Read by QxMD icon Read

Expert Review of Proteomics

Clizia Chinello, Vincenzo L'Imperio, Martina Stella, Andrew James Smith, Giorgio Bovo, Angelica Grasso, Marco Grasso, Francesca Raimondo, Marina Pitto, Fabio Pagni, Fulvio Magni
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most fatal of the common urologic cancers, with approximately 35% of patients dying within 5 years following diagnosis. Therefore, there is a need for non-invasive markers that are capable of detecting and determining the severity of small renal masses at an early stage in order to tailor treatment and follow-up. Proteomic studies have proved to be very useful in the study of tumors. Areas covered: In this review, we will detail the current knowledge obtained by the different proteomic approaches, focusing on MS-based strategies, used to investigate RCC biology in order to identify diagnostic, prognostic and predictive biomarkers on tissue, cultured cells and biological fluids...
October 17, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Yasuhiko Mohri, Yuji Toiyama, Masato Kusunoki
Patient outcomes from gastric cancer vary due to the complexity of stomach carcinogenesis. Recent research using proteomic technologies has targeted components of all of these systems in order to develop biomarkers to aid the early diagnosis of gastric cancer and to assist in prognostic stratification. Areas covered: This review is comprised of evidence obtained from literature searches from PubMed. It covers the evidence of diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive biomarkers for gastric cancer using proteomic technologies, and provides up-to-date references...
October 17, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Kazuto Harada, Dilsa Mizrak Kaya, Yusuke Shimodaira, Shumei Song, Hideo Baba, Jaffer A Ajani
The prognosis for patients with upper gastrointestinal cancers remains dismal despite the development of multimodality therapies that incorporate surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Early diagnosis and personalized treatment should lead to better prognosis. Given the advances in proteomic technologies over the past decades, proteomics promises to be the most effective technique to identify novel diagnostics and therapeutic targets. Areas covered: For this review, keywords were searched in combination with "proteomics" and "gastric cancer" or "esophageal cancer" in PubMed...
October 10, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Irene Izquierdo, Ángel García
Unwanted platelet activation is associated with numerous diseases, mainly thrombosis-related. In this context, proteomics has emerged as a novel tool with potential for drug target discovery and to scrutinize the effects of antiplatelet drugs. Areas covered: The present review presents the main findings of platelet proteomic studies to date in the context of drug target discovery and perspectives for the future ahead. It includes data and evidences obtained from literature searches on PubMed as well as commentaries derived from the authors' experience and opinions...
October 8, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Norihisa Uemura, Tadashi Kondo
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Identifying suitable biomarkers for early diagnosis as well as predicting lymph node metastasis, prognosis and the therapeutic response of EC is essential for the effective and efficient management for EC. There is an urgent need to develop effective, novel approaches for patients who do not respond to conventional treatment. Areas covered: EC is characterized by the presence of two main histological types such as squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma, which differ in their response to treatments and prognosis...
October 8, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Juan J Calvete
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Osmel Fleitas Martinez, Caleb Mawuli Agbale, Fernanda Nomiyama, Octávio Luiz Franco
Bioactive peptides such as antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), ribosomally synthesized and post translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) and the non-ribosomal peptides (NRPs) have emerged with promising applications in medicine, agriculture and industry. However, their development has been limited by several difficulties making it necessary to search for novel discovery methods. In this context, proteomics has been considered a reliable tool. Areas covered: This review highlights recent developments in proteomic tools that facilitate the discovery of AMPs, RiPPs and NRPs as well as the elucidation of action mechanisms of AMPs and resistance mechanisms of pathogens to them...
October 8, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Jean-Benoît Arlet, Flavia Guillem, Mathilde Lamarque, Michael Dussiot, Thiago Maciel, Ivan Moura, Olivier Hermine, Geneviève Courtois
Major advances have been recently made in understanding the molecular determinants of dyserythropoiesis, particularly due to recent works in β-thalassemia. The purpose of this review is devoted to underline the role of some proteins recently evidenced in the field, that may be new alternative therapeutic targets in the near future to alleviate different types of anemia. Areas covered: This review covers the contemporary aspects of some proteins involved in various types of dyserythropoiesis, including the transcriptional factor GATA-1 and its protective chaperone HSP70, but also cytokines of the transforming growth factor beta (TFG-β) family, TGF-β1 and GDF-11, and hormones as erythroferrone...
