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Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219076/partner-influences-on-young-women-s-risky-drug-and-sexual-behavior
#1
Miriam Clark, Rohanna Buchanan, Rachel Kovensky, Leslie D Leve
BACKGROUND: Adolescent girls with a history of maltreatment are at heightened risk for health-risking behaviors, including unsafe sexual behaviors and drug use. However, few studies have examined the views of this population in regard to sexual partner choice, sexual behaviors, and decisions to use drugs with sexual partners. METHODS: We conducted 15 semistructured, open-ended qualitative interviews with young women ages 18-24 with a history of maltreatment and asked them to reflect on their experiences as adolescents...
September 15, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219070/-in-the-hospital-there-will-be-nobody-to-pamper-me-a-qualitative-assessment-on-barriers-to-facility-based-delivery-in-post-ebola-sierra-leone
#2
Stefanie Theuring, Alimamy Philip Koroma, Gundel Harms
BACKGROUND: Sierra Leone has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world. Encouraging the use of skilled birth attendance in health facilities is an important step in the endeavor to increase the number of safe deliveries. However, public trust in health facilities has been greatly damaged during the Ebola epidemic outbreak in Sierra Leone in 2014/2015, and little is known about external and intrinsic barriers to facility-based delivery (FBD) in the country since the end of the Ebola epidemic...
September 15, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208916/the-hot-potato-topic-challenges-and-facilitators-to-promoting-respectful-maternal-care-within-a-broader-health-intervention-in-tanzania
#3
LETTER
Shannon A McMahon, Rose John Mnzava, Gaudiosa Tibaijuka, Sheena Currie
In recent years, mistreatment during childbirth has captured the public health and maternal health consciousness as not only an affront to women's rights but also a formidable deterrent to the uptake of facility-based childbirth - and thus to reductions in maternal mortality. The challenge ahead is to determine what can be done to address this public health problem. A modest but growing body of research has demonstrated that interventions to foster Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) can enact change, albeit in the relatively controlled context of a trial or study...
September 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208913/client-and-provider-factors-associated-with-integration-of-family-planning-services-among-maternal-and-reproductive-health-clients-in-kigoma-region-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study-april-july-2016
#4
M M Dynes, E Bernstein, D Morof, L Kelly, A Ruiz, W Mongo, P Chaote, R N Bujari, F Serbanescu
BACKGROUND: Integration of family planning (FP) services into non-FP care visits is an essential strategy for reducing maternal and neonatal mortality through reduction of short birth intervals and unplanned pregnancies. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted across 61 facilities in Kigoma Region, Tanzania, April-July 2016. Multilevel, mixed effects logistic regression analyses were conducted on matched data from providers (n = 330) and clients seeking delivery (n = 935), well-baby (n = 272), pregnancy loss (PL; n = 229), and other routine (postnatal, HIV/STI, other; n = 69) services...
September 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208906/-babies-born-early-silences-about-prematurity-and-their-consequences
#5
Maria J O Miele, Rodolfo C Pacagnella, Maria J D Osis, Carina R Angelini, Jussara L Souza, José G Cecatti
BACKGROUND: The principal aim of this study was to understand how communication between parents and health professionals concerning prematurity occurs, from delivery to admission to the neonatal Intensive Care Unit. METHODS: This is an exploratory, descriptive study with a qualitative methodology. Data were collected using tape-recorded and Focal Groups technique interview with mothers of premature newborns and health professionals involved in caring for preterm infants, at southeast Brazil...
September 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208896/-i-am-always-crying-on-the-inside-a-qualitative-study-on-the-implications-of-infertility-on-women-s-lives-in-urban-gambia
#6
Susan Dierickx, Ladan Rahbari, Chia Longman, Fatou Jaiteh, Gily Coene
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing awareness that infertility in Sub-Saharan Africa constitutes a severe social and public health problem. Few of the existing studies on infertility explicitly take into account the differences between women. However, how women experience infertility is formed by their various social positions. This research explores the implications of infertility on women's lives in urban Gambia and aims to provide an in-depth understanding of how this relates to gender and cultural norms as well as different social positions...
September 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201009/-it-s-something-that-marks-you-abortion-stigma-after-decriminalization-in-uruguay
#7
Roosbelinda Cárdenas, Ana Labandera, Sarah E Baum, Fernanda Chiribao, Ivana Leus, Silvia Avondet, Jennifer Friedman
BACKGROUND: Abortion stigma is experienced by women seeking abortion services and by abortion providers in a range of legal contexts, including Uruguay, where abortion was decriminalized up to 12 weeks gestation in 2012. This paper analyzes opinions and attitudes of both abortion clients and health professionals approximately two years following decriminalization and assesses how abortion stigma manifests among these individuals and in institutions that provide care. METHODS: In 2014, we conducted twenty in-depth, semi-structured interviews with abortion clients (n = 10) and health care professionals (n = 10) in public and private facilities across Uruguay's health system...
