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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

Yavuz Sultan Selim Yıldırım, Irfan Kaygusuz, Ibrahim Hanifi Ozercan, Hasan Cetiner, Oner Sakallioglu, Abdulvahap Akyigit, Sertac Duzer
INTRODUCTION: Submandibular glands are exposed to many effects due to diseases and therapeutic interventions. A study evaluating the effect of submandibular gland dysfunction on the parotid gland has not been presented in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the histopathological changes in the parotid gland following submandibular gland failure. METHODS: Three groups of seven randomly selected female New Zealand rabbits weighing 2500-3000g were studied...
April 24, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Pablo Pinillos Marambaia, Manuela Garcia Lima, Hélder Macario, Amaury de Machado Gomes, Leonado Marques Gomes, Melina Pinillos Marambaia, Otávio Marambaia Dos Santos
INTRODUCTION: Quality-of-life questionnaires have been used to support decision-making in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis in the past decade. The choice of treatment in practice, however, also considers the patient's decision. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term quality of life of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who decided to avoid surgery. METHODS: This is a prospective longitudinal study with a group of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis, with and without indication for surgery, with application of the questionnaire SNOT-22 in two periods: between 2011 and 2012 and between June and August 2016, via email...
April 22, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Shraddha Jain, Sagar Gaurkar, Prasad T Deshmukh, Mohnish Khatri, Sanika Kalambe, Pooja Lakhotia, Deepshikha Chandravanshi, Ashish Disawal
INTRODUCTION: Various aspects of the round window anatomy and anatomy of posterior tympanum have relevant implications for designing cochlear implant electrodes and visualizing the round window through facial recess. Preoperative information about possible anatomical variations of the round window and its relationships to the adjacent neurovascular structures can help reduce complications in cochlear implant surgery. OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to assess the common variations in round window anatomy and the relationships to structures of the tympanum that may be relevant for cochlear implant surgery...
April 19, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Ricardo Landini Lutaif Dolci, Alexandre Bossi Todeschini, Américo Rubens Leite Dos Santos, Paulo Roberto Lazarini
INTRODUCTION: One of the main concerns in endoscopic endonasal approaches to the skull base has been the high incidence and morbidity associated with cerebrospinal fluid leaks. The introduction and routine use of vascularized flaps allowed a marked decrease in this complication followed by a great expansion in the indications and techniques used in endoscopic endonasal approaches, extending to defects from huge tumours and previously inaccessible areas of the skull base. OBJECTIVE: Describe the technique of performing endoscopic double flap multi-layered reconstruction of the anterior skull base without craniotomy...
April 19, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Fernanda Pires Gallardo, Ektor Tsuneo Onishi, Francisco Iure Lira, Flávia Barros Suzuki, José Ricardo Gurgel Testa
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Eustachian tube dysfunction can cause several symptoms and middle ear conditions that can impact patient quality of life. It is estimated to be relatively frequent, affecting approximately 5% of adults. The diagnostic tools for this condition are still inadequate. In 2012, McCoul et al. published a questionnaire for the evaluation of Eustachian tube dysfunction named ETDQ-7. They established its replicability and validity. The cutoff point for the diagnosis of chronic Eustachian tube dysfunction was equal to or greater than 14...
April 19, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Kamile Leonardi Dutra, Lunardo Longo, Liliane Janete Grando, Elena Riet Correa Rivero
INTRODUCTION: Reactive hyperplastic lesions develop in response to a chronic injury simulating an exuberant tissue repair response. They represent some of the most common oral lesions including inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia, oral pyogenic granuloma, giant cell fibroma, peripheral ossifying fibroma, and peripheral giant cell lesions. OBJECTIVE: The incidence of those lesions was investigated in an oral pathology service, and the clinical characteristics, associated etiological factors, concordance between the clinical and histopathological diagnostic was determined...
April 17, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Fábio Azevedo Caparroz, Milena de Almeida Torres Campanholo, Caroline Gomez Regina, Sung Woo Park, Leonardo Haddad, Luís Carlos Gregório, Fernanda Louise Martinho Haddad
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and laryngopharyngeal reflux are diseases with a high prevalence in the overall population; however, it remains unclear whether they are diseases with the same risk factors present in the same populations or if there is any association between them. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and determine the prevalence of laryngopharyngeal reflux in patients with moderate and severe obstructive apnea syndrome and also to determine its predictive factors...
