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Body Image

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329716/-i-ll-do-anything-to-maintain-my-health-how-women-aged-65-94-perceive-experience-and-cope-with-their-aging-bodies
#1
Erica V Bennett, Laura Hurd Clarke, Kent C Kowalski, Peter R E Crocker
We explored how physically active women perceived, experienced, and coped with their aging bodies, and examined their perceptions of the utility of self-compassion to manage aging body-related changes. Findings from a thematic analysis of interviews with 21 women aged 65-94 revealed that they were appreciative of how their bodies worked and accepting of their physical limitations, yet concurrently critical of their body's functionality and appearance. Participants engaged in physical activity and healthy eating to maintain their health and body functionality, yet also used diet, hair styling, anti-aging creams, makeup, physical activity, and clothing to manage their appearances...
March 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315810/trappings-of-femininity-a-test-of-the-beauty-as-currency-hypothesis-in-shaping-college-women-s-gender-activism
#2
Rachel M Calogero, Tracy L Tylka, Lois C Donnelly, Amber McGetrick, Andrea Medrano Leger
This study investigated whether believing beauty is a primary currency for women operates as an antecedent force in the relation between self-objectification and gender activism. Ninety-four ethnically diverse women attending a small liberal arts college in the southeastern United States completed the study questionnaires online for course credit. Preliminary results demonstrated beauty as currency belief, self-objectification, and support for the gender status quo were negatively associated with gender activism...
March 15, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286330/effects-of-the-exposure-to-self-and-other-referential-bodies-on-state-body-image-and-negative-affect-in-resistance-trained-men
#3
Martin Cordes, Silja Vocks, Rainer Düsing, Manuel Waldorf
Previous body image research suggests that first, exposure to body stimuli can negatively affect men's body satisfaction and second, body concerns are associated with dysfunctional gaze behavior. To date, however, the effects of self- vs. other-referential body stimuli and of gaze behavior on body image in men under exposure conditions have not been investigated. Therefore, 49 weight-trained men were presented with pictures of their own and other bodies of different builds (i.e., normal, muscular, hyper-muscular) while being eye-tracked...
March 9, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285178/two-sides-of-the-same-coin-a-new-instrument-to-assess-body-checking-and-avoidance-behaviors-in-eating-disorders
#4
Tanja Legenbauer, Franziska Martin, Ariane Blaschke, Anne Schwenzfeier, Jens Blechert, Katja Schnicker
Body checking (BC) and avoidance behaviors (BA) are the dominant behavioral features of body image disturbances (BID) that characterize most individuals with eating disorders (EDs). Whereas BC can be reliably assessed, a valid assessment tool for BA is lacking, preventing an adequate assessment of BID differences across different EDs (anorexia nervosa, AN; bulimia nervosa, BN; binge eating disorder, BED). A total of 310 women with EDs and 112 nonclinical controls completed measures of BC-, BA- and ED-related symptoms...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285177/love-me-tinder-body-image-and-psychosocial-functioning-among-men-and-women
#5
Jessica Strubel, Trent A Petrie
Based on objectification theory, we examined the main effects of Tinder use, and its interaction with gender, in relation to men's and women's body image concerns, internalization processes, and self-esteem. Tinder users (men=31; women=69) and non-users (men=203; women=844) anonymously completed measures via an online survey. Through a series of ANCOVAs, with BMI and age as covariates, Tinder users, regardless of gender, reported significantly lower levels of satisfaction with face and body and higher levels of internalization, appearance comparisons, and body shame and surveillance than non-users...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285176/negative-body-image-and-eating-disorder-symptomatology-among-young-women-identifying-with-goth-subculture
#6
Viren Swami
The present study compared the rates of negative body image and risk for disordered eating in young women who identify as part of goth subculture and a matched sample. Participants were 80 women who identified as part of goth subculture and a matched sample of 82 women from London, United Kingdom. Participants completed measures of self-ideal body size discrepancy, body appreciation, appearance investment, and eating disorder symptomatology. Between-group comparisons indicated that goth women reported significantly higher drive for thinness (d=0...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285175/patient-identified-events-implicated-in-the-development-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#7
Hilary Weingarden, Erin E Curley, Keith D Renshaw, Sabine Wilhelm
Little is known about the causes of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), but researchers have proposed a diathesis-stress model. This study uses a patient-centered approach to identify stressful events to which patients attribute the development of their BDD symptoms. An Internet-recruited sample of 165 adults with BDD participated. A large minority of participants attributed the development of their BDD to a triggering event. Bullying experiences were the most commonly described type of event. Additionally, most events were interpersonal and occurred during grade school or middle school...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282555/beauty-in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-using-facial-electromyography-to-examine-the-association-between-eating-disorder-symptoms-and-perceptions-of-emaciation-among-undergraduate-women
#8
Dorian R Dodd, Elizabeth A Velkoff, Lauren N Forrest, Lauren M Fussner, April Smith
Thin-ideal internalization, drive for thinness, and over-evaluation of the importance of thinness are associated with eating disorders (EDs). However, little research has examined to what extent perceptions of emaciation are also associated with ED symptoms. In the present study, 80 undergraduate women self-reported on ED symptomatology and perceptions of emaciated, thin, and overweight female bodies. While participants viewed images of these different body types, facial electromyography was used to measure activation of facial muscles associated with disgust reactions...
