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International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

Jennifer Norman, Bridget Kelly, Anne-T McMahon, Emma Boyland, Louise A Baur, Kathy Chapman, Lesley King, Clare Hughes, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: Policies restricting children's exposure to unhealthy food marketing have been impeded by the lack of evidence showing a direct link between food advertising exposure and children's energy intake and body weight. Food advertising exposure increases children's immediate food consumption, but whether this increased intake is compensated for at later eating occasions is not known; consequently the sustained effect on diets remains unclear. METHODS: We conducted a within-subject, randomised, crossover, counterbalanced study across four, six-day holiday camps in New South Wales, Australia between April 2016 and January 2017...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
A H Y Chu, R M van Dam, S J H Biddle, C S Tan, D Koh, F Müller-Riemenschneider
BACKGROUND: The interpretation of previous studies on the association of physical activity and sedentary behaviour with psychological health is limited by the use of mostly self-reported physical activity and sedentary behaviour, and a focus on Western populations. We aimed to explore the association of self-reported and devise-based measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviour domains on psychological distress in an urban multi-ethnic Asian population. METHODS: From a population-based cross-sectional study of adults aged 18-79 years, data were used from an overall sample (n = 2653) with complete self-reported total physical activity/sedentary behaviour and domain-specific physical activity data, and a subsample (n = 703) with self-reported domain-specific sedentary behaviour and accelerometry data...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Einat A Schmutz, Sarah R Haile, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Tanja H Kakebeeke, Annina E Zysset, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Kerstin Stülb, Amar Arhab, Andrea H Meyer, Simone Munsch, Jardena J Puder, Oskar G Jenni, Susi Kriemler
BACKGROUND: Despite physical activity (PA) being recognized as a critically important factor for good physical and mental health already early in life and throughout the life course, prospective data on activity behavior during the preschool years remains scarce. This study examined trajectories and determinants of levels and change in total PA (TPA), moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in a representative sample of Swiss preschoolers. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study (SPLASHY), a multi-site prospective cohort study including 555 children (53% boys) aged 2-to-6 years at baseline...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Lubna Abdul Razak, Sze Lin Yoong, John Wiggers, Philip J Morgan, Jannah Jones, Meghan Finch, Rachel Sutherland, Christophe Lecathelnais, Karen Gillham, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Increasing the frequency of periods of outdoor free-play in childcare may represent an opportunity to increase child physical activity. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of scheduling multiple periods of outdoor free-play in increasing the time children spend in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) while attending childcare. METHODS: The study employed a cluster randomised controlled trial design involving children aged 3 to 6 years, attending ten childcare services in the Hunter New England region of New South Wales, Australia...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Koichiro Oka, Ai Shibata, Yung Liao, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Neville Owen, Takemi Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent associations of neighbourhood walkability with adults' body weight have been reported. Most studies examining the relationships of walkability and adiposity are cross-sectional in design. We examined the longitudinal relationships of two walkability indices - conventional walkability and space syntax walkability, and their individual components, with weight change among adults over four years. METHODS: Data were from the Physical Activity in Localities and Community study in Adelaide, Australia...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Anthony A Laverty, Elizabeth Webb, Eszter P Vamos, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: We investigated predictors of two increases in older people's public transport use: initiating public transport use among non-users; and increasing public transport use amongst users. We also investigated associations of these changes with physical activity, Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference. METHODS: Data come from the 2008 and 2012 English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). Logistic regression assessed predictors of increases in public transport use among adults aged ≥50 years...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Jacqueline Kerr, Dori Rosenberg, Rachel A Millstein, Khalisa Bolling, Katie Crist, Michelle Takemoto, Suneeta Godbole, Kevin Moran, Loki Natarajan, Cynthia Castro-Sweet, David Buchner
