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Journal of Physical Activity & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032816/ethnic-differences-in-impact-of-physical-activity-program-on-psychological-symptoms-in-youth
#1
Jocelyn S Carter, Sabrina Karczewski, Draycen D DeCator, Alescia M Hollowell
BACKGROUND: Children who engage in regular physical activity are protected from developing behavioral problems at home and school, but many children do not have the opportunity to participate in regular physical activity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a non-curricular school-based physical activity program resulted in reductions in children's psychological problems in two domains: internalizing (e.g., depression) and externalizing (e.g., aggression) and whether these effects varied according to ethnicity, gender, and baseline psychological symptoms...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032812/objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-obesity-and-psychological-well-being-a-cross-sectional-study-of-japanese-schoolchildren
#2
Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Minoru Adachi, Yoshiyuki Mano, Koichiro Oka
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviors (SB) are associated with health indicators; however, there are currently very few studies that have examined these associations, especially in conjunction with psychological factors, in children. The present study examined the independent relationship between objectively assessed SB, and indicators of obesity and psychological well-being, among Japanese children. METHODS: A total of 967 elementary-school children completed a cross-sectional survey...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032811/effects-of-elastic-resistance-training-on-muscle-strength-and-functional-performance-in-healthy-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Poliana Alves de Oliveira, Juscelino Castro Blasczyk, Karina Ferreira Lagoa, Milene Soares, Ricardo Jacó de Oliveira, Paulo José Barbosa Gutierres Filho, Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro, Wagner Rodrigues Martins
BACKGROUND: Elastic Resistance Exercise (ERE) has already demonstrated its effectiveness in older adults and, when combined with the resistance generated by fixed loads, in adults. This review summarizes the effectiveness of ERE performed as isolated method on muscle strength and functional performance in healthy adults. METHOD: A database search was performed (MEDLine, Cochrane Library, PEDro and Web of Knowledge) to identify controlled clinical trials in English language...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032810/active-classrooms-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effects-of-a-movement-integration-intervention-on-the-physical-activity-levels-of-primary-school-children
#4
Rosemarie Martin, Elaine Murtagh
DESIGN: A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted to assess the effectiveness of the 'Active Classrooms' intervention, which integrates movement into academic lessons, on the moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels (MVPA) of primary school children during classtime and throughout the school day. METHODS: Ten classroom teachers and their students aged 8-12 years were recruited and randomized into the 'Active Classrooms' intervention group (n=131students, n=5teachers) or a delayed-treatment controlled group (n=117students, n=5teachers)...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032808/a-physical-activity-intervention-program-in-school-is-also-accompanied-by-higher-leisure-time-physical-activity-a-prospective-controlled-3-year-study-in-194-prepubertal-children
#5
Felix Cronholm, Björn E Rosengren, Caroline Karlsson, Magnus K Karlsson
BACKGROUND: The activity-stat theory infers that total physical activity (PA) in children is constant, independent of environmental interventions. METHODS: We conducted a 3-year prospective population-based controlled PA intervention study including, at baseline, 7-9-year-old children (66 boys, 40 girls in the intervention and 50 boys, 38 girls in the control group). PA was increased in the intervention group from 60 to 200 minutes/week, while the controls maintained 60 minutes/week...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032806/association-of-maximum-temperature-with-sedentary-time-in-older-british-men
#6
Claudio Sartini, Richard W Morris, Peter H Whincup, S Goya Wannamethee, Sarah Ash, Lucy Lennon, Barbara J Jefferis
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour is very common in older adults and a risk factor for mortality. Understanding determinants of sedentary behaviour may help in defining strategies aimed to reduce the time spent sedentary. The degree of difference in sedentary time attributable to varying temperatures has not been yet estimated in older men. METHODS: Men aged 71-91 years participating in an established UK population-based cohort study were invited to wear an Actigraph GT3x accelerometer for one week in 2010-12...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032804/understanding-the-demographic-differences-in-neighborhood-walking-supports
#7
Susan A Carlson, Kathleen B Watson, Prabasaj Paul, Thomas L Schmid, Janet E Fulton
