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Marine Drugs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329235/a-review-of-the-biological-activities-of-microalgal-carotenoids-and-their-potential-use-in-healthcare-and-cosmetic-industries
#1
REVIEW
Ramaraj Sathasivam, Jang-Seu Ki
Carotenoids are natural pigments that play pivotal roles in many physiological functions. The characteristics of carotenoids, their effects on health, and the cosmetic benefits of their usage have been under investigation for a long time; however, most reviews on this subject focus on carotenoids obtained from several microalgae, vegetables, fruits, and higher plants. Recently, microalgae have received much attention due to their abilities in producing novel bioactive metabolites, including a wide range of different carotenoids that can provide for health and cosmetic benefits...
January 12, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329204/lipid-lowering-polyketides-from-the-fungus-penicillium-steckii-hdn13-279
#2
Guihong Yu, Shuai Wang, Lu Wang, Qian Che, Tianjiao Zhu, Guojian Zhang, Qianqun Gu, Peng Guo, Dehai Li
Seven new polyketides, named tanzawaic acids R-X (1-6, 11), along with seven known analogues (7-10 and 12-14), were isolated from Penicillium steckii HDN13-279. Their structures, including the absolute configurations, were elucidated by NMR, MS, X-ray diffraction, circular dichroism (CD) analyses and chemical derivatization. Five compounds (2, 3, 6, 10 and 12) significantly decreased the oleic acid (OA)-elicited lipid accumulation in HepG2 liver cells at the concentration of 10 μM, among which, four compounds (3, 6, 10 and 12) significantly decreased intracellular total cholesterol (TC) levels and three Compounds (3, 6, and 10) significantly decreased intracellular triglyceride (TG) levels...
January 12, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324644/nanocomposite-of-half-fin-anchovy-hydrolysates-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-exhibits-actual-non-toxicity-and-regulates-intestinal-microbiota-short-chain-fatty-acids-production-and-oxidative-status-in-mice
#3
Ru Song, Jianbin Yao, Qingqing Shi, Rongbian Wei
The nanocomposite of half-fin anchovy hydrolysates (HAHp) and zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) (named as HAHp(3.0)/ZnO NPs) demonstrated increased antibacterial activity compared to either HAHp(3.0) or ZnO NPs as per our previous studies. Also, reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation was detected in Escherichia coli cells after treatment with HAHp(3.0)/ZnO NPs. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the acute toxicity of this nanocomposite and to investigate its effect on intestinal microbiota composition, short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production, and oxidative status in healthy mice...
January 11, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324642/antibacterial-and-antioxidant-capacities-and-attenuation-of-lipid-accumulation-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes-by-low-molecular-weight-fucoidans-prepared-from-compressional-puffing-pretreated-sargassum-crassifolium
#4
Chun-Yung Huang, Chia-Hung Kuo, Chia-Hsin Lee
In this study, we extracted fucoidan from compressional-puffing-pretreated Sargassum crassifolium by hot water. The crude extract of fucoidan (SC) was degraded by various degradation reagents and four low-molecular-weight (LMW) fucoidans, namely SCO (degradation by hydrogen peroxide), SCA (degradation by ascorbic acid), SCOA (degradation by hydrogen peroxide + ascorbic acid), and SCH (degradation by hydrogen chloride) were obtained. The degradation reagents studied could effectively degrade fucoidan into LMW fucoidans, as revealed by intrinsic viscosity, agarose gel electrophoresis, and molecular weight analyses...
January 11, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320403/bacillibactin-and-bacillomycin-analogues-with-cytotoxicities-against-human-cancer-cell-lines-from-marine-bacillus-sp-pku-ma00093-and-pku-ma00092
#5
Mengjie Zhou, Fawang Liu, Xiaoyan Yang, Jing Jin, Xin Dong, Ke-Wu Zeng, Dong Liu, Yingtao Zhang, Ming Ma, Donghui Yang
Nonribosomal peptides from marine Bacillus strains have received considerable attention for their complex structures and potent bioactivities. In this study, we carried out PCR-based genome mining for potential nonribosomal peptides producers from our marine bacterial library. Twenty-one "positive" strains were screened out from 180 marine bacterial strains, and subsequent small-scale fermentation, HPLC and phylogenetic analysis afforded Bacillus sp. PKU-MA00092 and PKU-MA00093 as two candidates for large-scale fermentation and isolation...
