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Journal of Dual Diagnosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426346/correlates-of-current-smoking-among-adults-served-by-the-public-mental-health-system
#1
Margaret A Swarbrick, Judith A Cook, Lisa A Razzano, Jessica A Jonikas, Ni Gao, Jill Williams, Jay Yudof
OBJECTIVE: As part of a study of health status among 457 adults with diagnostically heterogeneous serious mental illnesses served by the public mental health system in four U.S. states, we assessed predictors of current cigarette smoking. METHODS: We examined bivariate relationships between smoking status and risks for drug and alcohol use disorders, residential setting, parental status, and employment. Finally, we used multivariable logistic regression to predict current smoking, controlling for significant confounds...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418789/transitions-and-motivations-for-substance-misuse-in-prison-inmates-with-adhd-and-conduct-disorder-validation-of-a-new-instrument
#2
Susan Young, Rafael A González, Kim Wolff, Laura Mutch, Isabella Malet-Lambert, Gisli H Gudjonsson
OBJECTIVE: There is a reasonable theoretical base for understanding the possible causes and motivations behind substance misuse and its dependency. There is a need for a reliable and valid measure that delineates the markers of substance use from its initiation and identifies different motivations for drug use transitioning, maintenance, and dependency. We addressed this gap in the United Kingdom by examining and validating the Substance Transitions in Addiction Rating Scale (STARS). METHODS: For this review, 390 male prisoners were screened for conduct disorder and assessed with a clinical diagnostic interview for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414583/improved-depressive-symptoms-in-adults-with-schizophrenia-during-a-smoking-cessation-attempt-with-varenicline-and-behavioral-therapy
#3
Corinne Cather, Susanne Hoeppner, Gladys Pachas, Sarah Pratt, Eric Achtyes, Kristina M Cieslak, A Eden Evins
OBJECTIVE: Smoking prevalence rates are elevated in individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) compared with the general population, with attendant disproportionate smoking-related morbidity and mortality. Pharmacotherapies that improve abstinence rates in this population are underutilized, partly due to concerns about neuropsychiatric safety, particularly for those with comorbid depression or prior suicide attempt. Prospective assessment of the psychiatric safety profile of varenicline in those with SSD is needed...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414579/housing-first-for-adults-with-problematic-substance-use
#4
Rebecca A Cherner, Tim Aubry, John Sylvestre, Rob Boyd, Donna Pettey
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the two-year housing and non-housing outcomes for adults who are homeless with problematic substance use that received scattered-site housing and intensive case management services from a Housing First program in Ottawa, Canada, in comparison with a group of adults who are homeless with problematic substance use that had access to standard care in the community. METHODS: Housing First clients (n = 89) and members of a comparison group (n = 89) completed structured interviews at baseline and were followed for two years...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368694/autoimmune-mediated-psychosis-a-case-of-susac-syndrome-in-a-drug-user
#5
Pablo Barrio, Mercè Balcells, Delón La Puma, Carles Gaig
OBJECTIVE: Susac syndrome, a rare disorder, is thought to be mediated by autoantibodies. One of the potential targets of these autoantibodies could be an antigen in the microvessels of the brain, the retina, and the inner ear leading to central nervous system (CNS) alterations, visual disturbances, and hearing deficits. Our aim is to expand clinicians' diagnostic options when facing psychosis due to medical conditions. METHODS: A case report was conducted for this study...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368709/using-the-pictorial-representation-of-illness-and-self-measure-prism-to-quantify-and-compare-suffering-from-trauma-and-addiction
#6
Tim Kok, Hein A De Haan, Tom Sensky, Margreet van der Meer, Cor A J De Jong
OBJECTIVE: In a sample of people with substance use disorder who had experienced psychological trauma, this study aimed to quantify differences in perceived suffering due to addiction-related problems and to trauma-related problems. METHODS: The sample comprised 146 inpatients with substance use disorder: 25% had posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 21% had subthreshold PTSD; and the remainder constituted the trauma-only group. PTSD, substance use disorder, and suffering were assessed using validated instruments...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368772/the-role-of-impulsivity-dimensions-in-the-relation-between-probable-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-aggressive-behavior-among-substance-users
#7
Nicole H Weiss, Kevin M Connolly, Kim L Gratz, Matthew T Tull
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder report heightened levels of numerous risky and health-compromising behaviors, including aggressive behaviors. Given evidence that aggressive behavior is associated with negative substance use disorder treatment outcomes, research is needed to identify the factors that may account for the association between PTSD and aggressive behavior among patients with substance use disorder. Thus, the goal of this study was to examine the role of impulsivity dimensions (i...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129100/demoralization-in-patients-with-substance-use-and-co-occurring-psychiatric-disorders
