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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894912/hearing-thresholds-at-high-frequency-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-systematic-review
#1
Debora T M Caumo, Lúcia B Geyer, Adriana R Teixeira, Sérgio S M Barreto
INTRODUCTION: High-frequency audiometry may contribute to the early detection of hearing loss caused by ototoxic medications. Many ototoxic drugs are widely used in the treatment of patients with cystic fibrosis. Early detection of hearing loss should allow known harmful drugs to be identified before the damage affects speech frequencies. The damage caused by ototoxicity is irreversible, resulting in important social and psychological consequences. In children, hearing loss, even when restricted to high frequencies, can affect the development of language...
November 9, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889257/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-shame-and-stigma-scale-sss-into-portuguese-brazil-to-evaluate-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#2
William Eduardo Pirola, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva, Eliane Marçon Barroso, David W Kissane, Claudia Valéria Maseti Pimenta Serrano, Carlos Eduardo Paiva
INTRODUCTION: Head and Neck Cancer (HNC) is the sixth leading cause of death from cancer worldwide and its treatment may involve surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. The surgical procedure may cause mutilating sequelae, that can alter patient self-image. Thus, HNC is often connected to the negative stigma with decreased quality of life. Few studies assess the social stigma and shame perceived by patients with HNC. OBJECTIVE: To perform the translation and cultural adaptation of the Shame and Stigma Scale (SSS) into Portuguese (Brazil)...
November 9, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876393/bilateral-vallecular-cysts
#3
Lucas Spina, Vinícius Zanin Martins, Julio Defaveri, Regina Helena Garcia Martins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865708/effects-of-exposure-to-2100mhz-gsm-like-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-field-on-auditory-system-of-rats
#4
Metin Çeliker, Abdulkadir Özgür, Levent Tümkaya, Suat Terzi, Mustafa Yılmaz, Yıldıray Kalkan, Ender Erdoğan
INTRODUCTION: The use of mobile phones has become widespread in recent years. Although beneficial from the communication viewpoint, the electromagnetic fields (EMF) generated by mobile phones may cause unwanted biological changes in the human body. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of 2100MHz Global System for Mobile communication (GSM-like) electromagnetic field (EMF), generated by an EMF generator, on the auditory system of rats by using electrophysiological, histopathologic and immunohistochemical methods...
November 5, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887817/is-there-a-role-for-regenerative-medicine-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps
#5
EDITORIAL
Fabiana C P Valera, Leandra M Endam, Badr Ibrahim, Emmanuelle Brochiero, Martin Y Desrosiers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838248/ethics-is-the-best-professional-policy
#6
LETTER
Aracy Pereira Silveira Balbani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836645/uncommon-oral-manifestations-of-dengue-viral-infection
#7
Carla Isabelly Rodrigues Fernandes, Luciano Elias da Cruz Perez, Danyel Elias da Cruz Perez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818157/type-1-pediatric-tympanoplasties-using-fascia-and-cartilage-grafts
#8
LETTER
Zheng-Cai Lou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789194/carotid-blowout-syndrome-in-patients-treated-by-larynx-cancer
#9
Carlos Miguel Chiesa Estomba, Frank Alberto Betances Reinoso, Alejandra Osorio Velasquez, Olalla Castro Macia, Maria Jesus Gonzalez Cortés, Jesus Araujo Nores
INTRODUCTION: Carotid blowout syndrome is an uncommon complication for patient treated by head and neck tumours, related with a high mortality rate. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to study the risk of carotid blowout in a large cohort of patients treated only by larynx cancer. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients older than 18 years, treated by larynx cancer who developed a carotid blowout syndrome in a tertiary academic centre...
September 29, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769794/the-potential-role-of-amlodipine-on-experimentally-induced-bacterial-rhinosinusitis
#10
Arzu Tatar, Mukadder Korkmaz, Muhammed Yayla, Elif Polat, Hakan Uslu, Zekai Halici, Secil N Parlak
INTRODUCTION: For the treatment of rhinosinusitis antibiotics are used frequently. Concerns have been raised regarding the adverse effects of antibiotics and growing resistance. The lack of discovery of new antibiotic compounds has increased the necessity for exploration of non-antibiotic compounds that have antibacterial activity. Amlodipine is a non-antibiotic compound with anti-inflammatory activity. OBJECTIVE: In this study we aimed to investigate the potential role of amlodipine in treatment of rhinosinusitis by evaluating its effects on tissue oxidative status, mucosal histology and inflammation...
September 28, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746123/subjective-visual-vertical-after-treatment-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#11
Maristela Mian Ferreira, Maurício Malavasi Ganança, Heloisa Helena Caovilla
INTRODUCTION: Otolith function can be studied by testing the subjective visual vertical, because the tilt of the vertical line beyond the normal range is a sign of vestibular dysfunction. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a disorder of one or more labyrinthine semicircular canals caused by fractions of otoliths derived from the utricular macula. OBJECTIVE: To compare the subjective visual vertical with the bucket test before and immediately after the particle repositioning maneuver in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo...
