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Silvana Romero Saletti, David Olivo Chang, Cecilia Chau Pérez-Aranibar, Fiorella Otiniano Campos
BACKGROUND: The Brief Sensation Seeking Scale – BSSS measures sensation seeking in teenagers based on Zuckerman’s theory, covering the need for a brief instrument that might be useful for research contexts and capable of correcting some defects in the SSS-V. The aim of this study was to adapt the BSSS for research purposes with students schoolchildren in Lima and determine its psychometric properties. METHOD: 1,033 high school students from four public schools in Lima completed the final version of the BSSS...
February 2017: Psicothema
Verónica M Guillén Martín, Ana L Adam Alcocer, Miguel A Verdugo Alonso, Climent Giné Giné
BACKGROUND: The new socio-ecological model of disability directs attention to the importance of the environment in understanding individual functioning and promotes the provision of support from an early age. Following on from that thinking, the SIS-C (Supports Intensity Scale for Children) has been developed as an innovative assessment tool focused on designing individualized support plans. The aim of this study was to establish a comparison between the psychometric properties of the Spanish and Catalan versions of this scale...
February 2017: Psicothema
Sarah Ullrich-French, Juan González Hernández, María D Hidalgo Montesinos
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness is an increasingly popular construct with promise in enhancing multiple positive health outcomes. Physical activity is an important behavior for enhancing overall health, but no Spanish language scale exists to test how mindfulness during physical activity may facilitate physical activity motivation or behavior. This study examined the validity of a Spanish adaption of a new scale, the State Mindfulness Scale for Physical Activity, to assess mindfulness during a specific experience of physical activity...
February 2017: Psicothema
Luis M Lozano, Alberto Megías, Andrés Catena, José C Perales, Sabina Baltruschat, Antonio Cándido
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a Spanish version of the short Domain-Specific Risk-Taking (DOSPERT-30) scale, measuring risk-taking behavior, risk perception, and expected beneficial consequences (from taking risks) in five life domains: ethics, finance, health/security, recreational, and social decisions. METHOD: The scale was back-translated, and administered online to 826 participants. Validity evidence was tested using correlations with construct-related instruments (UPPS-P and SSS-V), as well as using factor analysis...
February 2017: Psicothema
José A López-Villalobos, Jesús Andrés-De Llano, María V López-Sánchez, Luis Rodríguez-Molinero, Mercedes Garrido-Redondo, Ana M Sacristán-Martín, María T Martínez-Rivera, Susana Alberola-López
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research is to analyze Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scales IV (ADHD RS-IV) criteria validity and its clinical usefulness for the assessment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) as a function of assessment method and age. METHODOLOGY: A sample was obtained from an epidemiological study (n = 1095, 6-16 years). Clinical cases of ADHD  (ADHD-CL) were selected by dimensional ADHD RS-IV and later by clinical interview (DSM-IV)...
February 2017: Psicothema
Juana Gómez-Benito, Nekane Balluerka, Andrés González, Keith F Widaman, José-Luis Padilla
BACKGROUND: Despite the crucial importance of the notion of parallel forms within Classical Test Theory, the degree of parallelism between two forms of a test cannot be directly verified due to the unobservable nature of true scores. We intend to overcome some of the limitations of traditional approaches to analyzing parallelism by using the Differential Item Functioning framework. METHOD: We change the focus on comparison from total test scores to each of the items developed during test construction...
February 2017: Psicothema
Eduardo Polín, Vicente Pérez
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to compare both the acquisition speed and the resistance to extinction of a simple discrimination in pigeons, depending on whether the reinforcing consequence included different conditioned reinforcer stimuli or always the same. METHOD: The study was conducted with four experimentally naive female pigeons, which were trained to respond to a “go-no go” procedure in four Skinner boxes with coupled touchscreens...
February 2017: Psicothema
José L Marcos Malmierca, Azahara Marcos de Vega
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine if a white noise burst could be used as an effective unconditioned stimulus (US) to produce differential conditioning of eyeblink responses that were recorded as EMG activity of the orbicularis oculi. METHOD: Two fear-relevant stimuli served as conditioned stimuli (CS). An angry woman’s face (CS+) was consistently followed by a white noise burst (US) with 100 dB intensity and 100 milliseconds in duration.  A fearful face of the same woman (CS-) was not followed by the US...
February 2017: Psicothema
María F Páramo Fernández, Alexandra M Araújo, Carolina Tinajero Vacas, Leandro S Almeida, María S Rodríguez González
BACKGROUND: Adjustment to university is a major life transition that not all emerging adults manage successfully. The Student University Adjustment Questionnaire is the instrument most commonly used to evaluate this multidimensional construct. Research in Spain on the predisposing factors for successful adjustment to university in emerging adults is scarce relative to the large number of studies carried out in North America. The objective of the present study was to analyze the association between students’ gender, family background, pre-university achievement and adjustment to university...
February 2017: Psicothema
Fátima Gameiro, Maria V Perea, Valentina Ladera, Beatriz Rosa, Ricardo García
BACKGROUND: Executive functions have an important role in human behavioural regulation and can be a determinant of eating behaviour. Our aim was to study the different components of executive functions in obese individuals waiting for clinical treatment, comparing them with normoweight subjects with similar socio-demographic characteristics. METHOD: A total of 114 adults (76 obese and 38 normoweight) completed a neuropsychological battery that included tasks of conceptualization and abstraction, motor programming, response maintenance, inhibition and resistance, problem solving, cognitive flexibility, and verbal fluency...
