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Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465654/predictors-of-survival-among-adult-ethiopian-patients-in-the-national-art-program-at-seven-university-teaching-hospitals-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Daniel Fekade, Teklu Weldegebreal, Alula M Teklu, Melake Damen, Saro Abdella, Nega Baraki, Bekele Belayhun, Eyoel Berhan, Amha Kebede, Yibeltal Assefa
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, the publicly funded antiretroviral treatment (ART) program was started in 2005. Two hundred seventy-five thousand patients were enrolled in the national ART program by 2012. However, there is limited data on mortality and predictors of death among adult patients in the ART program. The study aimed to estimate mortality and risk factors for death among adult, ART-naïve patients, started in the national ART program from January 2009 to July 2013. METHODS: Multi-site, prospective, observational cohort study of adult, age > 18 years, ART-naïve patients, started in the national ART program at seven university-affiliated hospitals from January 2009 - July 2013...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465653/predictors-of-hospitalization-among-children-on-art-in-ethiopia-a-cohort-study
#2
Abraham Haileamlak, Tesfalem Hagos, Workeabeba Abebe, Loko Abraham, Henok Asefa, Alula M Teklu
BACKGROUND: Substantial progress has been made in the management of pediatric HIV infection in Ethiopia with the implementation of mother-to-child-prevention programs. Since the introduction of HAART in 2005, mortality among HIV-infected children has reduced while the rate of hospitalization was expected to rise. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to assess predictors of hospitalization in children on ART in seven university referral hospitals in Ethiopia. METHODS: A prospective cohort study design was employed on children age 0-18 years as part of a multisite observational study...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465652/magnitude-of-antiretroviral-drug-toxicity-in-adult-hiv-patients-in-ethiopia-a-cohort-study-at-seven-teaching-hospitals
#3
Esayas Kebede Gudina, Alula M Teklu, Asres Berhan, Atsbeha Gebreegziabhier, Teshome Seyoum, Abiy Nega, Girmay Medhin, Amha Kebede, Yibeltal Assefa
BACKGROUND: The introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has resulted in significant mortality reduction and improvement in the quality of life. However, this has come at a cost of increased drug toxicity. The objective of this study was to assess the patterns and predictors of ART toxicity in adult HIV patients in Ethiopia. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study conducted at seven teaching hospitals between September 2009 and December 2013 involving 3921 HIV patients on ART...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465651/factors-associated-with-mortality-of-tb-hiv-co-infected-patients-in-ethiopia
#4
Alula M Teklu, Abiy Nega, Admasu Tenna Mamuye, Yohannes Sitotaw, Desta Kassa, Getnet Mesfin, Bekele Belayihun, Girmay Medhin, Kesetebirhan Yirdaw
BACKGROUND: Despite the large number of TB patients on ART in Ethiopia, their mortality remains high. This study reports the effect of TB on HIV related mortality and determinants of TB/HIV co-infection related mortality. METHODS: A longitudinal study design was employed as part of the Advanced Clinical Monitoring of ART (ACM) in Ethiopia. All patients started on ART at or after January 1, 2005 were included. Survival analysis was done to compare survival patterns of HIV patients with TB against HIV patients without TB...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465650/exploratory-analysis-of-time-from-hiv-diagnosis-to-art-start-factors-and-effect-on-survival-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study-at-seven-teaching-hospitals-in-ethiopia
#5
Alula M Teklu, Kesetebirhan Delele, Mulu Abraha, Bekele Belayhun, Esayas Kebede Gudina, Abiy Nega
BACKGROUND: The HIV care in Ethiopia has reached 79% coverage. The timeliness of the care provided at the different levels in the course of the disease starting from knowing HIV positive status to ART initiation is not well known. This study intends to explore the timing of the care seeking, the care provision and associated factors. METHODS: This is a longitudinal follow-up study at seven university hospitals. Patients enrolled in HIV care from September 2005 to December 2013 and aged ≥14 years were studied...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465649/establishing-a-multicenter-longitudinal-clinical-cohort-study-in-ethiopia-advanced-clinical-monitoring-of-antiretroviral-treatment-project
#6
Alula M Teklu, Eyuel Tsegaye, Daniel Fekade, Abraham Hailemelak, William Weiss, Elham Hassen, Nicole Simmons, Solomon Zewdu, Yifru Berhan, Assefa Getachew, Tesfalem Hagos, Achamyeleh Alebachew, Melake Damena, Yohannes Sitotaw, Yibeltal Assefa, Girmay Medhin, Andrea Ruff
