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Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316849/overexpression-crystallization-and-preliminary-x-ray-crystallographic-analysis-of-glucuronoxylan-xylanohydrolase-xyn30a-from-clostridium-thermocellum
#1
Anil Kumar Verma, Arun Goyal, Filipe Freire, Pedro Bule, Immacolata Venditto, Joana L A Brás, Helena Santos, Vânia Cardoso, Cecília Bonifácio, Andrew Thompson, Maria João Romão, José A M Prates, Luís M A Ferreira, Carlos M G A Fontes, Shabir Najmudin
The modular carbohydrate-active enzyme belonging to glycoside hydrolase family 30 (GH30) from Clostridium thermocellum (CtXynGH30) is a cellulosomal protein which plays an important role in plant cell-wall degradation. The full-length CtXynGH30 contains an N-terminal catalytic module (Xyn30A) followed by a family 6 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM6) and a dockerin at the C-terminus. The recombinant protein has a molecular mass of 45 kDa. Preliminary structural characterization was carried out on Xyn30A crystallized in different conditions...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316848/crystallization-and-preliminary-x-ray-diffraction-analysis-of-d53h-mutant-escherichia-coli-camp-receptor-protein
#2
Jing Huang, Tong Wu, Zheng Guo, Tiantian Lou, Shaoning Yu, Weimin Gong, Chaoneng Ji
The Escherichia coli cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP) is a prokaryotic global transcription activator protein that controls the expression of many different genes. Wild-type CRP can bind to special DNA sequences in the presence of cAMP. The substitution of Asp53 by His results in the CRP* phenotype, which does not require exogenous cAMP. In the present study, the D53H CRP mutant was overexpressed, purified and crystallized. cAMP-free D53H CRP crystals were obtained and diffracted to a resolution of 2.9 Å...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316847/purification-crystallization-and-preliminary-crystallographic-analysis-of-the-ligand-binding-regions-of-the-pcta-and-pctb-chemoreceptors-from-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-complex-with-amino-acids
#3
Miriam Rico-Jiménez, Francisco Muñoz-Martínez, Tino Krell, Jose A Gavira, Estela Pineda-Molina
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen and one of the major model organisms for the study of chemotaxis. The bacterium harbours 26 genes encoding chemoreceptors, most of which have not been annotated with a function. The paralogous chemoreceptors PctA and PctB (Pseudomonas chemotactic transducer A and B) were found to mediate chemotaxis towards L-amino acids. However, the ligand spectrum of the receptors is quite different since the recombinant ligand-binding region (LBR) of PctA binds 17 different L-amino acids whereas that of PctB recognizes only five...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316846/expression-purification-crystallization-and-preliminary-x-ray-diffraction-analysis-of-the-aspartate-transcarbamoylase-domain-of-human-cad
#4
Alba Ruiz-Ramos, Nada Lallous, Araceli Grande-García, Santiago Ramón-Maiques
Aspartate transcarbamoylase (ATCase) catalyzes the synthesis of N-carbamoyl-L-aspartate from carbamoyl phosphate and aspartate in the second step of the de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidines. In prokaryotes, the first three activities of the pathway, namely carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPSase), ATCase and dihydroorotase (DHOase), are encoded as distinct proteins that function independently or in noncovalent association. In animals, CPSase, ATCase and DHOase are part of a 243 kDa multifunctional polypeptide named CAD...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316845/cloning-expression-purification-crystallization-and-preliminary-x-ray-studies-of-argininosuccinate-lyase-rv1659-from-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#5
A Paul, A Mishra, A Surolia, M Vijayan
The last enzyme in the arginine-biosynthesis pathway, argininosuccinate lyase, from Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been cloned, expressed, purified and crystallized, and preliminary X-ray studies have been carried out on the crystals. The His-tagged tetrameric enzyme with a subunit molecular weight of 50.9 kDa crystallized with two tetramers in the asymmetric unit of the orthorhombic unit cell, space group P2(1)2(1)2(1). Molecular-replacement calculations and self-rotation calculations confirmed the space group and the tetrameric nature of the molecule...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316844/expression-purification-crystallization-and-preliminary-x-ray-analysis-of-the-receiver-domain-of-staphylococcus-aureus-lytr-protein
