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Journal of Physical Activity & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932005/cdc-s-active-people-healthy-nation-sm-creating-an-active-america-together
#1
Janet E Fulton, David M Buchner, Susan A Carlson, Deborah Borbely, Kenneth M Rose, Ann E O'Connor, Janelle P Gunn, Ruth Petersen
Physical activity can reduce the risk of at least 20 chronic diseases and conditions and provide effective treatment for many of these conditions. Yet, physical activity levels of Americans remain low, with only small improvements over 20 years. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) considered what would accelerate progress and, as a result, developed Active People, Healthy NationSM , an aspirational initiative to improve physical activity in 2.5 million high school youth and 25 million adults, doubling the 10-year improvement targets of Healthy People 2020...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882688/policy-and-practice-relevant-youth-physical-activity-research-center-agenda
#2
Nisha Botchwey, Myron F Floyd, Keshia Pollack Porter, Carmen L Cutter, Chad Spoon, Tom L Schmid, Terry L Conway, J Aaron Hipp, Anna J Kim, M Renee Umstattd Meyer, Amanda L Walker, Tina J Kauh, Jim F Sallis
BACKGROUND: The Physical Activity Research Center developed a research agenda that addresses youth physical activity (PA) and healthy weight, and aligns with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Culture of Health. This paper summarizes prioritized research studies with a focus on youth at higher risk for inactive lifestyles and childhood obesity in urban and rural communities. METHODS: Systematic literature reviews, a survey, and discussions with practitioners and researchers provided guidance on research questions to build evidence and inform effective strategies to promote healthy weight and PA in youth across race, cultural, and economic groups...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873293/impact-of-litigation-on-compliance-with-california-physical-education-laws-in-elementary-schools
#3
Hannah R Thompson, Bhaani K Singh, Annie Reed, Robert García, Monica Lounsbery, Benjamin D Winig, Kristine A Madsen
BACKGROUND: School physical education (PE) is one of the most effective public health tools to increase youth physical activity, yet compliance with PE mandates is low. In an effort to ensure adherence to state PE law, a 2013 lawsuit was filed against 37 California school districts that were found to be noncompliant. This study sought to assess school personnel's perceptions of the lawsuit's impact on PE mandate compliance, understand barriers and facilitators to lawsuit compliance, and identify potential unintended consequences of the lawsuit...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742990/identifying-and-quantifying-the-unintended-variability-in-common-systematic-observation-instruments-to-measure-youth-physical-activity
#4
Robert G Weaver, Aaron Beighle, Heather Erwin, Michelle Whitfield, Michael W Beets, James W Hardin
BACKGROUND: Direct observation protocols may introduce variability in physical activity estimates. METHODS: Thirty-five physical education lessons were video recorded and coded using the System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time (SOFIT). A multistep process examined variability in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA%; walking + vigorous/total scans). Initially, per-SOFIT protocol MVPA% (MVPA%SOFIT) estimates were produced for each lesson. Second, true MVPA% (mean MVPA% of all students using all observations, MVPA%true) estimates were calculated...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741448/improving-the-physical-activity-and-outdoor-play-environment-of-family-child-care-homes-in-nebraska-through-go-nutrition-and-physical-activity-self-assessment-for-child-care
#5
Danae Dinkel, Dipti Dev, Yage Guo, Emily Hulse, Zainab Rida, Ami Sedani, Brian Coyle
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine if the Go Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment in Child Care (Go NAP SACC) intervention was effective in improving best practices in the areas of infant and child physical activity and outdoor play and learning in family child care homes (FCCHs) in Nebraska. METHODS: FCCHs (n = 201) participated in a pre-post evaluation using the Infant and Child Physical Activity and Outdoor Play and Learning assessments from the Go NAP SACC validated measure to assess compliance with best practices...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741447/health-effects-of-wrist-loading-sports-during-youth-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Laura S Kox, P Paul F M Kuijer, Dagmar A J Thijssen, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Rick R van Rijn, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Mario Maas
BACKGROUND: The benefits and risks of performing popular wrist-loading sports at a young age have not been investigated systematically. We aimed to evaluate positive and negative long-term wrist-related health effects of sports performance requiring repetitive wrist loading during youth. METHODS: Six databases were searched for cohort and cross-sectional studies. Three investigators selected studies evaluating quantitatively measured health effects of upper extremities in athletes practicing wrist-loading sports (gymnastics, tennis, volleyball, field hockey, rowing, and judo) for minimally 4 months before the age of 18...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741441/effect-of-an-active-video-gaming-classroom-curriculum-on-health-related-fitness-school-day-step-counts-and-motivation-in-sixth-graders
#7
You Fu, Ryan D Burns
