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Psicothema

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438254/validity-and-reliability-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-somatoform-dissociation-questionnaire-sdq-20
#1
Ana I González-Vázquez, Lucía Del Río-Casanova, Natalia Seijo-Ameneiros, Paloma Cabaleiro-Fernández, Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Ania Justo-Alonso, Miguel A Santed-Germán
BACKGROUND: The Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ-20) is a self-reported questionnaire measuring somatoform dissociation. The aim of this study is to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the SDQ-20 and its short version (SDQ-5). METHODS: Validity and reliability were examined in a sample of 360 psychiatric outpatients: 38 dissociative (conversion) disorders, 30 dissociative (psychoform) disorders, and 292 patients suffering from other disorders...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438253/development-and-validation-of-the-work-conflict-appraisal-scale-wcas
#2
Pilar González-Navarro, Lucía Llinares-Insa, Rosario Zurriaga-Llorens, Susana Lloret-Segura
BACKGROUND: In the context of cognitive appraisal, the Work Conflict Appraisal Scale (WCAS) was developed to assess work conflict in terms of threat and challenge. METHOD: In the first study, the factorial structure of the scale was tested using confirmatory factor analysis with a Spanish multi-occupational employee sample (N= 296). In the sec-ond study, we used multi-sampling confirmatory factor analysis (N= 815) to cross-validate the results. RESULTS: The analyses confirm the validity of the scale and are con-sistent with the tri-dimensional conflict classification...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438252/an-exploratory-sequential-design-to-validate-measures-of-moral-emotions
#3
Margarita G Márquez, Ana R Delgado
BACKGROUND: This paper presents an exploratory and sequential mixed methods approach in validating measures of knowledge of the moral emotions of contempt, anger and disgust. METHOD: The sample comprised 60 participants in the qualitative phase when a measurement instrument was designed. Item stems, response options and correction keys were planned following the results obtained in a descriptive phenomenological analysis of the interviews. In the quantitative phase, the scale was used with a sample of 102 Spanish participants, and the results were analysed with the Rasch model...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438251/the-short-form-of-the-via-inventory-of-strengths
#4
Carolina M Azañedo, Enrique G Fernández-Abascal, Jorge Barraca
BACKGROUND: The VIA Institute on Character is offering the VIA-120 as the standard VIA Survey, replacing the original 240-item version. The present work involved the construction and the initial evaluation of the Spanish VIA-120 as a short version of the Spanish adaptation of the VIA-IS. METHOD: This short form was developed using data from 2,143 Spanish-speaking adults. The Spanish VIA-120 was developed by selecting the five items with the highest corrected item-total correlations from the 10 items per subscale of the Spanish VIA-IS...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438250/new-validity-evidence-of-the-parent-parq-control-scale-of-parental-educational-styles
#5
Omar García-Pérez, Mercedes Inda-Caro, Susana Torío-López
BACKGROUND: The Parent PARQ/Control (short version) for mothers and fathers is an inventory of 29 items where parents record their acceptance-rejection and control behaviors towards their children. Despite vast research on IPARQTheory, it has yet to be vali-dated for a Spanish population. The goal of this study is to analyze the psychometric properties of the instrument and its factorial structure. METHOD: Participants were 4,168 parents from the Principality of Asturias (2,166 mothers and 2,002 fathers)...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438249/the-acceptance-of-dating-violence-scale-adv-psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version
#6
Liria Fernández-González, Esther Calvete, Izaskun Orue
BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to analyse the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Acceptance of Dating Violence (ADV) scale, which assesses attitudes that justify the use of aggression in adolescents’ dating relationships. METHOD: A total of 1,579 high school students (49% girls) from Bizkaia (Spain), aged between 14 and 18 years (M = 15.79, SD = 1.16), completed this questionnaire along with the Irrational Beliefs Scale for Adolescents and the Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438248/program-factor-at-10-origins-development-and-future-directions
#7
Pere J Ferrando, Urbano Lorenzo-Seva
BACKGROUND: We aim to provide a conceptual view of the origins, development and future directions of FACTOR, a popular free program for fitting the factor analysis (FA) model. METHOD: The study is organized into three parts. In the first part we discuss FACTOR in its initial period (2006-2012) as a traditional FA program with many new and cutting-edge features. The second part discusses the present period (2013-2016) in which FACTOR has developed into a comprehensive program embedded in the framework of structural equation modelling and item response theory...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438247/the-utility-of-the-alcohol-use-disorders-identification-test-audit-for-the-analysis-of-binge-drinking-in-university-students