February 2017: Psicothema
Joana Soares, Maria Barbosa-Ducharne, Jesús Palacios, Ana Pacheco
BACKGROUND: Acknowledgement/rejection of adoption related differences and communication about adoption are two of the most important features of  adoptive family dynamics. The present study focuses on the role played by these two variables on the adoptees’ emotion regulation. METHOD: The adoptive parents of 70 school-aged children participated in the study. RESULTS: Data showed that participant parents perceived their adopted children’s emotion regulation as adequate...
February 2017: Psicothema
Isabel Ridaura, Eva Penelo, Rosa M Raich
BACKGROUND: Perinatal grief differs from other types of mourning. Two goals were set: to describe the progression of the process of grief and the symptoms of depression throughout the year following perinatal loss, and to study its association with socio-economic and obstetric factors. METHOD: The study involved the participation of 70 women who had suffered a medical termination of pregnancy or a prenatal/postnatal death. Three assessments were made after the loss (after 1 month, 6 months and 1 year) with the Perinatal Grief Scale (PGS) to assess grief and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) for depressive symptomatology...
February 2017: Psicothema
Manuel Gámez-Guadix, Patricia de Santisteban, Santiago Resett
BACKGROUND: Voluntarily sending sexual content (e.g., photos, videos) among adolescents via the Internet and mobile phones, a phenomenon called sexting , is receiving increasing social and research attention. The aims of this study were: 1) to analyze the prevalence and trends of sexting among adolescents by gender and age and 2) to examine the personality profile of adolescents that participated in sexting. METHOD: The sample consisted of 3,223 Spanish adolescents from 12 to 17 years of age (49...
February 2017: Psicothema
Carlos Cuevas-Yust, Patricia Delgado-Ríos, Silvia Escudero-Pérez
BACKGROUND: We present the application of cognitive-behavioural therapy in a clinical case diagnosed with delusional dysmorphophobia. METHOD: The psychometric scales used for evaluation were the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia, Beck Anxiety and Depression inventories, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale along with the degree of conviction in the delusional belief and in alternative explanations, and social functioning measured by patient reporting...
February 2017: Psicothema
María Banqueri, Marta Méndez, Jorge L Arias
BACKGROUND: An extremely high percentage of children worldwide are exposed to stress from the first months of life.  The aim of this review is to bring together the experimental results related to chronic early-life stress in both human and experimental models.  Methods: We aimed to achieve our objective via a thorough review of the literature. RESULTS: Early-life stress is a challenge for the developing organism and leads to negative effects in the medium and long term...
February 2017: Psicothema
Eduardo Fonseca Pedrero, Martin Debbané
BACKGROUND: The psychosis phenotype is distributed along a severity continuum that ranges from psychological well-being to full-blown psychosis. Schizotypal traits and psychotic-like experiences are considered as one of the possible phenotypic indicators of the latent liability for psychosis (named schizotypy). This selective review offers a general overview and update of trait schizotypy and psychotic like experiences during adolescence. METHOD: The previous literature on schizotypal traits  and psychotic like experiences is selectively reviewed...
February 2017: Psicothema
Guadalupe Echeverría, Manuel Torres, Nuria Pedrals, Oslando Padilla, Attilio Rigotti, Marcela Bitran
BACKGROUND: The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a multidimensional measure of well-being designed to assess emotional, psychological and social well-being.  It has been translated into different languages; however, there is no validated Spanish version.  Our aim was to provide the Spanish-speaking community with a validated version of the MHC-SF. METHOD: We translated the questionnaire into Spanish (s-MHC-SF) and assessed its validity in a sample of 3,355 Chilean adults...
2017: Psicothema
Alfredo Ardila, Byron Bernal, Monica Rosselli
BACKGROUND: Understanding brain organization of speech production has been a principal goal of neuroscience. Historically, brain speech production has been associated with so-called Broca’s area (Brodmann area –BA- 44 and 45), however, modern neuroimaging developments suggest speech production is associated with networks rather than with areas. The purpose of this paper was to analyze the connectivity of BA47 ( pars orbitalis) in relation to language . METHOD: A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the language network in which BA47 is involved...
2017: Psicothema
Bárbara Luque Salas, Virginia Yáñez Rodríguez, Carmen Tabernero Urbieta, Esther Cuadrado
BACKGROUND: This research aims to understand the role of coping strategies and self-efficacy expectations as predictors of life satisfaction in a sample of parents of boys and girls diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorder. METHODS: A total of 129 parents (64 men and 65 women) answered a questionnaire on life-satisfaction, coping strategies and self-efficacy scales. RESULTS: Using a regression model, results show that the age of the child is associated with a lower level of satisfaction in parents...
2017: Psicothema
Oscar F Gonçalves, Sonia Sousa, Sandra Carvalho, Jorge Leite, Ana Ganho, Ana Fernandes-Gonçalves, Fernando Pocinho, Angel Carracedo, Adriana Sampaio
BACKGROUND: While the ethio-pathogenesis of Obsessive-Compulsive disorder (OCD) remains unknown, there is increased evidence of widespread structural alterations in both white and gray matter in OCD patients that include, but are not restricted, to abnormalities in cortico-striatal-thalamo-cortical (CSTC) regions. The objective of this study was to test the existence of structural alterations in both white and gray matter in a sample of OCD patients when compared with a group of non-clinical matched controls (NCC), using voxel-based morphometry (VBM)...
2017: Psicothema
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