September 10, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30185179/high-and-growing-disapproval-of-sex-selection-technology-in-australia
#8
Rebecca Kippen, Edith Gray, Ann Evans
BACKGROUND: In Australia, the National Health and Medical Research Council has banned the use of assisted reproductive technology for social sex selection, but notes "there is limited research into the question of whether Australians support the use of sex selection for non-medical purposes". This paper investigates Australian attitudes to sex-selection technology by different means (IVF, abortion, and a hypothetical pill), for different reasons (medical, family balancing, any reason), and by differing respondent characteristics (age, sex, education and religiosity)...
September 6, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30180902/associations-of-gestational-weight-gain-with-offspring-thinness-and-obesity-by-prepregnancy-body-mass-index
#9
Nianqing Wan, Li Cai, Weiqing Tan, Ting Zhang, Jiewen Yang, Yajun Chen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicated that excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) was positively associated with offspring obesity. Nevertheless, little is known about the effect of GWG on offspring thinness. This study aimed to assess the association of GWG with childhood weight status across the full range of weight status by prepregnancy body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We used data from a retrospective study of 33,828 Chinese children aged 6-18 years and their mothers...
September 4, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157881/sexual-health-of-very-young-adolescents-in-south-western-uganda-a-cross-sectional-assessment-of-sexual-knowledge-and-behavior
#10
Elizabeth Kemigisha, Katharine Bruce, Viola N Nyakato, Gad Ndaruhutse Ruzaaza, Anna B Ninsiima, Wendo Mlahagwa, Els Leye, Gily Coene, Kristien Michielsen
BACKGROUND: In most Sub-Saharan African countries, little is known about young adolescents' sexual and reproductive health (SRH). Though some efforts have been made to understand and improve SRH of older adolescents, very young adolescents (VYAs) are often overlooked, and little is known about their sexual knowledge and behaviors. The goal of this study was to describe SRH knowledge, information-seeking, and sexual behavior of VYAs in Uganda. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered in 33 primary schools in June and July of 2016...
August 29, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157877/validation-of-the-person-centered-maternity-care-scale-in-india
#11
Patience A Afulani, Nadia Diamond-Smith, Beth Phillips, Shreya Singhal, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: Person-centered care during childbirth is recognized as a critical component of quality of maternity care. But there are few validated tools to measure person-centered maternity care (PCMC). This paper aims to fill this measurement gap. We present the results of the psychometric analysis of the PCMC tool that was previously validated in Kenya using data from India. We aim to assess the validity and reliability of the PCMC scale in India, and to compare the results to those found in the Kenya validation...
August 29, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157870/trends-in-adolescent-first-births-in-five-countries-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-disaggregated-data-from-demographic-and-health-surveys
#12
Sarah Neal, Chloe Harvey, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Sonja Caffe, Alma Virginia Camacho
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in the Latin American and Caribbean region continue to experience poor reproductive health outcomes, including high rates of first birth before the age of 20 years. Aggregate national level data fails to identify groups where progress is particularly poor. This paper explores how trends in adolescent births have changed over time in five countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Peru) using data disaggregated by adolescent age group, wealth and urban / rural residence...
August 29, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153848/expanding-the-agenda-for-addressing-mistreatment-in-maternity-care-a-mapping-review-and-gender-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Myra L Betron, Tracy L McClair, Sheena Currie, Joya Banerjee
BACKGROUND: This paper responds to the global call to action for respectful maternity care (RMC) by examining whether and how gender inequalities and unequal power dynamics in the health system undermine quality of care or obstruct women's capacities to exercise their rights as both users and providers of maternity care. METHODS: We conducted a mapping review of peer-reviewed and gray literature to examine whether gender inequality is a determinant of mistreatment during childbirth...
August 28, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153846/interventions-to-improve-the-person-centered-quality-of-family-planning-services-a-narrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Nadia Diamond-Smith, Ruby Warnock, May Sudhinaraset
Person-centered care, a key component of quality of care, is receiving increased attention for maternal and reproductive health. While many interventions have aimed to improve person-centered care for family planning, there is no known narrative review of person-centered-focused interventions in family planning and the outcomes of these interventions. This narrative review fills this gap by conducting a rigorous analysis of interventions that address person-centered care and measure family planning related outcomes, including quality, knowledge and use/continuation...
