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Body Image

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153724/body-image-a-joyous-journey
#1
EDITORIAL
Thomas F Cash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132044/exposure-to-thin-ideal-media-affect-most-but-not-all-women-results-from-the-perceived-effects-of-media-exposure-scale-and-open-ended-responses
#2
David A Frederick, Elizabeth A Daniels, Morgan E Bates, Tracy L Tylka
Findings conflict as to whether thin-ideal media affect women's body satisfaction. Meta-analyses of experimental studies reveal small or null effects, but many women endorse appearance-related media pressure in surveys. Using a novel approach, two samples of women (Ns=656, 770) were exposed to bikini models, fashion models, or control conditions and reported the effects of the images their body image. Many women reported the fashion/bikini models made them feel worse about their stomachs (57%, 64%), weight (50%, 56%), waist (50%, 56%), overall appearance (50%, 56%), muscle tone (46%, 52%), legs (45%, 48%), thighs (40%, 49%), buttocks (40%, 43%), and hips (40%, 46%)...
November 10, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055773/the-relationship-between-facebook-and-instagram-appearance-focused-activities-and-body-image-concerns-in-young-women
#3
Rachel Cohen, Toby Newton-John, Amy Slater
The present study aimed to identify the specific social networking sites (SNS) features that relate to body image concerns in young women. A total of 259 women aged 18-29years completed questionnaire measures of SNS use (Facebook and Instagram) and body image concerns. It was found that appearance-focused SNS use, rather than overall SNS use, was related to body image concerns in young women. Specifically, greater engagement in photo activities on Facebook, but not general Facebook use, was associated with greater thin-ideal internalisation and body surveillance...
October 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055772/exploring-the-relationship-between-appearance-contingent-self-worth-and-self-esteem-the-roles-of-self-objectification-and-appearance-anxiety
#4
Katherine E Adams, James M Tyler, Rachel Calogero, Jenifer Lee
Previous work has shown that both an appearance-contingent self-worth (i.e., staking one's overall self-evaluation on one's physical appearance) and self-objectification are associated with higher appearance anxiety and lower self-esteem among women. Although prior evidence separately links both appearance-contingent self-worth and self-objectification to these negative outcomes, no work has examined the mediating processes that may underlie this relationship. With the current project, we examined the relationship between appearance-contingent self-worth and self-objectification, and the degree to which this relationship is associated with higher appearance anxiety and lower overall self-esteem...
October 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055237/mechanisms-of-action-during-a-dissonance-based-intervention-through-14-month-follow-up-the-roles-of-body-shame-and-body-surveillance
#5
Lisa S Kilpela, Katherine E Schaumberg, Lindsey B Hopkins, Carolyn B Becker
Objectification theory posits that internalization of societal perspectives about the female body leads to increased body surveillance, which can result in body-related shame and subsequent eating disorder (ED) behaviors. Preliminary research indicates that these associations may be complex in nature. This study examined temporal relations among body surveillance, body shame, and eating disorder symptoms in the context of a dissonance-based body image intervention and through 14-month follow-up. College women (N=285) completed assessments at baseline, post-intervention, and at 8-week, 8-month, and 14-month follow-up...
October 18, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054091/early-adolescents-body-dysmorphic-symptoms-as-compensatory-responses-to-parental-appearance-messages-and-appearance-based-rejection-sensitivity
#6
Kelly Densham, Haley J Webb, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Drew Nesdale, Geraldine Downey
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is marked by high distress and behavioral and functional impairments due to preoccupation with perceived appearance anomalies. Our aim was to examine parental correlates of offspring's symptoms characteristic of BDD, testing both direct associations and indirect associations via appearance-based rejection sensitivity (appearance-RS). Surveys were completed by 302 Australian adolescents (9-14 years) and their parents. Findings indicated parents' weight and appearance teasing and child-report (but not parent-report) of parental negative attitudes about weight and appearance were uniquely associated with offspring's heightened BDD-like symptoms, and associations were partially indirect via adolescents' appearance-RS...
October 17, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035748/body-dissatisfaction-predicts-poor-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-adherence-in-overweight-mexican-american-women
#7
Julia L Austin, Kelsey N Serier, Ruth E Sarafin, Jane Ellen Smith
Poor adherence poses a major barrier to the success of behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs, particularly for overweight Mexican American women. Given the high prevalence and costs of overweight/obesity, factors that contribute to attendance and adherence problems should be identified, especially in ethnic minority populations. The current study examined the role of pre-treatment body dissatisfaction and depression in predicting attendance and adherence in a BWL intervention. Ninety-nine overweight/obese Mexican American women enrolled in the intervention and completed baseline measures...
