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Zebrafish

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318435/determining-zebrafish-epitope-reactivity-to-commercially-available-antibodies
#1
Michael A Villarreal, Nicole M Biediger, Natalie A Bonner, Jennifer N Miller, Samantha K Zepeda, Benjamin J Ricard, Dana M García, Karen A Lewis
Antibodies raised against mammalian proteins may exhibit cross-reactivity with zebrafish proteins, making these antibodies useful for fish studies. However, zebrafish may express multiple paralogues of similar sequence and size, making them difficult to distinguish by traditional Western blot analysis. To identify the zebrafish proteins that are recognized by an antimammalian antibody, we developed a system to screen putative epitopes by cloning the sequences between the yeast SUMO protein and a C-terminal 6xHis tag...
March 20, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318417/itfish-enhanced-staining-by-iterative-fluorescent-in-situ-hybridization
#2
Richard H Row, Benjamin L Martin
Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is an important tool for zebrafish research, particularly when observing the expression of two different genes in the same embryo. Peroxidase-catalyzed deposition of tyramide-conjugated dyes is a widely used and cost-effective approach to performing FISH. A major limitation of the technique is that it does not work well for weakly expressed genes. Here we present a method adapted from planarian research for use in zebrafish that provides a dramatic enhancement of weak staining...
March 20, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318412/effects-of-lithium-and-2-4-dichlorophenol-on-zebrafish-circadian-rhythm-disorder-and-molecular-effects
#3
Bo Xiao, Li-Qiang Cui, Cheng Ding, Han Wang
The aim of this study was to investigate lithium and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP)-induced circadian rhythm disorder and their genome-wide effects in zebrafish. Zebrafish larvae were exposed to 250 ppm LiCl (n = 40) or 20 ppm 2,4-DCP. RNA was subsequently extracted and determined quantitatively. The mRNA levels of circadian clock-related genes, including clock1a, bmal1b, per2, and per1b, were determined. Microarray datasets were generated and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified. The mRNA levels of some upregulated and downregulated DEGs were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
March 20, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296621/optical-projection-tomography-as-a-novel-method-to-visualize-and-quantitate-whole-brain-patterns-of-cell-proliferation-in-the-adult-zebrafish-brain
#4
Benjamin W Lindsey, Jan Kaslin
How distinct cell populations are distributed in three-dimensional space under homeostasis or following injury, neurodegeneration, or with senescence can teach us much about brain-wide patterns and signaling along the neuroaxis. Visualizing individual cell populations in the mature vertebrate central nervous system (CNS) has remained a challenge as a result of difficulty clearing adult brain tissue or limitations in imaging depth or resolution. We have developed a simple clearing and imaging pipeline optimally suited for the adult zebrafish brain to investigate changes in patterns of cell proliferation in wild-type and transgenic backgrounds that can easily be quantified and represented using FIJI and IMARIS software...
March 15, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287927/three-dimensional-printed-fish-graders-a-tool-to-rapidly-and-reliably-size-select-zebrafish
#5
Thomas O'Reilly-Pol, Kyle Kniepkamp, Stephen L Johnson
Research into adult zebrafish often requires fish to be of a specific size. Currently, fish must be individually measured to achieve this goal. Here, we design and utilize fish graders to quickly sort fish by width. We characterize graders individually for the length of fish they discriminate between and we also analyze graders in pairs to define the range of lengths for a retained population of fish. We note that a 1 mm increase of fish width increases fish length by 6.2-7.2 mm. We provide the schematics to print a series of eight retention widths, and note that graders of any desired retention width can easily be printed by slightly modifying our design files...
March 13, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277948/karyotypic-evolution-and-chromosomal-organization-of-repetitive-dna-sequences-in-species-of-panaque-panaqolus-and-scobinancistrus-siluriformes-and-loricariidae-from-the-amazon-basin
#6
Thayana Ayres-Alves, Adauto Lima Cardoso, Cleusa Yoshiko Nagamachi, Leandro Melo de Sousa, Julio Cesar Pieczarka, Renata Coelho Rodrigues Noronha
Loricariidae family comprises the greatest variability of Neotropical catfish species, with more than 800 valid species. This family shows significant chromosomal diversity. Mapping of repetitive DNA sequences can be very useful in exploring such diversity, especially among groups that appear to share a preserved karyotypic macrostructure. We describe the karyotypes of Panaque armbrusteri and Panaqolus sp., as assessed using classical cytogenetic methods. Moreover, we offer a map of their repetitive sequences, including 18S and 5S ribosomal DNAs, the Rex1 and Rex3 retrotransposons, and the Tc1-mariner transposon in P...
March 9, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266909/exposure-to-1-2-propanediol-impacts-early-development-of-zebrafish-danio-rerio-and-induces-hyperactivity
#7
Andrey Massarsky, Ayham Abdel, Lilah Glazer, Edward D Levin, Richard T Di Giulio
The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is increasing as an alternative to tobacco burning cigarettes; however, their safety remains to be fully determined. The long-term effects of e-cigarettes are unknown, including the effects of maternal e-cigarette use on pre- and postnatal development. Additional research on the safety of e-cigarettes is needed. Especially useful would be information from high- and moderate-throughput economic model systems. This study investigates the effects of 1,2-propanediol, which was identified as the main component of e-cigarette liquid, on early development of zebrafish (an in vivo high-throughput model system that was recently proposed for the study of tobacco cigarette and e-cigarette toxicity)...
