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Body Image

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624756/fat-is-fashionable-and-fit-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-fatspiration-and-health-at-every-size-%C3%A2-instagram-images
#1
Jennifer B Webb, Erin R Vinoski, Adrienne S Bonar, Alexandria E Davies, Lena Etzel
In step with the proliferation of Thinspiration and Fitspiration content disseminated in popular web-based media, the fat acceptance movement has garnered heightened visibility within mainstream culture via the burgeoning Fatosphere weblog community. The present study extended previous Fatosphere research by comparing the shared and distinct strategies used to represent and motivate a fat-accepting lifestyle among 400 images sourced from Fatspiration- and Health at Every Size(®)-themed hashtags on Instagram...
June 15, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605685/adopting-a-dyadic-perspective-to-better-understand-the-association-between-physical-attractiveness-and-dieting-motivations-and-behaviors
#2
Tania Reynolds, Andrea L Meltzer
The relationship between women's objective physical attractiveness and their dieting motivations and behaviors may depend upon their social environment-specifically, their romantic partners' attractiveness-such that less attractive women with more attractive partners may be particularly motivated to diet. Theoretically, men's dieting motivations should not depend on their partners' attractiveness. We tested this possibility using a sample of 223 U.S. newlywed spouses. After completing measures assessing dieting motivations, each participant was photographed; we used those photographs to code spouses' objective facial and body attractiveness...
June 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601701/repressive-coping-among-british-college-women-a-potential-protective-factor-against-body-image-concerns-drive-for-thinness-and-bulimia-symptoms
#3
Changiz Mohiyeddini
Repressive coping, as a means of preserving a positive self-image, has been widely explored in the context of dealing with self-evaluative cues. The current study extends this research by exploring whether repressive coping is associated with lower levels of body image concerns, drive for thinness, bulimic symptoms, and higher positive rational acceptance. A sample of 229 female college students was recruited in South London. Repressive coping was measured via the interaction between trait anxiety and defensiveness...
June 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570920/body-dissatisfaction-and-associated-factors-among-brazilian-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Ana Carolina Soares Amaral, Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
We conducted a longitudinal investigation of body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys and girls, in order to evaluate the influence of biological, psychological, and sociocultural predictors for body dissatisfaction, and its association with eating disorder symptoms. Validated self-administered scales were selected, thereby assessing the various aspects of body image, symptoms of eating disorders, depression, and self-esteem. Four hundred and ninety-eight adolescents (236 girls) participated in the study. Most of the evaluated outcomes remained stable for over a year...
May 29, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554090/should-women-be-all-about-that-bass-diverse-body-ideal-messages-and-women-s-body-image
#5
Diana E Betz, Laura R Ramsey
While most body image research emphasizes the thin ideal, a wider variety of body-ideal messages pervade U.S. popular culture today, including those promoting athleticism or curves. Two studies assessed women's reactions to messages conveying thin, athletic, and curvy ideals, compared to a control message that emphasized accepting all body types. Study 1 (N=192) surveyed women's responses to these messages and found they perceived body-acceptance and athletic messages most favorably, curvy messages more negatively, and thin messages most negatively...
May 26, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551528/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-spanish-translation-of-the-body-appreciation-scale-2-bas-2
#6
Viren Swami, Antonio Alías García, David Barron
We examined the psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) in a community sample of 411 women and 389 men in Almería, Spain. Participants completed the 10-item BAS-2 along with measures of appearance evaluation, body areas satisfaction, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and self-reported body mass index (BMI). Exploratory factor analyses with one split-half subsample revealed that BAS-2 scores had a one-dimensional factor structure in women and men. Confirmatory factor analysis with a second split-half subsample showed the one-dimensional factor structure had acceptable fit and was invariant across sex...
May 25, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535446/the-importance-of-body-image-concerns-in-overweight-and-normal-weight-individuals-with-binge-eating-disorder
#7
Angelina Yiu, Susan M Murray, Jean M Arlt, Kalina T Eneva, Eunice Y Chen
Body image concerns in binge eating disorder (BED) have been examined almost exclusively in overweight individuals with BED. The current study extends past research by including overweight and normal weight BED and non-BED groups to assess the multifactorial construct of body image using subscales of the Eating Disorder Examination 16.0 (EDE-16.0) and a Body Comparison Task. Independent of weight status and when controlling for age and race, women with BED are distinguished from those without BED by significantly greater overvaluation of shape and weight on the EDE-16...