October 13, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031097/the-tall-and-the-short-of-it-an-investigation-of-height-ideals-height-preferences-height-dissatisfaction-heightism-and-height-related-quality-of-life-impairment-among-sexual-minority-men
#8
Scott Griffiths, Stuart B Murray, Aimee Medeiros, Aaron J Blashill
Human height has attracted empirical interest from a variety of psychological perspectives. However, little research has explored height from the perspective of sexual minority men, inclusive of their height beliefs, height preferences, height dissatisfaction, experiences of heightism, and height-related quality of life impairment. We explored these height variables in 2733 sexual minority men who completed a survey distributed nationwide to Australian and New Zealander users of geosocial-networking smartphone applications...
October 11, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992582/fat-or-fiction-effects-of-body-size-eating-pathology-and-sex-upon-the-body-schema-of-an-undergraduate-population
#9
Sophie J Wignall, Nicole A Thomas, Michael E R Nicholls
Although there is a growing consensus that women with anorexia nervosa have a distorted body schema, the origins of this disturbance remain uncertain. The present investigation examined the effects of body size, eating pathology, and sex upon the body schema of an at-risk, undergraduate population. In Study 1, 98 participants mentally simulated their passage through apertures. When aperture width was manipulated, narrow and broad women over- and under-estimated their spatial requirements for passage, respectively...
October 6, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988064/positive-appearance-and-functionality-reflections-can-improve-body-satisfaction-but-do-not-protect-against-idealised-media-exposure
#10
Kate E Mulgrew, Nicole L Stalley, Marika Tiggemann
We tested the effectiveness of a positive appearance or functionality reflective writing task on women's body satisfaction and whether these writing task reflections offered any protective advantage when exposed to idealised imagery. Young adult women (N=230; Mage=23years) wrote about positive elements of either their appearance or their body's functionality, and then were exposed to images of scenery, or thin and attractive models presented in posed or active form. Direction and amount of social comparison were also examined...
October 5, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965052/-i-don-t-need-people-to-tell-me-i-m-pretty-on-social-media-a-qualitative-study-of-social-media-and-body-image-in-early-adolescent-girls
#11
C Blair Burnette, Melissa A Kwitowski, Suzanne E Mazzeo
Social media appear to contribute to body dissatisfaction in adolescents, although few empirical studies exist. This study used six focus groups (total N=38) to explore relations between social media use and body image in early adolescent girls (ages 12-14). Thematic analysis identified patterns in the data. In this sample, social media use was high. Girls endorsed some appearance concerns and social comparison, particularly with peers. However, they displayed high media literacy, appreciation of differences, and confidence, strategies that appeared helpful in mitigating the potential negative association between social media exposure and body image...
September 28, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965051/is-use-of-social-networking-sites-associated-with-young-women-s-body-dissatisfaction-and-disordered-eating-a-look-at-black-white-racial-differences
#12
Lindsay M Howard, Kristin E Heron, Rachel I MacIntyre, Taryn A Myers, Robin S Everhart
Maladaptive patterns of social networking site (SNS) use, such as excessive reassurance seeking, are associated with body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. However, it is unclear how these processes play out among different racial groups. This study examined racial differences in SNS use and body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Black (n=445) and White (n=477) female undergraduates completed online measures of SNS use (frequency and reassurance seeking), body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating...
September 28, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938226/does-body-talk-improve-body-satisfaction-among-same-sex-couples
#13
Charlotte H Markey, Meghan M Gillen, Kristin J August, Patrick M Markey, Christopher S Nave
Research suggests the important role of romantic partners in shaping how individuals feel about their bodies (e.g., Markey & Markey, 2013, 2014), but the processes that result in changes in body satisfaction within relationships have rarely been examined. To investigate how partners may potentially affect body image, 72 lesbian couples and 72 gay male couples (total N=288) completed body image assessments on their own and with the help of their partners. Multilevel modeling revealed that both men and women reported an improvement in body satisfaction after talking with their partners while completing the body image assessment together...
