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Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances

Anil Agarwal, Abbas Shaharyar, Anubrat Kumar, Mohd Shafi Bhat
Ponseti casts for congenital clubfoot are generally removed in the clinics by soaking and unwrapping them. It is often difficult to find the plaster bandage edge for unwrapping it. The use of flags at cast ends can ease this problem.
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
B Collier Watson, Benjamin C Taylor, Adam Madsen, Freddie D Persinger, Andy R Malarkey
Volar plating of distal radius fractures was introduced as a means to circumvent some of the issues with dorsal-based plating but has been shown not to be a complete panacea, as other advantages and challenges have subsequently been discovered. Careful attention and proper technique must be utilized to restore and maintain volar tilt. This study reports a technique of using a locking screw as a proximal peg to reliably obtain the volar tilt in a simple fashion.
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Hale Ersoy, Stephen J Pomeranz
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a neurological disorder producing peripheral neurogenic inflammatory process in hands and feet distal to injury, which may lead to severe disability. Symptoms are often out of proportion to the initiating event and not limited to a single peripheral nerve. There is no gold standard in diagnosis of this entity, and a multidisciplinary approach is necessary for proper diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is one of the most useful diagnostic modalities in early stages of CRPS (when clinical diagnosis is most difficult), the most desirable time to diagnose this disorder to expedite treatment and improve function...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Fiesky A Nunez, Anastasios Papadonikolakis, Zhongyu Li
The incidence of brachial plexus injury after shoulder dislocation or arthroscopic shoulder surgery is low. Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is an uncommon but painful condition that can develop after nerve injury. Historically, CRPS has been difficult to treat and therapeutic efforts are sometimes limited to ameliorating symptoms. However, if a dystrophic focus can be identified, the condition can be addressed with surgical exploration for potential neurolysis or nerve repair. The present article reports on a case of type II CRPS that developed in the postoperative setting of arthroscopic shoulder surgery complicated with simple shoulder dislocation...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Andrew Cleveland, Josh Herzog, Pedro Caram
This article evaluates the techniques, results, and complications of hybrid cervical disc arthroplasty in a high-demand military population. Emphasis is on the occupational impact and return to duty outcomes. This article is a case series with prospective follow-up of 30 hybrid cervical disc arthroplasty patients from the authors' institution. Average follow-up was 16.1 months. Average patient age was 39.7 years. Noncommissioned officer was the most common military rank. Cervical disc arthroplasty at C5/6 with fusion at C6/7 was the most common procedure (21/30)...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Vasanth Sathiyakumar, Dagoberto Estevez-Ordonez, Rachel V Thakore, Young M Lee, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, William T Obremskey, Manish K Sethi
The objective of this study was to determine the clinical factors that are predictors for intraoperative transfusion in orthopaedic trauma patients. A retrospective chart review of patients admitted to a level I trauma center with isolated fractures was conducted. Variables such as gender, height, weight, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, and medical comorbidities were assessed to determine likelihood of blood transfusion. A total of 1819 patients with isolated fractures were identified...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
P Maxwell Courtney, Joshua C Rozell, Christopher M Melnic, Neil P Sheth, Charles L Nelson
The purpose of this study is to identify any association between malnutrition and morbid obesity and determine if either independently increases complications following primary total joint arthroplasty (TJA). The study retrospectively reviewed a series of 670 patients who underwent primary TJA at a single institution. Patients were categorized as malnourished if their preoperative serum albumin was <3.5 mg/dL and morbidly obese if their body mass index was >40 kg/m(2). Of the 670 patients in the study, 83 patients were malnourished (12...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Mitchell J Odom, Young M Lee, Scott L Zuckerman, Rachel P Apple, Theodore Germanos, Gary S Solomon, Allen K Sills
This study evaluated the test-retest reliability of a novel computer-based, portable balance assessment tool, the Equilibrate System (ES), used to diagnose sports-related concussion. Twenty-seven students participated in ES testing consisting of three sessions over 4 weeks. The modified Balance Error Scoring System was performed. For each participant, test-retest reliability was established using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The ES test-retest reliability from baseline to week 2 produced an ICC value of 0...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Jessica C Rivera, Renee M Greer, Joseph C Wenke, James R Ficke, Anthony E Johnson
The Military Orthopaedic Trauma Registry (MOTR) orginally began as part of the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DoDTR) and became a live registry in 2013. As a quality improvement process, this study examined MOTR data for 20 female amputees compared with DoDTR data. The DoDTR provided diagnosis and procedure codes as a list but no details. The MOTR provided additional data, including specific limb, fracture classifications, and associated injuries per limb. The MOTR allowed for construction of a treatment time line for each limb, including number and timing of debridements, antibiotics, and implant types...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Mark Adam Tait, Cara Petrus, C Lowry Barnes
