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Tropical Medicine and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875615/pneumonia-mortality-and-healthcare-utilization-in-young-children-in-rural-bangladesh-a-prospective-verbal-autopsy-study
#1
Farzana Ferdous, Shahnawaz Ahmed, Sumon Kumar Das, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Dilruba Nasrin, Karen L Kotloff, Myron M Levine, James P Nataro, Enbo Ma, Khitam Muhsen, Yukiko Wagatsuma, Tahmeed Ahmed, Abu Syed Golam Faruque
Background: The present study aimed to examine the risk factors for death due to pneumonia in young children and healthcare behaviors of the guardians for children in rural Bangladesh. A prospective autopsy study was conducted among guardians of children aged 4 weeks to 59 months in Mirzapur, Bangladesh, from 2008 to 2012. Results: Pneumonia was the primary cause of death, accounting for 26.4% ( n  = 81) of all 307 deaths. Of the pneumonia deaths, 58% ( n  = 47) deaths occurred in younger infants (aged 4 weeks to < 6 months) and 24...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849477/a-highly-secure-method-for-rearing-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes
#2
Manabu Ote, Hirotaka Kanuka
Background: Vector-borne infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms transmitted mainly by blood-sucking arthropod vectors. In laboratories, the handling of insects carrying human pathogens requires extra caution because of safety concerns over their escape risk. Based on standard insect containment practices, there have been cases where costly enhancements were required to definitely protect laboratory workers and neighbors from potential infection through mosquito bites...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785169/self-reported-functional-communicative-and-critical-health-literacy-on-foodborne-diseases-in-accra-ghana
#3
Sangeeta Gupta, Raymond Asare Tutu, John Boateng, Janice Desire Busingye, Sathya Elavarthi
Background: Although substantial progress has been made in reducing total mortality resulting from foodborne diseases, diarrheal illness are still the second most common illnesses among children. In Ghana, foodborne diseases have consistently been among the top 20 causes of outpatient illness over the last couple of decades. This study, therefore, examines health literacy on foodborne diseases and the relative effects of health literacy on self-rated health. Methods: Foodborne diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality globally...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785168/elimination-of-lymphatic-filariasis-as-a-public-health-problem-from-the-cook-islands
#4
Charlie Ave, D Ramaiah Kapa, Eric Ottesen
Background: The Cook Islands has a long history of high-endemicity lymphatic filariasis (LF) transmitted by Aedes vector mosquitoes. Though the infection prevalence had declined between 1975 and 1999 following episodic treatment activities, still infection was widespread with pockets of persistent infection. Beginning in 1999, the Cook Islands embarked on a national program, in partnership with Pacific Programme to Eliminate LF (PacELF), to eliminate LF as a public health problem. Methods: All 12 inhabited islands were identified as endemic, and six rounds of mass drug administration (MDA) with once-yearly, single-dose albendazole plus diethylcarbamazine (DEC) were implemented during 2000-2006 to interrupt transmission of LF...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743807/self-medication-practice-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#5
Kidanemariam G/Michael Beyene, Solomon Worku Beza
Background: Self-medication which is the act of obtaining and using one or more medicines without medical supervision is a common practice among pregnant women. Unless proper caution is taken, it may result in maternal and fetal adverse outcomes. In Ethiopia, information on self-medication practice during pregnancy is scanty. Hence, this study aimed to assess self-medication practice and associated factors among pregnant women in government health centers in Addis Ababa. Methods: An institution-based mixed study design using a sequential explanatory approach was employed among 617 pregnant women and nine key informants in Addis Ababa from May 8, 2017, to June 30, 2017...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720887/rapid-progress-towards-elimination-of-lymphatic-filariasis-in-endemic-regions-of-myanmar-as-a-result-of-16-years-of-anti-filarial-activities-2001-2016
#6
Kyawt Mon Win, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Thae Maung Maung, Tin Oo, Aung Thi, Khin Nan Lon, Zaw Lin
Background: As Myanmar progresses towards lymphatic filariasis (LF) elimination, it is important to know how well the anti-filarial activities have performed. The present study was conducted to study the implementation of the key anti-filarial activities and their impact on key indicators of LF transmission. Methods: A secondary analysis of aggregate program data on the anti-filarial activities was conducted in four endemic state/regions of Myanmar receiving at least six mass drug administration (MDA) rounds during 2001-2016...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713235/antimalarial-drug-prescribing-by-healthcare-workers-when-malaria-testing-is-negative-a-qualitative-study-in-madagascar
#7
David Harimbola Rakotonandrasana, Takahiro Tsukahara, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani
