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Journal of Physical Activity & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513338/worldwide-surveillance-policy-and-research-on-physical-activity-and-health-the-global-observatory-for-physical-activity-gopa
#1
Andrea Ramirez Varela, Michael Pratt, Kenneth Powell, I-Min Lee, Adrian Bauman, Gregory Heath, Rafaela Costa Martins, Harold Kohl, Pedro C Hallal
BACKGROUND: The Global Observatory for Physical Activity-GoPA! was launched in response to the physical inactivity pandemic. The aim of this article is to present current information about surveillance, policy, and research on physical activity (PA) and health worldwide. METHODS: Information was collected for 217 countries. For 139 of these nations we identified a contact who confirmed information's accuracy and completeness. Associations were calculated among surveillance, policy and research categories...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513321/active-travel-to-and-from-school-among-school-age-children-during-1997-2011-and-associated-factors-in-china
#2
Yong Yang, Xue Hong, James G Gurney, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: Active travel to school (ATS) is positively associated with various health indicators. The rapid social, economic and environmental changes in China provide a unique setting to study changes and predictors of ATS over time. METHODS: Using logistic regression modeling, we analyzed data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey during 1997-2011 (N=9487, ages 6-17 years) to estimate the change over time in ATS and to identify associated factors. RESULTS: The prevalence of reported ATS among children dropped from 95...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513318/neighborhood-built-environment-and-socio-economic-status-in-relation-to-active-commuting-to-school-in-children
#3
Javier Molina-García, Ana Queralt
BACKGROUND: The role of neighborhood type in active commuting to school (ACS) has not been extensively studied in children. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between neighborhood built environment (walkability) and neighborhood socio-economic status (SES) with ACS among children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 310 Spanish children (aged 10-12 years; 51% male) was conducted in 2015. Walkability was defined as an index of three built environment characteristics (i...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513317/engagement-in-physical-activity-during-recess-gender-and-grade-level-differences-in-the-elementary-grades
#4
Sarah Wollersheim Shervey, James C DiPerna
BACKGROUND: There are many purported benefits to recess including engaging in physical activity, forming positive peer relationships, and taking a break from the classroom. Current research, however, is inconclusive regarding the presence of gender and developmental differences in physical activity that takes place during recess. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the amount of physical activity that occurs during recess across gender and grade level. METHOD: Students from first and sixth grade classrooms participated in the study, and physical activity was measured using accelerometers to record the number of steps taken during recess...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513316/childhood-socioeconomic-disadvantage-occupational-leisure-time-and-household-physical-activity-and-diabetes-in-adulthood
#5
Vera K Tsenkova, Chioun Lee, Jennifer Morozink Boylan
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is a key way to prevent disease. However, we have a limited understanding of the socioeconomic precursors and glucoregulatory sequelae of engaging in physical activity in different domains. METHODS: We examined the associations among lifecourse socioeconomic disadvantage, meeting the physical activity guidelines with leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), occupational physical activity (OPA), or household physical activity (HPA), and prediabetes and diabetes in the MIDUS (Midlife in the U...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513305/do-sitting-standing-or-treadmill-desks-impact-psychobiological-indicators-of-work-productivity
#6
Nicholas D Gilson, Caitlin Hall, Angela Renton, Norman Ng, William von Hippel
BACKGROUND: This pilot study investigated links between psychobiological indicators of work productivity, prolonged desk sitting, and conditions whereby office workers were able to interrupt sitting using a sit-stand or treadmill desk. METHODS: Twenty participants visited our laboratory and completed their own desk work in counterbalanced sit-only, sit-stand (Varidesk Pro Plus 48(TM)) and sit-walk conditions (Infiniti TR1200-DTS(TM)). Steady state visually evoked potentials (SSVEPs) calculated from electroencephalography recordings during a set task at the end of the workday assessed attentional resource...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513257/factors-associated-with-levels-of-physical-activity-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-the-role-of-dialysis-versus-non-dialysis-day
#7
Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Danilo Yuzo Nishimoto, Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior, Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
