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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339029/degree-of-tinnitus-improvement-with-stapes-surgery-a-review
#1
Aliciane Mota G Cavalcante, Isabella Monteiro de Castro Silva, Bianca Jessica Neves, Carlos Augusto Oliveira, Fayez Bahmad
INTRODUCTION: Otospongiosis is temporal bone osteodystrophy, characterized by disordered bone resorption and neoformation in genetically predisposed individuals. Clinically, otospongiosis is characterized by progressive conductive and/or mixed hearing loss and by tinnitus. OBJECTIVE: A review of the last two decades of publications that report the degree of tinnitus improvement with stapes surgery. METHODS: 125 articles published in the last 20 years mentioning the relationship between otosclerosis and tinnitus...
January 5, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339027/a-comparative-study-of-osteopontin-and-mmp-2-protein-expression-in-peripheral-and-central-giant-cell-granuloma-of-the-jaws
#2
Nooshin Mohtasham, Nasrollah Saghravanian, Bahareh Fatemi, Mehdi Vahedi, Monavar Afzal-Aghaee, Hamideh Kadeh
INTRODUCTION: Oral peripheral and central giant cell granulomas are lesions with little-known etiology and pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare matrix metalloproteinases-2 and osteopontin protein expression in the multinucleated giant cells and mononuclear cells of the peripheral and central giant cell granuloma lesions. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the presence of matrix metalloproteinases-2 and osteopontin in 37 cases of central giant cell granuloma and 37 cases of peripheral giant cell granuloma paraffin blocks were assessed by streptavidin-biotin immunohistochemistry...
December 27, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339028/overexpression-of-cdc7-in-malignant-salivary-gland-tumors-correlates-with-tumor-differentiation
#3
Zohreh Jaafari-Ashkavandi, Mohammad Javad Ashraf, Ali Asghar Abbaspoorfard
INTRODUCTION: Cell division cycle-7 protein is a serine/threonine kinase that has a basic role in cell cycle regulation and is a potential prognostic or therapeutic target in some human cancers. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the expression of cell division cycle-7 protein in benign and malignant salivary gland tumors and also its correlation with clinicopathologic factors. METHODS: Immunohistochemical expression of cell division cycle-7 was evaluated in 46 cases, including 15 adenoid cystic carcinoma, 12 mucoepidermoid carcinoma, 14 pleomorphic adenoma, and 5 normal salivary glands...
December 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339025/electroacoustic-verification-of-frequency-modulation-systems-in-cochlear-implant-users
#4
Vanessa Luisa Destro Fidêncio, Regina Tangerino de Souza Jacob, Liége Franzini Tanamati, Érika Cristina Bucuvic, Adriane Lima Mortari Moret
INTRODUCTION: The frequency modulation system is a device that helps to improve speech perception in noise and is considered the most beneficial approach to improve speech recognition in noise in cochlear implant users. According to guidelines, there is a need to perform a check before fitting the frequency modulation system. Although there are recommendations regarding the behavioral tests that should be performed at the fitting of the frequency modulation system to cochlear implant users, there are no published recommendations regarding the electroacoustic test that should be performed...
December 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337014/the-anatomic-analysis-of-the-vidian-canal-and-the-surrounding-structures-concerning-vidian-neurectomy-using-computed-tomography-scans
#5
Gülay Açar, Aynur Emine Çiçekcibaşı, İbrahim Çukurova, Kemal Emre Özen, Muzaffer Şeker, İbrahim Güler
INTRODUCTION: The type of endoscopic approach chosen for vidian neurectomy can be specified by evaluating the vidian canal and the surrounding sphenoid sinus structures. OBJECTIVE: The variations and morphometry of the vidian canal were investigated, focusing on the functional correlations between them which are crucial anatomical landmarks for preoperative planning. METHODS: This study was performed using paranasal multidetector computed tomography images that were obtained with a section thickening of 0...
December 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337012/expanding-the-limits-of-endoscopic-intraorbital-tumor-resection-using-3-dimensional-reconstruction
#6
Luciano Lobato Gregorio, Nicolas Y Busaba, Marcel M Miyake, Suzanne K Freitag, Benjamin S Bleier
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic orbital surgery is a nascent field and new tools are required to assist with surgical planning and to ascertain the limits of the tumor resectability. OBJECTIVE: We purpose to utilize three-dimensional radiographic reconstruction to define the theoretical lateral limit of endoscopic resectability of primary orbital tumors and to apply these boundary conditions to surgical cases. METHODS: A three-dimensional orbital model was rendered in 4 representative patients presenting with primary orbital tumors using OsiriX open source imaging software...
December 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331352/factors-associated-with-voice-disorders-among-the-elderly-a-systematic-review
#7
Amanda Cibelly Brito Gois, Leandro de Araújo Pernambuco, Kenio Costa de Lima
INTRODUCTION: During the aging process, natural modifications occur in the larynx and the structures involved in phonation which explain the specific characteristics found in the voices of elderly persons. When, at any moment, a voice fails and there is interference with communication, a voice disorder has occurred. This can generate disadvantages in communicative efficiency and have a negative impact on quality of life, compromising mechanisms of socialization, the maintenance of autonomy, and the sense of well-being...
