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Experimental and Clinical Transplantation

Divya Singh, Anita Ganger, Noopur Gupta, Murugesan Vanathi, Rajesh Khadgawat, Radhika Tandon
Here, we present, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of Werner syndrome with corneal blindness due to bilateral primary bullous keratopathy. Werner syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by features of premature aging, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis, atherosclerosis, hypergonadotrophic hypogonadism, hypertriglyceridemia, scleroderma-like skin changes, and sarcomas. Among ocular manifestations, cataracts, cystoid macular edema, and retinal detachment have been reported...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Khawar Abbas, Muhammed Mubarak, Mirza Naqi Zafar, Wajiha Musharraf, Mehjabeen Imam, Tahir Aziz, Adibul Hassan Rizvi
OBJECTIVES: Plasma cell-rich acute rejection is an aggressive form of acute rejection that occurs late after transplant and is usually resistant to standard antirejection therapy. This study reports the safety, efficacy, and outcomes of plasma cell-rich acute rejection after treatment with bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, in 10 patients after a first living-related renal transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasma cell-rich acute rejection was diagnosed using the 2007 Banff classification...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Daniele Ferraro, Giovanni Battista Levi Sandri, Giovanni Vennarecci, Roberto Santoro, Marco Colasanti, Roberto L Meniconi, Pasquale Lepiane, Giuseppe M Ettorre
In patients with biliary papillomatosis, complete resection of the biliary tree (that is, liver transplant along with duodenocephalo-pancreatectomy) is considered the only potential curative treatment, given its diffuse pattern and likelihood of malignant transformation. Nevertheless, such a combined surgical approach can increase patient morbidity and mortality and should be considered only when the distal part of the common bile duct is involved. Here, we avoided duodenocephalo-pancreatectomy in a patient with distal common bile duct free from disease; this approach did not negatively influence survival and appeared to be safer during liver transplant...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Ahmed I Akl, Hussein A Sheashaa, Mona Abdel Rahim, Muhammed A El Hadedy, Ayman F Refaie
Transplant is the optimal therapy for patients with end-stage renal disease. Acute cellular rejection refractory to treatment remains a major risk factor for graft loss and poor outcomes. In this study, we describe a 39-year-old man who received a living-related kidney transplant. Two days after transplant, the patient displayed acute deterioration of graft function. Conventional anti-rejection therapy was initiated, but graft function did not improve. Biopsy revealed acute cellular rejection (grade IIA), and C4d and HLA antibodies were negative...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Meysam Nasiri, Mohammad-Hossein Karimi, Negar Azarpira, Iraj Saadat
OBJECTIVES: Toll-like receptors and downstream signal transduction pathways play pivotal roles in induction of inflammation, which is crucial for liver injury and regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a mouse model of partial hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury followed by a 28-day time course for liver repair and regeneration, we assessed gene expression levels for Toll-like receptors, myeloid differentiation primary response 88, TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β, nuclear factor κB, interferon regulatory factors, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukins 1β and 6 at days 1, 4, 7, 14, and 28 after reperfusion in liver and blood cells by quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Rajesh Kumar Wadhwa, Aisha Nazeer, Ayesha Aslam Rai, Nasir Hassan Luck
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the incidence of gastrointestinal disorders requiring endoscopic and histopathologic diagnoses in renal transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we examined records of patients seen at the Department of Hepato-Gastroenterology and Transplantation Sciences, Sindh Institute of Urology and Trans?lantation (Karachi, Pakistan) from January 2010 to December 2014. Renal transplant recipients with gastrointestinal disorders who required endoscopy, including proctoscopy and upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy as per indication, were included...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Toshihiro Yasui, Tatsuya Suzuki, Fujio Hara, Shunsuke Watanabe, Naoko Uga, Atsuki Naoe, Yasuhiro Kondo
OBJECTIVES: In pediatric patients, renal dysfunction after living-donor liver transplant is a major issue that is difficult to evaluate. Recently, predictive equations for Japanese children have been introduced. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study by prospectively collecting data on 26 patients under 16 years old who underwent living-donor liver transplant between June 2004 and March 2015. Serum creatinine and cystatin C levels were measured...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Fariba Tohidinezhad, Saeid Eslami, Ameen Abu-Hanna, Mohsen Aliakbarian
OBJECTIVES: Under the present liver transplant policy, patients with the highest risk of death receive preference for organ placement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) and seven prognostic derivatives of this test for outcome prediction in cirrhotic patients on liver transplant wait lists. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 416 patients (65.9% male; age 49 ± 13.9 years) who were entered to liver transplant wait lists from January 2013 to October 2016...
