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Tropical Medicine and Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515660/environmental-factors-associated-with-the-distribution-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-endemic-areas-of-bangladesh-modeling-the-ecological-niche
#1
Abu Yousuf Md Abdullah, Ashraf Dewan, Md Rakibul Islam Shogib, Md Masudur Rahman, Md Faruk Hossain
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a parasitic infection (also called kala-azar in South Asia) caused by Leishmania donovani that is a considerable threat to public health in the Indian subcontinent, including densely populated Bangladesh. The disease seriously affects the poorest subset of the population in the subcontinent. Despite the fact that the incidence of VL results in significant morbidity and mortality, its environmental determinants are relatively poorly understood, especially in Bangladesh...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490972/intensifying-responsiveness-towards-neglected-intestinal-helminth-infections-in-a-resource-constrained-setting
#2
Khin Thet Wai, Kay Thwe Han, Tin Oo
Neglected intestinal helminth infections afflict the marginalized communities in Asia. Since 2004, growing body of evidence in Myanmar indicated high prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infections (30-40%) among school children. Co-existence of STH (23%) with food-borne trematodes was noted among 383 pregnant women in a selected township in 2012-2014 followed by molecular verification of very low prevalence of schistosome infection (<5%) in the same study site in 2016. The success of transmission elimination plans may depend upon sensitive diagnostic tools to detect persistent infections and polyparasitism...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484317/chronic-illness-needing-palliative-care-in-kinshasa-hospitals-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-drc
#3
Jacques Lofandjola Masumbuku, Ernest Sumaili Kiswaya, Philippe Mairiaux, Daniel Gillain, Jean Petermans
BACKGROUND: Chronic illnesses are a major public health problem in low-income countries. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), few data are available, especially in palliative care. In this context, the present study aimed at describing the patterns of diseases in Kinshasa hospitals as well as risk factors associated with patients' evolving status and length of hospital stay. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in ten hospitals of Kinshasa, over a 1-year period...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461779/the-capacity-of-diagnostic-laboratories-in-kenya-for-detecting-infectious-diseases
#4
H-C Slotved, Kennedy K Yatich, Shem Otoi Sam, Edwardina Otieno Ndhine
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to present data of the diagnostic capacity of Kenyan laboratories to diagnose a number of human pathogens. The study is based on the data obtained from a biosecurity survey conducted in Kenya in 2014/2015 and data from the Statistical Abstract of Kenya for 2015. The biosecurity survey has previously been published; however, the survey also included information on laboratory capacity to handle a number of pathogens, which have not been published. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the survey on 86 laboratory facilities...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450794/variation-in-rotavirus-vaccine-coverage-by-sub-counties-in-kenya
#5
Ernest Apondi Wandera, Shah Mohammad, John Odhiambo Ouko, James Yatitch, Koki Taniguchi, Yoshio Ichinose
Rotavirus gastroenteritis is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in Kenya. In July 2014, Kenya introduced the rotavirus vaccine into her national immunization program. Although immunization coverage is crucial in assessing the real-world impact of this vaccine, variability in the vaccine coverage across the country is likely to occur. In view of this, we estimated the extent of coverage for the rotavirus vaccine at two socio-economically different sub-counties using the administrative data...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413330/toxoplasmosis-seroprevalence-in-iranian-women-and-risk-factors-of-the-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Azadeh Mizani, Abbas Alipour, Mehdi Sharif, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Afsaneh Amouei, Azar Shokri, Mohammad-Taghi Rahimi, Seyed Abdollah Hosseini, Ahmad Daryani
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is caused by an intracellular obligatory parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, and it has global distribution. The purposes of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to evaluate the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in Iranian pregnant women, and girls and women of childbearing age, and identify potentially preventable risk factors. METHODS: Between November 2014 and February 2017, nine electronic databases that reported data on the T. gondii seroprevalence in Iranian women were searched...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293130/treatment-of-tungiasis-with-a-two-component-dimeticone-a-comparison-between-moistening-the-whole-foot-and-directly-targeting-the-embedded-sand-fleas
#7
Per Nordin, Marlene Thielecke, Nicholas Ngomi, George Mukone Mudanga, Ingela Krantz, Hermann Feldmeier
