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Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632078/alterations-in-aerobic-exercise-performance-and-gait-economy-following-high-intensity-dynamic-stepping-training-in-persons-with-subacute-stroke
#1
Abigail L Leddy, Mark Connolly, Carey L Holleran, Patrick W Hennessy, Jane Woodward, Ross A Arena, Elliot J Roth, T George Hornby
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Impairments in metabolic capacity and economy (O2cost) are hallmark characteristics of locomotor dysfunction following stroke. High-intensity (aerobic) training has been shown to improve peak oxygen consumption in this population, with fewer reports of changes in O2cost. However, particularly in persons with subacute stroke, inconsistent gains in walking function are observed with minimal associations with gains in metabolic parameters. The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in aerobic exercise performance in participants with subacute stroke following high-intensity variable stepping training as compared with conventional therapy...
October 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632077/measuring-what-matters
#2
Edelle Edee Field-Fote
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580078/immediate-effects-of-clock-turn-strategy-on-the-pattern-and-performance-of-narrow-turning-in-persons-with-parkinson-disease
#3
Wen-Chieh Yang, Wei-Li Hsu, Ruey-Meei Wu, Kwan-Hwa Lin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Turning difficulty is common in people with Parkinson disease (PD). The clock-turn strategy is a cognitive movement strategy to improve turning performance in people with PD despite its effects are unverified. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effects of the clock-turn strategy on the pattern of turning steps, turning performance, and freezing of gait during a narrow turning, and how these effects were influenced by concurrent performance of a cognitive task (dual task)...
October 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576092/balance-body-motion-and-muscle-activity-after-high-volume-short-term-dance-based-rehabilitation-in-persons-with-parkinson-disease-a-pilot-study
#4
J Lucas McKay, Lena H Ting, Madeleine E Hackney
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The objectives of this pilot study were to (1) evaluate the feasibility and investigate the efficacy of a 3-week, high-volume (450 minutes per week) Adapted Tango intervention for community-dwelling individuals with mild-moderate Parkinson disease (PD) and (2) investigate the potential efficacy of Adapted Tango in modifying electromyographic (EMG) activity and center of body mass (CoM) displacement during automatic postural responses to support surface perturbations...
October 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576091/a-tandem-cycling-program-feasibility-and-physical-performance-outcomes-in-people-with-parkinson-disease
#5
Ellen L McGough, Cynthia A Robinson, Mark D Nelson, Raymond Houle, Gabriell Fraser, Leslie Handley, Emilie R Jones, Dagmar Amtmann, Valerie E Kelly
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Individuals with Parkinson disease (PD) have motor and nonmotor impairments that interfere with exercise participation. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and physical performance outcomes of a community-based indoor tandem cycling program that was designed to facilitate a higher cadence, consistency, and intensity of training. METHODS: Forty-one participants with mild to moderate PD were enrolled. A high-cadence cycling protocol using mechanically augmented (or forced) exercise on a tandem bicycle was adapted for our program...
October 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576090/barnes-and-leahy-promotion-of-doctoral-studies-pods-2016-awards
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576089/outcome-measures-for-persons-with-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-recommendations-from-the-american-physical-therapy-association-academy-of-neurologic-physical-therapy-tbi-edge-task-force
#7
Karen L McCulloch, Anna Lisa de Joya, Kaitlin Hays, Erin Donnelly, Tammie Keller Johnson, Coby D Nirider, Heidi Roth, Sue Saliga, Irene Ward
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The use of standardized outcome measures (OMs) is essential in assessing the effectiveness of physical therapy (PT) interventions. The purposes of this article are (1) to describe the process used by the TBI EDGE task force to assess the psychometrics and clinical utility of OMs used with individuals with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI); (2) to describe the consensus recommendations for OM use in clinical practice, research, and professional (entry-level) PT education; and (3) to make recommendations for future work...
October 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548750/relationship-between-walking-capacity-biopsychosocial-factors-self-efficacy-and-walking-activity-in-persons-poststroke
#8
Kelly A Danks, Ryan T Pohlig, Margie Roos, Tamara R Wright, Darcy S Reisman
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Many factors appear to be related to physical activity after stroke, yet it is unclear how these factors interact and which ones might be the best predictors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to examine the relationship between walking capacity and walking activity, and (2) to investigate how biopsychosocial factors and self-efficacy relate to walking activity, above and beyond walking capacity impairment poststroke. METHODS: Individuals greater than 3 months poststroke (n = 55) completed the Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), Modified Cumulative Illness Rating (MCIR) Scale, Walk 12, Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale, Functional Gait Assessment (FGA), and oxygen consumption testing...
