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Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145897/it-does-matter-where-you-come-from-mothers-experiences-of-childbirth-in-midwife-obstetric-units-tshwane-south-africa
#1
Sarie J Oosthuizen, Anne-Marie Bergh, Robert C Pattinson, Jackie Grimbeek
BACKGROUND: Health professionals are striving to improve respectful care for women, but they fall short in the domains of effective communication, respectful and dignified care and emotional support during labour. This study aimed to determine women's experiences of childbirth with a view to improving respectful clinical care practices in low-risk, midwife-led obstetric units in the Tshwane District Health District, South Africa. METHODS: A survey covering all midwife-led units in the district was conducted among 653 new mothers...
November 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145863/assessing-quality-of-maternity-care-in-hungary-expert-validation-and-testing-of-the-mother-centered-prenatal-care-mcpc-survey-instrument
#2
Nicholas Rubashkin, Imre Szebik, Petra Baji, Zsuzsa Szántó, Éva Susánszky, Saraswathi Vedam
BACKGROUND: Instruments to assess quality of maternity care in Central and Eastern European (CEE) region are scarce, despite reports of poor doctor-patient communication, non-evidence-based care, and informal cash payments. We validated and tested an online questionnaire to study maternity care experiences among Hungarian women. METHODS: Following literature review, we collated validated items and scales from two previous English-language surveys and adapted them to the Hungarian context...
November 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141675/delayed-initiation-of-antenatal-care-and-associated-factors-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Gezahegn Tesfaye, Deborah Loxton, Catherine Chojenta, Agumasie Semahegn, Roger Smith
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care uptake is among the key indicators for monitoring the progress of maternal outcomes. Early initiation of antenatal care facilitates the timely management and treatment of pregnancy complications to reduce maternal deaths. In Ethiopia, antenatal care utilization is generally low, and delayed initiation of care is very common. We aimed to systematically identify and synthesize available evidence on delayed initiation of antenatal care and the associated factors in Ethiopia...
November 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141640/discordance-in-self-report-and-observation-data-on-mistreatment-of-women-by-providers-during-childbirth-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#4
Arnab Dey, Holly Baker Shakya, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Sanjiv Kumar, Arup Kumar Das, John Anthony, Mrunal Shetye, Suneeta Krishnan, Jay G Silverman, Anita Raj
BACKGROUND: The study aims to assess the discordance between self-reported and observed measures of mistreatment of women during childbirth in public health facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India, as well as correlates of these measures and their discordance. METHODS: Cross sectional data were collected through direct observation of deliveries and follow-up interviews with women (n = 875) delivering in 81 public health facilities in Uttar Pradesh. Participants were surveyed on demographics, mistreatment during childbirth, and maternal and newborn complications...
November 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132431/obstetric-care-navigation-a-new-approach-to-promote-respectful-maternity-care-and-overcome-barriers-to-safe-motherhood
#5
LETTER
Kirsten Austad, Anita Chary, Boris Martinez, Michel Juarez, Yolanda Juarez Martin, Enma Coyote Ixen, Peter Rohloff
BACKGROUND: Disrespectful and abusive maternity care is a common and pervasive problem that disproportionately impacts marginalized women. By making mothers less likely to agree to facility-based delivery, it contributes to the unacceptably high rates of maternal mortality in low- and middle-income countries. Few programmatic approaches have been proposed to address disrespectful and abusive maternity care. OBSTETRIC CARE NAVIGATION: Care navigation was pioneered by the field of oncology to improve health outcomes of vulnerable populations and promote patient autonomy by providing linkages across a fragmented care continuum...
November 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126412/obstetric-fistulae-in-southern-mozambique-incidence-obstetric-characteristics-and-treatment
#6
Sibone Mocumbi, Claudia Hanson, Ulf Högberg, Helena Boene, Peter von Dadelszen, Anna Bergström, Khátia Munguambe, Esperança Sevene
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is one of the most devastating consequences of unmet needs in obstetric services. Systematic reviews suggest that the pooled incidence of fistulae in community-based studies is 0.09 per 1000 recently pregnant women; however, as facility delivery is increasing, for the most part, in Africa, incidence of fistula should decrease. Few population-based studies on fistulae have been undertaken in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Mozambique. This study aimed to estimate the incidence of obstetric fistulae in recently delivered mothers, and to describe the clinical characteristics and care, as well as the outcome, after surgical repair...
