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Preventing Chronic Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333600/erratum-vol-13-december-8-release
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd14.160186.].
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333599/a-community-driven-implementation-of-the-body-and-soul-program-in-churches-in-the-twin-cities-minnesota-2011-2014
#2
Erika Ashley Pinsker, Andrew W Enzler, Megan C Hoffman, Kathleen Thiede Call, Sylvia Amos, Alfred Babington-Johnson, Kolawole Stephen Okuyemi
BACKGROUND: African Americans have high disease and death rates due to cancer and cardiovascular disease. Health promotion efforts to improve diet have the potential to reduce these rates. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: Given their importance in the community and the extent of their reach, churches are effective avenues for health promotion efforts targeting African Americans. The objectives of this project were to promote healthy eating among African American church members, engage African American churches in the implementation of Body and Soul (an evidenced-based program that encourages healthy eating), and implement the program in the community with minimal resources...
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333598/achieving-health-equity-through-community-engagement-in-translating-evidence-to-policy-the-san-francisco-health-improvement-partnership-2010-2016
#3
Kevin Grumbach, Roberto A Vargas, Paula Fleisher, Tomás J Aragón, Lisa Chung, Colleen Chawla, Abbie Yant, Estela R Garcia, Amor Santiago, Perry L Lang, Paula Jones, Wylie Liu, Laura A Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The San Francisco Health Improvement Partnership (SFHIP) promotes health equity by using a novel collective impact model that blends community engagement with evidence-to-policy translational science. The model involves diverse stakeholders, including ethnic-based community health equity coalitions, the local public health department, hospitals and health systems, a health sciences university, a school district, the faith community, and others sectors. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: We report on 3 SFHIP prevention initiatives: reducing consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs), regulating retail alcohol sales, and eliminating disparities in children's oral health...
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301314/metabolic-syndrome-prevalence-by-race-ethnicity-and-sex-in-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1988-2012
#4
Justin Xavier Moore, Ninad Chaudhary, Tomi Akinyemiju
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors associated with increased risk of multiple chronic diseases, including cancer and cardiovascular disease. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome overall, by race and sex, and to assess trends in prevalence from 1988 through 2012. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 1988 through 2012...
March 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278130/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-1-3-million-adults-with-overweight-or-obesity-but-not-diabetes-in-10-geographically-diverse-regions-of-the-united-states-2012-2013
#5
Gregory A Nichols, Michael Horberg, Corinna Koebnick, Deborah Rohm Young, Beth Waitzfelder, Nancy E Sherwood, Matthew F Daley, Assiamira Ferrara
INTRODUCTION: Various phenotypes of overweight and obesity pose various health risks. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of 4 commonly measured cardiometabolic risk factors (CRFs) among adults with overweight or obesity, but not diabetes, at the time of the study. METHODS: We analyzed data for 1,294,174 adults (aged ≥20 y) who were members of one of 4 integrated health systems. Each cohort member had a body mass index in 2012 or 2013 that indicated overweight or obesity...
March 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278129/predicting-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-by-using-data-on-easy-to-measure-risk-factors
#6
Kedir N Turi, David M Buchner, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint
INTRODUCTION: Statistical models for assessing risk of type 2 diabetes are usually additive with linear terms that use non-nationally representative data. The objective of this study was to use nationally representative data on diabetes risk factors and spline regression models to determine the ability of models with nonlinear and interaction terms to assess the risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We used 4 waves of data (2005-2006 to 2011-2012) on adults aged 20 or older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n = 5,471) and multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS) to build risk models in 2015...
March 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253474/food-policy-council-self-assessment-tool-development-testing-and-results
#7
Larissa Calancie, Nicole E Allen, Bryan J Weiner, Shu Wen Ng, Dianne S Ward, Alice Ammerman
A large number of food policy councils (FPCs) exist in the United States, Canada, and Tribal Nations (N = 278), yet there are no tools designed to measure their members' perceptions of organizational capacity, social capital, and council effectiveness. Without such tools, it is challenging to determine best practices for FPCs and to measure change within and across councils over time. This study describes the development, testing, and findings from the Food Policy Council Self-Assessment Tool (FPC-SAT). The assessment measures council practices and council members' perceptions of the following concepts: leadership, breadth of active membership, council climate, formality of council structure, knowledge sharing, relationships, member empowerment, community context, synergy, and impacts on the food system...
