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Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086975/a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-and-health-providers-attitudes-and-acceptability-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea
#1
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Abou Bangoura, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Oumar Sall, Habibata Balde, Aïssatou Sona Niakate, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Reducing maternal morbidity and mortality remains a key health challenge in Guinea. Anecdotal evidence suggests that women in Guinea are subjected to mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities, but limited research exists on this topic. This study was conducted to better understand the social norms and the acceptability of four scenarios of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods including in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) with women of reproductive age, midwives, nurses and doctors...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086926/maternal-health-care-service-seeking-behaviors-and-associated-factors-among-women-in-rural-haramaya-district-eastern-ethiopia-a-triangulated-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#2
Dereje Kifle, Telake Azale, Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
BACKGROUND: Regular utilization of maternal health care services reduces maternal morbidity and mortality. This study assessed the maternal health care seeking behavior and associated factors of reproductive age women in rural villages of Haramaya district, East Ethiopia. METHODS: Community based cross sectional study supplemented with qualitative data was conducted in Haramaya district from November 15 to Decemeber 30, 2015. A total of 561 women in reproductive age group and who gave birth in the last 2 years were randomly included...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086915/comparative-study-in-infertile-couples-with-and-without-chlamydia-trachomatis-genital-infection
#3
Yuanchang Zhu, Biao Yin, Tonghua Wu, Lijun Ye, Chunmei Chen, Yong Zeng, Yaou Zhang
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia, caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis(C. trachomatis), is the most common sexually transmitted disease. The incidence is not clear due to the asymptomatic nature of early stage of infections. The incidence of Chlamydia has not been fully investigated in the Chinese Han population. Since chronic infection with can C. trachomatis can lead to infertility in males and females, it is important to determine the impact of infection on clinical outcomes. The aim of this study is to explore the epidemiology of C...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077145/perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea-a-qualitative-study-with-women-and-service-providers
#4
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Abou Bangoura, Oumar Sall, Anne Marie Soumah, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Every woman is entitled to respectful care during childbirth; so it is concerning to hear of informal reports of mistreatment during childbirth in Guinea. This study sought to explore the perceptions and experiences of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers, and the analysis presents findings according to a typology of mistreatment during childbirth. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods (in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs)) and was conducted with four groups of participants: women of reproductive age, midwives, doctors, and administrators...
January 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069056/determinants-of-fertility-desire-among-married-or-cohabiting-individuals-in-rakai-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Joseph K B Matovu, Fredrick Makumbi, Rhoda K Wanyenze, David Serwadda
BACKGROUND: Recent trends in fertility rates indicate declines in total fertility rate (TFR) in some sub-Saharan African countries. However, countries such as Uganda continue to have a persistently high TFR partly attributed to strong preferences for large family sizes. We explored the factors that influence fertility desire among married or cohabiting individuals in Rakai, a rural district in southwestern Uganda. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of fertility desire (desire to have another child) was nested in a cluster-randomized demand-creation intervention trial for the promotion of couples' HIV counseling and testing uptake among married or cohabiting individuals that was conducted in Rakai district between March 1 and April 30, 2015...
January 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057003/discrimination-against-childbearing-romani-women-in-maternity-care-in-europe-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Helen L Watson, Soo Downe
BACKGROUND: Freedom from discrimination is one of the key principles in a human rights-based approach to maternal and newborn health. OBJECTIVE: To review the published evidence on discrimination against Romani women in maternity care in Europe, and on interventions to address this. SEARCH STRATEGY: A systematic search of eight electronic databases was undertaken in 2015 using the terms "Roma" and "maternity care". A broad search for grey literature included the websites of relevant agencies...
January 5, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003025/challenges-and-strategies-for-sustaining-youth-friendly-health-services-a-qualitative-study-from-the-perspective-of-professionals-at-youth-clinics-in-northern-sweden
#7
Suzanne Thomée, Desiré Malm, Monica Christianson, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Maria Wiklund, Anna-Karin Waenerlund, Isabel Goicolea
BACKGROUND: Youth-friendly health-care services - those that are accessible, acceptable, equitable, appropriate and effective for different youth subpopulations - are beneficial for youth health, but not easy to implement and sustain. Sweden is among the few countries where youth-friendly health-care services have been integrated within the public health system and sustained for a long time. This study explores the challenges and strategies in providing sustainable youth-friendly health-care services, from the perspective of professionals working in youth clinics in northern Sweden...
