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SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360675/-why-would-you-promote-something-that-is-less-percent-safer-than-a-condom-perspectives-on-partially-effective-hiv-prevention-technologies-among-key-populations-in-south-africa
#1
Clara Rubincam, Peter A Newman, Millicent Atujuna, Linda-Gail Bekker
New biomedical prevention technologies (NPTs) for HIV, including oral Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, and vaginal and rectal microbicides and HIV vaccines in development, may contribute substantially to controlling the HIV epidemic. However, their effectiveness is contingent on product acceptability and adherence. We explored perceptions and understanding of partially effective NPTs with key populations in South African townships. From October 2013 to February 2014, we conducted six focus groups and 18 individual interviews with Xhosa-speaking adolescents (n = 14), adult men who have sex with men (MSM) (n = 15), and adult heterosexual men (n = 9) and women (n = 10), and eight key informant (KI) interviews with healthcare workers...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30340450/an-evaluation-of-the-innovative-potentials-of-a-hiv-pilot-exploring-medical-pluralism-in-rural-south-africa
#2
Christopher J Burman
This article reflects on an internal evaluation undertaken to estimate the potentials of a community-university pilot project to be developed into a bonafide innovation that can be applied at scale. The focus of the community-university partnership has been to reduce the unintended consequences of medical pluralism on the HIV and AIDS epidemic in Waterberg district, Limpopo Province, South Africa. Despite promising outputs from the partnership - including an increase in adherence to antiretroviral therapy and a reduction in stigma among traditionalists living with HIV - the partnership wished to establish whether further funding should be applied for to take the pilot from its current prototype status to a more established innovation...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324859/determinants-of-disclosure-and-non-disclosure-of-hiv-positive-status-by-pregnant-women-in-rural-south-africa
#3
Shandir Ramlagan, Gladys Matseke, Violeta J Rodriguez, Deborah L Jones, Karl Peltzer, Robert A C Ruiter, Sibusiso Sifunda
Disclosure of HIV status remains one of the major challenges to the effectiveness of the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in rural areas in South Africa. This study aimed at assessing the determinants of HIV status disclosure among HIV infected pregnant women who have disclosed their HIV status to someone, as well as among those who have disclosed to their partners. Cross-sectional data was collected from 673 HIV sero-positive pregnant women receiving antenatal care services at 12 Community Health Centers in Mpumalanga province...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30278823/effects-of-adolescent-exposure-to-behaviour-change-interventions-on-their-hiv-risk-reduction-in-northern-malawi-a-situation-analysis
#4
M Mwale, A S Muula
Understanding adolescents' translation of HIV and AIDS-related behaviour change interventions (BCI) knowledge and skills into expected behavioural outcomes helps us appreciate behaviour change dynamics among young people and informs evidence-based programming. We explored the effects of adolescents' exposure to BCI on their HIV risk reduction in selected schools in Nkhatabay and Mzimba districts and Mzuzu city in Northern Malawi. The study used questionnaires as instruments. Data were collected between January and April 2017...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257611/evaluation-of-a-community-based-art-programme-after-tapering-home-visits-in-rural-sierra-leone-a-24-month-retrospective-study
#5
J Daniel Kelly, Raphael Frankfurter, Gregoire Lurton, Sulaiman Conteh, Susannah F Empson, Fodei Daboh, Brima Kargbo, Thomas Giordano, Joia Mukherjee, M Bailor Barrie
Evaluations of community-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) programmes have demonstrated positive outcomes, but little is known about the impact of tapering community-based ART. The objective of this study was to assess 24-month HIV retention outcomes of a community-based ART programme and its tapered visit frequency in Koidu City, Sierra Leone. This retrospective, quasi-experimental study compared outcomes of 52 HIV-infected persons initiated on community-based ART against 91 HIV-infected persons receiving the standard of care from November 2009 to February 2013...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30253709/exploring-the-acceptability-of-option-b-plus-among-hiv-positive-nigerian-women-engaged-and-not-engaged-in-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-cascade-a-qualitative-study
#6
Salome C Erekaha, Llewellyn J Cornelius, Melissa L Bessaha, Abdulmumin Ibrahim, Gabriel D Adeyemo, Mofoluwake Fadare, Manhattan Charurat, Echezona E Ezeanolue, Nadia A Sam-Agudu
The acceptability of lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) among HIV-positive women in high-burden Nigeria, is not well-known. We explored readiness of users and providers of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services to accept lifelong ART -before Option B plus was implemented in Nigeria. We conducted 142 key informant interviews among 100 PMTCT users (25 pregnant-newly-diagnosed, 26 pregnant-in-care, 28 lost-to-follow-up (LTFU) and 21 postpartum women living with HIV) and 42 PMTCT providers in rural North-Central Nigeria...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30249174/factors-associated-with-knowledge-and-awareness-of-hiv-aids-among-married-women-in-bangladesh-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-survey
#7
Md Ashiqul Haque, Md Sha Newaj Hossain, Muhammad Abdul Baker Chowdhury, Md Jamal Uddin
