journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Immunotoxicology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094582/effects-of-arsenic-on-porcine-dendritic-cells-in-vitro
#1
Jalil Mehrzad, Mohamad Hosein Mahmudy Gharaie, Masumeh Taheri
Exposure to arsenic (As) is an ongoing, and in some places increasing, health problem. Still, however, the effects of As exposure on the immune system are not well understood. Dendritic cells (DC) are a critical immune cell that bridges the innate and adaptive immune systems. To determine the impact of inorganic (i)As exposure on DC, the effects of (geo)anthropogenically relevant levels of NaAsO2 on the function of porcine monocyte-derived DC (MoDC) were evaluated in an in vitro model. The results showed a low dose of iAs reduced the phagocytic capacity of MoDC...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094581/early-immunopathological-events-in-acute-model-of-mycobacterial-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-in-mice
#2
Elisabet Johansson, Gregory P Boivin, Jagjit S Yadav
Prolonged exposure to antigens of non-tuberculous mycobacteria species colonizing industrial metalworking fluid (MWF), particularly Mycobacterium immunogenum (MI), has been implicated in chronic forms of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) in machinists based on epidemiology studies and long-term exposure of mouse models. However, a role of short-term acute exposure to these antigens has not been described in the context of acute forms of HP. This study investigated short-term acute exposure of mice to MI cell lysate (or live cell suspension) via oropharyngeal aspiration...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094577/protective-role-of-bentonite-against-aflatoxin-b1-and-ochratoxin-a-induced-immunotoxicity-in-broilers
#3
Sheraz Ahmed Bhatti, Muhammad Zargham Khan, Muhammad Kashif Saleemi, Muhammad Saqib, Ahrar Khan, Zahoor Ul-Hassan
The present study was designed to investigate any ameliorative effects of bentonite (BN) against immuno-pathological alterations induced by dietary aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) or ochratoxin A (OTA) in broiler chicks. In one experiment, AFB1 (0.1, 0.2 or 0.6 mg/kg feed) was fed alone and par alley with bentonite clay (3.7 or 7.5 g/kg feed) to the broilers. In the second experiment, the broilers were given feed contaminated with OTA (0.15, 0.3 or 1.0 mg/kg feed) alone and in combination with bentonite clay (3...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091126/association-between-perfluoroalkyl-substance-exposure-and-asthma-and-allergic-disease-in-children-as-modified-by-mmr-vaccination
#4
Clara Amalie Gade Timmermann, Esben Budtz-Jørgensen, Tina Kold Jensen, Christa Elyse Osuna, Maria Skaalum Petersen, Ulrike Steuerwald, Flemming Nielsen, Lars K Poulsen, Pál Weihe, Philippe Grandjean
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are highly persistent chemicals that might be associated with asthma and allergy, but the associations remain unclear. Therefore, this study examined whether pre- and postnatal PFAS exposure was associated with childhood asthma and allergy. Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination in early life may have a protective effect against asthma and allergy, and MMR vaccination is therefore taken into account when evaluating these associations. In a cohort of Faroese children whose mothers were recruited during pregnancy, serum concentrations of five PFASs - Perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) - were measured at three timepoints (maternal serum in pregnancy week 34-36 and child serum at ages 5 and 13 years) and their association with immunoglobulin E (IgE) (cord blood and at age 7 years) and asthma/allergic diseases (questionnaires at ages 5 and 13 years and skin prick test at age 13 years) was determined...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090813/effects-of-fostriecin-on-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-driven-responses-in-human-mast-cells
#5
Reza Bastan, Nahid Eskandari, Hamidrez J Ardakani, Peter T Peachell
As part of the intracellular processes leading to mast cell and basophil activation, phosphorylation of key substrates is likely to be important. These processes, mediated by phosphatases, are responsible for regulating phosphorylation. The aim of the present study was to determine effects fostriecin - a selective inhibitor of PP2A (protein phosphatase-2) - on β2-adrenoceptor-driven responses in human mast cells. Here, the effects of fostriecin (PP inhibitors) on the inhibition of histamine release from HLMC, on β-adrenoceptor-driven responses in mast cells and on desensitization were investigated...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090796/impact-of-c-rel-inhibition-of-cord-blood-derived-b-t-and-nk-cells
