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Maternal & Child Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421711/vitamin-d-status-of-white-pregnant-women-and-infants-at-birth-and-4%C3%A2-months-in-north-west-england-a-cohort-study
#1
A J B Emmerson, K Dockery, M Z Mughal, S A Roberts, C L Tower, J L Berry
The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in pregnant white-skinned women (WSW) and their infants has not been investigated at northern latitudes in a developed county. A 2-year observational cohort study was undertaken in the North West of England to determine 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels in WSW and their infants during pregnancy and 4 months postdelivery and to explore factors associated with these levels. Nutritional and lifestyle questionnaires were completed and 25OHD levels measured at 28 weeks and 4 months postdelivery...
April 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401662/early-life-programming-of-attention-capacity-in-adolescents-the-helena-study
#2
Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Pontus Henriksson, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Jérémy Vanhelst, Maria Forsner, Frederic Gottrand, Mathilde Kersting, Luis A Moreno, Jonatan R Ruiz, Kurt Widhalm, Francisco B Ortega
The study aims to examine the individual and combined association of early life factors (birth weight, birth length, and any and exclusive breastfeeding) with attention capacity in adolescents. The study included 421 European adolescents (243 girls), aged 12.5-17.5 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Study. Body weight and length at birth of adolescents were collected from parental records. The duration of any and exclusive breastfeeding were self-reported...
April 11, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382771/patterns-of-cultural-consensus-and-intracultural-diversity-in-ghanaian-complementary-feeding-practices
#3
Nikhila Kalra, Gretel Pelto, Charlotte Tawiah, Stephanie Zobrist, Peiman Milani, Grace Manu, Amos Laar, Megan Parker
Designing effective interventions to improve infant and young child (IYC) feeding requires knowledge about determinants of current practices, including cultural factors. Current approaches to obtaining and using research on culture tend to assume cultural homogeneity within a population. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent of cultural consensus (homogeneity) in communities where interventions to improve IYC feeding practices are needed to address undernutrition during the period of complementary feeding...
April 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382711/prevalence-of-premastication-among-children-aged-6-36%C3%A2-months-and-its-association-with-health-a-cross-sectional-study-in-eight-cities-of-china
#4
Ai Zhao, Wei Zheng, Yong Xue, Hao Li, Shengjie Tan, Wenzhi Zhao, Peiyu Wang, Yumei Zhang
Premastication is thought to be an adaptive behavior in the introduction of complementary plant-bassed food to infants. It arouses controversy, however, because of the potential for transmitting saliva-born infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to explore whether premastication by healthy caregivers was associated with children's health and behavior. The data were collected as part of the Maternal and Infant Nutrition and Growth study. From 8 cities in China, 1341 pairs of infants/toddlers and their caregivers were recruited...
April 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378463/quality-of-care-for-treatment-of-uncomplicated-severe-acute-malnutrition-delivered-by-community-health-workers-in-a-rural-area-of-mali
#5
Jose Luis Alvarez Morán, Franck G B Alé, Eleanor Rogers, Saul Guerrero
An alternative Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition model with community health workers (CHWs) delivering treatment for uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM) was piloted in Mali. The capacity of the CHWs to evaluate, classify, and treat cases of uncomplicated SAM, to provide nutritional counselling to caretakers of children receiving treatment for SAM, malaria, pneumonia or diarrhoea and to correctly refer cases of complicated SAM, was assessed. This was done using direct observation by trained enumerators of the management of SAM cases using checklists, re-diagnosing the cases admitted for treatment and reviewing admissions cards and registers...
April 5, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337856/contribution-of-snacks-to-dietary-intakes-of-young-children-in-the-united-states
#6
Lenka H Shriver, Barbara J Marriage, Tama D Bloch, Colleen K Spees, Samantha A Ramsay, Rosanna P Watowicz, Christopher A Taylor
Nutritional quality of children's diets is a public health priority in the fight against childhood obesity and chronic diseases. The main purpose of this study was to determine contribution of snacks to energy and nutrient intakes and to identify leading snack food sources of energy, total fat, and added sugars amongst young children in the United States. Using the 2005-2012 NHANES data, dietary intakes of 2- to 5-year-old children were analysed from a parent-reported 24-hour dietary recall (n = 3,429). Snacking occasions were aggregated to determine the proportion of total food/beverage intake obtained from snacks, estimate energy, and nutrient intakes, and identify the leading snack food sources of energy, added sugars, and total fat...
March 23, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296240/hiv-positive-malawian-women-with-young-children-prefer-overweight-body-sizes-and-link-underweight-body-size-with-inability-to-exclusively-breastfeed
#7
Samantha E Croffut, Gloria Hamela, Innocent Mofolo, Suzanne Maman, Mina C Hosseinipour, Irving F Hoffman, Margaret E Bentley, Valerie L Flax
Before the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program was widely implemented in Malawi, HIV-positive women associated exclusive breastfeeding with accelerated disease progression and felt that an HIV-positive woman could more successfully breastfeed if she had a larger body size. The relationship between breastfeeding practices and body image perceptions has not been explored in the context of the Option B+ PMTCT program, which offers lifelong antiretroviral therapy. We conducted in-depth interviews with 64 HIV-positive women in Lilongwe District, Malawi to investigate body size perceptions, how perceptions of HIV and body size influence infant feeding practices, and differences in perceptions among women in PMTCT and those lost to follow-up...
