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Maternal & Child Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925580/nutrition-hygiene-and-stimulation-education-to-improve-growth-cognitive-language-and-motor-development-among-infants-in-uganda-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Grace K M Muhoozi, Prudence Atukunda, Lien M Diep, Robert Mwadime, Archileo N Kaaya, Anne B Skaare, Tiril Willumsen, Ane C Westerberg, Per O Iversen
Stunting is associated with impaired cognitive and motor function. The effect of an education intervention including nutrition, stimulation, sanitation, and hygiene on child growth and cognitive/language/motor development, delivered to impoverished mothers in Uganda, was assessed. In a community-based, open cluster-randomized trial, 511 mother/children dyads aged 6-8 months were enrolled to an intervention (n = 263) or control (n = 248) group. The primary outcome was change in length-for-age z-score at age 20-24 months...
September 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925036/combining-food-based-dietary-recommendations-using-optifood-with-zinc-fortified-water-potentially-improves-nutrient-adequacy-among-4-to-6-year-old-children-in-kisumu-west-district-kenya
#2
Prosper Kujinga, Karin J Borgonjen-van den Berg, Cecilia Superchi, Hermine J Ten Hove, Elizabeth Opiyo Onyango, Pauline Andang'o, Valeria Galetti, Michael B Zimmerman, Diego Moretti, Inge D Brouwer
Children in developing countries often face multiple micronutrient deficiencies. Introduction of zinc-fortified water can increase zinc intake, but additional recommendations are required to address overall diet nutrient adequacy. We developed and tested food-based recommendations (FBRs) that included zinc-fortified water for children aged between 4 and 6 years from rural Kenya to achieve the best possible nutrient adequacy. Dietary intakes of 60 children aged 4-6 years, from Kisumu West district, Kenya, were assessed using a quantitative multipass 24-hr recall...
September 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924978/using-formative-research-to-promote-antenatal-care-attendance-and-iron-folic-acid-supplementation-in-zinder-niger
#3
Sonja Y Hess, Césaire T Ouédraogo, Ibrahim F Bamba, K Ryan Wessells, Nancy Keith, Thierno Faye, Banda Ndiaye, Maimouna Doudou, Jennifer Nielsen
In Niger, use of antenatal care (ANC) and iron folic acid (IFA) supplements is suboptimal. The objectives of this paper are as follows: (a) to conduct formative research to understand barriers and beliefs among pregnant women related to ANC, IFA supplementation, and pregnancy outcomes; (b) assess the quality of currently provided ANC services; (c) use the findings to guide the development of programmatic interventions to improve coverage of ANC services and IFA supplementation of pregnant women. Structured in-home interviews (n = 72) and focus groups (n = 4) were conducted with pregnant women in 4 randomly selected villages in rural Zinder...
September 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857410/determinants-of-anemia-among-women-and-children-in-nepal-and-pakistan-an-analysis-of-recent-national-survey-data
#4
Kassandra L Harding, Victor M Aguayo, Grace Namirembe, Patrick Webb
Anemia remains one of the most intractable public health challenges in South Asia. This paper analyzes individual-level and household-level determinants of anemia among children and women in Nepal and Pakistan. Applying multivariate modified Poisson models to recent national survey data, we find that the prevalence of anemia was significantly higher among women from the poorest households in Pakistan (adjusted prevalence ratio [95% CI]: 1.10 [1.04-1.17]), women lacking sanitation facilities in Nepal (1.22 [1...
August 31, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851047/association-between-maternal-prepregnancy-obesity-and-breastfeeding-duration-data-from-a-nationwide-prospective-birth-cohort
#5
Julie Boudet-Berquier, Benoit Salanave, Jean-Claude Desenclos, Katia Castetbon
Association of maternal obesity with shorter breastfeeding duration may involve different factors and might be modified by parity. In a national birth cohort, we aimed to estimate the association between prepregnancy body mass index (pBMI) and breastfeeding duration after adjustment for sociodemographic, pregnancy, and other characteristics and assess the effect modification of parity in such associations. In 2012, 3,368 mother-infant dyads were randomly included at birth in the French Epifane cohort. Breastfeeding information was collected in maternity wards and by phone interview at 1, 4, 8, and 12 months postpartum...
