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Maternal & Child Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29999230/stagnating-trends-in-complementary-feeding-practices-in-bangladesh-an-analysis-of-national-surveys-from-2004-2014
#1
Muzi Na, Víctor M Aguayo, Mary Arimond, Anuradha Narayan, Christine P Stewart
Bangladesh has experienced steady socio-economic development. However, improvements in child growth have not kept pace. It is important to document complementary feeding (CF) practices-a key determinant of children's growth-and their trends over time. The study aims to examine trends in CF practices in children aged 6-23 months using data from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 2004, 2007, 2011, and 2014. Multilevel logistic regression models were applied to identify independent predictors of four CF practice indicators among children 6-23 months, namely, timely introduction of complementary foods, minimum meal frequency, minimum dietary diversity, and minimum acceptable diet...
July 12, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971955/severe-malnutrition-in-infants-aged-6-months-outcomes-and-risk-factors-in-bangladesh-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
M Munirul Islam, Yasir Arafat, Nichola Connell, Golam Mothabbir, Marie McGrath, James A Berkley, Tahmeed Ahmed, Marko Kerac
Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects ~4 million infants under 6 months (u6m) worldwide, but evidence underpinning their care is "very low" quality. To inform future research and policy, the objectives of our study were to identify risk factors for infant u6m SAM and describe the clinical and anthropometric outcomes of treatment with current management strategies. We conducted a prospective cohort study in infants u6m in Barisal district, Bangladesh. One group of 77 infants had SAM (weight-for-length Z-score [WLZ] <-3 and/or bipedal oedema); 77 others were "non-SAM" (WLZ ≥-2 to <+2, no oedema, mid-upper-arm circumference ≥125 mm)...
July 4, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968334/caregivers-nutritional-knowledge-and-attitudes-mediate-seasonal-shifts-in-children-s-diets
#3
Francis Odhiambo Oduor, Julia Boedecker, Gina Kennedy, Dorothy Mituki-Mungiria, Céline Termote
Smallholder farmers dependent on rain-fed agriculture experience seasonal variations in food and nutrient availability occasioned by seasonality of production patterns. This results in periods of nutrient abundance in the plenty seasons followed closely by periods of nutrient inadequacies and malnutrition. This pattern contributes to a cycle of deteriorating health and nutrition status and deprives children of their ability to realize full developmental potential. This study investigates the role of caregiver's nutritional knowledge and attitudes in mediating effects of seasonality on children's diets...
July 3, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962095/can-antenatal-diet-and-lifestyle-interventions-influence-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review
#4
Kathryn V Dalrymple, Julia Martyni-Orenowicz, Angela C Flynn, Lucilla Poston, Majella O'Keeffe
Evidence suggests that adverse nutritional exposures during in utero development may contribute to heightened risk of obesity in childhood. Pregnancy offers the opportunity to modify the intrauterine environment by manipulation of diet and/or physical activity, which may result in favourable health benefits for the child. The objective of this systematic review was to determine whether antenatal lifestyle interventions in pregnant women, aimed at modifying diet and/or physical activity, and lead to a reduction in measures of offspring obesity in early childhood...
July 1, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961977/the-association-between-acute-malnutrition-and-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-among-children-aged-6-59-months-in-rural-ethiopia
#5
Merel H van Cooten, Selamawit M Bilal, Samson Gebremedhin, Mark Spigt
The causes of acute malnutrition-or "wasting"-are complex, and a better understanding of the underlying drivers is necessary in order to design effective interventions. Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) practices may play a fundamental role in acute malnutrition, but more research is needed to confirm this relationship. We investigated the association between WASH practices and acute malnutrition among children 6 to 59 months of age in rural Ethiopia, making use of the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey...
July 1, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956890/a-realist-qualitative-study-to-explore-how-low-income-pregnant-women-use-healthy-start-food-vouchers
#6
Heather Ohly, Nicola Crossland, Fiona Dykes, Nicola Lowe, Victoria Hall Moran
Healthy Start is the UK government's food voucher programme for low-income pregnant women and young children. It was introduced in 2006, but the impact of the programme on nutritional outcomes remains understudied. This study sought to explore potential outcomes of the Healthy Start programme (including intended and unintended outcomes) and develop explanations for how and why these outcomes might occur. A realist review preceded this study, in which programme theories were developed and tested using existing evidence...