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to describe the establishment of the Advanced Clinical Monitoring of ART Project in Ethiopia for monitoring and evaluation of the longitudinal effectiveness of the ART program and to show the opportunities it presents. This cohort was established in response to the 2005 call by WHO for establishing additional mechanisms for stronger monitoring of ART and the need for creating the platform to generate evidence to guide the care given for the ever increasing number of patients on ART in Ethiopia...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465648/antiretroviral-therapy-program-in-ethiopia-benefits-from-virology-treatment-monitoring
#7
EDITORIAL
GebreAb Barnabas, Manuel K Sibhatu, Yemane Berhane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458498/the-appropriate-rainfall-to-development-of-zika-virus-an-indonesian-case
#8
Ramadhan Tosepu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458497/rare-occurrence-of-the-left-maxillary-horizontal-third-molar-impaction-the-right-maxillary-third-molar-vertical-impaction-and-the-left-mandibular-third-molar-vertical-impaction-with-inferior-alveolar-nerve-proximity-in-a-30-year-old-female-a-case-report
#9
Karthik Shunmugavelu
BACKGROUND: A combination of horizontal and vertical third molar impaction is a rare occurrence.When the tooth is unable to erupt to its proper position and fail to achieve a normal occlusion, it is known as impacted tooth. CASE DETAILS: In this scientific article, case report of a female patient aged 30 years reported with acombination of horizontally and vertically impacted third molars in the maxilla and mandible has been presented. The treatment included surgical removal of the impacted teeth without any damage to underlying structures...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458496/chronic-recurrent-non-specific-parotitis-a-case-report-and-review
#10
Saibaba Mahalakshmi, Srinivas Kandula, Patil Shilpa, Ganganna Kokila
BACKGROUND: Chronic recurrent non-specific parotitis is characterized by recurrent episodes of swelling and pain of unknown etiology in the parotid gland. Sialography is a hallmark in the diagnosis of salivary gland disorders; newer imaging modalities like CT-Sialography, sialoendoscopy and MRI can be used. Various treatment modalities have been tried, from conservative approach to surgical excision depending on the recurrence rate and severity of the condition. Although symptomatic treatment with antibiotics and analgesic, injection of intraductal medicament, aggressive treatment like duct ligation or excision of gland are some of the treatment modalities, there is no established algorithm as to which treatment method should be opted in such clinical situation...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458495/hemifacial-microsomia-clinicoradiological-insight-and-report-of-a-case
#11
Nidhi Chhabra, Anuj Chhabra
BACKGROUND: Hemifacial microsomia is a congenital malformation characterized by deficiency in the amount of hard and soft tissue on one side of the face. It is primarily a syndrome of the first branchial arch, involving underdevelopment of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, mandibular ramus, ear and, occasionally, defects in facial nerve and muscles. CASE DETAILS: The clinical and radiological manifestations of a 14-year-old male patient having hemifacial microsomia is highlighted in this article to enhance our knowledge and diagnostic skill of this rare entity...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458494/rhinocerebral-mucormycosis-report-of-a-rare-case
#12
Richa Sahota, Ramandeep Gambhir, Samir Anand, Avani Dixit
BACKGROUND: Mucormycosis is one of the rapidly progressing and lethal form of fungal infection which involves the nose and paranasal sinuses of the head and the neck regions. Mucormycosis also remains a threat to patients with uncontrolled diabetes or other predisposing systemic conditions. It manifests as rhinocerebral, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cutaneous or disseminated form. The underlying conditions can influence clinical presentation and often delay diagnosis, with resultant poor outcomes...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458493/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-related-factors-among-adults-in-palestine-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Abdel Hamid El Bilbeisi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Diane Jackson, Kurosh Djafarian
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS)is increasingly becoming a challenging public health issue in Palestine. The current burden of MetS in the country is unknown. There has been limited research on the prevalence of MetS. This meta-analysis is the first to estimate the population prevalence of MetS and its related factors among adults in Palestine. METHODS: A PRISMA systematic search appraisal and meta-analysis were conducted. A systematic literature search of PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar was conducted in December 2014 up to February 2015...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458492/prevalence-of-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-deficit-among-hiv-positive-people-in-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study-at-ayder-referral-hospital
#14
Tilahun Belete, Girmaw Medfu, Ephrem Yemiyamrew
