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Máté Varga
The history of science offers multiple examples of how the perseverance of a single visionary person could open the floodgates for a whole new area of research. Zebrafish research is one of these fields with an exciting founding story, as it was the dogged persistence of one man, George Streisinger, that ultimately lifted this little fish out of the obscurity of pet shops into the pantheon of genetic model organisms. The Hungarian born Streisinger was one of the most gifted geneticists of his era and his network of mentors and friends really reads like a who-is-who of 20th century genetics...
January 5, 2018: Zebrafish
Simone Rutz Costa, Robson Rabelo Velasques, Monique Tomazele Rovani, Marta Marques Souza, Juliana Zomer Sandrini
Fish cellular models are commonly used to study the toxic potential of environmentally relevant compounds. Several of these pollutants act on DNA and compromise its integrity. Little is known, however, about the DNA repair ability of these cellular models. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the DNA base excision repair (BER) of zebrafish Liver (ZF-L) cell line and primary hepatocytes. We performed kinetic studies of the DNA damage levels after exposure to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2, 20 μM for 10 min) using the Comet Assay...
January 5, 2018: Zebrafish
Martina Api, Piera Biondi, Ike Olivotto, Eva Terzibasi, Alessandro Cellerino, Oliana Carnevali
Studies on parental aging are a very attractive field, although it is poorly understood how parental age affects embryonic development and adult traits of the offspring. In this study, we used the turquoise killifish Nothobranchius furzeri, as is the vertebrate with shortest captive lifespan and an interesting model. The embryos of N. furzeri can follow two distinct developmental pathways either entering diapause or proceeding through direct development. Thus, this embryonic plasticity allows this model to be used to study different factors that could affect their embryonic development, including parental age...
January 5, 2018: Zebrafish
Jorge Guerra-Varela, Maite Baz-Martínez, Sabela Da Silva-Álvarez, Ana Paula Losada, María Isabel Quiroga, Manuel Collado, Carmen Rivas, Laura Sánchez
The zebrafish, Danio rerio, has become recognized as a valuable model for infectious diseases. Here we evaluated the susceptibility of zebrafish to be infected with the mammalian vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV). Both zebrafish cells and embryos were highly susceptible to VSV infection. Mortalities exceeded 80% in infected embryos and were preceded by the invasion of the central nervous system by VSV. Live imaging of the infection with GFP-VSV as well as virus titration from infected fish confirmed the viral replication...
January 5, 2018: Zebrafish
Marc T Tye, Jacob E Montgomery, Maurine R Hobbs, Kayce T Vanpelt, Mark A Masino
The lack of standardized diet for laboratory animals can have profound effects on animal health and lead to less reproducible research outcomes. Live diets are commonly used in zebrafish culture and, although they are a more natural feed than flake or pellet food, are also a potential source of pathogens and toxic compounds. Heavy metals are a group of such compounds, which can accumulate in fish leading to developmental abnormalities, reduced growth, and increased rates of mortality. Two to three weeks after feeding adult zebrafish a new lot of nonhatching decapsulated brine shrimp cysts (Decaps), embryos at the University of Minnesota Zebrafish Core Facility (ZCF) and the University of Utah Centralized Zebrafish Animal Resource (CZAR) began to exhibit an orange color in the yolk, and larval health began to decline...
January 2, 2018: Zebrafish
Jana Oltová, Carrie Barton, Ana Catarina Certal, Francesco Argenton, Zoltán M Varga
A husbandry workshop on July 3, 2017, at the 10th European Zebrafish Meeting in Budapest, Hungary (July 3-July 7, 2017), focused on the standardization, optimization, and streamlining of fish facility procedures. Standardization can be achieved for example by developing novel software and hardware tools, such as a fish facility database for husbandry and environmental facility management (Zebrabase, Oltova), or a hand-held, air-pressurized fish feeder for consistent food distribution (Blowfish, Argenton). Streamlining is achieved when work hours are reduced, as with the standardized fish feeder, or by limiting the number and types of fish diets and observing the effect on animal welfare and performance (Barton)...
January 2, 2018: Zebrafish
Nerea Arias-Jayo, Laura Alonso-Saez, Andoni Ramirez-Garcia, Miguel A Pardo
The human intestine hosts a vast and complex microbial community that is vital for maintaining several functions related with host health. The processes that determine the gut microbiome composition are poorly understood, being the interaction between species, the external environment, and the relationship with the host the most feasible. Animal models offer the opportunity to understand the interactions between the host and the microbiota. There are different gnotobiotic mice or rat models colonized with the human microbiota, however, to our knowledge, there are no reports on the colonization of germ-free zebrafish with a complex human intestinal microbiota...
