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Maternal & Child Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110396/using-cognitive-mapping-to-understand-senegalese-infant-and-young-child-feeding-decisions
#1
Stephanie Zobrist, Nikhila Kalra, Gretel Pelto, Brittney Wittenbrink, Peiman Milani, Abdoulaye Moussa Diallo, Tidiane Ndoye, Issa Wone, Megan Parker
Caregivers make decisions about how to feed their infants and young children based on complex interactions of knowledge, beliefs, and values, as well as assessments of situational determinants, including economic and social constraints and opportunities. Because of the relationship of these factors to the adoption of new feeding behaviours, the development of nutrition interventions for this age group must be grounded in knowledge about the target population. This paper presents the results of a study that used cognitive mapping techniques to gain insight into mothers' knowledge and perceptions of foods for infants and young children and examine their significance for feeding decisions in Saint-Louis, northern Senegal...
November 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105966/the-effectiveness-of-interventions-using-relaxation-therapy-to-improve-breastfeeding-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Nurul Husna Mohd Shukri, Jonathan C K Wells, Mary Fewtrell
Maternal psychological state is recognised to influence lactation success, largely by affecting milk ejection. Thus, increased psychological distress can disrupt milk flow and in the long-term, affect milk synthesis. Conversely, it is possible that milk ejection could be improved by using relaxation therapy during breastfeeding. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions using relaxation therapy to improve breastfeeding outcomes and to assess the consequent impact(s) on infant growth and behaviour...
November 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098783/associations-of-maternal-nutrition-during-pregnancy-and-post-partum-with-maternal-cognition-and-caregiving
#3
Elizabeth L Prado, Ulla Ashorn, John Phuka, Kenneth Maleta, John Sadalaki, Brietta M Oaks, Marjorie Haskell, Lindsay H Allen, Steve A Vosti, Per Ashorn, Kathryn G Dewey
Pregnant and post-partum women require increased nutrient intake and optimal cognition, which depends on adequate nutrition, to enable reasoning and learning for caregiving. We aimed to assess (a) differences in maternal cognition and caregiving between women in Malawi who received different nutritional supplements, (b) 14 effect modifiers, and (c) associations of cognition and caregiving with biomarkers of iron, Vitamin A, B-vitamin, and fatty acid status. In a randomized controlled trial (n = 869), pregnant women daily received either multiple micronutrients (MMN), 20 g/day lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS), or a control iron/folic acid (IFA) tablet...
November 2, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098763/characterising-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-and-the-consumption-of-poultry-products-in-rural-tanzania-a-mixed-methods-approach
#4
Julia De Bruyn, Brigitte Bagnol, Ian Darnton-Hill, Wende Maulaga, Peter C Thomson, Robyn Alders
Suboptimal breastfeeding practices, early initiation of complementary feeding, and monotonous cereal-based diets have been implicated as contributors to continuing high rates of child undernutrition in sub-Saharan Africa. Nutrition-sensitive interventions, including agricultural programs that increase access to nutrient-rich vegetables, legumes, and animal-source foods, have the potential to achieve sustainable improvements in children's diets. In the quest to evaluate the efficacy of such programs in improving growth and development in the first 2 years of life, there is a role for mixed methods research to better understand existing infant and young child feeding practices...
November 2, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094796/severely-inadequate-micronutrient-intake-among-children-9-24%C3%A2-months-in-nepal-the-mal-ed-birth-cohort-study
#5
Marianne S Morseth, Liv Elin Torheim, Ram K Chandyo, Manjeswori Ulak, Sanjaya K Shrestha, Binob Shrestha, Are Hugo Pripp, Sigrun Henjum
Prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies is high among infants and children in low- and middle income countries, but knowledge about nutrient adequacy across the complementary feeding period is limited. We investigated probability of adequacy (PA) of breast milk and complementary food combined and nutrient density adequacy (NDA) of complementary food and tracking of NDA over time among 229 children from 9-24 months of age in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Monthly, 24 h dietary recalls (16 in total) were performed and subgrouped into four 4-month time periods...
