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Protein Journal

Ying Wang, Yiqun Jiang, Yongguang Yin, Jiyun Liu, Long Ding, Jingbo Liu, Ting Zhang
Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE, EC. inhibitory peptide is an efficacious therapy for hypertension. In this study, four dipeptides, TY, FD, FL and FG, were identified from the desalted fraction of bovine hemoglobin hydrolysate, obtained by in vitro simulated gastrointestinal digestion, via liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The IC50 value of TY and FL are 96.43 ± 6.17 and 290.66 ± 57.92 μM, respectively. The result of molecular docking indicated that TY occupied the ACE subsite S1 and S1' with a lowest estimated binding energy of -9...
March 21, 2017: Protein Journal
Maria Nemchinova, Vitaly Balobanov, Ekaterina Nikonova, Natalia Lekontseva, Alisa Mikhaylina, Svetlana Tishchenko, Alexey Nikulin
A correlation between the ligand-protein affinity and the identification of the ligand in the experimental electron density maps obtained by X-ray crystallography has been tested for a number of RNA-binding proteins. Bacterial translation regulators ProQ, TRAP, Rop, and Hfq together with their archaeal homologues SmAP have been used. The equilibrium dissociation constants for the N-methyl-anthraniloyl-labelled adenosine and guanosine monophosphates titrated by the proteins have been determined by the fluorescent anisotropy measurements...
March 20, 2017: Protein Journal
Mojtaba Amani, Aboozar Barzegar, Mohammad Mazani
Protein stability is a subject of interest by many researchers. One of the common methods to increase the protein stability is using the osmolytes. Many studies and theories analyzed and explained osmolytic effect by equilibrium thermodynamic while most proteins undergo an irreversible denaturation. In current study we investigated the effect of sucrose as an osmolyte on the thermal denaturation of pea seedlings amine oxidase by the enzyme activity, fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism, and differential scanning calorimetry...
March 18, 2017: Protein Journal
Jing Zeng, Qiguo Gao, Songmei Shi, Xiaoping Lian, Richard Converse, Hecui Zhang, Xiaohong Yang, Xuesong Ren, Song Chen, Liquan Zhu
Angiosperms have developed self-incompatibility (SI) systems to reject self-pollen, thereby promoting outcrossing. The Brassicaceae belongs to typical sporophytic system, having a single S-locus controlled SI response, and was chosen as a model system to study SI-related intercellular signal transduction. In this regard, the downstream factor of EXO70A1 was unknown. Here, protein two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) method and coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization/time of flight of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF -MS) and peptide mass fingerprinting (PMF) was used to further explore the mechanism of SI responses in Brassica oleracea L...
March 16, 2017: Protein Journal
Rupsa Chatterjee, Vidyalatha Kolli, Nandini Sarkar
Many degenerative disorder such as Parkinsons, Alzheimers, Huntingtons disease, etc are caused due to the deposition of amyloid fibrils, formed due to the ordered aggregation of misfolded/unfolded proteins. Misfolded or unfolded proteins aggregate mostly through hydrophobic interactions which are unexposed in native state, but become exposed upon unfolding. To counteract amyloid related diseases, inhibition of the protein self assembly into fibril is a potential therapeutic strategy. The study aims at investigating the effect of selected compounds, namely trehalose and magnesium chloride hexahydrate towards inhibition and disaggregation of amyloid fibrils using Hen Egg White Lysozyme as a model...
March 16, 2017: Protein Journal
Manoj Kumar Metta, Vasavi Malkhed, Srinivasan Tantravahi, Uma Vuruputuri, Rajkumar Kunaparaju
Determination of biological activity and its comparison with clinical behavior is important in the quality assessment of therapeutic glycoproteins. In vivo studies are usually employed for evaluating bioactivity of these glycomolecules. However, alternative methods are required to simplify the bioassay and avoid ethical issues associated with in vivo studies. Negatively charged sialic acid residues are known to be critical for in vivo bioactivity of rHuEPO. To address this need, we employed the human acute myeloid leukemia cell line UT-7 for the determination of proliferative stimulation induced by rHuEPO...
