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Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

Teoman Aydın, Özgür Taşpınar, Yasar Keskin, Müge Kepekçi, Meryem Güneşer, Adil Çamlı, Hakan Seyithanoğlu, Huriye Kızıltan, Ali Hikmet Eriş
BACKGROUND: Tuberculous radiculomyelitis(TBRM) is one of the complications of neurological tuberculosis and includes cases of arachnoiditis, intradural spinal tuberculoma or granuloma, and spinal cord complications of tuberculous meningitis (TBM). Here, we report a case of TBRM which presented with acute paraplegia. CASE DETAILS: Neurological examination on admission revealed flaccid paralysis, bilateral extensor plantar responses, and exaggerated deep tendon reflexes...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Carlson-Babila Sama
BACKGROUND: Following digital surgical procedures, the ensuing post-operative course may be complicated by the presence of underlying ischaemic or vasospastic process. In the presence of such conditions, post-operative ischaemic changes may be further exacerbated with the use of local anaesthetics in combination with epinephrine. CASE DETAILS: We report a 21 year-old female who presented with an amputated fifth digit due to a rapidly spreading gangrene which started immediately after the surgical repair of a traumatic laceration which was infiltrated with a pre-mixed solution of lignocaine and epinephrine 3 hours earlier...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Ozgur Taspinar, Fatih Kelesoglu, Yasar Keskin, Murat Uludag
BACKGROUND: Progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia (PPD) is a rare spondylo-epi-metaphyseal dysplasia (SEMD). It can be confused with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), both clinically and radiologically. Early detection and diagnosis of PPD are important in helping to relieve the pain and disability associated with this disease and in avoiding unnecessary investigations and anti-rheumatic interventions. CASE DETAILS: We report the case of a 15-year-old girl with PPD who was misdiagnosed with JIA...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Ahmadreza Dorosty, Godana Arero, Maryam Chamar, Sogand Tavakoli
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. It imposes significant costs on health care systems. Socioeconomic status is also the root cause of healthy challenges among the elderly. Therefore, investigating the association between sarcopenia and socioeconomic status is very important to improve healthy ageing of the elderly. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia and its association with socioeconomic status among the elderly in Tehran...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Fatemeh Heydarpour, Ali Akbari Sari, Mehdi Mohebali, Mohammadreza Shirzadi, Saied Bokaie
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis covers a range of clinical manifestations. Estimation of the burden of leishmaniasis may help guide healthcare management personnel and policy-makers in applying effective interventions. The present study aimed to calculate the incidence and burden of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis in Iran in 2013. METHODS: To evaluate the epidemiological aspects of the disease in Iran, published studies over the past 20 years were searched and the viewpoints of relevant specialists in Iran were obtained...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Melese Girmaye, Yifru Berhan
BACKGROUND: In response to high maternal and perinatal morbidities and mortalities in Ethiopia, "Women's Health Development Army" was established to enhance utilization of skilled maternity services including antenatal care (ANC). However, its effect on skilled ANC service utilization is not well measured. Our study was aimed to assess skilled antenatal care service utilization and its association with the characteristics of women's health development team (WHDT). METHODS: A community based cross sectional study was conducted from January to February 2015...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Aynalem Adugna, Helmut Kloos
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the possible impacts of resettlement on birth rates by using the length of stay variable in the 2000 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). METHODS: Data in all three rounds of Gambella Administrative Region's Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) are analyzed. The neighboring administrative region of Benishangul-Gumuz is used as a control. The multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) is applied with duration of residence as a categorical independent variable...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Tesfaye Regassa, Dereje Chala, Emiru Adeba
BACKGROUND: Premarital sex increases the risk of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections including HIV if unprotected and contraception is not used. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess premarital sex in the last twelve months and its predictors among regular undergraduate students of Wollega University. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey using pretested, structured questionnaire was conducted on a total of 704 regular undergraduate students of Wollega University from February to March, 2014...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Senait Samuel, Getachew Bayissa, Selam Asaminewu, Tesfamichael Alaro
BACKGROUND: Access to and use of electronic information sources for clinical decision is the key to the attainment of health related sustainable goals. Therefore, this study was to assess Electronic Information Sources (EIS) access and use for healthcare service among hospitals of Western Oromia, Ethiopia, 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study design with quantitative and qualitative data collection methods was employed. Study subjects were selected by using simple random sampling technique...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Hailay Abrha Gesesew, Bosena Tebeje, Fessahaye Alemseged, Waju Beyene
