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Body Image

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226304/positive-comments-negative-outcomes-the-potential-downsides-of-appearance-related-commentary-in-ethnically-diverse-women
#1
Sylvia Herbozo, Steven D Stevens, Christina P Moldovan, Holly E R Morrell
Although research has shown that appearance-related commentary influences body dissatisfaction and disordered eating, limited research has studied such commentary among ethnically diverse women. The current study examined ethnic group differences in the frequency and impact of appearance-related commentary and associations with body dissatisfaction and eating disorder psychopathology. Participants included 280 undergraduate women aged 18-25 (56.1% European American, 28.6% African American, and 15.3% Latina American)...
February 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226303/got-yoga-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-thematic-content-and-models-appearance-related-attributes-in-advertisements-spanning-four-decades-of-yoga-journal
#2
Erin Vinoski, Jennifer B Webb, Jan Warren-Findlow, Kirstyn A Brewer, Katheryn A Kiffmeyer
Yoga has become an increasingly common health practice among U.S. adults over the past decade. With this growth in popularity, yoga-related print media have been criticized for shifting away from yoga's traditional philosophies and promoting a thin, lean ideal physique representing the "yoga body." The purpose of this study was to (a) analyze the presence and content of advertisements over the 40-year publication history of Yoga Journal magazine and (b) explore female advertisement models' socio-demographic and appearance-related attributes over time...
February 16, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212526/can-you-feel-the-body-that-you-see-on-the-relationship-between-interoceptive-accuracy-and-body-image
#3
Giorgia Zamariola, Flavia Cardini, Emanuel Mian, Andrea Serino, Manos Tsakiris
Interoception and exteroception for body signals are two different ways of perceiving the self: the first from within, the second from outside. We investigated the relationship between Interoceptive Accuracy (IAcc) and external perception of the body and we tested if seeing the body from an external perspective can affect IAcc. Fifty-two healthy female subjects performed a standard heartbeat perception task to assess the IAcc, before and after the Body Image Revealer (BIR), which is a body perception task designed to assess the different aspects of body-image...
February 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193554/-i-just-feel-so-guilty-the-role-of-introjected-regulation-in-linking-appearance-goals-for-exercise-with-women-s-body-image
#4
Megan Hurst, Helga Dittmar, Robin Banerjee, Rod Bond
Appearance goals for exercise are consistently associated with negative body image, but research has yet to consider the processes that link these two variables. Self-determination theory offers one such process: introjected (guilt-based) regulation of exercise behavior. Study 1 investigated these relationships within a cross-sectional sample of female UK students (n=215, 17-30 years). Appearance goals were indirectly, negatively associated with body image due to links with introjected regulation. Study 2 experimentally tested this pathway, manipulating guilt relating to exercise and appearance goals independently and assessing post-test guilt and body anxiety (n=165, 18-27 years)...
February 10, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161660/everyone-else-is-doing-it-i-think-the-power-of-perception-in-fat-talk
#5
Courtney B Rogers, Denise M Martz, Rose Mary Webb, Amy T Galloway
Fat talk (FT) involves critiquing one's own appearance in social conversations. Although peers are known to prompt FT behavior, there has been little exploration of the influence of mothers and research has not distinguished between self-reported FT and perceptions of FT. This study addresses this research gap by investigating the relationships between participants' FT and corresponding FT of both self-reported and perceived FT of their mothers and friends. A sample of 120 undergraduate women, along with their mothers and friends, reported their FT behavior...
February 2, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129572/intergenerational-transmission-of-disordered-eating-direct-and-indirect-maternal-communication-among-grandmothers-mothers-and-daughters
#6
Analisa Arroyo, Chris Segrin, Kristin K Andersen
The current study explored disordered eating (i.e., dieting, bulimia and food preoccupation, and oral control) among grandmothers, their daughters, and their granddaughters, and also explored specific direct (i.e., maternal commentary) and indirect (i.e., maternal modeling) communication behaviors as mechanisms by which disordered eating is intergenerationally transmitted. A sample of 242 grandmother-mother-daughter triads provided self-reports of their own disordered eating and perceptions of their mothers' weight-related behaviors...
January 24, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068643/validation-of-the-body-concealment-scale-for-scleroderma-bcss-replication-in-the-scleroderma-patient-centered-intervention-network-spin-cohort
#7
Lisa R Jewett, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie-Eve Carrier, Vanessa L Malcarne, Diana Harcourt, Nichola Rumsey, Maureen D Mayes, Shervin Assassi, Annett K├Ârner, Rina S Fox, Shadi Gholizadeh, Sarah D Mills, Catherine Fortune, Brett D Thombs
Body concealment is an important component of appearance distress for individuals with disfiguring conditions, including scleroderma. The objective was to replicate the validation study of the Body Concealment Scale for Scleroderma (BCSS) among 897 scleroderma patients. The factor structure of the BCSS was evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis and the Multiple-Indicator Multiple-Cause model examined differential item functioning of SWAP items for sex and age. Internal consistency reliability was assessed via Cronbach's alpha...
