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Protein Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497409/a-rapid-and-reliable-method-for-total-protein-extraction-from-succulent-plants-for-proteomic-analysis
#1
Fernando Lledías, Felipe Hernández, Viridiana Rivas, Abisaí García-Mendoza, Gladys I Cassab, Jorge Nieto-Sotelo
Crassulacean acid metabolism plants have some morphological features, such as succulent and reduced leaves, thick cuticles, and sunken stomata that help them prevent excessive water loss and irradiation. As molecular constituents of these morphological adaptations to xeric environments, succulent plants produce a set of specific compounds such as complex polysaccharides, pigments, waxes, and terpenoids, to name a few, in addition to uncharacterized proteases. Since all these compounds interfere with the analysis of proteins by electrophoretic techniques, preparation of high quality samples from these sources represents a real challenge...
May 12, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470375/subtractive-protein-profiling-of-salmonella-typhimurium-biofilm-treated-with-dmso
#2
Mohd Fakharul Zaman Raja Yahya, Zazali Alias, Saiful Anuar Karsani
Salmonella typhimurium is an important biofilm-forming bacteria. It is known to be resistant to a wide range of antimicrobials. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) against S. typhimurium biofilm and investigate whole-cell protein expression by biofilm cells following treatment with DMSO. Antibiofilm activities were assessed using pellicle assay, crystal violet assay, colony-forming unit counting and extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) matrix assay whilst differential protein expression was investigated using a combination of one dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, tandem mass spectrometry and bioinformatics...
May 4, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429156/crystallization-and-preliminary-x-ray-diffraction-analysis-of-a-mammal-inositol-1-3-4-5-6-pentakisphosphate-2-kinase
#3
Elsa Franco-Echevarría, Julia Sanz-Aparicio, Nathalie Troffer-Charlier, Arnaud Poterszman, Beatriz González
Inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate 2-kinase (IP5 2-K) is an enzyme that catalyses the formation of phytic acid (IP6) from IP5 and ATP. In mammals, IP6 is involved in multiple events such as DNA repair and mRNA edit and it is the precursor of inositol pyrophosphates, emerging compounds shown to have an essential role in apoptosis. In addition, IP5 2-K have functions in cells independently of its catalytic activity, for example in rRNA biogenesis. We pursue the structure determination of a mammal IP5 2-K by Protein Crystallography...
April 21, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429155/a-letter-from-the-founding-editor
#4
EDITORIAL
M Zouhair Atassi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425008/reversible-activation-of-halophilic-%C3%AE-lactamase-from-methanol-induced-inactive-form-contrast-to-irreversible-inactivation-of-non-halophilic-counterpart
#5
Hiroko Tokunaga, Junpei Maeda, Tsutomu Arakawa, Masao Tokunaga
Effects of a water-miscible organic solvent, methanol, on the structure and activity of halophilic β-lactamase derived from Chromohalobacter sp.560 (HaBla), were investigated by means of circular dichroism (CD) measurement and enzymatic activity determination. Beta-lactamase activity was enhanced about 1.2-fold in the presence of 10-20% methanol. CD measurement of HaBla revealed different structures depending on the methanol concentration: native-like active form (Form I) in 10-20% methanol and methanol-induced inactive form at higher concentration (Form II in 40-60% and Form III in 75-80% methanol)...
April 20, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421415/a-tyrosine-residue-along-with-a-glutamic-acid-of-the-omega-like-loop-governs-the-beta-lactamase-activity-of-msmeg_4455-in-mycobacterium-smegmatis
#6
Ankita Bansal, Debasish Kar, Satya Deo Pandey, Ashok Matcha, N Ganesh Kumar, Soshina Nathan, Anindya S Ghosh
Mycobacterial beta-lactamases are involved in exerting beta-lactam resistance, though many of these proteins remain uncharacterized. Here, we have characterized MSMEG_4455 of Mycobacterium smegmatis as a beta-lactamase using molecular, biochemical and mutational techniques. To elucidate its nature in vivo and in vitro, and to predict its structure-function relationship in silico analysis is done. The MSMEG_4455 is cloned and expressed ectopically in a beta-lactamase deficient Escherichia coli mutant to establish the in vivo beta-lactamase like nature via minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) determination...