#6
Agnesa Shala, Kevin H Patel, Dasantila Golemi-Kotra, Gerald F Audette
The response-regulatory protein LytR belongs to a family of transcription factors involved in the regulation of important virulence factors in pathogenic bacteria. The protein consists of a receiver domain and an effector domain, which play an important role in controlled cell death and lysis. The LytR receiver domain (LytR(N)) has been overexpressed, purified and crystallized using the sitting-drop and hanging-drop vapour-diffusion methods. The crystals grew as needles, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 84...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316843/crystallization-and-preliminary-x-ray-diffraction-studies-of-the-r-selective-amine-transaminase-from-aspergillus-fumigatus
#7
Maren Thomsen, Lilly Skalden, Gottfried J Palm, Matthias Höhne, Uwe T Bornscheuer, Winfried Hinrichs
The (R)-selective amine transaminase from Aspergillus fumigatus was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Bright yellow crystals appeared while storing the concentrated solution in the refrigerator and belonged to space group C222(1). X-ray diffraction data were collected to 1.27 Å resolution, as well as an anomalous data set to 1.84 Å resolution that was suitable for S-SAD phasing.
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316842/crystallization-and-preliminary-x-ray-crystallographic-analysis-of-the-inhibitory-domain-of-the-tomato-mosaic-virus-resistance-protein-tm-1
#8
Masahiko Kato, Yuichiro Kezuka, Chihoko Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Ishibashi, Takamasa Nonaka, Masayuki Ishikawa, Estuko Katoh
Tm-1, an inhibitor protein of Tomato mosaic virus RNA replication, contains two conserved domains: an uncharacterized domain at its N-terminus and a TIM-barrel-like domain at its C-terminus. The N-terminal domain of Tm-1 has an inhibitory activity and its three-dimensional structure has not been determined. Here, the crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction of the N-terminal domain of Tm-1 are reported. A three-wavelength MAD data set was collected from a selenomethionine-labelled crystal and processed to 2...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316841/liquid-liquid-diffusion-crystallization-improves-the-x-ray-diffraction-of-endos-an-endo-%C3%AE-n-acetylglucosaminidase-from-streptococcus-pyogenes-with-activity-on-human-igg
#9
Beatriz Trastoy, Joseph V Lomino, Lai Xi Wang, Eric J Sundberg
Endoglycosidase S (EndoS) is an enzyme secreted by Streptococcus pyogenes that specifically hydrolyzes the β-1,4-di-N-acetylchitobiose core glycan on immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies. One of the most common human pathogens and the cause of group A streptococcal infections, S. pyogenes secretes EndoS in order to evade the host immune system by rendering IgG effector mechanisms dysfunctional. On account of its specificity for IgG, EndoS has also been used extensively for chemoenzymatic synthesis of homogeneous IgG glycoprotein preparations and is being developed as a novel therapeutic for a wide range of autoimmune diseases...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316840/preliminary-crystallographic-studies-of-brca1-brct-abraxas-complex
#10
Dilip C Badgujar, Ulka Sawant, Lumbini Yadav, M V Hosur, Ashok K Varma
The BRCA1 holoenzyme complex plays an important role in DNA damage repair. ABRAXAS is a newly discovered component of this complex and its C-terminal region directly binds to the BRCA1 BRCT domain. Single crystals of the BRCA1 BRCT-ABRAXAS complex grown by co-crystallization belonged to space group P4(1)2(1)2, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 187.18, c = 85.31 Å. Diffraction data were collected on the BM-14 beamline at the ESRF. Molecular-replacement calculations using Phaser led to three molecules in the asymmetric unit and a high solvent content of 76%...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316839/purification-crystallization-and-preliminary-x-ray-analysis-of-imp-18-a-class-b-carbapenemase-from-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#11