#8
María T Cortés Tomás, José A Giménez Costa, Patricia Motos-Sellés, María D Sancerni Beitia, Fernando Cadaveira Mahía
BACKGROUND: The increasingly precise conceptualization of Binge Drinking (BD), along with the rising incidence of this pattern of intake amongst young people, make it necessary to review the usefulness of instruments used to detect it. Little evidence exists regarding effectiveness of the AUDIT, AUDIT-C and AUDIT-3 in the detection of BD. This study evaluates their utility in a sample of university students, revealing the most appropriate cut-off points for each sex. METHODS: All students self-administered the AUDIT and completed a self-report of their alcohol consumption...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438246/does-dual-task-coordination-performance-decline-in-later-life
#9
María V Sebastián, Roberto Mediavilla
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study examined whether changes occur in people’s capacity to coordinate two simultaneous tasks (dual-task) when transitioning from adulthood to later life. The central executive, Baddeley’s working memory model component, is responsible for this coordination. Contradictory results have been reported regarding the relationship between ageing and dual-task performance; but these seem to be related to methodological issues that have been addressed in this study...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438245/bullying-and-the-detrimental-role-of-un-forgiveness-in-adolescents-wellbeing
#10
Barbara Barcaccia, Barry Howard Schneider, Susanna Pallini, Roberto Baiocco
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that victimisation by bullies is linked with psychopathology. Research has also demonstrated that forgiveness is associated with the mental health of victims of bullying. METHOD: Our objective was to explore the multiple components of forgiveness (i.e., benevolence, decreased avoidance of the perpetrator and diminished desire for revenge) as mediators of the negative mental health effects of bullying in Italian adolescents. Our hypothesis was that those who forgive their bullies would show lower levels of depression, state anger, and behaviour problems than those who did not forgive...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438244/exploration-of-glycaemic-states-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Genoveva Granados Gámez, Verónica V Márquez Hernández
BACKGROUND: The prevention of severe hypoglycaemia is based in art on accurately anticipating its occurrence. The aim of the study was to analyse the effect of a feedback procedure on the glycaemic state of children with type 1 diabetes, aswell as the associated symptoms and estimated BGL. METHOD: For 7 days, 17 participants performed both scheduled capillary blood tests, and an estimate and self-analysis whenever they thought that there were changes in their BGL...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438243/factors-which-motivate-the-use-of-social-networks-by-students
#12
Mercedes González Sanmamed, Pablo C Muñoz Carril, Isabel Dans Álvarez de Sotomayor
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to identify those factors which motivate the use of social networks by 4th year students in Secondary Education between the ages of 15 and 18. METHOD: 1,144 students from 29 public and private schools took part. The data were analysed using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling technique. RESULTS: Versatility was confirmed to be the variable which most influences the motivation of students in their use of social networks...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438242/depression-and-aggressive-behaviour-in-adolescents-offenders-and-non-offenders
#13
Anna Llorca Mestre, Elisabeth Malonda, Paula Samper-García
BACKGROUND: Adolescent behaviour is strongly linked to emotions. The aim of this study is 1) analyse the differences between young offenders and non-offenders in emotional instability, anger, aggressive behaviour, anxiety and depression, and also the differences according to sex; and 2) compare the relation between emotional instability and anxiety, depression and aggressive behaviour mediated or modulated by anger in both groups. METHOD: participants are 440 adolescents, both male and female (15-18 years old)...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438241/alcohol-and-psychotropic-substance-use-in-female-spanish-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#14
