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Protein Journal

Dorian Migoń, Damian Neubauer, Wojciech Kamysz
Antimicrobial peptides are promising candidates for anti-infective pharmaceuticals. Unfortunately, because of their low proteolytic and chemical stability, their usage is generally narrowed down to topical formulations. Until now, numerous approaches to increase peptide stability have been proposed. One of them, peptide hydrocarbon stapling, a modification based on stabilizing peptide secondary structure with a side-chain covalent hydrocarbon bridge, have been successfully applied to many peptides. Moreover, constraining secondary structure of peptides have also been proven to increase their biological activity...
January 12, 2018: Protein Journal
Mausumi Adhya, Bong-Kyu Kim, Hee-Do Jeung, Moonjae Cho, Kwang-Sik Choi
A polyclonal antibody specific to an egg protein of Suminoe oyster Crassostrea ariakensis was previously developed in our laboratory to assess the reproductive life cycle of the oyster. The present study was undertaken to investigate vitellin of C. ariakensis (CAVt). Vitellin is an essential component of egg proteins in marine invertebrates as it provides energy and nutrients to the embryo and larvae. CAVt was purified from eggs of the oyster using ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by affinity chromatography with Concanavalin A-agarose...
December 18, 2017: Protein Journal
B S Gnanesh Kumar, Avadhesha Surolia
Banana lectin (BanLec) exhibits specificity to glucose/mannose residues present in oligo saccharides or glycoconjugates and has attracted a lot of attention recently as a potent therapeutic agent. Structural studies and molecular cloning methods has revealed the presence of three different BanLec proteins in two species. In our study, initial mass spectrometric analysis of affinity purified native BanLec from banana pulp (Musa paradisiaca) indicated the presence of proteins with different molecular mass. Through the bottom up and top down analysis we identified three major isoforms with acetylation at N terminus...
December 14, 2017: Protein Journal
Divya Reddy, Saikat Bhattacharya, Vinod Jani, Uddhavesh Sonavane, Rajendra Joshi, Sanjay Gupta
Nucleosome assembly protein 1 (NAP1) is a histone chaperone that exchanges histone H2A-H2B dimer from chromatin templates. Studies with yeast NAP1 (yNAP1) have revealed its existence as multiple oligomeric species in solution. Here, rat NAP1 (rNAP1), which is 98% identical to the human NAP1 (hNAP1) was used as a model to characterize the oligomeric structures of this protein in higher eukaryotes. Gel filtration chromatography and Dynamic light scattering of recombinant rNAP1 indicated that the protein exists as a complex mixture of multimeric species even at 500 mM ionic strength...
December 5, 2017: Protein Journal
S Jeza, S B Maseko, J Lin
This study intended to purify and characterise exo-inulinase of diesel-degrading Paenibacillus sp. D9. The whole genome sequencing of Paenibacillus sp. D9 revealed to possess the sacC gene that is encoded as exo-inulinase/levanase. This isolate was capable of producing a maximum of 50.9 IU/mL of exo-inulinase activity within 3 days at 30 °C, 200 rpm and pH of 7.0 on minimal salt medium agar supplemented with 1% (w/v) inulin. An exo-inulinase of 58.5 kDa was purified using ammonium sulphate precipitation, HiTrap QFF column and MMC column chromatographies with a specific activity of 4333 IU/mg, 7...
December 5, 2017: Protein Journal
Ivan Mikšík, Statis Paradis, Adam Eckhardt, David Sedmera
The proteins and pigment of the eggshell of the Siamese crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis) were analysed. For proteomic analysis, various decalcification methods were used when the two main surface layers were analyzed. These layers are important for antimicrobial defense of egg (particularly the cuticle). We found 58 proteins in both layers, of which 4 were specific for the cuticle and 26 for the palisade (honeycomb) layer. Substantial differences between proteins in the eggshell of crocodile and previously described birds' eggshells exist (both in terms of quality and quantity), however, the entire proteome of Crocodilians has not been described yet...
November 22, 2017: Protein Journal
M Jazouli, M Lightowlers, C G Gauci, K Tadlaoui, A Belmlih, M M Ennaji, M Elharrak
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a widely distributed zoonosis that is highly endemic in the Mediterranean basin. The disease represents a serious public health threat and causes economic losses. The parasite life-cycle involves dogs and ruminants as definitive and intermediate hosts; humans are accidently infected, causing serious clinical issues. Vaccination of ruminants and dog treatments represent the most efficient measures to prevent parasite transmission. The recombinant protein vaccine, EG95, has been used successfully in sheep vaccine trials against CE in several countries...