August 29, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851037/the-effects-of-a-lipid-based-nutrient-supplement-and-antiretroviral-therapy-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-iron-copper-and-zinc-in-milk-from-hiv-infected-malawian-mothers-and-associations-with-maternal-and-infant-biomarkers
#6
Daniela Hampel, Setareh Shahab-Ferdows, Erik Gertz, Valerie L Flax, Linda S Adair, Margaret E Bentley, Denise J Jamieson, Gerald Tegha, Charles S Chasela, Debbie Kamwendo, Charles M van der Horst, Lindsay H Allen
We evaluated effects of antiretroviral (ARV) therapy and lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) on iron, copper, and zinc in milk of exclusively breastfeeding HIV-infected Malawian mothers and their correlations with maternal and infant biomarkers. Human milk and blood at 2, 6, and 24 weeks post-partum and blood during pregnancy (≤30 weeks gestation) were collected from 535 mothers/infant-pairs in the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition study. The participants received ARV, LNS, ARV and LNS, or no intervention from 0 to 28 weeks post-partum...
August 29, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840655/low-birthweight-infants-born-to-short-stature-mothers-are-at-additional-risk-of-stunting-and-poor-growth-velocity-evidence-from-secondary-data-analyses
#7
Bireshwar Sinha, Sunita Taneja, Ranadip Chowdhury, Sarmila Mazumder, Temsunaro Rongsen-Chandola, Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Jose Martines, Nita Bhandari, Maharaj Kishan Bhan
Low-birthweight (LBW) infants are at an increased risk of stunting and poor linear growth. The risk might be additionally higher in these infants when born to short mothers. However, this hypothesis has been less explored. The objective of this secondary data analysis was to determine the risk of linear growth faltering and difference in linear growth velocity in LBW infants born to short mothers (<150 cm) compared to those born to mothers with height ≥150 cm during the first year of life. This analysis uses data from a community-based randomized controlled trial of 2,052 hospital-born term infants with birthweight ≤2,500g from urban low-middle socioeconomic neighbourhoods in Delhi, India...
August 25, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836373/evaluation-of-a-smartphone-nutrition-and-physical-activity-application-to-provide-lifestyle-advice-to-pregnant-women-the-snapp-randomised-trial
#8
Jodie M Dodd, Jennie Louise, Courtney Cramp, Rosalie M Grivell, Lisa J Moran, Andrea R Deussen
Our objective was to evaluate the impact of a smartphone application as an adjunct to face-to-face consultations in facilitating dietary and physical activity change among pregnant women. This multicentre, nested randomised trial involved pregnant women with a body mass index ≥18.5 kg/m(2) , with a singleton pregnancy between 10 and 20 weeks' gestation, and participating in 2 pregnancy nutrition-based randomised trials across metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. All women participating in the SNAPP trial received a comprehensive dietary, physical activity, and behavioural intervention, as part of the GRoW or OPTIMISE randomised trials...
August 24, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836343/addressing-barriers-to-maternal-nutrition-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-the-evidence-and-programme-implications
#9
REVIEW
Justine A Kavle, Megan Landry
Adequate maternal nutrition during the "first 1,000 days" window is critical from conception through the first 6 months of life to improve nutritional status and reduce the risk of poor birth outcomes, such as low birthweight and preterm birth. Unfortunately, many programmes have targeted implementation and monitoring of nutrition interventions to infants and young children, rather than to women during pregnancy or post-partum. A literature review was conducted to identify barriers to food choice and consumption during pregnancy and lactation and to examine how low- and middle-income countries have addressed maternal nutrition in programmes...