June 29, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29956458/determinants-of-dietary-practices-during-pregnancy-a-longitudinal-qualitative-study-in-niger
#7
Joseph G Rosen, Adrienne Clermont, Stephen R Kodish, Amadou Matar Seck, Aichatou Salifou, Rebecca F Grais, Sheila Isanaka
Undernutrition is associated with maternal morbidity and poor pregnancy outcomes. This qualitative study seeks to understand the multilevel factors influencing maternal dietary practices in Niger, including the impact of pregnancy illnesses on diet. Criterion-based, purposive sampling was used to select pregnant women and household members from 24 villages in a rural district of the Maradi Region in south-central Niger. Semistructured interviews (n = 153) and focus group discussions (n = 38) explored 4 primary themes: (a) perceptions of ideal diet during pregnancy, (b) barriers to consuming the ideal diet, (c) coping strategies including dietary responses related to pregnancy illnesses, and (d) changes in perceptions from early to late pregnancy...
June 28, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888866/breastfeeding-practices-in-the-united-kingdom-is-the-neighbourhood-context-important
#8
Andressa B Peregrino, Richard G Watt, Anja Heilmann, Stephen Jivraj
Breastfeeding is an important public health issue worldwide. Breastfeeding rates in the United Kingdom, particularly for exclusive breastfeeding, are low compared with other OECD countries, despite its wide-ranging health benefits for both mother and child. There is evidence that deprivation in the structural and social organisation of neighbourhoods is associated with adverse child outcomes. This study aimed to explore whether breastfeeding initiation, exclusive breastfeeding for at least 3 months, and any type of breastfeeding for at least 6 months were associated with neighbourhood context measured by neighbourhood deprivation and maternal neighbourhood perceptions in a nationally representative U...
June 11, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888862/inclusion-and-exclusion-errors-in-the-targeted-supplementary-feeding-programme-of-ethiopia
#9
Samson Gebremedhin, Tilahun Bekele, Negusse Retta
Ethiopia's targeted supplementary feeding (TSF) programme aims to rehabilitate moderately malnourished children and pregnant and lactating women in selected chronically food-insecure districts. Screening for malnutrition is made by health extension workers through the quarterly community health days (CHD) events based on mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) thresholds. This validation study examined the extent of targeting errors of inclusion (providing aid to the nonneedy) and exclusion (failure to reach the needy) in the TSF programme, among preschool children in 6 TSF districts...
June 11, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888858/child-nutritional-status-among-births-exceeding-ideal-family-size-in-a-high-fertility-population
#10
Megan E Costa, Benjamin Trumble, Hillard Kaplan, Michael D Gurven
Ideal family size (IFS) is measured in social surveys to indicate unmet need for contraception and impending shifts in fertility behaviour. Whether exceeding IFS affects parental behaviour in ways that result in lower investments in child nutrition, well-being, and educational attainment is not known. This study examines parental IFS and the association between exceeding stated ideals and child nutritional status in a high-fertility, high-mortality population in the Bolivian Amazon. Height-for-age z-scores, weight-for-age z-scores, weight-for-height z-scores, stunting, haemoglobin, and anaemia status in 638 children aged 0-5 years are predicted as a function of birth order in relation to parental IFS, adjusting for household characteristics and mother and child random effects...
June 11, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877039/maternal-eating-behaviour-differs-between-ethnic-groups-considerations-for-research-and-practice
#11
Murhaf Korani, David M Rea, Pete F King, Amy E Brown
Maternal eating behaviours such as cognitive restraint, uncontrolled, and emotional eating styles can have important implications for both maternal own weight, and the weight and eating behaviour of her children. Maternal eating style can affect her feeding interactions with her child, which in turn can influence their weight and eating behaviour. However, despite a body of research examining these relationships, research examining differences in maternal eating behaviour between ethnic groups is sparse with much of the research, particularly in the UK, conducted with White British samples...
June 7, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797420/prospective-associations-of-breastfeeding-and-smoking-cessation-among-low-income-pregnant-women
#12
April L Carswell, Kenneth D Ward, Mark W Vander Weg, Isabel C Scarinci, Laura Girsch, Mary Read, George Relyea, Weiyu Chen
Although low-income pregnant women have high rates of smoking and low rates of breastfeeding, few studies have examined prospective associations between these risk factors in community samples. Doing so may help improve breast-feeding support programs in this population. We used a secondary analysis of 247 low-income pregnant smokers in Memphis, Tennessee, who were interviewed up to 4 times (twice during pregnancy and twice through 6 months postpartum). Smoking cessation during prepartum and postpartum was defined as a self-report of not smoking for ≥1 week and an expired carbon monoxide level of <10 ppm...
May 24, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797455/understanding-the-geographical-burden-of-stunting-in-india-a-regression-decomposition-analysis-of-district-level-data-from-2015-16
#13
Purnima Menon, Derek Headey, Rasmi Avula, Phuong Hong Nguyen
India accounts for approximately one third of the world's total population of stunted preschoolers. Addressing global undernutrition, therefore, requires an understanding of the determinants of stunting across India's diverse states and districts. We created a district-level aggregate data set from the recently released 2015-2016 National and Family Health Survey, which covered 601,509 households in 640 districts. We used mapping and descriptive analyses to understand spatial differences in distribution of stunting...
