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Mark Olival-Bartley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2018: EcoHealth
Ajay Pillarisetti, Manpreet Gill, Tracy Allen, Sathish Madhavan, Arun Dhongade, Makarand Ghorpade, Sudipto Roy, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Sanjay Juvekar, Kirk R Smith
Conditional cash transfers (CCTs)-cash payments provided to households or specific household members who meet defined conditions or fulfill certain behaviors-have been extensively used in India to encourage antenatal care, institutional delivery, and vaccination. This paper describes the social design and technical development of a low-cost, meal-counting stove use monitor (the Pink Key) that enables a CCT based on liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) usage and presents pilot data from its testing and the initial deployment...
October 12, 2018: EcoHealth
Daniel Pope, Nigel Bruce, James Higgerson, Lirije Hyseni, Sara Ronzi, Debbi Stanistreet, Bertrand MBatchou, Elisa Puzzolo
Household Determinants of Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) as a Cooking Fuel in South West Cameroon.
October 12, 2018: EcoHealth
Rosalie Schultz, Tammy Abbott, Jessica Yamaguchi, Sheree Cairney
Many Indigenous Australians hold cultural, ecological and language knowledge, but common representations of Indigenous Australians focus on social disadvantage and poor comparisons with other Australians in education, employment and health. Indigenous Land Management works with Indigenous people's cultural, ecological and language expertise, employing Indigenous people in activities contributing to biodiversity conservation. The Interplay research surveyed 841 Indigenous people in remote communities. Those employed in land management reported greater participation in cultural activities, language knowledge, and belief that their land was looked after...
October 11, 2018: EcoHealth
Kalpana Balakrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: EcoHealth
Brian Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: EcoHealth
Elizabeth A Weaver, Korine N Kolivras
Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) is a disease caused by inhalation of spores from the soil-dwelling Coccidioides fungal species. The disease is endemic to semiarid areas in the western USA and parts of Central and South America. The region of interest for this study, Kern County, California, accounts for approximately 14% of the reported valley fever cases in the USA each year. It is hypothesized that the weather conditions that foster the growth and dispersal of the fungus influence the number of cases in the endemic area...
October 3, 2018: EcoHealth
Daniel Pope, Nigel Bruce, James Higgerson, Lirije Hyseni, Debbi Stanistreet, Bertrand MBatchou, Elisa Puzzolo
Currently 70% of the population in Cameroon are reliant on solid fuel for cooking (90% in rural communities) and the associated household air pollution contributes to significant mortality and morbidity in the country. To address the problems of energy security, deforestation and pollution the government has developed a strategy (Masterplan) to increase use of liquified petroleum gas (LPG) as a cooking fuel from 12% to 58% by 2030. As a clean fuel scaled adoption of LPG has the potential to make significant positive impacts on population health...
October 1, 2018: EcoHealth
Rita Cruz, Fernando Esteves, Carmen Vasconcelos-Nóbrega, Carla Santos, Ana Sofia Ferreira, Ana Cristina Mega, Ana Claudia Coelho, Helena Vala, João Rodrigo Mesquita
Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii that is highly prevalent across the world. In this study, a prospective serosurvey was performed to study C. burnetii circulation in a population of sheep in the central region of Portugal. Blood from a representative sample of 168 animals was drawn in both 2015 and 2016, and sera were tested for IgG anti-C. burnetii by EIA. In 2015, 7.7% (13/168) animals tested positive for IgG anti-C. burnetii, while in 2016, 17.3% (29/168) tested positive, showing a statistically significant (P = 0...
September 25, 2018: EcoHealth
Brian Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2018: EcoHealth
Marc Völker, Pojjana Hunchangsith
Physicians are in a unique position to be first-hand observers of the effects of environmental factors on population health. As a source of information which is highly trusted, they are also well-suited to raise awareness about the linkages between ecosystem and population health. Yet, current clinical practice in many parts of the world rarely includes environmental health assessments and patient education. The empirical evidence on the reasons for this lack of engagement is limited by the small number of studies published, its narrow geographical scope and the dearth of multivariate statistical analysis...
September 24, 2018: EcoHealth
Andrea Egizi, Ellen S Martinsen, Holly Vuong, Kelly I Zimmerman, Ary Faraji, Dina M Fonseca
The historically southeastern mosquito species Culex erraticus has over the last 30 years undergone a marked expansion north. We evaluated this species' potential to participate in local disease cycles in the northeastern USA by identifying the vertebrate sources of blood in Cx. erraticus specimens from New Jersey. We found that the majority of bloodmeals (92.6%) were derived from birds, followed by 6.8% from mammals (of which half were human), and a single amphibian bloodmeal from a spring peeper (0.56%)...