August 24, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799193/an-analysis-of-the-effects-of-intrapartum-factors-neonatal-characteristics-and-skin-to-skin-contact-on-early-breastfeeding-initiation
#10
Ying Lau, Pyai Htun Tha, Sarah Su Tin Ho-Lim, Lai Ying Wong, Peng Im Lim, Binte Zaini Mattar Citra Nurfarah, Shefaly Shorey
This study aims to determine relationships between intrapartum factors, neonatal characteristics, skin-to-skin contact (SSC), and early breastfeeding initiation after spontaneous vaginal and Caesarean section or operative vaginal birth. A total of 915 mother-newborn dyads were considered in a hypothetical model based on integrated concepts of breastfeeding initiation model, infant learning framework, and attachment theory. Multiple-group path analysis was used to determine whether differences exist between effects of immediate SSC (≤30 min) on early breastfeeding initiation in different modes of birth...
August 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795789/baby-friendly-hospital-designation-has-a-sustained-impact-on-continued-breastfeeding
#11
Anna Spaeth, Elisabeth Zemp, Sonja Merten, Julia Dratva
The Baby-Friendly Hospital (BFH) Initiative has led to an increase in breastfeeding rates and duration worldwide. But little is known about whether the beneficial effects persist beyond a facility's designation as a BFH. To investigate the association of BFH designation (current, former, and never) and compliance with Baby-Friendly (BF) practices on breastfeeding in Switzerland, this study combined nationwide survey data on breastfeeding with BFH monitoring data. In this cross-sectional study, 1,326 children were born in 34 current (N = 508), 28 former (N = 425), and 34 never designated BFHs (N = 393)...
August 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795484/new-world-health-organization-guidance-helps-protect-breastfeeding-as-a-human-right
#12
Laurence M Grummer-Strawn, Elizabeth Zehner, Marcus Stahlhofer, Chessa Lutter, David Clark, Elisabeth Sterken, Susanna Harutyunyan, Elizabeth I Ransom
Written by the WHO/UNICEF NetCode author group, the comment focuses on the need to protect families from promotion of breast-milk substitutes and highlights new WHO Guidance on Ending Inappropriate Promotion of Foods for Infants and Young Children. The World Health Assembly welcomed this Guidance in 2016 and has called on all countries to adopt and implement the Guidance recommendations. NetCode, the Network for Global Monitoring and Support for Implementation of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and Subsequent Relevant World Health Assembly Resolutions, is led by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund...
August 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782306/nutrition-behaviour-change-communication-causes-sustained-effects-on-iycn-knowledge-in-two-cluster-randomised-trials-in-bangladesh
#13
John Hoddinott, Akhter Ahmed, Naureen I Karachiwalla, Shalini Roy
Behaviour change communication (BCC) can improve infant and young child nutrition (IYCN) knowledge, practices, and health outcomes. However, few studies have examined whether the improved knowledge persists after BCC activities end. This paper assesses the effect of nutrition sensitive social protection interventions on IYCN knowledge in rural Bangladesh, both during and after intervention activities. We use data from two, 2-year, cluster randomised control trials that included nutrition BCC in some treatment arms...
August 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782300/associations-between-social-support-psychological-well-being-decision-making-empowerment-infant-and-young-child-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-ugandan-children-ages-0-to-24%C3%A2-months
#14
Scott B Ickes, Michael Wu, Maia P Mandel, Alison C Roberts
Maternal capabilities-qualities of mothers that enable them to leverage skills and resources into child health-hold potential influence over mother's adoption of child caring practices, including infant and young child feeding. We developed a survey (n = 195) that assessed the associations of 4 dimensions of maternal capabilities (social support, psychological health, decision making, and empowerment) with mothers' infant and young child feeding practices and children's nutritional status in Uganda. Maternal responses were converted to categorical subscales and an overall index...
August 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776916/the-association-of-breastfeeding-with-insulin-resistance-at-17%C3%A2-years-prospective-observations-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#15
Lai Ling Hui, Man Ki Kwok, E Anthony S Nelson, So Lun Lee, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Breastfeeding has many benefits for mother and infant. Whether breastfeeding also protects against type 2 diabetes is unclear. To clarify the role of breastfeeding in type 2 diabetes, we assessed the association of breastfeeding with insulin resistance in late adolescence in a birth cohort from a non-Western setting where breastfeeding was not associated with higher socio-economic position. We used multivariable linear regression, with multiple imputation and inverse probability weighting, to examine the adjusted associations of contemporaneously reported feeding in the first 3 months of life (exclusively breastfed, mixed feeding, or always formula-fed) with fasting glucose, fasting insulin, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) at 17 years in a subset (n = 710, 8...