The purpose of this study was to determine the publication rate of manuscripts presented at the Southern Orthopaedic Association's (SOA) annual meetings. An extensive literature search was performed using Google Scholar and PubMed search engines and all accepted abstracts (posters or podium presentations) presented at an SOA annual meeting from 2005 to 2011 were evaluated. A total of 568 abstracts were presented at SOA meetings between 2005 and 2011. Of these, 234 (41%) were published in the peer-reviewed literature...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Soham Banerjee, Adam J Starr, Rahul Banerjee
The objective of this study was to develop three-dimensional (3-D) modeling software to generate the optimal individualized starting points and pathways for anterior and posterior column screws. In this cross-sectional study, 95 consecutive patients from a level I trauma center with noncontrast pelvis computed tomography (CT) images without displaced acetabular fractures were studied. A Java-based program was designed that generated a 3-D graph of pelvic bones and a list was compiled of every potential anterograde anterior and posterior column screw that exited distal to the acetabulum, eliminating screws that did not safely remain within the cortex...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Justin K Walden, Alexander C M Chong, Nam L Dinh, Scott Adrian, Robert Cusick, Paul H Wooley
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the intrusion characteristics of Simplex-HV to Simplex-P and Palacos-R in cadaveric proximal tibial bone. Eighteen fresh-frozen cadaver proximal tibiae were examined with standard arthroplasty tibial cuts. Each tibia was randomly assigned to receive one of the three bone cements for use with finger packing technique. Sagittal sections were prepared and analyzed using digital photography and stereoscopic micrographs to evaluate cement intrusion characteristics...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Val H Irion, James Barnes, Brooke E E Montgomery, Larry J Suva, Corey O Montgomery
Venomous snakebites may be difficult to manage because of the varied clinical presentations that may lead to uncertainty regarding the most appropriate medical and surgical management. Frequently, snakebite victims are referred from smaller rural hospitals to larger tertiary centers offering more specialized services and care. A retrospective chart review was performed using medical records from both adult and pediatric hospitals in a rural state over a 7-year period (January 2004 to January 2011) to investigate the utility of intensive care and specialized medical services offered at tertiary referral centers...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
L Andrew Koman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Alan Y Yan, Todd E Bertrand, Robert D Zura, Samuel B Adams, Selene G Parekh
Calcaneal tuberosity fractures comprise only 1% to 2% of all calcaneal fractures. Treatment of these injuries has traditionally included open reduction and internal fixation with various means including lag screws, suture anchors, and K-wires. This article reports on a series of cases treated with excision of the tuberosity fragment with repair of the Achilles tendon supplemented by a flexor hallucis longus tendon transfer.
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Joseph O Ugorji, Stephen J Pomeranz
The posterior glenoid labrum has numerous surrounding structures and any of them can undergo derangement. It is prudent to consider the posterior glenoid labrum complex (PGLC) as a whole rather than simply the labral tissue in isolation when evaluating magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the shoulder. The PGLC contains the posterior capsulolabral junction, posterior capsule (posteroinferiorly , the posterior band of the inferior glenohumeral ligament), posterior chondro-osseous junction, posterior chondrolabral junction, posterior glenoid bone, posterior glenoid subchondral bone, posterior glenoid cartilage, posterior labrum, synovial fold (variably seen), and posterior glenoid periosteum (or periosteal sleeve)...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Thomas J An, Rachel V Thakore, Sarah E Greenberg, Vasanth Sathiyakumar, Harrison F Kay, Michael Gerasimopoulos, William T Obremskey, Manish K Sethi
The purpose of this study was to investigate operative costs and postoperative complication rates in relation to utilization of locking versus nonlocking implants in isolated, lower limb fractures. Seventy-seven patients underwent plate fixation of isolated bicondylar tibial plateau, bimalleolar ankle, and trimalleolar ankle fractures at a large tertiary care center. Fixation with locking versus nonlocking implants was compared to incidence of postsurgical complications. Costs of these implants were directly compared...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Victor D Babatunde, Mariano E Menendez, David Ring
Illicit drug use among adults is increasing, but its associated risk following orthopaedic trauma remains largely unexplored. This study assessed the relationship of illicit drug use with inpatient adverse events, in-hospital mortality, prolonged length of stay, and nonroutine discharge. With the use of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, 7,118,720 orthopaedic trauma inpatients from 2002 to 2011 were identified and separated into illicit drug users (1.5%) and non-illicit drug users (98.5%). Multivariable regression modeling was used to determine the association between illicit drug use and each outcome variable...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Sandesh S Rao, Kristen D Venuti, Harry C Dietz, Paul D Sponseller
Two hundred thirty patients were prospectively enrolled in this study and completed various portions of the Short Form 36 and a study-specific questionnaire (visual analog scale 1 to 10, comprising three separate questionnaires) to evaluate quality of life and function in patients with Marfan syndrome. The greatest health concern was cardiac problems (high in 70% of patients), followed by spine issues and generalized fatigue (both high, in 53%). The most severe reported pain involved the back: 105 patients (46%) rated pain as 6 to 10 on the visual analog scale...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
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