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Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864103/abstracts-of-current-concussion-research-literature
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912034/vestibular-rehabilitation-is-associated-with-visuovestibular-improvement-in-pediatric-concussion
#2
Eileen P Storey, Douglas J Wiebe, Bernadette A DʼAlonzo, Kim Nixon-Cave, Janet Jackson-Coty, Arlene M Goodman, Matthew F Grady, Christina L Master
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vision and vestibular-related deficits are common after concussion and are associated with prolonged recovery times, substantially impacting the quality of life for children. The utility of targeted vestibular rehabilitation for these deficits in children after concussion is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether active vestibular rehabilitation is associated with an improvement in visuovestibular signs and symptoms in children with concussion...
July 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901487/a-core-set-of-outcome-measures-for-adults-with-neurologic-conditions-undergoing-rehabilitation-a-clinical-practice-guideline
#3
Jennifer L Moore, Kirsten Potter, Kathleen Blankshain, Sandra L Kaplan, Linda C OʼDwyer, Jane E Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Use of outcome measures (OMs) in adult neurologic physical therapy is essential for monitoring changes in a patient's status over time, quantifying observations and patient-reported function, enhancing communication, and increasing the efficiency of patient care. OMs also provide a mechanism to compare patient and organizational outcomes, examine intervention effectiveness, and generate new knowledge. This clinical practice guideline (CPG) examined the literature related to OMs of balance, gait, transfers, and patient-stated goals to identify a core set of OMs for use across adults with neurologic conditions and practice settings...
July 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864104/jnpt-congratulates-apta-award-winners
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864102/comparison-of-uninjured-and-concussed-adolecent-athletes-on-the-concussion-balance-test-cobalt
#5
Shelly Massingale, Amy Alexander, Steven Erickson, Elizabeth McQueary, Richard Gerkin, Haroon Kisana, Briana Silvestri, Sarah Schodrof, Bryce Nalepa, Jamie Pardini
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dizziness and balance problems are common symptoms following sports-related concussion (SRC). Most sports require high-level balance skills that integrate the sensory inputs used for balance. Thus, a comprehensive assessment of postural control following SRC is recommended as an integral part of evaluation and management of the injury. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine performance differences between uninjured and concussed athletes on the Concussion Balance Test (COBALT), as well as complete preliminary analyses of criterion-related validity and reliability of COBALT...
July 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864101/prospective-changes-in-vestibular-and-ocular-motor-impairment-after-concussion
#6
R J Elbin, Alicia Sufrinko, Morgan N Anderson, Samantha Mohler, Philip Schatz, Tracey Covassin, Anne Mucha, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The utility of prospective changes on the Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) assessment are unknown, and 2 methods of scoring are published in the literature. Total scores are the total symptom scores for each VOMS component, and change scores are the difference between the pretest total symptom score and component total symptom scores. This study documented prospective changes in vestibular and ocular motor impairments and symptoms in high school athletes with concussion using the total and change scoring methods and compared the percentage of scores over clinical cutoffs using the total and change scoring methods for the VOMS...
July 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864100/commentary-on-an-exploration-of-the-impact-of-initial-timing-of-physical-therapy-on-safety-and-outcomes-after-concussion
#7
Anne Mucha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864099/returning-individuals-to-activities-and-participation-it-s-what-we-do
#8
Karen L McCulloch, Kathleen Gill-Body
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864098/activity-and-exercise-intolerance-after-concussion-identification-and-management-of-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome
#9
Nicole A Miranda, Jeffrey R Boris, Kristen M Kouvel, Lauren Stiles
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is increasingly recognized as a complication affecting recovery from concussion. Individuals with POTS demonstrate refractory dizziness, lightheadedness, cognitive dysfunction, fatigue, headache, chronic pain, nausea and gastrointestinal dysmotility, activity and exercise intolerance, syncope, and tachycardia. Subtypes of POTS may include hypovolemia, hyperadrenergic states, autonomic neuropathy, and underlying autoimmunity, which may variably impact response to rehabilitation in varying ways...
July 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864097/the-role-of-physical-activity-in-recovery-from-concussion-in-youth-a-neuroscience-perspective
#10
Julia Schmidt, Cristina Rubino, Lara A Boyd, Naznin Virji-Babul
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Concussion is a major public health concern and one of the least understood neurological injuries. Children and youth are disproportionally affected by concussion, and once injured, take longer to recover. Current guidelines recommend a period of physical and cognitive rest with a gradual progressive return to activity. Although there is limited high-quality evidence (eg, randomized controlled trials) on the benefit of physical activity and exercise after concussion, most studies report a positive impact of exercise in facilitating recovery after concussion...
