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Journal of Dual Diagnosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694295/psychological-functioning-of-women-taking-illicit-drugs-during-pregnancy-and-the-growth-and-development-of-their-offspring-in-early-childhood
#1
Dana Serino, Bradley S Peterson, Tove S Rosen
OBJECTIVE: Assess psychosocial history and psychological functioning in women who use drugs during pregnancy and determine how drug exposure affects child development. METHODS: Pregnant marijuana (n = 38), cocaine (n = 35), methadone-maintained (n = 24), and control (n = 49) group women were enrolled and followed every 6 months through 18-24 months postnatally. RESULTS: There was a significantly higher incidence of mental illness in mothers in the drug groups...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693495/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-nicotine-preloading-for-smoking-cessation-in-people-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Eric A Dedert, Paul A Dennis, Patrick S Calhoun, Michelle F Dennis, Jean C Beckham
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether augmenting standard smoking cessation treatment by wearing an active nicotine patch before the smoking quit date improves rates of smoking cessation in individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and to explore mechanisms of treatment response such as decreased cigarette craving and symptom relief from smoking. METHODS: Double-blind parallel randomized controlled trial in 81 people with PTSD who smoked cigarettes. Participants were recruited from Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics and flyers in the community...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683791/is-clinical-assessment-of-addiction-severity-of-individuals-with-substance-use-disorder-using-the-addiction-severity-index-a-predictor-of-future-inpatient-mental-health-hospitalization-a-nine-year-registry-study
#3
Mojgan Padyab, Bengt-Åke Armelius, Kerstin Armelius, Siv Nyström, Björn Blom, Ann-Sofie Grönlund, Lena Lundgren
OBJECTIVE: In Sweden, the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) is the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare's recommended substance use disorder assessment tool and used routinely for patient intakes. Our study of 213 individuals assessed for substance use disorder with the ASI used nine years of the National Patient Register and examined whether clinical social workers' assessments of addiction severity at baseline were associated with later hospitalizations for mental health disorder (MHD)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668421/factors-associated-with-unplanned-early-discharges-from-a-dual-diagnosis-inpatient-detoxification-unit-in-israel
#4
Menachem M Sofer, Alexander Kaptsan, Jonathan Anson
OBJECTIVES: Currently, Israel has a single governmental inpatient dual diagnosis detoxification unit. We provide a cross-section of patient profiles in this study as well as explore possible associations between clinical/demographic factors and the unplanned early discharge of patients from the unit, aiming at improving rehabilitation success rates. METHODS: In this retrospective study, medical records of all patients admitted to the unit between January 1, 2012, and July 1, 2013, were examined (N = 323)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668364/increased-resilience-is-associated-with-positive-treatment-outcomes-for-veterans-with-comorbid-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders
#5
Adam P McGuire, Natalie P Mota, Lauren M Sippel, Kevin M Connolly, Judith A Lyons
OBJECTIVE: Resilience has been associated with less severe psychiatric symptomatology and better treatment outcomes among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders. However, it remains unknown whether resilience increases during psychotherapy within the comorbid PTSD and substance use disorder population with unique features of dual diagnosis, including trauma cue-related cravings. We tested whether veterans seeking psychotherapy for comorbid PTSD and substance use disorder reported increased resilience from pre- to posttreatment...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505396/impulsivity-and-comorbid-ptsd-binge-drinking
#6
Jesse Walker, Kaitlin E Bountress, Casey D Calhoun, Isha W Metzger, Zachary Adams, Ananda Amstadter, Suzanne Thomas, Carla Kmett Danielson
OBJECTIVE: Trauma exposure is common, with estimates of 28 to 90% of adults reporting at least one traumatic event over their lifetime. Those exposed to traumatic events are at risk for alcohol misuse (i.e., binge drinking), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or both. A potential underlying mechanism for this comorbidity is increased impulsivity-the tendency to act rashly. Little work to date has examined the impact of different impulsogenic traits on this comorbidity. METHODS: This study (n = 162) investigated trauma-exposed young adults (age 21-30) who had endorsed a lifetime interpersonal trauma...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505348/financial-capability-clinicians-assessment-of-beneficiaries-with-dual-diagnoses
