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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332127/a-review-of-zoonotic-infection-risks-associated-with-the-wild-meat-trade-in-malaysia
#1
REVIEW
Jennifer Caroline Cantlay, Daniel J Ingram, Anna L Meredith
The overhunting of wildlife for food and commercial gain presents a major threat to biodiversity in tropical forests and poses health risks to humans from contact with wild animals. Using a recent survey of wildlife offered at wild meat markets in Malaysia as a basis, we review the literature to determine the potential zoonotic infection risks from hunting, butchering and consuming the species offered. We also determine which taxa potentially host the highest number of pathogens and discuss the significant disease risks from traded wildlife, considering how cultural practices influence zoonotic transmission...
March 22, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315039/ecology-and-feeding-habits-drive-infection-of-water-bugs-with-mycobacterium-ulcerans
#2
Solange Meyin A Ebong, Gabriel E García-Peña, Dominique Pluot-Sigwalt, Laurent Marsollier, Philippe Le Gall, Sara Eyangoh, Jean-François Guégan
Mycobacterium ulcerans (MU), the causative agent of Buruli ulcer, is present in a wide spectrum of environments, including terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems in tropical regions. The most promising studies on the epidemiological risk of this disease suggest that some ecological settings may favor infection of animals with MU including human. A species' needs and impacts on resources and the environment, i.e., its ecological niche, may influence its susceptibility to be infected by this microbial form. For example, some Naucoridae may dive in fresh waters to prey upon infected animals and thus may get infected with MU...
March 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289989/an-introduction-from-kerry-arabena-the-new-iaeh-president
#3
EDITORIAL
Kerry Arabena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289988/biosecurity-conditions-in-small-commercial-chicken-farms-bangladesh-2011-2012
#4
N A Rimi, R Sultana, M Muhsina, B Uddin, N Haider, N Nahar, N Zeidner, K Sturm-Ramirez, S P Luby
In Bangladesh, highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 is endemic in poultry. This study aimed to understand the biosecurity conditions and farmers' perception of avian influenza biosecurity in Bangladeshi small commercial chicken farms. During 2011-2012, we conducted observations, in-depth interviews and group discussions with poultry farmers in 16 farms and in-depth interviews with seven local feed vendors from two districts. None of the farms were completely segregated from people, backyard poultry, other animals, households, other poultry farms or large trees...
March 13, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283923/characterization-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-goose-feces-from-state-parks-in-northeast-ohio
#5
Dipendra Thapaliya, Mark Dalman, Jhalka Kadariya, Katie Little, Victoria Mansell, Mohammed Y Taha, Dylan Grenier, Tara C Smith
Staphylococcus aureus can colonize a range of species. Although numerous studies have isolated pathogenic bacteria from wild birds, very little is known regarding S. aureus and their potential to spread methicillin-resistant (MRSA) strains. The objective of this study was to determine the presence and molecular characteristics of S. aureus in geese fecal samples collected from ten state parks across Northeast Ohio (NEO). A total of 182 fecal samples from Canada geese (Branta canadensis) were collected in April 2015...
March 10, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258525/exposure-of-threatened-accipitridae-to-mycobacterium-bovis-calls-for-active-surveillance
#6
Mónica V Cunha, Beatriz Azorín, Rocío G Peñuela, Teresa Albuquerque, Ana Botelho
Anthropogenic activities have cumulatively led to the dramatic decline of world populations of vultures that currently face serious survival challenges in several regions of the world. In Portugal, the three resident species qualify as endangered and are under conservation efforts, mainly in the central east and south-east regions, where habitat protection and artificial feeding stations were implemented. Concurrently, the areas under protection are highly affected by tuberculosis (TB) in cattle and wild ungulates, whose potentially infected carcasses may naturally or artificially be used as feed by local vultures...