December 21, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964723/fertility-awareness-and-attitudes-towards-parenthood-among-danish%C3%A2-university-college-students
#8
Nina Olsén Sørensen, Signe Marcussen, Mette Grønbæk Backhausen, Mette Juhl, Lone Schmidt, Tanja Tydén, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Postponing parenthood has steadily increased during the past decades in Western countries. This trend has affected the size of families in the direction of fewer children born per couple. In addition, higher maternal age is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy-related complications such as prematurity and foetal death, while higher paternal age increases the risk of miscarriage and affects time-to-pregnancy. Hence, understanding the circumstances and reflections that influence the decision is greatly needed and little is known about potential gender difference influencing the choice...
December 13, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923388/dimensions-of-patient-satisfaction-with-comprehensive-abortion-care-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#9
Bekalu Mossie Chekol, Dame Abera Abdi, Tamirie Andualem Adal
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction is a measure of the extent to which a patient is content with the health care received from health care providers. It has been recognized as one of the most vital indicators of quality. Hence, it has been studied and measured extensively as part of service quality and as a standalone construct. In spite of this, there has been limited or no studies in Ethiopia that describe factors of abortion care contributed to women's satisfaction. This study aimed to identifying the underlying factors that contribute to patient satisfaction with comprehensive abortion care and at exploring relationships between total satisfaction scores and socio-demographic and care-related variables in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
December 7, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923380/quality-evaluation-of-commercially-available-male-condoms-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-2009-2011
#10
Janete Teixeira Duarte, Antonio Eugenio C C de Almeida, Shirley de Mello Pereira Abrantes
BACKGROUND: The increased incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Brazil represents a significant public health issue. This issue has raised awareness among health authorities regarding the quality of condoms. In Brazil, male condoms need to be certified. The certification process evaluates in detail the manufacturing and quality of the final product; however, post-market surveillance is not part of the normal certification practice. METHODS: From 2009 to 2011, we evaluated 20 male condoms brands per lot of 8 manufactures-both domestic and imported-marketed in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
December 7, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923379/schoolgirls-experience-and-appraisal-of-menstrual-absorbents-in-rural-uganda-a-cross-sectional-evaluation-of-reusable-sanitary-pads
#11
Julie Hennegan, Catherine Dolan, Maryalice Wu, Linda Scott, Paul Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Governments, multinational organisations, and charities have commenced the distribution of sanitary products to address current deficits in girls' menstrual management. The few effectiveness studies conducted have focused on health and education outcomes but have failed to provide quantitative assessment of girls' preferences, experiences of absorbents, and comfort. Objectives of the study were, first, to quantitatively describe girls' experiences with, and ratings of reliability and acceptability of different menstrual absorbents...
December 7, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905993/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-exposure-to-brominated-flame-retardants
#12
A Lane, C G Goodyer, F Rab, J M Ashley, S Sharma, A Hodgson, J Nisker
BACKGROUND: Recent media reports on human studies associating brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in household products in pregnancy with urogenital anomalies in boys and endocrine disruption in both sexes. We sought to explore the perceptions of pregnant women of brominated flame retardant (BFR) exposure, in light of recent media reports on the adverse health effects of BFR exposure prenatally. METHODS: Pregnant women were recruited for interviews through posters and pamphlets in prenatal clinics, prenatal fairs and community centres...
December 1, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903295/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-periodontal-disease-among-pre-conception-chinese-women
#13
Hong Jiang, Yi Su, Xu Xiong, Emily Harville, Hongqiao Wu, Zhijun Jiang, Xu Qian
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is one of the most common chronic infectious diseases. It has been reported that periodontal disease is associated with various adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm birth, low birth weight, and gestational diabetes mellitus. Given the fact that the treatment for periodontal disease during pregnancy was ineffective in improving pregnancy outcomes by most of studies, the pre-conception period has been put forward as a more optimal time. However, very few studies have reported the prevalence of periodontal disease among pre-conception women...
