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Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

Temesgen Mekonnen
Background: Congenital duplication of lower extremity, either complete or incomplete is extremely rare. Only 26 cases had been reported till 2010, of which only 5 cases had feature of complete duplication. Theories have been proposed that the cause of this abnormality includes maternal factors like diabetes and usage of teratogenic drugs. Duplication of lower extremity may mimic that of vestigial parasitic twin; phenotypically, it appears as an individual with extra appendage or limbs...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Navin Kumar Devaraj
Background: Rheumatoid arthritis is a devastating condition. More so, the diagnosis of seronegative rheumatoid arthritis is often fraught off with much uncertainty and that leads to further suffering to the unfortunate patient. Case Details: This is a case of Madam A, who presented with many non-specific symptoms and signs involving many systems which was finally diagnosed as seronegative rheumatoid arthritis. This case explores the challenges in reaching this uncommon diagnosis and how anti-inflammatory drugs can bring a miraculous relief to the patient's suffering...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Prastiya Indra Gunawan, Leny Kartina, Dwiyanti Puspitasari, Erny Erny
Background: Subdural empyema (SDE) in children is a severe intracranial infection. Many pathogens can cause SDE. Case Details: In this articlewe present a 15-month old Indonesian boy diagnosed as SDE based on the clinical symptoms and neuroimaging. A complete blood count showed white blood cell count of 13.800/mm3 and the CRP level was 8.3 mg/L. Craniotomy following burr hole drainage procedure was performed to decrease intracranial pressure. The liquor culture indicated Bacillus cereus...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Abdusamed Adem Abdusamed, Hailu Abera Mulatu, Reinaldo Nunez Martinez
Background: Submitral left ventricular aneurysm is a rarely reported cardiac abnormality that is encountered commonly among blacks. So far, only one case has been reported from Ethiopia and East Africa.Our aim is to report an interesting and rare case that we encountered at St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College. Methods: In April 2017, a 25-year-old patient havingsubmitral left ventricular aneurysm with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV heart failure and mild left ventricular systolic dysfunctionreceived medical treatment at our institution...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Biniyam Girma, Eshetu Mulisa, Shibru Tessema, Wote Amelo
Background: The merits of ethnomedicine-led approach to identify and prioritize anticancer medicinal plants have been challenged as cancer is more likely to be poorly understood in traditional medicine practices. Nonetheless, it is also believed that useful data can be generated by combining ethnobotanical findings with available scientific studies. Thus, this study combined an ethnobtanical study with ligand based in silico screening to identify relevant medical plants and predict their anticancer potential based on their phytoconstiutents reported in scientific literatures...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Zemenu Tamir, Jemal Alemu, Aster Tsegaye
Background: Hematological complications such as Zidovudine(ZDV) associated anemia are among the commonly reported adverse drug reactions of Antiretroviral Therapy(ART). Little is known about ZDV associated anemia in developing countries like Ethiopia. Methods: Comparative retrospective cohort study was conducted at the ART Clinic of St. Paul Hospital Millennium Medical College from February 2011 to December 2012 to characterize anemia among HIV/AIDS patients initiated with ZDV and non-ZDV containing ART regimens...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Blandine Ngatou Tchakounté, Vanessa Rosine Nkouayep, Josué Wabo Poné
Background: Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infections remain an important public health problem in the tropics. This study aimed to evaluate the soil contamination rate and prevalence of infestations of geohelminth among residents in Bazou. Methods: Four hundred (400) soil samples and 182 stool specimens were collected respectively from four sites and from inhabitants aged 1 to 40 years and above in 12 households. A questionnaire was administered to evaluate risk factors of STH-infections...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Shibru Hoche, Berhan Meshesha, Negash Wakgari
Background: Sub-optimal breast feeding contributed a significant number of infants' death. Although breast feeding is universal in Ethiopia, the practice is not optimal. Hence, this study assessed the prevalence of sub-optimal breast feeding practice and its associated factors in rural communities of Hula District, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 634 women with infants aged 6 to 12 months. Multistage sampling technique was employed to select study subjects...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Zewdie Birhanu, Kora Tushune, Mulusew G Jebena
Background: Utilizations of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services among young people is vital in reducing sexual and reproductive health problems. This study investigated young people's perceptions and barriers towards the use of sexual and reproductive health services in Southwest Ethiopia. Methods: A cross sectional study was employed to collect data from 1,262 in-school youths. Simple random sampling technique was used to select schools and study participants...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Berhe Gebreslassie, Kibrom Gebreselassie, Reiye Esayas
