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Journal of Dual Diagnosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541802/the-role-of-relationship-adjustment-in-an-integrated-individual-treatment-for-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders-among-veterans-an-exploratory-study
#1
Julianne C Flanagan, Melanie S Fischer, Christal L Badour, Gili Ornan, Therese K Killeen, Sudie E Back
OBJECTIVE: Identifying factors that influence treatment outcomes of emerging integrated interventions for co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder is crucial to maximize veterans' health. Dyadic adjustment suffers among individuals with PTSD and substance use disorder and may be an important mechanism of change in treatment. This exploratory study examined the association between dyadic adjustment and treatment outcomes in individual integrated treatment for co-occurring PTSD and substance use disorder...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521661/from-the-editors-brief-synopsis
#2
E Sherwood Brown, Alan I Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489501/smoking-cessation-treatment-for-patients-with-mental-disorders-using-cbt-and-combined-pharmacotherapy
#3
Aline Rodrigues Loreto, Carlos Felipe Cavalcanti Carvalho, Fernanda Piotto Fralonardo, Flavia Ismael, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, João Maurício Castaldelli-Maia
OBJECTIVES: To investigate smoking treatment effectiveness and retention in a population with and without mental disorders (MD). Participants received cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) plus nicotine patch alone or in combination with other medications (i.e., gum, bupropion, or nortriptyline) for smoking cessation treatment in a Brazilian Psychosocial Care Center unit (CAPS), taking into account sociodemographics and smoking profile covariates. METHODS: Comparison of treatment success (7-day point prevalence abstinence at the end of the treatment) and retention (presence of the individual in all of the 4 medical consultations and 6 group sessions) in two subsamples of patients with MD (n = 267) and without MD (n = 397) who were included in a 6-week treatment provided by a CAPS from 2007 to 2013...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481727/trends-in-opioid-use-disorder-diagnoses-and-medication-treatment-among-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Brian Shiner, Christine Leonard Westgate, Nancy C Bernardy, Paula P Schnurr, Bradley V Watts
OBJECTIVE: Despite long-standing interest in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and opioid use disorder (OUD) comorbidity, there is a paucity of data on the prevalence of OUD in patients with PTSD. Therefore, there is limited understanding of the use of medications for OUD in this population. We determined the prevalence of diagnosed OUD and use of medications for OUD in a large cohort of patients with PTSD. METHODS: We obtained administrative and pharmacy data for Veterans who initiated PTSD treatment in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) between 2004 and 2013 (n = 731,520)...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481179/an-online-survey-of-family-members-beliefs-and-attitudes-about-smoking-and-mental-illness
#5
Kelly A Aschbrenner, Lisa B Dixon, John A Naslund, John Carlo M Bienvenida, Kinsey L McManus, Stephen J Bartels, Mary F Brunette
OBJECTIVE:  Family beliefs about smoking and cessation may influence whether individuals with mental illness who smoke use effective cessation treatment.  We surveyed family members online regarding beliefs about smoking and cessation among people with mental illness. METHOD: Two hundred fifty-six family members of individuals with mental illness completed an online survey.  Responses were summarized and t-tests were used to compare responses based on the family member's smoking status...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481169/a-comparison-of-antidepressants-with-without-naltrexone-on-sexual-side-effects
#6
M Thapa, I Petrakis, E Ralevski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the rate of sexual side effects of a serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) paroxetine versus tricyclic (TCI) desipramine and to examine the effect of co-prescription of naltrexone on sexual side effects among participants in a randomized clinical trial. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis (N = 88) of veterans who participated in a 12 week trial. All veterans were randomized into one of four treatment groups: a) desipramine/naltrexone, b) desipramine/placebo, c) paroxetine/naltrexone and d) paroxetine/placebo...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414583/improved-depressive-symptoms-in-adults-with-schizophrenia-during-a-smoking-cessation-attempt-with-varenicline-and-behavioral-therapy
#7
Corinne Cather, Susanne Hoeppner, Gladys Pachas, Sarah Pratt, Eric Achtyes, Kristina M Cieslak, A Eden Evins
