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Reproductive Health

Xiayun Zuo, Chaohua Lou, Ersheng Gao, Qiguo Lian, Iqbal H Shah
BACKGROUND: Non-consensual sex (NCS) among young people, an important subject with public health and human rights implications, was less studied in China. This study is to investigate the NCS awareness and victimization of university students in Shanghai, China and whether they were associated with adolescent gender-role attitudes. METHODS: Gender-role attitudes, awareness and victimization of different forms of NCS were examined among 1099 undergraduates (430 males and 669 females) in four universities in Shanghai using computer-assisted self-interview approach...
March 15, 2018: Reproductive Health
Chris Smith, Phil Edwards, Caroline Free
BACKGROUND: A variety of different approaches to measuring contraceptive use have been used or proposed, either to assess current use or adherence over time, using subjective or objective measures. This paper reports an overview of approaches to measuring adherence to the oral contraceptive, intra-uterine device, sub-dermal implant, and injectable and describes how we assessed contraception use in the MObile Technology for Improved Family Planning (MOTIF) trial in Cambodia. MAIN BODY: We summarise and discuss advantages and disadvantages of different subjective and objective approaches to measuring adherence to the oral contraceptive, intra-uterine device, sub-dermal implant, and injectable such as self-reports, clinic records, electronic monitoring devices, clinical examination and biomarkers...
March 15, 2018: Reproductive Health
Adélaïde Compaoré, Sabine Gies, Bernard Brabin, Halidou Tinto, Loretta Brabin
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency remains a prevalent adolescent health problem in low income countries. Iron supplementation is recommended but improvement of iron status requires good adherence. OBJECTIVES: We explored factors affecting adolescent adherence to weekly iron and/or folic acid supplements in a setting of low secondary school attendance. METHODS: Taped in-depth interviews were conducted with participants in a randomised, controlled, periconceptional iron supplementation trial for young nulliparous women living in a rural, malaria endemic region of Burkina Faso...
March 14, 2018: Reproductive Health
Changchang Li, Zhijiang Liang, Michael S Bloom, Qiong Wang, Xiaoting Shen, Huanhuan Zhang, Suhan Wang, Weiqing Chen, Yan Lin, Qingguo Zhao, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the leading cause of child mortality under 5 years of age. Temporal trends in preterm birth rates are highly heterogeneous among countries and little information exists for China. To address this data gap, we investigated annual changes in preterm birth incidence rate and explored potential determinants of these changes in Shenzhen, China. METHODS: A total of 1.4 million live births, during 2003-2012, were included from the Shenzhen birth registry...
March 13, 2018: Reproductive Health
Fatemeh ZareMobini, Ashraf Kazemi, Ziba Farajzadegan
BACKGROUND: Psychological health is related to the management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and is an essential component of self-efficacy and enjoying a healthy lifestyle. Need assessment and plans to improve the psychological health of these women provides significantly valuable information to design an advantageous intervention program to reach that goal. Therefore, this study will conduct to improve the psychological health for women with PCOS through a designed comprehensive care...
March 13, 2018: Reproductive Health
Javier A Schvartzman, Hugo Krupitzki, Mario Merialdi, Ana Pilar Betrán, Jennifer Requejo, My Huong Nguyen, Effy Vayena, Angel E Fiorillo, Enrique C Gadow, Francisco M Vizcaino, Felicitas von Petery, Victoria Marroquin, María Luisa Cafferata, Agustina Mazzoni, Valerie Vannevel, Robert C Pattinson, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Fernando Althabe, Mercedes Bonet
BACKGROUND: A prolonged and complicated second stage of labour is associated with serious perinatal complications. The Odon device is an innovation intended to perform instrumental vaginal delivery presently under development. We present an evaluation of the feasibility and safety of delivery with early prototypes of this device from an early terminated clinical study. METHODS: Hospital-based, multi-phased, open-label, pilot clinical study with no control group in tertiary hospitals in Argentina and South Africa...
March 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
Hamdia M Ahmed, Mosleh S Kareem, Nazar P Shabila, Barzhang Q Mzori
BACKGROUND: Religious leaders are one of the key actors in the issue of female genital cutting (FGC) due to the influential position they have in the community and the frequent association of FGC with the religion. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and perspectives of the local religious leaders in Erbil governorate, Iraqi Kurdistan Region about different aspects of FGC. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with a sample of 29 local religious leaders...
