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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137881/comparison-between-chloral-hydrate-and-propofol-ketamine-as-sedation-regimens-for-pediatric-auditory-brainstem-response-testing
#1
Kamal Abulebda, Vinit J Patel, Sheikh S Ahmed, Alvaro J Tori, Riad Lutfi, Samer Abu-Sultaneh
INTRODUCTION: The use of diagnostic auditory brainstem response testing under sedation is currently the "gold standard" in infants and young children who are not developmentally capable of completing the test. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to compare a propofol-ketamine regimen to an oral chloral hydrate regimen for sedating children undergoing auditory brainstem response testing. METHODS: Patients between 4 months and 6 years who required sedation for auditory brainstem response testing were included in this retrospective study...
October 28, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137879/identification-and-management-of-inverted-or-everted-edges-of-traumatic-tympanic-membrane-perforations
#2
Zhengcai Lou, Zi-Han Lou
INTRODUCTION: Most of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations have inverted or everted edges, however, the effects of inverted and everted edges on the spontaneous healing of the eardrum remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the influence of inverted or everted edges on the spontaneous healing of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations. METHODS: The clinical records of patients with a traumatic tympanic membrane perforations who met the study criteria were retrieved and categorized into two groups, based on whether the eardrum was inverted or everted...
October 28, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137880/microbioma-and-probiotics-from-gut-to-mars
#3
EDITORIAL
Bruno Acatauassú Paes Barreto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153270/science-as-momentary-truth
#4
LETTER
Leonardo Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128472/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratios-in-the-prognostication-of-primary-non-metastatic-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#5
Kong Yew Liew, Abu Bakar Zulkiflee
INTRODUCTION: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a geographically and racially variable disease which has a high incidence in Malaysia. Based on current concepts in tumour related inflammation the inflammatory marker, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio was tested to find its relationship with prognosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio on prognosis in non-metastatic primary nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients and to further refine the cut off between high and low neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio values...
October 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102398/side-effects-of-intraoral-devices-for-osas-treatment
#6
Andressa Otranto de Britto Teixeira, Ana Luiza Ladeia Andrade, Rhita Cristina da Cunha Almeida, Marco Antonio de Oliveira Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Intraoral devices have increasingly assumed a key role in the treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome, but there are limitations to their indication and side effects that result from their continuous use, as well as the use of the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure device. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changes in dental positioning caused by the continuous use of mandibular advancement devices. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study with a sample of 15 patients, with evaluation of complete documentation after a mean time of 6...
October 14, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102399/a-concealed-giant-peritonsillolith-masquerading-as-oropharyngeal-tumor
#7
Boon Chye Gan, Irfan Mohamad, Norhafiza Mat Lazim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102400/adult-onset-kawasaki-disease-presenting-with-acute-epiglottitis-findings
#8
Daichi Murakami, Gen Sugita, Mehmet Gunduz, Tomohiro Suenaga, Takashi Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Muneki Hotomi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030131/effects-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-systemic-arterial-hypertension-on-elderly-patients-hearing
#9
Laurie Penha Rolim, Alessandra Giannella Samelli, Renata Rodrigues Moreira, Carla Gentile Matas, Itamar de Souza Santos, Isabela Martins Bensenor, Paulo Andrade Lotufo
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases can act as an accelerating factor in the auditory system degeneration. Studies on the association between presbycusis and diabetes mellitus and systemic arterial hypertension have shown controversial conclusions. OBJECTIVE: To compare the initial audiometry (A1) with a subsequent audiometry (A2) performed after a 3 to 4-year interval in a population of elderly patients with diabetes mellitus and/or systemic arterial hypertension, to verify whether hearing loss in these groups is more accelerated when compared to controls without these clinical conditions...
September 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030130/behavioural-and-objective-vestibular-assessment-in-persons-with-osteoporosis-and-osteopenia-a-preliminary-investigation
#10
Aditi Gargeshwari, Raghav Hira Jha, Niraj Kumar Singh, Prawin Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Calcium is vital for the functioning of the inner ear hair cells as well as for the neurotransmitter release that triggers the generation of a nerve impulse. A reduction in calcium level could therefore impair the peripheric vestibular functioning. However, the outcome of balance assessment has rarely been explored in cases with osteopenia and osteoporosis, the medical conditions associated with reduction in calcium levels. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of osteopenia and osteoporosis on the outcomes of behavioural and objective vestibular assessment tests...
September 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030129/laryngeal-and-vocal-alterations-after-thyroidectomy
#11
Renata Mizusaki Iyomasa, José Vicente Tagliarini, Sérgio Augusto Rodrigues, Elaine Lara Mendes Tavares, Regina Helena Garcia Martins
INTRODUCTION: Dysphonia is a common symptom after thyroidectomy. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the vocal symptoms, auditory-perceptual and acoustic vocal, videolaryngoscopy, the surgical procedures and histopathological findings in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. METHODS: Prospective study. Patients submitted to thyroidectomy were evaluated as follows: anamnesis, laryngoscopy, and acoustic vocal assessments. Moments: pre-operative, 1st post (15 days), 2nd post (1 month), 3rd post (3 months), and 4th post (6 months)...