April 19, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421414/polyclonal-antibodies-in-microplates-to-predict-the-maximum-adsorption-activities-of-enzyme-mutants-from-cell-lysates
#7
Yiran Feng, Xiaolan Yang, Deqiang Wang, Xiaolei Hu, Huimin Chong, Juan Liao, Chang-Guo Zhan, Fei Liao
With microplate-immobilized polyclonal antibodies against a starting enzyme or its active mutant bearing consistent accessible epitopes, the maximum activity of an adsorbed enzyme/mutant (Vs) was predicted for comparison to recognize weakly-positive mutants. Rabbit antisera against Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase (ECAP) were fractionated with 33% ammonium sulfate to yield crude polyclonal antibodies for conventional immobilization in 96-well microplates. The response curve of the activities of ECAP/mutant adsorbed by the immobilized polyclonal antibodies to protein quantities from a cell lysate was fit to an approximation model to predict Vs...
April 19, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421413/substrate-induced-conformational-changes-of-the-tyrocidine-synthetase-1-adenylation-domain-probed-by-intrinsic-trp-fluorescence
#8
Matilda Šprung, Barbara Soldo, Stjepan Orhanović, Viljemka Bučević-Popović
Nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS) are multifunctional proteins that catalyze the synthesis of the peptide products with enormous biological potential. The process of biosynthesis starts with the adenylation (A) domain, which during the catalytic cycle undergoes extensive structural rearrangements. In this paper, we present the first study of the tyrocidine synthetase 1 A-domain (TycA-A) fluorescence properties. The TycA-A protein contains five potentially fluorescent Trp residues at positions 227, 301, 323, 376 and 406...
April 18, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374173/structural-stability-of-streptococcal-serum-opacity-factor
#9
Dedipya Yelamanchili, Baiba K Gillard, Antonio M Gotto, Henry J Pownall, Corina Rosales
Streptococcal serum opacity factor (SOF) is a protein that clouds the plasma of multiple mammalian species by disrupting high density lipoprotein (HDL) structure. Intravenous infusion of low dose SOF (4 µg) into mice reduces their plasma cholesterol concentrations ~ 40% in 3 h. Here we investigated the effects of pH, ionic strength, temperature, and denaturation with guanidinium chloride (GdmCl) on SOF stability and its reaction vs HDL. SOF stability was tested by pre-incubation of SOF at various temperatures, pH's, and GdmCl concentrations and measuring the SOF reaction rate at pH 7...
April 4, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357609/the-inhibitory-effect-of-c-phycocyanin-containing-protein-extract-c-pc-extract-on-human-matrix-metalloproteinases-mmp-2-and-mmp-9-in-hepatocellular-cancer-cell-line-hepg2
#10
Mugdha Kunte, Krutika Desai
Spirulina platensis :have been studied for several biological activities. In the current study C-phycocyanin containing protein extract (C-PC extract) of Spirulina platensis have been studied for its effect on human matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1, MMP-2 and MMP-9) and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMP-1 and TIMP-2). In the present study, breast cancer cell line (MDA-MB 231) and hepatocellular cancer cell line (HepG2) were examined for inhibition of MMPs at different levels of expression after C-PC extract treatment...
