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Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546823/study-of-guanxinning-injection-on-regulatory-mechanism-of-bcl-2-and-bax-by-liquid-nitrogen-freezing-mediated-femoral-head-necrosis
#1
Xiaofeng Zhang, Xilin Xu, Gerhard Litscher, Zemin Sheng, Lu Wang, Daniela Litscher, Hang Lv, Xiaodong Li, Jie Zhang, Hui Su, Peiran Liu, Hai Hu
The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of femoral head perfusion by traditional Chinese medicine Guanxinning injection promoting blood circulation for removing blood stasis on the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax induced by liquid nitrogen freezing-mediated femoral head necrosis. 90 rabbits were randomized into three groups. Normal control group was not subjected to any medication. Saline and Guanxinning group were perfused with 0.9% saline and Guanxinning injection once every three days through the hip joint, respectively...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546822/commercial-essential-oils-as-potential-antimicrobials-to-treat-skin-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Ané Orchard, Sandy van Vuuren
Essential oils are one of the most notorious natural products used for medical purposes. Combined with their popular use in dermatology, their availability, and the development of antimicrobial resistance, commercial essential oils are often an option for therapy. At least 90 essential oils can be identified as being recommended for dermatological use, with at least 1500 combinations. This review explores the fundamental knowledge available on the antimicrobial properties against pathogens responsible for dermatological infections and compares the scientific evidence to what is recommended for use in common layman's literature...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539968/effect-of-kangshuanyihao-formula-on-the-inflammatory-reaction-and-sirt1-tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-endothelial-injury
#3
Jie Han, Hua-Qin Tong, Song-Yi Cheng, Li Yang, Han-Yu Chen, Jian-Dong Chen, Xiao-Hu Chen
Endothelial injury plays an important role in atherosclerosis (AS). Kangshuanyihao formula uses therapeutic principles from Chinese medicine to supplement Qi, thereby promoting blood circulation, and remove blood stasis. The mechanism by which the formula inhibits endothelial injury was examined in a rat model of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD3) intraperitoneal injection and high-fat-induced endothelial injury. Rats were randomly divided into the model, high-dose, middle-dose, low-dose, positive drug (rosuvastatin), and combination (positive drug + middle-dose) groups; 10 Sprague-Dawley rats served as the blank group...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539967/5-7-dihydroxyflavone-analogues-may-regulate-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammatory-responses-by-suppressing-i%C3%AE%C2%BAb%C3%AE-linked-akt-and-erk5-phosphorylation-in-raw-264-7-macrophages
#4
Atsuyoshi Nishina, Kazue Shimizu, Mamoru Koketsu, Masayuki Ninomiya, Daisuke Sato, Takashi Suzuki, Satoshi Hayakawa, Hirokazu Kimura
We studied the anti-inflammatory activity of twelve 5,7-dihydroxyflavone analogues in lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. We found that chrysin (1) and 4'-methoxytricetin (9) showed relatively significant anti-inflammatory activity and low cytotoxicity. Moreover, 1 and 9 recovered the expression levels of iNOS and COX2, as well as those of the intracellular inflammatory mediators IL-1β and IL-6, which were upregulated by LPS stimulation. In addition, 1 and 9 actively regulated the phosphorylation of IκBα, leading to the activation of NFκB...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539966/supercritical-fluid-extraction-of-pyrrolidine-alkaloid-from-leaves-of-piper-amalago-l
#5
V S Carrara, L C Filho, V A S Garcia, V S Faiões, E F Cunha-Júnior, E C Torres-Santos, D A G Cortez
Supercritical fluid extraction was used to extract the alkaloid N-[7-(3',4'-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2(Z),4(Z)-heptadienoyl]pyrrolidine from leaves of Piper amalago L. A three-level orthogonal array design matrix, OAD OA9(3(4)), was used for optimization of the parameters of supercritical extraction of the alkaloid, employing supercritical carbon dioxide: extraction time (20, 40, and 60 min), temperature (40, 50, and 60°C), pressure (150, 200, and 250 bar), and the use of cosolvents (ethanol, methanol, and propyleneglycol)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539965/chemicals-compositions-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-cynara-scolymus-leaves-extracts-and-analysis-of-major-bioactive-polyphenols-by-hplc