November 14, 2017: Protein Journal
Oleg I Kit, Dmitry I Vodolazhsky, Denis S Kutilin, Yaroslav S Enin, Yury A Gevorkyan, Peter V Zolotukhin, Yanis Boumber, Leonid V Kharin, Svetlana B Panina
Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in women and third most common cancer in men. Cell signaling alterations in colon cancer, especially in aggressive metastatic tumors, require further investigations. The present study aims to compare the expression pattern of proteins associated with cell signaling in paired tumor and non-tumor samples of patients with colon cancer, as well as to define the cluster of proteins to differentiate patients with non-metastatic (Dukes' grade B) and metastatic (Dukes' grade C&D) colon cancer...
November 11, 2017: Protein Journal
Rachel N Oldfield, Kathryn A Johnston, Jeanette Limones, Caitlin Ghilarducci, Karlo M Lopez
Lysyl oxidase (LOX) is a copper-dependent amine oxidase enzyme that catalyzes the formation of crosslinkages of collagen and elastin in connective tissues by oxidative deamination of lysine. Using site-directed mutagenesis, Histidine 303 has been shown to be a key residue that acts as the necessary catalytic base for this enzyme to function properly. Histidine 303 was mutated to isoleucine to remove catalytic activity and to aspartate and glutamate, respectively, in order to provide alternate residues that could act as a general base that could maintain catalytic activity...
November 10, 2017: Protein Journal
Yongqi Huang, Meng Gao, Zhengding Su
Three-dimensional (3D) domain swapping is a mechanism to form protein oligomers. It has been proposed that several factors, including proline residues in the hinge region, may affect the occurrence of 3D domain swapping. Although introducing prolines into the hinge region has been found to promote domain swapping for some proteins, the opposite effect has also been observed in several studies. So far, how proline affects 3D domain swapping remains elusive. In this work, based on a large set of 3D domain-swapped structures, we performed a systematic analysis to explore the correlation between the presence of proline in the hinge region and the occurrence of 3D domain swapping...
November 8, 2017: Protein Journal
Fernando Lledías, Felipe Hernández, Viridiana Rivas, Abisaí García-Mendoza, Gladys I Cassab, Jorge Nieto-Sotelo
The original version of this article unfortunately contains a mistake. The authors have inadvertently incorrectly listed the concentration of TCA in the acetone/TCA/β-ME solution in the materials and methods section of this paper. The TCA concentration in Sects. 2.3.2 and 2.3.5 should be 10% TCA, making the solution acetone/10% TCA/0.07% β-ME. It is now corrected with this erratum.
October 19, 2017: Protein Journal
Harkiranpreet Kaur Dhaliwal, Nagarajan Thiruvanakarasu, Raj Kumar, Kruti Patel, Ghuncha Ambrin, Shouwei Cai, Bal Ram Singh
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are the most toxic proteins known to cause flaccid muscle paralysis as a result of inhibition of neurotransmitter release from peripheral cholinergic synapses. BoNT type A (BoNT/A) is a 150 kDa protein consisting of two major subunits: light chain (LC) and heavy chain (HC). The LC is required for the catalytic activity of neurotoxin, whereas the C and N terminal domains of the HC are required for cell binding, and translocation of LC across the endosome membranes, respectively...
October 13, 2017: Protein Journal
Tomoka Matsuo, Daichi Yano, Kouji Uda, Nozomu Iwasaki, Tomohiko Suzuki
The cDNA sequence of arginine kinase (AK) from the precious coral Corallium rubrum was assembled from transcriptome sequence data, and the deduced amino acid sequence of 364 residues was shown to conserve the structural features characteristic of AK. Based on the amino acid sequence, the DNA coding C. rubrum AK was synthesized by overlap extension PCR to prepare the recombinant enzyme. The following kinetic parameters were determined for the C. rubrum enzyme: K a(Arg) (0.10 mM), K ia(Arg) (0.79 mM), K a(ATP) (0...
