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Psychological Services

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781656/veterans-experiences-initiating-va-based-mental-health-care
#1
Michelle J Bovin, Christopher J Miller, Christopher J Koenig, Jessica M Lipschitz, Kara A Zamora, Patricia B Wright, Jeffrey M Pyne, James F Burgess
Military veterans who could benefit from mental health services often do not access them. Research has revealed a range of barriers associated with initiating United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) care, including those specific to accessing mental health care (e.g., fear of stigmatization). More work is needed to streamline access to VA mental health-care services for veterans. In the current study, we interviewed 80 veterans from 9 clinics across the United States about initiation of VA mental health care to identify barriers to access...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771555/the-quality-of-assessments-for-childhood-psychopathology-within-a-regional-medical-center
#2
Adam F Sattler, Jarrod M Leffler, Nicole L Harrison, Ewa D Bieber, Joseph J Kosmach, Leslie A Sim, Stephen P H Whiteside
Accurate assessment is essential to implementing effective mental health treatment; however, little research has explored child clinicians' assessment practices in applied settings. The current study thus examines practitioners' use of evidence-based assessment (EBA) instruments (i.e., self-report measures and structured interviews), specificity of identified diagnoses (i.e., use of specific diagnostic labels vs. nonstandardized labels, not otherwise specified [NOS] diagnoses, and adjustment disorder diagnoses), and documentation of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
May 17, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745717/factors-contributing-to-the-effective-functioning-of-veterans-mental-health-councils
#3
Sarah Beehler, Sarah A Marsella, Peggy M Henderson, Sandra G Resnick, Mark Meterko
Veterans Mental Health Councils (VMHCs) have been established at many Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers to promote recovery and improve mental health services. Though research shows that consumer-led advisory councils may produce a number of positive outcomes, the aspects of implementation critical for VMHC effectiveness have not been identified. The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing effective functioning of VMHC, including contextual factors affecting council success. A key goal was to understand how participants defined effective council functioning...
May 10, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722997/provider-and-consumer-perspectives-of-community-mental-health-services-implications-for-consumer-driven-care
#4
Erin L Kelly, Lisa Davis, Sapna Mendon, Holly Kiger, Lezlie Murch, Laura Pancake, Leslie Giambone, John S Brekke
Public mental health services in the community are broad and continue to expand to address the multiple issues faced by those with serious mental illnesses. However, few studies examine and contrast how helpful consumers and providers find the spectrum of services. The present study examines the services at community mental health service clinics (CMHCs) from the perspectives of providers and consumers. There were 351 consumers and 147 providers from 15 CMHCs who rated and ranked the helpfulness of 24 types of common services...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708373/the-impact-of-substance-use-disorders-on-treatment-engagement-among-justice-involved-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Matthew A Stimmel, Joel Rosenthal, Jessica Blue-Howells, Sean Clark, Alex H S Harris, Anna D Rubinsky, Thomas Bowe, Andrea K Finlay
Veterans involved with the criminal justice system represent a particularly vulnerable population who experience high rates of both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD). This study sought to investigate whether having co-occurring SUD is a barrier to PTSD treatment. This is a retrospective observational study of a national sample of justice-involved veterans served by the Veterans Health Administration Veterans Justice Outreach program who had a diagnosis of PTSD (N = 27,857)...