#7
Thomas A Thornhill, Anne C Black, Marc I Rosen
INTRODUCTION: Adults with mental health disorders whose ability to work is sufficiently impeded are entitled to financial supports from the Social Security Administration. Beneficiaries determined to be incapable of managing these funds are supposed to be assigned a representative payee to assist beneficiaries in meeting their needs. However, patterns of payee assignment suggest that payee assignment is impacted by factors other than those the Social Security Administration instructs clinicians to consider...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505335/-a-focus-on-topics-related-to-smoking-and-ptsd
#8
E Sherwood Brown, Alan Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488836/predicting-intention-to-use-nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-people-attending-residential-treatment-for-substance-dependency
#9
Peter J Kelly, Camilla J Townsend, Briony A Osborne, Amanda L Baker, Frank P Deane, Carol Keane, Isabella Ingram, Joanne Lunn
INTRODUCTION: Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) is recommended as a frontline smoking cessation tool for people attending mental health and substance dependence treatment services. Previous research suggests that NRT is underutilized in these settings. To improve the use of NRT amongst people attending residential treatment for substance use disorders (SUDs) it is important that the factors influencing smokers' decisions to use NRT are understood. The study aimed to examine: (1) smoking cessation strategies used by participants in previous quit attempts, (2) participants' attitudes towards NRT (i...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488830/translating-evidence-based-practice-for-managing-comorbid-substance-use-and-mental-illness-using-a-multimodal-training-package
#10
Eva Louie, Vicki Giannopoulos, Andrew Baillie, Gabriela Uribe, Simon Byrne, Mark Deady, Maree Teesson, Amanda Baker, Paul S Haber, Kirsten C Morley
OBJECTIVE: Comorbid mental health and substance use problems are highly prevalent in substance use treatment settings and generally lead to poorer treatment outcomes. Pathways to Comorbidity Care (PCC) is a multimodal training program developed to encourage an integrated service approach to improve clinicians capacity to identify and manage comorbid substance use and mental health outcomes within public drug and alcohol treatment settings. METHODS: In this paper we describe the concepts underlying the PCC package and the use of implementation science to assess and overcome potential barriers, including clinicians preferences, knowledge about best practice, and professional culture...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461932/clinical-outcomes-from-a-10-week-follow-up-psychoeducational-program-for-dual-diagnosis
#11
J Chilton, D Crone, P J Tyson
BACKGROUND: Dual diagnosis covers a broad spectrum of mental health and substance misuse conditions occurring concurrently (NICE, 2016 ). Its manifestation is complex and, as such, the disorder is recognized as influencing adherence to prescribed medication and service engagement and has a worse prognosis than substance use and mental health conditions occurring independently. AIMS: To determine the effectiveness of psychoeducational group therapy in a sample of dual diagnosis patients...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461925/negative-affect-intensity-and-hostility-in-individuals-with-alcohol-use-disorder-with-or-without-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#12
Erin Gandelman, Ismene Petrakis, Lorig Kachadourian, Elizabeth Ralevski
OBJECTIVE: Negative affect intensity and hostility have both been implicated in alcohol use disorders (AUD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) when they occur separately, but neither have been compared or explored among those with comorbid AUD and PTSD. This study is a secondary analysis designed to compare levels of negative affect intensity and hostility among those with AUD to those with comorbid AUD and PTSD. METHODS: Participants (n = 113) were recruited from the placebo-controlled groups of two distinct 12-week clinical trials (NCT00342563 and NCT00744055)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494795/concurrent-disorders-and-health-care-utilization-among-homeless-and-vulnerably-housed-persons-in-canada
#13
Linda Zhang, Monica Norena, Anne Gadermann, Anita Hubley, Lara Russell, Tim Aubry, Matthew J To, Susan Farrell, Stephen Hwang, Anita Palepu
OBJECTIVE: Individuals who are homeless or vulnerably housed have a higher prevalence of concurrent disorders, defined as having a mental health diagnosis and problematic substance use, compared to the general housed population. The study objective was to investigate the effect of having concurrent disorders on health care utilization among homeless or vulnerably housed individuals, using longitudinal data from the Health and Housing in Transition Study. METHODS: In 2009, 1190 homeless or vulnerably housed adults were recruited in Ottawa, Toronto, and Vancouver, Canada...
