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Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica

Dan Ouyang, Lifeng Xu, Lihua Zhang, Dongguang Guo, Xiaotong Tan, Xiaofang Yu, Junjie Qi, Yaqiong Ye, Qihong Liu, Yongjiang Ma, Yugu Li
MicroRNAs are highly conserved non-coding small RNAs participating in almost all kinds of biological activities. MiR-181a has been reported to be involved in the differentiation of porcine primary preadipocytes, but the profound effect of miR-181a-5p on 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation and proliferation is still unclear. In this study, we found that supplementation of miR-181a-5p in 3T3-L1 cells significantly promoted the adipogenesis and inhibited cell proliferation with increased expression of adipogenic marker genes including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (Pparγ), CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/ebpα), fatty acid-binding protein 4 (Fabp4), and Adiponectin, accompanied by an accumulation of lipid droplet, an increase of triglyceride content, and a decrease of cell proliferation...
October 14, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Xunhuang Duan, Zhaojian Fu, Lingyuan Gao, Jin Zhou, Xiaojie Deng, Xiaojun Luo, Weiyi Fang, Rongcheng Luo
miR-203 is a tumor suppressor which participates in the pathogenesis of many tumors including lung adenocarcinoma. However, the role of miR-203 in suppressing chemotherapy resistance to cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum; DDP) as well as its molecular mechanism is still to be determined in lung adenocarcinoma. In this study, we found that miR-203 decreased lung cancer cell migration and invasion, and that increased miR-203 expression sensitized lung adenocarcinoma cells to DDP in vitro Furthermore, ZEB2 was found to be a direct target of miR-203, which induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) signal...
October 12, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Jie Fu, Mengmeng Jiang, Meng Zhang, Jing Zhang, Yu Wang, Shensi Xiang, Xiaojie Xu, Qinong Ye, Haifeng Song
The radiation-induced bystander effect (RIBE) is an important factor in tumor radiation therapy because it may increase the probability of normal cellular injury and the likelihood of secondary cancers after radiotherapy. Here, we identified the role of miR-495 in alleviating RIBEs during radiotherapy. Luciferase reporter assay results confirmed that miR-495 regulated endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) by targeting the Sp1 3'-untranslated region. Consequently, after radiation, tumor cells expressed less eNOS and Sp1 than controls...
October 3, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Dongqing Guo, Ming Lu, Xihan Hu, Jiajia Xu, Guangjing Hu, Ming Zhu, Xiaowei Zhang, Qin Li, Catherine Cy Chang, Ta-Yuan Chang, Baoliang Song, Ying Xiong, Boliang Li
Acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferases (ACATs) are the exclusive intracellular enzymes that catalyze the formation of cholesteryl/steryl esters (CE/SE). In our previous work, we found that the high-level expression of human ACAT2 gene with the CpG hypomethylation of its whole promoter was synergistically regulated by two transcription factors Cdx2 and HNF1α in the intestine and fetal liver. Here, we first observed that the specific CpG-hypomethylated promoter was correlated with the low expression of human ACAT2 gene in monocytic cell line THP-1...
September 29, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Dongqing Guo, Xiaowei Zhang, Qin Li, Lei Qian, Jiajia Xu, Ming Lu, Xihan Hu, Ming Zhu, Catherine C Y Chang, Baoliang Song, Tayuan Chang, Ying Xiong, Boliang Li
Acyl-coenzymeA:cholesterol acyltransferase 2 (ACAT2) is abundantly expressed in intestine and fetal liver of healthy human. Our previous studies have shown that in monocytic cells the low-level expression of human ACAT2 gene with specific CpG-hypomethylated promoter is regulated by the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) transcription factors. In this study, we further report that the ACAT2 gene expression is attributable to the C/EBPs in the human leukocytes and correlated with the excretion of fluorescent lipoproteins containing the ACAT2-catalyzed NBD22-steryl esters...
September 29, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Yuanhui Yu, Ziyao Yu, Zhen Zheng, Huilin Wang, Xueji Wu, Chenyun Guo, Donghai Lin
Prion diseases are a group of fatal neurodegenerative illnesses, resulting from the conformational conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) into a misfolded form (PrP(Sc)). The formation of neurotoxic soluble prion protein oligomer (PrP(O)) is regarded as a key step in the development of prion diseases. About 10%-15% of human prion diseases are caused by mutations in the prion protein gene; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In the present work, we compared the biophysical properties of wild-type (WT) human prion protein 91-231 (WT HuPrP91-231) and its disease-associated variants (P105L, D178N, V203I, and Q212P) using several biophysical techniques...
