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Advanced Functional Materials

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979182/glycine-n-methylation-in-ngr-tagged-nanocarriers-prevents-isoaspartate-formation-and-integrin-binding-without-impairing-cd13-recognition-and-tumor-homing
#1
Angelo Corti, Anna Maria Gasparri, Michela Ghitti, Angelina Sacchi, Francesco Sudati, Martina Fiocchi, Valentina Buttiglione, Laura Perani, Alessandro Gori, Silvia Valtorta, Rosa Maria Moresco, Fabio Pastorino, Mirco Ponzoni, Giovanna Musco, Flavio Curnis
NGR (asparagine-glycine-arginine) is a tumor vasculature-homing peptide motif widely used for the functionalization of drugs, nanomaterials and imaging compounds for cancer treatment and diagnosis. Unfortunately, this motif has a strong propensity to undergo rapid deamidation. This reaction, which converts NGR into isoDGR, is associated with receptor switching from CD13 to integrins, with potentially important manufacturing, pharmacological and toxicological implications. It is found that glycine N-methylation of NGR-tagged nanocarriers completely prevents asparagine deamidation without impairing CD13 recognition...
September 26, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151826/renal-clearable-pegylated-porphyrin-nanoparticles-for-image-guided-photodynamic-cancer-therapy
#2
Liang Cheng, Dawei Jiang, Anyanee Kamkaew, Hector F Valdovinos, Hyung-Jun Im, Liangzhu Feng, Christopher G England, Shreya Goel, Todd E Barnhart, Zhuang Liu, Weibo Cai
Noninvasive dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) imaging was used to investigate the balance between renal clearance and tumor uptake behaviors of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-modified porphyrin nanoparticles (TCPP-PEG) with various molecular weights. TCPP-PEG10K nanoparticles with clearance behavior would be a good candidate for PET image-guided photodynamic therapy.
September 13, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104526/-tissue-papers-from-organ-specific-decellularized-extracellular-matrices
#3
Adam E Jakus, Monica M Laronda, Alexandra S Rashedi, Christina M Robinson, Chris Lee, Sumanas W Jordan, Kyle E Orwig, Teresa K Woodruff, Ramille N Shah
Using an innovative, tissue-independent approach to decellularized tissue processing and biomaterial fabrication, the development of a series of "tissue papers" derived from native porcine tissues/organs (heart, kidney, liver, muscle), native bovine tissue/organ (ovary and uterus), and purified bovine Achilles tendon collagen as a control from decellularized extracellular matrix particle ink suspensions cast into molds is described. Each tissue paper type has distinct microstructural characteristics as well as physical and mechanical properties, is capable of absorbing up to 300% of its own weight in liquid, and remains mechanically robust (E = 1-18 MPa) when hydrated; permitting it to be cut, rolled, folded, and sutured, as needed...
September 13, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147108/muc1-aptamer-targeted-sers-nanoprobes
#4
Suchetan Pal, Stefan Harmsen, Anton Oseledchyk, Hsiao-Ting Hsu, Moritz F Kircher
Recently, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanoprobes (NPs) have shown promise in the field of cancer imaging due to their unparalleled signal specificity and high sensitivity. Here we report the development of a DNA aptamer targeted SERS NP. Recently, aptamers are being investigated as a viable alternative to more traditional antibody targeting due to their low immunogenicity and low cost of production. We developed a strategy to functionalize SERS NPs with DNA aptamers, which target Mucin1 (MUC1) in human breast cancer (BC)...
August 25, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056886/multifunctional-molecular-beacon-micelles-for-intracellular-mrna-imaging-and-synergistic-therapy-in-multidrug-resistant-cancer-cells
#5
Ruili Zhang, Shi Gao, Zhongliang Wang, Da Han, Lin Liu, Qingjie Ma, Weihong Tan, Jie Tian, Xiaoyuan Chen
Multidrug resistance (MDR) resulting from overexpression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) transporters increases the drug efflux and thereby limits the chemotherapeutic efficacy. It is desirable to administer both an MDR1 gene silencer and a chemotherapeutic agent in a sequential way to generate a synergistic therapeutic effect in multidrug-resistant cancer cells. Herein, we rationally designed an anti-MDR1 molecular beacon (MB)-based micelle (a-MBM) nanosystem, which is composed of a diacyllipid core densely packed with an MB corona...
