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Preventing Chronic Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520553/cdc-s-public-health-surveillance-of-cancer
#1
A Blythe Ryerson, Greta M Massetti
Routine data collection efforts are a necessary, often underappreciated, component of nearly all cancer research and prevention efforts. Public health cancer surveillance data are crucial for identifying needs, planning interventions, directing public health resources, and evaluating the overall effectiveness of initiatives aimed at preventing or treating cancer and its negative health consequences. As the nation's health protection agency, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides resources for disease surveillance systems to help protect our nation against expensive and dangerous health threats, including cancer...
May 18, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493814/obesity-and-modifiable-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-chinese-americans-in-new-york-city-2009-2012
#2
Simona C Kwon, Laura C Wyatt, Shijian Li, Nadia S Islam, Stella S Yi, Chau Trinh-Shevrin
We used the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health Across the US (REACH US) Risk Factor Survey from 2009 through 2012 to examine the association between body mass index (BMI, calculated as kg/m(2)) and 3 cardiovascular disease risk factors among Chinese Americans in New York City. We used traditional BMI cut points and cut points modified for the Asian population. Compared with normal/underweight Chinese American adults (BMI <23.0), obese Chinese American adults (BMI ≥27.5) had significantly higher odds of having each risk factor in fully adjusted logistic regression models: diabetes (odds ratio [OR], 4...
May 11, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472607/global-trends-in-the-affordability-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-1990-2016
#3
Evan Blecher, Alex C Liber, Jeffrey M Drope, Binh Nguyen, Michal Stoklosa
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to quantify changes in the affordability of sugar-sweetened beverages, a product implicated as a contributor to rising rates of obesity worldwide, as a function of product price and personal income. METHODS: We used international survey data in a retrospective analysis of 40 high-income and 42 low-income and middle-income countries from 1990 to 2016. Prices of sugar-sweetened beverages were from the Economist Intelligence Unit's World Cost of Living Survey...
May 4, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448251/erratum-vol-13-march-17-release
#4
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd13.150395.].
April 27, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448250/recruiting-community-partners-for-veggie-van-strategies-and-lessons-learned-from-a-mobile-market-intervention-in-north-carolina-2012-2015
#5
Gina L Tripicchio, Jacqueline Grady Smith, Janelle Armstrong-Brown, Jared McGuirt, Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, Sarah Mardovich, Alice S Ammerman, Lucia Leone
BACKGROUND: Food access interventions are promising strategies for improving dietary intake, which is associated with better health. However, studies examining the relationship between food access and intake are limited to observational designs, indicating a need for more rigorous approaches. The Veggie Van (VV) program was a cluster-randomized intervention designed to address the gap between food access and intake. In this article, we aim to describe the approaches involved in recruiting community partners to participate in VV...
April 27, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427484/racial-and-ethnic-subgroup-disparities-in-hypertension-prevalence-new-york-city-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2013-2014
#6
Kezhen Fei, Jesica S Rodriguez-Lopez, Marcel Ramos, Nadia Islam, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Stella S Yi, Claudia Chernov, Sharon E Perlman, Lorna E Thorpe
INTRODUCTION: Racial/ethnic minority adults have higher rates of hypertension than non-Hispanic white adults. We examined the prevalence of hypertension among Hispanic and Asian subgroups in New York City. METHODS: Data from the 2013-2014 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to assess hypertension prevalence among adults (aged ≥20) in New York City (n = 1,476). Hypertension was measured (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg or self-reported hypertension and use of blood pressure medication)...
April 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427483/do-no-harm-moving-beyond-weight-loss-to-emphasize-physical-activity-at-every-size
#7
Emily Dollar, Margit Berman, Anna M Adachi-Mejia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409742/erratum-vol-13-april-28-release
#8
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd13.150500.].