BACKGROUND: HIV associated neurocognitive deficit impairs motor activity, neuropsychiatric functioning, daily activity and work activity usually due to the immune suppression effect of the virus. Sub-Saharan region including Ethiopia is the region with the highest burden of HIV. However, a few studies are found on this aspect nationally. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence and the factors associated with cognitive impairment among HIV positive people in Ethiopia who attended Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458491/prevalence-of-antenatal-depressive-symptoms-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-maichew-north-ethiopia-an-institution-based-study
#15
Tilahun Belete Mossie, Adam Kiros Sibhatu, Abate Dargie, Ashenafi Damte Ayele
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression is one of the common problems during pregnancy with a magnitude of 20% to 30% globally. It can negatively endanger women's and off springs lives. As there are scarce reports on this area in Northern Ethiopia, it is important to carry out different studies that explore the magnitude of the problem and related factors in rural areas. The aim of this study is thus to assess the magnitude of antenatal depressive symptoms and associated factors among women at Maichew Town, North Ethiopia...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458490/knowledge-about-and-attitude-towards-epilepsy-among-menit-community-southwest-ethiopia
#16
Andualem Henok, Tafesse Lamaro
BACKGROUND: Nearly 80% of the people with epilepsy are found in developing countries, where epilepsy remains a major public health problem, not only because of its health implications but also for its social, cultural, psychological and economic effects. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge and attitude of Menit community in Benchi-Maji Zone as regards epilepsy. METHODS: The study was conducted in Menit Goldia Province, one of the provinces of Bench-Maji Zone...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458489/effect-of-oral-administration-of-gnidia-stenophylla-gilg-aqueous-root-extract-on-food-intake-and-histology-of-gastrointestinal-tract-in-mice
#17
Tilahun Alemayehu Nigatu, Mekbeb Afework, Kelbessa Urga, Wondwossen Ergete, Tewodros Gebremariam Gebretsadik, Eyasu Makonnen
BACKGROUND: Aqueous preparations of a medicinal plant, Gnidia stenophylla Gilg (Thymelaeaceae) are commonly used to cure malaria and other ailments in Ethiopia. This study evaluated the safety of the plant extract by determining its effects on food intake and histology of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) after oral administration for 13 weeks in albino mice. METHODS: Thirty mice were equally assigned to three groups. Group I served as control and received a vehicle while groups II and III were given 400 and 800 mg/kg body weight/day plant extract respectively, orally, for 13 weeks...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458488/clinical-and-psychosocial-predictors-of-community-reintegration-of-stroke-survivors-three-months-post-in-hospital-discharge
#18
Nelson Ekechukwu, Olubukola Olaleye, Talhatu Hamzat
BACKGROUND: There appears to be a dearth of published literature on the biopsychosocial predictors of community reintegration (CR) among stroke survivors. This study aims to investigate the clinical and psychosocial predictors of CR among stroke survivors three months post in-hospital discharge. METHODS: Fifty-two stroke survivors took part in this prospective exploratory study. The participants' clinical attributes of motor function (MF), balance (Bal) and psychosocial characteristics of Fall Self-Efficacy (FSE), Balance Self-Efficacy (BSE), Self-Esteem (SEst) and Social Support (SS) were assessed pre-discharge and at three months post-discharge...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458487/management-of-co-morbidity-of-depression-and-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-in-rwanda
#19
Madeleine Mukeshimana, Gugu Mchunu
BACKGROUND: Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a major global health problem of the 21 stcentury. They are now the world's leading cause of disease burden and high mortality. An even more alarming health problem is when depression coexists with chronic NCDs, as is frequently the case. Management of this co-morbidity with collaborative care has become a global topic of interest, with the World Health Organization (WHO) recommending implementation of collaborative care for this purpose...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458486/comparative-efficacy-of-progressive-resistance-exercise-and-biomechanical-ankle-platform-system-on-functional-indices-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Faderera Adepoju, Talhatu Hamzat, Olusegun Akinyinka
BACKGROUND: Progressive Resistance Exercise (PRE) and Biomechanical Ankle Platform System (BAPS) are two of the protocols available in managing children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). The comparative effects of these modalities on selected functional indices of ambulatory type CP were the focus of this study. METHODS: Twenty-eight children with hemiplegic or diplegic CP receiving care at a tertiary health facility in Ibadan were consecutively recruited. They were systematically assigned into two intervention groups...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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