November 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116028/prenacel-a-mhealth-messaging-system-to-complement-antenatal-care-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#7
Lívia Oliveira-Ciabati, Carolina Sales Vieira, Ana Carolina Arruda Franzon, Domingos Alves, Fabiani Spessoto Zaratini, Giordana Campos Braga, Jazmin Andrea Cifuentes Sanchez, Lívia Pimenta Bonifácio, Magna Santos Andrade, Mariana Fernandes, Silvana Maria Quintana, Suzi Volpato Fabio, Vicky Nogueira Pileggi, Elisabeth Meloni Vieira, João Paulo Souza
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether PRENACEL (a bi-directional, mobile-phone based, short text message service (SMS)) increases the coverage of recommended antenatal care (ANC) practices. METHODS: A parallel, cluster-randomized trial in which 20 public primary Health Care Units (PHCUs) were randomly allocated to the intervention (10 PHCUs) or control (10 PHCUs) group. The study population included pregnant women aged 18 or above with a gestational age of 20 weeks or less...
November 7, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110665/correction-to-design-and-initial-implementation-of-the-who-fp-umbrella-project-to-strengthen-contraceptive-services-in-the-sub-saharan-africa
#8
Rita Kabra, Moazzam Ali, James Kiarie
After publication of the original article [1], it came to the authors' attention that the Acknowledgements section was not completed correctly. The Acknowledgements of the article should have been as follows.
November 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096649/prevalence-of-adhesions-and-associated-postoperative-complications-after-cesarean-section-in-ghana-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Mercy A Nuamah, Joyce L Browne, Alexander V Öry, Nelson Damale, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Marcus J Rijken
BACKGROUND: The global increase in Cesarean section rate is associated with short- and long-term complications, including adhesions with potential serious maternal and fetal consequences. This study investigated the prevalence of adhesions and association between adhesions and postoperative complications in a tertiary referral hospital in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 335 women scheduled for cesarean section at Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra, Ghana were included from June to December 2015...
November 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096646/poor-social-support-as-a-risk-factor-for-antenatal-depressive-symptoms-among-women-attending-public-antennal-clinics-in-penang-malaysia
#10
Abdul Rashid, Rokiah Mohd
BACKGROUND: Depression, a type of mental disorder which is portrayed by marked alterations in mood, is associated with distress and/or impaired functioning. Poor social support is an important risk factor for depression in pregnancy. An extensive literature search failed to show any published study conducted in Malaysia on antenatal depressive symptoms and the risk of poor social support on it. The aim of the study was to determine the risk of antenatal depressive symptoms due to poor social support...
November 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084552/what-makes-pregnant-workers-sick-why-when-where-and-how-an-exploratory-study-in-the-ready-made-garment-industry-in-bangladesh
#11
Sadika Akhter, Shannon Rutherford, Cordia Chu
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has made significant progress in reducing maternal mortality. Many factors have contributed to this; one is the socio-economic development of the country. The ready-made garment industry is at the forefront of this development creating employment for many women. However, the work environment has the potential to create health problems, particularly for vulnerable groups such as pregnant women. This paper explores perceptions of health problems during pregnancy of factory workers, in this important industry in Bangladesh...
October 30, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084551/management-of-pregnancy-at-and-beyond-41-completed-weeks-of-gestation-in-low-risk-women-a-secondary-analysis-of-two-who-multi-country-surveys-on-maternal-and-newborn-health
#12
Kyaw Swa Mya, Malinee Laopaiboon, Joshua P Vogel, Jose Guilherme Cecatti, João Paulo Souza, Ahmet Metin Gulmezoglu, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Suneeta Mittal, Pisake Lumbiganon
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends induction of labour (IOL) for women who have reached 41 completed weeks of pregnancy without spontaneous onset of labour. Many women with prolonged pregnancy and/or their clinicians elect not to induce, and chose either elective caesarean section (ECS) or expectant management (EM). This study intended to assess pregnancy outcomes of IOL, ECS and EM at and beyond 41 completed weeks. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of the WHO Global Survey (WHOGS) and the WHO Multi-country Survey (WHOMCS) conducted in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East...
October 30, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078815/study-protocol-incentives-for-increased-access-to-comprehensive-family-planning-for-urban-youth-using-a-benefits-card-in-uganda-a-quasi-experimental-study
#13
Afra Nuwasiima, Elly Nuwamanya, Patricia Navvuga, Janet U Babigumira, Francis T Asiimwe, Solomon J Lubinga, Joseph B Babigumira
BACKGROUND: The use of contraception is one of the most cost-effective public health interventions and has the potential to prevent about 30% of maternal and 10% of child deaths in developing countries. Voucher-based initiatives for family planning are an effective and viable means of increasing contraceptive use. In this paper, we present a protocol for a pilot study of a novel incentive, a family planning benefits card (FPBC) program to increase uptake of family planning services among urban poor youth in Uganda while leveraging private sector funding...
