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Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420380/educational-status-as-determinant-of-men-s-knowledge-about-vasectomy-in-dangila-town-administration-amhara-region-northwest-ethiopia
#1
Abrham Jemberie Temach, Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu, Anemaw Asrat Achamyeleh
BACKGROUND: Although vasectomy is effective and less expensive contraceptive method, only few men are using it in Africa. The main reason for low level use may be low knowledge about vasectomy among men. Only few studies tried to investigate level of knowledge of vasectomy among married men in Ethiopia. But these studies have limitations in measuring knowledge. This study was therefore designed to assess knowledge of vasectomy among married men in Dangila town. METHOD: A community based cross sectional study was conducted in Dangila town...
April 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399923/making-good-on-a-call-to-expand-method-choice-for-young-people-turning-rhetoric-into-reality-for-addressing-sustainable-development-goal-three
#2
Fariyal Fatma Fikree, Catharine Lane, Callie Simon, Gwyn Hainsworth, Patricia MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Investments in the nearly two billion young people, aged 10-24 years, in the world today are necessary to meet global development commitments, specifically the Sustainable Development Goals and Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths. More than 12 million married and unmarried adolescents (aged 15-19) will give birth in 2016. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the second leading cause of death among 15-19 year-old women and early childbearing can significantly curtail social and economic prospects for young women...
April 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381306/priorities-for-family-building-among-patients-and-partners-seeking-treatment-for-infertility
#3
Elizabeth A Duthie, Alexandra Cooper, Joseph B Davis, Jay Sandlow, Katherine D Schoyer, Estil Strawn, Kathryn E Flynn
BACKGROUND: Infertility treatment decisions require people to balance multiple priorities. Within couples, partners must also negotiate priorities with one another. In this study, we assessed the family-building priorities of couples prior to their first consultations with a reproductive specialist. METHODS: Participants were couples who had upcoming first consultations with a reproductive specialist (N = 59 couples (59 women; 59 men)). Prior to the consultation, couples separately completed the Family-Building Priorities Tool, which tasked them with ranking from least to most important 10 factors associated with family building...
April 5, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381290/the-mothering-experience-of-women-with-fgm-c-raising-uncut-daughters-in-ivory-coast-and-in-canada
#4
Sophia Koukoui, Ghayda Hassan, Jaswant Guzder
BACKGROUND: While Female Genital Cutting (FGM/C) is a deeply entrenched cultural practice, there is now mounting evidence for a gradual decline in prevalence in a number of geographical areas in Africa and following migration to non-practicing countries. Consequently, there is now a growing number of women with FGM/C who are raising 'uncut' daughters. This study used a qualitative methodology to investigate the experience of women with FGM/C raising daughters who have not been subjected to the ritual...
April 5, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376917/decision-making-on-terminating-pregnancy-for-muslim-arab-women-pregnant-with-fetuses-with-congenital-anomalies-maternal-affect-and-doctor-patient-communication
#5
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Nour Abed Elhadi Shahbari
BACKGROUND: This study focused on decision-making on terminating pregnancy for Arab Muslim women in Israel who were pregnant with fetuses diagnosed with congenital anomalies. It examined the impact of the doctor-patient interaction on the women's decision, especially in light of social and religious pressures not to terminate under any circumstances. Our goal was to identify perceptions and attitudes of Muslim Arab women who choose to continue their pregnancy following the detection of congenital anomalies in prenatal tests...
April 4, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376911/culture-clash-investigating-constructions-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-from-the-perspective-of-1-5-generation-migrants-in-australia-using-q-methodology
#6
T Dune, J Perz, Z Mengesha, D Ayika
BACKGROUND: In Australia, those who migrate as children or adolescents (1.5 generation migrants) may have entered a new cultural environment at a crucial time in their psychosexual development. These migrants may have to contend with constructions of sexual and reproductive health from at least two cultures which may be at conflict on the matter. This study was designed to investigate the role of culture in constructions of sexual and reproductive health and health care seeking behaviour from the perspective of 1...
April 4, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359337/supply-kits-for-antenatal-and-childbirth-care-during-antenatal-care-and-delivery-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-the-qualitative-approach
#7
REVIEW
Mercedes Colomar, Maria Luisa Cafferata, Alicia Aleman, Giselle Tomasso, Ana Pilar Betran
Antenatal care reduces maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity through the detection and treatment of some conditions, but its coverage is less than optimal within certain populations. Supply kits for maternal health were designed to overcome barriers present when providing care during pregnancy and childbirth particularly to women from underserved population.We conducted a mixed-methods systematic review on the use of supply kits. This manuscript presents the findings from qualitative studies that reported barriers, facilitators, and user's recommendation in the adoption and implementation of any type of kit designed to be used during pregnancy or childbirth...