#6
Shirin Fallahi, Seyede Momeneh Mohammadi, Hamid Tayefi Nasrabadi, Alireza Alihemmati, Naser Samadi, Sanaz Gholami, Dariush Shanehbandi, Hojjatollah Nozad Charoudeh
The c-Rel transcription factor is a unique member of the nuclear factor (NF)-κB family that has a role in curtailing the proliferation, differentiation, cytokine production, and overall activity of B- and T-cells. In addition, c-Rel is a key regulator of apoptosis in that it influences the expression of anti-apoptotic genes such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL; conversely, inhibition of c-Rel increases cell apoptosis. To better understand the relationship between c-Rel expression and effects on B- and T-cell expansion, the current study evaluated c-Rel expression in cord blood mononuclear cells...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090795/isolation-and-characterization-of-anti-c-met-single-chain-fragment-variable-scfv-antibodies
#7
Elmira Safaie Qamsari, Zahra Sharifzadeh, Salman Bagheri, Farhad Riazi-Rad, Vahid Younesi, Mohsen Abolhassani, Sepideh Safaei Ghaderi, Behzad Baradaran, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Mehdi Yousefi
The receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) Met is the cell surface receptor for hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) involved in invasive growth programs during embryogenesis and tumorgenesis. There is compelling evidence suggesting important roles for c-Met in colorectal cancer proliferation, migration, invasion, angiogenesis, and survival. Hence, a molecular inhibitor of an extracellular domain of c-Met receptor that blocks c-Met-cell surface interactions could be of great thera-peutic importance. In an attempt to develop molecular inhibitors of c-Met, single chain variable fragment (scFv) phage display libraries Tomlinson I + J against a specific synthetic oligopeptide from the extracellular domain of c-Met receptor were screened; selected scFv were then characterized using various immune techniques...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090785/thymic-cytoarchitecture-changes-in-mice-exposed-to-vanadium
#8
Martha Ustarroz-Cano, Isabel Garcia-Pelaez, Silvana Cervantes-Yepez, Nelly Lopez-Valdez, Teresa I Fortoul
The thymus is a vital immune system organ wherein selection of T-lymphocytes occurs in a process regulated by dendritic and epithelial thymic cells. Previously, we have reported that in a mouse model of vanadium inhalation, a decrease in CD11c dendritic cells was observed. In the present study, we report on a thymic cortex-medulla distribution distortion in these hosts due to apparent effects of the inhaled vanadium on cytokeratin-5 (K5(+)) epithelial cells in the same mouse model - after 1, 2, and 4 weeks of exposure - by immunohistochemistry...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967303/immune-responses-induced-by-diclofenac-or-carbamazepine-in-an-oral-exposure-model-using-tnp-ficoll-as-reporter-antigen
#9
Lydia Kwast, Tetsuo Aida, Daniëlle Fiechter, Laura Kruijssen, Rob Bleumink, Louis Boon, Irene Ludwig, Raymond Pieters
Immune-mediated drug hypersensitivity reactions (IDHR) may result from immuno-sensitization to a drug-induced neo-antigen. They rarely occur in patients and are usually not predicted preclinically using standard toxicity studies. To assess the potential of a drug to induce T-cell sensitization, trinitrophenyl (TNP)-Ficoll was used here as a bystander antigen in animal experiments. TNP-Ficoll will only elicit TNP-specific IgG antibodies in the presence of non-cognate T-cell help. Therefore, the presence of TNP-specific IgG antibodies after co-injection of drug and TNP-Ficoll was indicative of T-cell sensitization potential...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967302/cutaneous-exposure-to-clinically-relevant-pigeon-pea-cajanus-cajan-proteins-promote-th2-dependent-sensitization-and-ige-mediated-anaphylaxis-in-balb-c-mice
#10
Rinkesh Kumar Gupta, Sandeep Kumar, Kriti Gupta, Akanksha Sharma, Ruchi Roy, Alok Kumar Verma, Bhushan P Chaudhari, Mukul Das, Irfan Ahmad Ansari, Premendra D Dwivedi