March 9, 2017: Protein Journal
Bárbara Frazão, Alexandre Campos, Hugo Osório, Benjamin Thomas, Sérgio Leandro, Alexandre Teixeira, Vitor Vasconcelos, Agostinho Antunes
Pelagia noctiluca is the most venomous jellyfish in the Mediterranean Sea where it forms dense blooms. Although there is several published research on this species, until now none of the works has been focused on a complete protein profile of the all body constituents of this organism. Here, we have performed a detailed proteomics characterization of the major protein components expressed by P. noctiluca. With that aim, we have considered the study of jellyfish proteins involved in defense, body constituents and metabolism, and furthered explore the significance and potential application of such bioactive molecules...
March 3, 2017: Protein Journal
P Harikrishna, Jobin Thomas, A M Shende, S K Bhure
Regucalcin is a calcium regulating multifunctional protein reported to have many important functions like calcium homeostasis, anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic and anti-cancerous functions. Although it is demonstrated as a calcium regulating protein, the calcium binding ability of regucalcin is still a controversy. The main reason for the controversy is that it lacks a typical EF hand motif which is common to most of the calcium binding proteins. Even though many studies reported regucalcin as a calcium binding protein, there are some studies reporting regucalcin as non-calcium binding also...
February 13, 2017: Protein Journal
Yuki Nishiyama, Tamo Fukamizo, Kazunari Yoneda, Tomohiro Araki
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an antioxidant enzyme protecting cells from oxidative stress. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is known for its antioxidant properties, however, there are no data on SODs from ginger rhizomes. In this study, we purified SOD from the rhizome of Z. officinale (Zo-SOD) and determined its complete amino acid sequence using N terminal sequencing, amino acid analysis, and de novo sequencing by tandem mass spectrometry. Zo-SOD consists of 151 amino acids with two signature Cu/Zn-SOD motifs and has high similarity to other plant Cu/Zn-SODs...
February 9, 2017: Protein Journal
Satya Prakash Chaurasia, Renu Deswal
The thiol-disulphide exchange regulates the activity of proteins by redox modulation. Many studies to analyze reactive oxygen species (ROS), particularly, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) induced changes in the gene expression have been reported, but efforts to detect H2O2 modified proteins are comparatively few. Two-dimensional diagonal redox sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS PAGE) was used to detect polypeptides which undergo thiol-disulphide exchange in Brassica juncea seedlings following H2O2 (10 mM) treatment for 30 min...
February 2017: Protein Journal
Skander Elleuche, Alina Krull, Ute Lorenz, Garabed Antranikian
The cold-adapted pullulanase Pul13A is an industrial useful amylolytic enzyme, but its low solubility is the major bottleneck to produce the protein in recombinant form. In a previous approach, a complex and time-consuming purification strategy including a step-wise dialysis procedure using decreasing concentrations of urea to renature the insoluble protein from inclusion bodies had been established. In this study, a truncation strategy was developed to facilitate the purification and handling of the type-I pullulanase...
February 2017: Protein Journal
Siddhartha Singh, Amit Kumar Singh, M Chandrakumar Singh, Pramod Kumar Pandey
Immobilization of enzymes is valuably important as it improves the stability and hence increases the reusability of enzymes. The present investigation is an attempt for immobilization of purified glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase from pigeon pea on different matrix. Maximum immobilization was achieved when alginate was used as immobilization matrix. As compared to soluble enzyme the alginate immobilized enzyme exhibited enhanced optimum pH and temperature. The alginate immobilized enzyme displayed more than 80% activity up to 7 continuous reactions and more than 50% activity up to 11 continuous reactions...
February 2017: Protein Journal
Mohammad Hossein Hedayati, Dariush Norouzian, Mahdi Aminian, Shahram Teimourian, Reza Ahangari Cohan, Soroush Sardari, M Reza Khorramizadeh
Erythropoietin (EPO) is the principal hormone which, has somewhat short half-life involved in the differentiation and regulation of circulating red blood cells. The present study was carried out to evaluate the capability of a polyethylene glycol mimetic technology as a biological alternative to improve pharmaceutical properties of human recombinant EPO. In silico models of EPO fused to 200 amino acids of proline, alanine, and serine (PAS) were initially generated and assessed by molecular dynamic (MD) simulation...
February 2017: Protein Journal
Takuya Miyakawa, Ayane Kumazawa, Yoko Fuke, Toshiro Noshita, Yumiko Miyauchi, Masahiro Okada, Masaru Tanokura
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) mediate immune responses upon recognition of a variety of ligands. To further elucidate the function of TLRs, it is important to identify novel ligands and their action mechanisms including polymer assembly. In this study, we propose an efficient method for preparation of the extracellular domain of human Toll-like receptor 6 (TLR6ED) in Escherichia coli using the bubbling cultivation method. Our preparation method improved the level of expression of TLR6ED into a soluble fraction as compared with typical cultivation using a rotary shaker...