#6
Maryem Ben Salem, Hanen Affes, Khaled Athmouni, Kamilia Ksouda, Raouia Dhouibi, Zouheir Sahnoun, Serria Hammami, Khaled Mounir Zeghal
Objective. Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) was one of the plant remedies for primary health care. The present study was focused on the determination of chemical composition, antioxidant activities, and anti-inflammatory activity and on analyzing its major bioactive polyphenols by HPLC. Methods. Artichoke Leaves Extracts (ALE) were analyzed for proximate analysis and phytochemical and antioxidant activity by several methods such as DDPH, ABTS, FRAP, and beta-carotene bleaching test. The carrageenan (Carr) model induced paw oedema in order to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539964/preclinical-and-clinical-studies-demonstrate-that-the-proprietary-herbal-extract-da-5512-effectively-stimulates-hair-growth-and-promotes-hair-health
#7
Jae Young Yu, Biki Gupta, Hyoung Geun Park, Miwon Son, Joon-Ho Jun, Chul Soon Yong, Jeong Ah Kim, Jong Oh Kim
The proprietary DA-5512 formulation comprises six herbal extracts from traditional oriental plants historically associated with therapeutic and other applications related to hair. Here, we investigated the effects of DA-5512 on the proliferation of human dermal papilla cells (hDPCs) in vitro and on hair growth in C57BL/6 mice and conducted a clinical study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DA-5512. DA-5512 significantly enhanced the viability of hDPCs in a dose-dependent manner (p < 0.05), and 100 ppm of DA-5512 and 1 μM minoxidil (MXD) significantly increased the number of Ki-67-positive cells, compared with the control group (p < 0...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539963/the-role-of-propolis-in-oxidative-stress-and-lipid-metabolism-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Verónica Mujica, Roxana Orrego, Jorge Pérez, Paula Romero, Paz Ovalle, Jessica Zúñiga-Hernández, Miguel Arredondo, Elba Leiva
Although there is evidence of the benefits of propolis on human health, the vast majority of studies have been conducted using animal models. The present study includes the chemical characterization and clinical evaluation of the effects of the oral administration of propolis solution on the oxidative status and modulation of lipids in a human population in Talca, Chile. Chemical characterization of propolis, total phenol, flavonoids, and total antioxidant capacity were determined by ORAC. Identification of phenols and flavonoids in propolis was assessed by HPLC-DAD...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539962/the-clinical-efficacy-of-yindanxinnaotong-soft-capsule-in-the-treatment-of-stroke-and-angina-pectoris-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Long Cheng, Yue Liu, Xiao-Bo Sun
Objective. To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of Yindanxinnaotong (YD) soft capsule in adult patients with cardiovascular diseases (stroke and angina pectoris). Methods. We electronically searched databases including Medline, PubMed, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Cqvip Database (VIP), and Wanfang Database for published articles of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of YD capsule in treating stroke and angina pectoris. The meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539961/yiqi-huayu-jiedu-decoction-inhibits-the-invasion-and-metastasis-of-gastric-cancer-cells-through-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-pathway
#10
Ting-Ting Wu, Jun Lu, Pei-Qiu Zheng, Shen-Lin Liu, Jian Wu, Wei Sun, Qing-Min Sun, Nai-Xia Ma, Xue-Lian Ding, Min Chen, Xi Zou
Background. Yiqi Huayu Jiedu Decoction (YHJD) can obviously improve the quality of life of those patients with gastric cancer and prolong their survival. Methods. In vitro experiments, we observe YHJD's effect on the cells' proliferation by MTT assay. Cell adhesion assay, wound-healing assay, and Transwell invasion assay serve to detect its influence on cells' adhesion, migration, and invasion, respectively. Inhibitor (10 μM/L of SB431542) and activator (10 ng/mL of TGF-β) of TGF-β/Smad pathway were used to estimate whether YHJD's impact on the biological behavior of gastric cancer cells was related to TGF-β/Smad pathway...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539960/physical-education-in-a-thermal-spa-resort-to-maintain-an-active-lifestyle-at-home-a-one-year-self-controlled-follow-up-pilot-study
