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Tobacco Induced Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405181/depression-anxiety-and-panic-disorders-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-correlations-with-tobacco-use-disease-severity-and-quality-of-life
#1
Oana Irinel Pascal, Antigona Carmen Trofor, Lucia Maria Lotrean, Dumitru Filipeanu, Letitia Trofor
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to assess anxiety, depression and panic disorders among patients diagnosed with COPD and to investigate their correlation with disease severity, quality of life as well as tobacco use. METHODS: An observational study was performed between January and September 2014 among 60 patients diagnosed with COPD. COPD staging according to GOLD criteria, while anxiety and depression were assessed using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and panic attacks were evaluated based on ICD 10 criteria...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396620/correlates-of-e-cigarette-ad-awareness-and-likeability-in-u-s-young-adults
#2
Jessica M Rath, Lyubov Teplitskaya, Valerie F Williams, Jennifer L Pearson, Donna M Vallone, Andrea C Villanti
BACKGROUND: Awareness and use of electronic cigarettes has rapidly increased among U.S. adults. The aim of this study was to examine awareness and likeability of e-cigarette print advertisements in a national sample of young adults and to examine ad likeability as a correlate of intended e-cigarette use among never e-cigarette users. METHODS: Participants (n = 2110, unweighted) of the Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort (January 2013) were randomized to see four print ads (blu, Fin, NJOY, and White Cloud)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360828/economic-evaluation-of-an-exercise-counselling-intervention-to-enhance-smoking-cessation-outcomes-the-fit2quit-trial
#3
William Leung, Vaughan Roberts, Louisa G Gordon, Christopher Bullen, Hayden McRobbie, Harry Prapavessis, Yannan Jiang, Ralph Maddison
BACKGROUND: In the Fit2Quit randomised controlled trial, insufficiently-active adult cigarette smokers who contacted Quitline for support to quit smoking were randomised to usual Quitline support or to also receive ≤10 face-to-face and telephone exercise-support sessions delivered by trained exercise facilitators over the 24-week trial. This paper aims to determine the cost-effectiveness of an exercise-counselling intervention added to Quitline compared to Quitline alone in the Fit2Quit trial...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352213/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-flavoured-tobacco-use-among-students-in-grades-10-through-12-a-national-cross-sectional-study-in-canada-2012-2013
#4
Yelena Bird, Jennifer May, Chijioke Nwankwo, Razi Mahmood, John Moraros
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in Canada and the world. Despite documented decreases in the prevalence of smoking in Canada, increases in flavoured tobacco use by its youth poses a serious public health concern. This study examined the prevalence and characteristics of flavoured tobacco use among a national sample of Canadian students in grades 10 through 12. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design on a nationally generalizable, school-based, Youth Smoking Survey (YSS), 2012-2013...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344544/the-association-between-occupational-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-life-satisfaction-among-adults-in-the-european-union
#5
Nikita B Rajani, Iris T Vlachantoni, Constantine I Vardavas, Filippos T Filippidis
BACKGROUND: Despite existing legislation, a large proportion of the European Union (EU) population is exposed to occupational secondhand smoke (SHS). The aim of this study was to explore associations between occupational exposure to SHS and self-reported life satisfaction. METHODS: We analysed data collected through the Eurobarometer survey (wave 82.4) from n = 11,788 individuals working in indoor spaces. The sample was representative of the population of the 28 EU member states...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344543/chinese-immigrant-men-smokers-sources-of-cigarettes-in-canada-a-qualitative-study
#6
Aimei Mao, Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Gayl Sarbit, Mary T Kelly
BACKGROUND: Immigrants often experience economic hardship in their host country and tend to belong to economically disadvantaged groups. Individuals of lower socioeconomic status tend to be more sensitive to cigarette price changes. This study explores the cigarette purchasing patterns among Chinese Canadian male immigrants. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 22 Chinese Canadian immigrants who were smoking or had quit smoking in the last five years...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316562/changes-in-cigarette-smoking-initiation-cessation-and-relapse-among-u-s-adults-a-comparison-of-two-longitudinal-samples
#7
Zinan Yi, Maria E Mayorga, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Jennifer L Pearson
BACKGROUND: The tobacco epidemic in the U.S. has matured in the past decade. However, due to rapidly changing social policy and commercial environments, tailored prevention and interventions are needed to support further reduction in smoking. METHODS: Using Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS) 2002-2003 and 2010-2011 longitudinal cohorts, five smoking states are defined including daily-heavy, daily-light, non-daily, former and non-smoker...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289369/associations-of-attitudes-towards-electronic-cigarettes-with-advertisement-exposure-and-social-determinants-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Benjamin Reinhold, Rebecca Fischbein, Surya Sruthi Bhamidipalli, Jennifer Bryant, Deric R Kenne
