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Psicothema

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776621/the-factor-structure-of-the-posttraumatic-growth-inventory-in-parents-of-critically-ill-children
#1
Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Helena Garrido-Hernansaiz
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic growth (PTG) was conceptualized as consisting of changes in three broad dimensions; Self, interpersonal relationships, and philosophy of life. The aim of this study is to analyze the factor structure of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) in a sample of parents whose children had survived a critical hospitalization in order to consider the structural validity of the PTGI scores for this population and to report our understanding of PTG as a construct. METHODS: 143 parents completed the PTGI 6 months after their child’s discharge from pediatric intensive care...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776620/spanish-adaptation-of-social-withdrawal-motivation-and-frequency-scales
#2
Sílvia Indias García, Joaquín De Paúl Ochotorena
OBJECTIVE: To adapt into Spanish three scales measuring frequency (SWFS) and motivation for social withdrawal (CSPS and SWMS) and to develop a scale capable of assessing the five motivations for social withdrawal. METHOD: Participants were 1,112 Spanish adolescents, aged 12-17 years. The sample was randomly split into two groups in which exploratory and confirmatory (CFA) factor analyses were performed separately. A sample of adolescents in residential care (n = 128) was also used to perform discriminant validity analyses...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776619/coping-assessment-from-the-perspective-of-the-person-situation-interaction-development-and-validation-of-the-situated-coping-questionnaire-for-adults-scqa
#3
Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Helena Garrido-Hernansaiz, Miguel Ruiz, Carmen Nieto
BACKGROUND: Although coping strategies are considered to contribute to resilience to adversity, their use is not stable, but varies depending on the specific adversity. However, to date, most of the questionnaires assessing coping do not consider its situational character. The objective of this study is to develop and validate the Situated Coping Questionnaire for Adults (SCQA), which assesses coping in the face of five different kinds of adverse contexts to take into account its situational dimension...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776618/a-computerized-adaptive-test-for-enterprising-personality-assessment-in-youth
#4
Ignacio Pedrosa, Javier Suárez-Álvarez, Eduardo García-Cueto, José Muñiz
: Backgound : Assessing specific personality traits has shown better predictive power of enterprising personality than have broad personality traits. Hitherto, there have been no instruments that evaluate the combination of specific personality traits of enterprising personality in an adaptive format. So, the aim was to develop a Computerized Adaptive Test (CAT) to assess enterprising personality in young people. METHODS: A pool of 161 items was developed and applied to two sets of participants (n 1 = 357 students, M age = 17...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776617/how-response-bias-affects-the-factorial-structure-of-personality-self-reports
#5
David Navarro-González, Urbano Lorenzo-Seva, Andreu Vigil-Colet
BACKGROUND: Various studies have shown that acquiescence can distort the factor structure of personality questionnaires based on the five-factor model.  In the present study, we analysed how acquiescence and social desirability affect the factor structure of a measure based on this personality model and a measure of aggression. METHOD: We analysed the factor structures of both tests before and after removing both biases in a sample of 532 adolescents aged between 11 and 18 (M= 14...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776616/adherence-to-healthy-diet-and-physical-activity-in-clinical-patients
#6
Rubén Martín-Payo, Javier Suárez-Álvarez, María E Amieva Fernández, María J Duaso, Estela Álvarez Gómez
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to explore the psychometric properties of the Motiva.Diaf questionnaire, which assesses the adherence to healthy diet and physical activity in clinical patients. METHOD: Participants were 230 patients, who attended hospital services, with a mean age of 49.28 years (SD = 12.34). Women constituted 55.7% of the patients. Two weeks after initial administration, 40 participants, from those who had another hospital appointment scheduled, were selected at random to complete again the questionnaire in order to assess test–retest reliability...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776615/knowledge-level-of-effect-size-statistics-confidence-intervals-and-meta-analysis-in-spanish-academic-psychologists
#7
Laura Badenes-Ribera, Dolores Frias-Navarro, Marcos Pascual-Soler, Héctor Monterde-I-Bort