Epicutaneous (EC) sensitization to food allergens may occur when the skin has been lightly damaged. The study here tested whether cutaneous exposure to pigeon pea protein(s) may cause allergic sensitization. BALB/c mice were either orally gavaged or epicutaneously sensitized by repeated application of pigeon pea crude protein extract (CPE) on undamaged areas of skin without any adjuvant; afterwards, both groups were orally challenged with the pigeon pea CPE. Anaphylactic symptoms along with measures of body temperature, MCPT-1, TSLP, pigeon pea-specific IgE and IgG1, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, TH2 cytokines, TH2 transcription factors (TFs) and filaggrin expression were determined...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967301/analysis-of-hematologic-alterations-immune-responses-and-metallothionein-gene-expression-in-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-exposed-to-silver-nanoparticles
#11
Kubpaphas Thummabancha, Nuttaphon Onparn, Prapansak Srisapoome
In this study, Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings were used as a model to examine acute and chronic toxicity of silver nanoparticles (AgNP). Expression levels of metallothionein (MT) transcripts in fish exposed to 0, 1 or 100 mg AgNP/kg fish were investigated by quantitative real-time RT-PCR. The results showed MT expression levels were significantly decreased 0.3-0.7-fold in the liver and spleen of fish exposed to 1 or 100 mg AgNP/kg after 6-48 h. In contrast, during this period, MT mRNA expression levels were increased 2-3-fold in the head kidney of the fish exposed to either level of AgNP...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754729/is-tgf%C3%AE-as-an-anti-inflammatory-cytokine-required-for-differentiation-of-inflammatory-th17-cells
#12
Arash Pourgholaminejad, Nasser Aghdami, Hossein Baharvand, Seyed Mohammad Moazzeni
T-Helper 17 (TH17) cells are a CD4(+) TH subset that plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of inflammatory disorders, especially chronic forms. It seems that the derivation of TH17 cells from their precursors take place in inflammatory microenvironment. The role of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β as an anti-inflammatory cytokine in TH17 cell differentiation is controversial. To address some of the discrepancies that exist among different studies, this study was undertaken to more clarify the TGFβ role in human TH17 cell differentiation...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754724/immunotoxic-effects-of-gold-and-silver-nanoparticles-inhibition-of-mitogen-induced-proliferative-responses-and-viability-of-human-and-murine-lymphocytes-in-vitro
#13
Mallaiah Devanabanda, Shaik Abdul Latheef, Ramanadham Madduri
Understanding the effects of nanoparticles (NP) on immune cell functions is essential in designing safe and effective NP-based in vivo drug delivery systems. The immunomodulatory potential of gold nanoparticles (GNP) and silver nanoparticles (SNP) was investigated in vitro using murine splenic and human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) in terms of effects on viability and mitogen-induced proliferation. Hydrodynamic size and number of NP were characterized using NP tracking analysis (NTA); modal diameters of GNP and SNP were 28 (±1...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749146/total-and-differential-white-blood-cell-counts-in-caiman-latirostris-after-in-ovo-and-in-vivo-exposure-to-insecticides
#14
María A Latorre, María L Romito, Alejandro Larriera, Gisela L Poletta, Pablo A Siroski
Agricultural activities associated mainly with soybean crops affect the natural environment and wildlife by habitat destruction and the extensive use of agrochemicals. The aim of this study was to evaluate immunotoxic effects of the insecticides cypermethrin (CYP) and endosulfan (END) in Caiman latirostris analyzing total blood cell count (TWBC) and differential white blood cell count (DWBC) after in ovo and in vivo exposure. Eggs (in ovo) and hatchlings (in vivo) from nests harvested in natural habitats were artificially incubated and reared under controlled conditions in the Proyecto Yacaré (Gob...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687888/immunosuppressive-effects-of-arsenic-in-broiler-chicks-exposed-to-newcastle-disease-virus
#15
Adeel Sattar, Ahrar Khan, Hafiz Iftikhar Hussain, Cheng He, Riaz Hussain, Shen Zhiqiang, Muhammad Kashif Saleemi, Shafia Tehseen Gul
To assess the effects of prolonged exposure to arsenic (As, as arsenate) on host immune competence overall and resistance to Newcastle disease (ND) viral infection in particular, a study was carried out in broiler chicks. At 7 days of age, chicks were assigned to groups that would undergo varying vaccination, challenge, and/or As exposures; Group 1 was a control; Group 2 was to receive Newcastle disease virus (NDV) only; two groups (Groups 3, 4) were to be given As daily (50 mg/kg, by gavage) from Days 7-35 of the experiment...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602995/medium-dose-estrogen-ameliorates-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-in-ovariectomized-mice