#8
Gerdien H De Weert, Wiebren Markus, David W Kissane, Cornelis A J De Jong
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, treatment of substance use disorder has rekindled emphasis on recovery which, being a gradual process, starts with remoralization. In this study, we examine the level of demoralization throughout the treatment process for patients with comorbid substance dependence and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: 217 patients with co-occurring disorders and 179 community-based individuals participated in this study. Demoralization was measured twice over one month as inpatient treatment happened...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107107/tobacco-alcohol-and-drug-use-of-people-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-differential-impact-of-family-and-friends
#9
Eunji Nam, Sadaaki Fukui
OBJECTIVE: Substance use among people with mood and anxiety disorders is highly prevalent. The literature suggests that substance use among people with mood and anxiety disorders is linked to social relational factors, yet it has rarely been the case that studies explicitly examine the differential impact of family and friends. This study investigated the association among family relationships, friendships, and substance use among people with mood and anxiety disorders. METHODS: Using the National Survey of American Life, structural equation modeling tested the unique effects of family relationships and friendships on tobacco, alcohol, and drug use (n = 1,076)...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045601/a-post-hurricane-katrina-examination-of-substance-abuse-treatment-discharges-with-co-occurring-psychiatric-and-substance-use-disorders
#10
Monique Shuler, Sumihiro Suzuki, Arwen Podesta, Raquel Qualls-Hampton, Sherrie Flynt Wallington
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing literature supporting the adverse effects of disasters on substance use and psychiatric disorders. The co-occurrence of psychiatric disorders with substance use intensifies the challenge of treatment delivery. Thus the aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of substance use, treatment characteristics, and demographics of discharges from substance abuse treatment in New Orleans, post-Hurricane Katrina. Trends associated with discharges that have a co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorder (COD) were also assessed...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166474/a-longitudinal-examination-of-the-relation-between-internalizing-problem-behaviors-and-early-adolescent-cigarette-smoking
#11
Patricia A Aloise-Young, Adam C Zaleski, Randall C Swaim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the longitudinal relation between internalizing problem behaviors (measured with the anxious/depressed and somatic complaints subscales of the Achenbach Teacher's Report Form) and self-reported cigarette smoking behavior and intentions during early adolescence. In addition, a possible mediating role of perceived harm was investigated. METHODS: Sixth graders and their teachers were surveyed in the sixth grade and students were surveyed again in the seventh grade...
January 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166473/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-outcomes-of-smoking-cessation-pharmacotherapy-among-persons-with-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders
#12
Chizimuzo T C Okoli, Vivek Anand, Milan Khara
OBJECTIVES: It is common practice to individualize smoking cessation pharmacotherapy based on clinical judgment and patient response. However, little has been documented about the use and outcomes of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy in real-world settings. This study examines factors associated with using smoking cessation pharmacotherapy and related outcomes among smokers with psychiatric and/or substance use disorders who completed an intensive tobacco treatment program within mental health and addiction services settings in Vancouver, Canada...
January 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166471/antipsychotic-treatment-and-tobacco-craving-in-people-with-schizophrenia
#13
Heidi J Wehring, Stephen J Heishman, Robert P McMahon, Fang Liu, Stephanie Feldman, Heather Raley, Elaine Weiner, Deanna L Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Nicotine dependence is high in schizophrenia, and craving is known to impact relapse during quit attempts. METHODS: We compared tobacco craving in smokers with schizophrenia treated with different antipsychotics. RESULTS: Mean craving scores were lowest in participants receiving first-generation antipsychotics, although these differences were not statistically significant. Craving with clozapine was not lower than with other antipsychotics...
January 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129092/an-exploration-of-smoking-among-people-attending-residential-substance-abuse-treatment-prevalence-and-outcomes-at-three-months-post-discharge
#14
Isabella Ingram, Peter J Kelly, Frank P Deane, Amanda L Baker, Geoff Lyons, Russell Blackman
OBJECTIVES: Smoking continues to be a major health concern for people with a history of alcohol or other substance use problems. The current research is aimed to (1) describe the prevalence of smoking in residential addictions treatment services and (2) compare characteristics of people who had or had not quit smoking. METHODS: Participants were attending residential substance abuse treatment provided by the Australian Salvation Army. These programs are up to 10 months in length and offer a range of low-intensity smoking cessation supports...