September 20, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Chen Liang, Yi Qin, Bo Zhang, Shunrong Ji, Si Shi, Wenyan Xu, Jiang Liu, Jinfeng Xiang, Dingkong Liang, Qiangsheng Hu, Liang Liu, Chen Liu, Guopei Luo, Quanxing Ni, Jin Xu, Xianjun Yu
Metabolic reprogramming is one of the emerging hallmarks of cancers. As a highly malignant tumor, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is not only a metabolic disease but also a heterogeneous disease. Heterogeneity induces PDA dependence on distinct nutritive substrates, thereby inducing different metabolic phenotypes. We stratified PDA into four phenotypes with distinct types of energy metabolism, including a Warburg phenotype, a reverse Warburg phenotype, a glutaminolysis phenotype, and a lipid-dependent phenotype...
September 20, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Jianbing Liu, Chunling Shen, Weimin Fan, Yan Chen, Aijun Zhang, Yun Feng, Zheng Li, Ying Kuang, Zhugang Wang
PRSS37, a putative trypsin-like serine protease, is highly conserved during mammalian evolution as revealed by multiple sequence alignment. Mice deficient for Prss37 gene exhibit male infertility, but their mating behavior, spermatogenesis, sperm morphology, and motility remain unaffected, similar to a situation called unexplained male infertility (UMI) in men (human being). Here, we demonstrated that PRSS37 is restrictively expressed in human testis, where it is mainly located in the elongating and elongated spermatids during spermiogenesis as shown by immunohistochemical analysis of normal human testicular sections...
September 20, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Han Liu, Mingqian Li, Shunfeng Cai, Xinyi He, Yongqi Shao, Xingmeng Lu
Nosema bombycis is an obligate intracellular parasitic fungus that utilizes a distinctive mechanism to infect Bombyx mori Spore germination can be used for host cell invasion; however, the detailed mechanism remains to be elucidated. The ricin-B-lectin (RBL) gene is significantly differentially regulated after N. bombycis spore germination, and NbRBL might play roles in spore germination and infection. In this study, the biological function of NbRBL was examined. Protein sequence analysis showed that NbRBL is a secreted protein that attaches to carbohydrates...
September 20, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Zheying Min, Hao Lin, Xuechen Zhu, Li Gao, Aftab A Khand, Qinghua Tao
Ascl1 is a multi-functional regulator of neural development in invertebrates and vertebrates. Ectopic expression of Ascl1 can generate functional neurons from non-neural somatic cells. The abnormal expression of ASCL1 has been reported in several types of carcinomas. We have previously identified Ascl1 as a crucial maternal regulator of the germ layer pattern formation in Xenopus Functional studies have indicated that the maternally-supplied Ascl1 renders embryonic cells a propensity to adopt neural fates on one hand, and represses the mesendoderm formation on the other...
September 13, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Dongmei Lai, Ying Guo, Qiuwan Zhang, Yifei Chen, Charlie Xiang
Human endometrial mesenchymal stem cells (EnSCs) derived from menstrual blood are a unique stem cell source. Evidence suggests that EnSCs exhibit a multi-lineage potential and have attracted extensive attention in regenerative medicine. However, the potential of EnSCs to differentiate into germline cells in vitro remains unclear. In this study, EnSCs were induced to differentiate into germ cells in a differentiation medium supplemented with 20% human follicular fluid. Our results demonstrated that EnSCs derived from human menstrual blood form oocyte-like cells and express germ cell markers...
September 2, 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Zhimin Long, Qinghua Zeng, Kejian Wang, Akhilesh Sharma, Guiqiong He
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that causes progressive memory and cognitive impairment with gender difference in specific cognitive ability domains, pathology, and risk of AD. Since valproic acid (VPA) is a widely used mood stabilizer and an antiepileptic drug, which exhibits multiple neuroprotective activities on AD, this study intended to investigate the gender difference in the effect of VPA on APP/PS1 double transgenic mice modeling AD. Behavioral experiments showed that VPA reduced the autonomous behaviors, improved learning and memory, and exhibited gender differences in AD mice compared with the control mice...