March 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253473/identification-of-patients-with-diabetes-who-benefit-most-from-a-health-coaching-program-in-chronic-disease-management-sydney-australia-2013
#8
Grace Delaney, Neroli Newlyn, Elline Pamplona, Samantha L Hocking, Sarah J Glastras, Rachel T McGrath, Gregory R Fulcher
INTRODUCTION: Chronic disease management programs (CDMPs) that include health coaching can facilitate and coordinate diabetes management. The aim of this study was to assess changes in patients' general knowledge of diabetes, self-reported health status, diabetes distress, body mass index (BMI), and glycemic control after enrollment in a face-to-face CDMP group health coaching session (with telephone follow-up) compared with participation in telephone-only health coaching, during a 12-month period...
March 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231042/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-four-simulated-colorectal-cancer-screening-interventions-north-carolina
#9
Kristen Hassmiller Lich, David A Cornejo, Maria E Mayorga, Michael Pignone, Florence K L Tangka, Lisa C Richardson, Tzy-Mey Kuo, Anne-Marie Meyer, Ingrid J Hall, Judith Lee Smith, Todd A Durham, Steven A Chall, Trisha M Crutchfield, Stephanie B Wheeler
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates are suboptimal, particularly among the uninsured and the under-insured and among rural and African American populations. Little guidance is available for state-level decision makers to use to prioritize investment in evidence-based interventions to improve their population's health. The objective of this study was to demonstrate use of a simulation model that incorporates synthetic census data and claims-based statistical models to project screening behavior in North Carolina...
February 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231041/feasibility-pilot-of-a-randomized-faith-based-intervention-to-reduce-secondhand-smoke-exposure-among-korean-americans
#10
Suzanne C Hughes, Isabel Corcos, Melbourne Hovell, C Richard Hofstetter
INTRODUCTION: Interventions are needed to prevent exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS), which persists in certain immigrant enclaves, including Koreans in the United States. A faith-based and culturally acceptable intervention was developed and pilot tested in collaboration with Korean churches to address SHS exposure among people of Korean descent. METHODS: A pilot cluster randomized intervention trial was conducted with 11 Korean churches in southern California and 75 Korean adults who were exposed to SHS...
February 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207380/turning-the-curve-on-obesity-prevalence-among-fifth-graders-in-the-los-angeles-unified-school-district-2001-2013
#11
Amanda Kamali, Heena Hameed, Margaret Shih, Paul Simon
INTRODUCTION: After multiple decades of increasing childhood obesity prevalence in the United States, findings from recent studies suggest that prevalence has leveled or is decreasing in some populations. However, demographic and socioeconomic disparities in prevalence remain and may be increasing. METHODS: To assess recent trends and disparities in childhood obesity prevalence in Los Angeles County, we analyzed data from 2001 through 2013 in fifth graders in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD)...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207379/absence-of-fluoride-varnish-related-adverse-events-in-caries-prevention-trials-in-young-children-united-states
#12
Raul I Garcia, Steven E Gregorich, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Patricia A Braun, Anne Wilson, Judith Albino, Tamanna Tiwari, Maya Harper, Terrence S Batliner, Margaret Rasmussen, Nancy F Cheng, William Santo, Paul L Geltman, Michelle Henshaw, Stuart A Gansky
INTRODUCTION: Fluoride varnish is an effective prevention intervention for caries in young children. Its routine use in clinical care is supported by meta-analyses and recommended by clinical guidelines, including the US Preventive Services Task Force (B rating). This report is the first prospective systematic assessment of adverse events related to fluoride varnish treatment in young children. METHODS: We determined the incidence of adverse events related to fluoride varnish treatment in 3 clinical trials on the prevention of early childhood caries, conducted under the auspices of the Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers, an initiative sponsored by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research...