January 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351507/-i-smoke-like-this-to-suppress-these-issues-that-are-flaws-of-my-character-challenges-and-facilitators-of-cessation-among-smokers-with-bipolar-disorder
#14
Jaimee L Heffner, Noreen L Watson, Jennifer B McClure, Robert M Anthenelli, Sarah Hohl, Jonathan B Bricker
OBJECTIVE: Smokers with bipolar disorder (BD) have low rates of successful quitting, yet no prior studies have evaluated the process of quitting among these smokers in the context of a current quit attempt. To facilitate development of more effective interventions, we conducted a qualitative exploration of challenges and facilitators of quitting in an intervention study for smokers with BD. METHODS: Participants were adult daily smokers with BD (n = 10) who completed a 10-week smoking cessation intervention consisting of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and nicotine patch...
January 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166213/relationship-of-ptsd-with-impulsivity-dimensions-while-controlling-the-effect-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-sample-of-inpatients-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#15
Cuneyt Evren, Gokhan Umut, Muge Bozkurt, Bilge Evren
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with impulsivity dimensions while controlling the effect of anxiety and depression in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHODS: Participants were 190 male patients admitted to a specialized center for substance use disorders within a six month period. Participants were evaluated with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Short Form Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11-SF), the Traumatic Experiences Checklist, and PTSD Checklist-Civilian version...
January 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166211/tobacco-use-medical-illness-and-service-utilization
#16
E Sherwood Brown, Alan I Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111906/types-of-smokers-who-seek-smoking-cessation-treatment-according-to-psychopathology
#17
Úrsula Martínez, Elena Fernández Del Río, Ana López-Durán, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elisardo Becoña
Psychopathology and psychological distress have been shown to be related to poor smoking cessation outcomes and abstinence maintenance. Thus, it is important to identify individuals with high levels of psychopathology before undergoing smoking cessation treatment in order to increase their likelihood of success. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the present study was to analyze whether we could classify smokers by using self-reported measures of psychopathology. In addition, a secondary aim was to examine if there were significant differences among the groups of smokers regarding sociodemographic information, nicotine dependence, and cessation rates at the end of treatment and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups...
January 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083287/impact-of-e-cigarettes-on-smoking-and-related-outcomes-in-veteran-smokers-with-psychiatric-comorbidity
#18
Gerald W Valentine, Kathryn Hefner, Peter I Jatlow, Robert A Rosenheck, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Mehmet Sofuoglu
OBJECTIVE: Compared to the general U.S. population, smokers with comorbid psychiatric and/or substance use disorders have lower quit rates after evidence-based treatments and disproportionately high smoking-related deaths. Improved modalities for reducing tobacco-related harm in this subpopulation are needed. Because electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) can now deliver physiologically relevant levels of nicotine to consumers, they represent an additional nicotine delivery system that could be used in cessation interventions...
January 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053436/is-the-danish-version-of-mate-feasible-a-pilot-study-on-feasibility-and-adequacy
#19
Morten Ellegaard Hell, Kjeld Andersen, Anette Søgaard Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: Assessment is pivotal to the work of health care professionals and social workers, as it provides fundamental, systematic information that is essential when planning interventions. Many patients have addiction problems as well as psychiatric illness and they very often interact. An assessment tool addressing both areas would be beneficial for this large group of patients. This pilot study explores feasibility and adequacy of the Danish translation of the Measurements in Addiction for Triage and Evaluation (MATE) assessment in the following sectors: drug and alcohol treatment, psychiatry, and social service...
January 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035169/prospective-longitudinal-substance-use-patterns-in-patients-preparing-for-hepatitis-c-treatment
#20
Carol S North, David E Pollio, Omar T Sims, Mamta K Jain, Barry A Hong
OBJECTIVES: This study prospectively examined the independent courses of alcohol, drugs, and smoking over 18 months in 154 patients preparing for hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment in relation to functioning, negative coping, and satisfaction with quality of life in data collected from a randomized controlled trial of multiple-family group psychoeducation for patients preparing for HCV treatment. Patients with HCV who had consistent abstinence, consistent use, or achievement of abstinence after study entry were examined for outcomes pertaining to functioning in the context of HCV, negative coping, and satisfaction with quality of life...
January 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
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