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Preventing Chronic Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786503/relationships-between-theoretically-derived-short-term-outcomes-and-support-for-policy-among-the-public-and-decision-makers
#1
Carol L Schmitt, Laurel Curry, Vanessa Boudewyns, Pamela A Williams, LaShawn Glasgow, Deanna Van Hersh, Jeffrey Willett, Todd Rogers
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: Policy change is a lengthy and complex process. Thus, it is important to articulate hypothesized causal pathways between advocacy activities and policy change outcomes and to identify and monitor early indicators of progress toward policy change. INTERVENTION APPROACH: The Kansas Health Foundation supports grantee efforts to address the public health effects of obesity through evidence-based policy, systems, and environmental change interventions...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786502/best-practices-for-financial-sustainability-of-healthy-food-service-guidelines-in-hospital-cafeterias
#2
Stephanie Jilcott Pitts, Brittany Schwartz, John Graham, Amy Lowry Warnock, Angelo Mojica, Erin Marziale, Diane Harris
In February and March 2017 we examined barriers and facilitators to financial sustainability of healthy food service guidelines and synthesized best practices for financial sustainability in retail operations. We conducted qualitative, in-depth interviews with 8 hospital food service directors to learn more about barriers and facilitators to financial sustainability of healthy food service guidelines in retail food service operations. Analysts organized themes around headers in the interview guide and also made note of emerging themes not in the original guide...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786501/strategies-to-increase-filipino-american-participation-in-cardiovascular-health-promotion-a-systematic-review
#3
Jermy-Leigh B Domingo, Gretchenjan Gavero, Kathryn L Braun
INTRODUCTION: Cultural tailoring of interventions can be effective in reducing health disparities by attracting underserved populations to health promotion programs and improving their outcomes. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess what is known about increasing access to and participation in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention and control programs among Filipino Americans. METHODS: PubMed MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Sociologic Abstracts were searched for peer-reviewed studies and dissertations conducted in the United States from 2004 through 2016...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786500/exploratory-cluster-analysis-to-identify-patterns-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-500-cities-project
#4
Shelley H Liu, Yan Li, Bian Liu
Chronic kidney disease is a leading cause of death in the United States. We used cluster analysis to explore patterns of chronic kidney disease in 500 of the largest US cities. After adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics, we found that unhealthy behaviors, prevention measures, and health outcomes related to chronic kidney disease differ between cities in Utah and those in the rest of the United States. Cluster analysis can be useful for identifying geographic regions that may have important policy implications for preventing chronic kidney disease...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752804/evaluating-behavioral-health-surveillance-systems
#5
Alejandro Azofeifa, Donna F Stroup, Rob Lyerla, Thomas Largo, Barbara A Gabella, C Kay Smith, Benedict I Truman, Robert D Brewer, Nancy D Brener
In 2015, more than 27 million people in the United States reported that they currently used illicit drugs or misused prescription drugs, and more than 66 million reported binge drinking during the previous month. Data from public health surveillance systems on drug and alcohol abuse are crucial for developing and evaluating interventions to prevent and control such behavior. However, public health surveillance for behavioral health in the United States has been hindered by organizational issues and other factors...
May 10, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752803/a-pragmatic-application-of-the-re-aim-framework-for-evaluating-the-implementation-of-physical-activity-as-a-standard-of-care-in-health-systems
#6
Mark Stoutenberg, Karla I Galaviz, Felipe Lobelo, Elizabeth Joy, Gregory W Heath, Adrian Hutber, Paul Estabrooks
INTRODUCTION: Exercise is Medicine (EIM) is an initiative that seeks to integrate physical activity assessment, prescription, and patient referral as a standard in patient care. Methods to assess this integration have lagged behind its implementation. PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work is to provide a pragmatic framework to guide health care systems in assessing the implementation and impact of EIM. EVALUATION METHODS: A working group of experts from health care, public health, and implementation science convened to develop an evaluation model based on the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) framework...
