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Preventing Chronic Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207380/turning-the-curve-on-obesity-prevalence-among-fifth-graders-in-the-los-angeles-unified-school-district-2001-2013
#1
Amanda Kamali, Heena Hameed, Margaret Shih, Paul Simon
INTRODUCTION: After multiple decades of increasing childhood obesity prevalence in the United States, findings from recent studies suggest that prevalence has leveled or is decreasing in some populations. However, demographic and socioeconomic disparities in prevalence remain and may be increasing. METHODS: To assess recent trends and disparities in childhood obesity prevalence in Los Angeles County, we analyzed data from 2001 through 2013 in fifth graders in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD)...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207379/absence-of-fluoride-varnish-related-adverse-events-in-caries-prevention-trials-in-young-children-united-states
#2
Raul I Garcia, Steven E Gregorich, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Patricia A Braun, Anne Wilson, Judith Albino, Tamanna Tiwari, Maya Harper, Terrence S Batliner, Margaret Rasmussen, Nancy F Cheng, William Santo, Paul L Geltman, Michelle Henshaw, Stuart A Gansky
INTRODUCTION: Fluoride varnish is an effective prevention intervention for caries in young children. Its routine use in clinical care is supported by meta-analyses and recommended by clinical guidelines, including the US Preventive Services Task Force (B rating). This report is the first prospective systematic assessment of adverse events related to fluoride varnish treatment in young children. METHODS: We determined the incidence of adverse events related to fluoride varnish treatment in 3 clinical trials on the prevention of early childhood caries, conducted under the auspices of the Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers, an initiative sponsored by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182864/an-initiative-to-facilitate-park-usage-discovery-and-physical-activity-among-children-and-adolescents-in-greenville-county-south-carolina-2014
#3
Melissa L Fair, Andrew T Kaczynski, S Morgan Hughey, Gina M Besenyi, Alicia R Powers
INTRODUCTION: Parks are important settings for increasing population-level physical activity (PA). The objective of this study was to evaluate Park Hop, an incentivized scavenger-hunt-style intervention designed to influence park usage, discovery, park-based PA, and perceptions of parks among children and adolescents in Greenville County, South Carolina. METHODS: We used 2 data collection methods: matched preintervention and postintervention parent-completed surveys and in-park observations during 4 days near the midpoint of the intervention...
February 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182863/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-community-health-worker-self-management-support-intervention-among-low-income-adults-with-diabetes-seattle-washington-2010-2014
#4
Karin Nelson, Leslie Taylor, Julie Silverman, Meghan Kiefer, Paul Hebert, Dan Lessler, James Krieger
INTRODUCTION: Community health workers (CHWs) can improve diabetes outcomes; however, questions remain about translating research findings into practical low-intensity models for safety-net providers. We tested the effectiveness of a home-based low-intensity CHW intervention for improving health outcomes among low-income adults with diabetes. METHODS: Low-income patients with glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of 8.0% or higher in the 12 months before enrollment from 3 safety-net providers were randomized to a 12-month CHW-delivered diabetes self-management intervention or usual care...
February 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152363/comparison-of-research-framing-preferences-and-information-use-of-state-legislators-and-advocates-involved-in-cancer-control-united-states-2012-2013
#5
Alexandra B Morshed, Elizabeth A Dodson, Rachel G Tabak, Ross C Brownson
INTRODUCTION: Evidence-based policy plays an important role in prevention of cancer and other chronic diseases. The needs of actors involved in policy decision-making should inform knowledge translation strategies. This study examines the differences between state legislators and advocates in how they seek and use information and what their preferences are for how research information is framed. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional comparison of survey responses by US advocates (n = 77) and state legislators (n = 265) working on issues related to cancer control...
February 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152362/shared-use-of-physical-activity-facilities-among-north-carolina-faith-communities-2013
#6
Annie Hardison-Moody, Michael B Edwards, Jason N Bocarro, Anna Stein, Michael A Kanters, Danielle Marie Sherman, Lori K Rhew, Willona Marie Stallings, Sarah K Bowen
INTRODUCTION: Shared use of recreational facilities is a promising strategy for increasing access to places for physical activity. Little is known about shared use in faith-based settings. This study examined shared use practices and barriers in faith communities in North Carolina. METHODS: Faith communities in North Carolina (n = 234) completed an online survey (October-December 2013) designed to provide information about the extent and nature of shared use of recreational facilities...