BACKGROUND: Skill mix of health professionals, staff acquisition and turnover rate are among the major challenges for the delivery of quality health care. This study assessed the health workforce acquisition, retention, turnover rate and their intention to leave. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey with quantitative and qualitative data collection methods was conducted in Jimma Zone health institutions. Five years records (September 2009-August 2014) were reviewed to determine the turnover rate...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Olufemi Desalu, Cajetan Onyedum, Emmanuel Sanya, Joseph Fadare, Adekunle Adeoti, Fatai Salawu, Rotimi Oluyombo, Micheal Olamoyegun, Micheal Fawale, Babajide Gbadegesin, Hamzat Bello
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea is the most common form of sleep-disordered breathing in adults and children. It is associated with many adverse health consequences. The objectives this study were to determine the prevalence, awareness and reporting of symptoms of obstructive sleep apnoea among hospitalized adult patients in Nigeria. METHODS: This was a multicenter cross-sectional study involving 1420 adult patients admitted to general medical and surgical wards of selected hospitals from March to April 2013...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Nebiat Negussie, Geetinder Kaur
BACKGROUND: The job demand-control-social support model has been widely studied in western countries but has not been theoretically addressed on health workers of sub-Saharan African countries. Therefore, this study investigates the relationship between Job Demand-Control-Support Model and job satisfaction in specialized teaching hospitals in Ethiopia. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from September 2014 to May 2015 in three public specialized teaching hospitals in Ethiopia...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Mohammadhossien Soltani, Masoud Mirzaei, Ahmad Amin, Mahmoud Emami, Reza Aryanpoor, Farimah Shamsi, Mohammadtaghi Sarebanhassanabadi
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is a common symptom for referring patients to emergency departments (ED). Among those referred, some are admitted to hospitals with a definite or tentative diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome and some are discharged with primary diagnosis of non-cardiac chest pain. This study aimed at investigating 30 days' adverse outcomes of patients discharged from ED of a major heart center in Iran. METHODS: Out of 1638 chest pain admissions to the centre during 2010-2011, 962 patients (mean age= 50...
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Abraham Haileamlak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Workeabeba Abebe, Betel Abebe, Kebede Molla, Tinsae Alemayehu
BACKGROUND: Skeletal involvement accounts 1-5% of all cases of Tuberculosis. The vertebrae are more commonly affected. The bones of the hands are more affected than the bones of the feet. The term "spina ventosa" has been used to describe this disorder because of its radiographic features of cystic expansion of the involved short tubular bones. Tuberculous dactylitis mainly occurs through lympho-hematogenous spread. The lung is the primary focus in 75% of cases. CASE DETAILS: A 4 years old female child developed a painless swelling on her left index finger two months prior to her presentation...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
P W Atipo-Tsiba, E S Kombo Bayonne
BACKGROUND: In countries with high prevalence of HIV/AIDS infection, particularly in black Africa, shingles is one of the main opportunistic infections during immunosuppression due to AIDS in young patients. If immunological weakness is important, usually when the CD4 cell count is less than 100 cells/mm(3), the risk of inflammatory reactions in the first three months after initiating of antiretroviral treatment (ART) is very high. This inflammatory reaction is called immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS)...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Feridoun Sabzi, Fahimeh Ghasemi, Atefeh Asadmobini
BACKGROUND: Cardiac myxoma is the most common benign heart tumor which can arise in any of the cardiac chambers, valves or related great veins. Diagnosis of a myxoma arising from the tricuspid valve apparatus is exceptional. We present a rare case of myxoma in a tricuspid valve attached to papillary muscle. CASE DETAILS: A 45-year-old man was referred to our center for the evaluation dyspnea and chest pain. During work-up by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), a mass was found on the corda tendinea of the anterior papillary muscle of the tricuspid valve...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Prastiya Indra Gunawan, Areta Idarto, Darto Saharso
BACKGROUND: Acanthamoeba infection is a potential life-threatening complication of drowning. The management of drowning-associated Acanthamoeba infection remains controversial. Survival reports on Acanthamoeba infection have been on case reports only. CASE DETAILS: A 2-year-old, previously healthy Indonesian boy presented with decreased consciousness and inadequate breathing, followingdrowning. The event was unsupervised with unknown estimated time of submersion...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Shahriar Mali, Mohammadtaghi Sarebanhassanabadi
BACKGROUND: Combined open-heart surgery and thyroidectomy is a rare procedure. However, some difficulties will occur for cardiac surgery when thyromegaly extends into the retrosternal space. CASE DETAILS: A 54-year-old woman suffering from dyspnea, chest pain and decreased left ventricular function (EF=40%) was diagnosed with coronary artery disease (3 vessel disease) and became candidate for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Also, she had multinodular goiter with normal thyroid function test...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Girma Tsinuel, Asaminew Tsedeke, Siebeck Matthias, Martin R Fischer, Fabian Jacobs, Desalegn Sebsibe, Mamo Yoseph, Haileamlak Abraham
INTRODUCTION: One urgent goal of countries in sub-Saharan Africa is to dynamically scale up the education and work force of medical doctors in the training institutions and health facilities, respectively. These countries face challenges related to the rapid scale up which is mostly done without proper strategic planning, without the basic elements of infrastructure development, educational as well as academic and administrative human resources. Medical education done in the context of limited resources is thus compromising the quality of graduates...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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