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Expert Review of Proteomics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293970/-csf-analysis-for-protein-biomarker-identification-in-patients-with-leptomeningeal-metastases-from-cns-lymphoma
#1
N Galicia, R Dégano, P Díez, M Gonzalez-Gonzalez, R Góngora, N Ibarrola, M Fuentes
Leptomeningeal metastases (LM) from lymphoma remain a difficult complication for oncologist due to the high incidence in morbidity and mortality. Early diagnostic and initiation of treatment are essential to prevent neurological deterioration. Areas covered: In this review, several proteomic approaches are described in order to help and provide the basis for the identification of biomarkers useful in early diagnosis, also in discovery novel targets for therapeutic agents. In fact, the identification of biomarkers will have a high potential to detect leptomeningeal lymphoma, as well as to predict its progression and treatment response...
March 15, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281838/diagnostic-function-of-the-neuroinflammatory-biomarker-ykl-40-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-other-neurodegenerative-diseases
#2
Filippo Baldacci, Simone Lista, Enrica Cavedo, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Harald Hampel
Neuroinflammation is a fundamental mechanism in the neurodegenerative diseases pathophysiology. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) YKL-40 - an indicator of microglial activation - has recently identified by proteomic studies as a candidate biomarker for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Areas covered: We review the impact of CSF YKL-40 as a pathophysiological biomarker for AD and other neurodegenerative diseases. CSF YKL-40 concentrations have been shown to predict progression from prodromal mild cognitive impairment to AD dementia...
March 10, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271922/prion-like-proteins-and-their-computational-identification-in-proteomes
#3
Cristina Batlle, Valentín Iglesias, Susanna Navarro, Salvador Ventura
The aberrant or misfolded forms of the prion protein have been described as the causative agents of rare transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. In addition, proteins associated with frequently occurring neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, are shown to share prion-like properties and to spread the disease in the brain. Areas Covered: Interest in the prion phenomenon has crystallized in a series of computational methods aimed at uncovering prion-like proteins at the proteome level...
March 8, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271739/role-of-the-microtubule-associated-tppp-p25-in-parkinson-s-and-related-diseases-and-its-therapeutic-potential
#4
Judit Oláh, Philippe Bertrand, Judit Ovádi
The discovery and development of therapeutic strategies for the treatments of Parkinson's disease (PD) and other synucleinopathies are limited by a lack of understanding of the pathomechanisms and their connection with different diseases such as cancers. Areas covered: The hallmarks of these diseases are frequently multifunctional disordered proteins displaying moonlighting and/or chameleon features, which are challenging drug targets. A representative of these proteins is the disordered Tubulin Polymerization Promoting Protein (TPPP/p25) expressed specifically in oligodendrocytes (OLGs) in normal brain...
March 8, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271730/recent-mass-spectrometry-based-proteomics-for-biomarker-discovery-in-lung-cancer-copd-and-asthma
#5
Kiyonaga Fujii, Haruhiko Nakamura, Toshihide Nishimura
Lung cancer and related diseases have been one of the most common causes of deaths worldwide. Genomic-based biomarkers may hardly reflect the underlying dynamic molecular mechanism of functional protein interactions, which is the center of a disease. Recent developments in mass spectrometry (MS) have made it possible to analyze disease-relevant proteins expressed in clinical specimens by proteomic challenges. Areas covered: To understand the molecular mechanisms of lung cancer and its subtypes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and others, great efforts have been taken to identify numerous relevant proteins by MS-based clinical proteomic approaches...
March 8, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271721/the-potential-impact-of-recent-insights-into-proteomic-changes-associated-with-glaucoma
#6
Sebastian Funke, Natarajan Perumal, Katharina Bell, Norbert Pfeiffer, Franz H Grus
Glaucoma, a major ocular neuropathy, is still far from being understood on a molecular scale. Proteomic workflows revealed glaucoma associated alterations in different eye components. By using state-of-the-art mass spectrometric (MS) based discovery approaches large proteome datasets providing important information about glaucoma related proteins and pathways could be generated. Corresponding proteomic information could be retrieved from various ocular sample species derived from glaucoma experimental models or from original human material (e...
March 8, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276747/proteogenomic-studies-on-cancer-drug-resistance-towards-biomarker-discovery-and-target-identification
#7
Shuyue Fu, Xiang Liu, Maochao Luo, Ke Xie, Edouard C Nice, Haiyuan Zhang, Canhua Huang
Chemoresistance is a major obstacle for current cancer treatment. Proteogenomics is a powerful multi-omics research field that uses customized protein sequence databases generated by genomic and transcriptomic information to identify novel genes (e.g. noncoding, mutation and fusion genes) from mass spectrometry-based proteomic data. By identifying aberrations that are differentially expressed between tumor and normal pairs, this approach can also be applied to validate protein variants in cancer, which may reveal the response to drug treatment...
March 6, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276748/using-proteomics-to-explore-the-effects-of-radiation-on-the-heart-impacts-for-medicine
#8
Soile Tapio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276749/unravelling-age-specific-differences-in-the-human-proteome-and-the-implications-for-medicine
#9
Stefan Bjelosevic, Vera Ignjatovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162016/proteomic-studies-associated-with-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Murat Kasap, Gurler Akpinar, Aylin Kanli
Parkinson's disease (PD) is an insidious disorder affecting more than 1-2% of the population over the age of 65. Understanding the etiology of PD may create opportunities for developing new treatments. Genomic and transcriptomic studies are useful, but do not provide evidence for the actual status of the disease. Conversely, proteomic studies deal with proteins, which are real time players, and can hence provide information on the dynamic nature of the affected cells. The number of publications relating to the proteomics of PD is vast...
