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Preventing Chronic Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817791/using-practice-facilitation-to-increase-rates-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-community-health-centers-north-carolina-2012-2013-feasibility-facilitators-and-barriers
#1
Bryan J Weiner, Catherine L Rohweder, Jennifer E Scott, Randall Teal, Alecia Slade, Allison M Deal, Naima Jihad, Marti Wolf
INTRODUCTION: Practice facilitation involves trained individuals working with practice staff to conduct quality improvement activities and support delivery of evidence-based clinical services. We examined the feasibility of using practice facilitation to assist federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) to increase colorectal cancer screening rates in North Carolina. METHODS: The intervention consisted of 12 months of facilitation in 3 FQHCs. We conducted chart audits to obtain data on changes in documented recommendation for colorectal cancer screening and completed screening...
August 17, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817790/maximum-lifetime-body-mass-index-and-mortality-in-mexican-american-adults-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-iii-1988-1994-and-nhanes-1999-2010
#2
Carrie R Howell, Kevin Fontaine, Keisuke Ejima, Kirsten K Ness, Andrea Cherrington, Tapan Mehta
INTRODUCTION: Studies in US Hispanic adults indicate no deleterious association between obesity and death. We tested the hypothesis that accounting for weight history would provide more insight into this nonassociation. METHODS: We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to examine associations between maximum lifetime body mass index (BMI) and all-cause and cause-specific mortality among US-residing Mexican American adults. BMI was classified as underweight (<18...
August 17, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817789/teach-our-children-stroke-education-for-indigenous-children-first-nations-ontario-canada-2009-2012
#3
Mary Ellen Hill, Pauline Bodnar, Robert Fenton, Brenda Mason, Grace Bandoh
BACKGROUND: Because of the heightened risk for stroke among indigenous people, we conducted this multiyear community case study from 2009 through 2012 to address stroke education needs among children aged 11 to 13 years residing in northern urban, rural, and remote First Nations in Ontario, Canada. The goal was to determine what young people understand about stroke and to develop an age-appropriate and culturally appropriate educational product. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: This project responded to First Nations requests that we educate their young people about the signs and symptoms of stroke and the need for early response...
August 17, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796598/prevalence-correlates-and-time-trends-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-among-israeli-adults-estimates-from-the-israeli-national-health-interview-survey-2014-2015
#4
Samah Hayek, Anneke Ifrah, Teena Enav, Tamy Shohat
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases constitute a major public health challenge. The prevalence of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) has increased. The objective of our study was to describe the prevalence, correlates, and time trends of MCC in the Israeli population and among the nation's 2 main population groups (Jewish and Arab). METHODS: To describe the prevalence of correlates of MCC, we used data from the 2014-2015 Israeli National Health Interview Survey-III (INHIS-III)...
August 10, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796597/a-home-based-type-2-diabetes-self-management-intervention-in-rural-guatemala
#5
David Flood, Jessica Hawkins, Peter Rohloff
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes self-management education (DSME) is a fundamental element of type 2 diabetes care. Although 75% of adults with diabetes worldwide live in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), limited DSME research has been conducted in LMICs. The objective of this study was to evaluate a home-based DSME intervention in rural Guatemala. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of a DSME intervention using a quasi-experimental, single-group pretest-posttest design...
August 10, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771402/improving-culturally-appropriate-care-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-evaluation-of-a-multicomponent-cultural-competency-training-program-arkansas-2015-2016
#6
Pearl Anna McElfish, Christopher R Long, Brett Rowland, Sarah Moore, Ralph Wilmoth, Britni Ayers
INTRODUCTION: The United States continues to become more racially and ethnically diverse, and racial/ethnic minority communities encounter sociocultural barriers to quality health care, including implicit racial/ethnic bias among health care providers. In response, health care organizations are developing and implementing cultural competency curricula. Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, we developed and evaluated a cultural competency training program to improve the delivery of culturally appropriate care in Marshallese and Hispanic communities...
August 3, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771401/participation-in-a-diabetes-self-management-class-among-adults-with-diabetes-new-jersey-2013-2015
#7
Melissa L Santorelli, Ruwani M Ekanayake, LorieAnn Wilkerson-Leconte
Identifying patient groups with low participation in diabetes self-management education can inform efforts to improve its use. Data from the 2013-2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used to assess variation in participation in a diabetes self-management class in New Jersey. Nonparticipation varied significantly by race/ethnicity (P < .001), education (P < .001), health care coverage (P = .04), county (P < .001), years since diagnosis (P < .001), and whether a diabetes provider visit occurred in the past year (P = ...
