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Korean Journal of Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441111/commentary-on-megalencephaly-capillary-malformation-polymicrogyria-syndrome-the-first-case-report-in-korea
#1
COMMENT
Sung-Min Park, Byung-Soo Kim, Moon-Bum Kim, Hyun-Chang Ko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441110/case-of-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-lung-associated-with-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation-in-a-neonate
#2
Juneyoug Koh, Euiseok Jung, Se Jin Jang, Dong Kwan Kim, Byong Sop Lee, Ki-Soo Kim, Ellen Ai-Rhan Kim
Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), previously known as congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, is a rare developmental lung abnormality associated with rhabdomyosarcoma, pleuropulmonary blastoma, and mucinous adenocarcinoma of the lung. We report an unusual case of a 10-day-old male newborn with a left lower lobe pulmonary cyst who underwent lobectomy, which revealed type II CPAM complicated by multifocal mucinous adenocarcinoma. KRAS sequencing revealed a somatic mutation in Codon12 (GGT → GAT), suggesting the development of a mucinous adenocarcinoma in the background of mucinous metaplasia...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441109/diagnostic-accuracy-of-urinary-biomarkers-in-infants-younger-than-3-months-with-urinary-tract-infection
#3
Nani Jung, Hye Jin Byun, Jae Hyun Park, Joon Sik Kim, Hae Won Kim, Ji Yong Ha
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of urinary biomarkers, such as neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) and β-2 microglobulin (uB2MG), in early detection of urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants aged <3 months with fever. Methods: A total of 422 infants aged <3 months (male:female=267:155; mean age, 56.4 days), who were admitted for fever, were retrospectively included in this study. We compared uNGAL and uB2MG between the UTI and non-UTI groups at the time of admission...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441108/is-vaginal-reflux-associated-with-urinary-tract-infection-in-female-children-under-the-age-of-36-months
#4
Yu Bin Kim, Chih Lung Tang, Ja Wook Koo
Purpose: To determine the relationship between vaginal reflux (VR) and urinary tract infection (UTI) in female children aged <36 months. Methods: A single center retrospective study was performed for 191 girls aged <36 months, with a diagnosis of febrile UTI, who underwent a voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) for assessment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) at Sanggye Paik Hospital. Fifty-one girls, who underwent VCUG for assessment of congenital hydronephrosis or renal pelvis dilatation, without a UTI, formed the control group...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441107/c-reactive-protein-and-n-terminal-pro-brain-natriuretic-peptide-discrepancy-a-differentiation-of-adenoviral-pharyngoconjunctival-fever-from-kawasaki-disease
#5
Jung Eun Choi, Hee Won Kang, Young Mi Hong, Sejung Sohn
Purpose: To differentiate adenoviral pharyngoconjunctival fever (PCF) from acute Kawasaki disease (KD) using laboratory tests before results of virus-real time polymerase chain reaction and ophthalmologic examination are obtained. Methods: Baseline patient characteristics and laboratory measurements were compared between 40 patients with adenovirus infection and 123 patients with KD. Results: The patients with adenovirus infection were generally older than those with KD (median: 3...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441106/mid-upper-arm-circumference-as-a-screening-measure-for-identifying-children-with-elevated-body-mass-index-a-study-for-pakistan
#6
Muhammad Asif, Muhammad Aslam, Saima Altaf
Purpose: Mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) is considered an alternative screening method for obesity. The aims of this investigation were to examine the ability of MUAC to correctly identify children with elevated body mass index (BMI) and to determine the best MUAC cutoff point for identification of children with high BMI. Methods: Anthropometric measurements (height, weight, and MUAC) from a cross-sectional sample of 7,921 Pakistani children aged 5-14 years were analyzed...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441105/quality-improvement-in-pediatric-care
#7
REVIEW
Moon Sung Park
We often overlook the importance of several safety issues such as identification of patients, timeout procedure, hand hygiene, handoff communication, and many others. This ignorance, along with many other issues, leads to medical error being ranked as a third leading cause of death in the U.S. Consequently, quality improvement (QI) has become one of the major subjects in healthcare despite a relatively short history. Improving quality is about making healthcare safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302266/the-first-korean-case-of-combined-oxidative-phosphorylation-deficiency-17-diagnosed-by-clinical-and-molecular-investigation
#8
Young A Kim, Yoo-Mi Kim, Yun-Jin Lee, Chong Kun Cheon
Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency-17 (COXPD-17) is very rare and is caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the ELAC2 gene on chromosome 17p12. The ELAC2 gene functions as a mitochondrial tRNA processing gene, and only 4 different pathogenic mutations have been reported in ELAC2-associated mitochondrial dysfunction involving oxidative phosphorylation. Affected patients show various clinical symptoms and prognosis, depending on the genotype. We report a novel mutation in the ELAC2 gene (c...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302265/the-effect-of-low-dose-intravenous-bisphosphonate-treatment-on-osteoporosis-in-children-with-quadriplegic-cerebral-palsy
#9
Soon Jeong Moon, Young Min An, Soon Ki Kim, Young Se Kwon, Ji Eun Lee
Purpose: Quadriplegic children with cerebral palsy are more susceptible to osteoporosis because of various risk factors that interfere with bone metabolism. Pamidronate is effective for pediatric osteoporosis, but there are no guidelines for optimal dosage or duration of treatment in quadriplegic children with osteoporosis. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of low-dose pamidronate treatment in these patients. Methods: Ten quadriplegic patients on antiepileptic drugs (6 male, 4 female patients; mean age, 10...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302264/the-influence-of-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonists-on-anthropometric-change-in-girls-with-central-precocious-puberty
#10
Jong Wan Yoon, Hyun A Park, Jieun Lee, Jae Hyun Kim
Purpose: The potential effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) treatment on the weight of girls with central precocious puberty (CPP) remains a controversy. We investigated anthropometric changes during and after GnRHa treatment among girls with CPP. Methods: This retrospective study evaluated data from 127 girls with CPP who received GnRHa treatment for ≥2 years. Height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) values were compared at the baseline (visit 1), after 1 year of GnRHa treatment (visit 2), the end of GnRHa treatment (visit 3), and 6-12 months after GnRHa discontinuation (visit 4)...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302263/radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-of-atrioventricular-nodal-reentry-tachycardia-in-children-and-adolescents-a-single-center-experience
#11
Myung Chul Hyun
Purpose: Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) is less common in pediatric patients than in adult patients. Thus, data for pediatric AVNRT patients are insufficient. Hence, we aimed to analyze the patient characteristics, treatment, and any recurrences in pediatric AVNRT patients. Methods: We reviewed the records of 50 pediatric AVNRT patients who had undergone radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) between January 1998 and December 2016 at a single regional center...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302262/does-anaesthesia-in-mothers-during-delivery-affect-bilirubin-levels-in-their-neonates
#12
Zeinab A El-Kabbany, Nadin N Toaima, Tamer N Toaima, Mona Y Gamal El-Din
Purpose: This study aimed to assess whether different anesthetic techniques and oxytocin use applied during delivery affect transcutaneous bilirubin levels during the first 24 hours in neonates. Methods: A total of 1,044 neonates delivered by either caesarian section (C/S) or normal vaginal delivery (NVD) were included in the study. They were classified into 5 groups as follows: group 1: born by C/S using general anesthesia, group 2: C/S using spinal anaesthesia, group 3: C/S using general anesthesia after failed spinal block, group 4: by NVD without anesthesia, and group 5: oxytocin-induced vaginal delivery without anesthesia...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302261/how-to-approach-feeding-difficulties-in-young-children
#13
REVIEW
Hye Ran Yang
Feeding is an interaction between a child and caregiver, and feeding difficulty is an umbrella term encompassing all feeding problems, regardless of etiology, severity, or consequences, while feeding disorder refers to an inability or refusal to eat sufficient quantities or variety of food to maintain adequate nutritional status, leading to substantial consequences, including malnutrition, impaired growth, and possible neurocognitive dysfunction. There are 6 representative feeding disorder subtypes in young children: infantile anorexia, sensory food aversion, reciprocity, posttraumatic type, state regulation, and feeding disorders associated with concurrent medical conditions...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234361/a-comparative-study-of-established-z-score-models-for-coronary-artery-diameters-in-181-healthy-korean-children
#14
Kyungguk Ryu, Jeong Jin Yu, Hyun Ok Jun, Eun Jung Shin, Young Hee Heo, Jae Suk Baek, Young-Hwue Kim, Jae-Kon Ko
