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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

Anna Carolina Oliveira Fonseca, Pedro Ramos, Fernando A Balsalobre, Edson L Freitas, John S Phillips, Matthew W Yung, Ricardo F Bento
INTRODUCTION: Measuring the impact on quality of life, especially after the beginning of the treatment, is becoming increasingly important in healthcare. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate the Chronic Otitis Media Questionnaire-12 (COMQ-12) into Portuguese language and validate this version in a group of patients with chronic otitis media. METHODS: The Portuguese version of COMQ-12 was obtained by translation and back translation...
September 1, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Maria Eduarda Di Cavalcanti Alves de Souza, Klinger Vagner Teixeira da Costa, Paulo Augusto Vitorino, Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Pedro de Lemos Menezes
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is conceptualized as any impairment of the ability to hear and/or detect speech or environment sounds, regardless of cause, type, or degree. It may occur at different stages of life; during pregnancy or childbirth, in childhood, adulthood or old age. It should be noted that aging is the most common cause of sensorineural hearing loss followed by noise-induced hearing loss, and both are closely related to the formation of reactive oxygen species. Dietary antioxidant supplementation has been employed as a therapeutic strategy to prevent and/or delay the risks of major human diseases...
August 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Dong Hoon Lee, Tae Mi Yoon, Joon Kyoo Lee, Sang Chul Lim
INTRODUCTION: Parotid carcinomas have varying histological types and diverse biologic behaviors. Establishing an adequate treatment plan and predicting recurrence is important. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the risk factors associated with recurrence in our 5 year experience with 30 cases of primary parotid carcinoma undergoing surgery at a single institute. METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2013, 30 patients with surgical treatment of parotid carcinoma were identified based on their medical records...
August 25, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Siew Chung Cheah, Rohaizam Jaafar, Murni Hartini Jais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Sizina Aguiar G Sales, Maria Luiza Santos, Renato Assis Machado, Verônica Oliveira Dias, Jairo Evangelista Nascimento, Mario Sérgio Oliveira Swerts, Hercílio Martelli Júnior, Daniella Reis Barbosa Martelli
INTRODUCTION: Bifid uvula is a frequently observed anomaly in the general population and can be regarded as a marker for submucous cleft palate. OBJECTIVE: In this study aimed to determine the frequency of bifid uvula and submucous cleft palate and their relationship with oral clefts in a Brazilian population. METHODS: We conducted a transversal, descriptive and quantitative study of 1206 children between August 2014 and December 2015. A clinical examination of the children was conducted by means of inspection of the oral cavity with the aid of a tongue depressor and directed light...
August 24, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Camila Barbosa Barcelos, Paula Angélica Lorenzon Silveira, Renata Lígia Vieira Guedes, Aline Nogueira Gonçalves, Luciana Dall'Agnol Siqueira Slobodticov, Elisabete Carrara-de Angelis
INTRODUCTION: Patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis may demonstrate different degrees of voice perturbation depending on the position of the paralyzed vocal fold. Understanding the effectiveness of voice therapy in this population may be an important coefficient to define the therapeutic approach. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the voice therapy effectiveness in the short, medium and long-term in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis and determine the risk factors for voice rehabilitation failure...
August 24, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Murat Salihoglu, Onuralp Kurt, Seyid Ahmet Ay, Kamil Baskoy, Aytug Altundag, Muzaffer Saglam, Ferhat Deniz, Hakan Tekeli, Arif Yonem, Thomas Hummel
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (IHH) with an olfactory deficit is defined as Kallmann syndrome (KS) and is distinct from normosmic IHH. OBJECTIVE: Because olfactory perception not only consists of orthonasally gained impressions but also involves retronasal olfactory function, in this study we decided to comprehensively evaluate both retronasal and orthonasal olfaction in patients with IHH. METHODS: This case-control study included 31 controls and 45 IHH patients...
August 24, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Sinan Uluyol, Omer Ugur, Ilker Burak Arslan, Ozlem Yagiz, Murat Gumussoy, Ibrahim Cukurova
INTRODUCTION: Canal wall down (CWD) tympanomastoidectomy is commonly used to treat advanced chronic otitis media or cholesteatoma. The advantages of CWD mastoidectomy are excellent exposure for disease eradication and postoperative control of residual disease; its disadvantages include the accumulation of debris requiring life-long otological maintenance and cleaning, continuous ear drainage, fungal cavity infections, and the occurrence of dizziness and vertigo by changing temperature or pressure...
August 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Peng Huang, Shujun Zhang, Xinhong Gong, Xuesong Wang, Zi-Han Lou
INTRODUCTION: In the last decade, there has been an increasing use of biomaterial patches in the regeneration of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations. The major advantages of biomaterial patches are to provisionally restore the physiological function of the middle ear, thereby immediately improving ear symptoms, and act as a scaffold for epithelium migration. However, whether there are additional biological effects on eardrum regeneration is unclear for biological material patching in the clinic...
August 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Carla Gentile Matas, Alessandra Giannella Samelli, Fernanda Cristina Leite Magliaro, Aluisio Segurado
INTRODUCTION: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and infections related to it can affect multiple sites in the hearing system. The use of High-Activity Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) can cause side effects such as ototoxicity. Thus, no consistent patterns of hearing impairment in adults with Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome have been established, and the problems that affect the hearing system of this population warrant further research. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the audiological and electrophysiological data of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-positive patients with and without Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, who were receiving High-Activity Anti-Retroviral Therapy, to healthy individuals...