October 27, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078777/barriers-or-gaps-in-implementation-of-misoprostol-use-for-post-abortion-care-and-post-partum-hemorrhage-prevention-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Amir Ali Barket Ali Samnani, Narjis Rizvi, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Farina Abrejo
BACKGROUND: Around 303,000 maternal deaths occur every year; most of these are preventable (World Health Organization), ICD-10: International classification of diseases and related health problems, 10th revision. Volume 2: Instruction manual, 2010). Ninety-nine percent of these maternal deaths occur in developing countries. PPH contributed 35 % (35%) of total maternal. Several interventions being done to reduce the number of maternal deaths. It has been noted that a simple low cost intervention of providing misoprostol timely could prevent these deaths...
October 27, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073914/measuring-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-a-review-of-terminology-and-methodological-approaches
#15
REVIEW
Virginia Savage, Arachu Castro
BACKGROUND: Although mistreatment of women during facility-based childbirth has received increasing recognition as a critical issue throughout the world, there remains a lack of consensus on operational definitions of mistreatment and best practices to assess the issue. Moreover, only minimal research has focused on mistreatment in Latin America and the Caribbean, a region notable for social inequalities and inequitable access to maternal health care. METHODS: In this article, we discuss the results of a literature review that sought to contribute to the determination of best practices in defining and measuring the mistreatment of women during childbirth, particularly within Latin America and the Caribbean...
October 26, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070078/prevalence-of-prenatal-exposure-to-substances-of-abuse-questionnaire-versus-biomarkers
#16
REVIEW
Antonella Chiandetti, Gimena Hernandez, María Mercadal-Hally, Airam Alvarez, Vicente Andreu-Fernandez, Elisabet Navarro-Tapia, Adriana Bastons-Compta, Oscar Garcia-Algar
Alcohol and drugs of abuse consumption in young adults, including women of childbearing age, has experienced significant increase over the past two decades. The use of questionnaires as the only measure to investigate prenatal alcohol and drugs of abuse exposure underestimates the real prevalence of exposure and could mislead to wrong conclusions. Therefore, the aim of this article was to compare reported rates of prenatal alcohol and drugs of abuse consumption with biomarkers of exposure by a comprehensive review of the available literature...
October 25, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065922/persisting-demand-and-supply-gap-for-maternal-and-newborn-care-in-eastern-uganda-a-mixed-method-cross-sectional-study
#17
Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Peter Waiswa
BACKGROUND: The slow progress in reducing maternal and newborn death in low and middle-income countries is attributed to both demand and supply-side factors. This study assessed the changes in maternal and newborn services in health facilities as well as demand for maternal and newborn health services in Eastern Uganda. METHODS: The health assessment data were collected in August 2013 and September 2015 in the districts of Kamuli, Pallisa, and Kibuku. We purposively collected data on the availability of services from 40 health facilities that provided maternal and newborn services...
October 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065891/correction-to-selective-episiotomy-vs-implementation-of-a-non-episiotomy-protocol-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Melania M Amorim, Isabela Cristina Coutinho, Inês Melo, Leila Katz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061189/documentation-of-the-partograph-in-assessing-the-progress-of-labour-by-health-care-providers-in-malawi-s-south-west-zone
#19
Chrispin Mandiwa, Collins Zamawe
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that appropriate use of partograph in monitoring the progress of labour could decrease delivery related complications. The documentation of parameters of partographs is however, poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to determine the extent to which health care workers are making use of the partograph in monitoring the progress of labour through checking the documentation of the parameters of the partographs. METHODS: A hospital-based descriptive study involving retrospective review of partographs for births that occurred in 2016 was conducted in Malawi's South-West zone...
October 23, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058629/-i-felt-the-world-crash-down-on-me-women-s-experiences-being-denied-legal-abortion-in-colombia
#20
Teresa DePiñeres, Sarah Raifman, Margoth Mora, Cristina Villarreal, Diana Greene Foster, Caitlin Gerdts
BACKGROUND: In 2006, Colombia's constitutional court overturned a complete ban on abortion, liberalizing the procedure. Despite a relatively liberal new law, women still struggle to access safe and legal abortion services. We aimed to understand why women are denied services in Colombia, and what factors determine if and how they ultimately terminate pregnancies. METHODS: We recruited women denied abortion at a private facility in Bogota. Twenty-one participants completed an initial interview and eight completed a second longer interview...
October 23, 2017: Reproductive Health
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