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EcoHealth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30377876/the-chytrid-fungus-batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis-is-widespread-among-cuban-amphibians
#1
Antonio Cádiz, Mey Ling Reytor, Luis M Díaz, Tara Chestnut, John A Burns, George Amato
The fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is a generalist amphibian pathogen responsible for chytridiomycosis. It was documented for the first time in Cuba in 2007, the apparent cause of the decline in one species of toad. In a recent survey, Bd was reported only for the highlands of Central Cuba. In the present study, we reexamined the geographic distribution and level of impact of Bd in Cuba by conducting an island-wide sampling in 10 localities and collecting skin swabs from 18 species and 28 environmental samples...
October 30, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30350000/the-influence-of-climate-and-livestock-reservoirs-on-human-cases-of-giardiasis
#2
Ariel Brunn, David N Fisman, Jan M Sargeant, Amy L Greer
Giardia duodenalis is an intestinal parasite which causes diarrhoeal illness in people. Zoonotic subtypes found in livestock may contribute to human disease occurrence through runoff of manure into multi-use surface water. This study investigated temporal associations among selected environmental variables and G. duodenalis occurrence in livestock reservoirs on human giardiasis incidence using data collected in the Waterloo Health Region, Ontario, Canada. The study objectives were to: (1) evaluate associations between human cases and environmental variables between 1 June 2006 and 31 December 2013, and (2) evaluate associations between human cases, environmental variables and livestock reservoirs using a subset of this time series, with both analyses controlling for seasonal and long-term trends...
October 22, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349999/field-diagnostics-and-seasonality-of-ophidiomyces-ophiodiicola-in-wild-snake-populations
#3
Jennifer M McKenzie, Steven J Price, J Leo Fleckenstein, Andrea N Drayer, Grant M Connette, Elizabeth Bohuski, Jeffrey M Lorch
Snake fungal disease (SFD) is an emerging disease caused by the fungal pathogen, Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola. Clinical signs of SFD include dermal lesions, including regional and local edema, crusts, and ulcers. Snake fungal disease is widespread in the Eastern United States, yet there are limited data on how clinical signs of SFD compare with laboratory diagnostics. We compared two sampling methods for O. ophiodiicola, scale clip collection and swabbing, to evaluate whether collection method impacted the results of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
October 22, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315510/a-low-cost-stove-use-monitor-to-enable-conditional-cash-transfers
#4
Ajay Pillarisetti, Manpreet Gill, Tracy Allen, Sathish Madhavan, Arun Dhongade, Makarand Ghorpade, Sudipto Roy, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Sanjay Juvekar, Kirk R Smith
Conditional cash transfers (CCTs)-cash payments provided to households or specific household members who meet defined conditions or fulfill certain behaviors-have been extensively used in India to encourage antenatal care, institutional delivery, and vaccination. This paper describes the social design and technical development of a low-cost, meal-counting stove use monitor (the Pink Key) that enables a CCT based on liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) usage and presents pilot data from its testing and the initial deployment...
October 12, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315509/correction-to-household-determinants-of-liquified-petroleum-gas-lpg-as-a-cooking-fuel-in-south-west-cameroon
#5
Daniel Pope, Nigel Bruce, James Higgerson, Lirije Hyseni, Sara Ronzi, Debbi Stanistreet, Bertrand MBatchou, Elisa Puzzolo
Household Determinants of Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) as a Cooking Fuel in South West Cameroon.
October 12, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311017/australian-indigenous-land-management-ecological-knowledge-and-languages-for-conservation
#6
Rosalie Schultz, Tammy Abbott, Jessica Yamaguchi, Sheree Cairney
Many Indigenous Australians hold cultural, ecological and language knowledge, but common representations of Indigenous Australians focus on social disadvantage and poor comparisons with other Australians in education, employment and health. Indigenous Land Management works with Indigenous people's cultural, ecological and language expertise, employing Indigenous people in activities contributing to biodiversity conservation. The Interplay research surveyed 841 Indigenous people in remote communities. Those employed in land management reported greater participation in cultural activities, language knowledge, and belief that their land was looked after...
October 11, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311016/fueling-clean-household-environments
#7
EDITORIAL
Kalpana Balakrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311015/what-s-new
#8
EDITORIAL
Brian Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284073/investigating-the-relationship-between-climate-and-valley-fever-coccidioidomycosis
#9
Elizabeth A Weaver, Korine N Kolivras
Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) is a disease caused by inhalation of spores from the soil-dwelling Coccidioides fungal species. The disease is endemic to semiarid areas in the western USA and parts of Central and South America. The region of interest for this study, Kern County, California, accounts for approximately 14% of the reported valley fever cases in the USA each year. It is hypothesized that the weather conditions that foster the growth and dispersal of the fungus influence the number of cases in the endemic area...
