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Tobacco Induced Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162997/association-between-employer-s-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-smoking-cessation-and-voluntary-promotion-in-workplace-a-survey-study
#1
Man Ping Wang, William Ho Cheung Li, Yi Nam Suen, Ka Ching Cheung, Oi Sze Lau, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia Siu Chee Chan
Background: Workplace smoking cessation (SC) intervention is effective in increasing quit rate but little was known about the factors associated with voluntary SC promotion. Comprehensive smoke-free legislation, including banning smoking in all indoor area of workplaces, has been enforced in Hong Kong. This survey investigated the prevalence of company's compliance with smoke-free legislation and examined the relation between voluntary SC promotion in workplace and employer's knowledge of and attitude towards smoking and SC...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151827/tumor-necrosis-factor-like-weak-inducer-of-apoptosis-regulates-quadriceps-muscle-atrophy-and-fiber-type-alteration-in-a-rat-model-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Jun-Juan Lu, Qing Wang, Li Hua Xie, Qiang Zhang, Sheng Hua Sun
Background: In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), weakness and muscle mass loss of the quadriceps muscle has been demonstrated to predict survival and mortality rates of patients. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), as a member of the TNF superfamily, has recently been identified as a key regulator of skeletal muscle wasting and metabolic dysfunction. So our aim was to study the role of TWEAK during quadriceps muscle atrophy and fiber-type transformation in COPD model rats and its possible pathway...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142532/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-relationship-between-receptivity-to-e-cigarette-advertisements-and-e-cigarette-use-among-baseline-non-users-of-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes-united-states
#3
Israel T Agaku, Kevin Davis, Deesha Patel, Paul Shafer, Shanna Cox, William Ridgeway, Brian A King
Background: We investigated the relationship between receptivity to electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) advertisements at baseline and e-cigarette use at follow-up among adult baseline non-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes. Methods: A nationally representative online panel was used to survey non-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes (n = 2191) at baseline and 5-month follow-up. At baseline, respondents were shown an e-cigarette advertisement and asked if they were aware of it (exposure)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142531/factors-associated-with-implementation-of-the-5a-s-smoking-cessation-model
#4
C Martínez, Y Castellano, A Andrés, M Fu, L Antón, M Ballbè, P Fernández, S Cabrera, A Riccobene, E Gavilan, A Feliu, A Baena, M Margalef, E Fernández
Background: Several health organizations have adopted the 5A's brief intervention model (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange), based on evidence-based guidelines for smoking cessation. We examine individual, cognitive, behavioral, and organizational factors associated with the 5A's performance among clinical healthcare workers in Catalonia. We also investigate how these factors interact and potentially predict the implementation of each component of the 5A's. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among clinical health workers enrolled in an online smoking cessation training course (n = 580)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093657/hotel-smoking-policies-and-their-implementation-a-survey-of-california-hotel-managers
#5
Joy M Zakarian, Penelope J E Quintana, Carl H Winston, Georg E Matt
Background: Most states in the U.S. permit hotels to allow smoking in some guest rooms, and only five (Indiana, Michigan, North Dakota, Vermont, and Wisconsin) require that all hotel and motel rooms be 100% smoke-free (State and local 100% smokefree hotel and motel guest room laws enacted as of July 3, 2017). Little is known, however, about how hotels' smoking policies have been implemented. This study examined hotels' smoking policies and their implementation. Methods: A telephone survey of a random sample of 383 California hotel managers was conducted...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089863/relationships-of-drinking-and-smoking-with-peripheral-arterial-stiffness-in-chinese-community-dwelling-population-without-symptomatic-peripheral-arterial-disease
#6
Shihui Fu, Qixian Wu, Leiming Luo, Ping Ye
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial stiffness gives rise to the high prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). It is necessary to conduct a large-scale study in Chinese community-dwelling population to clarify the relationships of alcohol and tobacco consumption with peripheral arterial stiffness. Most studies had a small sample size, and were not performed in Chinese community-dwelling population without symptomatic PAD. This analysis was designed to examine the relationships of alcohol and tobacco consumption with peripheral arterial stiffness in Chinese community-dwelling population without symptomatic PAD...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852374/smokefree-signage-at-children-s-playgrounds-field-observations-and-comparison-with-google-street-view
#7
George Thomson, Nick Wilson
