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Preventing Chronic Disease

Erika S Trapl, Samantha Smith, Kakul Joshi, Amanda Osborne, Michele Benko, Anna Thornton Matos, Shari Bolen
INTRODUCTION: Little is known regarding the impact of produce prescriptions within the context of hypertension visits at safety net clinics. We evaluated intervention effectiveness on patient usage of farmers markets and dietary change related to fruit and vegetable consumption. METHODS: Health Improvement Partnership - Cuyahoga worked with 3 clinics to integrate, implement, and evaluated a produce prescription for hypertension (PRxHTN) program. PRxHTN involves 3 monthly, nonphysician provider visits, comprising blood pressure measurement, nutrition counseling, and four $10 farmers market produce vouchers, for hypertensive adult patients screening positive for food insecurity...
November 15, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Andrew R Maroko, Brian T Pavilonis
We used spatial analyses to examine exposure of people in vulnerable occupational groups to neighborhood-level environmental pollutants in the Bronx borough of New York City. Five-year estimates of environmental ambient exposures (derived from land use regression models for PM2.5 [particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 µm] and black carbon) and demographic and occupational variables were harmonized at the census tract level. Correlations revealed that areas with high environmental exposures also had high proportions of people in service industries and manufacturing and high proportions of socioeconomically vulnerable populations...
November 15, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Suzanne Vang, Laurie R Margolies, Lina Jandorf
INTRODUCTION: Although breast cancer deaths have declined, the mortality rate among women from medically underserved communities is disproportionally high. Screening mammography is the most effective tool for detecting breast cancer in its early stages, yet many women from medically underserved communities do not have adequate access to screening mammograms. Mobile mammography may be able to bridge this gap by providing screening mammograms at no cost or low cost and delivering services to women in their own neighborhoods, thus eliminating cost and transportation barriers...
November 15, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Anna K Porter, Harold W Kohl, Adriana Pérez, Belinda Reininger, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Deborah Salvo
INTRODUCTION: Research on perceptions of environmental factors in relation to transportation and recreation bicycling is limited in the United States. We explored the association between perceived social and built environment factors with total, transportation, and recreation bicycling in a sample of adult bicyclists in Austin, Texas, and Birmingham, Alabama. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived social and built environment factors and domain-specific bicycling in a sample of adult bicyclists...
November 8, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Lauren E Mullenbach, Andrew J Mowen, Birgitta L Baker
INTRODUCTION: Walkable access to parks, sufficient park acreage, and investments in park and recreation resources are 3 indicators of quality city park systems. Few studies, however, have examined the collective effects of these indicators on public health outcomes. METHODS: Combining 3 nationwide public data sets, this study modeled the relationships between a composite score of urban park system quality effects on physical activity and self-reported health while controlling for demographic and lifestyle variables...
November 8, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Edward Y Hu, Sujith Ramachandran, Kaustuv Bhattacharya, Sasikiran Nunna
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents in the United States is high. The aim of this study was to assess the association between modifiable risk factors and obesity and to estimate the population attributable fractions (PAFs) of modifiable risk factors among high school students in the United States. METHODS: For this retrospective study, we used a nationally representative sample of 15,624 students who participated in the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS)...
November 8, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Annette E Maxwell, Laura Castillo, Anthony A Arce, Teresa De Anda, David Martins, William J McCarthy
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: Children eat less than recommended amounts of vegetables. Repeated taste exposure can increase children's acceptance of initially disliked vegetables. However, implementation of this strategy is lacking. We conducted a pilot study to assess the feasibility of implementing an evidence-based intervention to promote liking of initially disliked vegetables among children enrolled in a YMCA summer camp. INTERVENTION APPROACH: We adapted a research-tested intervention to promote child liking of vegetables for implementation in small groups...
November 1, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Yan Wang, James B Holt, Fang Xu, Xingyou Zhang, Daniel P Dooley, Hua Lu, Janet B Croft
BACKGROUND: We used a multilevel regression and poststratification approach to generate estimates of health-related outcomes using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2013 (BRFSS) data for the 500 US cities. We conducted an empirical study to investigate whether the approach is robust using different health surveys. METHODS: We constructed a multilevel logistic model with individual-level age, sex, and race/ethnicity as predictors (Model I), and sequentially added educational attainment (Model II) and area-level poverty (Model III) for 5 health-related outcomes using the nationwide BRFSS, the Massachusetts BRFSS 2013 (a state subset of nationwide BRFSS), and the Boston BRFSS 2010/2013 (an independent survey), respectively...
November 1, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Brittney Keller-Hamilton, Jacqueline Muff, Traci Blue, Bo Lu, Michael D Slater, Megan E Roberts, Amy K Ferketich
INTRODUCTION: Media tobacco and alcohol portrayals encourage adolescent substance use. Preventing adolescent initiation with these substances is critical, as they contribute to leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Television tobacco and alcohol portrayals have not been examined for more than 7 years. This study analyzed tobacco and alcohol portrayals on adolescents' favorite television shows and evaluated the rate of portrayals by parental rating. METHODS: Adolescent males (N = 1,220) from Ohio reported 3 favorite television shows and how frequently they watch them...
