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Arnold B Bakker, Pilar Ficapal-Cusí, Joan Torrent-Sellens, Joan Boada-Grau, Pedro M Hontangas-Beltrán
BACKGROUND: A literature review reveals that there is no measure of job crafting available in Spanish. This paper presents the translation, adaptation and validation of a scale to measure job crafting behaviors (i.e. the Spanish Job Crafting Scale – SJCS; Tims, Bakker, & Derks, 2012). METHODS: The scale was applied to a sample of 896 employees in Spain (52.26% women and 47.4% men). We tested the reliability and factorial validity of the 21-item instrument...
February 2018: Psicothema
Elena R Serrano-Ibáñez, Gema T Ruiz-Párraga, Rosa Esteve, Carmen Ramírez-Maestre, Alicia E López-Martínez
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequently used instruments to assess posttraumatic stress in children and adolescents is the Child PTSD Symptom Scale. However, there has been limited evaluation of its construct validity in the Spanish language despite Spanish being one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. OBJECTIVE: To provide data on the psychometric properties of the CPSS in a sample of Spanish adolescents, to establish the internal consistency of the measure, and to examine its criterion validity...
February 2018: Psicothema
David Tomé Lourido, Constantino Arce, Dolores Ponte
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the conceptualisation and assessment of athletes’ psychological skills and the study of their impact on sports performance. The aim of this study was to adapt the Test of Performance Strategies 3 competition subscale to the Spanish context. METHOD: The items included in the original test in English were translated using a double-back method, and the test was completed by a sample of 1,003 Spanish athletes of both sexes...
February 2018: Psicothema
Rubén Martín Payo, Xana González Méndez, Cristina Papín Cano, Javier Suárez Álvarez
BACKGROUND: The aim ofthis study was to explore the psychometric properties of the Motiva.Diaf-DM2 questionnaire, which assesses adherence to a healthy diet and physical activity in patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). METHOD: Participants were 206 patients who attended primary care services, with a mean age of 69.63 years (SD = 11.05), with 39.3% of the participants being women. To assess the test-retest reliability of the measure, a random subsample (n = 40) of patients who had another appointment scheduled was selected to fill in the questionnaire once again two weeks after the initial administration...
February 2018: Psicothema
Ana M Ruiz-Ruano García, Jorge López Puga
BACKGROUND: The p-value is currently one of the key elements for testing statistical hypothesis despite its critics. Bayesian statistics and Bayes Factors have been proposed as alternatives to improve the scientific decision making when testing a hypothesis. This study compares the performance of two Bayes Factor estimations (the BIC-based Bayes Factor and the Vovk-Sellke p-value calibration) with the p-value when the null hypothesis holds. METHOD: A million pairs of independent data sets were simulated...
February 2018: Psicothema
Juana Gómez-Benito, Stephen Sireci, José-Luis Padilla, M D Hidalgo, Isabel Benítez
BACKGROUND: In the latest release of the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, Differential Item Functioning (DIF) is considered as validity evidence based on internal structure. However, there are no indications of how to design a DIF study as a validation study. In this paper, we propose relating DIF to all sources of validity evidence, and provide a general conceptual framework for transforming “typical” DIF studies into validation studies. METHOD: We perform a comprehensive review of the literature and make theoretical and practical proposals...
February 2018: Psicothema
Patrícia Oliveira Silva, Liliana Maia, Joana Coutinho, Brandon Frank, José M Soares, Adriana Sampaio, Óscar Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: Empathy, defined as the ability to access and respond to the inner world of another person, is a multidimensional construct involving cognitive, emotional and self-regulatory mechanisms. Neuroimaging studies report that empathy recruits brain regions which are part of the social cognition network. Among the different resting state networks, the Default Mode Network (DMN) may be of particular interest for the study of empathy since it has been implicated in social cognition tasks...
February 2018: Psicothema
Ana Lisbona, Francisco Palaci, Marisa Salanova, Michael Frese
BACKGROUND: Two popular concepts, work engagement and personal initiative, are different but related constructs. This study is based on and extends the Frese and Fay (2001) model of personal initiative (PI) by including work engagement (WE) and self-efficacy as antecedents of PI, and performance as a consequence. METHOD: Two studies (study 1, with a cross-sectional design using N = 396 participants from 22 organizations, and study 2, with a longitudinal design conducted in two waves with N = 118 participants from 15 organizations) test the hypotheses...
February 2018: Psicothema
María J Ortiz Barón, Itziar Etxebarria Bilbao, Pedro Apodaca Urquijo, Susana Conejero López, Aitziber Pascual Jimeno
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to explore the main effects and interactive effects of empathy, guilt, shame, pride (authentic and hubristic), and moral pride, on prosocial and antisocial behavior in children. METHOD: The sample group comprised 351 children aged between 10 and 14 selected from four schools in the Basque Country (Spain). Hierarchical multiple regression models were used in the statistical analyses. RESULTS: Prosocial behavior was found to be predicted by the additive interaction between empathy and moral pride, by guilt and, to a lesser extent and negatively, by shame...
February 2018: Psicothema
Ylenio Longo, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, Alvaro Sicilia
BACKGROUND: This paper aims to (1) investigate whether psychological need satisfaction and frustration are distinguishable constructs or part of a single continuum, and (2) to develop and validate the Spanish version of the Need Satisfaction and Frustration Scale (NSFS). METHOD: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory structural equation models (ESEM) were tested using three samples ( N total = 959). RESULTS: In all samples, a CFA model specifying satisfaction and frustration of each psychological need as distinguishable constructs fit the data better than models specifying them as part of a continuum, even after including method corrections (CFA) or cross-loadings (ESEM)...
