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Journal of Dual Diagnosis

Terrell A Hicks, Shaun P Thomas, Sarah M Wilson, Patrick S Calhoun, Eric R Kuhn, Jean C Beckham
OBJECTIVES: Smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have increased difficulty achieving and maintaining abstinence. Contingency management approaches to smoking cessation interventions have demonstrated short-term efficacy, but are limited by high rates of relapse. The goal of this pilot study was to evaluate the usability and feasibility of a smartphone-based smoking cessation application (Stay Quit Coach) designed to prevent relapse among individuals with PTSD. METHODS: Smokers (N = 11) were randomized to 1) QUIT4EVER, an intervention combining mobile contingency management smoking cessation counseling and medications, and Stay Quit Coach or 2) a contact control condition that was identical to QUIT4EVER except Stay Quit Coach was not included...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Sharon Lawn, Jenny Bowman, Paula Wye, John Wiggers
Cigarette smoking poses significant health burdens for people with mental illness. They die sooner than they should, and smoking is a major contributor to their high rates of morbid chronic physical health conditions and early mortality, compared to the general population. Family carers provide important support to people with mental illness. However, family carers' perspectives of smoking by their family members with mental illness are largely absent from the research literature and from practice, despite smoking rates remaining high and quit rates remaining low for this population...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
William J Kowalczyk, Heidi J Wehring, George Burton, Heather Raley, Stephanie Feldman, Stephen J Heishman, Deanna L Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Examine the predictors for health risk perception in smokers with or without schizophrenia. METHODS: The health risk subscale from the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire was dichotomized and used to measure health risk perception in smokers with (n = 67) and without schizophrenia (n = 100). A backwards stepwise logistic regression was conducted using variables associated at the bivariate level to determine multivariate predictors. RESULTS: 62...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Noreen L Watson, Jaimee L Heffner, Jennifer B McClure, Jonathan B Bricker
OBJECTIVES: Although social anxiety is associated with higher prevalence of smoking and lower cessation rates, little is known about the underlying mechanisms of these relationships. Research suggests that socially anxious smokers have higher levels of smoking-specific experiential avoidance and are inclined to smoke to avoid internal smoking cues. However, it is unknown which types of internal smoking cues they avoid. Thus, this study aimed to address this gap in the literature. METHODS: Participants (N = 450) were adult smokers from a group-based trial for smoking cessation...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
E Sherwood Brown, Alan I Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Alan I Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Moira Haller, Peter J Colvonen, Brittany C Davis, Ryan S Trim, Rebecca Bogner, John Sevcik, Sonya B Norman
OBJECTIVE: Veterans with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have access to various residential and outpatient treatment programs through the VA Healthcare System. There is a need to better understand the characteristics and needs of veterans who engage in residential versus outpatient treatment in order to help inform veteran care and decisions about treatment services. METHODS: The present study examined whether veterans with both AUD and combat-related PTSD who were enrolled in residential (n = 103) or outpatient treatment programs (n = 76) differed on pretreatment psychiatric symptoms, substance use and associated problems/behaviors, or demographics...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Todd M Bishop, Stephen A Maisto, Suzanne Spinola
OBJECTIVE: Rates of HIV remain elevated in select populations such as those with severe mental illness and also among those who abuse cocaine, a vehicle through which risky sexual behavior may occur. The objective of the present narrative review was to synthesize the literature regarding stimulant use and its association with sexual risk among individuals with severe mental illness. METHODS: This narrative review of the literature utilized Boolean search logic and the PsycINFO and PsycARTICLES databases to identify articles that explored the relationships among stimulant use, risky sexual behavior, and severe mental illness...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Shaul Lev-Ran, José Martínez-Raga, Amine Benyamina, Shalini Singh, Lisa Blecha, Nestor Szerman
OBJECTIVE: This article overviews training, clinical services, and research on dual disorders across four countries: France, India, Israel, and Spain. METHODS: The current dual disorders systems in each of the four countries were reviewed, with a focus on strengths and limitations of each. RESULTS: In France, psychiatric care occurs within the public health care system and involves little training of medical graduates for managing dual disorders...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Anatoly Margolis, Paola Rosca, Rena Kurs, Sharon R Sznitman, Alexander Grinshpoon
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the proportion of drug users among patients with mental disorders who attended the emergency department of one major psychiatric hospital in Northern Israel, the most frequent psychiatric diagnoses associated with drug use, and the impact of confirmed drug use on hospital admission. We hypothesized that the proportion of individuals with positive urine drug test results presenting at the psychiatric emergency department during the study period would be 20% to 30%...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Stella M Resko, Suzanne Brown, Natasha S Mendoza, Shantel Crosby, Antonio González-Prendes
