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Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895696/efficacy-of-danlou-tablet-in-patients-with-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-results-from-a-multicentre-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#1
Lei Wang, Xujie Zhao, Shuai Mao, Shaonan Liu, Xinfeng Guo, Liheng Guo, Tinghai Du, Haiyu Yang, Fuhai Zhao, Keng Wu, Hongliang Cong, Yang Wu, Phillip C Yang, Keji Chen, Minzhou Zhang
This study seeks to investigate potential cardioprotection of Danlou Tablets in patients undergoing PCI with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). 219 patients with NSTE-ACS were randomised to Danlou Tablet pretreatment (n = 109) or placebo (n = 110). No patients received statins prior to PCI and all patients were given atorvastatin (10 mg/day) after procedure. The main endpoint was the composite incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) within 30 days after PCI. The proportion of patients with elevated levels of cTn I>5 × 99% of upper reference limit was significantly lower in the Danlou Tablet group at 8 h (22...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895695/the-effects-of-guizhi-fuling-capsule-drug-serum-on-uterine-leiomyoma-cells-and-its-mechanism
#2
Qi Shen, Weijing Ye, Xiaoli Hu, Chuchu Zhao, Lulu Zhou, Xueqiong Zhu
Aims. To observe the effects of Guizhi Fuling Capsule (GZFLC) drug serum on uterine leiomyoma cells and explore its mechanism. Main Methods. Sixty Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups (normal saline lavage group and GZFLC lavage group), then, respectively, blank serum and GZFLC drug serum were collected, and finally human uterine leiomyoma cells were treated. Human leiomyoma tissues were collected from 20 patients who underwent uterine leiomyomas operations, and leiomyoma cells were primary cultured...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891159/effects-of-health-qigong-exercises-on-relieving-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Xiao Lei Liu, Shihui Chen, Yongtai Wang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Health Qigong on the treatment and releasing symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). Fifty-four moderate PD patients (N = 54) were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Twenty-eight PD patients were placed in the experimental group in which the prescribed medication plus Health Qigong exercise will be used as intervention. The other 26 PD patients as the control group were treated only with regular medication. Ten-week intervention had been conducted for the study, and participants completed the scheduled exercises 5 times per week for 60 minutes each time (10 minutes for warm-up, 40 minutes for the exercise, and 10 minutes for cooldown)...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891158/natural-active-ingredients-for-diabetes-and-metabolism-disorders-treatment
#4
EDITORIAL
Hilal Zaid, Abbas A Mahdi, Akhilesh K Tamrakar, Bashar Saad, Mohammed S Razzaque, Amitava Dasgupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891157/the-in-vitro-antimicrobial-effects-of-lavandula-angustifolia-essential-oil-in-combination-with-conventional-antimicrobial-agents
#5
Stephanie de Rapper, Alvaro Viljoen, Sandy van Vuuren
The paper focuses on the in vitro antimicrobial activity of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (lavender) essential oil in combination with four commercial antimicrobial agents. Stock solutions of chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, nystatin, and fusidic acid were tested in combination with L. angustifolia essential oil. The antimicrobial activities of the combinations were investigated against the Gram-positive bacterial strain Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538) and Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27858) and Candida albicans (ATCC 10231) was selected to represent the yeasts...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885330/formulation-of-propolis-phenolic-acids-containing-microemulsions-and-their-biopharmaceutical-characterization
#6
Modestas Žilius, Kristina Ramanauskienė, Vaida Juškaitė, Vitalis Briedis
Microemulsions (MEs) were formulated using PEG-8 caprylic/capric glycerides and ethanolic propolis extracts. Characterization of MEs was performed by determining mean droplet size, polydispersity index, stability under varying external factors, and formulation effect on delivery of phenolic compounds into the skin ex vivo. Essential oils were included into the formulations of MEs and their influence on physical characteristics of the nanostructured systems as well as penetration into epidermis and dermis were evaluated...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885329/physical-performance-outcomes-and-biomechanical-correlates-from-the-32-week-yoga-empowers-seniors-study
#7
Man-Ying Wang, Gail A Greendale, Sean S-Y Yu, George J Salem
