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Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912824/prevalence-and-correlates-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-cross-sectional-study-in-beirut-lebanon
#1
Farah Naja, Bilal Anouti, Hibeh Shatila, Reem Akel, Yolla Haibe, Arafat Tfayli
Patients with lung cancer are increasingly seeking complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to improve their physiological and psychological well-being. This study aimed to assess CAM use among lung cancer patients in Lebanon. Using a cross-sectional design, 150 lung cancer patients attending the Basile Cancer Institute at the American University of Beirut Medical Center were interviewed. Participants completed a questionnaire addressing sociodemographic characteristics, lung cancer condition, and use of CAM...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904561/understanding-mind-body-interaction-from-the-perspective-of-east-asian-medicine
#2
Ye-Seul Lee, Yeonhee Ryu, Won-Mo Jung, Jungjoo Kim, Taehyung Lee, Younbyoung Chae
OBJECTIVE: Attempts to understand the emotion have evolved from the perspective of an independent cognitive system of the mind to that of an interactive response involving the body. This study aimed to quantify and visualize relationships between different emotions and bodily organ systems from the perspective of East Asian medicine. METHODS: Term frequency-inverse document frequency (tf-idf) method was used to quantify the significance of Five Viscera and the gallbladder relative to seven different emotions through the classical medical text of DongUiBoGam...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904560/antidiabetic-effect-of-tibetan-medicine-tang-kang-fu-san-on-high-fat-diet-and-streptozotocin-induced-type-2-diabetic-rats
#3
Bailu Duan, Zhongqiu Zhao, Ling Lin, Jing Jin, Lijun Zhang, Hui Xiong, Na Ta, Tiexiang Gao, Zhinan Mei
The aim of this study was to investigate the antidiabetic effects of a Tibetan medicine, Tang-Kang-Fu-San (TKFS), on experimental type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rats and to explore its underlying mechanisms. Firstly two major chemical compositions of TKFS, gallic acid and curcumin, were characterized by HPLC fingerprint analysis. Next T2DM in rats was induced by high-fat diet and a low-dose streptozotocin (STZ 35 mg/kg). Then oral gavage administration of three different doses of TKFS (0.3 g/kg, 0.6 g/kg, and 1...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904559/cartilage-protection-and-analgesic-activity-of-a-botanical-composition-comprised-of-morus-alba-scutellaria-baicalensis-and-acacia-catechu
#4
Mesfin Yimam, Teresa Horm, Laura Wright, Ping Jiao, Mei Hong, Lidia Brownell, Qi Jia
Although there have been augmented advances in drug discovery, current OA management is inadequate due to the lack of successful therapies proven to be effective in modifying disease progression. For some, the risk outweighs the benefit. As a result, there is a desperate need for safe and efficacious natural alternatives. Here we evaluated a composition from Morus alba, Scutellaria baicalensis, and Acacia catechu in maintaining joint structural integrity and alleviating OA associated symptoms in monoiodoacetate- (MIA-) induced rat OA disease model...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904558/herbal-medicines-personal-use-knowledge-attitude-dispensing-practice-and-the-barriers-among-community-pharmacists-in-gondar-northwest-ethiopia
#5
Dessalegn Asmelashe Gelayee, Gashaw Binega Mekonnen, Seyfe Asrade Atnafe, Mequanent Kassa Birarra, Assefa Belay Asrie
BACKGROUND: Herbal medicine use is increasing and the global market is estimated to be US$107 billion by the year 2017. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at assessing community pharmacists' personal use, knowledge, attitude, dispensing practice, and the barriers regarding herbal medicines. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 47 community pharmacists in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia, using a structured interviewing questionnaire...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904557/ginger-ingredients-alleviate-diabetic-prostatic-complications-effect-on-oxidative-stress-and-fibrosis
#6
Basma G Eid, Hala Mosli, Atif Hasan, Hany M El-Bassossy