December 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331351/endoscopic-surgery-of-the-frontoethmoidal-osteomas
#8
LETTER
Tomasz Gotlib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339026/tinnitus-and-sound-intolerance-evidence-and-experience-of-a-brazilian-group
#9
Ektor Tsuneo Onishi, Cláudia Couto de Barros Coelho, Jeanne Oiticica, Ricardo Rodrigues Figueiredo, Rita de Cassia Cassou Guimarães, Tanit Ganz Sanchez, Adriana Lima Gürtler, Alessandra Ramos Venosa, André Luiz Lopes Sampaio, Andreia Aparecida Azevedo, Anna Paula Batista de Ávila Pires, Bruno Borges de Carvalho Barros, Carlos Augusto Costa Pires de Oliveira, Clarice Saba, Fernando Kaoru Yonamine, Ítalo Roberto Torres de Medeiros, Letícia Petersen Schmidt Rosito, Marcelo José Abras Rates, Márcia Akemi Kii, Mariana Lopes Fávero, Mônica Alcantara de Oliveira Santos, Osmar Clayton Person, Patrícia Ciminelli, Renata de Almeida Marcondes, Ronaldo Kennedy de Paula Moreira, Sandro de Menezes Santos Torres
INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus and sound intolerance are frequent and subjective complaints that may have an impact on a patient's quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To present a review of the salient points including concepts, pathophysiology, diagnosis and approach of the patient with tinnitus and sensitivity to sounds. METHODS: Literature review with bibliographic survey in Pubmed database. Articles and book chapters on tinnitus and sound sensitivity were selected...
December 24, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337013/inferior-turbinectomy-what-is-the-best-technique
#10
EDITORIAL
Renato Roithmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233518/nasal-patency-and-otorhinolaryngologic-orofacial-features-in-children
#11
Jovana de Moura Milanesi, Luana Cristina Berwig, Luiz Henrique Schuch, Rodrigo Agne Ritzel, Ana Maria Toniolo da Silva, Eliane Castilhos Rodrigues Corrêa
INTRODUCTION: Nasal obstruction is a common symptom in childhood, related to rhinitis and pharyngeal tonsil hypertrophy. In the presence of nasal obstruction, nasal patency may be reduced, and nasal breathing is replaced by mouth breathing. Orofacial and otorhinolaryngologic changes are related to this breathing mode. Objective evaluation of upper airways may be obtained through nasal patency measurement. OBJECTIVE: To compare nasal patency and otorhinolaryngologic-orofacial features in children...
November 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203159/long-term-follow-up-of-tonsillectomy-efficacy-in-children-with-pfapa-syndrome
#12
Ozturk Aktas, Hande Gurbuz Aytuluk, Sebla Kumas Caliskan, Omer Erdur, Ahmet Adnan Cirik
INTRODUCTION: The role of tonsillectomy in the periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis, PFAPA syndrome, is controversial. Although some studies reported high success rates with tonsillectomy, further investigations are needed with larger numbers of patients. OBJECTIVE: To seek the long-term outcomes of tonsillectomy in PFAPA syndrome. METHODS: Case series; multi-center study. The study comprised 23 patients with PFAPA syndrome who underwent surgery (tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy) between January 2009 and November 2014...
November 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175036/evaluation-of-postoperative-patient-satisfaction-after-covering-the-nasal-dorsum-with-upper-lateral-cartilage-upper-lateral-closing
#13
Can Alper Çağıcı
INTRODUCTION: Following nasal hump removal during septorhinoplasty, the middle vault should be reconstructed to avoid functional and esthetic problems. Middle vault reconstruction, however, may result in widening of the middle vault and may need a camouflage graft to cover dorsal irregularities. OBJECTIVE: To present the results of reconstructing the middle vault with a technique that covers the nasal dorsum with upper lateral cartilage, from the viewpoint of patient satisfaction...
November 16, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279189/hypoparathyroidism-what-is-the-best-calcium-carbonate-supplementation-intake-form
#14
Loraine Gollino, Maria Fernanda Giovanetti Biagioni, Nathalia Regina Sabatini, José Vicente Tagliarini, José Eduardo Corrente, Sérgio Alberto Rupp de Paiva, Gláucia Maria Ferreira da Silva Mazeto
INTRODUCTION: In hypoparathyroidism, calcium supplementation using calcium carbonate is necessary for the hypocalcemia control. The best calcium carbonate intake form is unknown, be it associated with feeding, juice or in fasting. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the calcium, phosphorus and Calcium×Phosphorus product serum levels of hypoparathyroidism women after total thyroidectomy, following calcium carbonate intake in three different forms. METHODS: A crossover study was carried out with patients presenting definitive hypoparathyroidism, assessed in different situations (fasting, with water, orange juice, breakfast with a one-week washout)...