Women in Bangladesh share a greater risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) infection compared to men. Levels of knowledge and awareness largely contribute to the prevalence of the HIV epidemic and its consequences. So, it is required to conduct studies based on most recent data to explore the determinants of HIV awareness. Therefore, we aimed to find the awareness level and factors influencing HIV related awareness among the married women in Bangladesh. We used data from 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS)...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30200815/health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-in-adults-living-with-hiv-in-rwanda
#8
Juvenal Biraguma, Eugene Mutimura, José M Frantz
In Rwanda, as in other sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, life expectancy of people living with HIV (PLWH) has increased dramatically as a result of combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). People living with HIV can now live longer but with increasing rates of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Thus, prevention of NCD comorbidities in PWLHI is crucial to maintain and gain health-related benefits and to maximise the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in the long-term management of PLWH. This study determines the association between physical and mental health-related dimensions of quality of life (QOL) with behavioural and biological risk factors, after controlling socio-demographic and HIV-related factors in adults living with HIV in Rwanda...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175655/health-care-users-knowledge-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-hiv-self-testing-at-selected-gateway-clinics-at-ethekwini-district-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa
#9
Sibongiseni Daphney Gumede, Maureen Nokuthula Sibiya
Progress in promoting knowledge of HIV status has been made globally, but half of all people living with HIV are still unaware of their HIV status. It is argued the new innovative HIV self-testing strategy could increase the uptake of HIV testing among the people. The aim of the study was to assess outpatients' health care user's knowledge, attitudes and perceptions towards HIV self-testing (HIVST) at selected Gateway clinics at eThekwini District, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. The objectives of the study were to determine health care users' knowledge of HIVST, assess health care users' attitudes and perceptions towards HIVST and establish if there is any relationship between knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of health care users towards HIVST...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149788/-it-s-not-good-to-eat-a-candy-in-a-wrapper-male-students-perspectives-on-condom-use-and-concurrent-sexual-partnerships-in-the-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#10
Maroyi Mulumeoderhwa
This paper reports on fieldwork carried out in 2011 with aim to investigate young men's perspectives about condoms use, concurrent sexual partnerships and sex in the context of HIV/AIDS. This study employed a qualitative approach to collect data from 28 boys aged 16-20 from two urban and two rural high schools in South Kivu province. Four focus group discussions and 20 individual interviews were conducted among them. The findings showed that most students identified condoms as unsafe and untrustworthy. Reasons given for the mistrust of condoms were related to the belief that condoms do not give enough protection from Sexually Transmitted Infections, HIV and pregnancies...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134772/effect-of-a-multicomponent-behavioural-pmtct-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-on-hiv-stigma-reduction-among-perinatal-hiv-positive-women-in-mpumalanga-province-south-africa
#11
Karl Peltzer, Suat Babayigit, Violeta J Rodriguez, Jenny Jean, Sibusiso Sifunda, Deborah L Jones
BACKGROUND: We evaluate the impact a multicomponent, behavioural, prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT), cluster randomised controlled trial on HIV stigma reduction among perinatal HIV infected women in rural South Africa. METHODS: In a cluster randomised controlled trial, twelve community health centres (CHCs) in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, were randomised; pregnant women living with HIV enrolled received either: A Standard Care (SC) condition plus time-equivalent attention-control on disease prevention (SC; 6 CHCs; n =357), or an Enhanced Intervention (EI) condition of SC PMTCT plus the 'Protect Your Family' intervention (EI; 6 CHCs; n =342)...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058474/social-and-behavioural-factors-associated-with-risky-sexual-behaviours-among-university-students-in-nine-asean-countries-a-multi-country-cross-sectional-study
#12
Siyan Yi, Vannarath Te, Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
While university students are potential human resources, this population group is particularly involved in health risk behaviours. Preventing risky sexual behaviours among them would contribute to prevention of HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and unwanted pregnancies, which have posed a great burden on population health. This study was therefore conducted to identify social and behavioural factors associated with risky sexual behaviours among university students in nine ASEAN countries. A multi-country, cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 among university students by a network of researchers in the selected countries...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025496/violence-abuse-and-discrimination-key-factors-militating-against-control-of-hiv-aids-among-the-lgbti-sector
#13
Dominic Targema Abaver, Elphina Nomabandla Cishe
The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) South Africans continue to face considerable challenges, including societal stigma, homophobic violence (particularly corrective rape), and high rates of sexually transmitted diseases and infections (particularly Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/AIDS) even when discrimination based on sexual orientation was outlawed by South African's post-apartheid constitution. This study was conducted to ascertain violence, abuse and discrimination against the LGBTI sector as key factors that hinder the smooth implementation of HIV/AIDS programme among sexually minority (LGBTI) group in Walter Sisulu University, South Africa...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635976/disability-and-health-outcomes-from-a-cohort-of-people-on-long-term-anti-retroviral-therapy
