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Journal of Physical Activity & Health

Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour is independently associated with an increased risk of poor mental health, developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature mortality. Despite the knowledge that CVD is one of the leading causes of non-AIDS related premature mortality in people living with HIV (PLWH), relatively little attention has been attributed to sedentary behaviour in this population. The aims of this meta-analysis were to: (a) establish the pooled mean time spent sedentary, (b) investigate predictors of sedentary levels, and (c) explore differences with age- and gender matched healthy controls...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Massimiliano Pau, Federica Corona, Bruno Leban, Simona Piredda, Maria Marcella Vacca, Gioia Mura
BACKGROUND: Considering the relevant amount of time spent by children at school, it is essential to ensure that suitable levels of physical activity (PA) are guaranteed. This study aimed to assess possible changes induced in the amount and type of PA performed following the two schedules in Italian primary schools, namely regular and full time (30-40 h/week respectively). METHODS: A sample of 169 children wore a tri-axial accelerometer 24h/day for 7 consecutive days...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Carley O'Neill, Shilpa Dogra
BACKGROUND: Exercise triggers asthma symptoms among adults with exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIBC). This may lead to lower physical activity levels among this population. The purpose of this study was to assess perceived exertion (RPE), perceived breathlessness (RPD), affect (FS), and physical activity enjoyment during and following an acute bout of high intensity interval exercise (HIIE), moderate intensity interval (MIIE) and moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) in adults with EIBC...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Lira Yun, Elaine M Ori, Younghan Lee, Allison Sivak, Tanya R Berry
BACKGROUND: Mass media campaign is an integral tool to influence physical activity participant behaviors. The purpose of the systematic review was to identify the effectiveness of mass media campaigns in promoting physical activity. METHODS: Literature update from 2010 January to 2016 September was conducted in 13 databases. Full text articles of 128 were screened, and 23 articles (18 campaigns) were selected from the initial 1,692 articles. RESULTS: All campaigns involved mass media advertisements to promote physical activity to general individuals (n = 2), adults (8), children (4), older-adults (2), and parents of children (n = 2)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Paul D Loprinzi, Brandee Smith
OBJECTIVE: To use the most recent ActiGraph model (GT9X) to compare counts per minute (CPM) estimates between wrist-worn and waist-worn attachment sites. METHODS: Participants completed two conditions (laboratory [N=13] and free-living conditions [N=9]), in which during both of these conditions they wore two ActiGraph GT9X accelerometers on their non-dominant wrist (side-by-side) and two ActiGraph GT9X accelerometers on their right hip in line with the midaxillary line (side-by-side)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Greg Welk, Youngwon Kim, Robin P Shook, Laura Ellingson, Roberto L Lobelo
BACKGROUND: The study evaluated the concurrent and criterion validity of a new, disposable activity monitor designed to provide objective data on physical activity and energy expenditure in clinical populations. METHODS: A sample of healthy adults (n = 52) wore the disposable Metria IH1 along with the established Sensewear armband (SWA) monitor for a 1-week period. Concurrent validity was examined by evaluating the statistical equivalence of estimates from the Metria and the SWA...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Marcos R Kunzler, Emmanuel S da Rocha, Maarten F Bobbert, Jacques Duysens, Felipe P Carpes
BACKGROUND: In negotiating stairs, low foot clearance increases the risk of tripping and a fall. Foot clearance may be related to physical fitness, which differs between active and sedentary participants, and be acutely affected by exercise. Impaired stair negotiation could be an acute response to exercise. Here we determined acute changes in foot clearances during stair walking in sedentary (n=15) and physically active older adults (n=15) after prolonged exercise. METHODS: Kinematic data were acquired during negotiation with a 3-steps staircase while participants walked at preferred speed, before and after a 30 min walking at preferred speed and using a treadmill...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Kaisa Kaseva, Taina Hintsa, Jari Lipsanen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Mirka Hintsanen, Xiaolin Yang, Mirja Hirvensalo, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Olli Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Tuija Tammelin
BACKGROUND: Parents' physical activity associates with their children's physical activity. Prospective designs assessing this association are rare. This study examined how parents' physical activity was associated with their children's physical activity from childhood to middle adulthood in a 30-year prospective, population-based setting. METHODS: Participants (n=3596) were from the ongoing Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study started in 1980. Participants' physical activity was self-reported at eight phases from 1980 to 2011, and their parents' physical activity at 1980...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Danielle Arigo, Paul Rohde, Heath Shaw, Eric Stice
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is critical for maintaining a healthy weight, although little is known about psychological barriers to maintaining MVPA in at-risk groups. Identifying characteristics associated with poor MVPA maintenance in obesity prevention programs could improve participant outcomes. METHODS: Toward this end, we examined predictors of MVPA in an obesity prevention trial for college students at risk for weight gain (n = 333; 72% female, MBMI = 23...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Anna K Porter, Krystin J Matthews, Deborah Salvo, Harold W Kohl
Background Most US adolescents do not meet guidelines of at least 60 daily minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity. Additionally, sedentary behaviors among this age group are of increasing concern. This study examined the association of movement behaviors with cardiovascular fitness among US adolescents. Methods Data from the 2012 NHANES National Youth Fitness Survey were used to assess the association of movement behaviors (physical activity, sedentary time, screen time) with cardiovascular fitness among adolescent males and females...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Arto Gråstén, Anthony Watt, Jarmo Liukkonen, Timo Jaakkola