February 2017: Protein Journal
V Lavanya, B Anil Kumar, Shazia Jamal, Md Khurshid Alam Khan, Neesar Ahmed
The irreversible thermal unfolding of jacalin, the lectin purified from jackfruit seeds was accompanied by aggregation, where intermolecular interactions among the subunits are favoured over intramolecular interactions. The extent of aggregation increased as a function of temperature, time and protein concentration. The anionic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) significantly suppressed the formation of aggregates as observed by turbidity measurements and Rayleigh scattering assay. Moreover, far UV-CD spectra indicate that the protein β sheet transforms into α helical structure, when denatured in the presence of 3 mM SDS...
February 2017: Protein Journal
Shobha Kumari, Ravi Kant Pal, Rani Gupta, Manisha Goel
Gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, (GGT) is a ubiquitous protein which plays a central role in glutathione metabolism and has myriad clinical implications. It has been shown to be a virulence factor for pathogenic bacteria, inhibition of which results in reduced colonization potential. However, existing inhibitors are effective but toxic and therefore search is on for novel inhibitors, which makes it imperative to understand the interactions of various inhibitors with the protein in substantial detail. High resolution structures of protein bound to different inhibitors can serve this purpose...
February 2017: Protein Journal
Vishakha Singh, Mahendra Ram, Rajesh Kumar, Raju Prasad, Birendra Kumar Roy, Kaushal Kumar Singh
Post translational modifications (PTMs) are involved in variety of cellular activities and phosphorylation is one of the most extensively studied PTM, which regulates a number of cellular functions like cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis and cell signaling in healthy condition. However, alterations in phosphorylation pathways result in serious outcomes in the form of diseases, especially cancer. Many signalling pathways including Tyrosine kinase, MAP kinase, Cadherin-catenin complex, Cyclin-dependent kinase etc...
February 2017: Protein Journal
Isabelle A MacLean, Amanda M S Mattice, Nadine J Adam, Kenneth B Storey
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) has a crucial role in maintaining ATP production as the terminal enzyme in anaerobic glycolysis. This study will determine the effect of posttranslational modifications (PTMs) on the activity of LDH in the foot muscle and hepatopancreas of an estivating snail, Otala lactea. LDH in foot muscle of O. lactea was purified to homogeneity and partially purified in hepatopancreas in a two-step and three-step process, respectively. The kinetic properties and stability of these isoforms were determined where there was a significant difference in Km and I50 values with pyruvate and urea separately in foot muscle; however, hepatopancreas exhibited significant differences in Km and I50 in salt between control and stress...
December 2016: Protein Journal
Rait Kivi, Karina Solovjova, Tõiv Haljasorg, Piret Arukuusk, Jaak Järv
The allosteric influence of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) on the binding effectiveness of a series of peptide inhibitors with the catalytic subunit of 3'5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate dependent protein kinase was investigated, and the dependence of this effect on peptide structure was analyzed. The allosteric effect was calculated as ratio of peptide binding effectiveness with the enzyme-ATP complex and with the free enzyme, quantified by the competitive inhibition of the enzyme in the presence of ATP excess, and by the enzyme-peptide complex denaturation assay, respectively It was found that the principle "better binding-stronger allostery" holds for interactions of the studied peptides with the enzyme, indicating that allostery and peptide binding with the free enzyme are governed by the same specificity pattern...
December 2016: Protein Journal
Thabiso N Tshabalala, Mihai-Silviu Tomescu, Allan Prior, Vijayakumar Balakrishnan, Yasien Sayed, Heini W Dirr, Ikechukwu Achilonu
The energetics of ligand binding to human eukaryotic elongation factor 1 gamma (heEF1γ) was investigated using reduced glutathione (GSH), oxidised glutathione (GSSG), glutathione sulfonate and S-hexylglutathione as ligands. The experiments were conducted using isothermal titration calorimetry, and the findings were supported using computational studies. The data show that the binding of these ligands to heEF1γ is enthalpically favourable and entropically driven (except for the binding of GSSG). The full length heEF1γ binds GSSG with lower affinity (K d = 115 μM), with more hydrogen-bond contacts (ΔH = -73...
December 2016: Protein Journal
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