Read by QxMD icon Read

Maternal & Child Nutrition

Yunhee Kang, Victor Aguayo, Rebecca K Campbell, Laigden Dzed, Vandana Joshi, Jillian L Waid, Suvadra Datta Gupta, Nancy J Haselow, Keith P West
Childhood malnutrition remains endemic in South Asia, although the burden varies by country. We examined the anthropometric status and risk factors for malnutrition among children aged 0-59 months through the 2015 National Nutrition Survey in Bhutan. We assessed in 1,506 children nutritional status (by z-scores of height-for-age [HAZ], weight-for-height [WHZ], and weight-for-age [WAZ]), estimating prevalence, adjusted for survey design, of stunting, wasting, underweight, and overweight (<-2 for HAZ, WHZ, and WAZ and >2 for WHZ)...
November 9, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Maria Beatriz Trindade de Castro, Diana Barbosa Cunha, Marina Campos Araujo, Ilana Nogueira Bezerra, Amanda Rodrigues Amorim Adegboye, Gilberto Kac, Rosely Sichieri
There is evidence in the general population that adhering to a high protein and low carbohydrate diet may help in losing weight. However, there is little evidence among postpartum women. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of a high protein diet on weight loss among postpartum women. A parallel-randomized controlled trial with ninety-four postpartum women was conducted in a maternity ward in Mesquita county (recruitment from February 2009 to December 2010) and in a polyclinic in Rio de Janeiro city (recruitment from December 2010 to December 2011)...
October 31, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Rhona J McInnes, Nicola Gillespie, Nicola Crossland, Victoria Hall Moran, Pat Hoddinott
Improving breastfeeding outcomes is a global priority, however, in the UK continuation of breastfeeding remains low. Growing empirical evidence suggests a free breast pump service might be an acceptable and feasible incentive intervention to improve breastfeeding outcomes and reduce heath inequalities. To inform intervention development we conducted an on-line survey with women recruited via social media using snowball sampling. Data were analysed descriptively (closed questions) with qualitative thematic analysis (free text)...
October 31, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Britt Broersen, Sisay Sinamo, Jules Nsabimana, Tanimoune Mahamadou, Edgar Gatete, Shane Prigge, Van Hoan Nguyen, Saskia de Pee
Adding amylase to Super Cereal plus (SC+A) improves energy and nutrient intakes as porridge energy density reaches 1.0 kcal/g, meeting the recommended ≥0.8 kcal/g for prepared foods for young children. Caregiver response to SC+A in terms of adjusting porridge preparation using printed pictogram instructions was not yet investigated. The study assessed: a) porridge preparation by caregivers; b) porridge energy density; c) sensory porridge acceptability, and; d) understanding of preparation instructions. An 8 day follow up intervention study was conducted among caregivers of children aged 6-23 months (n=238) in Rwanda...
October 30, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Michel Garenne, Mark Myatt, Tanya Khara, Carmel Dolan, André Briend
The study describes the patterns of concurrent wasting & stunting (WaSt) among children age 6-59 months living in the 1980s in Niakhar, a rural area of Senegal under demographic surveillance. Wasting and stunting were defined by Z-scores lower than -2 in weight-for-height and height-for-age. Both conditions were found to be highly prevalent, wasting more so before age 30 months, stunting more so after age 30 months. As a result, concurrent wasting & stunting peaked around age 18 months, and its prevalence (6...
October 26, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Nicole E Marshall, Bernard Lau, Jonathan Q Purnell, Kent L Thornburg
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) has numerous maternal health benefits. However, EBF rates are lower in mothers with obesity. We sought to better understand whether maternal body composition measurements in early pregnancy are also predictive of lower rates of EBF. Healthy pregnant women with pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) of 17.5-51 kg/m2 underwent determination of percent body fat (% body fat) in early (12-16 weeks) and late (37 weeks) gestation. Intent and duration of EBF were determined by surveys completed at 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum (PP)...
October 21, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Rebecca Pradeilles, Tom Norris, Elaine Ferguson, Haris Gazdar, Sidra Mazhar, Hussain Bux Mallah, Azmat Budhani, Rashid Mehmood, Saba Aslam, Alan D Dangour, Elizabeth Allen
The adverse health impacts of early infant stunting can be partially ameliorated by early catch-up growth. Few studies have examined predictors of and barriers to catch-up growth to identify intervention points for improving linear growth during infancy. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of, and factors associated with, catch-up growth among infants in Pakistan. A longitudinal study of mother-infant dyads (n=1161) was conducted in rural Sindh province, with enrolment between December 2015-February 2016 (infants aged 0...