August 18, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747856/tunable-gas-sensing-gels-by-cooperative-assembly
#6
Abid Hussain, Ana T S Semeano, Susana I C J Palma, Ana S Pina, José Almeida, Bárbara F Medrado, Ana C C S Pádua, Ana L Carvalho, Madalena Dionísio, Rosamaria W C Li, Hugo Gamboa, Rein V Ulijn, Jonas Gruber, Ana C A Roque
The cooperative assembly of biopolymers and small molecules can yield functional materials with precisely tunable properties. Here, the fabrication, characterization, and use of multicomponent hybrid gels as selective gas sensors are reported. The gels are composed of liquid crystal droplets self-assembled in the presence of ionic liquids, which further coassemble with biopolymers to form stable matrices. Each individual component can be varied and acts cooperatively to tune gels' structure and function. The unique molecular environment in hybrid gels is explored for supramolecular recognition of volatile compounds...
July 19, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104525/acoustic-separation-of-nanoparticles-in-continuous-flow
#7
Mengxi Wu, Zhangming Mao, Kejie Chen, Hunter Bachman, Yuchao Chen, Joseph Rufo, Liqiang Ren, Peng Li, Lin Wang, Tony Jun Huang
The separation of nanoscale particles based on their differences in size is an essential technique to the nanoscience and nanotechnology community. Here, nanoparticles are successfully separated in a continuous flow by using tilted-angle standing surface acoustic waves. The acoustic field deflects nanoparticles based on volume, and the fractionation of nanoparticles is optimized by tuning the cutoff parameters. The continuous separation of nanoparticlesis demonstrated with a ≈90% recovery rate. The acoustic nanoparticle separation method is versatile, non-invasive, and simple...
April 11, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046623/biocompatible-d-a-semiconducting-polymer-nanoparticle-with-light-harvesting-unit-for-highly-effective-photoacoustic-imaging-guided-photothermal-therapy
#8
Jinfeng Zhang, Caixia Yang, Rui Zhang, Rui Chen, Zhenyu Zhang, Wenjun Zhang, Shih-Hao Peng, Xiaoyuan Chen, Gang Liu, Chain-Shu Hsu, Chun-Sing Lee
The development of nanotheranostic agents that integrate diagnosis and therapy for effective personalized precision medicine has obtained tremendous attention in the past few decades. In this report, biocompatible electron donor-acceptor conjugated semiconducting polymer nanoparticles (PPor-PEG NPs) with light-harvesting unit is prepared and developed for highly effective photoacoustic imaging guided photothermal therapy. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time that the concept of light-harvesting unit is exploited for enhancing the photoacoustic signal and photothermal energy conversion in polymer-based theranostic agent...
April 5, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176940/ultrafast-near-infrared-light-triggered-intracellular-uncaging-to-probe-cell-signaling
#9
Xiuying Li, Zifan Che, Khadijah Mazhar, Theodore J Price, Zhenpeng Qin
The possibility of regulating cell signaling with high spatial and temporal resolution within individual cells and complex cellular networks has important implications in biomedicine. In this report, we demonstrate a general strategy that uses near-infrared tissue-penetrating laser pulses to uncage biomolecules from plasmonic gold-coated liposomes, i.e. plasmonic liposomes, to activate cell signaling in a non-thermal, ultrafast and highly controllable fashion. Near-infrared picosecond laser pulse induces transient nanobubbles around plasmonic liposomes...
March 17, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989338/chemical-sensing-systems-that-utilize-soft-electronics-on-thin-elastomeric-substrates-with-open-cellular-designs
#10
Yoon Kyeung Lee, Kyung-In Jang, Yinji Ma, Ahyeon Koh, Hang Chen, Han Na Jung, Yerim Kim, Jean Won Kwak, Liang Wang, Yeguang Xue, Yiyuan Yang, Wenlong Tian, Yu Jiang, Yihui Zhang, Xue Feng, Yonggang Huang, John A Rogers
A collection of materials and device architectures are introduced for thin, stretchable arrays of ion sensors that mount on open cellular substrates to facilitate solution exchange for use in biointegrated electronics. The results include integration strategies and studies of fundamental characteristics in chemical sensing and mechanical response. The latter involves experimental measurements and theoretical simulations that establish important considerations in the design of low modulus, stretchable properties in cellular substrates, and in the realization of advanced capabilities in spatiotemporal mapping of chemicals' gradients...
