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Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983537/letter-to-the-editor
#1
Basu Saurav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983536/contextualizing-ottawa-charter-frameworks-for-type-2-diabetes-prevention-a-professional-perspective-as-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Feleke Doyore Agide, Elham Shakibazadeh
Background: Type 2 Diabetes remains one of the deadliest non-communicable diseases in the world. Systematically articulating the health issues with emerging policies is very important in preventing chronic diseases like diabetes. This article aims to integrate Ottawa Charter frameworks in prevention of Type 2 diabetes and the way the charter's application should bring amicable changes if applied as planned. Method: We used the aim of the study as a method derivative...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983535/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-and-treatment-outcomes-of-patients-with-tuberculosis-among-inmates-in-debrebirhan-prison-north-shoa-ethiopia
#3
Yonas Asres Berihun, Teklehaimanot Mezgebe Nguse, Gebremedhin Beedemariam Gebretekle
Background: Prevalence of tuberculosis in vulnerable groups such as prisoners is usually high, and the problem is worsened by poor treatment outcomes. In spite of this, there is limited information regarding tuberculosis in prisons of Ethiopia. Hence, this study was aimed to assess the prevalence of tuberculosis and treatment outcomes of patients with tuberculosis among inmates of Debrebirhan prison in North Shoa, Ethiopia. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted among inmates of Debrebirhan prison...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983534/testing-psychometrics-of-healthcare-empowerment-questionnaires-hceq-among-iranian-reproductive-age-women-persian-version
#4
Bahram Mohebbi, Azar Tol, Elham Shakibazadeh, Mahdi Yaseri, Maryam Sabouri, Feleke Doyore Agide
Background: Producing high quality data needs an accurate measurement in any fields of study. This study aimed to test psychometrics of the Persian version Healthcare Empowerment Questionnaire (HCEQ) in relation to personal care among Iranian reproductive age women and to validate the instrument for future use. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 549 reproductive age women in a health centers affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences producing a response rate of 100%...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983533/biochemical-profiles-of-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-women-attending-at-the-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#5
Aynadis Alemu, Molla Abebe, Belete Biadgo, Betelihem Terefe, Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes
Background: Pregnancy is a natural physiological statement with hormonal and metabolic changes that helps the growth and survival of the fetus. However, biochemical profiles derangement may lead to pregnancy complications. Therefore, there is a need for determining biochemical profiles among pregnant women. Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant and non-pregnant women at the University of Gondar Hospital, from February to April, 2015...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983532/magnitude-of-severe-head-injury-and-its-associated-factors-among-head-injury-patients-in-gedeo-zone-southern-ethiopia-a-two-year-retrospective-study
#6
Akine Eshete, Fikirewold Taye
Background: Severe head injury is a major public health threat that is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in all age groups of the world's populations including Ethiopia. In view of this, this study was assessed the severity of head injury and its contributing factors. Methods: A Two-year retrospective study was conducted at Dilla University Referral Hospital, from December 2014 to November 2016. All head injury patients admitted to the surgical ward were included...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983531/asymptomatic-malaria-infection-and-associated-factors-among-blood-donors-attending-arba-minch-blood-bank-southwest-ethiopia
#7
Getaneh Alemu, Mohammedaman Mama
Background: It is well known that malaria can be transmitted via blood transfusion. However, it is not documented in the national donor screening protocol. Magnitude of asymptomatic malaria among donors would be the key to decide on the need of donor screening. Despite this, there is lack of such data in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was thus to estimate the prevalence of asymptomatic malaria and associated factors among blood donors. Methods: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted in Arba Minch blood bank from February to June, 2015...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983530/an-evidence-based-framework-for-evidence-based-management-in-healthcare-organizations-a-delphi-study
#8
Ali Janati, Edris Hasanpoor, Sakineh Hajebrahimi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Ali Khezri
Background: Evidence-based management (EBMgt) is a growing literature concept in management sciences which claims that management decision-making must be based on the best available evidence. The aim of this paper is to present and provide an evidence-based framework for EBMgt to improve decision-making in healthcare organizations. Methods: A two-round Delphi survey was used to collect the factors affecting EBMgt. Purposive and snowball sampling methods were used in both rounds...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983529/mutations-of-rpob-gene-associated-with-rifampin-resistance-among-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolated-in-tuberculosis-regional-reference-laboratory-in-northeast-of-iran-during-2015-2016
#9
Ashraf Tavanaee Sani, Habib Ashna, Afsaneh Kaffash, Azad Khaledi, Kiarash Ghazvini
Background: Drug resistance is a leading concern in control of TB. Resistance against rifampin as one of the most important drugs in the treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is caused by mutations in the 81-base pair region of the rpoB gene encoding the β-subunit of RNA polymerase. This study aimed to characterize the mutations in the rpoB gene associated with rifampin resistance among M. tuberculosis. Methods: This study was conducted on referred samples of patients who did not respond to anti-TB treatment, in Tuberculosis Regional Reference Laboratory at Shariati Hospital...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983528/teenage-pregnancy-and-its-associated-factors-among-school-adolescents-of-arba-minch-town-southern-ethiopia
#10
Samuel Mathewos, Aleme Mekuria
Background: Teenage pregnancy has long been a worldwide social, economic and educational concern for the developed, developing and underdeveloped countries. Studies on adolescent sexuality and pregnancy are very limited in our country. Therefore, this study aims to assess the prevalence of teenage pregnancy and its associated factors among school adolescents of Arba Minch Town. Methods: Institution-based, cross-sectional study was conducted from 20-30 March 2014...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983527/trend-of-malaria-cases-in-hana-and-keyafer-health-centers-south-omo-zone-southern-ethiopia
#11
Solomon Ergete, Solomon Sorsa, Eskindir Loha, Solomon Asnake