OBJECTIVE: Smoking prevalence rates are elevated in individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) compared with the general population, with attendant disproportionate smoking-related morbidity and mortality. Pharmacotherapies that improve abstinence rates in this population are underutilized, partly due to concerns about neuropsychiatric safety, particularly for those with comorbid depression or prior suicide attempt. Prospective assessment of the psychiatric safety profile of varenicline in those with SSD is needed...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414579/housing-first-for-adults-with-problematic-substance-use
#8
Rebecca A Cherner, Tim Aubry, John Sylvestre, Rob Boyd, Donna Pettey
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the two-year housing and non-housing outcomes for adults who are homeless with problematic substance use that received scattered-site housing and intensive case management services from a Housing First program in Ottawa, Canada, in comparison with a group of adults who are homeless with problematic substance use that had access to standard care in the community. METHODS: Housing First clients (n = 89) and members of a comparison group (n = 89) completed structured interviews at baseline and were followed for two years...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494224/trauma-case-studies-and-dual-diagnosis-consequences
#9
E Sherwood Brown, Alan I Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426346/correlates-of-current-smoking-among-adults-served-by-the-public-mental-health-system
#10
Margaret A Swarbrick, Judith A Cook, Lisa A Razzano, Jessica A Jonikas, Ni Gao, Jill Williams, Jay Yudof
OBJECTIVE: As part of a study of health status among 457 adults with diagnostically heterogeneous serious mental illnesses served by the public mental health system in four U.S. states, we assessed predictors of current cigarette smoking. METHODS: We examined bivariate relationships between smoking status and risks for drug and alcohol use disorders, residential setting, parental status, and employment. Finally, we used multivariable logistic regression to predict current smoking, controlling for significant confounds...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418789/transitions-and-motivations-for-substance-misuse-in-prison-inmates-with-adhd-and-conduct-disorder-validation-of-a-new-instrument
#11
Susan Young, Rafael A González, Kim Wolff, Laura Mutch, Isabella Malet-Lambert, Gisli H Gudjonsson
OBJECTIVE: There is a reasonable theoretical base for understanding the possible causes and motivations behind substance misuse and its dependency. There is a need for a reliable and valid measure that delineates the markers of substance use from its initiation and identifies different motivations for drug use transitioning, maintenance, and dependency. We addressed this gap in the United Kingdom by examining and validating the Substance Transitions in Addiction Rating Scale (STARS). METHODS: For this review, 390 male prisoners were screened for conduct disorder and assessed with a clinical diagnostic interview for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368772/the-role-of-impulsivity-dimensions-in-the-relation-between-probable-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-aggressive-behavior-among-substance-users
#12
Nicole H Weiss, Kevin M Connolly, Kim L Gratz, Matthew T Tull
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder report heightened levels of numerous risky and health-compromising behaviors, including aggressive behaviors. Given evidence that aggressive behavior is associated with negative substance use disorder treatment outcomes, research is needed to identify the factors that may account for the association between PTSD and aggressive behavior among patients with substance use disorder. Thus, the goal of this study was to examine the role of impulsivity dimensions (i...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368709/using-the-pictorial-representation-of-illness-and-self-measure-prism-to-quantify-and-compare-suffering-from-trauma-and-addiction
#13
Tim Kok, Hein A De Haan, Tom Sensky, Margreet van der Meer, Cornelis A J De Jong
OBJECTIVE: In a sample of people with substance use disorder who had experienced psychological trauma, this study aimed to quantify differences in perceived suffering due to addiction-related problems and to trauma-related problems. METHODS: The sample comprised 146 inpatients with substance use disorder: 25% had posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 21% had subthreshold PTSD; and the remainder constituted the trauma-only group. PTSD, substance use disorder, and suffering were assessed using validated instruments...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368694/autoimmune-mediated-psychosis-a-case-of-susac-syndrome-in-a-drug-user
#14
Pablo Barrio, Mercè Balcells, Delón La Puma, Carles Gaig
