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Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789019/adolescents-perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnancy-in-refugee-and-migrant-communities-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-qualitative-study
#1
Carine Asnong, Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Nan San Wai, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy remains a global health concern, contributing to 11% of all births worldwide and 23% of the overall burden of disease in girls aged 15-19 years. Premature motherhood can create a negative cycle of adverse health, economic and social outcomes for young women, their babies and families. Refugee and migrant adolescent girls might be particularly at risk due to poverty, poor education and health infrastructure, early marriage, limited access to contraception and traditional beliefs...
May 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783992/a-review-of-the-risk-factors-genetics-and-treatment-of-endometriosis-in-chinese-women-a-comparative-update
#2
REVIEW
Yi Dai, Xiaoyan Li, Jinghua Shi, Jinhua Leng
Endometriosis is one of the major causes of economic burden and compromised quality of life in a very large percentage of Asian women. While it is perceived as a benign condition, recent research has shown that it may be a significant cause of infertility and metastatic cancer. It has also been associated with other diseases linked to the functioning of the immune system. Genetic as well as environmental factors are known to affect the manifestation and progression of endometriosis. This review aims to summarize recent research pertaining to the risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis in Chinese women...
May 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776432/a-comprehensive-postpartum-follow-up-health-care-program-for-women-with-history-of-preeclampsia-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-research
#3
Mastaneh Kamravamanesh, Shahnaz Kohan, Negin Rezavand, Ziba Farajzadegan
BACKGROUND: Long-term postpartum follow-up is of great importance since women with preeclampsia history are at high risk of upcoming health complications. However, postpartum follow-up rates are poor. According to evidences, preeclampsia is not just a transient health problem; rather it causes short term and long term complications, which affect women's life for years after delivery. Although it seems the problem is solved by the end of pregnancy, the follow-up of subjects should not be stopped after delivery...
May 18, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769069/health-related-quality-of-life-among-chinese-adolescent-girls-with-dysmenorrhoea
#4
Cho Lee Wong
BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhoea is common in girls who have begun menstruating. However, few studies have examined its effect on the quality of life of a young population. The study aimed to evaluate the quality of life of adolescent girls with dysmenorrhoea in Hong Kong. METHODS: The study adopted a cross-sectional descriptive approach. A convenience sample of 653 girls aged 13 to 19 years old was recruited from three secondary schools in Hong Kong. The 36-item Short-Form Health Survey was used to examine the health-related quality of life of the participants...
May 16, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764443/adrian-grant-s-pioneering-use-of-evidence-synthesis-in-perinatal-medicine-1980-1992
#5
EDITORIAL
Iain Chalmers
Systematic reviews of existing research are needed to help reduce the enormous amount of wasted resources in biomedical research. Whether already available or needed but unavailable, systematic reviews are a key element in prioritising questions for new research, and for informing the design of additional studies. One of the most important of Adrian Grant's many contributions was to recognise this a decade before it began to become more widely accepted. In this sphere, as well as in many others, he was a real pioneer...
May 15, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747681/weighted-log-linear-models-for-service-delivery-points-in-ethiopia-a-case-of-modern-contraceptive-users-at-health-facilities
#6
Demeke Lakew Workie, Dereje Tesfaye Zike, Haile Mekonnen Fenta, Mulusew Admasu Mekonnen
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is among countries with low contraceptive usage prevalence rate and resulted in high total fertility rate and unwanted pregnancy which intern affects the maternal and child health status. This study aimed to investigate the major factors that affect the number of modern contraceptive users at service delivery point in Ethiopia. METHODS: The Performance Monitoring and Accountability2020/Ethiopia data collected between March and April 2016 at round-4 from 461 eligible service delivery points were in this study...
May 10, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747678/a-potential-link-between-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-an-update-meta-analysis
#7
Jia Wu, Xin-Yu Yao, Ru-Xia Shi, Su-Fen Liu, Xiao-Yong Wang
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological literature regarding the effect of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as a risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains inconsistent. Furthermore, it remains debatable whether NAFLD is associated with PCOS as a consequence of shared risk factors or whether PCOS contributes to NAFLD in an independent fashion. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted. METHODS: This meta-analysis was conducted in accordance with the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
May 10, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747664/adverse-effects-in-children-exposed-to-maternal-hiv-and-antiretroviral-therapy-during-pregnancy-in-brazil-a-cohort-study
#8
Adriane M Delicio, Giuliane J Lajos, Eliana Amaral, Fernanda Cavichiolli, Marina Polydoro, Helaine Milanez
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) in pregnancy was associated with a drastic reduction in HIV mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), although it was associated with neonatal adverse effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neonatal effects to maternal ART. METHODS: This study was a cohort of newborns from HIV pregnant women followed at the CAISM/UNICAMP Obstetric Clinic from 2000 to 2015. The following adverse effects were evaluated: anemia, thrombocytopenia, liver function tests abnormalities, preterm birth, low birth weight and congenital malformation...
