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SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30200815/health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-in-adults-living-with-hiv-in-rwanda
#1
Juvenal Biraguma, Eugene Mutimura, José M Frantz
In Rwanda, as in other sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, life expectancy of people living with HIV (PLWH) has increased dramatically as a result of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). People living with HIV can now live longer but with increasing rates of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Thus, prevention of NCD comorbidities in PWLHI is crucial to maintain and gain health-related benefits and to maximise the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in the long-term management of PLWH. This study determines the association between physical and mental health-related dimensions of quality of life (QOL) with behavioural and biological risk factors, after controlling socio-demographic and HIV-related factors in adults living with HIV in Rwanda...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175655/health-care-users-knowledge-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-hiv-self-testing-at-selected-gateway-clinics-at-ethekwini-district-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa
#2
Sibongiseni Daphney Gumede, Maureen Nokuthula Sibiya
Progress in promoting knowledge of HIV status has been made globally, but half of all people living with HIV are still unaware of their HIV status. It is argued the new innovative HIV self-testing strategy could increase the uptake of HIV testing among the people. The aim of the study was to assess outpatients' health care user's knowledge, attitudes and perceptions towards HIV self-testing (HIVST) at selected Gateway clinics at eThekwini District, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. The objectives of the study were to determine health care users' knowledge of HIVST, assess health care users' attitudes and perceptions towards HIVST and establish if there is any relationship between knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of health care users towards HIVST...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149788/-it-s-not-good-to-eat-a-candy-in-a-wrapper-male-students-perspectives-on-condom-use-and-concurrent-sexual-partnerships-in-the-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#3
Maroyi Mulumeoderhwa
This paper reports on fieldwork carried out in 2011 with aim to investigate young men's perspectives about condoms use, concurrent sexual partnerships and sex in the context of HIV/AIDS. This study employed a qualitative approach to collect data from 28 boys aged 16-20 from two urban and two rural high schools in South Kivu province. Four focus group discussions and 20 individual interviews were conducted among them. The findings showed that most students identified condoms as unsafe and untrustworthy. Reasons given for the mistrust of condoms were related to the belief that condoms do not give enough protection from Sexually Transmitted Infections, HIV and pregnancies...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134772/effect-of-a-multicomponent-behavioural-pmtct-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-on-hiv-stigma-reduction-among-perinatal-hiv-positive-women-in-mpumalanga-province-south-africa
#4
Karl Peltzer, Suat Babayigit, Violeta J Rodriguez, Jenny Jean, Sibusiso Sifunda, Deborah L Jones
BACKGROUND: We evaluate the impact a multicomponent, behavioural, prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT), cluster randomised controlled trial on HIV stigma reduction among perinatal HIV infected women in rural South Africa. METHODS: In a cluster randomised controlled trial, twelve community health centres (CHCs) in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, were randomised; pregnant women living with HIV enrolled received either: A Standard Care (SC) condition plus time-equivalent attention-control on disease prevention (SC; 6 CHCs; n =357), or an Enhanced Intervention (EI) condition of SC PMTCT plus the 'Protect Your Family' intervention (EI; 6 CHCs; n =342)...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058474/social-and-behavioural-factors-associated-with-risky-sexual-behaviours-among-university-students-in-nine-asean-countries-a-multi-country-cross-sectional-study
#5
Siyan Yi, Vannarath Te, Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
While university students are potential human resources, this population group is particularly involved in health risk behaviours. Preventing risky sexual behaviours among them would contribute to prevention of HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and unwanted pregnancies, which have posed a great burden on population health. This study was therefore conducted to identify social and behavioural factors associated with risky sexual behaviours among university students in nine ASEAN countries. A multi-country, cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 among university students by a network of researchers in the selected countries...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025496/violence-abuse-and-discrimination-key-factors-militating-against-control-of-hiv-aids-among-the-lgbti-sector
#6
Dominic Targema Abaver, Elphina Nomabandla Cishe
The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) South Africans continue to face considerable challenges, including societal stigma, homophobic violence (particularly corrective rape), and high rates of sexually transmitted diseases and infections (particularly Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/AIDS) even when discrimination based on sexual orientation was outlawed by South African's post-apartheid constitution. This study was conducted to ascertain violence, abuse and discrimination against the LGBTI sector as key factors that hinder the smooth implementation of HIV/AIDS programme among sexually minority (LGBTI) group in Walter Sisulu University, South Africa...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635976/disability-and-health-outcomes-from-a-cohort-of-people-on-long-term-anti-retroviral-therapy
