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Preventing Chronic Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144895/should-the-legal-age-for-tobacco-be-raised-results-from-a-national-sample-of-adolescents
#1
Sarah D Kowitt, Allison M Schmidt, Allison E Myers, Adam O Goldstein
Raising the minimum age of legal access to tobacco products may reduce smoking initiation and save lives. In a national telephone survey (2014-2015), US adolescents aged 13 to 17 years (N = 1,125; response rate, 66%) were asked about raising the age of legal access to tobacco products and randomized to hear one of 3 ages (19, 20, or 21 y). Most adolescents, across all US regions, favored raising the minimum age of legal access to 19 (75.7%), 20 (80.6%), or 21 (76.4%). These supportive attitudes may be useful to tobacco prevention and control practitioners who seek to reduce tobacco use among adolescents...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144894/clinical-community-partnerships-to-identify-patients-with-food-insecurity-and-address-food-needs
#2
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Karen R Siegel, Holly Calhoun, Sonia A Kim, Sandra P Garcia, Natalie M Hoeting, Diane M Harris, Laura Kettel Khan, Bryce Smith, Heidi M Blanck, Kevin Barnett, Anne C Haddix
INTRODUCTION: More than 42 million people in the United States are food insecure. Although some health care entities are addressing food insecurity among patients because of associations with disease risk and management, little is known about the components of these initiatives. METHODS: The Systematic Screening and Assessment Method was used to conduct a landscape assessment of US health care entity-based programs that screen patients for food insecurity and connect them with food resources...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144893/primary-care-providers-level-of-preparedness-for-recommending-physical-activity-to-adults-with-disabilities
#3
Elizabeth A Courtney-Long, Alissa C Stevens, Dianna D Carroll, Shannon Griffin-Blake, John D Omura, Susan A Carlson
INTRODUCTION: Adults with disabilities are more likely to be physically inactive than those without disabilities. Although receiving a health care provider recommendation is associated with physical activity participation in this population, there is little information on factors associated with primary care providers recommending physical activity to patients with disabilities. METHODS: We used 2014 DocStyles data to assess primary care provider characteristics and perceived barriers to and knowledge-related factors of recommending physical activity to adult patients with disabilities, by how prepared primary care providers felt in making recommendations...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144892/preventable-tooth-loss-in-hawai-i-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-diabetes-and-dental-visits
#4
Mikako Deguchi, Marjorie K Leimomi Mala Mau, James Davis, Richard Niederman
INTRODUCTION: Tooth preservation in adults and children is one of the Healthy People 2020 goals for oral health. Although the overall prevalence of tooth loss has been declining in the United States, substantial racial/ethnic differences in preventable tooth loss persist as a public health problem. We examined the strength of the association of health risk factors and tooth loss in Hawai'i. METHODS: We used data from the Hawai'i Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey collected from 2011 through 2014...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120703/maternal-obesity-gestational-weight-gain-and-asthma-in-offspring
#5
Kristen J Polinski, Jihong Liu, Nansi S Boghossian, Alexander C McLain
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is common among women of childbearing age; intrauterine exposure to maternal obesity or gestational weight gain may influence the development of asthma in early childhood. We examined the relationships of maternal obesity and gestational weight gain with asthma in offspring. METHODS: We used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, which has a nationally representative sample of children followed from birth in 2001 through age 4 (n = 6,450)...
November 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120702/food-insecurity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-adolescents
#6
Shannon M Robson, Alicia J Lozano, Mia Papas, Freda Patterson
INTRODUCTION: Food insecurity is associated with poor cardiometabolic health in adults. The extent to which this relationship exists in adolescents has yet to be defined. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between food insecurity and cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents. METHODS: We evaluated the association between food insecurity and several cardiometabolic risk factors by using data collected from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey at the state and city levels...
November 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120701/neighborhood-resources-to-support-healthy-diets-and-physical-activity-among-us-military-veterans
#7
Elizabeth Tarlov, Shannon N Zenk, Stephen A Matthews, Lisa M Powell, Kelly K Jones, Sandy Slater, Coady Wing
INTRODUCTION: Among the nearly 21 million military veterans living in the United States, 64.0% of women and 76.1% of men are overweight or obese, higher rates than in the civilian population (56.9% of women and 69.9% of men). Attributes of the residential environment are linked to obesity. The objective of this study was to characterize the residential environments of the US veteran population with respect to availability of food and recreational venues. METHODS: We used American Community Survey data to determine the concentration of veterans (the percentage of veterans among the adult population) in all continental US census tracts in 2013, and we used proprietary data to construct measures of availability of food and recreational venues per census tract...
