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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

Maria Fernanda Capoani Garcia Mondelli, Ivan Dos Santos José, Maria Renata José, Natália Barreto Frederigue Lopes
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence pointing to the importance of the evaluation of musical perception through objective and subjective instruments. In Brazil, there is a shortage of instruments that evaluates musical perception. OBJECTIVE: To develop an instrument to evaluate the recognition of traditional Brazilian melodies and investigate the performance of children with typical hearing. METHODS: The study was carried out after approval of the research ethics committee (1...
June 30, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Moncef Sellami, Slim Charfi, Mohamed Amine Chaabouni, Salma Mrabet, Ilhem Charfeddine, Lobna Ayadi, Souha Kallel, Abdelmonem Ghorbel
INTRODUCTION: The fine-needle cytology is being used as a first line of investigation in the diagnosis of head and neck swellings, as it is simple, cost effective and less invasive as compared to biopsy. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the results of the fine-needle non-aspiration cytology of cervical lymphadenopathy and to study the factors influencing the rate of non-diagnosis results. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted on selected patients with cervical lymphadenopathy that had undergone a fine-needle non-aspiration cytology followed by a histological biopsy...
June 28, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Slobodan Savović, Milica Paut Kusturica, Vladimir Kljajić, Maja Buljčik Čupić, Ljiljana Jovančević, Vedrana Pavlović, Aleksandar Rašković
INTRODUCTION: After post-septoplasty nasal packing removal, a certain proportion of nasal secretion occurs, leading to local and sometimes systemic infections. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine if standardized dry ivy leaf extract application after nasal packing removal influences the reduction of nasal secretion and diminish the occurrence of local infections. METHODS: The study included 70 post-septoplasty patients (divided into two equal groups) whose nasal packing was removed on the third day after the procedure...
June 21, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Islan da Penha Nascimento, Anna Alice Almeida, José Diniz, Mariana Lopes Martins, Thaís Mendonça Maia Wanderley Cruz de Freitas, Marine Raquel Diniz da Rosa
INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is a subjective auditory symptom usually associated with a sound, even in the absence of external sound sources. Its diagnosis is complex, and some of the forms of measurement alone or in combination, include self-assessment questionnaires, such as the tinnitus handicap inventory, the visual analog scale and/or pitch and loudness matching. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correlation among three tinnitus measurement methods: tinnitus handicap inventory, visual analog scale and pitch and loudness matching...
June 21, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Thaís Gomes Abrahão Elias, Adriana Perez Neto, Ana Tereza Silveira Zica, Marcos Luiz Antunes, Norma de Oliveira Penido
INTRODUCTION: Intralabyrinthine schwannoma is a rare, benign tumor that affects the most terminal portions of the vestibular and cochlear nerves. This tumor can be classified into 10 subtypes, according to its inner ear location. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a comprehensive review of the most frequent auditory manifestations secondary to the intralabyrinthine schwannoma, describing the possible underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature until October 2017 using the PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases...
June 21, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Francielli Loss Volpatto, Inaê Costa Rechia, Alexandre Hundertmarck Lessa, Cristina Loureiro Chaves Soldera, Maria Inês Dornelles da Costa Ferreira, Márcia Salgado Machado
INTRODUCTION: The action of listening involves a complex interaction between the peripheral and central auditory systems. Central auditory processing disorder can be described as any problem in one or more auditory abilities. Literature reports that behavioral questionnaires and checklists can be applied to screen individuals at risk for central auditory processing disorder. OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze in the national literature questionnaires and checklists for the screening of central auditory processing available in Brazil for the Portuguese language...
June 21, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Hui Su, Yujie Li
INTRODUCTION: For papillary thyroid microcarcinoma patients, the reported incidence of lymph node metastasis is as high as 40%, and these occur mainly in the central compartment of the neck. Because these metastases are difficult to detect using ultrasonography preoperatively, some authors advocate routine central neck dissection in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma patients at the time of initial thyroidectomy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether prophylactic central neck dissection can decrease the local recurrence rate of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma after thyroidectomy...
June 20, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Eduardo Madruga Lombardo, Fábio Luiz Dal Moro Maito, Cláiton Heitz
INTRODUCTION: Solitary plasmacytoma is a rare malignant tumor of plasma cells with no evidence of systemic proliferation. There are two known subtypes: extramedullary solitary plasmacytoma and solitary bone plasmacytoma. The etiology is still unknown. Both lesions present a risk of progression to multiple myeloma. A number of approaches have been used for treatment of solitary plasmacytoma. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a systematic review of the case reports described in the literature, focusing on therapeutic and prognostic aspects...
June 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Fazilet Altin, Yalcin Alimoglu, Resit Murat Acikalin, Husamettin Yasar
INTRODUCTION: Fine needle aspiration biopsy is a valuable tool in preoperative evaluation of head and neck tumors. However, its accuracy in management of salivary gland tumors is debatable. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the efficacy and the accuracy of fine needle aspiration biopsy in parotid gland tumors. METHODS: Patients who underwent parotidectomy between January 2008 and June 2017 due to parotid gland tumor were examined retrospectively...
June 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Halil Basel, Nazim Bozan
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: To report a single center experience with carotid body paraganglioma cases that were treated by the same surgeon in a city with high prevalence of paragangliomas due to high altitude. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the demographic, clinicopathological and radiological data of 104 patients diagnosed with cervical paragangliomas between 2003 and 2017. The patients were classified according to the Shamblin classification. RESULTS: In this study a total of 104 patients (33 male and 71 female, with a mean age of 54...