Takamitsu Furuyama, Yoshikazu Ishii, Norimasa Ohya, Kazuhiro Tateda, Nancy D Hanson, Akiko Shimizu-Ibuka
Class B β-lactamases are known as metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) and they hydrolyze most β-lactams, including carbapenems. IMP-18, an MBL cloned from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, was overexpressed, purified and crystallized by vapour diffusion for X-ray crystallographic analysis. Preliminary X-ray analysis showed that the crystal diffracted to 2.4 Å resolution and belonged to the tetragonal space group P4(1)2(1)2, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 120.77, c = 96.54 Å, α = β = γ = 90°, suggesting the presence of two molecules in the asymmetric unit...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316838/crystallization-of-the-chap-domain-of-the-endolysin-from-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteriophage-k
#12
Marta Sanz-Gaitero, Ruth Keary, Carmela Garcia-Doval, Aidan Coffey, Mark J van Raaij
CHAP(K) is the N-terminal cysteine, histidine-dependent amidohydrolase/peptidase domain (CHAP domain) of the Staphylococcus aureus bacteriophage K endolysin LysK. It is formed from the first 165 residues of LysK and functions by cleaving specific peptidoglycan peptide bonds, causing bacterial lysis. CHAP(K) can lyse S. aureus when applied exogenously, making it a good candidate for the treatment of multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections. Here, the crystallization of CHAP(K) and the collection of native and derivative data to high resolution, which allowed structure solution, are reported...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316837/crystallization-and-sulfur-sad-phasing-of-agga-the-major-subunit-of-aggregative-adherence-fimbriae-type-i-from-the-escherichia-coli-strain-that-caused-an-outbreak-of-haemolytic-uraemic-syndrome-in-germany
#13
Natalia Pakharukova, Minna Tuittila, Anton Zavialov
The outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O104:H4 infection in Germany in 2011 was associated with significant mortality and morbidity owing to the progressive development of haemolytic-uraemic syndrome. The outbreak strain emerged recently as a result of horizontal transfer events leading to the acquisition of a number of virulence factors. Among them, aggregative adherence fimbriae type I (AAF/I) are considered to be particularly important since they are involved in the initial attachment of bacteria to the intestinal mucosa...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316836/crystallization-and-preliminary-x-ray-analysis-of-the-atpase-domain-of-the-%C3%AF-54-dependent-transcription-activator-ntrc1-from-aquifex-aeolicus-bound-to-the-atp-analog-adp-befx
#14
Tatyana A Sysoeva, Neela Yennawar, Marc Allaire, B Tracy Nixon
One way that bacteria regulate the transcription of specific genes to adapt to environmental challenges is to use different σ factors that direct the RNA polymerase holoenzyme to distinct promoters. Unlike σ(70) RNA polymerase (RNAP), σ(54) RNAP is unable to initiate transcription without an activator: enhancer-binding protein (EBP). All EBPs contain one ATPase domain that belongs to the family of ATPases associated with various cellular activities (AAA+ ATPases). AAA+ ATPases use the energy of ATP hydrolysis to remodel different target macromolecules to perform distinct functions...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316835/crystallization-and-preliminary-crystallographic-analysis-of-a-surface-antigen-glycoprotein-sag19-from-eimeria-tenella
#15
Nur Zazarina Ramly, Sergey N Rouzheinikov, Svetlana E Sedelnikova, Patrick J Baker, Yock Ping Chow, Kiew Lian Wan, Sheila Nathan, David W Rice
Coccidiosis in chickens is caused by the apicomplexan parasite Eimeria tenella and is thought to involve a role for a superfamily of more than 20 cysteine-rich surface antigen glycoproteins (SAGs) in host-parasite interactions. A representative member of the family, SAG19, has been overexpressed in Escherichia coli, purified and crystallized by the hanging-drop method of vapour diffusion using ammonium sulfate as the precipitant. Crystals of SAG19 diffracted to beyond 1.50 Å resolution and belonged to space group I4, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 108...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316834/crystallization-of-the-c-terminal-domain-of-the-fibre-protein-from-snake-adenovirus-1-an-atadenovirus
