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Preventing Chronic Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617665/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sleep-apnea-among-us-male-veterans-2005-2014
#1
Maylen Jackson, Benjamin J Becerra, Connie Marmolejo, Robert M Avina, Nicole Henley, Monideepa B Becerra
The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with sleep apnea among US male veterans. We used data from the 2005-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to conduct survey-weighted descriptive, bivariate, and regression analyses. The prevalence of sleep apnea increased from 3.7% to 8.1% (P for trend <.001 for adjusted model) from 2005 through 2014. Increasing severity of psychological distress and unmet mental health care need were associated with increased odds of sleep apnea, as was a diagnosis of asthma...
June 15, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617664/beyond-body-mass-index-are-weight-loss-programs-the-best-way-to-improve-the-health-of-african-american-women
#2
Leilani Dodgen, Emily Spence-Almaguer
African American women have higher prevalence (82%) of overweight (body mass index [BMI] 25-29) and obesity (BMI ≥30) than white women (63.2%) or Hispanic women (77.2%), and weight-loss programs yield minimal results in this population. We examine the concept of BMI as a measure of health for African American women and suggests a more holistic, multifaceted approach to preventing chronic disease.
June 15, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595032/comparing-prevalence-estimates-from-population-based-surveys-to-inform-surveillance-using-electronic-health-records
#3
Kathleen S Tatem, Matthew L Romo, Katharine H McVeigh, Pui Ying Chan, Elizabeth Lurie-Moroni, Lorna E Thorpe, Sharon E Perlman
INTRODUCTION: Electronic health record (EHR) systems provide an opportunity to use a novel data source for population health surveillance. Validation studies that compare prevalence estimates from EHRs and surveys most often use difference testing, which can, because of large sample sizes, lead to detection of significant differences that are not meaningful. We explored a novel application of the two one-sided t test (TOST) to assess the equivalence of prevalence estimates in 2 population-based surveys to inform margin selection for validating EHR-based surveillance prevalence estimates derived from large samples...
June 8, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595031/factors-associated-with-parents-intent-to-vaccinate-adolescents-for-human-papillomavirus-findings-from-the-2014-national-immunization-survey-teen
#4
Kahee A Mohammed, Elaina Vivian, Travis M Loux, Lauren D Arnold
INTRODUCTION: While factors associated with receipt of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination have been well characterized, less is known about the characteristics associated with parents' intent to have their adolescent children vaccinated. This study aimed to examine factors associated with parental intention toward HPV vaccination. METHODS: We analyzed data on 10,354 adolescents aged 13 to 17 years from the 2014 National Immunization Survey-Teen. Weighted multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations between sociodemographic characteristics of mothers and adolescents, as well as a health care provider recommendation with parents' intention to have their children receive HPV vaccine...
June 8, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595030/preventing-chronic-disease-recognizing-accomplishments-in-2016-and-tracking-progress-of-priorities-in-2017
#5
EDITORIAL
Leonard Jack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570209/contrasting-trends-of-smoking-cessation-status-insights-from-the-stages-of-change-theory-using-repeat-data-from-the-global-adult-tobacco-survey-thailand-2009-and-2011-and-turkey-2008-and-2012
#6
Lazarous Mbulo, Komanduri S Murty PhD, Muhammad Jami Husain PhD, Rizwan Bashir Msc, Glenda Blutcher-Nelson BSc, Sarunya Benjakul PhD, Mondha Kengganpanich PhD, Toker Erguder Md PhD, Bekir Keskinkilic Md, Sertac Polat Md, Dhirendra N Sinha Md PhD, Krishna Palipudi PhD, Indu B Ahluwalia PhD
OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization recommends that smokers be offered help to quit. A better understanding of smokers' interest in and commitment to quitting could guide tobacco control efforts. We assessed temporal differences in stages of change toward quitting among smokers in Thailand and Turkey. METHODS: Two waves (independent samples) of data from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey, a national household survey of adults aged 15 years or older, were assessed for Thailand (2009 and 2011) and Turkey (2008 and 2012)...
