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EcoHealth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924422/spatial-overlap-between-people-and-non-human-primates-in-a-fragmented-landscape
#1
Sarah B Paige, Johanna Bleecker, Jonathan Mayer, Tony Goldberg
In western Uganda, the landscape surrounding Kibale National Park (KNP) contains households, trading centers, roads, fields, and forest fragments. The mosaic arrangement of these landscape features is thought to enhance human-primate interaction, leading to primate population declines and increased bi-directional disease transmission. Using a social-ecological systems research framework that captures the complexity of interaction among people, wildlife, and environment, we studied five forest fragments near KNP and conducted intensive on-the-ground mapping to identify locations of human-primate spatial overlap...
December 6, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900572/a-last-waltz-for-burke-wills-and-king
#2
Peter Daszak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830388/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-toxoplasmosis-in-middle-java-indonesia
#3
Annisa Retmanasari, Barandi Sapta Widartono, Mahardika Agus Wijayanti, Wayan Tunas Artama
Toxoplasmosis is a zoonosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii. Risk factors include consumption of undercooked meat, raw vegetables, and unfiltered water. This study aims to determine the seroprevalence and spatial distribution of toxoplasmosis in Middle Java, Indonesia, using an EcoHealth approach, combined with geographic information system (GIS). A total of 630 participants were randomly selected from seven districts. Each participant completed a questionnaire and provided a blood sample. The seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis was 62...
November 9, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830387/public-health-benefits-from-livestock-rift-valley-fever-control-a-simulation-of-two-epidemics-in-kenya
#4
Tabitha Kimani, Esther Schelling, Bernard Bett, Margaret Ngigi, Tom Randolph, Samuel Fuhrimann
In controlling Rift Valley fever, public health sector optimises health benefits by considering cost-effective control options. We modelled cost-effectiveness of livestock RVF control from a public health perspective in Kenya. Analysis was limited to pastoral and agro-pastoral system high-risk areas, for a 10-year period incorporating two epidemics: 2006/2007 and a hypothetical one in 2014/2015. Four integrated strategies (baseline and alternatives), combined from three vaccination and two surveillance options, were compared...
November 9, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826665/respiratory-problems-associated-with-surfing-in-coastal-waters
#5
Chris O'Halloran, Mary W Silver, Maureen Lahiff, John Colford
A pilot project was conducted to examine the health status and possible adverse health effects associated with seawater exposure (microbial water-quality indicators and phytoplankton abundance and their toxins) of surfers in Monterey Bay, Central California coastal waters. Forty-eight surfers enrolled in the study and completed an initial health background survey and weekly health surveys online using Survey Monkey. Descriptive statistics and generalized estimating equation, a regression technique, were used to identify longitudinal and correlated results...
November 8, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807634/evidence-for-wild-crocodiles-as-a-risk-for-human-leptospirosis-mexico
#6
Jonathan Pérez-Flores, Pierre Charruau, Rogelio Cedeño-Vázquez, Daniel Atilano
Sentinel species such as crocodilians are used to monitor the health of ecosystems. However, few studies have documented the presence of zoonotic diseases in wild populations of these reptiles. Herein we analyzed 48 serum samples from Crocodylus acutus (n = 34) and C. moreletii (n = 14) from different sites in the state of Quintana Roo (Mexico) to detect antibodies to Leptospira interrogans by means of a microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Crocodylus acutus and C. moreletii tested positive to 11 and 9 serovars, respectively, with Grippotyphosa being the serovar with the highest prevalence in Cozumel island (100%), Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve (70...
November 2, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803979/molecular-detection-of-circovirus-and-adenovirus-in-feces-of-fur-seals-arctocephalus-spp
#7
Catarina Marcon Chiappetta, Samuel Paulo Cibulski, Francisco Esmaile Sales Lima, Ana Paula Muterle Varela, Derek Blaese Amorim, Maurício Tavares, Paulo Michel Roehe
In some regions, little is known about exposure to viruses in coastal marine mammals. The present study aimed to detect viral RNA or DNA in 23 free-ranging fur seals on the northern coastline of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Polymerase chain reaction was used to detect nucleic acids of circoviruses, adenoviruses, morbilliviruses, vesiviruses, and coronaviruses in the feces from twenty-one South American fur seals (Arctocephalus australis) and two Subantarctic fur seals (A. tropicalis). Adenovirus DNA fragments were detected in two South American fur seals; nucleotide sequences of these fragments revealed a high degree of similarity to human adenovirus type C...
November 1, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800583/biomass-cooking-fuels-and-health-outcomes-for-women-in-malawi
#8
Ipsita Das, Pamela Jagger, Karin Yeatts
In sub-Saharan Africa, biomass fuels account for approximately 90% of household energy consumption. Limited evidence exists on the association between different biomass fuels and health outcomes. We report results from a cross-sectional sample of 655 households in Malawi. We calculated odds ratios between hypothesized determinants of household air pollution (HAP) exposure (fuel, stove type, and cooking location) and five categories of health outcomes (cardiopulmonary, respiratory, neurologic, eye health, and burns)...