BACKGROUND: patients on hemodialysis (HD) report lower physical activity (PA) levels. We analysed factors associated with low levels of PA in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and compared PA on HD day and non-HD. METHODS: 79 patients wore an accelerometer and were classified according to time spent on moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA). Demographic data, BMI, comorbidities, clinical status and health related quality of life (HRQoL) were checked for association with PA...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513245/sit-stand-desks-to-reduce-workplace-sitting-time-in-office-workers-with-abdominal-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Brittany T MacEwen, Travis J Saunders, Dany J MacDonald, Jamie F Burr
BACKGROUND: Sit-stand desks reduce workplace sitting time among healthy office workers; however, their metabolic and behavioural impact in higher risk populations remains unknown. METHODS: Twenty-five office workers with abdominal obesity were randomized to an intervention (sit-stand workstation) or control group (seated desk) for 12 weeks. Physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and cardiometabolic risk factors were assessed before and after the intervention period in both groups...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513244/different-relationship-between-physical-activity-arterial-stiffness-and-metabolic-status-in-obese-subjects
#9
Hyung Joon Joo, Sang-A Cho, Jae-Young Cho, Seunghun Lee, Jae Hyung Park, Cheol Woong Yu, Soon Jun Hong, Do-Sun Lim
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between physical activity and arterial stiffness has been shown in healthy persons, it remains controversial in obese persons. METHODS: From January to September 2014, we evaluated 795 obese subjects from 25 public health centers in Seoul. We compared physical activity and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) between obese subjects with metabolic syndrome (MetS) (MO) and obese subjects without MetS (NMO). RESULTS: The MO group had more men, higher body mass index (BMI), higher fasting glucose level, lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level, and higher triglyceride level...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513242/development-of-physical-activity-related-parenting-practices-scales-for-urban-chinese-parents-of-preschoolers-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-reliability
#10
Yi-Nam Suen, Ester Cerin, Anthony Barnett, Wendy Y J Huang, Robin R Mellecker
BACKGROUND: Valid instruments of parenting practices related to children's physical activity (PA) are essential to understand how parents affect preschoolers' PA. This study developed and validated a questionnaire of PA-related parenting practices for Chinese-speaking parents of preschoolers in Hong Kong. METHODS: Parents (n=394) completed a questionnaire developed using findings from formative qualitative research and literature searches. Test-retest reliability was determined on a sub-sample (n=61)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422609/isotemporal-analysis-of-the-association-of-objectively-measured-physical-activity-with-depressive-symptoms-results-from-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#11
Chad D Rethorst, Ashley E Moncrieft, Marc D Gellman, Elva M Arredondo, Christina Buelna, Shelia F Castañeda, Martha L Daviglus, Unab I Khan, Krista M Perreira, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Mark Stoutenberg
BACKGROUND: The burden of depression among Hispanics/Latinos indicates the need to identify factors related to depressive symptoms. This paper examines the relationship of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) with depressive symptoms in Hispanic/Latinos. METHODS: The Hispanic Community Health Study / Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) is a population-based, cohort study of Hispanic/Latinos in four United States metropolitan areas. Objectively measured PA was coded into: sedentary behavior (SB), light-intensity (LPA), moderate-intensity (MPA), and vigorous-intensity (VPA); and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale-10 assessed depressive symptoms...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422605/time-to-first-cigarette-physical-activity-and-pulmonary-function-in-middle-aged-to-older-adult-smokers
#12
Russell T Nye, Melissa Mercincavage, Steven A Branstetter
BACKGROUND: How addiction severity relates to physical activity (PA), and if PA moderates the relation between PA and lung function among smokers is unknown. This study explored the independent and interactive associations of nicotine addiction severity and PA with lung function. METHODS: The study utilized cross-sectional data from 343 adult smokers aged 40-79 participating in the 2009-10 and 2011-12 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Assessed were the independent relations of nicotine addiction severity, as measured by the time to first cigarette (TTFC), and average daily minutes of moderate and vigorous PA with lung function ratio (FEV1/FVC)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422589/energy-expenditure-in-vinyasa-yoga-versus-walking
#13
Sally A Sherman, Renee J Rogers, Kelliann K Davis, Ryan L Minster, Seth A Creasy, Nicole C Mullarkey, Matthew O'Dell, Patrick Donahue, John M Jakicic
Whether the energy cost of vinyasa yoga meets the criteria for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity has not been established. PURPOSE: To compare energy expenditure during acute bouts of vinyasa yoga and two walking protocols. METHODS: Participants (20 males, 18 females) performed 60-minute sessions of vinyasa yoga (YOGA), treadmill walking at a self-selected brisk pace (SELF), and treadmill walking at a pace that matched the heart rate of the YOGA session (HR-Match)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422587/comparing-campers-physical-activity-levels-between-sport-education-and-traditional-instruction-in-a-residential-summer-camp
