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Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923388/dimensions-of-patient-satisfaction-with-comprehensive-abortion-care-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#1
Bekalu Mossie Chekol, Dame Abera Abdi, Tamirie Andualem Adal
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction is a measure of the extent to which a patient is content with the health care received from health care providers. It has been recognized as one of the most vital indicators of quality. Hence, it has been studied and measured extensively as part of service quality and as a standalone construct. In spite of this, there has been limited or no studies in Ethiopia that describe factors of abortion care contributed to women's satisfaction. This study aimed to identifying the underlying factors that contribute to patient satisfaction with comprehensive abortion care and at exploring relationships between total satisfaction scores and socio-demographic and care-related variables in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
December 7, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923380/quality-evaluation-of-commercially-available-male-condoms-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-2009-2011
#2
Janete Teixeira Duarte, Antonio Eugenio C C de Almeida, Shirley de Mello Pereira Abrantes
BACKGROUND: The increased incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Brazil represents a significant public health issue. This issue has raised awareness among health authorities regarding the quality of condoms. In Brazil, male condoms need to be certified. The certification process evaluates in detail the manufacturing and quality of the final product; however, post-market surveillance is not part of the normal certification practice. METHODS: From 2009 to 2011, we evaluated 20 male condoms brands per lot of 8 manufactures-both domestic and imported-marketed in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
December 7, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923379/schoolgirls-experience-and-appraisal-of-menstrual-absorbents-in-rural-uganda-a-cross-sectional-evaluation-of-reusable-sanitary-pads
#3
Julie Hennegan, Catherine Dolan, Maryalice Wu, Linda Scott, Paul Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Governments, multinational organisations, and charities have commenced the distribution of sanitary products to address current deficits in girls' menstrual management. The few effectiveness studies conducted have focused on health and education outcomes but have failed to provide quantitative assessment of girls' preferences, experiences of absorbents, and comfort. Objectives of the study were, first, to quantitatively describe girls' experiences with, and ratings of reliability and acceptability of different menstrual absorbents...
December 7, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905993/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-exposure-to-brominated-flame-retardants
#4
A Lane, C G Goodyer, F Rab, J M Ashley, S Sharma, A Hodgson, J Nisker
BACKGROUND: Recent media reports on human studies associating brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in household products in pregnancy with urogenital anomalies in boys and endocrine disruption in both sexes. We sought to explore the perceptions of pregnant women of brominated flame retardant (BFR) exposure, in light of recent media reports on the adverse health effects of BFR exposure prenatally. METHODS: Pregnant women were recruited for interviews through posters and pamphlets in prenatal clinics, prenatal fairs and community centres...
December 1, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903295/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-periodontal-disease-among-pre-conception-chinese-women
#5
Hong Jiang, Yi Su, Xu Xiong, Emily Harville, Hongqiao Wu, Zhijun Jiang, Xu Qian
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is one of the most common chronic infectious diseases. It has been reported that periodontal disease is associated with various adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm birth, low birth weight, and gestational diabetes mellitus. Given the fact that the treatment for periodontal disease during pregnancy was ineffective in improving pregnancy outcomes by most of studies, the pre-conception period has been put forward as a more optimal time. However, very few studies have reported the prevalence of periodontal disease among pre-conception women...
December 1, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899129/a-community-based-study-on-prevalence-and-correlates-of-erectile-dysfunction-among-kinondoni-district-residents-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#6
Pedro Pallangyo, Paulina Nicholaus, Peter Kisenge, Henry Mayala, Noel Swai, Mohamed Janabi
BACKGROUND: Globally, erectile dysfunction burden (ED) is rising appreciably and it is projected to affect about 332 million men by the year 2025. This rise is attributable to the rising incidence of conditions associated with ED including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease and depression. We conducted this community-based screening to elucidate on the prevalence of ED and its associated factors among men residing in an urban community in Tanzania. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional community-based study and interviewed 441 men aged at least 18 years...
November 29, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876052/implementing-the-united-kingdom-s-ten-year-teenage-pregnancy-strategy-for-england-1999-2010-how-was-this-done-and-what-did-it-achieve
#7
Alison Hadley, Roger Ingham, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: In 1999, the UK Labour Government launched a 10-year Teenage Pregnancy Strategy for England to address the country's historically high rates and reduce social exclusion. The goal was to halve the under-18 conception rate. This study explores how the strategy was designed and implemented, and the features that contributed to its success. METHODS: This study was informed by examination of the detailed documentation of the strategy, published throughout its 10-year implementation...