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of an active video gaming (AVG) classroom curriculum on health-related fitness, school day steps, and motivation in sixth graders. METHODS: A convenience sample of 65 sixth graders were recruited from 2 classrooms from a school located in the Western United States. One classroom served as the comparison group (n = 32) that participated in active free play, and one classroom served as the intervention group (n = 33) that participated in an AVG curriculum for 30 minutes per day, 3 days per week, for 18 weeks...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741429/evaluation-of-event-physical-activity-engagement-at-an-open-streets-initiative-within-a-texas-mexico-border-town
#8
Cindy Lynn Salazar-Collier, Belinda Reininger, Rose Gowen, Arturo Rodriguez, Anna Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Open streets initiatives provide an opportunity to engage in physical activity (PA) freely by temporarily closing streets to motorized traffic. METHODS: Route counting estimation and event intercept surveys (n = 682) were conducted across 4 CycloBia events in Brownsville, TX, in 2015 to determine sociodemographics, PA engagement at the event, event awareness, and past CycloBia attendance. RESULTS: Cycling was the most commonly observed activity along the route (73...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741425/the-effects-of-structured-exercise-or-lifestyle-behavior-interventions-on-long-term-physical-activity-level-and-health-outcomes-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#9
Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Yorgi Mavros, Maria A Fiatarone Singh
BACKGROUND: Systematically evaluate the effects of structured exercise and behavioral intervention (physical activity [PA] alone/PA + diet) on long-term PA in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Systematic search of 11 databases (inception to March, 2017). Randomized controlled trials investigating structured exercise/behavioral interventions in type 2 diabetes reporting PA outcomes ≥6 months were selected. RESULTS: Among 107,797 citations retrieved, 23 randomized controlled trials (including 18 behavioral programs and 5 structured exercise) met inclusion criteria (n = 9640, 43...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727250/assessing-the-influence-of-visitors-sociodemographic-and-trip-characteristics-on-physical-activity-intensities-in-alt-pirineu-natural-park-spain
#10
Estela Farías-Torbidoni, Demir Barić, Sebastià Mas-Alòs
BACKGROUND: Protected natural areas provide a promising opportunity for improving healthy life habits through engagement in a variety of physical activities (PAs). As visitors to protected natural areas do not behave as a homogenous group, it is necessary to better understand the association between their characteristics and the level of activities engaged in. Using Alt Pirineu Natural Park (Spain) as a case study, the purpose of this work is to examine the influence of visitors' sociodemographic and trip characteristics on the likelihood of the visitors engaging in distinct PA intensities...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706117/physical-education-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-youth-are-both-important-for-adulthood-activity-physical-performance-and-health
#11
Elin Ekblom-Bak, Örjan Ekblom, Gunnar Andersson, Peter Wallin, Björn Ekblom
BACKGROUND: The importance of youth physical activity (PA) for adulthood PA, performance, and health was retrospectively evaluated. METHODS: A total of 258,146 participants (49% women), aged 19-70, with a first-time health-profile assessment between 1982 and 2015, provided self-reported data on current perceived health, PA, lifestyle, and physical education class participation, and PA outside school hours before age 20. Data on anthropometrics, blood pressure, and estimated maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max ) were obtained...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706110/the-relationship-between-physical-activity-level-of-parents-and-that-of-their-adolescent-children
#12
Hyo Jung Yoon, Sang Ah Lee, Young Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Intergenerational transmission, which refers to the similarity between parent and their children, is a possible explanation of adolescent physical activity (PA). However, only a few existing studies explore the relationship of parent-adolescent PA in East Asian countries. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association of parent-adolescent PA using a nationally representative data in Korea with a large sample size. METHODS: Data were collected from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted from 2010 to 2014...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676665/an-ecological-exploration-of-facilitators-to-participation-in-a-mosque-based-physical-activity-program-for-south-asian-muslim-women
#13
Munira Abdulwasi, Meena Bhardwaj, Yuka Nakamura, Maha Zawi, Jennifer Price, Paula Harvey, Ananya Tina Banerjee
BACKGROUND: This descriptive qualitative study informed by an ecological framework explored factors influencing South Asian Muslim women's decisions to participate in a mosque-based physical activity intervention. METHODS: Individual, face-to-face, semistructured interviews were conducted in English, Hindi, or Urdu with 12 South Asian Muslim women at their home or mosque in Ontario, Canada. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and managed, sorted, and analyzed for themes through a process of descriptive analysis...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676663/perceived-environmental-barriers-and-behavioral-factors-as-possible-mediators-between-acculturation-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-among-mexican-american-adults