October 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548749/commentary-on-a-tandem-cycling-program-feasibility-and-physical-performance-outcomes-in-people-with-parkinson-disease
#9
Miriam R Rafferty, Daniel M Corcos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322184/the-academy-of-neurologic-physical-therapy-s-educational-plan
#10
Deborah S Larsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322183/jnpt-welcomes-new-associate-editor-and-editorial-board-members
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322182/translation-implementation-replication-and-the-documentation-of-interventions
#12
Edelle Field-Fote
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27214520/associations-between-sensorimotor-impairments-in-the-upper-limb-at-1-week-and-6-months-after-stroke
#13
Sarah Meyer, Nele De Bruyn, Lena Krumlinde-Sundholm, Andre Peeters, Hilde Feys, Vincent Thijs, Geert Verheyden
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Longitudinal information regarding the prevalence of upper limb somatosensory deficits and the association with motor impairment and activity limitations is scarce. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to map the extent and distribution of somatosensory deficits, and to determine associations over time between somatosensory deficits and motor impairment and activity limitations. METHODS: We recruited 32 participants who were assessed 4 to 7 days after stroke, and reassessed at 6 months...
July 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27214519/jnpt-congratulates-academy-of-neurologic-physical-therapy-members-honored-with-apta-awards
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187925/using-the-tidier-checklist-to-standardize-the-description-of-a-functional-strength-training-intervention-for-the-upper-limb-after-stroke
#15
Paulette van Vliet, Susan M Hunter, Catherine Donaldson, Valerie Pomeroy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Published reports of intervention in randomized controlled trials are often poorly described. The Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist has been recently developed to improve the reporting of interventions. The aim of this article is to describe a therapy intervention used in the stroke rehabilitation trial, "Clinical Efficacy of Functional Strength Training for Upper Limb Motor Recovery Early After Stroke: Neural Correlates and Prognostic Indicators" (FAST-INdICATE), using TIDieR...
July 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176943/the-effects-of-physical-activity-on-prescription-in-persons-with-transient-ischemic-attack-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Carina Morén, Anna-Karin Welmer, Maria Hagströmer, Emelie Karlsson, Disa K Sommerfeld
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a strong predictor of stroke, and physical inactivity is one risk factor for TIA/stroke. "Physical activity on Prescription" (PaP) can increase physical activity, but the effect of PaP after TIA has not been described. Our goal was to objectively measure the effect of PaP on physical activity and physical capacity, as well as self-rated health at 3 and 6 months after TIA. METHODS: The primary outcome was moderate to vigorous intensities of physical activity objectively assessed by accelerometry...
July 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164309/control-of-stroke-related-genu-recurvatum-with-prolonged-timing-of-dorsiflexor-functional-electrical-stimulation-a-case-study
#17
Frédéric Chantraine, Céline Schreiber, Elisabeth Kolanowski, Florent Moissenet
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Abnormal knee hyperextension during the stance phase (genu recurvatum) is a common gait abnormality in persons with hemiparesis due to stroke. While ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) are often used to prevent genu recurvatum by maintaining ankle dorsiflexion during the stance phase, AFOs reduce ankle joint mobility. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is an alternative to the use of AFO for producing appropriately timed ankle dorsiflexion and with prolonged timing may also have value for reducing genu recurvatum...
July 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164308/pulmonary-physical-therapy-techniques-to-enhance-survival-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#18
Chelsea E Macpherson, Clare C Bassile
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Respiratory insufficiency is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Although mechanical interventions are effective in prolonging survival through respiratory support, pulmonary physical therapy interventions are being investigated. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of pulmonary physical therapy interventions across the progressive stages of ALS. METHODS: Six databases were searched for articles from inception to December 2014 investigating pulmonary physical therapy interventions in the ALS population...
July 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152559/commentary-on-the-effects-of-physical-activity-on-prescription-in-persons-with-transient-ischemic-attack-a-randomized-controlled-study
#19
Michael D Ellis, Heather Pepper Lane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152558/reactive-stepping-after-stroke-determinants-of-time-to-foot-off-in-the-paretic-and-nonparetic-limb
#20
Elizabeth L Inness, Avril Mansfield, Mark Bayley, William E McIlroy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Impaired features of reactive stepping, specifically delays in the early time to foot off (TFO) phase, are associated with increased fall rates after stroke. This study aimed to determine differences in, and determinants of, paretic and nonparetic limb TFO, and to determine whether both paretic and nonparetic TFO were associated with perturbation-evoked falls. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 105 individuals with stroke was performed within an inpatient rehabilitation setting; each had received a standardized assessment of reactive balance control (in response to a perturbation) at time of discharge...
July 2016: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
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