September 21, 2018: EcoHealth
Howard Frumkin, Nicholas Watts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: EcoHealth
Martha Ali Abdulai, Samuel Afari-Asiedu, Daniel Carrion, Kenneth Ayuurebobi Ae-Ngibise, Stephaney Gyaase, Mujtaba Mohammed, Oscar Agyei, Ellen Boamah-Kaali, Theresa Tawiah, Rebecca Dwommoh, Francis Agbokey, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Kwaku Poku Asante, Darby Jack
Household air pollution (HAP) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. To limit HAP exposure and environmental degradation from biomass fuel use, the Government of Ghana promotes liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) use in rural Ghana via the Rural LPG program (RLP). We assessed the experiences of the RLP in 2015, 2 years after its launch. A mixed methods approach was used involving Focus Group Discussions (19) and in-depth interviews (25). In addition, a survey questionnaire was administered to elicit socio-demographic characteristics, household cooking practices and stove use patterns of 200 randomly selected respondents...
September 19, 2018: EcoHealth
Lisa M Thompson, Mayari Hengstermann, John R Weinstein, Anaite Diaz-Artiga
Household air pollution is the sixth leading risk factor for premature mortality in Guatemala. Households in Guatemala are gradually adopting liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) stoves, but a strong tradition of woodstove use persists. We conducted a mixed-methods study of LPG stove use in peri-urban Guatemala. We used knowledge, attitudes and practices surveys with 187 LPG stove owners who also used woodstoves to identify perceptions of stove and cooking practices. Barriers to sustained use of LPG stoves were evaluated through focus groups, participant observations with stove users, and key informant interviews with community leaders...
September 18, 2018: EcoHealth
Vijay S Limaye, Jason Vargo, Monica Harkey, Tracey Holloway, Jonathan A Patz
Climate change will increase extreme heat-related health risks. To quantify the health impacts of mid-century climate change, we assess heat-related excess mortality across the eastern USA. Health risks are estimated using the US Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP). Mid-century temperature estimates, downscaled using the Weather Research and Forecasting model, are compared to 2007 temperatures at 36 km and 12 km resolutions. Models indicate the average apparent and actual summer temperatures rise by 4...
August 29, 2018: EcoHealth
Graziella V DiRenzo, Tate S Tunstall, Roberto Ibáñez, Maya S deVries, Ana V Longo, Kelly R Zamudio, Karen R Lips
Chytridiomycosis is an emerging infectious disease of amphibians caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), which has led to devastating declines in amphibian populations worldwide. Current theory predicts that Bd infections are maintained through both reproduction on the host's skin and reinfection from sources outside of the host. To investigate the importance of external reinfection on pathogen burden, we infected captive-bred individuals of the highly susceptible Panamanian Golden Frog, Atelopus glyphus, and wild-caught glass frogs, Espadarana prosoblepon, with Bd...
August 20, 2018: EcoHealth
Emiliano Muschetto, Gerardo Rubén Cueto, Regino Cavia, Paula Julieta Padula, Olga Virginia Suárez
Green spaces in urban areas can play a key role in protecting wildlife. However, the presence of wildlife in urban areas can lead to human health risks. Although the presence of the rodent species Oligoryzomys flavescens (hantavirus reservoir) has been recorded in cities of Argentina, its population dynamics in this type of habitat is still unknown. Here, we evaluated: (1) long-term spatial and temporal patterns of O. flavescens abundance and how these patterns were influenced by weather factors and (2) the seroprevalence of hantavirus and the identity of the viral lineage circulating in the population that inhabits the Costanera Sur Ecological Reserve, a protected area in the city of Buenos Aires...
August 20, 2018: EcoHealth
Evan A Eskew, Kevin J Olival
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2018: EcoHealth
Sydney P Rudko, Ronald L Reimink, Kelsey Froelich, Michelle A Gordy, Curtis L Blankespoor, Patrick C Hanington
Swimmer's itch (cercarial dermatitis) is a nuisance encountered by bathers and recreational water users worldwide. The condition is caused by the penetration of larval digenean trematodes (cercariae) of the family Schistosomatidae, into the skin, following their release into freshwater from pulmonate snails that serve as the intermediate hosts for these parasites. This study utilizes qPCR-based cercariometry to monitor and quantify cercariae from water samples collected at 5 lakes in northern Michigan. The resolution provided by qPCR facilitated assessment of the environmental and biological drivers of swimmer's itch-causing cercariae concentrations, allowing us to demonstrate that cercarial abundance is greatest at the top of the water column, in locations with prevailing on- and alongshore winds...
August 17, 2018: EcoHealth
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