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Preventing Chronic Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906648/addendum-vol-13-october-27-release
#1
(no author information available yet)
[Addendum to the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd13.160232.].
December 1, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906647/county-level-variation-in-per-capita-spending-for-multiple-chronic-conditions-among-fee-for-service-medicare-beneficiaries-united-states-2014
#2
Kevin A Matthews, James Holt, Anne H Gaglioti, Kim A Lochner, Carla Shoff, Lisa C McGuire, Kurt J Greenlund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906646/a-physical-activity-intervention-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-at-a-middle-school-with-a-large-american-indian-population-oklahoma-2004-2009
#3
June E Eichner, Olakunle A Folorunso, William E Moore
School-based interventions can reach children and adolescents and aid in reducing the prevalence of childhood obesity. A physical education class that engaged middle school students in a daily 1-mile walk or run and other team sports was developed in a rural school in southwestern Oklahoma with a large American Indian population. Body mass index z scores decreased among boys and were stable among girls in the intervention group compared with students who did not participate in the intervention. A daily required walk or run may help to establish a physical activity habit with all of its associated benefits...
December 1, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880634/erratum-vol-13-november-3-2016
#4
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd13.160212.].
November 23, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880633/diversion-alert-1-year-evaluation-across-northern-new-england-2013-2014
#5
Sarah Levin Martin, Clare Desrosiers
This report describes Diversion Alert, a unique online tool aimed at reducing misuse and diversion of prescription drugs, and reports the results of a 1-year evaluation of Diversion Alert's impact in Maine. We used a quasi-experimental research design to compare survey data in Maine with those of neighboring states (New Hampshire and Vermont, 2013 and 2014). Compared with their counterparts in New Hampshire and Vermont who did not use Diversion Alert, prescribers and pharmacists in Maine who used Diversion Alert increased their communication with patients and other providers involved in their patients' care, became aware of patients arrested for prescription drugs possession or diversion, used best practices associated with prevention or detection of addiction and diversion more frequently, and attributed positive changes in their prescribing practices to Diversion Alert...
November 23, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880632/burden-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-in-delaware-2011-2014
#6
Sangeeta Gupta
The objective of this study was to use data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to examine the prevalence of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) by select sociodemographic groups and determine the prevalence of most common MCC dyads and triads among Delaware adults. Combined data for 2011 through 2014 from BRFSS (n = 18,052) were analyzed to determine prevalence of MCC. Delaware adults were categorized as having 0, 1, 2, or 3 or more of the following diagnosed chronic conditions: angina, arthritis, asthma, cancer, chronic kidney disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, myocardial infarction (heart attack), obesity, or stroke...
November 23, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854422/impact-of-booster-breaks-and-computer-prompts-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-among-desk-based-workers-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Wendell C Taylor, Raheem J Paxton, Ross Shegog, Sharon P Coan, Allison Dubin, Timothy F Page, David M Rempel
INTRODUCTION: The 15-minute work break provides an opportunity to promote health, yet few studies have examined this part of the workday. We studied physical activity and sedentary behavior among office workers and compared the results of the Booster Break program with those of a second intervention and a control group to determine whether the Booster Break program improved physical and behavioral health outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a 3-arm, cluster-randomized controlled trial at 4 worksites in Texas from 2010 through 2013 to compare a group-based, structured Booster Break program to an individual-based computer-prompt intervention and a usual-break control group; we analyzed physiologic, behavioral, and employee measures such as work social support, quality of life, and perceived stress...
November 17, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854421/ehealth-literacy-online-help-seeking-behavior-and-willingness-to-participate-in-mhealth-chronic-disease-research-among-african-americans-florida-2014-2015
#8
Delores C S James, Cedric Harville
INTRODUCTION: The high rate of ownership of smartphones among African Americans provides researchers with opportunities to use digital technologies to reduce the prevalence of chronic diseases in this population. This study aimed to assess the association between eHealth literacy (EHL) and access to technology, health information-seeking behavior, and willingness to participate in mHealth (mobile health) research among African Americans. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 881 African American adults from April 2014 to January 2015 in north central Florida...