BACKGROUND: The exposure of young adults to electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) advertisements has risen rapidly. E-cigarette ads have been shown to increase short term perceived acceptability of using e-cigarettes in places where traditional cigarettes are banned. We set out to investigate if advertising exposure was related to perceptions of harm, addictiveness, and acceptability of use of e-cigarettes in places where traditional cigarettes are banned. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, 6037 students at a large Midwestern university between the ages of 18-24 were surveyed about e-cigarette use and smoking status...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286467/smoking-exposure-loss-of-forced-expiratory-volume-in-one-second-and-the-risk-of-lung-cancer-among-patients-with-malignant-disease-who-present-with-cardiac-or-pulmonary-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Siegfried Wieshammer, Jens Dreyhaupt
BACKGROUND: Smokers with airway obstruction are at a higher risk of lung cancer than smokers without airway obstruction. Inflammation plays a key role in lung carcinogenesis. This single-center study prospectively assessed (i) the relationship between smoking exposure and the loss of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) in determining lung cancer risk and (ii) the effect of lung cancer on systemic inflammation. METHODS: The study group comprised 475 consecutively enrolled patients with cancer who presented with pulmonary or cardiac symptoms...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261024/effect-of-cigarette-smoke-on-gustatory-sensitivity-evaluation-of-the-deficit-and-of-the-recovery-time-course-after-smoking-cessation
#10
Fabrice Chéruel, Marta Jarlier, Hélène Sancho-Garnier
BACKGROUND: Study results have shown that chronic exposure to cigarette smoke affects the taste function in humans. However, neither the quantitative impact on taste sensitivity nor the time-course of taste recovery on stopping smoking have been precisely examined. METHODS: The experimental design included 2 phases, (i) a case-control phase comparing the taste sensitivity level measured by Electrogustometric (EGM) thresholds from various parts of the tongue (locus) between smokers (n = 83) and non-smokers (n = 48), (ii) a follow-up study looking at the taste sensitivity recovery in smokers after smoking cessation (n = 24) and compared with non-smokers...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239329/universal-electronic-cigarette-test-physiochemical-characterization-of-reference-e-liquid
#11
Jeffrey J Kim, Nicole Sabatelli, Wojtek Tutak, Anthony Giuseppetti, Stanislav Frukhtbeyn, Ian Shaffer, Joshua Wilhide, Denis Routkevitch, John M Ondov
BACKGROUND: Despite the rising health and safety concerns of e-cigarettes, a universal e-cigarette testing method is still in its early developmental stage. The aim of this study was to develop an e-liquid Reference Material that can be used to improve accuracy and reproducibility of research results, and advance health risk assessment of e-cigarette products. METHODS: E-liquid Reference Material was developed by purity assessment, gravimetric measurement, homogeneity testing, and stability testing with material and instrument traceability (adopted from ISO 35:2006E)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184182/coronary-heart-disease-incidence-and-mortality-and-all-cause-mortality-among-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-people-according-to-their-smoking-behavior-in-finland
#12
Noël C Barengo, Yvonne Teuschl, Vladislav Moltchanov, Tiina Laatikainen, Pekka Jousilahti, Jaakko Tuomilehto
BACKGROUND: As type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients have a high risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) and all-cause mortality and smoking is a major single risk factor for total and CHD mortality, it is important to understand the impact of smoking to the outcome events in comparison to people without T2D. Studies of excess risk of CHD incidence and mortality, and all-cause mortality in T2D patients related to smoking are controversial. We aimed to assess the risk of CHD incidence and mortality, and all-cause mortality in a large Finnish population cohort consisting of people with and without T2Daccording to smoking status...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167895/a-comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-varenicline-and-bupropion-and-an-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-the-medications-in-the-context-of-the-smoking-cessation-programme
#13
Ali Ramazan Benli, Selman Erturhan, Muhammet Ali Oruc, Pinar Kalpakci, Didem Sunay, Yeltekin Demirel
BACKGROUND: Within the context of the support program for smoking cessation, initiated by the Turkish Ministry of Health in 2011, those who present at 'smoking cessation' centres and are found to be suitable for pharmacological treatment are given varenicline and bupropion free of charge. As the smoking cessation programme is centralized, the selection of the medication is made randomly to provide a fixed distribution rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of both varenicline and bupropion in smoking cessation and to evaluate the effect of the smoking cessation programme...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163669/college-anti-smoking-policies-and-student-smoking-behavior-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Brooke L Bennett, Melodi Deiner, Pallav Pokhrel