October 3, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276494/household-determinants-of-liquified-petroleum-gas-lpg-as-a-cooking-fuel-in-sw-cameroon
#10
Daniel Pope, Nigel Bruce, James Higgerson, Lirije Hyseni, Debbi Stanistreet, Bertrand MBatchou, Elisa Puzzolo
Currently 70% of the population in Cameroon are reliant on solid fuel for cooking (90% in rural communities) and the associated household air pollution contributes to significant mortality and morbidity in the country. To address the problems of energy security, deforestation and pollution the government has developed a strategy (Masterplan) to increase use of liquified petroleum gas (LPG) as a cooking fuel from 12% to 58% by 2030. As a clean fuel scaled adoption of LPG has the potential to make significant positive impacts on population health...
October 1, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30255415/prospective-serosurvey-of-coxiella-burnetii-antibodies-in-selected-sheep-of-portugal
#11
Rita Cruz, Fernando Esteves, Carmen Vasconcelos-Nóbrega, Carla Santos, Ana Sofia Ferreira, Ana Cristina Mega, Ana Claudia Coelho, Helena Vala, João Rodrigo Mesquita
Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii that is highly prevalent across the world. In this study, a prospective serosurvey was performed to study C. burnetii circulation in a population of sheep in the central region of Portugal. Blood from a representative sample of 168 animals was drawn in both 2015 and 2016, and sera were tested for IgG anti-C. burnetii by EIA. In 2015, 7.7% (13/168) animals tested positive for IgG anti-C. burnetii, while in 2016, 17.3% (29/168) tested positive, showing a statistically significant (P = 0...
September 25, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232662/experiences-with-the-mass-distribution-of-lpg-stoves-in-rural-communities-of-ghana
#12
Martha Ali Abdulai, Samuel Afari-Asiedu, Daniel Carrion, Kenneth Ayuurebobi Ae-Ngibise, Stephaney Gyaase, Mujtaba Mohammed, Oscar Agyei, Ellen Boamah-Kaali, Theresa Tawiah, Rebecca Dwommoh, Francis Agbokey, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Kwaku Poku Asante, Darby Jack
Household air pollution (HAP) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. To limit HAP exposure and environmental degradation from biomass fuel use, the Government of Ghana promotes liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) use in rural Ghana via the Rural LPG program (RLP). We assessed the experiences of the RLP in 2015, 2 years after its launch. A mixed methods approach was used involving Focus Group Discussions (19) and in-depth interviews (25). In addition, a survey questionnaire was administered to elicit socio-demographic characteristics, household cooking practices and stove use patterns of 200 randomly selected respondents...
September 19, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30250980/drivers-of-physicians-engagement-in-addressing-eco-health-problems
#13
Marc Völker, Pojjana Hunchangsith
Physicians are in a unique position to be first-hand observers of the effects of environmental factors on population health. As a source of information which is highly trusted, they are also well-suited to raise awareness about the linkages between ecosystem and population health. Yet, current clinical practice in many parts of the world rarely includes environmental health assessments and patient education. The empirical evidence on the reasons for this lack of engagement is limited by the small number of studies published, its narrow geographical scope and the dearth of multivariate statistical analysis...
December 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30229372/adoption-of-liquefied-petroleum-gas-stoves-in-guatemala-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Lisa M Thompson, Mayari Hengstermann, John R Weinstein, Anaite Diaz-Artiga
Household air pollution is the sixth leading risk factor for premature mortality in Guatemala. Households in Guatemala are gradually adopting liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) stoves, but a strong tradition of woodstove use persists. We conducted a mixed-methods study of LPG stove use in peri-urban Guatemala. We used knowledge, attitudes and practices surveys with 187 LPG stove owners who also used woodstoves to identify perceptions of stove and cooking practices. Barriers to sustained use of LPG stoves were evaluated through focus groups, participant observations with stove users, and key informant interviews with community leaders...
December 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30120670/de-urbanization-and-zoonotic-disease-risk
#15
Evan A Eskew, Kevin J Olival
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30377877/altered-disease-risk-from-climate-change
#16
EDITORIAL
Jonathan A Patz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327990/betwixt-the-world-destroy-d-and-world-restor-d
#17
EDITORIAL
Mark Olival-Bartley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30255414/what-s-new
#18
EDITORIAL
Brian Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242538/using-bloodmeal-analysis-to-assess-disease-risk-to-wildlife-at-the-new-northern-limit-of-a-mosquito-species
#19
Andrea Egizi, Ellen S Martinsen, Holly Vuong, Kelly I Zimmerman, Ary Faraji, Dina M Fonseca
The historically southeastern mosquito species Culex erraticus has over the last 30 years undergone a marked expansion north. We evaluated this species' potential to participate in local disease cycles in the northeastern USA by identifying the vertebrate sources of blood in Cx. erraticus specimens from New Jersey. We found that the majority of bloodmeals (92.6%) were derived from birds, followed by 6.8% from mammals (of which half were human), and a single amphibian bloodmeal from a spring peeper (0.56%)...
September 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242537/health-science-faith-and-stewardship
#20
Howard Frumkin, Nicholas Watts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: EcoHealth
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