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Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica

Kaimin Lu, Xin Wang, Yuyu Chen, Danfeng Liang, Hao Luo, Li Long, Zongyue Hu, Jinku Bao
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor among adolescents worldwide with high mortality rate. Glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) is a serine/threonine kinase and is considered as a validated target in osteosarcoma therapy. Therefore, the study of GSK3β inhibitors is one of the most popular fields in anti-osteosarcoma drug development. Here, the tools of bioinformatics were used to screen novel effective inhibitors of GSK3β from ZINC Drug Database. The molecular docking, molecular dynamic simulations, MM/GBSA, and energy decomposition analysis were performed to identify the inhibitors...
March 13, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Dingchun Li, Wu Li, Yihui Chen, Lihui Liu, Dehong Ma, Hongtu Wang, Lu Zhang, Shenjun Zhao, Qin Peng
Hepatic fibrosis is resulted from sustained wound-healing responses to various harmful stimuli, including viral infection, drug toxicity, alcohol, and autoimmune hepatopathy, and it has recently attracted the attention of an increasing number of researchers and clinical workers. The aims of this study were to examine the anti-fibrotic effects of extracts of Periplaneta americana (EPA) on CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats, to preliminary determine the anti-fibrotic efficacy of EPA, and to identify a potential and effective therapeutic agent to attenuate hepatic fibrosis...
March 12, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Liang Luo, Rui Yang, Shaojie Zhao, Yu Chen, Shanchao Hong, Ke Wang, Tiejun Wang, Jing Cheng, Ting Zhang, Daozhen Chen
Our previous studies have demonstrated that Aquaporin 1 (AQP1) is overexpressed in breast cancer. However, the mechanism remains elusive. MicroRNA 320 (miR-320) downregulation has been reported in various types of cancers, and it may regulate AQP1 expression. In this study, miR-320 and AQP1 expressions were investigated by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemistry. The clinicopathological implications of these molecules were also analyzed. We found that miR-320 expression is downregulated in both plasma and tumor tissue in human breast cancer patients...
March 12, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Jie Wu, Lun Xiao, Haixia Zhou, Hong Liu, Yue Ge, Jing Yang, Yuanyuan Li, Depei Wu, Yun Zhao, Xiuyan Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Zhenhua Wu, Mingzhu Huang, Yiwei Gong, Chen Lin, Weijian Guo
Mutations in the oncogene BRAF(V600E) are found in ~10% of colorectal cancers (CRCs) and are associated with poor prognosis. However, BRAF(V600E) has a limited response to the small-molecule drug, vemurafenib, a BRAF inhibitor, and BRAF inhibition is thought to cause a feedback activation of EGFR signaling that supports continued proliferation. In this study, we explored the effect of combined use of dabrafenib, a BRAF inhibitor, and cetuximab, an EGFR inhibitor, on BRAF(V600E)-mutant CRC stem cells and its possible mechanisms...
March 9, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Gaomei Chang, Jiayi Zheng, Wenqin Xiao, Shuaikang Chang, Qing Wei, Huiqun Wu, Yi Tao, Guang Yang, Bingqian Xie, Xiucai Lan, Yingcong Wang, Dandan Yu, Liangning Hu, Yongsheng Xie, Wenxuan Bu, Yuanyuan Kong, Bojie Dai, Jun Hou, Jumei Shi
MCT-1 (multiple copies in T-cell lymphoma-1), a novel oncogene, was originally identified in T-cell lymphoma. A recent study has demonstrated that MCT-1 is highly expressed in 85% of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). PKC (protein kinase C) plays an essential role in signal transduction for multiple biologically active substances for activating cellular functions and proliferation. In this study, we found that the mRNA and protein expression levels of MCT-1 were visibly decreased after knocking down PKC by siRNA in SUDHL-4 and OCI-LY8 DLBCL cell lines...
March 9, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Zhiqiong Wang, Xiaochuan Wang, Hongying Zhou, Xiao Dan, Lixiang Jiang, Yifei Wu
Melanoma is the most malignant and aggressive form of skin carcinoma originating in the pigment-producing melanocytes. In this study, to further investigate the molecular mechanisms of the development and progression of melanoma, we explored the impacts of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) CASC2 on melanoma cell functions. Microarray analysis was carried out to identify the expression of lncRNA CASC2 in melanoma cells. MiR-181a was predicted as a sponging target of CASC2 by miRcode, while the 3'-UTR of Plexin C1 (PLXNC1) was a potential target of miR-181a according to the TargetScan database...
March 5, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Tao Wang, Yuanyuan Wen, Xiaochong Fan
CD4+ T cells play an important role in the progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It is known that T cell responses can be suppressed by myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). In this study, we aimed to explore the potential role of MDSCs in the progression of T2DM, and to examine whether the underlying mechanism was associated with CD4+ T cells. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from T2DM patients and healthy controls, as well as C57BL6J db/db mice and control heterozygous (db/-) mice. The frequency of MDSCs and CD4+ T cells was analyzed using flow cytometry...
March 5, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Xiaodong Cui, Jingjing Du, Jiao Li, Zhuanhua Wang
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are known to play important roles in the innate host defense mechanisms of most living organisms. Protease inhibitors from plants potently inhibit the growth of a variety of pathogenic bacteria and fungi. Therefore, there are excellent candidates for the development of novel antimicrobial agents. In this study, an antimicrobial peptide derived from tartary buckwheat seeds (FtAMP) was obtained by gene cloning, expression and purification, which exhibited inhibitory activity toward trypsin...
