Read by QxMD icon Read

Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy

Michael Dandel, Roland Hetzer
Compared with the left ventricle (LV), the right ventricle (RV) is less suited for evaluation by echocardiography (ECHO). Nevertheless, RV ECHO-assessment has currently emerged as an important diagnostic tool with meaningful prognostic value and essential contribution to therapeutic decisions. Although significant progress has been made, including generation of higher-quality normative data, validation of several two-dimensional measurements and improvements in three-dimensional ECHO-techniques, many challenges in RV ECHO-assessment still persist...
March 9, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Santiago Roura, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Antoni Bayes-Genis
Chronic diseases, including myocardial scar healing and heart failure remission, impose huge social and economic burdens, and novel approaches are needed. Several therapeutic modalities are currently being evaluated, including cell therapy, stem cell conditioning, and cardiac tissue engineering. Areas covered: This review discusses the restoration of cardiac function after myocardial infarction using a vascularized flap of autologous cardiac adipose tissue over an akinetic scar. It addresses the risks and benefits of using cardiac adipose progenitors and the adipose graft transposition procedure (AGTP) to ameliorate cardiac dysfunction in preclinical and clinical trials...
March 6, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Marco Barbanti, Simona Gulino, Giuliano Costa, Corrado Tamburino
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is now a widely adopted therapy for the treatment of elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis. Improved pre-procedural screening, increased operators' experience and technology advancement have made this technique highly reliable and standardized. Areas covered: The purpose of this review article is to provide an overview of the strategies that can be adopted to optimize the TAVI procedure (pre-interventional work-up and procedural simplification and early discharge)...
March 9, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Kihei Yoneyama, Yuki Kitanaka, Osamu Tanaka, Yoshihiro J Akashi
Heart failure is a complex clinical syndrome resulting from heart structural remodeling and impaired function in ejecting blood; its incidence is increasing markedly worldwide. The observed variations in the structure and function of the heart are attributable to differences in etiology of heart failure. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) can characterize myocardial tissue, assess myocardial viability, and help diagnose specific cardiomyopathies. The emergence of T1 mapping techniques further improves our knowledge and the clinical assessment of myocardial diffuse fibrosis...
February 27, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Jane S Titterington, Olivia Y Hung, Anita P Saraf, Nanette K Wenger
The etiologies of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in women expand beyond the traditional paradigm of obstructive epicardial atherosclerotic disease and plaque rupture. Fundamental differences in pathobiology and presentation can partially explain the gender disparity in ACS diagnosis and management, but there is also much we do not know about the spectrum of coronary artery disease in women. Areas covered: This review seeks to explain some key differences between men and women in terms of risk factors, pathophysiology, and clinical presentations, as well as identify areas where more data are needed, focusing on women presenting with ACS but without a culprit lesion to explain their presentation...
February 23, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Tamanna K Singh, Aaron L Baggish
Premature ventricular beats (PVBs) in competitive athletes are incidentally found during pre-participation ECG screening. Their clinical significance remains debatable with several studies suggesting they are a benign reflection of athlete's heart, and others proposing they may indicate underlying structural heart disease and heightened risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD). Areas covered: Effective management of athletes with PVBs may best be accomplished using an algorithmic approach for risk stratification with a goal of differentiating benign PVBs from those reflective of underlying cardiomyopathies...
February 23, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Lucia Venneri, Giacomo Zoppellaro, Rajdeep S Khattar
Cardio-oncology is a rapidly growing field aimed at improving the quality of care of cancer patients by preventing and monitoring cardiovascular complications resulting from cancer treatment. Cardiac imaging, and in particular, transthoracic echocardiography, plays an essential
role in the baseline assessment and serial follow-up of cardio-oncology patients. Areas covered: This review article discusses the role of cardiac imaging with a focus on advanced echocardiography for the detection and management of cancer therapy related cardiovascular complications, in particular, left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure...
February 22, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Andrea Di Cori, Alessio Lilli, Giulio Zucchelli, Valerio Zaca
Ischemic strokes may be associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). AF detection is critical in ischemic stroke survivors, often recommending a switch from antiplatelet therapy to oral anticoagulants for secondary prevention. Areas covered: Cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) with their long-term recording capability allows to document AF and to quantify the arrhythmia burden. Recent series in pacemaker and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) recipients with no prior stroke showed that short episodes of AF increased stroke risk compared with those without AF recorded...
February 12, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Saman Khalesi, Christopher Irwin, Jing Sun
BACKGROUND: Poor hypertension control can increase the risk of cardiovascular, renal and kidney diseases, and increase the social and economic burden of the disease. This study aimed to explore the lifestyle and self-management skills (medication adherence, self-monitoring, self-efficacy) determinants of hypertension control in a sample of hypertensive Australians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHOD: In a cross-sectional design, a total of 233 hypertensive adults completed a survey...
February 1, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Peter McKavanagh, George Zawadowski, Naveed Ahmed, Michael Kutryk
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is 40 years old this year. From its humble beginnings of experimental work, PCI has transitioned over years with coronary artery stenting now a standard medical procedure performed throughout the world. Areas covered: The conversion from plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) to the present era of drug eluting stents (DES) has been driven by many technological advances and large bodies of clinical trial evidence. The journey to present day practice has seen many setbacks, such as acute vessel closure with POBA; rates of instant restenosis with bare metal stents (BMS) and more recently, high rates of stent thrombosis with bioabsorbable platforms...