March 7, 2018: Reproductive Health
N C Schmidt, V Fargnoli, M Epiney, O Irion
BACKGROUND: Migrant mothers in developed countries often experience more complicated pregnancy outcomes and less fewer women access preventive gynecology services. To enlighten health care providers to potential barriers, the objective of this paper is to explore barriers to reproductive health services in Geneva described by migrant women from a qualitative perspective. METHODS: In this qualitative study, thirteen focus groups (FG) involving 78 women aged 18 to 66 years were conducted in seven languages...
March 6, 2018: Reproductive Health
Fernanda Ewerling, Cesar G Victora, Anita Raj, Carolina V N Coll, Franciele Hellwig, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: Family planning is key for reducing unintended pregnancies and their health consequences and is also associated with improvements in economic outcomes. Our objective was to identify groups of sexually active women with extremely low demand for family planning satisfied with modern methods (mDFPS) in low- and middle-income countries, at national and subnational levels to inform the improvement and expansion of programmatic efforts to narrow the gaps in mDFPS coverage. METHODS: Analyses were based on Demographic and Health Survey and Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey data...
March 6, 2018: Reproductive Health
M M Dynes, E Twentyman, L Kelly, G Maro, A A Msuya, S Dominico, P Chaote, R Rusibamayila, F Serbanescu
BACKGROUND: Lack of respectful maternity care (RMC) is increasingly recognized as a human rights issue and a key deterrent to women seeking facility-based deliveries. Ensuring facility-based RMC is essential for improving maternal and neonatal health, especially in sub-Saharan African countries where mortality and non-skilled delivery care remain high. Few studies have attempted to quantitatively identify patient and delivery factors associated with RMC, and none has modeled the influence of provider characteristics on RMC...
March 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
Katherine L Turner, Erin Pearson, Allison George, Kathryn L Andersen
BACKGROUND: Women's access to abortion care is often denied or hampered due to a range of barriers, many of which are rooted in abortion stigma. Abortion values clarification and attitude transformation (VCAT) workshops are conducted with abortion providers, trainers, and policymakers and other stakeholders to mitigate the effects of abortion stigma and increase provision of and access to abortion care. This study assesses changes in knowledge, attitudes, and behavioral intentions of VCAT workshop participants...
March 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
Moazzam Ali, Madeline Farron, Leopold Ouedraogo, Ramez Khairi Mahaini, Kelsey Miller, Rita Kabra
BACKGROUND: In-country research capacity is key to creating improvements in local implementation of health programs and can help prioritize health issues in a landscape of limited funding. Research prioritization has shown to be particularly useful to help answer strategic and programmatic issues in health care, including sexual and reproductive health (SRH). The purpose of this paper is to present the results of a priority setting exercise that brought together researchers and program managers from the WHO Africa and Eastern Mediterranean regions to identify key SRH issues...
March 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
Jigyasa Sharma, Meaghan O'Connor, R Rima Jolivet
In high-income countries, group antenatal care (ANC) offers an alternative to individual care and is associated with improved attendance, client satisfaction, and health outcomes for pregnant women and newborns. In low- and middle-income country (LMIC) settings, this model could be adapted to address low antenatal care uptake and improve quality. However, evidence on key attributes of a group care model for low-resource settings remains scant. We conducted a systematic review of the published literature on models of group antenatal care in LMICs to identify attributes that may increase the relevance, acceptability and effectiveness of group ANC in such settings...
March 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
Martin C Koch, Johannes Lermann, Niels van de Roemer, Simone K Renner, Stefanie Burghaus, Janina Hackl, Ralf Dittrich, Sven Kehl, Patricia G Oppelt, Thomas Hildebrandt, Caroline C Hack, Uwe G Pöhls, Stefan P Renner, Falk C Thiel
BACKGROUND: Daysy is a fertility monitor that uses the fertility awareness method by tracking and analyzing the individual menstrual cycle. In addition, Daysy can be connected to the application DaysyView to transfer stored personal data from Daysy to a smartphone or tablet (IOS, Android). This combination is interesting because as it is shown in various studies, the use of apps is increasing patients´ focus on their disease or their health behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate if by the additional use of an App and thereby improved usability of the medical device, it is possible to enhance the typical-use related as well as the method-related pregnancy rates...