February 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152361/a-home-based-exercise-program-driven-by-tablet-application-and-mobility-monitoring-for-frail-older-adults-feasibility-and-practical-implications
#7
Hilde A E Geraedts, Wiebren Zijlstra, Wei Zhang, Sophie L W Spoorenberg, Marcos Báez, Iman Khaghani Far, Heribert Baldus, Martin Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Stimulation of a physically active lifestyle among older adults is essential to health and well-being. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and user opinion of a home-based exercise program supported by a sensor and tablet application for frail older adults. METHODS: Community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥70 y) living in The Netherlands were recruited in 2014. Participants exercised 3 months with and 3 months without supervision from a remote coach...
February 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152360/preventing-chronic-disease-celebrating-contributions-and-defining-future-directions
#8
EDITORIAL
Leonard Jack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125401/erratum-vol-14-january-5-release
#9
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd14.160441.].
January 26, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125400/lessons-learned-by-community-stakeholders-in-the-massachusetts-childhood-obesity-research-demonstration-ma-cord-project-2013-2014
#10
Claudia Ganter, Alyssa Aftosmes-Tobio, Emmeline Chuang, Jo-Ann Kwass, Thomas Land, Kirsten K Davison
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a multifaceted disease that requires sustainable, multidimensional approaches that support change at the individual, community, and systems levels. The Massachusetts Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration project addressed this need by using clinical and public health evidence-based methods to prevent childhood obesity. To date, little information is known about successes and lessons learned from implementing such large-scale interventions. To address this gap, we examined perspectives of community stakeholders from various sectors on successes achieved and lessons learned during the implementation process...
January 26, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125399/prevalence-of-cancer-screening-among-adults-with-disabilities-united-states-2013
#11
C Brooke Steele, Julie S Townsend, Elizabeth A Courtney-Long, Monique Young
INTRODUCTION: Many studies on cancer screening among adults with disabilities examined disability status only, which masks subgroup differences. We examined prevalence of receipt of cancer screening tests by disability status and type. METHODS: We used 2013 National Health Interview Survey data to assess prevalence of 1) guideline-concordant mammography, Papanicolaou (Pap) tests, and endoscopy and stool tests; 2) physicians' recommendations for these tests; and 3) barriers to health-care access among adults with and without disabilities (defined as difficulty with cognition, hearing, vision, or mobility)...
January 26, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103184/using-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-s-stay-independent-checklist-to-engage-a-community-of-american-indians-and-raise-awareness-about-risk-of-falls-2016
#12
Janet Popp, Debra L Waters, Karen Leekity, Donica Ghahate, Jeanette Bobelu, Ross Tsikewa, Carla J Herman, Vallabh Shah
BACKGROUND: The unintentional death rate from falls is higher among American Indians from the US Southwest than from other regions in the country. The Zuni Pueblo is a geographically isolated, rural American Indian community located in western New Mexico. Education and screening for falls risk is lacking in this community and may be needed to reduce falls and falls-related illness and death. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: Building on a 17-year relationship with the Zuni Health Initiative, meetings were held with Zuni tribal leadership, staff from the Zuni Senior Center and Zuni Home Health Services, members of the Zuni Comprehensive Community Health Center, Indian Health Service, and Zuni community health representatives (CHRs) to discuss elder falls in the community...
January 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103183/association-between-parent-television-viewing-practices-and-setting-rules-to-limit-the-television-viewing-time-of-their-8-to-12-year-old-children-minnesota-2011-2015
#13
Martha Y Kubik, Olga V Gurvich, Jayne A Fulkerson
INTRODUCTION: Television (TV) viewing is popular among adults and children, and child TV-viewing time is positively associated with parent TV-viewing time. Efforts to limit the TV-viewing time of children typically target parent rule-setting. However, little is known about the association between parent TV-viewing practices and rule-setting. METHODS: We used baseline height and weight data and survey data collected from 2011 through 2015 on parents and their 8- to 12-year-old children (N = 212 parent/child dyads) who were participants in 2 community-based obesity prevention intervention trials conducted in metropolitan Minnesota...
January 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084989/using-school-staff-members-to-implement-a-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention-in-low-income-school-districts-the-massachusetts-childhood-obesity-research-demonstration-ma-cord-project-2012-2014
#14
Rachel E Blaine, Rebecca L Franckle, Claudia Ganter, Jennifer Falbe, Catherine Giles, Shaniece Criss, Jo-Ann Kwass, Thomas Land, Steven L Gortmaker, Emmeline Chuang, Kirsten K Davison
INTRODUCTION: Although evidence-based interventions to prevent childhood obesity in school settings exist, few studies have identified factors that enhance school districts' capacity to undertake such efforts. We describe the implementation of a school-based intervention using classroom lessons based on existing "Eat Well and Keep Moving" and "Planet Health" behavior change interventions and schoolwide activities to target 5,144 children in 4th through 7th grade in 2 low-income school districts...