May 10, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752802/factors-related-to-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-at-lunch-among-elementary-students-a-scoping-review
#7
Matthew M Graziose, Ian Yi Han Ang
INTRODUCTION: Few children consume the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables, and schools are a valuable setting for interventions, including programs such as the National School Lunch Program, to increase consumption. Previous research explored factors in this program that influence fruit and vegetable consumption. The objective of this scoping review was to identify, describe, and categorize studies that quantitatively measured the consumption of fruits and vegetables during the school lunch meal among US elementary school students...
May 10, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729134/outcomes-and-economic-benefits-of-penn-state-extension-s-dining-with-diabetes-program
#8
Debra Griffie, Lynn James, Stephan Goetz, Brandon Balotti, Yau-Huo Shr, Marilyn Corbin, Timothy W Kelsey
INTRODUCTION: Many diabetes education programs address the problem of diabetes, but little attention is given to the economic impact of such programs. Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of a community-based education program in improving diabetes-related lifestyle behaviors and biomarkers and ascertain the economic benefits of the program for adults aged 18 years or older with type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, or no diagnosis of diabetes in Pennsylvania. METHODS: From October 2012 through June 2015, Pennsylvania State University Extension's Dining with Diabetes program collected data on 2,738 adults with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes and adult family members without diabetes...
May 3, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729133/impact-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-on-activity-limitations-among-older-mexican-american-care-recipients
#9
Diane M Collins, Brian Downer, Amit Kumar, Shilpa Krishnan, Chih-Ying Li, Kyriakos S Markides, Amol M Karmarkar
INTRODUCTION: Older Mexican Americans are living longer with multiple chronic conditions (MCCs). This has placed greater demands on caregivers to assist with basic activities of daily living (ADL) or instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). To understand the needs of older Mexican-American care recipients, we examined the impact of MCC on ADL and IADL limitations. METHODS: We analyzed data from 485 Mexican American care-receiving/caregiving dyads. Selected MCCs in the analysis were diabetes, hypertension, stroke, heart disease, arthritis, emphysema/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cognitive impairment, depression, and cancer...
May 3, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729132/we-run-this-city-impact-of-a-community-school-fitness-program-on-obesity-health-and-fitness
#10
Elaine A Borawski, Sarah Drewes Jones, Laura Danosky Yoder, Tara Taylor, Barbara A Clint, Meredith A Goodwin, Erika S Trapl
INTRODUCTION: The We Run This City (WRTC) Youth Marathon Program is a community-supported, school-based fitness program designed to increase physical activity in a large, urban school district by engaging middle school youth to train 12 to 14 weeks to run or walk 1.2 miles, 6.2 miles, or 13.1 miles of the Rite Aid Cleveland Marathon. The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of the intervention on adolescent health. METHODS: We assessed changes in obesity, health, and fitness, measured before training and postintervention, among 1,419 sixth- to eighth-grade students participating in WRTC for the first time, with particular interest in the program's effect on overweight (85th-94th body mass index percentile) or obese (≥95th percentile) students...
May 3, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704371/technical-assistance-and-changes-in-nutrition-and-physical-activity-practices-in-the-national-early-care-and-education-learning-collaboratives-project-2015-2016
#11
Alethea Chiappone, Teresa M Smith, Paul A Estabrooks, Cristy Geno Rasmussen, Casey Blaser, Amy L Yaroch
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: The National Early Care and Education Learning Collaboratives Project (ECELC) aims to improve best practices in early care and education (ECE) programs in topic areas of the Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment in Child Care (NAP SACC). Technical assistance is a component of the ECELC, yet its effect on outcomes is unclear. Beyond dose and duration of technical assistance, limited research exists on characteristics of technical assistance that contribute to outcomes...
April 26, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704370/evaluation-of-healthy-fit-a-community-health-worker-model-to-address-hispanic-health-disparities
#12
Louis D Brown, Denise Vasquez, Jennifer J Salinas, Xiaohui Tang, Hector Balcázar
INTRODUCTION: Hispanics in the United States have disproportionately high rates of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes and poorer access to preventive health services. Healthy Fit uses community health workers to extend public health department infrastructure and address Hispanic health disparities related to cardiovascular disease and access to preventive health services. We evaluated the effectiveness of Healthy Fit in 1) reaching Hispanic Americans facing health disparities, and 2) helping participants access preventive health services and make behavior changes to improve heart health...