BACKGROUND: Older adults are the least active population group. Interventions in residential settings may support a multi-level approach to behavior change. METHODS: In a cluster randomized control trial, 11 San Diego retirement communities were assigned to a physical activity (PA) intervention or a healthy aging attention control condition. Participants were 307 adults over 65 years old. The multilevel PA intervention was delivered with the assistance of peer leaders, who were trained older adult from the retirement communities...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Dana Lee Olstad, Rebecca M Leech, Katherine M Livingstone, Kylie Ball, Beth Thomas, Jane Potter, Xenia Cleanthous, Rachael Reynolds, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: Increasing inequalities in rates of obesity and chronic disease may be partly fuelled by increasing dietary inequalities, however very few nationally representative analyses of socioeconomic trends in dietary inequalities exist. The release of the 2011-13 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey data allows investigation of change in dietary intake according to socioeconomic position (SEP) in Australia using a large, nationally representative sample, compared to the previous national survey in 1995...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Andrea Ramirez Varela, Deborah Salvo, Michael Pratt, Karen Milton, Katja Siefken, Adrian Bauman, Harold W Kohl, I-Min Lee, Gregory Heath, Charlie Foster, Kenneth Powell, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: The work of The Global Observatory for Physical Activity-GoPA! is the first global effort to compile standardized country-level surveillance, policy and research data for physical activity in order to better understand how countries and regions address promoting physical activity. GoPA! developed standardized country-specific physical activity profiles ("Country Cards") to summarize country-level data through 2013. The aim of this study was to assess use of the Country Cards, identify the factors associated with their use, and develop recommendations for supporting country-level physical activity promotion...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Karina Silva Garcia, Thomas G Power, Ashley D Beck, Jennifer Orlet Fisher, L Suzanne Goodell, Susan L Johnson, Teresia M O'Connor, Sheryl O Hughes
BACKGROUND: During the last two decades, researchers have devoted considerable attention to the role of maternal feeding behaviors, practices, and styles in the development of obesity in young children. Little is known, however, about the consistency of maternal feeding across settings and time. The purpose of this paper was to provide data on this issue by examining the consistency of observed maternal feeding behavior across multiple eating occasions, as well as examine the consistency of observed and self-reported maternal feeding behavior across 18 months...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Jessica McNeil, Megan S Farris, Yibing Ruan, Heather Merry, Brigid M Lynch, Charles E Matthews, Kerry S Courneya, Christine M Friedenreich
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has emerged as an important lifestyle factor for primary prevention of numerous diseases, including postmenopausal breast cancer. No study to date has assessed the acute and long-term effects of year-long aerobic exercise programs differing in prescribed exercise volume on physical activity and sedentary time in postmenopausal women. Therefore, we aimed to examine the effects of two moderate-vigorous intensity exercise doses on total, light and moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity times, and sedentary time in postmenopausal women during the year-long intervention and one year later...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Louise Foley, Dorothea Dumuid, Andrew J Atkin, Timothy Olds, David Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Active travel (walking or cycling for transport) is associated with favourable health outcomes in adults. However, little is known about the concurrent patterns of health behaviour associated with active travel. We used compositional data analysis to explore differences in how people doing some active travel used their time compared to those doing no active travel, incorporating physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data from the 2014/15 United Kingdom Harmonised European Time Use Survey...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Wendy Si Hassen, Katia Castetbon, Sandrine Péneau, Christine Tichit, Anouar Nechba, Aurélie Lampuré, France Bellisle, Serge Hercberg, Caroline Méjean
BACKGROUND: Few studies have specifically focused on demographic and socio-economic characteristics associated with snacking in adults, whereas their identification could be useful for defining effective public health measures. The aim of our study was to assess the associations of these factors with daily snacking behavior and its dietary quality. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 84,692 women and 23,491 men from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study. Occurrence of snacking, energy intake from snacks, snack nutrient, and energy densities were assessed using 24-h dietary records of weekdays at baseline...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Elizabeth L Adams, Michele E Marini, Jennifer Stokes, Leann L Birch, Ian M Paul, Jennifer S Savage
