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International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424081/menu-engineering-in-restaurants-adapting-portion-sizes-on-plates-to-enhance-vegetable-consumption-a-real-life-experiment
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Machiel J Reinders, Marlijn Huitink, S Coosje Dijkstra, Anna J Maaskant, Joris Heijnen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to investigate whether increased portion sizes of vegetables and decreased portion sizes of meat on main dishes increased the amount of vegetables consumed in a real-life restaurant setting without affecting customer satisfaction. The participants were unaware of the experiment. METHODS: A cross-over design was used in which three restaurants were randomly assigned to a sequence of an intervention and control condition. In the intervention period, the vegetable portion sizes on the plates of main dishes were doubled (150 g of vegetables instead of 75 g) and the portion sizes of meat on the plates were reduced by an average of 12...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221449/changes-in-physical-activity-during-the-retirement-transition-a-series-of-novel-n-of-1-natural-experiments
#2
Suzanne McDonald, Rute Vieira, Alan Godfrey, Nicola O'Brien, Martin White, Falko F Sniehotta
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence about the impact of retirement on physical activity (PA) has primarily focused on the average change in PA level after retirement in group-based studies. It is unclear whether findings regarding the direction of PA change after retirement from group-based studies apply to individuals. This study aimed to explore changes in PA, PA determinants and their inter-relationships during the retirement transition at the individual level. METHODS: A series of n-of-1 natural experiments were conducted with seven individuals who were aged 55-76 years and approaching retirement...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212502/a-spatial-analysis-of-dietary-patterns-in-a-large-representative-population-in-the-north-of-the-netherlands-the-lifelines-cohort-study
#3
Louise H Dekker, Richard H Rijnks, Dirk Strijker, Gerjan J Navis
BACKGROUND: Diet is an important modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases. In the search for effective strategies to improve dietary patterns in order to promote healthy ageing, new approaches considering contextual factors in public health medicine are warranted. The aim of this study is to examine the spatial clustering of dietary patterns in a large representative sample of adults. METHODS: Dietary patterns were defined on the basis of a 111 item Food Frequency Questionnaire among n = 117,570 adults using principal components analysis...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202850/objectively-assessed-physical-activity-and-weight-change-in-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jessica L Unick, Wei Lang, Samantha E Williams, Dale S Bond, Caitlin M Egan, Mark A Espeland, Rena R Wing, Deborah F Tate
BACKGROUND: Reductions in physical activity (PA) are common throughout young adulthood and low PA is associated with weight gain. The SNAP Trial previously reported that two self-regulation approaches to weight gain prevention reduced weight gain over a 2-year period in 18-35 year olds. Presented here are secondary analyses examining changes in PA and the relationship between PA and weight change over 2 years. METHODS: 599 young adults (age: 27.4 ± 4.4 yrs...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202849/designing-healthy-communities-creating-evidence-on-metrics-for-built-environment-features-associated-with-walkable-neighbourhood-activity-centres
#5
Lucy Dubrelle Gunn, Suzanne Mavoa, Claire Boulangé, Paula Hooper, Anne Kavanagh, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based metrics are needed to inform urban policy to create healthy walkable communities. Most active living research has developed metrics of the environment around residential addresses, ignoring other important walking locations. Therefore, this study examined: metrics for built environment features surrounding local shopping centres, (known in Melbourne, Australia as neighbourhood activity centres (NACs) which are typically anchored by a supermarket); the association between NACs and transport walking; and, policy compliance for supermarket provision...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179724/intervention-fidelity-in-the-definitive-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-healthy-lifestyles-programme-help-trial-findings-from-the-process-evaluation
#6
Jenny Lloyd, Sarah Dean, Siobhan Creanor, Charles Abraham, Melvyn Hillsdon, Emma Ryan, Katrina M Wyatt
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP) was a novel school-located intervention for 9-10 year olds, designed to prevent obesity by changing patterns of child behaviour through the creation of supportive school and home environments using dynamic and creative delivery methods. This paper reports on both the quantitative and qualitative data regarding the implementation of the HeLP intervention in the definitive cluster randomised controlled trial, which was part of the wider process evaluation...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178916/do-hedonic-versus-nutrition-based-attitudes-toward-food-predict-food-choices-a-cross-sectional-study-of-6-to-11-year-olds
#7
Lucile Marty, Maud Miguet, Marie Bournez, Sophie Nicklaus, Stéphanie Chambaron, Sandrine Monnery-Patris
