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Protein Journal

He Wang, Xiaole Chen, Enrico König, Mei Zhou, Lei Wang, Tianbao Chen, Chris Shaw
A proteomic and transcriptomic comparative analysis of the venoms of three Atheris species (A. squamigera, A. nitschei and A. chlorechis) was carried out by size exclusion liquid chromatography, gel electrophoresis, mass spectrometry, and mRNA sequencing. The improved proteomic profiling utilised in this work was combined with transcript studies, advancing our insights into venom composition, protein distribution and inter-species variation among the three bush vipers. Crude venoms of all three samples contained at least 10-20 protein components, ranging in size from ≤ 3 to > 98 kDa...
July 16, 2018: Protein Journal
Baowen Zhang, Xiaoli Zhang, Ying Yang, Yuhong Hu, Hui Wang
In recent decades, various types of bioactive substances have been identified from amphibian skin and its secretions. Bradykinin-related peptides (BRPs) are among these compounds that make up the host defence system of amphibians. In the present study, we identified six novel BRPs, amolopkinin-GN1, amolopkinin-RK1, amolopkinin-TR1, amolopkinin-LF1, ranakinin-MS1, and ranakinin-MS2, from five East Asian amphibians, Amolops granulosus, Amolops ricketti, Amolops torrentis, Amolops lifanensis, and Hylarana maosonensis...
July 14, 2018: Protein Journal
Elrashdy M Redwan, Salah Korim, Amro Samra, Yasser Saad, Hussein A Amhedar, Vladimir N Uversky
To gain knowledge on the molecular basis of diversity of several clans of Saudi camel (Camelus dromedarius) characterization of these animals was conducted at both genetic and protein levels. To this end, blood and milk samples were collected from several camel breeds at different Saudi Arabia locations (northern Jeddah, Riyadh, and Alwagh governorates). Genomic DNA was extracted from blood of four Saudi camel breeds (Majahem, Safra, Wadha, and Hamara), and DNA fragments of the casein and α-lactalbumin genes were amplified...
July 13, 2018: Protein Journal
Douglas O C Mariano, Marcela Di Giacomo Messias, José Pedro Prezotto-Neto, Patrick J Spencer, Daniel C Pimenta
A crucial step in scientific analysis can be sample preparation, and its importance increases in the same rate as the sensitivity of the following employed/desired analytical technique does. The need to analyze complex, viscous matrices is not new, and diverse approaches have been employed, with different success rates depending on the intended molecules. Solid-phase extraction, for example, has been successfully used in sample preparation for organic molecules and peptides. However, due to the usual methodological conditions, biologically active proteins are not successfully retrieved by this technique, resulting in a low rate of protein identification reported for the viscous amphibian skin secretion...
June 12, 2018: Protein Journal
Aravindakshan Ajith Kumar, Nadimpalli Siva Kumar
Acidic α-mannosidase is an important enzyme and is reported from many different plants and animals. Lysosomal α-mannosidase helps in the catabolism of glycoproteins in the lysosomes thereby playing a major role in cellular homeostasis. In the present study lysosomal α-mannosidase from the gonads of echinoderm Asterias rubens was isolated and purified. The crude protein sample from ammonium sulfate precipitate contained two isoforms of mannosidase as tested by the MAN2B1 antibody, which were separated by anion exchange chromatography...
June 7, 2018: Protein Journal
Jake Zondagh, Alison Williams, Ikechukwu Achilonu, Heini W Dirr, Yasien Sayed
In recent years, various strategies have been used to overexpress and purify HIV-1 protease because it is an essential drug target in anti-retroviral therapy. Obtaining sufficient quantities of the enzyme, however, remains challenging. Overexpression of large quantities is prevented due to the enzyme's autolytic nature and its inherent cytotoxicity in Escherichia coli cells. Here, we describe a novel HIV-1 protease purification method using a thioredoxin-hexahistidine fusion system for the wild-type and two variant proteases...
June 4, 2018: Protein Journal
Ashleigh Blane, Heini W Dirr, Sylvia Fanucchi
FOXP2 is a transcription factor expressed in multiple tissues during embryonic development. FOXP2 regulates transcription by binding to DNA at its DNA binding domain, the forkhead domain (FHD) through the recognition helix. Ser557 is a residue located within the recognition helix that has the potential to become phosphorylated posttranslationally. In this study we investigated whether phosphorylation of Ser557 can influence the structure and DNA binding of the FOXP2 FHD. We did this by constructing S557E, a phosphomimetic mutant, and comparing its behaviour to the wild type...