#7
Hellen Myezwa, Jill Hanass-Hancock, Adedayo Tunde Ajidahun, Bradley Carpenter
Human-immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) remains a major health problem in South Africa - even after two decades since the introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Long-term survival with HIV is associated with new health-related issues and a risk of functional limitation/disability. The aim of this study was to assess functional limitation associated with HIV/AIDS among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in South Africa. This study is a cross-sectional survey using a cohort in an urban area in Gauteng province, South Africa...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621922/understanding-the-role-played-by-parents-culture-and-the-school-curriculum-in-socializing-young-women-on-sexual-health-issues-in-rural-south-african-communities
#8
Feziwe Mpondo, Robert A C Ruiter, Dilana Schaafsma, Bart van den Borne, Priscilla S Reddy
BACKGROUND: the decline in South Africa's HIV infection rates especially among young women is encouraging. However, studies show that the 15-24-year-old cohort remains vulnerable. As they still report early sexual debut, being involved in sexual partnerships with older men as well as having unprotected sex. These risky sexual behaviors may be linked to factors such as the parent-child sexual health communication and the timing of the first talk. The quality of sexual health information received in school may also be important for enhancing healthier sexual behaviors...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564968/achievement-of-interventions-on-hiv-infection-prevention-among-migrants-in-china-a-meta-analysis
#9
Rui Zhang, Ling Chen, Ya Deng Cui, Ge Li
In China, migrants with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) have become a serious problem in the field of AIDS prevention. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of interventions for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection prevention for migrants in China and to identify factors associated with intervention efficacy. A computerized literature search of the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang, and PubMed databases was conducted to collect related articles published in China. Only self-control intervention studies or studies containing sections regarding self-control interventions wherein the method of intervention was health education were included...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508641/accounting-for-youth-audiences-resistances-to-hiv-and-aids-messages-in-the-television-drama-tsha-tsha-in-south-africa
#10
Blessing Makwambeni, Abiodun Salawu
Theoretical debates and literature on E-E efforts in Africa have largely focussed on understanding how and why interventions on HIV and AIDS are effective in influencing behaviour change among target communities. Very few studies have sought to investigate and understand why a substantial number of targeted audiences resist the preferred readings that are encoded into E-E interventions on HIV and AIDS. Using cultural studies as its conceptual framework and reception analysis as its methodology, this study investigated and accounted for the oppositional readings that subaltern black South African youths negotiate from Tsha Tsha, an E-E television drama on HIV and AIDS in South Africa...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409392/hiv-aids-and-older-adults-in-cameroon-emerging-issues-and-implications-for-caregiving-and-policy-making
#11
Perpetua Lum Tanyi, André Pelser, Joseph Okeibunor
The burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on the elderly population in three divisions within the Northwest Region of Cameroon was examined. Data for this paper were extracted from a larger study which had been conducted concerning the burden of HIV infection and AIDS on the older adults in the Northwest Region of Cameroon. Using in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs), data were collected from 36 participants who were purposively selected from the three divisions which had been chosen randomly...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402184/longitudinal-analysis-of-hiv-risk-behaviour-patterns-and-their-predictors-among-public-primary-care-patients-with-tuberculosis-in-south-africa
#12
Karl Peltzer
The goal of this study was to identify various HIV risk behaviours among tuberculosis (TB) patients in a longitudinal study design in South Africa. In 42 public primary healthcare facilities in three districts in three provinces, adult new TB and TB retreatment patients with hazardous or harmful alcohol use were interviewed within 1 month of initiation of anti-TB treatment and were followed up at 6 months. The total sample with a complete 6-month follow-up assessment was 853. At the follow-up assessment, several HIV risk behaviours significantly reduced from baseline to follow-up...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179657/psychosocial-factors-predicting-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-long-distance-truck-drivers-in-lagos-nigeria
#13
Abiodun Musbau Lawal, Benjamin Oladapo Olley
Long distance truck drivers (LDTDs) have been identified as one of the groups at higher risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Understanding how certain social and psychological variables that have a strong theoretical basis contribute to sexual risk behaviour will guide in the implementation process of HIV risk-reduction intervention in the trucking population. In line with the conceptualisation of Information, Motivation and Behavioural skills model, we examined the extent that HIV knowledge, attitude towards condom use, peer support to condom use, perceived vulnerability to HIV/AIDS, and condom use self-efficacy will independently and jointly explain sexual risk behaviours of LDTDs in a haulage company in Lagos, Nigeria...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169302/laughter-therapy-as-an-intervention-to-promote-psychological-well-being-of-volunteer-community-care-workers-working-with-hiv-affected-families