March 31, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351407/maternal-fat-free-mass-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-birth-weight
#8
Yanxia Wang, Jie Mao, Wenling Wang, Jie Qiou, Lan Yang, Simin Chen
BACKGROUND: The relationship between maternal body compositions and birth weight was not definite. Fat Mass (FM) and Fat Free Mass (FFM) can accurately reflect the maternal body fat compositions and have been considered as better predictors of birth weight. Despite its potential role, no studies have been described the maternal compositions during pregnancy in East Asian women previously. We investigated the correlation between birth weight and Maternal body composition including fat mass (FM) and fat free mass (FFM)...
March 28, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335771/understanding-the-motivations-of-health-care-providers-in-performing-female-genital-mutilation-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Marie-Hélène Doucet, Christina Pallitto, Danielle Groleau
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a traditional harmful practice that can cause severe physical and psychological damages to girls and women. Increasingly, trained health-care providers carry out the practice at the request of families. It is important to understand the motivations of providers in order to reduce the medicalization of FGM. This integrative review identifies, appraises and summarizes qualitative and quantitative literature exploring the factors that are associated with the medicalization of FGM and/or re-infibulation...
March 23, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320478/postpartum-intentions-on-contraception-use-and-method-choice-among-breastfeeding-women-attending-a-university-hospital-in-ohio-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Yiska Loewenberg Weisband, Lisa M Keder, Sarah A Keim, Maria F Gallo
BACKGROUND: Few postpartum women use effective contraception and those who use less effective methods have increased rates of unintended pregnancy. Little is known about postpartum contraception intentions among breastfeeding women. Our objectives were to measure the extent of prenatal contraceptive counseling, to assess contraceptive intentions, and to identify correlates of both among postpartum women who were planning to breastfeed. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using a convenience sample of 100 breastfeeding women before their discharge following delivery at a large university hospital in 2015...
March 20, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302182/qualitative-assessment-of-women-s-satisfaction-with-maternal-health-care-in-referral-hospitals-in-nigeria
#11
Friday Okonofua, Rosemary Ogu, Kingsley Agholor, Ola Okike, Rukiyat Abdus-Salam, Mohammed Gana, Abdullahi Randawa, Eghe Abe, Adetoye Durodola, Hadiza Galadanci
BACKGROUND: Available evidence suggests that the low use of antenatal, delivery, and post-natal services by Nigerian women may be due to their perceptions of low quality of care in health facilities. This study investigated the perceptions of women regarding their satisfaction with the maternity services offered in secondary and tertiary hospitals in Nigeria. METHODS: Five focus group discussions (FGDs) were held with women in eight secondary and tertiary hospitals in four of the six geo-political zones of the country...
March 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302136/erratum-to-measuring-adolescent-friendly-health-services-in-india-a-scoping-review-of-evaluations
#12
Andrea J Hoopes, Paras Agarwal, Sheana Bull, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292333/location-and-content-of-counselling-and-acceptance-of-postpartum-iud-in-sri-lanka
#13
Mahesh Karra, David Canning, Sorcha Foster, Iqbal H Shah, Hemantha Senanayake, U D P Ratnasiri, Ramya Priyanwada Pathiraja
BACKGROUND: The immediate postpartum IUD (PPIUD) is a long-acting, reversible method of contraception that can be used safely and effectively following a birth. To appropriately facilitate the immediate postpartum insertion of IUDs, women must be informed of the method's availability and must be counselled on its benefits and risks prior to entering the delivery room. We examine the relationship between the location and quality of antenatal counselling and women's acceptance of immediate postpartum IUD (PPIUD) in four hospitals in Sri Lanka...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292306/fertility-and-hiv-following-universal-access-to-art-in-rwanda-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-demographic-and-health-survey-data
#14
Eric Remera, Kimberly Boer, Stella M Umuhoza, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Dana R Thomson, Patrick Ndimubanzi, Eugenie Kayirangwa, Salomon Mutsinzi, Alice Bayingana, Placidie Mugwaneza, Jean Baptiste T Koama
BACKGROUND: HIV infection is linked to decreased fertility and fertility desires in sub-Saharan Africa due to biological and social factors. We investigate the relationship between HIV infection and fertility or fertility desires in the context of universal access to antiretroviral therapy introduced in 2004 in Rwanda. METHODS: We used data from 3532 and 4527 women aged 20-49 from the 2005 and 2010 Rwandan Demographic and Health Surveys (RDHS), respectively. The RDHSs included blood-tests for HIV, as well as detailed interviews about fertility, demographic and behavioral outcomes...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292296/sexual-and-reproductive-health-experience-knowledge-and-problems-among-university-students-in-ambo-central-ethiopia