December 20, 2017: Zebrafish
Yiğit Oskay, Barbaros Çetin, Naz Şerifoğlu, Ayça Arslan-Ergül, Michelle M Adams
In this study, we designed and developed a novel low-cost system for anesthetizing and injecting adult zebrafish. The system utilizes a gradual cooling method for the anesthesia and maintains the fish in a stable anesthetic plane, as well as stabilizes the animal so that intraperitoneal injections can be consistently performed. It is a system that any laboratory with access to a workshop can build for their group. Moreover, it is a safe system for researchers, as well as a reliable one for repeated experiments since multiple fish can be injected quickly and there is little physical contact necessary between the investigator and the animal...
December 20, 2017: Zebrafish
Mitsuru Endoh, Takafumi Fujimoto, Etsuro Yamaha, Katsutoshi Arai
Androgenesis is useful for induction of doubled haploids from male genetic resources and contributes to the restoration of individuals from cryopreserved sperm. Here, we determined the suitable conditions for egg in vitro preservation and the suitable dose of UV irradiation for genetic inactivation of the egg nucleus, and established an improved procedure for induction of androgenetic-doubled haploids in zebrafish. The suitable solution for egg preservation was evaluated by the fertilization rate using different types of solutions or conditions...
December 20, 2017: Zebrafish
Shinichi Meguro, Takahiro Hasumura
Zebrafish is an often used model of vertebrate lipid metabolism. In this article, we examined the effects of diets rich in fish oil, a dietary fat that has been shown to have antiobesity effects in mammals, or lard on body fat accumulation in zebrafish. Adult female zebrafish were fed a high-fat diet containing 20% (w/w) fish oil or lard for 4 weeks. Fish in the fish oil diet group had less body fat accumulation compared with those in the lard diet group. In the intestine, expression of genes for the alpha (hadhaa) and beta (hadhb) subunits of the beta-oxidation enzyme hydroxyacyl-Coenzyme A dehydrogenase/3-ketoacyl-Coenzyme A thiolase/enoyl-Coenzyme A hydratase was significantly increased in the fish oil diet group compared with the lard diet group (p < 0...
November 29, 2017: Zebrafish
María E Díaz-Casado, Iryna Rusanova, Paula Aranda, Marisol Fernández-Ortiz, Ramy K A Sayed, Beatriz I Fernández-Gil, Agustín Hidalgo-Gutiérrez, Germaine Escames, Luis C López, Darío Acuña-Castroviejo
Although mitochondria dysfunction is related to multiple diseases, no in vivo studies are available on mitochondrial respiration in animal parkinsonian models. Our aim is to analyze in vivo mitochondrial respiration, which reflects changes in mitochondrial bioenergetics more precisely than in vitro mitochondrial preparations. These experiments can be carried out in zebrafish embryos, which were treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) from 24 to 72 hours postfertilization (hpf). A reduction in electron transfer system capacity, ATP turnover, and increased proton leak were observed at 72 hpf in MPTP-treated embryos...
November 29, 2017: Zebrafish
Matthew Hur, Charlotte A Gistelinck, Philippe Huber, Jane Lee, Marjorie H Thompson, Adrian T Monstad-Rios, Claire J Watson, Sarah K McMenamin, Andy Willaert, David M Parichy, Paul Coucke, Ronald Y Kwon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: Zebrafish
Justin King, Justin Foster, James M Davison, John F Rawls, Ghislain Breton
The completion of the zebrafish genome sequence and advances in miniaturization and multiplexing were essential to the creation of techniques such as RNA-seq, ChIP-seq, and high-throughput behavioral and chemical screens. Multiplexing was also instrumental in the recent enhancement of the classic yeast one-hybrid interaction techniques to provide unprecedented discovery capabilities for protein-DNA interactions. Unfortunately its use for zebrafish research is currently hampered by the lack of an open reading frame (ORF) clone collection...