June 1, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570208/evaluating-healthy-corner-stores-a-survey-of-assessment-tools-used-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area-2016
#7
Benjamin Chrisinger
Stakeholders from healthy corner store programs in the San Francisco Bay Area convened in November 2015 to discuss the future of programmatic and collaborative efforts. This study's objective, to gather and synthesize the types of evaluation tools used in the 9-county region, was identified as one of several priorities. Tools were collected via an online survey in July 2016, and data were extracted for comparison, including data on the number and types of food items, nutritional standards, and store characteristics...
June 1, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541869/teaming-up-for-asthma-control-epr-3-compliant-school-program-in-missouri-is-effective-and-cost-efficient
#8
Benjamin Francisco, Tammy Rood, Rebekah Nevel, Paul Foreman, Sherri Homan
INTRODUCTION: Teaming Up for Asthma Control (TUAC) is a work force development intervention to improve asthma control among children by increasing the competency of school nurses and delivering guideline-based education. We hypothesized that the knowledge and skills of participating school nurses would improve and that this change would positively affect students' asthma health and reduce health care utilization cost. METHODS: Asthma education for school nurses was provided online in a pretest/posttest format or in instructor-led groups...
May 25, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541868/perceptions-of-harm-to-children-exposed-to-secondhand-aerosol-from-electronic-vapor-products-styles-survey-2015
#9
Kimberly H Nguyen, Van T Tong, Kristy Marynak, Brian A King
INTRODUCTION: The US Surgeon General has concluded that e-cigarette aerosol is not harmless and can contain harmful and potentially harmful chemicals, including nicotine. We assessed factors associated with adults' perceptions of harm related to children's exposure to secondhand aerosol from electronic vapor products (EVPs). METHODS: Data came from the 2015 Styles, an Internet panel survey of US adults aged 18 years or older (n = 4,127). Respondents were asked whether they believe aerosol from other people's EVPs causes children harm...
May 25, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520553/cdc-s-public-health-surveillance-of-cancer
#10
A Blythe Ryerson, Greta M Massetti
Routine data collection efforts are a necessary, often underappreciated, component of nearly all cancer research and prevention efforts. Public health cancer surveillance data are crucial for identifying needs, planning interventions, directing public health resources, and evaluating the overall effectiveness of initiatives aimed at preventing or treating cancer and its negative health consequences. As the nation's health protection agency, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides resources for disease surveillance systems to help protect our nation against expensive and dangerous health threats, including cancer...
May 18, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493814/obesity-and-modifiable-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-chinese-americans-in-new-york-city-2009-2012
#11
Simona C Kwon, Laura C Wyatt, Shijian Li, Nadia S Islam, Stella S Yi, Chau Trinh-Shevrin
We used the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health Across the US (REACH US) Risk Factor Survey from 2009 through 2012 to examine the association between body mass index (BMI, calculated as kg/m(2)) and 3 cardiovascular disease risk factors among Chinese Americans in New York City. We used traditional BMI cut points and cut points modified for the Asian population. Compared with normal/underweight Chinese American adults (BMI <23.0), obese Chinese American adults (BMI ≥27.5) had significantly higher odds of having each risk factor in fully adjusted logistic regression models: diabetes (odds ratio [OR], 4...
May 11, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472607/global-trends-in-the-affordability-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-1990-2016
#12
Evan Blecher, Alex C Liber, Jeffrey M Drope, Binh Nguyen, Michal Stoklosa
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to quantify changes in the affordability of sugar-sweetened beverages, a product implicated as a contributor to rising rates of obesity worldwide, as a function of product price and personal income. METHODS: We used international survey data in a retrospective analysis of 40 high-income and 42 low-income and middle-income countries from 1990 to 2016. Prices of sugar-sweetened beverages were from the Economist Intelligence Unit's World Cost of Living Survey...
May 4, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448251/erratum-vol-13-march-17-release
#13
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd13.150395.].
