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Journal of Physical Activity & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169577/physical-activity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Danielle M Thiel, Fatima Al Sayah, Jeff Vallance, Steven T Johnson, Jeffrey A Johnson
BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate the longitudinal relationship between physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were from a prospective cohort of adults with type 2 diabetes. Weekly moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was reported using the Godin Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire, and HRQL was reported using the SF-12 and 5-level EQ-5D. Participants were categorized based on current weekly MVPA recommendations...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169575/a-clinician-referral-and-12-week-exercise-training-programme-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-outcomes-to-12-months-of-the-engage-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Cadeyrn J Gaskin, Melinda Craike, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Kerry S Courneya, Patricia M Livingston
BACKGROUND: The ENGAGE (efficacy of a referral and physical activity programme for survivors of prostate cancer) study established that a clinician referral and 12-week exercise training programme increased vigorous physical activity at 12 weeks among men with prostate cancer. Here, we report the 6- and 12-month outcomes. METHODS: In this multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial, we compared a clinician referral and exercise training programme to usual care...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169574/fitness-equipment-in-public-parks-frequency-of-use-and-community-perceptions-in-a-small-urban-centre
#3
Jennifer L Copeland, Cheryl Currie, Ali Walker, Erin Mason, Taura Willoughby, Ashley Amson
BACKGROUND: Providing freely accessible exercise facilities may increase physical activity at a population level. An increasingly popular strategy is outdoor fitness equipment in urban parks. Few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of this intervention in smaller cities. This study examined fitness equipment use, perceived effectiveness, and ways to increase use in a city of 95,000 people in 2015. METHODS: Two parks with fitness equipment and 4 without were directly observed...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169573/are-south-african-mothers-moving-patterns-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-pregnant-black-south-african-women
#4
Estelle D Watson, Mireille N M Van Poppel, Rachel A Jones, Shane A Norris, Lisa K Micklesfield
BACKGROUND: Although physical activity during pregnancy may be beneficial, the prenatal period is a vulnerable time for decreasing physical activity levels and increasing sedentary time. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study measured physical activity using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) in singleton, pregnant women in the second (14-18 wk gestation; n=332) and third trimester (29-33 wk; n=256). RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in total MVPA (MET mins/wk) between the second and third trimester (p=0...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169572/relation-of-adolescents-physical-activity-to-after-school-recreation-environment
#5
Christina M Thornton, Kelli L Cain, Terry L Conway, Jacqueline Kerr, Brian E Saelens, Lawrence D Frank, Karen Glanz, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: The after-school period provides an opportune context for adolescent physical activity. This study examined how characteristics of after-school recreation environments related to adolescent physical activity. METHODS: Participants were 889 adolescents aged 12-17 (M = 14.1, SD = 1.4) from two US regions. Adolescents reported on whether their school offered after-school supervised physical activity, access to play areas/fields, and presence of sports facilities...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169570/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-promoting-objectively-measured-physical-activity-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#6
Shaima Alothman, Abdalghani Yahya, Jason Rucker, Patricia M Kluding
BACKGROUND: Many people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are sedentary despite strong recommendations of regular physical activity (PA). Objective measures of PA provide accurate reflection of daily PA level. The purpose of this review was to analyze studies used pedometers or accelerometers to determine the outcome of interventions promoted daily PA in people with T2D. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted using the PubMed and CINAHL databases (2000 - 2016), with search terms: sedentary, diabetes, pedometer, physical activity, and accelerometer...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169569/physical-activity-and-motor-competence-present-a-positive-reciprocal-longitudinal-relationship-across-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#7
Rodrigo A Lima, Karin Pfeiffer, Lisbeth R Larsen, Anna Bugge, Niels C Moller, Lars B Anderson, David F Stodden
