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Vascular

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994633/endovascular-aneurysm-repair-in-the-elderly-first-do-no-harm
#1
Mahim I Qureshi, Alun H Davies
Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become the intervention of choice for supra-threshold aortic aneurysms due to the lower 30-day mortality of EVAR as compared with open surgery, despite no long-term longevity gains. Trials such as EVAR-1 that established the current status of endovascular aortic intervention often excluded participants over the age of 80, and specific studies of EVAR in the elderly reveal higher mortality than accepted averages. Analyses of the cost-effectiveness of EVAR have not demonstrated superiority of endovascular intervention over open repair, in particular when considering complications such as endoleak...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820358/response-toe-brachial-index-measured-by-automated-device-compared-to-duplex-ultrasonography-for-detecting-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-older-people
#2
Vivienne Chuter, Peta Tehan, And Jennifer Sonter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820357/screening-of-extravascular-findings-in-pulmonary-embolism-computer-tomography-397-patients-with-1950-non-pulmonary-artery-findings
#3
Jan M Sohns, Jan Menke, Leonard Bergau, Bernhard G Weiss, Hannah Kröhn, Desiree Weiberg, Thorsten Derlin, Sebastian Schmuck
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the possible benefits from computed tomography scans of patients with a suspected pulmonary artery embolism with a focus on relevant extravascular findings. Methods A total of 400 consecutive computed tomography pulmonary angiographies were evaluated. Computed tomography scans were analyzed in detail for the presence of pulmonary artery embolisms, as well as any other findings. Extra-artery discoveries were classified into none-relevant (Group A), intermediate (Group B), or relevant (Group C) findings...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814153/a-systematic-review-of-treatment-modalities-and-outcomes-of-type-ib-endoleak-after-endovascular-abdominal-aneurysm-repair
#4
REVIEW
Claudio Bianchini Massoni, Paolo Perini, Tiziano Tecchio, Matteo Azzarone, Alessandro de Troia, Antonio Freyrie
Objectives To collect specific literature on type Ib endoleak after aorto-iliac endografting for abdominal aortic aneurysm, reporting data on diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up results. Methods Publications about type Ib endoleak after aorto-iliac endografting for abdominal aortic or iliac aneurysm were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus. Considered studies were in English and published until 3 November 2016. Research methods and reporting were performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738751/a-single-center-retrospective-study-clinical-features-of-different-types-of-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-chinese-patients-in-the-hubei-area
#5
Gangping Li, Ying Huang, Shunyu Tang, Yuhu Song, Huimin Liang, Dehan Liu, Ling Yang, Xiaohua Hou
Background The characteristics and prevalence of Budd-Chiari syndrome in China remain unclear. This study aimed to analyze the clinical features of Budd-Chiari syndrome in Chinese patients in the Hubei area. Methods One-hundred and thirty patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome, admitted to Union Hospital from January 2002 to January 2011, were included in this retrospective study. Clinical features, laboratory data, imaging characteristics, and cumulative patency rates were analyzed. Results Of the 130 patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome, 77 were men (59...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728481/feasibility-of-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-in-evaluation-of-arterial-stiffness-comparison-with-pulse-wave-velocity-and-conventional-sonographic-markers-of-atherosclerosis
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Michał Podgórski, Piotr Grzelak, Magdalena Kaczmarska, Michał Polguj, Maciej Łukaszewski, Ludomir Stefańczyk
Objective Arterial stiffening is an early marker of atherosclerosis that has a prognostic value for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although many markers of arterial hardening have been proposed, the search is on for newer, more user-friendly and reliable surrogates. One such potential candidate has emerged from cardiology, the speckle-tracking technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the two-dimensional speckle tracking for the evaluation of arterial wall stiffness in comparison with standard stiffness parameters...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728480/safety-and-efficacy-of-stenting-nonthrombotic-iliac-vein-lesions-in-octogenarians-and-nonagenarians-in-an-office-setting
#7
Pavel Kibrik, Justin Eisenberg, Ahmad Alsheekh, Syed Ali Rizvi, Afsha Aurshina, Natalie Marks, Anil Hingorani, Enrico Ascher