March 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271631/simulated-effects-of-home-fortification-of-complementary-foods-with-micronutrient-powders-on-risk-of-inadequate-and-excessive-intakes-in-west-gojjam-ethiopia
#8
Zeweter Abebe, Gulelat Desse Haki, Kaleab Baye
Home fortification of complementary foods (CFs) with multiple micronutrient powders (MNPs) is being scaled up in various countries, but little is known about the prevailing complementary feeding practices and the type and nutrient gaps to be filled with MNPs. The present study evaluated the complementary feeding practices of young children and simulated the risk of inadequate and excessive intakes associated with home fortification with MNPs. We have assessed the sociodemographic status, anthropometry, and complementary feeding practices of young children (N = 122) in Mecha district, rural Ethiopia...
March 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271627/social-determinants-of-inequalities-in-child-undernutrition-in-bangladesh-a-decomposition-analysis
#9
Tanvir M Huda, Alison Hayes, Shams El Arifeen, Michael J Dibley
Socioeconomic inequalities in child undernutrition remain one of the main challenges in Bangladesh. The social determinants of health are mostly responsible for such inequalities across different population groups. However, no study has examined the relative contribution of different social determinants to the socioeconomic inequality in child undernutrition in Bangladesh. Our objective is to measure the extent of socioeconomic-related inequalities in childhood stunting and identify the key social determinants that potentially explain these inequalities in Bangladesh...
March 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251825/maternal-dietary-patterns-during-pregnancy-and-intelligence-quotients-in-the-offspring-at-8%C3%A2-years-of-age-findings-from-the-alspac-cohort
#10
Ana Amélia Freitas-Vilela, Rebecca M Pearson, Pauline Emmett, Jon Heron, Andrew D A C Smith, Alan Emond, Joseph R Hibbeln, Maria Beatriz Trindade Castro, Gilberto Kac
Dietary intake during pregnancy may influence child neurodevelopment and cognitive function. This study aims to investigate the associations between dietary patterns obtained in pregnancy and intelligence quotients (IQ) among offspring at 8 years of age. Pregnant women enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children completed a food frequency questionnaire at 32 weeks' gestation (n = 12,195). Dietary patterns were obtained by cluster analysis. Three clusters best described women's diets during pregnancy: "fruit and vegetables," "meat and potatoes," and "white bread and coffee...
March 2, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251804/effect-of-a-micronutrient-rich-snack-taken-preconceptionally-and-throughout-pregnancy-on-ultrasound-measures-of-fetal-growth-the-mumbai-maternal-nutrition-project-mmnp
#11
Ashwin Lawande, Chiara Di Gravio, Ramesh D Potdar, Sirazul A Sahariah, Meera Gandhi, Harsha Chopra, Harshad Sane, Sarah H Kehoe, Ella Marley-Zagar, Barrie M Margetts, Alan A Jackson, Caroline H D Fall
Improving micronutrient intakes of under-nourished mothers in low- and middle-income countries increases birth weight, but there is little data on the nature and timing during gestation of any effects on fetal growth. Ultrasound measures of fetal size were used to determine whether and when a food-based supplement affected fetal growth. Non-pregnant women living in Mumbai slums, India (N = 6,513), were randomly assigned to receive either a daily micronutrient-rich snack containing green leafy vegetables, fruit, and milk (treatment) or a snack made from lower-micronutrient vegetables (control) in addition to their usual diet from before pregnancy until delivery...
March 2, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247493/predicting-children-s-fussiness-with-vegetables-the-role-of-feeding-practices
#12
Clare E Holley, Emma Haycraft, Claire Farrow
Vegetables are commonly rejected by children, making it is important to consider factors that are associated with children's fussiness with vegetables. The current study aimed to investigate whether fussiness with vegetables is associated with a number of factors including caregiver and child vegetable consumption; caregivers' general feeding practices; and caregivers' vegetable-specific feeding practices. Caregivers (N = 297) of preschool children completed questionnaire measures of their child's fussiness with vegetables, as well as several caregiver and child factors hypothesised to be associated with children's fussiness with vegetables...
March 1, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233455/individual-household-and-community-level-risk-factors-of-stunting-in-children-younger-than-5%C3%A2-years-findings-from-a-national-surveillance-system-in-nepal
#13
Jamie L Dorsey, Swetha Manohar, Sumanta Neupane, Binod Shrestha, Rolf D W Klemm, Keith P West
Despite substantial reductions in recent years in Nepal, stunting prevalence in children younger than 5 years remains high and represents a leading public health concern. To identify factors contributing to the stunting burden, we report multilevel risk factors associated with stunting in 4,853 children aged 6-59 months in a nationally and agroecologically representative random sample from the first year of the Policy and Science for Health, Agriculture, and Nutrition Community Studies, a community-based observational, mixed-panel study...