February 16, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Murali Appukuttan, Senthil Kumar, Kishore Gurumoorthy Subramanya Bharathy, Vijay Kant Pandey, Viniyendra Pamecha
OBJECTIVES: An optimal initial graft function after living-donor liver transplant depends on optimal graft hemodynamics. Nonmechanical impediments to free hepatic venous outflow, due to elevated central venous pressure, may obstruct the "functional" hepatic venous outflow. Here, we evaluated whether central venous pressure affected early graft function and outcomes in adult living-donor liver transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study included 61 living-donor liver transplant recipients without technical complications who received transplants from August 2013 to November 2014...
January 22, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Madeleine Oliver, Graham Mitro, Patrick Tenbrink, Samer Alharthi, Nastassja Bedford, Jinling Wu, Amira Gohara, Matthew Jordan, Cassandra Zaremba, Michael Rees, Jorge Ortiz
OBJECTIVES: Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder is a known complication of solid-organ transplant. The use of depleting induction agents has demonstrated varying associations with incidence of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder. Alemtuzumab, a depleting induction agent for kidney transplant patients, has shown promising results in reducing the risk of acute rejection and graft loss in the first year. Its unique mechanism of depleting both T-cell and B-cell populations may be beneficial in preventing the occurrence of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder...
January 22, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Christian Benzing, Moritz Schmelzle, Robert Oellinger, Katharina Gruettner, Anja-Kathrin Muehlisch, Nathanael Raschzok, Igor Sauer, Marcus Bahra, Johann Pratschke, Safak Guel-Klein
OBJECTIVES: Living-donor liver transplant represents an established alternative to deceased-donor liver transplant. The procedure is considered safe for donors; however, concerns about the donors' health-related quality of life and health status have not been fully addressed. Here, we aimed to assess the health-related quality of life and postoperative and 1-year clinical outcomes in living liver transplant donors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing liver resection for adult-to-adult living-donor liver transplant at our center between December 1999 and March 2013 were evaluated retrospectively...
January 2, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Rebekah S Wilson, Aisling E Courtney, Dicken S C Ko, Alexander P Maxwell, James McDaid
OBJECTIVES: Lower urinary tract dysfunction can lead to chronic kidney disease, which, despite surgical intervention, will progress to end-stage renal disease, requiring dialysis. Urologic pathology may damage a transplanted kidney, limiting patient and graft survival. Although smaller studies have suggested that urinary tract dysfunction does not affect graft or patient survival, this is not universally accepted. Northern Ireland has historically had the highest incidence of neural tube defects in Europe, giving rich local experience in caring for patients with lower urinary tract dysfunction...
January 2, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Mohammad Baghernezhad, Arash Mani, Anaheed Ayoobzadehshirazi, Jamshid Roozbeh, Maasoomeh Zare, Saman Nikeghbalian, Seyed Ali Malek-Hosseini, Siavash Gholam, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi
OBJECTIVES: Patients with end-stage liver disease face various psychologic challenges. We aimed to compare levels of depression, anxiety, fatigue, sleepiness, and memory in patients before and after liver transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients (24 male, 16 female) were recruited from the liver transplant clinic affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Patients between 18 and 60 years old with at least a 6th-grade level of education were included in the study; those with severe psychiatric problems were excluded...