María Crespo, Carmen Soberón, Violeta Fernández-Lansac, M M Gómez-Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: Studies show high use of alcohol among American women who are victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), but not in Spanish victims. This study examines hazardous drinking, use of psychotropic substances, and the relationship with psychopathological symptoms in Spanish women who are victims of IPV. METHOD: 50 battered women and 50 control women from general population were assessed. RESULTS: Hazardous drinking in women victims of IPV (18...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438240/an-explanatory-model-of-maths-achievement-perceived-parental-involvement-and-academic-motivation
#15
Susana Rodríguez, Isabel Piñeiro, Mª L Gómez-Taibo, Bibiana Regueiro, Iris Estévez, Antonio Valle
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have tried to explain performance in maths very few have deeply explored the relationship between different variables and how they jointly explain mathematical performance. METHOD: With a sample of 897 students in 5th and 6th grade in Primary Education and using structural equation modeling (SEM), this study analyzes how the perception of parents’ beliefs is related to children´s beliefs, their involvement in mathematical tasks and their performance...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438239/sex-gender-roles-and-sexual-attitudes-in-university-students
#16
Elena García-Vega, Rosana Rico, Paula Fernández
BACKGROUND: Previous studies usually refer to a greater repertoire of sexual behav-iors and a higher level of erotophilia in men than in women. The main goal of this work is to relate sex, gender roles and sexual attitudes to sexual behavior. METHOD: 411 un-dergraduate students (218 women and 193 men) at theof University of Oviedo (Spain) completed the following instruments: the Bem Sex Roles Inventory to operationalize the variable gender, the Sexual Inventory which reflects sexual behaviors, and the Sexual Opinion Survey about sexual attitudes...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438238/behavioral-activation-versus-cognitive-restructuring-to-reduce-automatic-negative-thoughts-in-anxiety-generating-situations
#17
Elvira Nieto Fernández, Jorge Barraca Mairal
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have compared the efficacy of cognitive intervention compared to behavioral techniques for the treatment of different disorders. In line with that work, the empirical study presented here examined the efficacy of Behavioral Activation (BA) and Cognitive Therapy (CT) on Negative Automatic Thoughts (PANs) elicited in situations generating anxiety. METHOD: Based on a sample of 42 students aged 18 to 21 who took the ISRA B, BADS and EROS, 18 subjects with the highest scores were selected and assigned at random to one of two experimental groups or to a control group...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438237/are-unwanted-mental-intrusions-a-transdiagnostic-variable
#18
Belén Pascual-Vera, María Roncero-Sanchís, Amparo Belloch Fuster
INTRODUCTION: Unwanted mental intrusions (UMI) constitute the normal variants of obsessions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), preoccupations about defects in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), images about illness in Hypochondriasis (HYP), and thoughts about eating in Eating Disorders (EDs). We sought to investigate the relationships between frequency and discomfort associated with the experience of the four UMI contents, adopting a within-subject perspective. METHOD: A group of 438 university students and community participants (Mage= 29...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438236/personal-and-macro-systemic-factors-as-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-chronic-schizophrenia
#19
Yolanda Fontanil-Gómez, María A Alcedo Rodríguez, María I Gutiérrez López
BACKGROUND: The goal of this research was to establish possible predictive factors for both subjective and externally assessed quality of life in people with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS: Sixty-eight people with schizophrenia took part in the study and were assessed using the World Health Organisation Quality of Life Assessment - Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF), the Quality of Life Scale (QLS), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS), the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), the Social Functioning Scale (SFS) tests...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438235/deception-detection-state-of-the-art-and-future-prospects
#20
Jaume Masip
BACKGROUND: Deception detection has been a longstanding concern throughout human history. It has also interested scientists, who have explored psychological and behavioral differences between liars and truth tellers, as well as ways to improve detection accuracy. METHOD: In recent years, substantial advances have been made in the field. Some of these advances are briefly reviewed in the current article. RESULTS: A description is provided of (a) research and contemporary theories on how people (try to) detect deception; (b) recent advances on strategic interviewing to detect deception; (c) the integrative findings of recent meta-analyses on systematic verbal lie detection approaches; and (d) several important aspects concerning psychophysiological detection of deception...
May 2017: Psicothema
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