October 11, 2017: Protein Journal
Yaser Fattahian, Ali Riahi-Madvar, Reza Mirzaee, Masoud Torkzadeh-Mahani, Gholamreza Asadikaram
Peroxidase is one of the most widely used enzymes in biotechnology and medicine. In the current study, cDNA encoding peroxidase from Lepidium draba (LDP) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) cells in the form of inclusion bodies (IBs). To achieve purified active enzyme, IBs were solubilized before being purified and refolded. The deduced amino acid sequence (308) of the LDP gene (924 bp) revealed 88.96% identity to horseradish peroxidase C1A (HRP C1A). The results of basic local alignment search tool (BLAST) and phylogenetic analysis of the protein sequence showed that this enzyme belongs to the neutral group of class III plant peroxidases...
October 3, 2017: Protein Journal
Ximena Zottig, Fatma Meddeb-Mouelhi, David M Charbonneau, Marc Beauregard
Recent investigations of Aneurinibacillus thermoaerophilus strains have allowed identification of a unique solvent tolerant lipase, distinct from known lipases. This work reports the expression and purification of this lipase (LipAT) and the first characterization of its structure and temperature and pH-dependent behaviour. LipAT has a secondary structural content compatible with the canonical lipase α/β hydrolase fold, and is dimeric at neutral pH. The protein was folded from pH 5 to 10, and association into folded aggregates at pH 7 and 8 likely protected its secondary structures from thermal unfolding...
October 3, 2017: Protein Journal
Lei Wang, Xiaomin Wang, Zhenghua Ren, Wei Tang, Qiong Zou, Jinxing Wang, Shangwu Chen, Han Zhang, Anlong Xu
Protein disulfide isomerase is a type of enzyme that catalyses the oxidation, isomerization and reduction of disulfide bonds. Conotoxins that containing disulfide bonds are likely substrates of protein disulfide isomerise. Here, we cloned 12 protein disulfide isomerise genes from 12 different cone snail species that inhabited the sea near Sanya in China. The full-length amino acid sequences of these protein disulfide isomerase genes share a high degree of homology, including the same -CGHC- active site sequence and -RDEL- endoplasmic reticulum retention signal...
October 2017: Protein Journal
Roobee Garla, Preeti Kango, Navneet Kaur Gill, M L Garg
Metallothioneins (MTs) are low molecular weight ubiquitous metalloproteins with high cysteine (thiol) content. The intracellular concentration of zinc (Zn) is tightly regulated and MT plays a crucial role in it. The present study investigates the relationship between the Zn status (as a function of Zn concentration and time) in the rat liver and the occurrence of hepatic MT. For dose dependent study, four experimental groups, one control and three receiving different levels of metal supplementation, were chosen [Group 1 control and Group 2, Group 3, Group 4 receiving subcutaneous dose of 10, 50 and 100 mg of Zn/kg body weight (in the form of ZnSO4·7H2O), respectively]...
October 2017: Protein Journal
Letitia Shunmugam, Pritika Ramharack, Mahmoud E S Soliman
Over the last 2 decades, covalent inhibitors have gained much popularity and is living up to its reputation as a powerful tool in drug discovery. Covalent inhibitors possess many significant advantages including increased biochemical efficiency, prolonged duration and the ability to target shallow, solvent exposed substrate-binding domains. However, rapidly mounting concerns over the potential toxicity, highly reactive nature and general lack of selectivity have negatively impacted covalent inhibitor development...
October 2017: Protein Journal
Lara McGillewie, Muthusamy Ramesh, Mahmoud E Soliman
Aspartic proteases are a class of hydrolytic enzymes that have been implicated in a number of diseases such as HIV, malaria, cancer and Alzheimer's. The flap region of aspartic proteases is a characteristic unique structural feature of these enzymes; and found to have a profound impact on protein overall structure, function and dynamics. Flap dynamics also plays a crucial role in drug binding and drug resistance. Therefore, understanding the structure and dynamic behavior of this flap regions is crucial in the design of potent and selective inhibitors against aspartic proteases...
October 2017: Protein Journal
Salama R Abdelraheim, David G Spiller, Alexander G McLennan
The mammalian NUDT13 protein possesses a sequence motif characteristic of the NADH pyrophosphohydrolase subfamily of Nudix hydrolases. Due to the persistent insolubility of the recombinant product expressed in Escherichia coli, active mouse Nudt13 was expressed in insect cells from a baculovirus vector as a histidine-tagged recombinant protein. In vitro, it efficiently hydrolysed NADH to NMNH and AMP and NADPH to NMNH and 2',5'-ADP and had a marked preference for the reduced pyridine nucleotides. Much lower activity was obtained with other nucleotide substrates tested...
October 2017: Protein Journal
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