May 29, 2018: Protein Journal
Cahyo Budiman, Herman Umbau Lindang, Bo Eng Cheong, Kenneth F Rodrigues
SIB1 FKBP22 is a peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase) member from a psychrotrophic bacterium, Shewanella sp. SIB1, consisting of N- and C-domains responsible for dimerization and catalytic PPIase activity, respectively. This protein was assumed to be involved in cold adaptation of SIB1 cells through its dual activity of PPIase activity and chaperone like-function. Nevertheless, the catalytic inhibition by FK506 and its substrate specificity remain unknown. Besides, ability of SIB1 FKBP22 to inhibit phosphatase activity of calcinuerin is also interesting to be studied since it may reflect wider cellular functions of SIB1 FKBP22...
May 14, 2018: Protein Journal
Esau Megias, Lílian Silveira Travassos do Carmo, Cícero Nicolini, Luciano Paulino Silva, Rosana Blawid, Tatsuya Nagata, Angela Mehta
Tymovirus is a genus of plant pathogenic viruses that infects several dicotyledonous plants worldwide, causing serious diseases in economically important crops. The known cytopathic effect on the host cell organelles involves chloroplast membrane deformation and the induction of vesicles in its periphery. These vesicles are known to be the location where tymoviral genomic RNA replication occurs. Tomato blistering mosaic virus (ToBMV) is a tymovirus recently identified in tomato plants in Brazil, which is able to infect several other plants, including tobacco...
June 2018: Protein Journal
Alia Madain, Abdel Latif Abu Dalhoum, Azzam Sleit
The design of a protein folding approximation algorithm is not straightforward even when a simplified model is used. The folding problem is a combinatorial problem, where approximation and heuristic algorithms are usually used to find near optimal folds of proteins primary structures. Approximation algorithms provide guarantees on the distance to the optimal solution. The folding approximation approach proposed here depends on two-dimensional cellular automata to fold proteins presented in a well-studied simplified model called the hydrophobic-hydrophilic model...
June 2018: Protein Journal
Dongchuan Wang, Qiang Guo, Ailin Wei, Ang Li
Bi-directional signaling of integrins plays an important role in platelet and leukocyte function. Talin plays a key role in integrin bi-directional signaling and its binding to integrin is highly regulated. The precise regulation of the recruitment and binding of talin to integrin is still being elucidated. In particular, the recruitment of talin to integrin is controlled by the RAP-1 and RIAM/lamellipodin signaling axis and the affinity between talin and integrin is regulated by the conformation or protease cleavage of talin...
June 2018: Protein Journal
Anitha Mani, Kavitha Sankaranarayanan
In Oryza sativa (rice) there are seven members in the NRAMP (natural resistance- associated macrophage protein) family of transporter proteins. They have been identified as OsNRAMP1, OsNRAMP2, OsNRAMP3, OsNRAMP4, OsNRAMP5, OsNRAMP6 and OsNRAMP7. Several metal ions like Zn2+ , Mn2+ , Fe2+ , Cd2+ etc. have been studied to be transported via NRAMP transporter proteins in rice plant. In spite of this, very little information is available regarding these transporters. Hence it is important to computationally predict and characterize the OsNRAMP family of transporters for studying and understanding their molecular insights in future studies...
June 2018: Protein Journal
Dayyabu Shehu, Zazali Alias
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a family of enzymes that function in the detoxification of variety of electrophilic substrates. In the present work, we report a novel zeta-like GST (designated as KKSG9) from the biphenyl/polychlorobiphenyl degrading organism Acidovorax sp. KKS102. KKSG9 possessed low sequence similarity but similar biochemical properties to zeta class GSTs. Functional analysis showed that the enzyme exhibits wider substrate specificity compared to most zeta class GSTs by reacting with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB), p-nitrobenzyl chloride (NBC), ethacrynic acid (EA), hydrogen peroxide, and cumene hydroperoxide...
