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Psychological Services

Anne N Banducci, Marcel O Bonn-Miller, Christine Timko, Craig S Rosen
Premature discontinuation of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment is generally associated with poorer outcomes for veterans with PTSD. What is less clear is whether treatment benefits, as a function of treatment length, persist, as well as predict less future mental health care utilization. We sought to determine whether length of stay (LOS) in residential PTSD treatment predicted discharge PTSD symptom severity and outpatient mental health care utilization. We hypothesized discharge PTSD Checklist (PCL) scores would mediate the relations between LOS in residential treatment and outpatient mental health care utilization...
December 21, 2017: Psychological Services
Natalie E Hundt, Ashley Helm, Tracey L Smith, Joanna Lamkin, Jeffrey A Cully, Melinda A Stanley
Low engagement in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) psychotherapy is a common problem in the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs (VA), with up to half of veterans who are referred to an evidence-based psychotherapy failing to engage in that treatment. Prior research has focused on identifying general barriers to mental health treatment rather than barriers specific to evidence-based treatments for PTSD. The purpose of the current study was to identify barriers for veterans who referred specifically for evidence-based psychotherapy (i...
December 21, 2017: Psychological Services
Holly B Laws, Shirley M Glynn, Susan J McCutcheon, Theresa M Schmitz, Rani Hoff
Research indicates that veterans would like their families to be more involved in their mental health care. While Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) policy requires certain providers to discuss veterans' interest in family involvement in their mental health care, no published studies have examined the associations between family involvement and mental health outcomes in routine VA mental health care. This study assessed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms before and after veterans' first family session to test whether symptoms changed after family inclusion...
December 21, 2017: Psychological Services
Janet I Warren, James M Wellbeloved-Stone, Park E Dietz, Sara B Millspaugh
Our study examines the association between Historical, Clinical, Risk Management-20: Version 2; Psychopathy Checklist-Revised; and Violence Risk Assessment Guide scores and violence perpetrated during incarceration by male and female inmates. Using a sample of 288 men and 183 women selected from prisons in 2 states, we used receiver operating characteristics analyses to assess the potential of these 3 measures to predict threatened, physical, or sexual prison violence measured in 2 ways: inmate self-report and formal institutional infractions...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Services
Charity B Wilkinson, Zachary P Infantolino, Annmarie Wacha-Montes
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of changes in perceptions about patient volume and severity of clinical presentations in university counseling centers (UCCS) on burnout. It was hypothesized that perceptions of increased workload and severity of conditions treated would be positively correlated with burnout. It was also hypothesized that self-reported use of evidence-based practice (EBP) would be negatively correlated with burnout. Counseling center clinicians (n = 80) completed the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI), the Evidence-Based Practice Attitudes Scale (EPBAS), and reported on factors that have been shown to impact burnout...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Joseph M Currier, Ryon C McDermott, Wesley H McCormick
Record numbers of military veterans are enrolling at colleges/universities across the United States. Although a substantive subset might suffer from mental health problems, the majority of these students might not be amenable to utilizing services. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of treatment-related stigma in intentions to seek professional help among undergraduate student veterans at a university on the U.S. Gulf Coast. Focusing on 251 veterans and a gender-matched comparison group of 251 nonveterans, student veterans endorsed higher probabilities of seeking care from physicians (d = ...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Erlanger A Turner, Jasmín D Llamas
This study examined the impact of therapy fears, ethnicity identity, and spirituality on the use of mental health service among Latino college students. Participants were 83 Latino college students (78% female) recruited from a university in Central Texas. Analyses of the results indicated that previous mental health services use was negatively correlated with spirituality. Previous use of mental health services was positively correlated with participants' views that their ethnic community and religious affiliation did not influence their decisions to seek services...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Kristen S Jennings, Kandice N Goguen, Thomas W Britt, Stephanie M Jeffirs, Jack R Wilkes, Ashley R Brady, Rebecca A Pittman, Danielle J DiMuzio
Many college students experience a mental health problem yet do not seek treatment from a mental health professional. In the present study, we examined how perceived barriers (stigma perceptions, negative attitudes about treatment, and perceptions of practical barriers), as well as the Big Five personality traits, relate to treatment seeking among college students reporting a current mental health problem. The sample consisted of 261 college students, 115 of which reported experiencing a current problem. Results of a series of logistic regressions revealed that perceived stigma from others (OR = ...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Sara Nash, Meggen Sixbey, Sunghee An, Ana Puig
This study analyzed data from the 2012 Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) survey, collected from undergraduate students at 9 universities. Researchers explored how demographic and behavioral variables related to avoidance of psychological help when needed. A total of 7,992 SERU participants responded to target items included in the present study. We examined whether student characteristics and behaviors differed between 3 self-report groups: (1) students who indicated they did not need counseling services; (2) students who reported needing counseling services, but not using them; and (3) students who reported using counseling services at least once during the 2012 academic year...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Ivan H C Wu, Geoff J Bathje, Zornitsa Kalibatseva, DukHae Sung, Frederick T L Leong, Jan Collins-Eaglin
The current study examined reports of stigma toward mental health services, depressive symptoms, flourishing, and mental health service use among a sample of 8,285 college students across the United States who completed the Healthy Minds Study. The study aimed to: (a) identify profiles of public and personal stigma against mental health service utilization, and (b) examine the demographic predictors of stigma group membership and mental health service utilization. Latent profile analyses revealed 3 distinct groups based on public and self-stigma (i...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Christiaan S Greer, Patricia Frazier