BACKGROUND: The statistical reform movement and the American Psychological Association (APA) defend the use of estimators of the effect size and its confidence intervals, as well as the interpretation of the clinical significance of the findings. METHOD: A survey was conducted in which academic psychologists were asked about their behavior in designing and carrying out their studies. The sample was composed of 472 participants (45.8% men). The mean number of years as a university professor was 13...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776614/stevia-preferences-in-wistar-rats
#8
Paula Núñez Martínez, Juan Argüelles Luis, Carmen Perillán Méndez
BACKGROUND: The Stevia rebaudiana plant is likely to become a major source of high-potency sweetener for the growing natural-food market. S. rebaudiana is the source of a number of sweet diterpenoid glycosides, but the major sweet constituents are rebaudioside A and stevioside. These two constituents have similar pharmacokinetic and metabolic profiles in rats and humans, and thus, studies carried out with either steviol glycoside are relevant to both. Other studies illustrate the diversity of voluntary sweet intake in mammals...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776613/do-dichromats-see-colours-in-this-way-assessing-simulation-tools-without-colorimetric-measurements
#9
Julio A Lillo Jover, Leticia Álvaro Llorente, Humberto Moreira Villegas, Anna Melnikova
BACKGROUND: Simulcheck evaluates Colour Simulation Tools (CSTs, they transform colours to mimic those seen by colour vision deficients). Two CSTs (Variantor and Coblis) were used to know if the standard Simulcheck version (direct measurement based, DMB) can be substituted by another (RGB values based) not requiring sophisticated measurement instruments. METHOD: Ten normal trichromats performed the two psychophysical tasks included in the Simulcheck method. The Pseudoachromatic Stimuli Identification task provided the h uv (hue angle) values of the pseudoachromatic stimuli: colours seen as red or green by normal trichromats but as grey by colour deficient people...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776612/psychopathic-traits-mediate-the-effects-of-neighbourhood-risk-on-juvenile-antisocial-behaviour
#10
Olalla Cutrín Mosteiro, José A Gómez Fraguela, Lorena Maneiro Boo, Jorge Sobral Fernández, María A Luengo Martín
BACKGROUND: Research of the indirect effects of neighbourhood risk through psychopathic personality traits (i.e., impulsiveness, narcissism and callous-unemotional traits) on juvenile antisocial behaviour has become relevant. METHODS: In the current study, mediation effects were assessed using a sample composed of 406 young people between 14 and 21 years old, 82.7% males, from juvenile centres in Galicia and Andalucía (Spain). RESULTS: The results showed significant mediation effects of neighbourhood risk on antisocial behaviour through impulsiveness and callous-unemotional traits...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776611/alcohol-seeking-by-rats-becomes-habitual-after-prolonged-training
#11
Matías López, Alberto Soto, Stefana Bura
BACKGROUND: This study examines the effect of the amount of training on alcohol seeking behavior in rats. Contemporary theories of instrumental learning suggest that habit learning processes are involved in the development of the compulsive drug seeking that characterizes addiction. METHOD: Wistar rats were trained to perform an instrumental response for a solution of ethanol. In Experiment 1, the rats received 2 instrumental training sessions, whereas animals in Experiment 2 received 2, 8, or 16 sessions...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776610/testing-the-alleged-superiority-of-the-indulgent-parenting-style-among-spanish-adolescents
#12
Alfonso Osorio, Marta González-Cámara
BACKGROUND: While international studies have reported the superiority of the authoritative style (which combines parental involvement with demandingness), some studies in Spain and in other countries have found that the indulgent style (involvement without demandingness) might be just as good or even better. This study aims to discern whether the differences are cultural or methodological. METHOD: 306 adolescents from high schools in Madrid and Valencia (Spain) answered a questionnaire that included two parenting style instruments (SOC-30 and PSI), together with a self-esteem scale (AF5) and a question on academic performance...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776609/gender-differences-in-mental-health-during-the-economic-crisis
#13
Margalida Gili, Emilio López-Navarro, Adoración Castro, Clara Homar, Capilla Navarro, Mauro García-Toro, Javier García-Campayo, Miquel Roca
BACKGROUND: Economic crises have a negative effect on mental health. Little evidence has been published on the impact of economic downturns on male and female. The aim of the study was to analyze gender differences in specific mental disorders in primary care during the current economic recession in Spain. METHOD: A total of 7,914 patients in 2006 and 5,876 patients in 2010 were recruited to collect sociodemographic data and the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776608/a-predictive-study-of-antecedent-variables-of-workaholism
#14
María J Serrano-Fernández, Joan Boada-Grau, Carme Gil-Ripoll, Andreu Vigil-Colet
