journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Body Image

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535446/the-importance-of-body-image-concerns-in-overweight-and-normal-weight-individuals-with-binge-eating-disorder
#1
Angelina Yiu, Susan M Murray, Jean M Arlt, Kalina T Eneva, Eunice Y Chen
Body image concerns in binge eating disorder (BED) have been examined almost exclusively in overweight individuals with BED. The current study extends past research by including overweight and normal weight BED and non-BED groups to assess the multifactorial construct of body image using subscales of the Eating Disorder Examination 16.0 (EDE-16.0) and a Body Comparison Task. Independent of weight status and when controlling for age and race, women with BED are distinguished from those without BED by significantly greater overvaluation of shape and weight on the EDE-16...
May 20, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535445/correlates-of-muscle-dysmorphia-symptomatology-in-natural-bodybuilders-distinguishing-factors-in-the-pursuit-of-hyper-muscularity
#2
Lachlan Mitchell, Stuart B Murray, Matthew Hoon, Daniel Hackett, Tania Prvan, Helen O'Connor
Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is characterized by the pathological pursuit of muscularity and leanness, which includes eating- and exercise-related practices. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify correlations of MD symptomatology in natural bodybuilders. An online survey assessing diet, supplementation and training practices, and MD and eating disorder symptoms was completed by male bodybuilders with recent experience competing in a drug-tested competition. Sixty participants (age 29.6±7.1 years) completed the survey...
May 20, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456058/-warning-this-image-has-been-digitally-altered-the-effect-of-disclaimer-labels-added-to-fashion-magazine-shoots-on-women-s-body-dissatisfaction
#3
Marika Tiggemann, Zoe Brown, Mia Zaccardo, Nicole Thomas
The present experiment aimed to investigate the impact of the addition of disclaimer labels to fashion magazine shoots on women's body dissatisfaction. Participants were 320 female undergraduate students who viewed fashion shoots containing a thin and attractive model with no disclaimer label, or a small, large, or very large disclaimer label, or product images. Although thin-ideal fashion shoot images resulted in greater body dissatisfaction than product images, there was no significant effect of disclaimer label...
April 26, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432966/risk-for-eating-disorders-modulates-interpretation-bias-in-a-semantic-priming-task
#4
Kaylee Misener, Maya Libben
The current study used a semantic priming paradigm to investigate the presence of implicit interpretation biases for food and body shape words among 118 undergraduate females. Reaction times (RTs) were recorded while participants made lexical decisions (i.e., word vs. non-word judgments) to lexical targets that were preceded by negatively valenced eating disorder related (e.g., fat-PIZZA), eating disorder unrelated (e.g., party-PIZZA), or semantically unrelated (e.g., umbrella-PIZZA) prime words. Self-reported eating disorder traits were assessed using the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), and the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE-Q 6...
April 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414994/adapting-the-body-appreciation-scale-2-for-children-a-psychometric-analysis-of-the-bas-2c
#5
Emma Halliwell, Hannah Jarman, Tracy Tylka, Amy Slater
Positive body image among adults is related to numerous indicators of well-being. However, no research has explored body appreciation among children. To facilitate our understanding of children's positive body image, the current study adapts and validates the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015a) for use with children. Three hundred and forty-four children (54.4% girls) aged 9-11 completed the adapted Body Appreciation Scale-2 for Children (BAS-2C) alongside measures of body esteem, media influence, body surveillance, mood, and dieting...
April 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411472/thin-and-sexy-vs-muscular-and-dominant-prevalence-of-gendered-body-ideals-in-popular-dolls-and-action-figures
#6
Hope Boyd, Sarah K Murnen
We examined the extent to which popular dolls and action figures were portrayed with gendered body proportions, and the extent to which these gendered ideals were associated with heterosexual "success." We coded internet depictions of 72 popular female dolls and 71 popular male action figures from the websites of three national stores in the United States. Sixty-two percent of dolls had a noticeably thin body, while 42.3% of action figures had noticeably muscular bodies. Further, more thin dolls were portrayed with more sex object features than less thin dolls, including revealing, tight clothing and high-heeled shoes; bodies positioned with a curved spine, bent knee, and head cant; and with a sexually appealing facial expression...
April 12, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365534/performance-or-appearance-young-female-sport-participants-body-negotiations
#7
Carolina Lunde, Kristina Holmqvist Gattario
The aim of this qualitative study was to examine young female sport participants' experiences and thoughts in terms of sport, their bodies, and social appearance norms. Six focus groups with female sport participants (N=25) from Sweden were conducted. Participants raised many positive experiences in relation to their sport participation, but they also witnessed a conflict in the intersection between the culture within their sport (emphasizing physical performance) and the culture outside their sport (emphasizing physical appearance)...