March 3, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258524/erratum-to-high-prevalences-and-a-wide-genetic-diversity-of-simian-retroviruses-in-non-human-primate-bushmeat-in-rural-areas-of-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#7
Steve Ahuka-Mundeke, Ahidjo Ayouba, Placide Mbala-Kingebeni, Caroline Foncelle, Mukulumanya Mubonga, Simon-Pierre Ndimbo-Kumugo, Octavie Lunguya-Metila, Valentin Mbenzo-Abokome, Jean-Jacques Muyembe-Tamfum, Eric Delaporte, Martine Peeters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213654/molecular-epidemiology-of-leptospira-serogroup-pomona-infections-among-wild-and-domestic-animals-in-spain
#8
Z J Arent, C Gilmore, J M San-Miguel Ayanz, L Quevedo Neyra, F J García-Peña
Strains of Leptospira serogroup Pomona are known to cause widespread animal infections in many parts of the world. Forty-three isolates retrieved from domestic animals and wild small mammals suggest that serogroup Pomona is epidemiologically relevant in Spain. This is supported by the high prevalence of serovar Pomona antibodies in livestock and wild animals. In this study, the strains were serologically and genetically characterized in an attempt to elucidate their epidemiology. Serological typing was based on the microscopic agglutination test but molecular typing involved species-specific polymerase chain reaction, restriction endonuclease analysis, and multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis...
February 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213653/perceived-risk-of-avian-influenza-and-urbanization-in-northern-vietnam
#9
Melissa L Finucane, Nghiem Tuyen, Sumeet Saksena, James H Spencer, Jefferson M Fox, Nguyen Lam, Trinh Dinh Thau, Tran Duc Vien, Nancy Davis Lewis
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is an important public health concern because of potential for widespread morbidity and mortality in humans and poultry and associated devastating economic losses. We examined how perceptions of the risk of HPAI in poultry vary across communes/wards in the north of Vietnam at different levels of urbanization (rural, peri-urban, urban). Analyses of questionnaire responses from 1081 poultry raisers suggested that the perceived risk of HPAI in poultry was highest in peri-urban and rural settings...
February 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213652/evaluating-stress-physiology-and-parasite-infection-parameters-in-the-translocation-of-critically-endangered-woylies-bettongia-penicillata
#10
Stephanie Hing, Amy S Northover, Edward J Narayan, Adrian F Wayne, Krista L Jones, Sarah Keatley, R C Andrew Thompson, Stephanie S Godfrey
Translocation can be stressful for wildlife. Stress may be important in fauna translocation because it has been suggested that it can exacerbate the impact of infectious disease on translocated wildlife. However, few studies explore this hypothesis by measuring stress physiology and infection indices in parallel during wildlife translocations. We analysed faecal cortisol metabolite (FCM) concentration and endoparasite parameters (nematodes, coccidians and haemoparasites) in a critically endangered marsupial, the woylie (Bettongia penicillata), 1-3 months prior to translocation, at translocation, and 6 months later...
February 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213651/incubus
#11
Kevin J Olival
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197898/prevalence-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-bartonella-species-of-wild-carnivores-and-their-fleas-in-northwestern-mexico
#12
A M López-Pérez, L Osikowicz, Y Bai, J Montenieri, A Rubio, K Moreno, K Gage, G Suzán, M Kosoy
The host-parasite-vector relationship of Bartonella spp. system in wild carnivores and their fleas from northwestern Mexico was investigated. Sixty-six carnivores belonging to eight species were sampled, and 285 fleas belonging to three species were collected during spring (April-May) and fall (October-November) seasons. We detected Bartonella species in 7 carnivores (10.6%) and 27 fleas (9.5%) through either blood culture or PCR. Of the 27 Bartonella-positive fleas, twenty-two were Pulex simulans, three were Pulex irritans and one was Echidnophaga gallinacea...
February 14, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194584/prioritizing-the-dormant-flaviviruses
#13
EDITORIAL
Kevin J Olival, Anna R Willoughby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194583/aspirational-statement-from-the-one-health-ecohealth-2016-congress-in-melbourne-victoria-towards-a-healthier-future-through-converging-communities-of-inquiry-and-practice
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180996/predicting-the-potential-role-of-non-human-hosts-in-zika-virus-maintenance
#15
Constantino González-Salazar, Christopher R Stephens, Víctor Sánchez-Cordero
Arboviruses are often maintained in complex cycles involving vertebrates such as mammals or birds and blood-feeding mosquitoes. However, the role of wildlife hosts in their emergence or re-emergence in human populations has received little attention. The recent emergence of Zika virus in America, and previous occurrences of chikungunya and dengue, forces us to confront a potential new disease-emergence phenomenon. Using a spatial data mining framework to identify potential biotic interactions, based on the degree of co-occurrence between different species, we identified those mammal species with the highest potential for establishing mammal-vector interactions, considering as principal vector Aedes aegypti...
