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Journal of Vector Borne Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097647/longitudinally-extensive-transverse-myelitis-letm-in-a-case-of-japanese-encephalitis-with-an-unexpected-complication
#1
Srikant Mohta, Animesh Ray, S K Sharma, Surabhi Vyas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097646/safety-of-weekly-primaquine-in-g6pd-deficient-patient-with-relapsing-vivax-malaria-a-case-report
#2
Deepali Savargaonkar, Md Zohaib Ahmed, Anupkumar R Anvikar, Neena Valecha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097645/susceptibility-status-of-wild-population-of-phlebotomus-sergenti-diptera-psychodidae-to-different-imagicides-in-a-endemic-focus-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-northeast-of-iran
#3
Kourosh Arzamani, Hassan Vatandoost, Yavar Rassi, Mohammad Reza Abai, Amir Ahmad Akhavan, Mohammad Alavinia, Kamran Akbarzadeh, Mehdi Mohebali, Sayena Rafizadeh
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) transmit several important zoonotic diseases to humans and leishmaniasis is one of them. Two types of leishmaniasis, viz. visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) are endemic in Iran. The main vector of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) is Phlebotomus sergenti. The aim of the present study was to determine the susceptibility status of wild strain of P. sergenti to different imagicides of DDT, bendiocarb and permethrin at the median lethal time, LT50 level...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097644/first-detection-of-babesia-ovis-in-dermacentor-spp-in-ardabil-area-northwest-of-iran
#4
Shahbazi Gholamreza, Matin Somaieh, Shahbazi Roya, Babapour Alireza, Adhami Ghazale, Bageri Yasin
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Babesia is an intraerythrocytic protozoan parasite which is transmitted by hard ticks of the Ixodidae family. One of the problems associated with protozoan infection is the determination and characterization of the vectors. The aim of the present study was to detect Babesia ovis in the salivary gland of Dermacentor spp. METHODS: A total of 200 adult Dermacentor ticks (139 D. niveus and 61 D. marginatus) were collected from sheep suspected to be infected with babesiosis in the Ardabil region of Iran from April to September 2015 (active season of ticks); and were identified using standard taxonomic keys...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097643/seasonal-occurrence-of-japanese-encephalitis-vectors-in-bareilly-district-uttar-pradesh-india
#5
P B Pantawane, H Dhanze, M R Verma, G Singh, A Kapdi, J Chauhan, K N Bhilegaonkar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Japanese encephalitis (JE) is one of the most common causes of acute encephalitis syndrome in many states of India. Uttar Pradesh state is well known for JE endemicity, contributing 75% of total cases during recent past. Several sporadic cases have been reported from Bareilly region of the state. The disease spread by bite of Culex mosquito. Survey of literature revealed no data on mosquito fauna with reference to JE in this region. Therefore, this study was planned to survey seasonal mosquito population and occurrence of JE vectors in Bareilly region...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097642/bovine-trypanosomiasis-in-tsetse-free-pastoral-zone-of-the-far-north-region-cameroon
#6
P F Suh, F Njiokou, A Mamoudou, T M Ahmadou, A Mouhaman, R Garabed
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The Far-North region of Cameroon has been considered free of tsetse and trypanosomiasis for the past three decades. But recent reports by pastoralists indicate its reappearance in the region. This study was aimed to confirm the existence of cattle trypanosomiasis and determine its prevalence, and to establish pastoralists knowledge and practice (KP) of the disease in Ndiyam Shinwa pastoral zone of Cameroon. METHODS: A total of 118 herds were surveyed for a descriptive, cross-sectional study in Ndiyam Shinwa pastoral zone from May to November 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097641/computer-aided-analysis-of-phytochemicals-as-potential-dengue-virus-inhibitors-based-on-molecular-docking-admet-and-dft-studies
#7
Iqra Qaddir, Nouman Rasool, Waqar Hussain, Sajid Mahmood
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Dengue fever, caused by dengue virus (DENV), has become a serious threat to human lives. Phytochemicals are known to have great potential to eradicate viral, bacterial and fungal-borne diseases in human beings. This study was aimed at in silico drug development against nonstructural protein 4B (NS4B) of dengue virus 4 (DENV4). METHODS: A total of 2750 phytochemicals from different medicinal plants were selected for this study. These plants grow naturally in the climate of Pakistan and India and have been used for the treatment of various pathologies in human for long-time...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097640/efficacy-of-intermittent-preventive-treatment-and-insecticide-treated-nets-on-malaria-parasitaemia-in-pregnancy-among-igbo-women-in-southeastern-nigeria
#8
Joseph Odirichukwu Ugboaja, Charlotte O Oguejiofor
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Prevention of malaria in pregnancy is a key intervention for reducing maternal mortality and morbidity in the tropical region of Africa. The present study was aimed to determine whether the administration of two doses of intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPT-SP) and use of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) is correlated with reduced incidence of malaria in pregnancy or not. METHODS: In total 270 pregnant women were randomly divided into three groups; A, B and C depending on the use of IPT and ITN, and were tested for malaria in pregnancy...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097639/anopheline-mosquitoes-behaviour-and-entomological-monitoring-in-southwestern-ethiopia
#9
Kidane Lelisa, Abebe Asale, Behailu Taye, Daniel Emana, Delenasaw Yewhalaw
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Despite a tremendous expansion in the financing and coverage of malaria control programmes, the disease continues to be a global health threat. This study was conducted to assess the entomological parameters of anopheline mosquitoes, viz. species composition, abundance, longevity, behaviour and infectivity rates in Kersa district, Jimma zone, southwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: Mosquito collection was carried out from each selected household in each of the nine selected study villages of Kersa district, using CDC light-traps and pyrethrum spray catches (PSCs) for seven months (June to December 2014)...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097638/investigation-of-the-spatial-distribution-of-sandfly-species-and-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-risk-factors-by-using-geographical-information-system-technologies-in-karaisali-district-of-adana-province-turkey
