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Preventing Chronic Disease

Peg Allen, Jean C O'Connor, Leslie A Best, Meenakshi Lakshman, Rebekah R Jacob, Ross C Brownson
BACKGROUND: Research shows that training can improve skills needed for evidence-based decision making, but less is known about instituting organizational supports to build capacity for evidence-based chronic disease prevention. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: The objectives of this case study were to assess facilitators and challenges of applying management practices to support evidence-based decision making in chronic disease prevention programs in the public health system in Georgia through key informant interviews and quantitatively test for changes in perceived management practices and skills through a pre-post survey...
July 12, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Lisa D Gardner, Cindy Domingo, JoAnn Johnston, Holly Harshbarger, Ken Lin Tai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Steven M Albert, Jennifer King, Jennifer R Jones, Michelle E Danielson, Yuae Park, Anne B Newman
INTRODUCTION: State infrastructure for aging services, such as programs in county senior centers, can help promote prevention of chronic disease and reach large numbers of older adults. The objective of our study was to assess how well such infrastructure can support prevention efforts. METHODS: The University of Pittsburgh CDC Prevention Research Center partnered with the Pennsylvania Department of Aging APPRISE program to deliver the 10 Keys to Healthy Aging program...
July 5, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Emilee L Quinn, Donna B Johnson, Mary Podrabsky, Brian E Saelens, Wesley Bignell, James Krieger
INTRODUCTION: Changing food choice architecture in school cafeterias through behavioral economics may increase student selection and consumption of healthy foods. However, most research assesses the effects of short-term interventions. We evaluated a year-long choice architecture intervention implemented by school food service staff. METHODS: Food service staff from 6 secondary schools in one school district received training and support to implement behavioral economics strategies in their cafeterias to promote student selection of fruit, vegetables, and low-fat white milk...
July 5, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Hongying Dai
INTRODUCTION: Flavoring has become the leading reason for current tobacco use among adolescents. This study sought to evaluate patterns of flavored tobacco product use and associated risk factors among youths. METHODS: Weighted estimates of single, dual, and poly use of flavored tobacco products were calculated from the 2014 National Youth Tobacco Survey (n = 21,926). Multinomial logistic regression was performed to assess factors associated with flavored product use...
June 28, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Hannah G Lane, Rebecca Driessen, Katherine Campbell, Rachel Deitch, Lindsey Turner, Elizabeth A Parker, Erin R Hager
INTRODUCTION: Few instruments assess key outcomes of school-based obesity interventions, including student perceptions of school environments and school-specific dietary intake patterns. This study describes development of PEA-PODS (Perceptions of the Environment and Patterns of Diet at School), a 2-part survey to measure these outcomes. METHODS: Part 1 (PEA) assessed student perceptions of policies, physical environment, and practices related to healthy eating and physical activity at school...
June 28, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Rebecca A Bruening, Fátima Coronado, M Elaine Auld, Gabrielle Benenson, Patricia M Simone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Brandon M Kistler, Jagdish Khubchandani, Gina Jakubowicz, Kenneth Wilund, Jacob Sosnoff
INTRODUCTION: Falls are among the leading causes of injury and death among adults aged 65 or older. People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of falling and of having a serious injury from falls. However, information is limited about risk factors for falls and fall-related injuries among people with CKD. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of 157,753 adults (6.1% with CKD) aged 65 or older surveyed in the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
June 21, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Michelle C Kegler, Erin Lebow-Skelley, Jaimie Lea, Adrienne M Lefevre, Pam Diggs, Sally Herndon, Regine Haardörfer
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: In 2016, the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) issued a new rule requiring smoke-free policies in conventional public housing by July 2018 (HUD, 2016). This process evaluation describes the policy development experiences of conventional and nonconventional public housing authorities (PHAs) in North Carolina and Georgia that had established smoke-free policies before the HUD rule. INTERVENTION APPROACH: HUD began to issue guidance that encouraged smoke-free policies in public housing in 2009, and most early adopters were outside of the Southeast...
June 21, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Leah K Gutermuth, Erin R Hager, Keshia Pollack Porter
INTRODUCTION: Worksite health promotion programs are emerging as an effective approach for addressing the adult obesity epidemic and improving the overall health of employees. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review to identify articles that described a physical activity component (eg, promoted increased physical or reduced sitting time) of a worksite health promotion intervention. Our search specified full-length articles published in English from January 2000 through July 2015...