Background: Despite the World Health Organization and the National Malaria Program of Madagascar recommending that antimalarial drugs only be prescribed for patients with positive results on malaria rapid diagnostic tests, healthcare workers continue to prescribe these drugs for cases with negative test results. We explored why and how primary healthcare workers in Madagascar continue to prescribe antimalarial drugs despite this guidance. Methods: We purposively selected 14 medical doctors and 2 nurses from 11 primary health facilities (6 public, 5 private) in Toliara, Madagascar, and interviewed them regarding their antimalarial prescribing behaviors...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692654/risk-factors-for-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-the-rainforest-of-bolivia-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Daniel Eid, Miguel Guzman-Rivero, Ernesto Rojas, Isabel Goicolea, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Daniel Illanes, Miguel San Sebastian
Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an endemic disease in Bolivia, particularly in the rainforest of Cochabamba, in the municipality of Villa Tunari. The precarious, dispersed, and poorly accessible settlements in these farming communities make it difficult to study them, and there are no epidemiological studies in the area. The aim of the present study was to identify the risk factors associated with cutaneous leishmaniasis. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in August 2015 and August 2016 in two communities of Villa Tunari, Cochabamba...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686526/-alert-audit-act-assessment-of-surveillance-and-response-strategy-for-malaria-elimination-in-three-low-endemic-settings-of-myanmar-in-2016
#9
Aye Mon Mon Kyaw, Soundappan Kathirvel, Mrinalini Das, Badri Thapa, Nay Yi Yi Linn, Thae Maung Maung, Zaw Lin, Aung Thi
Background: Myanmar, a malaria endemic country of Southeast Asia, adopted surveillance and response strategy similar to "1-3-7" Chinese strategy to achieve sub-national elimination in six low-endemic region/states of the country. Among these, Yangon, Bago-East, and Mon region/states have implemented this malaria surveillance and response strategy with modification in 2016. The current study was conducted to assess the case notification, investigation, classification, and response strategy (NICR) in these three states...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618942/genetic-diversity-of-human-respiratory-syncytial-virus-isolated-among-children-with-acute-respiratory-infections-in-southern-cameroon-during-three-consecutive-epidemic-seasons-2011-2013
#10
Sebastien Kenmoe, Marie-Astrid Vernet, Fabien Miszczak, Julia Dina, Matthieu Schoenhals, Véronique Penlap Beng, Astrid Vabret, Richard Njouom
Background: Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is the main viral cause of severe lower respiratory tract disease in infants and young children. The aim of this study was to describe for the first time the genetic variability of HRSV in Cameroonian patients living in Yaounde for three consecutive epidemic seasons. Methods: HRSV-positive nasopharyngeal samples detected in children less than 15 years in Yaounde were collected from September 2011 to December 2013...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563849/-ancylostoma-ceylanicum-novel-etiological-agent-for-traveler-s-diarrhea-report-of-four-japanese-patients-who-returned-from-southeast-asia-and-papua-new-guinea
#11
Masahide Yoshikawa, Yukiteru Ouji, Nobuyasu Hirai, Fukumi Nakamura-Uchiyama, Minoru Yamada, Naoki Arizono, Naoaki Akamatsu, Takaharu Yoh, Daisuke Kaya, Toshiya Nakatani, Eiryo Kikuchi, Yuichi Katanami, Kimitoshi Satoh, Ryosuke Maki, Yusuke Miyazato, Yuichiro Oba, Kei Kasahara, Keiichi Mikasa
Background: Countries in the Southeast Asia region have a high prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth, such as roundworm, whipworm, and hookworms [ Ancylostoma duodenale , Necator americanus , Ancylostoma ceylanicum ]. Recent molecular-based surveys have revealed that A . ceylanicum , a zoonotic hookworm, is likely the second most prevalent hookworm species infecting humans in that part of the world, while others have noted that this infection is an emerging public health risk not only for indigenous people but also for visitors from other countries...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507506/violence-against-women-and-mental-disorder-a-qualitative-study-in-bangladesh
#12
Md Manirul Islam, Nasim Jahan, Md Delwar Hossain
Background: Violence affects 15-75% of women across the globe and has a significant impact on their health, well-being, and rights. While quantitative research links it to poor mental health, there is a lack of qualitative enquiry in how women experience it, and how it is related to the mental disorders in Bangladesh. This information is important in understanding the situation and structuring a locally appropriate and culturally sensitive program. Methods: We adopted a phenomenological approach and conducted 16 in-depth interviews, three informal interviews, one focus group discussion, and one key informant interview...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449781/whole-genome-sequencing-of-multidrug-resistant-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-isolated-from-humans-and-poultry-in-burkina-faso
#13
Assèta Kagambèga, Taru Lienemann, Jonathan G Frye, Nicolas Barro, Kaisa Haukka
Background: Multidrug-resistant Salmonella is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. The aim of this study was to characterize and compare multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium isolates from patients and poultry feces. Methods: Salmonella strains were isolated from poultry and patients using standard bacteriological methods described in previous studies. The strains were serotype according to Kaufmann-White scheme and tested for antibiotic susceptibility to 12 different antimicrobial agents using the disk diffusion method...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445311/fetal-growth-restriction-in-rural-bangladesh-a-prospective-study
#14
Farzana Ferdous, Md Harunor Rashid, Enbo Ma, Rubhana Raqib, Hiromi Hamada, Yukiko Wagatsuma
