journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Body Image

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818788/does-the-work-environment-matter-sexual-objectification-and-waitresses-body-dissatisfaction
#1
Dawn M Szymanski, Renee Mikorski
We investigated the relations between working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments and body dissatisfaction in a sample of 252 United States waitresses. Supporting our hypotheses, results indicated that working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments was positively correlated with waitresses' body dissatisfaction. Our findings also supported a theorized serial three-chain mediation model in which working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments was related to body dissatisfaction through more thin ideal internalization and greater self-objectification/body surveillance...
August 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818787/socializing-girls-whose-bodies-may-not-align-with-contemporary-ideals-of-thinness-an-interpretive-study-of-us-mothers-accounts
#2
Jennifer Paff Ogle, Kelly Reddy-Best, Juyeon Park
We sought to understand how mothers of young adolescent girls who are perceived as overweight or at risk for becoming so and whose body mass indices are at the 70th percentile or higher socialize their daughters about body, weight, eating, and health. In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 US mothers, and data were analyzed using constant comparison processes. Findings revealed that mothers adopted a variety of strategies - including teaching, modeling, managing, avoiding, and comforting - to achieve varied socialization goals for their daughters...
August 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818786/a-pilot-yoga-physical-education-curriculum-to-promote-positive-body-image
#3
Anne E Cox, Sarah Ullrich-French, Holly S Howe, Amy N Cole
We examined the effects of a pilot yoga-based physical education (PE) curriculum by testing for change in trait body surveillance, physical self-worth, and body appreciation. Further, we examined the relationships among change in body image variables and the role of state mindfulness in predicting state body surveillance during classes. Adolescents participated in 12 weeks of yoga-based (n=20; Mage=16.45, 90% female) or traditional (n=23;Mage=14.52, 57% female) PE. Results showed significant (p=.004), moderate decreases in trait body surveillance and minimal nonsignificant (p=...
August 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802199/precarious-manhood-and-muscularity-effects-of-threatening-men-s-masculinity-on-reported-strength-and-muscle-dissatisfaction
#4
David A Frederick, Lily M Shapiro, Tonicia R Williams, Christiana M Seoane, Rachel T McIntosh, Emily W Fischer
The precarious manhood perspective proposes that men respond with aggression when they experience threats to their masculinity. Consistent with this view, we hypothesized that men would represent themselves as stronger and more formidable after their masculinity was threatened. A recent study, however, found that men reported less physical strength when threatened (Hunt, Gonsalkorale, & Murray, 2013). In the current two studies (Ns=193; 450), men were given false feedback about whether they were substantially less masculine (masculinity threatened) or more masculine than average (masculinity reassured)...
August 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802198/body-image-in-emerging-adults-the-protective-role-of-self-compassion
#5
Rachel F Rodgers, Debra L Franko, Elizabeth Donovan, Tara Cousineau, Kayla Yates, Kayla McGowan, Elizabeth Cook, Alice S Lowy
Self-compassion is thought to protect from body image concerns. However, the mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. This study examined three positive dimensions of self-compassion as moderators of the mediated relationship between perceived overweight status, appearance comparison, and appearance esteem. A sample of 232 youth aged 13-18 years, mean=18.36 (1.5) years, reported on appearance esteem, appearance comparison, perceived weight status, and self-compassion dimensions including self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness...
August 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777999/perceptions-of-plagiarisers-the-influence-of-target-physical-attractiveness-transgression-severity-and-sex-on-attributions-of-guilt-and-punishment
#6
Viren Swami, Elizabeth Arthey, Adrian Furnham
The attractiveness-leniency effect (ALE) suggests that physically attractive targets are less likely to be perceived as guilty compared to less attractive targets. Here, we tested the ALE in relation to attributions of students who have committed plagiarism. British adults (N=165) were shown one of eight vignette-photograph pairings varying in target sex (female/male), physical attractiveness (high/low), and transgression severity (serious/minor), and provided attributions of guilt and severity of punishment...
August 1, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759771/body-appreciation-interest-in-cosmetic-enhancements-and-need-for-uniqueness-among-u-s-college-students
#7
Meghan M Gillen, Jamie Dunaev
The aim of the current study was to examine associations between body appreciation and putative correlates that focus on self-enhancement and self-expression. Students (N=261; mean age=20.16years, SD=3.68; 60.9% female) from a non-residential college in the northeastern United States completed a questionnaire measuring body appreciation, interest in cosmetic enhancements, and need for uniqueness. Individuals with higher body appreciation and African Americans/Blacks reported significantly higher self-attributed need for uniqueness and significantly higher investment in a distinctive appearance...
