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Maternal & Child Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799193/an-analysis-of-the-effects-of-intrapartum-factors-neonatal-characteristics-and-skin-to-skin-contact-on-early-breastfeeding-initiation
#1
Ying Lau, Pyai Htun Tha, Sarah Su Tin Ho-Lim, Lai Ying Wong, Peng Im Lim, Binte Zaini Mattar Citra Nurfarah, Shefaly Shorey
This study aims to determine relationships between intrapartum factors, neonatal characteristics, skin-to-skin contact (SSC), and early breastfeeding initiation after spontaneous vaginal and Caesarean section or operative vaginal birth. A total of 915 mother-newborn dyads were considered in a hypothetical model based on integrated concepts of breastfeeding initiation model, infant learning framework, and attachment theory. Multiple-group path analysis was used to determine whether differences exist between effects of immediate SSC (≤30 min) on early breastfeeding initiation in different modes of birth...
August 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795789/baby-friendly-hospital-designation-has-a-sustained-impact-on-continued-breastfeeding
#2
Anna Spaeth, Elisabeth Zemp, Sonja Merten, Julia Dratva
The Baby-Friendly Hospital (BFH) Initiative has led to an increase in breastfeeding rates and duration worldwide. But little is known about whether the beneficial effects persist beyond a facility's designation as a BFH. To investigate the association of BFH designation (current, former, and never) and compliance with Baby-Friendly (BF) practices on breastfeeding in Switzerland, this study combined nationwide survey data on breastfeeding with BFH monitoring data. In this cross-sectional study, 1,326 children were born in 34 current (N = 508), 28 former (N = 425), and 34 never designated BFHs (N = 393)...
August 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795484/new-world-health-organization-guidance-helps-protect-breastfeeding-as-a-human-right
#3
Laurence M Grummer-Strawn, Elizabeth Zehner, Marcus Stahlhofer, Chessa Lutter, David Clark, Elisabeth Sterken, Susanna Harutyunyan, Elizabeth I Ransom
Written by the WHO/UNICEF NetCode author group, the comment focuses on the need to protect families from promotion of breast-milk substitutes and highlights new WHO Guidance on Ending Inappropriate Promotion of Foods for Infants and Young Children. The World Health Assembly welcomed this Guidance in 2016 and has called on all countries to adopt and implement the Guidance recommendations. NetCode, the Network for Global Monitoring and Support for Implementation of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and Subsequent Relevant World Health Assembly Resolutions, is led by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund...
August 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782306/nutrition-behaviour-change-communication-causes-sustained-effects-on-iycn-knowledge-in-two-cluster-randomised-trials-in-bangladesh
#4
John Hoddinott, Akhter Ahmed, Naureen I Karachiwalla, Shalini Roy
Behaviour change communication (BCC) can improve infant and young child nutrition (IYCN) knowledge, practices, and health outcomes. However, few studies have examined whether the improved knowledge persists after BCC activities end. This paper assesses the effect of nutrition sensitive social protection interventions on IYCN knowledge in rural Bangladesh, both during and after intervention activities. We use data from two, 2-year, cluster randomised control trials that included nutrition BCC in some treatment arms...
August 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782300/associations-between-social-support-psychological-well-being-decision-making-empowerment-infant-and-young-child-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-ugandan-children-ages-0-to-24%C3%A2-months
#5
Scott B Ickes, Michael Wu, Maia P Mandel, Alison C Roberts
Maternal capabilities-qualities of mothers that enable them to leverage skills and resources into child health-hold potential influence over mother's adoption of child caring practices, including infant and young child feeding. We developed a survey (n = 195) that assessed the associations of 4 dimensions of maternal capabilities (social support, psychological health, decision making, and empowerment) with mothers' infant and young child feeding practices and children's nutritional status in Uganda. Maternal responses were converted to categorical subscales and an overall index...