Background: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) and low birth weight(LBW) are serious public health problems. In developing countries, the incidence of low birth weight is predominantly the result of FGR, and both low birth weight and FGR are associated with neonatal death and later growth and development. Fetal growth charts are important for assessing the size of the fetus during pregnancy. The aims of this study were to describe the fetal growth pattern of a population in rural Bangladesh where maternal undernutrition is prevalent and to compare the timing of FGR in that population with WHO and INTERGROWTH- 21st international reference values...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422772/the-association-between-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-and-diarrhoea-in-tanzanian-children
#15
Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Hillary Nguyen, Sabrina Naz, Kingsley E Agho, Andrew Page
Background: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of child mortality in Tanzania. The association between optimal infant feeding practices and diarrhoea has been reported elsewhere, but the evidence has been limited to promote and advocate for strategic interventions in Tanzania. This study examined the association between infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and diarrhoea in Tanzanian children under 24 months. Methods: The study used the Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey data to estimate the prevalence of diarrhoea stratified by IYCF practices...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317853/real-time-observation-of-pathophysiological-processes-during-murine-experimental-schistosoma-japonicum-infection-using-high-resolution-ultrasound-imaging
#16
Katsumi Maezawa, Rieko Furushima-Shimogawara, Akio Yasukawa, Nobuo Ohta, Shiro Iwanaga
Background: Hepatosplenic lesion formation is one of the typical clinical symptoms of schistosomiasis japonica. Although it is established that circum-oval granuloma formation mediated by T lymphocytes is the key event triggering the formation of hepatic lesions, the time-course kinetics of disease progression remains to be fully elucidated. Methods: The real-time process of the pathophysiology of schistosomiasis japonica from the early to late clinical phase was non-invasively observed in a murine experimental infection model using high-resolution ultrasonography...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299019/predictors-of-uptake-of-eye-examination-in-people-living-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-three-counties-of-kenya
#17
Nyawira Mwangi, David Macleod, Stephen Gichuhi, Lawrence Muthami, Consuela Moorman, Covadonga Bascaran, Allen Foster
Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a significant public health concern that is potentially blinding. Clinical practice guidelines recommend annual eye examination of patients with diabetes for early detection of DR. Our aim was to identify the demand-side factors that influence uptake of eye examination among patients already utilizing diabetes services in three counties of Kenya. Methods: We designed a clinic based cross-sectional study and used three-stage sampling to select three counties, nine diabetes clinics in these counties and 270 patients with diabetes attending these clinics...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270076/efficacy-and-safety-of-praziquantel-against-schistosoma-haematobium-in-the-ikata-likoko-area-of-southwest-cameroon
#18
Calvin Bisong Ebai, Helen Kuokuo Kimbi, Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Jude Ebah Yunga, Leopold Gustave Lehman
Background: Schistosomiasis remains a parasitic infection of public health importance especially in Africa south of the Sahara including Cameroon. Chemotherapy using praziquantel has been the most effective and widespread control measure used. However, there are reports of reduced efficacy of the drug. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of praziquantel against Schistosoma haematobium among infected individuals in the Ikata-Likoko area of southwest Cameroon. Following a baseline study, S...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255377/breast-tuberculosis-a-report-of-five-cases
#19
Boubacar Efared, Ibrahim S Sidibé, Fatimazahra Erregad, Nawal Hammas, Laila Chbani, Hinde El Fatemi
Background: Breast tuberculosis is a rare form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis with clinical and radiological misleading presentations. We report herein a retrospective study of clinicopathological features of five cases of breast tuberculosis collected at Hassan II University Hospital of Fès, Morocco, a country where tuberculosis is endemic. Case presentation: The mean age was 40.6 years (range of 21-59 years). Two patients presented with abscessed lesions, and three cases presented with breast lumps with a suspicion of malignancy on imaging techniques...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213208/awareness-of-malaria-and-treatment-seeking-behaviour-among-persons-with-acute-undifferentiated-fever-in-the-endemic-regions-of-myanmar
#20
Phyo Aung Naing, Thae Maung Maung, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Tin Oo, Khin Thet Wai, Aung Thi
Background: Myanmar has a high burden of malaria with two-third of the population at risk of malaria. One of the basic elements of the Roll Back Malaria Initiative to fight against malaria is early diagnosis and treatment within 24 h of fever. Public awareness about malaria is a key factor in malaria prevention and control and in improving treatment-seeking behaviour. Methods: A large community-based survey was carried out in 27 townships of malaria endemic regions in Myanmar in 2015 which reported on the knowledge, behaviour and practices around malaria in the general population...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
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