October 21, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Alison K Ventura, Alexandra Hernandez
Caregivers' abilities to assess how much is in the bottle may lead to encouragement of infant bottle-emptying and overfeeding. The present study assessed whether use of opaque, weighted bottles (as compared to conventional, clear bottles) improves feeding outcomes. Mothers with infants <32 weeks of age (n = 76) were assessed on two separate days. Mothers fed their infants from an opaque, weighted bottle on one day and a clear bottle on the other; conditions were counterbalanced. Blinded raters certified in the Nursing Child Assessment Feeding Scale scored all videos to determine maternal sensitivity...
October 21, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Christiane Horwood, Ngcwalisa Amanda Jama, Lyn Haskins, Anna Coutsoudis, Lenore Spies
Despite efforts to support breastfeeding for HIV-positive mothers in South Africa, being HIV-positive remains a barrier to initiating and sustaining breastfeeding. The aim was to explore decision-making about infant feeding practices among HIV-positive mothers in a rural and urban setting in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. HIV-positive pregnant women were purposively sampled from one antenatal clinic in each setting. A qualitative, longitudinal cohort design was employed, with monthly in-depth interviews conducted over six months post-delivery...
October 19, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Cristian Ricci, Janet Carboo, Hannah Asare, Cornelius M Smuts, Robin Dolman, Martani Lombard
Child mortality is a major public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa and is influenced by nutritional status. A conceptual framework were proposed to explain factors related to under nutrition. Previously proposed conceptual frameworks for under nutrition do not consider child mortality and describe factors related to under nutrition from a qualitative viewpoint only. A structural equation modelling approach was applied to the data from World Bank and FAO databases collected from over 37 Sub-Saharan Countries from 2000 to the most recent update...
October 13, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Noemí López-Ejeda, Pilar Charle Cuellar, Antonio Vargas, Saul Guerrero
Community Health Workers (CHWs) play an important role in the detection and referral of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in many countries. However, distance to health facilities remains a significant obstacle for caregivers to attend treatment services, resulting in SAM treatment coverage rates below 40% in most areas of intervention. The inclusion of SAM treatment into the current curative tasks of CHWs has been proposed as an approach to increase coverage. A literature review of operational experiences was conducted to identify opportunities and challenges associated with this model...
October 13, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Rindra Vatosoa Randremanana, Alexandra Bastaraud, Leon Paul Rabarijaona, Patrice Piola, Delphin Rakotonirina, Jean Olivier Razafinimanana, Mamy Hanitra Ramangakoto, Lalaharizaka Andriantsarafara, Harinelina Randriamasiarijaona, Amal Tucker-Brown, Aina Harimanana, Simeon Namana
Universal salt iodization (USI) was adopted in Madagascar in 1995 within the framework of a worldwide policy to eliminate iodine deficiency disorders. Despite early USI adoption, there are no representative data on the iodine status of the Malagasy population. The aims of this study were to determine the iodine status of the Malagasy population and to assess the use of adequately iodized salt among households. We randomly sampled women of reproductive age (WRA) using a national, two-stage, stratified cross-sectional survey in 2014...
October 12, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Sasitara Nuampa, Fongcum Tilokskulchai, Crystal L Patil, Nittaya Sinsuksai, Wanna Phahuwatanakorn
The advantages of exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months are well-known. Unfortunately, adolescent mothers have lower rates of breastfeeding exclusivity and shorter duration of breastfeeding. There is limited evidence regarding exclusive breastfeeding determinants in adolescent mothers. The purpose of this study was to obtain adolescent mother-generated factors related to exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months. A mixed-methods design was conducted through concept mapping. Thirty adolescent mothers aged 15-19 years who had wide range of exclusive breastfeeding experiences brainstormed about specific factors...
October 10, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Heather C Stobaugh, Amy Mayberry, Marie McGrath, Paluku Bahwere, Noël Marie Zagre, Mark J Manary, Robert Black, Natasha Lelijveld
The objectives of most treatment programs for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in children focus on initial recovery only, leaving post-discharge outcomes, such as relapse, poorly understood and undefined. This study aimed to systematically review current literature and conduct secondary data analyses of studies that captured relapse rates, up to 18-month post-discharge, in children following recovery from SAM treatment. The literature search (including PubMed and Google Scholar) built upon two recent reviews to identify a variety of up-to-date published studies and grey literature...
