journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Indian Journal of Medical Ethics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867144/palliative-care-in-pakistan
#1
Robyna Irshad Khan
Pakistan is a developing country of South East Asia, with all the incumbent difficulties currently being faced by the region. Insufficient public healthcare facilities, poorly regulated private health sector, low budgetary allocation for health, improper priority setting while allocating limited resources, have resulted essentially in an absence of palliative care from the healthcare scene. Almost 90% of healthcare expenditure is out of the patient's pocket with more than 45% of population living below the poverty line...
November 11, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866145/cosmetic-limb-lengthening-in-a-patient-of-normal-stature-ethical-considerations
#2
Karthik Vishwanathan, Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Recently, a 23-year-old male patient underwent cosmetic limb lengthening, despite the fact that his height was that of the average Indian male (5 feet 7 inches). The patient's parents and the media criticised the orthopaedic surgeon who had performed the surgery for undertaking an unethical operation. This paper discusses the relevant clinical evidence, ethical aspects and ethical theories surrounding the case. We conclude that the surgeon's decision to perform the surgery seems to be fair and appropriate from the ethical and clinical perspectives...
November 11, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858594/the-attitudes-of-nursing-students-to-euthanasia
#3
Ladan Naseh, Mohammad Heidari
One of the most common morally controversial issues in endof-life care is euthanasia. Examining the attitudes of nursing students to this issue is important because they may encounter situations related to euthanasia during their clinical courses. The aim of our study was to examine nursing students' attitudes to euthanasia in Shahrekord city in western Iran. This was done using the Euthanasia Attitude Scale. The scale is divided into four categories, ie ethical considerations, practical considerations, treasuring life and naturalistic beliefs...
October 28, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866144/instilling-fear-makes-good-business-sense-unwarranted-hysterectomies-in-karnataka
#4
Teena Xavier, Akhila Vasan, S Vijayakumar
This paper uses data from two fact-finding exercises in two districts of Karnataka to trace how government and private doctors alike pushed women to undergo hysterectomies. The doctors provided grossly unscientific information to poor Dalit women to instil a fear of "cancer" in their minds to wilfully mislead them to undergo hysterectomies, following which many suffered complications and died. The paper examines a review, made by two separate panels of experts, of women's medical records from private hospitals to illustrate that a large proportion of the hysterectomies performed were medically unwarranted; that private doctors were using highly suspect diagnostic criteria, based on a single ultrasound scan, to perform the hysterectomies and had not sent even a single sample for histopathology; and that the medical records were incomplete, erroneous and, in several instances, manipulated...
October 26, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809197/ethics-in-humanitarian-services-report-on-the-earthquake-in-nepal
#5
Ramesh P Aacharya, Sanjeeb Tiwari, Tirtha M Shrestha
The Nepal earthquake was one of the biggest natural calamities of the year 2015. This paper attempts to explore the ethical issues involved in the humanitarian services rendered during the crisis and thereafter. The four principles of biomedical ethics - autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice - are discussed in relation to the relief activities immediately following the disaster and the subsequent long-term activities, such as rehabilitation, wherever applicable. The discussion touches upon public health components such as vulnerable populations, environmental ethics and justice for the future...
October 19, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867145/human-papillomavirus-vaccines-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-and-autonomic-dysfunction-a-review-of-the-regulatory-evidence-from-the-european-medicines-agency
#6
Tom Jefferson, Lars Jørgensen
Recent concerns about a possible association between exposure of young women to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines and two "dysautonomic syndromes" (a collection of signs and symptoms thought to be caused by autoimmunity) - complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) - led the European Medicines Agency (EMA) to review existing evidence. The review was announced by the EMA on July 13, 2015, and was completed on November 4, 2015.
October 17, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687551/the-iab-congress-2016-is-there-justice-in-the-bioethics-world
#7
Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
This comment contains the reflections of a first-time participant in the 13th International Association of Bioethics Congress (IAB 2016), held from June 14 to 17, 2016, in Edinburgh. At the outset, I would like to make a couple of clarifications. First, the opinions expressed here are my personal reflections and second, I am a physician and public health practitioner by profession and my interest is bioethics. I reflect on the justice implications of the IAB 2016 from the perspective of the challenge of maintaining inclusivity in a multidisciplinary bioethics world...
September 29, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660907/-trust-the-researchers-flying-in-the-face-of-evidence
#8
John H Noble
There are always rival hypotheses to explain away the one that is posited as the most likely to be true. Context and Occam's razor - the principle that among competing hypotheses, the one with the fewest assumptions should be selected - ultimately point to which hypothesis is the most likely to be true.
September 22, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619073/ethical-attitudes-of-nursing-students-at-shahid-beheshti-university-of-medical-sciences-iran
#9
Soolmaz Moosavi, Fariba Borhani, Mohaddeseh Mohsenpour
An ethical attitude denotes motivation and commitment in practice and is an important aspect of human communication. Values guide the efforts of human beings towards helping those in need, and an ethical attitude revives values and turns them into action. As a result, an ethical attitude and a sense of responsibility have direct effects on ethical action and ultimately, on the outcome of patient care.