January 10, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320400/posidonia-oceanica-l-delile-ethanolic-extract-modulates-cell-activities-with-skin-health-applications
#6
Laura Cornara, Giulia Pastorino, Barbara Borghesi, Annalisa Salis, Marco Clericuzio, Carla Marchetti, Gianluca Damonte, Bruno Burlando
Seagrasses are high plants sharing adaptive metabolic features with both terrestrial plants and marine algae, resulting in a phytocomplex possibly endowed with interesting biological properties. The aim of this study is to evaluate the in vitro activities on skin cells of an ethanolic extract obtained from the leaves of Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, family Potamogetonaceae, herein named Posidonia ethanolic extract (PEE). PEE showed high radical scavenging activity, high phenolic content, and resulted rich in chicoric acid, as determined through HPLC-MS analysis...
January 10, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320389/sponges-a-reservoir-of-genes-implicated-in-human-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Helena Ćetković, Mirna Halasz, Maja Herak Bosnar
Recently, it was shown that the majority of genes linked to human diseases, such as cancer genes, evolved in two major evolutionary transitions-the emergence of unicellular organisms and the transition to multicellularity. Therefore, it has been widely accepted that the majority of disease-related genes has already been present in species distantly related to humans. An original way of studying human diseases relies on analyzing genes and proteins that cause a certain disease using model organisms that belong to the evolutionary level at which these genes have emerged...
January 10, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315210/isoaaptamine-induces-t-47d-cells-apoptosis-and-autophagy-via-oxidative-stress
#8
Chih-Fung Wu, Man-Gang Lee, Mohamed El-Shazly, Kuei-Hung Lai, Seng-Chung Ke, Chiang-Wen Su, Shou-Ping Shih, Ping-Jyun Sung, Ming-Chang Hong, Zhi-Hong Wen, Mei-Chin Lu
Aaptos is a genus of marine sponge which belongs to Suberitidae and is distributed in tropical and subtropical oceans. Bioactivity-guided fractionation of Aaptos sp. methanolic extract resulted in the isolation of aaptamine, demethyloxyaaptamine, and isoaaptamine. The cytotoxic activity of the isolated compounds was evaluated revealing that isoaaptamine exhibited potent cytotoxic activity against breast cancer T-47D cells. In a concentration-dependent manner, isoaaptamine inhibited the growth of T-47D cells as indicated by short-(MTT) and long-term (colony formation) anti-proliferative assays...
January 9, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315209/the-bioactive-extract-of-pinnigorgia-sp-induces-apoptosis-of-hepatic-stellate-cells-via-ros-erk-jnk-caspase-3-signaling
#9
Liang-Mou Kuo, Po-Jen Chen, Ping-Jyun Sung, Yu-Chia Chang, Chun-Ting Ho, Yi-Hsiu Wu, Tsong-Long Hwang
The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is a significant phenomenon during the pathogenesis of liver disorders, including liver cirrhosis and fibrosis. Here, we identified that the extract from a gorgonian coral Pinnigorgia sp. (Pin) induced apoptosis of HSC-T6 cells. Pin inhibited the viability of HSC-T6 cells and increased their subG1 population, DNA fragmentation, caspase-3 activation, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in a concentration-dependent manner. The Pin-induced ROS generation and apoptotic effects were significantly reversed by a thiol antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine (NAC)...
January 9, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316695/difference-in-uptake-of-tetrodotoxin-and-saxitoxins-into-liver-tissue-slices-among-pufferfish-boxfish-and-porcupinefish
#10
Yuji Nagashima, Akira Ohta, Xianzhe Yin, Shoichiro Ishizaki, Takuya Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Doi, Toshiaki Ishibashi
Although pufferfish of the family Tetraodontidae contain high levels of tetrodotoxin (TTX) mainly in the liver, some species of pufferfish, boxfish of the family Ostraciidae, and porcupinefish of the family Diodontidae do not. To clarify the mechanisms, uptake of TTX and saxitoxins (STXs) into liver tissue slices of pufferfish, boxfish and porcupinefish was examined. Liver tissue slices of the pufferfish (toxic species Takifugu rubripes and non-toxic species Lagocephalus spadiceus, L. cheesemanii and Sphoeroides pachygaster) incubated with 50 µM TTX accumulated TTX (0...