Prostatic complications are common in patients with diabetes. This study investigated the effect of different ginger ingredients: zingerone, geraniol, and 6-gingerol on the prostate in diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced in Wistar rats by streptozotocin intraperitoneal injection (50 mg/kg), and the rats were left for 10 weeks to develop prostatic complications. In diabetic treated groups, rats received daily oral zingerone, geraniol, and 6-gingerol in doses of 20, 200, and 75 mg/kg, respectively, in the last 8 weeks...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904556/medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-local-tissue-damage-induced-by-snake-venoms-an-overview-from-traditional-use-to-pharmacological-evidence
#7
REVIEW
Juliana Félix-Silva, Arnóbio Antônio Silva-Junior, Silvana Maria Zucolotto, Matheus de Freitas Fernandes-Pedrosa
Snakebites are a serious problem in public health due to their high morbimortality. Most of snake venoms produce intense local tissue damage, which could lead to temporary or permanent disability in victims. The available specific treatment is the antivenom serum therapy, whose effectiveness is reduced against these effects. Thus, the search for complementary alternatives for snakebite treatment is relevant. There are several reports of the popular use of medicinal plants against snakebites worldwide. In recent years, many studies have been published giving pharmacological evidence of benefits of several vegetal species against local effects induced by a broad range of snake venoms, including inhibitory potential against hyaluronidase, phospholipase, proteolytic, hemorrhagic, myotoxic, and edematogenic activities...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904555/acyclic-sesquiterpenes-from-the-fruit-pericarp-of-sapindus-saponaria-induce-ultrastructural-alterations-and-cell-death-in-leishmania-amazonensis
#8
Amanda Louzano Moreira, Débora Botura Scariot, Bruna Luíza Pelegrini, Greisiele Lorena Pessini, Tânia Ueda-Nakamura, Celso Vataru Nakamura, Izabel Cristina Piloto Ferreira
Previous studies reported antiprotozoal activities of Sapindus saponaria L. The aim of this work was the evaluation of antileishmanial activity and mechanism of action of extract and fractions of S. saponaria L. Hydroethanolic extract (EHA) obtained from fruit pericarps was fractionated using solid-phase extraction in a reversed phase, resulting in fractions enriched with saponins (SAP fraction) and acyclic sesquiterpene oligoglycosides (OGSA fraction). The activities of EHA, SAP, and OGSA were evaluated by antiproliferative assays with promastigote and intracellular amastigote forms...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904554/plants-derived-neuroprotective-agents-cutting-the-cycle-of-cell-death-through-multiple-mechanisms
#9
REVIEW
Taiwo Olayemi Elufioye, Tomayo Ireti Berida, Solomon Habtemariam
Neuroprotection is the preservation of the structure and function of neurons from insults arising from cellular injuries induced by a variety of agents or neurodegenerative diseases (NDs). The various NDs including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's diseases as well as amyotropic lateral sclerosis affect millions of people around the world with the main risk factor being advancing age. Each of these diseases affects specific neurons and/or regions in the brain and involves characteristic pathological and molecular features...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904553/manual-acupuncture-suppresses-the-expression-of-proinflammatory-proteins-associated-with-the-nlrp3-inflammasome-in-the-hippocampus-of-samp8-mice
#10
Ning Ding, Jing Jiang, Menghan Lu, Jiatong Hu, Yiyuan Xu, Xiaoxiao Liu, Zhigang Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of manual acupuncture (MA) on NLRP3 inflammasome-related proteins. METHODS: SAMP8 mice were randomly divided into Alzheimer's disease (AD) group, the MA group, and the medicine (M) group. Mice in the M group were treated with donepezil hydrochloride at 0.65 μg/g. In the MA group, MA was applied on Baihui (GV20) and Yintang (GV29) for 20 min and then pricked at Shuigou (GV26). The Morris water maze was applied to assess spatial learning and memory...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904552/antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-anacardium-occidentale-leaf-extract