November 15, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174584/vocal-assessment-of-addicts-on-methadone-therapy-via-the-rbh-scale-and-objective-acoustic-parameters
#15
Veljko Mirkov, Slobodan M Mitrović
INTRODUCTION: A large number of people around the world struggle daily to become free of their addiction to illegal psychoactive substances. In order to create an atmosphere of improved supervision, established communication and improved quality of life for drug addicts, centers have been set up to provide methadone as a substitute. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the research was to assess the vocal features of drug addicts on methadone therapy via subjective and objective parameters, to ascertain if vocal damage has occurred and to determine whether subjective and objective acoustic vocal parameters are related, and how...
November 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174583/the-protective-effects-of-whortleberry-extract-against-cisplatin-induced-ototoxicity-in-rats
#16
Doğukan Özdemir, Abdulkadir Özgür, Yıldıray Kalkan, Suat Terzi, Levent Tümkaya, Adnan Yılmaz, Metin Çeliker, Engin Dursun
INTRODUCTION: Cisplatin is one of the main chemotherapeutic agents used for the treatment of many types of cancer. However, ototoxicity, one of the most serious side effects of cisplatin, restricts its usage. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the protective effects of whortleberry extract against cisplatin-induced ototoxicity by evaluating hearing and histopathological cochlear damage and by measuring the biochemical parameters affected byoxidative stress. METHODS: Forty-eight male rats were included in the study after performing Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emission test to confirm that their hearing levels were normal...
November 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174644/does-the-reduction-of-inferior-turbinate-affect-lower-airway-functions
#17
Ozlem Unsal, Mehtap Ozkahraman, Mufide Arzu Ozkarafakili, Meltem Akpinar, Arzu Yasemin Korkut, Senem Kurt Dizdar, Berna Uslu Coskun
INTRODUCTION: Although the nose and lungs are separate organs, numerous studies have reported that the entire respiratory system can be considered as a single anatomical and functional unit. The upper and lower airways affect each other either directly or through reflex mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of the radiofrequency ablation of persistent inferior turbinate hypertrophy on nasal and pulmonary function. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with bilateral persistent inferior turbinate hypertrophy without septal deviation were included in this study...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162407/a-predictive-model-to-distinguish-malignant-and-benign-thyroid-nodules-based-on-age-gender-and-ultrasonographic-features
#18
Fábio Muradás Girardi, Laura Mezzomo da Silva, Cecilia Dias Flores
INTRODUCTION: A discussion in literature about a standardized decision support tool for the management of thyroid nodules remains. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to create a statistical prediction model for thyroid nodules management. METHODS: Two hundred and four benign and 57 malignant thyroid nodules were selected for a retrospective study. The variables age, gender and ultrasonographic features were examined using univariate and multivariate models...
November 4, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254864/iv-brazilian-consensus-on-rhinitis-an-update-on-allergic-rhinitis
#19
Eulalia Sakano, Emanuel S C Sarinho, Alvaro A Cruz, Antonio C Pastorino, Edwin Tamashiro, Fábio Kuschnir, Fábio F M Castro, Fabrizio R Romano, Gustavo F Wandalsen, Herberto J Chong-Neto, João F de Mello, Luciana R Silva, Maria Cândida Rizzo, Mônica A M Miyake, Nelson A Rosário Filho, Norma de Paula M Rubini, Olavo Mion, Paulo A Camargos, Renato Roithmann, Ricardo N Godinho, Shirley Shizue N Pignatari, Tania Sih, Wilma T Anselmo-Lima, Dirceu Solé
INTRODUCTION: The guidelines on allergic rhinitis aim to update knowledge about the disease and care for affected patients. The initiative called "Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma", initially published in 2001 and updated in 2008 and 2010, has been very successful in disseminating information and evidence, as well as providing a classification of severity and proposing a systemized treatment protocol. In order to include the participation of other medical professionals in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, it is important to develop algorithms that accurately indicate what should and can be done regionally...
November 2, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162408/downregulation-of-notch4-a-prognostic-marker-in-distinguishing-oral-verrucous-carcinoma-from-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
M K Harishankar, A Mathan Mohan, A Vinod Krishnan, Arikketh Devi
INTRODUCTION: Oral verrucous carcinoma is a special form of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma which possesses specific clinical, morphologic and cytokinetic features that differ from other types of oral cancers and hence diagnosis requires immense experience in histopathology. Hence it is certainly important to distinguish such a lesion from other oral tumors as treatment strategies vary widely between them. OBJECTIVE: In search of a critical diagnostic marker in distinguishing oral verrucous carcinoma from oral squamous cell carcinoma, Notch4 receptor, one of the key regulatory molecules of the Notch signaling family has been aberrantly activated in the progression of several types of tumors...
October 31, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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