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Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing

Jacqueline M Loversidge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Linda Govere, Ephraim M Govere
BACKGROUND: With the rapid growth of minority populations in the United States, the need to train healthcare providers to give culturally competent care has never been greater. Extensive research on cultural competence of healthcare providers has been conducted, but no systematic review specifically focused on the effect of cultural competence training on patient satisfaction of clients from minority groups. AIMS: To search and critically appraise published research articles that evaluated the effectiveness of cultural competence training of healthcare providers on improving patient satisfaction of clients from minority groups...
October 25, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Anna Ehrenberg, Petter Gustavsson, Lars Wallin, Anne-Marie Boström, Ann Rudman
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the developmental trajectories of registered nurses' capability beliefs during their first 3 years of practice. The focus was on three core competencies for health professionals-patient-centered care, teamwork, and evidence-based practice. METHODS: A national cohort of registered nurses (n = 1,205) was recruited during their nursing education and subsequently surveyed yearly during the first 3 years of working life. The survey included 16 items on capability beliefs divided into three subscales for the assessment of patient-centered care, teamwork, and evidence-based practice, and the data were analyzed with linear latent growth modeling...
October 14, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Nahla Tayyib, Fiona Coyer
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are associated with substantial health burden, but could be preventable. Hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) prevention has become a priority for all healthcare settings, as it is considered a sign of quality of care providing. Intensive care unit (ICU) patients are at higher risk for HAPUs development. Despite the availability of published prevention strategies, there is a little evidence about which strategies can be safely integrated into routine standard care and have an impact on HAPUs prevention...
October 6, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Steve Strupeit, Arne Buss, Karin Wolf-Ostermann
BACKGROUND: Various risk assessment methods have been developed to assess fall risk. Diagnostic accuracy of fall risk assessments is low and there is a scarcity of evidence regarding clinical effectiveness. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and clinical effectiveness of a standardized fall risk assessment relative to clinical and self-report assessment. METHODS: A single-site, prospective, longitudinal study was performed in a group of geriatric patients...
October 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Danielle S Voss, Linda G Wofford
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence-based guidelines recommending routine vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) for adolescent boys, ages 11-12 years, vaccine uptake among this population remains low. AIMS: To examine reasons for low HPV quadrivalent vaccine uptake and methods available to increase vaccine uptake among adolescent males, ages 11-12 years. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 341 identified studies, 30 were included from three databases...
October 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Son Chae Kim, Jaynelle F Stichler, Laurie Ecoff, Caroline E Brown, Ana-Maria Gallo, Judy E Davidson
BACKGROUND: A regional, collaborative evidence-based practice (EBP) fellowship program utilizing institution-matched mentors was offered to a targeted group of nurses from multiple local hospitals to implement unit-based EBP projects. The Advancing Research and Clinical Practice through Close Collaboration (ARCC) model postulates that strong EBP beliefs result in high EBP implementation, which in turn causes high job satisfaction and group cohesion among nurses. AIMS: This study examined the relationships among EBP beliefs, EBP implementation, job satisfaction, group cohesion, and group attractiveness among the fellowship program participants...
October 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Jonathan Kam, Hannah Ainsworth, Marcus Handmer, Mark Louie-Johnsun, Matthew Winter
BACKGROUND: Continuing education of health professionals is important for delivery of quality health care. Surgical nurses are often required to understand surgical procedures. Nurses need to be aware of the expected outcomes and recognize potential complications of such procedures during their daily work. Traditional educational methods, such as conferences and tutorials or informal education at the bedside, have many drawbacks for delivery of this information in a universal, standardized, and timely manner...
October 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Yingyan Chen, Andrea Marshall, Frances Lin
BACKGROUND: Same day discharge following percutaneous coronary intervention has emerged worldwide to enhance discharge efficiency and decrease length of stay. However, uptake of this practice is variable and strategies to support its implementation have not been examined. RESEARCH QUESTION: Among patients who undergo nonurgent percutaneous coronary intervention, what components are included in and which strategies are used to facilitate the implementation of same day discharge in clinical practice? METHODS: An integrative review was conducted...