April 30, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620393/veteran-participation-in-the-integrative-health-and-wellness-program-impact-on-self-reported-mental-and-physical-health-outcomes
#6
Amanda Hull, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Christine Eickhoff, Patrick Sullivan, Rena Courtney, Kayla Sossin, Alyssa Adams, Matthew Reinhard
Complementary and integrative health (CIH) services are being used more widely across the nation, including in both military and veteran hospital settings. Literature suggests that a variety of CIH services show promise in treating a wide range of physical and mental health disorders. Notably, the Department of Veterans Affairs is implementing CIH services within the context of a health care transformation, changing from disease based health care to a personalized, proactive, patient-centered approach where the veteran, not the disease, is at the center of care...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620392/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-culturally-adapted-program-for-latinas-with-binge-eating
#7
Fary M Cachelin, Virginia Gil-Rivas, Brooke Palmer, Alyssa Vela, Phoutdavone Phimphasone, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Hazel Tapp
Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most prevalent eating disorder among Latinas. Furthermore, Latinas report more frequent binge eating and higher levels of associated mental health symptoms as compared with non-Latino White women. Research demonstrates that Latinas' eating problems largely go undetected and untreated and that they face numerous barriers to seeking professional help. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)-based guided self-help (CBTgsh) for binge eating is a more affordable and disseminable intervention than traditional CBT treatment...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620391/timely-access-to-mental-health-care-among-women-veterans
#8
Julian Brunner, C Amanda Schweizer, Ismelda A Canelo, Lucinda B Leung, Jennifer L Strauss, Elizabeth M Yano
Using survey data on (N = 419) patients at Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) clinics we analyzed women veterans' reports of timely access to VA mental health care. We evaluated problems that patients might face in obtaining care, and examined subjective ratings of VA care as a function of timely access to mental health care. We found that 59% of participants reported "always" getting an appointment for mental health care as soon as needed. In adjusted analyses, two problems were negatively associated with timely access to mental health care: (a) medical appointments that interfere with other activities, and (b) difficulty getting questions answered between visits...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620390/yoga-as-an-intervention-for-psychological-symptoms-following-trauma-a-systematic-review-and-quantitative-synthesis
#9
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Cari J Clark, Mary E Butler
Despite evidence of the physiologic impact of trauma, treatments are only beginning to focus on the impact of trauma on the body. Yoga may be a promising treatment for trauma sequelae, given research that supports yoga for general distress. The present study aims to systematically assess and quantitatively synthesize the effectiveness of yoga interventions for psychological symptoms (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], depression, anxiety symptoms) following potentially traumatic life events. The following electronic databases were systematically searched: PsycINFO, Ovid Medline/PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Embase/Embase Classic...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595287/perceptions-of-belongingness-and-social-support-attenuate-ptsd-symptom-severity-among-firefighters-a-multistudy-investigation
#10
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Carol Chu, Sean P Dougherty, Austin J Gallyer, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Leah Shelef, Eyal Fruchter, Katherine Anne Comtois, Peter M Gutierrez, Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Thomas E Joiner
Firefighters experience high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is imperative to identify malleable factors that protect against the development of PTSD symptoms among this population. We examined whether perceptions of belongingness broadly (Study 1) and social support from supervisors, coworkers, and family/friends specifically (Study 2) are associated with lower PTSD symptom severity among firefighters. Study 1 included 840 U.S. firefighters (91.1% male); participants completed the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire and PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version...
March 29, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578740/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-coping-strategies-questionnaire-revised-for-veterans-with-pain
#11
Rachel D Freed, Benjamin O Emmert-Aronson, Kevin N Alschuler, John D Otis
As the need for appropriate assessment and treatment of veterans with chronic pain continues to grow, it is important to ensure that the instruments we use to complete these assessments, such as the Coping Strategies Questionnaire-Revised (CSQ-R), are validated on this population. The purpose of the present study was to confirm the factor structure of the CSQ-R in veterans. Secondary analyses examined associations between various pain coping strategies and measures of mood and health functioning. Participants consisted of 281 veterans who were referred to and evaluated by a Psychology Pain Management Program in a northeastern Department of Veterans Affairs health care facility...
March 26, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517255/counseling-dropout-retention-and-ethnic-language-match-for-asian-americans
#12
Sherine Presley, Susan X Day
As a heterogeneous population, Asian Americans are typically studied as homogenous, as opposed to making distinctions among nationalities and first languages. The current study examined whether ethnic/language match and mismatch among 150 Asian client/counselor pairs predicted successful completion of counseling and number of treatment sessions while controlling for counseling dropout and retention predictors such as socioeconomic status and acculturation. The participant data were obtained from a deidentified database of clients and counselors at a community mental health center for Asian Americans in the Southwest region of the United States...
