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Tobacco Induced Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184182/coronary-heart-disease-incidence-and-mortality-and-all-cause-mortality-among-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-people-according-to-their-smoking-behavior-in-finland
#1
Noël C Barengo, Yvonne Teuschl, Vladislav Moltchanov, Tiina Laatikainen, Pekka Jousilahti, Jaakko Tuomilehto
BACKGROUND: As type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients have a high risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) and all-cause mortality and smoking is a major single risk factor for total and CHD mortality, it is important to understand the impact of smoking to the outcome events in comparison to people without T2D. Studies of excess risk of CHD incidence and mortality, and all-cause mortality in T2D patients related to smoking are controversial. We aimed to assess the risk of CHD incidence and mortality, and all-cause mortality in a large Finnish population cohort consisting of people with and without T2Daccording to smoking status...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167895/a-comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-varenicline-and-bupropion-and-an-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-the-medications-in-the-context-of-the-smoking-cessation-programme
#2
Ali Ramazan Benli, Selman Erturhan, Muhammet Ali Oruc, Pinar Kalpakci, Didem Sunay, Yeltekin Demirel
BACKGROUND: Within the context of the support program for smoking cessation, initiated by the Turkish Ministry of Health in 2011, those who present at 'smoking cessation' centres and are found to be suitable for pharmacological treatment are given varenicline and bupropion free of charge. As the smoking cessation programme is centralized, the selection of the medication is made randomly to provide a fixed distribution rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of both varenicline and bupropion in smoking cessation and to evaluate the effect of the smoking cessation programme...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163669/college-anti-smoking-policies-and-student-smoking-behavior-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Brooke L Bennett, Melodi Deiner, Pallav Pokhrel
BACKGROUND: Currently, most college campuses across the U.S. in some way address on-campus cigarette smoking, mainly through policies that restrict smoking on campus premises. However, it is not well understood whether college-level anti-smoking policies help reduce cigarette smoking among students. In addition, little is known about policies that may have an impact on student smoking behavior. This study attempted to address these issues through a literature review. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163668/smoking-among-school-going-adolescents-in-selected-secondary-schools-in-peninsular-malaysia-findings-from-the-malaysian-adolescent-health-risk-behaviour-myahrb-study
#4
Kuang Hock Lim, Hui Li Lim, Chien Huey Teh, Chee Cheong Kee, Yi Yi Khoo, Shubash Shander Ganapathy, Miaw Yn Jane Ling, Sumarni Mohd Ghazali, Eng Ong Tee
BACKGROUND: A multitude of studies have revealed that smoking is a learned behaviour during adolescence and efforts to reduce the incidence of smoking has been identified as long-term measures to curb the smoking menace. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence as well as the intra and inter-personal factors associated with smoking among upper secondary school students in selected schools in Peninsular Malaysia. METHODS: A study was carried out in 2013, which involved a total of 40 secondary schools...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149259/the-effect-of-policies-regulating-tobacco-consumption-on-smoking-initiation-and-cessation-in-spain-is-it-equal-across-socioeconomic-groups
#5
Jaime Pinilla, Ignacio Abásolo
BACKGROUND: In Spain, the Law 28/2005, which came into effect on January 2006, was a turning point in smoking regulation and prevention, serving as a guarantee for the progress of future strategies in the direction marked by international organizations. It is expected that this regulatory policy should benefit relatively more to lower socioeconomic groups, thus contributing to a reduction in socioeconomic health inequalities. This research analyzes the effect of tobacco regulation in Spain, under Law 28/2005, on the initiation and cessation of tobacco consumption, and whether this effect has been unequal across distinct socioeconomic levels...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127273/quit-tobacco-clinics-in-bahrain-smoking-cessation-rates-and-patient-satisfaction
#6
Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Jamil Ahmed, Maha Al-Kawari, Sharifa Bucheeri
BACKGROUND: One third of Bahraini adult males and 7.0% of females use all types of tobacco. The prevalence rates of cigarette and shisha smoking are 11.0 and 6.0%, respectively. Tobacco cessation programs are essential to help smokers quit. The objectives of this study were to determine the quit rates among male attendees of quit tobacco clinics (QTC) in Bahrain and describe related factors. METHODS: We used a cross sectional study design to interview194 male tobacco smokers who had received care from two QTC...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123354/lung-cancer-and-tobacco-smoking-in-crete-greece-reflections-from-a-population-based-cancer-registry-from-1992-to-2013
#7
