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Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876245/perioperative-medicine-and-taiwan-national-health-insurance-research-database
#1
REVIEW
C C Chang, C C Liao, T L Chen
"Big data", characterized by 'volume', 'velocity', 'variety', and 'veracity', being routinely collected in huge amounts of clinical and administrative healthcare-related data are becoming common and generating promising viewpoints for a better understanding of the complexity for medical situations. Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), one of large and comprehensive nationwide population reimbursement databases in the world, provides the strength of sample size avoiding selection and participation bias...
November 18, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825721/alvimopan-for-post-operative-ileus-what-we-should-know
#2
Abhijit Nair
Alvimopan is an US-FDA approved, peripherally acting mu opioid receptor antagonist which when started pre-operatively has been shown to hasten intestinal motility and reduce the duration of post-operative ileus. However the logistics involved in procuring, storing and dispensing the drug and the cost of the drug for fifteen doses as approved by FDA prohibits the use of it on a regular basis.
November 5, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825646/the-risk-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-between-surgical-patients-received-propofol-and-sevoflurane-anesthesia-a-matched-study
#3
Hideki Matsuura, Satoki Inoue, Masahiko Kawaguchi
OBJECTIVES: The current consensus guidelines for managing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) suggest that one of anesthetic risk factors is the use of volatile anesthetics. However, in clinical settings, it is rare to perceive propofol to be superior to volatile anesthetics for the prevention of PONV. To assess whether PONV is related to the type of anesthetic delivered, we compared the incidence and duration of PONV between propofol anesthesia and sevoflurane anesthesia. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of an institutional registry containing 21606 general anesthesia cases conducted following ethics board approval...
November 4, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765616/chronic-intrathecal-infusion-of-t-type-calcium-channel-blockers-attenuates-cav3-2-upregulation-in-nerve-ligated-rats
#4
Sheng-Jie Shiue, Chi-Hsu Wang, Tao-Yeuan Wang, Yi-Chun Chen, Jen-Kun Cheng
OBJECTIVE: T-type channel (TCC) CaV3.2 plays a pivotal role in pain transmission. In this study, we examined the effects of intrathecal TCC blockers on CaV3.2 expression in a L5/6 spinal nerve ligation (SNL) pain model. The neurotoxicity of TCC blockers were also evaluated. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-250 g) were used for right L5/6 SNL to induce neuropathic pain. Intrathecal infusion of saline or TCC blockers [mibefradil (0.7 μg/h) or ethosuximide (60 μg/h)] was started after surgery for 7 days...
October 17, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707556/adductor-canal-block-and-lateral-approach-of-sciatic-nerve-block-at-the-midthigh-level
#5
Yasuhiro Morimoto, Tatsunori Haruoka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567316/intraoperative-multiple-intercostal-nerve-blocks-exert-anesthetic-sparing-effect-a-retrospective-study-on-the-effect-site-concentration-of-propofol-infusion-in-nonintubated-thoracoscopic-surgery
#6
Man-Ling Wang, Ming-Hui Hung, Kuang-Cheng Chan, Jin-Shing Chen, Ya-Jung Cheng
OBJECTIVE(S): Less general anesthetic is required in patients with regional blocks than in those without, as assessed through commonly used anesthesia monitoring parameters such as blood pressure, heart rate, and bispectral index (BIS). Although intraoperative regional anesthesia has become more widely adopted, few studies have confirmed or monitored its anesthetic-sparing effects. Using recent reports of nonintubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) by BIS-targeted propofol infusion and intraoperative multilevel thoracoscopic intercostal nerve blocks (TINBs), this retrospective study investigated whether the anesthetic-sparing effect can be realized by reducing the effect-site concentration (Ce) to the targeted BIS level or by reducing the blood pressure at the onset of regional blocks...
August 23, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543199/trend-of-academic-publication-activity-in-anesthesiology-a-2-decade-bibliographic-perspective
#7
Sy-Yuan Chen, Ling-Fang Wei, Chiu-Ming Ho
OBJECTIVES: The publication of anesthesiology papers presents the importance of understanding the corresponding research activity. This research used the bibliographic method to investigate the publication trend in anesthesiology using Science Citation Index Expanded over the period 1995-2014. METHODS: The journals listed in the subject category of anesthesiology in the 2014 Journal Citation Reports were selected, and bibliographic information was collected from Science Citation Index Expanded, with 128,003 papers published from 1995 to 2014...
August 16, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349177/observation-of-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-block-using-thoracoscopy
#8
Tasuku Fujii, Yasuyuki Shibata, Kimitoshi Nishiwaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524738/measuring-and-reducing-perioperative-anesthetic-related-mortality-view-from-east-asia
#9
EDITORIAL
James L Reynolds, Wei-Zen Sun, Yang Chen-Hsien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461188/evaluation-of-cardiac-output-by-bioreactance-technique-in-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation
#10
Po-Yuan Shih, Wen-Ying Lin, Ming-Hui Hung, Ya-Jung Cheng, Kuang-Cheng Chan
BACKGROUND: This study compared the cardiac output (CO) obtained from PiCCO with that obtained from the noninvasive NICOM method. METHODS: Twenty-one cirrhotic patients receiving liver transplantation were enrolled. During the operation, their CO was measured by the PiCCO system via the thermodilution method as the standard and by the NICOM method. Two parameters including cardiac index (CI) and stroke volume index (SVI) were collected simultaneously at three phases during the surgery including the dissection phase (T1), the anhepatic phase (T2), and the reperfusion phase (T3)...
