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Maternal & Child Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636245/weight-gain-in-the-first-week-of-life-predicts-overweight-at-2%C3%A2-years-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Lori Feldman-Winter, Laura Burnham, Xena Grossman, Stephanie Matlak, Ning Chen, Anne Merewood
In formula-fed infants, rapid weight gain during the first week of life is associated with later obesity. To examine the association between weight gain during the first week and overweight at age 2 among infants with various feeding practices and the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy and overweight, we enrolled a prospective cohort of healthy mother-infant dyads and followed them for 2 years. We enrolled 450 mother/infant pairs and obtained information on 306 infants at year 2...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635163/early-pregnancy-body-mass-index-modifies-the-association-of-pre-pregnancy-dietary-patterns-with-serum-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-concentrations-throughout-pregnancy-in-brazilian-women
#2
Camila Benaim, Ana Amélia Freitas-Vilela, Thatiana de Jesus Pereira Pinto, Jaqueline Lepsch, Dayana Rodrigues Farias, Juliana Dos Santos Vaz, Tatiana El-Bacha, Gilberto Kac
Dietary patterns (DPs) have been described as an important factor that may influence polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) concentrations and body mass index (BMI) during pregnancy. We aim to evaluate the association between pre-pregnancy DPs and serum PUFA percentages throughout pregnancy considering early pregnancy BMI as a possible effect modifier. A prospective cohort of 154 pregnant women was followed (5th-13th, 20th-26th, and 30th-36th gestational weeks). Serum PUFA concentrations (total n-3 and total n-6, eicosapentaenoic + docosahexaenoic acids) were measured in each trimester and expressed as percentages...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635158/prepregnancy-overweight-and-obesity-are-associated-with-impaired-child-neurodevelopment
#3
Elizabeth Marie Widen, Linda Gross Kahn, Piera Cirillo, Barbara Cohn, Katrina Lynn Kezios, Pam Factor-Litvak
The authors examined the relationship of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with child neurodevelopment. Mother-child dyads were a subgroup (n = 2,084) of the Child Health and Development Studies from the Oakland, California, area enrolled during pregnancy from 1959 to 1966 and followed at child age 9 years. Linear regression was used to examine associations between prepregnancy BMI, GWG, and standardized Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and Raven Progressive Matrices scores and to evaluate effect modification of GWG by prepregnancy BMI...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627126/consumption-of-obesogenic-foods-in-non-hispanic-black-mother-infant-dyads
#4
Melissa C Kay, Heather Wasser, Linda S Adair, Amanda L Thompson, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Chirayath M Suchindran, Margaret E Bentley
Obesity continues to be a problem in the United States. Of particular concern is the epidemic of early childhood obesity. A significant predictor of child diet is maternal diet, but little is known about this relationship during infancy. This study examined the association between maternal and infant consumption of key food groups from 6 to 18 months using data from the Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity Study, a prospective cohort of 217 non-Hispanic black, low-income, first-time mothers. Using data from 24-hr dietary recalls collected during in-home visits at 6, 9, 12, and 18 months, we assessed longitudinal associations between mother and child intake of both energy-dense, nutrient-poor (obesogenic) food groups and fibre-, nutrient-rich food groups using random intercept logistic regression...
June 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626878/should-women-be-advised-to-use-calcium-supplements-during-pregnancy-a-decision-analysis
#5
Linda J E Meertens, Hubertina C J Scheepers, Jessica P M M Willemse, Marc E A Spaanderman, Luc J M Smits
Adequate calcium intake during pregnancy is important in the prevention of pre-eclampsia. A substantial proportion of pregnant women do not meet the recommended daily calcium intake, even in developed countries. Nonetheless, calcium supplementation is not routinely advised to pregnant women in most countries. We aimed to predict the impact of advising pregnant women to use calcium supplements (1,000 mg/day) on the number of cases of pre-eclampsia prevented and related health care costs. By use of a decision-analytic model, we assessed the expected impact of advising calcium supplementation to either (1) all pregnant women, (2) women at high risk of developing pre-eclampsia, or (3) women with a low dietary calcium intake compared with current care...
