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Chronic Respiratory Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238277/the-arabic-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale
#1
Yassar Alamri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238276/the-predictive-value-of-an-adjusted-copd-assessment-test-score-on-the-risk-of-respiratory-related-hospitalizations-in-severe-copd-patients
#2
Joanne M Sloots, Christopher A Barton, Julie Buckman, Katherine L Bassett, Job van der Palen, Peter A Frith, Tanja W Effing
We evaluated whether a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) assessment test (CAT) with adjusted weights for the CAT items could better predict future respiratory-related hospitalizations than the original CAT. Two focus groups (respiratory nurses and physicians) generated two adjusted CAT algorithms. Two multivariate logistic regression models for infrequent (≤1/year) versus frequent (>1/year) future respiratory-related hospitalizations were defined: one with the adjusted CAT score that correlated best with future hospitalizations and one with the original CAT score...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238275/managing-respiratory-disease
#3
Sarah Lunn, Louise Restrick, Myra Stern
The diverse and evolving role of a psychologist within a respiratory multidisciplinary team (MDT) is described, providing a working model for service provision. The rationale for appointing a psychologist within a respiratory MDT is presented first, citing relevant policy and research and outlining the wider psychosocial impact of respiratory disease. This is followed by an insight into the psychologist's role by highlighting important areas, including key therapy themes and the challenge of patient engagement...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923981/sarcopenia-and-frailty-in-chronic-respiratory-disease
#4
Anna E Bone, Nilay Hepgul, Samantha Kon, Matthew Maddocks
Sarcopenia and frailty are geriatric syndromes characterized by multisystem decline, which are related to and reflected by markers of skeletal muscle dysfunction. In older people, sarcopenia and frailty have been used for risk stratification, to predict adverse outcomes and to prompt intervention aimed at preventing decline in those at greatest risk. In this review, we examine sarcopenia and frailty in the context of chronic respiratory disease, providing an overview of the common assessments tools and studies to date in the field...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872166/consistency-of-medical-record-reporting-of-a-set-of-indicators-for-proactive-palliative-care-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
Ria G Duenk, Stans C Verhagen, Mireille Ae Janssen, Richard Pnr Dekhuijzen, Kris Cp Vissers, Yvonne Engels, Yvonne Heijdra
To identify patients hospitalized for an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who have a poor prognosis and might benefit from proactive palliative care, a set of indicators had been developed from the literature. A patient is considered eligible for proactive palliative care when meeting ≥2 criteria of the proposed set of 11 indicators. In order to develop a doctor-friendly and patient-convenient tool, our primary objective was to examine whether these indicators are documented consistently in the medical records...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515520/the-effect-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-mortality-balance-and-risk-of-fall-in-stable-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Ali Hakamy, Charlotte E Bolton, Tricia M McKeever
The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review of published studies that evaluate the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) on survival and fall (including balance) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at stability. OVID, Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane collaboration library were searched for literature dating from January 1980 up to November 2014 as well as an update in October 2015. Two reviewers screened titles, abstracts and full text records, extracted data, and assessed studies for risk of bias; any disagreements were resolved by a third member of the team, and consensus was always sought...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507835/does-the-copd-assessment-test-reflect-functional-status-in-patients-with-copd
#7
Aline Almeida Gulart, Anelise Bauer Munari, Ana Paula Adriano de Queiroz, Katerine Cristhine Cani, Darlan Laurício Matte, Anamaria Fleig Mayer
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) assessment test (CAT) reflects the functional status of patients with COPD. Forty-seven patients underwent anthropometric assessment, spirometry, the 6-minute walk test (6MWT), the Glittre-activity of daily living (ADL) test (TGlittre), the London Chest ADL (LCADL) scale, and the CAT. The total score of the CAT correlated with 6MWT distance, TGlittre time spent, and LCADL%total ( r = -0.56, 0.52, and 0.78, respectively; p < 0...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330037/long-term-non-invasive-ventilation-in-muscular-dystrophy
