemiology of bacteraemia in intensive care units (ICU) of Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital of Rabat (Morocco). Methods. The study consisted of monitoring all blood cultures coming from intensive care units and studying the bacteriological profile of positive blood cultures as well as their clinical significance. Results. During this period, a total of 46 episodes of bacteraemia occurred, which corresponds to a rate of 15,4/1000 patients...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408937/detection-of-gastrointestinal-pathogens-from-stool-samples-on-hemoccult-cards-by-multiplex-pcr
#11
Martin Alberer, Nicklas Schlenker, Malkin Bauer, Kerstin Helfrich, Carolin Mengele, Thomas Löscher, Hans Dieter Nothdurft, Gisela Bretzel, Marcus Beissner
Purpose. Up to 30% of international travelers are affected by travelers' diarrhea (TD). Reliable data on the etiology of TD is lacking. Sufficient laboratory capacity at travel destinations is often unavailable and transporting conventional stool samples to the home country is inconvenient. We evaluated the use of Hemoccult cards for stool sampling combined with a multiplex PCR for the detection of model viral, bacterial, and protozoal TD pathogens. Methods. Following the creation of serial dilutions for each model pathogen, last positive dilution steps (LPDs) and thereof calculated last positive sample concentrations (LPCs) were compared between conventional stool samples and card samples...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392809/in-vitro-susceptibility-of-mycobacterium-ulcerans-isolates-to-selected-antimicrobials
#12
Enid Owusu, Mercy J Newman, Kwesi K Addo, Phyllis Addo
Background. The current definitive treatment of Buruli ulcer with antibiotics makes the issue of antimicrobial drug resistance an unavoidable one. This is as a result of drug misuse by health personnel and patients' noncompliance to treatment regimen. Monitoring of these factors and screening for new effective antimicrobials are crucial to effective management of Buruli ulcer disease. This study therefore investigated the inhibitory activity of some antibiotics against isolates of Mycobacterium ulcerans. Methods...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386287/cryptosporidium-contamination-and-attributed-risks-in-yunlong-lake-in-xuzhou-china
#13
Yadong Kong, Ping Lu, Tao Yuan, Jinghui Niu, Zhaoji Li, Baisong Yang
Swimming in surface water bodies (e.g., lakes, rivers) can expose the human body to substantial risk of infection by Cryptosporidium. These findings are from a one-year investigation on the occurrence and distribution of the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium in Yunlong Lake, Xuzhou, China. Cryptosporidium oocysts were detected by immunofluorescence microscopy. From January to November of 2015, 180 samples (120 water samples and 60 sediment samples) were collected and analyzed. Among them, 42 (35%) water samples and 28 (47%) sediment samples tested positive for Cryptosporidium...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348607/epidemiology-and-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-the-era-of-combination-antiretroviral-therapy
#14
Shannon L Turvey, Sean M Bagshaw, Dean T Eurich, Wendy I Sligl
Purpose. The impact of critical illness on survival of HIV-infected patients in the era of antiretroviral therapy remains uncertain. We describe the epidemiology of critical illness in this population and identify predictors of mortality. Materials and Methods. Retrospective cohort of HIV-infected patients was admitted to intensive care from 2002 to 2014. Patient sociodemographics, comorbidities, case-mix, illness severity, and 30-day mortality were captured. Multivariable Cox regression analyses were performed to identify predictors of mortality...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321261/diagnostic-performance-of-soluble-triggering-receptor-expressed-on-myeloid-cells-1-in-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-of-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#15
Yuetian Yu, Cheng Zhu, Chunyan Liu, Yuan Gao, Rong Yin, Jianguo Cao
Objective. To investigate the effect of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) in serum, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), endotracheal aspiration (ETA), and exhaled breath condensate (EBC) samples as early biomarkers for the diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in patients with ischemic stroke. Methods. One hundred and thirty-two patients with clinically suspected VAP were enrolled in this study. Bronchoscopy was performed on the day of clinically suspected VAP...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316632/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-fosfomycin-for-treatment-of-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infections-in-ontario