August 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776916/the-association-of-breastfeeding-with-insulin-resistance-at-17%C3%A2-years-prospective-observations-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#6
Lai Ling Hui, Man Ki Kwok, E Anthony S Nelson, So Lun Lee, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Breastfeeding has many benefits for mother and infant. Whether breastfeeding also protects against type 2 diabetes is unclear. To clarify the role of breastfeeding in type 2 diabetes, we assessed the association of breastfeeding with insulin resistance in late adolescence in a birth cohort from a non-Western setting where breastfeeding was not associated with higher socio-economic position. We used multivariable linear regression, with multiple imputation and inverse probability weighting, to examine the adjusted associations of contemporaneously reported feeding in the first 3 months of life (exclusively breastfed, mixed feeding, or always formula-fed) with fasting glucose, fasting insulin, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) at 17 years in a subset (n = 710, 8...
August 4, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766913/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-text-message-intervention-used-as-an-adjunct-tool-by-wic-breastfeeding-peer-counsellors-the-latch-pilot
#7
Nurit Harari, Marjorie S Rosenthal, Valerie Bozzi, Lori Goeschel, Teshika Jayewickreme, Chukwuma Onyebeke, Michele Griswold, Rafael Perez-Escamilla
Breastfeeding rates among mothers in the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are lower than for other mothers in the United States. The objective of this study was to test the acceptability and feasibility of the Lactation Advice thru Texting Can Help intervention. Mothers were enrolled at 18-30 weeks gestation from two WIC breastfeeding peer counselling (PC) programmes if they intended to breastfeed and had unlimited text messaging, more than fifth-grade literacy level, and fluency in English or Spanish...
August 1, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766878/women-s-dietary-diversity-in-rural-bangladesh-pathways-through-women-s-empowerment
#8
Sheela S Sinharoy, Jillian L Waid, Regine Haardörfer, Amanda Wendt, Sabine Gabrysch, Kathryn M Yount
The relationship between women's empowerment and women's nutrition is understudied. We aimed to elucidate this relationship by quantifying possible pathways between empowerment and dietary diversity among women in rural Bangladesh. In 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 2,599 married women ages 15-40 (median: 25) living in 96 settlements of Habiganj District, Bangladesh, as a baseline for the Food and Agricultural Approaches to Reducing Malnutrition trial. We collected data on women's empowerment (highest completed grade of schooling and agency), dietary diversity, and demographic factors, including household wealth...
August 1, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752645/effect-of-pumping-pressure-on-onset-of-lactation-after-caesarean-section-a-randomized-controlled-study
#9
Feng Zhang, Yahui Yang, Ting Bai, Lele Sun, Mingzhu Sun, Xueling Shi, Meng Zhu, Meijuan Ge, Haiou Xia
Caesarean section is associated with weaker newborn suction pressure. This nonblinded, randomized trial explored the effect of suction pressures generating by a breast pump on mothers' onset of lactation and milk supply after caesarean section. A high pressure group (-150 mmHg), a low pressure group (-100 mmHg), and a control group (none) were generated under computer random assignment with concealed allocation in 2 tertiary hospitals. The breast pumping began within 2 hr after caesarean operation (6 times a day and 30 min per time) until onset of lactation...
July 27, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730705/-those-who-care-much-understand-much-maternal-perceptions-of-children-s-appetite-perspectives-from-urban-and-rural-caregivers-of-diverse-parenting-experience-in-bangladesh
#10
Nurun Naila, Baitun Nahar, Monica Lazarus, Gaelen Ritter, Muttaquina Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Tahmeed Ahmed, Donna Denno, Judd Walson, Scott Ickes
Appetite in children is an important determinant of nutritional intake and growth. The information used by caregivers to understand children's appetite can help inform infant and young child feeding promotion and appetite assessment. We conducted a qualitative study to (a) explore maternal perceptions and responses to children's appetite and (b) to identify how these factors differ by type of caregiver, level of maternal experience, and urban versus rural context. We used purposive sampling to recruit mothers and alternate caregivers into 14 total focus group discussions (six to eight participants in each group; N = 95) in both urban and rural settings in Bangladesh...