#8
W Kinnear, J Colt, L Watson, P Smith, L Johnson, S Burrows, M Sovani, A Khanna, P Maddison, A Wills
Long-term non-invasive ventilation (NIV) was introduced in the 1980s, initially mainly for patients with poliomyelitis, muscular dystrophy (MD) or scoliosis. The obesity-hypoventilation syndrome has since become the commonest reason for referral to most centres providing home-NIV. Patients with MD are numerically a much smaller part of the workload, but as their disease progresses the need for ventilatory support changes and they require regular comprehensive assessment of their condition. We have examined the trend in MD use of home-NIV in our unit over the last 25 years...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330036/with-the-strength-to-carry-on
#9
Daniel C Keil, Isabelle Vaske, Klaus Kenn, Winfried Rief, Nikola M Stenzel
People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are affected by somatic as well as psychological symptoms such as anxiety and depression and reduced quality of life. Protective psychological factors exist which enable people to adapt successfully to disease, but research about these factors in COPD is sparse. The aim of this study was to investigate whether sense of coherence (SOC), resilience and social support are potential protective factors and thus associated with reduced levels of symptoms of anxiety and depression and lower perceived disability in people with COPD...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330035/exploring-self-conscious-emotions-in-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Samantha L Harrison, Noelle Robertson, Roger S Goldstein, Dina Brooks
This study aimed to explore the extent to which self-conscious emotions are expressed, to explore any associations with adverse health outcomes, and to compare self-conscious emotions in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to healthy controls. A two-stage mixed-methods study design was employed. Interviews with 15 individuals with COPD informed the choice of questionnaires to assess self-conscious emotions which were completed by individuals with COPD and healthy controls. Five overarching themes were abstracted: grief, spectrum of blame, concern about the view of others, concealment, and worry about the future...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315829/community-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-a-non-healthcare-facility-is-feasible-and-effective
#11
Nola Cecins, Holly Landers, Sue Jenkins
Pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PRPs) are most commonly provided in hospital settings which present barriers to attendance such as long distances or travel times. Community-based settings have been used in an attempt to alleviate the travel burden. This study evaluated the feasibility and outcomes of a network of community-based PRPs provided in non-healthcare facilities (CPRPs). The CPRPs were established in five venues and comprised two supervised group sessions each week for 8 weeks. Participant inclusion criteria and guidelines for exercise testing and training were developed to reduce the risk of adverse events...
February 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413895/response-to-restrictive-lung-disease-low-epap-good-ventilation-is-it-real
#12
William Kinnear
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393591/presentation-management-and-mortality-after-a-first-mi-in-people-with-and-without-asthma-a-study-using-uk-minap-data
#13
Paulo Pinto, Kieran J Rothnie, Kelvin Lui, Adam Timmis, Liam Smeeth, Jennifer K Quint
Asthma has been associated with a higher incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), higher prevalence of MI risk factors and higher burden of cardiovascular diseases. However, detailed associations between the presentation and initial management at the time of MI and post-MI outcomes in people with asthma compared to the general population have not been studied. A total of 300,161 people were identified with a first MI over the period 2003-2013 in the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project database, of whom 8922 (3%) had asthma...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393535/restrictive-lung-disease-low-epap-good-ventilation-is-it-real
#14
Giuseppe Fiorentino, Antonio M Esquinas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393532/sex-bias-in-diagnostic-delay-in-bronchiectasis-an-analysis-of-the-spanish-historical-registry-of-bronchiectasis
#15
Rosa Ma Girón, Javier de Gracia Roldán, Casilda Olveira, Montserrat Vendrell, Miguel Ángel Martínez-García, David de la Rosa, Luis Máiz, Julio Ancochea, Liliana Vázquez, Luis Borderías, Eva Polverino, Eva Martínez-Moragón, Olga Rajas, Joan B Soriano