#16
Abhimanyu K Singh, Rosa Menéndez-Conejero, Carmen San Martín, Mark J van Raaij
Adenovirus fibre proteins play an important role in determining viral tropism. The C-terminal domain of the fibre protein from snake adenovirus type 1, a member of the Atadenovirus genus, has been expressed, purified and crystallized. Crystals were obtained belonging to space groups P2(1)2(1)2(1) (two different forms), I2(1)3 and F23. The best of these diffracted synchrotron radiation to a resolution of 1.4 Å. As the protein lacks methionines or cysteines, site-directed mutagenesis was performed to change two leucine residues to methionines...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316833/crystallization-and-preliminary-crystallographic-analysis-of-the-chimeric-protein-lkb1-14-3-3%C3%AE
#17
Sheng Ding, Ruiqing Zhou, Yaqin Zhu
LKB1, a tumour suppressor, plays key roles in cell polarity, cell growth and energy metabolism. 14-3-3 proteins bind to LKB1 and suppress its functions. A chimera containing 14-3-3ζ and its binding region in LKB1 was constructed and the chimeric protein LKB1-14-4-3ζ was purified and crystallized. The crystal of LKB1-14-4-3ζ diffracted to 2.9 Å resolution and belonged to space group R32, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 130.262, c = 264.960 Å. Structure determination and refinement are in progress.
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316832/two-dimensional-crystallization-of-intact-f-atp-synthase-isolated-from-bovine-heart-mitochondria
#18
Shintaro Maeda, Kyoko Shinzawa-Itoh, Kaoru Mieda, Mami Yamamoto, Yumiko Nakashima, Yumi Ogasawara, Chimari Jiko, Kazutoshi Tani, Atsuo Miyazawa, Christoph Gerle, Shinya Yoshikawa
Mitochondrial F-ATP synthase produces the majority of ATP for cellular functions requiring free energy. The structural basis for proton motive force-driven rotational catalysis of ATP formation in the holoenzyme remains to be determined. Here, the purification and two-dimensional crystallization of bovine heart mitochondrial F-ATP synthase are reported. Two-dimensional crystals of up to 1 µm in size were grown by dialysis-mediated detergent removal from a mixture of decylmaltoside-solubilized 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and F-ATP synthase against a detergent-free buffer...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316831/crystallization-of-the-c-terminal-domain-of-the-bacteriophage-t5-l-shaped-fibre
#19
Carmela Garcia-Doval, Daniel Luque, José R Castón, Pascale Boulanger, Mark J van Raaij
Tails of bacteriophage T5 (a member of the Siphoviridae family) were studied by electron microscopy. For the distal parts of the L-shaped tail fibres, which are involved in host cell receptor binding, a low-resolution volume was calculated. Several C-terminal fragments of the fibre were expressed and purified. Crystals of two of them were obtained that belonged to space groups P63 and R32 and diffracted synchrotron radiation to 2.3 and 2.9 Å resolution, respectively. A single-wavelength anomalous dispersion data set to 2...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24316830/crystallization-and-preliminary-x-ray-diffraction-analysis-of-an-active-site-mutant-of-loopless-family-gh19-chitinase-from-bryum-coronatum-in-a-complex-with-chitotetraose
#20
Takayuki Ohnuma, Naoyuki Umemoto, Toki Taira, Tamo Fukamizo, Tomoyuki Numata
The catalytic mechanism of family GH19 chitinases is not well understood owing to insufficient information regarding the three-dimensional structures of enzyme-substrate complexes. Here, the crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of a selenomethionine-labelled active-site mutant of `loopless' family GH19 chitinase from the moss Bryum coronatum in complex with chitotetraose, (GlcNAc)4, are reported. The crystals were grown using the vapour-diffusion method. They diffracted to 1.58 Å resolution using synchrotron radiation at the Photon Factory...
December 2013: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
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