Objectives Treatment options for venous insufficiency are rapidly evolving in the office setting and include venography, intravascular ultrasound, and venous stenting. Non-thrombotic iliac vein lesions assessment and treatment in an office setting is currently an area of interest. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of evaluating non-thrombotic iliac vein lesion with this office-based procedure in octogenarians and nonagenarians. Methods From January 2012 through December 2013, 300 non-thrombotic iliac vein lesion limbs in 192 patients with venous insufficiency ≥80 years old were evaluated for non-thrombotic iliac vein lesion...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708024/quality-improvement-initiative-preventative-surgical-site-infection-protocol-in-vascular-surgery
#8
David Parizh, Enrico Ascher, Syed Ali Raza Rizvi, Anil Hingorani, Michael Amaturo, Eric Johnson
Objective A quality improvement initiative was employed to decrease single institution surgical site infection rate in open lower extremity revascularization procedures. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: In an attempt to lower patient morbidity, we developed and implemented the Preventative Surgical Site Infection Protocol in Vascular Surgery. Surgical site infections lead to prolonged hospital stays, adjunctive procedure, and additive costs. We employed targeted interventions to address the common risk factors that predispose patients to post-operative complications...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708023/comparison-of-drug-eluting-balloon-angioplasty-with-self-expanding-interwoven-nitinol-stent-deployment-in-patients-with-complex-femoropopliteal-lesions
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Burak Teymen, Suleyman Akturk, Ulku Akturk, Muhammed Tdjani
Objective The aim of this study was to compare the drug-eluting balloon with self-expanding interwoven nitinol stent deployment in patients with complex femoropopliteal lesions. Methods We retrospectively identified patients at our clinic with complex femoropopliteal artery lesions treated either with self-expanding interwoven nitinol stent or drug-eluting balloon. All patients had ankle-brachial index measured before and after the intervention, and regular clinical follow-up with Doppler ultrasonography was performed at six months and one year...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705078/sensitivity-specificity-and-allowing-the-data-to-speak
#10
Robert Trevethan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705077/fifty-years-of-hemodialysis-access-literature-the-fifty-most-cited-publications-in-the-medical-literature
#11
Edvard Skripochnik, David J O'Connor, Eric B Trestman, Evan C Lipsitz, Larry A Scher
Objectives The modern era of hemodialysis access surgery began with the publication in 1966 by Brescia et al. describing the use of a surgically created arteriovenous fistula. Since then, the number of patients on chronic hemodialysis and the number of publications dealing with hemodialysis access have steadily increased. We have chronicled the increase in publications in the medical literature dealing with hemodialysis access by evaluating the characteristics of the 50 most cited articles. Methods We queried the Science Citation Index from the years 1960-2014...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699426/management-of-hemothorax-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-ruptured-aneurysms
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mila H Ju, Michael J Nooromid, Heron E Rodriguez, Mark K Eskandari
Background Thoracic aortic aneurysm rupture is often a fatal condition. Emergent thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has emerged as a suitable treatment option. Unfortunately, respiratory complications from hemothorax continue to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality even after successful management of the aortic rupture. We hypothesize that early hemothorax decompression after TEVAR for ruptured aneurysms decreases the rate of postoperative respiratory complications. Methods Single-center, retrospective eight-year review of ruptured thoracic aneurysms treated with TEVAR...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587578/extra-vascular-findings-in-patients-undergoing-magnetic-resonance-angiography-of-the-abdomen-pelvis-and-lower-extremities-a-retrospective-study-of-352-patients
#13
Jan M Sohns, Jan Menke, Leonard Bergau, Bernhard G Weiss, Sebastian Schmuck, Desiree Weiberg, Wieland Staab, Thorsten Derlin, Marc Dorenkamp, Christian Sohns
Background The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and clinical significance of extra-vascular findings in patients undergoing magnetic resonance angiography of the abdomen, pelvis and lower extremities. Materials and methods Three hundred fifty-two patients underwent abdominal, pelvic and lower extremity 1.5 T magnetic resonance angiography. Clinically relevant vascular and extra-vascular findings were identified. Relevant vascular findings were classified as stenosis, occlusion, aneurysm, sclerosis, dissection or vasculitis...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587577/vitamin-k2-can-suppress-the-expression-of-toll-like-receptor-2-tlr2-and-tlr4-and-inhibit-calcification-of-aortic-intima-in-apoe-mice-as-well-as-smooth-muscle-cells
#14
Zhaojun Wang, Zhongqun Wang, Jie Zhu, Xinguang Long, Jinchuan Yan
