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Chronic Respiratory Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081266/copd-in-exclusive-narghile-smokers-some-points-to-verify
#1
Helmi Ben Saad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081265/bacterial-infections-in-patients-with-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-comparison-with-cystic-fibrosis
#2
Christiaan Dm Wijers, James F Chmiel, Benjamin M Gaston
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with severely impaired mucociliary clearance caused by defects in ciliary structure and function. Although recurrent bacterial infection of the respiratory tract is one of the major clinical features of this disease, PCD airway microbiology is understudied. Despite the differences in pathophysiology, assumptions about respiratory tract infections in patients with PCD are often extrapolated from cystic fibrosis (CF) airway microbiology...
November 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081264/health-status-of-copd-patients-undergoing-pulmonary-rehabilitation-a-comparative-responsiveness-of-the-cat-and-sgrq
#3
Anabel Sciriha, Stephen Lungaro-Mifsud, Josianne Scerri, Rosalie Magro, Liberato Camilleri, Stephen Montefort
The St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) assessment test (CAT) are the measures used to assess health status. This study aims to examine the responsiveness of these tools by severity of dyspnoea category in patients with COPD. Forty-nine COPD patients who underwent a 12-week pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programme were assessed at baseline, 12 weeks and at 28-week follow-up. Patients were categorized into two groups by severity of dyspnoea category (i...
November 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774206/how-do-patients-conceptualize-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
R E Goldman, L Mennillo, P Stebbins, D R Parker
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of death in the United States, yet even at risk or diagnosed patients misunderstand COPD and its consequences for their quality of life and mortality. This study explored how patients conceptualize the causes, symptoms, consequences, treatment, and risk for developing COPD. The study consisted of six focus groups: 39 participants who were adults > 40 and current smoker or have COPD symptoms, family history, or exposures. Although many participants had some familiarity with the breathing, lung function, physical, emotional, and social consequences of COPD, confusion and misunderstanding prevailed...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774205/effect-of-respiratory-rehabilitation-techniques-on-the-autonomic-function-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#5
Jibril Mohammed, Hellen Da Silva, Jessica Van Oosterwijck, Patrick Calders
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) show several extrapulmonary abnormalities such as impairment in the autonomic function (AF). Similarly, the use of respiratory training techniques such as controlled breathing techniques, noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV), and oxygen supplementation for AF modulation in patients with COPD is popular in existing literature. However, the evidence to support their use is nonexistent. A systematic search of studies reporting on the effect of controlled breathing techniques, NIMV, and/or oxygen supplementation techniques on AF outcome parameters was conducted in three online databases: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774204/apache-ii-score-cannot-predict-successful-weaning-from-prolonged-mechanical-ventilation
#6
Anna Rojek-Jarmuła, Rainer Hombach, Łukasz J Krzych
At least 5% of all intensive care unit patients require prolonged respiratory support. Multiple factors have been suggested as possible predictors of successful respiratory weaning so far. We sought to verify whether the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) can predict freedom from prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) in patients treated in a regional weaning centre. The study group comprised 130 consecutive patients (age; median (interquartile range): 71 (62-77) years), hospitalized between 1 January 2012, and 31 December 2013...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774203/validity-and-reliability-of-strain-gauge-measurement-of-volitional-quadriceps-force-in-patients-with-copd
#7
Fernanda Machado Rodrigues, Heleen Demeyer, Miek Hornikx, Carlos Augusto Camillo, Ebru Calik-Kutukcu, Chris Burtin, Wim Janssens, Thierry Troosters, Christian Osadnik
This study investigated the validity and reliability of fixed strain gauge measurements of isometric quadriceps force in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A total cohort of 138 patients with COPD were assessed. To determine validity, maximal volitional quadriceps force was evaluated during isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) manoeuvre via a fixed strain gauge dynamometer and compared to (a) potentiated non-volitional quadriceps force obtained via magnetic stimulation of the femoral nerve (twitch (Tw); n = 92) and (b) volitional computerized dynamometry (Biodex; n = 46) and analysed via correlation coefficients...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774202/physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-sleep-in-copd-guidelines-a-systematic-review