BACKGROUND: Information about how presence and usefulness of neighborhood supports for walking differs by demographic characteristics can help guide community strategies to promote walking. METHODS: Reported presence and usefulness of neighborhood supports (shops, transit stops, sidewalks, parks, interesting things to look at, well-lit at night, low crime rate, and cars following speed limit) were examined in 3,973 U.S. adults who completed the 2014 SummerStyles survey...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032803/objectively-measured-physical-activity-during-physical-education-and-school-recess-and-their-associations-with-academic-performance-in-youth-the-up-down-study
#8
Irene Esteban-Cornejo, David Martinez-Gomez, Laura Garcia-Cervantes, Francisco B Ortega, Alvaro Delgado-Alfonso, José Castro-Piñero, Oscar Luis Veiga
BACKGROUND: This study examined the associations of objectively measured physical activity in Physical Education and recess with academic performance in youth. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,780 participants aged 6-18 years (863 girls). Physical activity was objectively measured by accelerometry and was also classified according to sex- and age-specific quartiles of physical activity intensities. Academic performance was assessed through school records...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997276/one-year-stability-of-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-young-brazilian-adults
#9
Rafaela Costa Martins, Felipe Fossati Reichert, Renata Moraes Bielemann, Pedro Curi Hallal
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the one-year stability of objectively measured physical activity among young adults living in South Brazil, as well as assessing the influences of temperature, humidity and precipitation on physical activity. METHODS: A longitudinal study was conducted over 12 consecutive months (October 2012 to September 2013). Sixteen participants (8 men) used wGT3x+ accelerometers one week per month for the entire year. Climate variables were obtained from an official climate information provider...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997271/improvement-in-physical-activity-in-persons-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treated-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#10
Raymonde E Jean, Manideep Duttuluri, Charlisa D Gibson, Sadaf Mir, Katherine Fuhrmann, Edward Eden, Azhar Supariwala
BACKGROUND: Exercise improves sleep quality, yet people with untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may engage in less physical activity (PA) due to fatigue and daytime sleepiness. We examined changes in PA and sleep quality before and after treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in OSA patients. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study, persons with a primary diagnosis of OSA were enrolled at a community-based hospital in New York City...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918703/patterns-and-predictors-of-change-in-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-over-time-in-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Rachel E Klaren, Jeffer E Sasaki, Edward McAuley, Robert W Motl
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is common in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), but there is very little known about the pattern and predictors of changes in physical activity over time. PURPOSE: This study examined changes in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) over a 30-month time period and the demographic and clinical predictors of such changes in relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). METHODS: 269 persons with MS wore an accelerometer for a 7-day period and completed a demographic/clinical scale every 6 months over a 30-month period...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918702/are-immigrants-more-physically-active-than-native-born-australians-and-does-it-changes-over-time-evidence-from-nationally-representative-longitudinal-survey
#12
Suresh Joshi, Santosh Jatrana, Yin Paradies
BACKGROUND: We investigated the differences and over time changes in recommended physical activity among foreign-born (FB) from English speaking countries (ESC) and non-English speaking countries (NESC) relative to native-born (NB) Australians, and whether the association between nativity and duration of residence (DoR) and physical activity is mediated by English language proficiency, socio-economic status and social engagement/membership. METHODS: This study applies multilevel group-mean-centred mixed (hybrid) logistic regression models to twelve waves of longitudinal data (12,634 individuals) from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey with engagement in physical activities for more than three times a week as the outcome variable...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918700/the-associations-between-urbanicity-and-physical-activity-and-sitting-time-in-mexico
#13
Maria E Hermosillo-Gallardo, Russell Jago, Simon J Sebire
BACKGROUND: Approximately 17.4% of people in Mexico self-report physical activity levels below the World Health Organization's guidelines and an average sedentary time of 16 hours per day.1 Low physical activity has been associated with non-communicable disease risk factors and previous research suggests that urbanicity might be an important determinant of physical activity. The aim of this study was to measure urbanicity in Mexico and assess if it is associated with physical activity and sitting time...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918699/validation-of-questionnaire-assessed-physical-activity-in-comparison-with-objective-measures-using-accelerometers-and-physical-performance-measures-among-community-dwelling-adults-aged-%C3%A2-85-years-in-tokyo-japan