Background. Yoga Empowers Seniors Study (YESS) quantified physical demands associated with yoga performance using biomechanical methods. This study evaluated the efficacy of the program on physical function outcomes. Methods. Twenty community-dwelling older adults aged 70.7 ± 3.8 years attended biweekly 60-minute Hatha yoga classes for 32 weeks. Four domains of the physical measurements including (1) functional performance, (2) flexibility, (3) muscle strength, and (4) balance were taken at the baseline, 16-week and 32-week time points...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885328/preparative-purification-of-bioactive-compounds-from-flos-chrysanthemi-indici-and-evaluation-of-its-antiosteoporosis-effect
#8
Jia Li, Xiaosheng Lin, Yuping Zhang, Weicai Liu, Xiaohui Mi, Jiquan Zhang, Jiansheng Su
To understand the material basis and underlying molecular machinery of antiosteoporosis activity of the Flos Chrysanthemi Indici (FCI), the consequences of ethanol extract on the bone loss in mice induced due to ovariectomy (OVX) was evaluated. Also, the antiosteoporosis fraction obtained from the FCI ethanol extract was isolated and purified using a preparative high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC). The in vitro impact of the compounds was investigated on osteoblast proliferation and differentiation...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882073/standard-versus-abdominal-lifting-and-compression-cpr
#9
Sisen Zhang, Qing Liu, Shupeng Han, Ziran Zhang, Yan Zhang, Yahua Liu, Jing Li, Lixiang Wang
Background. This study compared outcomes of abdominal lifting and compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ALP-CPR) with standard CPR (STD-CPR). Materials and Methods. Patients with cardiac arrest seen from April to December 2014 were randomized to receive standard CPR or ALP-CPR performed with a novel abdominal lifting/compression device. The primary outcome was return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Results. Patients were randomized to receive ALP-CPR (n = 40) and STD-CPR (n = 43), and the groups had similar baseline characteristics...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882072/radix-astragali-stimulates-p38-mark-phosphorylation-in-pediatric-patients-with-%C3%AE-thalassemia
#10
Zhuoming Lu, Xinhua Qian, Chunhong Zhang, Zhiwen Chen, Guangliang Du
A previous study conducted by our group demonstrated that Radix Astragali compounded with Codonopsis pilosula and Plastrum testudinis was effective in treating pediatric β-thalassemia in a randomized, controlled clinical trial. However, the mechanism of action that underpins this treatment remains to be elucidated. Blood was collected from patients participating in this clinical trial and nucleated red blood cell-enriched mononuclear cells were isolated to facilitate the extraction of RNA and protein. RT-PCR was used to monitor the expression of globin genes and p38 MAPK, and total and phosphorylated p38 MAPK expression was assessed using Western blot analysis...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882071/pigmentation-effect-of-rice-bran-extracted-minerals-comprising-soluble-silicic-acids
#11
Hyun-Jun Jang, Young-Kwon Seo
Our investigation focused on identifying melanogenesis effect of soluble minerals in rice bran ash extract (RBE) which include orthosilicic acid (OSA). Melanocytes were apparently normal in terms of morphology. It was, however, shown that they were stressed a little in the RBE and OSA added media in aspect of LDH activity. Melanin synthesis and intracellular tyrosinase activity were increased by treatment of RBE which is similar to that of OSA. The Western blotting results showed that TRP-1, tyrosinase, and MITF expression levels were 2-3 times higher in the OSA and RBE groups compared to the control group which promoted melanin synthesis through CREB phosphorylation...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872653/the-zuo-jin-wan-formula-induces-mitochondrial-apoptosis-of-cisplatin-resistant-gastric-cancer-cells-via-cofilin-1
#12
Qing-Feng Tang, Jian Sun, Hui Yu, Xiao-Jing Shi, Rong Lv, Hong-Chang Wei, Pei-Hao Yin
Despite the status of cisplatin (DDP) as a classical chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of cancer, the development of multidrug resistance often leads to a failure of DDP therapy. Here we found that phosphorylated cofilin-1 (p-cofilin-1) was overexpressed in the DDP-resistant human gastric cancer cell lines SGC7901/DDP and BGC823/DDP, relative to the respective parent cell lines (SGC7901 and BGC823), and that DDP induced the dephosphorylation of p-cofilin-1 in both parent lines but not in the DDP-resistant lines...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872652/corrigendum-to-effects-of-an-aqueous-extract-of-dangguijagyagsan-on-serum-lipid-levels-and-blood-flow-improvement-in-ovariectomized-rats
#13
In Sil Park, Hye Won Lee, Jin Ah Ryuk, Byoung Seob Ko
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/497836.].