February 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182864/an-initiative-to-facilitate-park-usage-discovery-and-physical-activity-among-children-and-adolescents-in-greenville-county-south-carolina-2014
#13
Melissa L Fair, Andrew T Kaczynski, S Morgan Hughey, Gina M Besenyi, Alicia R Powers
INTRODUCTION: Parks are important settings for increasing population-level physical activity (PA). The objective of this study was to evaluate Park Hop, an incentivized scavenger-hunt-style intervention designed to influence park usage, discovery, park-based PA, and perceptions of parks among children and adolescents in Greenville County, South Carolina. METHODS: We used 2 data collection methods: matched preintervention and postintervention parent-completed surveys and in-park observations during 4 days near the midpoint of the intervention...
February 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182863/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-community-health-worker-self-management-support-intervention-among-low-income-adults-with-diabetes-seattle-washington-2010-2014
#14
Karin Nelson, Leslie Taylor, Julie Silverman, Meghan Kiefer, Paul Hebert, Dan Lessler, James Krieger
INTRODUCTION: Community health workers (CHWs) can improve diabetes outcomes; however, questions remain about translating research findings into practical low-intensity models for safety-net providers. We tested the effectiveness of a home-based low-intensity CHW intervention for improving health outcomes among low-income adults with diabetes. METHODS: Low-income patients with glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of 8.0% or higher in the 12 months before enrollment from 3 safety-net providers were randomized to a 12-month CHW-delivered diabetes self-management intervention or usual care...
February 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152363/comparison-of-research-framing-preferences-and-information-use-of-state-legislators-and-advocates-involved-in-cancer-control-united-states-2012-2013
#15
Alexandra B Morshed, Elizabeth A Dodson, Rachel G Tabak, Ross C Brownson
INTRODUCTION: Evidence-based policy plays an important role in prevention of cancer and other chronic diseases. The needs of actors involved in policy decision-making should inform knowledge translation strategies. This study examines the differences between state legislators and advocates in how they seek and use information and what their preferences are for how research information is framed. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional comparison of survey responses by US advocates (n = 77) and state legislators (n = 265) working on issues related to cancer control...
February 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152362/shared-use-of-physical-activity-facilities-among-north-carolina-faith-communities-2013
#16
Annie Hardison-Moody, Michael B Edwards, Jason N Bocarro, Anna Stein, Michael A Kanters, Danielle Marie Sherman, Lori K Rhew, Willona Marie Stallings, Sarah K Bowen
INTRODUCTION: Shared use of recreational facilities is a promising strategy for increasing access to places for physical activity. Little is known about shared use in faith-based settings. This study examined shared use practices and barriers in faith communities in North Carolina. METHODS: Faith communities in North Carolina (n = 234) completed an online survey (October-December 2013) designed to provide information about the extent and nature of shared use of recreational facilities...
February 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152361/a-home-based-exercise-program-driven-by-tablet-application-and-mobility-monitoring-for-frail-older-adults-feasibility-and-practical-implications
#17
Hilde A E Geraedts, Wiebren Zijlstra, Wei Zhang, Sophie L W Spoorenberg, Marcos Báez, Iman Khaghani Far, Heribert Baldus, Martin Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Stimulation of a physically active lifestyle among older adults is essential to health and well-being. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and user opinion of a home-based exercise program supported by a sensor and tablet application for frail older adults. METHODS: Community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥70 y) living in The Netherlands were recruited in 2014. Participants exercised 3 months with and 3 months without supervision from a remote coach...
February 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152360/preventing-chronic-disease-celebrating-contributions-and-defining-future-directions
#18
EDITORIAL
Leonard Jack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125401/erratum-vol-14-january-5-release
#19
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd14.160441.].
January 26, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125400/lessons-learned-by-community-stakeholders-in-the-massachusetts-childhood-obesity-research-demonstration-ma-cord-project-2013-2014
#20
Claudia Ganter, Alyssa Aftosmes-Tobio, Emmeline Chuang, Jo-Ann Kwass, Thomas Land, Kirsten K Davison
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a multifaceted disease that requires sustainable, multidimensional approaches that support change at the individual, community, and systems levels. The Massachusetts Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration project addressed this need by using clinical and public health evidence-based methods to prevent childhood obesity. To date, little information is known about successes and lessons learned from implementing such large-scale interventions. To address this gap, we examined perspectives of community stakeholders from various sectors on successes achieved and lessons learned during the implementation process...
January 26, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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