October 6, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Francesca Lavatelli, Giampaolo Merlini
INTRODUCTION: More than ten distinct forms of amyloidoses that can involve the heart have been described, classified according to which protein originates the deposits. Cardiac amyloid infiltration translates into progressive and often life-threatening cardiomyopathy, but disease severity, prognosis and treatment drastically differ according to the amyloidosis type. The notion that protein misfolding and aggregation play a more general role in human cardiomyopathies has further raised attention towards the definition of the proteotoxicity mechanisms...
September 28, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Junli Deng, Li Wang, Jie Ni, Julia Beretov, Valerie Wasinger, Duojia Wu, Wei Duan, Peter Graham, Yong Li
INTRODUCTION: Chemoresistance is a major challenge to current ovarian cancer chemotherapy. It is important to identify biomarkers to distinguish chemosensitive and chemoresistant patients. AREAS COVERED: We review the medical literature, discuss MS-based technologies with respect to chemoresistant ovarian cancer and summarize the promising chemoresistant biomarkers identified. In addition, the challenges and future perspectives of biomarker discovery research are explored...
September 21, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Gülgün Tezel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
René P Zahedi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Laura Giusti, Federica Ciregia, Maria Rosa Mazzoni, Antonio Lucacchini
INTRODUCTION: Psychiatric disorders are severe, debilitating and heterogeneous diseases with a high impact on public health. In this review we address state of the art clinical approaches to diagnose psychiatric disorders and underline the necessity to found new tools to help clinicians. AREAS COVERED: We provide an update on proteomic studies and suggest potential biomarkers focusing on schizophrenia (SCZ), bipolar disorder (BD), and major depression (MD). In particular, we direct our attention to proteomic results obtained from studies on biological fluids...
September 8, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Stavroula Markoutsa, Elena Rudashevskaya, Albert Sickmann
INTRODUCTION: Despite the rapid evolution of proteomic methods, protein interactions and their participation in protein complexes - an important aspect of their function - has rarely been investigated on the proteome-wide level. Disease states, such as muscular dystrophy or viral infection, are induced by interference in protein-protein interactions within complexes. The purpose of this review is to describe the current methods for global complexome analysis and to critically discuss the challenges and opportunities for the application of these methods in biomedical research...
September 7, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Sejin Oh, Hyun Seok Kim
INTRODUCTION: Despite extreme genetic heterogeneity, tumors often show similar alterations in the expression, stability, and activation of proteins important in oncogenic signaling pathways. Thus, classifying tumor samples according to shared proteomic features may help facilitate the identification of cancer subtypes predictive of therapeutic responses and prognostic for patient outcomes. Meanwhile, understanding mechanisms of intrinsic and acquired resistance to anti-cancer therapies at the protein level may prove crucial to devising reversal strategies...
September 6, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Maurizio Sanguinetti, Brunella Posteraro
INTRODUCTION: Mass spectrometry (MS), particularly MALDI-time of flight (MALDI-TOF), has become a routine tool for microorganism identification in clinical microbiology laboratories in the last five years. The use of MALDI-TOF MS has accelerated laboratory analysis, thus providing accurate species-level information with very short turnaround times. AREAS COVERED: Beyond microbe identification, MALDI-TOF MS offers great opportunities for fast strain typing and detection of antimicrobial susceptibility/resistance in both bacterial and fungal organisms...
September 6, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Abdo Alnabulsi, Graeme I Murray
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the common types of cancer that affects a significant proportion of the population and is a major contributor to cancer related mortality. The relatively poor survival rate of CRC could be improved through the identification of clinically useful biomarkers. AREAS COVERED: This review highlights the need for biomarkers and discusses recent proteomics discoveries in the aspects of CRC clinical practice including diagnosis, prognosis, therapy, screening and molecular pathological epidemiology (MPE)...
September 6, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Stefani N Thomas, Hui Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Fen Ning, Xiaolin Wu, Wei Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 27, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"