November 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101768/novel-methods-and-data-sources-for-surveillance-of-state-level-diabetes-and-prediabetes-prevalence
#8
Russ Mardon, David Marker, Jennifer Nooney, Joanne Campione, Frank Jenkins, Maurice Johnson, Lori Merrill, Deborah B Rolka, Sharon Saydah, Linda S Geiss, Xuanping Zhang, Sundar Shrestha
States bear substantial responsibility for addressing the rising rates of diabetes and prediabetes in the United States. However, accurate state-level estimates of diabetes and prediabetes prevalence that include undiagnosed cases have been impossible to produce with traditional sources of state-level data. Various new and nontraditional sources for estimating state-level prevalence are now available. These include surveys with expanded samples that can support state-level estimation in some states and administrative and clinical data from insurance claims and electronic health records...
November 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101767/pricing-strategies-to-encourage-availability-purchase-and-consumption-of-healthy-foods-and-beverages-a-systematic-review
#9
Joel Gittelsohn, Angela Cristina Bizzotto Trude, Hyunju Kim
INTRODUCTION: Food pricing policies to promote healthy diets, such as taxes, price manipulations, and food subsidies, have been tested in different settings. However, little consensus exists about the effect of these policies on the availability of healthy and unhealthy foods, on what foods consumers buy, or on the impact of food purchases on consumer health outcomes. We conducted a systematic review of studies of the effect of food-pricing interventions on retail sales and on consumer purchasing and consumption of healthy foods and beverages...
November 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101766/a-public-health-opportunity-found-in-food-waste
#10
Shreela V Sharma, Mudita Upadhyaya, Gregory Bounds, Christine Markham
A food waste problem coexists with food insecurity and obesity. Brighter Bites, a school-based food cooperative program, successfully channels primarily donated produce to low-income communities and provides nutrition education, creating an increased demand for and intake of fruits and vegetables. We present the framework used in Brighter Bites and results of operationalizing this framework during 3 years of implementation in Houston, Texas. Results demonstrated that, during 2013 through 2016, more than 12,500 families enrolled in Brighter Bites for 16 weeks in the school year...
November 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072985/electronic-information-standards-to-support-obesity-prevention-and-bridge-services-across-systems-2010-2015
#11
Jennifer L Wiltz, Heidi M Blanck, Brian Lee, S Lawrence Kocot, Laura Seeff, Lisa C McGuire, Janet Collins
Electronic information technology standards facilitate high-quality, uniform collection of data for improved delivery and measurement of health care services. Electronic information standards also aid information exchange between secure systems that link health care and public health for better coordination of patient care and better-informed population health improvement activities. We developed international data standards for healthy weight that provide common definitions for electronic information technology...
October 26, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072984/disparities-in-preventive-dental-care-among-children-in-georgia
#12
Shanshan Cao, Monica Gentili, Paul M Griffin, Susan O Griffin, Nicoleta Serban
INTRODUCTION: We compared access to preventive dental care among low-income children eligible for public dental insurance to access among children with private dental insurance and/or high family income (>400% of the federal poverty level) in Georgia, and the effect of policies toward increasing access to dental care for low-income children. METHODS: We used multiple sources of data (eg, US Census, Georgia Board of Dentistry) to estimate, by census tract, measures of preventive dental care access in 2015 for children aged 0 to 18 years...
October 26, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072983/tobacco-use-cessation-among-quitline-callers-who-implemented-complete-home-smoking-bans-during-the-quitting-process
#13
Alesia M Jung, Nicholas Schweers, Melanie L Bell, Uma Nair, Nicole P Yuan
INTRODUCTION: The implementation of a home smoking ban (HSB) is associated with tobacco use cessation. We identified which quitline callers were most likely to report 30-day cessation among those who implemented complete HSBs after enrollment. METHODS: Our sample consisted of callers to the Arizona Smokers' Helpline who enrolled from January 1, 2011, through July 26, 2015, and who reported no HSB at enrollment and a complete HSB by 7-month follow-up. We used logistic regression to estimate associations between no use of tobacco in the previous 30 days (30-day quit) at 7-month follow-up and demographic characteristics, health conditions, tobacco use, and cessation strategies...