September 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917215/a-pilot-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-dissonance-based-body-dissatisfaction-intervention-with-young-british-men
#14
Glen S Jankowski, Phillippa C Diedrichs, Melissa J Atkinson, Helen Fawkner, Brendan Gough, Emma Halliwell
This pilot study evaluated a body image intervention for men, Body Project M. Seventy-four British undergraduate men took part in two 90-min intervention sessions, and completed standardised assessments of body image, bulimic pathology, and related outcomes at baseline, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up. Fifty-three other men completed the questionnaires as an assessment-only control group. Per-protocol analysis showed that Body Project M improved men's dissatisfaction with body fat and muscularity, body appreciation, muscularity enhancing behaviours, appearance comparisons, and internalization (ds=0...
September 13, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886394/challenging-fat-talk-an-experimental-investigation-of-reactions-to-body-disparaging-conversations
#15
Suman Ambwani, Megan Baumgardner, Cai Guo, Lea Simms, Emily Abromowitz
Although "fat talk" is associated with increased eating disorder risk, the predictors of fat talk engagement and viable alternatives to these pervasive conversations remain unclear. The current experiment examined responses to fat talk versus feminist-oriented challenging fat talk scenarios. Undergraduate women (N=283) completed baseline questionnaires assessing body dissatisfaction, fat talk engagement, and positive impression management. One week later, they were randomized to view one of the two scenarios, followed by assessment of mood, fat talk engagement, social acceptability, and social likeability...
September 5, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886393/body-checking-is-associated-with-weight-and-body-related-shame-and-weight-and-body-related-guilt-among-men-and-women
#16
Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston
This study examined whether body checking was a correlate of weight- and body-related shame and guilt for men and women. Participants were 537 adults (386 women) between the ages of 17 and 74 (Mage=28.29, SD=14.63). Preliminary analyses showed women reported significantly more body-checking (p<.001), weight- and body-related shame (p<.001), and weight- and body-related guilt (p<.001) than men. In sex-stratified hierarchical linear regression models, body checking was significantly and positively associated with weight- and body-related shame (R(2)=...
September 5, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886392/how-do-you-define-body-image-exploring-conceptual-gaps-in-understandings-of-body-image-at-an-exercise-facility
#17
K Alysse Bailey, Kimberley L Gammage, Cathy van Ingen
The definition of body image has evolved within research; however, less is known about the layperson's understanding of the construct. This study explored how members and student trainees of an exercise facility (designed for older adults, people with physical disability, and those with cardiac complications) defined body image. Nineteen participants completed a one-on-one interview, and seven of those participants took part in six additional focus group meetings. The following main themes were found: stereotypical assumptions about body image (e...
September 5, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863282/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-romanian-translation-of-the-body-appreciation-scale-2
#18
Viren Swami, Otilia Tudorel, Cosmin Goian, David Barron, Mona Vintila
We examined the psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the 10-item Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2). A total of 453 university students from Romania completed the BAS-2, along with measures of disordered eating, self-esteem, satisfaction with life, and subjective happiness. In addition, a separate sample of university students (N=109) completed only the BAS-2 at two time-points three weeks apart. Principal-axis factor analysis indicated that BAS-2 scores had a one-dimensional factor structure in both women and men...
August 29, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697410/the-effect-of-interpersonal-rejection-on-attentional-biases-regarding-thin-ideal-and-non-thin-images-the-moderating-role-of-body-weight-and-shape-based-self-worth
#19
Elizabeth Rieger, Ashleigh Dolan, Brittany Thomas, Jason Bell
Interpersonal dysfunction and weight/shape-based self-worth have been implicated as key constructs for eating disorders, although the relationship between these two concepts is under-researched. This study investigated the moderating role of weight/shape-based self-worth in terms of the impact of interpersonal rejection on attentional bias regarding thin-ideal and non-thin images. Participants were 94 females without an eating disorder, who were exposed to either interpersonal rejection or acceptance (using the Cyberball paradigm), and subsequently assessed in terms of their attentional biases regarding thin-ideal and non-thin images...
September 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605685/adopting-a-dyadic-perspective-to-better-understand-the-association-between-physical-attractiveness-and-dieting-motivations-and-behaviors
#20
Tania Reynolds, Andrea L Meltzer
The relationship between women's objective physical attractiveness and their dieting motivations and behaviors may depend upon their social environment-specifically, their romantic partners' attractiveness-such that less attractive women with more attractive partners may be particularly motivated to diet. Theoretically, men's dieting motivations should not depend on their partners' attractiveness. We tested this possibility using a sample of 223 U.S. newlywed spouses. After completing measures assessing dieting motivations, each participant was photographed; we used those photographs to code spouses' objective facial and body attractiveness...
September 2017: Body Image
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