May 20, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535445/correlates-of-muscle-dysmorphia-symptomatology-in-natural-bodybuilders-distinguishing-factors-in-the-pursuit-of-hyper-muscularity
#8
Lachlan Mitchell, Stuart B Murray, Matthew Hoon, Daniel Hackett, Tania Prvan, Helen O'Connor
Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is characterized by the pathological pursuit of muscularity and leanness, which includes eating- and exercise-related practices. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify correlations of MD symptomatology in natural bodybuilders. An online survey assessing diet, supplementation and training practices, and MD and eating disorder symptoms was completed by male bodybuilders with recent experience competing in a drug-tested competition. Sixty participants (age 29.6±7.1 years) completed the survey...
May 20, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456058/-warning-this-image-has-been-digitally-altered-the-effect-of-disclaimer-labels-added-to-fashion-magazine-shoots-on-women-s-body-dissatisfaction
#9
Marika Tiggemann, Zoe Brown, Mia Zaccardo, Nicole Thomas
The present experiment aimed to investigate the impact of the addition of disclaimer labels to fashion magazine shoots on women's body dissatisfaction. Participants were 320 female undergraduate students who viewed fashion shoots containing a thin and attractive model with no disclaimer label, or a small, large, or very large disclaimer label, or product images. Although thin-ideal fashion shoot images resulted in greater body dissatisfaction than product images, there was no significant effect of disclaimer label...
April 26, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432966/risk-for-eating-disorders-modulates-interpretation-bias-in-a-semantic-priming-task
#10
Kaylee Misener, Maya Libben
The current study used a semantic priming paradigm to investigate the presence of implicit interpretation biases for food and body shape words among 118 undergraduate females. Reaction times (RTs) were recorded while participants made lexical decisions (i.e., word vs. non-word judgments) to lexical targets that were preceded by negatively valenced eating disorder related (e.g., fat-PIZZA), eating disorder unrelated (e.g., party-PIZZA), or semantically unrelated (e.g., umbrella-PIZZA) prime words. Self-reported eating disorder traits were assessed using the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), and the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE-Q 6...
April 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414994/adapting-the-body-appreciation-scale-2-for-children-a-psychometric-analysis-of-the-bas-2c
#11
Emma Halliwell, Hannah Jarman, Tracy Tylka, Amy Slater
Positive body image among adults is related to numerous indicators of well-being. However, no research has explored body appreciation among children. To facilitate our understanding of children's positive body image, the current study adapts and validates the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015a) for use with children. Three hundred and forty-four children (54.4% girls) aged 9-11 completed the adapted Body Appreciation Scale-2 for Children (BAS-2C) alongside measures of body esteem, media influence, body surveillance, mood, and dieting...
April 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411472/thin-and-sexy-vs-muscular-and-dominant-prevalence-of-gendered-body-ideals-in-popular-dolls-and-action-figures
#12
Hope Boyd, Sarah K Murnen
We examined the extent to which popular dolls and action figures were portrayed with gendered body proportions, and the extent to which these gendered ideals were associated with heterosexual "success." We coded internet depictions of 72 popular female dolls and 71 popular male action figures from the websites of three national stores in the United States. Sixty-two percent of dolls had a noticeably thin body, while 42.3% of action figures had noticeably muscular bodies. Further, more thin dolls were portrayed with more sex object features than less thin dolls, including revealing, tight clothing and high-heeled shoes; bodies positioned with a curved spine, bent knee, and head cant; and with a sexually appealing facial expression...
April 12, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365534/performance-or-appearance-young-female-sport-participants-body-negotiations
#13
Carolina Lunde, Kristina Holmqvist Gattario
The aim of this qualitative study was to examine young female sport participants' experiences and thoughts in terms of sport, their bodies, and social appearance norms. Six focus groups with female sport participants (N=25) from Sweden were conducted. Participants raised many positive experiences in relation to their sport participation, but they also witnessed a conflict in the intersection between the culture within their sport (emphasizing physical performance) and the culture outside their sport (emphasizing physical appearance)...