July 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846269/an-exploration-of-the-impact-of-initial-timing-of-physical-therapy-on-safety-and-outcomes-after-concussion-in-adolescents
#11
Anne Lennon, Jason A Hugentobler, Mary Claire Sroka, Katharine S Nissen, Brad G Kurowski, Isabelle Gagnon, Catherine C Quatman-Yates
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical therapy (PT) is a management strategy increasingly recognized to facilitate recovery after concussion. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and outcomes of multimodal impairment-based PT at varying time points after injury in youth diagnosed with concussion. METHODS: Data were extracted retrospectively from medical records for patients who received PT for concussion-related impairments. Patient records were categorized into 3 cohorts on the basis of the timing of PT implementation: 0-20 days following injury (early intervention), 21 to 41 days following injury (middle intervention), and 42 or more days following injury (late intervention)...
July 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547488/jnpt-congratulates-members-honored-with-2018-academy-of-neurologic-physical-therapy-awards
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547486/white-paper-movement-system-diagnoses-in-neurologic-physical-therapy
#13
Lois D Hedman, Lori Quinn, Kathleen Gill-Body, David A Brown, Myla Quiben, Nora Riley, Patricia L Scheets
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The APTA recently established a vision for physical therapists to transform society by optimizing movement to promote health and wellness, mitigate impairments, and prevent disability. An important element of this vision entails the integration of the movement system into the profession, and necessitates the development of movement system diagnoses by physical therapists. At this point in time, the profession as a whole has not agreed upon diagnostic classifications or guidelines to assist in developing movement system diagnoses that will consistently capture an individual's movement problems...
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547485/use-of-an-errorless-learning-approach-in-a-person-with-concomitant-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-and-brain-injury-a-case-report
#14
Annie Hartmann, Deb Kegelmeyer, Anne Kloos
: Individuals with concomitant spinal cord injury and traumatic brain injury have cognitive deficits that may limit the ability to learn novel motor tasks necessary for functional independence. Errorless learning has been shown to improve cognitive task performance in persons with brain injury but little is known about its usefulness for improving novel motor task learning. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 44-year-old man with traumatic spinal cord and brain injuries from a motor vehicle accident was admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation hospital...
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547484/high-intensity-variable-stepping-training-in-patients-with-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-series
#15
Carey L Holleran, Patrick W Hennessey, Abigail L Leddy, Gordhan B Mahtani, Gabrielle Brazg, Brian D Schmit, T George Hornby
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous data suggest that large amounts of high-intensity stepping training in variable contexts (tasks and environments) may improve locomotor function, aerobic capacity, and treadmill gait kinematics in individuals poststroke. Whether similar training strategies are tolerated and efficacious for patients with other acute-onset neurological diagnoses, such as motor incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI), is unknown. Individuals with iSCI potentially have greater bilateral impairments...
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547483/sensory-challenge-balance-exercises-improve-multisensory-reweighting-in-fall-prone-older-adults
#16
Leslie K Allison, Tim Kiemel, John J Jeka
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multisensory reweighting (MSR) deficits in older adults contribute to fall risk. Sensory-challenge balance exercises may have value for addressing the MSR deficits in fall-prone older adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of sensory-challenge balance exercises on MSR and clinical balance measures in fall-prone older adults. METHODS: We used a quasi-experimental, repeated-measures, within-subjects design. Older adults with a history of falls underwent an 8-week baseline (control) period...
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547482/author-response-to-commentary-on-effect-of-gaze-stability-exercises-on-chronic-motion-sensitivity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Eric Johnson, Noha Daher, Shilpa Gaikwad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547481/commentary-on-effect-of-gaze-stability-exercises-on-chronic-motion-sensitivity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Anne K Galgon, Wendy Webb Schoenewald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547480/effect-of-gaze-stability-exercises-on-chronic-motion-sensitivity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Shilpa B Gaikwad, Eric G Johnson, Todd C Nelson, Oluwaseun I Ambode, Abdulaziz A Albalwi, Ahmad A Alharbi, Noha S Daher
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Motion sensitivity is a common condition among the general population and may be accompanied by postural instability and anxiety. Preliminary studies suggest that minimal dosage of gaze stability exercises improves postural stability in young adults with chronic motion sensitivity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of progressive gaze stability exercises on postural stability, motion sensitivity, and anxiety in healthy young adults with chronic motion sensitivity...
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547479/effects-of-fatigue-on-balance-in-individuals-with-parkinson-disease-influence-of-medication-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-genotype
#20
Michael Baer, Bradley Klemetson, Diana Scott, Andrew S Murtishaw, James W Navalta, Jefferson W Kinney, Merrill R Landers
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Because falls can have deleterious consequences, it is important to understand the influence of fatigue and medications on balance in persons with Parkinson disease (PD). Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of fatigue on balance in individuals with PD. Because brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been shown to be related to motor performance, we also explored its role. METHODS: A total of 27 individuals (age = 65...
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
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