August 3, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749776/comorbid-arthritis-is-associated-with-lower-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-other-chronic-conditions-united-states-2013-2014
#8
Eric Havens, S Lane Slabaugh, Charles G Helmick, Tristan Cordier, Matthew Zack, Vipin Gopal, Todd Prewitt
INTRODUCTION: Arthritis is related to poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults aged 18 years or older. We sought to determine whether this relationship persisted in an older population using claims-based arthritis diagnoses and whether people who also had arthritis and at least 1 of 5 other chronic conditions had lower HRQoL. METHODS: We identified adults aged 65 years or older with Medicare Advantage coverage in November or December 2014 who responded to an HRQoL survey (Healthy Days)...
July 27, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749775/implementing-a-quality-improvement-collaborative-to-improve-hypertension-control-and-advance-million-hearts-among-low-income-californians-2014-2015
#9
Desiree R Backman, Neal D Kohatsu, Zhiwei Yu, Rachel E Abbott, Kenneth W Kizer
From January through December 2015, the California Department of Health Care Services, which administers Medi-Cal, the nation's largest Medicaid program, conducted a quality improvement collaborative (QIC) with 9 Medi-Cal managed care plans (MCPs) aimed at improving hypertension control consistent with the Million Hearts initiative. The QIC included quarterly webinars and links to local, state, and national resources that consisted of materials and consultations with subject matter experts. Participating MCPs demonstrated an average increase of 5...
July 27, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727546/a-formative-evaluation-of-a-diabetes-prevention-program-using-the-re-aim-framework-in-a-learning-health-care-system-utah-2013-2015
#10
Kimberly D Brunisholz, Jaewhan Kim, Lucy A Savitz, Mia Hashibe, Lisa H Gren, Sharon Hamilton, Kelly Huynh, Elizabeth A Joy
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation of interventions can help to close the gap between research and practice but seldom takes place during implementation. Using the RE-AIM framework, we conducted a formative evaluation of the first year of the Intermountain Healthcare Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). METHODS: Adult patients who met the criteria for prediabetes (HbA1c of 5.70%-6.49% or fasting plasma glucose of 100-125 mg/dL) were attributed to a primary care provider from August 1, 2013, through July 31, 2014...
July 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727545/role-of-age-and-acculturation-in-diet-quality-among-mexican-americans-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2012
#11
Yilin Yoshida, Richard Scribner, Liwei Chen, Stephanie Broyles, Stephen Phillippi, Tung-Sung Tseng
Age and acculturation may play a role in diet quality among Mexican Americans. This study examined diet quality in Mexican Americans by age and whether acculturation influences diet quality across different age groups, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Diet quality, measured by the Healthy Eating Index 2010, improved with age except in categories of dairy, sodium, and refined grains. More acculturation was associated with lower scores in overall diet quality and categories of vegetables, fruits, and sodium and empty calories across almost all ages, but higher scores in grain categories, especially in younger groups...
July 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704176/availability-and-promotion-of-healthful-foods-in-stores-and-restaurants-guam-2015
#12
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Brenna K VanFrank, Sandra L Jackson, Brittani Harmon, Alyssa Uncangco, Patrick Luces, Carrie Dooyema, Sohyun Park
Chronic disease, which is linked to unhealthy nutrition environments, is highly prevalent in Guam. The nutrition environment was assessed in 114 stores and 63 restaurants in Guam. Stores had limited availability of some healthier foods such as lean ground meat (7.5%) and 100% whole-wheat bread (11.4%), while fruits (81.0%) and vegetables (94.8%) were more commonly available; 43.7% of restaurants offered a healthy entrée or main dish salad, 4.1% provided calorie information, and 15.7% denoted healthier choices on menus...
July 13, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704175/age-related-differences-in-antihypertensive-medication-adherence-in-hispanics-a-cross-sectional-community-based-survey-in-new-york-city-2011-2012
#13
Priti Bandi, Emily Goldmann, Nina S Parikh, Parisa Farsi, Bernadette Boden-Albala
INTRODUCTION: US Hispanics, particularly younger adults in this population, have a higher prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension than do people of other racial/ethnic groups. Little is known about the prevalence and predictors of antihypertensive medication adherence, a major determinant of hypertension control and cardiovascular disease, and differences between age groups in this fast-growing population. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 1,043 community-dwelling Hispanic adults with hypertension living in 3 northern Manhattan neighborhoods from 2011 through 2012...