June 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621054/delivery-mode-and-breastfeeding-outcomes-among-new-mothers-in-nicaragua
#6
Sara N Kiani, Katherine M Rich, Darby Herkert, Cara Safon, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Breastfeeding has been shown to benefit infants and mothers. Women who have caesarean deliveries (C-sections) are expected to be less likely to initiate and continue breastfeeding than those who have vaginal deliveries. Given the high rate of C-sections in Nicaragua, the importance of breastfeeding, and the centrality of culture in choices about breastfeeding, this study sought to examine if mode of delivery relates with breastfeeding initiation and exclusivity in Nicaragua. Two hundred fifty mothers were surveyed about birth experiences and breastfeeding behaviour in 3 public clinics in León, Nicaragua, between June and August 2015...
June 16, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598004/higher-maternal-vitamin-d-concentrations-are-associated-with-longer-leukocyte-telomeres-in-newborns
#7
Jung-Ha Kim, Gwang Jun Kim, Donghee Lee, Jae-Hong Ko, Inja Lim, Hyoweon Bang, Bart W Koes, Byeongchan Seong, Duk-Chul Lee
Gestational vitamin D insufficiency is related with increased risks of various diseases and poor health outcomes later in life. Telomere length at birth or early in life is known to be a predictor of individual health. Both vitamin D and telomere length are related with various health conditions, and vitamin D concentrations are associated with leukocyte telomere lengths in women. We investigated the association between maternal vitamin D concentrations and newborn leukocyte telomere lengths. This cross-sectional study included 106 healthy pregnant women without adverse obstetric outcomes and their offspring...
June 9, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597536/timing-of-solid-food-introduction-and-association-with-later-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-the-idefics-study
#8
Stalo Papoutsou, Savvas C Savva, Monica Hunsberger, Hannah Jilani, Nathalie Michels, Wolfgang Ahrens, Michael Tornaritis, Toomas Veidebaum, Dénes Molnár, Alfonso Siani, Luis A Moreno, Charis Hadjigeorgiou
This study investigated associations between timing of solid food introduction and childhood obesity and explored maternal characteristics influencing early feeding practices. Cross-sectional data from children 2-9 years (n = 10,808; 50.5% boys) residing in 8 European countries of the IDEFICS study (2007-2008) were included. Late solid food introduction (≥7 months of age) was associated with an increased prevalence of later childhood overweight/obesity among exclusively breastfed children (OR [odds ratio]: 1...
June 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597475/program-considerations-for-integration-of-nutrition-and-family-planning-beliefs-around-maternal-diet-and-breastfeeding-within-the-context-of-the-nutrition-transition-in-egypt
#9
Justine A Kavle, Sohair Mehanna, Ghada Khan, Mohamed Hassan, Gulsen Saleh, Cyril Engmann
In Egypt, rising maternal overweight and obesity is consistent with the transition to westernized diets and a growing reliance on energy-dense, low nutrient foods. Although the first 1,000 days of life are the focus of many programmes designed to prevent many forms of malnutrition, little attention has been paid to maternal dietary practices and weight gain during pregnancy. This study used in-depth interviews with pregnant women (N = 40), lactating women (N = 40), and nonlactating women (N = 40) to gain an understanding of behaviours, perceptions, and cultural beliefs in relation to maternal dietary intake during pregnancy, lactation, and nonlactation; weight gain during pregnancy; birth spacing; and family planning...
June 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593684/thyroglobulin-level-at-week-16-of-pregnancy-is-superior-to-urinary-iodine-concentration-in-revealing-preconceptual-and-first-trimester-iodine-supply
#10
Monika Katko, Andrea Anett Gazso, Ildiko Hircsu, Harjit Pal Bhattoa, Zsuzsanna Molnar, Bela Kovacs, David Andrasi, Janos Aranyosi, Rita Makai, Lajos Veress, Olga Torok, Miklos Bodor, Laszlo Samson, Endre V Nagy
Pregnant women are prone to iodine deficiency due to the increased need for iodine during gestation. Progress has recently occurred in establishing serum thyroglobulin (Tg) as an iodine status biomarker, but there is no accepted reference range for iodine sufficiency during pregnancy. An observational study was conducted in 164 pregnant women. At week 16 of gestation urinary iodine concentration (UIC), serum Tg, and thyroid functions were measured, and information on the type of iodine supplementation and smoking were recorded...
