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Preventing Chronic Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346065/accuracy-of-principal-and-teacher-knowledge-of-school-district-policies-on-sun-protection-in-california-elementary-schools
#1
David B Buller, Kim D Reynolds, Julia Berteletti, Kim Massie, Jeff Ashley, Mary Klein Buller, Richard T Meenan
INTRODUCTION: Policy is a key aspect of school-based efforts to prevent skin cancer. We explored the extent and accuracy of knowledge among principals and teachers in California public school districts about the elements specified in their district's written sun safety policy. METHODS: The sample consisted of California public school districts that subscribed to the California School Boards Association, had an elementary school, adopted Board Policy 5141.7 for sun safety, and posted it online...
January 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346064/using-two-disability-measures-to-compare-physical-inactivity-among-us-adults-with-disabilities
#2
Dana Olzenak McGuire, Kathleen B Watson, Dianna D Carroll, Elizabeth A Courtney-Long, Susan A Carlson
Prevalence of health behaviors among adults with disabilities may vary by disability measure. We used data from the 2011-2015 National Health Interview Survey to estimate prevalence of physical inactivity by disability status using 2 measures of disability: Basic Actions Difficulty questions (BADQ) and a standard 6-question measure (6Q). Disability prevalence (BADQ, 31.1%; 6Q, 17.5%) and inactivity prevalence among adults with disability (BADQ, 42.9%; 6Q, 52.5%) and without disability (BADQ, 24.3%; 6Q, 26.2%) varied by measure; however, both measures highlight inactivity disparities for adults with disability...
January 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346063/linking-data-from-health-surveys-and-electronic-health-records-a-demonstration-project-in-two-chicago-health-center-clinics
#3
Fikirte Wagaw, Catherine A Okoro, Sunkyung Kim, Jessica Park, Fred Rachman
INTRODUCTION: Monitoring and understanding population health requires conducting health-related surveys and surveillance. The objective of our study was to assess whether data from self-administered surveys could be collected electronically from patients in urban, primary-care, safety-net clinics and subsequently linked and compared with the same patients' electronic health records (EHRs). METHODS: Data from self-administered surveys were collected electronically from a convenience sample of 527 patients at 2 Chicago health centers from September through November, 2014...
January 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346062/television-viewing-time-physical-activity-and-mortality-among-african-americans
#4
Tasnim F Imran, Mark Ommerborn, Cheryl Clark, Adolfo Correa, Patricia Dubbert, J Michael Gaziano, Luc Djoussé
BACKGROUND: Prolonged television viewing time, a marker of sedentary activity, is independently associated with increased all-cause mortality; however, this association has rarely been studied in African Americans. The objective of our study was to examine the association between television viewing time and mortality among African Americans by using data from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS). METHODS: We studied 5,289 participants from the JHS study who reported television viewing time (h/day) in the JHS baseline questionnaire from 2000 through 2004...
January 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324218/hours-lost-to-planned-and-unplanned-dental-visits-among-us-adults
#5
Uma Kelekar, Shillpa Naavaal
INTRODUCTION: Poor oral health is associated with lost hours at work or school, which may affect a person's productivity. The objective of our study was to estimate work or school hours lost to dental visits among adults aged 18 and older by the types of visits (emergency or unplanned; routine, planned, or orthodontic; or cosmetic) and to determine the factors associated with hours lost. METHODS: We used the most recent Oral Health Supplement data, from the 2008 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), to estimate the total hours lost at work or school for dental visits among adults in the United States...
January 11, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324217/individual-level-fitness-and-absenteeism-in-new-york-city-middle-school-youths-2006-2013
#6
Emily M D'Agostino, Sophia E Day, Kevin J Konty, Michael Larkin, Subir Saha, Katarzyna Wyka
INTRODUCTION: Youth health-related fitness positively affects academic outcomes, although limited research has focused on the relationship between fitness and school absenteeism. We examined the longitudinal association between individual children's fitness and lagged school absenteeism over 4 years in urban middle schools. METHODS: Six cohorts of New York City public school students were followed from grades 5 through 8 (school years 2006-2007 through 2012-2013; n = 349,381)...