#8
Hayley Lewthwaite, Tanja W Effing, Timothy Olds, Marie T Williams
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity, sedentary and sleep behaviours have strong associations with health. This systematic review aimed to identify how clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) report specific recommendations and strategies for these movement behaviours. METHODS: A systematic search of databases (Medline, Scopus, CiNAHL, EMbase, Clinical Guideline), reference lists and websites identified current versions of CPGs published since 2005...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774201/patterns-of-use-of-dry-powder-inhalers-versus-pressurized-metered-dose-inhalers-devices-in-adult-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-or-asthma-an-observational-comparative-study
#9
Wijdan H Ramadan, Aline T Sarkis
Numerous patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma do not use inhaler devices properly, which can contribute to poor disease control. The objective of this study is to assess the technical and safety use of dry powder inhalers (DPIs) versus pressurized metered-dose inhalers (MDIs) in adult patients with COPD or asthma in Lebanon. A concurrent, prospective comparative observational study was conducted at one hospital and 15 community pharmacies in Lebanon. Over a period of 18 months, 246 questionnaires were filled...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774200/clinical-effectiveness-of-self-management-interventions-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-an-overview-of-reviews
#10
Linda A Murphy, Patricia Harrington, Stephanie Jc Taylor, Conor Teljeur, Susan M Smith, Hilary Pinnock, Máirín Ryan
Self-management (SM) is defined as the provision of interventions to increase patients' skills and confidence, empowering the individual to take an active part in their disease management. There is uncertainty regarding the optimal format and the short- and long-term benefits of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) SM interventions in adults. Therefore, a high-quality overview of reviews was updated to examine their clinical effectiveness. Sixteen reviews were identified, interventions were broadly classified as education or action plans, complex interventions with an SM focus, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), telehealth and outreach nursing...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774199/physical-activity-patterns-and-clusters-in-1001-patients-with-copd
#11
Rafael Mesquita, Gabriele Spina, Fabio Pitta, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Brenda M Deering, Mehul S Patel, Katy E Mitchell, Jennifer Alison, Arnoldus Jr van Gestel, Stefanie Zogg, Philippe Gagnon, Beatriz Abascal-Bolado, Barbara Vagaggini, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Sue C Jenkins, Elisabeth Apm Romme, Samantha Sc Kon, Paul S Albert, Benjamin Waschki, Dinesh Shrikrishna, Sally J Singh, Nicholas S Hopkinson, David Miedinger, Roberto P Benzo, François Maltais, Pierluigi Paggiaro, Zoe J McKeough, Michael I Polkey, Kylie Hill, William D-C Man, Christian F Clarenbach, Nidia A Hernandes, Daniela Savi, Sally Wootton, Karina C Furlanetto, Li W Cindy Ng, Anouk W Vaes, Christine Jenkins, Peter R Eastwood, Diana Jarreta, Anne Kirsten, Dina Brooks, David R Hillman, Thaís Sant'Anna, Kenneth Meijer, Selina Dürr, Erica Pa Rutten, Malcolm Kohler, Vanessa S Probst, Ruth Tal-Singer, Esther Garcia Gil, Albertus C den Brinker, Jörg D Leuppi, Peter Ma Calverley, Frank Wjm Smeenk, Richard W Costello, Marco Gramm, Roger Goldstein, Miriam Tj Groenen, Helgo Magnussen, Emiel Fm Wouters, Richard L ZuWallack, Oliver Amft, Henrik Watz, Martijn A Spruit
We described physical activity measures and hourly patterns in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after stratification for generic and COPD-specific characteristics and, based on multiple physical activity measures, we identified clusters of patients. In total, 1001 patients with COPD (65% men; age, 67 years; forced expiratory volume in the first second [FEV1], 49% predicted) were studied cross-sectionally. Demographics, anthropometrics, lung function and clinical data were assessed...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774198/experiences-of-patients-undergoing-pulmonary-rehabilitation-during-an-exacerbation-of-chronic-respiratory-disease
#12
Emma E Vincent, Emma J Chaplin, Johanna Ea Williams, Theresa Harvey-Dunstan, Neil J Greening, Michael C Steiner, Mike D Morgan, Sally J Singh
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized in the later stages by acute exacerbations that often require hospitalization. Pulmonary rehabilitation is recommended for patients with COPD to aid symptom control, improve quality of life and increase physical activity. We have previously reported a large intervention trial commenced during a hospital admission. The aim of this sub-study was to evaluate the patients' experiences of discharge following the hospitalization for an acute exacerbation of COPD...