D Sifaki-Pistolla, C Lionis, V Georgoulias, P Kyriakidis, F Koinis, S Aggelaki, N Tzanakis
BACKGROUND: The Cancer Registry of Crete is a regional population database that collects cancer morbidity/mortality data along with several risk factors. The current study assessed the geographical variation of lung cancer among ever and never smokers in Crete during the last 20 years. METHOD: Lung cancer patient records (1992-2013) including information on medical history and smoking habits were obtained from the Cancer Registry of Crete. Age-Adjusted Incidence Rates (AAIR), prevalence of smoking among lung cancer patients and the Population-Attributable Fraction (PAF%) of tobacco smoking were estimated...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105000/determining-non-cigarette-tobacco-alcohol-and-substance-use-typologies-across-menthol-and-non-menthol-smokers-using-latent-class-analysis
#8
Amy Cohn, Amanda Johnson, Jennifer Pearson, Shyanika Rose, Sarah Ehlke, Ollie Ganz, Raymond Niaura
BACKGROUND: Substance use and mental health are robustly associated with smoking and poor cessation outcomes, but not often examined in combination with menthol cigarette smoking, which is also associated with lower quit rates. This study identified classes of Black and White menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers based on demographics, alcohol, drug, and other tobacco use behaviors. METHODS: Using screening data from two studies, latent class analysis (LCA) was conducted to classify n = 1177 menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers on demographic characteristics, heavy smoking, alcohol and drug use, desire to quit smoking, other tobacco product use, and use of psychotropic medication...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104999/development-of-a-scale-assessing-beliefs-about-thirdhand-smoke-baths
#9
Regine Haardörfer, Carla J Berg, Cam Escoffery, Łucja T Bundy, Melbourne Hovell, Michelle C Kegler
BACKGROUND: Similarly to secondhand smoke (SHS), thirdhand smoke (THS) beliefs may be correlated with smoking behaviors and smokefree policies in the home. Thus, there is a need to develop and validate measures to assess beliefs about THS. METHODS: A list of 19 items related to THS were generated by an expert panel and tested in a pilot study. Based on results from an exploratory factor analysis, two factors emerged: THS persistence in the environment and THS impact on health...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096794/tobacco-use-patterns-knowledge-attitudes-towards-tobacco-and-availability-of-tobacco-control-training-among-school-personnel-from-a-rural-area-in-poland
#10
Dorota Kaleta, Kinga Polańska, Adam Rzeźnicki, Włodzimierz Stelmach, Piotr Wojtysiak
BACKGROUND: Tobacco-free school environment as well as non-smoking teachers and school personnel provide positive role models for children and young people. In Poland, smoking should be banned in colleges, schools, educational establishments and educational care facilities. However, for the existing law to be effective, awareness of all people in school curriculum and enforcement of the law are crucial. The aim of the study was to evaluate tobacco use patterns, knowledge and attitudes towards tobacco as well as availability of tobacco control training among school personnel in a rural area in Poland...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077940/physician-tobacco-screening-and-advice-to-quit-among-u-s-adolescents-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-2013
#11
Lauren Collins, Sabrina L Smiley, Rakiya A Moore, Amanda L Graham, Andrea C Villanti
BACKGROUND: Initiating tobacco use in adolescence increases the risk of nicotine dependence and continued smoking. Physician screening for tobacco use increases the odds of physicians intervening with patients who smoke; However, without appropriate follow-through by the physician, screening for tobacco use is not enough to significantly increase cessation rates. Given the critical phase of development adolescence poses in tobacco use and evidence that physician intervention improves adult cessation efforts, we sought to examine physician tobacco use screening and advice to quit among adolescents (12-17 years)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070179/prevalence-and-factors-that-influence-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-adults-in-pastoralist-communities-of-borena-zone-ethiopia-mixed-method-study
#12
Edao Sinba Etu, Desta Hiko Gemeda, Mamusha Aman Hussen
BACKGROUND: Deaths due to tobacco consumption are on the rise, from 5.4 million in 2005 to 6.4 million in 2015 and 8.3 million in 2030 of which more than 80% will be in developing countries. Smokeless tobacco use is a significant health risk and cause of disease. Over 300 million people use smokeless tobacco worldwide. More than 250 million adult smokeless tobacco users are in low- and middle-income countries, the total burden of smokeless tobacco use is likely to be substantial. In Ethiopia, nationally representative data on the smokeless tobacco use is not available...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990102/a-neglected-opportunity-for-china-s-tobacco-control-shift-in-smoking-behavior-during-and-after-wives-pregnancy
#13
Hao Yin, Xiao Chen, Pinpin Zheng, Michelle Kegler, Qinfeng Shen, Biao Xu