August 2, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Flavia Alencar de Barros Suzuki, Fabio Akira Suzuki, Ektor Tsuneo Onishi, Norma Oliveira Penido
INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is a difficult to treat symptom, with different responses in patients. It is classified in different ways, according to its origin and associated diseases. OBJECTIVE: to propose a single and measurable classification of persistent tinnitus, through its perception as sounds of nature or of daily life and its comparison with pure tone or noise, of high or low pitch, presented to the patient by audiometer sound. METHODS: A total of 110 adult patients, of both genders, treated at the Tinnitus Outpatient Clinic, were enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
August 1, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mahmut Huntürk Atilla, Sibel Özdaş, Talih Özdaş, Sibel Baştimur, Sami Engin Muz, Işılay Öz, Kenan Kurt, Afife İzbirak, Mehmet Ali Babademez, Nilgün Vatandaş
INTRODUCTION: Adenoid hypertrophy (AH) is a condition that presents itself as the chronic enlargement of adenoid tissues; it is frequently observed in the pediatric population. The Ugrp2 gene, a member of the secretoglobin superfamily, encodes a low-molecular weight protein that functions in the differentiation of upper airway epithelial cells. However, little is known about the association of Ugrp2 genetic variations with AH. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Ugrp2 gene with AH and its related phenotypes...
August 1, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Omer Afsin Ozmen, Melih Alpay, Ozlem Saraydaroglu, Uygar Levent Demir, Fikret Kasapoglu, Hamdi Hakan Coskun, Oguz Ibrahim Basut
INTRODUCTION: Soft tissue deposits is tumorous islands apart from lymph nodes and occasionally diagnosed in neck dissection specimens. Their importance has begun to be recognized, however, their value has not been investigated in laryngeal cancer as a single tumor site. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic value of soft tissue deposits in patients with laryngeal carcinoma. METHODS: Medical records of 194 patients with laryngeal carcinoma who were treated primarily by surgery and neck dissection were reviewed...
July 31, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Maria Stella Arantes do Amaral, Thiago A Damico, Alina S Gonçales, Ana C M B Reis, Myriam de Lima Isaac, Eduardo T Massuda, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear Implant is a sensory prosthesis capable of restoring hearing in patients with severe or profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if there is a better side to be implanted in post-lingual patients. METHODS: Retrospective longitudinal study. Participants were 40 subjects, of both sex, mean age of 47 years, with post-lingual hearing loss, users of unilateral cochlear implant for more than 12 months and less than 24 months, with asymmetric auditor reserve between the ears (difference of 10dBNA, In at least one of the frequencies with a response, between the ears), divided into two groups...
July 29, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Lucas Resende, Carolina do Carmo, Leão Mocellin, Rogério Pasinato, Marcos Mocellin
INTRODUCTION: Septal deviations might cause nasal obstruction and negative impact on the quality of life of individuals. The efficacy of septoplasty for treatment of septal deviation and the predictors of satisfactory surgical outcomes remain controversial. Technical variability, heterogeneity of research samples and absence of a solid tool for clinical evaluation are the main hindrances to the establishment of reliable statistical data regarding the procedure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical improvements in the disease-specific quality-of-life between patients submitted to septoplasty with bilateral outfracture of the inferior turbinate under sedation and local anesthesia in a tertiary hospital and to assess possible clinical-epidemiological variables associated with functional outcome...
July 29, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Tanit Ganz Sanchez, Fúlvia Eduarda da Silva
INTRODUCTION: Misophonia is a recently described, poorly understood and neglected condition. It is characterized by strong negative reactions of hatred, anger or fear when subjects have to face some selective and low level repetitive sounds. The most common ones that trigger such aversive reactions are those elicited by the mouth (chewing gum or food, popping lips) or the nose (breathing, sniffing, and blowing) or by the fingers (typing, kneading paper, clicking pen, drumming on the table)...
July 29, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Woo Sub Shim, Young Su Kim, Dong Keun Shin, Hahn Jin Jung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
João Subtil, Ana Jardim, André Peralta Santos, João Araújo, José Saraiva, João Paço
INTRODUCTION: Myringotomy for tube insertion is the most common otologic surgery. Otorrhea is a frequent complication of this procedure and, to prevent it, most surgeons strongly recommend avoiding contact with water as this is thought to adversely impact on post-operative quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To understand the benefit of this recommendation. METHODS: Observational study - retrospective cohort study comparing the incidence of post-operative otorrhea and its impact on patients' quality of life, in two groups of patients comprising children under 10 years of age who underwent bilateral myringotomy and tube placement for chronic otitis media with effusion between May 2011 and May 2012...
July 17, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Maria Humeniuk-Arasiewicz, Grażyna Stryjewska-Makuch, Małgorzata A Janik, Bogdan Kolebacz
INTRODUCTION: Osteomas of the paranasal sinuses are benign bone tumours that produce clinical signs depending on their size and location. In most reported cases large tumours are excised by an external approach or in conjunction with an endoscopic technique. Endoscopic treatment of such tumours is a huge challenge for the operator. OBJECTIVE: Determine the optimal surgical approach by analysing giant osteomas of the frontal and ethmoidal sinuses in the literature...
July 17, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Şahin Öğreden, Sedat Rüzgar, Hasan Deniz Tansuker, Ümit Taşkın, Yalcin Alimoglu, Salih Aydın, Mehmet Faruk Oktay, Uğur İzol
INTRODUCTION: Lateral osteotomy is mainly performed either endonasally or percutaneously in rhinoplasty which is a frequently performed operation for the correction of nasal deformities. Both techniques have both advantages and disadvantages relative to each other. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the histopathological effects of endonasal and percutaneous osteotomy techniques performed in rhinoplasty on bone healing and nasal stability in an experimental animal model...
July 17, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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