November 2, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063698/exploring-barriers-and-enablers-for-scaling-up-a-community-based-grain-bank-intervention-for-improved-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-process-evaluation
#6
Binta Sako, Joanne N Leerlooijer, Azeb Lelisa, Abebe Hailemariam, Inge D Brouwer, Amal Tucker Brown, Saskia J M Osendarp
Child malnutrition remains high in Ethiopia, and inadequate complementary feeding is a contributing factor. In this context, a community-based intervention was designed to provide locally made complementary food for children 6-23 months, using a bartering system, in four Ethiopian regions. After a pilot phase, the intervention was scaled up from 8 to 180 localities. We conducted a process evaluation to determine enablers and barriers for the scaling up of this intervention. Eight study sites were selected to perform 52 key informant interviews and 31 focus group discussions with purposely selected informants...
October 24, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063732/timing-intensity-and-duration-of-household-food-insecurity-are-associated-with-early-childhood-development-in-kenya
#7
Erin M Milner, Kathryn J Fiorella, Brian J Mattah, Elizabeth Bukusi, Lia C H Fernald
This study examines the association between 3 dimensions of food insecurity (timing, intensity, and duration) and 3 domains of child development (gross motor, communication, and personal social). Longitudinal data from 303 households (n = 309 children) visited 9 times over 2 years were collected. Children in households experiencing severe food insecurity 3 months prior (timing) had significantly lower gross motor (β -0.14; 95% CI [0.27, -0.0033]; p = .045), communication (β -0.16; 95% CI [-0.30, -0...
October 23, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052955/factors-associated-with-the-introduction-of-complementary-feeding-in-the-french-elfe-cohort-study
#8
Marie Bournez, Eléa Ksiazek, Sandra Wagner, Claire Kersuzan, Christine Tichit, Séverine Gojard, Xavier Thierry, Marie-Aline Charles, Sandrine Lioret, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Sophie Nicklaus
The objectives of this study were to estimate the age of complementary feeding introduction (CFI) and investigate the related health, demographic, and socio-economic factors. Analyses were based on 10,931 infants from the French national birth cohort ELFE, born in 2011. Health, demographic, and socio-economic data concerning infants and parents were collected at birth (face-to-face interviews and medical records) and 2 months (telephone interviews). Data on milk feeding and CFI practices were collected at birth and 2 months then monthly from 3 to 10 months using online or paper questionnaires...
October 20, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052943/towards-a-capability-approach-to-child-growth-a-theoretical-framework
#9
Hinke Haisma, Sepideh Yousefzadeh, Pieter Boele Van Hensbroek
Child malnutrition is an important cause of under-5 mortality and morbidity around the globe. Despite the partial success of (inter)national efforts to reduce child mortality, under-5 mortality rates continue to be high. The multidimensional approaches of the Sustainable Development Goals may suggest new directions for rethinking strategies for reducing child mortality and malnutrition. We propose a theoretical framework for developing a "capability" approach to child growth. The current child growth monitoring practices are based on 2 assumptions: (a) that anthropometric and motor development measures are the appropriate indicators; and (b) that child growth can be assessed using a single universal standard that is applicable around the world...
October 20, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048731/caesarean-delivery-and-anaemia-risk-in-children-in-45-low-and-middle-income-countries
#10
Calistus Wilunda, Satomi Yoshida, Marta Blangiardo, Ana Pilar Betran, Shiro Tanaka, Koji Kawakami
Caesarean delivery (CD) may reduce placental transfusion and cause poor iron-related haematological indices in the neonate. We aimed to explore the association between CD and anaemia in children aged <5 years utilising data from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 2005 and 2015 in 45 low- and middle-income countries (N = 132,877). We defined anaemia categories based on haemoglobin levels, analysed each country's data separately using propensity-score weighting, pooled the country-specific odds ratios (ORs) using random effects meta-analysis, and performed meta-regression to determine whether the association between CD and anaemia varies by national CD rate, anaemia prevalence, and gross national income...