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413895/response-to-restrictive-lung-disease-low-epap-good-ventilation-is-it-real
#13
COMMENT
William Kinnear
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393535/restrictive-lung-disease-low-epap-good-ventilation-is-it-real
#14
LETTER
Giuseppe Fiorentino, Antonio M Esquinas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528564/authors-response-to-letter-long-term-noninvasive-ventilation-in-muscular-dystrophy-need-planning-of-future-services
#15
LETTER
W Kinnear, J Colt, L Watson, P Smith, L Johnson, S Burrows, M Sovani, A Khanna, P Maddison, A Wills
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528563/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-associated-with-increased-risk-of-bipolar-disorder
#16
Vincent Yi-Fong Su, Li-Yu Hu, Chiu-Mei Yeh, Huey-Ling Chiang, Cheng-Che Shen, Kun-Ta Chou, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Ti Lu, Cheng-Hwai Tzeng, Chia-Jen Liu
Epidemiological studies have identified a trend in the development of depressive and anxiety disorders following a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the relationship between COPD and subsequent bipolar disorder remains unclear. From January 1, 2000, we identified adult patients with COPD from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. A nationwide population-based study was conducted; 46,778 COPD patients and 46,778 age-, sex-, and comorbidity-matched subjects between 2000 and 2011 were enrolled...
May 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528562/long-term-noninvasive-ventilation-in-muscular-dystrophy-need-planning-of-future-services
#17
Giuseppe Fiorentino, Antonio M Esquinas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932555/mouthpiece-ventilation-and-complementary-techniques-in-patients-with-neuromuscular-disease-a-brief-clinical-review-and-update
#18
Tiago Pinto, Michelle Chatwin, Paolo Banfi, Joao Carlos Winck, Antonello Nicolini
Noninvasive ventilatory support (NVS) is sometimes reported as suboptimal in patients with neuromuscular disease (NMD). The reasons for this include inadequate ventilator settings and/or lack of interface tolerance. NVS has been used for many years in patients with NMD disorders as a viable alternative to continuous ventilatory support via a tracheostomy tube. The mouthpiece ventilation (MPV) is a ventilatory mode that is used as daytime ventilatory support in combination with other ventilatory modalities and interfaces for nocturnal NVS...
May 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923982/effect-of-expiratory-positive-airway-pressure-on-tidal-volume-during-non-invasive-ventilation
#19
W Kinnear, L Watson, P Smith, L Johnson, S Burrows, J Colt, M Sovani, A Khanna
During non-invasive ventilation (NIV), tidal volume ( Vt) will depend upon the difference between inspiratory and expiratory positive airway pressure (IPAP and EPAP, respectively), provided the respiratory muscles are relaxed and the lungs and chest wall therefore move along their passive pressure-volume curves. To test this hypothesis, we studied the effect of increasing EPAP during pressure-controlled modes of NIV in 30 long-term ventilator users (10 each with scoliosis, obesity hypoventilation or neuromuscular disorders)...
May 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507833/managing-fatigue-in-sarcoidosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#20
Chris Atkins, Andrew M Wilson
Fatigue is a common manifestation of sarcoidosis, often persisting without evidence of disease activity. First-line therapies for sarcoidosis have limited effect on fatigue. This review aimed to assess the treatment options targeting sarcoidosis-associated fatigue. Medline and Web of Science were searched in November 2015; the bibliographies of these papers, and relevant review papers, were also searched. Studies were included if they reported on the efficacy of interventions (both pharmacological and non-pharmacological) on fatigue scores in sarcoidosis patients...
May 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
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