Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Molecular Histology

Qian-Qian Sui, Jiao Zhu, Xiangnan Li, Gillian E Knight, Cheng He, Geoffrey Burnstock, Hongbin Yuan, Zhenghua Xiang
A new multiple fluorescence in situ hybridization method based on hybridization chain reaction was recently reported, enabling simultaneous mapping of multiple target mRNAs within intact zebrafish and mouse embryos. With this approach, DNA probes complementary to target mRNAs trigger chain reactions in which metastable fluorophore-labeled DNA hairpins self-assemble into fluorescent amplification polymers. The formation of the specific polymers enhances greatly the sensitivity of multiple fluorescence in situ hybridization...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Gali Epstein Shochet, Oded Komemi, Dana Sadeh-Mestechkin, Meir Pomeranz, Ami Fishman, Liat Drucker, Michael Lishner, Shelly Tartakover Matalon
During placental implantation, cytotrophoblast cells differentiate to extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cells that invade from the placenta into the maternal uterine blood vessels. The heat shock protein-27 (HSP27), the signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) and the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (EIF4E) are involved in regulating EVT cell differentiation/migration. EIF4E and EIF4G compose the translation initiation complex, which is a major control point in protein translation...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Pumza Magangane, Raveendra Sookhayi, Dhirendra Govender, Richard Naidoo
DLBCL is the most common lymphoma subtype occurring in older populations as well as in younger HIV infected patients. The current treatment options for DLBCL are effective for most patients yet the relapse rate is high. While many biomarkers for DLBCL exist, they are not in clinical use due to low sensitivity and specificity. In addition, these biomarkers have not been studied in the HIV context. Therefore, the identification of new biomarkers for HIV negative and HIV positive DLBCL, may lead to a better understanding of the disease pathology and better therapeutic design...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Qingqing Wu, Bo Yang, Cong Cao, Mengkai Guang, Ping Gong
Aging is associated with peripheral nerve degradation and bone destruction. The aim of the study is to elucidate the influence of sensory denervation on bone metabolism in different age groups by establishing a modified unilateral inferior alveolar nerve transection (IANT) model. The rats, divided into young, middle-aged and aged group, were sacrificed at 1, 2, 4 and 8 weeks after right IANT. The histological changes of mandibles were analyzed by fluorescent double labeling, micro-CT, HE, TRAP and anti-CGRP immunohistochemical staining...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Ciqing Yang, Xiaoying Li, Congrui Wang, Sulei Fu, Han Li, Zhikun Guo, Shanting Zhao, Juntang Lin
N-cadherin is a calcium-sensitive cell adhesion molecule that plays an important role in the formation of the neural circuit and the development of the nervous system. In the present study, we investigated the function of N-cadherin in cell-cell connection in vitro with HEK293T cells, and in commissural axon projections in the developing chicken spinal cord using in ovo electroporation. Cell-cell connections increased with N-cadherin overexpression in HEK293T cells, while cell contacts disappeared after co-transfection with an N-cadherin-shRNA plasmid...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Xinde Hu, Runchuan Yan, Xinran Cheng, Lingzhen Song, Wei Zhang, Kaikai Li, Shanting Zhao
Sperm-associated antigen 6 (SPAG6) is initially found in human testis and is essential for sperm motility and male fertility. Later studies indicate that it also express in the chick Central Nervous System and human embryonic stem cells. However, the function of Spag6 in cortical development is still largely unclear. Using in utero electroporation, we showed that overexpression of Spag6 induced the transfected cells excluded from the proliferation zone of the mouse cortex. Ki67 Co-labeling and BrdU incorporation experiment suggested that overexpression of Spag6 inhibited proliferation of neural progenitor cells...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Xin Ye, Jin Zhang, Pishan Yang
Dyslipidemia has become a serious health problem in children and adolescents worldwide for its high prevalence. Since hard tissues of permanent teeth form mainly during this period and lipids are actively involved in tooth development, the effects of hyperlipidemia on dental tissue formation and mineralization need to be illustrated. In this study, hyperlipidemia model was established in mice fed with high-fat diet (HFD). Micro-CT and histomorphological analyses were performed on the mandibular bones to assess the morphological changes of the mandibular incisor and first molar...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Chun Xiao, Meilin Qian, Chaoran Yin, Yonggang Zhang, Huozhen Hu, Shaohua Yao