BACKGROUND: The current study evaluated the reciprocal longitudinal relationship between physical activity (PA) and motor competence (MC) and the potential mediation of cardiorespiratory endurance across seven years. METHODS: This was a seven-year longitudinal study with three measuring points (mean ages [in years] and respective sample size: 6.75 ±0.37, n=696; 9.59 ±1.07, n=617; 13.35 ±0.34, n=513) - the Copenhagen School Child Intervention Study (CoSCIS). PA was assessed using accelerometers...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169568/the-influence-of-age-sex-and-body-mass-index-on-the-effectiveness-of-brisk-walking-for-obesity-management-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Leon Mabire, Ramakrishnan Mani, Lizhou Liu, Hilda Mulligan, David Baxter
BACKGROUND: Brisk walking is the most popular activity for obesity management for adults. We aimed to identify whether participant age, sex and body mass index (BMI) influenced the effectiveness of brisk walking. METHODS: A search of nine databases was conducted for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Two investigators selected RCTs reporting on change in body weight, BMI, waist circumference, fat mass, fat-free mass, and body fat percentage following a brisk walking intervention in obese adults...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169567/using-social-network-analysis-to-better-understand-compulsive-exercise-behavior-among-a-sample-of-sorority-members
#9
Megan S Patterson, Patricia Goodson
BACKGROUND: Compulsive exercise, a form of unhealthy exercise often associated with prioritizing exercise and feeling guilty when exercise is missed, is a common precursor to and symptom of eating disorders. College-aged women are at high risk of exercising compulsively compared to other groups. Social network analysis (SNA) is a theoretical perspective and methodology allowing researchers to observe the effects of relational dynamics on the behaviors of people. METHODS: SNA was used to assess the relationship between compulsive exercise and body dissatisfaction, physical activity, and network variables...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169566/physical-activity-throughout-adolescence-and-hba1c-in-early-adulthood-birth-cohort-study
#10
Priscila M Nakamura, Grégore I Mielke, Bernardo L Horta, Maria Cecília Assunção, Helen Gonçalves, Ana Mb Menezes, Fernando C Barros, Ulf Ekelund, Soren Brage, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Isabel O Oliveira, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is responsible for 7% of diabetes deaths worldwide, but little is known whether low levels of physical activity (PA) during adolescence increase the risk of diabetes in early adulthood. We evaluated the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between PA throughout adolescence and HbA1c concentration in early adulthood. METHODS: HbA1c was measured by high performance liquid chromatography. PA was assessed by self-report at the ages of 11, 15 and 18 years and by accelerometry at the ages of 13 (sub-sample) and 18 years...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169562/does-preschool-physical-activity-and-electronic-media-use-predict-later-social-and-emotional-skills-at-6-8-years-a-cohort-study
#11
Trina Hinkley, Anna Timperio, Jo Salmon, Kylie Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the associations of preschoolers' health behaviours with their later psychosocial wellbeing. This study investigates the association of 3-5 year-old children's physical activity and electronic media use with their later social-emotional skills (6-8 years). METHODS: Data were collected in 2008/9 and 2011/12 for the Healthy Active Preschool and Primary Years (HAPPY) Study in metropolitan Melbourne. Participants were a random sub-sample (n=108) of the 567 children at follow-up...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169561/bike-desks-in-the-classroom-energy-expenditure-physical-health-cognitive-performance-brain-functioning-and-academic-performance
#12
Tine Torbeyns, Bas de Geus, Stephen Bailey, Lieselot Decroix, Jeroen Van Cutsem, Kevin De Pauw, Romain Meeusen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is positively associated with physical health, cognitive performance, brain functioning and academic performance. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of bike desks in the classroom on adolescents' energy expenditure, physical health, cognitive performance, brain functioning and academic performance. METHODS: Forty-four adolescents were randomly assigned to control (CG) or intervention group (IG). During five months, the IG used a bike desk for four class hours/week...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169553/improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-cardio-metabolic-health-and-fitness-in-postmenopausal-women-after-an-exercise-plus-health-promotion-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Mercedes Vélez Toral, Débora Godoy-Izquierdo, Nicolás Mendoza Ladrón de Guevara, Carlos de Teresa Galván, Alberto Salamanca Ballesteros, Juan F Godoy García
BACKGROUND: This study explored multidimensional outcomes that were derived from the adherence to regular exercise among previously sedentary postmenopausal 45-64 years old women who engaged in a ~20-week exercise programme. METHODS: A RCT with between-group (intervention and control women) and within-subject measures (baseline, postintervention and 3-month and 12-month follow-ups) wasconducted. HRQoL and several indicators of cardio-metabolic status and fitness were assessed...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032816/ethnic-differences-in-impact-of-physical-activity-program-on-psychological-symptoms-in-youth
#14
Jocelyn S Carter, Sabrina Karczewski, Draycen D DeCator, Alescia M Hollowell