September 28, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769795/comparison-of-nerve-combing-and-percutaneous-radiofrequency-thermocoagulation-in-the-treatment-for-idiopathic-trigeminal-neuralgia
#12
Yuanfeng Du, Wenhua Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765530/free-field-word-recognition-test-in-the-presence-of-noise-in-normal-hearing-adults
#13
Gleide Viviani Maciel Almeida, Angela Ribas, Jorge Calleros
INTRODUCTION: In ideal listening situations, subjects with normal hearing can easily understand speech, as can many subjects who have a hearing loss. OBJECTIVE: To present the validation of the Word Recognition Test in a Free Field in the Presence of Noise in normal-hearing adults. METHODS: Sample consisted of 100 healthy adults over 18 years of age with normal hearing. After pure tone audiometry, a speech recognition test was applied in free field condition with monosyllables and disyllables, with standardized material in three listening situations: optimal listening condition (no noise), with a signal to noise ratio of 0dB and a signal to noise ratio of -10dB...
September 27, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765529/identification-of-key-genes-involved-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#14
Xue Jiang, Lichun Feng, Baoqiang Dai, Liping Li, Weiwei Lu
INTRODUCTION: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is the most common cancer originating from the nasopharynx. OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanisms of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, we analyzed GSE12452 microarray data. METHODS: GSE12452 was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database and included 31 nasopharyngeal carcinoma samples and 10 normal nasopharyngeal tissue samples. The differentially expressed genes were screened by ANOVA in the PGS package...
September 26, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670203/association-between-desloratadine-and-prednisolone-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-acute-symptoms-of-allergic-rhinitis-a-double-blind-randomized-and-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Gustavo F Wandalsen, Carolina Miranda, Luis Felipe Ensina, Flavio Sano, Roberto Bleul Amazonas, Joyce Macedo da Silva, Dirceu Solé
INTRODUCTION: A combination of antihistamines and oral corticosteroids is often used to treat acute symptoms of allergic rhinitis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of desloratadine plus prednisolone in the treatment of acute symptoms of children (2-12 years) with allergic rhinitis, and to compare it to dexchlorpheniramine plus betamethasone. METHODS: Children with moderate/severe persistent allergic rhinitis and symptomatic (nasal symptoms score [0-12]≥6) were allocated in a double-blind, randomized fashion to receive dexchlorpheniramine plus betamethasone (n=105; three daily doses) or desloratadine plus prednisolone (n=105; single dose followed by two of placebo) for 7 days...
September 13, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670202/significant-association-between-osteoporosis-and-hearing-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Sikarin Upala, Pattara Rattanawong, Wasawat Vutthikraivit, Anawin Sanguankeo
INTRODUCTION: There is inconclusive evidence whether osteoporosis increases risk of hearing loss in current literature. OBJECTIVE: We conducted this meta-analysis to determine whether there is an association between hearing loss and osteoporosis. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted from the studies in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and LILACS. Osteoporosis was defined as having a bone mineral density (BMD) with a T-score of less than -2...
September 12, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658749/are-people-who-have-a-better-smell-sense-more-affected-from-satiation
#17
Seckin Ulusoy, Mehmet Emre Dinc, Abdullah Dalgic, Murat Topak, Denizhan Dizdar, Abdulhalim İs
INTRODUCTION: The olfactory system is affected by the nutritional balance and chemical state of the body, serving as an internal sensor. All bodily functions are affected by energy loss, including olfaction; hunger can alter odour perception. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the effect of fasting on olfactory perception in humans, and also assessed perceptual changes during satiation. METHODS: The "Sniffin' Sticks" olfactory test was applied after 16h of fasting, and again at least 1h after Ramadan supper during periods of satiation...
September 12, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649633/congenital-malleus-bar-without-congenital-aural-stenosis-or-atresia
#18
Hong Chan Kim, Chul Ho Jang, Chung Man Sung, Eun Kyung Jung, Yong Beom Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649632/hearing-handicap-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-study-of-the-different-classifications-of-the-degree-of-hearing-loss
#19
Klinger Vagner Teixeira da Costa, Sonia Maria Soares Ferreira, Pedro de Lemos Menezes
INTRODUCTION: The association between hearing loss and chronic kidney disease and hemodialysis has been well documented. However, the classification used for the degree of loss may underestimate the actual diagnosis due to specific characteristics related to the most affected auditory frequencies. Furthermore, correlations of hearing loss and hemodialysis time with hearing handicap remain unknown in this population. OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of Lloyd's and Kaplan's and The Bureau Internacional d'Audiophonologie classifications in chronic kidney disease patients, and to correlate the averages calculated by their formulas with hemodialysis time and the hearing handicap...
September 10, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665688/local-allergic-rhinitis
#20
EDITORIAL
João Ferreira de Mello Junior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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