Diagnostic delay is common in most respiratory diseases, particularly in bronchiectasis. However, sex bias in diagnostic delay has not been studied to date. OBJECTIVE: Assessment of diagnostic delay in bronchiectasis by sex. METHODS: The Spanish Historical Registry of Bronchiectasis recruited adults diagnosed with bronchiectasis from 2002 to 2011 in 36 centres in Spain. From a total of 2113 patients registered we studied 2099, of whom 1125 (53.6%) were women. RESULTS: No differences were found for sex or age (61...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111991/stigma-related-experiences-in-non-communicable-respiratory-diseases
#16
Shiho Rose, Christine Paul, Allison Boyes, Brian Kelly, Della Roach
The stigma of non-communicable respiratory diseases (NCRDs), whether perceived or otherwise, can be an important element of a patient's experience of his/her illness and a contributing factor to poor psychosocial, treatment and clinical outcomes. This systematic review examines the evidence regarding the associations between stigma-related experiences and patient outcomes, comparing findings across a range of common NCRDs. Electronic databases and manual searches were conducted to identify original quantitative research published to December 2015...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956645/amino-terminal-pro-brain-natriuretic-peptide-predicts-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Rita Pavasini, Guido Tavazzi, Simone Biscaglia, Federico Guerra, Alessandro Pecoraro, Fatima Zaraket, Francesco Gallo, Giosafat Spitaleri, Marco Contoli, Roberto Ferrari, Gianluca Campo
Natriuretic peptides (NPs) are a family of prognostic biomarkers in patients with heart failure (HF). HF is one of the most frequent comorbidities in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the prognostic role of NP in COPD patients remains unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the relation between NP and all-cause mortality in COPD patients. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies assessing prognostic implications of elevated NP levels on all-cause mortality in COPD patients...
December 12, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932555/mouthpiece-ventilation-and-complementary-techniques-in-patients-with-neuromuscular-disease-a-brief-clinical-review-and-update
#18
Tiago Pinto, Michelle Chatwin, Paolo Banfi, Joao Carlos Winck, Antonello Nicolini
Noninvasive ventilatory support (NVS) is sometimes reported as suboptimal in patients with neuromuscular disease (NMD). The reasons for this include inadequate ventilator settings and/or lack of interface tolerance. NVS has been used for many years in patients with NMD disorders as a viable alternative to continuous ventilatory support via a tracheostomy tube. The mouthpiece ventilation (MPV) is a ventilatory mode that is used as daytime ventilatory support in combination with other ventilatory modalities and interfaces for nocturnal NVS...
December 8, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923984/short-term-effect-of-volume-recruitment-derecruitment-manoeuvre-on-chest-wall-motion-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#19
Henri Meric, Line Falaize, Didier Pradon, Matthieu Lacombe, Michel Petitjean, David Orlikowski, Hélène Prigent, Frédéric Lofaso
Because progressive respiratory muscle weakness leads to decreased chest-wall motion with eventual ribcage stiffening, the purpose was to compare vital capacity (VC) and contributions of chest-wall compartments before and after volume recruitment-derecruitment manoeuvres (VRDM) in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). We studied nine patients with DMD and VC lower than 30% of predicted. VRDM was performed using 15 insufflations-exsufflations of +30 to -30 cmH2O. VC and three-dimensional chest-wall motion were measured, as well as oxygen saturation, transcutaneous partial pressure of carbon dioxide and the rapid shallow breathing index (respiratory rate/tidal volume) before (baseline) and immediately and 1 hour after VRDM...
December 6, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923983/sex-differences-in-function-and-structure-of-the-quadriceps-muscle-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#20
Pilar Ausín, Juana Martínez-Llorens, Marina Sabaté-Bresco, Carme Casadevall, Esther Barreiro, Joaquim Gea
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex disorder with extrapulmonary manifestations. Even though there is some knowledge regarding sex differences in the lung disease, little is known about extrapulmonary manifestations. Our aim was to analyze the specific profile of muscle dysfunction, structure, and biology in COPD women. Twenty-one women and 19 men with stable COPD as well as 15 controls were included. Nutritional status, physical activity, lung and muscle function, exercise capacity, and quality of life were assessed...
December 6, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
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