April 14, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Asli Tanrivermis Sayit, Hediye Pinar Gunbey, Dilek Saglam, Emre Gunbey, Semsettin Kardas, Cetin Celenk
INTRODUCTION: Otitis media, mastoiditis or the pressure effect of tumorous lesions such as cholesteatoma can be the cause of facial canal dehiscence and facial nerve paralysis. The most common segment involved in dehiscence is the tympanic segment and the second most common is the lateral aspect of the facial canal in the oval window area. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of the facial canal dehiscence and the relationship between the angle at the second genu of the facial nerve and facial canal dehiscence...
April 14, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Caroline Fernandes Rimoli, Regina Helena Garcia Martins, Daniele Cristina Catâneo, Rui Imamura, Antonio José Maria Catâneo
INTRODUCTION: Laryngeal granulomas post intubation are benign but recurrent lesions. There is no consensus for its treatment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the effectiveness of different treatment modalities for primary or recurrent laryngeal granulomas resulting from endotracheal intubation. METHODS: Systematic review and proportional meta-analysis. Eligibility criteria - experimental or observational studies with at least five subjects. Outcomes studied - granuloma resolution, recurrence, and time for resolution...
April 14, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Gülpembe Bozkurt, Arzu Yasemin Korkut, Pınar Soytaş, Senem Kurt Dizdar, Zeynep Nur Erol
INTRODUCTION: Although the red cell distribution width has been reported as a reliable predictor of prognosis in several types of cancer, to our knowledge few reports have focused on the prognostic value of red cell distribution width in laryngeal carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore whether the pretreatment red cell distribution width predicted recurrence in laryngeal cancer patients is a simple, reproducible, and inexpensive prognostic biomarker. METHODS: All laryngeal cancer patients who underwent curative surgery (n=132) over a 7 year study period were evaluated...
April 13, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Korhan Kilic, Muhammed Sedat Sakat, Fazile Nur Ekinci Akdemir, Serkan Yildirim, Yavuz Selim Saglam, Seda Askin
INTRODUCTION: Cisplatin is an antineoplastic agent widely used in the treatment of a variety of cancers. Ototoxicity is one of the main side-effects restricting the use of cisplatin. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective efficacy of gallic acid, in biochemical, functional and histopathological terms, against ototoxicity induced by cisplatin. METHODS: Twenty-eight female Sprague Dawley rats were included. Rats were randomly assigned into four groups of seven animals each...
April 7, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Iara Buriola Trevisan, Ubiratan de Paula Santos, Marceli Rocha Leite, Aline Duarte Ferreira, Bruna Spolador de Alencar Silva, Ana Paula Coelho Figueira Freire, Gabriel Faustino Santa Brigida, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, Dionei Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Burnt sugarcane harvesting requires intense physical exertion in an environment with high temperatures and exposure to particulate matter. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of burnt sugarcane harvesting on rhinitis symptoms and inflammatory markers in sugarcane workers. METHODS: 32 male sugarcane workers were evaluated with questionnaire for rhinitis symptoms, and for inflammatory markers on peripheral blood and nasal lavage, in the non-harvesting, and 3 and 6 months into the sugarcane harvesting period...
April 5, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Gustavo Polacow Korn, Anna Carolina Villar, Renata Rangel Azevedo
INTRODUCTION: An air traffic controller is a professional who performs air traffic control functions in air traffic control units and is responsible for controlling the various stages of a flight. OBJECTIVE: To compare hoarseness and vocal tract discomfort and their risk factors among air traffic controllers in the approach control of São Paulo. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, a voice self-evaluation adapted from to self-evaluation prepared by the Brazilian Ministry of Labor for teachers was administered to 76 air traffic controllers at approach control of São Paulo, Brazil...