October 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Chang Duan, Min Liu, Haiyan Xu, Weiwei Tang, Jiayun Liu, Lamei Hou, Lijuan Li
Rats with intrauterine growth retardation and catch-up growth (CG-IUGR) after birth show increased susceptibility to diabetes mellitus in adulthood. The expression of glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) decreases in female IUGR offspring rats with seminutrient restriction during pregnancy. However, the male CG-IUGR rats also display an increased susceptibility to diabetes mellitus in adulthood. Whether there is another factor, besides GLUT4, in male CG-IUGR rat that mediates their susceptibility to diabetes mellitus? The male IUGR rats with catch-up growth were selected as the research objects...
October 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Jing Wang, Lingqiang Chen, Song Jin, Jun Lin, Hongmei Zheng, Hong Zhang, Hongtao Fan, Fang He, Sha Ma, Qin Li
Altered expression of miRNA-98 (miR-98) has been reported in osteoarthritis (OA) patients, while its role and underlying mechanisms remain elusive. In the present study, a rat model of OA was established using modified Hulth method, and the expression level of miR-98 and its effect on cartilage degradation and cell apoptosis in OA rats were examined. The results showed that up-regulated miR-98 was observed in OA rats, and knockdown of miR-98 in OA rats resulted in an inhibitory effect on cartilage degradation and chondrocyte apoptosis...
October 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Ruling Shen, Jun Li, Danrong Ye, Qingcheng Wang, Jian Fei
Onconase (Onc) is a cytotoxic ribonuclease derived from leopard frog oocytes or early embryos, and has been applied to the treatment of malignant mesothelioma in clinics. Onc also exhibits effective growth suppression of human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Artemisinin (Art) and its derivatives are novel antimalarial drugs that exhibit antitumor and antivirus activities. In this study, we investigated the antitumor effects of combinations of Onc and an Art derivative, dihydroartemisinin (DHA), both in vitro and in vivo Isobologram analyses showed synergistic effects on the proliferation of NSCLC cells under the treatment with Onc and DHA...
October 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Quanyou Zhang, Yang Yu, Hucheng Zhao
The behavior of chondrocytes is regulated by multiple mechanical microenvironmental cues. During development and degenerative disease of articular cartilage, as an external signal, the extracellular matrix stiffness of chondrocytes changes significantly, but whether and how this biophysical cue affects biomechanical properties of chondrocytes remain elusive. In the present study, we designed supporting-biomaterials as  mimics of native pericellular matrix to study the effect of matrix stiffness on chondrocyte morphology and F-actin distribution...
October 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Yuan Liu, Suting Chen, Bowen Pan, Zhu Guan, Zhenjun Yang, Linfei Duan, Hong Cai
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is a Gram-positive pathogen which causes tuberculosis in both animals and humans. All tested rH-NS formulations induced a specific Th1 response, as indicated by increased production of interferon γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin 2 (IL-2) by lymphocytes in the spleen of mice which were immunized with rH-NS alone or with rH-NS and the adjuvant cyclic GMP-AMP (cGAMP). Serum from mice immunized with rH-NS with or without adjuvant also had higher levels of IL-12p40 and TNF-α, compared with those from control mice immunized with phosphate-buffered saline...
October 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Jin Xu, Liqun Lu, Lanfang Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Yunlong Si, Shiqiong Feng, Jin Gao, Yue Wang, Zhongyu Zhang, Yue Meng, Yifa Zhou, Guihua Tai, Jiyong Su
Galectin-2 (Gal-2) plays a role in cancer, myocardial infarction, immune response, and gastrointestinal tract diseases. The only reported crystal structure of Gal-2 shows that it is a dimer in which the monomer subunits have almost identical structures, each binding with one molecule of lactose. In this study, we crystallized Gal-2 under new conditions that produced three crystal structures. In each Gal-2 dimer structure, lactose was shown to be bound to only one of the carbohydrate recognition domain subunits...
October 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Xiaofei Yan, Meng Xun, Jing Li, Litao Wu, Xiaojuan Dou, Jin Zheng
Hyperglycemia is one of the major factors responsible for the myocardial apoptosis and dysfunction in diabetes. Many studies have proved that there is a close relationship between decreased Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase activity and diabetic cardiomyopathy. However, the effect of directly activated Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase on high glucose-induced myocardial injury is still unknown. Here we found that DRm217, a Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase's DR-region specific monoclonal antibody and direct activator, could prevent high glucose-induced H9c2 cell injury, reactive oxygen species (ROS) release, and mitochondrial dysfunction...
October 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
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