June 2018: Protein Journal
Esmail M El-Fakharany, Marwa M Abu-Serie, Ekaterina A Litus, Sergei E Permyakov, Eugene A Permyakov, Vladimir N Uversky, Elrashdy M Redwan
Oleic acid (OA) is a monounsaturated fatty acid that upon binding to milk proteins, such as α-lactalbumin and lactoferrin, forms potent complexes, which exert selective anti-tumor activity against malignant cells but are nontoxic for healthy normal cells. We showed that the interaction of OA with albumins isolated from human, bovine, and camel milk results in the formation of complexes with high antitumor activity against Caco-2, HepG-2, PC-3, and MCF-7 tumor cells. The antitumor effect of the complexes is mostly due to the action of oleic acid, similar to the case of OA complexes with other proteins...
June 2018: Protein Journal
Emmanuel A Adeniji, Fisayo A Olotu, Mahmoud E S Soliman
Liver mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) enzyme is responsible for the rapid conversion of acetaldehyde to acetic acid. ALDH2 (E487K) polymorphism results in an inactive allele (ALDH2*2) which cause dysfunctional acetaldehyde metabolism. The 3D structure of an enzyme is crucial to its functionality and a disruption in its structural integrity could result in its metabolic inefficiency and dysfunctionality. Allosteric targeting of polymorphs could facilitate the restoration of wildtype functionalities in ALDH2 polymorphs and serve as an advancement in the treatment of associated diseases...
June 2018: Protein Journal
Dashdavaa Batkhishig, Khurelbaatar Bilguun, Purevjav Enkhbayar, Hiroki Miyashita, Robert H Kretsinger, Norio Matsushima
Leucine rich repeats (LRRs) are present in over 100,000 proteins from viruses to eukaryotes. The LRRs are 20-30 residues long and occur in tandem. LRRs form parallel stacks of short β-strands and then assume a super helical arrangement called a solenoid structure. Individual LRRs are separated into highly conserved segment (HCS) with the consensus of LxxLxLxxNxL and variable segment (VS). Eight classes have been recognized. Bacterial LRRs are short and characterized by two prolines in the VS; the consensus is xxLPxLPxx with Nine residues (N-subtype) and xxLPxxLPxx with Ten residues (T-subtype)...
June 2018: Protein Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Protein Journal
Xun Liu, Yang Zhang, Zhanhong Hu, Qian Li, Lu Yang, Guoqiang Xu
The ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) plays important roles in the regulation of protein stability, localization, and activity. A myriad of studies have focused on the functions of ubiquitin ligases E3s and deubiquitinating enzymes DUBs due to their specificity in the recognition of downstream substrates. However, the roles of the most ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes E2s are not completely understood except that they transport the activated ubiquitin and form E2-E3 protein complexes. Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme CDC34 can promote the degradation of downstream targets through the UPS whereas its non-catalytic functions are still elusive...
April 2018: Protein Journal
Debasish Kar, Satya Deo Pandey, Sathi Mallick, Mouparna Dutta, Anindya S Ghosh
Escherichia coli PBP5, a DD-carboxypeptidase (DD-CPase), helps in maintaining cell shape and intrinsic β-lactam resistance. Though PBP5 does not have β-lactamase activity under physiological pH, it has a common but shorter Ω-like loop resembling class A β-lactamases. However, such Ω-like loop lacks the key glutamic acid residue that is present in β-lactamases. It is speculated that β-lactamases and DD-CPases might have undergone divergent evolution leading to distinct enzymes with different substrate specificities and functions indicating the versatility of the Ω-loops...
April 2018: Protein Journal
Swi See Ang, Abu Bakar Salleh, Leow Thean Chor, Yahaya M Normi, Bimo Ario Tejo, Mohd Basyaruddin Abdul Rahman, Mariam-Aisha Fatima
The bioconversion of vitamin D3 catalyzed by cytochrome P450 (CYP) requires 25-hydroxylation and subsequent 1α-hydroxylation to produce the hormonal activated 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. Vitamin D3 25-hydroxylase catalyses the first step in the vitamin D3 biosynthetic pathway, essential in the de novo activation of vitamin D3. A CYP known as CYP107CB2 has been identified as a novel vitamin D hydroxylase in Bacillus lehensis G1. In order to deepen the understanding of this bacterial origin CYP107CB2, its detailed biological functions as well as biochemical characteristics were defined...
April 2018: Protein Journal
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