November 17, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854420/heart-disease-and-cancer-deaths-trends-and-projections-in-the-united-states-1969-2020
#9
Hannah K Weir, Robert N Anderson, Sallyann M Coleman King, Ashwini Soman, Trevor D Thompson, Yuling Hong, Bjorn Moller, Steven Leadbetter
INTRODUCTION: Heart disease and cancer are the first and second leading causes of death in the United States. Age-standardized death rates (risk) have declined since the 1960s for heart disease and for cancer since the 1990s, whereas the overall number of heart disease deaths declined and cancer deaths increased. We analyzed mortality data to evaluate and project the effect of risk reduction, population growth, and aging on the number of heart disease and cancer deaths to the year 2020...
November 17, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831683/healthfulness-of-foods-advertised-in-small-and-nontraditional-urban-stores-in-minneapolis-st-paul-minnesota-2014
#10
Timothy L Barnes, Jennifer E Pelletier, Darin J Erickson, Caitlin E Caspi, Lisa J Harnack, Melissa N Laska
INTRODUCTION: Shopping at small food stores, such as corner stores and convenience stores, is linked with unhealthful food and beverage purchases, poor diets, and high risk of obesity. However, information on how foods and beverages are marketed at small stores is limited. The objective of this study was to examine advertisements and product placements for healthful and less healthful foods and beverages at small stores in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. METHODS: We conducted in-store audits of 119 small and nontraditional food retailers (corner/small grocery stores, food-gas marts, pharmacies, and dollar stores) randomly selected from licensing lists in Minneapolis-St...
November 10, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831682/understanding-barriers-to-cervical-cancer-screening-in-women-with-access-to-care-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2014
#11
Anatasha Crawford, Vicki Benard, Jessica King, Cheryll C Thomas
Cervical cancer screening can save lives when abnormal cervical lesions and early cancers are detected and treated; however, many women are not screened as recommended. We used the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey to examine nonfinancial barriers to cervical cancer screening among women who reported having insurance and a personal doctor or health care provider. Among these women, a higher proportion who were never or rarely screened reported having multiple chronic conditions. The results of this study underscore the importance of incorporating preventive clinical services into the management of one or more chronic conditions...
November 10, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809419/multimorbidity-and-functional-limitations-among-adults-65-or-older-nhanes-2005-2012
#12
Kazuaki Jindai, Carrie M Nielson, Beth A Vorderstrasse, Ana R Quiñones
INTRODUCTION: The development of functional limitations among adults aged 65 or older has profound effects on individual and population resources. Improved understanding of the relationship between functional limitations and co-occurring chronic diseases (multimorbidity) is an emerging area of interest. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between multimorbidity and functional limitations among community-dwelling adults 65 or older in the United States and explore factors that modify this association...
November 3, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809418/food-insecurity-and-cardiovascular-health-in-pregnant-women-results-from-the-food-for-families-program-chelsea-massachusetts-2013-2015
#13
Mary E Morales, Michael H Epstein, Danelle E Marable, Sarah A Oo, Seth A Berkowitz
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity, uncertainty about the ability to acquire adequate food, is associated with cardiometabolic disease in pregnant women. Whether food insecurity interventions improve cardiometabolic health is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of women who visited the obstetrics clinic in a community health center from 2013 through 2015. Patients could be referred to the Food for Families (Food for Families) program, which connects food insecure women to food resources...
November 3, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788064/provision-of-clinical-preventive-services-by-community-pharmacists
#14
Sarah E Kelling, Angela Rondon-Begazo, Natalie A DiPietro Mager, Bethany L Murphy, David R Bright
Community pharmacists are highly accessible health care professionals, providing opportunities for partnerships with other health care and public health professionals to expand the population's access to clinical preventive services. To document examples of the community pharmacist's role in providing clinical preventive services to the general population, we conducted PubMed searches using the key word "community pharmacy" and key words from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendations rated A or B...
