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Preventing Chronic Disease

Joshua R Holmes, Joshua L Tootoo, E Julia Chosy, Amber Y Bowie, Ranjani R Starr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Anne Cafer, Georgianna Mann, Sujith Ramachandran, Michelle Kaiser
The purpose of this study was to explore the sociodemographic factors that contribute to food affordability across space, with specific emphasis on rural and urban differences in the United States. A regression analysis was used to predict food affordability from several predictors in rural and urban areas, with a subanalysis of Appalachian and Delta counties. Rural households had significantly higher food expenditures to income ratios compared with urban counties; Appalachian and Delta counties had the highest on average food expenditure to income ratio...
September 20, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Susan S Kum, Shilpa Patel, Mary Joy Garcia, Sara S Kim, Rucha Kavathe, Catherine Choy, M D Taher, Stella S Yi, Nadia Islam, Simona C Kwon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Jill A McDonald, Christopher Sroka, Elizabeth Olivares, Merranda Marin, Maria Gurrola, Joseph R Sharkey
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of obesity is 26% among Hispanic children and teenagers and 47% among Hispanic adults. One contributor to obesity is sedentary behavior, such as using electronic screen devices (ie, screens). Low-income and Hispanic youths spend more time using such devices than other youths. METHODS: We interviewed 202 parents of Mexican-origin children aged 6 to 10 years in 2 rural communities near the US-Mexico border to determine screen use among children...
September 13, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Bina Jayapaul-Philip, Shifan Dai, Karen Kirtland, Alyson Haslam, Kunthea Nhim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Katherine Pruitt, Annie Yu, Barbara M Kaplan, Joy Hsu, Pamela Collins
Asthma affects more than 24 million Americans, including 6.2 million children. Although asthma cannot be cured, it can be effectively managed with care based on nationally recognized guidelines. Ensuring the availability and accessibility of guidelines-recommended treatments and services can help patients receive the most appropriate care. In this article, we describe the American Lung Association's Asthma Guidelines-Based Care Coverage Project (the Project) to determine the extent of asthma care coverage and associated barriers in state Medicaid programs - information that has been previously unavailable...
September 6, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Leonard Jack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Susan A Carlson, John D Omura, Kathleen B Watson, Janet E Fulton
Implementing community design strategies can offer benefits related to walkability; however, they may also come with trade-offs to other community needs and desires. We examined public sentiment for 2 trade-offs among 2014 SummerStyles survey respondents (n = 3,995). About 33% of adults reported strongly favoring safer street design even if driving is slower; only 19% reported strongly favoring community design with walkable destinations even if homes are closer together. Walking frequency was positively associated with strongly favoring trade-offs, while differences by other demographic characteristics depended on the trade-off...
August 30, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Sandra P Garcia, Anne Haddix, Kevin Barnett
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of food insecurity and chronic health conditions among older adults is a public health concern. However, little is known about associated health care costs. We estimated the incremental health care costs of food insecurity and selected chronic health conditions among older adults, defined as adults aged 50 or older. METHODS: We analyzed 4 years of data (2011-2014) from the National Health Interview Survey and 3 years of data (2013-2015) from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey; we used 2-part models to estimate the incremental health care costs associated with food insecurity and 9 chronic conditions (hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, emphysema, asthma, cancer, chronic bronchitis, arthritis, and diabetes) among older adults...
August 30, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Nicole M Kuiper, Brett R Loomis, Kyle T Falvey, Doris G Gammon, Brian A King, Teresa W Wang, Todd Rogers
INTRODUCTION: The use of flavored tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), is common in the United States, and flavored products are particularly appealing to young people. The objective of this study was to describe national and state trends in flavored and menthol e-cigarette unit sales. METHODS: We examined data on 4 types of e-cigarette products (rechargeables, disposables, prefilled cartridges, and e-liquid refills). We used Universal Product Code retail scanner data from 2 sources: 1) convenience stores and 2) all other outlets combined, including supermarkets, drug stores, mass merchandisers (including Walmart), dollar stores, club stores, and US Department of Defense commissaries...
August 23, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Kevin J Moore, Daniel A Sussman, Tulay Koru-Sengul
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiologic studies have identified an increase in colorectal cancer (CRC) among younger adults. By using a statewide population-based cancer registry, this study examines sociodemographic and clinical disparities in CRC and characterizes advanced stage CRC risk factors with specific attention to age-specific risk factors. METHODS: Data from the Florida Cancer Data System from 1981 through 2013 were analyzed for adult CRC patients. Patients were divided into 2 age groups: younger than 50 years and 50 years or older...