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872651/a-review-of-western-and-traditional-chinese-medical-approaches-to-managing-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
REVIEW
Wei-Fan Hsu, Lee-Yan Sheen, Hung-Jen Lin, Hen-Hong Chang
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a disease of attention because of increase in prevalence from 20% to 41%. The clinical and pathological conditions in patients with NAFLD range from steatosis alone to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with or without fibrosis to hepatic cancer. In the United States, NAFLD was the second-leading indication for liver transplant between 2004 and 2013. Although imaging studies such as magnetic resonance elastography and the use of diagnostic panels and scoring systems can provide a fairly accurate diagnosis of NAFLD, there are few treatment options for patients with mild to moderate disease other than lifestyle modification...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872650/the-cholesterol-lowering-effect-of-alisol-acetates-based-on-hmg-coa-reductase-and-its-molecular-mechanism
#15
Fei Xu, Hui Yu, Cai Lu, Jun Chen, Wei Gu
This study measured the impact of alisol B 23-acetate and alisol A 24-acetate, the main active ingredients of the traditional Chinese medicine Alismatis rhizoma, on total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels of hyperlipidemic mice. The binding of alisol B 23-acetate and alisol A 24-acetate to the key enzyme involved in the metabolism of TC, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutary-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, was studied using the reagent kit method and the western blotting technique combined with a molecular simulation technique...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872649/a-green-antioxidant-activity-integrated-dual-standard-method-for-rapid-evaluation-of-the-quality-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-xuebijing-injection-by-on-line-dpph-ce-dad
#16
Jin Li, Jiao Liu, Wei Liu, Xie-An Yu, Jun Cao, Mingrui An, Xiu-Mei Gao, Yan-Xu Chang
Much attention has been focused on treatment of sepsis which leads to high mortality all over the world in every year. Antioxidant activity seems to play a prominent role in the treatment of sepsis exhibited by Xuebijing injection. The aim of the present research was to develop an on-line 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl- (DPPH-) capillary electrophoresis-diode array detector (on-line DPPH-CE-DAD) method for rapidly assessing antioxidant properties and efficacious material basis of antioxidant activity as a way of quality control of Xuebijing injection...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867403/in-vitro-tnf-%C3%AE-inhibitory-activity-of-brazilian-plants-and-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-stryphnodendron-adstringens-in-an-acute-arthritis-model
#17
Bárbara O Henriques, Olívia Corrêa, Elaine Patrícia C Azevedo, Rodrigo M Pádua, Vívian Louise S de Oliveira, Thiago Henrique C Oliveira, Daiane Boff, Ana Carolina F Dias, Danielle G de Souza, Flávio A Amaral, Mauro M Teixeira, Rachel O Castilho, Fernão C Braga
Stryphnodendron species, popularly named "barbatimão," are traditionally used in Brazil as anti-inflammatory agents. This study aimed to investigate the effect of barbatimão and 11 other species on the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) stimulated THP-1 cells, as well as their anti-arthritis activity. The extracts of Stryphnodendron adstringens, Stryphnodendron obovatum, Campomanesia lineatifolia, and Terminalia glabrescens promoted a concentration-dependent inhibition of TNF-α...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867402/evaluation-of-hypoglycemic-and-genotoxic-effect-of-polyphenolic-bark-extract-from-quercus-sideroxyla
#18
Marcela Soto-García, Martha Rosales-Castro, Gerardo N Escalona-Cardoso, Norma Paniagua-Castro
Quercus sideroxyla is a wood species whose bark has phenolic compound and should be considered to be bioactive; the hypoglycemic and genotoxic properties of Q. sideroxyla bark were evaluated in this study. Total phenolic compound was determined in crude extract (CE) and organic extract (OE). The OE has the highest amount of phenols (724.1 ± 12.0 GAE/g). Besides, both CE and OE demonstrated effect over the inhibition of α-amylase in vitro. Hypoglycemic activity was assessed by glucose tolerance curve and the area under curve (UAC); OE showed the highest hypoglycemic activity...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847530/aqueous-extract-of-clerodendranthus-spicatus-exerts-protective-effect-on-uv-induced-photoaged-mice-skin
#19
Lan Wang, Xie Zhang, Yong-Xian Li, Lie-Qiang Xu, Cai-Lan Li, Zhen-Biao Zhang, Jia-Li Liang, Zi-Ren Su, Hui-Fang Zeng, Yu-Cui Li
Clerodendranthus spicatus (Thunb.) C.Y.Wu (CS) is commonly used to treat kidney diseases in traditional Chinese medicine for its prominent anti-inflammatory effect and nourishing function to kidneys. In this study, aqueous extract of CS was assessed for its protective effect on UV-induced skin damage of mice. The chemical compositions of CS aqueous extract were determined by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS, in which 10 components were identified. During the experimental period, CS (0.9, 1.8, and 3.6 g/mL) was externally applied to shaved dorsal skins of mice prior to UV irradiation, daily for ten weeks...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847529/update-on-the-clinical-effect-of-acupuncture-therapy-in-patients-with-gouty-arthritis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Wei-Wei Lu, Jin-Ming Zhang, Zheng-Tao Lv, An-Min Chen
Objective. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture therapy in the treatment of acute gouty arthritis. Methods. A literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, CENTRAL, and CNKI was conducted from the inception date of each database up to October 2015. Two investigators screened each article independently and were blinded to the findings of the other reviewer. Data was extracted according to the predetermined collection form. Meta-analysis was performed...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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