June 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585371/influences-of-early-child-nutritional-status-and-home-learning-environment-on-child-development-in-vietnam
#11
Phuong H Nguyen, Ann M DiGirolamo, Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Melissa Young, Nicole Kim, Son Nguyen, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
Early childhood development plays a key role in a child's future health, educational success, and economic status. However, suboptimal early development remains a global challenge. This study examines the influences of quality of the home learning environment (HOME) and child stunting in the first year of life on child development. We used data collected from a randomized controlled trial of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation in Vietnam (n = 1,458). The Bayley Scales of Infant Development-III were used to assess cognition, language, and motor development domains at 2 years...
June 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544455/suboptimal-maternal-and-cord-plasma-pyridoxal-5-phosphate-concentrations-are-uncommon-in-a-cohort-of-canadian-pregnant-women-and-newborn-infants
#12
Lesley Plumptre, Shannon P Masih, Kyoung-Jin Sohn, Denise Kim, Carly E Visentin, Anna Ly, Howard Berger, Ruth Croxford, Deborah L O'Connor, Young-In Kim
Vitamin B6 is important in fetal development, but little is known of the vitamin B6 status of pregnant women and newborns in North America and potential modifying factors. This prospective study determined maternal and cord plasma concentrations of pyridoxal 5' phosphate (PLP; an indicator of vitamin B6 status) in a convenience sample of 368 Canadian pregnant women and their newborns. The association of maternal intake of vitamin B6 and fetal genetic variants with cord plasma PLP and homocysteine concentrations was also examined...
May 24, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470840/vitamin-d-deficiency-causes-rickets-in-an-urban-informal-settlement-in-kenya-and-is-associated-with-malnutrition
#13
Kelsey D J Jones, C Ulrich Hachmeister, Maureen Khasira, Lorna Cox, Inez Schoenmakers, Caroline Munyi, H Samira Nassir, Barbara Hünten-Kirsch, Ann Prentice, James A Berkley
The commonest cause of rickets worldwide is vitamin D deficiency, but studies from sub-Saharan Africa describe an endemic vitamin D-independent form that responds to dietary calcium enrichment. The extent to which calcium-deficiency rickets is the dominant form across sub-Saharan Africa and in other low-latitude areas is unknown. We aimed to characterise the clinical and biochemical features of young children with rickets in a densely populated urban informal settlement in Kenya. Because malnutrition may mask the clinical features of rickets, we also looked for biochemical indices of risk in children with varying degrees of acute malnutrition...
May 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466606/very-low-prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-among-young-french-children-a-national-cross-sectional-hospital-based-survey
#14
Anne-Sylvia Sacri, Serge Hercberg, Laurent Gouya, Corinne Levy, Alain Bocquet, Béatrice Blondel, Catherine Vincelet, Pascale Hebel, Isabelle Vinatier, Mariane de Montalembert, Henrique Barros, Yann Le Strat, Martin Chalumeau
Although iron deficiency (ID) is considered the most frequent micronutrient deficiency in industrialized countries and is associated with impaired neurodevelopment when occurring in early years, accurate recent estimations of its prevalence are lacking. Our objective was to estimate ID prevalence and associated sociodemographic markers in young children in France. The Saturn-Inf national cross-sectional hospital-based survey recruited 3,831 French children <6 years old between 2008 and 2009 to assess lead poisoning prevalence and to establish a biobank...
May 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466569/energy-and-nutrient-intake-increased-by-47-67-when-amylase-was-added-to-fortified-blended-foods-a-study-among-12-to-35-month-old-burkinabe-children
#15
Nynke A Kampstra, Nguyen Van Hoan, Damiet J P C Koenders, Rotraut Schoop, Britt C Broersen, Claire Mouquet-Rivier, Tahirou Traoré, Maaike J Bruins, Saskia de Pee
Adding amylase to fortified blended foods can improve energy density, and increase child's energy and nutrient intake. The efficacy of this strategy is unknown for the World Food Programme's Super Cereal Plus (SC+) and Super Cereal (SC) blends. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the increased energy intake from amylase-containing SC+ and SC compared to control porridges in Burkinabe children. Secondly, energy intake from amylase-containing porridges compared to CERELAC(®) , Vitazom, and eeZeeBAR™ was studied...