July 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714283/association-between-maternal-social-capital-and-infant-complementary-feeding-practices-in-rural-ethiopia
#11
Yunhee Kang, Jane Kim, Eunkyo Seo
Few studies have explored the potential of social capital in improving child nutritional status; however, most components of pathways between social capital and nutritional status have remained unexplained. Complementary feeding practice is a strong mediator of child nutritional status. This study examined the association between complementary feeding practice and maternal social capital in rural Ethiopia, using cross-sectional data of infant aged 6-12 months and their mother pairs (n = 870). The Short Social Capital Assessment Tool was used to assess maternal structural (i...
July 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714111/room-for-improvement-in-breast-milk-feeding-after-very-preterm-birth-in-europe-results-from-the-epice-cohort
#12
Emilija Wilson, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy, Mercedes Bonet, Liis Toome, Carina Rodrigues, Elizabeth A Howell, Marina Cuttini, Jennifer Zeitlin
Breast milk feeding (BMF) is associated with lower neonatal morbidity in the very preterm infant (<32 weeks gestation) and breastfeeding is beneficial for maternal health. Previous studies show large variations in BMF after very preterm birth and recognize the need for targeted breastfeeding support in the neonatal intensive care units (NICU). In a European collaboration project about evidence-based practices after very preterm birth, we examined the association between maternal, obstetric, and infant clinical factors; neonatal and maternal care unit policies; and BMF at discharge from the NICU...
July 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685958/availability-of-breastfeeding-peer-support-in-the-united-kingdom-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Aimee Grant, Kirsten McEwan, Sally Tedstone, Giles Greene, Lauren Copeland, Billie Hunter, Julia Sanders, Rhiannon Phillips, Amy Brown, Mike Robling, Shantini Paranjothy
Peer support is recommended by the World Health Organization for the initiation and continuation of breastfeeding, and this recommendation is included in United Kingdom (U.K.) guidance. There is a lack of information about how, when, and where breastfeeding peer support was provided in the U.K. We aimed to generate an overview of how peer support is delivered in the U.K. and to gain an understanding of challenges for implementation. We surveyed all U.K. infant feeding coordinators (n = 696) who were part of U...
July 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675690/caregiver-infant-s-feeding-behaviours-are-associated-with-energy-intake-of-9-11-month-old-infants-in-rural-ethiopia
#14
Kaleab Baye, Aster Tariku, Claire Mouquet-Rivier
Inappropriate complementary feeding, both in quantity and quality, is a major determinant of undernutrition. However, little is known about how infant-caregiver's feeding behaviours affect infants' energy intake. Therefore, the objective of this study was to characterize infant-caregiver feeding behaviours and investigate their association with infants' energy intake. The study involved 106 mother-child pairs recruited from seven randomly selected kebeles of Mecha district, West Gojam, Ethiopia. The feeding styles were assessed through observations of 1-day, in-home, feeding episodes that were videotaped and coded into self-feeding, responsive, active, distracting, and social feeding behaviours...
July 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670790/informing-infant-and-young-child-feeding-programming-in-humanitarian-emergencies-an-evidence-map-of-reviews-including-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
REVIEW
Claudine Prudhon, Prisca Benelli, Ali Maclaine, Paige Harrigan, Jacqueline Frize
Around 200 million people were affected by conflict and natural disasters in 2015. Whereas those populations are at a particular high risk of death, optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices could prevent almost 20% of deaths amongst children less than 5 years old. Yet, coverage of interventions for improving infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in emergencies is low, partly due to lack of evidence. Considering the paucity of data generated in emergencies to inform programming, we conducted an evidence map from reviews that included low- and middle-income countries and looked at several interventions: (a) social and behavioural change interpersonal and mass communication for promoting breastfeeding and adequate complementary feeding; (b) provision of donated complementary food; (c) home-based fortification with multiple micronutrient powder; (d) capacity building; (e) cash transfers; (f) agricultural or fresh food supply interventions; and (g) psychological support to caretakers...