January 8, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316680/effect-of-low-molecular-weight-oligopeptides-isolated-from-sea-cucumber-on-diabetic-wound-healing-in-db-db-mice
#11
Di Li, Lin Li, Teng Xu, Tianxing Wang, Jinwei Ren, Xinran Liu, Yong Li
Impaired wound healing is a major clinical problem in patients with diabetes and is the leading cause of lower limb amputation. This study is aimed to observe the effects of small molecule oligopeptides isolated from sea cucumber (SCCOPs) on the wound healing process in diabetic mice. Ninety db/db male mice were divided into five groups, including the model control group, whey protein group (0.50 g/kg) and three SCCOPs dose groups (0.25 g/kg, 0.50 g/kg and 1.00 g/kg). Additionally, 18 db/m male mice were used as normal control group...
January 8, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316672/aquaculture-soft-coral-lobophytum-crassum-as-a-producer-of-anti-proliferative-cembranoids
#12
Bo-Rong Peng, Mei-Chin Lu, Mohamed El-Shazly, Shwu-Li Wu, Kuei-Hung Lai, Jui-Hsin Su
Our continuous search for marine bioactive secondary metabolites led to the screening of crude extracts from a variety of aquaculture soft corals. The ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract of Lobophytum crassum showed a distinctive chemical profile that was different from the wild type. It demonstrated significant anti-proliferative activity against Molt 4 leukemia cell with an IC50 value of 1 μg/mL after 24 h. Chemical investigation focusing on the unique peaks in L. crassum profile led to the discovery of a new α-tocopherol crassumtocopherol C (1), and two new cembrane-based diterpenoids culobophylins D (2) and E (3), along with ten known cembranoids (4-13)...
January 7, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316607/secondary-metabolites-of-mangrove-associated-strains-of-talaromyces
#13
REVIEW
Rosario Nicoletti, Maria Michela Salvatore, Anna Andolfi
Boosted by the general aim of exploiting the biotechnological potential of the microbial component of biodiversity, research on the secondary metabolite production of endophytic fungi has remarkably increased in the past few decades. Novel compounds and bioactivities have resulted from this work, which has stimulated a more thorough consideration of various natural ecosystems as conducive contexts for the discovery of new drugs. Thriving at the frontier between land and sea, mangrove forests represent one of the most valuable areas in this respect...
January 6, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304006/suppression-of-rankl-induced-osteoclastogenesis-by-the-metabolites-from-the-marine-fungus-aspergillus-flocculosus-isolated-from-a-sponge-stylissa-sp
#14
Hee Jae Shin, Byeoung-Kyu Choi, Phan Thi Hoai Trinh, Hwa-Sun Lee, Jong Soon Kang, Tran Thi Thanh Van, Hyi-Seung Lee, Jong Seok Lee, Yeon-Ju Lee, Jihoon Lee
A new α-pyrone merosesquiterpenoid possessing an angular tetracyclic carbon skeleton, ochraceopone F (1), and four known secondary metabolites, aspertetranone D (2), cycloechinulin (3), wasabidienone E (4), and mactanamide (5), were isolated from the marine fungus Aspergillus flocculosus derived from a sponge Stylissa sp. collected in Vietnam. The structures of Compounds 1-5 were elucidated by analysis of 1D and 2D NMR spectra and MS data. All the isolated compounds were evaluated for anti-proliferation activity and their suppression effects on receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast differentiation using tartate-resisant acid phosphatase (TRAP)...
January 5, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303968/functional-expression-and-characterization-of-the-recombinant-n-acetyl-glucosamine-n-acetyl-galactosamine-specific-marine-algal-lectin-bpl3
#15
Hyun-Ju Hwang, Jin-Woo Han, Gwang Hoon Kim, Jong Won Han
Lectins, characterized by their carbohydrate-binding ability, have extensive practical applications. However, their industrial use is limited due to impurity. Thus, quality-controlled production of recombinant lectin is necessary. In this study, the algal lectin BPL3 (Bryopsis plumosa lectin 3) was successfully produced using a bacterial expression system, BL21(DE3), with an artificial repeated structure (dimeric construct). Recombinant dimeric BPL3 (rD2BPL3) was confirmed by LC-MS/MS spectrometry. Expression efficiency was greater for the construct with the repeat structure (rD2BPL3) than the monomeric form (rD1BPL3)...