March 7, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260632/an-examination-of-the-factor-structure-and-sex-invariance-of-a-french-translation-of-the-body-appreciation-scale-2-in-university-students
#9
Sevag Kertechian, Viren Swami
The Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) is a measure of positive body image that has been found that have a one-dimensional factor structure in a number of different cultural groups. Here, we examined the factor structure and sex-based measurement invariance of a French translation of the BAS-2. A total of 652 university students (age M=21.33, SD=3.18) completed a newly-translated French version of the BAS-2. Exploratory factor analyses with a randomly selected split-half subsample revealed that the BAS-2 had a one-dimensional factor structure in both sexes...
March 2, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229919/confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-multidimensional-body-self-relations-questionnaire-appearance-scales-in-early-adolescents
#10
José H Marco, Conxa Perpiñá, María Roncero, Cristina Botella
The main aim of this study was to confirm the factorial structure of the Spanish version of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scales in early adolescents from 12 to 14 years. The sample included 355 participants, 189 girls and 166 boys, with ages ranging from 12 to 14 years old. The original MBSRQ-AS 5-factor structure was confirmed, and the model showed a good fit to the data: Appearance Evaluation, Appearance Orientation, Body Areas Satisfaction, Overweight Preoccupation, and Self-Classified Weight...
February 22, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226304/positive-comments-negative-outcomes-the-potential-downsides-of-appearance-related-commentary-in-ethnically-diverse-women
#11
Sylvia Herbozo, Serena D Stevens, Christina P Moldovan, Holly E R Morrell
Although research has shown that appearance-related commentary influences body dissatisfaction and disordered eating, limited research has studied such commentary among ethnically diverse women. The current study examined ethnic group differences in the frequency and impact of appearance-related commentary and associations with body dissatisfaction and eating disorder psychopathology. Participants included 280 undergraduate women aged 18-25 (56.1% European American, 28.6% African American, and 15.3% Latina American)...
February 20, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226303/got-yoga-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-thematic-content-and-models-appearance-related-attributes-in-advertisements-spanning-four-decades-of-yoga-journal
#12
Erin Vinoski, Jennifer B Webb, Jan Warren-Findlow, Kirstyn A Brewer, Katheryn A Kiffmeyer
Yoga has become an increasingly common health practice among U.S. adults over the past decade. With this growth in popularity, yoga-related print media have been criticized for shifting away from yoga's traditional philosophies and promoting a thin, lean ideal physique representing the "yoga body." The purpose of this study was to (a) analyze the presence and content of advertisements over the 40-year publication history of Yoga Journal magazine and (b) explore female advertisement models' socio-demographic and appearance-related attributes over time...
February 16, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161660/everyone-else-is-doing-it-i-think-the-power-of-perception-in-fat-talk
#13
Courtney B Rogers, Denise M Martz, Rose Mary Webb, Amy T Galloway
Fat talk (FT) involves critiquing one's own appearance in social conversations. Although peers are known to prompt FT behavior, there has been little exploration of the influence of mothers and research has not distinguished between self-reported FT and perceptions of FT. This study addresses this research gap by investigating the relationships between participants' FT and corresponding FT of both self-reported and perceived FT of their mothers and friends. A sample of 120 undergraduate women, along with their mothers and friends, reported their FT behavior...
February 2, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129572/intergenerational-transmission-of-disordered-eating-direct-and-indirect-maternal-communication-among-grandmothers-mothers-and-daughters
#14
Analisa Arroyo, Chris Segrin, Kristin K Andersen
The current study explored disordered eating (i.e., dieting, bulimia and food preoccupation, and oral control) among grandmothers, their daughters, and their granddaughters, and also explored specific direct (i.e., maternal commentary) and indirect (i.e., maternal modeling) communication behaviors as mechanisms by which disordered eating is intergenerationally transmitted. A sample of 242 grandmother-mother-daughter triads provided self-reports of their own disordered eating and perceptions of their mothers' weight-related behaviors...
