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Protein Journal

Neha Kumari, Rajesh Kumar, Vandana Mishra, Savita Yadav
CC-NBS-LRR (CNL) plant proteins are related with highly conserved family of disease resistance protein distinguished by a coiled-coil domain, which plays an important role in innate immunity. The present study reports the purification and identification of CNL like protein fragment (CNL-LPF) by two step chromatography and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF/MS), respectively. Furthermore, current study also illustrated the development of polyclonal antibody against purified CNL-LPF, which was used for immunolocalization of CNL-LPF in cytoplasm of cotyledon, using Fluorescence microscopy and Transmission electron microscopy...
October 20, 2016: Protein Journal
Abbas Shahsavari, Mehdi Azad, Naser Mobarra, Koorosh Goodarzvand Chegini, Nematollah Gheibi
Calprotectin is member of the S-100 protein family with a wide plethora of intra-and extracellular functions. Anticancer activities, antimicrobial effects and being a qualified disease marker are among the compelling features of this protein to be used as a pharmaceutical agent. However, there are several impediments to applications of protein pharmaceuticals including: proteolytic degradation, short circulating half-life, low solubility and immunogenicity. Pegylation is a common bioconjugation polymer capable of overcoming these drawbacks...
October 18, 2016: Protein Journal
Anna Juhasova, Martina Baliova, Frantisek Jursky
Coomassie Brilliant Blue interacts with proteins and even though the interactions exhibit variation due to the amino acid content, reported dye interactions with individual proteins appear to be relatively stable. Here we report an atypical dynamic interaction of glycine transporters 1 and 2 N-termini with Coomassie dye, resulting in intramolecular interference with their Bradford assay. These proteins exhibit classic protein-Coomassie G-250 complex with absorption maximum at 595 nm, which within minutes starts to decrease and parallel increase of absorbance shoulders above 300 and 700 nm is observed...
October 15, 2016: Protein Journal
Manish Kumar Rana, Manni Luthra-Guptasarma
A self-derived-peptide with the same amino acid sequence (N-RRYLENGKETLQR-C) as residues 169-181 of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B27 heavy chain is known to bind to MHC Class I complexes containing the HLA-B27 heavy chain. This observation has been invoked previously in at least two different (but related) molecular explanations for the disease-association of the HLA-B27 allele. Here, we use a combination of fluorescence polarization, competitive inhibition and gel filtration chromatographic studies to show that a fluorescently-labeled peptide of the above sequence binds to two disease-associated subtypes of HLA-B27 (namely HLA-B*27:04 and HLA-B*27:05) but not to non-disease-associated subtypes (HLA-B*27:06 or HLA-B*27:09)...
September 7, 2016: Protein Journal
Rait Kivi, Jaak Järv
Fluorescence spectroscopy was used to differentiate between different states of acrylodan-labeled cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunits in urea, guanidine hydrochloride and 3-(N-morpholino)propanesulfonic acid solutions, by measuring changes in the emission spectrum of the protein-coupled dye, which is very sensitive to its microenvironment. Decomposition of the observed fluorescence spectra by a parameterized log-normal distribution function allowed the resolution of overlapping spectral bands and revealed the formation of three distinct protein states, denominated as native, denatured and unfolded structures...
September 6, 2016: Protein Journal
Agata Grazia D'Amico, Grazia Maugeri, Rita Reitano, Sebastiano Cavallaro, Velia D'Agata
PARK2 gene's mutations are related to the familial form of juvenile Parkinsonism, also known as the autosomic recessive juvenile Parkinsonism. This gene encodes for parkin, a 465-amino acid protein. To date, a large number of parkin isoforms, generated by an alternative splicing mechanism, have been described. Currently, Gene Bank lists 27 rat PARK2 transcripts, which matches to 20 exclusive parkin alternative splice variants. Despite the existence of these isoforms, most of the studies carried out so far, have been focused only on the originally cloned parkin...
September 6, 2016: Protein Journal
Thomas Zacharchenko, Igor Barsukov, Daniel J Rigden, Daimark Bennett, Olga Mayans
Human protein phosphatase 1 nuclear targeting subunit (PNUTS) plays critical roles in DNA repair, cell growth and survival. The N-terminal domain of PNUTS mediates interactions with Tox4 and the phosphatase and tensin homolog PTEN, which are essential for the roles of this protein. To study this N-terminal domain, we have established its recombinant overproduction in E. coli utilizing NusA fusion. Upon removal of the tag, the remaining PNUTS sample is soluble and highly pure. We have characterized the domain using circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance and analyzed its sequence using bioinformatics...