March 2, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Yanshen Li, Zhenhua Yu, Yong Cui, Hui Sun, Jin Li, Kun Yin, Guihua Zhao, Hongfa Wang, Bingcheng Huang, Qingkuan Wei, Gongzhen Liu, Jingxuan Kou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Bin Sheng, Youchao Yuan, Xiangyang Liu, Yi Zhang, Hongzhe Liu, Xiongjie Shen, Bin Liu, Lei Chang
Dysfunction of cartilaginous endplates (CEP) is an important etiologic aspect of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) because the endplate has nutritional and biomechanical functions in maintaining proper disc health. In this study, we investigated the regulatory effects of estrogen on degenerated human CEP cells and the involvement of miR-221 in these effects. Normal and degenerated human CEP tissues were collected from patients with idiopathic scoliosis and IDD, respectively. CEP cells were isolated from these tissues...
February 26, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Ming Lu, Lu Lu, Qiongzhu Dong, Guangyang Yu, Jinhong Chen, Lunxiu Qin, Lianxin Wang, Wenwei Zhu, Huliang Jia
Altered metabolism is one of the hallmarks of cancer cells. Pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) is a fundamental component of cellular metabolism. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), the rate-limiting enzyme of the PPP, is elevated in many cancers and contributes to tumor growth by producing ribose-5-phosphate and NADPH through PPP. However, the role of G6PD in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasis and the clinical significance of G6PD in HCC progression and prognosis have not been well determined. In this study, by investigating tissue samples from HCC patients and HCC cell lines, we found that elevated G6PD expression is significantly associated with HCC metastasis and poor prognosis of HCCs, and that knockdown of G6PD inhibits in vitro proliferation, migration and invasion of HCC cell lines...
February 17, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Jian Wu, Olan Jackson-Weaver, Jian Xu
TGFβ superfamily includes the transforming growth factor βs (TGFβs), bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), growth and differentiation factors (GDFs) and Activin/Inhibin families of ligands. Among the 33 members of TGFβ superfamily ligands, many act on multiple types of cells within the heart, including cardiomyocytes, cardiac fibroblasts/myofibroblasts, coronary endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and immune cells (e.g. monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils). In this review, we highlight recent discoveries on TGFβs, BMPs, and GDFs in different cardiac residential cellular components, in association with functional impacts in heart development, injury repair, and dysfunction...
February 15, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Xintong Li, Yufen Tao, Jiansheng Liu, Wei Lu, Hongqi Liu, Jiejie Dai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Zhongqi Li, Wenzhi Zhang, Yan Huang
The important role of miR-133a in the progress and development of postmenopausal osteoporosis has been reported, however, the underlying mechanism is not clear yet. In this study, qRT-PCR analysis was performed to assess miR-133 expression in serum isolated from postmenopausal osteoporosis patients (PMOP) and healthy controls. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the lumbar spine by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The results showed that miR-133a was significantly upregulated and negatively correlated with lumbar spine BMD in serum of postmenopausal osteoporotic women...
February 7, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Hongyan Ling, Zemei Zhu, Jihua Yang, Jianqin He, Sisi Yang, Di Wu, Shuidong Feng, Duanfang Liao
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) leads to cognitive impairment (CI), but there have been no effective pharmacotherapies or drugs for cognitive dysfunction in T2DM. Dihydromyricetin (DHM) is a natural flavonoid compound extracted from the leaves of Ampelopsis grossedentata and has various pharmacological effects including anti-oxidant and anti-diabetes. Thus, we investigated the effects of DHM on CI in T2DM mouse model and its possible mechanism. To induce T2DM, mice were fed with high-sugar and high-fat diet for 8 weeks, followed by a low dose streptozotocin (STZ) administration...
February 7, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Qinchen Li, Xinxin Hu, Yanhan Xuan, Jianghua Ying, Yujia Fei, Jielu Rong, Yong Zhang, Jian Zhang, Chunyan Liu, Zheng Liu
Gastric ulcers (GUs) are common pathologies that affect many people around the world. Excessive alcohol consumption is one of the main causes of GUs; however, there are still lack of effective drugs for the prevention or therapy of GUs. In this study, we evaluated the protective effects and possible mechanisms of kaempferol (KAE) against acute ethanol-induced lesions to the gastric mucosa in mice. Fasted mice were orally given vehicle (0.9% saline), omeprazole (20 mg/kg), or KAE (40, 80, or 160 mg/kg) for 1 h in different experimental sets prior to the establishment of the GU model by challenge with absolute ethanol (10 ml/kg)...
February 3, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Huijun Shen, Yue Wang, Wudan Shi, Guoxun Sun, Luojia Hong, Ying Zhang
Chondrocyte is involved in the destruction of joints in osteoarthritis (OA) patients. The aim of this study was to explore the expression level of small nucleolar RNA host gene 5 (SNHG5) and evaluate its function in chondrocyte. In our current study, the expression levels of SNHG5, miR-26a, and SOX2 in 17 pairs of articular cartilage tissues and in the non-OA group were assessed by real-time quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Results showed that the levels of SNHG5 and SOX2 were significantly downregulated in OA tissues, while the level of miR-26a was upregulated...
February 2, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Jianbo Bai, Qiaoran Xi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Jianxin Du, Wei Hu, Chengzhe Yang, Yegang Wang, Xiaoying Wang, Pishan Yang
C-reactive protein (CRP) acts as a biomarker reflecting different degrees of inflammation. Accumulating reports have suggested that there is a close relationship between CRP and various cancers. However, the influence of CRP on the development of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of CRP in TSCC. The results of immunohistochemical staining and statistical analyses showed that CRP expression was associated with TSCC tumor size, lymph node metastasis and pathological differentiation...
January 27, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
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