BACKGROUND: Implicit and explicit attitudes are potential precursors of food choices and combine affective and cognitive components that can vary in their relative dominance. Yet, the affective and cognitive components of attitudes toward food can lead to distinct predisposition toward a food item and potentially to different food choices. In the food domain, the affective component pertains to the hedonic tone of consumption, while the cognitive component encompasses nutritional value or health consequences of food...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162125/how-to-get-a-nation-walking-reach-retention-participant-characteristics-and-program-implications-of-heart-foundation-walking-a-nationwide-australian-community-based-walking-program
#8
Kylie Ball, Gavin Abbott, Michelle Wilson, Melanie Chisholm, Shannon Sahlqvist
BACKGROUND: Community-based walking programs represent a low-cost, accessible approach to increasing physical activity among inactive adults. However, recruiting participants from vulnerable and hard-to-reach groups remains a challenge. This study examined the reach, retention, sociodemographic and health characteristics, physical activity levels and motivators of participants in Heart Foundation Walking, a nationwide Australian community-based walking program. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional analyses were undertaken with data from 22,416 participants aged 15+ years in the Heart Foundation Walking registration database in December 2015, and from four surveys of participants in 2010 (n = 2400), 2011 (n = 3274), 2012 (n = 4158) and 2015 (n = 1890)...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149890/physical-activity-and-calorie-intake-mediate-the-relationship-from-depression-to-body-fat-mass-among-female-mexican-health-workers
#9
Amado D Quezada, Nayeli Macías-Waldman, Jorge Salmerón, Tessa Swigart, Katia Gallegos-Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Depression is a foremost cause of morbidity throughout the world and the prevalence of depression in women is about twice as high as men. Additionally, overweight and obesity are major global health concerns. We explored the relationship between depression and body fat, and the role of physical activity and diet as mediators of this relationship in a sample of 456 adult female Mexican health workers. METHOD: Longitudinal and cross-sectional analyses using data from adult women of the Health Workers Cohort Study (HWCS) Measures of body fat mass (kg from DEXA), dietary intake (kcal from FFQ), leisure time activity (METs/wk) and depression (CES-D) were determined in two waves (2004-2006 and 2010-2011)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145884/systematic-literature-review-of-built-environment-effects-on-physical-activity-and-active-transport-an-update-and-new-findings-on-health-equity
#10
REVIEW
Melody Smith, Jamie Hosking, Alistair Woodward, Karen Witten, Alexandra MacMillan, Adrian Field, Peter Baas, Hamish Mackie
BACKGROUND: Evidence is mounting to suggest a causal relationship between the built environment and people's physical activity behaviours, particularly active transport. The evidence base has been hindered to date by restricted consideration of cost and economic factors associated with built environment interventions, investigation of socioeconomic or ethnic differences in intervention effects, and an inability to isolate the effect of the built environment from other intervention types...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145868/what-happened-in-the-move-for-well-being-in-school-a-process-evaluation-of-a-cluster-randomized-physical-activity-intervention-using-the-re-aim-framework
#11
Søren Smedegaard, Ruben Brondeel, Lars Breum Christiansen, Thomas Skovgaard
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to address the gap in the translation of research into practice through an extensive process evaluation of the Move for Well-being in School programme using the RE-AIM framework. The purpose was to gain insight into the extent by which the intervention was adopted and implemented as intended and to understand how educators observed its effectiveness and maintenance. METHODS: Public schools located in seven municipalities in Denmark were invited to enroll their 4th to 6th grade classes in the project...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141651/the-dose-of-behavioral-interventions-to-prevent-and-treat-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression
#12
REVIEW
William J Heerman, Meghan M JaKa, Jerica M Berge, Erika S Trapl, Evan C Sommer, Lauren R Samuels, Natalie Jackson, Jacob L Haapala, Alicia S Kunin-Batson, Barbara A Olson-Bullis, Heather K Hardin, Nancy E Sherwood, Shari L Barkin
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the optimal "dose" of behavioral interventions to affect change in weight-related outcomes is a critical topic for childhood obesity intervention research. The objective of this review was to quantify the relationship between dose and outcome in behavioral trials targeting childhood obesity to guide future intervention development. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-regression included randomized controlled trials published between 1990 and June 2017 that tested a behavioral intervention for obesity among children 2-18 years old...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141646/physical-activity-and-the-environment-conceptual-review-and-framework-for-intervention-research
#13
REVIEW
Jenna Panter, Cornelia Guell, Rick Prins, David Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Changing the physical environment is one way to promote physical activity and improve health, but evidence on intervention effectiveness is mixed. The theoretical perspectives and conceptual issues discussed or used in evaluative studies and related literature may contribute to these inconsistencies. We aimed to advance the intervention research agenda by systematically searching for and synthesising the literature pertaining to these wider conceptual issues. METHODS: We searched for editorials, commentaries, reviews, or primary qualitative or quantitative studies in multiple disciplines by electronic searches of key databases (MEDLINE and MEDLINE In-Process, Web of Science, Cochrane Reviews, ProQuest for dissertations, Health Evidence, EPPI-Centre, TRID and NICE) and snowballing...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121957/pathways-through-which-higher-neighborhood-crime-is-longitudinally-associated-with-greater-body-mass-index