August 28, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153839/community-based-interventions-for-strengthening-adolescent-sexual-reproductive-health-and-rights-how-can-they-be-integrated-and-sustained-a-realist-evaluation-protocol-from-zambia
#15
Joseph M Zulu, Isabel Goicolea, John Kinsman, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Astrid Blystad, Chama Mulubwa, Mpundu C Makasa, Charles Michelo, Patrick Musonda, Anna-Karin Hurtig
BACKGROUND: Research that explores how community-based interventions for strengthening adolescent sexual reproductive health and rights (SRHR) can be integrated and sustained in community health systems, is, to the best of our knowledge, very scarce, if not absent. It is important to document mechanisms that shape integration process in order to improve health systems' responsiveness towards adolescents' SRHR. This realist evaluation protocol will contribute to this knowledge in Zambia where there is increased attention towards promoting maternal, neonatal and child health as a means of addressing the current high early pregnancy and marriage rates...
August 28, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144811/a-comprehensive-interventional-program-for-promoting-father-s-participation-in-the-perinatal-care-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Vahideh Firouzan, Mahnaz Noroozi, Ziba Farajzadegan, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
BACKGROUND: The inclusion of fathers' participation during the perinatal period is an important strategy for improving mothers' health. No studies have yet been conducted in Iran to explain the concept, obstacles and facilitators of fathers' participation during the perinatal period. Thus, this study will be carried out to provide a comprehensive interventional program for promoting fathers' participation in the perinatal care. METHODS: This study is a sequential exploratory (qualitative - quantitative) mixed methods design that consists of three consecutive phases...
August 25, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134962/knowledge-and-practice-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-mothers-in-the-tamale-metropolis-of-ghana
#17
Ruth Nimota Nukpezah, Samuel Victor Nuvor, Jerry Ninnoni
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life has remained low worldwide and in Ghana, despite strong evidence in support of its practice. This study was aimed at assessing the knowledge and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in the Tamale metropolis of Ghana. METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, 393 mother-infant pairs attending child welfare clinics from three health facilities in the Tamale Metropolis were surveyed...
August 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134923/a-comprehensive-sexual-health-care-program-for-educable-intellectually-disabled-adolescent-girls-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Shadi Goli, Mahnaz Noroozi, Mehrdad Salehi
BACKGROUND: Protection and promotion of sexual health is of great importance for educable intellectually disabled adolescent girls; since they are prone to high risk sexual vulnerabilities and consequences, such as unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Although the rights of intellectually disabled adolescents have been emphasized through the recent years, their sexual health care is still a challenge for parents, teachers, caregivers, and service providers...
August 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30119636/use-of-menstrual-cups-among-school-girls-longitudinal-observations-nested-in-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-study-in-rural-western-kenya
#19
Anna Maria van Eijk, Kayla F Laserson, Elizabeth Nyothach, Kelvin Oruko, Jackton Omoto, Linda Mason, Kelly Alexander, Clifford Oduor, Aisha Mohammed, Alie Eleveld, Isaac Ngere, David Obor, John Vulule, Penelope A Phillips-Howard
BACKGROUND: A menstrual cup can be a good solution for menstrual hygiene management in economically challenged settings. As part of a pilot study we assessed uptake and maintenance of cup use among young school girls in Kenya. METHODS: A total of 192 girls between 14 to 16 years were enrolled in 10 schools in Nyanza Province, Western Kenya; these schools were assigned menstrual cups as part of the cluster-randomized pilot study. Girls were provided with menstrual cups in addition to training and guidance on use, puberty education, and instructions for menstrual hygiene...
August 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111335/reproductive-health-problems-in-rural-south-african-young-women-risk-behaviour-and-risk-factors
#20
Hashini Nilushika Galappaththi-Arachchige, Siphosenkosi G Zulu, Elisabeth Kleppa, Kristine Lillebo, Erik Qvigstad, Patricia Ndhlovu, Birgitte Jyding Vennervald, Svein Gunnar Gundersen, Eyrun Floerecke Kjetland, Myra Taylor
BACKGROUND: South African young women continue to be vulnerable, with high prevalence of teenage pregnancy, HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and female genital schistosomiasis (FGS). This study seeks to examine the underlying factors that may be associated with these four adverse reproductive health outcomes. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 1413 sexually active of young women, we explored these four adverse reproductive health outcomes by considering socio-demographic factors, socio-economic factors, sexual risk behaviour, substance abuse and knowledge about reproductive health by using a questionnaire...
August 15, 2018: Reproductive Health
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