September 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970005/different-cochleovestibular-manifestations-and-outcomes-in-patients-diagnosed-with-dengue
#12
Isabella Marques Pereira Rahme, Geraldo Majela Pereira, Tanit Ganz Sanchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074124/revision-rhinoplasty-physician-patient-esthetic-and-functional-evaluation
#13
Heloisa Nardi Koerner Vian, Cezar Augusto Sarraff Berger, Danielle Candia Barra, Ana Paula Perin
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 5-15% of patients submitted to rhinoplasty operations undergo revision surgery. Those patients have varied functional and esthetic complaints that should receive a detailed assessment that includes all the expectations the patient had before the previous procedure. OBJECTIVE: To draw the profile of the main esthetic-functional complaints reported by patients to be submitted to revision rhinoplasty and to correlate them with the internal and external objective nasal evaluation performed by the surgeon...
September 14, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964693/hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-an-independent-risk-factor-for-papillary-carcinoma
#14
Barbora Uhliarova, Andrej Hajtman
INTRODUCTION: The link between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and thyroid carcinoma (TC) has long been a topic of controversy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of TC and HT coexistence in histopathologic material of thyroidectomized patients. METHODS: In a retrospective study, the clinicohistopathologic data of 2117 patients (1738 females/379 males), who underwent total or partial thyroidectomy for thyroid gland disorder at a single institution from the 1st of January 2005 to the 31st of December 2014 were analyzed...
September 14, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951127/predictive-factors-for-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-after-prolonged-orotracheal-intubation
#15
Ana Carolina Martins de Oliveira, Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche, Marina Silva Salomão, Graziela Chamarelli Bougo, Laélia Cristina Caseiro Vicente
INTRODUCTION: Lesions in the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx due to endotracheal intubation can cause reduction in the local motility and sensitivity, impairing the swallowing process, resulting in oropharyngeal dysphagia. OBJECTIVE: To verify the predictive factors for the development of oropharyngeal dysphagia and the risk of aspiration in patients with prolonged orotracheal intubation admitted to an intensive care unit. METHODS: This is an observational, analytical, cross-sectional and retrospective data collection study of 181 electronic medical records of patients submitted to prolonged orotracheal intubation...
September 13, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017844/buccinator-myomucosal-flap-for-the-treatment-of-velopharyngeal-insufficiency-in-patients-with-cleft-palate-and-or-lip
#16
Rafael Denadai, Anelise Sabbag, Cassio Eduardo Raposo Amaral, João Carlos Pereira Filho, Mirian Hideko Nagae, Cesar Augusto Raposo Amaral
INTRODUCTION: The interpretation of the speech results obtained with the buccinator myomucosal flap in the treatment of velopharyngeal insufficiency in patients with cleft palate has been limited by the restriction in the number of patients and the time of postoperative follow-up. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the buccinator myomucosal flap on speech hypernasality in the treatment of patients with cleft palate and velopharyngeal insufficiency. METHODS: Patients with repaired cleft palate (± lip) who were submitted to surgical correction of velopharyngeal insufficiency using the bilateral buccinator myomucosal flap were assessed...
September 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943288/computed-tomography-evaluation-of-the-morphometry-and-variations-of-the-infraorbital-canal-relating-to-endoscopic-surgery
#17
Gülay Açar, Kemal Emre Özen, İbrahim Güler, Mustafa Büyükmumcu
INTRODUCTION: The course of the infraorbital canal may leave the infraorbital nerve susceptible to injury during reconstructive and endoscopic surgery, particularly when surgically manipulating the roof of the maxillary sinus. OBJECTIVE: We investigated both the morphometry and variations of the infraorbital canal with the aim to show the relationship between them relative to endoscopic approaches. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on paranasal multidetector computed tomography images of 200 patients...
September 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941709/esophagus-foreign-body-in-the-thyroid-gland
#18
Sílvia Miguéis Picado Petrarolha, Rogério Aparecido Dedivitis, Fabíola Garcia Perruccio, Ingrid de Andrade Quirino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918976/validation-of-a-portuguese-version-of-the-health-related-quality-of-life-measure-for-active-chronic-otitis-media-comq-12
#19
Anna Carolina Oliveira Fonseca, Pedro Ramos, Fernando A Balsalobre, Edson L Freitas, John S Phillips, Matthew W Yung, Ricardo F Bento
INTRODUCTION: Measuring the impact on quality of life, especially after the beginning of the treatment, is becoming increasingly important in healthcare. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate the Chronic Otitis Media Questionnaire-12 (COMQ-12) into Portuguese language and validate this version in a group of patients with chronic otitis media. METHODS: The Portuguese version of COMQ-12 was obtained by translation and back translation...
September 1, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888754/effect-of-antioxidant-supplementation-on-the-auditory-threshold-in-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-meta-analysis
#20
Maria Eduarda Di Cavalcanti Alves de Souza, Klinger Vagner Teixeira da Costa, Paulo Augusto Vitorino, Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Pedro de Lemos Menezes
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is conceptualized as any impairment of the ability to hear and/or detect speech or environment sounds, regardless of cause, type, or degree. It may occur at different stages of life; during pregnancy or childbirth, in childhood, adulthood or old age. It should be noted that aging is the most common cause of sensorineural hearing loss followed by noise-induced hearing loss, and both are closely related to the formation of reactive oxygen species. Dietary antioxidant supplementation has been employed as a therapeutic strategy to prevent and/or delay the risks of major human diseases...
August 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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