November 22, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871299/implementation-and-acceptability-of-strategies-instituted-for-engaging-men-in-family-planning-services-in-kibaha-district-tanzania
#8
Judith Msovela, Anna Tengia-Kessy
BACKGROUND: Men as the main decision makers in most of African families have an important role to play towards acceptance of family planning methods. This study sought to identify strategies used to engage men in family planning services and determine the extent to which men in Kibaha district in Tanzania accept these interventions. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study using both quantitative and qualitative techniques. We used a questionnaire to interview a random sample of 365 of currently married or cohabiting men who had at least one child under the age of five years...
November 21, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846848/measuring-adolescent-friendly-health-services-in-india-a-scoping-review-of-evaluations
#9
REVIEW
Andrea J Hoopes, Paras Agarwal, Sheana Bull, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: Initiatives to promote adolescent friendly health services (AFHS) have been taking place in India and many low- and middle-income countries for nearly two decades. Evaluations of these initiatives have been placed in the public arena from time to time, but little is known about what they say about the overall situation on AFHS in India. This study aimed to describe how efforts to provide AFHS in India have been evaluated, how well they have been evaluated, and what their findings and implications are...
November 15, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842544/experiences-and-perceptions-of-ghanaian-midwives-on-labour-pain-and-religious-beliefs-and-practices-influencing-their-care-of-women-in-labour
#10
Lydia Aziato, Hannah Antwi Ohemeng, Cephas N Omenyo
BACKGROUND: Beliefs surrounding pain during childbirth has biblical foundations that contribute to labour pain being viewed as a natural phenomenon. Contemporary health care promotes evidence-based labour pain management but the faith of the midwife may influence her midwifery practice regarding labour pain management. Therefore this study sought to gain in-depth insight into the experiences and perceptions of midwives regarding labour pain and the religious beliefs and practices influencing their care of women in labour in Ghana...
November 14, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821123/factors-associated-with-the-failure-of-obstetric-fistula-repair-in-guinea-implications-for-practice
#11
Alexandre Delamou, Therese Delvaux, Abdoul Habib Beavogui, Abdoulaye Toure, Delphin Kolié, Sidikiba Sidibé, Mandian Camara, Kindy Diallo, Thierno Hamidou Barry, Moustapha Diallo, Alain Leveque, Wei-Hong Zhang, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: The prevention and treatment of obstetric fistula still remains a concern and a challenge in low income countries. The objective of this study was to estimate the overall proportions of failure of fistula closure and incontinence among women undergoing repair for obstetric fistula in Guinea and identify its associated factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using data extracted from medical records of fistula repairs between 1 January 2012 and 30 September 2013...
November 8, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814759/maternal-near-miss-and-predictive-ability-of-potentially-life-threatening-conditions-at-selected-maternity-hospitals-in-latin-america
#12
Bremen De Mucio, Edgardo Abalos, Cristina Cuesta, Guillermo Carroli, Suzanne Serruya, Daniel Giordano, Gerardo Martinez, Claudio G Sosa, João Paulo Souza
BACKGROUND: Every year millions of women around the world suffer from pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum complications. Women who survive the most serious clinical conditions are regarded as to have experienced a severe acute maternal complication called maternal near miss (MNM). Information about MNM cases may complement the data collected through the analysis of maternal death, and was proposed as a helpful tool to identify strengths and weaknesses of health systems in relation to maternal health care...