Background: Amputation is a surgical procedure for the removal of a limb which is indicated when limb recovery is impossible. There are different types of amputation, and their causes can vary from one area to the other. Therefor, the aim of this study is to find out the patterns and causes of amputations in patients presented to Ayder Referral Hospital, Mekelle, Ethiopia. Methods: the record of 87 patients who had amputation at different sites after admission to Ayder referral hospital, Mekelle, Ethiopia in three years period were reviewed retrospectively...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Belay Zawdie, Samuel Tadesse, Amare Desalegn Wolide, Tilahun Alemayehu Nigatu, Eshetu Mulisa Bobasa
Background: Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) among type 2 diabetic patients is completely ignored in developing regions like Africa paving the way for public health and economic burden in the region. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to evaluate non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and associated factors among type 2 diabetic patients in Southwestern Ethiopia attending Diabetic Clinic of Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH). Methods: Facility based cross-sectional study design was used...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Daniel Gunda, Ibrahim Kido, Semvua Kilonzo, Igembe Nkandala, John Igenge, Bonaventura Mpondo
Background: Prostatic carcinoma carries a high morbidity and mortality if it is not diagnosed early. In resource limited countries, patients are at increased risk of being diagnosed late as they are operated for presumed benign prostatic hyperplasia. The information on the magnitude and risk factors of this problem in our setting could assist in the overall optimization of care of patients at risk. Methods: A retrospective study of patients who underwent prostatectomy for presumed benign prostatic enlargement was done at Bugando University Hspital in Tanzania...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Daniel Asmelash, Wondale Getnet, Belete Biadgo, Sintayehu Ambachew, Tadele Melak, Lemmesa Melese, Shiwaneh Damite, Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes, Molla Abebe
Background: Undiagnosed diabetes mellitus cases are at higher risk for diabetic related complications. In low-income African countries, patients with undiagnosed diabetes mellitus account for 75% of diabetes cases. Psychiatric disorders have a greater impact on the global burden of diseases and disability associated with chronic diseases like diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Gondar Hospital from February to April 2016...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Abraham Haileamlak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Tinsae Alemayehu, Wondwossen Ergete, Workeabeba Abebe
Background: Pediatric nervous system tuberculomas are usually infra-tentorial and multiple. A frontal lobe location is rare. Case Details: We report a 10 year-old boy who presented with a chronic headache and episodes of loss of consciousness. He had no signs of primary pulmonary tuberculosis and a diagnosis of frontal tuberculoma was made upon a post-operative biopsy. He improved following treatment with anti-tubercular drugs. Conclusion: Tuberculosis should be considered in children with a chronic headache or focal neurologic deficit and a supra-tentorial intracranial mass in endemic countries like Ethiopia...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Akinlolu G Omisore, Grace M Babarinde, Damilola P Bakare, Esther O Asekun-Olarinmoye
Background: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is a globally accepted developmental agenda, and it is expected that everyone everywhere in the world would be aware, knowledgeable and be willing to contribute to its attainment. This study aims to assess the level of awareness, knowledge of, and attitudes towards the SDGs among members of a university community. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 450 students and staff of Osun State University, Southwestern Nigeria, selected from three of its six multi-campuses via multi-stage sampling...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Ali Janati, Edris Hasanpoor, Sakineh Hajebrahimi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani
Background: Evidence-based management (EBMgt) has been developed as a management framework for improving the quality of management decisions. To use that, we need to identify the source of evidence in decision-making. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify the sources of evidence in managing hospitals. Methods: Qualitative methods were used to explore the sources of evidence and to identify hospital managers' attitudes towards evidence-based management...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Ali Janati, Mohamad Ali Sarabchian, Bahram Mohaghegh, Naser Aghmohamadzadeh, Hesam Seyedin, Masumeh Gholizadeh, Edris Hasanpoor
Background: Type 2 Diabetes is a main concern of public health in contemporary world with remarkable mortality, delayed complications and health costs. Governments are obliged to improve the quality of health care and consider appropriate strategies to reduce the costs. An alternative strategy for hospital services is care at home. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of home-based and hospital-based diabetes care. Methods: A quasi-experimental, pre-test and post-test design was conducted in Northwest Iran...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Addisu Gize Yeshanew, Yeshwondm Mamuye GebreSilasie, Hirut Tadesse Mengesha
Background: Normal pregnancy is characterized by profound changes in almost every organ and system. Immunohematological parameters are important in clinical practice for the assessment of health and disease. Therefore, this study was aimed to establish immunohematological reference range among HIV sero-negative pregnant women. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among HIV sero-negative pregnant women at St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College (SPHMMC), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 20/1-30/6/ 2016...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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