#14
Zachary Wahl-Alexander, Craig A Moorehead
BACKGROUND: To date, studies examining physical activity (PA) levels have largely been dedicated to the school setting, while there is little known about the activity levels of children who participate in traditional or summer day camps. METHODS: Participants were 83 11-12 year old campers who partook in either Sport Education or traditional instruction at a large residential summer camp. All lessons were video recorded and coded using the System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time (SOFIT), which categorizes PA levels as well as contextual characteristics...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422582/combining-activity-related-behaviors-and-attributes-improves-prediction-of-health-status-in-nhanes
#15
Sarah Kozey Keadle, Shirley Bluethmann, Charles Matthews, Barry I Graubard, Frank Perna
BACKGROUND: This paper tested whether a physical activity index (PAI) that integrates PA-related behaviors (i.e., moderate-vigorous [MVPA] and TV viewing) and performance measures (i.e., cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength) improves prediction of health status. METHODS: Participants were a nationally representative sample of US adults from 2011-2012 NHANES. Dependent variables (self-reported health status, multi-morbidity, functional limitations and metabolic syndrome) were dichotomized...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422573/results-from-the-first-french-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-adolescents-2016
#16
Julien Aucouturier, Caroline Ganière, Salomé Aubert, Fabien Riviere, Corinne Praznoczy, Anne Vuillemin, Mark S Tremblay, Martine Duclos, David Thivel
BACKGROUND: Many countries publish periodic Report Cards on physical activity for children and youth. This paper presents the results from the first French Report Card providing a systematic synthesis and assessment of the national engagements to facilitate childhood physical activity. METHODS: A search for nationally representative data on 8 indicators of physical activity was conducted and the data were assessed by an expert panel according to international procedures...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422572/effect-of-comprehensive-school-physical-activity-programming-on-cardio-metabolic-health-markers-in-children-from-low-income-schools
#17
Ryan D Burns, Timothy A Brusseau, James C Hannon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 36-week Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program on cardio-metabolic health markers in children from low-income schools. METHODS: Participants were 217 school-aged children (Mean age = 10.1 ± 1.1 years; 114 girls, 103 boys) recruited from five low-income elementary schools. Cardio-metabolic health markers were collected in a fasted state at two time-points, before commencement of the Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program and again before the conclusion of the academic school year...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422562/from-perception-to-action-the-mediating-role-of-parental-safety-concerns-on-adolescents-physical-activity
#18
Chia-Yuan Yu, Ayoung Woo
BACKGROUND: Parental safety concerns have been recognized as a critical determinant of adolescents' physical activity. However, it is still uncertain what factors relate to parental safety concern, and how they, in turn, affect adolescents' physical activity. This study explored the mediating relationships of parental safety concern on adolescents' physical activity by considering personal, social, and built environmental factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis used the data from Growing Up in Ireland (GUI), a national study (N=5,212)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422560/effect-of-physical-activity-intervention-in-prediabetes-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#19
Radhika Aditya Jadhav, Animesh Hazari, Ashma Monterio, Sampath Kuman, Arun G Maiya
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is a strong risk factor for the development of Type2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Modification in lifestyle plays an important role to avoid the prognosis of T2DM and its complications in future. The aim of our study was to focus on the effectiveness of physical activity (PA) intervention program on different outcome measures in individuals with prediabetes. The effort of the present review was to contribute to the existing literature by strengthening the evidence pointing towards the positive impact of physical activity in individuals with prediabetes...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422556/the-acute-effects-of-breaking-up-seated-office-work-with-standing-or-light-intensity-walking-on-interstitial-glucose-concentration-a-randomised-crossover-trial
#20
Laura A Brocklebank, Rob C Andrews, Angie Page, Catherine L Falconer, Sam Leary, Ashley Cooper
BACKGROUND: The aim of this randomised, three-period, three-treatment crossover trial was to examine the acute effects of regularly breaking up seated office work with short bouts of standing or light-intensity walking on postprandial interstitial glucose concentration. METHODS: Seventeen middle-aged office workers performed three five-hour trial conditions at their workplace in a random order: 1) uninterrupted sitting; 2) sitting interrupted by two minutes of standing every 20 minutes; and 3) sitting interrupted by two minutes of light-intensity walking every 20 minutes...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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