BACKGROUND: Tungiasis (sand flea disease) is caused by the penetration of female sand fleas (Tunga penetrans, Siphonaptera) into the skin. It belongs to the neglected tropical diseases and is prevalent in South America, the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa. Tungiasis predominantly affects marginalized populations and resource-poor communities in both urban and rural areas. In the endemic areas, patients do not have access to an effective and safe treatment. A proof-of-principle study in rural Kenya has shown that the application of a two-component dimeticone (NYDA®) which is a mixture of two low viscosity silicone oils caused almost 80% of the embedded sand fleas to lose their viability within 7 days...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265182/cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-french-guiana-revising-epidemiology-with-pcr-rflp
#8
Stephane Simon, Mathieu Nacher, Bernard Carme, Celia Basurko, Amaury Roger, Antoine Adenis, Marine Ginouves, Magalie Demar, Pierre Couppie
BACKGROUND: The development of polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique for species identification among patients presenting leishmaniasis allowed to better determine the main circulating species in French Guiana. METHODS: A descriptive study of the Leishmania species was identified, and their spatiotemporal distribution was conducted using patient records between 2006 and 2013, with 1017 new cases of leishmaniasis diagnosed...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250711/malaria-impact-of-large-dams-at-different-eco-epidemiological-settings-in-ethiopia
#9
Solomon Kibret, G Glenn Wilson, Darren Ryder, Habte Tekie, Beyene Petros
BACKGROUND: Dams are important to ensure food security and promote economic development in sub-Saharan Africa. However, a poor understanding of the negative public health consequences from issues such as malaria could affect their intended advantages. This study aims to compare the malaria situation across elevation and proximity to dams. Such information may contribute to better understand how dams affect malaria in different eco-epidemiological settings. METHODS: Larval and adult mosquitoes were collected from dam and non-dam villages around the Kesem (lowland), Koka (midland), and Koga (highland) dams in Ethiopia between October 2013 and July 2014...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194090/prevalence-and-characterization-of-salmonella-among-humans-in-ghana
#10
Linda Aurelia Andoh, Shabana Ahmed, John Elmerdahl Olsen, Kwasi Obiri-Danso, Mercy Jemima Newman, Japheth Awuletey Opintan, Lisa Barco, Anders Dalsgaard
BACKGROUND: Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) is a public health problem worldwide and particularly in Africa with high disease burden. This study characterized Salmonella isolates from humans in Ghana to determine serovar distribution, phage types, and antimicrobial resistance. Further, the clonal relatedness among isolates was determined. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-seven Salmonella isolates (111 clinical and 26 public toilet) were characterized using standard serotyping, phage typing, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104997/poverty-related-diseases-prds-unravelling-complexities-in-disease-responses-in-cameroon
#11
Valerie Makoge, Harro Maat, Lenneke Vaandrager, Maria Koelen
BACKGROUND: In Cameroon, poverty-related diseases (PRDs) are a major public health concern. Research and policies addressing PRDs are based on a particular understanding of the interaction between poverty and disease, usually an association between poverty indicators and health indicators for a specific country or region. Such indicators are useful but fail to explain the nature of the linkages between poverty and disease or poverty and health. This paper presents results of a study among university students, unravelling how they perceive diseases, the linkages with poverty, their responses to diseases and the motivations behind reported responses...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077924/temperature-during-pregnancy-influences-the-fetal-growth-and-birth-size
#12
Harunor Rashid, Miki Kagami, Farzana Ferdous, Enbo Ma, Toru Terao, Taiichi Hayashi, Yukiko Wagatsuma
BACKGROUND: Birth weight and length have seasonal fluctuations. However, it is uncertain which meteorological element has an effect on birth outcomes and which timing of pregnancy would explain such effect. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine temperature effects during pregnancy and which timing of pregnancy has effects on size at birth. METHODS: A large, randomized, controlled trial of food and micronutrient supplementation for pregnant women was conducted in Matlab, Bangladesh (MINIMat Study), where women were enrolled from November 2001 to October 2003...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980451/socioeconomic-factors-associated-with-diarrheal-diseases-among-under-five-children-of-the-nomadic-population-in-northeast-ethiopia
#13
Wondwoson Woldu, Bikes Destaw Bitew, Zemichael Gizaw
BACKGROUND: Diarrheal disease remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among under-five children worldwide. Every day, more than 4000 children lose their lives due to diarrhea. In Ethiopia, diarrhea is the second killer of under-five children next to pneumonia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of under-five diarrhea and socioeconomic factors among the nomadic people in Hadaleala District. A total of 704 under-five children were included in this study, and subjects were recruited by the multistage cluster sampling technique...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942243/prevalence-seasonal-variation-and-antibiotic-resistance-pattern-of-enteric-bacterial-pathogens-among-hospitalized-diarrheic-children-in-suburban-regions-of-central-kenya