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the statistical properties of four previously developed pediatric coronary artery z score models in healthy Korean children. Methods: The study subjects were 181 healthy Korean children, whose age ranged from 1 month to 15 years. The diameter of each coronary artery was measured using 2-dimensional echocardiography and converted to the z score in the four models (McCrindle, Olivieri, Dallaire, and Japanese model)...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234360/apoptosis-and-remodeling-in-adriamycin-induced-cardiomyopathy-rat-model
#15
Young Mi Hong, Hyeryon Lee, Min-Sun Cho, Kwan Chang Kim
Purpose: The mechanism for the pathogenesis of adriamycin (ADR)-induced cardiomyopathy is not yet known. Different hypotheses include the production of free radicals, an interaction between ADR and nuclear components, and a disruption in cardiac-specific gene expression. Apoptosis has also been proposed as being involved in cardiac dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to determine if apoptosis might play a role in ADR-induced cardiomyopathy. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were separated into 2 groups: the control group (C group) and the experimental group (ADR 5 mg/wk for 3 weeks through intraperitoneal injections; A group)...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234359/subtle-inflammation-a-possible-mechanism-of-future-cardiovascular-risk-in-obese-children
#16
Watchareewan Sontichai, Prapai Dejkhamron, Peraphan Pothacharoen, Prachya Kongtaweelert, Kevalee Unachak, Nuthapong Ukarapol
Purpose: The risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been shown to be associated with systemic inflammation in obese adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of MetS and its relation to inflammatory markers in obese Thai children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Children with history of endogenous obesity, chronic diseases, drug ingestion, and any acute illness within 2 weeks prior to enrollment were excluded...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234358/hearing-loss-screening-tool-cobra-score-for-newborns-in-primary-care-setting
#17
Watcharapol Poonual, Niramon Navacharoen, Jaran Kangsanarak, Sirianong Namwongprom, Surasak Saokaew
Purpose: To develop and evaluate a simple screening tool to assess hearing loss in newborns. A derived score was compared with the standard clinical practice tool. Methods: This cohort study was designed to screen the hearing of newborns using transiently evoked otoacoustic emission and auditory brain stem response, and to determine the risk factors associated with hearing loss of newborns in 3 tertiary hospitals in Northern Thailand. Data were prospectively collected from November 1, 2010 to May 31, 2012...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234357/neonatal-arrhythmias-diagnosis-treatment-and-clinical-outcome
#18
REVIEW
Ji-Eun Ban
Arrhythmias in the neonatal period are not uncommon, and may occur in neonates with a normal heart or in those with structural heart disease. Neonatal arrhythmias are classified as either benign or nonbenign. Benign arrhythmias include sinus arrhythmia, premature atrial contraction, premature ventricular contraction, and junctional rhythm; these arrhythmias have no clinical significance and do not need therapy. Supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular tachycardia, atrioventricular conduction abnormalities, and genetic arrhythmia such as congenital long-QT syndrome are classified as nonbenign arrhythmias...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234356/the-opportunities-of-virtual-reality-in-the-rehabilitation-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Azadeh Bashiri, Marjan Ghazisaeedi, Leila Shahmoradi
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood. This disorder, in addition to its main symptoms, creates significant difficulties in education, social performance, and personal relationships. Given the importance of rehabilitation for these patients to combat the above issues, the use of virtual reality (VR) technology is helpful. The aim of this study was to highlight the opportunities for VR in the rehabilitation of children with ADHD. This narrative review was conducted by searching for articles in scientific databases and e-Journals, using keywords including VR, children, and ADHD...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158768/acute-pancreatitis-in-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-caused-by-coxsackievirus-a16-case-report
#20
Byungsung Park, Hyuckjin Kwon, Kwanseop Lee, Minjae Kang
Coxsackievirus A16 (CA16), which primarily causes hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), is associated with complications, such as encephalitis, acute flaccid paralysis, myocarditis, pericarditis, and shock. However, no case of pancreatitis associated with CA16 has been reported in children. We report a case of CA16-associated acute pancreatitis in a 3-year-old girl with HFMD. She was admitted because of poor oral intake and high fever for 1 day. Maculopapular rashes on both hands and feet and multiple vesicles on the soft palate were observed on physical examination...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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