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Maternal & Child Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097807/parent-adolescent-influences-on-everyday-dietary-practices-perceptions-of-adolescent-females-with-obesity-and-their-mothers
#1
Megan R Winkler, Elizabeth D Moore, Gary G Bennett, Sarah C Armstrong, Debra H Brandon
Parents demonstrate an important influence on adolescent obesity and dietary behavior; yet, family-based obesity interventions continue to exhibit limited success among adolescents. To further inform family-based approaches for adolescent obesity treatment, we examined the perceptions of adolescent females with obesity and their mothers of the influences experienced within the parent-adolescent relationship that affect everyday dietary practices. We conducted six focus group interviews (three adolescent female and three mother) among 15 adolescent (12-17 years old) females with obesity and 12 of their mothers...
January 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083933/-breastfeeding-but-not-at-the-breast-mothers-descriptions-of-providing-pumped-human-milk-to-their-infants-via-other-containers-and-caregivers
#2
Julia P Felice, Sheela R Geraghty, Caroline W Quaglieri, Rei Yamada, Adriana J Wong, Kathleen M Rasmussen
As pumping has become more prevalent among American women, pumped human milk (HM) is on the rise in their infants' diets in place of some or all feeding at the breast. We aimed to fill a gap in knowledge about mothers' motivations, practices and perceptions related to pumping, and about mothers' and other caregivers' motivations, practices, and perceptions related to feeding pumped HM. Results related to providing pumped HM are reported here, and results related to pumping are reported elsewhere. We conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews among a diverse sample of mothers whose infants were fed pumped HM (n = 20), following each up to 1 year postpartum...
January 12, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083927/program-changes-are-effective-and-cost-effective-in-increasing-the-amount-of-oil-used-in-preparing-corn-soy-blend-porridge-for-treatment-of-moderate-acute-malnutrition-in-malawi
#3
Beatrice Lorge Rogers, Lauren B Wilner, Gray Maganga, Shelley Marcus Walton, Devika J Suri, Breanne K Langlois, Kenneth Kwan Ho Chui, Jocelyn M Boiteau, Stephen A Vosti, Patrick Webb
Corn Soy Blend (CSB) porridge is commonly prepared with oil for treatment of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). A recent review recommended that 30 g of oil be used with 100 g of CSB to increase energy density and micronutrient absorption. This study assessed the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of program changes aimed at achieving that target oil:CSB ratio in prepared porridge. Caregivers of children in MAM supplementary feeding programs were assigned to three groups: a control group received monthly rations of 1 L oil, 8 kg CSB in bulk, and social and behavior change communication (SBCC); intervention groups received 2...
January 12, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078789/-breastfeeding-without-baby-a-longitudinal-qualitative-investigation-of-how-mothers-perceive-feel-about-and-practice-human-milk-expression
#4
Julia P Felice, Sheela R Geraghty, Caroline W Quaglieri, Rei Yamada, Adriana J Wong, Kathleen M Rasmussen
Most American mothers who produce human milk (HM) now pump in place of some or all feeding at the breast, and most American infants are now fed pumped HM. We aimed to investigate mothers' perceptions of, attitudes toward, and practices for pumping and providing pumped HM. Results related to pumping are reported here. We conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews among a diverse sample of 20 mothers who pumped, following each from pregnancy through infant HM-feeding cessation up to 1 year postpartum. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis with Atlas...
January 12, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058772/suaahara-in-nepal-an-at-scale-multi-sectoral-nutrition-program-influences-knowledge-and-practices-while-enhancing-equity
#5
Kenda Cunningham, Akriti Singh, Pooja Pandey Rana, Laura Brye, Bindu Gautam, Karin Lapping, Silvia Alayon, Carol Underwood, Rolf D W Klemm
The burden of undernutrition in South Asia is greater than anywhere else. Policies and programmatic efforts increasingly address health and non-health determinants of undernutrition. In Nepal, one large-scale integrated nutrition program, Suaahara, aimed to reduce undernutrition among women and children in the 1,000-day period, while simultaneously addressing inequities. In this study, we use household-level process evaluation data (N = 480) to assess levels of exposure to program inputs and levels of knowledge and practices related to health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH)...
January 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032471/determinants-of-stunting-in-children-under-5%C3%A2-years-in-madagascar
#6
Hasina Rakotomanana, Gail E Gates, Deana Hildebrand, Barbara J Stoecker
Madagascar is among countries where the prevalence of stunting is dramatically high in under 5 years old children. This study investigated the determinants of child stunting based on the UNICEF framework on the causes of malnutrition. A cutoff at 24 months was used to separate the child population into two groups. By using the latest Demographic and Health Survey (2009), logistic regressions were performed to determine the variables associated with stunting. In 2009, 40.1% of the 1,863 children aged 0-23 months and 53...