January 11, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324216/self-reported-cognitive-impairment-across-racial-ethnic-groups-in-the-united-states-national-health-interview-survey-1997-2015
#7
Huabin Luo, Gary Yu, Bei Wu
INTRODUCTION: The primary objectives of this study were 1) to examine trends of self-reported cognitive impairment among 5 major racial/ethnic groups during 1997-2015 in the United States and 2) to examine differences in the trends across these groups. METHODS: Data were from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The sample consisted of 155,682 people aged 60 or older. Respondents were asked to report whether any family member was "limited in any way because of difficulty remembering or because of experiencing periods of confusion...
January 11, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300696/messengers-and-messages-for-tweets-that-used-thinspo-and-fitspo-hashtags-in-2016
#8
Jenine K Harris, Alexis Duncan, Vera Men, Nora Shevick, Melissa J Krauss, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
INTRODUCTION: Twitter is widely used by young adults and is popular for seeking and sharing health information. The hashtags #thinspo and #fitspo provide a way to identify tweets designed to inspire thinness (thinspiration, thinspo) or fitness (fitspiration, fitspo). However, despite having different purposes, both terms may be associated with content that promotes eating disorders. We sought to 1) examine and compare the characteristics of senders and the content of tweets using these hashtags and 2) identify characteristics associated with engagement with a #thinspo or #fitspo tweet...
January 4, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300695/pragmatic-applications-of-re-aim-for-health-care-initiatives-in-community-and-clinical-settings
#9
Russell E Glasgow, Paul E Estabrooks
The RE-AIM (Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance) planning and evaluation framework has been applied broadly, but users often have difficulty in applying the model because of data collection needs across multiple domains and sources. Questions in the more common "who, what, where, how, when, and why" format may be an effective guide to ensure that individual participants, organization staff, and the perspectives of the setting are considered in planning and evaluation. Such a format can also help users in typical community and clinical settings to identify which outcomes are most valued and to focus limited measurement resources...
January 4, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300694/availability-and-cost-of-healthy-foods-in-a-large-american-indian-community-in-the-north-central-united-states
#10
Amanda M Fretts, Corrine Huber, Lyle G Best, Marcia O'Leary, Laurel LeBeau, Barbara V Howard, David S Siscovick, Shirley A Beresford
To understand the local food environment in a rural American Indian community, we assessed the availability and price of healthy foods offered at all stores (n = 27) within a 90-mile radius of the town center of a large American Indian reservation. Stores were classified by type, and availability and cost of foods were measured using the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey in Stores (January-February 2016). Healthy foods were available at most grocery stores (>97%), although the price of foods varied considerably among stores...
January 4, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283881/predictors-of-severe-obesity-in-low-income-predominantly-hispanic-latino-children-the-texas-childhood-obesity-research-demonstration-study
#11
Meliha Salahuddin, Adriana Pérez, Nalini Ranjit, Steven H Kelder, Sarah E Barlow, Stephen J Pont, Nancy F Butte, Deanna M Hoelscher
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to identify predictors of severe obesity in a low-income, predominantly Hispanic/Latino sample of children in Texas. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis examined baseline data on 517 children from the secondary prevention component of the Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (TX CORD) study; data were collected from September 2012 through February 2014. Self-administered surveys were used to collect data from parents of children who were aged 2 to 12 years, had a body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or higher, and resided in Austin, Texas, or Houston, Texas...
December 28, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283880/obesity-prevention-interventions-in-us-public-schools-are-schools-using-programs-that-promote-weight-stigma
#12
Erica L Kenney, Suzanne Wintner, Rebekka M Lee, S Bryn Austin
INTRODUCTION: Despite substantial research on school-based obesity prevention programs, it is unclear how widely they are disseminated. It is also unknown whether schools use obesity programs that inadvertently promote weight stigma or disordered weight-control behaviors. METHODS: In spring 2016, we distributed an online survey about school wellness programming to a simple random sample of US public school administrators (N = 247 respondents; 10.3% response rate)...
December 28, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267157/association-between-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-among-mississippi-adults
#13
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Marinelle Payton, Gerri Cannon-Smith
INTRODUCTION: The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is linked to excessive weight gain, diabetes, and risk of cardiovascular disease. We examined the association between SSB consumption and sociodemographic characteristics among Mississippi adults. METHODS: We used data from the 2012 Mississippi Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, which collected information on SSB consumption from 7,485 respondents. We used logistic regression models to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios (APRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for characteristics associated with SSB consumption...
