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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

Ahmet Kutluhan, Hüseyin Çetin, Hayati Kale, Özmen Kara, Halil İbrahim Mişe, Tolga Oğuzhan, Kadir Şinasi Bulut
INTRODUCTION: Chronic rhinosinusitis is a broad clinical syndrome characterized by mucosal inflammation of the nose and paranasal sinuses. In order for the paranasal sinuses to maintain their physiological functions; the ostiomeatal complex drainage pathways must be open. Surgical procedures are an important treatment option in patients who do not respond adequately to medical treatment. Although the methods and instruments used in functional endoscopic sinus surgery have continued to improve in recent years, the scar tissue formed during operation disrupts the drainage of the sinuses and reduces postoperative success...
October 22, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Carlos Alberto Ferreira de Freitas, Luiz Roberto Medina Dos Santos, Andreza Negreli Santos, Augusto Barreto do Amaral Neto, Lenine Garcia Brandão
INTRODUCTION: The anatomical complexity of the jugular foramen makes surgical procedures in this region delicate and difficult. Due to the advances in surgical techniques, approaches to the jugular foramen became more frequent, requiring improvement of the knowledge of this region anatomy. OBJECTIVE: To study the anatomy of the jugular foramen, internal jugular vein and glossopharyngeal, vagus and accessory nerves, and to identify the anatomical relationships among these structures in the jugular foramen region and lateral-pharyngeal space...
October 9, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Sergei V Jargin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mahmut Huntürk Atilla, Selda Kargın Kaytez, Gülin Gökçen Kesici, Sibel Baştimur, Sebahattin Tuncer
INTRODUCTION: Adenoidectomy can be performed with many ways, including curettage and microdebrider endoscopic-assisted adenoidectomy. Those two techniques have advantages and disadvantages. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to research the effects of curettage adenoidectomy and endoscopic-assisted microdebrider adenoidectomy on the tympanum pressures in pediatric patients with adenoid hypertrophy without otitis media with effusion. METHODS: This prospective descriptive study was performed with 65 patients who had a normal tympanic membrane and normal tympanogram and then underwent adenoidectomy or adenotonsillectomy for adenoid and tonsil hypertrophy...
September 25, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Wilma Terezinha Anselmo-Lima, Shirley Shizue Nagata Pignatari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Thiago Freire Pinto Bezerra, Aldo Stamm, Wilma Teresinha Anselmo-Lima, Marco Aurélio Fornazieri, Nelson D'Ávila Melo, Leonardo Balsalobre, Geraldo Pereira Jotz, Henrique Zaquia Leão, André Alencar Araripe Nunes, Alexandre Felippu, Antonio Carlos Cedin, Carlos D Pinheiro-Neto, Diego Lima Oliveira, Eulalia Sakano, Eduardo Macoto Kosugi, Elizabeth Araújo, Fabiana Cardoso Pereira Valera, Fábio de Rezende Pinna, Fabrizio Ricci Romano, Francine Grecco de Melo Pádua, Henrique Faria Ramos, João Telles, Leonardo Conrado Barbosa de Sá, Leopoldo Marques D'Assunção Filho, Luiz Ubirajara Sennes, Luis Carlos Gregório Gregório, Marcelo H Sampaio, Marco César Jorge Dos Santos, Marco Franca, Marcos Mocellin, Marcus Miranda Lessa, Melissa Ameloti G Avelino, Miguel Tepedino, Nilvano Alves de Andrade, Otavio B Piltcher, Renato Roithmann, Renata Mendonça Pilan, Roberto Campos Meireles, Roberto Eustáquio Guimarães, Rodrigo de Paula Santos, Rogério Pezato, Shirley Pignatari, Tatiana Telles Abdo, Victor Nakajima, Washington Almeida, Richard L Voegels
INTRODUCTION: Functional endonasal endoscopic surgery is a frequent surgical procedure among otorhinolaryngologists. In 2014, the European Society of Rhinology published the "European Position Paper on the Anatomical Terminology of the Internal Nose and Paranasal Sinuses", aiming to unify the terms in the English language. We do not yet have a unified terminology in the Portuguese language. OBJECTIVE: Transcultural adaptation of the anatomical terms of the nose and paranasal cavities of the "European Anatomical Terminology of the Internal Nose and Paranasal Sinuses" to Portuguese...
September 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mehmet Akif Somdaş, İnayet Güntürk, Esra Balcıoğlu, Deniz Avcı, Cevat Yazıcı, Saim Özdamar
INTRODUCTION: Ototoxicity is a health problem appearing after powerful treatments in serious health conditions. It is sometimes inevitable when treatment of the serious disease is required. Cisplatin is an antineoplastic agent which was investigated previously to reveal increased nitrogen and reactive oxygen radicals that damages hair cells, resulting in ototoxicity. N-acetylcysteine, previously shown to decrease ototoxicity caused by different agents, is known to be a powerful in vitro antioxidant...
September 14, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Gustavo Polacow Korn, Marcos André de Sarvat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Vitor Guo Chen, Viviane Maria Guerreiro da Fonseca, Jônatas Bussador Amaral, Cíntia Meirelles Camargo-Kosugi, Gustavo Moreira, Eduardo Macoto Kosugi, Reginaldo Raimundo Fujita
INTRODUCTION: Obstrutive sleep apnea syndrome is characterized by repeated episodes of upper airway obstruction, associated with intermittent hypoxia and hypercapnia, and the main risk factor in childhood is adenotonsillar hypertrophy. The lymphocytes in these structures are responsible for local and systemic immune responses. OBJECTIVE: Verify the levels of the inflammatory markers, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-15, TNF-α, CRP and α1-GP, in the tonsils of children with and without obstructive sleep apnea syndrome...