July 28, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759770/downward-dog-becomes-fit-body-inc-a-content-analysis-of-40-years-of-female-cover-images-of-yoga-journal
#8
Jennifer B Webb, Erin R Vinoski, Jan Warren-Findlow, Marlene I Burrell, Davina Y Putz
The present analysis investigated temporal trends in physical appearance attributes and attire worn by female cover models of Yoga Journal magazine between the years 1975-2015. Covers featuring a single female model (N=168) were coded for: pose activity, amount of body visibility, perceived body size, body shape, breast size, skin exposure, and revealing or form-fitting attire. When collapsed across all decades, the majority of cover models was actively posed with high body visibility, rated as at most low normal weight, possessed either a "thin/lean" or "skinny/boney" body shape, and were "flat-chested" or "small-breasted"...
July 28, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756298/physical-activity-and-body-image-among-men-and-boys-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Desmond McEwan, Aria Kamarhie
Three meta-analytic reviews have concluded that physical activity is positively related to body image. Historically, research regarding physical activity and body image has been disproportionately focused on female samples. For example, the most recent meta-analysis (2009) extracted 56 effect sizes for women and only 12 for men. The current paper provides an update to the literature regarding the relationship between physical activity and body image among men and boys across 84 individual effect sizes. The analysis also provides insight regarding moderator variables including participant age, and physical activity type and intensity...
July 27, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711486/assessment-of-english-french-differential-item-functioning-of-the-satisfaction-with-appearance-scale-swap-in-systemic-sclerosis
#10
Lisa R Jewett, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie Hudson, Murray Baron, Brett D Thombs
The Satisfaction with Appearance Scale (SWAP) has been used to assess body image distress among people with the rare and disfiguring disease systemic sclerosis (SSc); however, it has not been validated across different languages groups. The objective was to examine differential item functioning of the SWAP among 856 Canadian English- or French-speaking SSc patients. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the SWAP two-factor structure (Dissatisfaction with Appearance and Social Discomfort). The Multiple-Indicator Multiple-Cause model was utilized to assess differential item functioning...
July 13, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711485/the-effects-of-female-thin-ideal-media-on-men-s-appearance-schema-cognitive-performance-and-self-evaluations-a-self-determination-theory-approach
#11
Amanda Baker, Céline Blanchard
Research has primarily focused on the consequences of the female thin ideal on women and has largely ignored the effects on men. Two studies were designed to investigate the effects of a female thin ideal video on cognitive (Study 1: appearance schema, Study 2: visual-spatial processing) and self-evaluative measures in male viewers. Results revealed that the female thin ideal predicted men's increased appearance schema activation and poorer cognitive performance on a visual-spatial task. Constructs from self-determination theory (i...
July 13, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697410/the-effect-of-interpersonal-rejection-on-attentional-biases-regarding-thin-ideal-and-non-thin-images-the-moderating-role-of-body-weight-and-shape-based-self-worth
#12
Elizabeth Rieger, Ashleigh Dolan, Brittany Thomas, Jason Bell
Interpersonal dysfunction and weight/shape-based self-worth have been implicated as key constructs for eating disorders, although the relationship between these two concepts is under-researched. This study investigated the moderating role of weight/shape-based self-worth in terms of the impact of interpersonal rejection on attentional bias regarding thin-ideal and non-thin images. Participants were 94 females without an eating disorder, who were exposed to either interpersonal rejection or acceptance (using the Cyberball paradigm), and subsequently assessed in terms of their attentional biases regarding thin-ideal and non-thin images...
July 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689104/-fitspo-or-loveyourself-the-impact-of-fitspiration-and-self-compassion-instagram-images-on-women-s-body-image-self-compassion-and-mood
#13
Amy Slater, Neesha Varsani, Phillippa C Diedrichs
This study experimentally examined the impact of exposure to fitspiration images and self-compassion quotes on social media on young women's body satisfaction, body appreciation, self-compassion, and negative mood. Female undergraduate students (N=160) were randomly assigned to view either Instagram images of fitspiration, self-compassion quotes, a combination of both, or appearance-neutral images. Results showed no differences between viewing fitspiration images compared to viewing neutral images, except for poorer self-compassion among those who viewed fitspiration images...