August 23, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Michael D Celestin, Tekeda Ferguson, Edward C Ledford, Tung-Sung Tseng, Thomas Carton, Sarah Moody-Thomas
The Louisiana Tobacco Control Initiative (TCI), a multidisciplinary program specializing in helping tobacco users quit, assisted health care providers in Louisiana's public hospitals with integrating evidence-based treatment of tobacco use into clinical practice. Our study compared smoking behavior, provider adherence to the 5 A's tobacco cessation intervention (ask, advise, assess, assist, and arrange), cessation assistance awareness, quit attempts, and treatment preference among respondents to a TCI survey with a sample of respondents from the National Adult Tobacco Survey (NATS) and a sample from the Louisiana Adult Tobacco Survey (LATS)...
August 16, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Wei Li, Guo-Hong Jiang, De-Zheng Wang, Hui Zhang, Zhong-Liang Xu, Ying Zhang, Wen-Long Zheng, Xiao-Dan Xue, Richard Peto, Tai-Hing Lam
INTRODUCTION: We conducted a mortality case-control study to assess the risks of all-cause and major causes of death attributable to smoking in Tianjin from 2010 through 2014. The death registry-based study used data from The Tianjin All Causes of Death Surveillance System, which collects information routinely on smoking of the deceased in the death certificate of Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. METHODS: Cases (n = 154,086) and controls (n = 25,476) were deaths at 35 to 79 years from smoking-related and nonsmoking-related causes, respectively...
August 16, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Amy DeGroff, Krishna Sharma, Anamika Satsangi, Kristy Kenney, Djenaba Joseph, Katherine Ross, Steven Leadbetter, William Helsel, William Kammerer, Rick Firth, Tanner Rockwell, William Short, Florence Tangka, Faye Wong, Lisa Richardson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Mojgan Sami, Megan Smith, Oladele A Ogunseitan
INTRODUCTION: Increases in physical activity can lead to decreases in the prevalence of chronic diseases. Parks provide an ideal setting for physical activity. We investigated the effect of a fitness equipment installation on the intensity of park users' physical activity at a community park. METHODS: We used the System for Observing Play and Recreation in a Community to record physical activity in Eastgate Park in Garden Grove, California, in August 2015 (preintervention [n = 1,650 person-periods]) and in February 2016 (postintervention [n = 1,776 person-periods])...
August 9, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Ling Wang, Kenneth Rosenman
INTRODUCTION: We used data from the Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (MIBRFSS) to estimate the prevalence of adverse health outcomes by industry and occupation and to examine the association of adverse health outcomes with industry and occupation while controlling for demographics and personal lifestyle behaviors. METHODS: We calculated the prevalence of adverse health outcomes by industry by using data from the 2013-2015 MIBRFSS. Adjusted prevalence of adverse health outcomes was calculated by industry and occupation by using logistic regression for survey design, adjusting for demographics and health behaviors, and was compared with the overall prevalence in all industries and occupations...
August 9, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Timothy McKnight, Jennifer R Demuth, Natalie Wilson, Jonathon P Leider, Alana Knudson
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a top public health priority in the United States. This article reports on the Fit For Life (FFL) health education program designed to address the determinants of obesity in rural settings and help participants lose weight. PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the implementation of the original FFL program, a replication program, and a diabetes-focused program. INTERVENTION APPROACH: The original FFL program (2006 to 2012) was a 12-week session of classes meeting once weekly...
August 2, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Teresa W Wang, Ellen M Coats, Doris G Gammon, Brett R Loomis, Nicole M Kuiper, Todd Rogers, Brian A King
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have explored patterns of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) sales and prices by product type over time. We used US retail scanner data to assess national and state-specific trends in e-cigarette unit sales and prices for 4 product types sold from 2012 through 2016. METHODS: Using retail scanner data from the 48 contiguous states and Washington, DC, for convenience stores; supermarkets; mass merchandisers; drug, dollar, and club stores; and military commissaries, we assessed data on monthly unit sales and inflation-adjusted prices by 4 products (rechargeables, disposables, prefilled cartridges, and e-liquids) sold during the 5-year study period...
August 2, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Matthew L Romo, Victoria Abril-Ulloa
INTRODUCTION: In Ecuador, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among school-age children is more than triple that of preschool-age children; however, preschoolers have not been the target of interventions. METHODS: We developed an educational and behavioral intervention that included games, singing, and storytelling. Children were recruited from municipal preschools in Cuenca and were enrolled in the pilot intervention (PI) (N=155) for the 2015-2016 school year, which consisted of a 3-month in-school program...
July 26, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Ingrid J Hall, Florence K L Tangka, Susan A Sabatino, Trevor D Thompson, Barry I Graubard, Nancy Breen
INTRODUCTION: We examined the prevalence of cancer screening reported in 2015 among US adults, adjusted for important sociodemographic and access-to-care variables. By using data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for 2000 through 2015, we examined trends in prevalence of cancer screening that adhered to US Preventive Services Task Force screening recommendations in order to monitor screening progress among traditionally underserved population subgroups. METHODS: We analyzed NHIS data from surveys from 2000 through 2015 to estimate prevalence and trends in use of recommended screening tests for breast, cervical, colorectal, and prostate cancers...
July 26, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
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