Background: Data registered in health facilities about malaria are vital source of information regarding the trend and pattern of the disease. Moreover the data also used to evaluate the impact of the intervention methods and to plan malaria control accordingly. The aim of this study was to assess the number of malaria cases in the service providing health institutions of South Omo Zone, SNNPR, over a period of seven years, 2008-2014. Methods: A retrospective review of routinely collected and recorded data on malaria was conducted at Hana and Keyafer health centers located in South OmoZone, during December-March/2014...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983526/postnatal-care-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-married-women-in-benchi-maji-zone-southwest-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
Tafesse Lamaro Abota, Niguse Tadele Atenafu
Background: In Ethiopia, maternal health service utilization is very low, especially postnatal care (PNC). The percentage of mothers who receive care within two days of childbirth has shown little progress, from 2.4% in 2000 to 13% in 2014. However, it is very far below the expected level as compared to other sub-Saharan regions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess PNC services utilization and its associated factors among married women in Benchi-Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983525/anemia-among-school-age-children-magnitude-severity-and-associated-factors-in-pawe-town-benishangul-gumuz-region-northwest-ethiopia
#13
Muluken Birhanu, Lealem Gedefaw, Yaregal Asres
Background: Anemia is a global public health problem associated with increased mortality and morbidity. The cause of anemia in school-age children is multifactorial and has been associated with delayed psychomotor development, poor cognitive performance, impaired immunity and decrease working capacity. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude, severity and determinant factors of anemia among school-age children (5-15 years) in Pawe Town, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 20 to June 19, 2015 in Pawe Town...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983524/trends-and-outcomes-of-emergency-pediatric-surgical-admissions-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-ethiopia
#14
Temesgen Firomsa, Muluwork Teferra, Amezene Tadesse
Background: Pediatric surgical emergency condition is a broad spectrum of surgical pathologies/disorders occurring in pediatric age group requiring proper emergency surgical care as the only option of management to salvage life, avoid/minimize disability or palliation. The objective of this study is to analyze the pattern and outcome of pediatric surgical emergencies managed at Tikur Anbesa Hospital and the factors associated with outcome. Methods: Retrospective analysis of medical records of patients was conducted to assess the pattern, outcome and factors associated with outcome of pediatric surgical emergencies admitted and managed at Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital, from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015...
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983523/how-can-ethiopia-mitigate-the-health-workforce-gap-to-meet-universal-health-coverage
#15
EDITORIAL
Abraham Haileamlak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983522/split-calvarial-graft-and-titanium-mesh-for-reconstruction-of-post-craniotomy-frontal-bone-defect
#16
Shimels Megersa Gema, Mehrnoush Momeni, Amir Ali Badri
Background: The goal of cranioplasty is to achieve a lifelong, stable and structural reconstruction of the cranium covered by a healthy skin and scalp flap. We present two cases of large frontal bone defect following a accident. Cases: We describe the utilization of autogenous local split calvarial graft and titanium mesh for the reconstruction of the post trauma frontal bone defect. Conclusion: Cranioplasty using split calvarial bone grafting for restoring large cranial defects resulting from a trauma is a useful technique, and allows the surgeon to reconstruct a moderate to large cranial defect without rifting the inner cortical plate...
March 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983521/errors-in-the-total-testing-process-in-the-clinical-chemistry-laboratory-at-the-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#17
Sintayehu Ambachew, Kasaw Adane, Abebaw Worede, Tadele Melak, Daniel Asmelash, Shewaneh Damtie, Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes, Molla Abebe, Belete Biadgo
Background: Laboratory services have been described as the major processes contributing to safe patient care in the modern healthcare sector. However, occurrences of errors in the overall testing processes impair the clinical decision-making process. Such errors are supposed to be high in resource-poor countries, like Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to assess errors in the total testing process in the Clinical Chemistry laboratory of the University of Gondar Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia...
March 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983520/level-of-faecal-coliform-contamination-of-drinking-water-sources-and-its-associated-risk-factors-in-rural-settings-of-north-gondar-zone-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-community-based-study
#18
Atalay Getachew, Alebachew Tadie, Daniel Haile Chercos, Tadesse Guadu
Background: Today, close to a billion people mostl living in the developing world do not have access to safe and adequate water. Several studies in Ethiopia indicate that the majority of the drinking water sources had coliform count beyond the WHO standard. Therefore, Regular quality control mechanisms need to be in place. The objective of this study is therefore to determine the level of faecal coliform contamination of drinking water and its associated factors in North Gondar Zone, Ethiopia...
March 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983519/analysis-of-the-effect-of-health-education-activities-on-selected-child-health-determinants-in-two-communities-of-ile-ife-nigeria
#19
Olorunfemi Akinbode Ogundele, Tolulope Ogundele
Background: Child survival in Nigeria is threatened not just by the direct causes of childhood mortality such as the common childhood diseases but also by the associated child health determinants. Health education activities as part of community integrated management of childhood illness have the potential to improve these child health determinants. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of community level health education activities on selected child health determinants in Ile Ife, Nigeria...
March 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983518/utilization-and-associated-factors-of-modern-contraceptives-during-extended-postpartum-period-among-women-who-gave-birth-in-the-last-12-months-in-gondar-town-northwest-ethiopia
#20
Marta Berta, Amsalu Feleke, Tatek Abate, Temesgen Worku, Teklay Gebrecherkos
Background: The postpartum period is a critical period for addressing widespread unmet needs in family planning and for reducing the risks of closely spaced pregnancies. However, many women do not realize that they are at risk for pregnancy during this period. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess utilization and associated factors of modern contraceptives during extended post-partum period. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April, 2015 in six health institutions among women who gave birth in the last 12 months prior to the study period in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia...
March 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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