#16
Dariush Haghmorad, Zohreh Salehipour, Reza Nosratabadi, Maryam Rastin, Parviz Kokhaei, Mohammad Bagher Mahmoudi, Abbas Ali Amini, Mahmoud Mahmoudi
Estrogen is a neuro-protective hormone in various central nervous system (CNS) disorders. The present study evaluated the role of estrogen during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) at doses selected to mimic any suppressive potential from the hormone during pregnancy. Here, mice were ovariectomized and then 2 weeks later treated with MOG antigen to induce EAE. Concurrently, mice then received (subcutaneously) an implanted pellet to deliver varying estrogen amounts over a 21-day period. Clinical scores and other parameters were monitored daily for the 21 days...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602793/immune-responses-to-polyclonal-t-cell-vaccination-in-patients-with-progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Galina V Seledtsova, Irina P Ivanova, Alexey A Shishkov, Victor I Seledtsov
The overall objective of disease management in autoimmune diseases is to suppress chronic inflammation and prevent organ damage. Therapies often revolve around five drug classes: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), anti-malarials, steroids, immunosuppressants, and bio-therapies. However, none of these is a 'cure' and each displays a potential for adverse events. In particular, while all of them suppress harmful autoimmune responses, they also impact on useful protective immune responses. T-Cell receptor (TCR) immunogenicity provides a rationale for T-cell vaccinations to induce anti-idiotypic immune responses with the purpose of down-regulating functionality of idiotype-bearing self-reactive T-cells...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602597/tributyltin-exposure-alters-cytokine-levels-in-mouse-serum
#18
Shanieek Lawrence, Samuel T Pellom, Anil Shanker, Margaret M Whalen
Tributyltin (TBT), a toxic environmental contaminant, has been widely utilized for various industrial, agricultural and household purposes. Its usage has led to a global contamination and its bioaccumulation in aquatic organisms and terrestrial mammals. Previous studies suggest that TBT has debilitating effects on the overall immune function of animals, rendering them more vulnerable to diseases. TBT (at concentrations that have been detected in human blood) alters secretion of inflammatory cytokines from human lymphocytes ex vivo...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602506/exposure-to-polychlorinated-biphenyl-153-decreases-incidence-of-autoimmune-type-1-diabetes-in-non-obese-diabetic-mice
#19
Jordan Kuiper, Michelle Moran, Marina Cetkovic-Cvrlje
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) incidence has been steadily rising across the globe. Exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POP) has been implied as one potential cause of increased T1D occurrence. Since data regarding the role of POP polychlorinated biphenyl-153 (PCB-153) in autoimmune T1D development in experimental animal models are lacking, this study sought to evaluate the effect of PCB-153 exposure on T1D development in a non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse model. As T1D is an autoimmune, T-cell-dependent disease, PCB-153 effects on T-cells were studied as well...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494533/chronic-exposure-to-endosulfan-induces-inflammation-in-murine-colon-via-%C3%AE-catenin-expression-and-il-6-production
#20
Martha Cecilia Téllez-Bañuelos, Jesse Haramati, Karina Franco-Topete, Jorge Peregrina-Sandoval, Ramon Franco-Topete, Galina P Zaitseva
Endosulfan (ENDO) is a widely used organochlorine (OC) pesticide and persistent organo-pollutant. Epidemiological studies have shown that high levels of OC exposure were related to colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate histological changes in the colon, as well as in in situ expression of β-catenin and P-selectin, and serum levels of select pro-inflammatory cytokines in mice administered ENDO; there is a relationship between increased serum IL-6 and P-selectin levels in CRC patients and aberrant β-catenin signaling is important in initiation/maintenance of most CRCs...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
journal
journal
40615
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"