January 24, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212526/can-you-feel-the-body-that-you-see-on-the-relationship-between-interoceptive-accuracy-and-body-image
#15
Giorgia Zamariola, Flavia Cardini, Emanuel Mian, Andrea Serino, Manos Tsakiris
Interoception and exteroception for body signals are two different ways of perceiving the self: the first from within, the second from outside. We investigated the relationship between Interoceptive Accuracy (IAcc) and external perception of the body and we tested if seeing the body from an external perspective can affect IAcc. Fifty-two healthy female subjects performed a standard heartbeat perception task to assess the IAcc, before and after the Body Image Revealer (BIR), which is a body perception task designed to assess the different aspects of body-image...
March 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193554/-i-just-feel-so-guilty-the-role-of-introjected-regulation-in-linking-appearance-goals-for-exercise-with-women-s-body-image
#16
Megan Hurst, Helga Dittmar, Robin Banerjee, Rod Bond
Appearance goals for exercise are consistently associated with negative body image, but research has yet to consider the processes that link these two variables. Self-determination theory offers one such process: introjected (guilt-based) regulation of exercise behavior. Study 1 investigated these relationships within a cross-sectional sample of female UK students (n=215, 17-30 years). Appearance goals were indirectly, negatively associated with body image due to links with introjected regulation. Study 2 experimentally tested this pathway, manipulating guilt relating to exercise and appearance goals independently and assessing post-test guilt and body anxiety (n=165, 18-27 years)...
March 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068643/validation-of-the-body-concealment-scale-for-scleroderma-bcss-replication-in-the-scleroderma-patient-centered-intervention-network-spin-cohort
#17
Lisa R Jewett, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie-Eve Carrier, Vanessa L Malcarne, Diana Harcourt, Nichola Rumsey, Maureen D Mayes, Shervin Assassi, Annett Körner, Rina S Fox, Shadi Gholizadeh, Sarah D Mills, Catherine Fortune, Brett D Thombs
Body concealment is an important component of appearance distress for individuals with disfiguring conditions, including scleroderma. The objective was to replicate the validation study of the Body Concealment Scale for Scleroderma (BCSS) among 897 scleroderma patients. The factor structure of the BCSS was evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis and the Multiple-Indicator Multiple-Cause model examined differential item functioning of SWAP items for sex and age. Internal consistency reliability was assessed via Cronbach's alpha...
March 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012302/is-the-yoga-bod-the-new-skinny-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-mainstream-yoga-lifestyle-magazine-covers
#18
Jennifer B Webb, Erin R Vinoski, Jan Warren-Findlow, Meagan P Padro, Elizabeth N Burris, Elizabeth M Suddreth
As yoga has gained popularity in Western culture, concerns have been raised about its increased commercialization and assimilation into the predominantly appearance-focused exercise and fitness culture. In this context, the present study examined the physical appearance-related characteristics (e.g., race/ethnicity, body size, shape, objectifying apparel) of 142 female models and the media frames of 567 captions (e.g., commercialism, body competence, health, weight/physical appearance) featured on the covers of three Westernized yoga lifestyle magazines published between 2010-2015...
March 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006714/-skinny-is-prettier-and-normal-i-want-to-be-normal-perceived-body-image-of-non-western-ethnic-minority-children-in-the-netherlands
#19
Jolanda Veldhuis, Fam Te Poel, Rian Pepping, Elly A Konijn, Marloes L C Spekman
While the prevalence of overweight and obesity is higher among children of some non-Western ethnic minorities than among their Caucasian counterparts, their body image is understudied. The current study examined the body image of Dutch children of non-Western ethnic minorities (i.e., Surinamese, Antillean, Moroccan, and Turkish). Sociocultural influences from school, media and home environments and their perceptions of overweight prevention programs were taken into account. Fifty-two non-Western ethnic minority children (aged 8-12 years) participated in semi-structured interviews and focus groups...
March 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987417/sketching-people-prospective-investigations-of-the-impact-of-life-drawing-on-body-image
#20
Viren Swami
Three studies were conducted to establish the extent to which life drawing is effective at promoting positive body image. Study 1 (N=84 women) showed that life drawing had a positive impact on state body image, but only if artists observed a human model and not non-human objects. Study 2 (N=61 women, 61 men) showed that life drawing had a positive impact on state body image for women and men, irrespective of whether artists observed a sex-congruent or -incongruent model. Study 3 (N=23) showed that participating in weekly life drawing sessions for a 6-week period resulted in significantly elevated trait positive body image (body appreciation and body pride) and embodiment, and in reduced social physique anxiety; however, the intervention had no significant impact on negative body image (drive for thinness or muscularity)...
March 2017: Body Image
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