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Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing

Nancy C Edwards, Kathryn Smith Higuchi
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based improvements in long-term care (LTC) are challenging due to human resource constraints. AIMS: To evaluate implementation of a multimodal, participatory intervention aimed at improving evidence-based care. METHODS: Using a qualitative descriptive design, we conducted and inductively analyzed individual interviews with staff at midpoint and end-point to identify action plan implementation processes and challenges. The 9-month intervention engaged professional and unregulated staff in an on-site workshop and provided support for their development and implementation of site-specific action plans...
July 18, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Yi-Ling Chiou, Chich-Hsiu Hung, Hsiu-Yun Liao
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), an obstetric disease that affects the health of pregnant women, is one of the key factors associated with perinatal mortality or disease. AIMS: To explore the impact of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on perinatal outcomes for women with GDM. METHODS: With a retrospective study design, women were recruited who received prenatal checkups, gave birth at two teaching hospitals in southern Taiwan from 1995 to 2011, and received a diagnosis of GDM by an obstetrician...
July 1, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Christine E Bader, Nicholas A Giordano, Catherine C McDonald, Salimah H Meghani, Rosemary C Polomano
BACKGROUND: Since 2001, the U.S. Armed Forces' training and deployment have greatly increased, escalating the risk of injury and pain-related issues both at home station and deployment environments. AIMS: This integrative review examines the incidence, prevalence, and risk factors for musculoskeletal pain (MSP) and headaches in active duty (AD) military populations. METHODS: Peer-reviewed research published between 2001 and 2016 was identified relevant to MSP and headache in AD military personnel using MeSH terms in key biomedical databases...
June 29, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Hanna Leena Melender, Virpi Maijala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Lori A Spies, Susan Gerding Bader, Jackline G Opollo, Jennifer Gray
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is the leading preventable contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, affecting 1 billion people globally. Low- and middle-income countries have increasing rates of hypertension, much of it undiagnosed. AIMS: The purpose of the project is to review studies of nurse-led hypertension interventions that have been implemented in East Africa and to inform hypertension interventions in low-resource settings. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted following Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) format...
June 14, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Dianne Morrison-Beedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Nadine Zeeni, Rita Doumit, Joelle Abi Kharma, Maria-Jose Sanchez-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that the use of technology and media, in their different available forms, may have detrimental effects on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents and young adults. AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the use of different types of technology and media, attitudes toward them, and how they relate to physical and mental well-being in Lebanese university students. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional design was used...
May 15, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Lanell M Bellury, Karen Mullinax, Judi Mozingo, Berta Dantzler, Nancy McGee
BACKGROUND: Outpatient surgeries are common and most patients experience pain postoperatively requiring nursing attention to pain management. Scripting, recommended for consistent, targeted communication to improve patient satisfaction, has limited evidence to support its use. AIMS: To explore the effect of scripted messages on self-reported pain control and patient satisfaction with care in outpatient surgical patients. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review pre- and postintervention evaluated a pain management scripted message delivered at two time points (preoperatively and postoperatively)...
May 15, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Sibel Serap Ceylan, Bahire Bolւşւk
AIMS: To determine the effects of sponge baths and swaddled bathing on premature infants' vital signs, oxygen saturation levels, crying times, pain, and stress levels. METHODS: This study was a clinical trial with a crossover design. Data were conducted in the neonatal intensive care unit of a public hospital in Denizli, Turkey. A total of 35 premature infants, who were born at 33-37 weeks gestation with a birth weight <1,500 g, were enrolled in the study. Two bathing methods were applied at 3-day intervals...
May 15, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Margo A Halm
BACKGROUND: Proficiency in evidence-based practice (EBP) is essential for relevant research findings to be integrated into clinical care when congruent with patient preferences. Few valid and reliable tools are available to evaluate the effectiveness of educational programs in advancing EBP attitudes, knowledge, skills, or behaviors, and ongoing competency. The Fresno test is one objective method to evaluate EBP knowledge and skills; however, the original and modified versions were validated with family physicians, physical therapists, and speech and language therapists...