#11
Natália Cabral Souza, Juliana Medeiros de Oliveira, Maurílio da Silva Morrone, Ricardo D'Oliveira Albanus, Maria do Socorro Medeiros Amarante, Christina da Silva Camillo, Silvana Maria Zucolotto Langassner, Daniel Pens Gelain, José Cláudio Fonseca Moreira, Rodrigo Juliani Siqueira Dalmolin, Matheus Augusto de Bittencourt Pasquali
In tropical America, principally in Northeastern Brazil, the leaf extract of Anacardium occidentale is traditionally used for treatment of different diseases. However, chemical and biological properties and activities of Anacardium occidentale are poorly investigated and known. Here, we evaluated the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities "in vitro" of leaf extract from Anacardium occidentale. Our results show that leaf extract exhibits antioxidant activity when used to treat RAW 264.7 macrophage cells...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904551/suppressive-effect-of-the-n-hexane-extract-of-litsea-japonica-fruit-flesh-on-monosodium-iodoacetate-induced-osteoarthritis-in-rats
#12
Seung-Hyung Kim, Hye-Jin Choi, Won-Kyung Yang, Ji-Eun Lee, Ju-Hyun Cho, In-Jae Park, Sunyoung Park, Bo-Kyung Park, Mirim Jin
We examined the antiosteoarthritic effect of the n-hexane extract of Litsea japonica fruit flesh (LJF-HE) in a rat model of monosodium-iodoacetate- (MIA-) induced osteoarthritis. LJF-HE significantly reduced the difference in weight-bearing capabilities of the hind paws between healthy and MIA-treated rats. Histological examination of the knee joints indicated that LJF-HE suppressed cartilage and bone destruction. Additionally, there were decreases in the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and metalloproteinase-9 and cyclooxygenase-2 in the joints...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904550/maoto-a-traditional-japanese-herbal-medicine-inhibits-uncoating-of-influenza-virus
#13
Shinta Masui, Shigeki Nabeshima, Kazuhiko Ajisaka, Kei Yamauchi, Ryota Itoh, Kazunari Ishii, Toshinori Soejima, Kenji Hiromatsu
We previously reported in randomized controlled trials that maoto, a traditional herbal medicine, showed clinical and virological efficacy for seasonal influenza. In this study, a culturing system for influenza was used to test the effect of maoto. A549 cells in the culture were infected with influenza virus A (PR8) and followed after treatment with maoto; the virus titers in the culture supernatant, intracellular viral proteins, and viral RNA were determined. When infected cells were cultured with maoto for 24 hr, the virus titer and protein were significantly reduced compared with medium only...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900464/synergistic-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-between-modified-citrus-pectin-and-honokiol
#14
Cheppail Ramachandran, Barry Wilk, Steven J Melnick, Isaac Eliaz
Inflammation is a normal physiological process; however, dysregulation of this process may contribute to inflammatory-based chronic disorders and diseases in animals and humans. Therefore, the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of natural products, often recognized in traditional medicine systems, represent therapeutic modalities to reduce or prevent uncontrolled inflammatory processes which in turn potentially ameliorate or prevent sequelae of inflammatory-based symptoms of chronic diseases. We have investigated the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of honokiol (HNK) and modified citrus pectin (MCP) in vitro and examined whether the MCP : HNK combination has synergistic effects on antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900463/researches-on-transcriptome-sequencing-in-the-study-of-traditional-chinese-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Jie Xin, Rong-Chao Zhang, Lei Wang, Yong-Qing Zhang
Due to its incomparable advantages, the application of transcriptome sequencing in the study of traditional Chinese medicine attracts more and more attention of researchers, which greatly promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine. In this paper, the applications of transcriptome sequencing in traditional Chinese medicine were summarized by reviewing recent related papers.