November 27, 2017: Zebrafish
Cristhian Camilo Conde-Saldaña, Cynthia Aparecida Valiati Barreto, Francisco Antonio Villa-Navarro, Jorge Abdala Dergam
This work constitutes the first cytogenetic characterization of a trans-Andean species of Heptapteridae. The catfish Pimelodella cf. chagresi from the Upper Rio Magdalena was studied, applying standard cytogenetic techniques (Giemsa, C-banding, and argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region [Ag-NOR]) and fluorescence in situ hybridization techniques using repetitive DNA probes: microsatellites (CA15 and GA15) and ribosomal RNA (rRNA) multigene families (18S and 5S recombinant DNA [rDNA] probes). The species showed a unique diploid chromosome number 2n = 50 (32m [metacentrics] +14sm [submetacentrics] +4st [subtelocentrics]) and a XX/XY sex chromosomal system, where the heteromorphic Y-chromosome revealed a conspicuous accumulation of all the assayed domains of repetitive DNA...
November 1, 2017: Zebrafish
Adrian T Monstad-Rios, Claire J Watson, Ronald Y Kwon
Phenotype-based small molecule screens in zebrafish embryos and larvae have been successful in accelerating pathway and therapeutic discovery for diverse biological processes. Yet, the application of chemical screens to adult physiologies has been relatively limited due to additional demands on cost, space, and labor associated with screens in adult animals. In this study, we present a 3D printed system and methods for intermittent drug dosing that enable rapid and cost-effective chemical administration in adult zebrafish...
October 30, 2017: Zebrafish
Tomasz M Kozłowski, Mikael Jönsson, Fredrik Ek, Roger Olsson, Ronald H H Kröger
We intended to perform optical and structural measurements on larval zebrafish eyes at 5 days post fertilization, that is, the earliest age at which zebrafish show visually guided behavior. However, excised larval crystalline lenses deteriorated quickly if immersed in a medium that gives good results with adult lenses from a variety of fish species. We suspected that the larvae have body fluids of lower osmolality and tested a medium with 240 mOsm, which is 75% of the established adult value of 320 mOsm...
October 23, 2017: Zebrafish
Samantha M Peneyra, Jose Cardona-Costa, Julie White, Christopher M Whipps, Elyn R Riedel, Neil S Lipman, Christine Lieggi
Pseudoloma neurophilia, a microsporidium that primarily infects neural tissues, is a common pathogen in laboratory zebrafish. The risk of parasite transmission with different spawning apparatuses and the effectiveness of disinfection are unknown. In this study, we spawned uninfected zebrafish with P. neurophilia-infected zebrafish in either 50 L mass spawning chambers (MSCs) or 1 L standard breeding tanks (BTs). Fish were spawned once or thrice, with and without chamber disinfection between uses, to evaluate risk of vertical and horizontal transmission...
October 19, 2017: Zebrafish
Nuntaporn Getlekha, Marcelo de Bello Cioffi, Nuntiya Maneechot, Luiz Antônio Carlos Bertollo, Weerayuth Supiwong, Alongklod Tanomtong, Wagner Franco Molina
Pomacentrus (damselfishes) is one of the most characteristic groups of fishes in the Indo-Pacific coral reef. Its 77 described species exhibit a complex taxonomy with cryptic lineages across their extensive distribution. Periods of evolutionary divergences between them are very variable, and the cytogenetic events that followed their evolutionary diversification are largely unknown. In this respect, analyses of chromosomal divergence, within a phylogenetic perspective, are particularly informative regarding karyoevolutionary trends...
October 12, 2017: Zebrafish
Sreeja Sarasamma, Muhammed Muhsin Varikkodan, Sung-Tzu Liang, Yen-Chang Lin, Wen-Pin Wang, Chung-Der Hsiao
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a versatile model organism that has been used in biomedical research for several decades to study a wide range of biological phenomena. There are many technical advantages of using zebrafish over other vertebrate models. They are readily available, hardy, easy, and inexpensive to maintain in the laboratory, have a short life cycle, and have excellent fecundity. Due to its optical clarity and reproducible capabilities, it has become one of the predominant models of human genetic diseases...
October 12, 2017: Zebrafish
Ming Shao, Xiao-Ning Cheng, Yuan-Yuan Liu, Ji-Tong Li, De-Li Shi
Generating chimeric zebrafish by transplantation is extremely useful for live imaging in developmental, stem cell, and cancer biology, and to answer the questions of how cells acquire, keep, and/or change their fate. However, as it is technically challenging, the use of transplantation approach remains very limited by the zebrafish community. In this study, we show that this cell grafting operation can be easily achieved by using a conventional pneumatic microinjector normally used for microinjections. Compared with previously published protocols, which need additional transplantation apparatus, this alternative transplantation method works well, but needs a simpler experimental setup, and is more accessible to all investigators...
October 12, 2017: Zebrafish
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