May 23, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781250/low-level-aflatoxin-exposure-associated-with-greater-linear-growth-in-southern-mexico-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Jef L Leroy, Celeste Sununtnasuk, Armando García-Guerra, Jia-Sheng Wang
Aflatoxins are a group of naturally occurring mycotoxins, which can lead to death and are a known cause of hepatocellular carcinoma. AF exposure has been hypothesised to lead to stunted growth in children, but separating the AF effect from other determinants of linear growth retardation is difficult. The study used secondary data from an efficacy trial conducted in young children in southern Mexico to test the comparative efficacy of a milk-based multiple micronutrient-fortified food, a multiple micronutrient syrup, or a multiple micronutrient powder...
May 21, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781212/routinely-collected-infant-feeding-data-time-for-global-action
#15
Heather Whitford, Pat Hoddinott, Lisa H Amir, Catherine Chamberlain, Christine E East, Leanne Jones, Mary J Renfrew
The importance of breastfeeding is clear. However, global action to support breastfeeding is hindered by the lack of reliable standard data, which continues to impede progress. Routinely collected data can monitor the effectiveness of health policy, evaluate interventions, and enhance international research collaboration and comparisons. Use of routine data to support effective public health initiatives such as smoking cessation has been demonstrated. However, the data collected about infant feeding practices worldwide is inconsistent in timing, methods, definitions, detail, storage, and consistency...
May 21, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770998/maternal-depressive-symptoms-are-negatively-associated-with-child-growth-and-development-evidence-from-rural-india
#16
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Jed Friedman, Mohini Kak, Purnima Menon, Harold Alderman
Maternal depression has been suggested as a risk factor for both poor child growth and development in many low- and middle-income countries, but the validity of many studies is hindered by small sample sizes, varying cut-offs used in depression diagnostics, and incomplete control of confounding factors. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms (MDSs) and child physical growth and cognitive development in Madhya Pradesh, India, where poverty, malnutrition, and poor mental health coexist...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770565/a-review-of-child-stunting-determinants-in-indonesia
#17
REVIEW
Ty Beal, Alison Tumilowicz, Aang Sutrisna, Doddy Izwardy, Lynnette M Neufeld
Child stunting reduction is the first of 6 goals in the Global Nutrition Targets for 2025 and a key indicator in the second Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger. The prevalence of child stunting in Indonesia has remained high over the past decade, and at the national level is approximately 37%. It is unclear whether current approaches to reduce child stunting align with the scientific evidence in Indonesia. We use the World Health Organization conceptual framework on child stunting to review the available literature and identify what has been studied and can be concluded about the determinants of child stunting in Indonesia and where data gaps remain...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740933/relationship-between-maternal-depression-symptoms-and-child-weight-outcomes-in-latino-farmworker-families
#18
Sarah A Marshall, Edward H Ip, Cynthia K Suerken, Thomas A Arcury, Santiago Saldana, Stephanie S Daniel, Sara A Quandt
This study sought to characterize depressive symptoms among mothers in Latino farmworker families, determine if maternal depression increases children's risk of obesity, and ascertain whether relevant risk factors such as physical activity, diet, and feeding style mediate this relationship. Mothers from 248 families completed the 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale 9 times over a 2-year period. Four distinct patterns were used to describe mothers: few symptoms, moderate episodic symptoms, severe episodic symptoms, and chronic symptoms...
May 9, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740973/findings-from-a-cluster-randomised-trial-of-unconditional-cash-transfers-in-niger
#19
Victoria L Sibson, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Garba Noura, Julia Lewis, Kwanli Kladstrup, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Tim Colbourn, Joanna Morrison, Andrew J Seal
Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) are used as a humanitarian intervention to prevent acute malnutrition, despite a lack of evidence about their effectiveness. In Niger, UCT and supplementary feeding are given during the June-September "lean season," although admissions of malnourished children to feeding programmes may rise from March/April. We hypothesised that earlier initiation of the UCT would reduce the prevalence of global acute malnutrition (GAM) in children 6-59 months old in beneficiary households and at population level...
May 8, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740958/effectiveness-of-breastfeeding-interventions-delivered-to-fathers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Kidane Tadesse, Oksana Zelenko, Afework Mulugeta, Danielle Gallegos
Adequate support for lactating mothers is crucial to improve the rates of early initiation, exclusive, and continued breastfeeding. Maternal breastfeeding intention and ongoing breastfeeding duration are strongly predicted by their partners' breastfeeding beliefs. Partner support has a significant effect on improving rates of any and exclusive breastfeeding, when compared with professional support, particularly in low-income populations. This systematic review investigates the effectiveness of breastfeeding interventions targeting fathers in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC)...
May 8, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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