December 28, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028913/iodine-status-and-associations-with-feeding-practices-and-psychomotor-milestone-development-in-six-month-old-south-african-infants
#7
Jennifer Osei, Jeannine Baumgartner, Marinel Rothman, Tonderayi M Matsungo, Namukolo Covic, Mieke Faber, Cornelius M Smuts
Iodine is important for normal growth and psychomotor development. While infants below 6 months of age receive iodine from breast milk or fortified infant formula, the introduction of complementary foods poses a serious risk for deteriorating iodine status. This cross-sectional analysis assessed the iodine status of six-month-old South African infants and explored its associations with feeding practices and psychomotor milestone development. Iodine concentrations were measured in infant (n = 386) and maternal (n = 371) urine (urinary iodine concentration [UIC]), and in breast milk (n = 257 [breast milk iodine concentrations])...
December 28, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025865/health-staff-understanding-application-and-interpretation-of-growth-charts-in-nigeria
#8
Ifeyinwa O Ezeofor, Ada L Garcia, Stella N Ibeziako, Antonina N Mutoro, Charlotte M Wright
We aimed to compare plotting accuracy and interpretation of weight gain patterns in average and small infants on road-to-health (RTH) and the new World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts in Enugu, Nigeria. Child health staff plotted standard weights on both formats. Twelve plotted charts were created, permutating three different weight trajectories (fast, steady, and slow) ending at two attained weights (average and small), with each plotted on both chart formats. Respondents were shown four of these charts and asked to describe the weight gain pattern shown and what action this pattern would prompt...
December 27, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025862/maternal-plasma-cholesterol-and-duration-of-pregnancy-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-ghana
#9
Brietta M Oaks, Christine P Stewart, Kevin D Laugero, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Anna Lartey, Stephen A Vosti, Per Ashorn, Kathryn G Dewey
Low plasma cholesterol may be associated with preterm birth; however, results are mixed and limited primarily to high-income countries. Our objective was to determine whether maternal plasma lipid concentrations are associated with pregnancy duration. We performed a nested cohort (n = 320) study of pregnant Ghanaian women enrolled in a randomized controlled trial. Total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations were analyzed in plasma at ≤20and 36 weeks gestation as continuous variables and also categorized into low, referent, or high (<10th, 10th-90th, >90th percentile)...
December 27, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008727/nutrient-composition-of-premixed-and-packaged-complementary-foods-for-sale-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-lack-of-standards-threatens-infant-growth
#10
William A Masters, Marc D Nene, Winnie Bell
Premixed flours for infant porridge are increasingly produced and sold in developing countries to complement continued breastfeeding. Such complementary food (CF) products have known efficacy against malnutrition in children from 6 to 24 months of age, but ingredient ratios and production processes may vary. This study provides the first systematic measurement of their actual nutrient composition. We purchased samples of 108 premixed CF products in 22 low- and middle-income countries, and commissioned blind laboratory measurement of each product's macronutrients and micronutrients...
December 22, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982512/iodine-status-of-pregnant-women-in-south-australia-after-mandatory-iodine-fortification-of-bread-and-the-recommendation-for-iodine-supplementation
#11
Dominique Condo, Dao Huyhn, Amanda J Anderson, Sheila Skeaff, Philip Ryan, Maria Makrides, Beverly S Mühlhaüsler, Shao J Zhou
Mandatory iodine fortification of bread was introduced in 2009 in Australia in response to the reemergence of iodine deficiency. The aim of this study was to assess iodine intake, urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and their correlation in pregnant women (n = 783) recruited from South Australia 2 years following mandatory iodine fortification. Total iodine intake (food and supplements) and UIC were assessed at study entry (<20 weeks') and at 28 weeks' gestation. Mean (±SD) total iodine intake at study entry and 28 weeks' gestation was 307 ± 128 μg/day and 300 ± 127 μg/day, respectively...
December 16, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966840/elevated-iron-status-and-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
José C Fernández-Cao, Núria Aranda, Blanca Ribot, Mònica Tous, Victoria Arija
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies was to assess the relationship between elevated iron status, measured as hemoglobin and ferritin levels, and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The present study was recorded in PROSPERO (2013:CRD42013005717). The selected studies were identified through a systematic review of scientific literature published in The Cochrane Library and PubMed/MEDLINE databases from their inception until March 10, 2016, in addition to citation tracking and hand-searches...
December 14, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966839/household-food-insecurity-in-mexico-is-associated-with-the-co-occurrence-of-overweight-and-anemia-among-women-of-reproductive-age-but-not-female-adolescents
#13
Andrew D Jones, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Alejandra Cantoral, Teresa Shamah Levy
We aimed to determine the association between household food insecurity (HFI) and the co-occurrence of overweight and anemia among women of reproductive age in the Mexican population. We analyzed data on 4,039 nonpregnant female adolescents (15-19 years) and 10,760 nonpregnant adult women of reproductive age (20-49 years) from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey of Mexico. The survey uses a two-stage sampling design, stratified by rural and urban regions. The Latin American and Caribbean Food Security Scale was used to assess HFI...