This study evaluated the efficacy of Internet-based stress management programs for college students. This approach is particularly fitting for students owing to a lack of mental health resources on campus and to high levels of Internet use among students. Because a history of interpersonal trauma (IPT) is associated with more distress and poorer academic performance, IPT history was assessed as a moderator of intervention efficacy. Students (N = 365) were randomly assigned to a mindfulness plus present control intervention, a mindfulness only intervention, or a stress management information condition that served as an active comparison...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Francesca Vescovelli, Paolo Melani, Chiara Ruini, Pio Enrico Ricci Bitti, Fiorella Monti
The main aims of this study were to provide an initial sociodemographic and clinical characterization of university students' academic and psychological functioning and to investigate and compare the feasibility and clinical utility of psychotherapies (cognitive behavior vs. psychodynamic) delivered at a large University in Northern Italy for improving university students' mental health, using self and observer-report measures. One hundred forty-9 students (102 women; MAge = 24.55, SD = 3.35) were consecutively interviewed and extensively assessed by independent clinicians of the Service before and after the intervention, using the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation and the Global Assessment Scale...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Brett E Scofield, Ashley L Stauffer, Benjamin D Locke, Jeffrey A Hayes, Ya-Chi Hung, Megan L Nyce, Adam E Christensen, Alexander C Yin
Numerous studies have demonstrated that counseling centers deliver a positive impact on the emotional and social development of college students who receive services. These healthy outcomes, in turn, can lead to increased academic success, such as improved performance, retention, and persistence. While these short-term academic outcomes have been widely investigated, very few studies have explored the relationship between counseling center services and longer-term educational outcomes, such as final grade point average (GPA), time spent at the university, and degree completion...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Thomas Golightly, Kelly Thorne, Andrea Iglesias, Ed Huebner, Teresa Michaelson-Chmelir, Jane Yang, Kelly Greco
It is widely acknowledged that demand for clinical services at university and college counseling centers (CCs) has increased over the last several years. CCs have had to adapt service delivery methods to meet the demand for services. One of the more recent developments in CCs lies in providing primary (preventive) interventions to the campus at-large through outreach and preventive programming. These interventions are aimed toward reducing demand as opposed to promoting services and gathering potential clients...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Latoya S Moss
There is an increasing call to attend to the needs of students in distress (Reynolds, 2013). Furthermore, research has begun to highlight links between distress, risky, or dangerous behaviors as well as issues in mental health in the higher education population (Deasy, Coughlan, Pironom, Jourdan, & Mannix-McNamara, 2014). The National Alliance on Mental Health and the Jed Foundation (National Alliance on Mental Illness & the Jed Foundation, 2016) estimate that about 20% of enrolled college students will face some type of mental illness...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Peter A Cornish, Gillian Berry, Sherry Benton, Patricia Barros-Gomes, Dawn Johnson, Rebecca Ginsburg, Beth Whelan, Emily Fawcett, Vera Romano
A new stepped care model developed in North America reimagines the original United Kingdom model for the modern university campus environment. It integrates a range of established and emerging online mental health programs systematically along dimensions of treatment intensity and associated student autonomy. Program intensity can be either stepped up or down depending on level of client need. Because monitoring is configured to give both provider and client feedback on progress, the model empowers clients to participate actively in care options, decisions, and delivery...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Andrés E Pérez-Rojas, Allison J Lockard, Theodore T Bartholomew, Rebecca A Janis, Dever M Carney, Henry Xiao, Soo Jeong Youn, Brett E Scofield, Benjamin D Locke, Louis G Castonguay, Jeffrey A Hayes
Despite growing evidence that a greater number of students are seeking counseling in college and university counseling centers throughout the United States, there is a dearth of empirical information about (a) the presenting concerns for which students seek treatment and (b) how these concerns differ according to client demographic factors. The purpose of this descriptive and exploratory study was to explore how counseling center clinicians categorize client presenting concerns, and how these concerns vary according to client demographics...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Henry Xiao, Dever M Carney, Soo Jeong Youn, Rebecca A Janis, Louis G Castonguay, Jeffrey A Hayes, Benjamin D Locke
The current state of college student mental health is frequently labeled a "crisis," as the demand for services and severity of symptomatology have appeared to increase in recent decades. Nationally representative findings are presented from the Center for Collegiate Mental Health, a practice research network based in the United States, composed of more than 340 university and college counseling centers, in an effort to illuminate trends in symptom severity and patterns in treatment utilization for the campus treatment seeking population...
November 2017: Psychological Services
Michi Fu, Alice W Cheng
This article is an introduction to the special issue of Psychological Services highlighting college counseling services as integral agents in public service delivery. The editors hope that readers across varied environments will enjoy learning of samples of the creative work being implemented across counseling centers to the benefit of all those who are served in public service settings. (PsycINFO Database Record
November 2017: Psychological Services
Femina P Varghese, Kendra M Anderson, Devon L Cummings, Erica Fitzgerald
The purpose of this study was to develop the Offender Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale (OFJSSE) for the specific job search needs of the criminal justice population. Participants were 249 male inmates within 2 years of release from a state correctional facility in the southern region of the United States who identified mostly as Caucasian (56.2%), single (62.2%), working-class (45.4%) men with a mean age of 36.27 years (SD = 10.38). Initial validation data are described, including results of an exploratory factor analysis...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Services
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