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Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806985/parents-and-teachers-views-on-sexual-health-education-and-screening-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-in-school-adolescent-girls-in-kenya-a-qualitative-study
#1
George Wanje, Linnet Masese, Ethel Avuvika, Anisa Baghazal, Grace Omoni, R Scott McClelland
BACKGROUND: To successfully develop and implement school-based sexual health interventions for adolescent girls, such as screening for Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis, it is important to understand parents' and teachers' attitudes towards sexual health education and acceptability of sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening interventions. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we approached parents and teachers from three high schools to participate in in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus-group discussions (FGDs)...
August 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797291/how-canada-can-help-global-adolescent-health-mature
#2
Ashley Vandermorris, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: There is an emerging focus on adolescent health within the global health community as we come to recognize that the adolescent years are formative in determining health and health-related behaviours across the life-course. Such attention is not only relevant on the global scale but is imperative in Canada as well. MAIN BODY: This commentary provides a brief review of recent investments targeting global adolescent health and presents five potential avenues for action which emerged out of the recent Canadian Partnership for Women and Children's Health (CanWaCH) Global Adolescent Health conference...
August 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789674/hiv-status-and-treatment-influence-on-fertility-desires-among-women-newly-becoming-eligible-for-antiretroviral-therapy-in-western-kenya-insights-from-a-qualitative-study
#3
James Ayieko, Angeline Ti, Jill Hagey, Eliud Akama, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Craig R Cohen, Rena C Patel
BACKGROUND: Factors influencing fertility desires among HIV-infected individuals remain poorly understood. With new recommendations for universal HIV treatment and increasing antiretroviral therapy (ART) access, we sought to evaluate how access to early ART influences fertility desires among HIV-infected ART-naïve women. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with a select subgroup of 20 HIV-infected ART-naïve women attending one of 13 HIV facilities in western Kenya between July and August 2014 who would soon newly become eligible to initiate ART based on the latest national policy recommendations...
August 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789667/factors-associated-with-the-support-of-pricking-female-genital-cutting-type-iv-among-somali-immigrants-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden
#4
Anna Wahlberg, Sara Johnsdotter, Katarina Ekholm Selling, Carina Källestål, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Pricking, classified as female genital cutting (FGC) type IV by the World Health Organization, is an under-researched area gaining momentum among diaspora communities. Our aim was to explore factors associated with being supportive of pricking among Somalis in Sweden. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, attitudes and knowledge regarding FGC, and measures of socioeconomic status, acculturation, and social capital, were assessed by a 49-item questionnaire in four municipalities in Sweden...
August 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778211/are-women-and-men-well-informed-about-fertility-childbearing-intentions-fertility-knowledge-and-information-gathering-sources-in-portugal
#5
Teresa Almeida-Santos, Cláudia Melo, Ana Macedo, Mariana Moura-Ramos
BACKGROUND: The postponement of parenthood may increase the number of couples experiencing infertility and prolonged time to pregnancy. Previous research has revealed that childless people are not well informed regarding fertility, which may threat their childbearing intentions. This study aimed to examine fertility knowledge and childbearing intentions held by Portuguese people and their use and perceived usefulness of information sources on fertility. METHODS: Participants were recruited using a random-route domiciliary approach...
August 4, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754166/male-reproductive-health-challenges-appraisal-of-wives-coping-strategies
#6
Emmanuel O Amoo, Adekunbi K Omideyi, Theophilus O Fadayomi, Mofoluwake P Ajayi, Gbolahan A Oni, Adenike E Idowu
BACKGROUND: Systematic studies on the association between men's sexual dysfunction (low sexual desire, ejaculation disorders, erectile dysfunctions, genital ulcers, testicular disorders, prostate cancer or sexually transmitted infections) and marital conflict are emerging. However, the coping strategies adopted by wives in such circumstances are not commonly reported in the literature. Male sexual functioning is vital to the marital relationship, lack of it can result in intolerable cohabitation or relationship breakdown, and could also cause infertility, infidelity, and arouse stigma in Nigeria...
July 28, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750663/social-capital-and-health-during-pregnancy-an-in-depth-exploration-from-rural-sri-lanka
#7
Thilini Chanchala Agampodi, Thilde Rheinländer, Suneth Buddhika Agampodi, Nicholas Glozier, Sisira Siribaddana
BACKGROUND: Dimensions of social capital relevant to health in pregnancy are sparsely described in the literature. This study explores dimensions of social capital and the mechanisms in which they could affect the health of rural Sri Lankan pregnant women. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study of solicited diaries written by pregnant women on their social relationships, diary interviews and in-depth interviews with key informants was conducted. A framework approach for qualitative data analysis was used...