May 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464549/pathways-of-the-association-between-maternal-employment-and-weight-status-among-women-and-children-qualitative-findings-from-guatemala
#16
Vanessa M Oddo, Pamela J Surkan, Kristen M Hurley, Caitlin Lowery, Silvia de Ponce, Jessica C Jones-Smith
The double burden of malnutrition, defined by the coexistence of undernutrition and overweight, is well documented in low- and middle-income countries. However, the mechanisms by which employment may be related to maternal and child weight status in low- and middle-income countries are not well understood. We conducted in-depth interviews among 20 mothers who participated in Project MIEL, a contemporary trial which evaluated the effects of an integrated micronutrient supplement and parenting intervention in rural Guatemala...
May 2, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464499/local-foods-can-meet-micronutrient-needs-for-women-in-urban-burkina-faso-but-only-if-rarely-consumed-micronutrient-dense-foods-are-included-in-daily-diets-a-linear-programming-exercise
#17
Mary Arimond, Bineti S Vitta, Yves Martin-Prével, Mourad Moursi, Kathryn G Dewey
Women of reproductive age are at nutritional risk due to their need for nutrient-dense diets. Risk is further elevated in resource-poor environments. In one such environment, we evaluated feasibility of meeting micronutrient needs of women of reproductive age using local foods alone or using local foods and supplements, while minimizing cost. Based on dietary recall data from Ouagadougou, we used linear programming to identify the lowest cost options for meeting 10 micronutrient intake recommendations, while also meeting energy needs and following an acceptable macronutrient intake pattern...
May 2, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449415/socioeconomic-determinants-of-growth-in-a-longitudinal-study-in-nepal
#18
Delan Devakumar, Dalvir Kular, Bhim P Shrestha, Carlos Grijalva-Eternod, Rhian M Daniel, Naomi M Saville, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony Costello, David Osrin, Jonathan C K Wells
Socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with childhood anthropometry, but little is known about how it is associated with tissue growth and body composition. To investigate this, we looked at components of SES at birth with growth in early and mid-childhood, and body composition in a longitudinal study in Nepal. The exposure variables (material assets, land ownership, and maternal education) were quantified from questionnaire data before birth. Anthropometry data at birth, 2.5 and 8.5 years, were normalized using WHO reference ranges and conditional growth calculated...
April 27, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449384/iron-status-body-size-and-growth-in-the-first-2%C3%A2-years-of-life
#19
Elaine K McCarthy, Carol Ní Chaoimh, Louise C Kenny, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Alan D Irvine, Deirdre M Murray, Mairead E Kiely
Rapid growth in infancy has been shown to adversely affect iron status up to 1 year; however the effect of growth on iron status in the second year of life has been largely unexplored. We aimed to investigate the impact of growth and body size in the first 2 years on iron status at 2 years. In the prospective, maternal-infant Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study, infant weight and length were measured at birth, 2, 6, 12, and 24 months and absolute weight (kg) and length (cm) gain from 0 to 2, 0 to 6, 0 to 12, 6 to 12, 12 to 24, and 0 to 24 months were calculated...
April 27, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449357/premastication-and-length-for-age-among-children-under-24%C3%A2-months-in-laos
#20
Joel Conkle, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Melissa Young, Aryeh D Stein
Premastication of infant food by caregivers is common in Laos. Premastication is hypothesized to have both positive and negative implications for children, but the net effect of premastication on child health and nutrition is largely unknown because of a lack of research. This study quantitatively describes premastication in 5 provinces of Laos and examines the associations between premastication and the length of young children. We analyzed cross-sectional data from the Laos 2015 Food and Nutrition Security Survey to characterize premastication among children under 2 years of age (n = 1,661) and to test associations between premastication and child length-for-age z-score...
April 27, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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