May 14, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Inga M Zadvinskis, Kelli Schweitzer, Tristan Murry, Teresa Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Lu Chen, Yan Chen, Xiangyu Chen, Xiaofang Shen, Qing Wang, Chunyan Sun
PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness of a patient-centered self-management empowerment intervention (PCSMEI) on self-efficacy, activities of daily living (ADL), and rehospitalization of first-time stroke survivors. METHODS: One hundred forty-four first-time stroke survivors were recruited from a comprehensive hospital in China. The intervention group (IG; n = 72) received a PCSMEI, whereas the control group (CG; n = 72) received routine care. The data on self-efficacy and ADL were collected at baseline (T0), on discharge (T1), 1-month postdischarge (T2), and 3 months postdischarge (T3) while the rehospitalization was collected at T2 and T3...
June 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Natasha Laibhen-Parkes, Laura P Kimble, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Tanya Sudia, Susan Codone
PURPOSE: Instruments used to assess evidence-based practice (EBP) competence in nurses have been subjective, unreliable, or invalid. The Fresno test was identified as the only instrument to measure all the steps of EBP with supportive reliability and validity data. However, the items and psychometric properties of the original Fresno test are only relevant to measure EBP with medical residents. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to describe the development of the adapted Fresno test for pediatric nurses, and provide preliminary validity and reliability data for its use with Bachelor of Science in Nursing-prepared pediatric bedside nurses...
June 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Mary Ann Barnes-Daly, Brenda T Pun, Lori A Harmon, Diane G Byrum, Vishakha K Kumar, John W Devlin, Joanna L Stollings, Kathleen A Puntillo, Heidi J Engel, Patricia J Posa, Juliana Barr, William D Schweickert, Cheryl L Esbrook, Ken D Hargett, Shannon S Carson, J Matthew Aldrich, E Wesley Ely, Michele C Balas
BACKGROUND: Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) often experience pain, oversedation, prolonged mechanical ventilation, delirium, and weakness. These conditions are important in that they often lead to protracted physical, neurocognitive, and mental health sequelae now termed postintensive care syndrome. Changing current ICU practice will not only require the adoption of evidence-based interventions but the development of effective and reliable teams to support these new practices...
June 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Dongdong Zhang, Fenfen Li, Xiaotian Li, Ganqin Du
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and subsequent pulmonary embolism (PE) are common complications of stroke. However, the effect of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) for patients after stroke is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of IPC in reducing the risk of DVT, PE, and mortality in stroke patients. METHODS: We searched leading medical databases including Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, CNKI, and CBM, from inception to June 2, 2017...
June 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Michael H Ackerman, Tim Porter-O'Grady, Kathy Malloch, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Dianne Morrison-Beedy, Linsey Grove
BACKGROUND: The #MeToo social media campaign in the United States has highlighted what is a pervasive problem in many cultures-the sexual intimidation and victimization of women by men, especially those in roles of authority. METHODS: In a study of 735 girls, ages 15-19 years, enrolled in a sexual risk reduction randomized controlled trial, we captured baseline data using audio-computer assisted self-interviews to increase validity and reliability of responses to questions regarding such behaviors...
June 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Ian Blackman, Che Yee Lye, I Gusti Ngurah Darmawan, Julie Henderson, Tracey Giles, Eileen Willis, Luisa Toffoli, Lily Xiao, Claire Verrall
BACKGROUND: There is a growing nursing literature that views missed care as an inevitable consequence of work intensification associated with the rationing of nursing and material resources available to deliver care. Global studies recognize that missed care is now ubiquitous, although studies tend to be conducted in one region, rather than nationwide. This study seeks to understand the Australian context of missed care. AIMS: To explore self-reported reasons for missed care and to identify the main factors for predicting missed care within a sample of Australian nurses and midwives working in public and private hospitals in New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, and South Australia...
June 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Sharon Hewner, Suzanne S Sullivan, Guan Yu
BACKGROUND: Efforts to improve care transitions require coordination across the healthcare continuum and interventions that enhance communication between acute and community settings. AIMS: To improve post-discharge utilization value using technology to identify high-risk individuals who might benefit from rapid nurse outreach to assess social and behavioral determinants of health with the goal of reducing inpatient and emergency department visits. METHODS: The project employed a before and after comparison of the intervention site with similar primary care practice sites using population-level Medicaid claims data...
June 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
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