January 2, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Sami Akbulut, Parviz Abbasov, Serdar Karakas, Aysun Bay Karabulut, Sezai Yilmaz
OBJECTIVES: This prospective study aimed to compare changes in serum thiamine and pyridoxine levels of patients who underwent liver transplant or living donor hepatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and November 2013, 35 patients with chronic liver disease who underwent liver transplant (the recipient group) and 30 healthy individuals who underwent living donor hepatectomy (the control group) during the same period were prospectively compared in terms of both preoperative and postoperative serum thiamine and pyridoxine levels...
January 2, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Rashid Hamid, Mohammad Khan, Tahir Aziz, Muhammed Mubarak, Altaf Hashmi, Zafar Hussain, S Anwar Naqvi, S Adibul H Rizvi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the short- and intermediate-term outcomes of living-related kidney donors in terms of renal function and postnephrectomy complications at a single center in Pakistan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included healthy donors who underwent unilateral nephroureterectomy for living-related renal transplant procedures at the Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (Karachi, Pakistan) between January 2005 and January 2006...
January 2, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Mani Ramzi, Reza Vojdani, Hourvash Haghighinejad
Kaposi sarcoma is a multicentric angioproliferative neoplasm of lymphatic endothelium-derived cells. Although this malignancy is relatively frequent after solid-organ transplant, it is extremely rare after bone marrow transplantation. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is associated with severe prolonged immunosuppression; however, a few cases of Kaposi sarcoma after hematopoietic stem cell transplant were previously reported. Here, we report a case of Kaposi sarcoma after haploidentical allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant...
January 2, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Adil Baskiran, Metin Kement, Bora Barut, Oguzhan Ozsay, Serdar Karakas, Cemalettin Koç, Sezai Yilmaz
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to determine the incidence of acute pancreatitis after living donor hepatectomy and to investigate potential risk factors and outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of all donors who underwent donor hepatectomy between January 2015 and December 2016 in our liver transplant institute were reviewed. Donor data were obtained from a prospectively maintained database. The donors were divided into 2 groups according to whether they developed postoperative pancreatitis...
December 29, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Ayşe Tunçer Vural, Arzu Karataş Toğral, Mahir Kırnap, A Tülin Güleç, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Solid-organ transplant recipients are at an increased risk of developing skin cancer; this risk is due to long-term graft-preserving immunosuppressive therapy, and excessive sun exposure is a major contributing factor to this process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the skin cancer awareness and sun-protective behavior of solid-organ transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 70 consecutive solid-organ transplant recipients were evaluated regarding knowledge of their increased skin cancer risk and regarding the influence of this knowledge on their sun-protective practices, by applying a questionnaire during their routine check-up visits...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Deren Özcan, Deniz Seçkin, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: The incidence and mortality of melanoma are increased in organ transplant recipients. Multiple acquired common and dysplastic nevi are risk factors for melanoma. A new or changing nevus may suggest melanoma. Strategies used by transplant dermatologists to monitor nevi are unknown. Herein, we aimed to assess the methods used by transplant dermatologists for monitoring multiple acquired common nevi, dysplastic nevi, and new or changing nevi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was e-mailed to 63 members of the Skin Care in Organ Transplant Patients, Europe...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Burak Özkan, Abbas Albayati, Atilla Adnan Eyüboğlu, Ahmet Çağrı Uysal, Nilgun Markal Ertaş, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Transplant patients, like the nontransplant population, can have surgical interventions for body shape disorders. Studies on aesthetic surgeries in transplant patients are scarce. Our aim was to share our experiences with various aesthetic procedures in solid-organ transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six (5 female, 1 male) transplant patients who received surgical corrections of the aging face, ptosis and lipodystrophy of the breast, and abdomen at the Baskent University Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Department between 2010 and 2017 were included...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
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