March 3, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989337/neuroendocrine-tumor-targeted-upconversion-nanoparticle-based-micelles-for-simultaneous-nir-controlled-combination-chemotherapy-and-photodynamic-therapy-and-fluorescence-imaging
#11
Guojun Chen, Renata Jaskula-Sztul, Corinne R Esquibel, Irene Lou, Qifeng Zheng, Ajitha Dammalapati, April Harrison, Kevin W Eliceiri, Weiping Tang, Herbert Chen, Shaoqin Gong
Although neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are slow growing, they are frequently metastatic at the time of discovery and no longer amenable to curative surgery, emphasizing the need for the development of other treatments. In this study, multifunctional upconversion nanoparticle (UCNP)-based theranostic micelles are developed for NET-targeted and near-infrared (NIR)-controlled combination chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy (PDT), and bioimaging. The theranostic micelle is formed by individual UCNP functionalized with light-sensitive amphiphilic block copolymers poly(4,5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzyl methacrylate)-polyethylene glycol (PNBMA-PEG) and Rose Bengal (RB) photosensitizers...
February 23, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180949/electrically-oscillating-plasmonic-nanoparticles-for-enhanced-dna-vaccination-against-hepatitis-c-virus
#12
Mohamed Shehata Draz, Ying-Jie Wang, Frank Fanqing Chen, Yuhong Xu, Hadi Shafiee
The promise of DNA vaccines is far-reaching. However, the development of potent immunization methods remains a key challenge for its use in clinical applications. Here, an approach for in vivo DNA vaccination by electrically activated plasmonic Au nanoparticles is reported. The electrical excitation of plasmonic nanoparticles can drive vibrational and dipole-like oscillations that are able to disrupt nearby cell membranes. In combination with their intrinsic ability to focus and magnify the electric field on the surface of cells, Au nanoparticles allow enhanced cell poration and facilitate the uptake of DNA vaccine...
February 3, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046624/designing-thin-ultrastretchable-electronics-with-stacked-circuits-and-elastomeric-encapsulation-materials
#13
Renxiao Xu, Jung Woo Lee, Taisong Pan, Siyi Ma, Jiayi Wang, June Hyun Han, Yinji Ma, John A Rogers, Yonggang Huang
Many recently developed soft, skin-like electronics with high performance circuits and low modulus encapsulation materials can accommodate large bending, stretching, and twisting deformations. Their compliant mechanics also allows for intimate, nonintrusive integration to the curvilinear surfaces of soft biological tissues. By introducing a stacked circuit construct, the functional density of these systems can be greatly improved, yet their desirable mechanics may be compromised due to the increased overall thickness...
January 26, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507484/imaging-and-analysis-of-encapsulated-objects-through-self-assembled-electron-and-optically-transparent-graphene-oxide-membranes
#14
Alexander Yulaev, Alexey Lipatov, Annie Xi Lu, Alexander Sinitskii, Marina S Leite, Andrei Kolmakov
We demonstrate a technique for facile encapsulation and adhesion of micro- and nano objects on arbitrary substrates, stencils, and micro structured surfaces by ultrathin graphene oxide membranes via a simple drop casting of graphene oxide solution. A self-assembled encapsulating membrane forms during the drying process at the liquid-air and liquid-solid interfaces and consists of a water-permeable quasi-2D network of overlapping graphene oxide flakes. Upon drying and interlocking between the flakes, the encapsulating coating around the object becomes mechanically robust, chemically protective, and yet highly transparent to electrons and photons in a wide energy range, enabling microscopic and spectroscopic access to encapsulated objects...
January 23, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713230/in-vivo-micro-ct-imaging-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-labeled-with-gold-poly-l-lysine-nanocomplexes
#15
Taeho Kim, Nohyun Lee, Dian R Arifin, Irina Shats, Miroslaw Janowski, Piotr Walczak, Taeghwan Hyeon, Jeff W M Bulte
Developing in vivo cell tracking is an important prerequisite for further development of cell-based therapy. So far, few computed tomography (CT) cell tracking studies have been described due to its notoriously low sensitivity and lack of efficient labeling protocols. We present a simple method to render human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) sufficiently radiopaque by complexing 40 nm citrate-stabilized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with poly-L-lysine (PLL) and rhodamine B isothiocyanate (RITC). AuNP-PLL-RITC labeling did not affect cellular viability, proliferation, or downstream cell differentiation into adipocytes and osteocytes...