September 3, 2016: Protein Journal
Jing Wu, Xiaolan Yang, Deqiang Wang, Xiaolei Hu, Juan Liao, JingJing Rao, Jun Pu, Chang-Guo Zhan, Fei Liao
Prior to the exponential decrease of activity of a uricase from Candida sp. during storage at 37 °C, there was a plateau period of about 4 days at pH 7.4, 12 days at pH 9.2, and about 22 days in the presence of 30 μM oxonate at pH 7.4 or 9.2, but no degradation of polypeptides and no activity of resolved homodimers. To reveal determinants of the plateau period, a dissociation model involving a serial of conformation intermediates of homotetramer were proposed for kinetic analysis of the thermoinactivation process...
August 2016: Protein Journal
P Harikrishna, A M Shende, K K Reena, Jobin Thomas, S K Bhure
Regucalcin is a multi-functional protein having roles in calcium homeostasis as well as in anti-apoptotic, anti-prolific and anti-oxidative functions. Recently, it has been reported from the male reproductive tract, but its role in male reproduction needs further investigation; for which the native regucalcin of reproductive origin will be more appropriate. The gel exclusion chromatography followed by diethyl aminoethane cellulose chromatography and two-dimentional cellulose acetate membrane electrophoresis used for its purification are time consuming and less specific...
August 2016: Protein Journal
Xiaole Chen, He Wang, Lei Wang, Mei Zhou, Tianbao Chen, Chris Shaw
The chemical compounds synthesised and secreted from the dermal glands of amphibian have diverse bioactivities that play key roles in the hosts' innate immune system and in causing diverse pharmacological effects in predators that may ingest the defensive skin secretions. As new biotechnological methods have developed, increasing numbers of novel peptides with novel activities have been discovered from this source of natural compounds. In this study, a number of defensive skin secretion peptide sequences were obtained from the European edible frog, P...
August 2016: Protein Journal
Yusuke Nakamichi, Sayoko Oiki, Bunzo Mikami, Kousaku Murata, Wataru Hashimoto
Bacterial unsaturated glucuronyl hydrolase (UGL) degrades unsaturated disaccharides generated from mammalian extracellular matrices, glycosaminoglycans, by polysaccharide lyases. Two Asp residues, Asp-115 and Asp-175 of Streptococcus agalactiae UGL (SagUGL), are completely conserved in other bacterial UGLs, one of which (Asp-175 of SagUGL) acts as a general acid and base catalyst. The other Asp (Asp-115 of SagUGL) also affects the enzyme activity, although its role in the enzyme reaction has not been well understood...
August 2016: Protein Journal
Yuwei Li, Xiaolan Yang, Deqiang Wang, Xiaolei Hu, Mei Yuan, Jun Pu, Chang-Guo Zhan, Zhaoyong Yang, Fei Liao
To obtain the label enzyme for enzyme-linked-immunoabsorbent-assay of two components each time in one well with conventional microplate readers, molecular engineering of Pseudomonas aeruginosa arylsulfatase (PAAS) is needed. To compare thermostability of PAAS/mutants of limited purity, effects of buffers on the half-activity time (t 0.5) at 37 °C were tested. At pH 7.4, PAAS showed non-exponential decreases of activity, with the apparent t 0.5 of ~6.0 days in 50 mM HEPES, but ~42 days in 10 mM sodium borate with >85 % activity after 15 days; protein concentrations in both buffers decreased at slower rates after there were significant decreases of activities...
August 2016: Protein Journal
Ajit Roy, Ravikumar Reddi, Bhavik Sawhney, Debasish Kumar Ghosh, Anthony Addlagatta, Akash Ranjan
Regulators belonging to multiple antibiotic resistance regulator (MarR) family are widespread in prokaryotes and are involved in regulation of genes that are responsible for virulence and pathogenicity in most of the clinically important pathogens. Here we report the transcriptional, biophysical, and X-ray analyses of homologue of SlyA (HosA), a member of MarR family that is predominantly present in the pathogenic strains of Enterobacteriaceae family. The initiation of hosA transcription was observed to occur at two independent start sites and subsequent binding study has revealed that the purified HosA interacts with its upstream region suggesting a probable autoregulation...