April 5, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Anna Sumarroca, Elena Rodríguez-Bauzà, Joan Lop-Gros, Jacinto García, Montserrat López, Miquel Quer, Xavier León
INTRODUCTION: The pectoralis major flap is a reconstructive option to consider in the treatment of pharyngocutaneous fistula after a total laryngectomy. There are not large studies assessing variables related to pharyngocutaneous fistula recurrence after removal of the larynx. Our objectives were to review the results obtained with this type of treatment when pharyngocutaneous fistula appears in laryngectomized patients, and to evaluate variables related to the results. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our results using either a myocutaneous or fasciomuscular pectoralis major flap to repair pharyngocutaneous fistula in 50 patients...
April 5, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Katherine Gautschi-Mills, Katijah Khoza-Shangase, Dhanashree Pillay
INTRODUCTION: The preservation of residual hearing is becoming increasingly important in cochlear implant surgery. Conserving residual hearing is a positive prognostic indicator for improved hearing abilities. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the study was to explore the preservation of residual hearing following cochlear implantation in a group of recipients at two major cochlear implant centers. METHODS: A quantitative paradigm was adopted and exploratory research conducted within a retrospective data review design...
March 24, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Selçuk Güneş, Kadir Serkan Orhan, Bora Başaran, Mehmet Çelik, Erkan Kıyak
INTRODUCTION: Laryngeal cancer is the most common cancer of the upper respiratory tract. The main methods of treatment included surgery (partial laryngectomy and total laryngectomy) and radiation therapy. Laryngeal dysfunction is seen after both treatment modalities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to compare postoperative functional results of the standard supracricoid partial laryngectomy technique and a modified supracricoid partial laryngectomy technique using the sternohyoid muscle...
March 24, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Nádia Giulian de Carvalho, Thalita Ubiali, Maria Isabel Ramos do Amaral, Maria Francisca Colella Santos
INTRODUCTION: Central auditory processing screening in schoolchildren has led to debates in literature, both regarding the protocol to be used and the importance of actions aimed at prevention and promotion of auditory health. Defining effective screening procedures for central auditory processing is a challenge in Audiology. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the scientific research on central auditory processing screening and discuss the effectiveness of the procedures utilized...
March 22, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Fúlvia Eduarda da Silva, Tanit Ganz Sanchez
INTRODUCTION: Misophonia is characterized by the aversion to very selective sounds, which evoke a strong emotional reaction. It has been inferred that misophonia, as well as tinnitus, is associated with hyperconnectivity between auditory and limbic systems. Individuals with bothersome tinnitus may have selective attention impairment, but it has not been demonstrated in case of misophonia yet. OBJECTIVE: To characterize a sample of misophonic subjects and compare it with two control groups, one with tinnitus individuals (without misophonia) and the other with asymptomatic individuals (without misophonia and without tinnitus), regarding the selective attention...
March 21, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Bruno César Ladeira Vidigal, Carolina Morsani Mordente, Paula Loureiro Cheib, Flávio Ricardo Manzi, Letícia Paiva Franco, Helena Maria Gonçalves Becker, Bernardo Quiroga Souki
INTRODUCTION: Imaging studies have hystorically been used to support the clinical otorhinolaryngological evaluation of the upper respiratory tract for the diagnosis of obstructive causes of oral breathing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare 3D volumetric measurements of nasal cavity, nasopharynx and oropharynx of obstructed mouth-breathing children with measurements of non-obstructed mouth-breathing children. METHODS: This retrospective study included 25 mouth-breathing children aged 5-9 years evaluated by otorhinolaryngological clinical examination, flexible nasoendoscopy and full-head multi-slice computed tomography...
March 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Letícia P Schmidt Rosito, Inesângela Canali, Adriane Teixeira, Mauricio Noschang Silva, Fábio Selaimen, Sady Selaimen da Costa
INTRODUCTION: Labyrinthine fistula is one of the most common complications associated with cholesteatoma. It represents an erosive loss of the endochondral bone overlying the labyrinth. Reasons for cholesteatoma-induced labyrinthine fistula are still poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate patients with cholesteatoma, in order to identify possible risk factors or clinical findings associated with labyrinthine fistula. Secondary objectives were to determine the prevalence of labyrinthine fistula in the study cohort, to analyze the role of computed tomography and to describe the hearing results after surgery...
March 9, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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