#14
Hellen Myezwa, Jill Hanass-Hancock, Adedayo Tunde Ajidahun, Bradley Carpenter
Human-immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) remains a major health problem in South Africa - even after two decades since the introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Long-term survival with HIV is associated with new health-related issues and a risk of functional limitation/disability. The aim of this study was to assess functional limitation associated with HIV/AIDS among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in South Africa. This study is a cross-sectional survey using a cohort in an urban area in Gauteng province, South Africa...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621922/understanding-the-role-played-by-parents-culture-and-the-school-curriculum-in-socializing-young-women-on-sexual-health-issues-in-rural-south-african-communities
#15
Feziwe Mpondo, Robert A C Ruiter, Dilana Schaafsma, Bart van den Borne, Priscilla S Reddy
BACKGROUND: the decline in South Africa's HIV infection rates especially among young women is encouraging. However, studies show that the 15-24-year-old cohort remains vulnerable. As they still report early sexual debut, being involved in sexual partnerships with older men as well as having unprotected sex. These risky sexual behaviors may be linked to factors such as the parent-child sexual health communication and the timing of the first talk. The quality of sexual health information received in school may also be important for enhancing healthier sexual behaviors...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564968/achievement-of-interventions-on-hiv-infection-prevention-among-migrants-in-china-a-meta-analysis
#16
Rui Zhang, Ling Chen, Ya Deng Cui, Ge Li
In China, migrants with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) have become a serious problem in the field of AIDS prevention. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of interventions for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection prevention for migrants in China and to identify factors associated with intervention efficacy. A computerized literature search of the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang, and PubMed databases was conducted to collect related articles published in China. Only self-control intervention studies or studies containing sections regarding self-control interventions wherein the method of intervention was health education were included...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508641/accounting-for-youth-audiences-resistances-to-hiv-and-aids-messages-in-the-television-drama-tsha-tsha-in-south-africa
#17
Blessing Makwambeni, Abiodun Salawu
Theoretical debates and literature on E-E efforts in Africa have largely focussed on understanding how and why interventions on HIV and AIDS are effective in influencing behaviour change among target communities. Very few studies have sought to investigate and understand why a substantial number of targeted audiences resist the preferred readings that are encoded into E-E interventions on HIV and AIDS. Using cultural studies as its conceptual framework and reception analysis as its methodology, this study investigated and accounted for the oppositional readings that subaltern black South African youths negotiate from Tsha Tsha, an E-E television drama on HIV and AIDS in South Africa...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409392/hiv-aids-and-older-adults-in-cameroon-emerging-issues-and-implications-for-caregiving-and-policy-making
#18
Perpetua Lum Tanyi, André Pelser, Joseph Okeibunor
The burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on the elderly population in three divisions within the Northwest Region of Cameroon was examined. Data for this paper were extracted from a larger study which had been conducted concerning the burden of HIV infection and AIDS on the older adults in the Northwest Region of Cameroon. Using in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs), data were collected from 36 participants who were purposively selected from the three divisions which had been chosen randomly...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402184/longitudinal-analysis-of-hiv-risk-behaviour-patterns-and-their-predictors-among-public-primary-care-patients-with-tuberculosis-in-south-africa
#19
Karl Peltzer
The goal of this study was to identify various HIV risk behaviours among tuberculosis (TB) patients in a longitudinal study design in South Africa. In 42 public primary healthcare facilities in three districts in three provinces, adult new TB and TB retreatment patients with hazardous or harmful alcohol use were interviewed within 1 month of initiation of anti-TB treatment and were followed up at 6 months. The total sample with a complete 6-month follow-up assessment was 853. At the follow-up assessment, several HIV risk behaviours significantly reduced from baseline to follow-up...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179657/psychosocial-factors-predicting-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-long-distance-truck-drivers-in-lagos-nigeria
#20
Abiodun Musbau Lawal, Benjamin Oladapo Olley
Long distance truck drivers (LDTDs) have been identified as one of the groups at higher risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Understanding how certain social and psychological variables that have a strong theoretical basis contribute to sexual risk behaviour will guide in the implementation process of HIV risk-reduction intervention in the trucking population. In line with the conceptualisation of Information, Motivation and Behavioural skills model, we examined the extent that HIV knowledge, attitude towards condom use, peer support to condom use, perceived vulnerability to HIV/AIDS, and condom use self-efficacy will independently and jointly explain sexual risk behaviours of LDTDs in a haulage company in Lagos, Nigeria...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
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