February 8, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180995/piloting-the-one-health-systems-mapping-and-analysis-resource-toolkit-in-indonesia
#16
Kaylee Myhre Errecaborde, Katharine M Pelican, Heidi Kassenborg, Ong-Orn Prasarnphanich, Linda Valeri, Erinaldi Yuuzar, Rama Prima Syahti Fauzi, Nyoman Sri Budayanti, Agus Suwandono, Wayan T Artama, Wiku Adisasmito, Tracey Dutcher
As a global network, countries are being asked to meet goals set forth in the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) for a workforce capable of effective and efficient prevention, detection and response to infectious disease threats. There is great need for a cross-sectoral workforce that can innovate and problem-solve. To achieve GHSA goals, countries need a way to visualize their existing system, identify opportunities for improvement, and achieve improved cross-sectoral interactions. The One Health Systems Mapping and Analysis Resource Toolkit (OH-SMART) was successfully piloted in West Sumatra, Indonesia, and was used to enhance multi-agency collaboration around infectious disease outbreaks and proved to be an adaptable, scalable process requiring minimal resources...
February 8, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176029/summarizing-us-wildlife-trade-with-an-eye-toward-assessing-the-risk-of-infectious-disease-introduction
#17
K M Smith, C Zambrana-Torrelio, A White, M Asmussen, C Machalaba, S Kennedy, K Lopez, T M Wolf, P Daszak, D A Travis, W B Karesh
The aim of this study was to characterize the role of the USA in the global exchange of wildlife and describe high volume trade with an eye toward prioritizing health risk assessment questions for further analysis. Here we summarize nearly 14 years (2000-2013) of the most comprehensive data available (USFWS LEMIS system), involving 11 billion individual specimens and an additional 977 million kilograms of wildlife. The majority of shipments contained mammals (27%), while the majority of specimens imported were shells (57%) and tropical fish (25%)...
February 7, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176028/occupational-risks-and-exposures-among-wildlife-health-professionals
#18
Gemina Garland-Lewis, Christopher Whittier, Suzan Murray, Sally Trufan, Peter M Rabinowitz
Most emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic in origin, with wildlife a frequent source of zoonotic disease events. Although individuals with extensive wildlife contact may be at the greatest risk of contracting novel infectious agents, the occupational risk of those working closely with wildlife has not been well studied. This study assessed the occupational exposures among wildlife health professionals working in multiple countries worldwide. An occupational risk survey of past and present exposures was developed and administered online in a confidential manner to wildlife workers recruited through an ongoing international wildlife pathogen surveillance project...
February 7, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091764/isolation-of-campylobacter-spp-from-three-species-of-antarctic-penguins-in-different-geographic-locations
#19
F J García-Peña, M T Llorente, T Serrano, M J Ruano, J Belliure, J Benzal, S Herrera-León, V Vidal, V D'Amico, D Pérez-Boto, A Barbosa
The presence of Campylobacter species was studied in three Antarctic penguin species, Adélie (Pygoscelis adeliae), chinstrap (Pygoscelis antarctica) and gentoo (Pygoscelis papua). A total of 390 penguins were captured in 12 different rookeries along the Antarctic Peninsula with differences in the amount of human visitation: six colonies were highly visited [Stranger Point, King George Island (P. papua and P. adeliae); Hannah Point, Livingston Island (P. papua and P. antarctica); Deception Island (P. antarctica); and Paradise Bay, Antarctic Peninsula (P...
January 13, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091763/the-prevalence-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-the-causal-agent-of-chagas-disease-in-texas-rodent-populations
#20
Adriana Aleman, Trina Guerra, Troy J Maikis, Matthew T Milholland, Ivan Castro-Arellano, Michael R J Forstner, Dittmar Hahn
Rodent species were assessed as potential hosts of Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiologic agent of Chagas disease, from five sites throughout Texas in sylvan and disturbed habitats. A total of 592 rodents were captured, resulting in a wide taxonomic representation of 11 genera and 15 species. Heart samples of 543 individuals were successfully analyzed by SybrGreen-based quantitative PCR (qPCR) targeting a 166 bp fragment of satellite DNA of T. cruzi. Eight rodents representing six species from six genera and two families were infected with T...
January 13, 2017: EcoHealth
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