March 7, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192066/performance-of-debaryomyces-hansenii-as-a-diet-for-rotifers-for-feeding-zebrafish-larvae
#8
Rafael Opazo, Karen Fuenzalida, Francisca Plaza-Parrochia, Jaime Romero
The zebrafish larval stage is a critical moment due to high mortality rates associated with inadequate supplies of nutritional requirements. Larval feeding has important challenges associated with such factors as small mouth gape (≈100 μm), the low activity of digestive enzymes, and the intake of live food. A common zebrafish live food at the onset of exogenous feeding is rotifers, mainly Brachionus plicatilis. These rotifers should be fed with other microorganisms such as microalgae or yeast, mostly from the Saccharomyces genus...
February 13, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192065/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-a-and-leptin-expression-associated-with-ectopic-proliferation-and-retinal-dysplasia-in-zebrafish-optic-pathway-tumors
#9
Laura E Schultz, Staci L Solin, Wesley A Wierson, Janna M Lovan, Judith Syrkin-Nikolau, Deborah E Lincow, Andrew J Severin, Donald S Sakaguchi, Maura McGrail
In the central nervous system injury induces cellular reprogramming and progenitor proliferation, but the molecular mechanisms that limit regeneration and prevent tumorigenesis are not completely understood. We previously described a zebrafish optic pathway tumor model in which transgenic Tg(flk1:RFP)is18/+ adults develop nonmalignant retinal tumors. Key pathways driving injury-induced glial reprogramming and regeneration contributed to tumor formation. In this study, we examine a time course of proliferation and present new analyses of the Tg(flk1:RFP)is18/+ dysplastic retina and tumor transcriptomes...
February 13, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192063/karyotype-diversity-in-doradidae-siluriformes-doradoidea-and-presence-of-the-heteromorphic-zz-zw-sex-chromosome-system-in-the-family
#10
Fábio Hiroshi Takagui, Lucas Ferreira de Moura, Daniela Cristina Ferreira, Liano Centofante, Carla de Andrade Vitorino, Vanessa Bueno, Vladimir Pavan Margarido, Paulo Cesar Venere
Karyotypes and other chromosomal markers as revealed by conventional and molecular cytogenetic protocols in four species of the catfish family Doradidae from the Araguaia-Tocantins river basin, namely Hassar wilderi, Leptodoras cataniae, Tenellus leporhinus and Tenellus trimaculatus were examined. All species had diploid chromosome number 2n = 58 and karyotypes dominated by biarmed chromosomes, simple NOR phenotype, that is, one chromosome pair bearing this site in terminal position, but some differences in karyotypes and distribution of constitutive heterochromatin, position of rDNA sites...
February 13, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186458/correction-to-schimmenti-la-zebrafish-2016-dec-13-6-545-547
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151699/cytogenetic-and-molecular-data-support-the-occurrence-of-three-gymnotus-species-gymnotiformes-gymnotidae-used-as-live-bait-in-corumb%C3%A3-brazil-implications-for-conservation-and-management-of-professional-fishing
#12
Tatiane Pires de Sousa, Débora Karla Silvestre Marques, Carla de Andrade Vitorino, Karina de Cassia Faria, Gisele da Silva Ferreira Braga, Daniela Cristina Ferreira, Paulo Cesar Venere
In the Pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul, electric fish (Gymnotus spp.) are the primary source of live bait, accounting for more than three-quarters of total sales. Based on chromosomal and molecular markers, the present study attempted to identify the Gymnotus species used as bait in the region of Corumbá, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Three species were detected, based on their distinct karyotypes: G. paraguensis (2n = 54), G. sylvius (2n = 40), and G. pantanal (2n = 39-40, X1X2Y/X1X1X2X2), with no evidence being found of interspecific hybrids...
February 2, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151697/microstructured-surface-arrays-for-injection-of-zebrafish-larvae
#13
Felix Ellett, Daniel Irimia
Microinjection of zebrafish larvae is an essential technique for delivery of treatments, dyes, microbes, and xenotransplantation into various tissues. Although a number of casts are available to orient embryos at the single-cell stage, no device has been specifically designed to position hatching-stage larvae for microinjection of different tissues. In this study, we present a reusable silicone device consisting of arrayed microstructures, designed to immobilize 2 days postfertilization larvae in lateral, ventral, and dorsal orientations, while providing maximal access to target sites for microinjection...
February 2, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135163/optimal-anesthetic-regime-for-motionless-three-dimensional-image-acquisition-during-longitudinal-studies-of-adult-nonpigmented-zebrafish
#14
Nicola Lockwood, Jennifer Parker, Carole Wilson, Paul Frankel
With many live imaging techniques, it is crucial that a deep level of anesthesia is reached and maintained throughout image acquisition without reducing zebrafish viability. This is particularly true for three-dimensional tomographic imaging modalities. Currently, the most commonly used anesthetic in the zebrafish community, MS-222 (tricaine methanesulfonate), does not allow this. We show, using a combination of both MS-222 and isoflurane, that we can significantly improve the anesthetic regime required for motionless image acquisition of live adult zebrafish...