June 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440278/a-new-pharmacological-role-for-thalidomide-attenuation-of-morphine-induced-tolerance-in-rats
#11
Kambiz Hassanzadeh, Bashir Khodadadi, Mohammad Raman Moloudi, Hassan Amini, Mohammad Reza Rahmani, Esmael Izadpanah
OBJECTIVE: Tolerance to the analgesic effect is the main side effect of chronic administration of opioids. Several drugs have been studied to try to find agents to prevent the development of this phenomenon. In the present study we aimed to evaluate the effect of thalidomide on morphine-induced tolerance to the analgesic effect. METHODS: Groups of male rats were randomly rendered and received daily morphine in combination with thalidomide vehicle or thalidomide (2...
June 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435514/magnesium-sulfate-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-surgery-under-spinal-anesthesia
#12
Prerana N Shah, Yamini Dhengle
BACKGROUND: Magnesium has been proven to have antinociceptive effects in animal and human models of pain. Its effect is primarily based on the regulation of calcium influx into the cell, which is natural physiological calcium antagonism and N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonism. METHODS: One hundred and eight patients undergoing surgery with spinal anesthesia received either 250 mg of intravenous magnesium sulfate followed by an infusion of 500 mg magnesium sulfate (25 mg/mL) at the rate of 20 mL/hour; or the same volume of normal saline (control group) as bolus and infusion...
June 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27317483/key-opioid-prescription-concerns-in-cancer-patients-a-nationwide-study
#13
Chih-Peng Lin, Chih-Hung Hsu, Wen-Mei Fu, Ho-Min Chen, Ying-Hui Lee, Mei-Shu Lai, Yu-Yun Shao
BACKGROUND: Opioids are crucial in cancer pain management. We examined the nationwide prescription patterns of opioids in Taiwan cancer patients to find the potential concerns. METHODS: We reviewed the claims database of the National Health Insurance of Taiwan for patients diagnosed with cancer from 2003 to 2011. The use and cost of analgesics were analyzed. Opioids were classified into recommended strong opioids (morphine and transdermal fentanyl), recommended weak opioids (tramadol, buprenorphine, and codeine), and unrecommended opioids (propoxyphene, nalbuphine, and meperidine)...
June 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289565/a-review-of-nationwide-population-study-of-organ-transplantation-in-taiwan
#14
REVIEW
Hsin-I Tsai, Huang-Ping Yu
Solid organ transplantation has become the therapy of choice for patients with end-stage organ disease. The frequently transplanted organs in Taiwan include liver, kidney, heart, and lung, and the success rate has improved significantly worldwide for the past decades. However, organ recipients are known to be at a higher risk of post-transplant infections and de novo cancer due to immunosuppression and oncogenic viral infections. Organ recipients are known to be at a two- to fourfold increased risk of cancer and the risks are particularly high for malignancies caused by viral infections, including post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders via Epstein-Barr virus, Kaposi sarcoma via Kaposi sarcoma herpesvirus, anogenital cancers via human papillomavirus, and hepatocellular carcinoma via hepatitis B and C virus...
June 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134193/continuous-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block
#15
Yasuhiro Morimoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106162/comparison-of-the-supreme-and-the-proseal-laryngeal-mask-airway-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Lakesh K Anand, Nitika Goel, Manpreet Singh, Dheeraj Kapoor
OBJECTIVE: The single-use LMA Supreme (Teleflex, Inc., Wayne, PA, USA) and the LMA ProSeal (Teleflex, Inc., Wayne, PA, USA) laryngeal mask airway (LMA) have similar characteristics. To date, studies have not achieved a consensus regarding the oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP) of the LMA Supreme and LMA ProSeal, and there is little information on their efficacy in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This study compared the safety and efficacy of the LMA Supreme and LMA ProSeal devices in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
June 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976339/pharmacogenomics-for-personalized-pain-medicine
#17
REVIEW
Tai-Ming Ko, Chih-Shung Wong, Jer-Yuarn Wu, Yuan-Tsong Chen
Pharmacogenomics aims to unravel the way that human genetic variation affects drug efficacy and toxicity. Genome-wide association studies and candidate gene findings suggest that genetic approaches may help choose the most appropriate drug and dosage while preventing adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Pain is an unpleasant feeling that usually results from tissue damage. The management of different types of pain (acute, chronic, inflammatory, neuropathic, or cancer) is challenging. Currently, drug intervention is the first-line therapy for resolving pain...
March 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26972565/subcutaneous-emphysema-and-pneumothorax-secondary-to-subclavian-vein-catheterization-via-supraclavicular-approach
#18
LETTER
Chih-Dou Chou, Yu-Chi Tsung, Fwu-Lin Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26873652/mirtazapine-in-orodispersible-form-for-patients-with-preoperative-psychological-distress-a-pilot-study
#19
Wei-Han Chou, Feng-Sheng Lin, Chih-Peng Lin, Wen-Ying Lin, Jr-Chi Yie, Wei-Zen Sun
BACKGROUND: Perioperative psychological distress is associated with preoperative anxiety, depression, and postoperative pain. Mirtazapine is effective as an antidepressant, anxiolytic agent, and sleep enhancer. Moreover, mirtazapine can be made as orodispersible tablets with a fast onset for patients in nil per os status. This study is to determine whether mirtazapine can help psychologically distressed patients reduce perioperative anxiety, depression, and postoperative pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with preoperative psychological distress, undergoing major abdominal surgery, were inquired and assigned to two groups according to their own choice...
March 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26818959/a-novel-technique-to-prevent-damage-to-the-inflation-tube-of-the-cuffed-endotracheal-tube-during-air-q-guided-intubation
#20
LETTER
Renu Sinha, Kanil Ranjith Kumar, Ravindran Chandiran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
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