January 5, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300311/the-suppressive-activity-of-fucofuroeckol-a-derived-from-brown-algal-ecklonia-stolonifera-okamura-on-uvb-induced-mast-cell-degranulation
#16
Thanh Sang Vo, Se-Kwon Kim, BoMi Ryu, Dai Hung Ngo, Na-Young Yoon, Long Giang Bach, Nguyen Thi Nhat Hang, Dai Nghiep Ngo
UV light, especially UVB, is known as a trigger of allergic reaction, leading to mast cell degranulation and histamine release. In this study, phlorotannin Fucofuroeckol-A (F-A) derived from brown algal Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura was evaluated for its protective capability against UVB-induced allergic reaction in RBL-2H3 mast cells. It was revealed that F-A significantly suppress mast cell degranulation via decreasing histamine release as well as intracellular Ca2+ elevation at the concentration of 50 μM...
January 4, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301356/formation-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-fluorescence-properties-of-chitosan-oligomers
#17
Ja Young Cheon, Hun Min Lee, Won Ho Park
In this study, silver chloride nanoparticles (AgCl NPs) were prepared using chitosan oligomer (CHI) and chitosan oligomer derivatives (CHI-FITC). The CHI and CHI-FITC were used as markers to confirm the formation of AgCl NPs using their fluorescence properties as well as stabilizers. The fluorescence properties of CHI and CHI-FITC were monitored by a luminescence spectrophotometer, and the morphology of the AgCl NPs was further confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
January 3, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301345/eicosanoid-diversity-of-stony-corals
#18
Helike Lõhelaid, Nigulas Samel
Oxylipins are well-established lipid mediators in plants and animals. In mammals, arachidonic acid (AA)-derived eicosanoids control inflammation, fever, blood coagulation, pain perception and labor, and, accordingly, are used as drugs, while lipoxygenases (LOX), as well as cyclooxygenases (COX) serve as therapeutic targets for drug development. In soft corals, eicosanoids are synthesized on demand from AA by LOX, COX, and catalase-related allene oxide synthase-lipoxygenase (cAOS-LOX) and hydroperoxide lyase-lipoxygenase (cHPL-LOX) fusion proteins...
January 3, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301308/msp-4-an-antimicrobial-peptide-induces-apoptosis-via-activation-of-extrinsic-fas-fasl-and-intrinsic-mitochondria-mediated-pathways-in-one-osteosarcoma-cell-line
#19
Hsiao-Mei Kuo, Chung-Chih Tseng, Nan-Fu Chen, Ming-Hong Tai, Han-Chun Hung, Chien-Wei Feng, Shu-Yu Cheng, Shi-Ying Huang, Yen-Hsuan Jean, Zhi-Hong Wen
Osteosarcoma (OS) is a common malignant bone cancer. The relatively high density of a person's bone structure means low permeability for drugs, and so finding drugs that can be more effective is important and should not be delayed. MSPs are marine antimicrobial peptides (AMP) and natural compounds extracted from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). MSP-4 is a part of the AMPs series, with the advantage of having a molecular weight of about 2.7-kDa and anticancer effects, although the responsible anticancer mechanism is not very clear...
January 2, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301295/bromopyrrole-alkaloids-with-the-inhibitory-effects-against-the-biofilm-formation-of-gram-negative-bacteria
#20
Jingyuan Sun, Jiru Wu, Bang An, Nicole J de Voogd, Wei Cheng, Wenhan Lin
Anti-biofilm assay guided fractionation of the marine sponge Stylissa massa revealed the butanol soluble fraction that was possessing the inhibitory activity toward the biofilm formation of bacterium E. coli. Chromatographic separation of the bioactive fraction resulted in the isolation of 32 bromopyrrole alkaloids, including six new alkaloids, named stylisines A-F (1-6). The structures of new alkaloids were established by comprehensive analyses of the two-dimensional (2D) NMR (COSY, HMQC, and HMBC) and the high resolution electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy (HRESIMS) data, while the absolute configurations were determined by the X-ray diffraction and the electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data...
January 2, 2018: Marine Drugs
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