#11
Julien Maitre, Benjamin Guinhouya, Nicole Darrieutort, Thierry Paillard
The self-controlled follow-up pilot study was set up to examine the maintenance of engagement in physical activity by a group of older adults in a thermal spa resort, as a consequence of the inclusion of additional physical education sessions within their usual care offers. A cohort of 42 participants (70.4 ± 4.5 years) underwent three weeks of thermal treatment with additional physical education (PE) sessions. Measurements were established during the intervention in 2 periods (baseline and final thermal treatment evaluation) and 4 periods of measurements in the follow-up (+15 days, +2 months, +6 months, and +1 year)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536643/icariin-prevents-h2o2-induced-apoptosis-via-the-pi3k-akt-pathway-in-rat-nucleus-pulposus-intervertebral-disc-cells
#12
Xiangyu Deng, Sheng Chen, Dong Zheng, Zengwu Shao, Hang Liang, Hongzhi Hu
Icariin is a prenylated flavonol glycoside derived from the Chinese herb Epimedium sagittatum. This study investigated the mechanism by which icariin prevents H2O2-induced apoptosis in rat nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. NP cells were isolated from the rat intervertebral disc and they were divided into five groups after 3 passages: (A) blank control; (B) 200 μM H2O2; (C) 200 μM H2O2 + 20 μM icariin; (D) 20 μM icariin + 200 μM H2O2 + 25 μM LY294002; (E) 200 μM H2O2 + 25 μM LY294002. LY294002 is a selective inhibitor of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536642/itraq-based-proteomics-of-chronic-renal-failure-rats-after-fushengong-decoction-treatment-reveals-haptoglobin-and-alpha-1-antitrypsin-as-potential-biomarkers
#13
Yu Yang, Junmeng Wei, Xuekuan Huang, Mingjun Wu, Zhenbing Lv, Pan Tong, Rui Chang
Background. Chronic renal failure (CRF) has become a global health problem and bears a huge economic burden. FuShengong Decoction (FSGD) as traditional Chinese medicine has multiple pharmacological effects. Objectives. To understand the underlying molecular mechanism and signaling pathway involved in the FSGD treatment of CRF and screen differentially expressed proteins in rats with CRF treated with FSGD. Methods. Thirty-three male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group, CRF group, and FSGD group...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536641/review-dna-barcoding-and-chromatography-fingerprints-for-the-authentication-of-botanicals-in-herbal-medicinal-products
#14
REVIEW
Bashir Mohammed Abubakar, Faezah Mohd Salleh, Mohd Shahir Shamsir Omar, Alina Wagiran
In the last two decades, there has been a tremendous increase in the global use of herbal medicinal products (HMPs) due to their claimed health benefits. This has led to increase in their demand and consequently, also, resulted in massive adulteration. This is due to the fact that most of the traditional methods cannot identify closely related species in a process product form. Therefore the urgent need for simple and rapid identification methods resulted in the discovery of a novel technique. DNA barcoding is a process that uses short DNA sequence from the standard genome for species identification...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529532/the-effect-of-three-different-meditation-exercises-on-hypertension-a-network-meta-analysis
#15
Hongchang Yang, Xueping Wu, Min Wang
We aimed to use the pairwise and network meta-analysis to estimate the effects of different meditation exercises on the control of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were retrieved from PubMed and Embase up to June 2016, which are published in English and reported on meditation exercise for hypertensive patients. Risks of bias assessment of the included studies were assessed by Cochrane Collaboration Recommendations and network meta-analysis was performed by ADDIS...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529531/the-protective-effect-of-lavender-essential-oil-and-its-main-component-linalool-against-the-cognitive-deficits-induced-by-d-galactose-and-aluminum-trichloride-in-mice
#16
Pan Xu, Kezhu Wang, Cong Lu, Liming Dong, Li Gao, Ming Yan, Silafu Aibai, Yanyan Yang, Xinmin Liu