BACKGROUND: Currently, most college campuses across the U.S. in some way address on-campus cigarette smoking, mainly through policies that restrict smoking on campus premises. However, it is not well understood whether college-level anti-smoking policies help reduce cigarette smoking among students. In addition, little is known about policies that may have an impact on student smoking behavior. This study attempted to address these issues through a literature review. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163668/smoking-among-school-going-adolescents-in-selected-secondary-schools-in-peninsular-malaysia-findings-from-the-malaysian-adolescent-health-risk-behaviour-myahrb-study
#15
Kuang Hock Lim, Hui Li Lim, Chien Huey Teh, Chee Cheong Kee, Yi Yi Khoo, Shubash Shander Ganapathy, Miaw Yn Jane Ling, Sumarni Mohd Ghazali, Eng Ong Tee
BACKGROUND: A multitude of studies have revealed that smoking is a learned behaviour during adolescence and efforts to reduce the incidence of smoking has been identified as long-term measures to curb the smoking menace. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence as well as the intra and inter-personal factors associated with smoking among upper secondary school students in selected schools in Peninsular Malaysia. METHODS: A study was carried out in 2013, which involved a total of 40 secondary schools...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149259/the-effect-of-policies-regulating-tobacco-consumption-on-smoking-initiation-and-cessation-in-spain-is-it-equal-across-socioeconomic-groups
#16
Jaime Pinilla, Ignacio Abásolo
BACKGROUND: In Spain, the Law 28/2005, which came into effect on January 2006, was a turning point in smoking regulation and prevention, serving as a guarantee for the progress of future strategies in the direction marked by international organizations. It is expected that this regulatory policy should benefit relatively more to lower socioeconomic groups, thus contributing to a reduction in socioeconomic health inequalities. This research analyzes the effect of tobacco regulation in Spain, under Law 28/2005, on the initiation and cessation of tobacco consumption, and whether this effect has been unequal across distinct socioeconomic levels...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127273/quit-tobacco-clinics-in-bahrain-smoking-cessation-rates-and-patient-satisfaction
#17
Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Jamil Ahmed, Maha Al-Kawari, Sharifa Bucheeri
BACKGROUND: One third of Bahraini adult males and 7.0% of females use all types of tobacco. The prevalence rates of cigarette and shisha smoking are 11.0 and 6.0%, respectively. Tobacco cessation programs are essential to help smokers quit. The objectives of this study were to determine the quit rates among male attendees of quit tobacco clinics (QTC) in Bahrain and describe related factors. METHODS: We used a cross sectional study design to interview194 male tobacco smokers who had received care from two QTC...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123354/lung-cancer-and-tobacco-smoking-in-crete-greece-reflections-from-a-population-based-cancer-registry-from-1992-to-2013
#18
D Sifaki-Pistolla, C Lionis, V Georgoulias, P Kyriakidis, F Koinis, S Aggelaki, N Tzanakis
BACKGROUND: The Cancer Registry of Crete is a regional population database that collects cancer morbidity/mortality data along with several risk factors. The current study assessed the geographical variation of lung cancer among ever and never smokers in Crete during the last 20 years. METHOD: Lung cancer patient records (1992-2013) including information on medical history and smoking habits were obtained from the Cancer Registry of Crete. Age-Adjusted Incidence Rates (AAIR), prevalence of smoking among lung cancer patients and the Population-Attributable Fraction (PAF%) of tobacco smoking were estimated...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105000/determining-non-cigarette-tobacco-alcohol-and-substance-use-typologies-across-menthol-and-non-menthol-smokers-using-latent-class-analysis
#19
Amy Cohn, Amanda Johnson, Jennifer Pearson, Shyanika Rose, Sarah Ehlke, Ollie Ganz, Raymond Niaura
BACKGROUND: Substance use and mental health are robustly associated with smoking and poor cessation outcomes, but not often examined in combination with menthol cigarette smoking, which is also associated with lower quit rates. This study identified classes of Black and White menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers based on demographics, alcohol, drug, and other tobacco use behaviors. METHODS: Using screening data from two studies, latent class analysis (LCA) was conducted to classify n = 1177 menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers on demographic characteristics, heavy smoking, alcohol and drug use, desire to quit smoking, other tobacco product use, and use of psychotropic medication...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104999/development-of-a-scale-assessing-beliefs-about-thirdhand-smoke-baths
#20
Regine Haardörfer, Carla J Berg, Cam Escoffery, Łucja T Bundy, Melbourne Hovell, Michelle C Kegler
BACKGROUND: Similarly to secondhand smoke (SHS), thirdhand smoke (THS) beliefs may be correlated with smoking behaviors and smokefree policies in the home. Thus, there is a need to develop and validate measures to assess beliefs about THS. METHODS: A list of 19 items related to THS were generated by an expert panel and tested in a pilot study. Based on results from an exploratory factor analysis, two factors emerged: THS persistence in the environment and THS impact on health...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
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