January 19, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626362/nanoporous-gold-biointerfaces-modifying-nanostructure-to-control-neural-cell-coverage-and-enhance-electrophysiological-recording-performance
#16
Christopher A R Chapman, Ling Wang, Hao Chen, Joshua Garrison, Pamela J Lein, Erkin Seker
Nanostructured neural interface coatings have significantly enhanced recording fidelity in both implantable and in vitro devices. As such, nano-porous gold (np-Au) has shown promise as a multifunctional neural interface coating due, in part, to its ability to promote nanostructure-mediated reduction in astrocytic surface coverage while not affecting neuronal coverage. The goal of this study is to provide insight into the mechanisms by which the np-Au nanostructure drives the differential response of neurons versus astrocytes in an in vitro model...
January 19, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824357/advanced-functional-nanomaterials-for-theranostics
#17
Haoyuan Huang, Jonathan F Lovell
Nanoscale materials have been explored extensively as agents for therapeutic and diagnostic (i.e. theranostic) applications. Research efforts have shifted from exploring new materials in vitro to designing materials that function in more relevant animal disease models, thereby increasing potential for clinical translation. Current interests include non-invasive imaging of diseases, biomarkers and targeted delivery of therapeutic drugs. Here, we discuss some general design considerations of advanced theranostic materials and challenges of their use, from both diagnostic and therapeutic perspectives...
January 12, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970775/engineered-elastomer-substrates-for-guided-assembly-of-complex-3d-mesostructures-by-spatially-nonuniform-compressive-buckling
#18
Kewang Nan, Haiwen Luan, Zheng Yan, Xin Ning, Yiqi Wang, Ao Wang, Juntong Wang, Mengdi Han, Matthew Chang, Kan Li, Yutong Zhang, Wen Huang, Yeguang Xue, Yonggang Huang, Yihui Zhang, John A Rogers
Approaches capable of creating three-dimensional (3D) mesostructures in advanced materials (device-grade semiconductors, electroactive polymers etc.) are of increasing interest in modern materials research. A versatile set of approaches exploits transformation of planar precursors into 3D architectures through the action of compressive forces associated with release of prestrain in a supporting elastomer substrate. Although a diverse set of 3D structures can be realized in nearly any class of material in this way, all previously reported demonstrations lack the ability to vary the degree of compression imparted to different regions of the 2D precursor, thus constraining the diversity of 3D geometries...
January 5, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798658/miniaturized-battery-free-wireless-systems-for-wearable-pulse-oximetry
#19
Jeonghyun Kim, Philipp Gutruf, Antonio M Chiarelli, Seung Yun Heo, Kyoungyeon Cho, Zhaoqian Xie, Anthony Banks, Seungyoung Han, Kyung-In Jang, Jung Woo Lee, Kyu-Tae Lee, Xue Feng, Yonggang Huang, Monica Fabiani, Gabriele Gratton, Ungyu Paik, John A Rogers
Development of unconventional technologies for wireless collection, storage and analysis of quantitative, clinically relevant information on physiological status is of growing interest. Soft, biocompatible systems are widely regarded as important because they facilitate mounting on external (e.g. skin) and internal (e.g. heart, brain) surfaces of the body. Ultra-miniaturized, lightweight and battery-free devices have the potential to establish complementary options in bio-integration, where chronic interfaces (i...
January 5, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729818/a-cooperative-copper-metal-organic-framework-hydrogel-system-improves-wound-healing-in-diabetes
#20
Jisheng Xiao, Siyu Chen, Ji Yi, Hao Zhang, Guillermo A Ameer
Chronic non-healing wounds remain a major clinical challenge that would benefit from the development of advanced, regenerative dressings that promote wound closure within a clinically relevant time frame. The use of copper ions has shown promise in wound healing applications possibly by promoting angiogenesis. However, reported treatments that use copper ions require multiple applications of copper salts or oxides to the wound bed, exposing the patient to potentially toxic levels of copper ions and resulting in variable outcomes...
January 5, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
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