March 30, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345116/oligomeric-state-and-thermal-stability-of-apo-and-holo-human-ornithine-%C3%AE-aminotransferase
#11
Riccardo Montioli, Carlotta Zamparelli, Carla Borri Voltattorni, Barbara Cellini
Human ornithine δ-aminotransferase (hOAT) (EC 2.6.1.13) is a mitochondrial pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent aminotransferase whose deficit is associated with gyrate atrophy, a rare autosomal recessive disorder causing progressive blindness and chorioretinal degeneration. Here, both the apo- and holo-form of recombinant hOAT were characterized by means of spectroscopic, kinetic, chromatographic and computational techniques. The results indicate that apo and holo-hOAT (a) show a similar tertiary structure, even if apo displays a more pronounced exposure of hydrophobic patches, (b) exhibit a tetrameric structure with a tetramer-dimer equilibrium dissociation constant about fivefold higher for the apoform with respect to the holoform, and (c) have apparent Tm values of 46 and 67 °C, respectively...
March 27, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321677/identification-and-inhibitory-mechanism-of-angiotensin-i-converting-enzyme-inhibitory-peptides-derived-from-bovine-hemoglobin
#12
Ying Wang, Yiqun Jiang, Yongguang Yin, Jiyun Liu, Long Ding, Jingbo Liu, Ting Zhang
Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE, EC.3.4.15.1) inhibitory peptide is an efficacious therapy for hypertension. In this study, four dipeptides, TY, FD, FL and FG, were identified from the desalted fraction of bovine hemoglobin hydrolysate, obtained by in vitro simulated gastrointestinal digestion, via liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The IC50 value of TY and FL are 96.43 ± 6.17 and 290.66 ± 57.92 μM, respectively. The result of molecular docking indicated that TY occupied the ACE subsite S1 and S1' with a lowest estimated binding energy of -9...
March 21, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317076/an-experimental-tool-to-estimate-the-probability-of-a-nucleotide-presence-in-the-crystal-structures-of-the-nucleotide-protein-complexes
#13
Maria Nemchinova, Vitaly Balobanov, Ekaterina Nikonova, Natalia Lekontseva, Alisa Mikhaylina, Svetlana Tishchenko, Alexey Nikulin
A correlation between the ligand-protein affinity and the identification of the ligand in the experimental electron density maps obtained by X-ray crystallography has been tested for a number of RNA-binding proteins. Bacterial translation regulators ProQ, TRAP, Rop, and Hfq together with their archaeal homologues SmAP have been used. The equilibrium dissociation constants for the N-methyl-anthraniloyl-labelled adenosine and guanosine monophosphates titrated by the proteins have been determined by the fluorescent anisotropy measurements...
March 20, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315108/osmolytic-effect-of-sucrose-on-thermal-denaturation-of-pea-seedling-copper-amine-oxidase
#14
Mojtaba Amani, Aboozar Barzegar, Mohammad Mazani
Protein stability is a subject of interest by many researchers. One of the common methods to increase the protein stability is using the osmolytes. Many studies and theories analyzed and explained osmolytic effect by equilibrium thermodynamic while most proteins undergo an irreversible denaturation. In current study we investigated the effect of sucrose as an osmolyte on the thermal denaturation of pea seedlings amine oxidase by the enzyme activity, fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism, and differential scanning calorimetry...
April 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299594/dissecting-pistil-responses-to-incompatible-and-compatible-pollen-in-self-incompatibility-brassica-oleracea-using-comparative-proteomics
#15
Jing Zeng, Qiguo Gao, Songmei Shi, Xiaoping Lian, Richard Converse, Hecui Zhang, Xiaohong Yang, Xuesong Ren, Song Chen, Liquan Zhu
Angiosperms have developed self-incompatibility (SI) systems to reject self-pollen, thereby promoting outcrossing. The Brassicaceae belongs to typical sporophytic system, having a single S-locus controlled SI response, and was chosen as a model system to study SI-related intercellular signal transduction. In this regard, the downstream factor of EXO70A1 was unknown. Here, protein two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) method and coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization/time of flight of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF -MS) and peptide mass fingerprinting (PMF) was used to further explore the mechanism of SI responses in Brassica oleracea L...