February 2018: Psicothema
Estefanía Estévez, Teresa I Jiménez, David Moreno
BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to determine the extent to which aggressive behavior towards peers predicts greater personal, school, and family maladjustment in adolescent aggressors of both sexes. METHOD: The sample consisted of 1510 Spanish adolescents from 12 to 17 years old, who anonymously and voluntarily completed self-report questionnaires. RESULTS: Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that, regarding personal adjustment, aggressive behavior was significantly associated with high scores in depressive symptomatology, perceived stress and loneliness, and low scores in self-esteem, life satisfaction and empathy, for both sexes...
February 2018: Psicothema
Fuensanta Cerezo, Cecilia Ruiz-Esteban, Consuelo Sánchez Lacasa, Julián J Arense Gonzalo
BACKGROUND: Bullying as a construct is found to be related to a variety of individual, parental and academic factors. Familial factors include family environment, parenting style and parental involvement. The main aim of this study is to find out how Primary and Secondary Education students perceive parenting styles and social climate and if there are differences between pupils from these two educational stages. The study also considers the relationship between these perceptions of bullying victims and certain peer socio-affective factors...
February 2018: Psicothema
María M Ferradás Canedo, Carlos Freire Rodríguez, Bibiana Regueiro Fernández, Antonio Valle Arias
BACKGROUND: The relationship between defensive pessimism, self-esteem, and achievement goals is a controversial issue. The main contribution of this research is the adoption of a person-centered approach to explore the existence of differentiated profiles of university students, which combine self-esteem and defensive pessimism. In addition, we analyze whether these profiles differ in their achievement goals (learning, performance-approach, performance-avoidance, and work-avoidance). METHOD: 1,028 university students took part in the study...
February 2018: Psicothema
Javier Fernández-Río, José A Cecchini, Antonio Méndez-Giménez, Nicolás Terrados, Miguel García
BACKGROUND: The goal was to compare the achievement goal profile and the motivational regulations of one world-class and two high-level athletes during their preparation for the Rio Olympic Games. METHOD: Three kayakers from the Spanish Olympic team participated. One (P1) and two (P2) were high-level athletes: finalists at the World and European championships, and several national championships. Participant three (P3) was a world-class athlete: 2 Olympic medals, 7 World championship medals, 4 European championship medals, and several national championships...
February 2018: Psicothema
Antonio M Amor González, Miguel A Verdugo Alonso, Mª I Calvo Álvarez, Patricia Navas Macho, Virginia Aguayo Romero
BACKGROUND: The right to educational inclusion for students with intellectual disability (SWID) requires the development of good assessment and intervention practices from holistic perspectives not exclusively focused on the academic limitations that SWID may present. These practices are settled in Spain, via regulations drawn up by each Autonomous Community (AC). The variety of existing regulations demands a critical review of the decisions taken to promote the inclusion of those students...
February 2018: Psicothema
Adriana Goñi-Sarriés, Miriam Blanco, Leire Azcárate, Rubén Peinado, José J López-Goñi
BACKGROUND: A previous suicide attempt is a clinically relevant factor for completed suicide. In this paper people who committed suicide on their first attempt are compared with those who did so after previous attempts. METHOD: A review of the Computerised Clinical Histories in the Navarro Health Service-Osasunbidea (2010-2013) in Spain. RESULTS: Of the 166 cases, 31.9% (n = 53) presented at least one prior attempt. Of these 53, 65.3% modified the method of suicide...
February 2018: Psicothema
M C Míguez, Ana López-Durán, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elena Fernández Del Río, Úrsula Martínez, Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Elisardo Becoña
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that smoking is associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impairment. In order to evaluate HRQoL in a sample of Spanish relapsers, a cross-sectional study was conducted. METHOD: The sample was made up of 775 smokers who had relapsed after a period of abstinence. HRQoL was evaluated using the Euro-Qol questionnaire (EQ-5D); through the descriptive profile, the EQ-5D index and the visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS)...
February 2018: Psicothema
José Ruiz Rodríguez, Arturo Bados López, Adela Fusté Escolano, Eugeni García-Grau, Carmina Saldaña García, Gemma Balaguer Fort, Teresa Lluch, Mar Arcos Pros
BACKGROUND: Training programmes for clinical psychologists should include evidence-based teaching methods that enable trainees to learn therapeutic skills. Here we compared the perceived utility of role-playing vs. peer counselling. In peer counselling, one student recounts a personal experience to the other, who thus has the opportunity to act as the therapist in relation to a real situation. Given that sharing such personal experiences may provoke discomfort in students, we also examined this aspect...
February 2018: Psicothema
Sonia González-Fernández, Concepción Fernández-Rodríguez, María D Paz-Caballero, Marino Pérez-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Behavioral activation (BA) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) are considered particularly useful treatments when dealing with emotional problems of cancer survivors. The efficacy of these two treatments, applied on a group basis, were evaluated and compared. METHOD: An analysis was carried out of pre-post treatment changes in the emotional state and patterns of activation/avoidance of 52 cancer patients, with anxiety and/or depression, randomly assigned to three groups (BA/ACT/waiting list control)...
February 2018: Psicothema
David González-Pando, Fernando Alonso-Pérez, Patricio Suárez-Gil, José M García-Montes, Marino Pérez
BACKGROUND: Negative symptoms represent the main cause of disability in schizophrenia, having recently been grouped into two general dimensions: avolition and diminished emotional expression, which includes affective flattening and alogia. The aim of this study was to explore the response of these two symptoms to a set of behavioral interventions based on contingency management, performed in an interdisciplinary context. METHOD: Behaviors of interest were monitored and evaluations before and after the treatment were performed on 9 schizophrenic inpatients with persistent negative symptoms...
February 2018: Psicothema
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