#14
Andrea S Richardson, Wendy M Troxel, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Gerald P Hunter, Robin Beckman, Natalie Colabianchi, Rebecca L Collins, Tamara Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Although crime and perceived safety are associated with obesity and body mass index (BMI), the pathways are less clear. Two likely pathways by which crime and perceived safety may impact obesity are through distress and physical activity. METHODS: We examined data from 2013 to 2014 for 644 predominantly African-American adults (mean age 57 years; 77% female) living in low-income Pittsburgh, PA neighborhoods, including self-reported perceptions of safety and emotional distress, interviewer-measured height/weight, and physical activity measured via accelerometry...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115995/developing-a-systems-based-framework-of-the-factors-influencing-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviours-in-ethnic-minority-populations-living-in-europe-a-dedipac-study
#15
Michelle Holdsworth, Mary Nicolaou, Lars Jørun Langøien, Hibbah Araba Osei-Kwasi, Sebastien F M Chastin, F Marijn Stok, Laura Capranica, Nanna Lien, Laura Terragni, Pablo Monsivais, Mario Mazzocchi, Lea Maes, Gun Roos, Caroline Mejean, Katie Powell, Karien Stronks
BACKGROUND: Some ethnic minority populations have a higher risk of non-communicable diseases than the majority European population. Diet and physical activity behaviours contribute to this risk, shaped by a system of inter-related factors. This study mapped a systems-based framework of the factors influencing dietary and physical activity behaviours in ethnic minority populations living in Europe, to inform research prioritisation and intervention development. METHODS: A concept mapping approach guided by systems thinking was used: i...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110714/subjectively-and-objectively-assessed-social-and-physical-environmental-correlates-of-preschoolers-accelerometer-based-physical-activity
#16
Michael Eichinger, Sven Schneider, Freia De Bock
BACKGROUND: Overweight and low levels of physical activity (PA) in preschoolers are major public health concerns. However, to date only few studies have investigated subjective and objective correlates of PA across different socioecological domains in preschoolers. We therefore simultaneously investigate associations between preschoolers' objectively measured leisure-time PA and a comprehensive set of subjective and objective potential PA correlates across the behavioral, social and physical environmental domains on both family- and community-level...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100542/determinants-of-diet-and-physical-activity-dedipac-a-summary-of-findings
#17
Johannes Brug, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Anne Loyen, Wolfgang Ahrens, Oliver Allais, Lene F Andersen, Greet Cardon, Laura Capranica, Sebastien Chastin, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Marieke De Craemer, Alan Donnelly, Ulf Ekelund, Paul Finglas, Marion Flechtner-Mors, Antje Hebestreit, Thomas Kubiak, Massimo Lanza, Nanna Lien, Ciaran MacDonncha, Mario Mazzocchi, Pablo Monsivais, Marie Murphy, Mary Nicolaou, Ute Nöthlings, Donal J O'Gorman, Britta Renner, Gun Roos, Matthijs van den Berg, Matthias B Schulze, Jürgen M Steinacker, Karien Stronks, Dorothee Volkert, Jeroen Lakerveld
The establishment of the Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity (DEDIPAC) Knowledge Hub, 2013-2016, was the first action taken by the 'Healthy Diet for a Healthy Life' European Joint Programming Initiative. DEDIPAC aimed to provide better insight into the determinants of diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour across the life course, i.e. insight into the causes of the causes of important, non-communicable diseases across Europe and beyond. DEDIPAC was launched in late 2013, and delivered its final report in late 2016...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100495/statistical-comments-on-no-seasonal-variation-in-physical-activity-of-han-chinese-living-in-beijing
#18
LETTER
Mehrdad Farrokhi, Nasser Shirian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100494/response-to-farrokhi-et-al-s-statistical-comments-on-no-seasonal-variation-in-physical-activity-of-han-chinese-living-in-beijing
#19
LETTER
G Wang, J R Speakman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096640/food-parenting-and-child-snacking-a-systematic-review
#20
Rachel E Blaine, Alexandria Kachurak, Kirsten K Davison, Rachel Klabunde, Jennifer Orlet Fisher
BACKGROUND: While the role of parenting in children's eating behaviors has been studied extensively, less attention has been given to its potential association with children's snacking habits. To address this gap, we conducted a systematic review to describe associations between food parenting and child snacking, or consuming energy dense foods/foods in between meals. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched using standardized language to identify quantitative studies describing associations of general and feeding-specific parenting styles as well as food parenting practices with snacking behaviors of children aged 2-18 years...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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