#15
Abenezer Yared, Zekariyas Sahile, Mulugeta Mekuria
BACKGROUND: Youths in universities are at high risk of STIs and SRH problems in Ethiopia. However, students did not perceive themselves at risk of STI/HIV infection though reports showed they were sexually active, had multiple sexual partners and reported symptoms of STIs. Having recognized the threat posed by SRH problems, this study aimed to assess the SRH experiences, knowledge, and problems among university students at Ambo University in Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Ambo University main campus from January to February 2015 using mixed approach of quantitative (survey) and qualitative (in-depth interview) methods...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288664/injured-bodies-damaged-lives-experiences-and-narratives-of-kenyan-women-with-obstetric-fistula-and-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#16
Lillian Mwanri, Glory Joy Gatwiri
BACKGROUND: It is well acknowledged that Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C/C) leads to medical, psychological and sociocultural sequels. Over 200 million cases of FGM/C exist globally, and in Kenya alone, a total of 12,418,000 (28%) of women have undergone FGM/C, making the practice not only a significant national, but also a global health catastrophe. FGM/C is rooted in patriarchal and traditional cultures as a communal experience signifying a transition from girlhood to womanhood...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288649/medical-termination-of-pregnancy-in-general-practice-in-australia-a-descriptive-interpretive-qualitative-study
#17
Angela J Dawson, Rachel Nicolls, Deborah Bateson, Anna Doab, Jane Estoesta, Ann Brassil, Elizabeth A Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Australian Government approval in 2012 for the use of mifepristone and misoprostol for medical termination of pregnancy (MTOP) allows general practitioners (GPs) to provide early gestation abortion in primary care settings. However, uptake of the MTOP provision by GPs appears to be low and the reasons for this have been unclear. This study investigated the provision of and referral for MTOP by GPs. METHODS: We undertook descriptive-interpretive qualitative research and selected participants for diversity using a matrix...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284230/integrating-postabortion-care-menstrual-regulation-and-family-planning-services-in-bangladesh-a-pre-post-evaluation
#18
Kamal K Biswas, Erin Pearson, S M Shahidullah, Sharmin Sultana, Rezwana Chowdhury, Kathryn L Andersen
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, abortion is restricted except to save the life of a woman, but menstrual regulation is allowed to induce menstruation and return to non-pregnancy after a missed period. MR services are typically provided through the Directorate General of Family Planning, while postabortion care services for incomplete abortion are provided by facilities under the Directorate General of Health Services. The bifurcated health system results in reduced quality of care, particularly for postabortion care patients whose procedures are often performed using sub-optimal uterine evacuation technology and typically do not receive postabortion contraceptive services...
March 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284221/uptake-of-hormonal-contraceptives-and-correlates-of-uptake-in-a-phase-iii-clinical-trial-in-rural-south-western-uganda
#19
Andrew Abaasa, Mitzy Gafos, Zacchaeus Anywaine, Andrew Nunn, Angela Crook, Jonathan Levin, Sheena McCormack, Anatoli Kamali
BACKGROUND: Use of a reliable contraception method has become an inclusion criterion in prevention trials to minimize time off product. We report on hormonal contraceptive prevalence, uptake, sustained use and correlates of use in the Microbicides Development Programme (MDP 301) trial at the Masaka Centre in Uganda. METHODS: HIV negative women in sero-discordant relationships were enrolled and followed-up for 52 to 104 weeks from 2005 to 2009. Contraceptive use data was collected through self-report at baseline and dispensing records during follow-up...
March 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270214/research-capacity-strengthening-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-a-case-study-from-latin-america
#20
REVIEW
Rita Kabra, Marco Castillo, Mercedes Melián, Moazzam Ali, Lale Say, A Metin Gulmezoglu
An essential, but often overlooked part of health promotion and development support to achieve self-sufficiency in developing countries is the concomitant need to build and strengthen research capacity. This is even more challenging and critical in the area of sexual and reproductive health because of diverse interplay of socio cultural, religious, economic factors in relation to reproductive health.This paper presents the case study of HRP's efforts to build research capacity in Latin America by studying and analyzing the 5-year history of institutional development support to an institution in Paraguay...
March 7, 2017: Reproductive Health
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