March 30, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285175/patient-identified-events-implicated-in-the-development-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#14
Hilary Weingarden, Erin E Curley, Keith D Renshaw, Sabine Wilhelm
Little is known about the causes of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), but researchers have proposed a diathesis-stress model. This study uses a patient-centered approach to identify stressful events to which patients attribute the development of their BDD symptoms. An Internet-recruited sample of 165 adults with BDD participated. A large minority of participants attributed the development of their BDD to a triggering event. Bullying experiences were the most commonly described type of event. Additionally, most events were interpersonal and occurred during grade school or middle school...
June 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329716/-i-ll-do-anything-to-maintain-my-health-how-women-aged-65-94-perceive-experience-and-cope-with-their-aging-bodies
#15
Erica V Bennett, Laura Hurd Clarke, Kent C Kowalski, Peter R E Crocker
We explored how physically active women perceived, experienced, and coped with their aging bodies, and examined their perceptions of the utility of self-compassion to manage aging body-related changes. Findings from a thematic analysis of interviews with 21 women aged 65-94 revealed that they were appreciative of how their bodies worked and accepting of their physical limitations, yet concurrently critical of their body's functionality and appearance. Participants engaged in physical activity and healthy eating to maintain their health and body functionality, yet also used diet, hair styling, anti-aging creams, makeup, physical activity, and clothing to manage their appearances...
March 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315810/trappings-of-femininity-a-test-of-the-beauty-as-currency-hypothesis-in-shaping-college-women-s-gender-activism
#16
Rachel M Calogero, Tracy L Tylka, Lois C Donnelly, Amber McGetrick, Andrea Medrano Leger
This study investigated whether believing beauty is a primary currency for women operates as an antecedent force in the relation between self-objectification and gender activism. Ninety-four ethnically diverse women attending a small liberal arts college in the southeastern United States completed the study questionnaires online for course credit. Preliminary results demonstrated beauty as currency belief, self-objectification, and support for the gender status quo were negatively associated with gender activism...
March 17, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286330/effects-of-the-exposure-to-self-and-other-referential-bodies-on-state-body-image-and-negative-affect-in-resistance-trained-men
#17
Martin Cordes, Silja Vocks, Rainer Düsing, Manuel Waldorf
Previous body image research suggests that first, exposure to body stimuli can negatively affect men's body satisfaction and second, body concerns are associated with dysfunctional gaze behavior. To date, however, the effects of self- vs. other-referential body stimuli and of gaze behavior on body image in men under exposure conditions have not been investigated. Therefore, 49 weight-trained men were presented with pictures of their own and other bodies of different builds (i.e., normal, muscular, hyper-muscular) while being eye-tracked...
March 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285178/two-sides-of-the-same-coin-a-new-instrument-to-assess-body-checking-and-avoidance-behaviors-in-eating-disorders
#18
Tanja Legenbauer, Franziska Martin, Ariane Blaschke, Anne Schwenzfeier, Jens Blechert, Katja Schnicker
Body checking (BC) and avoidance behaviors (BA) are the dominant behavioral features of body image disturbances (BID) that characterize most individuals with eating disorders (EDs). Whereas BC can be reliably assessed, a valid assessment tool for BA is lacking, preventing an adequate assessment of BID differences across different EDs (anorexia nervosa, AN; bulimia nervosa, BN; binge eating disorder, BED). A total of 310 women with EDs and 112 nonclinical controls completed measures of BC-, BA- and ED-related symptoms...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285177/love-me-tinder-body-image-and-psychosocial-functioning-among-men-and-women
#19
Jessica Strubel, Trent A Petrie
Based on objectification theory, we examined the main effects of Tinder use, and its interaction with gender, in relation to men's and women's body image concerns, internalization processes, and self-esteem. Tinder users (men=31; women=69) and non-users (men=203; women=844) anonymously completed measures via an online survey. Through a series of ANCOVAs, with BMI and age as covariates, Tinder users, regardless of gender, reported significantly lower levels of satisfaction with face and body and higher levels of internalization, appearance comparisons, and body shame and surveillance than non-users...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285176/negative-body-image-and-eating-disorder-symptomatology-among-young-women-identifying-with-goth-subculture
#20
Viren Swami
The present study compared the rates of negative body image and risk for disordered eating in young women who identify as part of goth subculture and a matched sample. Participants were 80 women who identified as part of goth subculture and a matched sample of 82 women from London, United Kingdom. Participants completed measures of self-ideal body size discrepancy, body appreciation, appearance investment, and eating disorder symptomatology. Between-group comparisons indicated that goth women reported significantly higher drive for thinness (d=0...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
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