August 2016: Protein Journal
Preeyanan Anwised, Nisachon Jangpromma, Theeranan Temsiripong, Rina Patramanon, Sakda Daduang, Sarawut Jitrapakdee, Tomohiro Araki, Sompong Klaynongsruang
Recombinant Crocodylus siamensis hemoglobin (cHb) has been constructed and expressed using Escherichia coli as the expression system in conjunction with a trigger factor from the Cold-shock system as the fusion protein. While successful processing as soluble protein in E. coli was achieved, the net yields of active protein from downstream purification processes remained still unsatisfactory. In this study, cHb was constructed and expressed in the eukaryotic expression system Pichia pastoris. The results showed that cHb was excreted from P...
August 2016: Protein Journal
Nelson A Araujo, Alberto Guevara, María A Lorenzo, Maritza Calabokis, José Bubis
The cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) is the best understood member of the superfamily of serine-threonine protein kinases and is involved in controlling a variety of cellular processes. Measurements of PKA activity traditionally relied on the use of [(32)P]-labeled ATP as the phosphate donor and a protein or peptide substrate as the phosphoaceptor. Recently non-isotopic assays for the PKA have been developed and this paper presents an improvement of a fluorometric assay for measuring the activity of PKA...
August 2016: Protein Journal
Sujan Maity, Koel Mukherjee, Amrita Banerjee, Suman Mukherjee, Dipak Dasgupta, Suvroma Gupta
Combating Type-2 diabetes mellitus is a pivotal challenge in front of the present world. Several lines of therapy are in practice for resisting this deadly disease which often culminates with cardiovascular complexities, neuropathy and retinopathy. Among various therapies, administration of alpha glucosidase inhibitors is common and widely practiced. Sulfonylurea category of anti diabetic drug often suffers from cross reactivity with sulfamethoxazole (SMX), a common drug in use to treat a handful of microbial infections...
June 2016: Protein Journal
Yunyun Cheng, Songcai Liu, Xin Zhang, Qingyan Wu, Siming Li, Haoyu Fu, Lijie Dong, Hao Yu, Linlin Hao
Insulin like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) is a candidate gene for growth and carcass traits in regulating animal growth, metabolism and endocrine. It is widely expressed in liver, muscle, bone tissues where the IGF-1R functions as a factor that promotes cell growth. In this study, the protein expression level of IGF-1R gene in liver and muscle tissues of three periods (birth, weaning and adult) of three pig breeds (BamaXiang pigs (BM), Tibetan pigs (TM) and Junmu No.1 pigs (JM)) were tested by western blot...
June 2016: Protein Journal
Johanne Le Coq, Luis Heredia Gallego, Daniel Lietha
The Src homology 2 containing inositol 5-phosphatase 2 (SHIP2) catalyses the dephosphorylation of the phospholipid phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate (PI(3,4,5)P3) to form PI(3,4)P2. PI(3,4,5)P3 is a key lipid second messenger, which can recruit signalling proteins to the plasma membrane and subsequently initiate numerous downstream signalling pathways responsible for the regulation of a plethora of cellular events such as proliferation, growth, apoptosis and cytoskeletal rearrangements. SHIP2 has been heavily implicated with several serious diseases such as cancer and type 2 diabetes but its regulation remains poorly understood...
June 2016: Protein Journal
Tao Luo, Jinhyuk Lee, Zhi-Rong Lü, Hang Mu, Li-Mei Yue, Yong-Doo Park, Zhuo-Ming Ye
α-Glucosidase is a critical metabolic enzyme that produces glucose molecules by catalyzing carbohydrates. The aim of this study is to elucidate biological toxicity of Cd(2+) based on α-glucosidase activity and conformational changes. We studied Cd(2+)-mediated inactivation as well as conformational modulation of α-glucosidase by using kinetics coupled with simulation of molecular dynamics. The enzyme was significantly inactivated by Cd(2+) in a reversibly binding behavior, and Cd(2+) binding induced a non-competitive type of inhibition reaction (the K i was calculated as 0...
June 2016: Protein Journal
Tinnakorn Theansungnoen, Surachai Maijaroen, Nisachon Jangpromma, Nualyai Yaraksa, Sakda Daduang, Theeranan Temsiripong, Jureerut Daduang, Sompong Klaynongsruang
Known antimicrobial peptides KT2 and RT2 as well as the novel RP9 derived from the leukocyte extract of the freshwater crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis) were used to evaluate the ability in killing human cervical cancer cells. RP9 in the extract was purified by a combination of anion exchange column and reversed-phase HPLC, and its sequence was analyzed by mass spectrometry. The novel peptide could inhibit Gram-negative Vibrio cholerae (clinical isolation) and Gram-positive Bacillus pumilus TISTR 905, and its MIC values were 61...
June 2016: Protein Journal
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