October 27, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788063/how-medicaid-and-other-public-policies-affect-use-of-tobacco-cessation-therapy-united-states-2010-2014
#15
Leighton Ku, Erin Brantley, Tyler Bysshe, Erika Steinmetz, Brian K Bruen
INTRODUCTION: State Medicaid programs can cover tobacco cessation therapies for millions of low-income smokers in the United States, but use of this benefit is low and varies widely by state. This article assesses the effects of changes in Medicaid benefit policies, general tobacco policies, smoking norms, and public health programs on the use of cessation therapy among Medicaid smokers. METHODS: We used longitudinal panel analysis, using 2-way fixed effects models, to examine the effects of changes in state policies and characteristics on state-level use of Medicaid tobacco cessation medications from 2010 through 2014...
October 27, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763832/accelerometer-derived-total-activity-counts-bouted-minutes-of-moderate-to-vigorous-activity-and-insulin-resistance-nhanes-2003-2006
#16
William R Boyer, Dana L Wolff-Hughes, David R Bassett, James R Churilla, Eugene C Fitzhugh
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to compare the associations of accelerometer-derived total activity counts per day and minutes of bouted moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with insulin resistance. METHODS: The sample included 2,394 adults (aged ≥20 y) from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Time spent in MVPA, measured by using 2 cutpoints (≥2,020 counts/min [MVPA2,020] and ≥760 counts/min [MVPA760]), was calculated for bouts of at least 8 to 10 minutes...
October 20, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763831/factors-affecting-implementation-of-the-california-childhood-obesity-research-demonstration-ca-cord-project-2013
#17
Emmeline Chuang, Julian Brunner, Jamie Moody, Leticia Ibarra, Helina Hoyt, Thomas L McKenzie, Amy Binggeli-Vallarta, Griselda Cervantes, Tracy L Finlayson, Guadalupe X Ayala
INTRODUCTION: Ecological approaches to health behavior change require effective engagement from and coordination of activities among diverse community stakeholders. We identified facilitators of and barriers to implementation experienced by project leaders and key stakeholders involved in the Imperial County, California, Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration project, a multilevel, multisector intervention to prevent and control childhood obesity. METHODS: A total of 74 semistructured interviews were conducted with project leaders (n = 6) and key stakeholders (n = 68) representing multiple levels of influence in the health care, early care and education, and school sectors...
October 20, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763830/health-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-smoking-behavior-impacts-of-no-smoking-policies-in-public-housing-colorado-2014-2015
#18
Walter Young, Shelley Karp, Peter Bialick, Cindy Liverance, Ashley Seder, Erica Berg, Liberty Karp
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to secondhand smoke is problematic for residents living in multiunit housing, as the smoke migrates through shared ventilation systems, unsealed cracks, and door spaces. The objective of our research was to assess resident exposure to secondhand smoke, support for no-smoking policies, and the health impacts of no-smoking policies in multiunit housing. METHODS: Surveys of 312 heads of households who resided in 1 of 3 multiunit buildings managed by a Colorado public housing authority were administered before and after implementation of a no-smoking policy that prohibited smoking in all resident apartments and all indoor common areas...
October 20, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736055/who-is-food-insecure-implications-for-targeted-recruitment-and-outreach-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-2010
#19
Sandi L Pruitt, Tammy Leonard, Lei Xuan, Richard Amory, Robin T Higashi, Oanh Kieu Nguyen, Carla Pezzia, Stephanie Swales
INTRODUCTION: Food insecurity is negatively associated with health; however, health needs may differ among people participating in food assistance programs. Our objectives were to characterize differences in health among people receiving different types of food assistance and summarize strategies for targeted recruitment and outreach of various food insecure populations. METHODS: We examined health status, behaviors, and health care access associated with food insecurity and receipt of food assistance among US adults aged 20 years or older using data from participants (N = 16,934) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2005 through 2010...
October 13, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736054/perspectives-of-urban-corner-store-owners-and-managers-on-community-health-problems-and-solutions
#20
Victoria L Mayer, Candace R Young, Carolyn C Cannuscio, Allison Karpyn, Sarah Kounaves, Emily Strupp, Kevin McDonough, Judy A Shea
INTRODUCTION: Urban corner store interventions have been implemented to improve access to and promote purchase of healthy foods. However, the perspectives of store owners and managers, who deliver and shape these interventions in collaboration with nonprofit, government, and academic partners, have been largely overlooked. We sought to explore the views of store owners and managers on the role of their stores in the community and their beliefs about health problems and solutions in the community...
October 13, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
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