OBJECTIVE: Susac syndrome, a rare disorder, is thought to be mediated by autoantibodies. One of the potential targets of these autoantibodies could be an antigen in the microvessels of the brain, the retina, and the inner ear leading to central nervous system (CNS) alterations, visual disturbances, and hearing deficits. Our aim is to expand clinicians' diagnostic options when facing psychosis due to medical conditions. METHODS: A case report was conducted for this study...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129100/demoralization-in-patients-with-substance-use-and-co-occurring-psychiatric-disorders
#15
Gerdien H De Weert, Wiebren Markus, David W Kissane, Cornelis A J De Jong
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, treatment of substance use disorder has rekindled emphasis on recovery which, being a gradual process, starts with remoralization. In this study, we examine the level of demoralization throughout the treatment process for patients with comorbid substance dependence and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: 217 patients with co-occurring disorders and 179 community-based individuals participated in this study. Demoralization was measured twice over one month as inpatient treatment happened...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107107/tobacco-alcohol-and-drug-use-of-people-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-differential-impact-of-family-and-friends
#16
Eunji Nam, Sadaaki Fukui
OBJECTIVE: Substance use among people with mood and anxiety disorders is highly prevalent. The literature suggests that substance use among people with mood and anxiety disorders is linked to social relational factors, yet it has rarely been the case that studies explicitly examine the differential impact of family and friends. This study investigated the association among family relationships, friendships, and substance use among people with mood and anxiety disorders. METHODS: Using the National Survey of American Life, structural equation modeling tested the unique effects of family relationships and friendships on tobacco, alcohol, and drug use (n = 1,076)...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045601/a-post-hurricane-katrina-examination-of-substance-abuse-treatment-discharges-with-co-occurring-psychiatric-and-substance-use-disorders
#17
Monique Shuler, Sumihiro Suzuki, Arwen Podesta, Raquel Qualls-Hampton, Sherrie Flynt Wallington
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing literature supporting the adverse effects of disasters on substance use and psychiatric disorders. The co-occurrence of psychiatric disorders with substance use intensifies the challenge of treatment delivery. Thus the aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of substance use, treatment characteristics, and demographics of discharges from substance abuse treatment in New Orleans, post-Hurricane Katrina. Trends associated with discharges that have a co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorder (COD) were also assessed...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029274/prevalence-of-victimization-in-patients-with-dual-diagnosis
#18
Marleen Maria de Waal, Jacobus Johannes Maria Dekker, Anna Emma Goudriaan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of victimization in patients with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders (dual diagnosis) and compare them to the general population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional survey study conducted in the Netherlands, 9 different types of victimization (e.g., physical assault) were assessed with the Safety Monitor in patients with dual diagnosis (n = 243) and a sample of the general population (n = 10,865)...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935442/psychosis-after-switch-in-opioid-maintenance-agonist-and-risperidone-induced-pisa-syndrome-two-critical-incidents-in-dual-diagnosis-treatment
#19
Manuel Sutter, Marc Walter, Kenneth M Dürsteler, Johannes Strasser, Marc Vogel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dual diagnosis commonly occurs among patients with an opioid use disorder. Treatment is ideally performed in an integrated fashion. We present a case that illustrates the complex and challenging psychiatric and medical therapy of such patients in the light of the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report on a 56-year-old patient with schizophrenia and opioid dependence who experienced both risperidone-induced Pisa syndrome and, 3 years later, acute psychosis after switching the opioid substitution medication from methadone to slow-release oral morphine due to QT prolongation...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486062/building-a-research-agenda-for-reducing-smoking-and-other-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#20
Amanda L Baker, Jill M Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
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