March 8, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723025/gender-differences-in-associations-between-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-clusters-and-functional-impairment-in-war-veterans
#13
Eric C Meyer, Brian Konecky, Nathan A Kimbrel, Bryann B DeBeer, Brian P Marx, Jeremiah Schumm, Walter E Penk, Suzy Bird Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
Understanding the links between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and functional impairment is essential for assisting veterans in transitioning to civilian life. Moreover, there may be differences between men and women in the relationships between PTSD symptoms and functional impairment. However, no prior studies have examined the links between functional impairment and the revised symptom clusters as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) or whether the associations between PTSD symptom clusters and functional impairment differ by gender...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723024/development-and-validation-of-a-measure-of-ptsd-related-psychosocial-functional-impairment-the-inventory-of-psychosocial-functioning
#14
Michelle J Bovin, Shimrit K Black, Paola Rodriguez, Carole A Lunney, Sarah E Kleiman, Frank W Weathers, Paula P Schnurr, James Spira, Terence M Keane, Brian P Marx
This study describes the three-phase development and validation of the Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning (IPF), an 80-item, self-report measure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-related psychosocial functional impairment. In Phase I, we conducted 12 focus groups with male and female veterans (n = 53) to identify and operationalize the domains of psychosocial impairment associated with PTSD. This information was used to develop the IPF. We subsequently evaluated the psychometric properties of the newly developed inventory in Phases II (n = 276) and III (n = 368) using two independent samples of veterans...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723023/an-evaluation-of-mobile-applications-designed-to-assist-service-members-and-veterans-transitioning-to-civilian-life
#15
Rebecca Fraynt, David Cooper, Amanda Edwards-Stewart, Tim Hoyt, Logan Micheel, Larry Pruitt, Nancy Skopp, Derek Smolenski
Mobile technologies may be able to provide service members and veterans with the knowledge necessary to transition to civilian life successfully in a cost-effective and accessible manner. Although a number of transition applications (apps) currently exist in the marketplace, to our knowledge, none of them has been evaluated for quality or effectiveness. For this study, 6 experts used the Mobile App Rating Scale (MARS; Stoyanov et al., 2015) to evaluate the quality of 16 transition apps. The majority of these apps focused on providing service members with resource lists, employment assistance, or assistance with disability applications...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723022/a-supported-education-service-pilot-for-returning-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#16
Marsha Langer Ellison, Erin D Reilly, Lisa Mueller, Mark R Schultz, Charles E Drebing
A randomized controlled pilot of supported education services was conducted with 33 Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation New Dawn (OEF, OIF, OND, respectively) veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who had higher education goals. Veteran peers delivered supported education services to an intervention group; for the control group, peers provided "matched attention" of generalized support without supporting educational goals. The intervention was based on a manualized veteran-centric program of supported education using principles of supported employment for individuals living with mental illness and components of civilian models of supported education...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723021/promising-practices-in-vocational-services-for-the-community-reintegration-of-returning-veterans-the-individual-placement-and-support-model-and-beyond
#17
Nancy J Wewiorski, Jay A Gorman, Arielle A J Scoglio, Seiya Fukuda, Erin Reilly, Lisa Mueller, Maureen O'Connor, Walter E Penk, Charles E Drebing
Supporting returning veterans' job-seeking, hiring, and retention issues has become an essential goal for effective community reintegration. Given both the particular strengths and challenges associated with veterans transitioning from military to civilian life, multiple models for supported employment have become integrated into Veterans Affairs health care facilities across the nation. In this article, we review the state of vocational rehabilitation for veterans, with a particular focus on individual placement and support-supported employment (IPS-SE), the current vocational services model that is considered the gold standard of vocational rehabilitation...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723020/effects-of-social-support-and-resilient-coping-on-violent-behavior-in-military-veterans
#18
Elizabeth E Van Voorhees, H Ryan Wagner, Jean C Beckham, Daniel W Bradford, Lydia C Neal, Walter E Penk, Eric B Elbogen
Violence toward others has been identified as a serious postdeployment adjustment problem in a subset of Iraq- and Afghanistan-era veterans. In the current study, we examined the intricate links between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), commonly cited psychosocial risk and protective factors, and violent behavior using a national randomly selected longitudinal sample of Iraq- and Afghanistan-era United States veterans. A total of 1,090 veterans from the 50 United States and all United States military branches completed 2 waves of self-report survey-data collection 1 year apart (retention rate = 79%)...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723019/actuarial-prediction-of-psychotherapy-retention-among-iraq-afghanistan-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#19
Cj Eubanks Fleming, Tatyana Kholodkov, Kirsten H Dillon, Benita Belvet, Eric F Crawford
The present study aimed to identify predictors of treatment retention in a sample of Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn (OEF/OIF/OND) veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who were referred for PTSD-focused treatment through completion of a Veterans Affairs (VA) specialty clinic introductory information session. A total of 124 returning veterans (89% male, 53% Caucasian, 40% African American, 2% Latino; average age = 37 years) participated in an introductory session intended to facilitate informed decision making about treatment selection for PTSD...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723018/coming-home-from-prison-adapting-military-resilience-training-to-enhance-successful-community-reintegration-for-justice-involved-iraq-afghanistan-veterans
#20
Shoba Sreenivasan, Joel Rosenthal, Daniel E Smee, Keith Wilson, Jim McGuire
We propose a veteran-centric justice model of resilience training developed by the military for assisting service members coming home from war and modify it to assist Iraq/Afghanistan veterans coming home from prison. Incarceration has been identified as a stress aftereffect of the prolonged Iraq and Afghanistan combat deployments. Notably, the rate of Iraq and Afghanistan-era incarcerated veterans increased from 4% to 13% between 2004 and 2012 for all incarcerated veterans. Successful reentry to the community from prison incarceration is difficult, with rearrest and reincarceration a frequent occurrence...
May 2018: Psychological Services
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