July 6, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667898/experiential-avoidance-and-dysfunctional-beliefs-in-the-prediction-of-body-image-disturbance-in-a-nonclinical-sample-of-women
#14
Shannon M Blakey, Lillian Reuman, Jennifer L Buchholz, Jonathan S Abramowitz
Body image disturbance (BID) refers to persistent dissatisfaction, distress, and dysfunction related to some aspect(s) of one's physical appearance. Cognitive models of BID highlight the importance of dysfunctional beliefs in maintaining BID. Relational Frame Theory (RFT), in contrast, posits that psychological distress is sustained by the unwillingness to experience aversive internal experiences (i.e., experiential avoidance [EA]). The present study tested the hypothesis that both dysfunctional beliefs and EA uniquely predict BID even after accounting for general distress...
June 29, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654826/idealised-media-images-the-effect-of-fitspiration-imagery-on-body-satisfaction-and-exercise-behaviour
#15
Lily Robinson, Ivanka Prichard, Alyssa Nikolaidis, Claire Drummond, Murray Drummond, Marika Tiggemann
Recent studies have documented a shift in the cultural ideal of physical attractiveness, with women subscribing to a visibly toned ideal that emphasises health and fitness. The present study experimentally investigated the impact of athletic and muscular fitness-idealised images compared to traditional thin ideal images on women's body dissatisfaction and exercise behaviour, under the framework of Social Comparison Theory. Participants were 106 female undergraduate students randomly assigned to view one of three sets of images (thin ideal, athletic ideal, or muscular ideal) followed by a bout of exercise...
June 24, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624756/fat-is-fashionable-and-fit-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-fatspiration-and-health-at-every-size-%C3%A2-instagram-images
#16
Jennifer B Webb, Erin R Vinoski, Adrienne S Bonar, Alexandria E Davies, Lena Etzel
In step with the proliferation of Thinspiration and Fitspiration content disseminated in popular web-based media, the fat acceptance movement has garnered heightened visibility within mainstream culture via the burgeoning Fatosphere weblog community. The present study extended previous Fatosphere research by comparing the shared and distinct strategies used to represent and motivate a fat-accepting lifestyle among 400 images sourced from Fatspiration- and Health at Every Size(®)-themed hashtags on Instagram...
June 16, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605685/adopting-a-dyadic-perspective-to-better-understand-the-association-between-physical-attractiveness-and-dieting-motivations-and-behaviors
#17
Tania Reynolds, Andrea L Meltzer
The relationship between women's objective physical attractiveness and their dieting motivations and behaviors may depend upon their social environment-specifically, their romantic partners' attractiveness-such that less attractive women with more attractive partners may be particularly motivated to diet. Theoretically, men's dieting motivations should not depend on their partners' attractiveness. We tested this possibility using a sample of 223 U.S. newlywed spouses. After completing measures assessing dieting motivations, each participant was photographed; we used those photographs to code spouses' objective facial and body attractiveness...
June 10, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601701/repressive-coping-among-british-college-women-a-potential-protective-factor-against-body-image-concerns-drive-for-thinness-and-bulimia-symptoms
#18
Changiz Mohiyeddini
Repressive coping, as a means of preserving a positive self-image, has been widely explored in the context of dealing with self-evaluative cues. The current study extends this research by exploring whether repressive coping is associated with lower levels of body image concerns, drive for thinness, bulimic symptoms, and higher positive rational acceptance. A sample of 229 female college students was recruited in South London. Repressive coping was measured via the interaction between trait anxiety and defensiveness...
June 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570920/body-dissatisfaction-and-associated-factors-among-brazilian-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Ana Carolina Soares Amaral, Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
We conducted a longitudinal investigation of body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys and girls, in order to evaluate the influence of biological, psychological, and sociocultural predictors for body dissatisfaction, and its association with eating disorder symptoms. Validated self-administered scales were selected, thereby assessing the various aspects of body image, symptoms of eating disorders, depression, and self-esteem. Four hundred and ninety-eight adolescents (236 girls) participated in the study. Most of the evaluated outcomes remained stable for over a year...
May 29, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554090/should-women-be-all-about-that-bass-diverse-body-ideal-messages-and-women-s-body-image
#20
Diana E Betz, Laura R Ramsey
While most body image research emphasizes the thin ideal, a wider variety of body-ideal messages pervade U.S. popular culture today, including those promoting athleticism or curves. Two studies assessed women's reactions to messages conveying thin, athletic, and curvy ideals, compared to a control message that emphasized accepting all body types. Study 1 (N=192) surveyed women's responses to these messages and found they perceived body-acceptance and athletic messages most favorably, curvy messages more negatively, and thin messages most negatively...
May 26, 2017: Body Image
journal
journal
40731
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"