May 10, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739429/women-s-attitudes-and-beliefs-towards-specific-contraceptive-methods-in-bangladesh-and-kenya
#9
Kazuyo Machiyama, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Faisal Ahmmed, George Odwe, Francis Obare, Joyce N Mumah, Marylene Wamukoya, John B Casterline, John Cleland
BACKGROUND: Missing from the huge literature on women's attitudes and beliefs concerning specific contraceptive methods is any detailed quantitative documentation for all major methods in low- and middle-income countries. The objectives are to provide such a documentation for women living in Matlab (rural Bangladesh), Nairobi slums and Homa Bay (rural Kenya) and to compare the opinions and beliefs of current, past and never users towards the three most commonly used methods (oral contraceptives, injectables and implants)...
May 8, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728101/attitudes-toward-sexual-and-reproductive-health-among-adolescents-and-young-people-in-urban-and-rural-dr-congo
#10
Fidèle Mbadu Muanda, Ndongo Parfait Gahungu, Francine Wood, Jane T Bertrand
BACKGROUND: In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), onset of sexual intercourse is initiated during adolescence, however only two in ten sexually active unmarried women are using modern contraception. Improving adolescents' and young peoples' knowledge and practices related to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is necessary to improve health outcomes. However, little is known about the SRH attitudes and needs among young people in the DRC. The study aims to contribute to the available evidence by examining adolescents' and young people's insights on their cultural norms, practices and attitudes towards SRH services...
May 4, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720276/ethics-challenges-and-guidance-related-to-research-involving-adolescent-post-abortion-care-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Joseph M Zulu, Joseph Ali, Kristina Hallez, Nancy Kass, Charles Michelo, Adnan A Hyder
INTRODUCTION: An increase in post abortion care (PAC) research with adolescents, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, has brought to attention several associated research ethics challenges. In order to better understand the ethics context of PAC research with adolescents, we conducted a scoping review of published literature. METHODS: Following a systematic search of PubMed, HINARI, and Google Scholar, we analysed articles meeting inclusion criteria to determine common themes across both the ethical challenges related to PAC research with adolescents and any available guidance on the identified challenges...
May 2, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720206/antenatal-tobacco-use-and-iron-deficiency-anemia-integrating-tobacco-control-into-antenatal-care-in-urban-india
#12
Ritesh Mistry, Andrew D Jones, Mangesh S Pednekar, Gauri Dhumal, Anjuli Dasika, Ujwala Kulkarni, Mangala Gomare, Prakash C Gupta
BACKGROUND: In India, tobacco use during pregnancy is not routinely addressed during antenatal care. We measured the association between tobacco use and anemia in low-income pregnant women, and identified ways to integrate tobacco cessation into existing antenatal care at primary health centers. METHODS: We conducted an observational study using structured interviews with antenatal care clinic patients (n = 100) about tobacco use, anemia, and risk factors such as consumption of iron rich foods and food insecurity...
May 2, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720201/creating-a-positive-perception-of-childbirth-experience-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prenatal-and-intrapartum-interventions
#13
REVIEW
Mahshid Taheri, Amirhossien Takian, Ziba Taghizadeh, Nahid Jafari, Nasrin Sarafraz
BACKGROUND: A negative experience in childbirth is associated with chronic maternal morbidities. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to identify currently available successful interventions to create a positive perception of childbirth experience which can prevent psychological birth trauma. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of interventions in pregnancy or labour which aimed to improve childbirth experience versus usual care were identified from 1994 to September 2016...
May 2, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690897/a-qualitative-study-of-safe-abortion-and-post-abortion-family-planning-service-experiences-of-women-attending-private-facilities-in-kenya
#14
Suzanne Penfold, Susy Wendot, Inviolata Nafula, Katharine Footman
BACKGROUND: To inform improvements in safe abortion and post-abortion family planning (PAFP) services, this study aimed to explore the pathways, decision-making, experiences and preferences of women receiving safe abortion and post-abortion family planning (PAFP) at private clinics in western Kenya. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 22 women who had recently used a safe abortion service from a private clinic. Interviews explored abortion-seeking behaviour and decision-making, abortion experience, use and knowledge of contraception, experience of PAFP counselling, and perceived facilitators of and challenges to family planning use...