April 13, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409741/impact-of-comorbidities-among-medicaid-enrollees-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-united-states-2009
#9
Gloria Westney, Marilyn G Foreman, Junjun Xu, Marshaleen Henriques King, Eric Flenaugh, George Rust
INTRODUCTION: Multimorbidity, the presence of 2 or more chronic conditions, frequently affects people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Many have high-cost, highly complex conditions that have a substantial impact on state Medicaid programs. We quantified the cost of Medicaid-insured patients with COPD co-diagnosed with other chronic disorders. METHODS: We used nationally representative Medicaid claims data to analyze the impact of comorbidities (other chronic conditions) on the disease burden, emergency department (ED) use, hospitalizations, and total health care costs among 291,978 adult COPD patients...
April 13, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409740/quit-methods-used-by-us-adult-cigarette-smokers-2014-2016
#10
Ralph S Caraballo, Paul R Shafer, Deesha Patel, Kevin C Davis, Timothy A McAfee
To quantify the prevalence of 10 quit methods commonly used by adult cigarette smokers, we used data from a nationally representative longitudinal (2014-2016) online survey of US adult cigarette smokers (n = 15,943). Overall, 74.7% of adult current cigarette smokers used multiple quit methods during their most recent quit attempt. Giving up cigarettes all at once (65.3%) and reducing the number of cigarettes smoked (62.0%) were the most prevalent methods. Substituting some cigarettes with e-cigarettes was used by a greater percentage of smokers than the nicotine patch, nicotine gum, or other cessation aids approved by the US Food and Drug Administration...
April 13, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384096/the-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-at-federally-qualified-health-centers-in-the-united-states-2013
#11
Susan A Flocke, Richard Hoffman, Jan M Eberth, Hyunyong Park, Genevieve Birkby, Erika Trapl, Steve Zeliadt
We explored tobacco use across federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) and compared data on state-level tobacco use between FQHC patients and the general population. We used data from the Uniform Data System (UDS) and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to generate estimates of 2013 prevalence of tobacco use among adults aged 18 years or older. According to UDS data, the overall prevalence of tobacco use was 25.8% in FQHCs compared with 20.6% in the general population represented by BRFSS data, an average of 5...
April 6, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358669/factors-in-placement-and-enrollment-of-primary-care-patients-in-ymca-s-diabetes-prevention-program-bronx-new-york-2010-2015
#12
Earle C Chambers, Colin D Rehm, Jordan Correra, Lydia Elena Garcia, Melinda E Marquez, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Amanda Parsons
INTRODUCTION: The reach of the New York State YMCA's Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) to at-risk populations may be increased through integration with primary care settings. Although considerable effort has been made in the referral and retention of patients, little is known about the factors associated with the placement of potential participants into YMCA's DPP. METHODS: Among Montefiore Health System (MHS) patients referred to YMCA's DPP (n = 1,249) from July 10, 2010, through November 11, 2015, we identified demographic factors (eg, age, preferred language) and primary care practice-level factors (eg, time between referral and start of session, session season) associated with placement into a session and subsequent drop-out...
March 30, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333600/erratum-vol-13-december-8-release
#13
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd14.160186.].
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333599/a-community-driven-implementation-of-the-body-and-soul-program-in-churches-in-the-twin-cities-minnesota-2011-2014
#14
Erika Ashley Pinsker, Andrew W Enzler, Megan C Hoffman, Kathleen Thiede Call, Sylvia Amos, Alfred Babington-Johnson, Kolawole Stephen Okuyemi
BACKGROUND: African Americans have high disease and death rates due to cancer and cardiovascular disease. Health promotion efforts to improve diet have the potential to reduce these rates. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: Given their importance in the community and the extent of their reach, churches are effective avenues for health promotion efforts targeting African Americans. The objectives of this project were to promote healthy eating among African American church members, engage African American churches in the implementation of Body and Soul (an evidenced-based program that encourages healthy eating), and implement the program in the community with minimal resources...