#14
Carla L Dellaserra, Noe C Crespo, Michael Todd, Jennifer Huberty, Sonia Vega-López
BACKGROUND: The association between acculturation and physical activity (PA) among Mexican American (MA) adults is not understood. This study assessed potential mediating factors that may explain these associations among 75 healthy MA adults [age: 37.5 (9.3) y; 65.3% female]. METHODS: Secondary data analysis using hierarchical logistic regression examined whether perceived environmental barriers, social support, and intention to exercise potentially mediated relationships between acculturation level, and total and leisure-time moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676658/neighborhood-disadvantage-and-physical-function-the-contributions-of-neighborhood-level-perceptions-of-safety-from-crime-and-walking-for-recreation
#15
Venurs H Y Loh, Jerome N Rachele, Wendy J Brown, Fatima Ghani, Gavin Turrell
BACKGROUND: Residents of more socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods are more likely to report poorer physical function, although the reasons for this remain unknown. It is possible that neighborhood-level perceptions of safety from crime contribute to this relationship through its association with walking for recreation. METHODS: Data were obtained from the fourth wave (collected in 2013) of the HABITAT (How Areas in Brisbane Influence HealTh and AcTivity) multilevel longitudinal study of middle- to older-aged adults (46-74 y) residing in 200 neighborhoods in Brisbane, Australia...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625012/home-based-physical-activity-program-improves-depression-and-anxiety-in-older-adults
#16
Susan Aguiñaga, Diane K Ehlers, Elizabeth A Salerno, Jason Fanning, Robert W Motl, Edward McAuley
BACKGROUND: Late-life depression and anxiety among older adults is an important public health concern. This study examined the effect of a DVD-delivered exercise intervention on the secondary outcomes of depression and anxiety in older adults and the extent to which physical self-worth mediated the relationship between leisure-time physical activity and depression and anxiety. METHODS: Older adults (N = 307) were randomized to a 6-month flexibility, toning, and balance DVD (FlexToBa™, FTB) or healthy aging DVD control...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589509/walking-but-not-other-physical-activity-at-a-higher-intensity-is-associated-with-improved-kidney-function-a-cross-sectional-health-survey-of-general-adult-population
#17
Dahai Yu, Ying Chen, Tao Chen, Yamei Cai, Rui Qin, Zhixin Jiang, Zhanzheng Zhao
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is common and brings significant health burden. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between physical activity and kidney function. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study set in the Nanjing Community Cardiovascular Risk Survey, using random cluster sampling. Questionnaires were completed, wherever possible, through face-to-face interviews. Data on age, sex, body mass index, weekly physical activity, and kidney function were collected...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589508/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-relationships-of-physical-activity-and-body-fat-with-nerve-growth-factor-and-brain-derived-neural-factor-in-children
#18
Daniel Arvidsson, Elias Johannesson, Lars Bo Andersen, Magnus Karlsson, Per Wollmer, Ola Thorsson, Magnus Dencker
BACKGROUND: Nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neural factor (BDNF) are important for brain function and detectable in the blood. This study explored the longitudinal associations of physical activity and body fat with serum NGF and BDNF in children. METHODS: Two waves of measurements were performed 2 years apart in 8- to 11-year-old children, including physical activity using the ActiGraph model 7164, body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and serum NGF and BDNF determined by multiplex immunoassay...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587573/physical-activity-in-public-parks-of-high-and-low-socioeconomic-status-in-colombia-using-observational-methods
#19
Diana Marina Camargo, Paula Camila Ramírez, Vanesa Quiroga, Paola Ríos, Rogério César Férmino, Olga L Sarmiento
BACKGROUND: Public parks are an important resource for the promotion of physical activity (PA). This is the first study in Colombia and the fourth in Latin America to describe the characteristics of park users and their levels of PA using objective measures. METHODS: A systematic observation assessed sex, age, and the level of PA of users of 10 parks in an intermediate-size city in Colombia, classified in low (5 parks) and high (5 parks) socioeconomic status (SES)...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584527/teacher-level-factors-classroom-physical-activity-opportunities-and-children-s-physical-activity-levels
#20
Patrick Abi Nader, Evan Hilberg, John M Schuna, Deborah H John, Katherine B Gunter
BACKGROUND: Classroom-based physical activity (CBPA) breaks are a cost-effective strategy to promote physical activity (PA) at school. Despite teachers' critical roles in sustained implementation of CBPA breaks, few studies examined the association of teacher-level factors with student PA levels, and none focused on rural schools. METHODS: We monitored children's PA levels over 4 consecutive school days at 6 rural Oregon elementary schools with Walk4Life pedometers...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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