November 4, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766983/factors-associated-with-cesarean-delivery-during-labor-in-primiparous-women-assisted-in-the-brazilian-public-health-system-data-from-a-national-survey
#13
Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Arthur Orlando Corrêa Schilithz, Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: The rate of cesarean delivery (CD) in Brazil has increased over the past 40 years. The CD rate in public services is three times above the World Health Organization recommended values. Among strategies to reduce CD, the most important is reduction of primary cesarean. This study aimed to describe factors associated with CD during labor in primiparous women with a single cephalic pregnancy assisted in the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS). METHODS: This study is part of the Birth in Brazil survey, a national hospital-based study of 23,894 postpartum women and their newborns...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766979/good-practices-according-to-who-s-recommendation-for-normal-labor-and-birth-and-women-s-assessment-of-the-care-received-the-birth-in-brazil-national-research-study-2011-2012
#14
Marcia Leonardi Baldisserotto, Mariza Miranda Theme Filha, Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends good practices for the conduct of uncomplicated labor and birth, with the aim of improving the quality of and assessment by women of childbirth care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between adoption of good practices according to WHO's recommendation for normal labor and birth and assessment by women of the care received. METHODS: Birth in Brazil is a national hospital-based study with countrywide representation consisting of 23,894 mothers and their newborns, conducted between February 2011 and October 2012...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766978/prevalence-and-risk-factors-related-to-preterm-birth-in-brazil
#15
Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves-Pereira, Marcos Nakamura-Pereira, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Mariza Theme-Filha, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Maria Elizabeth Moreira, Silvana Granado Gama
BACKGROUND: The rate of preterm birth has been increasing worldwide, including in Brazil. This constitutes a significant public health challenge because of the higher levels of morbidity and mortality and long-term health effects associated with preterm birth. This study describes and quantifies factors affecting spontaneous and provider-initiated preterm birth in Brazil. METHODS: Data are from the 2011-2012 "Birth in Brazil" study, which used a national population-based sample of 23,940 women...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766977/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-supplemental-oxygen-or-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-the-delivery-room-in-infants-born-with-a-gestational-age%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-34%C3%A2-weeks
#16
Maria Elisabeth Moreira, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Saint Clair Gomes Junior, Ruth Guinsburg, Maria Fernanda Branco de Almeida, Silvana Granado Gama, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: Approximately 5-10 % of newborns require some form of resuscitationupon delivery; several factors, such as maternal abnormal conditions, gestational age and type of delivery could be responsible for this trend. This study aimed to describe the factors associated with the need for positive pressure ventilation (PPV) via a mask or endotracheal tube and the use of supplemental O2 in newborns with a gestational age greater than 34 weeks in Brazil. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study and obtained data from the Birth in Brazil Survey...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766973/factors-associated-with-maternal-near-miss-in-childbirth-and-the-postpartum-period-findings-from-the-birth-in-brazil-national-survey-2011-2012
#17
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Arthur Orlando Corrêa Schilithz, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: Maternal near-miss (MNM) audits are considered a useful approach to improving maternal healthcare. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with maternal near-miss cases in childbirth and the postpartum period in Brazil. METHODS: The study is based on data from a nationwide hospital-based survey of 23,894 women conducted in 2011-2012. The data are from interviews with mothers during the postpartum period and from hospital medical files...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766971/labor-and-birth-care-by-nurse-with-midwifery-skills-in-brazil
#18
Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama, Elaine Fernandes Viellas, Jacqueline Alves Torres, Maria Helena Bastos, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Mariza Miranda Theme Filha, Arthur Orlando Correa Schilithz, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: The participation of nurses and midwives in vaginal birth care is limited in Brazil, and there are no national data regarding their involvement. The goal was to describe the participation of nurses and nurse-midwives in childbirth care in Brazil in the years 2011 and 2012, and to analyze the association between hospitals with nurses and nurse-midwives in labor and birth care and the use of good practices, and their influence in the reduction of unnecessary interventions, including cesarean sections...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766969/the-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-and-breastfeeding-at-birth-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Márcia Lazaro de Carvalho, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding in the first hour after birth is important for the success of breastfeeding and in reducing neonatal mortality. Government policies are being developed in this direction, highlighting the accreditation of hospitals in the Baby-Friendly Hospital (BFH) initiative. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between delivery in a BFH (main exposure), compared to non BFH, and timely initiation of breastfeeding (outcome). METHODS: Data came from the "Birth in Brazil" survey, a nationwide hospital-based study of postpartum women and their newborns, coordinated by the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766964/adequacy-of-public-maternal-care-services-in-brazil
#20
Sonia Duarte de Azevedo Bittencourt, Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Lenice Gnocchi da Costa Reis, Márcia Melo Ramos, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, hospital childbirth care is available to all, but differences in access and quality of care result in inequalities of maternal health. The objective of this study is to assess the infrastructure and staffing of publicly financed labor and birth care in Brazil and its adequacy according to clinical and obstetric conditions potentially associated with obstetric emergencies. METHODS: Nationwide cross-sectional hospital-based study "Birth in Brazil: national survey into labor and birth" conducted in 2011-2012...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
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