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Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences

Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Tinsae Alemayehu, Wondwossen Ergete, Workeabeba Abebe
Background: Pediatric nervous system tuberculomas are usually infra-tentorial and multiple. A frontal lobe location is rare. Case Details: We report a 10 year-old boy who presented with a chronic headache and episodes of loss of consciousness. He had no signs of primary pulmonary tuberculosis and a diagnosis of frontal tuberculoma was made upon a post-operative biopsy. He improved following treatment with anti-tubercular drugs. Conclusion: Tuberculosis should be considered in children with a chronic headache or focal neurologic deficit and a supra-tentorial intracranial mass in endemic countries like Ethiopia...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Akinlolu G Omisore, Grace M Babarinde, Damilola P Bakare, Esther O Asekun-Olarinmoye
Background: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is a globally accepted developmental agenda, and it is expected that everyone everywhere in the world would be aware, knowledgeable and be willing to contribute to its attainment. This study aims to assess the level of awareness, knowledge of, and attitudes towards the SDGs among members of a university community. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 450 students and staff of Osun State University, Southwestern Nigeria, selected from three of its six multi-campuses via multi-stage sampling...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Ali Janati, Edris Hasanpoor, Sakineh Hajebrahimi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani
Background: Evidence-based management (EBMgt) has been developed as a management framework for improving the quality of management decisions. To use that, we need to identify the source of evidence in decision-making. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify the sources of evidence in managing hospitals. Methods: Qualitative methods were used to explore the sources of evidence and to identify hospital managers' attitudes towards evidence-based management...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Ali Janati, Mohamad Ali Sarabchian, Bahram Mohaghegh, Naser Aghmohamadzadeh, Hesam Seyedin, Masumeh Gholizadeh, Edris Hasanpoor
Background: Type 2 Diabetes is a main concern of public health in contemporary world with remarkable mortality, delayed complications and health costs. Governments are obliged to improve the quality of health care and consider appropriate strategies to reduce the costs. An alternative strategy for hospital services is care at home. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of home-based and hospital-based diabetes care. Methods: A quasi-experimental, pre-test and post-test design was conducted in Northwest Iran...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Addisu Gize Yeshanew, Yeshwondm Mamuye GebreSilasie, Hirut Tadesse Mengesha
Background: Normal pregnancy is characterized by profound changes in almost every organ and system. Immunohematological parameters are important in clinical practice for the assessment of health and disease. Therefore, this study was aimed to establish immunohematological reference range among HIV sero-negative pregnant women. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among HIV sero-negative pregnant women at St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College (SPHMMC), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 20/1-30/6/ 2016...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Binalfew Tsehay, Mekbeb Afework, Metasebia Mesifin
Background: Greulich and Pyle standards are the most widely used age estimation standards all over the world. The applicability of the Greulich and Pyle standards to populations which differ from their reference population is often questioned. This study aimed to assess the reliability of Greulich and Pyle (GP) method for determination of age of children at Debre Markos Referral Hospital, East Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia. Subjects and Methods: Hospital based cross sectional study design was applied to children who came to Debre Markos Referral Hospital from May to October 2015 and fulfilled the inclusion criteria of the study...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Clarence S Yah
Background: Despite the shift in antiretroviral therapy (ARVs) eligibility cascade from CD4 ≤ 200 to CD4 ≤ 350 to CD4 ≤ 500 mm3 , HIV related morbidity and mortality continue to escalate annually, as do HIV infections. The new paradigm of treatment for all HIV positives individual irrespective of CD4 count may significantly reduce HIV and related illnesses. The author assumes that all HIV infected partners should be eligible for HIV treatment and care, irrespective of CD4 count...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
James Ogunmodede, Philip Kolo, Ibraheem Katibi, Ayodele Omotoso
Background: HAART has improved survival of HIV patients. Its contribution to the development of new cardiovascular abnormalities has generated much interest. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of QTc prolongation among HIV patients and determining the influence if any of the use of HAART on the QTc and on the risk of having QTc prolongation. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty HIV positive subjects comprising 76 HIV positive subjects on HAART (Group A), 74 who were HAART- naïve (Group B), and 150 age and sex-matched healthy controls (Group C) were studied...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Tsegaye Tewelde Gebrehiwot, Fessahaye Alemseged Tesfamichael
Background: Window opening during bus transportation is recommended as a tuberculosis prevention strategy.Yet, drivers are affected by lack knowledge and risk perception of passengers and assistants. Boosting knowledge of and notifying the high risk of tuberculosis transmission for every passenger could be too costly. However, strategies targeting bus drivers as key agents unlike targeting all passengers might be less costly for window opening. Method: Data were collected from November 18/2014 to December 21/2014 in inter-region bus stations of Addis Ababa using cross sectional study design...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Rozina Ambachew Geremew, Beyene Moges Agizie, Abate Assefa Bashaw, Mengistu Endris Seid, Addisu Gize Yeshanew