February 4, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117610/the-power-of-tears-how-tear-proteomics-research-could-revolutionize-the-clinic
#11
Lei Zhou, Roger W Beuerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099817/applying-proteomics-to-tick-vaccine-development-where-are-we
#12
Margarita Villar, Anabel Marina, José de la Fuente
Ticks are second to mosquitoes as a vector of human diseases and are the first vector of animal diseases with a great impact on livestock farming. Tick vaccines represent a sustainable and effective alternative to chemical acaricides for the control of tick infestations and transmitted pathogens. The application of proteomics to tick vaccine development is a fairly recent area, which has resulted in the characterization of some tick-host-pathogen interactions and the identification of candidate protective antigens...
January 27, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092721/use-of-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry-in-the-battle-against-bacterial-infectious-diseases-recent-achievements-and-future-perspectives
#13
Vassilios Sandalakis, Ioannis Goniotakis, Iosif Vranakis, Dimosthenis Chochlakis, Anna Psaroulaki
Advancements in microbial identification occur increasingly faster as more laboratories explore, refine and extend the use of mass spectrometry in the field of microbiology. Areas covered: This review covers the latest knowledge found in the literature for quick identification of various classes of bacterial pathogens known to cause human infection by the use of MALDI-TOF MS technology. Except for identification of bacterial strains, more researchers try to 'battle time' in favor of the patient. These novel approaches to identify bacteria directly from clinical samples and even determine antibiotic resistance are extensively revised and discussed...
January 22, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092479/prospects-for-proteomics-in-kidney-stone-disease
#14
Arada Vinaiphat, Visith Thongboonkerd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222617/presynaptic-calmodulin-targets-lessons-from-structural-proteomics
#15
Noa Lipstein, Melanie Göth, Christine Piotrowski, Kevin Pagel, Andrea Sinz, Olaf Jahn
Calmodulin (CaM) is a highly conserved Ca(2+)-binding protein that is exceptionally abundant in the brain. In the presynaptic compartment of neurons, CaM transduces changes in Ca(2+) concentration into the regulation of synaptic transmission dynamics. Areas covered: We review selected literature including published CaM interactor screens and outline established and candidate presynaptic CaM targets. We present a workflow of biochemical and structural proteomic methods that were used to identify and characterize the interactions between CaM and Munc13 proteins...
March 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222616/plasma-biomarkers-for-the-identification-of-women-at-risk-for-early-onset-preeclampsia
#16
Aggeliki Kolialexi, George Th Tsangaris, Stavros Sifakis, Dimitris Gourgiotis, Aggeliki Katsafadou, Alexandra Lykoudi, Antonios Marmarinos, Danai Mavreli, Vassilis Pergialiotis, Dimitra Fexi, Ariadni Mavrou, George K Papaioanou, Nikolas Papantoniou
BACKGROUND: To identify potential biomarkers in the 1st trimester of pregnancy for the identification of women destined to develop early onset preeclampsia (EOPE). METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from pregnant women at 11-13 weeks of gestation. Women were followed up until delivery. Five samples from EOPE complicated pregnancies and 5 from unaffected ones were analysed using 2-DE and MALDI-TOF-TOF MS/MS. The altered expression of selected proteins was verified by ELISA in an extended sample cohort...
March 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162022/proteomic-analysis-of-red-blood-cells-and-the-potential-for-the-clinic-what-have-we-learned-so-far
#17
Angelo D'Alessandro, Lello Zolla
Red blood cells (RBC) are the most abundant host cells in the human body. Mature erythrocytes are devoid of nuclei and organelles and have always been regarded as circulating 'bags of hemoglobin'. The advent of proteomics has challenged this assumption, revealing unanticipated complexity and novel roles for RBCs not just in gas transport, but also in systemic metabolic homeostasis in health and disease. Areas covered: In this review we will summarize the main advancements in the field of discovery mode and redox/quantitative proteomics with respect to RBC biology...
March 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043171/the-story-of-protein-arginine-methylation-characterization-regulation-and-function
#18
Chao Peng, Catherine Cl Wong
Arginine methylation is an important post-translational modification (PTM) in cells, which is catalyzed by a group of protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs). It plays significant roles in diverse cellular processes and various diseases. Misregulation and aberrant expression of PRMTs can provide potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for drug discovery. Areas covered: Herein, we review the arginine methylation literature and summarize the methodologies for the characterization of this modification, as well as describe the recent insights into arginine methyltransferases and their biological functions in diseases...
February 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004597/functional-proteomic-insights-in-b-cell-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#19
Paula Díez, Rafael Góngora, Alberto Orfao, Manuel Fuentes
B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is a hematological malignancy considered as the most common leukemia in the Western world. The understanding of B cell differentiation is crucial for the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of the disease. Areas covered: In this review, B-cell ontogeny and its relation with the CLL development, in combination with the proteomic approaches which could provide a deep characterization of the disease through the characterization of the cellular signaling pathways involved in the pathological cells is described...
February 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002974/proteomics-for-early-prenatal-screening-of-pregnancy-complications-a-2017-perspective
#20
Aggeliki Kolialexi, Danai Mavreli, Nikolas Papantoniou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
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