December 14, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928892/is-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-soft-drinks-during-pregnancy-associated-with-birth-weight
#14
Jacob H Grundt, Geir Egil Eide, Anne-Lise Brantsaeter, Margaretha Haugen, Trond Markestad
In Norway, there were parallel increases and subsequent decreases in birth weight (BW) and consumption of sugar-sweetened carbonated soft drinks (SSC) during the period 1990-2010, and by an ecological approach, we have suggested that the relationship was causal. The objective of this study was to examine if such a relationship was present in a prospectively followed cohort of pregnant women. The study population included 62,494 term singleton mother-infant dyads in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), a national prospective cohort study in Norway from 1999 to 2008...
December 7, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928891/early-deterioration-of-iron-status-among-a-cohort-of-bolivian-infants
#15
Rachel M Burke, Paulina A Rebolledo, Anna M Fabiszewski de Aceituno, Rita Revollo, Volga Iñiguez, Mitchel Klein, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Juan S Leon, Parminder S Suchdev
Iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) are major contributors to infant and maternal morbidity worldwide. There is limited longitudinal data on iron status in young infants and on methods to adjust iron biomarkers for inflammation. We aimed to quantify the prevalence of inflammation-adjusted ID, anemia, and IDA over the first year in a cohort of Bolivian infants and their mothers. Healthy mother-infant dyads were recruited from two peri-urban hospitals. Infants provided three blood draws (2, 6-8, and 12-18 months; N = 160); mothers provided two blood draws (1 and 6-8 months postpartum [plus third anemia measurement at 12-18 months]; N = 250)...
December 7, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925426/the-impact-of-home-fortification-with-multiple-micronutrient-powder-on-vitamin-a-status-in-young-children-a-multicenter-pragmatic-controlled-trial-in-brazil
#16
Lara Livia Santos Silva, Rosângela Aparecida Augusto, Daniela Cardoso Tietzmann, Leopoldina Augusta Souza Sequeira, Maria Claret Costa Monteiro Hadler, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Marly Augusto Cardoso
Home fortification with multiple micronutrient powder (MNP) is effective in the prevention of anemia in young children. However, the impact on their vitamin A status remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of MNP on vitamin A status in young Brazilian children. A multicenter pragmatic, controlled trial was carried out in primary health centers in four Brazilian cities. In the beginning of the study, the control group (CG) consisted of children 11-14 months old (n = 395) attending in routine pediatric health care...
December 7, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921381/cost-analysis-of-the-treatment-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-west-africa
#17
Sheila Isanaka, Nicolas A Menzies, Jessica Sayyad, Mudasiru Ayoola, Rebecca F Grais, Stéphane Doyon
We present an updated cost analysis to provide new estimates of the cost of providing community-based treatment for severe acute malnutrition, including expenditure shares for major cost categories. We calculated total and per child costs from a provider perspective. We categorized costs into three main activities (outpatient treatment, inpatient treatment, and management/administration) and four cost categories within each activity (personnel; therapeutic food; medical supplies; and infrastructure and logistical support)...
December 5, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921367/dietary-patterns-in-liberian-refugees-in-buduburam-ghana
#18
Wilhelmenia L Ross, Daniel F Gallego-Pérez, Anna Lartey, Adam Sandow, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Amber Hromi-Fiedler
Previous research suggests that acculturation (i.e., exposure and assimilation to local culture) is associated with changes in dietary patterns among immigrants. This study investigates this association in a refugee population using time in refugee settlement as a proxy for acculturation. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a systematic sample to (a) identify dietary patterns in Liberian refugees and Ghanaians living in or near a refugee settlement, (b) compare adherence to these dietary patterns between groups, and (c) investigate the association between acculturation and dietary patterns in Liberian refugees...
December 5, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910283/feeding-behaviors-during-home-based-treatment-of-moderate-acute-malnutrition-using-corn-soy-blends-or-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements
#19
Ann-Sophie Iuel-Brockdorf, Albertine Ouedraogo, Christian Ritz, Tania Aase Draebel, Per Ashorn, Suzanne Filteau, Kim F Michaelsen
Feeding behaviors have an important impact on children's nutritional status and are essential to consider when implementing nutrition programs. The objective of this study was to explore and compare feeding behaviors related to supplementary feeding with corn-soy blends (CSB) and lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) based on best practice feeding behaviors. The study was conducted as part of a randomized controlled trial assessing the effectiveness of new formulations of CSB and LNS and comprised 1,546 children from 6 to 23 months...
December 2, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910260/impact-of-small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-at-18%C3%A2-months-of-age-results-from-four-randomized-controlled-trials-in-africa
#20
Mary Arimond, Souheila Abbeddou, Chiza Kumwenda, Harriet Okronipa, Jaimie Hemsworth, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Eugenia Ocansey, Anna Lartey, Ulla Ashorn, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Stephen A Vosti, Sonja Y Hess, Kathryn G Dewey
Optimal infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices can help ensure nutrient adequacy and support healthy growth and development. Small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) have been proposed to help fill nutrient gaps, but little is known about the impact of provision of SQ-LNS on breastfeeding or complementary feeding practices. In the context of four coordinated randomized controlled nutrient supplementation trials in diverse sites in Africa, we compared IYCF practices at infant age 18 months (after 9-12 months of supplementation) between those receiving and not receiving SQ-LNS...
December 2, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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