Background: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) is a major global cause of acute illness, infertility, long-term disability and death, with serious medical and psychological consequences to millions of men, women and infants. Moreover, in Ethiopia, epidemiological studies on STI among STI clinic clients are limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of sexually transmitted infection (STI). Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted between April and August 2014 among STI clinic clients in Gondar Town hospitals and health centers...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse, Byron Alexander Foster, Mulugeta Sitot Shibeshi, Henok Tadele Dangiso
Background: Bacterial meningitis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. However, limited research has focused on the diagnosis and management of meningitis in resource-limited settings. Methods: We designed a prospective case series of children admitted to a large, academic referral hospital with acute meningitis syndrome. Data were collected on age, time of presentation, prior antibiotics, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) parameters, antibiotic and steroid prescription, and clinical outcome...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Desie Kasew, Ashenafi Abebe, Ufaysa Munea, Tekalign Deressa, Yalewayker Tegegne, Martha Alemayehu, Mulugeta Melku
Background: Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection is predominantly acquired in childhood from family members. The infection can cause dypepepsia, chronic and acute gastritis and gastric cancer. Dyspepsia is the most common illness in the Ethiopian population visiting outpatient department of health facilities, and it has also been associated with H.pylori infection. The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of H.pylori and its associated factors among dyspeptic patients who visited University of Gondar Hospital Outpatient Department...
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Abraham Haileamlak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Fundaoğlu Funda Küçükekencı, Ahmet Serkan Küçükekencı
Background: Crown fracture is the most common type of fracture and frequently affects the anterior teeth. Crown fractures have been treated in several ways depending on the location and kind of fracture. This case emphasizes reattachment of fractured fragments using fiber-reinforced post. Also this case report underlines the related aesthetic concerns of reattaching of the fractured fragment. Case Report: Intraorally, examination revealed a complicated crown-root fracture of the left maxillary central (#21) and lateral incisor (#22)...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Henok Tadele
Background: Tetanus is an acute vaccine preventable illness manifested by neuromuscular dysfunction due to a potent exotoxin, tetanospasmin produced by Clostridium tetani. It is a common health problem in developing countries like Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess clinical profile and outcome of Pediatrics tetanus in a referral hospital, South Ethiopia. Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of medical records of 24 Pediatric tetanus patients who were admitted from July 2014 to June 2016 to the Pediatrics Department of Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa-Ethiopia...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Leila Shahmoradi, Reza Safadari, Worku Jimma
Background: Healthcare is a knowledge driven process and thus knowledge management and the tools to manage knowledge in healthcare sector are gaining attention. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate knowledge management implementation and knowledge management tools used in healthcare for informed decision making. Methods: Three databases, two journals websites and Google Scholar were used as sources for the review. The key terms used to search relevant articles include: "Healthcare and Knowledge Management"; "Knowledge Management Tools in Healthcare" and "Community of Practices in healthcare"...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Dany S Subha, Tangde Pradeep
Background: Periodontal disease is associated with cardiovascular diseases because of its role in host immune-inflammatory response. Serum lipids are the commonest risk factors between periodontal disease and cardiovascular diseases. Materials and Method: A double blinded randomised clinical trial was carried out among 45 subjects with generalised severe periodontitis. They were divided into 3-groups of 15 subjects each. Group A: 0.25% lemongrass oil mouthwash, Group B: 0...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Andualem Henok, Emwodish Takele
Background: The reproductive health (RH) needs and challenges in pastoralist area are different from elsewhere. People in this area live in very traditional settings and adhere strongly to traditional cultural values and beliefs. Some of these beliefs are known to lead to poor sexual and RH outcomes. Thus, the objective of the study was to identify barriers of RH service utilization among pastoralist communities of Bench Maji zone. Methods: This study was conducted in pastoralist communities of 5 woredas in Bench Maji zone...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Tamirat Hailegebriel, Beyene Petros, Tekola Endeshaw
Background: Strongyloides stercoralis causes chronic intestinal infection that may lead to disseminated disease during immunosuppression. Therefore, efficient diagnostic methods are essential to detect silent and latent infections. The present study was aimed to compare the efficacy of parasitological methods for the detection of S. stercoralis infection. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 351 subjects (226 HIV positive and 125 HIV negative) from October 2005 to May 2006...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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