The differentiation potentials of stem cells have been evaluated by various in vivo and in vitro assays. However, these assays have different limitations hindering efficient study of mammalian stem cells. Here we describe a rapid and powerful mosaic assay to study the differentiation potentials of stem cells in real time in vivo by using zebrafish embryo. We transplanted mouse neural stem cells into zebrafish embryos at different developmental stages and found that they mainly formed neural tissues while occasionally trans-differentiated into mesoderm- and endoderm-derived tissues...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Gabriel Anesetti, Rebeca Chávez-Genaro
The effects of neonatal testosterone or dihydrotestosterone exposure on ovarian follicular dynamics were analysed at prepubertal, pubertal or adult age in Wistar rats. Both androgens induced a transitory increase on follicular endowment that was partially corrected at puberty. At adult age testosterone prevented ovulation, without significant modifications on follicular dynamics. An increased number of cystic structures were observed from puberty to adult age. However, ovaries of rats treated with dihydrotestosterone showed follicles with evident morphological alterations in granulosa and thecal layers although several corpora lutea were observed...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Yi Liu, Jianping Ge, Danying Chen, Yuteng Weng, Haiming Du, Yao Sun, Qi Zhang
Osteoarthritis (OA) was a degenerative joint disease characterized by articular cartilage degradation and extensive remodeling of the subchondral bone. Multiple lines of evidence indicated that Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a member of TNF receptor superfamily that was expressed in the chondrocytes of articular cartilage and adjacent locations in the physiological setting, was involved in maintaining integrity of articular cartilage. OPG could prevent subchondral bone from resorption, and also protect cartilage from degradation...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Ran Li, Han Wu, Jun Xie, Guannan Li, Rong Gu, Lina Kang, Lian Wang, Biao Xu
Chemotactic migration of endothelial cells (ECs) guided by extracellular attractants is essential for blood vessel formation. Synd4 is a ubiquitous heparin sulfate proteoglycan receptor on the cell surface that has been identified to promote angiogenesis during tissue repair. Here, the role synd4 played in chemotactic migration of ECs was investigated in vitro and in vivo. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were transfected with Lenti-synd4-RNAi or Lenti-null. Cell migration was observed in a 2D-chemotaxis slide with a stable gradient of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) for 18 h using time-lapse microscopy...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Haihong Li, Mingjun Zhang, Liyun Chen, Xuexue Li, Bingna Zhang
Increasing evidence indicates that maintenance of cell polarity plays a pivotal role in the regulation of glandular homeostasis and function. We examine the markers for polarity at different time points to investigate the formation of cell polarity during 3D reconstitution of eccrine sweat glands. Mixtures of eccrine sweat gland cells and Matrigel were injected subcutaneously into the inguinal regions of nude mice. At 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 weeks post-implantation, Matrigel plugs were removed and immunostained for basal collagen IV, lateral β-catenin, lateroapical ZO-1 and apical F-actin...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Hai-Di Fu, Bei-Ke Wang, Zi-Qiu Wan, Heng Lin, Mao-Lin Chang, Guang-Li Han
Orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) is associated with bone remodeling mediated by orthodontic mechanical loading. Increasing studies reported that Wnt signaling played crucial roles in mechanical stimuli induced bone remodeling. However, little is known about the involvement of Wnt signaling in orthodontic force-induced bone formation during OTM. In virtue of the OTM mice model as we previously reported, where new bone formation was determined by micro-CT and immunoreactivity of osteocalcin and osterix, we explored the activation of Wnt signaling pathway during OTM...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Young Jae Moon, Chi-Young Yun, Jeong-Chae Lee, Jung Ryul Kim, Byung-Hyun Park, Eui-Sic Cho
Periosteum contains enriched pools of osteogenic progenitors and is highly proliferative, thus giving this tissue a pivotal role in maintaining the diameter of the diaphyseal cortex and in recovery from fractures. Although periosteal proliferation has not been detected in normal bone, intense periosteal proliferation has been observed in pathologic states such as fracture, inflammation, and bone tumors. However, the mechanism by which periosteal osteoprogenitor proliferation is regulated remains poorly understood...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Sooraj Baijnath, Adeola Shobo, Linda A Bester, Sanil D Singh, Gert Kruger, Per I Arvidsson, Tricia Naicker, Thavendran Govender
A study was undertaken to determine the neuroprotective potential of Linezolid (LIN) in an animal model. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were either given a single (100 mg/kg) dose or treated daily for 4 weeks. A validated LC-MS/MS method was used to measure LIN levels in plasma and brain, this was paired with mass spectrometry imaging to determine the tissue spatial distribution of the drug. The results showed that after a single dose there was poor penetration of the drug into the brain. With multiple doses there were high tissue levels, with the drug reaching steady state in subsequent weeks...