BACKGROUND: Although there is global growth in outdoor smokefree areas, little is known about the associated smokefree signage. We aimed to study smokefree signage at playgrounds and to compare field observations with images from Google Street View (GSV). METHODS: We randomly selected playgrounds in 21 contiguous local government areas in the lower North Island of New Zealand, all of which had smokefree playground policies. Field data were collected on smokefree signage along with dog control signage to allow for comparisons...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824358/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-e-cigarette-exposure-incidents-reported-to-10-european-poison-centers-a-retrospective-data-analysis
#8
Constantine I Vardavas, Charis Girvalaki, Filippos T Filippidis, Mare Oder, Ruth Kastanje, Irma de Vries, Lies Scholtens, Anita Annas, Silvia Plackova, Rajka Turk, Laima Gruzdyte, Fátima Rato, Dieter Genser, Helmut Schiel, Andrea Balázs, Elaine Donohoe, Alexander I Vardavas, Manolis N Tzatzarakis, Aristidis M Tsatsakis, Panagiotis K Behrakis
BACKGROUND: The use of e-cigarettes has increased during the past few years. Exposure to e-cigarette liquids, whether intentional or accidental, may lead to adverse events our aim was to assess factors associated with e-cigarette exposures across European Union Member States (EU MS). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of exposures associated with e-cigarettes reported to national poison centers was performed covering incidents from 2012 to March 2015 from 10 EU MS...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814949/physicians-views-on-the-role-of-smoking-in-smoking-related-diseases-findings-from-cross-sectional-studies-from-1982-2014-in-estonia
#9
Kersti Pärna, Mariliis Põld, Inge Ringmets
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have shown that physicians who smoke underestimate the effects of smoking on health and this influences their practice. This study was designed to investigate the views of Estonian physicians on the role of smoking in smoking-related diseases. METHODS: Cross-sectional postal surveys were sent to all practising physicians in Estonia in 1982, 2002 and 2014 providing data from 3504, 2694, and 2865 physicians respectively. Data analysis involved calculation of the prevalence of smoking with 95% confidence intervals and calculation of the prevalence of agreement with a causal role of smoking in ischaemic heart disease (IHD), lung cancer and chronic bronchitis...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747859/smoking-in-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-in-china
#10
Xianglong Xu, Yunshuang Rao, Lianlian Wang, Sheng Liu, Jeff J Guo, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Findings on smoking among pregnant women were mostly from high income countries and were rarely from China. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of smoking and its influencing factors among pregnant women living in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in this study. Data from pregnant women were collected in this study from June to August 2015 from 5 provinces of mainland China. A total of 2345 pregnant women were included in this study, the mean age of the participants was 28...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747858/smoking-and-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-in-japan-baseline-data-from-the-kyushu-okinawa-maternal-and-child-health-study
#11
Yuri Kawasaki, Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747857/acculturation-depression-and-smoking-cessation-a-trajectory-pattern-recognition-approach
#12
Sun S Kim, Hua Fang, Kunsook Bernstein, Zhaoyang Zhang, Joseph DiFranza, Douglas Ziedonis, Jeroan Allison
BACKGROUND: Korean Americans are known for a high smoking prevalence within the Asian American population. This study examined the effects of acculturation and depression on Korean Americans' smoking cessation and abstinence. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis of a smoking cessation study that implemented eight weekly individualized counseling sessions of a culturally adapted cessation intervention for the treatment arm and a standard cognitive behavioral therapy for the comparison arm...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736513/low-cigarette-smoking-prevalence-in-peri-urban-peru-results-from-a-population-based-study-of-tobacco-use-by-self-report-and-urine-cotinine
#13
Brooks W Morgan, Kathryn M Leifheit, Karina M Romero, Robert H Gilman, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, J Jaime Miranda, Harold I Feldman, John J Lima, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: A recent study found lower self-reported prevalence of tobacco smoking in a peri-urban area of Lima, Peru than previously reported in urban samples. These regions encompass substantial proportions of Peru's population - ones at greater risk of disease due to reduced healthcare access - but have been less often studied. We validate low smoking prevalence with urine cotinine and characterize chronic disease and lung function outcomes between non-, occasional, and daily smokers...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729819/secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-risk-of-wheeze-in-early-childhood-a-prospective-pregnancy-birth-cohort-study
#14