December 1, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899129/a-community-based-study-on-prevalence-and-correlates-of-erectile-dysfunction-among-kinondoni-district-residents-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#14
Pedro Pallangyo, Paulina Nicholaus, Peter Kisenge, Henry Mayala, Noel Swai, Mohamed Janabi
BACKGROUND: Globally, erectile dysfunction burden (ED) is rising appreciably and it is projected to affect about 332 million men by the year 2025. This rise is attributable to the rising incidence of conditions associated with ED including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease and depression. We conducted this community-based screening to elucidate on the prevalence of ED and its associated factors among men residing in an urban community in Tanzania. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional community-based study and interviewed 441 men aged at least 18 years...
November 29, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876052/implementing-the-united-kingdom-s-ten-year-teenage-pregnancy-strategy-for-england-1999-2010-how-was-this-done-and-what-did-it-achieve
#15
Alison Hadley, Roger Ingham, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: In 1999, the UK Labour Government launched a 10-year Teenage Pregnancy Strategy for England to address the country's historically high rates and reduce social exclusion. The goal was to halve the under-18 conception rate. This study explores how the strategy was designed and implemented, and the features that contributed to its success. METHODS: This study was informed by examination of the detailed documentation of the strategy, published throughout its 10-year implementation...
November 22, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871299/implementation-and-acceptability-of-strategies-instituted-for-engaging-men-in-family-planning-services-in-kibaha-district-tanzania
#16
Judith Msovela, Anna Tengia-Kessy
BACKGROUND: Men as the main decision makers in most of African families have an important role to play towards acceptance of family planning methods. This study sought to identify strategies used to engage men in family planning services and determine the extent to which men in Kibaha district in Tanzania accept these interventions. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study using both quantitative and qualitative techniques. We used a questionnaire to interview a random sample of 365 of currently married or cohabiting men who had at least one child under the age of five years...
November 21, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846848/measuring-adolescent-friendly-health-services-in-india-a-scoping-review-of-evaluations
#17
REVIEW
Andrea J Hoopes, Paras Agarwal, Sheana Bull, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: Initiatives to promote adolescent friendly health services (AFHS) have been taking place in India and many low- and middle-income countries for nearly two decades. Evaluations of these initiatives have been placed in the public arena from time to time, but little is known about what they say about the overall situation on AFHS in India. This study aimed to describe how efforts to provide AFHS in India have been evaluated, how well they have been evaluated, and what their findings and implications are...
November 15, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842544/experiences-and-perceptions-of-ghanaian-midwives-on-labour-pain-and-religious-beliefs-and-practices-influencing-their-care-of-women-in-labour
#18
Lydia Aziato, Hannah Antwi Ohemeng, Cephas N Omenyo
BACKGROUND: Beliefs surrounding pain during childbirth has biblical foundations that contribute to labour pain being viewed as a natural phenomenon. Contemporary health care promotes evidence-based labour pain management but the faith of the midwife may influence her midwifery practice regarding labour pain management. Therefore this study sought to gain in-depth insight into the experiences and perceptions of midwives regarding labour pain and the religious beliefs and practices influencing their care of women in labour in Ghana...
November 14, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821123/factors-associated-with-the-failure-of-obstetric-fistula-repair-in-guinea-implications-for-practice
#19
Alexandre Delamou, Therese Delvaux, Abdoul Habib Beavogui, Abdoulaye Toure, Delphin Kolié, Sidikiba Sidibé, Mandian Camara, Kindy Diallo, Thierno Hamidou Barry, Moustapha Diallo, Alain Leveque, Wei-Hong Zhang, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: The prevention and treatment of obstetric fistula still remains a concern and a challenge in low income countries. The objective of this study was to estimate the overall proportions of failure of fistula closure and incontinence among women undergoing repair for obstetric fistula in Guinea and identify its associated factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using data extracted from medical records of fistula repairs between 1 January 2012 and 30 September 2013...
November 8, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814759/maternal-near-miss-and-predictive-ability-of-potentially-life-threatening-conditions-at-selected-maternity-hospitals-in-latin-america
#20
Bremen De Mucio, Edgardo Abalos, Cristina Cuesta, Guillermo Carroli, Suzanne Serruya, Daniel Giordano, Gerardo Martinez, Claudio G Sosa, João Paulo Souza
BACKGROUND: Every year millions of women around the world suffer from pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum complications. Women who survive the most serious clinical conditions are regarded as to have experienced a severe acute maternal complication called maternal near miss (MNM). Information about MNM cases may complement the data collected through the analysis of maternal death, and was proposed as a helpful tool to identify strengths and weaknesses of health systems in relation to maternal health care...
November 4, 2016: Reproductive Health
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