January 30, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Sabin J Bozso, Abigail White, Jeevan Nagendran, Michael C Moon, Michael W A Chu
Novel endovascular techniques hope to offer patients aortic arch repair with reduced morbidity compared to conventional arch surgery; however, current endovascular strategies remain challenged by the proximal seal zone, higher stroke rates, long-term durability and select anatomy. Hybrid arch repair offers patients a less invasive alternative that can treat more distal aorta than conventional arch repair yet still be performed via standard sternotomy. Areas covered: This review will discuss the current evidence and future development of hybrid aortic arch and frozen elephant trunk reconstruction...
January 29, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Ralf E Harskamp, Duk-Woo Park
Traditional and current perception for benefit of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is that patients with stable angina will obtain symptom relief as well as improved exercise capacity after percutaneous revascularization. This common clinical perception is put to test in the ORBITA trial, the first blinded, randomized placebo-controlled clinical study ever conducted.Areas covered: Coronary artery disease, percutaneous coronary intervention, medical therapy.Expert Commentary: The authors found no significant improvement in exercise time, functional status, angina relief and quality of life in the PCI group compared with placebo...
January 21, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Matthew K Rowe, Gerald C Kaye
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is one of the most important advances in heart failure management in the last twenty years. Approximately one-third of patients appear not to respond to therapy. Although there are a number of possible mechanisms for non-response, an important factor is suboptimal atrioventricular (AV) and interventricular (VV) timing intervals. There remains controversy over whether routinely optimizing intervals is necessary and there is no agreed gold standard methodology. Optimization has classically been performed using echocardiography which has limits related to resource use, time-cost and variable reproducibility...
January 16, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Masakazu Saitoh, Nicole Ebner, Stephan von Haehling, Stefan D Anker, Jochen Springer
Sarcopenia is a common feature, and affects 20-47% of patients with heart failure (HF). Sarcopenia is also an independent predictor of impaired functional capacity, even after adjusting for clinical relevant variables, which is associated with adverse outcome in patients with HF. Areas covered: Several different pathophysiological pathways are involved in sarcopenic processes including altered nutrient intake and absorption, hormonal factor, inflammatory processes, oxidative stress, cellular proteolysis, and unhealthy lifestyle...
January 7, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Shilpa Vijayakumar, Muthiah Vaduganathan, Javed Butler
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and heart failure (HF) are closely related, with the onset of one serving as an independent risk factor of development or progression of the other. The true impact of their relationship is poorly understood. Since various classes of glucose-lowering therapies have been shown to have differing impact on cardiovascular outcomes, cardiovascular effects of such therapies have been increasingly formally evaluated. Areas Covered: With the increasing prevalence of concomitant HF and type 2 DM, HF outcomes serve as important endpoints in trials of glucose-lowering therapies...
January 3, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Karel M Van Praet, Christof Stamm, Christoph T Starck, Simon Sündermann, Alexander Meyer, Matteo Montagner, Timo Z Nazari Shafti, Axel Unbehaun, Stephan Jacobs, Volkmar Falk, Jörg Kempfert
Tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) is frequently encountered and is most often functional (FTR) in nature. Surgical tricuspid valve (TV) treatment is well established in specialized centers. While transcatheter therapy for other valve disease is well established, interventional treatment of TV disease is still in its early stages. With the increasing adoption of catheter-based treatments, there is a growing interest in and need for interventional treatments for TR. An extensive literature search was methodologically performed aiming for an integrative review paper...
December 28, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Niki Katsiki, Costas Tsioufis, George Hahalis, Vasilios G Athyros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Alexis T Wilson, Sadanand Dey, James W Evans, Mohamed Najm, Wu Qiu, Bijoy K Menon
The Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score on non-contrast CT is a key component in prognostication and treatment selection in acute stroke care. Previous findings show that the reliability of this scale must be improved to maximize its clinical utility. Areas covered: This review discusses technical, patient-level, and reader-level sources of variability in ASPECTS reading; relevant concepts in the psychology of medical image perception; and potential interventions likely to improve inter- and intra-rater reliability...
December 21, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Sathya D Unudurthi, Amara Greer-Short, Nehal Patel, Drew Nassal, Thomas J Hund
In the heart, pathways that transduce extracellular environmental cues (e.g. mechanical force, inflammatory stress) into electrical and/or chemical signals at the cellular level are critical for the organ-level response to chronic biomechanical/neurohumoral stress. Specifically, a diverse array of membrane-bound receptors and stretch-activated proteins converge on a network of intracellular signaling cascades that control gene expression, protein translation, degradation and/or regulation. These cellular reprogramming events ultimately lead to changes in cell excitability, growth, proliferation, and/or survival...
December 19, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Ariela R Orkaby, Daniel E Forman
The benefits of physical activity have long been recognized as powerful preventive opportunities for both prevention of cardiovascular disease and aging-related morbidity. However, physical activity remains under-prescribed and under-utilized. Areas covered: In this narrative review, the authors focus on physical activity as a modifiable lifestyle factor that can modify aging processes as well as cardiovascular pathophysiology that is often exacerbated by aging. Specific recommendations are provided for physical activity over the range of typical older individuals, spanning from those who are sedentary and frail to those who are active and robust...
December 19, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"