March 2, 2018: Reproductive Health
Angela Odiachi, Salome Erekaha, Llewellyn J Cornelius, Christopher Isah, Habib O Ramadhani, Laura Rapoport, Nadia A Sam-Agudu
BACKGROUND: HIV status disclosure to male partners is important for optimal outcomes in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). Depending on timing of HIV diagnosis or pregnancy status, readiness to disclose and disclosure rates may differ among HIV-positive women. We sought to determine rates, patterns, and experiences of disclosure among Nigerian women along the PMTCT cascade. METHODS: HIV-positive women in rural North-Central Nigeria were purposively recruited according to their PMTCT cascade status: pregnant-newly HIV-diagnosed, pregnant-in care, postpartum, and lost-to-follow-up (LTFU)...
March 2, 2018: Reproductive Health
Sowmya Rajan, Priya Nanda, Lisa M Calhoun, Ilene S Speizer
BACKGROUND: The sex composition of existing children has been shown to influence childbearing decision-making and behaviors of women and couples. One aspect of this influence is the preference for sons. In India, where son preference is deeply entrenched, research has normally focused on rural areas using cross-sectional data. However, urban areas in India are rapidly changing, with profound implications for childbearing patterns. Yet, evidence on the effect of the sex composition of current children on subsequent childbearing intentions and behavior in urban areas is scant...
February 27, 2018: Reproductive Health
Prasanna Raj Supramaniam, Monica Mittal, Enda McVeigh, Lee Nai Lim
BACKGROUND: Public funding for fertility services within the United Kingdom is limited, and therefore, strict guidance exists regarding who can be offered treatment under the National Health Service (NHS). Body mass index (BMI) is a universal criteria adopted by both the public and private sector. This study addresses an important aspect of the impact of a raised BMI on fertility treatment outcomes. We standardise the analysis of the data by only including studies incorporating the WHO BMI criteria; the current reference point for clinicians and clinical commissioning groups in ascertaining which group of patients should receive treatment...
February 27, 2018: Reproductive Health
Yao-Yao Du, Na Guo, Yi-Xin Wang, Xiang Hua, Tao-Ran Deng, Xue-Mei Teng, Yang-Cheng Yao, Yu-Feng Li
BACKGROUND: Phthalates, a class of endocrine disruptors, have been demonstrated to accelerate loss of ovarian follicle pool via disrupting folliculogenesis, and lead to diminished ovarian reserve. However, human data are limited. Here, we aimed to examine whether urinary phthalate metabolites are correlated with markers of ovarian reserve among women attending a fertility clinic. METHODS: We measured eight phthalate metabolites in urine samples collected from 415 women seeking infertility treatment at the Reproductive Medicine Center of Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, China...
February 23, 2018: Reproductive Health
Friday Okonofua, Lorretta Ntoimo, Rosemary Ogu, Hadiza Galadanci, Rukiyat Abdus-Salam, Mohammed Gana, Ola Okike, Kingsley Agholor, Eghe Abe, Adetoye Durodola, Abdullahi Randawa
BACKGROUND: The paucity of human resources for health buoyed by excessive workloads has been identified as being responsible for poor quality obstetric care, which leads to high maternal mortality in Nigeria. While there is anecdotal and qualitative research to support this observation, limited quantitative studies have been conducted to test the association between the number and density of human resources and risk of maternal mortality. This study aims to investigate the association between client-provider ratios for antenatal and delivery care and the risk of maternal mortality in 8 referral hospitals in Nigeria...
February 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
Lucy November, Jane Sandall
BACKGROUND: In Sierra Leone, 34% of pregnancies and 40% of maternal deaths are in the adolescent population. Risks are known to be higher for younger adolescents, this being borne out by a household survey in Eastern Freetown in 2015. This current qualitative study, funded by Wellbeing of Women's international midwifery fellowship, was conducted to explore the causes of this high incidence of maternal death for younger teenagers, and to identify possible interventions to improve outcomes...
February 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
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