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333598/achieving-health-equity-through-community-engagement-in-translating-evidence-to-policy-the-san-francisco-health-improvement-partnership-2010-2016
#15
Kevin Grumbach, Roberto A Vargas, Paula Fleisher, Tomás J Aragón, Lisa Chung, Colleen Chawla, Abbie Yant, Estela R Garcia, Amor Santiago, Perry L Lang, Paula Jones, Wylie Liu, Laura A Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The San Francisco Health Improvement Partnership (SFHIP) promotes health equity by using a novel collective impact model that blends community engagement with evidence-to-policy translational science. The model involves diverse stakeholders, including ethnic-based community health equity coalitions, the local public health department, hospitals and health systems, a health sciences university, a school district, the faith community, and others sectors. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: We report on 3 SFHIP prevention initiatives: reducing consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs), regulating retail alcohol sales, and eliminating disparities in children's oral health...
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301314/metabolic-syndrome-prevalence-by-race-ethnicity-and-sex-in-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1988-2012
#16
Justin Xavier Moore, Ninad Chaudhary, Tomi Akinyemiju
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors associated with increased risk of multiple chronic diseases, including cancer and cardiovascular disease. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome overall, by race and sex, and to assess trends in prevalence from 1988 through 2012. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 1988 through 2012...
March 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278130/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-1-3-million-adults-with-overweight-or-obesity-but-not-diabetes-in-10-geographically-diverse-regions-of-the-united-states-2012-2013
#17
Gregory A Nichols, Michael Horberg, Corinna Koebnick, Deborah Rohm Young, Beth Waitzfelder, Nancy E Sherwood, Matthew F Daley, Assiamira Ferrara
INTRODUCTION: Various phenotypes of overweight and obesity pose various health risks. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of 4 commonly measured cardiometabolic risk factors (CRFs) among adults with overweight or obesity, but not diabetes, at the time of the study. METHODS: We analyzed data for 1,294,174 adults (aged ≥20 y) who were members of one of 4 integrated health systems. Each cohort member had a body mass index in 2012 or 2013 that indicated overweight or obesity...
March 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278129/predicting-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-by-using-data-on-easy-to-measure-risk-factors
#18
Kedir N Turi, David M Buchner, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint
INTRODUCTION: Statistical models for assessing risk of type 2 diabetes are usually additive with linear terms that use non-nationally representative data. The objective of this study was to use nationally representative data on diabetes risk factors and spline regression models to determine the ability of models with nonlinear and interaction terms to assess the risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We used 4 waves of data (2005-2006 to 2011-2012) on adults aged 20 or older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n = 5,471) and multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS) to build risk models in 2015...
March 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253474/food-policy-council-self-assessment-tool-development-testing-and-results
#19
Larissa Calancie, Nicole E Allen, Bryan J Weiner, Shu Wen Ng, Dianne S Ward, Alice Ammerman
A large number of food policy councils (FPCs) exist in the United States, Canada, and Tribal Nations (N = 278), yet there are no tools designed to measure their members' perceptions of organizational capacity, social capital, and council effectiveness. Without such tools, it is challenging to determine best practices for FPCs and to measure change within and across councils over time. This study describes the development, testing, and findings from the Food Policy Council Self-Assessment Tool (FPC-SAT). The assessment measures council practices and council members' perceptions of the following concepts: leadership, breadth of active membership, council climate, formality of council structure, knowledge sharing, relationships, member empowerment, community context, synergy, and impacts on the food system...
March 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253473/identification-of-patients-with-diabetes-who-benefit-most-from-a-health-coaching-program-in-chronic-disease-management-sydney-australia-2013
#20
Grace Delaney, Neroli Newlyn, Elline Pamplona, Samantha L Hocking, Sarah J Glastras, Rachel T McGrath, Gregory R Fulcher
INTRODUCTION: Chronic disease management programs (CDMPs) that include health coaching can facilitate and coordinate diabetes management. The aim of this study was to assess changes in patients' general knowledge of diabetes, self-reported health status, diabetes distress, body mass index (BMI), and glycemic control after enrollment in a face-to-face CDMP group health coaching session (with telephone follow-up) compared with participation in telephone-only health coaching, during a 12-month period...
March 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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