June 21, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Rachel Chambers, Summer Rosenstock, Melissa Walls, Anne Kenney, Marissa Begay, Kendrea Jackson, Leonela Nelson, Nicole Neault, Novalene Goklish, Dike Van De Mheen, Allison Barlow
Native American youth aged 10 to 19 years are disproportionately affected by type 2 diabetes. Intergenerational programs may improve health in tribal communities. We evaluated Together on Diabetes, a diabetes prevention and management program, among 257 participating Native American youths with or at risk for type 2 diabetes and their adult caregivers. Feasibility, acceptability, and demographic data were collected from 226 adult caregivers. Data on physical measurements (weight, height, waist circumference) were collected from 37 of the caregivers...
June 21, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Brandon J Auer, Christopher Sciamanna, Joshua M Smyth, Cristina I Truica, Leah V Cream, Dahlia Mukherjee
Mental health programs to improve problem-solving skills and reduce stress through social gameplay can improve psychiatric outcomes, but little is known about whether adult patients are interested in using them. Primary care patients (n = 467) completed a cross-sectional survey to assess interest in using 2 types of group programs for mental health. A significantly greater percentage (23.7%) of patients expressed interest in a gameplay-based program than in interpersonal therapy (17.6%) (P < .001). Lonely patients and younger patients were more likely to report interest in gameplay...
June 21, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5888/pcd15.170284.].
June 14, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Priya P Joshi, Lisa M Quintiliani, Ashley C McCarthy, Ashley Gilmore, Mufaddal Mahesri, Lisa M Sullivan, Caroline M Apovian
We aimed to test the feasibility of an in-person behavioral weight-loss intervention for underserved postpartum African American women with overweight or obesity in an urban hospital setting. Participants were randomized to an intervention of a culturally tailored adaptation of the Diabetes Prevention Program or usual care. The primary outcome was program satisfaction. Women who completed the intervention reported higher levels of satisfaction with the program, despite low attendance rates at group meetings...
June 14, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Sophia S Leggett, Joan M Wesley, Anitha Myla, Pamela McCoy, Nicole Betson
Neighborhood parks help women engage in physical activity (PA). We used the physical activity resources assessment instrument to determine the availability, quality and quantity of physical features, and amenities in 19 neighborhood parks randomly selected from the Jackson, Mississippi, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Madison County averaged the most quality PA features (mean, 13) and quality PA amenities (mean, 25.8), and it averaged the least quality incivilities (mean, 1.6). The total neighborhood parks quality physical activity resources (QPAR) was determined by a composite index QPAR of features, amenities, and incivilities...
June 14, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
John K Iskander, Sara Beth Wolicki, Rebecca T Leeb, Paul Z Siegel
Scientific writing and publication are essential to advancing knowledge and practice in public health, but prospective authors face substantial challenges. Authors can overcome barriers, such as lack of understanding about scientific writing and the publishing process, with training and resources. The objective of this article is to provide guidance and practical recommendations to help both inexperienced and experienced authors working in public health settings to more efficiently publish the results of their work in the peer-reviewed literature...
June 14, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Djenaba A Joseph, Jessica B King, Thomas B Richards, Cheryll C Thomas, Lisa C Richardson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Pankti A Gheewala, Gregory M Peterson, Syed Tabish R Zaidi, Matthew D Jose, Ronald L Castelino
INTRODUCTION: Community pharmacists are well positioned to deliver chronic kidney disease (CKD) screening services. However, little is known about the challenges faced by pharmacists during service implementation. This study aimed to explore community pharmacists' experiences and perceived barriers of implementing a CKD risk assessment service. METHODS: Data collection was performed by using semistructured, open-ended interview questions. Pharmacists who had implemented a CKD screening service in Tasmania, Australia, were eligible to participate...
June 14, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Matthew Lee Smith, Nicholas K Durrett, Maria Bowie, Alison Berg, Bryan A McCullick, Alexander C LoPilato, Deborah Murray
INTRODUCTION: Given the rising prevalence of obesity in the United States, innovative methods are needed to increase physical activity (PA) in community settings. Evidence suggests that individuals are more likely to engage in PA if they are given a choice of activities and have support from others (for encouragement, motivation, and accountability). The objective of this study was to describe the use of the online Walk Georgia PA tracking platform according to whether the user was an individual user or group user...
June 7, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
An Young, Matthew D Ritchey, Mary G George, Judy Hannan, Janet Wright
Approximately 1 in 3 US adults has hypertension, but only half have their blood pressure controlled. We identified characteristics of health care practices and systems (hereinafter practices) effective in achieving control rates at or above 70% by using data collected via applications submitted from April through June 2017 for consideration in the Million Hearts Hypertension Control Challenge. We included 96 practices serving 635,000 patients with hypertension across 34 US states in the analysis. Mean hypertension control rate was 77...
June 7, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
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