Keiko Tanaka, Yoshihiro Miyake, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the independent and additive effects of both pre- and postnatal smoking exposure on the risk of wheeze in children is limited. The purpose of this prospective pregnancy birth cohort study was to examine the association between prenatal and postnatal tobacco smoke exposure during the first year of life and the risk of wheeze in Japanese children aged 23 to 29 months. METHODS: Study subjects were 1354 Japanese mother-child pairs. Information on the variables under study was obtained using repeated questionnaires that were completed by mothers, first prior to delivery, then shortly after birth and subsequently around 4, 12, and 24 months after delivery...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690480/the-use-of-planned-behavior-theory-in-predicting-cigarette-smoking-among-waterpipe-smokers
#15
Naif H Alanazi, Jerry W Lee, Hildemar Dos Santos, Jayakaran S Job, Khaled Bahjri
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe and cigarette smoking have been found to be associated with each other as cigarette smokers were more likely to be waterpipe users than non-cigarette smokers. Also, waterpipe smokers were likely to be former daily cigarette users. The aim of this study is to examine the likelihood of waterpipe use leading to cigarette use among current waterpipe users using theory of planned behavior. METHODS: Four hundred six current waterpipe smokers who initially had started tobacco use with the waterpipe were recruited from 15 waterpipe lounges in 2015...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638314/in-person-retail-marketing-claims-in-tobacco-and-e-cigarette-shops-in-southern-california
#16
Joshua S Yang, Michele M Wood, Katelynn Peirce
BACKGROUND: E-cigarette use has been increasing in the United States, though knowledge of potential risks and harms associated with e-cigarette use is low. Marketing of e-cigarettes may serve as a source of information to shape beliefs and attitudes toward e-cigarettes. The purpose of this study was to identify the most common marketing claims made within "vape" and tobacco shops in sales interactions with customers in demographically diverse cities. METHODS: Vape and tobacco shops from three diverse cities in Southern California were selected for inclusion in the study...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588429/the-associations-between-cigarette-smoking-and-health-related-behaviors-among-chinese-school-aged-adolescents
#17
Meng Wang, Hao Wang, Fang-Rong Fei, Chun-Xiao Xu, Xiao-Fu Du, Jie-Ming Zhong
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the interrelations between cigarette smoking and a cluster of lifestyle behaviors is scarce for the Chinese youth population. This study is conducted to identify the associations between cigarette smoking and multiple health-related behaviors in a Chinese sample of adolescents. METHODS: We used data from 2012 Zhejiang Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which is a school-based survey of 19,542 adolescents that assess risk behaviors using a self-reported questionnaire...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484362/socio-demographic-characteristics-and-tobacco-use-among-the-adults-in-urban-slums-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#18
Nusrat Nausheen Khandker, Tuhin Biswas, Abdullah Nurus Salam Khan, Enamul Hasib, Lal B Rawal
BACKGROUND: Use of tobacco has become one of the major causes of premature deaths in most developing countries, including Bangladesh. The poorest and most disadvantaged populations, such as those living in slums, are considered to be extremely vulnerable to non-communicable diseases and their risk factors, especially tobacco use. The objective of this study was to assess the current status of tobacco consumption among slum dwellers and its association with socio-demographic factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three slums of Dhaka city...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473746/practices-related-to-tobacco-sale-promotion-and-protection-from-tobacco-smoke-exposure-in-restaurants-and-bars-in-kampala-before-implementation-of-the-uganda-tobacco-control-act-2015
#19
Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Daniel Kadobera, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Kellen Namusisi Nyamurungi, Shannon Gravely, Lindsay Robertson, David Guwatudde
BACKGROUND: The Word Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control calls on parties to implement evidenced-based tobacco control policies, which includes Article 8 (protect the public from exposure to tobacco smoke), and Article 13 (tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (TAPS)). In 2015, Uganda passed the Tobacco Control Act 2015 which includes a comprehensive ban on smoking in all public places and on all forms of TAPS. Prior to implementation, we sought to assess practices related to protection of the public from tobacco smoke exposure, limiting access to tobacco products and TAPS in restaurants and bars in Kampala City to inform implementation of the new law...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469539/experimental-animal-models-for-copd-a-methodological-review
#20
REVIEW
Vahideh Ghorani, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady, Mohammad Reza Khazdair, Majid Kianmeher
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disorder that makes the breathing difficult and is characterized by pathological conditions ranging from chronic inflammation to tissue proteolysis. With regard to ethical issues related to the studies on patients with COPD, the use of animal models of COPD is inevitable. Animal models improve our knowledge about the basic mechanisms underlying COPD physiology, pathophysiology and treatment. Although these models are only able to mimic some of the features of the disease, they are valuable for further investigation of mechanisms involved in human COPD...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
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