January 6, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012302/is-the-yoga-bod-the-new-skinny-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-mainstream-yoga-lifestyle-magazine-covers
#8
Jennifer B Webb, Erin R Vinoski, Jan Warren-Findlow, Meagan P Padro, Elizabeth N Burris, Elizabeth M Suddreth
As yoga has gained popularity in Western culture, concerns have been raised about its increased commercialization and assimilation into the predominantly appearance-focused exercise and fitness culture. In this context, the present study examined the physical appearance-related characteristics (e.g., race/ethnicity, body size, shape, objectifying apparel) of 142 female models and the media frames of 567 captions (e.g., commercialism, body competence, health, weight/physical appearance) featured on the covers of three Westernized yoga lifestyle magazines published between 2010-2015...
December 22, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006714/-skinny-is-prettier-and-normal-i-want-to-be-normal-perceived-body-image-of-non-western-ethnic-minority-children-in-the-netherlands
#9
Jolanda Veldhuis, Fam Te Poel, Rian Pepping, Elly A Konijn, Marloes L C Spekman
While the prevalence of overweight and obesity is higher among children of some non-Western ethnic minorities than among their Caucasian counterparts, their body image is understudied. The current study examined the body image of Dutch children of non-Western ethnic minorities (i.e., Surinamese, Antillean, Moroccan, and Turkish). Sociocultural influences from school, media and home environments and their perceptions of overweight prevention programs were taken into account. Fifty-two non-Western ethnic minority children (aged 8-12 years) participated in semi-structured interviews and focus groups...
December 19, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987417/sketching-people-prospective-investigations-of-the-impact-of-life-drawing-on-body-image
#10
Viren Swami
Three studies were conducted to establish the extent to which life drawing is effective at promoting positive body image. Study 1 (N=84 women) showed that life drawing had a positive impact on state body image, but only if artists observed a human model and not non-human objects. Study 2 (N=61 women, 61 men) showed that life drawing had a positive impact on state body image for women and men, irrespective of whether artists observed a sex-congruent or -incongruent model. Study 3 (N=23) showed that participating in weekly life drawing sessions for a 6-week period resulted in significantly elevated trait positive body image (body appreciation and body pride) and embodiment, and in reduced social physique anxiety; however, the intervention had no significant impact on negative body image (drive for thinness or muscularity)...
December 14, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936410/body-image-and-emotional-distress-in-newly-diagnosed-cancer-patients-the-mediating-role-of-dysfunctional-attitudes-and-rumination
#11
Jianlin Liu, Chao Xu Peh, Rathi Mahendran
Body image concerns (BIC) has been reported to be associated with emotional distress for cancers across various sites. This study sought to examine two cognitive vulnerability mechanisms: dysfunctional attitudes and rumination, and their combined effects on the relationship between BIC and emotional distress in newly diagnosed Asian cancer patients. Participants were 221 newly diagnosed adult cancer patients who were assessed on BIC, rumination, dysfunctional attitudes, and emotional distress. Path analysis was used to examine the hypothesized mediation model...
December 6, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936409/is-body-shame-a-significant-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-mindfulness-skills-and-the-quality-of-life-of-treatment-seeking-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#12
Helena Moreira, Maria Cristina Canavarro
This study aimed to examine (a) whether mindfulness skills were associated with higher quality of life through lower body shame for treatment-seeking children/adolescents with overweight and obesity and (b) whether this indirect effect was moderated by children/adolescents' age and gender. The sample included 153 children/adolescents with overweight/obesity followed in individual nutrition consultations. Participants completed self-report measures of mindfulness, body shame, and quality of life. Moderated mediation analyses showed that higher levels of mindfulness were associated with better perceived quality of life through lower body shame, but only among girls...
December 6, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912194/a-model-driven-approach-to-studying-dissociations-between-body-size-mental-representations-in-anorexia-nervosa
#13
Anne-Laure Moscone, Michel-Ange Amorim, Christine Le Scanff, Pascale Leconte
This study compared dissociations between mental representations of current, ideal and normal body sizes (i.e., Current BS, Ideal BS and Normal BS) for women with anorexia nervosa (AN group, n=56) and healthy women (control group, n=56). Along the lines of the single channel model of Cornelissen et al. (2013), the discrepancy between Current BS and BMI for both groups was adequately described along a common linear continuum of Current BS (mis)perception. Body size mental representations were ranked similarly (Ideal BS<Current BS<Normal BS) in each group...