December 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267156/strategies-to-recruit-a-diverse-low-income-population-to-child-weight-management-programs-from-primary-care-practices
#14
Sarah E Barlow, Nancy F Butte, Deanna M Hoelscher, Meliha Salahuddin, Stephen J Pont
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: Primary care practices can be used to engage children and families in weight management programs. The Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (TX CORD) study targeted patients at 12 primary care practices in diverse and low-income areas of Houston, Texas, and Austin, Texas for recruitment to a trial of weight management programs. This article describes recruitment strategies developed to benefit both families and health care practices and the modification of electronic health records (EHRs) to reflect recruitment outcomes...
December 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267155/best-practices-and-barriers-to-obesity-prevention-in-head-start-differences-between-director-and-teacher-perceptions
#15
Courtney Byrd-Williams, Erin E Dooley, Shreela V Sharma, Ru-Jye Chuang, Nancy Butte, Deanna M Hoelscher
INTRODUCTION: Practices and barriers to promoting healthy eating and physical activity at Head Start centers may influence children's energy balance behaviors. We examined differences between directors' and teachers' perspectives on best practices and barriers to promoting healthy eating and physical activity in Head Start centers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of directors (n = 23) and teachers (n = 113) at 23 Head Start centers participating in the baseline assessment of the Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration study...
December 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267154/implementation-of-multisetting-interventions-to-address-childhood-obesity-in-diverse-lower-income-communities-cdc-s-childhood-obesity-research-demonstration-projects
#16
Carrie A Dooyema, Brook Belay, Heidi M Blanck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240555/daily-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-by-disability-status-among-adults-in-23-states-and-the-district-of-columbia
#17
Sunkyung Kim, Sohyun Park, Dianna D Carroll, Catherine A Okoro
INTRODUCTION: Information on dietary intake, including sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), for adults with disabilities is limited. Such information can inform interventions to prevent chronic disease and promote health among adults with disabilities. The objective of this study was to describe the associations between SSB consumption and disability among adults. METHODS: We examined data on adults aged 18 years or older in 23 states and the District of Columbia who participated in the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 150,760)...
December 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240554/effects-of-a-tobacco-free-work-site-policy-on-employee-tobacco-attitudes-and-behaviors-travis-county-texas-2010-2012
#18
Sarah E Seidel, Kristi Metzger, Andrea Guerra, Jessie Patton-Levine, Sandeepkumar Singh, William T Wilson, Philip Huang
BACKGROUND: The adoption of tobacco-free policies in behavioral health settings is an important step in reducing staff tobacco use as well as the high rates of tobacco use among people with mental illness and behavioral disorders. Studies have demonstrated the importance of staff support when implementing tobacco-free workplace policies, but there is limited research examining tobacco use prevalence among staff and staff attitude before and after policy adoption. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: Integral Care, a local authority for behavioral health and developmental disabilities in Austin, Texas, and Austin Public Health embarked on a comprehensive planning process before implementing a 100% tobacco-free campus policy...
December 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240553/promoting-children-s-physical-activity-in-low-income-communities-in-colorado-what-are-the-barriers-and-opportunities
#19
Daniel M Finkelstein, Dana M Petersen, Lisa S Schottenfeld
INTRODUCTION: Colorado has the highest rate of adult physical activity in the United States. However, children in Colorado have a lower rate of physical activity relative to other states, and the rate is lowest among children in low-income households. We conducted focus groups, surveys, and interviews with parents, youth, and stakeholders to understand barriers to physical activity among children in low-income households in Colorado and to identify opportunities to increase physical activity...
December 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240552/prevalence-of-and-trends-in-diabetes-among-veterans-united-states-2005-2014
#20
Ying Liu, Sonica Sayam, Xiaonan Shao, Kesheng Wang, Shimin Zheng, Ying Li, Liang Wang
Diabetes is a highly prevalent chronic disease among US adults, and its prevalence among US veterans is even higher. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of and trends in diabetes in US veterans by using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2005 through 2014. The overall prevalence of diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes was 20.5% and 3.4%, respectively, and increased from 15.5% in 2005-2006 to 20.5% in 2013-2014 (P = .04). Effective prevention and intervention approaches are needed to lower diabetes prevalence among US veterans and ultimately improve their health status...
December 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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