June 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Gorkem Eskiizmir, Uzdan Uz, Ece Onur, Beyhan Ozyurt, Gizem Karaca Cikrikci, Nevin Sahin, Arzu Oran, Onur Celik
INTRODUCTION: Systemic inflammatory biomarkers are promising predictive and prognostic factors for solid cancers. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and derived neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio are used to predict inflammation and used as biomarker in several malignancies. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the diagnostic, predictive and prognostic role of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and derived neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio in patients with laryngeal neoplasms...
June 8, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Aykut Bozan, Hüseyin Naim Eriş, Denizhan Dizdar, Sercan Göde, Bahar Taşdelen, Hayrettin Cengiz Alpay
INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of septoplasty failure is inferior turbinate hypertrophy that is not treated properly. Several techniques have been described to date: total or partial turbinectomy, submucosal resection (surgical or with a microdebrider), with turbinate outfracture being some of those. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we compared the pre- and postoperative lower turbinate volumes using computed tomography in patients who had undergone septoplasty and compensatory lower turbinate turbinoplasty with those treated with outfracture and bipolar cauterization...
May 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Young-Soo Chang, Sung Hwa Hong, Eun Yeon Kim, Ji Eun Choi, Won-Ho Chung, Yang-Sun Cho, Il Joon Moon
INTRODUCTION: Despite recent advancement in the prediction of cochlear implant outcome, the benefit of bilateral procedures compared to bimodal stimulation and how we predict speech perception outcomes of sequential bilateral cochlear implant based on bimodal auditory performance in children remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: This investigation was performed: (1) to determine the benefit of sequential bilateral cochlear implant and (2) to identify the associated factors for the outcome of sequential bilateral cochlear implant...
May 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Gülay Açar, Mustafa Büyükmumcu, İbrahim Güler
INTRODUCTION: Radiologic evaluation is mandatory to assess the type of endoscopic approach concerning sinonasal pathology and reconstruction of fractured defects before any treatment modalities are instituted related to medial wall of the orbit. OBJECTIVE: The goal was to provide improved understanding of the lamina papyracea variations and the relationship with the orbital morphometry. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed using computed tomography scans of 200 orbits and results were compared with respect to age, sex, laterality and LP variations...
May 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Liege Franzini Tanamati, Lilian Ferreira Muniz, Paola Angélica Samuel, Maria Valéria Schmidt Goffi-Gomez, Gislaine Richter Minhoto Wiemes, Daniele Penna Lima, Sílvia Badur Curi, Lucia Cristina Onuki, Carla Fortunato Queiroz, Ana Karla Bigois Capistrano, Adriane Lima Mortari Moreti, Márcia Yuri Tsumura Kimura, Valeria Oyanguren, Herbert Mauch
INTRODUCTION: The conventional evaluation of neural telemetry and impedance requires the use of the computer coupled to an interface, with software that provides visualization of the stimulus and response. Recently, a remote control (CR220® ) was launched in the market, that allows the performance of intraoperative tests with minimal instrumentation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the agreement of the impedance values and neural telemetry thresholds, and the time of performance in the conventional procedure and by the remote control...
May 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Bahram Jalaei, Mohd Hafiz Afifi Mohd Azmi, Mohd Normani Zakaria
INTRODUCTION: Binaurally evoked auditory evoked potentials have good diagnostic values when testing subjects with central auditory deficits. The literature on speech-evoked auditory brainstem response evoked by binaural stimulation is in fact limited. Gender disparities in speech-evoked auditory brainstem response results have been consistently noted but the magnitude of gender difference has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to compare the magnitude of gender difference in speech-evoked auditory brainstem response results between monaural and binaural stimulations...
May 17, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Dong Hoon Lee, Tae Mi Yoon, Joon Kyoo Lee, Sang Chul Lim
INTRODUCTION: Warthin tumors are the second most common benign tumors of the parotid gland. We examined the clinical features of Warthin tumors in our hospital, and analyzed the consistency within the literatures. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical features of Warthin tumors in our 10-year experience of 118 Warthin tumors undergoing surgery at a single institute. METHODS: From December 2006 to December 2016, 110 patients who underwent surgical treatment for Warthin tumors were identified based on their medical records...
May 16, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Necmi Arslan, Arzu Tuzuner, Alper Koycu, Songul Dursun, Sema Hucumenoglu
INTRODUCTION: In direct proportion to the increasing rate of nasopharynx examinations applied, the early diagnosis and treatment of lesions in this region is possible. At times the clinical findings and the biopsy results are not consistent, so biopsies may have to be repeated. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of pathology test results obtained from cases of nasopharynx biopsy, to determine with which methods determination most often was made, and to investigate which kinds of cases required the biopsy to be repeated...
May 15, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Blazej Grzeskowiak, Malgorzata Wierzchowska, Rafal Walorek, Malgorzata Seredyka-Burduk, Katarzyna Wawrzyniak, Pawel Krzysztof Burduk
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic sinus surgery can lead to crusting or synechiae formation, which can affect the healing process. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the influence of steroid versus antibiotic versus saline solution impregnated absorbable nasal spacers on postoperative wound healing and patient satisfaction. METHODS: Eighty patients, 33 women and 47 men, were enrolled in this study. At the end of the surgery, two pieces of 4cm biodegradable material were applied in each ethmoid cavity...
May 10, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Giampietro Ricci, Arianna Di Stadio, Luca D'Ascanio, Ruggero La Penna, Franco Trabalzini, Antonio Della Volpe, Jacques Magnan
INTRODUCTION: The use of surgical decompression of facial hemispasm due to the loop in the internal auditory canal is not always accepted due to the risk related to the surgical procedure. Currently a new surgical technique allows surgeons to work in safer conditions. OBJECTIVE: To report the results with endoscope-assisted retrosigmoid approach for facial nerve microvascular decompression in hemifacial spasm due to neurovascular conflict. The surgical technique is described...
May 9, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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