July 27, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738874/how-do-national-contraception-laws-and-policies-address-the-contraceptive-needs-of-adolescents-in-paraguay
#8
Kathya Cordova-Pozo, Sarah Borg, Andrea J Hoopes, Alma Virginia Camacho-Hubner, Fanny Corrales-Ríos, Adriane Salinas-Bomfim, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: The main objective is to examine how the Paraguayan laws, policies and regulations (hereafter referred to as normative guidance) specifically address adolescents and their contraceptive information and service needs using a human rights analytic framework. It must be noted that this paper examines the adolescent content of national laws, policies and regulations on contraception, not how they were applied. METHODS: The recommendations on "Ensuring human rights in the provision of contraceptive information and services" from the World Health Organization (WHO) were used as an analytic framework to assess current Paraguayan laws, policies and regulations...
July 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728610/breaking-bad-news-in-assisted-reproductive-technology-a-proposal-for-guidelines
#9
Daniela Leone, Julia Menichetti, Lorenzo Barusi, Elisabetta Chelo, Mauro Costa, Luciana De Lauretis, Anna Pia Ferraretti, Claudia Livi, Arne Luehwink, Giovanna Tomasi, Elena Vegni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728586/a-never-before-opportunity-to-strengthen-investment-and-action-on-adolescent-contraception-and-what-we-must-do-to-make-full-use-of-it
#10
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Pooja S Parameshwar, Matti Parry, Catherine Lane, Gwyn Hainsworth, Sylvia Wong, Lindsay Menard-Freeman, Beth Scott, Emily Sullivan, Miles Kemplay, Lale Say
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, the health and rights of adolescents are being recognized and prioritized on the global agenda. This presents us with a "never-before" opportunity to address adolescent contraception. This is timely, as there are enormous numbers of adolescents who are currently unable to obtain and use contraceptives. From research evidence and programmatic experience, it is clear that we need to do things differently to meet their needs/fulfil their rights. MAIN BODY: In this commentary, we call for action in several key areas to address adolescents' persistent inability to obtain and use contraceptives...
July 20, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728584/professionals-perception-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-young-people-a-qualitative-study-in-northern-spain
#11
Amaia Maquibar, Carmen Vives-Cases, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Isabel Goicolea
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem with devastating effects on young women's health. These negative effects increase when the exposure to IPV lasts for a long time and exposure at an early age increases the risk of adult IPV. Despite efforts made in the last few decades, data show little progress has been made towards its reduction. Thus, the aim of the study reported here is to explore professionals' perceptions regarding intimate partner violence (IPV) among young people, focusing on the characteristics of the phenomenon and their perceptions about existing programmes and campaigns aimed at addressing it...
July 20, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705194/three-recommendations-to-the-new-director-general-of-the-who-on-how-to-deliver-for-girls-and-women
#12
EDITORIAL
Katja Iversen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705166/looking-back-and-moving-forward-can-we-accelerate-progress-on-adolescent-pregnancy-in-the-americas
#13
Sonja Caffe, Marina Plesons, Alma Virginia Camacho, Luisa Brumana, Shelly N Abdool, Silvia Huaynoca, Katherine Mayall, Lindsay Menard-Freeman, Luis Andres de Francisco Serpa, Rodolfo Gomez Ponce de Leon, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
Adolescent fertility rates in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) remain unacceptably high, especially compared to the region's declining total fertility rates. The Region has experienced the slowest progress of all regions in the world, and shows major differences between countries and between subgroups in countries. In 2013, LAC was also noted as the only region with a rising trend in pregnancies in adolescents younger than 15 years. In response to the lack of progress in the LAC region, PAHO/WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF held a technical consultation with global, regional and country-level stakeholders to take stock of the situation and agree on strategic approaches and priority actions to accelerate progress...