January 30, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118101/a-four-well-dish-for-high-resolution-longitudinal-imaging-of-the-tail-and-posterior-trunk-of-larval-zebrafish
#15
Bart Weijts, Eugene Tkachenko, David Traver, Alex Groisman
We describe the design, fabrication, and applications of a four-well dish for imaging of the trunk of larval zebrafish. The dish facilitates immobilization of anesthetized zebrafish larvae, with their tails gently pushed against a microscope cover glass, enabling longitudinal imaging at 24-72 h postfertilization using high-resolution objective lenses.
January 24, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092494/zebrafish-are-able-to-detect-ethanol-in-their-environment
#16
Steven Tran, Hayden Chow, Benjamin Tsang, Amanda Facciol, Prabhlene Gandhi, Priyanka Desai, Robert Gerlai
Zebrafish have become a popular animal model for studying the development of alcohol addiction. Several behavioral paradigms for studying alcohol addiction have been developed for zebrafish, including conditioned place preference, alcohol-induced tolerance, and withdrawal. However, alcohol choice preference tasks have not been established in zebrafish as of yet. The ability of zebrafish to detect alcohol in their environment is required in alcohol choice or preference tasks. To our knowledge, it is currently unknown whether zebrafish are able to detect alcohol in their environment immediately following bath immersion...
January 16, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067606/chromosomal-mapping-of-repetitive-sequences-rex3-rex6-and-rdna-genes-in-hybrids-between-colossoma-macropomum-cuvier-1818-and-piaractus-mesopotamicus-holmberg-1887
#17
Leila Braga Ribeiro, Americo Moraes Neto, Roberto Ferreira Artoni, Daniele Aparecida Matoso, Eliana Feldberg
Some species of Characiformes are known for their high economic value, such as Colossoma macropomum and Piaractus mesopotamicus, and are used in aquaculture programs to generate hybrid tambacu (interbreeding of C. macropomum females and P. mesopotamicus males). The present work aimed to investigate the location of the Rex3 and Rex6 transposable elements in the hybrid and in the species, in addition to checking the genomic organization of the 18S and 5S rDNA in tambacu. The diploid number found for the hybrid was equal to 54 chromosomes, with heterochromatic blocks distributed mainly in the centromeric portions...
January 9, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060676/karyotype-diversity-and-evolutionary-trends-in-armored-catfish-species-of-the-genus-harttia-siluriformes-loricariidae
#18
Daniel Rodrigues Blanco, Marcelo Ricardo Vicari, Roberto Laridondo Lui, Josiane Baccarin Traldi, Vanessa Bueno, Juliana de Fátima Martinez, Heleno Brandão, Osvaldo Takeshi Oyakawa, Orlando Moreira Filho
Most species of the genus Harttia inhabits the headwaters of small tributaries, but some species are restricted to the main channel of some rivers. This feature, combined with limited dispersal ability, leads to the formation of small isolated populations with reduced gene flow. Currently, there are 23 taxonomically defined and recognized species, and 17 of these are found in Brazil, distributed in several hydrographic basins. Despite this diversity, few chromosomal data for the species belonging to this genus are found in the literature...
January 6, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051362/evolutionary-dynamics-of-rdnas-and-u2-small-nuclear-dnas-in-triportheus-characiformes-triportheidae-high-variability-and-particular-syntenic-organization
#19
Cassia Fernanda Yano, Luiz Antonio Carlos Bertollo, Laureana Rebordinos, Manuel Alejandro Merlo, Thomas Liehr, Silvia Portela-Bens, Marcelo de Bello Cioffi
Multigene families correspond to a group of genes tandemly repeated, showing enormous diversity in both number of units and genomic organization. In fishes, unlike rDNAs that have been well explored in cytogenetic studies, U2 small nuclear RNA (snRNA) genes are poorly investigated concerning their chromosomal localization. All Triportheus species (Characiformes, Triportheidae) studied so far carry a ZZ/ZW sex chromosomes system, where the W chromosome contains a huge 18S rDNA cistron. In some species the syntenic organization of rDNAs on autosomes was also verified...
January 4, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051361/spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-an-in-vivo-imaging-protocol-for-assessing-retinal-morphology-in-adult-zebrafish
#20
Maria Toms, Dhani Tracey-White, Dhakshi Muhundhakumar, Lina Sprogyte, Adam M Dubis, Mariya Moosajee
The present study outlines a protocol for examining retinal structure in zebrafish, a popular model organism for ocular studies, using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). We demonstrate how this live imaging modality can be used to obtain high quality images of several retinal features, including the optic nerve, retinal vasculature, and the cone photoreceptor mosaic. Retinal histology sections were obtained from imaged fish for comparison with SD-OCT cross-sectional B-scans. Voronoi domain analysis was used to assess cone photoreceptor packing regularity at 3, 6, and 12 months...
January 4, 2017: Zebrafish
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