January 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129086/association-of-the-interaction-between-smoking-and-depressive-symptom-clusters-with-coronary-artery-calcification-the-cardia-study
#15
Allison J Carroll, Reto Auer, Laura A Colangelo, Mercedes R Carnethon, David R Jacobs, Jesse C Stewart, Rachel Widome, John Jeffrey Carr, Kiang Liu, Brian Hitsman
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptom clusters are differentially associated with prognosis among patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Few studies have prospectively evaluated the association between depressive symptom clusters and risk of CVD. Previously, we observed that smoking and global depressive symptoms were synergistically associated with coronary artery calcification (CAC). The purpose of this study was to determine whether the smoking by depressive symptoms interaction, measured cumulatively over 25 years, differed by depressive symptom cluster (negative affect, anhedonia, and somatic symptoms) in association with CAC...
January 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067594/nicotine-withdrawal-relapse-of-mental-illness-or-medication-side-effect-implementing-a-monitoring-tool-for-people-with-mental-illness-into-quitline-counseling
#16
Catherine J Segan, Amanda L Baker, Alyna Turner, Jill M Williams
BACKGROUND: Smokers with mental illness and their health care providers are often concerned that smoking cessation will worsen mental health. Smokers with mental illness tend to be more nicotine-dependent and experience more severe symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, some of which are difficult to distinguish from psychiatric symptoms. In addition, smoking cessation can increase the blood levels and hence side effects of some psychotropic medications. Improved monitoring of nicotine withdrawal and medication side effects may help distinguish temporary withdrawal symptoms from psychiatric symptoms and facilitate targeted treatment to help smokers with mental illness manage the acute phase of nicotine withdrawal...
January 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982748/self-reported-reasons-for-smoking-predicting-abstinence-and-implications-for-smoking-cessation-treatments-among-those-with-a-psychotic-disorder
#17
Vanessa Clark, Amanda Baker, Terry Lewin, Robyn Richmond, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Sacha Filia, David Castle, Jill Williams, Juanita Todd
OBJECTIVES: People living with a psychotic illness have higher rates of cigarette smoking and face unique barriers to quitting compared to the general population. We examined whether self-reported reasons for smoking are useful predictors of successful quit attempts among people with psychosis. METHODS: As part of a randomized controlled trial addressing smoking and cardiovascular disease risk behaviors among people with psychosis, self-reported reasons for smoking were assessed at baseline (n = 235), 15 weeks (n = 151), and 12 months (n = 139)...
January 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918881/a-preliminary-investigation-of-a-relapse-prevention-mobile-application-to-maintain-smoking-abstinence-among-individuals-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Terrell A Hicks, Shaun P Thomas, Sarah M Wilson, Patrick S Calhoun, Eric R Kuhn, Jean C Beckham
OBJECTIVES: Smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have increased difficulty achieving and maintaining abstinence. Contingency management approaches to smoking cessation interventions have demonstrated short-term efficacy but are limited by high rates of relapse. The goal of this pilot study was to evaluate the usability and feasibility of a smartphone-based smoking cessation application (Stay Quit Coach) designed to prevent relapse among individuals with PTSD. METHODS: Smokers (N = 11) were randomized to (1) QUIT4EVER, an intervention combining mobile contingency management smoking cessation counseling and medications, and Stay Quit Coach or (2) a contact control condition that was identical to QUIT4EVER except Stay Quit Coach was not included...
January 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918872/exploring-the-potential-for-family-carers-to-support-people-with-mental-illness-to-stop-smoking
#19
Sharon Lawn, Jenny Bowman, Paula Wye, John Wiggers
Cigarette smoking poses significant health burdens for people with mental illness. They die sooner than they should, and smoking is a major contributor to their high rates of morbid chronic physical health conditions and early mortality, compared to the general population. Family carers provide important support to people with mental illness. However, family carers' perspectives of smoking by their family members with mental illness are largely absent from the research literature and from practice, despite smoking rates remaining high and quit rates remaining low for this population...
January 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858591/predictors-of-the-perception-of-smoking-health-risks-in-smokers-with-or-without-schizophrenia
#20
William J Kowalczyk, Heidi J Wehring, George Burton, Heather Raley, Stephanie Feldman, Stephen J Heishman, Deanna L Kelly
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the predictors of health risk perception in smokers with or without schizophrenia. METHODS: The health risk subscale from the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire was dichotomized and used to measure health risk perception in smokers with (n = 67) and without schizophrenia (n = 100). A backward stepwise logistic regression was conducted using variables associated at the bivariate level to determine multivariate predictors. RESULTS: Overall, 62...
January 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
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