Lavender essential oil (LO) is a traditional medicine used for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It was extracted from Lavandula angustifolia Mill. This study was designed to investigate the effects of lavender essential oil (LO) and its active component, linalool (LI), against cognitive impairment induced by D-galactose (D-gal) and AlCl3 in mice and to explore the related mechanisms. Our results revealed that LO (100 mg/kg) or LI (100 mg/kg) significantly protected the cognitive impairments as assessed by the Morris water maze test and step-though test...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529530/chai-qin-cheng-qi-decoction-and-carbachol-improve-intestinal-motility-by-regulating-protein-kinase-c-mediated-ca-2-release-in-colonic-smooth-muscle-cells-in-rats-with-acute-necrotising-pancreatitis
#17
Chen-Long Zhang, Zi-Qi Lin, Rui-Jie Luo, Xiao-Xin Zhang, Jia Guo, Wei Wu, Na Shi, Li-Hui Deng, Wei-Wei Chen, Xiao-Ying Zhang, Shameena Bharucha, Wei Huang, Robert Sutton, John A Windsor, Ping Xue, Qing Xia
Chai-Qin-Cheng-Qi decoction (CQCQD) improves intestinal motility in acute pancreatitis (AP), but the mechanism(s) require elucidation. We investigated the effects of CQCQD and carbachol, a prokinetic agent, on colonic smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in L-arginine-induced necrotising AP model in rats. In treatment groups, intragastric CQCQD (20 g/kg, 2 hourly × 3 doses) or intraperitoneal carbachol (60 μg/kg) was given 24 hours after induction of AP. Both CQCQD and carbachol decreased the severity of pancreatic and colonic histopathology (all P < 0...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529529/disclosure-of-traditional-and-complementary-medicine-use-and-its-associated-factors-to-medical-doctor-in-primary-care-clinics-in-kuching-division-sarawak-malaysia
#18
Anak Kelak Johny, Whye Lian Cheah, Safii Razitasham
The decision by the patients to disclose traditional and complementary medicine (TCM) use to their doctor is an important area to be explored. This study aimed to determine the disclosure of TCM use and its associated factors to medical doctor among primary care clinic attendees in Kuching Division, Sarawak. It was a cross-sectional study using questionnaire, interviewer administered questionnaire. A total of 1130 patients were screened with 80.2% reporting using TCM. Logistic regression analysis revealed that being female (AOR = 3...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512501/effect-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-product-qiangguyin-on-bone-mineral-density-and-bone-turnover-in-chinese-postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#19
Zhen-Yu Shi, Xin-Gen Zhang, Chun-Wen Li, Kang Liu, Bo-Cheng Liang, Xiao-Lin Shi
Introduction. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of herbal formula QiangGuYin (QGY) in postmenopausal women. Materials and Methods. A total of 240 participants from six clinical centers were randomly to receive alendronate 70 mg/week, QGY granules 20 g/day, and placebo. Primary end points were BMD changes over 6 and 12 months; secondary end points were bone turnover markers changes at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Safety was monitored by clinical adverse events reported during the follow-up...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512500/the-effect-of-chunghyul-dan-on-hyperventilation-induced-carbon-dioxide-reactivity-of-the-middle-cerebral-artery-in-normal-subjects-a-dose-dependent-study
#20
Chul Jin, Sang-Kwan Moon, Seung-Yeon Cho, Seong-Uk Park, Woo-Sang Jung, Jung-Mi Park, Chang-Nam Ko, Ki-Ho Cho, Seungwon Kwon
Background. This study was conducted to show the prompt effect of chunghyul-dan (CHD) on cerebral hemodynamics in order to provide evidence for its use in stroke prevention. Methods. Hyperventilation-induced CO2 reactivity of the middle cerebral artery was measured in 12 healthy male volunteers (mean age: 26.3 ± 1.1 years) using transcranial Doppler sonography. All subjects were examined before and for 3 hours after administration, with an interval of 1 week between measurements. Results. Compared to baseline, the CO2 reactivity of the middle cerebral artery increased significantly at 2 and 3 hours after the administration of CHD (600 mg and 1200 mg)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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