#14
Irene Hatzipapas, Maretha J Visser, Estie Janse van Rensburg
The study explores the experiences of volunteer community care workers working with HIV-affected families, participating in laughter therapy. Laughter therapy is being used as an intervention to positively influence individuals experiencing various forms of emotional distress. Community care workers play a vital role in the support of the HIV/AIDS-infected and -affected members in communities. The nature of this type of work and their limited training contributes to high levels of secondary trauma and emotional exhaustion...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132270/occupational-exposure-attitude-to-hiv-positive-patients-and-uptake-of-hiv-counselling-and-testing-among-health-care-workers-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-nigeria
#15
Modupe O Onadeko, Mary O Balogun, Olanrewaju O Onigbogi, Folashade O Omokhodion
Health care workers (HCWs) are at risk of occupational exposure to HIV. Their attitude to HIV-positive patients influences patients' willingness and ability to access quality care. HIV counselling and testing (HCT) services are available to inform HCWs and patients about their status. There is little information about HCT uptake and attitude to HIV-positive patients among HCWs in tertiary health facilities in Nigeria. The aim of this study was to determine occupational exposure and attitude to HIV-positive patients and level of uptake of HCT services among HCWs in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125014/problematizing-official-narratives-of-hiv-and-aids-education-in-scotland-and-zimbabwe
#16
Tarsisio Nyatsanza, Lesley Wood
When human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are framed within an intersectional approach, they have the potential to transform understandings of social justice within the curriculum and education policy and practice in general. Yet, this transformative potential is often hampered by official narratives that fail to position HIV and AIDS as an integral component of overlapping systems of oppression, domination and discrimination. This article explores how official HIV and AIDS narratives tend to promote systemic injustice and inequality within education policy and practice in both Scotland and Zimbabwe, despite their good intents...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092678/spectrum-of-female-commercial-sex-work-in-bangui-central-african-republic
#17
Jean De Dieu Longo, Marcel Mbéko Simaléko, Richard Ngbale, Gérard Grésenguet, Gilles Brücker, Laurent Bélec
Classification of professional and non-professional female sex workers (FSWs) into different categories, never previously reported in the Central African Republic (CAR), may be useful to assess the dynamics of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, design operational intervention programmes to combat HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and to adapt these programmes to the broad spectrum of sexual transactions in the CAR. Our study proposes a socio-behavioural classification of FSWs living in the CAR and engaged in transactional and commercial sex...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073828/covariates-of-high-risk-sexual-behaviour-of-men-aged-50-years-and-above-in-sub-saharan-africa
#18
Clifford O Odimegwu, Nyasha Mutanda
Since the advent of HIV/AIDS, sexuality studies in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have focused mainly on the sexual behaviour of the younger generation (15-49 years) and little has been done to understand the sexual behaviour of those a 50 years and above. The objective of this study is therefore to examine the covariates of high-risk sexual behaviour among men aged 50 years plus within the SSA region. Data from Demographic and Health Surveys of 10 SSA countries were pooled together and a sample of 5394 men aged 50 years plus who have ever had sex was analysed...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065771/on-the-periphery-of-hiv-and-aids-reflections-on-stress-as-experienced-by-caregivers-in-a-child-residential-care-facility-in-south-africa
#19
Kesh Mohangi, Chereen Pretorius
Few researchers have investigated how female caregivers of institutionalised children, especially those affected by HIV and AIDS, experience stress. The role played by caregivers cannot be overemphasised; yet caregivers who work in institutions caring for orphaned and/or abandoned children affected by HIV and AIDS, are often marginalised and on the periphery of the HIV and AIDS pandemic. The implication is that insufficient attention or consideration is given to the importance of the role they play in these children's lives...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050514/modelling-self-assessed-vulnerability-to-hiv-and-its-associated-factors-in-a-hiv-burdened-country
#20
A F Fagbamigbe, A M Lawal, E S Idemudia
BACKGROUND: Globally, individuals' self-assessment of vulnerability to HIV infection is important to maintain safer sexual behaviour and reduce risky behaviours. However, determinants of self-perceived risk of HIV infection are not well documented and differ. We assessed the level of self-perceived vulnerability to HIV infection in Nigeria and also identified its risk factors. METHODS: We explored a recent nationally representative data with self-reported vulnerability ('high', 'low' and 'no risk at all') to HIV infection as the outcome of interest...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
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