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have pointed to a relationship between personality variables, engagement, and the lifestyle of workers with workaholism. Our goal in the present study is to carry out a predictive study of the pre-existing variables for workaholism.  Method : The study sample participants were 513 workers (48.1 % men, 51.9 % women), obtained through non-probability sampling. The programmes used were FACTOR (7.2 version) and SPSS 20.0. RESULTS: We found that personality variables such as engagement, self-efficacy, obsessive-compulsive component (ICO), satisfaction with life and lifestyle were predictive of workaholism...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776607/bio-psycho-social-correlates-of-the-perceived-crowding-in-different-contexts
#15
Rafael Tomás, María Amérigo, Juan A García
BACKGROUND: This paper analyzes the experience of crowding through a biopsychosocial approach to human behavior which empirically joins different dimensions that the literature has analyzed separately. The main aim consists of identifying factors involved in perceived crowding from (a) the emotional response and affective meaning (BIO dimension); (b) the perception of psychological well-being and personality traits (PSYCHO dimension), and (c) sociodemographic characteristics (SOCIO dimension)...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776606/stress-in-spanish-police-force-depending-on-occupational-rank-sex-age-and-work-shift
#16
Lourdes Luceño-Moreno, Yolanda García-Albuerne, Beatriz Talavera-Velasco, Jesús Martín-García
BACKGROUND: In the police force, some variables such as occupational rank, sex, age and work-shift are associated with stress in workers. The aim of this paper was to determine possible differences in the perception of occupational stress at work depending on rank, sex, age and work-shift of police agents in the Community of Madrid, Spain. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 24 municipalities of the Community of Madrid. A total number of 565 police agents participated...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776605/emotion-awareness-mood-and-personality-as-predictors-of-somatic-complaints-in-children-and-adults
#17
Lidón Villanueva Badenes, Vicente Prado-Gascó, Remedios González Barrón
BACKGROUND: The relationships among somatic complaints, emotion awareness and mood have been observed in late childhood and adolescence, but very few studies have been carried out in adult populations like this work. This study also incorporates personality dimensions that can exacerbate or reduce the emergence of somatic complaints. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyse the combined contribution of emotion awareness, mood, and personality to healthy children and adults’ somatic complaints...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776604/negative-affect-perceived-health-and-endocrine-and-immunological-levels-in-caregivers-of-offspring-with-schizophrenia
#18
Sara De Andrés-García, Irene Cano-López, Luis Moya-Albiol, Esperanza González-Bono
BACKGROUND: Negative affect (NA) and chronic stress are separately associated with health imbalances, and the interaction between the two aspects remains unclear. Care of relatives with long-term pathologies could be a likely model in the study of this issue, as caregivers frequently report chronic stress and health complaints. The aim of this study is examine the role of NA on psychophysiological stress-induced response and health in schizophrenia caregivers. METHOD: Forty-one caregivers were distributed into two groups accordingly to their scores in NA...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776603/prevalence-of-strategies-for-coping-with-daily-stress-in-children
#19
Francisco M Morales Rodríguez, María V Trianes Torres, Jesús Miranda Páez, Cándido J Inglés
BACKGROUND: The study of coping strategies in children guarantees quality of life from childhood onwards. The present paper aims to determine the prevalence of coping strategies for three everyday problems in children, while examining sociodemographic variables, context variables, and teacher assessment. METHOD: The sample is composed of 7,058 school children aged between 8 and 13 years old. RESULTS: Results show a higher prevalence of the Active Solution strategy at home and in school contexts compared with the health area, where the Active Solutionis the least prevalent strategy, and Concealing the Problem the most widely used, followed by Passivity...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776602/cue-exposure-software-for-the-treatment-of-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder
#20
José Gutiérrez-Maldonado, Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Marta Ferrer-García
BACKGROUND: Cue-exposure therapy (CET) has proven its efficacy in treating patients with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder who are resistant to standard treatment. Furthermore, incorporating virtual reality (VR) technology is increasingly considered a valid exposure method that may help to increase the efficacy of standard treatments in a variety of eating disorders. Although immersive displays improve the beneficial effects, expensive technology is not always necessary. METHOD: We aimed to assess whether exposure to food related virtual environments could decrease food craving in a non-clinical sample...
November 2016: Psicothema
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