August 4, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766913/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-text-message-intervention-used-as-an-adjunct-tool-by-wic-breastfeeding-peer-counsellors-the-latch-pilot
#16
Nurit Harari, Marjorie S Rosenthal, Valerie Bozzi, Lori Goeschel, Teshika Jayewickreme, Chukwuma Onyebeke, Michele Griswold, Rafael Perez-Escamilla
Breastfeeding rates among mothers in the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are lower than for other mothers in the United States. The objective of this study was to test the acceptability and feasibility of the Lactation Advice thru Texting Can Help intervention. Mothers were enrolled at 18-30 weeks gestation from two WIC breastfeeding peer counselling (PC) programmes if they intended to breastfeed and had unlimited text messaging, more than fifth-grade literacy level, and fluency in English or Spanish...
August 1, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766878/women-s-dietary-diversity-in-rural-bangladesh-pathways-through-women-s-empowerment
#17
Sheela S Sinharoy, Jillian L Waid, Regine Haardörfer, Amanda Wendt, Sabine Gabrysch, Kathryn M Yount
The relationship between women's empowerment and women's nutrition is understudied. We aimed to elucidate this relationship by quantifying possible pathways between empowerment and dietary diversity among women in rural Bangladesh. In 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 2,599 married women ages 15-40 (median: 25) living in 96 settlements of Habiganj District, Bangladesh, as a baseline for the Food and Agricultural Approaches to Reducing Malnutrition trial. We collected data on women's empowerment (highest completed grade of schooling and agency), dietary diversity, and demographic factors, including household wealth...
August 1, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752645/effect-of-pumping-pressure-on-onset-of-lactation-after-caesarean-section-a-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Feng Zhang, Yahui Yang, Ting Bai, Lele Sun, Mingzhu Sun, Xueling Shi, Meng Zhu, Meijuan Ge, Haiou Xia
Caesarean section is associated with weaker newborn suction pressure. This nonblinded, randomized trial explored the effect of suction pressures generating by a breast pump on mothers' onset of lactation and milk supply after caesarean section. A high pressure group (-150 mmHg), a low pressure group (-100 mmHg), and a control group (none) were generated under computer random assignment with concealed allocation in 2 tertiary hospitals. The breast pumping began within 2 hr after caesarean operation (6 times a day and 30 min per time) until onset of lactation...
July 27, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730705/-those-who-care-much-understand-much-maternal-perceptions-of-children-s-appetite-perspectives-from-urban-and-rural-caregivers-of-diverse-parenting-experience-in-bangladesh
#19
Nurun Naila, Baitun Nahar, Monica Lazarus, Gaelen Ritter, Muttaquina Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Tahmeed Ahmed, Donna Denno, Judd Walson, Scott Ickes
Appetite in children is an important determinant of nutritional intake and growth. The information used by caregivers to understand children's appetite can help inform infant and young child feeding promotion and appetite assessment. We conducted a qualitative study to (a) explore maternal perceptions and responses to children's appetite and (b) to identify how these factors differ by type of caregiver, level of maternal experience, and urban versus rural context. We used purposive sampling to recruit mothers and alternate caregivers into 14 total focus group discussions (six to eight participants in each group; N = 95) in both urban and rural settings in Bangladesh...
July 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714283/association-between-maternal-social-capital-and-infant-complementary-feeding-practices-in-rural-ethiopia
#20
Yunhee Kang, Jane Kim, Eunkyo Seo
Few studies have explored the potential of social capital in improving child nutritional status; however, most components of pathways between social capital and nutritional status have remained unexplained. Complementary feeding practice is a strong mediator of child nutritional status. This study examined the association between complementary feeding practice and maternal social capital in rural Ethiopia, using cross-sectional data of infant aged 6-12 months and their mother pairs (n = 870). The Short Social Capital Assessment Tool was used to assess maternal structural (i...
July 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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