September 24, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Lauren Copeland, Laura Merrett, Cheryl McQuire, Aimee Grant, Nina Gobat, Sally Tedstone, Rebecca Playle, Sue Channon, Julia Sanders, Rhiannon Phillips, Billie Hunter, Amy Brown, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Michael Robling, Shantini Paranjothy
An uncontrolled study with process evaluation was conducted in three U.K. community maternity sites to establish the feasibility and acceptability of delivering a novel breastfeeding peer-support intervention informed by motivational interviewing (MI; Mam-Kind). Peer-supporters were trained to deliver the Mam-Kind intervention that provided intensive one-to-one peer-support, including (a) antenatal contact, (b) face-to-face contact within 48 hr of birth, (c) proactive (peer-supporter led) alternate day contact for 2 weeks after birth, and (d) mother-led contact for a further 6 weeks...
September 24, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Jacqueline M Lauer, Christopher P Duggan, Lynne M Ausman, Jeffrey K Griffiths, Patrick Webb, Jia-Sheng Wang, Kathy S Xue, Edgar Agaba, Nathan Nshakira, Shibani Ghosh
Aflatoxins are toxic metabolites of Aspergillus moulds and are widespread in the food supply, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Both in utero and infant exposure to aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 ) have been linked to poor child growth and development. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the association between maternal aflatoxin exposure during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes, primarily lower birth weight, in a sample of 220 mother-infant pairs in Mukono district, Uganda...
September 22, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Kozeta Miliku, Janine F Felix, Trudy Voortman, Henning Tiemeier, Darryl W Eyles, Thomas H Burne, John J McGrath, Vincent W V Jaddoe
Maternal vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy may have persistent adverse effects on childhood growth and development. We examined whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations during pregnancy and at cord blood were associated with childhood body composition and cardiovascular outcomes. This study was embedded in a population-based prospective cohort in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, among 4,903 mothers and their offspring. We measured 25(OH)D concentrations at a median gestational age of 20.4 weeks (95% range 18...
September 21, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Ann C Klassen, Brandy Joe Milliron, Yuki Suehiro, Safina Abdulloeva, Beth Leonberg, Suzanne Grossman, Margaret Chenault, Lisa Bossert, Jalal Maqsood, Rauf Abduzhalilov, Malika Iskandari
Dietary diversity is a key component of IYCF as well as adult health. In Tajikistan, a predominantly rural, former Soviet country in Central Asia, we conducted formative research to identify barriers to dietary diversity, and strategies for nutrition behavior change. In Spring, 2016, mixed methods data collection took place across thirteen villages in all five regions, collecting collaborative mapping, structured assessments of stores and markets, home visits for dietary recalls, food storage, preparation and meal observations, focus groups with pregnant women, mothers of young children, fathers, and mothers-in-law, and in-depth expert interviews with local nutrition and health influentials...
September 19, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Sunny S Kim, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Lan Mai Tran, Yewelsew Abebe, Yonas Asrat, Manisha Tharaney, Purnima Menon
Religious fasting often involves abstention from animal source foods (ASFs). Although children are exempt, their diets are influenced by the widespread fasting practices. This study investigated the factors influencing ASF consumption among young children during the Lent fasting period in western Amhara, Ethiopia. We used baseline survey data from households with children 6-23 months of age (n = 2,646). We conducted regression analysis to examine the maternal and household factors associated with ASF consumption and path analysis to examine the direct and indirect effects of maternal knowledge, beliefs, social norms, and livestock ownership on ASF consumption...
September 19, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Lindsey M Locks, Pradiumna Dahal, Rajkumar Pokharel, Nira Joshi, Naveen Paudyal, Ralph D Whitehead, Stanley Chitekwe, Zuguo Mei, Bikash Lamichhane, Aashima Garg, Maria Elena Jefferds
There is limited research on integrated infant and young child feeding (IYCF) and micronutrient powders (MNP) programs operating at scale, despite widespread implementation. This study uses cross-sectional baseline (n=2,542) and endline (n=2,578) surveys representative of children 6-23 months in two districts in Nepal that were part of a post-pilot, scale-up of a IYCF-MNP program. Multivariable log-binomial regression models were used to estimate prevalence ratios (PR) for stunting (LAZ<-2), wasting (WLZ<-2), underweight (WAZ<-2), anemia (altitude-adjusted hemoglobin<110g/L), moderate or severe anemia (altitude-adjusted hemoglobin<100g/L), iron deficiency (inflammation-adjusted ferritin<12μg/l) and iron deficiency anemia (iron deficiency + anemia, IDA) at endline versus baseline; and also to compare children in the endline survey based on frequency of mothers' interactions with female-community-health-volunteers (FCHV) (>1x/month or monthly vs...
September 18, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"