October 26, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072986/parity-and-overweight-obesity-in-peruvian-women
#14
Carlos A Huayanay-Espinoza, Renato Quispe, Julio A Poterico, Rodrigo M Carrillo-Larco, Juan Carlos Bazo-Alvarez, J Jaime Miranda
INTRODUCTION: The rise in noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors in developing countries may have changed or intensified the effect of parity on obesity. We aimed to assess this association in Peruvian women using data from a nationally representative survey. METHODS: We used data from Peru's Demographic and Health Survey, 2012. Parity was defined as the number of children ever born to a woman. We defined overweight as having a body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) of 25...
October 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049021/do-black-women-s-religious-beliefs-about-body-image-influence-their-confidence-in-their-ability-to-lose-weight
#15
Alexandria G Bauer, Jannette Berkley-Patton, Carole Bowe-Thompson, Therese Ruhland-Petty, Marcie Berman, Sheila Lister, Kelsey Christensen
INTRODUCTION: Black women are disproportionately burdened by obesity but maintain body satisfaction and strong religious commitment. Although faith-based weight-loss interventions have been effective at promoting weight loss among blacks, little is known about how body image and religious views contribute to weight-related beliefs among religious black women. The purpose of this study was to examine whether demographic and health history factors, religious involvement, and beliefs about body image could explain motivation and confidence to lose weight among a church-affiliated sample of black women...
October 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049020/comparison-of-methods-for-estimating-prevalence-of-chronic-diseases-and-health-behaviors-for-small-geographic-areas-boston-validation-study-2013
#16
Yan Wang, James B Holt, Xingyou Zhang, Hua Lu, Snehal N Shah, Daniel P Dooley, Kevin A Matthews, Janet B Croft
INTRODUCTION: Local health authorities need small-area estimates for prevalence of chronic diseases and health behaviors for multiple purposes. We generated city-level and census-tract-level prevalence estimates of 27 measures for the 500 largest US cities. METHODS: To validate the methodology, we constructed multilevel logistic regressions to predict 10 selected health indicators among adults aged 18 years or older by using 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data; we applied their predicted probabilities to census population data to generate city-level, neighborhood-level, and zip-code-level estimates for the city of Boston, Massachusetts...
October 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049019/mammography-use-in-portugal-national-health-survey-2014
#17
Sofia Chkotua, Bárbara Peleteiro
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the patterns of mammography use and monitoring changes in use are essential to improving national health policy for breast cancer control. We aimed to describe the use of mammography in Portugal and to identify the determinants of its nonuse and underuse by examining data from the National Health Survey 2014. METHODS: We analyzed data on 8,758 women aged 30 years or older. We defined women at an eligible age for mammography as women aged 45 to 69...
October 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049018/prevalence-of-single-and-multiple-leading-causes-of-death-by-race-ethnicity-among-us-adults-aged-60-to-79-years
#18
James Davis, Janell Penha, Omar Mbowe, Deborah A Taira
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD) (coronary artery disease, heart attack, and angina pectoris), and chronic lung disease (emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are major causes of death in the United States. The objective of this study was to assess racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of these conditions as cause of death among people aged 60 to 79 years with one or more of these conditions. METHODS: We used data on the prevalence of major chronic conditions from the National Health Interview Survey on 56,290 adults aged 60 to 79 years who reported having any of the chronic conditions assessed in the National Health Interview Survey for 2006 through 2014...
October 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023234/using-geographical-convergence-of-obesity-cardiovascular-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-at-the-neighborhood-level-to-inform-policy-and-practice
#19
Kayla Smurthwaite, Nasser Bagheri
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases are increasing across the world. Examination of local geographic variation in chronic disease patterns can enable policy makers to identify inequalities in health outcomes and tailor effective interventions to communities at higher risk. Our study aimed to determine the geographic variation of obesity, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and type 2 diabetes, using general practice clinical data. Further objectives included identifying regions of significantly high and low clusters of these conditions and assessing their association with sociodemographic characteristics...
October 12, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023233/compa%C3%A3-eros-high-school-students-mentor-middle-school-students-to-address-obesity-among-hispanic-adolescents
#20
Katherine R Arlinghaus, Jennette P Moreno, Layton Reesor, Daphne C Hernandez, Craig A Johnston
INTRODUCTION: Promotoras, Hispanic community health workers, are frequently employed to promote health behavioral change with culturally bound Hispanic lifestyle behaviors. Peer health mentors have been used in schools to promote healthy nutrition and physical activity behaviors among students. This study investigates the efficacy of combining these 2 approaches by training high school health mentors, called compañeros, to engage Hispanic middle school students in a school-based obesity intervention as a strategy to promote and sustain reductions in standardized body mass index (zBMI)...
October 12, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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