October 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048726/trends-in-inequalities-in-child-stunting-in-south-asia
#11
Aditi Krishna, Iván Mejía-Guevara, Mark McGovern, Victor Aguayo, S V Subramanian
We analysed socio-economic inequalities in stunting in South Asia and investigated disparities associated with factors at the individual, caregiver, and household levels (poor dietary diversity, low maternal education, and household poverty). We used time-series analysis of data from 55,459 children ages 6-23 months from Demographic and Health Surveys in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan (1991-2014). Logistic regression models, adjusted for age, sex, birth order, and place of residency, examined associations between stunting and multiple types of socio-economic disadvantage...
October 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047226/babies-in-boxes-and-the-missing-links-on-safe-sleep-human-evolution-and-cultural-revolution
#12
REVIEW
Melissa Bartick, Cecília Tomori, Helen L Ball
Concerns about bedsharing as a risk for sudden infant death syndrome and other forms of sleep-associated infant death have gained prominence as a public health issue. Cardboard "baby boxes" are increasingly promoted to prevent infant death through separate sleep, despite no proof of efficacy. However, baby boxes disrupt "breastsleeping" (breastfeeding with co-sleeping) and may undermine breastfeeding. Recommendations enforcing separate sleep are based on 20th century Euro-American social norms for solitary infant sleep and scheduled feedings via bottles of cow's milk-based formula, in contrast to breastsleeping, an evolutionary adaptation facilitating the survival of mammalian infants for millennia...
October 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034551/early-breastfeeding-practices-descriptive-analysis-of-recent-demographic-and-health-surveys
#13
Laura Oakley, Lenka Benova, David Macleod, Caroline A Lynch, Oona M R Campbell
The aim of this study was to describe early breastfeeding practices (initiation within 1 hr of birth, no prelacteal feeding, and a combination of both-"optimal" early breastfeeding) according to childbirth location in low- and middle-income countries. Using data from the most recent Demographic and Health Survey (2000-2013) for 57 countries, we extracted information on the most recent birth for women aged 15-49 with a live birth in the preceding 24 months. Childbirth setting was self-reported by location (home or facility) and subtype (home delivery with or without a skilled birth attendant; public or private facility)...
October 16, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024499/male-partner-involvement-on-initiation-and-sustainment-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-hiv-infected-post-partum-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Dorothy Ihekuna, Neal Rosenburg, William Nii Ayitey Menson, Semiu Olatunde Gbadamosi, John Olajide Olawepo, Adaeze Chike-Okoli, Chad Cross, Chima Onoka, Echezona E Ezeanolue
Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected mothers is known to be associated with a sustained and significant reduction in HIV transmission and has the potential to reduce infant and under-five mortality. Research shows that EBF is not common in many HIV-endemic, resource-limited settings despite recommendations by the World Health Organization. Although evidence abounds that male partner involvement increases HIV testing and uptake and retention of prevention of mother-to-child transmission interventions, few studies have evaluated the impact of male partners' involvement and decision-making on initiation, maintenance, and sustainment of EBF...
October 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024381/an-integrated-community-based-outpatient-therapeutic-feeding-programme-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-rural-southern-ethiopia-recovery-fatality-and-nutritional-status-after-discharge
#15
Elazar Tadesse, Amare Worku, Yemane Berhane, Eva-Charlotte Ekström
A scaled up and integrated outpatient therapeutic feeding programme (OTP) brings the treatment of severely malnourished children closer to the community. This study assessed recovery from severe acute malnutrition (SAM), fatality, and acute malnutrition up to 14 weeks after admission to a programme integrated in the primary health care system. In this cohort study, 1,048 children admitted to 94 OTPs in Southern Ethiopia were followed for 14 weeks. Independent anthropometric measurements and information on treatment outcome were collected at four home visits...