#14
Yuko Oguma, Yusuke Osawa, Michiyo Takayama, Yukiko Abe, Shigeho Tanaka, I-Min Lee, Yasumichi Arai
BACKGROUND: To date, there is no physical activity (PA) questionnaire with convergent and construct validity for the oldest-old. The aim of the present study was to investigate the validity of questionnaire-assessed PA in comparison with objective measures determined by uniaxial and triaxial accelerometers and physical performance measures in the oldest-old. METHODS: Participants were 155 elderly (mean age 90 years) who were examined at the university and agreed to wear an accelerometer for 7 days in the 3-year-follow-up survey of the Tokyo Oldest-Old Survey of Total Health...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918698/associations-between-physical-activity-and-depressive-symptoms-by-weight-status-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-results-from-diabetes-miles-australia
#15
Melinda J Craike, Kylie Mosely, Jessica L Browne, Frans Pouwer, Jane Speight
BACKGROUND: To examine associations between physical activity (PA) and depressive symptoms among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (Type 2 DM), and whether associations varied according to weight status. METHODS: Diabetes MILES - Australia is a national survey of adults with diabetes, focused on behavioral and psychosocial issues. Data from 705 respondents with Type 2 DM were analyzed, including: demographic and clinical characteristics, PA (IPAQ-SF), depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), and BMI (self-reported height and weight)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918697/psychosocial-and-friend-influences-on-objective-sedentary-behavior-and-screen-time-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#16
Jeanette M Garcia, Alen Agaronov, John R Sirard, Diane Whaley, David J Rice, Arthur Weltman
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) increases throughout adolescence, and is associated with adverse health outcomes. PURPOSE: Examine psychosocial and friend influences on SB and screen time in adolescents using a mixed-methods design. METHODS: 108 middle and high school students wore accelerometers to measure objective SB, completed screen time and psychosocial questionnaires, and nominated friends to complete activity questionnaires. Focus groups centered around influences on SB behavior...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918695/sedentary-time-physical-activity-and-executive-function-in-a-longitudinal-study-of-youth
#17
Erick E Wickel
BACKGROUND: This study examined associations between sedentary time, physical activity (PA), and executive function among youth participating in the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. METHODS: >: Sedentary time and PA (light, moderate, vigorous, and moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA)) were objectively assessed at 9 and 15 yrs, while executive function (inhibition, working memory, and fluid intelligence) were assessed at 15 yrs. Regression models were used to examine associations...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918688/racial-ethnic-and-income-differences-in-obesity-among-older-adults-the-role-of-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-neighborhood-social-cohesion
#18
Chia-Yuan Yu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations among social cohesion, physical activity, and obesity in older adults. This study explored the influences of social cohesion and leisure-time physical activity on obesity in older adults, and tested whether these relationships varied by race/ethnicity and income level. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of adults in the 2013 National Health Interview Study (NHIS) who were over 65 years of age (N=7714) was used...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918686/utility-of-surveillance-research-to-inform-physical-activity-policy-an-exemplar-from-canada
#19
Cora L Craig, Christine A Cameron, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: There are several well-known risk factor monitoring systems, but few examples of comprehensive surveillance systems designed specifically to inform physical activity (PA) policy. This paper examines the utility of Canada`s Physical Activity and Sport Monitoring System in guiding policy and practice. METHODS: Indicators were determined in conjunction with government, non-governmental associations and academics. Serial measures were collected from representative population (telephone interviews, n=4,000-11,000) and setting-based (postal surveys, n=1,425-4,304) surveys...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918685/physical-education-policies-and-practices-in-california-private-secondary-schools
#20
David Kahan, Thomas L McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Physical education (PE) is mandated in most states, but few studies of PE in private schools exist. METHODS: We assessed selected PE policies and practices in private secondary schools (grades 6-12) in California using a 15-item questionnaire related to school characteristics and their PE programs. RESULTS: Responding schools (n=450; response rate, 33.8%) were from 37 counties. Most were coeducational (91.3%) and had a religious affiliation (83%)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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