January 12, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084988/screening-for-food-insecurity-in-six-veterans-administration-clinics-for-the-homeless-june-december-2015
#15
Thomas P O'Toole, Christopher B Roberts, Erin E Johnson
OBJECTIVE: We assessed findings from a food-insecurity screening of a national sample of Veterans Administration clinics for homeless and formerly homeless veterans. METHODS: We reviewed results from initial screenings administered at 6 Veterans Administration primary care clinics for the homeless and responses from clinic staff members interviewed about the screening program. RESULTS: A total of 270 patients were screened. The average age was 53 years, and most were male (93...
January 12, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055821/prevalence-of-mindfulness-practices-in-the-us-workforce-national-health-interview-survey
#16
Diana Kachan, Henry Olano, Stacey L Tannenbaum, Debra W Annane, Ashwin Mehta, Kristopher L Arheart, Lora E Fleming, Xuan Yang, Laura A McClure, David J Lee
INTRODUCTION: Mindfulness-based practices can improve workers' health and reduce employers' costs by ameliorating the negative effect of stress on workers' health. We examined the prevalence of engagement in 4 mindfulness-based practices in the US workforce. METHODS: We used 2002, 2007, and 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data for adults (aged ≥18 y, n = 85,004) to examine 12-month engagement in meditation, yoga, tai chi, and qigong among different groups of workers...
January 5, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055820/the-relationship-between-self-rated-health-and-use-of-parks-and-participation-in-recreation-programs-united-states-1991-and-2015
#17
Nicholas A D Pitas, Austin G Barrett, Andrew J Mowen, Alan R Graefe, Geoffrey C Godbey, Christopher N Sciamanna
We examined the relationship between self-rated health and use of parks and recreation program participation by using logistic regression to analyze data from representative national surveys conducted in 1991 and 2015. Neither park use nor program participation were significantly related to self-rated health in 1991; however, both were significantly related in 2015. The growing relationship between use of parks and recreation programs and self-rated health during this period is likely the result of broad national health promotion efforts and provides support for funding of capital and operational expenses for park and recreation services...
January 5, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033092/an-evaluability-assessment-of-the-west-virginia-physical-activity-plan-2015-lessons-learned-for-other-state-physical-activity-plans
#18
Christiaan G Abildso, Samantha Shawley, Sherry Owens, Angela Dyer, Sean M Bulger, Dina L Jones, Emily M Jones, Emily Murphy, Melissa D Olfert, Eloise Elliott
BACKGROUND: The US National Physical Activity Plan (NPAP) was released in 2009 as a national strategic plan to increase physical activity (PA). The NPAP emphasized implementing state and local PA programs. Dissemination of information about NPAP has been limited, however. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: West Virginia is a predominantly rural state with high rates of chronic diseases associated with physical inactivity. In 2015 an evaluability assessment (EA) of the West Virginia Physical Activity Plan (WVPAP) was conducted, and community stakeholders were invited to participate in updating the plan...
December 29, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033091/using-health-information-technology-and-data-to-improve-chronic-disease-outcomes-in-federally-qualified-health-centers-in-maryland
#19
Erica A Smith, Judy Lapinski, Judy Lichty-Hess, Kristi Pier
Federally Qualified Health Centers provide health care services to underserved communities and vulnerable populations. In Maryland, the burden of chronic disease is high among Federally Qualified Health Center patients. Electronic health records (EHRs) are becoming more widely used, and effective use of EHR data may improve chronic disease outcomes. This article describes the process of developing a data aggregation and analytics platform to support health centers in using population health data based on standardized clinical quality measures...
December 29, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033090/community-health-workers-as-allies-in-hypertension-self-management-and-medication-adherence-in-the-united-states-2014
#20
Caitlin G Allen, J Nell Brownstein, Anamika Satsangi, Cam Escoffery
INTRODUCTION: Rates of hypertension control remain low among underserved populations in the United States; moreover, disparities in hypertension-related cardiovascular disease death are increasing. Community health workers (CHWs) can address barriers to hypertension control among underrepresented and diverse populations. We identify unique roles CHWs play in hypertension self-management and medication adherence. METHODS: In 2014, we conducted a mixed methods study with an online survey of 265 CHWs and 23 telephone interviews...
December 29, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
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