October 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994511/relationships-of-family-conflict-cohesion-and-chaos-in-the-home-environment-on-maternal-and-child-food-related-behaviours
#16
Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Virginia Quick, Man Zhang, Yanhong Jin, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
This study examined how food-related behaviours differed in mothers and their preschool children by levels of family functioning (cohesion and conflict) and household disorganization (chaos). A nationally representative sample of mothers of preschoolers completed an online survey assessing food-related behaviours of themselves and their children. Maternal and child diet, eating behaviours, and health status; household availability of fruits/vegetables, salty/fatty snacks, and sugar-sweetened beverages; family mealtime atmosphere; and family conflict, cohesion, and household chaos were assessed with valid, reliable scales...
October 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984033/two-year-follow-up-of-a-postpartum-weight-loss-intervention-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ena Huseinovic, Fredrik Bertz, Hilde Kristin Brekke, Anna Winkvist
We recently reported that a 12-week diet intervention among postpartum women produced a weight loss of 12% after 1 year, compared to 5% in controls. Here, we present 2-year results after 1 year of unsupervised follow-up. In total, 110 women with a self-reported body mass index of ≥27 kg/m(2) at 6-15-week postpartum were randomized to diet group (D-group) or control group (C-group). D-group received a 12-week diet intervention by a dietitian followed by monthly e-mails up to the 1-year follow-up. C-group received a brochure on healthy eating...
October 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976114/economic-determinants-of-breastfeeding-in-haiti-the-effects-of-poverty-food-insecurity-and-employment-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-an-urban-population
#18
Carolyn Lesorogol, Caitlin Bond, Sherlie Jean Louis Dulience, Lora Iannotti
There is limited and inconsistent empirical evidence regarding the role of economic factors in breastfeeding practices, globally. Studies have found both negative and positive associations between low income and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). Employment, which should improve household income, may reduce EBF due to separation of mother and infant. In the context of a randomized controlled study of lipid-based complementary feeding in an urban slum in Cap Haitien, Haiti, we examined the economic factors influencing breastfeeding practices using mixed methods...
October 4, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976068/who-knows-what-an-exploration-of-the-infant-feeding-message-environment-and-intracultural-differences-in-port-au-prince-haiti
#19
Elizabeth L Fox, Gretel H Pelto, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Marie Guerda Debrosse, Vanessa A Rouzier, Jean William Pape, David L Pelletier
Worldwide, mothers with young children receive many messages about infant feeding. Some messages are generated by health providers and others by the households, communities, and social contexts in which women live. We aimed to determine the scope of infant feeding messages in urban Haiti and to examine intracultural differences in salience of these messages and their alignment with international guidelines. We applied the method of free listing with 13 health workers and 15 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and 15 HIV-uninfected mothers with infants 0-6 months old at Groupe Haïtien d'Etude du Sarcome de Kaposi et des Infections Opportunistes in Port-au-Prince, Haiti...
October 4, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971601/yogurt-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-preterm-delivery-in-mexican-women-a-prospective-analysis-of-interaction-with-maternal-overweight-status
#20
Jennifer L Kriss, Usha Ramakrishnan, Jennifer L Beauregard, Varun K Phadke, Aryeh D Stein, Juan A Rivera, Saad B Omer
Preterm delivery is an important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality, often precipitated by maternal infection or inflammation. Probiotic-containing foods, such as yogurt, may reduce systemic inflammatory responses. We sought to evaluate whether yogurt consumption during pregnancy is associated with decreased preterm delivery. We studied 965 women enrolled at midpregnancy into a clinical trial of prenatal docosahexaenoic acid supplementation in Mexico. Yogurt consumption during the previous 3 months was categorized as ≥5, 2-4, or <2 cups per week...
October 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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