October 31, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796674/ecosystem-approaches-to-community-health-and-wellbeing-towards-an-integrated-australian-governance-framework-in-response-to-global-environmental-change
#9
Jonathan Kingsley, Sebastian Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796673/the-big-challenge-climate-and-health
#10
Grant Blashki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770298/ko-t%C3%A4-ngonge-te-wai-indigenous-and-technical-data-come-together-in-restoration-efforts
#11
Wendy Henwood, Helen Moewaka Barnes, Troy Brockbank, Waikarere Gregory, Kaio Hooper, Tim McCreanor
In Aotearoa New Zealand, Māori aspirations around land and water conflict with settler interests. As indigenous people, Māori struggle to enact agency over resources, despite Treaty (Treaty of Waitangi/Te Tiriti o Waitangi is an 1840 agreement between Maori and the crown) settlement processes returning some lands. Returns are complex since changes wrought by dispossession may be extreme, requiring multiple stakeholder engagements. Tāngonge, a heavily modified wetland, in northern Aotearoa New Zealand has been the subject of iwi (tribe or tribes) claims since the 1890s...
October 21, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766441/cryptosporidiosis-risk-in-new-zealand-children-under-5-years-old-is-greatest-in-areas-with-high-dairy-cattle-densities
#12
Aparna Lal, Timothy Dobbins, Nasser Bagheri, Michael G Baker, Nigel P French, Simon Hales
The public health risks associated with dairy farming intensification are an emerging concern. We examine the association between dairy cattle density and cryptosporidiosis risk in children <5 years old in New Zealand from 1997 to 2008, a period of rapid intensification of the dairy industry. Multi-level Poisson regression was used to model reported cryptosporidiosis (N = 3869 cases) incidence in relation to dairy cattle densities across urban and rural areas separately, after controlling for microbiological quality of public drinking water supplies and neighbourhood socio-economic factors using the Census Area Unit of residence...
October 20, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761666/the-4th-international-one-health-congress-and-6th-biennial-congress-of-the-international-association-for-ecology-and-health-2016
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757557/in-this-issue
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752838/international-ecohealth-one-health-congress-2016
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738775/investigating-rare-risk-factors-for-nipah-virus-in-bangladesh-2001-2012
#16
Sonia T Hegde, Hossain M S Sazzad, M Jahangir Hossain, Mahbub-Ul Alam, Eben Kenah, Peter Daszak, Pierre Rollin, Mahmudur Rahman, Stephen P Luby, Emily S Gurley
Human Nipah encephalitis outbreaks have been identified almost yearly in Bangladesh since 2001. Though raw date palm sap consumption and person-to-person contact are recognized as major transmission pathways, alternative pathways of transmission are plausible and may not have been identified due to limited statistical power in each outbreak. We conducted a risk factor analysis using all 157 cases and 632 controls surveyed in previous investigations during 2004-2012 to identify exposures independently associated with Nipah, since date palm sap was first asked about as an exposure in 2004...
October 13, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718030/beyond-the-cut-hunter-a-historical-epidemiology-of-hiv-beginnings-in-central-africa
#17
Stephanie Rupp, Philippe Ambata, Victor Narat, Tamara Giles-Vernick
In the absence of direct evidence, an imagined "cut hunter" stands in for the index patient of pandemic HIV/AIDS. During the early years of colonial rule, this explanation goes, a hunter was cut or injured from hunting or butchering a chimpanzee infected with simian immunodeficiency virus, resulting in the first sustained human infection with the virus that would emerge as HIV-1M. We argue here that the "cut hunter" relies on a historical misunderstanding and ecological oversimplification of human-chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes troglodytes) interactions that facilitated pathogenic transmission...
October 7, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709311/transmission-dynamics-of-the-west-nile-virus-in-mosquito-vector-populations-under-the-influence-of-weather-factors-in-the-danube-delta-romania
#18
Ani Ioana Cotar, Elena Falcuta, Liviu Florian Prioteasa, Sorin Dinu, Cornelia Svetlana Ceianu, Shlomit Paz
Mosquitoes were collected in the Danube Delta during the active seasons of 2011-2013. For Culex spp. mosquitoes, the abundance was calculated. Culex pipiens (sensu lato), (s.l.) and Culex modestus pools were tested for the presence of West Nile virus (WNV) genome, and the maximum likelihood of the infection rate was established. Mean daily temperatures and precipitation were obtained for the closest meteorological station. A negative binominal model was used to evaluate linkages between the temperature/precipitation and mosquito population size...
October 5, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709310/survey-of-pathogenic-chytrid-fungi-batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis-and-b-salamandrivorans-in-salamanders-from-three-mountain-ranges-in-europe-and-the-americas
#19
Joshua Curtis Parrott, Alexander Shepack, David Burkart, Brandon LaBumbard, Patrick Scimè, Ethan Baruch, Alessandro Catenazzi
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) is a virulent fungal pathogen that infects salamanders. It is implicated in the recent collapse of several populations of fire salamanders in Europe. This pathogen seems much like that of its sister species, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), the agent responsible for anuran extinctions and extirpations worldwide, and is considered to be an emerging global threat to salamander communities. Bsal thrives at temperatures found in many mountainous regions rich in salamander species; because of this, we have screened specimens of salamanders representing 17 species inhabiting mountain ranges in three continents: The Smoky Mountains, the Swiss Alps, and the Peruvian Andes...
October 5, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699712/one-health-ecohealth-2016-welcome-from-the-president-of-the-international-association-for-ecology-and-health
#20
Jakob Zinsstag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: EcoHealth
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