BACKGROUND: Although observational data suggest that men's attempts and behavior at quitting smoking are often stimulated during their spouses' pregnancy, few studies have systematically examined this phenomenon. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study which examined Chinese men's smoking behaviors during and after their wives' pregnancy. Women who visited community health centers for routine immunization of their children were approached. Information was mainly collected on men's tobacco use before, during and after pregnancy in July to August 2011...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980521/the-opinions-of-adults-about-the-ban-on-cigarette-sales-to-minors
#14
H Ozcebe, N Bilir, E Inal, H Unlu, E Beser, G Can, E D Evci Kiraz, P Okyay, D Arslantas, F Abacigil, V Senol, E Turhan, S Gokgoz, E O Calıkoglu, Z Kocan
BACKGROUND: Selling of tobacco products to minors has been banned since 1996 by the tobacco control law in Turkey. However, it is also important for the public to support practices that prevent the access of tobacco products to minors. In addition, every individual has the responsibility of carrying out society based programs that restrict access to tobacco products especially to children and the youths. Social sensitivity is considered an important factor in the prevention of tobacco use...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924139/outcome-of-a-four-hour-smoking-cessation-counselling-workshop-for-medical-students
#15
Kurosch Purkabiri, Valentina Steppacher, Kathrin Bernardy, Nikola Karl, Verena Vedder, Michèle Borgmann, Anja Rogausch, Uz Stammberger, Robert Bals, Tobias Raupach, Volker Koellner, Jürg Hamacher
BACKGROUND: Lack of smoking cessation education in undergraduate medical training hinders healthcare professionals in providing adequate tobacco cessation counselling. We developed a comprehensive 4-h smoking cessation counselling course for medical students that is easy to incorporate in a medical school curriculum, and assessed its short-term outcome for knowledge, skills, and attitudes. METHODS: Eighty-eight medical students (53f, 35 m) were educated by a doctoral student in five identical 4-h courses...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895546/a-gaping-gap-smokeless-tobacco-control-in-pakistan
#16
REVIEW
Zohaib Khan
Oral cancer is second most common cancer in Pakistan and one of the major contributing factors to its high incidence is smokeless tobacco (SLT) use. 5.3% of Pakistan's youth are current SLT users. The World Health Organization requires the signatories of its "Framework Convention on Tobacco Control" to officially ban the sale of tobacco products to minors. We reviewed the Government of Pakistan's tobacco control, and related supporting policies, to assess how these address the issue of sale of SLT products to minors and found evident gaps in this regard...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891067/are-healthy-smokers-really-healthy
#17
REVIEW
Zijing Zhou, Ping Chen, Hong Peng
Cigarette smoke contains more than 4500 chemicals which have toxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. Strong evidences have shown that current smokers take a significantly higher risk of cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer than nonsmokers. However, less attention has been paid to the smoking induced abnormalities in the individuals defined as healthy smokers who are normal with spirometry, radiographic images, routine physical exam and categorized as healthy control group in many researches...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822177/smoking-cessation-attempts-is-it-useful-to-treat-hard-core-smokers
#18
B Joly, P D'Athis, L Gerbaud, J Hazart, J Perriot, C Quantin
BACKGROUND: Hard core smokers have been studied in many countries but only a few trials have compared the effectiveness of smoking cessation with other smokers. The objective of this study was to compare the frequencies of success in smoking cessation between hard-core smokers and other smokers. METHODS: Data were collected in Clermont-Ferrand from the Emile Roux dispensary 'Pneumology and Tobaccology Centre' between 1999 and 2009. Assistance with smoking cessation was proposed to 1367 patients but only 1296 patients were included: 219 HCS and 1077 other smokers...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708558/erratum-to-chinese-smokers-behavioral-response-toward-cigarette-price-individual-and-regional-correlates
#19
Tingzhong Yang, Sihui Peng, Lingwei Yu, Shuhan Jiang, William B Stroube, Randall R Cottrell, Ian R H Rockett
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12971-016-0078-7.].
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570503/modelling-intentions-to-provide-smoking-cessation-support-among-mental-health-professionals-in-the-netherlands
#20
Matthijs Blankers, Renate Buisman, Petra Hopman, Ronald van Gool, Margriet van Laar
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use prevalence is elevated among people with mental illnesses, leading to elevated rates of premature smoking-related mortality. Opportunities to encourage smoking cessation among them are currently underused by mental health professionals. In this paper, we aim to explore mechanisms to invigorate professionals' intentions to help patients stop smoking. METHODS: Data stem from a recent staff survey on the provision of smoking cessation support to patients with mental illnesses in the Netherlands...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
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