February 23, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217860/maternal-dietary-intake-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-to-birth-size-in-rural-malawi-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Katrine G Hjertholm, Per Ole Iversen, Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen, Ibrahimu Mdala, Alister Munthali, Kenneth Maleta, Zumin Shi, Elaine Ferguson, Penjani Kamudoni
In low-resource settings, such as rural Malawi, pregnant women are prone to energy and micronutrient deficiencies with the consequence of delivering low-birth weight infants with higher risks of morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to examine the association between maternal dietary intakes during pregnancy and infant birth size. Dietary intakes of 203 pregnant women were assessed between 28 and 35 weeks of gestation and their infants' (n = 132) birth size measured. Intakes of energy, macronutrients, and 11 micronutrients were estimated using a 3-day interactive 24-hr diet recall...
February 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211230/associations-between-children-s-diet-quality-and-watching-television-during-meal-or-snack-consumption-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Amanda Avery, Catherine Anderson, Fiona McCullough
Studies have identified an association between watching television (TV) and childhood obesity. This review adds context to existing research by examining the associations between TV viewing, whilst eating, and children's diet quality. Web of Science and PubMed databases were searched from January 2000 to June 2014. Cross-sectional trials of case control or cohort studies, which included baseline data, measuring the associations between eating whilst watching TV and children's food and drink intake. Quality of selected papers was assessed...
February 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198164/influence-of-maternal-and-socioeconomic-factors-on-breast-milk-fatty-acid-composition-in-urban-low-income-families
#16
Uma Nayak, Suman Kanungo, Dadong Zhang, E Ross Colgate, Marya P Carmolli, Ayan Dey, Masud Alam, Byomkesh Manna, Ranjan Kumar Nandy, Deok Ryun Kim, Dilip Kumar Paul, Saugato Choudhury, Sushama Sahoo, William S Harris, Thomas F Wierzba, Tahmeed Ahmed, Beth D Kirkpatrick, Rashidul Haque, William A Petri, Josyf C Mychaleckyj
The lipid composition of breast milk may have a significant impact on early infant growth and cognitive development. Comprehensive breast milk data is lacking from low-income populations in the Indian subcontinent impeding assessment of deficiencies and limiting development of maternal nutritional interventions. A single breast milk specimen was collected within 6 weeks postpartum from two low-income maternal cohorts of exclusively breastfed infants, from Dhaka, Bangladesh (n = 683) and Kolkata, India (n = 372) and assayed for percentage composition of 26 fatty acids...
February 15, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194883/understanding-process-and-context-in-breastfeeding-support-interventions-the-potential-of-qualitative-research
#17
Dawn Leeming, Joyce Marshall, Abigail Locke
Considerable effort has been made in recent years to gain a better understanding of the effectiveness of different interventions for supporting breastfeeding. However, research has tended to focus primarily on measuring outcomes and has paid comparatively little attention to the relational, organizational, and wider contextual processes that may impact delivery of an intervention. Supporting a woman with breastfeeding is an interpersonal encounter that may play out differently in different contexts, despite the apparently consistent aims and structure of an intervention...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194877/focused-breastfeeding-counselling-improves-short-and-long-term-success-in-an-early-discharge-setting-a-cluster-randomized-study
#18
Ingrid M S Nilsson, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Christopher H Knight, Anne Vinkel Hansen, Hanne Kronborg
Length of postnatal hospitalization has decreased and has been shown to be associated with infant nutritional problems and increase in readmissions. We aimed to evaluate if guidelines for breastfeeding counselling in an early discharge hospital setting had an effect on maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy, infant readmission and breastfeeding duration. A cluster randomized trial was conducted and assigned nine maternity settings in Denmark to intervention or usual care. Women were eligible if they expected a single infant, intended to breastfeed, were able to read Danish, and expected to be discharged within 50 hr postnatally...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185418/is-competence-enough-to-enable-kenyan-mothers-to-make-good-infant-and-young-child-feeding-decisions
#19
Lauriina Schneider, Sari Ollila, Judith Kimiywe, Crippina Lubeka, Marja Mutanen
The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with maternal infant and young child feeding motivation in urban and rural Kenya. We conducted 18 focus group discussions with mothers of children 0 to 23 months of age and healthcare workers. The data were transcribed, translated, and explored following the principles of content analysis. We first explored and coded the data inductively and categorized it according to emerging themes representing the most relevant topics for young child feeding. After this, these themes were theorized into an explanatory framework...
February 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185414/severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-aged-under-5%C3%A2-years-can-be-successfully-managed-in-a-non-emergency-routine-community-healthcare-setting-in-ghana
#20
Robert Akparibo, Janet Harris, Lindsay Blank, Mike J Campbell, Michelle Holdsworth
This study investigated the performance of community-based management of severe acute malnutrition (CMAM) within routine healthcare services in Ghana. This was a retrospective cohort study of n = 488 children (6-59 months) who had received CMAM. Data for recovery, default, and mortality rates were obtained from enrolment cards in 56 outpatient centres in Upper East region, Ghana. Satisfactory rates of recovery of 71.8% were reported. Children who were enrolled with higher mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) ≥11...
February 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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