#10
Ozan Artun, Hakan Kavur
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Cutaneous leishmaniasis displays two epidemiological routes of transmission, zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) which includes animal reservoir hosts in the transmission cycle and anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL), where human is the sole source of infection for the vector sandflies. About 10-13% of CL cases are reported each year from Adana province in Turkey. The aim of this study was to develop a predictive model for determining the spatial risk level of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Adana province, southern part of Turkey, in relation to environmental factors...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097637/esterases-are-responsible-for-malathion-resistance-in-anopheles-stephensi-a-proof-using-biochemical-and-insecticide-inhibition-studies
#11
Kona Madhavinadha Prasad, Kamaraju Raghavendra, Vaishali Verma, Poonam Sharma Velamuri, Veena Pande
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Increase in prevalence and intensity of insecticide-resistance in vectors of vector-borne diseases is a major threat to sustainable disease control; and, for their effective management, studies on resistance mechanisms are important to come out with suitable strategies. Esterases are major class of detoxification enzymes in mosquitoes, which confers protection against insecticides in causing resistance. This study was aimed at biochemical characterization of esterases responsible for malathion resistance in Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes, along with its validation through biochemical techniques and native-PAGE assays...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097636/antiplasmodial-efficacy-of-calotropis-gigantea-l-against-plasmodium-falciparum-3d7-strain-and-plasmodium-berghei-anka
#12
P V V Satish, D Santha Kumari, K Sunita
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Malaria is a deadly parasitic disease, having a high rate of incidence and mortality across the world. The spread and development of resistance against chemical insecticides is one of the major problems associated with malaria treatment and control. Hence, plant based formulations may serve as an alternative source towards development of new drugs for treatment of malaria. The present study was aimed to evaluate the in vitro antiplasmodial activities of leaf, stem and flower of Calotropis gigantea against chloroquine-sensitive Plasmodium falciparum (3D7 strain) and its cytotoxicity against THP-1 cell lines...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097635/the-impact-of-zika-virus-infection-on-human-neuroblastoma-sh-sy5y-cell-line
#13
Natthanej Luplertlop, San Suwanmanee, Watcharamat Muangkaew, Sumate Ampawong, Thitinan Kitisin, Yong Poovorawan
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: An increase in Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic during the last decade has become a major global concern as the virus affects both newborns and adult humans. Earlier studies have shown the impact of ZIKV infection in developing human foetus. However, effective in vitro model of target cells for studying the ZIKV infection in adult human neurons is not available. This study aimed to establish the use of human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y) for studying an infection of ZIKV in vitro...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097634/asymptomatic-plasmodial-infection-in-pregnant-women-a-global-scenario
#14
REVIEW
Jaime Carmona-Fonseca, Eliana M Arango
Though asymptomatic plasmodial infection (API) is well known phenomenon and play an important role in different populations and malaria transmission settings, it has received less attention in malaria intervention strategies. This review was aimed to estimate the prevalence of API in pregnant women across the world. The bibliography records relevant to the study were searched on PubMed and Lilacs, till August 15, 2016, without restriction of language. A total of 78 references were identified, of which 29 met the inclusion criteria...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748845/a-case-of-plasmodium-vivax-malaria-presenting-as-acute-cerebral-infarct
#15
Sanjay Kumar Kochar, Sneha Dayanand Kamath, Nitesh Toshan, Yamini Singhal, Anju Kochar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748844/spotted-fever-rickettsiae-and-tuberculous-meningitis-dual-infection-presenting-as-acute-encephalitis-syndrome-a-fatal-case-report
#16
Siraj A Khan, Trishna Bora, Sakir Ahmed, Sayyed M I S Malang, Utpala Devi, Sanjeev Kakati, Prafulla Dutta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748843/concurrent-mosquito-borne-triple-infections-of-dengue-malaria-and-chikungunya-a-case-report
#17
Neeru Gupta, Chhaya Gupta, Anju Gomber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748842/separation-quantification-and-mosquito-larvicidal-activity-of-insecticidal-crystal-proteins-of-bacillus-thuringiensis-var-israelensis-vcrc-b17-mtcc-5596
#18
I Geetha, P Regnakumari, A M Manonmani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748841/prevalence-of-igg-antibodies-for-the-west-nile-virus-in-human-population-in-tripoli-libya
#19
Taher Shaibi, Walid K Saadawi, H Aghila, Badereddin B Annajar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: West Nile fever (WNF) is a mosquito-borne viral infection, circulated in natural cycles between birds and mosquitoes, particularly Culex species. It is transmitted to humans through mosquito bites, and causes a variety of clinical outcomes, ranging from asymptomatic or mild febrile illness to severe men in go encepha- litis with some fatalities observed in older or immunocompromised patients. West Nile virus (WNV) transmission is considerably influenced by environmental conditions; and abundance of avifauna and mosquitoes...
April 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748840/cardiovascular-involvement-in-severe-malaria-a-prospective-study-in-ranchi-jharkhand
#20
Hemant Narayan Ray, Darshit Doshi, Appu Rajan, Amit K Singh, S B Singh, M K Das
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Malaria is considered as the most important parasitic disease of humans, causing seri- ous illness that can be fatal, if not diagnosed and treated immediately. It is a multisystem disorder affecting nearly every system of the body. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the involvement of cardiovascular system in severe malaria using non-invasive methods. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted on patients of severe malaria who were admitted between June and November 2015 in the Department of Medicine, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India...
April 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
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