OBJECTIVE: Perception of need is a key factor that influences decisions to seek help and complete treatment for substance use and mental health problems. In the current study, we examine patterns of perceived treatment needs among women with co-occurring substance use disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and explore how these patterns are associated with demographics, psychosocial variables, and treatment-related factors. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of the Women and Trauma Study from the National Institute on Drug Abuse's Clinical Trial Network was conducted...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Suzanne Brown, Laurel M Hicks, Elizabeth M Tracy
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 73% of women entering treatment for substance use disorders are mothers of children younger than 18, and the high rate of mental health disorders among mothers with substance use disorders increases their vulnerability to poor parenting practices. Parenting efficacy and social support for parenting have emerged as significant predictors of positive parenting practices among families at risk for child maltreatment. The purpose of the current study was to examine the impact of parenting support and parenting efficacy on the likelihood of out-of-home placement and custody status among the children of mothers with dual substance use and mental health disorders...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Autumn Harnish, Patrick Corrigan, Thomas Byrne, Debra A Pinals, Stephanie Rodrigues, David Smelson
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study examined whether substance use or mental illness was more stigmatizing among individuals with co-occurring mental health and substance abuse problems. METHODS: This study included 48 individuals with co-occurring substance use and mental health problems enrolled in a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services funded treatment program. Subjects received a baseline assessment that included addiction, mental health, and stigma measures. RESULTS: The sample consisted primarily of White males with an average age of 38 years...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Joseph M Johnson, Chris Y Wu, Gerald Scott Winder, Michael I Casher, Vincent D Marshall, Jolene R Bostwick
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the association between cannabis use and the hospital course of patients admitted to the psychiatric inpatient unit with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar disorder. Many confounding variables potentially contribute to the clinical presentation of hospitalized patients in the psychiatric unit. Illicit drug use, in particular, has been associated with acute agitation, and questions can be raised as to what lasting effects drug use prior to admission may have throughout a patient's hospital stay...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete, María Elena Medina-Mora, Viviana E Horigian, Ihsan M Salloum, Luis Villalobos-Gallegos, José Fernández-Mondragón
OBJECTIVE: In Mexico, specialized treatment services for people with co-occurring disorders are limited within public health services, while private options are deemed too costly. More than 2,000 community-based residential care facilities have risen as an alternative and are the main source of treatment for individuals with substance use disorders; however, suboptimal practices within such facilities are common. Information on the clinical characteristics of patients receiving care in these facilities is scarce and capacity to provide high-quality care for co-occurring disorders is unknown...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Doug Polcin, Rachael Korcha, Shalika Gupta, Meenakshi Sabina Subbaraman, Amy A Mericle
OBJECTIVE: Sober living houses are alcohol- and drug-free recovery residences that help individuals with substance use disorders maintain long-term abstinence. Given the prevalence of co-occurring mental disorders among individuals entering substance use treatment, it is likely that many such residents are also contending with psychiatric symptoms, and it is unclear how these symptoms may affect their sobriety. This study sought to describe the prevalence and trajectories of different types of symptoms among sober living house residents and examine how these symptoms affect substance use outcomes...
April 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Robert E Drake, Alan I Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Colleen Clark, Christina C Guenther, Jessica N Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to examine two evidence-based models of case management for people with co-occurring disorders and histories of chronic homelessness and to better understand their roles in permanent supported housing. Critical Time Intervention and Assertive Community Treatment are examined in terms of key elements, how they assist in ending homelessness, as well as the role they play in an individual's recovery from co-occurring disorders. METHODS: Participants in two supported housing programs were interviewed at baseline and 6 months...
April 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Nanna Gilliam Toftdahl, Merete Nordentoft, Carsten Hjorthøj
OBJECTIVE: It remains unclear whether there is an association between severity of cannabis use and psychotic symptom severity over time. Shedding light on this under-researched matter could have clinical implications for this patient group. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a randomized, parallel-group, superiority, assessor-blinded trial. We followed 60 patients with dually diagnosed psychosis and cannabis use disorders from the Danish CapOpus trial, which included assessments at baseline, post-treatment (6 months) and 10 months...
April 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
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