#16
Louise Perrault, Sybil Dahan, Ange Christelle Iliza, Jacques LeLorier, George G Zhanel
Background and Objective. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics traditionally used to treat uncomplicated urinary tract infections (uUTIs) is rising in Canada. We compared the cost-per-patient in Ontario of including fosfomycin (an antibiotic with a low resistance profile) as an option for first-line empirical treatment of uUTIs with current cost of treatment with sulfonamides, fluoroquinolones, and nitrofurantoin. Methods. A decision-tree model was used to perform a cost-minimization analysis. All possible outcomes of a uUTI caused by bacterial species treated with either sulfonamides, fluoroquinolones, nitrofurantoin, or fosfomycin were included...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316631/potential-impact-of-rapid-blood-culture-testing-for-gram-positive-bacteremia-in-japan-with-the-verigene-gram-positive-blood-culture-test
#17
Ken Kikuchi, Mari Matsuda, Shigekazu Iguchi, Tomonori Mizutani, Keiichi Hiramatsu, Michiru Tega-Ishii, Kaori Sansaka, Kenta Negishi, Kimie Shimada, Jun Umemura, Shigeyuki Notake, Hideji Yanagisawa, Hiroshi Takahashi, Reiko Yabusaki, Hideki Araoka, Akiko Yoneyama
Background. Early detection of Gram-positive bacteremia and timely appropriate antimicrobial therapy are required for decreasing patient mortality. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the performance of the Verigene Gram-positive blood culture assay (BC-GP) in two special healthcare settings and determine the potential impact of rapid blood culture testing for Gram-positive bacteremia within the Japanese healthcare delivery system. Furthermore, the study included simulated blood cultures, which included a library of well-characterized methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) isolates reflecting different geographical regions in Japan...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316630/patients-with-epididymo-orchitis-and-meteorological-impact-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#18
Jui-Ming Liu, Ying-Hsu Chang, Te-Wei Ho, Fung-Wei Chang, See-Tong Pang, Ren-Jun Hsu, Po-Hung Lin
Background. Epididymo-orchitis is a common infectious disease among men, especially men aged 20 to 39 years. The aim of this study was to analyze possible associations of various meteorological indicators on the incidence of epididymo-orchitis in Taiwan. Methods and Materials. This nationwide population-based study collected data on cases of epididymo-orchitis that were newly diagnosed from 2001 to 2013 in Taiwan. Monthly meteorological indicators, including average temperatures, humidity, rainfall, total rain days, and sunshine hours, were collected from the Central Weather Bureau of Taiwan...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298933/circulation-of-dengue-virus-serotypes-in-the-city-of-makkah-saudi-arabia-as-determined-by-reverse-transcription-polymerase-chain-reaction
#19
Sameer R Organji, Hussein H Abulreesh, Gamal E H Osman
The present study was aimed to investigate the circulation of four dengue virus (DENV) serotypes in Makkah, Western Saudi Arabia. Blood samples were collected from 25 dengue fever-suspected patients and were subjected to molecular typing for DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4 serotypes of dengue virus, by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), using six sets of primers. Of the 25 samples, only six samples (24%) were found to be positive for dengue virus infection. The prevalence of DENV-1 was higher (50% of DENV-positive samples), as compared to DENV-2 (33...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246534/forecasting-trends-in-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-among-elderly-adults-in-quebec
#20
Z Zhou, G Deceuninck, B Lefebvre, P De Wals
Background. In Canada, the current recommendation is to offer PPV23 to adults ≥ 65 years. PCV13 is now licensed for adults. Methods. Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) cases in adults 65-74 years of age in the Quebec notifiable diseases registry were classified into five serotype categories. Poisson regression models were fitted to monthly rates observed in 2000-2014 and predictions were made for 2015-2024, using theoretical assumptions regarding indirect effects of childhood vaccination and serotype replacement...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
journal
journal
40774
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"