July 13, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682745/a-community-resource-map-to-support-clinical-community-linkages-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-childhood-obesity-eastern-massachusetts-2014-2016
#14
Lauren Fiechtner, Gabriella C Puente, Mona Sharifi, Jason P Block, Sarah Price, Richard Marshall, Jeff Blossom, Monica W Gerber, Elsie M Taveras
BACKGROUND: Novel approaches to health care delivery that leverage community resources could improve outcomes for children at high risk for obesity. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: We describe the process by which we created an online interactive community resources map for use in the Connect for Health randomized controlled trial. The trial was conducted in the 6 pediatric practices that cared for the highest percentage of children with overweight or obesity within a large multi-specialty group practice in eastern Massachusetts...
July 6, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682744/pharmacist-driven-strategies-for-hypertension-management-in-los-angeles-a-community-and-stakeholder-needs-assessment-2014-2015
#15
Noel C Barragan, Amelia R DeFosset, Jennifer Torres, Tony Kuo
In 2014, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health received federal funding to improve the prevention and control of hypertension in the population through team-based health care delivery models, such as pharmacist-led medication therapy management. To inform this work, the department conducted a 3-part needs assessment consisting of 1) a targeted context scan of regional policies and efforts, 2) a key stakeholder survey, and 3) a public opinion internet-panel survey of Los Angeles residents. Results suggest that political will and professional readiness exists for expansion of pharmacist-led medication management strategies in Los Angeles...
July 6, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682743/recent-uptrend-in-whole-grain-intake-is-absent-for-low-income-adolescents-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-2012
#16
June M Tester, Cindy W Leung, Tashara M Leak, Barbara A Laraia
INTRODUCTION: Whole-grain consumption reduces risk of chronic disease, yet adolescents consume suboptimal amounts. It is unclear whether trends in consumption of whole grains have been positive among adolescents, and research assessing disparities by socioeconomic status is limited. The objective of our study was to evaluate recent trends in whole-grain consumption by US adolescents. METHODS: We examined data on 3,265 adolescents aged 13 to18 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2012...
July 6, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662760/a-feasibility-study-of-supply-and-demand-for-diabetes-prevention-programs-in-north-carolina
#17
Maria L Alva, Carmen D Samuel-Hodge, Deborah Porterfield, Tainayah Thomas, Jennifer Leeman
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes Prevention Programs (DPPs) have shown that healthy eating and moderate physical activity are effective ways of delaying and preventing type 2 diabetes in people with impaired glucose tolerance. We assessed willingness to pay for DPPs from the perspective of potential recipients and the cost of providing these programs from the perspective of community health centers and local health departments in North Carolina. METHODS: We used contingent valuation to determine how much potential recipients would be willing to pay to participate in DPPs under 3 different models: delivered by registered professionals (traditional model), by community health workers, or online...
June 29, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662759/a-project-to-promote-adherence-to-blood-pressure-medication-among-people-who-use-community-pharmacies-in-rural-montana-2014-2016
#18
Carrie S Oser, Crystelle C Fogle, James A Bennett
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacists can assist patients in managing their blood pressure levels. We assessed whether adherence to blood pressure medication improved among people who used community pharmacies in rural Montana after pharmacists initiated consultations and distributed educational materials developed for the Million Hearts Initiative's "Team Up. Pressure Down." (TUPD) program. METHODS: From 2014 to 2016, the Cardiovascular Health Program at the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services conducted a statewide project to evaluate an intervention for adherence to blood pressure medication administered through community pharmacies...
June 29, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641072/overweight-obesity-and-extreme-obesity-among-mississippi-adults-2001-2010-and-2011-2015
#19
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Gerri Cannon-Smith, Marinelle Payton
INTRODUCTION: In 2015, about 1.5 million adults in Mississippi were overweight or obese. Obesity is associated with increased risk for diabetes and cardiovascular problems. We examined trends in the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity from 2001 through 2010 and 2011 through 2015. METHODS: We used data from the Mississippi Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to analyze trends in the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity among adults from 2001 through 2010 and 2011 through 2015...
June 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641071/giving-it-our-best-shot-human-papillomavirus-and-hepatitis-b-virus-immunization-among-refugees-massachusetts-2011-2013
#20
Rachel Stein Berman, Laura Smock, Megan H Bair-Merritt, Jennifer Cochran, Paul L Geltman
INTRODUCTION: The receipt rate of hepatitis B virus vaccine among adolescents in the United States is high, while the receipt rate of human papillomavirus vaccine is low. Rates have not been closely studied among refugees, whose home countries have high rates of disease caused by these viruses. METHODS: We examined human papillomavirus and hepatitis B virus immunization rates among 2,269 refugees aged 9 to 26 years who resettled in Massachusetts from 2011 through 2013...
June 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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