BACKGROUND: Children who engage in regular physical activity are protected from developing behavioral problems at home and school, but many children do not have the opportunity to participate in regular physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a non-curricular school-based physical activity program resulted in reductions in children's psychological problems in two domains: internalizing (e.g., depression) and externalizing (e.g., aggression) and whether these effects varied according to ethnicity, gender, and baseline psychological symptoms...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032812/objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-obesity-and-psychological-well-being-a-cross-sectional-study-of-japanese-schoolchildren
#15
Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Minoru Adachi, Yoshiyuki Mano, Koichiro Oka
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviors (SB) are associated with health indicators; however, there are currently very few studies that have examined these associations, especially in conjunction with psychological factors, in children. The present study examined the independent relationship between objectively assessed SB, and indicators of obesity and psychological well-being, among Japanese children. METHODS: A total of 967 elementary-school children completed a cross-sectional survey...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032811/effects-of-elastic-resistance-training-on-muscle-strength-and-functional-performance-in-healthy-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Poliana Alves de Oliveira, Juscelino Castro Blasczyk, Karina Ferreira Lagoa, Milene Soares, Ricardo Jacó de Oliveira, Paulo José Barbosa Gutierres Filho, Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro, Wagner Rodrigues Martins
BACKGROUND: Elastic Resistance Exercise (ERE) has already demonstrated its effectiveness in older adults and, when combined with the resistance generated by fixed loads, in adults. This review summarizes the effectiveness of ERE performed as isolated method on muscle strength and functional performance in healthy adults. METHOD: A database search was performed (MEDLine, Cochrane Library, PEDro and Web of Knowledge) to identify controlled clinical trials in English language...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032810/active-classrooms-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effects-of-a-movement-integration-intervention-on-the-physical-activity-levels-of-primary-school-children
#17
Rosemarie Martin, Elaine Murtagh
DESIGN: A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted to assess the effectiveness of the 'Active Classrooms' intervention, which integrates movement into academic lessons, on the moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels (MVPA) of primary school children during classtime and throughout the school day. METHODS: Ten classroom teachers and their students aged 8-12 years were recruited and randomized into the 'Active Classrooms' intervention group (n=131students, n=5teachers) or a delayed-treatment controlled group (n=117students, n=5teachers)...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032808/a-physical-activity-intervention-program-in-school-is-also-accompanied-by-higher-leisure-time-physical-activity-a-prospective-controlled-3-year-study-in-194-prepubertal-children
#18
Felix Cronholm, Björn E Rosengren, Caroline Karlsson, Magnus K Karlsson
BACKGROUND: The activity-stat theory infers that total physical activity (PA) in children is constant, independent of environmental interventions. METHODS: We conducted a 3-year prospective population-based controlled PA intervention study including, at baseline, 7-9-year-old children (66 boys, 40 girls in the intervention and 50 boys, 38 girls in the control group). PA was increased in the intervention group from 60 to 200 minutes/week, while the controls maintained 60 minutes/week...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032806/association-of-maximum-temperature-with-sedentary-time-in-older-british-men
#19
Claudio Sartini, Richard W Morris, Peter H Whincup, S Goya Wannamethee, Sarah Ash, Lucy Lennon, Barbara J Jefferis
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour is very common in older adults and a risk factor for mortality. Understanding determinants of sedentary behaviour may help in defining strategies aimed to reduce the time spent sedentary. The degree of difference in sedentary time attributable to varying temperatures has not been yet estimated in older men. METHODS: Men aged 71-91 years participating in an established UK population-based cohort study were invited to wear an Actigraph GT3x accelerometer for one week in 2010-12...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032804/understanding-the-demographic-differences-in-neighborhood-walking-supports
#20
Susan A Carlson, Kathleen B Watson, Prabasaj Paul, Thomas L Schmid, Janet E Fulton
BACKGROUND: Information about how presence and usefulness of neighborhood supports for walking differs by demographic characteristics can help guide community strategies to promote walking. METHODS: Reported presence and usefulness of neighborhood supports (shops, transit stops, sidewalks, parks, interesting things to look at, well-lit at night, low crime rate, and cars following speed limit) were examined in 3,973 U.S. adults who completed the 2014 SummerStyles survey...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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