April 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299593/trehalose-and-magnesium-chloride-exert-a-common-anti-amyloidogenic-effect-towards-hen-egg-white-lysozyme
#16
Rupsa Chatterjee, Vidyalatha Kolli, Nandini Sarkar
Many degenerative disorder such as Parkinsons, Alzheimers, Huntingtons disease, etc are caused due to the deposition of amyloid fibrils, formed due to the ordered aggregation of misfolded/unfolded proteins. Misfolded or unfolded proteins aggregate mostly through hydrophobic interactions which are unexposed in native state, but become exposed upon unfolding. To counteract amyloid related diseases, inhibition of the protein self assembly into fibril is a potential therapeutic strategy. The study aims at investigating the effect of selected compounds, namely trehalose and magnesium chloride hexahydrate towards inhibition and disaggregation of amyloid fibrils using Hen Egg White Lysozyme as a model...
April 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280963/development-of-an-in-vitro-bioassay-for-recombinant-human-erythropoietin-rhuepo-based-on-proliferative-stimulation-of-an-erythroid-cell-line-and-analysis-of-sialic-acid-dependent-microheterogeneity-ut-7-cell-bioassay
#17
Manoj Kumar Metta, Vasavi Malkhed, Srinivasan Tantravahi, Uma Vuruputuri, Rajkumar Kunaparaju
Determination of biological activity and its comparison with clinical behavior is important in the quality assessment of therapeutic glycoproteins. In vivo studies are usually employed for evaluating bioactivity of these glycomolecules. However, alternative methods are required to simplify the bioassay and avoid ethical issues associated with in vivo studies. Negatively charged sialic acid residues are known to be critical for in vivo bioactivity of rHuEPO. To address this need, we employed the human acute myeloid leukemia cell line UT-7 for the determination of proliferative stimulation induced by rHuEPO...
April 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258523/analysis-of-pelagia-noctiluca-proteome-reveals-a-red-fluorescent-protein-a-zinc-metalloproteinase-and-a-peroxiredoxin
#18
Bárbara Frazão, Alexandre Campos, Hugo Osório, Benjamin Thomas, Sérgio Leandro, Alexandre Teixeira, Vitor Vasconcelos, Agostinho Antunes
Pelagia noctiluca is the most venomous jellyfish in the Mediterranean Sea where it forms dense blooms. Although there is several published research on this species, until now none of the works has been focused on a complete protein profile of the all body constituents of this organism. Here, we have performed a detailed proteomics characterization of the major protein components expressed by P. noctiluca. With that aim, we have considered the study of jellyfish proteins involved in defense, body constituents and metabolism, and furthered explore the significance and potential application of such bioactive molecules...
April 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191590/calcium-binding-ability-of-recombinant-buffalo-regucalcin-a-study-using-circular-dichroism-spectroscopy
#19
P Harikrishna, Jobin Thomas, A M Shende, S K Bhure
Regucalcin is a calcium regulating multifunctional protein reported to have many important functions like calcium homeostasis, anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic and anti-cancerous functions. Although it is demonstrated as a calcium regulating protein, the calcium binding ability of regucalcin is still a controversy. The main reason for the controversy is that it lacks a typical EF hand motif which is common to most of the calcium binding proteins. Even though many studies reported regucalcin as a calcium binding protein, there are some studies reporting regucalcin as non-calcium binding also...
April 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185046/complete-amino-acid-sequence-of-a-copper-zinc-superoxide-dismutase-from-ginger-rhizome
#20
Yuki Nishiyama, Tamo Fukamizo, Kazunari Yoneda, Tomohiro Araki
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an antioxidant enzyme protecting cells from oxidative stress. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is known for its antioxidant properties, however, there are no data on SODs from ginger rhizomes. In this study, we purified SOD from the rhizome of Z. officinale (Zo-SOD) and determined its complete amino acid sequence using N terminal sequencing, amino acid analysis, and de novo sequencing by tandem mass spectrometry. Zo-SOD consists of 151 amino acids with two signature Cu/Zn-SOD motifs and has high similarity to other plant Cu/Zn-SODs...
April 2017: Protein Journal
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