BACKGROUND: The study examined the effects of school-based program on students' self-reported moderate to vigorous physical activity and physical competence, and associated links to gender, grade, body mass index, and physical education assessments. METHODS: Participants were 240 middle school students (143 intervention, 97 control) from three small cities in North-East Finland. The intervention group received task-involving climate support in physical education classes and additional physical activities during school days across one year...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
E Andrew Pitchford, Leah R Ketcheson, Hyun-Jin Kwon, Dale A Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Research measuring physical activity behaviors during infancy is critical for evaluation of early intervention efforts to reduce rapid weight gain. There is little known about the physical activity patterns of infants, due in part to limited evidence for measurement procedures. This study sought to determine the minimal number of days and hours of accelerometry needed to reliably measure daily physical activity in infants using Generalizability (G) theory. METHODS: A total of 23 infants (14 F, 9 M) wore an accelerometer on the right ankle and right wrist for 7 days...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Colleen A Cuthbert, Kathryn King-Shier, Dean Ruether, Dianne M Tapp, S N Culos-Reed
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are an important health care resource and represent a significant proportion of Canadian and US populations. Family caregivers suffer physical and psychological health problems because of being in the caregiver role. Interventions to support caregiver health, including physical activity (PA), are slow to be investigated and translated into practice. PURPOSE: To examine the evidence for PA interventions in caregivers and determine factors hampering the uptake of this evidence into practice...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Andreia Nogueira Pizarro, Jasper Schipperijn, José Carlos Ribeiro, António Figueiredo, Jorge Mota, Maria Paula Santos
BACKGROUND: Identifying where children spend their activity-time may help define relevant domains for effective PA promotion and better understand the relation between PA and environment. Our study aimed to identify how boys and girls allocate their active time in the different domains. METHODS: 374 children (201 girls; X=11.7y) wore an accelerometer and a GPS for 7 days. PALMS software combined data, categorized non-sedentary time and bouts of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Barry Lambe, Niamh Murphy, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of intervention studies assessing active travel to school as a mechanism to increase physical activity. This paper describes the impact of a community-wide intervention on active travel to primary schools in two Irish towns. METHODS: This was a repeat cross-sectional study of a natural experiment. Self-report questionnaires were completed by 5(th) and 6(th) grade students in three towns (n = 1038 students in two intervention towns; n = 419 students in one control town) at baseline and by a new group of students two years later at follow-up...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Anette Harris, Hilde Gundersen, Pia Mørk Andreassen, Eirunn Thun, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Ståle Pallesen
BACKGROUND: Sleep and mood have seldom been compared between elite athletes and non-elite athletes, although potential differences suggest that physical activity may affect these parameters. This study aims to explore whether adolescent elite athletes differ from controls in terms of sleep, positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA). METHODS: Forty-eight elite athletes and 26 controls participating in organized and non-organized sport completed a questionnaire, and a seven-day sleep diary...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Eduardo Federighi Baisi Chagas, Mariana Rotta Bonfim, Bruna Camilo Turi, Nair Cristina Margarida Brondino, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Declines in ovarian function in postmenopausal women may contribute to increase inflammatory cytokines, which can lead to chronic diseases. However, studies have shown that exercise interventions are important to manage inflammatory conditions. Thus, the objective of this study was to analyze the effect of exercise intervention on inflammatory markers among obese and postmenopausal women. METHODS: 70 women composed the sample (Exercise group [EG; n=35] and non-exercise group [nEG; n=35])...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Dale S Bond, Hollie A Raynor, J Graham Thomas, Jessica Unick, Jennifer Webster, Beth Ryder, Sivamainthan Vithiananthan
BACKGROUND: This study examines whether performance of bout-related physical activity (PA) during morning hours is related to greater overall bout-related PA increases within a preoperative PA intervention for bariatric surgery (BS) patients. METHODS: Participants with severe obesity (n=33; mean age=45.6±9.6 years; BMI=45.7±7.0 kg/m(2)) seeking BS were randomized to and completed 6 weeks of preoperative PA counseling (retention=82.5%). Participants were encouraged to walk daily at a moderate intensity in bouts ≥10 minutes during morning hours to overcome time-related obstacles and establish a PA habit...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Danielle M Thiel, Fatima Al Sayah, Jeff Vallance, Steven T Johnson, Jeffrey A Johnson
BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate the longitudinal relationship between physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data were from a prospective cohort of adults with type 2 diabetes. Weekly moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was reported using the Godin Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire, and HRQL was reported using the SF-12 and 5-level EQ-5D. Participants were categorized based on current weekly MVPA recommendations...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Cadeyrn J Gaskin, Melinda Craike, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Kerry S Courneya, Patricia M Livingston
BACKGROUND: The ENGAGE (efficacy of a referral and physical activity programme for survivors of prostate cancer) study established that a clinician referral and 12-week exercise training programme increased vigorous physical activity at 12 weeks among men with prostate cancer. Here, we report the 6- and 12-month outcomes. METHODS: In this multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial, we compared a clinician referral and exercise training programme to usual care...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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