July 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636245/weight-gain-in-the-first-week-of-life-predicts-overweight-at-2%C3%A2-years-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Lori Feldman-Winter, Laura Burnham, Xena Grossman, Stephanie Matlak, Ning Chen, Anne Merewood
In formula-fed infants, rapid weight gain during the first week of life is associated with later obesity. To examine the association between weight gain during the first week and overweight at age 2 among infants with various feeding practices and the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy and overweight, we enrolled a prospective cohort of healthy mother-infant dyads and followed them for 2 years. We enrolled 450 mother/infant pairs and obtained information on 306 infants at year 2...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635163/early-pregnancy-body-mass-index-modifies-the-association-of-pre-pregnancy-dietary-patterns-with-serum-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-concentrations-throughout-pregnancy-in-brazilian-women
#17
Camila Benaim, Ana Amélia Freitas-Vilela, Thatiana de Jesus Pereira Pinto, Jaqueline Lepsch, Dayana Rodrigues Farias, Juliana Dos Santos Vaz, Tatiana El-Bacha, Gilberto Kac
Dietary patterns (DPs) have been described as an important factor that may influence polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) concentrations and body mass index (BMI) during pregnancy. We aim to evaluate the association between pre-pregnancy DPs and serum PUFA percentages throughout pregnancy considering early pregnancy BMI as a possible effect modifier. A prospective cohort of 154 pregnant women was followed (5th-13th, 20th-26th, and 30th-36th gestational weeks). Serum PUFA concentrations (total n-3 and total n-6, eicosapentaenoic + docosahexaenoic acids) were measured in each trimester and expressed as percentages...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635158/prepregnancy-overweight-and-obesity-are-associated-with-impaired-child-neurodevelopment
#18
Elizabeth Marie Widen, Linda Gross Kahn, Piera Cirillo, Barbara Cohn, Katrina Lynn Kezios, Pam Factor-Litvak
The authors examined the relationship of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with child neurodevelopment. Mother-child dyads were a subgroup (n = 2,084) of the Child Health and Development Studies from the Oakland, California, area enrolled during pregnancy from 1959 to 1966 and followed at child age 9 years. Linear regression was used to examine associations between prepregnancy BMI, GWG, and standardized Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and Raven Progressive Matrices scores and to evaluate effect modification of GWG by prepregnancy BMI...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627126/consumption-of-obesogenic-foods-in-non-hispanic-black-mother-infant-dyads
#19
Melissa C Kay, Heather Wasser, Linda S Adair, Amanda L Thompson, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Chirayath M Suchindran, Margaret E Bentley
Obesity continues to be a problem in the United States. Of particular concern is the epidemic of early childhood obesity. A significant predictor of child diet is maternal diet, but little is known about this relationship during infancy. This study examined the association between maternal and infant consumption of key food groups from 6 to 18 months using data from the Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity Study, a prospective cohort of 217 non-Hispanic black, low-income, first-time mothers. Using data from 24-hr dietary recalls collected during in-home visits at 6, 9, 12, and 18 months, we assessed longitudinal associations between mother and child intake of both energy-dense, nutrient-poor (obesogenic) food groups and fibre-, nutrient-rich food groups using random intercept logistic regression...
June 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626878/should-women-be-advised-to-use-calcium-supplements-during-pregnancy-a-decision-analysis
#20
Linda J E Meertens, Hubertina C J Scheepers, Jessica P M M Willemse, Marc E A Spaanderman, Luc J M Smits
Adequate calcium intake during pregnancy is important in the prevention of pre-eclampsia. A substantial proportion of pregnant women do not meet the recommended daily calcium intake, even in developed countries. Nonetheless, calcium supplementation is not routinely advised to pregnant women in most countries. We aimed to predict the impact of advising pregnant women to use calcium supplements (1,000 mg/day) on the number of cases of pre-eclampsia prevented and related health care costs. By use of a decision-analytic model, we assessed the expected impact of advising calcium supplementation to either (1) all pregnant women, (2) women at high risk of developing pre-eclampsia, or (3) women with a low dietary calcium intake compared with current care...
June 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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