August 31, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Sthella Zanchetta, Humberto Oliveira Simões, Pamela Papile Lunardelo, Marina de Oliveira Canavezi, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Reis, Eduardo Tanaka Massuda
INTRODUCTION: Patient-reported outcome measures, inventory and or questionnaire, allow patients to present their perspective of the impact of their individual condition on a day-to-day basis, independent of the analysis of test results by the expert clinician. Outcome measures are recommended when there is evidence showing their reliability, validity and sensitivity. There are standardized patient-reported outcome measures for hearing in English language; however, other languages lack these instruments...
August 30, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Andressa Vital Rocha, Maria Fernanda Capoani Garcia Mondelli
INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is present in a large part of chronic health complaints, and it is considered a public health problem injurious to the individual's quality of life. Considering the increase of the world population associated with an increase of life expectancy, tinnitus remains a cause for medical concern, since during aging the occurrence of auditory impairments due to the deterioration of the peripheral auditory structures and central impairs the quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze the applicability of real ear measurements for audiological intervention of tinnitus through specific evaluation, selection, verification and validation of the hearing aids combined with the sound generator...
August 23, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Kerem Sami Kaya, Bilge Türk, Mahmut Cankaya, Nurullah Seyhun, Berna Uslu Coşkun
INTRODUCTION: The face is the most important factor affecting the physical appearance of a person. In facial aesthetics, there is a specific mathematical proportion, which is called golden proportion, used to measure and analyse facial aesthetic qualities in population. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to measure the facial soft tissue proportions which would help to constitute a standard for facial beauty and diagnose facial differences and anomalies and to compare these proportions to the golden proportion...
August 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Gabriela Felix Lazarini Almeida, Marcella Ferrari Martins, Lucas Bevilacqua Alves da Costa, Orozimbo Alves da Costa, Ana Claudia Martinho de Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: The use of the bilateral cochlear implants can promote the symmetrical development of the central auditory pathways, thus benefiting the development of auditory abilities and improving sound localization and the ability of auditory speech perception in situations of competitive noise. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of speech perception in children and adolescents using sequential bilateral cochlear implants, considering the association of these variables: age at surgery, time of device use and interval between surgeries...
August 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Noemi Grigoletto de Biase, Gustavo Polacow Korn, Grazzia Guglielmino, Paulo Pontes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Fernando de Andrade Quintanilha Ribeiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Amanda Dos Humildes Maia Santos, Afonso Paranhos Silva Santos, Henrique Souza Santos, Adriana Campos da Silva
INTRODUCTION: Due to the subjectivity of the tinnitus diagnosis and its diverse etiologies, establishing an effective treatment is complex. In this context, transcranial direct current stimulation, a noninvasive option, is available for most patients and has shown good results in the treatment of other symptoms such as chronic pain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic response of tinnitus to transcranial direct current stimulation. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed using the following descriptors: tinnitus, transcranial direct current stimulation and randomized clinical trial...
September 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Karinna Veríssimo Meira Taveira, Rosane Sampaio Santos, Bianca Lopes Cavalcante de Leão, José Stechman Neto, Leandro Pernambuco, Letícia Korb da Silva, Graziela De Luca Canto, André Luís Porporatti
INTRODUCTION: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a highly prevalent comorbidity in neurological patients and presents a serious health threat, which may lead to outcomes of aspiration pneumonia, ranging from hospitalization to death. This assessment proposes a non-invasive, acoustic-based method to differentiate between individuals with and without signals of penetration and aspiration. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated the diagnostic validity of different methods for assessment of swallowing sounds, when compared to videofluroscopy swallowing study to detect oropharyngeal dysphagia...
September 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Bruno Gama Magalhães, Jaciel Leandro de Melo Freitas, André Cavalcanti da Silva Barbosa, Maria Cecília Scheidegger Neves Gueiros, Simone Guimarães Farias Gomes, Aronita Rosenblatt, Arnaldo de França Caldas Júnior
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular disorder is an umbrella term for various clinical problems affecting the muscles of mastication, temporomandibular joint and associated structures. This disorder has a multifactor etiology, with oral parafunctional habits considered an important co-factor. Among such habits, sleep bruxism is considered a causal agent involved in the initiation and/or perpetuation of temporomandibular disorder. That condition can result in pain otologic symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between temporomandibular disorder and both otologic symptoms and bruxism...
September 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Maria Stella Arantes do Amaral, Thiago A Damico, Alina S Gonçales, Ana C M B Reis, Myriam de Lima Isaac, Eduardo T Massuda, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear Implant is a sensory prosthesis capable of restoring hearing in patients with severe or profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if there is a better side to be implanted in post-lingual patients. METHODS: Retrospective longitudinal study. Participants were 40 subjects, of both sex, mean age of 47 years, with post-lingual hearing loss, users of unilateral cochlear implant for more than 12 months and less than 24 months, with asymmetric auditor reserve between the ears (difference of 10dBNA, In at least one of the frequencies with a response, between the ears), divided into two groups...
September 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Camila Barbosa Barcelos, Paula Angélica Lorenzon Silveira, Renata Lígia Vieira Guedes, Aline Nogueira Gonçalves, Luciana Dall'Agnol Siqueira Slobodticov, Elisabete Carrara-de Angelis
INTRODUCTION: Patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis may demonstrate different degrees of voice perturbation depending on the position of the paralyzed vocal fold. Understanding the effectiveness of voice therapy in this population may be an important coefficient to define the therapeutic approach. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the voice therapy effectiveness in the short, medium and long-term in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis and determine the risk factors for voice rehabilitation failure...
September 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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