October 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Li Cheng, Janet W H Sit, Doris Y P Leung, Xiaomei Li
BACKGROUND: Patients with higher levels of self-management barriers are more likely to exhibit a lower level of self-efficacy. However, the theoretically meaningful mechanisms underlying the association between the two variables have not yet been established. AIMS: Informed by the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping, this study aimed to examine the potential role of diabetes appraisal on the association of self-management barriers and self-efficacy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
October 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Ching-Yun Yu, Chich-Hsiu Hung, Mei-Chuan Huang, Te-Fu Chan
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemic women face dramatic physiological and psychosocial changes during the perinatal period; however, studies examining hyperglycemic women's health are few, and limited to cross-sectional designs. PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine changes in hyperglycemic women's stress, social support, depression, and health status from pregnancy to 1 year postpartum, and to identify factors predicting hyperglycemic women's perinatal health. METHODS: Ninety-nine participants with positive results in a 50-g glucose challenge test were recruited in a medical center in southern Taiwan...
August 27, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Fenella J Gill, Gavin D Leslie, Andrea P Marshall
BACKGROUND: Rapid response systems incorporate concepts of early recognition of patient deterioration, prompt reporting, and response which result in escalation of patient care. The ability to initiate escalation of care is now being extended to families of hospitalized patients. RESEARCH AIMS: To identify the impact of implementation of family-initiated escalation of care for the deteriorating patient in hospital? METHODS: A systematic review of peer-reviewed publications was conducted...
August 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Tammy O'Rourke, Kathryn S Higuchi, William Hogg
BACKGROUND: A recent change in Canada's primary care system led to the introduction of Nurse Practitioner-Led clinics. The literature suggests that stakeholders can influence system change initiatives. However, very little is known about healthcare stakeholder motivations, particularly stakeholders who are seen as resistors to change. AIM: To examine stakeholder participation in the system change process that led to the introduction of the first Nurse Practitioner-Led clinic in Ontario...
August 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Julia A Snethen, Marion E Broome, Pamela Treisman, Erica Castro, Sheryl T Kelber
BACKGROUND: Investigators have implemented a variety of strategies for managing and treating childhood overweight and obesity over the past decade, yet the high prevalence of childhood overweight or obesity remains. The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the effectiveness of childhood overweight or obesity interventions addressing weight loss from 2002-September 2015. METHODS: The population focused on in this review were children who were overweight. The treatment group interventions focused on weight loss for overweight children, and included dietary, physical activity, life style changes, or a combination of treatments...
August 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Su Hyun Kim, Anna Lee
BACKGROUND: Low health literacy is a potential barrier to self-management among patients with diabetes. A variety of strategies for low health literacy have been proposed for diabetes self-management interventions, but interventions accommodating low health literacy have been heterogeneous in terms of content and have produced mixed results. AIM: To systematically review health-literacy-sensitive diabetes management interventions, with a focus on identifying strategies for accommodating patients with low health literacy, and to examine the efficacy of these interventions to improve health outcomes...
August 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Carole A Estabrooks, Jennifer A Knopp-Sihota, Greta G Cummings, Peter G Norton
BACKGROUND: The success of evidence-based practice depends on clearly and effectively communicating often complex data to stakeholders. In our program of research, Translating Research in Elder Care (TREC), we focus on improving the quality and safety of care delivered to nursing home residents in western Canada. More specifically, we investigate associations among organizational context, the use of best practices and resident outcomes. Our data are complex and we have been challenged with presenting these data in a way that is not only intuitive, but also useful for our stakeholders...
August 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Jennifer A Boyko, Nancy Carter, Denise Bryant-Lukosius
BACKGROUND: Health system researchers must ensure that the products of their work meet the needs of various stakeholder groups (e.g., patients, practitioners, and policy makers). Evidence-based frameworks can support the uptake and spread of research evidence; however, their existence as knowledge translation tools does not ensure their uptake and it is difficult to ascertain their spread into research, practice, and policy using existing methods. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to report results of a study on the spread and uptake of an evidence-based framework (i...
August 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
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