August 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Meng Zhang, Wei Lu, Yiqiang Huang, Jizhou Shi, Xun Wu, Xiaolong Zhang, Runze Jiang, Zhiming Cai, Song Wu
Long non-coding RNAs, a newly discovered category of noncoding genes, play a leading role in various biological processes, including tumorigenesis. In our study, we aimed to examine the TUG1 expression, and explore the influence of TUG1 silencing on cell proliferation and apoptosis in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines. The TUG1 expression level was detected using quantitative real-time PCR reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in 40 paired clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and adjacent paired normal tissues, as well as four RCC cell lines and one normal human proximal tubule epithelial cell line HK-2...
August 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Guofeng Yang, Beizhan Jiang, Wenping Cai, Shangfeng Liu, Shouliang Zhao
Hyaluronan (HA) and hyaluronan synthases (HASs) have been shown to play critical roles in embryogenesis and organ development. However, there have not been any studies examining HA and HAS expression and localization during tooth development. The present study was designed to investigate the expression of HA and three isoforms of HASs (HAS1, 2, 3) in embryonic mouse molars. The first mandibular embryonic mouse molars were examined by immunohistochemistry at E11.5, E13.5, E14.5, E16.5, and E18.5. PCR and western blot analyses were performed on RNA and proteins samples from E13...
August 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Zhixuan Zhou, Ying Yin, Fei Jiang, Yuming Niu, Shujian Wan, Ning Chen, Ming Shen
To clarify the role of CBX7 deficiency in dentin and alveolar bone development, the dental and mandibular phenotypes of homozygous CBX7-knockout (CBX7(-/-)) mice were compared with their wild-type (WT) counterparts at 3 weeks age. In contrast to WT littermates, dental volume and dentin sialoprotein-positive area were significantly increased, whereas the area ratio of predentin to dentin was decreased markedly in CBX7(-/-) mice. Mineral density, cortical thickness, alveolar bone volume, type I collagen and osterix-immunopositive area, osteoblast number and activity, protein expression and mRNA level of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, osteopontin and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) were all remarkably increased, while osteoclast number and activity, and mRNA expression ratio of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) to osteoprotegerin (opg) were all decreased significantly in the alveolar bone of CBX7(-/-) mice compared with their WT counterparts...
August 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Jing Sun, Bao Sun, Wei Wang, Xiuchun Han, Hongrui Liu, Juan Du, Wei Feng, Bo Liu, Norio Amizuka, Minqi Li
Vitamin D has an anabolic effect on bone developmental processes and is involved in maintaining skeletal integrity. In recent years, pediatric cases of vitamin D intoxication have attracted attention. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of long-term administration of physiologically-high-dose calcitriol (1,25(OH)2D3) on bone remodeling in young developing rats. Neonatal rats received once-daily subcutaneous injection of calcitriol (250 ng/kg body weight), or PBS only as a control, for 3 weeks...
August 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Kana Hasegawa, Hiroko Wada, Kengo Nagata, Hiroaki Fujiwara, Naohisa Wada, Hirotaka Someya, Yurie Mikami, Hidetaka Sakai, Tamotsu Kiyoshima
Abnormal expression of Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) region gene 1 (FRG1) is involved in the pathogenesis of FSHD. FRG1 is also important for the normal muscular and vascular development. Our previous study showed that FRG1 is one of the highly expressed genes in the mandible on embryonic day 10.5 (E10.5) than on E12.0. In this study, we investigated the temporospatial expression pattern of FRG1 mRNA and protein during the development of the mouse lower first molar, and also evaluated the subcellular localization of the FRG1 protein in mouse dental epithelial (mDE6) cells...
August 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"