April 27, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448250/recruiting-community-partners-for-veggie-van-strategies-and-lessons-learned-from-a-mobile-market-intervention-in-north-carolina-2012-2015
#14
Gina L Tripicchio, Jacqueline Grady Smith, Janelle Armstrong-Brown, Jared McGuirt, Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, Sarah Mardovich, Alice S Ammerman, Lucia Leone
BACKGROUND: Food access interventions are promising strategies for improving dietary intake, which is associated with better health. However, studies examining the relationship between food access and intake are limited to observational designs, indicating a need for more rigorous approaches. The Veggie Van (VV) program was a cluster-randomized intervention designed to address the gap between food access and intake. In this article, we aim to describe the approaches involved in recruiting community partners to participate in VV...
April 27, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427484/racial-and-ethnic-subgroup-disparities-in-hypertension-prevalence-new-york-city-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2013-2014
#15
Kezhen Fei, Jesica S Rodriguez-Lopez, Marcel Ramos, Nadia Islam, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Stella S Yi, Claudia Chernov, Sharon E Perlman, Lorna E Thorpe
INTRODUCTION: Racial/ethnic minority adults have higher rates of hypertension than non-Hispanic white adults. We examined the prevalence of hypertension among Hispanic and Asian subgroups in New York City. METHODS: Data from the 2013-2014 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to assess hypertension prevalence among adults (aged ≥20) in New York City (n = 1,476). Hypertension was measured (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg or self-reported hypertension and use of blood pressure medication)...
April 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427483/do-no-harm-moving-beyond-weight-loss-to-emphasize-physical-activity-at-every-size
#16
Emily Dollar, Margit Berman, Anna M Adachi-Mejia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409742/erratum-vol-13-april-28-release
#17
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd13.150500.].
April 13, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409741/impact-of-comorbidities-among-medicaid-enrollees-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-united-states-2009
#18
Gloria Westney, Marilyn G Foreman, Junjun Xu, Marshaleen Henriques King, Eric Flenaugh, George Rust
INTRODUCTION: Multimorbidity, the presence of 2 or more chronic conditions, frequently affects people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Many have high-cost, highly complex conditions that have a substantial impact on state Medicaid programs. We quantified the cost of Medicaid-insured patients with COPD co-diagnosed with other chronic disorders. METHODS: We used nationally representative Medicaid claims data to analyze the impact of comorbidities (other chronic conditions) on the disease burden, emergency department (ED) use, hospitalizations, and total health care costs among 291,978 adult COPD patients...
April 13, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409740/quit-methods-used-by-us-adult-cigarette-smokers-2014-2016
#19
Ralph S Caraballo, Paul R Shafer, Deesha Patel, Kevin C Davis, Timothy A McAfee
To quantify the prevalence of 10 quit methods commonly used by adult cigarette smokers, we used data from a nationally representative longitudinal (2014-2016) online survey of US adult cigarette smokers (n = 15,943). Overall, 74.7% of adult current cigarette smokers used multiple quit methods during their most recent quit attempt. Giving up cigarettes all at once (65.3%) and reducing the number of cigarettes smoked (62.0%) were the most prevalent methods. Substituting some cigarettes with e-cigarettes was used by a greater percentage of smokers than the nicotine patch, nicotine gum, or other cessation aids approved by the US Food and Drug Administration...
April 13, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384096/the-prevalence-of-tobacco-use-at-federally-qualified-health-centers-in-the-united-states-2013
#20
Susan A Flocke, Richard Hoffman, Jan M Eberth, Hyunyong Park, Genevieve Birkby, Erika Trapl, Steve Zeliadt
We explored tobacco use across federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) and compared data on state-level tobacco use between FQHC patients and the general population. We used data from the Uniform Data System (UDS) and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to generate estimates of 2013 prevalence of tobacco use among adults aged 18 years or older. According to UDS data, the overall prevalence of tobacco use was 25.8% in FQHCs compared with 20.6% in the general population represented by BRFSS data, an average of 5...
April 6, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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