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900462/comparison-of-the-therapeutic-effects-of-acupuncture-at-pc6-and-st36-for-chronic-myocardial-ischemia
#16
Li Shi, Jiliang Fang, Jiping Zhao, Guiyong Liu, Qing Zhao, Jinling Zhang, Jinzhao Zhang, Bing Zhu, Fanrong Liang, Peijing Rong
We aimed to compare the differences of the effects on chronic myocardial ischemia (MI) of acupuncture at PC6 and ST36. The chronic MI model of minipigs was created by implanting an Ameroid constrictor on the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and then two weeks' acupuncture was stimulated at PC6 or ST36, respectively. The results showed that both acupoints' stimulation decreased the serous cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and ischemia modified albumin (IMA) significantly and improved the ischemic ECG changes...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900461/effects-of-wannachawee-recipe-with-antipsoriatic-activity-on-suppressing-inflammatory-cytokine-production-in-hacat-human-keratinocytes
#17
Mingkwan Na Takuathung, Ariyaphong Wongnoppavich, Pornsiri Pitchakarn, Ampai Panthong, Parirat Khonsung, Natthakarn Chiranthanut, Noppamas Soonthornchareonnon, Seewaboon Sireeratawong
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory and immune-mediated skin disease. The pathogenesis involves T cells activation via the IL-23/Th17 axis. Conventional treatments of psoriasis have adverse events influencing patients' adherence. Wannachawee Recipe (WCR) has been effectively used as Thai folk remedy for psoriasis patients; however, preclinical evidence defining how WCR works is still lacking. This study defined mechanisms for its antiproliferation and anti-inflammatory effects in HaCaT cells. The cytotoxicity and antiproliferation results from SRB and CCK-8 assays showed that WCR inhibited the growth and viability of HaCaT cells in a concentration-dependent manner...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900460/manual-acupuncture-at-pc6-ameliorates-acute-restraint-stress-induced-anxiety-in-rats-by-normalizing-amygdaloid-noradrenergic-response
#18
ZhengLin Zhao, Sang Chan Kim, HongFeng Liu, Jie Zhang, YuHua Wang, Il Je Cho, Bong Hyo Lee, Chang Hyun Song, Chul Won Lee, Chae Ha Yang, RongJie Zhao, YiYan Wu
Acupuncture improves ethanol withdrawal-induced anxiety in rats in an acupoint-dependent manner. Thus, the present study investigated the effects of acupuncture on acute restraint stress- (ARS-) induced anxiety. Male rats were exposed to ARS for 3 h followed by acupuncture at either PC6 (Neiguan), HT7 (Shenmen), or a nonacupoint (tail) once a day for three consecutive days. Five minutes after the third acupuncture treatment, anxiety-like behavior was evaluated in an elevated plus maze (EPM). Additionally, plasma corticosterone (CORT) levels were measured by radioimmunoassay and the concentrations of norepinephrine (NE) and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxy-phenylglycol (MHPG) in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900459/protective-effects-of-bogijetong-decoction-and-its-selected-formula-on-neuropathic-insults-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-animals
#19
Ki-Joong Kim, Uk Namgung, Chung Sik Cho
Bogijetong decoction (BGJTD) is a mixture of herbal formulation which is used in the traditional Korean medicine for the treatment of neuropathic pain caused by diabetes. Here, we investigated the regulatory effects of BGJTD and its reconstituted decoction subgroups on the neuropathic responses in streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced diabetic animals. Be decoction (BeD) was formulated by selecting individual herbal components that induced neurite outgrowth most efficiently in each subgroup. BeD induced the neurite outgrowth in DRG neurons most efficiently among decoction subgroups and downregulated the production of TNF-α from the sciatic nerves in STZ-diabetic animals...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900458/effects-of-angelica-dahurica-and-rheum-officinale-extracts-on-excisional-wound-healing-in-rats
#20
Wan-Ting Yang, Chun-Yen Ke, Wen-Tien Wu, Horng-Jyh Harn, Yi-Hsiung Tseng, Ru-Ping Lee
The main objective of wound treatments is to restore the functional skin properties and prevent infection. Traditional Chinese medicine provides alternative anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and wound healing therapies. Both Angelica dahurica extract (AE) and Rheum officinale extract (RE) possess antimicrobial activity. In this study, AE and RE were applied in wound treatment to investigate their healing effects. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats with dorsal full-thickness skin excision were divided into normal saline (NS), AE, RE, AE plus RE (ARE), and Biomycin (BM) groups...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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