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviors, including screen time, in childhood have been associated with an increased risk for overweight. Beginning in infancy, we sought to reduce screen time and television exposure and increase time spent in interactive play as one component of a responsive parenting (RP) intervention designed for obesity prevention. METHODS: The Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories (INSIGHT) study is a randomized trial comparing a RP intervention with a safety control intervention...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Karen Broekhuizen, David Simmons, Roland Devlieger, André van Assche, Goele Jans, Sander Galjaard, Rosa Corcoy, Juan M Adelantado, Fidelma Dunne, Gernot Desoye, Jürgen Harreiter, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Dorte M Jensen, Liselotte L Andersen, Annunziata Lapolla, Maria G Dalfra, Alessandra Bertolotto, Ewa Wender-Ozegowska, Agnieszka Zawiejska, David Hill, Frank J Snoek, Judith G M Jelsma, Judith E Bosmans, Mireille N M van Poppel, Johanna M van Dongen
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with perinatal health risks to both mother and offspring, and represents a large economic burden. The DALI study is a multicenter randomized controlled trial, undertaken to add to the knowledge base on the effectiveness of interventions for pregnant women at increased risk for GDM. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the healthy eating and/or physical activity promotion intervention compared to usual care among pregnant women at increased risk of GDM from a societal perspective...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Elina Järvelä-Reijonen, Leila Karhunen, Essi Sairanen, Joona Muotka, Sanni Lindroos, Jaana Laitinen, Sampsa Puttonen, Katri Peuhkuri, Maarit Hallikainen, Jussi Pihlajamäki, Riitta Korpela, Miikka Ermes, Raimo Lappalainen, Marjukka Kolehmainen
BACKGROUND: Internal motivation and good psychological capabilities are important factors in successful eating-related behavior change. Thus, we investigated whether general acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) affects reported eating behavior and diet quality and whether baseline perceived stress moderates the intervention effects. METHODS: Secondary analysis of unblinded randomized controlled trial in three Finnish cities. Working-aged adults with psychological distress and overweight or obesity in three parallel groups: (1) ACT-based Face-to-face (n = 70; six group sessions led by a psychologist), (2) ACT-based Mobile (n = 78; one group session and mobile app), and (3) Control (n = 71; only the measurements)...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Kelli L Cain, Carrie M Geremia, Terry L Conway, Lawrence D Frank, James E Chapman, Eric H Fox, Anna Timperio, Jenny Veitch, Delfien Van Dyck, Hannah Verhoeven, Rodrigo Reis, Alexandre Augusto, Ester Cerin, Robin R Mellecker, Ana Queralt, Javier Molina-García, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: Relationships between several built environment factors and physical activity and walking behavior are well established, but internationally-comparable built environment measures are lacking. The Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS)-Global is an observational measure of detailed streetscape features relevant to physical activity that was developed for international use. This study examined the inter-observer reliability of the instrument in five countries. METHODS: MAPS-Global was developed by compiling concepts and items from eight environmental measures relevant to walking and bicycling...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
S F M Chastin, M L Dontje, D A Skelton, I Čukić, R J Shaw, J M R Gill, C A Greig, C R Gale, I J Deary, G Der, P M Dall
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour is a public health concern that requires surveillance and epidemiological research. For such large scale studies, self-report tools are a pragmatic measurement solution. A large number of self-report tools are currently in use, but few have been validated against an objective measure of sedentary time and there is no comparative information between tools to guide choice or to enable comparison between studies. The aim of this study was to provide a systematic comparison, generalisable to all tools, of the validity of self-report measures of sedentary time against a gold standard sedentary time objective monitor...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Catrine Tudor-Locke, John M Schuna, Ho Han, Elroy J Aguiar, Sandra Larrivee, Daniel S Hsia, Scott W Ducharme, Tiago V Barreira, William D Johnson
BACKGROUND: Steps/day is widely utilized to estimate the total volume of ambulatory activity, but it does not directly reflect intensity, a central tenet of public health guidelines. Cadence (steps/min) represents an overlooked opportunity to describe the intensity of ambulatory activity. We sought to establish thresholds linking directly observed cadence with objectively measured intensity in 6-20 year olds. METHODS: One hundred twenty participants completed multiple 5-min bouts on a treadmill, from 13...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Ruth E Salway, Simon J Sebire, Emma Solomon-Moore, Janice L Thompson, Russell Jago
BACKGROUND: Physical activity in children is associated with better physical and mental health but many children do not meet physical activity guidelines. Friendship groups are potentially an important influence on children's physical activity and sedentary time. This paper examines the association between children of physical activity and sedentary time in school-based same-sex friendship networks, for both moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time. Moreover, considering the methodological challenges of conducting and interpreting these analyses, we provide examples of how to analyse these data and interpret results to encourage further work in the area...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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