September 7, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731301/time-bound-promotions-in-indian-medical-institutes-a-mirage
#10
Anupama Sukhlecha
Incentives, pay hikes and timely promotions enhance the job performance of an employee. In medical institutes, too, satisfied teachers would train students in a better way leading to better equipped doctors and ultimately, greater patient satisfaction. A study in Malaysia links high levels of satisfaction of employees with good salary, promotions, and incentives.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731300/should-we-share-the-management-of-acute-life-threatening-medical-emergencies-on-the-telephone
#11
Himmatrao Saluba Bawaskar
Daily, I receive 3-4 social media messages regarding the diagnosis, management or clinical dilemmas of acute timelimiting medical emergencies due to snake bite and scorpion sting poisoning. I respond to the caller who has shared clinical signs and symptoms. I also follow up on the progress of the victim. I send pdf files of my publications on scorpion and snake bite.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731299/what-is-wrong-with-the-mci
#12
Mrinal Prakash Barua, Vivek Mishra, Mukesh Singla
In the wake of the Medical Council of India's (MCI) take on the promotion of faculty recently, it is clear that the faculty of medical institutions across the country are in a state of alarm. A situation in which the whole onus of research is put on the faculty is quite quirky when there is no consideration of the fact that most medical colleges in India do not have a system of intramural funding, apt infrastructure and a pertinent environment for carrying out good research.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731298/manipulation-of-prescriptions-by-patients-what-must-a-doctor-do
#13
Avinash DeSousa
Over-the-counter use of medication via chemists, including the use of psychiatric medication, has always been a cause of worry in the Indian subcontinent. Over the last two years, the rules on dispensing psychiatric medication have become stringent and chemists have to dispense the exact amount of medicine written on the prescription for the time duration mentioned. The chemist also stamps the prescription with the amount of medicine dispensed so that the patient does not use the prescription at another chemist's or counter to obtain more than the amount prescribed...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731297/of-moulds-and-medals
#14
Reeta S Mani
The white and fluffy mycelial growth that I had observed 48 hours ago had turned a mottled grey. I inverted the plate of Sabouraud's dextrose agar (SDA) to examine its reverse. A sinister ochre stared at me.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731296/the-urgent-need-for-advance-directives-in-india
#15
Ravindra B Ghooi, Kelly Dhru, Sheela Jaywant
Many individuals at the end of life are unable to convey their wishes regarding medical treatments. Advance directives (ADs) or living wills (LWs) allow them to crystallise their wishes in a written form so that these can be carried out if the relevant situation arises. In many countries, ADs are legally valid and enforceable; they reduce the use of life-sustaining treatments, which often merely prolong life without improving or even maintaining the quality of life. Such treatment puts a financial burden on the patient's family, often leading to penury...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731295/does-supported-decision-making-in-india-s-mental-health-care-bill-2013-measure-up-to-the-crpd-s-standards
#16
Mukul Inamdar, Michael Ashley Stein, Joske Bunders
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) requires States to replace their mental health laws based on substitute decision-making for persons with mental health issues with laws based on the supported decision-making paradigm. However, the exact scope of the CRPD's mandates is currently under debate, especially in the case of persons with very high support needs. The Mental Health Care Bill, 2013, introduces supported decision-making in India in the form of advance directives and nominated representatives...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731294/ethics-in-occupational-health-and-safety-case-studies-from-gujarat
#17
Jagdish Patel, Siddarth David
Rapid industrialisation in India is giving employment to millions of people in the formal sector, and many more in the unorganised sector. However, the absence of clear policies, poorly enforced regulations, lack of systematic reporting of occupational diseases, lamentable socioeconomic conditions of the workers and their limited access to healthcare make occupational health and safety (OHS) a critical area.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731293/medical-education-in-india-the-way-forward
#18
George Thomas
In 1956, the four-year-old republic of India replaced the colonial Indian Medical Council with the Medical Council of India (MCI). This institution was meant to guide the young republic in establishing a modern system of medical education and developing the human resources to provide the most appropriate medical care to all citizens.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651214/commercial-conflict-of-interest-and-medical-publication-what-should-the-practising-physician-do-about-it
#19
Prem Pais
I read with interest the comment by Mark Wilson, which deals with possible conflict of interest (CoI) affecting publications in academic medical journals. This comment has specifically targeted the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) and its editor-in-chief Jeffrey Drazen on the "Vioxx scandal" which broke 15 years ago. Wilson's comment seems to be in response to a blog by Natarajan on CoI in medical publications. In the blog Natarajan writes of commercial CoI biasing publication of clinical trials and cites, among other examples, a publication in the NEJM on trials of voriconazole...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608487/vioxx-redux-or-how-i-learned-to-worry-about-industry-sponsored-clinical-trials
#20
James M Brophy
I read with interest Mark Wilson's recent article, "The New England Journal of Medicine: commercial conflict of interest and revisiting the Vioxx scandal". I believe this is an important contribution that underlines the aphorism "Those who don't know history are doomed to repeat it." As Vioxx is a seminal example, it is important to place it in its proper context, examining if this malfeasance extends beyond the VIGOR study. While the epicentre of this conflict of interest surely begins with the sponsor, I believe the following essay demonstrates that this wave of egregiously unethical behaviour can exist and be propagated only with the complicity of academic investigators, medical journals, a flawed peer-review system and an uncritical medical readership...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
journal
journal
40693
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"