Background and objectives Vascular calcification is a common complication in atherosclerosis. Accumulating evidence showed that Toll-like receptors (TLRs) mediate pro-inflammatory and atherosclerosis. Recent studies demonstrated that vascular calcification is one of the detrimental effects of vitamin K (Vit K) antagonists. However, the effects of Vit K on the expression of TLR2 and 4 and intimal calcification in artery remained unidentified. Methods and results Eighteen ApoE-/- mice were randomly divided into model group, Vit K-treated group, and control group...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587576/risk-factors-for-wound-complications-and-30-day-mortality-after-major-lower-limb-amputations-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease
#15
Koichi Morisaki, Terutoshi Yamaoka, Kazuomi Iwasa
Purpose Risk factors for wound complications or 30-day mortality after major amputation in patients with peripheral arterial disease remain unclear. We investigated the outcomes of major amputation in patients with peripheral arterial disease. Methods Patients who underwent major amputation from 2008 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The main outcome measures were risk factors for wound complications and 30-day mortality after major lower limb amputations. Major amputation was defined as above-knee amputation or below-knee amputation...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436316/first-in-man-experience-of-self-expanding-nitinol-stents-combined-with-drug-coated-balloon-in-the-treatment-of-femoropopliteal-occlusive-disease
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bibombe Patrice Mwipatayi, Kalpa Perera, Ali Daneshmand, Rhys Daniel, Jackie Wong, Shannon D Thomas, Sally A Burrows
Purpose The present study aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of a drug-coated balloon inflated within a thin-strut self-expanding bare-metal stent in patients with severe and complex femoropopliteal occlusive disease. Methods This prospective study used the Pulsar-self-expanding stent and Passeo-18 Lux drug-coated balloon in patients with severe and complex femoropopliteal occlusive disease. The primary endpoint was the 12-month primary patency, and the secondary endpoints included 24-month primary patency, assisted primary patency, secondary patency, and clinically associated target lesion revascularisation...
February 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759040/continuous-catheter-infused-local-anesthetic-for-lower-extremity-revascularization
#17
Mark C Kendall, Lucas J Castro-Alves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759039/common-femoral-artery-endarterectomy-in-the-age-of-endovascular-therapy
#18
Mohamed Elsherif, Wael Tawfick, Mohamed Elsharkawi, Ruth Campell, Niamh Hynes, Sherif Sultan
Objectives Common femoral artery endarterectomy (CFE) is the standard treatment for common femoral artery occlusive disease. We aim to assess the medium term outcomes of CFE with or without further concomitant procedures. Design A retrospective observational study. Methods All patients who underwent either isolated CFE (ICFE), CFE with angioplasty for occlusive arterial disease (CFEA) or concomitant CFE with endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (CFEE) were included. Patient demographics follow up, clinical improvement, types of CFE closure, patency rates, and survival-free amputation were noted...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722640/extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-for-intermittent-claudication-medium-term-outcomes-from-a-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-pilot-trial
#19
Jordan Luke Green, Amy Elizabeth Harwood, George Edward Smith, Tushar Das, Ali Raza, Thomas Cayton, Tom Wallace, Daniel Carradice, Ian Clifford Chetter
Objectives Peripheral arterial disease most commonly presents as intermittent claudication (IC). Early evidence has suggested that extracorporeal shockwave therapy is efficacious in the short term for the management of intermittent claudication. The objective of this pilot trial was to evaluate the medium-term efficacy of this treatment. Methods This double-blind randomised placebo-controlled pilot trial randomised patients with unilateral intermittent claudication in a 1:1 fashion to receive extracorporeal shockwave therapy or a sham treatment for three sessions per week over three weeks...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673292/relationship-between-inflammation-and-progression-of-an-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-a-rabbit-model-based-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging
#20
Mao-Xiao Nie, Xue-Hui Zhang, Yun-Feng Yan, Quan-Ming Zhao
Objective To explore the relationship between abdominal aortic aneurysm development and inflammation in the rabbit through the establishment of a rabbit infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm model and the use of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging. Methods Twenty male New Zealand rabbits were administered an elastase intracavity perfusion to induce an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm model. Prior to surgery, the rabbits underwent abdominal aorta ultrasonic testing and blood collection from the ear veins. Of the original 20 rabbits, 10 rabbits were euthanized two weeks after the operation following ultrasonic testing, PET/CT scanning and blood collection, and their arterial tissue samples were prepared for pathological and immunohistochemical staining...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
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