April 26, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679481/prevalence-and-predictors-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-kenyan-women
#13
Rahma S Mkuu, Katrina Epnere, Muhammad Abdul Baker Chowdhury
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity are associated with increased rates of chronic disease and death globally. In Kenya, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among women is high and may be growing. This study aimed to determine the national prevalence and predictors of overweight and obesity among women in Kenya. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS). Data on body mass index for 13,048 women (aged 15-49 y) were analyzed by using multivariable logistic regression models...
April 19, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679480/association-between-online-information-seeking-and-adherence-to-guidelines-for-breast-and-prostate-cancer-screening
#14
Hankyul Kim, Christopher Filson, Peter Joski, Silke von Esenwein, Joseph Lipscomb
INTRODUCTION: From 2012 through 2014, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended biennial mammography for women aged 50 to 75 and recommended against the prostate specific antigen (PSA) test for men of any age, emphasizing informed decision making for patients. Because of time constraints and other patient health priorities, health care providers often do not discuss benefits and risks associated with cancer screening. We analyzed the association between seeking information online about breast and prostate cancer and undergoing mammography and PSA screening...
April 19, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679479/health-care-disparities-between-men-and-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Marady Sabiaga Mesa
INTRODUCTION: Regular medical checkups indicate a patient's level of adherence to health care treatment, and the frequency of cancelled appointments or no-shows can indicate adherence. This study investigated the use of health care services by men and women and its impact on the control of their type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This study observed 100 patients with type 2 diabetes aged 45 years or older who lived in Ventura County, California, during January 1, 2015, to January 31, 2016...
April 19, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29654640/rochester-epidemiology-project-data-exploration-portal
#16
Jennifer L St Sauver, Brandon R Grossardt, Lila J Finney Rutten, Veronique L Roger, Michelle Majerus, Daniel W Jensen, Scott M Brue, Cynthia M Bock-Goodner, Walter A Rocca
INTRODUCTION: The goal of this project was to develop an interactive, web-based tool to explore patterns of prevalence and co-occurrence of diseases using data from the expanded Rochester Epidemiology Project (E-REP) medical records-linkage system. METHODS: We designed the REP Data Exploration Portal (REP DEP) to include summary information for people who lived in a 27-county region of southern Minnesota and western Wisconsin on January 1, 2014 (n = 694,506; 61% of the entire population)...
April 12, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29654639/analytic-errors-in-analysis-of-public-health-survey-data-are-avoidable
#17
Brian W Ward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625631/operationalizing-surveillance-of-chronic-disease-self-management-and-self-management-support
#18
Teresa J Brady, Jeffrey J Sacks, Albert J Terrillion, Erin M Colligan
Sixty percent of US adults have at least one chronic condition, and more than 40% have multiple conditions. Self-management (SM) by the individual, along with self-management support (SMS) by others, are nonpharmacological interventions with few side effects that are critical to optimal chronic disease control. Ruiz and colleagues laid the conceptual groundwork for surveillance of SM/SMS at 5 socio-ecological levels (individual, health system, community, policy, and media). We extend that work by proposing operationalized indicators at each socio-ecologic level and suggest that the indicators be embedded in existing surveillance systems at national, state, and local levels...
April 5, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625630/public-awareness-of-health-related-risks-from-uncontrolled-hypertension
#19
Rahoul Ahuja, Carma Ayala, Xin Tong, Hilary K Wall, Jing Fang
Uncontrolled hypertension, a common disorder, is associated with increased long-term risk of several serious conditions. Awareness of the health risks of uncontrolled hypertension is not well understood. We used data from a nationwide panel survey to assess the awareness of risk associated with uncontrolled hypertension, stratified by cardiovascular disease risk factors. Awareness of increased risk from uncontrolled hypertension was high for some outcomes (heart attack, heart failure, stroke), and low for others (kidney disease, dementia)...
April 5, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625629/using-pcd-s-first-ever-external-review-to-enhance-the-journal-s-worldwide-usefulness-to-researchers-practitioners-and-policy-makers
#20
Leonard Jack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
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