March 30, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329716/-i-ll-do-anything-to-maintain-my-health-how-women-aged-65-94-perceive-experience-and-cope-with-their-aging-bodies
#8
Erica V Bennett, Laura Hurd Clarke, Kent C Kowalski, Peter R E Crocker
We explored how physically active women perceived, experienced, and coped with their aging bodies, and examined their perceptions of the utility of self-compassion to manage aging body-related changes. Findings from a thematic analysis of interviews with 21 women aged 65-94 revealed that they were appreciative of how their bodies worked and accepting of their physical limitations, yet concurrently critical of their body's functionality and appearance. Participants engaged in physical activity and healthy eating to maintain their health and body functionality, yet also used diet, hair styling, anti-aging creams, makeup, physical activity, and clothing to manage their appearances...
March 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315810/trappings-of-femininity-a-test-of-the-beauty-as-currency-hypothesis-in-shaping-college-women-s-gender-activism
#9
Rachel M Calogero, Tracy L Tylka, Lois C Donnelly, Amber McGetrick, Andrea Medrano Leger
This study investigated whether believing beauty is a primary currency for women operates as an antecedent force in the relation between self-objectification and gender activism. Ninety-four ethnically diverse women attending a small liberal arts college in the southeastern United States completed the study questionnaires online for course credit. Preliminary results demonstrated beauty as currency belief, self-objectification, and support for the gender status quo were negatively associated with gender activism...
March 17, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286330/effects-of-the-exposure-to-self-and-other-referential-bodies-on-state-body-image-and-negative-affect-in-resistance-trained-men
#10
Martin Cordes, Silja Vocks, Rainer Düsing, Manuel Waldorf
Previous body image research suggests that first, exposure to body stimuli can negatively affect men's body satisfaction and second, body concerns are associated with dysfunctional gaze behavior. To date, however, the effects of self- vs. other-referential body stimuli and of gaze behavior on body image in men under exposure conditions have not been investigated. Therefore, 49 weight-trained men were presented with pictures of their own and other bodies of different builds (i.e., normal, muscular, hyper-muscular) while being eye-tracked...
March 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285178/two-sides-of-the-same-coin-a-new-instrument-to-assess-body-checking-and-avoidance-behaviors-in-eating-disorders
#11
Tanja Legenbauer, Franziska Martin, Ariane Blaschke, Anne Schwenzfeier, Jens Blechert, Katja Schnicker
Body checking (BC) and avoidance behaviors (BA) are the dominant behavioral features of body image disturbances (BID) that characterize most individuals with eating disorders (EDs). Whereas BC can be reliably assessed, a valid assessment tool for BA is lacking, preventing an adequate assessment of BID differences across different EDs (anorexia nervosa, AN; bulimia nervosa, BN; binge eating disorder, BED). A total of 310 women with EDs and 112 nonclinical controls completed measures of BC-, BA- and ED-related symptoms...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285177/love-me-tinder-body-image-and-psychosocial-functioning-among-men-and-women
#12
Jessica Strubel, Trent A Petrie
Based on objectification theory, we examined the main effects of Tinder use, and its interaction with gender, in relation to men's and women's body image concerns, internalization processes, and self-esteem. Tinder users (men=31; women=69) and non-users (men=203; women=844) anonymously completed measures via an online survey. Through a series of ANCOVAs, with BMI and age as covariates, Tinder users, regardless of gender, reported significantly lower levels of satisfaction with face and body and higher levels of internalization, appearance comparisons, and body shame and surveillance than non-users...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285176/negative-body-image-and-eating-disorder-symptomatology-among-young-women-identifying-with-goth-subculture
#13
Viren Swami
The present study compared the rates of negative body image and risk for disordered eating in young women who identify as part of goth subculture and a matched sample. Participants were 80 women who identified as part of goth subculture and a matched sample of 82 women from London, United Kingdom. Participants completed measures of self-ideal body size discrepancy, body appreciation, appearance investment, and eating disorder symptomatology. Between-group comparisons indicated that goth women reported significantly higher drive for thinness (d=0...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282555/beauty-in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-using-facial-electromyography-to-examine-the-association-between-eating-disorder-symptoms-and-perceptions-of-emaciation-among-undergraduate-women
#14
Dorian R Dodd, Elizabeth A Velkoff, Lauren N Forrest, Lauren M Fussner, April Smith
Thin-ideal internalization, drive for thinness, and over-evaluation of the importance of thinness are associated with eating disorders (EDs). However, little research has examined to what extent perceptions of emaciation are also associated with ED symptoms. In the present study, 80 undergraduate women self-reported on ED symptomatology and perceptions of emaciated, thin, and overweight female bodies. While participants viewed images of these different body types, facial electromyography was used to measure activation of facial muscles associated with disgust reactions...