November 1, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Jason Hsia, Hataichanok Puckcharern, Machell Town
Proxy responses are often allowed in household tobacco surveys when all household members are included in a sample. To assess the effect of proxy responses on prevalence estimates, we compared 2 surveys in 2011 that gauged tobacco use in Thailand: the Cigarette Smoking and Alcohol Drinking Survey (SADS) and the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). Both surveys had similar nonsampling errors and design, but SADS allowed proxy responses and GATS did not. When proxy responses were included in SADS, the prevalence estimate was 10% lower in GATS for men (41...
October 25, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Calla Holzhauser, Patricia Da Rosa, Semhar Michael
INTRODUCTION: The All Women Count! (AWC!) program is a no-cost breast and cervical cancer screening program for qualifying women in South Dakota. Our study aimed to identify counties with similar socioeconomic characteristics and to estimate the number of women who will use the program for the next 5 years. METHODS: We used AWC! data and sociodemographic predictor variables (eg, poverty level [percentage of the population with an annual income at or below 200% of the Federal Poverty Level], median income) and a mixture of Gaussian regression time series models to perform clustering and forecasting simultaneously...
October 25, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Fei Gao, Huabin Luo, Katherine Jones, Wanda Nicholson, Ronny A Bell
INTRODUCTION: Women with gestational diabetes are at 7 times greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than are women without gestational diabetes. The objectives of this study were to examine recent changes in the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus among women of reproductive age in the United States and assess the prevalence of factors associated with participating in healthy lifestyle behaviors. METHODS: Data were from 4 waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2014)...
October 25, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd15.180085.].
October 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Uma S Nair, Benjamin R Brady, Patrick A O'Connor, Melanie L Bell
INTRODUCTION: Quitlines are an integral part of tobacco treatment programs and reach groups of smokers who have a wide range of barriers to cessation. Although tobacco dependence is chronic and relapsing, little research exists on factors that predict the likelihood of clients re-engaging and reconnecting with quitlines for treatment. The objective of this study was to describe factors that predict the re-enrollment of clients in Arizona's state quitline. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data collected from clients (N = 49,284) enrolled in the Arizona Smokers' Helpline from January 2011 through June 2016...
October 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Christiana Oshotse, Leah L Zullig, Hayden B Bosworth, Pikuei Tu, Cheryl Lin
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common disease that requires patient self-management with chronic medications. Adherence rates for RA medications are suboptimal. This study explores medication adherence and self-efficacy behaviors among RA patients. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study comprising focus groups and individual interviews. Nineteen participants were recruited and screened to participate in three 90-minute focus groups (n = 13) and six 60-minute individual interviews...
October 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Leigha Vilen, Rebecca J Cleveland, Leigh F Callahan
INTRODUCTION: Latinos are disproportionately likely to lack a high school diploma, compared with non-Hispanic whites, a trend associated with worse outcomes in arthritis and indicating a need for health interventions. Camine Con Gusto (CCG) is the Spanish version of the evidence-based Walk With Ease program for arthritis. This study compared baseline health status and examined differences in program efficacy and adherence among Latino adults with and without a high school diploma enrolled in a pre-post evaluation of CCG...
October 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Emily Brignone, J D Fargo, R K Blais, A V Gundlapalli
Veterans who are discharged from military service due to misconduct are vulnerable to negative health-related outcomes, including homelessness, incarceration, and suicide. We used national data from the Veterans Health Administration for 218,608 veterans of conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan that took place after the events of September 11, 2001, to compare clinical diagnoses between routinely-discharged (n = 203,174) and misconduct-discharged (n = 15,433) veterans. Misconduct-discharged veterans had significantly higher risk for all mental health conditions (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] range, 2...
October 11, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Daniel Kim, Fusheng Wang, Chrisa Arcan
INTRODUCTION: In addition to economic factors and geographic area poverty, area income inequality - the extent to which income is distributed in an uneven manner across a population - has been found to influence health outcomes and obesity. We used a spatial-based approach to describe interactions between neighboring areas with the objective of generating new insights into the relationships between county-level income inequality, poverty, and obesity prevalence across New York State (NYS)...
October 11, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Sumit D Agarwal, Matthew Kerwin, Jacob Meindertsma, Andrew M D Wolf
INTRODUCTION: Decision aids are not readily available to individualize the benefits of smoking cessation but could help health care providers engage in meaningful conversations with their patients to explore and encourage an attempt to quit smoking. We conducted a pilot study of a novel decision aid among an underserved population to assess its effectiveness in increasing readiness to quit and quit attempts. METHODS: We designed a decision aid that used images of birthday cakes to highlight the number of years of life that could be gained from smoking cessation and tested it in an urban safety net clinic...
October 11, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Jan M Eberth, Parisa Bozorgi, Logan M Lebrón, Sarah E Bills, Linda J Hazlett, Ruth C Carlos, Jennifer C King
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
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