#14
Mohammad Shah, Cyrus Kathiiko, Akihiro Wada, Erick Odoyo, Martin Bundi, Gabriel Miringu, Sora Guyo, Mohamed Karama, Yoshio Ichinose
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of enteric pathogens has not been well studied in Kenya because of wide disparities in health status across the country. Therefore, the present study describes the prevalence of enteropathogenic bacteria, their seasonal variation, and antibiotic resistance profiles among hospitalized diarrheic children in a suburban region of central Kenya. METHODS: Fecal samples were collected between July 2009 and December 2013 from a total of 1410 children younger than 5 years, hospitalized with acute diarrhea in Kiambu County Hospital, Kenya...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904417/global-warming-and-the-possible-globalization-of-vector-borne-diseases-a-call-for-increased-awareness-and-action
#15
Emmanuel O Balogun, Andrew J Nok, Kiyoshi Kita
Human activities such as burning of fossil fuels play a role in upsetting a previously more balanced and harmonious ecosystem. Climate change-a significant variation in the usual pattern of Earth's average weather conditions is a product of this ecosystem imbalance, and the rise in the Earth's average temperature (global warming) is a prominent evidence. There is a correlation between global warming and the ease of transmission of infectious diseases. Therefore, with global health in focus, we herein opine a stepping-up of research activities regarding global warming and infectious diseases globally...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895526/development-of-a-simple-and-specific-direct-competitive-elisa-for-the-determination-of-artesunate-using-an-anti-artesunate-polyclonal-antiserum
#16
Yoshinori Mitsui
BACKGROUND: Since artesunate (ART) became a vital component of artemisinin (ARM)-based combination therapies for the treatment for malaria, counterfeit ART drugs have spread in regions of Southeast Asia and Africa. The consumption of counterfeit ART drugs has resulted in the death of many patients. Thus, evaluating the quality of ART drugs is needed. There are several methods for quantitating the ART content in tablets, the most common being a high-performance liquid chromatography. However, that method is hampered by the need for expensive equipment and a rather time-consuming process of extraction...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857610/predictors-of-specific-anti-brucella-antibodies-among-humans-in-agro-pastoral-communities-in-sengerema-district-mwanza-tanzania-the-need-for-public-awareness
#17
Elifuraha B Mngumi, Mariam M Mirambo, Sospeter Wilson, Stephen E Mshana
BACKGROUND: Human brucellosis remains to be a neglected zoonotic disease among agro-pastoral communities where livestock rearing is one of the main economic activities. This study was conducted in different agro-pastoral communities in Sengerema district, Mwanza, Tanzania, to determine seroprevalence and predictors of anti-Brucella antibodies, information that may influence public awareness on the risk factors and strategies to improve the diagnosis of brucellosis in developing countries...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826219/a-dengue-infection-without-bleeding-manifestations-in-an-adult-with-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#18
N D B Ehelepola, M B K Gunawardhana, T N Sudusinghe, S K D Sooriyaarachchi, S P Manchanayake, K L R Kalupahana
BACKGROUND: Dengue is the most prevalent and fast spreading arboviral infection affecting people. No specific drug is available to treat dengue. Thrombocytopenia with potential of serious hemorrhages is one of the hall mark features of dengue. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura is an autoimmune disease causing thrombocytopenia. If a patient with that gets dengue, we expect severe thrombocytopenia with bleeding manifestations. Only a handful of such cases were reported before, and they were managed in different ways...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799844/emergency-government-response-team-for-global-infectious-disease-outbreaks-a-japanese-challenge
#19
Koji Wada, Yasuo Sugiura, Hidechika Akashi, Tamotsu Nakasa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777508/pathogenic-potential-and-growth-kinetics-of-muko-virus-in-mice-and-human-derived-cells
#20
Gianne Eduard L Ulanday, Satoshi Shimada, Ngwe Tun Mya Myat, Takeshi Nabeshima, Kouichi Morita, Daisuke Hayasaka
BACKGROUND: Ticks have been long known as vectors of various pathogens, some of which can cause high fatality rates among infected individuals. Our enhanced tick surveillance around Nagasaki, Japan, led to the isolation and identification of a new strain of a recently identified Orbivirus, Muko virus (MUV). The orbiviruses have a wide host range, including humans, and is related to a spectrum of clinical outcomes. However, the zoonotic potential of some members of the genus, although reported, were not clearly elucidated...
2016: Tropical Medicine and Health
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