July 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693525/baseline-characteristics-of-study-sites-and-women-enrolled-in-a-three-arm-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-pmtct-uptake-and-retention-pure-malawi
#14
Monique van Lettow, Hannock Tweya, Nora E Rosenberg, Clement Trapence, Virginia Kayoyo, Florence Kasende, Blessings Kaunda, Mina C Hosseinipour, Michael Eliya, Fabian Cataldo, Salem Gugsa, Sam Phiri
BACKGROUND: Malawi introduced an ambitious public health program known as "Option B+" which provides all HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women with lifelong combination antiretroviral therapy, regardless of WHO clinical stage or CD4 cell count. The PMTCT Uptake and REtention (PURE) study aimed at evaluating the effect of peer-support on care-seeking and retention in care. METHODS/DESIGN: PURE Malawi was a three-arm cluster randomized controlled trial that compared facility-based and community-based models of peer support to standard of care under Option B+ strategy...
July 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693621/increasing-utilisation-of-skilled-facility-based-maternal-healthcare-services-in-rural-zambia-the-role-of-safe-motherhood-action-groups
#15
Cephas Sialubanje, Karlijn Massar, Larah Horstkotte, Davidson H Hamer, Robert A C Ruiter
BACKGROUND: Community-centred health interventions, such as Safe Motherhood Action groups (SMAGs), have potential to lead to desired health behavioural change and favourable health outcomes. SMAGs are community-based volunteer groups that aim to reduce critical delays that occur at household level with regard to decision-making about seeking life-saving maternal care at health facilities. The aim of this study was to explore perspectives, roles, achievements and challenges of the SMAG programme in Kalomo, Zambia...
July 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662710/healthcare-provider-s-attitude-towards-disability-and-experience-of-women-with-disabilities-in-the-use-of-maternal-healthcare-service-in-rural-nepal
#16
Hridaya Raj Devkota, Emily Murray, Maria Kett, Nora Groce
BACKGROUND: Women with disabilities are less likely to receive maternal healthcare services compared to women without disabilities. While few studies have reviewed healthcare experience of women with disabilities, no studies have been conducted to understand provider's attitude towards disability in Nepal, yet the attitude and behaviour of healthcare providers may have a significant influence on aspects of care and the use of service by women with disabilities. This study examines healthcare provider's attitudes towards disability and explores the experience of women with disabilities in maternal healthcare service utilization during pregnancy and childbirth...
June 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662675/new-era-towards-advancing-in-girls-and-women-s-health-and-rights
#17
EDITORIAL
José M Belizán, Suellen Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655302/a-qualitative-understanding-of-the-effects-of-reusable-sanitary-pads-and-puberty-education-implications-for-future-research-and-practice
#18
Julie Hennegan, Catherine Dolan, Laurel Steinfield, Paul Montgomery
BACKGROUND: The management of menstruation has come to the fore as a barrier to girls' education attainment in low income contexts. Interventions have been proposed and piloted, but the emerging nature of the field means limited evidence is available to understand their pathways of effect. METHODS: This study describes and compares schoolgirls' experiences of menstruation in rural Uganda at the conclusion of a controlled trial of puberty education and sanitary pad provision to elucidate pathways of effect in the interventions...
June 27, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651643/understanding-resilience-of-female-adolescents-towards-teenage-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#19
Constanze Pfeiffer, Collins K Ahorlu, Sandra Alba, Brigit Obrist
BACKGROUND: In Tanzania, teenage pregnancy rates are still high despite the efforts being made to reduce them. Not enough is known about how adolescents experience and cope with sexuality and teenage pregnancy. Over the past few decades, most studies have focused on vulnerability and risk among youth. The concept of 'reproductive resilience' is a new way of looking at teenage pregnancy. It shifts the perspective from a deficit-based to a strength-based approach. The study presented here aimed to identify factors that could contribute to strengthening the reproductive resilience of girls in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania...
June 26, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646921/factors-associated-with-intimate-partner-physical-violence-among-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-shire-endaselassie-town-tigray-northern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study-july-2015
#20
Berhane Hailu Gebrezgi, Marta Berta Badi, Endashaw Admassu Cherkose, Negassie Berhe Weldehaweria
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner physical violence is a common global phenomenon. About 30.00% and 38.83% of women in the world and in sub-Saharan Africa experienced physical violence by their partner respectively in 2013. Though intimate partner violence has serious adverse health consequences, there is limited information about partner violence during pregnancy in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalnce of physical intimate partner violence during pregnancy and associated factors among women attending antenatal care in Shire Endaselassie town, Tigray, northen Ethiopia METHODS: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 3 to July 6, 2015...
June 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
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