April 24, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688866/does-the-use-of-hernia-mesh-in-surgical-inguinal-hernia-repairs-cause-male-infertility-a-systematic-review-and-descriptive-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Zhiyong Dong, Stacy Ann Kujawa, Cunchuan Wang, Hong Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the available clinical trials examining male infertility after inguinal hernias were repaired using mesh procedures. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Chinese Biomedical Medicine Database were investigated. The Jada score was used to evaluate the quality of the studies, "Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine-Levels of Evidence" was used to assess the level of the trials, and descriptive analysis was used to evaluate the studies...
April 23, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678184/perceptions-on-male-involvement-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-masasi-district-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#16
Stephen Oswald Maluka, Apollonia Kasege Peneza
BACKGROUND: Despite the efforts to promote male involvement in maternal and child health, studies in low and middle income countries have reported that male participation is still low. While factors that hinder male partners from participating in maternal and child healthcare are well documented, there is dearth of studies on local perceptions about male involvement in pregnancy and delivery care. The main objective of this study was to explore local perceptions about male involvement in pregnancy and childbirth in Tanzania...
April 20, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673404/contraception-determinants-in-youths-of-sierra-leone-are-largely-behavioral
#17
Aline Labat, Marta Medina, Mohammed Elhassein, Afrina Karim, Mohammad B Jalloh, Michèle Dramaix, Wei-Hong Zhang, Sophie Alexander, Kim E Dickson
BACKGROUND: Sexual initiation occurs early in Sierra Leone. This study aims to analyze the determinants of condom and/or contraceptive use among a representative sample of young persons (10 to 24 years) in Sierra Leone. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a study conducted to monitor the implementation of a UNFPA package of interventions directed to improve SRH in young people of Sierra Leone. This assessment was conducted in 2016 at the end of the Ebola outbreak...
April 19, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673372/social-capital-and-fertility-behaviors-among-female-workers-in-healthcare-settings-study-protocol-of-a-sequential-explanatory-mixed-methods-study
#18
Mojgan Firouzbakht, Aram Tirgar, Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki, Abbas Ebadi, Fatemeh Bakouei, Maryam Nikpour, Mohammad Esmaeil Riahi
BACKGROUND: Fertility rate in Iran has decreased by more than 70% in the last three decades. Continuous decrease in fertility rate will create socioeconomic crises for the country in a near future. A significant factor behind fertility behaviors is women's attitudes towards maternal and spousal roles. Such attitudes are mainly determined by social capital. This study aims to determine and explore of relationship between social capital and fertility behavior among female healthcare workers...
April 19, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669596/misoprostol-administered-sublingually-at-a-dose-of-12-5-%C3%AE-g-versus-vaginally-at-a-dose-of-25-%C3%AE-g-for-the-induction-of-full-term-labor-a-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#19
Daniele Sofia Moraes Barros Gattás, José Roberto da Silva Junior, Alex Sandro Rolland Souza, Francisco Edson Feitosa, Melania Maria Ramos de Amorim
BACKGROUND: Various methods are currently used for the induction of labor. Nevertheless, the most effective method with the fewest side effects remains to be established. Misoprostol, administered vaginally, has been routinely used for this purpose; however, other forms of administration are being proposed, including the use of sublingual tablets. No studies have yet compared the effectiveness and safety of 12.5-μg misoprostol administered sublingually compared to a 25-μg vaginal dose of the drug for the induction of labor...
April 18, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665831/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-secondary-school-students-in-nekemte-town-ethiopia
#20
Wakgari Binu, Taklu Marama, Mulusew Gerbaba, Melese Sinaga
BACKGROUND: Despite policy actions and strategic efforts made to promote sexual and reproductive health service uptake of youths in Ethiopia, its utilization remains very low and little information was found on the extent to which school youths utilize available reproductive health services in Nekempt town. This study was aimed to assess utilization of Sexual and Reproduactive Health (SRH) services and its associated factors among secondary school students in Nekemte town, Ethiopia. METHOD: A school based cross-sectional study design was conducted from April 18 to 22, 2016...
April 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
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