November 29, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907812/the-impact-of-appearance-comparisons-made-through-social-media-traditional-media-and-in-person-in-women-s-everyday-lives
#14
Jasmine Fardouly, Rebecca T Pinkus, Lenny R Vartanian
Appearance comparisons are an important sociocultural factor influencing women's body image. These comparisons can occur in different contexts (e.g., through magazines, social media, in person). However, little is known about the frequency and outcome of appearance comparisons made in different contexts in women's everyday lives. Using Ecological Momentary Assessment methods, female undergraduate students (n=146) completed a brief online survey at random times every day for 5 days. They reported the frequency, direction (upward, lateral, downward), and context of appearance comparisons, and also reported their appearance satisfaction, mood, and diet and exercise thoughts and behaviors...
November 28, 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821295/an-attentional-bias-for-thin-bodies-and-its-relation-to-body-dissatisfaction
#15
Christina Joseph, Vanessa LoBue, Luis M Rivera, Jennifer Irving, Sarah Savoy, Maggie Shiffrar
Research suggests that humans have an attentional bias for the rapid detection of emotionally valenced stimuli, and that such a bias might be shaped by clinical psychological states. The current research extends this work to examine the relation between body dissatisfaction and an attentional bias for thin/idealized body shapes. Across two experiments, undergraduates completed a gender-consistent body dissatisfaction measure, and a dot-probe paradigm to measure attentional biases for thin versus heavy bodies...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816033/hispanic-maternal-influences-on-daughters-unhealthy-weight-control-behaviors-the-role-of-maternal-acculturation-adiposity-and-body-image-disturbances
#16
Norma Olvera, Molly R Matthews-Ewald, Kendall McCarley, Rhonda Scherer, Alexandria Posada
This study examined whether maternal adiposity, acculturation, and perceived-ideal body size discrepancy for daughters were associated with daughters' engagement in unhealthy weight control behaviors. A total of 97 Hispanic mother-daughter dyads completed surveys, rated a figure scale, and had their height, weight, and adiposity assessed. Mothers (Mage=39.00, SD=6.20 years) selected larger ideal body sizes for their daughters (Mage=11.12, SD=1.53 years) than their daughters selected for themselves. Mothers had a smaller difference between their perception of their daughters' body size and ideal body size compared to the difference between their daughters' selection of their perceived and ideal body size...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816032/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-state-version-of-the-body-appreciation-scale-2
#17
Kristin J Homan
Body appreciation is an important construct in the growing area of positive body image. It is often assessed with the recently revised Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015) and regarded as a trait-level variable. In light of the growing research interest in positive body image, there is a need for a validated measure of body appreciation that is sensitive to fluctuations in body appreciation; thus, the present study examined the factor structure and psychometric properties of a state version of the BAS-2 (SBAS-2)...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816031/the-benefits-of-being-self-compassionate-on-days-when-interactions-with-body-focused-others-are-frequent
#18
Allison C Kelly, Kathryn E Miller, Elizabeth Stephen
We examined whether a woman's level of self-compassion on a given day (within-persons) and over a week (between-persons) influenced her eating, body image, and affect in the face of frequent daily and/or weekly interactions with body-focused others. For seven nights, 92 female undergraduates reported on their daily social interactions, self-compassion, body image, eating, and affect. On days when women were less self-compassionate than usual, frequent interactions with body-focused others were associated with more body image concerns and negative affect, and less body appreciation and intuitive eating...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776304/trajectories-of-body-dissatisfaction-among-south-korean-youth-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#19
Jeong Jin Yu
The present study aimed to identify qualitatively different classes of growth trajectories of body dissatisfaction and to investigate the antecedents associated with the classes. The survey included a nationally representative sample of 2844 Korean children who started Grade 4 (younger cohort) and 3449 adolescents who began Grade 8 (older cohort) at baseline. Participants completed self-report surveys across five or six measurement periods separated by 1year each. General growth mixture modeling was used and results revealed several distinct longitudinal patterns...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768987/parental-child-and-adolescent-experience-of-chronic-skin-conditions-a-meta-ethnography-and-review-of-the-qualitative-literature
#20
REVIEW
Kate Ablett, Andrew R Thompson
Childhood skin conditions can affect the quality of life of children, adolescents, and families. As such, paediatric dermatological conditions have been the focus of a number of qualitative studies and there is now a need to integrate the findings. A meta-ethnography was carried out with the existing 12 studies, which included nine studies examining parental experiences and three studies of child experiences. Meta-ethnographic analysis of the studies identified themes focused on the child's sense of stigmatisation and the challenges for families that arose from this...
December 2016: Body Image
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