March 7, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260632/an-examination-of-the-factor-structure-and-sex-invariance-of-a-french-translation-of-the-body-appreciation-scale-2-in-university-students
#15
Sevag Kertechian, Viren Swami
The Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) is a measure of positive body image that has been found that have a one-dimensional factor structure in a number of different cultural groups. Here, we examined the factor structure and sex-based measurement invariance of a French translation of the BAS-2. A total of 652 university students (age M=21.33, SD=3.18) completed a newly-translated French version of the BAS-2. Exploratory factor analyses with a randomly selected split-half subsample revealed that the BAS-2 had a one-dimensional factor structure in both sexes...
March 2, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285175/patient-identified-events-implicated-in-the-development-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#16
Hilary Weingarden, Erin E Curley, Keith D Renshaw, Sabine Wilhelm
Little is known about the causes of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), but researchers have proposed a diathesis-stress model. This study uses a patient-centered approach to identify stressful events to which patients attribute the development of their BDD symptoms. An Internet-recruited sample of 165 adults with BDD participated. A large minority of participants attributed the development of their BDD to a triggering event. Bullying experiences were the most commonly described type of event. Additionally, most events were interpersonal and occurred during grade school or middle school...
June 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212526/can-you-feel-the-body-that-you-see-on-the-relationship-between-interoceptive-accuracy-and-body-image
#17
Giorgia Zamariola, Flavia Cardini, Emanuel Mian, Andrea Serino, Manos Tsakiris
Interoception and exteroception for body signals are two different ways of perceiving the self: the first from within, the second from outside. We investigated the relationship between Interoceptive Accuracy (IAcc) and external perception of the body and we tested if seeing the body from an external perspective can affect IAcc. Fifty-two healthy female subjects performed a standard heartbeat perception task to assess the IAcc, before and after the Body Image Revealer (BIR), which is a body perception task designed to assess the different aspects of body-image...
March 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193554/-i-just-feel-so-guilty-the-role-of-introjected-regulation-in-linking-appearance-goals-for-exercise-with-women-s-body-image
#18
Megan Hurst, Helga Dittmar, Robin Banerjee, Rod Bond
Appearance goals for exercise are consistently associated with negative body image, but research has yet to consider the processes that link these two variables. Self-determination theory offers one such process: introjected (guilt-based) regulation of exercise behavior. Study 1 investigated these relationships within a cross-sectional sample of female UK students (n=215, 17-30 years). Appearance goals were indirectly, negatively associated with body image due to links with introjected regulation. Study 2 experimentally tested this pathway, manipulating guilt relating to exercise and appearance goals independently and assessing post-test guilt and body anxiety (n=165, 18-27 years)...
March 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068643/validation-of-the-body-concealment-scale-for-scleroderma-bcss-replication-in-the-scleroderma-patient-centered-intervention-network-spin-cohort
#19
Lisa R Jewett, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie-Eve Carrier, Vanessa L Malcarne, Diana Harcourt, Nichola Rumsey, Maureen D Mayes, Shervin Assassi, Annett Körner, Rina S Fox, Shadi Gholizadeh, Sarah D Mills, Catherine Fortune, Brett D Thombs
Body concealment is an important component of appearance distress for individuals with disfiguring conditions, including scleroderma. The objective was to replicate the validation study of the Body Concealment Scale for Scleroderma (BCSS) among 897 scleroderma patients. The factor structure of the BCSS was evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis and the Multiple-Indicator Multiple-Cause model examined differential item functioning of SWAP items for sex and age. Internal consistency reliability was assessed via Cronbach's alpha...
March 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012302/is-the-yoga-bod-the-new-skinny-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-mainstream-yoga-lifestyle-magazine-covers
#20
Jennifer B Webb, Erin R Vinoski, Jan Warren-Findlow, Meagan P Padro, Elizabeth N Burris, Elizabeth M Suddreth
As yoga has gained popularity in Western culture, concerns have been raised about its increased commercialization and assimilation into the predominantly appearance-focused exercise and fitness culture. In this context, the present study examined the physical appearance-related characteristics (e.g., race/ethnicity, body size, shape, objectifying apparel) of 142 female models and the media frames of 567 captions (e.g., commercialism, body competence, health, weight/physical appearance) featured on the covers of three Westernized yoga lifestyle magazines published between 2010-2015...
March 2017: Body Image
journal
journal
40731
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"